January 12, 2022

General microbiome

[PERSPECTIVE]It’s the Economy, Stupid: Applying (Micro)economic Principles to Microbiome Science – Kashtan, Bushong and Leveau – mSystems

[PERSPECTIVE]Conceptual Exchanges for Understanding Free-Living and Host-Associated Microbiomes – Pfister et al. – mSystems

Human endometrial microbiome

Endometrial microbiota composition is associated with reproductive outcome in infertile patients – Moreno et al. – Microbiome

Human oral microbiome

[REVIEW]Temporal development of the infant oral microbiome – Blum et al. – Critical Reviews in Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Effect of antibiotic pretreatment on bacterial engraftment after Fecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT) in IBS-D – Singh et al. – Gut Microbes

[REVIEW]The gut microbiota can orchestrate the signaling pathways in colorectal cancer – Bennedsen et al. – Journal of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology

Age-Associated Gut Dysbiosis, Marked by Loss of Butyrogenic Potential, Correlates With Altered Plasma Tryptophan Metabolites in Older People Living With HIV – Ghare et al. – Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Intestinal Microbiota and Host Cooperate for Adaptation as a Hologenome – Zhou et al. – mSystems

The bacterial density of clinical rectal swabs is highly variable, correlates with sequencing contamination, and predicts patient risk of extraintestinal infection – Chanderraj et al. – Microbiome

Animal microbiome

Consistent changes in the intestinal microbiota of Atlantic salmon fed insect meal diets – Li et al. – Animal Microbiome

Maternal regulation of biliary disease in neonates via gut microbial metabolites – Jee et al. – Nature Communications

Reduced calorie diet combined with NNMT inhibition establishes a distinct microbiome in DIO mice – Dimet-Wiley et al. – Scientific Reports

Comparison of Gut Microbiota and Metabolic Status of Sows With Different Litter Sizes During Pregnancy – Chen et al. – Front. Vet. Sci.

Modulation of gut microbiota impacts diet-induced and drug-induced alopecia in mice – Lam et al. – Gut

Sex-specific differences in the gut microbiota and fecal metabolites in an adolescent valproic acid-induced rat autism model – Gu et al. – Frontiers in Bioscience Landmark

Host tp53 mutation induces gut dysbiosis eliciting inflammation through disturbed sialic acid metabolism – Lee et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Whole-Genome Duplication and Host Genotype Affect Rhizosphere Microbial Communities – Ponsford et al. – mSystems


A Goldilocks Principle for the Gut Microbiome: Taxonomic Resolution Matters for Microbiome-Based Classification of Colorectal Cancer – Armour et al. – mBio

Towards a metagenomics machine learning interpretable model for understanding the transition from adenoma to colorectal cancer – Casimiro-Soriguer et al. – Scientifi Reports


[PREPRINT]Library Preparation and Sequencing Platform Introduce Bias in Metagenomic-Based Characterizations of Microbiomes – Poulsen et al. – bioRxiv

December 22, 2021

General microbiome

[PREPRINT]Unconstrained coevolution of bacterial size and the latent period of plastic phage – Bonachela, Choua & Heath – bioRxiv

Not a ‘they’ but a ‘we’: the microbiome helps promote our well-being – Ragsdale – Journal of Biological Chemistry

Microbial metabolite delta-valerobetaine is a diet-dependent obesogen – Liu et al. – Nature Metabolism

[EDITORIAL]15 years of microbial biotechnology: the time has come to think big—and act soon – de Lorenzo – Microbial Biotechnology

Pregnancy and early life

Microbial community networks across body sites are associated with susceptibility to respiratory infections in infants – Reyman et al. – Communications Biology

Human oral microbiome

Profiling the oral microbiomes in patients with Alzheimer’s disease – Guo et al. – Oral Diseases

Human skin microbiome

[REVIEW]Human Skin Microbiota in Health and Disease – Bay & Ring – Journal of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology

Human vaginal microbiome

Human implantation: The complex interplay between endometrial receptivity, inflammation, and the microbiome – Sehring & Jeelani – Placenta

Large-scale characterisation of the pregnancy vaginal microbiome and sialidase activity in a low-risk Chinese population – Ng et al. – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Human gut microbiome

The potential of gut microbiome as a non-invasive predictive biomarker for early detection of pancreatic cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma – Kaźmierczak-Siedlecka – European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences

The effect of antibiotics on the human microbiome: a systematic review – van Zyl et al. – International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

[REVIEW]Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: the interplay between metabolism, microbes and immunity – Tilg et al. – Nature Metabolism

Clinical efficacy of fecal microbial transplantation treatment in adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis – Mashiah et al. – Immunity, Inflammation and Disease

Deviated and early unsustainable stunted development of gut microbiota in children with autism spectrum disorder – Lou et al. – Gut

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Oat Fiber Modulates Hepatic Circadian Clock via Promoting Gut Microbiota-Derived Short Chain Fatty Acids – Han et al. – J. Agric. Food Chem.

