January 17, 2018

In today’s digest, a review of the skin microbiome and a brilliant article on role of microbes in plant speciation. Lastly, the microbiome of the ever impressive water bear.

General Microbiome

Editorial: Special Issue on ‘Microbe-host interactions’.Hammerschmidt S. FEBS Letters.

Review: The stress concept in gastroenterology: from Selye to today.Elsenbruch S. F1000 Research

Review:Role of human microbiome and selected bacterial infections in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. Roszyk E. Reumatologia

Gut Microbiome

Review: Non-digestible carbohydrates in infant formula as substitution for human milk oligosaccharide functions: Effects on microbiota and gut maturation.Akkerman R. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

Review: Diet, Gut Microbiota, and Colorectal Cancer Prevention: A Review of Potential Mechanisms and Promising Targets for Future Research.Song M. Current Colorectal Cancer Reports

Skin Microbiome

Review: The human skin microbiome. Byrd AL. Nature Reviews Microbiology

Anal Microbiome

Is there a link between aging and microbiome diversity in exceptional mammalian longevity? Hughes GM. PeerJ

Plant, Soil, and Water Microbiome

Out of sight, but no longer out of mind – towards an increased recognition of the role of soil microbes in plant speciation.Geml J. New Phytologist.

Investigating the Microbial Degradation Potential in Oil Sands Fluid Fine Tailings Using Gamma Irradiation: A Metagenomic Perspective.VanMensel D. Microbial Ecology

Animan Experiments and Microbiome

The Microbial Community of Tardigrades: Environmental Influence and Species Specificity of Microbiome Structure and Composition.Vecchi M, Newton ILG, Cesari M. Microbial Ecology

Peracetic acid disinfection kinetics for combined sewer overflows: indicator organisms, antibiotic resistance genes, and microbial community.Eramo A. Environmental Science: Water Research and Technology

Protocol

Oral Microbiome Characterization in Murine Models. Abusleme L. Bio-protocol

Microbes in the NEWS

Can Probiotics Improve the Gut Flora and Reduce Complications after Surgery?

-Medical News Bulletin

 

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January 13, 2018

100+ alerts, meaning great papers in every category. Enjoy!

General microbiome
ReviewSphingolipids in host-microbial interactions – Stacey L Heaver – Current Opinion In Microbiology

EditorialThe Human Microbiome – Emily P Balskus – ACS Infectious Diseases

ReviewEmergent Heterogeneous Micro-environments in Biofilms:Substratum Surface Heterogeneity and Bacterial Adhesion Force-sensing – Yijin Ren – Fems Microbiology Reviews

Pregnancy and early life
Maturation of the gut microbiome and risk of asthma in childhood – Jakob Stokholm – Nature Communications

Haemophilus is overrepresented in the nasopharynx of infants hospitalized with RSV infection and associated with increased viral load and enhanced mucosal CXCL8 responses – Thomas H A Ederveen – Microbiome

Fetal and early life antibiotics exposure and very early onset inflammatory bowel disease: a population-based study – Anne K Örtqvist – Gut

Review: Early Microbes Modify Immune System Development and Metabolic Homeostasis-The “Restaurant” Hypothesis Revisited – Michael J Nash – Frontiers In Endocrinology

Human respiratory microbiome
Genomics of Corynebacterium striatum, an emerging multi-drug resistant pathogen of immunocompromised patients – Kathleen Nudel – Clinical Microbiology And Infection

Human skin microbiome
Transcriptomic profiling of interacting nasal staphylococci species reveals global changes in gene and non-coding RNA expression – Grith M M Hermansen – Fems Microbiology Letters

Human oral microbiome
Association of Oral Microbiome With Risk for Incident Head and Neck Squamous Cell Cancer – Richard B Hayes – JAMA Oncology

Composition of salivary microbiota in elderly subjects – Taiji Ogawa – Scientific Reports

Human gut microbiome
CX3CR1+ mononuclear phagocytes control immunity to intestinal fungi – Irina Leonardi – Science (New York, N.Y.)

Antagonism toward the intestinal microbiota and its effect on Vibrio cholerae virulence. – Wenjing Zhao – Science (New York, N.Y.)

Evaluation of bloodstream infections, Clostridium difficile infections, and gut microbiota in pediatric oncology patients – Bryan T. Nycz – PLoS One

Antibiotic Treatments for Clostridium difficile Infection Are Associated with Distinct Bacterial and Fungal Community Structures – Regina Lamendella – mSphere

Alterations of the gut microbiota in Hashimoto’s thyroiditis patients – Fuya Zhao – Thyroid : Official Journal Of The American Thyroid Association

Structural insights into a family 39 glycoside hydrolase from the gut symbiont Bacteroides cellulosilyticus WH2 – Ahmad Ali-Ahmad – Journal Of Structural Biology

Review: Gut Microbiota Dysbiosis Drives and Implies Novel Therapeutic Strategies for Diabetes Mellitus and Related Metabolic Diseases – Xuan Li – Frontiers In Immunology

ReviewPathogens, microbiome and the host: emergence of the ecological Koch’s postulates – Pascale Vonaesch – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

ReviewBiochemistry of Complex Glycan Depolymerisation by the Human Gut Microbiota – Didier Ndeh – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Review: Segmented filamentous bacteria, Th17 inducers and helpers in a hostile world – Pamela Schnupf – Current Opinion In Microbiology

Microbial Ecology
Simulation of Escherichia coli Dynamics in Biofilms and Submerged Colonies with an Individual-Based Model Including Metabolic Network Information – Ignace L M M Tack – Frontiers In Microbiology

Initial evenness determines diversity and cell density dynamics in synthetic microbial ecosystems – Elham Ehsani – Scientific Reports

Pan-genome analysis of the genus Finegoldia identifies two distinct clades, strain-specific heterogeneity, and putative virulence factors – Holger Brüggemann – Scientific Reports

Specifying the Harsh Conditions of Life: Resource Competition and Predation in the 1970s – Alita R. Burmeister – The American Naturalist

Animal experiments
Maternal metabolic, immune, and microbial systems in late pregnancy vary with malnutrition in mice – Kristin L Connor – Biology of Reproduction

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation, Commensal Escherichia coli and Lactobacillus johnsonii Strains Differentially Restore Intestinal and Systemic Adaptive Immune Cell Populations Following Broad-spectrum Antibiotic Treatment – Ira Ekmekciu – Frontiers In Microbiology

