November 14, 2018

Today’s digest is about how dietary shifts and low gluten diet changes the intestinal microbiome, fecal microbiota transplant in intestinal disorders, characterization of the most abundant bacteriophage family in the human gut, and Raman spectroscopy based method for fast identification of antibiotic resistance bugs.

Human gut microbiome

Fecal microbiota transplantation for refractory immune checkpoint inhibitor-associated colitis – Yinghong Wang – Nature Medicine

A low-gluten diet induces changes in the intestinal microbiome of healthy Danish adults – Lea BS Hansen – Nature Communications

Resilience of human gut microbial communities for the long stay with multiple dietary shifts – Hong Liu – Gut

Microbiome and its relation to gestational diabetes – Ramon V. Cortez – Endocrine

Effect of bifidobacterium breve A-1 on anxiety and depressive symptoms in schizophrenia: A proof-of-concept study – Ryo Okubo – Journal of Affective Disorders

Fecal Akkermansia muciniphila Is Associated with Body Composition and Microbiota Diversity in Overweight and Obese Women with Breast Cancer Participating in a Presurgical Weight Loss Trial – Andrew D Fruge – Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

An Open-Labeled Study on Fecal Microbiota Transfer in Irritable Bowel Syndrome Patients Reveals Improvement in Abdominal Pain Associated with the Relative Abundance of Akkermansia Muciniphila – Cruz-Aguliar RM – Digestion

Animal experiments

Berberine alleviates insulin resistance by reducing peripheral branched-chain amino acids – Shi-Jun Yue – American Journal of Physiology Endocrinology and Metabolism

Air microbiome

A long-term survey unveils strong seasonal patterns in the airborne microbiome coupled to general and regional atmospheric circulations – Joan Cáliz – PNAS

Phages and viruses

ΦCrAss001 represents the most abundant bacteriophage family in the human gut and infects Bacteroides intestinalis – Andrey N Shkoporov – Nature Communications

Techniques

Quantifying and comparing bacterial growth dynamics in multiple metagenomic samples – Yuan Gao – Nature Methods

Dynamic linear models guide design and analysis of microbiota studies within artificial human guts – Justin D Silverman – Microbiome

Microbes in the news

Chinese scientists develop novel instrument for rapid profiling of antimicrobial resistance – EurekaAlert

Microbes on the market

Chr. Hansen Receives Joint Innovation Fund Grant to Develop Next Generation Microbial Solutions for Agriculture – Microbiome times

Non-microbiology picks

Remission of Human Type 2 Diabetes Requires Decrease in Liver and Pancreas Fat Content but Is Dependent upon Capacity for β Cell Recovery – Roy Taylor – Cell Metabolism

 

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October 25, 2018

Roller coaster of fantastic articles today! Two sister articles from TEDDY cohort about development of the gut microbiota in early childhood and type-1 diabetes. Another article on association of the early gut microbiota with body mass index later in life in a Norwegian cohort. A multi-omics study of the rumen microbiota and insight into how human gut microbiota recovers following antibiotic exposure. And many more, keep reading…

Human gut microbiome

Recovery of gut microbiota of healthy adults following antibiotic exposure – Albert Palleja – Nature Microbiology

The human gut microbiome in early-onset type 1 diabetes from the TEDDY study – Tommi Vatanen – Nature

Temporal development of the gut microbiome in early childhood from the TEDDY study – Christopher J. Stewart – Nature

Gut Microbiota in the First 2 Years of Life and the Association with Body Mass Index at Age 12 in a Norwegian Birth Cohort – Maggie A. Stanislawski – mBio

Human gut microbe co-cultures have greater potential than monocultures for food waste remediation to commodity chemicals – Matthew A. Perisin – Scientific Reports

Animal experiments

Interspecies cross-feeding orchestrates carbon degradation in the rumen ecosystem – Lindsey M. Solden – Nature Microbiology

A gut microbial factor modulates locomotor behaviour in Drosophila – Catherine E. Schretter – Nature

Dietary fibers inhibit obesity in mice, but host responses in the cecum and liver appear unrelated to fiber-specific changes in cecal bacterial taxonomic composition – Janice E. Drew – Scientific Reports

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Existing Climate Change Will Lead to Pronounced Shifts in the Diversity of Soil Prokaryotes – Joshua Ladau – mSystems

Techniques

Intestinal barrier dysfunction orchestrates the onset of inflammatory host–microbiome cross-talk in a human gut inflammation-on-a-chip – Woojung Shin – PNAS