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Effects of sublethal azadirachtin on the immune response and midgut microbiome of Apis cerana cerana (Hymenoptera: Apidae) – Zhao et al. – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Analysis of the microbial diversity in the fecal material of the critically endangered African wild dog, Lycaon pictus – Sanches et al. – Archives of Microbiology

Divergence together with microbes: A comparative study of the associated microbiomes in the closely related Littorina species – Maltseva et al. – PLOS One

Gut microbiome composition, not alpha diversity, is associated with survival in a natural vertebrate population – Worsley et al. – Animal Microbiome

Clinical health issues, reproductive hormones, and metabolic hormones associated with gut microbiome structure in African and Asian elephants – Keady et al. – Animal Microbiome

Early life skin microbial trajectory as a function of vertical and environmental transmission in Bornean foam-nesting frogs – McGrath-Blaser et al. – Animal Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

[PRERPINT]Disentangling the genetic basis of rhizosphere microbiome assembly in tomato – Oyserman et al. – bioRxiv

[PREPRINT]Amino acid availability determines plant immune homeostasis in the rhizosphere microbiome – Liu et al. – bioRxiv


Ancient Metagenomic Studies: Considerations for the Wider Scientific Community – der Sarkissian et al. – mSystems

Assessing the impact of storage time on the stability of stool microbiota richness, diversity, and composition – Holzhausen et al. – Gut Pathogens

December 15, 2021

Nasal microbiome

Deep nasal sinus cavity microbiota dysbiosis in Parkinson’s disease – Pal et al – NPJ Parkinson’s disease

Pregnancy and early life

Influence of Family Integrated Care on the Intestinal Microbiome of Preterm Infants With Necrotizing Enterocolitis and Enterostomy: A Preliminary Study – Yang et al. – Front. Pediatr.

Multi-site human microbiome

[PREPRINT]Alternations of fecal microbes and lung tissue microbes in Lung Cancer patients is more consistent than that of sputum – Yanze et al. – bioRxiv

Human oral microbiome

[PREPRINT]A core salivary microbiome shows the high prevalence of bacterial members yet variability across human populations – Ruan et al. – bioRxiv

Human eye microbiome

Metagenomic Analysis Reveals the Heterogeneity of Conjunctival Microbiota Dysbiosis in Dry Eye Disease – Liang et al. – Front. Cell Dev. Biol.

Human vaginal microbiome

[REVIEW]Beyond bacterial vaginosis: vaginal lactobacilli and HIV risk – Armstrong & Kaul – Microbiome

Human gut mycobiome/microbiome

The fecal mycobiome in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease – Demir et al. – Journal of Hepatology

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Intermittent Fasting Reshapes the Gut Microbiota and Metabolome and Reduces Weight Gain More Effectively Than Melatonin in Mice – Liu et al. – Front. Nutr.

Analyzing gut microbiota composition in individual Anopheles mosquitoes after experimental treatment – Fofana et al. – iScience

Microbial interaction-driven community differences as revealed by network analysis – Pan et al. – Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal

[PREPRINT]Metabolic reconstitution by a gnotobiotic microbiota varies over the circadian cycle – Hoces et al. – bioRxiv

[PREPRINT]Single cell genome sequencing of laboratory mouse microbiota improves taxonomic and functional resolution of this model microbial community – Lyalina et al – bioRxiv

Gut microbiota modulates weight gain in mice after discontinued smoke exposure – Fluhr et al. – Nature

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

[PREPRINT]Stratified microbial communities are highly sensitive towards multiple combined global change factors, revealing antagonistic and synergistic effects – Suleiman et al. – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics / Databases

Cow Rumen v1.0 – Database

[REVIEW]A review of computational tools for generating metagenome-assembled genomes from metagenomic sequencing data – Yang et al. – Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal

Microbiome podcast

The Microbiome Facts, Not the Hype – Kristina Campbell

December 14, 2021

Today’s digest contains several great recent papers, but in particular I’d like to highlight a Nature Methods paper on applying network biology approaches to the microbiome, and a Nature paper which disentangles the effects of drugs and disease on host and microbiome.

