November 29, 2018

Today’s digest covers updates on human milk oligosaccharides, microbial life in cemetry, intestinal resistome, and benefits of intermittent fasting in human cohort and the gut microbiota in mice.

General microbiome
Next steps in studying the human microbiome and health in prospective studies, Bethesda, MD, May 16–17, 2017 – Rashmi Sinha – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Human milk oligosaccharides, milk microbiome and infant gut microbiome modulate neonatal rotavirus infection – Sasirekha Ramani – Nature Communications

Interpersonal Variations in Gut Microbiota Profiles Supersedes the Effects of Differing Fecal Storage Conditions – Caspar Bundgaard-Nielsen – Scientific Reports

In-and-Out Molecular Changes Linked to the Type 2 Diabetes Remission after Bariatric Surgery: An Influence of Gut Microbes on Mitochondria Metabolism – Paulina Samczuk – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Characterization of fungal dysbiosis in Japanese patients with inflammatory bowel disease – Takayuki Imai – Journal of Gastroenterology

Gut microbiota features of the geographically diverse Indian population – Sudarshan A. Shetty – BioRxiv

Animal experiments

Intermittent administration of a fasting-mimicking diet intervenes in diabetes progression, restores β cells and reconstructs gut microbiota in mice Siying Wei – Nutrition and Metabolism

Skin and gut microbiomes of a wild mammal respond to different environmental cues – Anton Lavrinienko – Microbiome

Mouse intestinal microbiota reduction favors local intestinal immunity triggered by antigens displayed in Bacillus subtilis biofilm – Cédric M. Vogt – Microbial Cell Factories

The murine vaginal microbiota and its perturbation by the human pathogen group B Streptococcus – Alison Vrbanac – BMC Microbiology

Use of next generation sequencing to investigate the microbiota of experimentally induced wounds and the effect of bandaging in horses – Louis J. Kamus – PlosOne

Soil microbiome

Expansive microbial metabolic versatility and biodiversity in dynamic Guaymas Basin hydrothermal sediments – Nina Dombrowski – Nature Communications

Built Environment

Microbial life beyond the grave: 16S rRNA gene-based metagenomic analysis of bacteria diversity and their functional profiles in cemetery environments – Akebe Luther King Abia – Science of the Total Environment

Techniques

Prediction of the intestinal resistome by a three-dimensional structure-based method – Etienne Ruppé – Nature Microbiology

Quantitative PCR provides a simple and accessible method for quantitative microbiome profiling – Ching Jian – BioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Poo found on every McDonald’s touchscreen tested – Metro

Non-microbiology picks

Effects of intermittent and continuous calorie restriction on body weight and metabolism over 50 wk: a randomized controlled trial – Ruth Schübel – The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

 

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November 10, 2018

Human and General Microbiome

Review: Clinical Application and Potential of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation – R.E. Ooijevaar – Annual Review of Medicine

Editorial: A novel treatment for patients with constipation: Dawn of a new age for translational microbiome research? – Ayesha Shah – Indian Journal of Gastroenterology

Research Highlight: Of ethnicity, environment, and microbiota – Sundararajan Jayaraman – Cellular & Molecular Immunology

Minireview: Metabolic and Microbiota Measures as Peripheral Biomarkers in Major Depressive Disorder – Rachael Horne – Frontiers in Psychiatry

Case Report: Hirschsprung’s Associated Enterocolitis (HAEC) Personalized Treatment with Probiotics Based on Gene Sequencing Analysis of the Fecal Microbiome – Georg Singer – Case Reports in Pediatrics

News and Views: Rules of engagement in the gut microbiome – Elze Rackaityte – Nature Medicine

Preview: When Soluble Fibers Meet Hepatocellular Carcinoma: The Dark Side of Fermentation – Suchira Gallage – Cell Metabolism

Preview: A Microbiota Assimilation – Justin Sonnenburg – Cell Metabolism

Fecal microbiota transplantation: restoring the injured microbiome after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation – Zachariah DeFilipp – Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation

Studies of nonhuman primates: key sources of data on zoonoses and microbiota – B.Davoust – New Microbes and New Infections

Exploring Interactions between the Gut Microbiota and Social Behavior through Nutrition –  Cristian Pasquaretta – Genes