Microbiota profiling with long amplicons using Nanopore sequencing: full-length 16S rRNA gene and whole rrn operon – Anna Cusco – BioRxiv

Microbes in the news

3 million common procedures in England could become ‘life threatening’ without antibiotics – CNN

Antibiotic plus probiotic combination may kill off superbugs – Medical News Today

Microbes on the market

Microbiotica Attracts Equity Investment from Seventure’s Health for Life Capital Fund – Microbiome Times

Rebiotix and Microbiome Insights Collaborate on a Microbiome IBD Tool for Clinical Development – Microbiome Times

APC Microbiome Ireland pool resources to lead maternity probiotic venture – Nutraingredients.com

Non-microbiology picks

How should autonomous vehicles be programmed? – ScienceDaily

September 26, 2018

Today’s mid-week short digest includes articles on integrating human genetics and the gut microbiome to find potent risk factors in cardiovascular disease; comparison of bariatric surgery techniques on the gut microbiota; transmission of antibiotic resistance genes from mothers to infants and importance of breastfeeding. News updates on growth prediction of human microbiome based diagnostics and first rapid test to determine Bifidobacteria in infant gut!

Human gut microbiome

Individual variations in cardiovascular-disease-related protein levels are driven by genetics and gut microbiome – Daria V. Zhernakova – Nature Genetics

Maternal gut and breast milk microbiota affect infant gut antibiotic resistome and mobile genetic elements – Katariina Pärnänen – Nature Communications

Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria from patients, hospital environment and healthcare workers: a six-month cross-sectional study – Aline Fernanda Rodrigues Sereia – bioRxiv

Microbiota stability in healthy individuals after single-dose lactulose challenge – a randomized controlled study – Sandra Y Wotzkas – bioRxiv

Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass profoundly changes gut microbiota compared to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy: a metagenomic comparative analysis – William Farin – bioRxiv

Subgingival microbiome of rheumatoid arthritis patients in relation to their disease status and periodontal health – Kathrin Beyer – PlosOne

Profiling of microorganism-binding serum antibody specificities in professional athletes – Rajna Minić – PlosOne

Animal experiments

Human Breast-Milk Feeding Enhances the Humoral and Cell-Mediated Immune Response in Neonatal Piglets – John J Miklavcic – The Journal of Nutrition

Glyphosate perturbs the gut microbiota of honey bees – Erick V. S. Motta – PNAS

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Microbiome profiling in extremely acidic soils affected by hydrothermal fluids: the case of Solfatara Crater (Campi Flegrei, southern Italy) – Crognale Simona – Fems Microbiology Ecology

Techniques

The Smallest Intestine (TSI) – a low volume in vitro model of the small intestine with increased throughput – T Cieplak – FEMS microbiology Letters

Microbes in the news

First-Ever Rapid Response Test for Levels of Bifidobacterium in Baby’s Gut Microbiome – Microbiome Times

Human Microbiome Market will Likely to expanding at a CAGR of 9.8% during the forecast period from 2018 to 2026 – Business Analyst

Puppies spread antibiotic-resistant infections to 118 people, CDC reports – CBS News

Non-microbiology picks

The best of intentions: Prenatal breastfeeding intentions and infant health – Kerri M. Raissian – SSM Population Health

 

June 26, 2018

Today’s Microbiome Digest cover the topics on bioinformatics; methods and models; trials and therapies; infection and immunity; microbiome of human gut, human vagina, insect, animals, plant, marine; food and nutrition; bioremediation and metabolomics.

 

EVENTS- JOBS – PhD POSITIONS:

Event – Organoids: Modelling Organ Development and Disease in 3D Culture – EMBO| EMBL Symposia

 

NEWS and VIEWS:

Pairing off: a bottom-up approach to the human gut microbiome– Clare Abreu – Molecular Systems Biology

 

BIOINFORMATICS:
Zero-inflated generalized Dirichlet multinomial regression model for microbiome compositional data analysis – Tang ZZ – Biostatistics

 

METHODS and MODELS:

Book Chapter – Methods for Microbiota Analysis: Sample Collection and Laboratory Methods – Saleh Ibrahim – The Microbiome in Rheumatic Diseases and Infection

Review: Culturing the human microbiota and culturomics – Lagier JC – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Using glycolysis enzyme sequences to inform Lactobacillus phylogeny – Katelyn Brandt – Microbial Genomics

Multicenter study establishing the clinical validity of a nucleic-acid amplification-based assay for the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis – Cartwright CP – Diagnostics Microbiology and Infectious Disease.