General microbiome

Fast and flexible analysis of linked microbiome data with mako – Röttjers & Faust – Nature Methods. 

Combinatorial, additive and dose-dependent drug–microbiome associations – Forslund et al. Nature 

Mammalian gut metabolomes mirror microbiome composition and host phylogeny – Gregor et al. – ISME 

Human gut microbiome

Microbial co-occurrence complicates associations of gut microbiome with US immigration, dietary intake and obesity – Wang et al. – Genome Biology

Signature changes in gut microbiome are associated with increased susceptibility to HIV-1 infection in MSM – Chen et al.  – Microbiome

Cognitive behavioral therapy for irritable bowel syndrome induces bidirectional alterations in the brain-gut-microbiome axis associated with gastrointestinal symptom improvement – Jacobs et al. – Microbiome. 

Human oral microbiome

Impact of sleep on the microbiome of oral biofilms – Sotozono et al. – PLOS One

Functional screening of a human saliva metagenomic DNA reveal novel resistance genes against sodium hypochlorite and chlorhexidine – Wigand et al. BMC Oral Health

Animal Experiments

The immunotoxicity, but not anti-tumor efficacy, of anti-CD40 and anti-CD137 immunotherapies is dependent on the gut microbiota – Blake et al. – Cell Reports Medicine

Colonization of gut microbiota by plasmid-carrying bacteria is facilitated by evolutionary adaptation to antibiotic treatment – Zhang et al. – ISME

Sexual dimorphism in glucose metabolism is shaped by androgen-driven gut microbiome – Gao et al. – Nature Communications

December 08, 2021

General microbiome

Clinical medicine journals lag behind science journals with regards to “microbiota sequence” data availability – Pryor et al. – Clinical and Translational Medicine

Role of the Microbiome in Regulating Bone Metabolism and Susceptibility to Osteoporosis – Cronin et al. – Calcified Tissue International

Defining and quantifying the core microbiome: Challenges and prospects – Neu, Allen & Roy – PNAS

Clean room microbiome complexity impacts planetary protection bioburden – Hendrickson et al. – Microbiome

[PREPRINT]Community Composition of Bacteria Isolated from Swiss Banknotes Varies Depending on Collection Environment – Bischofberger & Hall – bioRxiv

Microbiota and stress: a loop that impacts memory – Kraimi et al. – Psychoneuroendocrinology

Species- and site-specific genome editing in complex bacterial communities – Rubin et al. – Nature Microbiology

Human respiratory microbiome

Integrated metabolic and microbial analysis reveals host–microbial interactions in IgE-mediated childhood asthma – Chiu et al. – Scientific Reports

Human oral microbiome

Metagenome-genome-wide association studies reveal human genetic impact on the oral microbiome – Liu et al. – Cell Discovery

Human gut microbiome

Interaction Between Intestinal Microbiota, Immunology Molecular Mimicry, and AID – Pan et al. – Journal of Immunology Research

[REVIEW]The Gut Microbiome and Hepatocellular Carcinoma – Akkiz – Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancel

Anaerostipes hominis sp. nov., a novel butyrate-producing bacteria isolated from faeces of a patient with Crohn’s disease – Lee et al. – International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Gut microbiome is associated with the clinical response to anti-PD-1 based immunotherapy in hepatobiliary cancers – Mao et al. – Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Time-restricted feeding induces Lactobacillus- and Akkermansia-specific functional changes in the rat fecal microbiota – Palomba et al. – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Diet-driven mercury contamination is associated with polar bear gut microbiota – Watson et al. – Scientific Reports

Maternal inheritance of the koala gut microbiome and its compositional and functional maturation during juvenile development – Blyton et al. – Environmental Microbiology

[PREPRINT]Relationships between pond water and tilapia skin microbiomes in aquaculture ponds in Malawi – McMurtie et al. – bioRxiv

Age-Based Variations in the Gut Microbiome of the Shennongjia (Hubei) Golden Snub-Nosed Monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana hubeiensis) – Yao et al. – BioMed Research International

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Looking through the FOG: microbiome characterization and lipolytic bacteria isolation from a fatberg site – Court et al. – Microbiology

The Baltic Sea methane pockmark microbiome: The new insights into the patterns of relative abundance and ANME niche separation – Iasakov et al. – Marine Environmental Research


3MCor: an integrative web server for metabolome-microbiome-metadata correlation analysis – Sun et al. – Bioinformatics


Microbiome Methods in Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis – Daberkow et al. – Current Protocols

[PREPRINT]A wipe-based stool collection and preservation kit for microbiome community profiling – Hua et al. – bioRxiv

December 2, 2021

Happy December from Pittsburgh!