Impacts of feeding preweaned calves milk containing drug residues on the functional profile of the fecal microbiota – Richard Van Vleck Pereira – Scientific Reports

Gama-aminobutyric Acid Enriched Rice Bran Diet Attenuates Insulin Resistance and Balances Energy Expenditure via Modification of Gut Microbiota and SCFAs – Xu Si – Journal Of Agricultural And Food Chemistry

Proton Pump Inhibitors Increase the Susceptibility of Mice to Oral Infection with Enteropathogenic Bacteria – Eiichiro Yasutomi – Digestive Diseases And Sciences

Rhubarb supplementation promotes intestinal mucosal innate immune homeostasis through modulating intestinal epithelial microbiota in goat kids – Jinzhen Jiao – Journal Of Agricultural And Food Chemistry

Impact of dietary induced precocious gut maturation on cecal microbiota and its relation to the blood-brain barrier during the postnatal period in rats – N Marungruang – Neurogastroenterology And Motility : The Official Journal Of The European Gastrointestinal Motility Society

Exercise Prevents Enhanced Postoperative Neuroinflammation and Cognitive Decline and Rectifies the Gut Microbiome in a Rat Model of Metabolic Syndrome – Xiaomei Feng – Frontiers In Immunology

Rifampicin treatment of Blattella germanica evidences a fecal transmission route of their gut microbiota – Tania Rosas – Fems Microbiology Ecology

Gut Flora-Dependent Metabolite Trimethylamine-N-oxide Accelerates Endothelial Cell Senescence and Vascular Aging through Oxidative Stress – Yilang Ke – Free Radical Biology & Medicine

Nanocomposite of Half-Fin Anchovy Hydrolysates/Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Exhibits Actual Non-Toxicity and Regulates Intestinal Microbiota, Short-Chain Fatty Acids Production and Oxidative Status in Mice – Ru Song – Marine Drugs

Animal microbiome
Is there a link between aging and microbiome diversity in exceptional mammalian longevity? – Graham M. Hughes – PeerJ (Specifically, bats or Myotis myotis)

Gut Microbes Egested during Bites of Infected Sand Flies Augment Severity of Leishmaniasis via Inflammasome-Derived IL-1β – Ranadhir Dey – Cell Host & Microbe

The Sarda Sheep Host Fecal Proteome – Antonio Palomba – Proteomics

Host Specificity for Bacterial, Archaeal and Fungal Communities Determined for High- and Low-Microbial Abundance Sponge Species in Two Genera – Maryam Chaib De Mares – Frontiers In Microbiology (from December 2017)

Comparative Metagenomics of Cellulose- and Poplar Hydrolysate-Degrading Microcosms from Gut Microflora of the Canadian Beaver (Castor canadensis) and North American Moose (Alces americanus) after Long-Term Enrichment. – Mabel T Wong – Frontiers In Microbiology (from December 2017)

Regular Wounding in a Natural System: Bacteria Associated With Reproductive Organs of Bedbugs and Their Quorum Sensing Abilities – Oliver Otti – Frontiers In Immunology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome
Forest conversion induces seasonal variation in microbial β-diversity – Shengen Liu – Environmental Microbiology

Specificity in Arabidopsis thaliana recruitment of root fungal communities from soil and rhizosphere – Hector Urbina – Fungal Biology

Different impacts of manure and chemical fertilizers on bacterial community structure and antibiotic resistance genes in arable soils – Peng Liu – Chemosphere

Intra-species variation in a widely distributed tree species regulates the responses of soil microbiome to different temperature regimes – Cui-Jing Zhang – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Positive diversity-functioning relationships in model communities of methanotrophic bacteria – Elvira Schnyder – Ecology

Plant Phylogeny and Life History Shape Rhizosphere Bacterial Microbiome of Summer Annuals in an Agricultural Field – Bryan D. Emmett – Frontiers in Microbiology (from December 2017)

Soil microbial communities and enzyme activities in sea-buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) plantation at different ages – Miao Yang – Plos One

The genome and microbiome of a dikaryotic fungus (Inocybe terrigena, Inocybaceae) revealed by metagenomics – Mohammad Bahram – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Ecological mechanisms underlying soil bacterial responses to rainfall along a steep natural precipitation gradient – Bonnie Waring – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

ReviewCurrent Insights into the Role of Rhizosphere Bacteria in Disease Suppressive Soils – Ruth Gómez Expósito – Frontiers in Microbiology (from December 2017)

Water and extremophile microbiome
Microbially mediated aluminosilicate formation in acidic anaerobic environments: A cell-scale chemical perspective – J. Sánchez-España – GeoBiology

Responses of Periphyton to Fe2O3 Nanoparticles: A Physiological and Ecological Basis for Defending Nanotoxicity – Jun Tang – Environmental Science & Technology

Variations in bacterial and archaeal communities along depth profiles of Alaskan soil cores – Binu Mani Tripathi – Scientific Reports

Microbiological and Geochemical Survey of CO2-Dominated Mofette and Mineral Waters of the Cheb Basin, Czech Republic – Patryk Krauze – Frontiers In Microbiology

In Situ Field Sequencing and Life Detection in Remote (79°26’N) Canadian High Arctic Permafrost Ice Wedge Microbial Communities – J Goordial – Frontiers In Microbiology (from December 2017)

Built environment
Diversity of Microbial Communities and Quantitative Chemodiversity in Layers of Marine Sediment Cores from a Causeway (Kaichu-Doro) in Okinawa Island, Japan – Taha Soliman – Frontiers In Microbiology

Microbial Contamination on Touch Surfaces in Sick- and Well-Child Waiting Rooms in Pediatric Outpatient Facilities – Irina Gudakova – The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

Biostimulation and bioaugmentation of native microbial community accelerated bioremediation of oil refinery sludge – Ajoy Roy – Bioresource Technology

Temporal variation in bacterial and methanogenic communities of three full-scale anaerobic digesters treating swine wastewater – Gyuseong Han – Environmental Science And Pollution Research International

Microbial community of a gasworks aquifer and identification of nitrate-reducing Azoarcus and Georgfuchsia as key players in BTEX degradation – Martin Sperfeld – Water Research

Review: Microbiome analysis and -omics studies of microbial denitrification processes in wastewater treatment: recent advances – Lili Miao – Science China. Life Sciences