PATENT – SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR DEVELOPING AND USING A MICROBIOME-BASED ACTION COMPONENT FOR PATIENT HEALTH – Warren Tracy, Jantzen Tammi Gregory Katherine

 

TRIALS and THERAPIES:

Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy as a new approach for the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis: preliminary results – Aline Silva Sousa – Lasers in Medical Science

Review – Prevention of Cystitis: Travelling between the Imaginary and Reality – Vecchio M – Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism

 

INFECTIONS and IMMUNITY:

Book Chapter – The Impact of Infections on Reproduction and Fertility – VE Jones – Clinical Reproductive Science

Intestinal barrier disruption and dysregulated mucosal immunity contribute to kidney fibrosis in chronic kidney disease – Yang J – Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

In Press: Treatment and Prevention of Recurrent Lower Urinary Tract Infections in Women: A Rapid Review with Practice Recommendations – Ariana l Smith – The Journal of Urology

Book Chapter – Immunology of the Microbiome: Implications for Rheumatoid Arthritis and Other Autoimmune Diseases – Daniel M Altmann – The Microbiome in Rheumatic Diseases and Infection

 

VAGINAL MICROBIOME:

Description of three new Peptoniphilus species cultured in the vaginal fluid of a woman diagnosed with bacterial vaginosis: Peptoniphilus pacaensis sp. nov., Peptoniphilus raoultii sp. nov., and Peptoniphilus vaginalis sp. nov. – Diop K – Microbiology Open

 

GUT MICROBIOME: 

Preview – Gut microbiota as a missing link between nutrients and traits of human – Hea-Jong Chung – Frontiers in Microbiology

Preview – The gut-brain axis, the human gut microbiota and their integration in the development of obesity – Edward S Bliss – Frontiers in Microbiology

Review – The Gut Microbiome as a Target for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes – Ömrüm Aydin – Current Diabetes reports

Beneficial metabolic effects of 2’, 3’, 5’-tri-acetyl-N6-(3-hydroxylaniline) adenosine in multiple biological matrices and intestinal flora of hyperlipidemic hamsters– Tianqi Li – Journal of Proteome Research

 

ANIMAL MICROBIOME:

Preview – Dynamics of gut microbiota diversity during the early development of an avian host: evidence from a cross-foster experiment – Aimeric Teyssier – Frontiers in Microbiology

Enterococcus faecium WEFA23 from infant lessens high-fat-diet-induced hyperlipidemia via cholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase gene by altering the composition of gut microbiota in rats – Fuqing Huang – ScienceDirect

Evaluation of the impact of dental prophylaxis on the oral microbiota of dogs – Flancman R – PloS One

Microbial diversity and community composition of caecal microbiota in commercial and indigenous Indian chickens determined using 16s rDNA amplicon sequencing – Ramesh J Pandit – Microbiome

 

GENERAL MICROBIOME:

Review – Role of nutrition, infection, and the microbiota in the efficacy of oral vaccines – Amrita Bhattacharjee – Clinical Science

Commensal Microbiota Enhance Both Osteoclast and Osteoblast Activities – Yoko Uchida – Molecules

 

PLANT/ROOT/SOIL MICROBIOME:

Editorial – The contribution of plant microbiota to economy growth – Angela Sessitsch – Microbial Biotechnology

Colonization cues of leaf- and root-inhabiting bacterial microbiota of Atractylodes lancea derived in vitro and in vivo – Yong Jia – Plant and Soil

Preview – Complete Genome Sequence of Industrial Biocontrol Strain Paenibacillus polymyxa HY96-2 and Further Analysis of Its Biocontrol Mechanism – Yuanchan Luo – – Frontiers in Microbiology

Genome Sequence of Bacillus megaterium Strain YC4-R4, a Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacterium Isolated from a HighSalinity Environment – Juan Ignacio Vílchez – GenomeAnnouncements

 

INSECT MICROBIOME:

Exposure of soil collembolans to microplastics perturbs their gut microbiota and alters their isotopic composition – DongZhu – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

 

SKIN MICROBIOME:

Book Chapter – Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis – Madhura Castelino – The Microbiome in Rheumatic Diseases and Infection

 

MARINE MICROBIOME:
Metagenomics Sheds Light on the Ecology of Marine Microbes and Their Viruses – Felipe Hernandes Coutinho – Trends in Microbiology

 

NEONATAL/INFANT MICROBIOME:

Communication – Maternal Intrapartum Antibiotic Administration and Infantile Colic: Is there a Connection? – Leppälehto E – Neonatology

Review – Intrauterine Inflammation, Epigenetics, and Microbiome Influences on Preterm Infant Health – Lu L – Current Pathobiology Reports

