May 5, 2023

Today’s microbiome digest is a grab bag that includes ten simple rules for working with other people’s code, an article examining Wolbachia infections in native cockroach populations, and an article examining the role in lactic acid in shaping the human microbiome. Also highlighted is an article focused on human viruses residing within our cells and tissues, which demonstrated a unique virome in nine different human organs through targeted-enrichment viral metagenomics and virus specific qPCRs.

Happy reading!

General microbiome

The structure of prevacuolar compartments in Neurospora crassa as observed with super-resolution microscopy – Bowman – PLOS One

Phylogenetic trees of closely related bacterial species and subspecies based on frequencies of short nucleotide sequences – Nakano et al. – PLOS One

***Unmasking the tissue-resident eukaryotic DNA virome in humans – Pyöriä et al. – Nucleic Acids Research

Predicting partner fitness based on spatial structuring in a light-driven microbial community – Sakkos et al. – PLOS Computational Biology

Multi-site human microbiome

Evaluation of alcohol-free mouthwash for studies of the oral microbiome – Yano et al. – PLOS One

A systematically biosynthetic investigation of lactic acid bacteria reveals diverse antagonistic bacteriocins that potentially shape the human microbiome – Zhang et al. – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Positive mood-related gut microbiota in a long-term closed environment: a multiomics study based on the “Lunar Palace 365” experiment – Hao et al. – Microbiome

Animal microbiome

Wolbachia infection in native populations of Blattella germanica and Periplaneta americana – Choubdar et al. – PLOS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Bacterial and fungal community composition and community-level physiological profiles in forest soils – Kunito et al. – PLOS One

Water and extremophile microbiome

Predicting microbial community compositions in wastewater treatment plants using artificial neural networks – Liu et al. – Microbiome

Open ocean and coastal strains of the N2-fixing cyanobacterium UCYN-A have distinct transcriptomes – Muñoz-Marín et al. – PLOS One

Meta-organism gene expression reveals that the impact of nitrate enrichment on coral larvae is mediated by their associated Symbiodiniaceae and prokaryotic assemblages – Tong et al. – Microbiome


Ten simple rules for working with other people’s code – Pilgrim et al. – PLOS Computational Biology

Predicting microbe organisms using data of living micro forms of life and hybrid microbes classifier – Raza et al. – PLOS One

iPHoP: An integrated machine learning framework to maximize host prediction for metagenome-derived viruses of archaea and bacteria – Roux et al. – PLOS Biology

April 19, 2023

Pregnancy and early life

[REVIEW]The maternal gut microbiome during pregnancy and its role in maternal and infant health – Sinha et al. – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Human oral microbiome

Independent Effects of HIV and Antiretroviral Therapy on the Oral Microbiome Identified by Multivariate Analyses – Beall et al. – mBio

[REVIEW]Oral microbial changes and oral disease management before and after the treatment of hematological malignancies: a narrative review – Lin et al. – Clinical Oral Investigations

Human vaginal microbiome

[REVIEW]Gardnerella Revisited: Species Heterogeneity, Virulence Factors, Mucosal Immune Responses, and Contributions to Bacterial Vaginosis – Shvartsman et al. – Infection and Immunity

Human gut microbiome/virome

[REVIEW]Intrahost evolution of the gut microbiota – Barreta & Gordo – Nature Reviews Microbiology

The gut microbiota contributes to the pathogenesis of anorexia nervosa in humans and mice – Fan et al. – Nature Microbiology

Altered human gut virome in patients undergoing antibiotics therapy for Helicobacter pylori – Wang et al. – Nature Communications

Antibiotic treatment using amoxicillin-clavulanic acid impairs gut mycobiota development through modification of the bacterial ecosystem – Spatz et al. – Microbiome

Metabolic independence drives gut microbial colonization and resilience in health and disease – Watson et al. – Microbiome

Development of the gut microbiota in the first 14 years of life and its relations to internalizing and externalizing difficulties and social anxiety during puberty – Ou et al. – European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

Reconstructing the landscape of gut microbial species across 29,000 diverse individuals – Segota et al. – NAR

Microbiomic profiles of bile in patients with benign and malignant pancreaticobiliary disease – Poudel et al. – PLOS One

Seasonal variations in gut microbiota and disease course in patients with inflammatory bowel disease – Tani et al. – PLOS One

The convergent application of metabolites from Avena sativa and gut microbiota to ameliorate non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a network pharmacology study – Oh et al. – Journal of Translational Medicine volume

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Effects of Extended Cage Component Sanitation Interval on the Microenvironment, Health, and Gastrointestinal Microbiome of Rats (Rattus norvegicus) – Taylor et al. – Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science