Food microbiology
Absorption and Metabolism of Phenolics from Digests of Polyphenol-Rich Potato Extracts Using the Caco-2/HepG2 Co-Culture System – Shima Sadeghi Ekbatan – Foods (Basel, Switzerland)

Effects of polysaccharides from purple sweet potatoes on immune response and gut microbiota composition in normal and cyclophosphamide treated mice – Chao Tang – Food & Function

A Combined LC-MS Metabolomics- and 16S rRNA Sequencing Platform to Assess Interactions between Herbal Medicinal Products and Human Gut Bacteria in Vitro: a Pilot Study on Willow Bark Extract – Eva-Maria Pferschy-Wenzig – Frontiers In Pharmacology

Review: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases and Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides, and Polyols: An Overview – Sandra Maria Barbalho – Journal Of Medicinal Food

Probiotics / prebiotics / antibiotics
The antimicrobial peptide SAAP-148 combats drug-resistant bacteria and biofilms – Anna de Breij – Science Translational Medicine

Low amounts of dietary fibre increase in vitro production of short-chain fatty acids without changing human colonic microbiota structure – Daisuke Sasaki – Scientific Reports

Single Cell Observations Show Persister Cells Wake Based on Ribosome Content – Jun-Seob Kim – bioRxiv

Evidence for PMAT- and OCT-like biogenic amine transporters in a probiotic strain of Lactobacillus: Implications for interkingdom communication within the microbiota-gut-brain axis. – Mark Lyte – Plos One

Phages and viruses
Metagenomic Virome Analysis of Culex Mosquitoes from Kenya and China. – Evans Atoni – Viruses

Virus Dynamics Are Influenced by Season, Tides and Advective Transport in Intertidal, Permeable Sediments – Verona Vandieken – Frontiers In Microbiology

Influenza A virus infection impacts systemic microbiota dynamics and causes quantitative enteric dysbiosis – Soner Yildiz – Microbiome

Genome Announcements
Draft Genome Sequence of Megamonas funiformis Strain Marseille-P3344, Isolated from a Human Fecal Microbiota. – Mossaab Maaloum – Genome Announcements

Draft Genome Sequences of Bifidobacterium Strains N4G05 and N5G01, Isolated from the Human Vaginal Microbiome. – Aline C Freitas – Genome Announcements

Lactomassilus timonensis,’ a new anaerobic bacterial species isolated from the milk of a healthy African mother – A H Togo – New Microbes And New Infections

Microbes in the news
AGA enrolls 1st patient into largest planned fecal microbiota transplantation study – Eric Oliver – GI & Endoscopy

Will This Swallowable Sensor Replace Colonoscopies? – Bob Curley – HealthLine

**A Patient’s Journey: Taming the Glucose Monster – Howard Wolinsky – MedPage Today**

Microbes on the market
CoreBiome Bolsters Its Board of Directors with the Addition of Daniel Pomp, Ph.D. – BusinessWire

Curetis and MGI Advance Strategic Partnership in NGS-Based Molecular Microbiology – BioSpace

Science, publishing, and career
“Available upon request”: not good enough for microbiome data! – Morgan G I Langille – Microbiome

Tiffany’s non-microbiology picks
Chemists go green to make better blue jeans – Nature
I did not know demin was so dirty until I heard about Everlane’ new jeans – and now there are new method to make them!

January 6, 2018

Today’s digest features a lot of great “gut microbiome papers”, with a focus on precision medicine.

Events and jobs
Scientist, Computational Biology – Flagship Pioneering, VL45  Company LocationCambridge, Massachusetts

Human gut microbiome
** Microbiota Accessible Carbohydrates Facilitate Clearance of Clostridium difficile – Andrew J Hryckowian – bioRxiv **

** Precision medicine using microbiota – Christian Jobin – Science
Highlights three articles, including:
* The commensal microbiome is associated with anti-PD-1 efficacy in metastatic melanoma patients – Vyara Matson – Science
Gut microbiome influences efficacy of PD-1–based immunotherapy against epithelial tumors – Bertrand Routy – Science
Gut microbiome modulates response to anti–PD-1 immunotherapy in melanoma patients – V. Gopalakrishnan – Science **

Exploring Gut Microbiota Composition as an Indicator of Clinical Response to Dietary FODMAP Restriction in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome – Jørgen Valeur – Digestive Diseases And Sciences

Mucus Microbiome of Anastomotic Tissue During Surgery Has Predictive Value for Colorectal Anastomotic Leakage – Jasper B van Praagh – Annals Of Surgery

Review: Local Acetaldehyde-An Essential Role in Alcohol-Related Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Carcinogenesis – Mikko T Nieminen – Cancers

Review: The Gut-Brain Axis and the Microbiome: Clues to Pathophysiology and Opportunities for Novel Management Strategies in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). – Eamonn M M Quigley – Journal Of Clinical Medicine

Animal experiments
** Precision editing of the gut microbiota ameliorates colitis – Wenhan Zhu – Nature **

Polystyrene microplastics induce microbiota dysbiosis and inflammation in the gut of adult zebrafish – Yuanxiang Jin – Environmental Pollution

Profiling the lymphoid-resident T cell pool reveals modulation by age and microbiota – Aurélie Durand – Nature Communications

Cultivable anaerobic and aerobic bacterial communities in the fermentation chambers of Holotrichia parallela (coleoptera: scarabaeidae) larvae – Zhen-Yu Zhang – Plos One

The effect of DNA degradation bias in passive sampling devices on metabarcoding studies of arthropod communities and their associated microbiota – Henrik Krehenwinkel – Plos One

The evaluation of the quality of Feng Huang Oolong teas and their modulatory effect on intestinal microbiota of high-fat diet-induced obesity mice model – Yuhui Chen – International Journal Of Food Sciences And Nutrition

Animal microbiome
Host contributes to longitudinal diversity of fecal microbiota in swine selected for lean growth – Duc Lu – Microbiome

Review: Recent insights into the tick microbiome gained through next-generation sequencing – Telleasha L Greay – Parasites & Vectors

Plant, root, and soil microbiome
Responses of soil bacterial community after seventh yearly applications of composted tannery sludge – Ana Roberta Lima Miranda – Geoderma

Assessment of Cu applications in two contrasting soils—effects on soil microbial activity and the fungal community structure – Katharina M. Keiblinger – Ecotoxicology