 

CROSS – POPULATION MICROBIOME:
Similarities and differences in gut microbiome composition correlate with dietary patterns of Indian and Chinese adults – Abhishek Jain – AMB Express

 

PHAGES/VIRUSES:

Genome Sequence of the Pseudomonas protegens Phage GP100 – Jordan Vacheron – GenomeAnnouncements

 

FOOD and NUTRITION:

Plasma and urine metabolite profiling reveals the protective effect of Clinacanthus nutans in an ovalbumin-induced anaphylaxis model: 1H-NMR metabolomics approach – Leng Wei Khoo – Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis

Drivers that establish and assembly the lactic acid bacteria biota in cheeses – Marco Gobbetti – Trends in Food Science & Technology

The food safety of DP-356Ø43 soybeans on SD rats reflected by physiological variables and fecal microbiota during a 90-day feeding study – Zou S – Regul Toxicol Pharmacol

Fermented Soybean Suppresses Visceral Fat Accumulation in Mice – Kushida M – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Combined Use of C. butyricum Sx-01 and L. salivarius C-1-3 Improves Intestinal Health and Reduces the Amount of Lipids in Serum via Modulation of Gut Microbiota in Mice – Long M – Nutrients

Review – Dietary polyphenols: A novel strategy to modulate microbiota-gut-brain axis – Diana Serra – Trends in Food Science & Technology

 

METABOLOMICS:

Non-invasive urinary metabolomic profiles discriminate biliary atresia from infantile hepatitis syndrome – Wei-Wei Li – Metabolomics

Metabolomics of the amniotic fluid: Is it a feasible approach to evaluate the safety of Chinese medicine during pregnancy? – Jinjun Shan – Journal of Applied Toxicology

Article – A validated, fast method for quantification of sterols and gut microbiome derived 5α/β-stanols in human faeces by isotope dilution LC-high resolution MS – Schoett HF – Analytical Chemistry

 

BIOREMEDIATION:

Bioprospecting for microbes with potential hydrocarbon remediation activity on the northwest coast of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, using DNA sequencing – Mariela Beatriz Reyes-Sosa – Science of The Total Environment

 

ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY:
Skin and nasal vestibule colonisation by Staphylococcus aureus and its susceptibility to drugs in atopic dermatitis patients – Wrobel J – Annals of Agriculture and Environmental Medicine

 

 

June 22, 2018

Have a happy weekend! Today in Microbiome Digest: reviews on microbiome immunity and type 1 diabetes,  metatranscriptome analysis of vaginal microbiome, Differences in gut microbiota associated with age, sex, and stool consistency, microbes in the news, and more…

Events and jobs

Scientist – Genomics and Microbiome – Madison, WI

Bioinformatics Scientific Programmer – Quadram Institute Bioscience

General microbiome

Review: Communication Between the Microbiota and Mammalian Immunity – Kyla S. Ost – Annual Review of Microbiology

Host genotype-specific microbiota do not influence the susceptibility of Dmagna to a bacterial pathogen – Marilou P. Sison-Mangus – Scientific Reports

Pregnancy and early life

Book chapter: Implantation Failure 1: Intrauterine Circumstances and Embryo–Endometrium Synchrony at Implantation – Keiji Kuroda – Treatment Strategy for Unexplained Infertility and Recurrent Miscarriage

Special Issue: Microbiome in normal and pathological pregnancies: A literature overview – Carla R. Taddei – American Journal of Reproductive Immunology

Multi-site human microbiome

Bacterial invasion of dentinal tubules from the external root surface with and without an intact cemental layer- a confocal laser scanning microscopic study – Jovita D’souza – Advances in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Human respiratory microbiome

Review: Drug Resistance and Gene Transfer Mechanisms in Respiratory/Oral Bacteria – Jiang S – Journal of Dental Research

Ecology and diversity in upper respiratory tract microbial population structures from a cross-sectional community swabbing study –  Abigail L. Coughtrie – Journal of Medical Microbiology

Human skin microbiome

Skin Microbiota in Obese Women at Risk for Surgical Site Infection After Cesarean Delivery – Kara M. Rood – Scientific Reports

Human vaginal microbiome

Review: Pharmacology of Antiretrovirals in the Female Genital Track for HIV Prevention – Melanie R. Nicol – The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

Metatranscriptome Analysis of the Vaginal Microbiota Reveals Potential Mechanisms for Protection against Metronidazole in Bacterial Vaginosis – Zhi-Luo Deng – mSphere 

