July 20, 2017

A study of chemical interactions between fungi and ants by imaging mass spectrometry, characterization of forty-six Arthrobacter phages, influence of fruit fungal infestation on vertebrate fruit preferences.

Human gut microbiome

The essential genomic landscape of the commensal Bifidobacterium breve UCC2003 – Lorena Ruiz – Scientific Reports

Animal experiments

Fat binding capacity and modulation of the gut microbiota both determine the effect of wheat bran fractions on adiposity – Francesco Suriano – Scientific Reports

Effects of dietary supplementation with two alternatives to antibiotics on intestinal microbiota of preweaned calves challenged with Escherichia coli K99 – Yanliang Bi – Scientific Reports

Animal microbiome

Imaging mass spectrometry and MS/MS molecular networking reveals chemical interactions among cuticular bacteria and pathogenic fungi associated with fungus-growing ants – Cristopher A Boya P – Scientific Reports

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Population structure of an orchid mycorrhizal fungus with genus-wide specificity – M P Ruibal – Scientific Reports

Water and extremophile microbiome

Review: Cultivation of microbes from the deep-sea environments – Zenghu Zhang – Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography

Food microbiology

Fungal infestation boosts fruit aroma and fruit removal by mammals and birds – Josep E Peris – Scientific Reports

Pre-print: Resilience mechanisms of small intestinal lactobacilli to the toxicity of soybean oil fatty acids – Sara C Di Rienzi – bioRxiv

Probiotics/prebiotics

Dietary lipid content reorganizes gut microbiota and probiotic L. rhamnosus attenuates obesity and enhances catabolic hormonal milieu in zebrafish – Silvia Falcinelli – Scientific Reports

Phages and viruses

Tales of diversity: Genomic and morphological characteristics of forty-six Arthrobacter phages – Karen K Klyczek – PLOS ONE

Pre-print: Isolation and characterization of BpL1, a broad acting lytic bacteriophage against Brucella – Vimlesh Gupta – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Bac-for good: Bacteria passed between generations benefits you more than others – Phys.org

Microbes on the market

Verily Releases Bacteria-Infected Mosquitoes To Fight Zika And Dengue: Is Wolbachia Technique Safe For Humans? – Allan Adamson – Tech Times

Science, career, and publishing

Climate scientists flock to France’s call – Declan Butler – Nature

July 19, 2017

Today’s digest is a long one! There is high diversity of studies, with a high abundance of gut microbiome studies, a few publications on fecal transplant, and some very interesting early life/pregnancy/mother-infant science.  A normal serving of animal studies, of course a nice colony of environmental microbial studies, and a study reporting the presence of bacteria in Alzheimer’s post-mortem brains.

Events and jobs

Postdoctoral research fellow in translational microbiome research – Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology (MTC) at Karolinska Institutet

General microbiome

Commensal bacteria modulate the tumor microenvironment – Theofilos Poutahidis – Cancer Letters

[Review]  The human microbiome – Hubert E. Blum – Advances in Medical Sciences

Microbiome and Metabolome Data Integration Provides Insight Into Health and Disease – Michael Shaffer – Translational Research

Metabolic potential and taxonomic assessment of bacterial community of an environment to chronic industrial discharge – Neelam Devpura – International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation

Impact of the Microbiota on Bacterial Infections during Cancer Treatment – Jessica Galloway-Peña – Trends in Microbiology

Pregnancy and early life

** The Bacterial Ecosystem of Mother’s Milk and Infant’s Mouth and Gut – Elana Biagi – Frontiers in Microbiology | Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology

* What’s Normal? Immune Profiling of Human Milk from Healthy Women Living in Different Geographical and Socioeconomic Settings – Lorena Ruiz – Frontiers in Immunology | Nutritional Immunology

Microbiome Associated with Severe Caries in Canadian First Nations Children – M. Agnello – Journal of Dental Research

* Bacterial communities found in placental tissues are associated with severe chorioamnionitis and adverse birth outcomes – Ronan M. Doyle – PLoS One

Human oral microbiome

Characterization of Oral Microbiota in Removable Dental Prosthesis Users: Influence of Arterial Hypertension – Leila Maria Marchi-Alves – BioMed Research International

Human vaginal microbiome

The association between ethnicity and vaginal microbiota composition in Amsterdam, the Netherlands – Hanneke Borgdorff – PLoS One