Today’s digest includes original research on the impacts of fungal entomopathogens on Wolbacia infections and the influence of nutrient status on the response of a diatom to oil and dispersant. I have also included a study protocol for oral microbiome transplant for the treatment of dental caries and periodontal disease as well as preprints on a variety of topics. Finally, I want to highlight two articles I included that are little different from my usual content: the first is on predictors of willingness to receive the COVID-19 vaccination and the second is focused on transparency in peer review.



***To vaccinate or not to vaccinate!? Predictors of willingness to receive Covid-19 vaccination in Europe, the U.S., and China – Brailovskaia et al. – PLOS One

General microbiome

Preprint: Copper nanoparticles as modulator of active bacterial population and their physiology in ecosphere – Alboloushi et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Metabolite Damage and Damage-Control in a Minimal Genome – Haas et al. – bioRxiv

Development and characterization of an oral microbiome transplant among Australians for the treatment of dental caries and periodontal disease: A study protocol – Nath et al. – PLOS One

Preprint: Heat activation and inactivation of bacterial spores. Is there an overlap? – Wen et al. – bioRxiv

Animal experiments

Inferring Mycobacterium bovis transmission between cattle and badgers using isolates from the Randomised Badger Culling Trial – van Tonder et al. – PLOS Pathogens

Animal microbiome

Impacts of fungal entomopathogens on survival and immune responses of Aedes albopictus and Culex pipiens mosquitoes in the context of native Wolbachia infections – Ramirez et al. – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Water and extremophile microbiome

Influence of nutrient status on the response of the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum to oil and dispersant – Kamalanathan et al. – PLOS One

Preprint: Community-wide epigenetics provides novel perspectives on the ecology and evolution of marine microbiome – Seong et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Microbial cysteine degradation is a source of hydrogen sulfide in oxic freshwater lakes – Tran et al. – bioRxiv


When and why direct transmission models can be used for environmentally persistent pathogens – Benson – PLOS Computational Biology


Preprint: The processing of staphylococcal biofilm images from Fluorescence and Confocal Microscopy to assess in vitro efficacy of antiseptic molecules – Krasowski et al. – bioRxiv

Science, publishing, and career

***Transparency in peer review: Exploring the content and tone of reviewers’ confidential comments to editors – O’Brien et al. – PLOS One

December 01, 2021

General microbiome

Searching for New Microbiome-Targeted Therapeutics through a Drug Repurposing Approach – Barone et al. – Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

Current status of intratumour microbiome in cancer and engineered exogenous microbiota as a promising therapeutic strategy – Chen et al. – Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy

Regulation of blood–brain barrier integrity by microbiome-associated methylamines and cognition by trimethylamine N-oxide – Hoyles et al. – Microbiome

Modeling host-associating microbes under selection – Bansept et al. – The ISME Journal

Human oral microbiome

Bacterial variation in the oral microbiota in multiple sclerosis patients – Zangeneh – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Gut microbiota as a transducer of dietary cues to regulate host circadian rhythms and metabolism – Choi, Rao & Chang – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

[REVIEW]Gut microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids and colorectal cancer: Ready for clinical translation? – Hou et al. – Cancer Letters

Analysis of changes in microbiome compositions related to the prognosis of colorectal cancer patients based on tissue-derived 16S rRNA sequences – Coi et al. – Journal of Translational Medicine

The Fecal Microbiome and Metabolome of Pitt Hopkins Syndrome, a Severe Autism Spectrum Disorder – Dilmore et al. – mSystems

Characterization of gut microbial structural variations as determinants of human bile acid metabolism – Wang et al. – Cell Host & Microbe

Animal microbiome

Microbial regulation of hexokinase 2 links mitochondrial metabolism and cell death in colitis – Hinrichsen et al. – Cell Metabolism

Bacterial communities from vagina of dairy healthy heifers and cows with impaired reproductive performance – Moreno et al. – Research in Veterinary Science

