July 16, 2021

Today’s digest features studies on environmental contamination of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in China (spoiler: extensive contamination, but has negligible impact on patient colonisation), the dynamic change and correlation of microbiome from different body sites to the treatment response as well as immune-related adverse events of immunotherapy in lung cancer patients, and more.

Also, check out a regularly-updated collection of FREE, ONLINE microbiome events. Happy Friday!

Human microbiome

*Prospective correlation between the patient microbiome with response to and development of immune-mediated adverse effects to immunotherapy in lung cancer – Justin Chau – BMC Cancer

Gut microbiome

Probiotics impact the antibiotic resistance gene reservoir along the human GI tract in a person-specific and antibiotic-dependent manner – Emmanuel Montassier – Nature Microbiology

Identification and engraftment of new bacterial strains by shotgun metagenomic sequence analysis in patients with recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection before and after fecal microbiota transplantation and in healthy human subjects – Sandeep Verma – PlosOne

Differences in the individual curative effect of acupuncture for obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome based on metagenomic analysis: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial – Huaying Fan – Trials

Comparative Analysis of 16S rRNA Gene and Metagenome Sequencing in Pediatric Gut Microbiomes – Danielle Peterson – Frontiers in Microbiology

Resistome

*Spread of Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in an Intensive Care Unit: A Whole-Genome Sequence-Based Prospective Observational Study – Li Wei – Microbiology Spectrum

*Linezolid- and multidrug-resistant enterococci in raw commercial dog food, Europe, 2019–2020 – Ana R. Freitas – Emerging Infectious Diseases

Identification of pathogen(s) in infectious diseases using shotgun metagenomic sequencing and conventional culture: a comparative study – Huan Chen – PeerJ

Predicting antibiotic resistance gene abundance in activated sludge using shotgun metagenomics and machine learning – Yuepeng Sun – Water Research

Animal microbiome

Assessing the relationship between the rumen microbiota and feed efficiency in Nellore steers – Déborah Romaskevis Gomes Lopes – Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology

Animal experiment

An osmotic laxative renders mice susceptible to prolonged Clostridioides difficile colonization and hinders clearance – Sarah Tomkovich – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

Critical Assessment of Metagenome Interpretation – the second round of challenges – F. Meyer – bioRxiv

Disentangling environmental effects in microbial association networks – Maria Deutschmann – bioRxiv

Webinars &c

Microbiome Virtual International Conference #MVIF – September 14

June 25, 2021

This week, the microbial sciences community worldwide (virtually) united at the World Microbe Forum – meeting highlights you can find here #WorldMicrobeForum.

Today’s digest features studies on group B Streptococcus pathogenesis, dental microbiota and aGVHD Risk, a book about writing and publishing papers, and more. Also, check out a collection of FREE, ONLINE microbiome events. Happy Friday!


Read about the experiences of 338 early career researchers from 36 countries with their mentors in Mentorship in life sciences: voices of mentees by A. Murat Eren (Meren)!


General microbiome

Behind the paper: Describing and naming bacteria in the 21st century – Thomas Hitch – Nature blog

Hierarchical control of microbial community assembly – Sammy Pontrelli – bioRxiv

Resistome

*L-form switching confers antibiotic, phage and stress tolerance in pathogenic Escherichia coli – Aleksandra Petrovic Fabijan – bioRxiv

Gut microbiome

A newly identified protein from Akkermansia muciniphila stimulates GLP-1 secretion – Patrice D. Cani and Claude Knauf – Cell Metabolism

Enrichment of gut microbiome strains for cultivation-free genome sequencing using droplet microfluidics – Anna Pryszlak – arXiv

Dispersal strategies shape persistence and evolution of human gut bacteria – Falk Hildebrand – Cell Host & Microbe

Urinary microbiome

Review: Urinary Microbiome: Yin and Yang of the Urinary Tract – Virginia Perez-Carrasco – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Vaginal microbiome

Cysteine dependence in Lactobacillus iners constitutes a novel therapeutic target to modify the vaginal microbiota – Seth M. Bloom – bioRxiv