Human nearly-sterile sites

** 16S rRNA Next Generation Sequencing Analysis Shows Bacteria in Alzheimer’s Post-Mortem Brain – David C. Emery – Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience

Human gut microbiome

The Gut Microbiota of Healthy Chilean Subjects Reveals a High Abundance of the Phylum Verrucomicrobia – Sayaka Fujio-Vejar – Frontiers in Microbiology | Microbial Symbioses

*[Review] Significance of Microbiota in Obesity and Metabolic Diseases and the Modulatory Potential by Medicinal Plant and Food Ingredients – Hoda M. Eid – Frontiers in Pharmacology | Ethnopharmacology

MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF FECAL MICROBIOTA OF HEALTHY CHINESE TOBACCO SMOKER SUBJECTS IN SHAANXI PROVINCE, XI’AN CHINA – Ishaq HM – Journal of Ayub Medical College

The Microbiome in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Trauma-Exposed Controls: An Exploratory Study – Hemmings, Sian M.J – Psychosomatic Medicine

The Impact of Gut Microbiota on Gender-Specific Differences in Immunity – Floris Fransen – Frontiers in Immunology | Nutritional Immunology

Involvement of gut microbiota in the association between gastrointestinal motility and 5‑HT expression/M2 macrophage abundance in the gastrointestinal tract – Mo Yang – Molecular Medicine Reports

Correspondence: Fecal Microbiota Transplant from a Rational Stool Donor Improves Hepatic Encephalopathy: A Randomized Clinical Trial – Benjamin H Mullish – Hepatology

Going to the Bank: Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Pediatrics – Elaine Barfield – Clinical Pediatrics

INTERRELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN GUT MICROBIOTA AND HOST: Paradigms, Role in Neurodegenerative Diseases and Future Prospects – Villarraso JC – CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets

Faecal microbiota transplant: a novel biological approach to extensively drug-resistant organism-related non-relapse mortality – Innes AJ – Bone Marrow Transplantation

* Gut microbiota is critical for the induction of chemotherapy-induced pain – Shiqian Shen – Nature Neuroscience

Relationships between Gastrointestinal Microbiota and Blood Group Antigens – Anuhya Gampa – Physiological Genomics

[Masters Thesis] Evaluating the Effectiveness of Select Bacteria Against Clostridium difficile – Choquette, Kelsey Rose – Iowa State University, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing

* Potential and active functions in the gut microbiota of a healthy human cohort – Alessandro Tanca – Microbiome

[Letter to Editor] The necessity of gut microbiome characterization in diseases prevention and therapy – Sama Rezasoltani – Gastroenterology and Hepatology from Bed to Bench

[Review Article] The Intricate Interaction between Enteric Microbiota and Brain: Principles and Clinical Implications – Giovanni Gherardi – Journal of Digestive Diseases and Hepatology

Gut microbiota dysbiosis associated with glucose metabolism disorders and the metabolic syndrome in older adults – K Lippert – Beneficial Microbes

Animal experiments

Western Diet–Induced Dysbiosis in Farnesoid X Receptor Knockout Mice Causes Persistent Hepatic Inflammation after Antibiotic Treatment – Prasant K – The American Journal of Pathology

Grape pomace improves performance, antioxidant status, fecal microbiota and meat quality of piglets – I. Kafantaris – Animal

Animal microbiome

Microorganisms of the Intestinal Microbiota of Oncorhynchus Mykiss Produce Antagonistic Substances Against Bacteria Contaminating Food and Causing Disease in Humans – Lobos O – Italian Journal of Food Safety

Population-Specific Responses to Interspecific Competition in the Gut Microbiota of Two Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) Populations – Xiaoping He – Microbial Ecology

Habitat and indigenous gut microbes contribute to the plasticity of gut microbiome in oriental river prawn during rapid environmental change – Cheng-Yu Chen – PLoS One

Vertically and horizontally transmitted microbial symbionts shape the gut microbiota ontogenesis of a skin-mucus feeding discus fish progeny – François-Étienne Sylvain – Scientific Reports

Microbiome overview in swine lungs – Franciele Maboni Siqueira – PLoS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Integrated metagenomics and molecular ecological network analysis of bacterial community composition during the phytoremediation of cadmium-contaminated soils by bioenergy crops – Zhaojin Chen – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Dynamics of Soil Bacterial Communities Over a Vegetation Season Relate to Both Soil Nutrient Status and Plant Growth Phenology – Davide Francioli – Microbial Ecology