Gut Microbial and Metabolic Responses to Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium and Candida albicans – Jennifer R. Bratburd – mBio

A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial showing rifaximin to improve constipation by reducing methane production and accelerating colon transit: A pilot study – Uday C. Ghoshal – Indian Journal of Gastroenterology

Zinc Deficiency and the Recurrence of Clostridium difficile Infection after Fecal Microbiota Transplant: A Retrospective Cohort Study – Blake A. Niccum – Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection: Risk Factors, Treatment, and Prevention – Jung Hoon Song – Gut and Liver

Profiles and Perspectives: Mitochondrial dysfunction and gut microbiota imbalance: An intriguing relationship in chronic kidney disease – Denise Mafra – Mitochondrion

Cervicovaginal Fungi and Bacteria Associated With Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia and High-Risk Human Papillomavirus Infections in a Hispanic Population – Filipa Godoy-Vitorino – Frontiers in Microbiology

Cigarette Smoking Modulation of Saliva Microbial Composition and Cytokine Levels – Mary Rodríguez-Rabassa – International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Minireview: Human bacterial repertoire of the urinary tract: a potential paradigm shift – Aurélie Morand – Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Review: Role of gut microbiota in intestinal wound healing and barrier function – Ashfaqul Alam – Tissue Barriers

Initial microbial community of the neonatal stomach immediately after birth – Sarah Bajorek – Gut Microbes

The Role of Diet, Micronutrients and the Gut Microbiota in Age-Related Macular Degeneration: New Perspectives from the Gut⁻Retina Axis – Emanuele Rinninella – Nutrients

Review: Candida Interactions with the Oral Bacterial Microbiota – Daniel Montelongo-Jauregui – Journal of Fungi

Microbial Community Dynamics in Mother’s Milk and Infant’s Mouth and Gut in Moderately Preterm Infants – Elena Biagi – Frontiers in Microbiology

First Insights into the Gut Microbiota of Mexican Patients with Celiac Disease and Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity – Jose F. Garcia-Mazcorro – Nutrients

Dietary Exposure to the Environmental Chemical, PFOS on the Diversity of Gut Microbiota, Associated With the Development of Metabolic Syndrome – Keng Po Lai – Frontiers in Microbiology

 

Death Microbiome

Trace Evidence Potential in Postmortem Skin Microbiomes: From Death Scene to Morgue – Whitney A. Kodama – Journal of Forensic Sciences

 

Animal Microbiome / Animal Experiments

Review: Chicken Gut Microbiota: Importance and Detection Technology –  Yue Shang – Frontiers in Veterinary Sciences

Predator odor exposure in early adolescence influences the effects of the bacterial product, propionic acid, on anxiety, sensorimotor gating, and acoustic startle response in male rats in later adolescence and adulthood – Deanne Tak On Wah – Physiology & Behavior

Pharmacological Activation of PXR and CAR Down-regulates Distinct Bile Acid-metabolizing Intestinal Bacteria and Alters Bile Acid Homeostasis – Joseph L Dempsey – Toxicological Sciences

Protective effects of ghrelin on fasting-induced muscle atrophy in aging mice – Chia-Shan Wu – The Journals of Gerontology: Series A

The carbamate aldicarb altered the gut microbiome, metabolome and lipidome of C57BL/6J mice – Bei Gao – Chemical Research in Toxicology

Differential effects of coconut versus soy oil on gut microbiota composition and predicted metabolic function in adult mice – Vania Patrone – BMC Genomics

Pharmaceutical Impact of Houttuynia Cordata and Metformin Combination on High-Fat-Diet-Induced Metabolic Disorders: Link to Intestinal Microbiota and Metabolic Endotoxemia – Jing-Hua Wang – Frontiers in Endocrinology

Maternal High-Fat Diet Programs Offspring Liver Steatosis in a Sexually Dimorphic Manner in Association with Changes in Gut Microbial Ecology in Mice – Umesh D. Wankhade – Scientific Reports

Endotoxemia by Porphyromonas gingivalis Injection Aggravates Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Disrupts Glucose/Lipid Metabolism, and Alters Gut Microbiota in Mice – Naoki Sasaki –  Frontiers in Microbiology