*A type VII secretion system in Group B Streptococcus mediates cytotoxicity and virulence – Brady L Spencer – bioRxiv

Life History Recorded in the Vagino-cervical Microbiome Along with Multi-omics – Zhuye Jie – Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Predictive functional analysis reveals inferred features unique to cervicovaginal microbiota of African women with bacterial vaginosis and high-risk human papillomavirus infection – Harris Onywera – PlosOne

Effect of metronidazole on vaginal microbiota associated with asymptomatic bacterial vaginosis – Daniel Ruiz-Perez – Access Microbiology

Oral microbiome

*Dental Biofilm Microbiota Dysbiosis Is Associated With the Risk of Acute Graft-Versus-Host Disease After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation – Vitor Heidrich – Frontiers in Immunology

Fusobacterium nucleatum metabolically integrates commensals and pathogens in oral biofilms – Akito Sakanaka – bioRxiv

Animal microbiome

*Microbiomes attached to fresh perennial ryegrass are temporally resilient and adapt to changing ecological niches – Sharon A. Huws – Microbiome

Animal experiments

A standardized gnotobiotic mouse model harboring a minimal 15-member mouse gut microbiota recapitulates SOPF/SPF phenotypes – Marion Darnaud – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

GUNC: detection of chimerism and contamination in prokaryotic genomes – Askarbek Orakov – BMC Genome Biology

metaMIC: reference-free Misassembly Identification and Correction of de novo metagenomic assemblies – Senying Lai – bioRxiv

Open challenges for microbial network construction and analysis – Karoline Faust – The ISME Journal 2021

STRipy: a graphical application for enhanced genotyping of pathogenic short tandem repeats in sequencing data – Andreas Halman – bioRxiv

Adapting macroecology to microbiology: using occupancy modelling to assess functional profiles across metagenomes – Angus S Hilts – bioRxiv


Webinars &c

Microbiome Virtual International Conference #MVIF – September 14

The International Conference on Group B Strep (ICGBS) – July 20-22

World Enterococcus Day – July 15 – Registration here

BiATA2021 Bioinformatics: from Algorithms to Applications – July 12–15 


LSfM Lecture Series & Workshops : “The Dark Side of Science: Misconduct in Biomedical Research” Dr. Elisabeth Bik – more info here – June 30

EMBARK Webinars – Kimberly Kline “Pathogenesis and persistence during Enterococcus faecalis biofilm-associated infection” and Sofia Forslund “High-throughput measurement of host and microbiota” – EMBARK project – June 30


Writing

Writing and Publishing Scientific Papers: A Primer for the Non-English Speaker – Gábor Lövei – OpenBook Publishers


Art

From Scientist to SciArtist – Eliza Wolfson


May 28, 2021

Good morning from New Jersey! A broad selection of papers to share with you today—highlights include several new bioinformatics papers and an examination of the effect of storage method on the composition of microbiome samples:

General microbiome

A global metagenomic map of urban microbiomes and antimicrobial resistance, David Danko et al., Cell

Ecology and molecular targets of hypermutation in the global microbiome, Simon Roux et al., Nature Communications

Human oral microbiome

A cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) extract impairs the growth, virulence properties, and inflammatory potential of Fusobacterium nucleatum and improves oral epithelial barrier function, Amel Ben Lagha et al., PLOS ONE

Human skin microbiome

Composition of cutaneous bacterial microbiome in seborrheic dermatitis patients: A cross-sectional study, Martijn G.H. Sanders et al., PLOS ONE

Human gut microbiome

Gene-level metagenomic architectures across diseases yield high-resolution microbiome diagnostic indicators, Braden T. Tierney et al., Nature Communications

Altered faecal microbiome and metabolome in IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis, Qiaoyan Liu et al., Gut

Animal experiments

Gut microbiome variation modulates the effects of dietary fiber on host metabolism, Sofia M. Murga-Garrido et al., Microbiome

Real-time monitoring of ruminal microbiota reveals their roles in dairy goats during subacute ruminal acidosis, Xiaodong Chen et al., npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Animal microbiome