Microbial Populations of Stony Meteorites: Substrate Controls on First Colonizers – Alastair W. Tait – Frontiers in Microbiology | Extreme Microbiology

Microbial functional diversity covaries with permafrost thaw-induced environmental heterogeneity in tundra soil – Mengting M. Yuan – Global Change Biology

[PrePrint] Conditionally rare taxa contribute but do not account for prokaryotic community changes in soils – Rachel Kaminsky – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Performance and bacterial community structure of a 10-years old constructed mangrove wetland – Tingting Tian – Marine Pollution Bulletin

A comparative study revealed first insights into the diversity and metabolisms of the microbial communities in the sediments of Pacmanus and Desmos hydrothermal fields – Hai-liang Wang – PLoS One

Microbial Composition and Diversity Patterns in Deep Hyperthermal Aquifers from the Western Plain of Romania – Cecilia M. Chiriac – Microbiology of Aquatic Systems

Built environment

Pilot study to determine if microbial contamination levels in hospital washrooms are associated with hand drying method – Mark H. Wilcox – Journal of Hospital Infection

Probiotics / prebiotics

Arachidonic acid sex-dependently affects obesity through linking gut microbiota-driven inflammation to hypothalamus-adipose-liver axis – Pan Zhuang – BBA

Functional Characterization of Novel Faecalibacterium prausnitzii Strains Isolated from Healthy Volunteers: A Step Forward in the Use of F. prausnitzii as a Next-Generation Probiotic – Rebeca Martin – Frontiers in Microbiology | Food Microbiology

Bioinformatics

* Abundance estimation and differential testing on strain level in metagenomics data – Martina Fischer – Bioinformatics

Techniques

Development and Use of a Real-Time Quantitative PCR Method for Detecting and Quantifying Equol-Producing Bacteria in Human Faecal Samples and Slurry Cultures – Lucía Vázquez – Frontiers in Microbiology | Food Microbiology

Next-generation Sequencing of the DNA Virome from Fecal Samples – Monaco CL – Bio-protocol

Synthetic multispecies microbial communities reveals shifts in secondary metabolism and facilitates cryptic natural product discovery – Yutong Shi – Environmental Microbiology

Whole-genome sequencing of eukaryotes: From sequencing of DNA fragments to a genome assembly – K. S. Zadesenets – Russian Journal of Genetics

Microbes on the market

Microbiome Sequencing Services Market: trends, analysis, Overview, forecast up to 2021

Ed’s non-microbiology picks

Heavy metal accumulation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells armed with metal binding hexapeptides targeted to the inner face of the plasma membrane – Lavinia Liliana Ruta –Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Fracking can contaminate rivers and lakes with radioactive material, study finds

Subacute normobaric oxygen and hyperbaric oxygen therapy in drowning, reversal of brain volume loss: a case report – Paul G Harch – Medical Gas Research

No Effect of Commercial Cognitive Training on Neural Activity During Decision-Making – Joseph W. Kable – Journal of Neuroscience

Health Insurance Expansion and Incidence of Out‐of‐Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Pilot Study in a US Metropolitan Community – Eric C. Stecker – Journal of the American Heart Association

July 3, 2017

 

Pregnancy and early life
Maternal inheritance of bifidobacterial communities and bifidophages in infants through vertical transmission – Sabrina Duranti –  Microbiome

 
Mini Review: The microbiome and disorders of the central nervous system – Valeria D. Felice – Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior

 
Human respiratory microbiome

 
Short Report: The metabolic footprint of the airway bacterial community in cystic fibrosis – Vaishnavi Narayanamurthy – Microbiome

 
Human gut microbiome

 
Gut microbial transformation of the dietary imidazoquinoxaline mutagen MeIQx reduces its cytotoxic and mutagenic potency – Jianbo Zhang –  Toxicological Science

 
Review: Practical considerations for large-scale gut microbiome studies – Doris Vandeputte – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

 
Association of altered gut microbiota composition with chronic urticaria – Edris Nabizadeh – Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology

 
Animal microbiome 

 
A genomic investigation of ecological differentiation between free-living and Drosophila-associated bacteria – Nathan J. Winans –  Molecular Ecology