Human gut microbiome

Review: Gut microbiome in type 1 diabetes: A comprehensive review – Zheng P – Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews

A Small Molecule-Screening Pipeline to Evaluate the Therapeutic Potential of 2-Aminoimidazole Molecules Against Clostridium difficile – Thanissery R – Frontiers in Microbiology

Differences in gut microbiota associated with age, sex, and stool consistency in healthy Japanese subjects – Tomohisa Takagi – Journal of Gastroenterology

Dietary Supplementation with a Magnesium-Rich Marine Mineral Blend Enhances the Diversity of Gastrointestinal Microbiota – Erin K. Crowley – Marine Drugs

The developing premature infant gut microbiome is a major factor shaping the microbiome of neonatal intensive care unit rooms – Brandon Brooks – Microbiome

Review: Potential Role of the Gut Microbiome in ALS: A Systematic Review – Michelle L. Wright – Biological Research for Nursing

Animal experiments

Lack of liver steatosis in germ-free mice following hypercaloric diets – Stephan C. Bischoff – European Journal of Nutrition

 Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Exploring Elicitors of the Beneficial Rhizobacterium Bacillus amyloliquefaciens SQR9 to Induce Plant Systemic Resistance and Their Interactions With Plant Signaling Pathways – Gengwei Wu – Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions

Correlation and Distribution of Xenobiotics Genes and Metabolic Activities with Level of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon in Soil, Sediment and Estuary Water in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria U. O. Edet – Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering

Review: Status and future of disease protection and grape berry quality alteration by microorganisms in viticulture – Misa Otoguro – Letters in Applied Microbiology

Editorial: The contribution of plant microbiota to economy growth – Angela Sessitsch – Microbial Biotechnology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Mini-Review: Future direction in marine bacterial agarases for industrial applications -Saeid Tamadoni Jahromi – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Prokaryotic assemblages in the maritime Antarctic Lake Limnopolar (Byers Peninsula, South Shetland Islands) – M. Papale – Extremophiles

Taxonomy, phylogeny and ecology of cultivable fungi present in seawater gradients across the Northern Antarctica Peninsula – Vívian N. Gonçalves – Extremophiles 

A strong link between marine microbial community composition and function challenges the idea of functional redundancy – Pierre E. Galand – The ISME Journal

Probiotics / prebiotics

Gut Microbiota, Probiotics, and Sport: From Clinical Evidence to Agonistic Performance – Marco Pane – Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology

 Microbes in the news

‘Green’-feed: Industrial microbes could feed cattle, pigs, chicken

SMU researchers hope microbes will lead them to strike oil offshore

Scientists Reveal How Gut Microbes ‘Recover’ After Antibiotic Treatment

Celebrate your gut microbiota on the first World Microbiome day!

 Microbes on the market (news about biotech companies)

Human Microbiome Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2018 – 2026

MaaT Pharma and Lutech Sign Licensing Agreement on Microbiome Therapy for Graft-vs-Host Disease

 

Ashok’s non-microbiology picks

The Rheumatoid Arthritis-Associated Citrullinome – Ronak Tilvawala – Cell Chemical Biology

Inflammation-Induced, STING-Dependent Autophagy Restricts Zika Virus Infection in the Drosophila Brain – Yuan Liu – Cell Host & Microbe

Distinct progenitor lineages contribute to the heterogeneity of plasmacytoid dendritic cells – Patrick Fernandes Rodrigues – Nature Immunology

A synaptic threshold mechanism for computing escape decisions – Dominic A. Evans – Nature

June 19, 2018

In today’s digest you can read about: the field of CRISPR-CAS antimicrobials by E. Pursey, “microbiota influencers” by G. Rizzatti, bioplastic producing bacterial communities by V. Kumar, mixotrophic behavior of the harmful benthic dinoflagellate by B. Lee and many many diverse and interesting articles. Enjoy!

General microbiome

CRISPR-Cas antimicrobials: Challenges and future prospects Elizabeth Pursey – PLOS Pathogens

Considering Microbial CO2 during Microbe-Plant Cocultivation – Birgit Piechulla – Plant Physiology

Metabolic model-based analysis of the emergence of bacterial cross-feeding via extensive gene loss – Colin P. McNally  – BMC Systems Biology

Pregnancy and early life

Prevalence of antibiotic resistance in commensal Escherichia coli among the children in rural hill communities of Northeast India – Ashish Kumar Singh – PLOS One

Shared and Distinct Features of Human Milk and Infant Stool Viromes – Pia S. Pannaraj – Frontiers in Microbiology