Music-based interventions in the feeding environment on the gut microbiota of mice – Niu et al. – Scientific Reports

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Characterisation of the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) pouch microbiota in a captive population reveals a dysbiotic compositional profile associated with neonatal mortality – Maidment et al. – Microbiome

[PREPRINT]Microbiome variability of mosquito lines is consistent over time and across environments – Accoti et al. – bioRxiv

Differences in the luminal and mucosal gut microbiomes and metabolomes of oriental rat snake (Ptyas mucosus) – Wei et al. – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology


Improved eukaryotic detection compatible with large-scale automated analysis of metagenomes – Bazant et al. – Microbiome


Functional gene-guided enrichment plus in situ microsphere cultivation enables isolation of new crucial ureolytic bacteria from the rumen of cattle – Liu et al. – Microbiome

March 15, 2023

Pregnancy and early life

The impact of prenatal dog keeping on infant gut microbiota development – Panzer et al. – Clinical & Experimental Allergy

Human oral microbiome

Host microbiome interactions in apical periodontitis: the endodontic microbiome in relation to circulatory immunologic markers – Georgiou et al. – International Endodontic Journal

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Microbiota dysbiosis and myasthenia gravis: Do all roads lead to Rome? – Kapoor et al. – Autoimmunity Reviews

Metabolomic interplay between gut microbiome and plasma metabolome in cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury – Bai et al. – Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry

A non-antibiotic-disrupted gut microbiome is associated with clinical responses to CD19-CAR-T cell cancer immunotherapy – Stein-Thoeringer et al. – Nature Medicine

The gut microbiome modulates the transformation of microglial subtypes – Huang et al. – Molecular Psychiatry

Multi-omics insights into the interplay between gut microbiota and colorectal cancer in the “microworld” age – Wang et al. – Molecular Omics

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

A Longitudinal Characterization of the Seminal Microbiota and Antibiotic Resistance in Yearling Beef Bulls Subjected to Different Rates of Gain – Webb et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Abiotic selection of microbial genome size in the global ocean – Ngugi et al. – Nature Communications


Benchmarking genome assembly methods on metagenomic sequencing data – Zhang et al. – Briefings in Bioinformatics

March 8, 2023

Pregnancy and early life

[PREPRINT]The influence of early life exposures on the infant gut virome – Zhang et al. – bioRxiv

[PREPRINT]Maternal diet and gut microbiome composition modulate early life immune responses – Grant et al. – bioRxiv

Human oral microbiome

Smoking-induced subgingival dysbiosis precedes clinical signs of periodontal disease – Tamashiro et al. – Scientific Reports

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiota and risk of five common cancers: A univariable and multivariable Mendelian randomization study – Wei et al. – Cancer Medicine

The role of the sex hormone-gut microbiome axis in tumor immunotherapy – Wang et al. – Gut Microbes

[REVIEW]The Influence of the Microbiome on Aggressive Behavior: an Insight into Age Related Aggression – Gulledge, Oyebode & Donaldson – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Gnotobiotic mice housing conditions critically influence the phenotype associated with transfer of faecal microbiota in a context of obesity – Daoust et al. – Gut

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

[REVIEW]The coral microbiome: Towards an understanding of the molecular mechanisms of coral-microbiota interactions – Mohamed et al. – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Comparison of the gut microbiome and resistome in captive African and Asian elephants on the same diet – Feng et al. – Front. Vet. Sci.

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Core and conditionally rare taxa as indicators of agricultural drainage ditch and stream health and function – Shi et al. – BMC Microbiology

Species invasions shift microbial phenology in a two-decade freshwater time series – Rohwer et al. – PNAS


Controlling taxa abundance improves metatranscriptomics differential analysis – Ji & Ma – BMC Microbiology

coda4microbiome: compositional data analysis for microbiome cross-sectional and longitudinal studies – Luz Calle, Pujolassos & Susin – BMC Bioinformatics

[PREPRINT]You can move, but you can’t hide: identification of mobile genetic elements with geNomad – Camargo et al. – bioRxiv

Assembling the perfect bacterial genome using Oxford Nanopore and Illumina sequencing – Wick, Judd & Holt – PLOS Computational Biology

February 24, 2023

Human and General Microbiome

Review: Gut microbiome lipid metabolism and its impact on host physiology – Brown et al. Cell Host & Microbe

Review: Modelling human immune responses using microbial exposures in rodents – Li and Baldridge. Nature Microbiology

Gut commensal Parabacteroides distasonis alleviates inflammatory arthritis – Sun et al. Gut