Microorganisms reveal what plants do not: wheat growth and rhizosphere microbial communities after Azospirillum brasilense inoculation and nitrogen fertilization under field conditions – Luciana P. Di Salvo – Plant and Soil

16S rRNA analysis of diversity of manure microbial community in dairy farm environment – Pramod Pandey – Plos One

Agricultural constraints on microbial resource use and niche breadth in drainage ditches – Ellard R Hunting – Peerj

Water and extremophile microbiome
Accessing chemical diversity from the uncultivated symbionts of small marine animals – Thomas E Smith – Nature Chemical Biology

Macroalgal-bacterial interactions: Role of dimethylsulfoniopropionate in microbial gardening by Ulva (Chlorophyta) – Ralf W. Kessler – Molecular Ecology

Bacterial Recycling of Archaeal Biomass as a New Strategy for Extreme Life in the Dead Sea Deep Sediment – Camille Thomas – EarthArXiv

Unravelling the identity, metabolic potential, and global biogeography of the atmospheric methane-oxidising Upland Soil Cluster α – Jennifer Pratscher – Environmental Microbiology

BookOptimization and Applicability of Bioprocesses – Hemant J. Purohit and other editors
Articles of interest include:
* Microbial CO2 Fixation Bioprocesses and Desert as Future Carbon Sink – Leena Agarwal
Biofilm Microenvironments: Modeling Approach – Saheli Ghosh
Visualization of Microorganisms in Bioprocesses – Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi

Built environment
The effect of temperature on airborne filamentous fungi in the indoor and outdoor space of a hospital – Fariba Abbasi – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Probiotics / prebiotics / antibiotics
Cross-feeding modulates antibiotic tolerance in bacterial communities – Elizabeth M Adamowicz – bioRxiv

Review: Immune-Mediated Mechanisms of Action of Probiotics and Synbiotics in Treating Pediatric Intestinal Diseases – Julio Plaza-Díaz – Nutrients

Review: How Sweet Are Our Gut Beneficial Bacteria? A Focus on Protein Glycosylation in Lactobacillus. – Dimitrios Latousakis – International Journal Of Molecular Sciences

Phages and viruses
Review: Interactions between Enteric Bacteria and Eukaryotic Viruses Impact the Outcome of Infection – Angela K Berger – Viruses

Bioinformatics
Techniques
News Feature: Can microbes keep time for forensic investigators? – Carolyn Beans – PNAS

Profiling soil microbial communities with next-generation sequencing: the influence of DNA kit selection and technician technical expertise – Taha Soliman – Peerj

Microbes in the news
Caltech breakthrough: Bacteria engineered with ‘sonar’ can track, fight disease – Eric Rosenbaum – CNBC

Microbes on the market
Can’t sleep? It could be your microbiome, says this Cambridge startup – Max Stendahl  – Boston Business Journal

Rebiotix and CoreBiome Collaborate on Evaluating Microbiomes of Patients Treated with Microbiota Restoration Therapy™ – Markets Insider

Seres Therapeutics Reports SER-287 Phase 1b Microbiome Analyses that Provide Mechanistic Support for Clinical Efficacy in Ulcerative Colitis – PipelineReview.com

January 3, 2018

Today we have a nice event /training in social science techniques organized by NERC in Manchester, Bristol and Edinburgh (UK), few microbiology jobs, an interesting review from Arun T. Nair in “Gut Microbiome”, quite a few papers about Synechococcus in “Water and extremophile microbiome”. Check as well “Microbes on market” where you can read about Google and Microsoft investing in medicine startup DNAnexus.

Events

Social science techniques for natural scientists training funded by NERC, UK

Jobs

Microbiologist – Kent, UK

Scientist/Sr.Scientist – Strain Development, CJM Talent Solutions, San Francisco, US

Associate/Assistant Professor : Miami, Florida, FL, US

General microbiome

Comparison of genomes and proteomes of four whole genome-sequenced Campylobacter jejuni from different phylogenetic backgrounds – Clifford G. Clark – PLOS

Phylogenetic inference of Coxiella burnetii by 16S rRNA gene sequencing – Heather P. McLaughlin -PLOS

The photosynthetic bacteria Rhodobacter capsulatus and Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 as new hosts for cyclic plant triterpene biosynthesis – Anita Loeschcke -PLOS

Pregnancy and early life

Effect of innate antiviral glycoproteins in breast milk on seroconversion to rotavirus vaccine (Rotarix) in children in Lusaka, Zambia – Katayi Mwila-Kazimbaya – PLOS

Oral microbiome

Frequency and levels of candidate endodontic pathogens in acute apical abscesses as compared to asymptomatic apical periodontitis – Isabela N. Rôças – PLOS

Human vaginal microbiome

Combined oral and topical antimicrobial therapy for male partners of women with bacterial vaginosis: Acceptability, tolerability and impact on the genital microbiota of couples – A pilot study – Erica L. Plummer – PLOS

Candida albicans-derived mannoproteins activate NF-κB in reporter cells expressing TLR4, MD2 and CD14 – Traci Ness – PLOS

Replication-dependent size reduction precedes differentiation in Chlamydia trachomatis – Jennifer K. Lee – Nature Communications

Human gut microbiome

T6SS: The bacterial “fight club” in the host gut – Thibault G. Sana – PLOS Pathogens

Review: Gut Microbiota Dysfunction as Reliable Non-invasive Early Diagnostic Biomarkers in the Pathophysiology of Parkinson’s Disease: A Critical Review – Arun T Nair – Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility

Animal experiments

Effect of dietary xylooligosaccharides on intestinal characteristics, gut microbiota, cecal short-chain fatty acids, and plasma immune parameters of laying hens – X M Ding – Poultry Science

Influence of a diet enriched with virgin olive oil or butter on mouse gut microbiota and its correlation to physiological and biochemical parameters related to metabolic syndrome – Isabel Prieto – PLOS

Modulation of the diet and gastrointestinal microbiota normalizes systemic inflammation and β-cell chemokine expression associated with autoimmune diabetes susceptibility – Angela M. Henschel – PLOS

Dietary Lactobacillus acidophilus positively influences growth performance, gut morphology, and gut microbiology in rurally reared chickens  – C Forte – Poultry Science

Animal microbiome

Oral Disease and Microbiota in Free-Roaming Cats – Ana Whyte – Topics in Companion Animal Medicine