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Artificial Selection on Microbiomes To Breed Microbiomes That Confer Salt Tolerance to Plants – Mueller et al. – mSystems

Minnesota peat viromes reveal terrestrial and aquatic niche partitioning for local and global viral populations – ter Horst et al. – Microbiome

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Degradation of biological macromolecules supports uncultured microbial populations in Guaymas Basin hydrothermal sediments – Castro et al. – The ISME Journal

Microbial community structure in hadal sediments: high similarity along trench axes and strong changes along redox gradients – Schauberger et al. – The ISME Journal


Disentangling environmental effects in microbial association networks – Deutschmann et al. – Microbiome

Negative Binomial factor regression with application to microbiome data analysis – Muller, Mishra


Novel clades of soil biphenyl degraders revealed by integrating isotope probing, multi-omics, and single-cell analyses – Chen et al. – The ISME Journal

November 26, 2021

General microbiome

Metabolomics-Microbiome Crosstalk in the Breast Cancer Microenvironment – Al-Ansari – Metabolites

Aspergillus fumigatus pan-genome analysis identifies genetic variants associated with human infection – Barber et al. – Nature Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Human gut bacterial metabolism drives Th17 activation and colitis – Alexander et al. – Cell Host & Microbiome

Integrative Analysis of Metabolome and Microbiome in Patients with Progressive Alcohol-Associated Liver Disease – Gao et al. – Metabolites

Human Fecal Metabolome Reflects Differences in Body Mass Index, Physical Fitness, and Blood Lipoproteins in Healthy Older Adults – Cui et al. – Metabolites

[REVIEW]Gut Microbiota, Microbial Metabolites and Human Physical Performance – Lensu & Pekkala – Metabolites

[Editorial]Next steps after 15 stimulating years of human gut microbiome research – Clavel et al. – Microbial Biotechnology

[REVIEW]The microbiome, Gastrointestinal cancer and immunotherapy – Newsome, Yang & Jobin – Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Mycobiota-induced IgA antibodies regulate fungal commensalism in the gut and are dysregulated in Crohn’s disease – Doron et al. – Nature Microbiology

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Fecal microbiota transplantation protects rotenone-induced Parkinson’s disease mice via suppressing inflammation mediated by the lipopolysaccharide-TLR4 signaling pathway through the microbiota-gut-brain axis – Zhao et al. – Microbiome

Xylan alleviates dietary fiber deprivation-induced dysbiosis by selectively promoting Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum in pigs – Wang et al. Microbiome

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Circadian dynamics of the teleost skin immune-microbiome interface – Ellison, Wilcockson & Cable – Microbiome

Honey bee genetics shape the strain-level structure of gut microbiota in social transmission – Wu et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Evidence for host–microbiome co-evolution in apple – Abdelfattah et al. – New Phytologist

Protective role of the Arabidopsis leaf microbiota against a bacterial pathogen – Vogel et al. – Nature Microbiology

Emergent bacterial community properties induce enhanced drought tolerance in Arabidopsis – Yang et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Cross-regional scale pollution of freshwater biofilms unveiled by antibiotic resistance genes – Yao et al. – Science of The Total Environment

Functional metagenomic analysis of quorum sensing signaling in a nitrifying community – Tan et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes


Multivariable association discovery in population-scale meta-omics studies – Mallick et al. – PLOS Computational Biology


Assessing saliva microbiome collection and processing methods – Armstrong, Parmar & Blaser – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

October 29, 2021

Sorry for the delayed post, WordPress was playing some mean tricks on me today and there were no treats! Good morning all and happy spooky season! It’s been a moment since I’ve written a post and I write to you now as a freshly (pepper)minted PhD! I’m feeling gourd and can’t wait to pumpkin spice things up with some fangtastic papers.

Some of the highlights include a paper by McAlpine et al. examining interkingdom relationships between bacteria and fungi. Specifically, they found that the gut commensal species Lactobacillus can produce a small molecule that blocks filamentous growth of the opportunistic pathogen Candida albicans. Another interesting paper comes from Michael Adams lab at the University of Georgia, Athens which showed that members of the gut microbiota have the capacity to assimilate the metal tungsten which, in turn, allows these microbes to oxidize a broad range of aldehydes in the gut. Additionally, a paper by Plummer et al. looked at the vaginal microbiota of women who have recurrent bacterial vaginosis as well as the penile microbiota of their partners, and found that when males also underwent antibiotic treatment it led to a decrease in bacterial vaginosis in their female partners.