An open label, non-randomized study assessing a prebiotic fiber intervention in a small cohort of Parkinson’s disease participants – Hall et al. Nature Communications

Antibiotic use and inflammatory bowel disease: number needed to harm? – Ludvigsson. Gut

Oral & Respiratory Microbiome

Oral mucosal breaks trigger anti-citrullinated bacterial and human protein antibody responses in rheumatoid arthritis – Brewer et al. Science Translational Medicine

Sputum bacterial load and bacterial composition correlate with lung function and are altered by long-term azithromycin treatment in children with HIV-associated chronic lung disease – Abotsi et al. Microbiome

Animal experiments

Genetic mapping of microbial and host traits reveals production of immunomodulatory lipids by Akkermansia muciniphila in the murine gut – Zhang et al. Nature Microbiology

Microbe-mediated intestinal NOD2 stimulation improves linear growth of undernourished infant mice – Schwarzer et al. Science

Gamma-delta T cells modulate the microbiota and fecal micro-RNAs to maintain mucosal tolerance – Rezende et al. Microbiome

Phages and viruses

Review: Bacteriophage discovery to advance biotechnology and biotherapeutics – Mu and Lawley Nature Reviews Microbiology


Impact of microbial genome completeness on metagenomic functional inference – Eisenhofer et al. ISME

Pharokka: a fast scalable bacteriophage annotation tool – Bouras et al. Bioinformatics

Non Microbiome Picks

A systems immunology study comparing innate and adaptive immune responses in adults to COVID-19 mRNA and adenovirus vectored vaccines – Ryan et al. Cell Reports Medicine

Influenza-trained mucosal-resident alveolar macrophages confer long-term antitumor immunity in the lungs – Wang et al. Nature Immunology

January 25, 2023

Human oral microbiome

Microbiological profile of peri-implantitis: Analyses of microbiome within dental implants – Kensara et al. – Journal of Prosthodontics

Human gut microbiome

Integrated Multi-Cohort Analysis of the Parkinson’s Disease Gut Metagenome – Boktor et al. – Movement Disorders

Gut microbiota and microbiota-derived metabolites promotes endometriosis – Chadchan et al. – Cell Death Discovery

Immune communication between the intestinal microbiota and the cardiovascular system – Ren et al. – Immunology Letters

Animal microbiome

The structure and diversity of microbial communities in Paederus fuscipes (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae): from ecological paradigm to pathobiome – Chamanakar et al. – Microbiome

The gastrointestinal microbiome in dairy cattle is constrained by the deterministic driver of the region and the modified effect of diet – Lin et al. – Microbiome

Fecal Microbiota Was Reshaped in UCP1 Knock-In Pigs via the Adipose-Liver-Gut Axis and Contributed to Less Fat Deposition – Pan et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

Gut microbiota of skywalker hoolock gibbons (Hoolock tianxing) from different habitats and in captivity: Implications for gibbon health – Lan et al. – American Journal of Primatology

Housing temperature plays a critical role in determining gut microbiome composition in research mice: Implications for experimental reproducibility – Hylander et al. – Biochimie

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

The biogeography and co-occurrence network patterns of bacteria and microeukaryotes in the estuarine and coastal waters – Wu et al. – Marine Environmental Research


[PREPRINT]Capturing the dynamics of microbiomes using individual-specific networks – Yousefi et al. – bioRxiv

PhaTYP: predicting the lifestyle for bacteriophages using BERT – Shang, Tang & Sun – Briefings in Bioinformatics

November 30, 2022

Human respiratory microbiome

Airway microecology in rifampicin-resistant and rifampicin-sensitive pulmonary tuberculosis patients – Cai et al. – BMC Microbiology

Human oral microbiome

Oral Bacteriome and Mycobiome across Stages of Oral Carcinogenesis – Heng et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Double-edged sword: impact of fecal microbiome transplants on the gut resistome – Hallowell, Gao & Suez – Current Opinion in Gastroenterology

Targeted suppression of human IBD-associated gut microbiota commensals by phage consortia for treatment of intestinal inflammation – Federici et al. – Cell

Gut microbiome alterations in preclinical Alzheimer’s disease – Jung et al. – PLOS One

[REVIEW]Sex, puberty, and the gut microbiome – Sisk-Hackworth, Kelley & Thackray

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Lactobacillus reuteri tryptophan metabolism promotes host susceptibility to CNS autoimmunity – Montgomery et al. – Microbiome

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Genomic and Environmental Factors Shape the Active Gill Bacterial Community of an Amazonian Teleost Holobiont – Sylvain et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

Lack of host phylogenetic structure in the gut bacterial communities of New Zealand cicadas and their interspecific hybrids – Haji et al. – Scientific Reports