Review: Effect of Enterococcus Faecium Strain SF68 on Gastrointestinal Signs and Fecal Microbiome in Cats Administered Amoxicillin-Clavulanate – C. Torres-Henderson – Topics in Companion Animal Medicine

Water and extremophile microbiome

Clade and strain specific contributions of Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus to carbon export in the Sargasso Sea – Francesca De Martini – Limnology and Oceanography

Microbial proteins for organic material degradation in the deep ocean – David L. Kirchman – PNAS

Photosynthetic functions of Synechococcus in the ocean microbiomes of diverse salinity and seasons – Yihwan Kim – PLOS

Potential impact of global climate change on benthic deep-sea microbes – Roberto Danovaro – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Variability in the production of organic ligands, by Synechococcus PCC 7002, under different iron scenarios – Guillermo Samperio-Ramos – Journal of Oceanography

Effect of light on N2 fixation and net nitrogen release of Trichodesmium in a field study – Yangyang Lu – Biogeosciences

Microbial diversity of saline environments: searching for cytotoxic activities – Carolina Díaz-Cárdenas – AMB Express

Aerobic proteobacterial methylotrophs in Movile Cave: genomic and metagenomic analyses – Deepak Kumaresan – BMC Microbiome

Probiotics / prebiotics

Bifidobacteria or Fiber Protects against Diet-Induced Microbiota-Mediated Colonic Mucus Deterioration – Bjoern O. Schroeder – Cell Host and Microbe

Modifying progression of aging and reducing the risk of neurodegenerative diseases by probiotics and synbiotics – Huey Shi Lye – Frontiers In Bioscience

Phages and viruses

Isolation and characterization of a N4-like lytic bacteriophage infecting Vibrio splendidus, a pathogen of fish and bivalves – Pantelis Katharios – PLOS

High human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence in South African adolescents and young women encourages expanded HPV vaccination campaigns – Zizipho Z. A. Mbulawa – PLOS

Zika virus infection modulates the bacterial diversity associated with Aedes aegypti as revealed by metagenomic analysis – Luis E. M. Villegas – PLOS

Localized Recombination Drives Diversification of Killing Spectra for Phage Derived Syringacins – David Baltrus – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

Assessment of the cPAS-based BGISEQ-500 platform for metagenomic sequencing – Chao Fang – Giga Science

 

Techniques

Imaging bacteria inside their host by cryo-focused ion beam milling and electron cryotomography – João M Medeiros – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Microbes in the news

Tech company’s lights being used to kill germs in ambulances

Astronauts Identify Mystery Microbes in Space for the 1st Time

Microbes on the market

Seres Therapeutics Inc (MCRB) Holdings Increased by State Street Corp

Microsoft, Google invest in precision medicine startup DNAnexus

Tina’s non-microbiology picks

Synthetic Biology in the Driving Seat of the Bioeconomy – Yensi Flores Bueso – Trends in Biotechnology

Expect exoplanet atmospheres, organs with new functions and fewer traffic jams in 2018

December 30, 2017

Enjoy your daily dose of (mostly human gut) microbiome literature!

General microbiome

Q&A: Friends (but sometimes foes) within: the complex evolutionary ecology of symbioses between host and microbes – Nicole Gerardo, BMC Biology

The Dark Side of IFN-γ: Its Role in Promoting Cancer Immunoevasion – Marija Mojic, International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Two-stage pretreatment of excess sludge for electricity generation in microbial fuel cell – Yi Zhang, Environmental Technology

Human respiratory microbiome

Azithromycin versus placebo for the treatment of HIV-associated chronic lung disease in children and adolescents (BREATHE trial): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial – Carmen Gonzalez-Martinez, BMC Biology

Human skin microbiome

Characterization of the facial microbiome in twins discordant for rosacea – Asifa K. Zaidi, Experimental Dermatology

Human oral microbiome

Oral health in geroscience: animal models and the aging oral cavity – Jonathan Y. An, GeroScience

Extracellular matrix Influence in Streptococcus mutans gene expression in a cariogenic biofilm – Elkin Jahir Florez Salamanca, Molecular Oral Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

The Microbiome–Gut–Behavior Axis: Crosstalk Between the Gut Microbiome and Oligodendrocytes Modulates Behavioral Responses – Achilles Ntranos, Neurotherapeutics

Antibiotics Associated Disorders and Postbiotics Induced Rescue in Gut Health – Debarati Paul, Current Pharmaceutical Design

We are not alone in our body: insights into the involvement of microbiota in the etiopathogenesis and pharmacology of mental illness –  Claudia Pisanu, Current Drug Metabolism

Global transcriptional landscape and promoter mapping of the gut commensal Bifidobacterium breve UCC2003 – Francesca Bottacini, BMC Genomics

Microbiota dysbiosis in inflammatory bowel diseases: in silico investigation of the oxygen hypothesis – Michael A. Henson, BMC Systems Biology

Gut microbiota: Fibre restores healthy gut microbiota – Alan Morris, Nature Reviews Endocrinology

The human microbiome in evolution – Emily R. Davenport, BMC Biology

Clinical characteristics and long-term prognosis of elderly onset ulcerative colitis – Eun Mi Song, Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Environmental contributions to gastrointestinal and liver cancer in the Asia–Pacific region – Kwang-Pil Ko, Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Effect of oral tobacco use and smoking on outcomes of Crohn’s disease in India – Umang Arora, Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Irritable bowel syndrome in Asia: Pathogenesis, natural history, epidemiology, and management – Kok-Ann Gwee, Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Rifaximin has minor effects on bacterial composition, inflammation, and bacterial translocation in cirrhosis: A randomized trial – Nina Kimer, Gastroenterology and Hepatology

The role of the microbiome and the use of probiotics in gastrointestinal disorders in adults in the Asia-Pacific region – background and recommendations of a regional consensus meeting – Uday C Ghoshal, Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Animal experiments

Inclusion of Bacillus amyloliquefaciensstrain TOA5001 in the diet of broilers suppresses the symptoms of coccidiosis by modulating intestinal microbiota – Takamitsu Tsukahara, Animal Science Journal

Characterization of the cervical bacterial community in dairy cows with metritis and during different physiological phases – Yu Wang, Theriogenology

Replacement of alfalfa hay (Medicago sativa L.) with subabul (Leucaena leucocephala) leaf meal in diets of Najdi goats: effect on digestion activity of rumen microorganisms – Tahereh Mohammadabadi, Tropical Animal Health and Production