Preterm infant gut microbial patterns related to the development of necrotizing enterocolitis – Tristan P. Lindberg – The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine

Human respiratory microbiome

Multi-omic profiling to assess the effect of iron starvation in Streptococcus pneumoniae TIGR4 – Irene Jiménez-Munguía – PeerJ

Human gut microbiome

Addendum: “I will survive”: A tale of bacteriophage-bacteria coevolution in the gut – Luisa De Sordi – Gut Microbes

The Gut-Associated Microbiome of the Eastern Spruce Budworm Does Not Influence Larval Growth or Survival – Melbert T Schwarz – bioRxiv

Prioritizing and modelling of putative drug target proteins of Candida albicans by systems biology approach – Tariq Ismail – Acta Biochimica Polonica

Antibiotic and Modulation of Microbiota: A New Paradigm? – Gianenrico Rizzatti – Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology

Streptomyces, shared microbiome member of soil and gut, as “old friends” against colon cancer – Alireza Bolourian – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Gut Microbial-related Choline Metabolite Trimethylamine-N-oxide is Associated with Progression of Carotid Artery Atherosclerosis in HIV Infection – Zhilei Shan – The Journal of Infectious Diseases

Role of Microbiota in Sexually Dimorphic Immunity – Marlies Elderman – Frontiers in Immunology

Early results of fecal microbial transplantation protocol implementation at a community-based university hospital – Rodrigo Duarte-Chavez – Journal of Global Infectious Diseases

Gut microbiota modulate neurobehavior through changes in brain insulin sensitivity and metabolism – Marion Soto – Molecular Psychiatry

The Rise and Rise of Eosinophilic Gut Diseases Including Eosinophilic Esophagitis Is Probably Not Explained by the Disappearance of Helicobacter pylori, so Who or What’s to Blame? – Nicholas J. Talley – The American Journal of Gastroenterology

Effect of administration of a probiotic preparation on gut microbiota and immune response in healthy women in India: an open-label, single-arm pilot study – Ankita Singh – BMC Gastroenterology

Animal experiments

Toxin-positive Clostridium difficile latently infect mouse colonies and protect against highly pathogenic C. difficile – Lucie Etienne-Mesmin – Gut microbiome

Animal microbiome

A comparative analysis of microbial profile of Guinea fowl and chicken using metagenomic approach – Sarayu Bhogoju – PLOS One

Tracking sources of Clostridium botulinum type E contamination in seal meat – Daniel Leclair – International Journal of Circumpolar Health

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Applying predictive models to decipher rhizobacterial modifications in common reed die-back affected populations – Giovanni Bacci – Science of The Total Environment

Bioplastic reservoir of diverse bacterial communities revealed along altitude gradient of Pangi-Chamba trans-Himalayan region – Vijay Kumar – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Antagonism and antibiotic resistance drive a species-specific plant microbiota differentiation in Echinacea spp – Valentina Maggini – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Divergent Responses of the Diazotrophic Microbiome to Elevated CO2 in Two Rice Cultivars – Yongjie Yu – Frontiers in Microbiology

Synthesis and detoxification of nitric oxide in the plant beneficial rhizobacterium Bacillus amyloliquefaciens SQR9 and its effect on biofilm formation – Xiaoyan Dong – Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications

Understanding the Strategies to Overcome Phosphorus–Deficiency and Aluminum–Toxicity by Ryegrass Endophytic and Rhizosphere Phosphobacteria – Patricio J. Barra – Frontiers in Microbiology

Soil viruses are underexplored players in ecosystem carbon processing – Gareth Trubl – bioRxiv

Dispersal limitation and thermodynamic constraints govern spatial structure of permafrost microbial communities –  Eric M Bottos – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Changes of soil microbial and enzyme activities are linked to soil C, N and P stoichiometry in afforested ecosystems – F.Z. Zhao – Forest Ecology and Management

Responses of soil microbial communities to nutrient limitation in the desert-grassland ecological transition zone – Cui Y – The Science of the Total Environment

Observed metabolic asymmetry within soybean root nodules reflects unexpected complexity in rhizobacteria-legume metabolite exchange – Dušan Veličković – The ISME Journal

Antibacterial activity of soil bacteria isolated from Kochi, India and their molecular identification – Davis Gislin – Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology

Brassica napus Growth in Lead-Polluted Soil: Bioaccumulation in Plant Organs at Different Ontogenetic Stages and Lead Fractionation in Soil – Gisele V. Ferreyroa – Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