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Unveiling the Wheat Microbiome under Varied Agricultural Field Conditions – Jaiswal et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

Changes of the microbial community in kiwifruit during storage after postharvest application of Wickerhamomyces anomalus – Zhao et al. – Food Chemistry

Food microbiology

[PREPRINT]A dark matter in sake brewing: Origin of microbes producing a Kimoto-style fermentation starter – Ito et al. – bioRxiv

November 23, 2022

General microbiome

[PREPRINT]Patterns and determinants of the global herbivorous mycobiome – Meili et al. – bioRxiv

[EDITORIAL]Helicobacter pylori: Have potential benefits been overlooked? – Schubert et al. – JGH Open

Pregnancy and early life

Mechanisms affecting the gut of preterm infants in enteral feeding trials: a nested cohort within a randomised controlled trial of lactoferrin – Young et al. – Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed

Human oral microbiome

Ancient oral microbiomes support gradual Neolithic dietary shifts towards agriculture – Quagliariello et al. – Nature Communications

Human vaginal microbiome

[PREPRINT]Longitudinal dynamics of the human vaginal ecosystem across the reproductive cycle – Costello et al. – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Maternal obesity and resistance to breast cancer treatments among offspring: Link to gut dysbiosis – Andrade, Verma & Hilakivi-Clark

Atypical enteropathogenic E. coli are associated with disease activity in ulcerative colitis – Baumgartner et al. – Gut Microbes

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Impact of antibiotic perturbation on fecal viral communities in mice – Anderson et al. – G3

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Assessing Fungal Diversity and Abundance in the Black Soldier Fly and its Environment – Vitenberg & Opatovsky – Journal of Insect Science

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Bacterial communities vary across populations and tissue type in red mangroves (Rhizophora mangle, Rhizophoraceae) along an expanding front – Scherer, Mason & Rast – FEMS Microbiology Ecology


proGenomes3: approaching one million accurately and consistently annotated high-quality prokaryotic genomes – Fullam et al. – NAR

[PREPRINT]Sparsification of Large Ultrametric Matrices: Insights into the Microbial Tree of Life – Gorman & Lladser


[PREPRINT]Soil metatranscriptomics: An improved RNA extraction method toward functional analysis using nanopore direct RNA sequencing – Poursalavati et al. – bioRxix

November 16, 2022

General microbiome

Enhancing nutritional niche and host defenses by modifying the gut microbiome – Sun et al. – Molecular Systems Biology

Evolution of immune genes is associated with the Black Death – Klunk et al. – Nature

Pregnancy and early life

Cross-generational bacterial strain transfer to an infant after fecal microbiota transplantation to a pregnant patient: a case report – Wei et al. – Microbiome

Multi-site human microbiome

Age-Related Changes, Influencing Factors, and Crosstalk Between Vaginal and Gut Microbiota: A Cross-Sectional Comparative Study of Pre- and Postmenopausal Women – Yoshikata et al. – Journal of Women’s Health

Human oral microbiome

Characterization of oral microbiota in HPV and non-HPV head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and its association with patient outcomes – Chan et al. – Oral Oncology

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Making gut microbiomes from scratch – Tiang & Bisanz – Cell Host &Microbe

Impairments of intestinal arginine and NO metabolisms trigger aging-associated intestinal barrier dysfunction and ‘inflammaging’ – Brandt et al. – Redox Biology

Dietary fiber ameliorates sleep disturbance connected to the gut–brain axis – Tang et al. – Food & Function

Meta-analysis of 16S rRNA microbial data identified alterations of the gut microbiota in COVID-19 patients during the acute and recovery phases – Cheng et al. – BMC Microbiology

Relationships between dietary diversity and gut microbial diversity in the elderly – Amamoto et al. – Beneficial Microbes

Alteration of the faecal microbiota composition in patients with constipation: evidence of American Gut Project – Xu et al. – Beneficial Microbes

Gut microbiome, cognitive function and brain structure: a multi-omics integration analysis – Liang et al. – Translational Neurodegeneration

Microbiome insights into pediatric familial adenomatous polyposis – Attard et al. – Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases

[REVIEW]The crosstalk between intestinal bacterial microbiota and immune cells in colorectal cancer progression – Wen et al. – Clinical and Translational Oncology

[REVIEW]Epigenetic regulation by metabolites from the gut microbiome – Marin-Tello et al. – Benefical Microbes

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

A tetrapeptide from maize combined with probiotics exerted strong anti-inflammatory effects and modulated gut microbiota in DSS-induced colitis mice – Li et al. – Food & Function

IGF1R is a mediator of sex-specific metabolism in mice: Effects of age and high-fat diet – Perez-Matute et al. – Front. Endocrinol.