Animal microbiome

Individual- and Species-Specific Skin Microbiomes in Three Different Estrildid Finch Species Revealed by 16S Amplicon Sequencing – Kathrin Engel, Microbial Ecology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Changes of microbial population and N-cycling function genes with depth in three Chinese paddy soils – Huanhuan Wang, PLOS One

Water and extremophile microbiome

Candidatus Nitrosocaldus cavascurensis, an ammonia oxidizing, extremely thermophilic archaeon with a highly mobile genome – Sophie S Abby, bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Artificial intelligence identifies bacteria images quickly, accurately – Greg Slabodkin, Health Data Management

Microbes on the market

Assembly Biosciences, Inc. (ASMB) Reaches $45.08 After 7.00% Up Move; GEOX SPA (GXSBF) Shorts Raised By 18.36% – Stephen Andrade, Herald KS

December 23, 2017

Events and jobs
Assistant Professor of Environmental Microbiology (Tenure-Track) – George Mason University – Fairfax, Virginia, USA
The George Mason University, Department of Environmental Science and Policy (ESP) is seeking an enthusiastic and energetic individual for a Tenure-Track Assistant Professor position in Molecular Environmental Microbiology to supplement existing departmental strengths in applied ecology, aquatic ecology, one health and conservation. This is a full-time, tenure-track position to begin August 2018.

Manager, QC Microbiology – Catalent Pharma Solutions, Inc. – Madison, Wisconsin, USA

Post-Doc – Microbiology & Immunology – Cornell University – Ithaca, NY, USA

Biological Sciences Full-Time Instructor (Microbiology Emphasis) – West Valley-Mission Community College District – Saratoga, CA, USA

General microbiome
Review: Building conventions for unconventional lymphocytes. – Lesley Pasman – Immunological Reviews (from September, but not posted before)

Pregnancy and early life
Gut microbiome in gestational diabetes: a cross-sectional study of mothers and offspring 5 years postpartum – Sayyid Hasan – AOGS

Multi-site human microbiome
Review: The role of microbial amyloid in neurodegeneration. – Robert P Friedland – Plos Pathogens

Human respiratory microbiome
Review: Airway microbiome research: a modern perspective on surveillance cultures? – Damien Roux – Annals Of Translational Medicine

Human skin microbiome
Review: Over a Decade of recA and tly Gene Sequence Typing of the Skin Bacterium Propionibacterium acnes: What Have We Learnt? – Andrew McDowell – Microorganisms

Human oral microbiome
Ecological Balance of Oral Microbiota is Required to Maintain Oral Mesenchymal Stem Cell Homeostasis. – Yingying Su – Stem Cells (Dayton, Ohio)

Shift in the Subgingival Microbiome following Scaling and Root Planing in Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis. – Guojing Liu – Journal Of Clinical Periodontology

Human gut microbiome
Quinones are growth factors for the human gut microbiota. – Kathrin Fenn – Microbiome

Opinion: Microbiome-Germline Interactions and Their Transgenerational Implications. – Michael Elgart – Bioessays : News And Reviews In Molecular, Cellular And Developmental Biology

Review: Modeling metabolism of the human gut microbiome – Stefanía Magnúsdóttir – Current Opinion in Biotechnology

Microbial ecology
Opinion: Engineering microbial communities using thermodynamic principles and electrical interfaces. – Christian Zerfaß – Current Opinion In Biotechnology

Animal experiments
Age-dependent alterations of glucose clearance and homeostasis are temporally separated and modulated by dietary fat. – Mads T F Damgaard – The Journal Of Nutritional Biochemistry

Shift of hindgut microbiota and microbial short chain fatty acids profiles in dairy calves from birth to pre-weaning. – Yang Song – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Impact of genistein on the gut microbiome of humanized mice and its role in breast tumor inhibition. – Bidisha Paul – Plos One

Tomato Powder Inhibits Hepatic Steatosis and Inflammation Potentially Through Restoring SIRT1 Activity and Adiponectin Function Independent of Carotenoid Cleavage Enzymes in Mice. – Cheng-Chung Li – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

Faecal microRNAs: indicators of imbalance at the host-microbe interface? – G M Moloney – Beneficial Microbes

Modulation of the fecal microbiota in Sprague-Dawley rats using genetically modified and isogenic corn lines. – Penggao Li – Journal Of Agricultural And Food Chemistry

Sex-dependent impact of Roundup on the rat gut microbiome – Veronica L. Lozano – Toxicology Reports

Effects of garlic-supplemented diet on growth performance and intestinal microbiota of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) – Miray Etyemez Büyükdeveci – Aquaculture

Animal microbiome
Identification and chemical characterization of N acyl-homoserine lactone quorum sensing signals across sponge species and time. – Maya Britstein – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Reptile-associated Borrelia species in the goanna tick (Bothriocroton undatum) from Sydney, Australia. – Jessica L Panetta – Parasites & Vectors

Multi-Omic Biogeography of the Gastrointestinal Microbiota of a Pre-Weaned Lamb – Antonio Palomba – Proteomes

Identification, comparison and validation of robust rumen microbial biomarkers for methane emissions using diverse Bos Taurus breeds and basal diets – Marc D. Auffret – Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome
Structure and function of the microbial consortia of activated sludge in typical municipal wastewater treatment plants in winter. – Bo Zhang – Scientific Reports

Key microbial taxa in the rhizosphere of sorghum and sunflower grown in crop rotation. – Tanzelle Oberholster – The Science Of The Total Environment

Metagenomic analysis of soil and freshwater from zoo agricultural area with organic fertilization. – Aylan K Meneghine – Plos One

Field study reveals core plant microbiota and relative importance of their drivers. – Kelly Hamonts – Environmental Microbiology

Enhanced arsenic uptake and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-dissipation using Pteris vittata L. and a PAH-degrading bacterium. – Lu Sun – The Science Of The Total Environment

Division of labor during biofilm matrix production – Anna Dragos – bioRxiv

Succession of Fungal and Oomycete Communities in Glyphosate-Killed Wheat Roots – Daniel Schlatter – Phytopathology

Long-term and legacy effects of manure application on soil microbial community composition – Yuting Zhang – Biology and Fertility of Soils