 
The Gut Bacterial Community Composition of Wild Cervus albirostris (White-Lipped Deer) Detected by the 16S Ribosomal RNA Gene Sequencing – Jun-gang Li –  Current Microbiology

 
Microbial influence on Drosophila biology – ME Martino – Current Opinion in Microbiology

 
Plant, root, and soil microbiome

 
Organic carbon and nitrogen availability determine bacterial community composition in paddy fields of the Indo-Gangetic plain – Arvind Kumar –  Biotech

 

Water and extremophile microbiome

 
Spatiotemporal Dynamics of the Bacterial Microbiota on Lacustrine Cladophora glomerata (Chlorophyta) – Michael J. Braus –  bioRxiv

 
Quantity and quality of particulate organic matter controls bacterial production in the Columbia River estuary – Byron C. Crump – Limnology and Oceanography

 
Relating genomic characteristics to environmental preferences and ubiquity in different microbial taxa – Marta Cobo-Simón –  BMC Genomics

 
Comparison of four DNA extraction methods for comprehensive assessment of 16S rRNA bacterial diversity in marine biofilms using high-throughput sequencing – Natàlia Corcoll – FEMS Microbiology Letters

 
Food microbiology

 

Cleaning and disinfection of biofilms composed of Listeria monocytogenes and background microbiota from meat processing surfaces – Annette Fagerlund – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

 

Probiotics / prebiotics

 
A human gut commensal ferments cranberry carbohydrates to produce formate – Ezgi Özcan – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

 
Review: Lifestyles in transition: evolution and natural history of the genus Lactobacillus – Rebbeca M. Duar – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

 
Phages and viruses

 
Synergistic elimination of bacteria by phage and the innate immune system – Chung Yin (Joey) Leung – Journal of Theoretical Biology

 
Biotechnology

 
Effect of zinc oxide nanoparticles on nitrogen removal, microbial activity and microbial community of CANON process in a membrane bioreactor – Xiaojing Zhang – Bioresource Technology

 
Microbes in the news

 
A new approach to tackling drug-resistant bacteria

New technology to cool the body: make the clothes made of microorganisms

 
Microbes on the market (news about biotech companies)

 
New Belgian Biotech will use Microorganisms to Replace Pesticides and Fertilizers

June 25, 2017

Lots of interesting pre-prints in this post that might be worth following! Also a blog post on some cool science art with kombucha, as well as a lot of articles on rhizosphere-microbe interactions.

Events and jobs

Research Opportunities in Molecular Microbiology – Washington University in St. Louis

PhD scholarship in Metagenomics analysis and systems biology – Danmarks Tekniske Universitet

General microbiome

Microbiome yarns: microbial forensics for auditing provenance in global food chains – Timmis et al. – Microbial Biotechnology

Adjuncts and alternatives in the time of antibiotic resistance and in-feed antibiotic bans – Brüssow – Microbial Biotechnology

Human gut microbiome

Bacteria facilitate viral co-infection of mammalian cells and promote genetic recombination – Erickson et al. – bioRXiv

Chemical transformation of xenobiotics by the human gut microbiota – Koppel et al. – Science

Distinct gut microbiome patterns associate with consensus molecular subtypes of colorectal cancer – Purcell et al. – bioRXiv

Animal microbiome

Whole genome sequencing-based detection of antimicrobial resistance and virulence in non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica isolated from wildlife – Thomas et al. – bioRXiv

 

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Antagonism between two root-associated beneficial Pseudomonas strains does not affect plant growth promotion and induced resistance against a leaf-chewing herbivore – Pangesti et al. – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Bioelectrochemical approach for control of methane emission from wetlands – Liu et al. – Bioresource Technology

The biocontrol agent Pseudomonas chlororaphis PA23 primes Brassica napus defenses through distinct gene networks – Duke et al. – BMC Genomics

Delftia rhizosphaerae sp. nov. isolated from the rhizosphere of Cistus ladanifer – Carro et al. – International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Synthesis and Secretion of Isoflavones by Field-Grown Soybean – Sugiyama et al. – Plant Cell Physiology

The Variation in the Rhizosphere Microbiome of Cotton with Soil Type, Genotype and Developmental Stage – Qiao et al. – Scientific Reports

Complete Genome Sequence of Bacillus paralicheniformis MDJK30, a Plant Growth -Promoting Rhizobacterium with Antifungal Activity – Wang et al. – Genome Anouncements