Effect of Grifola frondosa 95% ethanol extract on lipid metabolism and gut microbiota composition in high-fat diet-fed rats – Yu-Yang Pan – Food & Function

Reduction in butyrate-producing Lachnospiraceae contributes to stress-induced visceral hypersensitivity in rats – Jindong Zhang – Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

 

Beneficial Compounds and Probiotics

Review: Potential Prebiotic Properties of Nuts and Edible Seeds and Their Relationship to Obesity – Clara S. A. Sugizaki – Nutrients

Review: Resveratrol, Metabolic Syndrome, and Gut Microbiota – Alice Chaplin – Nutrients

Isolation and Characterization of Potentially Probiotic Bacterial Strains from Mice: Proof of Concept for Personalized Probiotics – Larissa S. Celiberto – Nutrients

Two alkaline motifs in the Lactobacillus salivarius Lv72 OppA surface are important to its adhesin function – C. Martín – Beneficial Microbes

 

Protocols

Book Chapter: Activity-Based Protein Profiling-Enabling Multimodal Functional Studies of Microbial Communities – Christopher Whidbey – Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology

 

Bioinformatics

Improving the Inference of Co-occurrence Networks in the Bovine Rumen Microbiome – Huiru Zheng – IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics

 

Food and Nutritional Microbiome

Microbiomes Associated With Foods From Plant and Animal Sources – Karen G. Jarvis – Frontiers in Microbiology

Fecal microbiota responses to bran particles are specific to cereal type and in vitro digestion methods that mimic upper gastrointestinal tract passage – Yunus Emre Tuncil – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Gut carbohydrate inhibits GIP secretion via a microbiota/SCFA/FFAR3 pathway – : Eun-Young Lee – Journal of Endocrinology

Review: Human Breast Milk Bacteriome in Health and Disease – Anna Ojo-Okunola – Nutrients

Relative Validity and Reproducibility of a Food Frequency Questionnaire to Assess Nutrients and Food Groups of Relevance to the Gut Microbiota in Young Children – Claudia Leong – Nutrients

 

Other

Surface Exposure and Packing of Lipoproteins into Outer Membrane Vesicles Are Coupled Processes in Bacteroides – Ezequiel Valguarnera – mSphere

The Transferable Resistome of Produce – Khald Blau – mBio

17 October,​ 2018

General Microbiome

ESS: A Tool for Genome-Scale Quantification of Essentiality Score for Reaction/Genes in Constraint-Based Modeling.Zhang C. Frontiers in Physiology

Skin Microbiome

The emerging role of skin microbiome in atopic dermatitis and its clinical implication.Stalder JF. Journal of Dermatological Treatment

Oral Microbiome

Pleistocene dental calculus: Recovering information on Paleolithic food items, medicines, paleoenvironment and microbes.Hardy K. Environmental Anthropology

Gut Microbiome

Gut Microbial Product Predicts Cardiovascular Risk in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients.Jadoon A. American Journal of Nephrology

Interrogating gut bacterial genomes for discovery of novel carbohydrate degrading enzymes.Luis AS. Current Opinions in Chemical Biology

Vitamin D and the gut microbiome: a systematic review of in vivo studies.Waterhouse M. European Journal of Nutrition

A Review: The Fate of Bacteriocins in the Human Gastro-Intestinal Tract: Do They Cross the Gut-Blood Barrier?Dicks LMT. Frontier in Microbiology

Precision identification of diverse bloodstream pathogens in the gut microbiome.Tamburini FB. Nature Medicine

Animal Microbiome

Rickettsia diversity in southern Africa: A small mammal perspective.Essbauer S. Tick and Tick-Borne Disease

Response of Gut Microbiota to Dietary Fiber and Metabolic Interaction With SCFAs in Piglets.Liu B. Frontier in Microbiology

Precise Fecal Microbiome of the Herbivorous Tibetan Antelope Inhabiting High-Altitude Alpine Plateau.Bai X. Frontier in Microbiology

Microbiome-assisted carrion preservation aids larval development in a burying beetle.Shukla SP. PNAS

The gut microbiome: Relationships with disease and opportunities for therapy.Durack J. Journal of Experimental Medicine