Hope you enjoy reading these fa-boo-lous papers and may you eat, drink, and be scary this Halloween!

General Microbiome
A small molecule produced by Lactobacillus species blocks Candida albicans filamentation by inhibiting a DYRK1-family kinase. – MacAlpine, J. et al., Nature Communications.

Pregnancy and Early-Life
Bifidobacterium species associated with breastfeeding produce aromatic lactic acids in the infant gut. – Laursen, M.F. et al., Nature Microbiology.

Bifidobacterium catabolism of human milk oligosaccharides overrides endogenous competitive exclusion driving colonization and protection. – Heiss, B.E. et al., Gut Microbes.

Mother’s Milk Microbiome Shaping Fecal and Skin Microbiota in Infants with Food Allergy and Atopic Dermatitis: A Pilot Analysis. – Gołębiewski. M. et al., Nutrients.

Early-life formula feeding is associated with infant gut microbiota alterations and an increased antibiotic resistance load. – Pärnänen, K.M.M. et al., The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Human Vaginal Microbiome
A Prospective, Open-Label Pilot Study of Concurrent Male Partner Treatment for Bacterial Vaginosis. – Plummer, E.L. et al., mBio.

Human Gut Microbiome
Tungsten enzymes play a role in detoxifying food and antimicrobial aldehydes in the human gut microbiome. – Schut, G.J. et al., PNAS.

Commensal bacteria promote endocrine resistance in prostate cancer through androgen biosynthesis. – Pernigoni, N. et al., Science.

Vertebrate host phylogeny influences gut archaeal diversity. – Youngblut, N.D. et al., Nature Microbiology.

Gut microbiota dysbiosis contributes to the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. – Li, N. et al., Respiratory Research.

Oral Administration of Latilactobacillus sakei ADM14 Improves Lipid Metabolism and Fecal Microbiota Profile Associated With Metabolic Dysfunction in a High-Fat Diet Mouse Model. – Won, S.-M. et al., Frontiers in Microbiology.

Human Oral Microbiome
Discrimination of Bacterial Community Structures among Healthy, Gingivitis, and Periodontitis Statuses through Integrated Metatranscriptomic and Network Analyses. – Nemoto, T. et al., mSystems.

Animal Experiments
Commensal segmented filamentous bacteria-derived retinoic acid primes host defense to intestinal infection. – Woo, V. et al., Cell Host & Microbe.

Intestinal microbiota shapes gut physiology and regulates enteric neurons and glia. – Vicentini, F.A. et al., Microbiome.

Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG Derived Extracellular Vesicles Modulate Gut Microbiota and Attenuate Inflammatory in DSS-Induced Colitis Mice. – Tong, L. et al., Nutrients.

Animal Microbiome
Phage Treatment Trial to Eradicate LA-MRSA from Healthy Carrier Pigs. – Tuomala, H. et al., Viruses.

Characterization of the Eukaryotic Virome of Mice from Different Sources. – Zhang, C. et al., Microorganisms.

Supplemental L-Arginine Improves the Embryonic Intestine Development and Microbial Succession in a Chick Embryo Model. – Dai, D. et al., Frontiers in Nutrition.

Water and Extremophile Microbiome
Plastic-Degrading Potential across the Global Microbiome Correlates with Recent Pollution Trends. – Zrimec, J. et al., mBio.

Acrylate protects a marine bacterium from grazing by a ciliate predator. – Teng, Z.-J. et al., Nature Microbiology.

Plant, Root, and Soil Microbiome
The fungal root endophyte Serendipita vermifera displays inter-kingdom synergistic beneficial effects with the microbiota in Arabidopsis thaliana and barley. – Mahdi, L.K. et al., ISME Journal.

Spatial Characterization of Microbial Communities on Multi-Species Leafy Greens Grown Simultaneously in the Vegetable Production Systems on the International Space Station. – Hummerick, M.E. et al., Life (Basel).

Relationships between community composition, productivity and invasion resistance in semi-natural bacterial microcosms. – Jones, M.L. et al., Elife.

High-efficiency delivery of CRISPR-Cas9 by engineered probiotics enables precise microbiome editing. – Neil, K. et al., Molecular Systems Biology.

Visualizing transfer of microbial biomolecules by outer membrane vesicles in microbe-host-communication in vivo. – Bittel, M. et al., Journal of Extracellular Vesicles.