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Nutrient dynamics in coral symbiosis depend on both the relative and absolute abundance of Symbiodiniaceae species – McIlroy et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Function-Based Rhizosphere Assembly along a Gradient of Desiccation in the Former Aral Sea – Wicaksono et al. – mSystems


Metagenomics versus total RNA sequencing: most accurate data-processing tools, microbial identification accuracy and perspectives for ecological assessments – Hempel et al. – NAR

Metagenome-assembled genome extraction and analysis from microbiomes using KBase – Chivian et al. – Nature Protocols

SourceFinder: a Machine-Learning-Based Tool for Identification of Chromosomal, Plasmid, and Bacteriophage Sequences from Assemblies – Aytan-Aktug et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

TaxiBGC: a Taxonomy-Guided Approach for Profiling Experimentally Characterized Microbial Biosynthetic Gene Clusters and Secondary Metabolite Production Potential in Metagenomes – Gupta et al. – mSystems


Optimization of Low-Biomass Sample Collection and Quantitative PCR-Based Titration Impact 16S rRNA Microbiome Resolution – Clokie et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

November 14, 2022

Human and General Microbiome

Genetic regulation of serum IgA levels and susceptibility to common immune, infectious, kidney, and cardio-metabolic traits – Lili Liu – Nature Communications

Kidney microbiota dysbiosis contributes to the development of hypertension – Xin-Yu Liu – Gut Microbes

Gut mycobiota dysbiosis in drug-naïve, first-episode schizophrenia – Xiuxia Yuan – Schizophrenia Research

Transcriptomic analysis reveals an association of FCGBP with Parkinson’s disease – Pilar Gómez-Garre – NPJ Parkinson’s Disease

Integration of stool microbiota, proteome and amino acid profiles to discriminate patients with adenomas and colorectal cancer – Sofie Bosch – Gut Microbes

Human gut homeostasis and regeneration: the role of the gut microbiota and its metabolites – Claudia Marcela Arenas-Gómez – Critical Reviews in Microbiology

Colibactin possessing E. coli isolates in association with colorectal cancer and their genetic diversity among Pakistani population – Habiba Tariq – PloS one

Intestinal toxicity to CTLA-4 blockade driven by IL-6 and myeloid infiltration – Yifan Zhou – The Journal of Experimental Medicine

Genome-microbiome interplay provides insight into the determinants of the human blood metabolome – Christian Diener – Nature Metabolism

Vaginal microbiota in women with spontaneous preterm labor versus those with term labor in Kenya: a case control study – Edgar Gulavi – BMC Microbiology

Characteristics of oral microbiome of healthcare workers in different clinical scenarios: a cross-sectional analysis – Zhixia Zhang – BMC Oral Health

Multi-kingdom gut microbiota analyses define COVID-19 severity and post-acute COVID-19 syndrome – Qin Liu – Nature Communications

Characterization of antibiotic-resistance traits in Akkermansia muciniphila strains of human origin – Rossella Filardi – Scientific Reports

Food Microbiome

Causality Verification for the Correlation between the Presence of Nonstarter Bacteria and Flavor Characteristics in Soft-Type Ripened Cheeses – Ryosuke Unno – Microbiology Spectrum

Animal Microbiome

Microbiota of healthy and bleached corals of the species Siderastrea stellata in response to river influx and seasonality in Brazilian northeast – Gustavo Vasconcelos Bastos Paulino – Environmental Science and Pollution Research International

Environmental Microbiome

Exploring structure, microbiota, and metagenome functions of epigean and hypogean black deposits by microscopic, molecular and bioinformatic approaches – Beatrice Farda – Scientific Reports

Plant Microbiome

High throughput method of 16S rRNA gene sequencing library preparation for plant root microbial community profiling – Kie Kumaishi – Scientific Reports

Sugarcane cultivation practices modulate rhizosphere microbial community composition and structure – Ana Paula Corrêa Moneda – Scientific Reports

Effects of Two Bacillus velezensis Microbial Inoculants on the Growth and Rhizosphere Soil Environment of Prunus davidiana – Huimin Shi – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Review: Climate change and plant pathogens – Muhammad M Raza – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Bioinformatics and Microbiome Analysis

Faecal microbiome-based machine learning for multi-class disease diagnosis – Qi Su – Nature Communications

Wochenende – modular and flexible alignment-based shotgun metagenome analysis – Ilona Rosenboom – BMC Genomics

De novo identification of microbial contaminants in low microbial biomass microbiomes with Squeegee – Yunxi Liu – Nature Communications