Water Microbiome

Functional genera, potential pathogens and predicted antibiotic resistance genes in 16 full-scale wastewater treatment plants treating different types of wastewater.Fan XY. Bioresource Technology

Fine-scale spatial homogenization of microbial habitats: a multivariate index of headwater wetland complex condition.Moon JB. Ecological Applications

Functional and taxonomic classification of a greenhouse water drain metagenome.López-Leal G. Standards in Genomic Sciences

Plant and Soil Microbiome

Changes in the soil microbial communities of alpine steppe at Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau under different degradation levels.Zhou H. Science of the Total Environment

Long-term succession in a coal seam microbiome during in situ biostimulation of coalbed-methane generation.Beckmann S. ISME Journal

September 17, 2018

In today’s Microbiome Digest, look for rhizobacteria that affect plant size, methanogenesis in salt marsh sediments, a murine model for periodontitis, and an exciting preprint that identifies a microbiome in dinosaur bones! Plus, as bonus non-microbiology topics, we consider authorship norms across different disciplines and how forensics might work on Mars.

General Microbiome
(preprint) Life Inside A Dinosaur Bone: A Thriving Microbiome – Evan Thomas Saitta – bioRxiv

Metabolic Interactions of a Chain Elongation Microbiome – Wenhao Han – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Human Gut Microbiome
Passing the “Acid Test”: Do Proton Pump Inhibitors Affect the Composition of the Microbiome? – Tien Dong – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

The gastric mucosal-associated microbiome in patients with gastric polyposis – Rongrong Ren – Scientific Reports

Animal Experiments
An experimental murine model to study periodontitis – Julie Marchesan – Nature Protocols

The gut microbiota promotes hepatic fatty acid desaturation and elongation in mice – Alida Kindt – Nature Communications

Animal Microbiome
Global Networks of Symbiodinium-Bacteria Within the Coral Holobiont – Rachele Bernasconi – Microbial Ecology

(preprint) Gut microbial compositions mirror caste-specific diets in a major lineage of eusocial insects – Saria Otani -bioRxiv

Plant, Root, and Soil Microbiome
Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria promote plant size inequality – Alan C. Gange – Scientific Reports

Diversity of active viral infections within the Sphagnum microbiome – Joshua MA Stough – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

The impact of high throughput sequencing on plant health diagnosticsThe impact of high throughput sequencing on plant health diagnostics – Ian Adams -European Journal of Plant Pathology

Deltaproteobacteria (Pelobacter) and Methanococcoides are responsible for choline-dependent methanogenesis in a coastal saltmarsh sediment – Eleanor Jameson – ISME Journal

Water and Extremophile Microbiome
Living at the frontiers of life: extremophiles in Chile and their potential for bioremediation – Roberto Orellana – Frontiers in Microbiology

Spatial structuring of bacterial communities in epilithic biofilms in the Acquarossa river (Italy) – Carolina Chiellini – FEMS Microbial Ecology

Bioinformatics
A small‐sample kernel association test for correlated data with application to microbiome association studies – Xiang Zhan – Genetic Epidemiology

Science, Publishing, and Career
Thousands of scientists publish a paper every five days – John P. A. Ioannidis – Nature

Alyson’s Non-Microbiology Picks
Sensing with tools extends somatosensory processing beyond the body – Luke E. Miller- Nature

How Will Police Solve Murders on Mars? – Geoff Manaugh – The Atlantic

July 30, 2018

Today’s digest features the microbiomes of a XVIII century mummy (Krásna Hôrka, Slovakia), an interesting initiative out of Belgium (Disbiome, a database of microbiota-disease associations), exciting news from Kamagata lab about improved culturing of environmental samples, promising findings on gut bacteria byproduct that protects against Salmonella, and much more. Happy reading!

Human microbiome

*Disbiome database: linking the microbiome to disease – Yorick Janssens – BMC Microbiol.

*The microbiomes of a XVIII century mummy from the castle of Krásna Hôrka (Slovakia) and its surrounding environment – Lucia Kraková – Environ Microbiol.

Gut microbiome

*A Gut Commensal-Produced Metabolite Mediates Colonization Resistance to Salmonella Infection – Amanda Jacobson – Cell Host & Microbe

Simulation and modeling of dietary changes in the infant gut microbiome – Daniel Medina – FEMS Microbiol Ecol.