Extensive Overlap of Tropical Rainforest Bacterial Endophytes between Soil, Plant Parts, and Plant Species – Haruna et al. – Microbial Ecology

Phytoavailability of Cr in Silene vulgaris: The role of soil, plant genotype and bacterial rhizobiome – García-Gonzalez et al. – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Water and extremophile microbiome

Sulfolobus islandicus meta-populations in Yellowstone National Park hot springs – Campbell et al. – Environmental Microbiology

Bottled aqua incognita: Microbiota assembly and dissolved organic matter diversity in natural mineral waters – Lesaulnier et al. – bioRXiv

Techniques

Rapid whole genome amplification and sequencing of low cell numbers in a bacteraemia model – Anscombe et al. – bioRXiv

Microbes in the news

Do Probiotics Really Work? – Ferris Jabr – Scientific American

Fungi and bacteria team up in dental plaque – Evans – LabRoots

Scientists spy on the secret inner life of bacteria – Saey – Science News

Biofilms: The eradication has begun – McGill University Health Centre – Science Daily

Bacteria and Mental Health: Gut Bacteria Linked to Bipolar Disorder – Villamil – Medical News Bulletin

The Kombucha Craze Steps into Art and the Science of the Microbiome – Fernández – Labiotech

Microbes on the market

Global Microbiome Drugs Industry Market Research Report 2017 – Medgadget

June 22, 2017

Effects of weight loss treatment on gut microbiota and serum metabolites, mouse gut microbiota can alter visceral sensitivity, a review discussing the microbiota’s ability to shape the maternal immune system.

Pregnancy and early life

Review: The unique immunological and microbial aspects of pregnancy – Gil Mor – Nature Reviews Immunology

Human oral microbiome

Review: Microbiome and Microbial Biofilm Profiles of Peri-Implantitis: A Systematic Review – Gloria Inés Lafaurie – Journal of Periodontology

Human gut microbiome

Bifidobacterium-Rich Fecal Donor May Be a Positive Predictor for Successful Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome – S Mizuno – Digestion

Microbiota in anorexia nervosa: The triangle between bacterial species, metabolites and psychological tests – Francesca Borgo – PLOS ONE

Animal experiments

Fructo-oligosaccharides and intestinal barrier function in a methionine–choline-deficient mouse model of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis – Kotaro Matsumoto – PLOS ONE

Microbiota regulates visceral pain in the mouse – Pauline Luczynski – eLife

Metagenomic characterization of the effect of feed additives on the gut microbiome and antibiotic resistome of feedlot cattle – Milton Thomas – bioRxiv

Animal microbiome

Combining ‘omics and microscopy to visualize interactions between the Asian citrus psyllid vector and the Huanglongbing pathogen Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus in the insect gut – Angela Kruse – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Application of struvite alters the antibiotic resistome in soil, rhizosphere, and phyllosphere – Qing-Lin Chen – Environmental Science & Technology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Synergistic hydrolysis of xylan using novel xylanases, β-xylosidases, and an α-l-arabinofuranosidase from Geobacillus thermodenitrificans NG80-2 – Di Huang – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Longitudinal variation of microbial communitiesin benthic biofilms and association with hydrological and physicochemical conditions in glacier-fed streams – Ze Ren – Freshwater Science

Control of Sulfide Production in High Salinity Bakken Shale Oil Reservoirs by Halophilic Bacteria Reducing Nitrate to Nitrite – Biwin A An – Frontiers in Microbiology

Phages and viruses

Viral and Bacterial Communities of Colorectal Cancer – Geoffrey D Hannigan – bioRxiv

Plasmids, Viruses, And Other Circular Elements In Rat Gut – Tue Sparholt Jørgensen – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

The metagenomic data life-cycle: standards and best practices – Petra ten Hoopen – GigaScience

PhylOligo: a package to identify contaminant or untargeted organism sequences in genome assemblies – Ludovic Mallet – Bioinformatics

Metabolomics

Gut microbiome and serum metabolome alterations in obesity and after weight-loss intervention – Ruixin Liu – Nature Medicine

Integrating Microbiome and Metabolome Data to Understand Infectious Airway Disease – Robert A Quinn – American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Coupling targeted and untargeted mass spectrometry for metabolome-microbiome-wide association studies of human fecal samples – Alexey V Melnik – Analytical Chemistry