October 20, 2021

General microbiome

[REVIEW]Controlled Complexity: Optimized Systems to Study the Role of the Gut Microbiome in Host Physiology – Glowacki, Engelhart & Ahern – Frontiers in Microbiology

[REVIEW]Microbiota-brain interactions: Moving toward mechanisms in model organisms – Nagpal & Cryan – Neuron

Functional attractors in microbial community assembly – Estrela et al. – Cell Systems

Bloodstream infections’ origins following fecal microbiota transplantation: a strain- level analysis – Eshel et al. – Blood Advances

Probiotic consumption influences universal adaptive mutations in indigenous human and mouse gut microbiota – Ma et al. – Communications Biology

Multi-site human microbiome

[PREPRINT]Obesity influences composition of salivary and fecal microbiota and impacts the interactions between bacterial taxa – Bombin et al. – bioRxiv

Human vaginal microbiome

Does probiotics work for bacterial vaginosis and vulvovaginal candidiasis – Han & Ren – Current Opinion in Pharmacology

Human gut microbiome

A meta-analysis study of the robustness and universality of gut microbiome-metabolome associations – Muller, Algavi & Borenstein – Microbiome

Specific gut microbiome signatures and the associated pro-inflamatory functions are linked to pediatric allergy and acquisition of immune tolerance – de Filippis et al. – Nature Communications

Drinking Water Source and Intake Are Associated with Distinct Gut Microbiota Signatures in US and UK Populations – Vanhaecke et al. – The Journal of Nutrition

The Gut Microbiota during a Behavioral Weight Loss Intervention – Stanislawski et al. – Nutrients

Effect of chewing betel nut on the gut microbiota of Hainanese – Ying et al. – PLOS One

[PREPRINT]Codiversification of gut microbiota with humans – Suzuki et al. – bioRxiv

Response to PD-1-Based Immunotherapy for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Altered by Gut Microbiota – He et al. – Oncology and Therapy

Human metabolome

Changes in serum and urinary metabolomic profile after a dietary intervention in patients with irritable bowel syndrome – Nybacka et al. – PLOS One

The influence of the gut microbiome on BCG-induced trained immunity – Strazar et al. – Genome Biology

Animal microbiome

Weaning age and its effect on the development of the swine gut microbiome and resistome – Holman et at. – bioRxiv

Sandalwood seed oil improves insulin sensitivity in high-fat/high-sucrose diet-fed rats associated with altered intestinal microbiota and its metabolites – Gao et al. – Food & Function

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Active virus-host interactions at sub-freezing temperatures in Arctic peat soil – Trubl et al. – Microbiome

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

PREPRINT[]Bacterial, phytoplankton, and viral dynamics of meromictic Lake Cadagno offer insights into the Proterozoic ocean microbial loop – Saini et al. – bioRxiv

Metagenomic analysis provides functional insights into seasonal change of a non-cyanobacterial prokaryotic community in temperate coastal waters – Matsumoto et al. – PLOS One

[PREPRINT]Survival of hatchery grown native oysters is associated with specific gut-associated bacteria at various locations within the Puget Sound – Kunselmann et al. – bioRxiv

Built environment (subways, indoor surfaces)

Microbial colonization and resistome dynamics in food processing environments of a newly opened pork cutting industry during 1.5 years of activity – Cobo-Diaz et al. – Microbiome

Food microbiology

Effects of ultrasound treatments on wine microorganisms – Munoz et al. – Ultrasonics Sonochemistry

Effect of roasting conditions on cocoa bioactivity and gut microbiota modulation – Maldonado-Mateus et al. – Food & Function


[PREPRINT]Development of a metatranscriptomic analysis method for multiple intestinal sites and its application to the common marmoset intestine – Uehara et al. – bioRxiv

Recovery of strain-resolved genomes from human microbiome through an integration framework of single-cell genomics and metagenomics – Arikawa et al. – Microbiome

[PREPRINT]Metagenome assembly of high-fidelity long reads with hifiasm-meta – Feng et al. – arXiv.org

Fast and Accurate Distance-based Phylogenetic Placement using Divide and Conquer – Balaban et al. – Molecular Ecology Resources

Microbes in the news (popular press, EurekAlert, ScienceDaily, Youtube, NPR, etc)

Should You Get a Microbiome Test? – Anahad O’Connor – New York Times