Human gut bacteria as potent class I histone deacetylase inhibitors in vitro through production of butyric acid and valeric acid – Samantha Yuille – PLoS One

Review: An update on the role of gut microbiota in chronic inflammatory diseases, and potential therapeutic targets – Bobbi Laing – Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol.

A step ahead: Exploring the gut microbiota in inpatients with bipolar disorder during a depressive episode – Annamaria Painold – Bipolar Disord.

Review: The Gut-Brain Axis, the Human Gut Microbiota and Their Integration in the Development of Obesity – Edward Bliss – Front Physiol.

Fungal dysbiosis in cirrhosis – Jasmohan S Bajaj – Hepatology

Urinary tract microbiome

The bacterial microbiota in first-void urine from men with and without idiopathic urethritis – Maria Frølund – PLoS One

Lung microbiome

Lower respiratory tract microbial composition was diversified in Pseudomonas aeruginosa ventilator-associated pneumonia patients – Xiaoling Qi – Respir Res.

Plant microbiome

Bacterial community assemblages in the rhizosphere soil, root endosphere and cyst of soybean cyst nematode-suppressive soil challenged with nematodes – Muzammil Hussain – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Exploring plant-microbe interactions of the rhizobacteria Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus mycoides by use of the CRISPR-Cas9 system – Yanglei Yi – Environ Microbiol.

Microbial Group Dynamics in Plant Rhizospheres and Their Implications on Nutrient Cycling – Garcia Joshua – Front Microbiol.

Water microbiome

Community dynamics and functional characteristics of naphthalene-degrading populations in contaminated surface sediments and hypoxic/anoxic groundwater – Roland Wilhelm – Environ Microbiol.

Techniques

*Isolation of Previously Uncultured Slow-growing Bacteria by Using a Simple Modification in Preparation of Agar Media – Souichiro Kato – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Review: The role of the gut microbiota on animal model reproducibility – Patricia Turner – Animal Model Exp.

Review: Environmental enrichment and mouse models: Current perspectives – Kathryn Bayn – Animal Model Exp.

Assessing the Viability of a Synthetic Bacterial Consortium on the In Vitro Gut Host-microbe Interface – Marta Calatayud Arroyo – J Vis Exp.

Bioprinting microbial communities to examine interspecies interactions in
time and space – William Frederick Hynes – Biomed. Phys. Eng. Express

January 19, 2018

Today’s digest features a review on gut microbial glycerol metabolism as a source of Acrolein, and an interesting article on the impact of climate cooling on ecosystem community structure and function in alpine soils. Happy reading!

 

Careers and Events

Research Fellow – National University of Singapore

Postdoctoral Fellow – Boston Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School

Scientific Officer/Senior Scientific Officer – The Cancer Research UK Beatson Institute

Staff Clinician – National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Heart, Blood and Lung Institute (NHLBI)

Human respiratory microbiome

Initial acquisition and succession of the cystic fibrosis lung microbiome is associated with disease progression in infants and preschool children – Marianne S. Muhlebach – Plos Pathogens

Human skin microbiome

Association of Disease Severity With Skin Microbiome and Filaggrin Gene Mutations in Adult Atopic Dermatitis – Maja-Lisa Clausen – JAMA Dermatology

Human gut microbiome

Review : Genetic and microbiome influence on lipid metabolism and dyslipidemia – Maria Matey Hernandez – Physiological Genomics

Review : Bile acids in glucose metabolism in health and disease – Hagit Shapiro – Journal of Experimental Microbiology

*Review: Gut Microbial Glycerol Metabolism as an Endogenous Acrolein Source – Jianbo Zhang – mBio

Review: How does ‘metabolic surgery’ work its magic? New evidence for gut microbiota – Peck Bailey C.E – Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity

Multi-omics differentially classify disease state and treatment outcome in pediatric Crohn’s disease – Gavin M. Douglas – Microbiome

Genetic risk, dysbiosis, and treatment stratification using host genome and gut microbiome in inflammatory bowel disease – Ahmed Moustafa – Clinical and translational gastroenterology