Editorial: “Plant-Microbe-Insect Interaction: Source for Bio-fertilizers, Bio-medicines and Agent Research” – Gero Benckiser – Frontiers in Plant Science

Broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity by Burkholderia cenocepacia TAtl-371, a strain isolated from the tomato rhizosphere – Fernando Uriel Rojas-Rojas – Microbiology

Improvement of Ni phytoextraction by Alyssum murale and its rhizosphere microbial activities by applying nitrogen fertilizer – Ali Kanso – Ecological Research

Water and extremophile microbiome

Abundance determines the functional role of bacterial phylotypes in complex communities – Damian W. Rivett  – Nature Microbiology

Metabolic Diversity within the Globally Abundant Marine Group II Euryarchaea Drives Ecological Patterns – Benjamin J Tully – bioRxiv

Diversity of bacterial communities and dissolved organic matter in a temperate estuary – Helena Osterholz – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Clean Low-Biomass Procedures and Their Application to Ancient Ice Core Microorganisms – Zhi-Ping Zhong – Frontiers in Microbiology

Genetic diversity and co-occurrence patterns of marine cyanopodoviruses and picocyanobacteria – Yingting Sun – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Proteome response of a metabolically flexible anoxygenic phototroph to Fe(II) oxidation – Casey Bryce – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Genome rearrangement shapes Prochlorococcus ecological adaptation – Wei Yan – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

High CO2 Under Nutrient Fertilization Increases Primary Production and Biomass in Subtropical Phytoplankton Communities: A Mesocosm Approach – Nauzet Hernández-Hernández – Frontiers in Microbiology

Genetic Analyses of the rbcL and psaA Genes From Single Cells Demonstrate a Rhodophyte Origin of the Prey in the Toxic Benthic Dinoflagellate Ostreopsis – Bora Lee – Frontiers in Marine Science

Ubiquitous abundance distribution of non-dominant plankton across the global ocean – Enrico Ser-Giacomi – Nature Ecology & Evolution

Copiotrophic marine bacteria are associated with strong iron‐binding ligand production during phytoplankton blooms – Shane L. Hogle – Limnology and Oceanography

Dynamics and interactions of highly resolved marine plankton via automated high-frequency sampling – David M. Needham – The ISME Journal

Distinct patterns and processes of abundant and rare eukaryotic plankton communities following a reservoir cyanobacterial bloom – Yuanyuan Xue – The ISME Journal

Coral Microbiomes as Bioindicators of Reef Health – Sofia Roitman – Population Genomics

Microbial community structure and functional potential along a hypersaline gradient – Jeffrey A. Kimbrel – Frontiers in Microbiology

Comparative genomics of Pseudomonas sp. strain SI-3 associated with macroalga Ulva prolifera, the causative species for green tide in the Yellow Sea – Huihui Fu – Frontiers in Microbiology

Probiotics / prebiotics

Pilot assessment of probiotics for pregnant women in Rwanda – Amy McMillan – PLOS One

Phages and viruses

Low spatial structure and selection against secreted virulence factors attenuates pathogenicity in Pseudomonas aeruginosa – Elisa T Granato – bioRxiv

Identification of anti-norovirus genes in mouse and human cells using genome-wide CRISPR activation screening –  Robert Orchard – bioRxiv

Biotechnology

Simultaneous autotrophic removal of sulphate and nitrate at different voltages in a bioelectrochemical reactor (BER): Evaluation of degradation efficiency and characterization of microbial communities – Hao Xua – Bioresource Technology

Evaluation of A Novel Split-Feeding Anaerobic/Oxic Baffled Reactor (A/OBR) For Foodwaste Anaerobic Digestate: Performance, Modeling and Bacterial Community – Shaojie Wang – Scientific Reports

Viewpoint: Synthetic Biology for Natural Compounds – Xinrui Zhao – Biochemistry

Bioinformatics

iMetaLab 1.0: A web platform for metaproteomics data analysis – Bo Liao – Bioinformatics

Taxonomy annotation and guide tree errors in 16S rRNA databases – Robert Edgar​ – PeerJ

The Microbial Genomes Atlas (MiGA) webserver: taxonomic and gene diversity analysis of Archaea and Bacteria at the whole genome level – Luis M Rodriguez-R – Nucleic Acids Research

Techniques

Whole-Cell MALDI-TOF MS Versus 16S rRNA Gene Analysis for Identification and Dereplication of Recurrent Bacterial Isolates – Michal Strejcek – Frontiers in Microbiology

Low-power portable devices for metagenomics analysis: Fog computing makes bioinformatics ready for the Internet of Things –  Ivan Merelli – Future Generation Computer Systems