Ammonium nitrogen content is a dominant predictor of bacterial community composition in an acidic forest soil with exogenous nitrogen enrichment – Yanxia Nie – Science of the Total Environment

Water and extremophile microbiome
Consequences of contamination on the interactions between phytoplankton and bacterioplankton. – Goni-Urriza Marisol – Chemosphere

Identification of active denitrifiers by DNA-Stable Isotope Probing and amplicon sequencing reveals Betaproteobacteria as responsible for attenuation of nitrate contamination in a low impacted aquifer. – M Inés Bellini – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

The importance of filamentous cyanobacteria in the development of oxygenic photogranules. – Kim Milferstedt – Scientific Reports

Temperate phages as self-replicating weapons in bacterial competition. – Xiang-Yi Li – Journal Of The Royal Society, Interface (In freshwater metazoan Hydra vulgaris)

The Biogeographical Distribution of Benthic Roseobacter Group Members along a Pacific Transect Is Structured by Nutrient Availability within the Sediments and Primary Production in Different Oceanic Provinces – Marion Pohlner – Frontiers in Microbiology

Organic matter processing by microbial communities throughout the Atlantic water column as revealed by metaproteomics – Kristin Bergauer – PNAS (From November 2017, not posted before)

Homoacetogenesis in Deep-Sea Chloroflexi, as Inferred by Single-Cell Genomics, Provides a Link to Reductive Dehalogenation in Terrestrial Dehalococcoidetes – Holly L. Sewell – mBio

Seasonal and depth-wise variations in bacterial and archaeal groups in the Arabian Sea oxygen minimum zone – Mandar Bandekar – Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography

Review: Microalgae–bacteria biofilms: a sustainable synergistic approach in remediation of acid mine drainage – Sudharsanam Abinandan – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Built environment
Changes in bacterial and archaeal communities during the concentration of brine at the graduation towers in Ciechocinek spa (Poland) – Agnieszka Kalwasińska – Extremophiles

The Coal Seam Microbiome (CSMB) Reference Set, a lingua franca for the microbial coal-to-methane community – Silas H.W. Vick – International Journal of Coal Geology

Food microbiology
Review: Impact of nanosilver on gut microbiota: a vulnerable link. – Dinesh Kumar Dahiya – Future Microbiology

Probiotics / prebiotics
Effects of fermented soymilk with Lactobacillus casei Shirota on skin condition and the gut microbiota: a randomised clinical pilot trial. – T Nagino – Beneficial Microbes

Effect of tablets containing probiotic candidate strains on gingival inflammation and composition of the salivary microbiome: a randomised controlled trial. – M K Keller – Beneficial Microbes

Phages and viruses
Review: Inflammatory Bowel Disease’s Specific Changes of Enteric Mycobiota and Virome. – Yi Chu – Journal Of Digestive Diseases

Review: Phages of life – the path to pharma. – Amanda Forde – British Journal Of Pharmacology

Bioinformatics
Hybrid-denovo: A de novo OTU-picking pipeline integrating single-end and paired-end 16S sequence tags. – Xianfeng Chen – Gigascience

** 3D molecular cartography using LC-MS facilitated by Optimus and ‘ili software. – Ivan Protsyuk – Nature Protocols **

Non-biological synthetic spike-in controls and the AMPtk software pipeline improve fungal high throughput amplicon sequencing data – Jonathan M Palmer – bioRxiv

Multi-omics integration—a comparison of unsupervised clustering methodologies – Giulia Tini – Briefings in Bioinformatics

Review: Genome-scale metabolic networks in time and space – Ove Øyås – Current Opinion in Systems Biology

Techniques
Flow cytometric fingerprinting for microbial strain discrimination and physiological characterization. – Benjamin Buysschaert – Cytometry. Part A : The Journal Of The International Society For Analytical Cytology

Off-axis electron holography of bacterial cells and magnetic nanoparticles in liquid – Tanya Prozorov – Journal of the Royal Society

Microbes in the news
Higher Numbers of 2 Bacteria Species Found in Sarcoidosis Patients, Study Finds – Janet Stewart – Sarcoidosis News

The Surprising Way Your Brain and Gut Are Connected – Julia Malacoff – Shape

Gut Bacteria May Influence Infant Intelligence – Batya Swift Yasgur – MedScape

What Humans Can Learn About Gut Health From Monkey ‘Huddling’ – Francesca Friday – Observer

How to keep your gut healthy over the holidays – Yella Hewings-Martin – Medical News Today

Studies Link Oral Microbiome to Cancers – Pam Harrison – MedPage

Bacteria Found Alive in Earth’s Most Extreme Environments for the First Time Hold Clues to Life on Other Planet – Sydney Pereira – Newsweek

Antibiotic resistance: ‘Sleeping’ bacteria that can survive drug treatment identified – Phys.Org

Bacteria-Basted Supertrees Are Sucking Pollution From Our Waste Sites – James Poulos – Good

Everything you know about toxic shock syndrome is probably wrong – Sara Chodosh – Popular Science

Microbes on the market
Direct-to-consumer DNA and microbiome test launched in Europe – PharmaPhorum

BiomX acquires RondinX to expand microbiome targets for IBD, liver disease – Jonathan Solomon – HealIO

DSM Acquires BioCare Copenhagen to Expand Gut Health Ingredients Portfolio with Probiotics – CISION

Sarcoidosis Industry Overview with Total Market Share and Distribution of Sarcoidosis for 7 MM for 2025 – Miltech

Global Human Microbiome Market Analysis, Share, Production, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2017 to 2022 – Arun P. – GeoPolMonitor

Global Microbiome Therapeutic Market Outlook – Johnson and Johnson, AB-Biotics, Vedanta Biosciences, AbbVie Inc – Kevin Harper – The News Columnist

Bacteria Hysteria
‘This is how the X-Men started’: Internet shocked by astronaut discovery of ‘alien bacteria’ on International Space Station – Sarah K. Burris – RawStory

Science, publishing, and career
Graduate Biomedical Science Education Needs a New Philosophy – Gundula Bosch – mBio

December 20, 2017

A long but great digest today, with lots of diversity – a few studies of poultry gut microbiome and the effects food/probiotics have, a solid showing for human gut microbiome studies – covering its implications on a range of disorders, some news about biotech companies, studies on plants and from environmental sources, a promising analysis of techniques used for sampling for human gut studies, and my normal dosage of non-microbiology science.  Happy Holidays!