Animal experiments

Flaxseed-enriched diets change milk concentration of the antimicrobial danofloxacin in sheep – Jon Andoni Otero – BMC Veterinary Research

Colonization of the cervicovaginal space with Gardnerella vaginalis leads to local inflammation and cervical remodeling in pregnant mice – Luz-Jeannette Sierra – Plos One

Kudingcha and Fuzhuan Brick Tea Prevent Obesity and Modulate Gut Microbiota in High-Fat Diet Fed Mice – Guijie Chen – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

*Alpine soil carbon is vulnerable to rapid microbial decomposition under climate cooling – Linwei Wu – ISME Journal

Cultivable fungi present in Antarctic soils: taxonomy, phylogeny, diversity, and bioprospecting of antiparasitic and herbicidal metabolites – Eldon C. Q. Gomes – Extremophiles

Clearcutting alters decomposition processes and initiates complex restructuring of fungal communities in soil and tree roots – Petr Kohout – The ISME Journal

A large-scale field study of bacterial communities in cereal aphid populations across Morocco – Samir Fakhour – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Microbial Mitigation-Exacerbation Continuum: A novel framework for microbiome effects on hosts in the face of stress – Aaron S. David – Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Brief Report: Effects of grazing, phosphorus and light on the growth rates of major bacterioplankton taxa in the coastal NW Mediterranean – Olga Sánchez – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Development of a mediated whole cell-based electrochemical biosensor for joint toxicity assessment of multi-pollutants using a mixed microbial consortium – Guanyue Gao – Analytica Chimica Acta

The acute effects of erythromycin and oxytetracycline on enhanced biological phosphorus removal system: shift in bacterial community structure – Zhetai Hu – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Probiotics / prebiotics

Valorization of Brewer’s spent grain to prebiotic oligosaccharide: production, xylanase catalyzed hydrolysis, in-vitro evaluation with probiotic strains and in a batch human fecal fermentation model – Mursalin Sajib – Journal of Biotechnology

In vitro fermentation of gum acacia – impact on the faecal microbiota – Sehad Alarifi -International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

A bioluminescent test system reveals valuable antioxidant properties of lactobacillus strains from human microbiota – Maria Marsova – World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Yeasts / Fungi

Review: Sequence-based classification and identification of Fungi – David Hibbett – Mycologia

Phages and viruses

Detection of bovine Deltapapillomavirus DNA in peripheral blood of healthy sheep (Ovis aries) – S. Roperto – Transboundary and Emerging Diseases

Metagenomics

In-depth resistome analysis by targeted metagenomics – Val F. Lanza – Microbiome

Metabolomics

Qualitative metabolomics profiling of serum and bile from dogs with gallbladder mucocele formation – Jody L. Gookin – Plos One

Bioinformatics

A distance-based approach for testing the mediation effect of the human microbiome -Jie Zhang – Bioinformatics

Anitha’s non-microbiology picks

NASA test proves pulsars can function as a celestial GPS

The dark side of light: how artificial lighting is harming the natural world

Ultrathin 2-D metals get their own periodic table

June 24, 2017

An early life focus today: Interesting papers on the effects of a pre-term cesarian birth on the gut microbiome and the impact of the infant gut microbiome on food allergies. Also highlighted, the relationship between the gut microbiome and social stress vulnerability in mice, the role of the gut microbiome in mosquito development, and evidence of a permanent transfer of prokaryotic virus sequences to the mammalian brain.

  • Pregnancy and early life

Review: Perinatal Group B Streptococcal Infections: Virulence Factors, Immunity, and Prevention Strategies – Jay Vornhagen – Trends in Microbiology

* Cesarean or Vaginal Birth Does Not Impact the Longitudinal Development of the Gut Microbiome in a Cohort of Exclusively Preterm Infants – Christopher Stewart – Frontiers in Microbiology

* A prospective microbiome-wide association study of food sensitization and food allergy in early childhood – Jessica Savage – Allergy

  • Human respiratory microbiome

Psl Produced by Mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa Contributes to the Establishment of Biofilms and Immune Evasion – Christopher Jones – mBio

  • Human skin microbiome

Isotretinoin and lymecycline treatments modify the skin microbiota in acne – Hanna-Lenna Kelhala – Experimental Dermatology