The microbiome and mosquito vectorial capacity: rich potential for discovery and translation, Cintia Cansado-Utrilla et al., Microbiome

Bioinformatics

Preprint: A metabolomics pipeline enables mechanistic interrogation of the gut microbiome, Shuo Han et al., bioRxiv

Comparison study of differential abundance testing methods using two large Parkinson disease gut microbiome datasets derived from 16S amplicon sequencing, Zachary D. Wallen, BMC Bioinformatics

Reads Binning Improves the Assembly of Viral Genome Sequences From Metagenomic Samples, Kai Song, Frontiers in Microbiology

Techniques

Preprint: Standard Sample Storage Conditions Impact on Inferred Microbiome Composition and Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns, Casper Sahl Poulsen et al., bioRxiv

May 18, 2021

Review articles on exciting microbiome topics dominate today’s post. My personal favorite review is by Berthoud et al. on gut-brain communication with focus on understanding functions of the vagus nerve. Others include – rumen microbiome, gut microbiota in neuronal feeding circuits, gut-brain axis in gastrointestinal cancer and a beautiful snapshot illustrating summary of microbiota effects on host physiology. Happy reading!

General Microbiome

Gut microbiota as a transducer of dietary cues to regulate host circadian rhythms and metabolism – Hyoann Choi – Nature Reviews Gatsroenterology and Hepatology

SnapShot: Microbiota effects on host physiology – Jennifer H.Hill – Cell

Roles for the gut microbiota in regulating neuronal feeding circuits – Kristie B. Yu – Journal of Clinical Investigation

Gut-brain communication and obesity: understanding functions of the vagus nerve – Hans-Rudolf Berthoud – Journal of Clinical Investigation

Exploiting unique features of the gut-brain interface to combat gastrointestinal cancer – Alyssa Schledwitz – Journal of Clinical Investigation

Human Microbiome

Evaluation of saliva as a source of accurate whole‐genome and microbiome sequencing data – Anthony F. Herzig – Genetic Epidemiology

The effects of nondigestible fermentable carbohydrates on adults with overweight or obesity: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials – Bocheng Xu – Nutrition Reviews

Altered gut microbiota correlates with cognitive impairment in Chinese children with Down’s syndrome – Shimeng Ren – European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

A synthetic consortium of 100 gut commensals modulates the composition and function in a colon model of the microbiome of elderly subjects – Marta Perez – Gut Microbes

Animal Microbiome

The rumen microbiome: balancing food security and environmental impacts – Itzhak Mizrahi – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Components of the Gut Microbiome that Influence Bone Tissue‐Level Strength – Marysol Luna – Journal of Bone and Mineral Research

Characterization of growth phenotypes and gastrointestinal tract microbiota in sheep fed with caragana – Ke Zhang – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Techniques

‘GutFeel’: an in silico method for predicting gut health status based on the metabolic functional capabilities of the resident microbiome – Swadha Anand – Febs Letters

MiMeNet: Exploring microbiome-metabolome relationships using neural networks – Derek Reiman – Plos Computational Biology

Bacteria

Anatomy promotes neutral coexistence of strains in the human skin microbiome – Arolyn Conwill – BioRxiv

May 17, 2021

Good morning from Pittsburgh.

Today’s digest is preprint-heavy and has quite a few articles focused on soil, plants, and agriculture. If you aren’t interested in those areas of research, we also have articles with topics spanning the 1918 pandemic to multi-donor fecal transplants to carbohydrate utilization by marine fungi.

Happy reading!

General microbiome

Fresh extension of Vibrio cholerae competence type IV pili predisposes them for motor-independent retraction – Chlebek et al. – Appl Environ Microbiol

Preprint: Coordination of gene expression with cell size enables Escherichia coli to efficiently maintain motility across conditions – Honda et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Archival influenza virus genomes from Europe reveal genomic and phenotypic variability during the 1918 pandemic – Patrono et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Fluorescent protein expression as a proxy of bacterial fitness in a high throughput assay – Schlechter et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Nanopore sequencing provides rapid and reliable insight into microbial profiles of Intensive Care Units – Viana de Siqueira et al. – bioRxiv