Events and jobs

ON-DEMAND WEBINAR How to Harness the Microbiome: Considerations and Implications of the Microbiome in Preclinical Research with Reproducible Results

Senior Biomedical Scientist (Microbiology) – Matchtech – Essex, England

Staff Research Associate 3, UCLA Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics

Assistant (10782) – Clinical chemistry, microbiology and immunology – Ghent University

Pregnancy and early life

Early-Life Human Microbiota Associated With Childhood Allergy Promotes the T Helper 17 Axis in Mice – Dagbjort H. Petursdottir – Frontiers in Immunology

[Accepted Manuscript] – The neonatal window of opportunity – early priming for life – Harald Renz -Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human oral microbiome

The Microbiome of Potentially Malignant Oral Leukoplakia Exhibits Enrichment for Fusobacterium, Leptotrichia, Campylobacter, and Rothia Species – Abdrazak Amer – Frontiers in Microbiology

Exploring the Association between Alzheimer’s Disease, Oral Health, Microbial Endocrinology and Nutrition – Alice Harding – Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience

Admission to the Intensive Care Unit is Associated With Changes in the Oral Mycobiome – Richard R. Watkins – Journal of Intensive Care Medicine

Human nearly-sterile sites

Metagenomics in pooled plasma, with identification of potential emerging infectious pathogens – Min Xu – Transfusion

Human gut microbiome

** High-resolution profiling of the gut microbiome reveals the extent of Clostridium difficile burden – Ninalynn Daquigan – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Unravelling the specificity and mechanism of sialic acid recognition by the gut symbiont Ruminococcus gnavus – C. David Owen – Nature Communication

[Editorial] Is gut microbiome a predictive marker to response to immune checkpoint inhibitors? – Khalil Saleh – Immunotherapy

Microbiota Modulate Anxiety-Like Behavior and Endocrine Abnormalities in Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis – Ran Huo – Front. Cell. Infect. Microbiology

Possible role of the gut microbiota–brain axis in the antidepressant effects of (R)-ketamine in a social defeat stress model – Chun Yang – Translational Psychiatry

Microbial antigen encounter during a preweaning interval is critical for tolerance to gut bacteria – Kathryn A. Knoop – Science Immunology

Stool Donor Body Mass Index Does Not Affect Recipient Weight After a Single Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for C. difficile Infection – Monika Fischer – Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

The role of microbiota in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia and major depressive disorder and the possibility of targeting microbiota as a treatment option – Fengli Lv – Oncotarget

Characterization of the urinary microbiota of elderly women and the effects of type 2 diabetes and urinary tract infections on the microbiota – Fengping Liu – Oncotarget

Animal experiments 

Food-grade cationic antimicrobial ε-polylysine transiently alters the gut microbial community and predicted metagenome function in CD-1 mice – Xiaomeng You – npj Science of Food

Significant improvement of intestinal microbiota of gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) after traditional Chinese medicine feeding – Zhenbing Wu – Journal of Applied Microbiology

* The gastrointestinal microbiome and its association with the control of pathogens in broiler chicken production: A review – Viviana Clavijo – Poultry Science

Influence of dietary avilamycin on ileal and cecal microbiota in broiler chickens – J-H Choi – Poultry Science

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

* Geometagenomics illuminates the impact of agriculture on the distribution and prevalence of plant viruses at the ecosystem scale – Pauline Bernardo – The ISME Journal

Dispersal alters bacterial diversity and composition in a natural community – Michaeline B N Albright – The ISME Journal

** Genomic features of bacterial adaptation to plants – Asaf Levy – Nature Genetics

Soil Bacterial Community Structure and Co-occurrence Pattern during Vegetation Restoration in Karst Rocky Desertification Area – Liang Xue – Frontiers in Microbiology

First insight into microbial community composition in a phosphogypsum waste heap soil – Sylwia Zielińska – ABP

Harnessing the microbiomes of Brassica vegetables for health issues – Birgit Wassermann – Scientific Reports

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Microdiversification in genome-streamlined ubiquitous freshwater Actinobacteria – Stefan M Neuenschwander – The ISME Journal

Recurrent patterns of microdiversity in a temperate coastal marine environment – Meghan Chafee – The ISME Journal

Microcystin-LR does not induce alterations to transcriptomic or metabolomic profiles of a model heterotrophic bacterium – Robbie M. Martin – PLOS One

Pre-treatment and inoculum affect the microbial community structure and enhance the biogas reactor performance in a pilot-scale biodigestion of municipal solid waste – Valeria Ventorino – Waste Management

Food microbiology

* Inner Workings: Companies seek food safety using a microbiome approach – Carolyn Beans – PNAS

Phages and viruses

* Temporal dynamics of uncultured viruses: a new dimension in viral diversity – Ksenia Arkhipova – The ISME Journal

Bioinformatics

A confidence interval analysis of sampling effort, sequencing depth, and taxonomic resolution of fungal community ecology in the era of high-throughput sequencing – Ryoko Oono – PLOS One

Techniques

Performance of DNA metabarcoding, standard barcoding, and morphological approach in the identification of host–parasitoid interactions – Martin Šigut – PLOS One

** Successful collection of stool samples for microbiome analyses from a large community-based population of elderly men – Melanie Abrahamson – Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications

Microbes on the market 

BiomX Acquires RondinX to Boost Microbiome Discovery and Development Capabilities

Vanterra Capital Backs BIOHM Health, A Total Microbiome Company

Second Genome Advances Lead, Oral Small Molecule SGM-1019, Toward Clinical Investigation in NASH After Demonstrating Safety and Tolerability in Phase 1 Study

Ed’s non-microbiology picks 

Cannabidiol (CBD) as an Adjunctive Therapy in Schizophrenia: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial – Philip McGuire – The American Journal of Psychiatry

Effects of Legal Access to Cannabis on Scheduled II–V Drug Prescriptions – Sarah S. Stith – JAMDA

Ticks parasitised feathered dinosaurs as revealed by Cretaceous amber assemblages – Enrique Peñalver – Nature Communications

Induced and controlled dietary ketosis as a regulator of obesity and metabolic syndrome pathologies – Madeline K. Gibas – Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews

The effect of vitamin D supplement on the score and quality of sleep in 20-50 year-old people with sleep disorders compared with control group – Mohammad Shahi Majid – Nutritional Neuroscience

Engineers create plants that glow – MIT