Techniques

Incorporating comparative genomics into the Design-Test-Learn cycle of microbial strain engineering – Maria Sardi – FEMS Yeast Research

Different amplicon targets for sequencing-based studies of fungal diversity – Francesca De Filippis – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Microbes in the news

Modified viruses deliver death to antibiotic-resistant bacteria – Sara Reardon – Nature

Microbes on the market

EnteroBiotix raises £500k in first round of equity funding – Philip Gates – Insider.co.uk

Microbiotica To Present At Microbiome Drug Development Summit – BioSpace

Bacteria art

MIT Researchers Use Light-Illuminated Bacteria to Make ‘Living’ Pictures – Kristin Fawcett – Mental Floss

The world’s art is under attack—by microbes – Kate Baggaley – Popular Science

Science, publishing, and career

Editorial: Don’t let Europe’s open-science dream drift – Nature

June 21, 201

Today’s Microbiome Digest has quite a few articles from water environment. Both articles I would like to highlight are with cyanobacteria as stars. The first one from Anne D. Jungblut reports on Antarctic cynobacteria diversity, while the second one reveals the new freshwater cyanobacterial genome. One more thing to highlight come from news. Exxon Mobil Corps and Sintetic Genomics Inc have announced a new breakthrough with genetically modified algae which was able to convert 40% of CO2 to lipids, up from the previous 15%. Algae are still far away from being able to run the process at commercial scale and replace fossil fuels, but we love algae! Enjoy this summer reading.

Events and jobs

Microbiome Research Scientist (BS or MS or PhD) – St. John of God Foundation for Research and Teaching, Barcelona, Spain

Quality Associate Specialist – Merck, Durham, NC, US

Microbiology Manager OR Microbiology Laboratory Manager Opening, Madison, WI, US
General microbiome

A null model for microbial diversification – Timothy J. Straub – PNAS

Pregnancy and early life

Association between breast milk bacterial communities and establishment and development of the infant gut microbiome – JAMA Pediatrics
Human skin microbiome

Topical antimicrobial treatments can elicit shifts to resident skin bacterial communities and reduce colonization by competitors – Adam J. SanMiguel – Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Human gut microbiome

Liver transplant modulates gut microbial dysbiosis and cognitive function in cirrhosis – Jasmohan S. Bajaj – Liver Transplatation

How members of the human gut microbiota overcome the sulfation problem posed by glycosaminoglycans – Alan Cartmell – PNAS

Microbiome restoration diet improves digestion, cognition and physical and emotional wellbeing – Kate Lawrence – PLOS
Animal microbiome 

The role of adaptive immunity as an ecological filter on the gut microbiota in zebrafish – Keaton Stagaman – The ISME Journal
Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Biofilm formation enables free-living nitrogen-fixing rhizobacteria to fix nitrogen under aerobic conditions – Di Wang – The ISME Journal

Novel antibiotic resistance determinants from agricultural soil exposed to antibiotics widely used in human medicine and animal farming – Calvin Ho-Fung Lau – Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Water and extremophile microbiome 

Animal-like prostaglandins in marine microalgae – Valeria Di Dato – The ISME Journal

Niche partitioning of diverse sulfur-oxidizing bacteria at hydrothermal vents – Dimitri V Meier – The ISME Journal

Identification of dimethylamine monooxygenase in marine bacteria reveals a metabolic bottleneck in the methylated amine degradation pathway – Ian Lidbury – The ISME Journal

DNA extraction replicates improve diversity and compositional dissimilarity in metabarcoding of eukaryotes in marine sediments – Anders Lanzén – PLOS

Ecological dynamics and co-occurrence among marine phytoplankton, bacteria and myoviruses shows microdiversity matters – David M Needham – The ISME Journal

Integrated metabolism in sponge–microbe symbiosis revealed by genome-centered metatranscriptomics – Lucas Moitinho-Silva – The ISME Journal

Spontaneous mutations of a model heterotrophic marine bacterium – Ying Sun – The ISME Journal

Plastid thylakoid architecture optimizes photosynthesis in diatoms – Serena Flori –  Nature Communications

Evolutionary radiation of lanthipeptides in marine cyanobacteria – Andres Cubillos-Ruiz –  PNAS

Using Captain Scott’s Discovery specimens to unlock the past: has Antarctic cyanobacterial diversity changed over the last 100 years? Anne D. Jungblut – Proceedings of the Royal Society B