Human skin microbiome

Preprint: Anatomy promotes neutral coexistence of strains in the human skin microbiome – Conwill et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Gene- and genome-centric dynamics shape the diversity of oral bacterial populations – Utter et al. – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: Two microbiota subtypes identified in Irritable Bowel Syndrome with distinct responses to the low-FODMAP diet – Vervier et al. – bioRxiv

Strain engraftment competition and functional augmentation in a multi-donor fecal microbiota transplantation trial for obesity – Wilson et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Soil origin and plant genotype structure distinct microbiome compartments in the model legume Medicago truncatula – Brown et al. – Microbiome

Preprint: A novel dual enrichment strategy provides soil- and digestate-competent N2O-respiring bacteria for mitigating climate forcing in agriculture – Jonassen et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Temporal dynamics of microbial transcription in wetted hyperarid desert soils – León-Sobrino et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Metagenomic sequencing for rapid identification of Xylella fastidiosa from leaf samples – Roman-reyna et al. – BioRxiv

Preprint: Pseudomonas arenae sp. nov., Pseudomonas glycinis sp. nov. and Pseudomonas harudinis sp. nov., three novel bacterial species and plant endophytes – Seaton et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Phage-resistant bacteria reveal a role for potassium in root colonization – Tzipilevich & Benfey – bioRxiv

Metagenomic analysis reveals the shared and distinct features of the soil resistome across tundra, temperate prairie, and tropical ecosystems – Qian et al. – Microbiome

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Potential and expression of carbohydrate utilization by marine fungi in the global ocean – Baltar et al. – Microbiome

Preprint: Syntrophic H2 production enhances the performance of primarily acetate-supplemented reactors treating sulphate contaminated solutions – Hessler et al. – bioRxiv

May 14, 2021

Today’s digest features Emu for microbial community profiling with expectation-maximization algorithm to generate taxonomic abundance profiles from full-length 16S rRNA reads, glycobiology of UTI, profiling canine fecal microbiome by long-read metagenomics with Nanopore sequencing, spatial-temporal assessment of drinking water microbiome in Puerto Rico, ancient microbial genomes from paleofeces (with 61 previously undescribed species), and more.

Check out a list of awesome webinars, courses and podcasts. Happy Friday!


Today is the last day for #NSURP2021 applications:

The National Summer Undergraduate Research Project – A community-driven initiative to create rewarding remote summer research opportunities for BIPOC and Latinx undergraduate students in the microbial sciences.


Share your experience as an early career researcher with your academic mentor and take part in this important survey on mentorship!

Gut microbiome

Reconstruction of ancient microbial genomes from the human gut – Marsha C. Wibowo – Nature

Human and preclinical studies of the host–gut microbiome co-metabolite hippurate as a marker and mediator of metabolic health – François Brial – Gut Microbiota

Oral microbiome

*Mechanical biofilm disruption causes microbial and immunological shifts in periodontitis patients – William Johnston – Scientific Reports

Vaginal microbiome

Review: The Complex Link between the Female Genital Microbiota, Genital Infections, and Inflammation – Smritee Dabee – Infection and Immunity

Urinary microbiome

*Review: The glycobiology of uropathogenic E. coli infection: the sweet and bitter role of sugars in urinary tract immunity – Federico Lupo – Immunology

The Good and the Bad: Ecological Interaction Measurements Between the Urinary Microbiota and Uropathogens – Laurens E. Zandbergen – Frontiers in Microbiology

Urinary prostaglandin E2 as a biomarker for recurrent UTI in postmenopausal women – Tahmineh Ebrahimzadeh – Life Science Alliance

Impact of Vaginal Estrogen on the Urobiome in Postmenopausal Women With Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection – Carrie E. Jung – Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery

Animal microbiome

*Long-read metagenomics retrieves complete single-contig bacterial genomes from canine feces – Anna Cuscó – BMC Genomics

Perinatal exposure to tetracycline contributes to lasting developmental effects on offspring – Elizabeth M. Hill – Animal Microbiome