Microbes in the news 

Unique microbe could thrive on Mars, help future manned missions

In a Warming World, Deadly Bacteria Are More Resistant to Antibiotics

Microbes on the market

Startup aims to make allies of human gut’s microbes

Department of Energy Announces $40 Million for Bio-Based Research

Tina’s non-microbiology picks

Towards an Evolutionary Perspective in Teaching and Popularizing Microbiology – Fernando Bueno Ferreira Fonseca de Fraga – Journal of  Microbiology & Biology Education

 

April 28, 2018

Genomic analysis of tick endosymbionts, re-evaluation of the phylogenetic placement of mitochondria outside alphaproteobacteria, gravity sensing in fungi acquired by horizontal gene transfer from bacteria.

General microbiome

Review: Malaria and the microbiome: a systematic review – Matthew M Ippolito – Clinical Infectious Diseases

Pregnancy and early life

The fallopian tube microbiome: implications for reproductive health – Elise S Pelzer – Oncotarget

Animal microbiome

The influence of diet and environment on the gut microbial community of field crickets – Soon Hwee Ng – Ecology and Evolution

Comparison of closely related, uncultivated Coxiella tick endosymbiont population genomes reveals clues about the mechanisms of symbiosis – Despina Tsementzi – Environmental Microbiology

Insights into the bacterial symbiont diversity in spiders – Lihua Zhang – Ecology and Evolution

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Legume endosymbionts: Drought stress tolerance in second‐generation chickpea (Cicer arietinum) seeds – V Kumari – Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science

Quantifying the Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Plant Root Colonization by Beneficial Bacteria in a Microfluidic Habitat – Jayde A Aufrecht – Advanced Biosystems

Response of the wheat rhizosphere soil nematode community in wheat/walnut intercropping system in Xinjiang, Northwest China – Peng-hua Bai – Applied Entomology and Zoology

Pre-print: Host identity and functional traits determine the community composition of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in facultative epiphytic plant species – Maria del Mar Alguacil – bioRxiv

Seagrass rhizosphere microenvironment alters plant‐associated microbial community composition – Kasper Elgetti Brodersen – Environmental Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Impacts of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration on terrestrial-aquatic carbon transfer and a downstream aquatic microbial community – Emma Rochelle-Newell – Aquatic Sciences

Community differentiation of bacterioplankton in the epipelagic layer in the South China Sea – Yi Zhang – Ecology and Evolution

Built environment

Review: Ecotoxicological effects of microplastics on biota: a review – Sadasivam Anbumani – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Bioinformatics

Renewing Felsenstein’s phylogenetic bootstrap in the era of big data – F Lemoine – Nature

Pre-print: Machine learning based prediction of functional capabilities in metagenomically assembled microbial genomes – Fred Farrell – bioRxiv

Techniques

Review: Overview of Next‐Generation Sequencing Technologies – Barton E Slatko – Current Protocols in Molecular Biology

More microbes

Deep mitochondrial origin outside the sampled alphaproteobacteria – Joran Martijn – Nature

Evolutionary novelty in gravity sensing through horizontal gene transfer and high-order protein assembly – Tu Ahn Nguyen – PLOS Biology

Pre-print: Differentiation of vegetative cells into spores: a kinetic model applied to Bacillus subtilis – Emilie Gauvry – bioRxiv

Pre-print: A decay effect of bacterial growth rate associated with genome reduction – Kouhei Tsuchiya – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Mass suicide documented in bacteria – Nature

Researchers assassinate disease-causing bacteria with virus cocktail – EurekAlert

Bacteria in the small intestine indispensable for fat absorption – EurekAlert

Why a rinse won’t do: on menstrual cups, bacteria, and toxic shock syndrome – Siouxsie Wiles – The Spinoff

Study reveals how bacteria communicate in groups to avoid antibiotics – EurekAlert

Podcast: Gut Punch – Marketing Microbiome Hype – Michael Joyce – Health News Review

Microbes on the market

Global Microbiome Therapeutics Market to Witness Comprehensive Growth By 2024 – Healthcare Trends

uBiome Sponsors Annual Fundraising Walk, SF Take Steps, to Support the Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation – benzinga

Microbiome Company A-Mansia Secures €16M – Allison Johnson – Biocentury

Science, career, and publishing

A photo celebration of scientists at work – Jack Leeming – Nature

Scientists’ early grant success fuels further funding – Holly Else – Nature

Pre-print: Strength in numbers: collaborative science for new experimental model systems – Ross F Waller – bioRxiv