Novel Synechococcus Genomes Reconstructed from Freshwater Reservoirs – Pedro J. Cabello-Yeves – Frontiers in Microbiology

Functional Gene Diversity and Metabolic Potential of the Microbial Community in an Estuary-Shelf Environment – Yu Wang – Frontiers in Microbiology

Atribacteria from the Subseafloor Sedimentary Biosphere Disperse to the Hydrosphere through Submarine Mud Volcanoes – Tatsuhiko Hoshino – Frontiers in Microbiology
Phages and viruses

Effect of acute predation with bacteriophage on intermicrobial aggression by Pseudomonas aeruginosa – Patrick R. Secor
Bioinformatics

The proBAM and proBed standard formats: enabling a seamless integration of genomics and proteomics data – Gerben Menschaert –

Microbes in the news 

Zombie bacteria and viruses in melting permafrost are waking up  

ExxonMobil and Synthetic Genomics Report Breakthrough in Algae Biofuel Research

Gut microbiome changes linked to numerous biomarkers of type 2 diabetes 

Funky tasting beer? Biofilms may be to blame, MSU researchers say

Bacteria in Your Coughs And Sneezes Can Stay Alive in The Air For Up to 45 Minutes

Microbes on the market

This Company Uses the Human Microbiome to Discover New Disease Mechanisms

June 9, 2017

Effects of prebiotics on body fat and gut microbiota of children, a review on the phage community of the human gut, a metabolomics study of the rodent brain to analyze the influence of gut bacteria.

Pregnancy and early life

Clostridium difficile colonization and/or infection during infancy and the risk of childhood allergic diseases – Sun Hwa Lee – Korean Journal of Pediatrics

Human vaginal microbiome

Association of vaginal dysbiosis and biofilm with contraceptive vaginal ring biomass in African women – Liselotte Hardy – PLOS ONE

Human gut microbiome

Age-Related Changes in the Composition of Gut Bifidobacterium Species – Kumiko Kato – Current Microbiology

Review: The low FODMAP diet: recent advances in understanding its mechanisms and efficacy in IBS – Heidi M Staudacher – Gut

Animal experiments

Antibiotics in 16-day-old broilers temporarily affect microbial and immune parameters in the gut – H J Wisselink – Poultry Science

Weaned beef calves fed selenium-biofortified alfalfa hay have an enriched nasal microbiota compared with healthy controls – Jean A Hall – PLOS ONE

The artificial sweetener acesulfame potassium affects the gut microbiome and body weight gain in CD-1 mice – Xiaoming Bian – PLOS ONE

Effects of different n-6 to n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids ratio on reproductive performance, fecal microbiota and nutrient digestibility of gestation-lactating sows and suckling piglets – Jia Yin – Animal Science Journal

Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 (Nod2) modulates T1DM susceptibility by gut microbiota – Yang-yang Li – Journal of Autoimmunity

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Kinetic analysis of aerobic biotransformation pathways of a perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) precursor in distinctly different soils – Lilan Zhang – Environmental Pollution

Plant breeding goes microbial – Zhong Wei – Trends in Plant Science

Atrazine, chlorpyrifos, and iprodione effect on the biodiversity of bacteria, actinomycetes, and fungi in a pilot biopurification system with a green cover – Sebastian Elgueta – Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B

Probiotics/prebiotics

Prebiotic Reduces Body Fat and Alters Intestinal Microbiota in Children With Overweight or Obesity – Alissa C Nicolucci – Gastroenterology

Phages and viruses

Review: The Human Gut Phage Community and Its Implications for Health and Disease – Pilar Manrique – Viruses

Metabolomics

Application of 1H NMR spectroscopy to the metabolic phenotyping of rodent brain extracts: A metabonomic study of gut microbial influence on host brain metabolism – J R Swann – Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis

More microbes

Multi-locus and ultra-long amplicon sequencing approach to study microbial diversity at species level using the MinION(TM) portable nanopore sequencer – Alfonso Benítez-Páez – bioRxiv

ComM is a hexameric helicase that promotes branch migration during natural transformation in diverse Gram-negative species – Thomas M Nero – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Microbiology: Many forks make light work – ScienceDaily

Fungi awake bacteria from their slumber – ScienceDaily

Microbes on the market

Seres Completes Enrollment for SER-287 Phase 1b Clinical Trial in Patients with UC – Daniela Semedo – IBD News Today