Drinking water microbiome

*Spatial-temporal targeted and non-targeted surveys to assess microbiological composition of drinking water in Puerto Rico following Hurricane Maria – Maria Catalina Sevillano – bioRxiv

Technique

Predicting the presence and abundance of bacterial taxa in environmental communities through flow cytometric fingerprinting – Jasmine Heyse – bioRixv

Sample preservation

Critical evaluation of faecal microbiome preservation using metagenomic analysis – Alena L. Pribyl – ISME Communications

Bioinformatics

*Emu: Species-Level Microbial Community Profiling for Full-Length Nanopore 16S Reads – Kristen D. Curry – bioRxiv

Microbiome differential abundance methods produce disturbingly different results across 38 datasets – Jacob T Nearing – bioRxiv

Improving metagenomic binning results with overlapped bins using assembly graphs – Vijini G. Mallawaarachchi – Algorithms for Molecular Biology

A method for achieving complete microbial genomes and improving bins from metagenomics data – Lauren M. Lui – Plos Computational Biology

Taxonomic annotation of 16S rRNA sequences of pig intestinal samples using MG-RAST and QIIME2 generated different microbiota compositions – J. Lima – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Webinars

EMBARK Spring Webinars – Heike Schmitt “International efforts for One Health surveillance of AMR (WHO Tricycle)” and Etienne Ruppé “On the use of Tricycle in EMBARK” – EMBARK project – May 19
Registration here
More info here

BISMiS Live – GCM 2.0: WDCM 10K Sequencing Project for Type Strains by Juncai Ma – Bergey’s Intl. Society for Microbial Systematics – May 15
Registration here
More info here

Women in Data Science 2021 – Perspectives in Industry and Academia – Bayer AG and de.NBI, Elixir Germany Event – 18 June

PPGSND thesis seminar: The dark side os science: misconduct in biomedical research – Elisabeth Bik – 20 May

mSystems Thinking Series – ASM

Courses

Riffomonas Project – R tutorials and more – PatricK Schloss

Machine learning in Python with scikit-learn – Inria

Introduction to Computer Science and Programming in Python – MIT

Using MOFA for integration of omics data – Ricard Argelaguet – May 25

Data Visualization: Use R, ggplot2, and the principles of graphic design to create beautiful and truthful visualizations of data – Andrew Heiss

Conferences

1st Young AMICI Symposium – Austrian Microbiome Initiative – May 25-26

Microbes, Social Equity, and Rural Health – The Microbes and Social Equity working group and The University of Maine Institute of Medicine – June 14–18

Podcast

Differential gene expression and DESeq2 with Michael Love – The Bioinformatics Chat – Roman Cheplyaka and Jacob Schreiber

The Fake Science Detectives with David Sanders and Elisabeth Bik – Follow the Science – Faye Flam

Research, networking and public perception of science with Linda J Kenney – Microbes and Us – Joseph Shuttleworth

The microbiome: Delicious food and solutions to the climate crisis with Lene Lange – Science Stories – Jens Degett

May 12, 2021

Good morning all! Today’s digest includes two articles discussing the role of the local tissue microbiome in cancer. In the first, Zhu et al. explore the relationship between the intratumor microbiome, immune cell infiltration, and patient survival in the context of melanoma. The second study by Wilkie et al. examines how lipopolysaccharide produced by the commensal breast microbiota impacts cancer growth.

Additionally, there is a paper by Radojević et al. in which the authors found an association between the fecal microbiota and immunogenicity of peripheral blood monocyte-derived dendritic cells in healthy donors; a study by Kim et al. showing that diet and microbiome derived amino acids impact gut enterocyte communication with the brain in Drosophila; and a paper by Tandon et al. investigating the impact of the reciprocal transplantation of water from the surface and bottom of lakes with different trophic states on microbial community composition and function.

Pregnancy and Early-Life
Metagenomic analysis of mother-infant gut microbiome reveals global distinct and shared microbial signatures. – Wang, S. et al., Gut Microbes.

Human Nearly-Sterile Sites
Intratumour microbiome associated with the infiltration of cytotoxic CD8+ T cells and patient survival in cutaneous melanoma. – Zhu, G. et al., European Journal of Cancer Research.