  • Human oral microbiome

Potassium is a key signal in host-microbiome dysbiosis in periodontitis – Susan Yost – PLOS Pathogens

  • Human gut microbiome

The TMAO-Producing Enzyme Flavin-Containing Monooxygenase 3 Regulates Obesity and the Beiging of White Adipose Tissue – Rebecca Schugar – Cell Reports
In vitro modulation of gut microbiota by whey protein to preserve intestinal health – Sanchez-Moya – Food and Function

Reducing Viability Bias in Analysis of Gut Microbiota in Preterm Infants at Risk of NEC and Sepsis – Gregory Young – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

NOD2 genetic variants predispose one of two familial adenomatous polyposis siblings to pouchitis through microbiome dysbiosis – Kathleen Schieffer – Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis

The Bacteroides fragilis pathogenicity island links virulence and strain competition – Benjamin Casterline – Gut Microbes

Diversity analysis of gut microbiota in osteoporosis and osteopenia patients – Jihan Wang – PeerJ

Gut microbiota of liver transplantation recipients – Li-Ying Sun – Scientific Reports

Review: Microbiome: A Potential Component in the Origin of Mental Disorders – George Stefano – Medical Science Monitor

Review: Impact of mycotoxins on the intestine: are mucus and microbiota new targets? – Herve Robert – Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health

Review: Microbiota, Inflammation and Colorectal Cancer – Cecily Lucas – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Review: The Enteric Network: Interactions between the Immune and Nervous Systems of the Gut – Bryan Yoo – Immunity

  • Cadaver microbiome

Function of bacterial community dynamics in the formation of cadaveric semiochemicals during in situ carcass decomposition – Javier Pascual – Environmental Microbiology

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  • Animal experiments

* Implications of the gut microbiota in vulnerability to the social avoidance effects of chronic social defeat in male mice – Joanna Kasia Szyszkowicz – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Intestinal microbial dysbiosis aggravates the progression of Alzheimer’s disease in Drosophila – Shih-Cheng Wu – Nature Communications

Fructo-oligosaccharides and intestinal barrier function in a methionine-choline-deficient mouse model of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis – Kotaro Matsumoto – PLOS One

Spirulina Protects against Hepatic Inflammation in Aging: An Effect Related to the Modulation of the Gut Microbiota? – Audrey Neyrinck – Nutrients

Antrodia cinnamomea reduces obesity and modulates the gut microbiota in high-fat diet-fed mice – C.J Chang – International Journal of Obesity

Topical antimicrobial treatments can elicit shifts to resident skin bacterial communities and reduce colonization by Staphylococcus aureus competitors – Adam SanMiguel – Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

Temporal microbiota changes of high-protein diet intake in a rat model – Chunlong Mu – Anaerobe

  • Animal microbiome

Microbiome dynamics in early life stages of the scleractinian coral Acropora gemmifera in response to elevated pCO2 – Guowei Zhou – Environmental Microbiology

Effects of dietary supplementation of red pepper (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi) essential oil on performance, small intestinal morphology and microbial counts of weanling pigs – Pedro Leon Gomes Cairo – Science of Food and Agriculture

Identification of Bufadienolides from the Boreal Toad, Anaxyrus boreas, Active Against a Fungal Pathogen – Kelly Barnhart – Microbial Ecology

* Bacteria-mediated hypoxia functions as a signal for mosquito development – Kerri Coon – PNAS

  • Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The Microbiome of Eucalyptus Roots under Different Management Conditions and Its Potential for Biological Nitrogen Fixation – Eduardo de Siva Fonseca – Microbial Ecology

  • Water and extremophile microbiome

The Dark Side of the Mushroom Spring Microbial Mat: Life in the Shadow of Chlorophototrophs. II. Metabolic Functions of Abundant Community Members Predicted from Metagenomic Analyses – Vera Thiel – Frontiers in Microbiology

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  • Phages and viruses

* A prokaryotic viral sequence is expressed and conserved in mammalian brain – Yang-Hui Yeh – PNAS

  • Techniques

Solid Sampling with a Diode Laser for Portable Ambient Mass Spectrometry – Yeni Yung – Analytical Chemistry