Lipopolysaccharide from the commensal microbiota of the breast enhances cancer growth: role of S100A7 and TLR4. – Wilkie, T. et al., Molecular Oncology.

Human Gut Microbiome
Intestinal microbiota influences clinical outcome and side effects of early breast cancer treatment. – Terrisse, S. et al., Cell Death & Differentiation.

Fecal microbiota composition associates with the capacity of human peripheral blood monocytes to differentiate into immunogenic dendritic cells in vitro. – Radojević, D. et al., Gut Microbes.

Substrate‐driven differences in tryptophan catabolism by gut microbiota and Aryl hydrocarbon Receptor activation. – Huang, Z. et al., Molecular Nutrition & Food Research.

Human Oral Microbiome
The evolution and changing ecology of the African hominid oral microbiome. – Fellows Yates, J.A. et al., PNAS.

Animal Experiments
Response of the microbiome-gut-brain axis in Drosophila to amino acid deficit. – Kim, B. et al., Nature.

Coadaptation between host genome and microbiome under long-term xenobiotic-induced selection. – Wang, G-H. et al., Science Advances.

Predicted Metabolic Function of the Gut Microbiota of Drosophila melanogaster. – Ankrah, N.Y.D. et al., mSystems.

Animal Microbiome
The microbiome of deep-sea fish reveals new microbial species and a sparsity of antibiotic resistance genes. – Collins, F.W.J. et al., Gut Microbes.

Insect Microbiome
Compartmentalization of bacterial and fungal microbiomes in the gut of adult honeybees. – Callegari, M. et al., npj Biofilms Microbiomes.

Seasonal Dynamics of the Honey Bee Gut Microbiota in Colonies Under Subtropical Climate. – Castelli, L. et al., Microbial Ecology.

Plant, Root, and Soil Microbiome
Impact of cropping systems on the functional diversity of rhizosphere microbial communities associated with maize plant: a shotgun approach. – Fadiji, A.E. et al., Archive of Microbiology.

Water and Extremophile Microbiome
Meta-transcriptomic profiling of functional variation of freshwater microbial communities induced by an antidepressant sertraline hydrochloride. – Cui, H. et al., Science of the Total Environment.

Aquatic microbial community is partially functionally redundant: Insights from an in situ reciprocal transplant experiment. – Tandon, K. et al., Science of the Total Environment.

Towards enhancing coral heat tolerance: a “microbiome transplantation” treatment using inoculations of homogenized coral tissues. – Doering, T. et al., Microbiome.

Built Environment
The Bacterial Community Diversity of Bathroom Hot Tap Water Was Significantly Lower Than That of Cold Tap and Shower Water. – Zhang, C. et al., Frontiers in Microbiology.

Bioinformatics
A Protocol for Teaching Basic Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) Analysis Skills to Undergraduate Students Using Bash and R. – Fondi, M. & Bacci, G., Bacterial Pangenomics.

Techniques
Microdroplet-based system for culturing of environmental microorganisms using FNAP-sort. – Saito, K. et al., Scientific Reports.

May 05, 2021

Special Issue on Interplay of Gene Expression Regulation and Microbiome

Cells has a call for papers for a special issue about the ‘Interplay of Gene Expression Regulation and Microbiome‘. This Special Issue should serve as a platform to bring together recent advances in the understanding of the dynamic interplay between gene regulation and host-microbiome interaction.

Human oral microbiome

Anna Karenina and the subgingival microbiome associated with periodontitis – Altabtaei et al. – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]The Association Between Intestinal Bacteria and Allergic Diseases—Cause or Consequence? – Han et al. – Front. Cell. Infect. Microbiol.

[Review]Exploring the Modulatory Effects of Gut Microbiota in Anti-Cancer Therapy – Li, Deng & Chen – Front. Oncol.

[REVIEW]The interplay between Helicobacter pylori and gastrointestinal microbiota – Chen et al. Gut Microbes

Do Antibiotics Cause Obesity Through Long-term Alterations in the Gut Microbiome? A Review of Current Evidence – Vallianou et al. – Metabploism

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Gut microbiota contributes to the development of hypertension in a genetic mouse model of systemic lupus erythematosus – de la Visitación et al. – British Journal of Pharmacology

Infant gut microbiota modulation by human milk disaccharides in humanized microbiome mice – Rubio-Del-Campo – Gut Microbes

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Description and comparison of the skin and ear canal microbiota of non-allergic and allergic German shepherd dogs using next generation sequencing – Apostolopoulos et al. PLOS One

Bioinformatics

Integrating taxonomic, functional, and strain-level profiling of diverse microbial communities with bioBakery 3 – Beghini et al. – eLife

Techniques

Validation and standardization of DNA extraction and library construction methods for metagenomics-based human fecal microbiome measurements – Tourlousse et al. – Microbiome

April 07, 2021

General microbiome

Primate phageomes are structured by superhost phylogeny and environment – Gogarten et al. – PNAS

Fungal‐induced glycolysis in macrophages promotes colon cancer by enhancing innate lymphoid cell secretion of IL‐22 – Zhu et al. – The EMBO Journal

A method for detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in healthy human stool: a validation study – Coryell et al. – The Lancet Microbe

The Ocular Microbiome and Microbiota and their Effects on Ocular Surface Pathophysiology and Disorders – Aragona et al. – Survey of Ophthalmology

Human oral microbiome

Multi-dimensional study of the oral microbiome, metabolite, and immunologic environment in peanut allergy – Ho et al. – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human skin microbiome

Temporal Variation in Staphylococcus aureus Protein A Genotypes from Nose and Skin in Atopic Dermatitis Patients – van Mierlo et al. – Dermatology

Sex‐Based Differences in Fecal Short‐Chain Fatty Acid and Gut Microbiota in Irritable Bowel Syndrome Patients – Sun et al. – Journal of Digestive Diseases

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Ecological and evolutionary responses to antibiotic treatment in the human gut microbiota – Pennycook & Scanlan – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

The Fecal and Serum Metabolomics of Giant Pandas Based on Untargeted Metabolomics – Yang et al. – Zoological Scienc

Microbes in space

Astrobiology of life on Earth – Hallsworth et al. – Environmental Microbiology
Mars’ surface is not universally biocidal – Hallsworth – Environmental Microbiology

Bioinformatics

Draft Genome Sequences and Antimicrobial Profiles of Three Staphylococcus epidermidis Strains from Neonatal Blood Samples – Afeke et al. – Microbiology Resource Announcements

CoCoNet: An Efficient Deep Learning Tool for Viral Metagenome Binning – Arisdakessian et al. – Bioinformatics

Techniques

Rank normalization empowers a t-test for microbiome differential abundance analysis while controlling for false discoveries – Davis, Huang & Wang – Briefings in Bioinformatics

Discovering multiple types of DNA methylation from bacteria and microbiome using nanopore sequencing – Tourancheau et al. – Nature Methods

March 16, 2021

Human gut microbiome

Strain-level functional variation in the human gut microbiota based on bacterial binding to artificial food particles – Patnode et al. Cell Host & Microbe. 

Debaryomyces is enriched in Crohn’s disease intestinal tissue and impairs healing in mice – Jain et al. Science.

Dysbiosis in Metabolic Genes of the Gut Microbiomes of Patients with an Ileo-anal Pouch Resembles That Observed in Crohn’s Disease – Dubinsky et al. mSystems

Human-associated microbiota suppress invading bacteria even under disruption by antibiotics – Letten et al. ISME

Early life 

Key bacterial taxa and metabolic pathways affecting gut short-chain fatty acid profiles in early life – Tsukuda et al. ISME

Human oral microbiome

Tonsillar Microbiota: a Cross-Sectional Study of Patients with Chronic Tonsillitis or Tonsillar Hypertrophy – Wu et al. mSystems

Animal experiments 

Long-term evolution and short-term adaptation of microbiota strains and sub-strains in mice – Yilmaz et al. Cell Host & Microbe

Bioinformatics

ContigExtender: a new approach to improving de novo sequence assembly for viral metagenomics data – Deng & Delart. BMC Bioinformatics