April 15, 2017

Few interesting articles for your Saturday morning digest:   Urbanization alters the physicochemical environment: A new study suggests that urban soil archaeal and bacterial communities are not vulnerable to biodiversity loss, whereas global diversity loss of ectomycorrhizal fungi was observed.  Researchers believe they have found a method of hunting for buried landmines and explosive devices using a combination of engineered bacteria and lasers.    And another reason to be engaged in sports activities: a study highlights differences of microbiota and secondary metabolites in elite athletes.

General microbiome

Remote detection of buried landmines using a bacterial sensor – Shimshon Belkin – Nature Biotech

Next-generation approaches to understand and combat the antibiotic resistome – Terence S. Crofts – Nature Reviews

Human Oral Microbiome

Microbiomes of the normal middle ear and ears with chronic otitis media – Shujiro B. Minami – Laryngoscope

Human gut microbiome

The microbiome of professional athletes differs from that of more sedentary subjects in composition and particularly at the functional metabolic level– Wiley Barton – Gut

The MS-Associated Gut Microbiome – Sergio E Baranzini – Multiple Sclerosis Journal

Mental Health

Oral treatment with Lactobacillus rhamnosus attenuates behavioral deficits and immune changes in chronic social stress – Aadil Bharwani – BMC Medicine

Animal microbiome

Complete Genome Sequence of Akkermansia glycaniphila Strain PytT, a Mucin-Degrading Specialist of the Reticulated Python Gut – Janneke P. Ouwerkerk – Genome Announcements

Water and extremophile microbiome

Spatial variation in bacterial community in natural wetland-river-sea ecosystems
Hongxia Zhang – J. of Basic Microbiology

Built environment

Urbanization erodes ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity and may cause microbial communities to converge – Dietrich JE Schmidt -Nature Ecology & Evolution

Prebiotics

Prebiotic evaluation of red seaweed (Kappaphycus alvarezii) using in vitro colon model – DM Bajury – International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

April 13, 2017

Profiles of ulcerative colitis patients’ microbiota after fecal microbiota transplantation, a bioinformatics software package for rarefaction analysis, an artist who uses sweat and bacteria to create scents and sculptures.

General microbiome

Review: Microbial metabolites in nutrition, healthcare and agriculture – Rajendra Singh – 3 Biotech

Review: Modified Mediterranean Diet for Enrichment of Short Chain Fatty Acids: Potential Adjunctive Therapeutic to Target Immune and Metabolic Dysfunction in Schizophrenia? – Jamie Joseph – Frontiers in Neuroscience

Human respiratory microbiome

The Nasopharyngeal Microbiota of Children with Respiratory Infections in Botswana – Matthew S Kelly – Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

Human gut microbiome

* Microbial shifts and signatures of long-term remission in ulcerative colitis after faecal microbiota transplantation – Susana Fuentes – ISME Journal

Intestinal microbiome in children with severe and complicated acute viral gastroenteritis – Shih-Yen Chen – Scientific Reports

Unusual active site location and catalytic apparatus in a glycoside hydrolase family – Jose Munoz-Munoz – PNAS

Animal experiments

Enterococcus faecalis bacteriocin EntV inhibits hyphal morphogenesis, biofilm formation, and virulence of Candida albicans – Carrie E Graham – PNAS

The therapeutic protection of a living and dead Lactobacillus strain against aluminum-induced brain and liver injuries in C57BL/6 mice – Fengwei Tian & Leilei Yu – PLOS One

Microscale spatial analysis provides evidence for adhesive monopolization of dietary nutrients by specific intestinal bacteria – Yusuke Nagara – PLOS One

Review: Caspase recruitment domain 9, microbiota, and tryptophan metabolism: dangerous liaisons in inflammatory bowel diseases – Bruno Lamas – Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care

Individual variation of natural D. melanogaster associated bacterial communities – Yun Wang – bioRxiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

A new polyketide glycoside from the rhizospheric Clonostachys rogersoniana associated with Panax notoginseng – Tian-Peng Yin – Journal of Asian Natural Products Research

Bacterial carbon use plasticity, phylogenetic diversity and the priming of soil organic matter – Ember M Morrissey – ISME Journal

Population and function analysis of cultivable bacteria associated with spores of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora margarita – Liangkun Long – 3 Biotech

Water and extremophile microbiome

Exploring the ecological coherence between the spatial and temporal patterns of bacterioplankton in boreal lakes – Juan P. Niño García – Frontiers in Microbiology

Genomic comparisons of a bacterial lineage that inhabits both marine and terrestrial deep subsurface systems – Sean P Jungbluth – PeerJ

Bacterial community composition and dynamics spanning five years in freshwater bog lakes – Alexandra M Linz – bioRxiv

Occurrence of high-diversity metazoan- to microbial-dominated bioconstructions in a shallow Kimmeridgian carbonate ramp (Jabaloyas, Spain) – G San Miguel – Facies

Expression patterns of elemental cycling genes in the Amazon River Plume – Brandon M Satinsky – ISME Journal

Built environment

Comparison of microbial community shifts in two parallel multi-step drinking water treatment processes – Jiajiong Xu – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Probiotics/prebiotics

Engineered probiotic Escherichia coli can eliminate and prevent Pseudomonas aeruginosa gut infection in animal models – In Young Hwang – Nature Communications

Review: Unraveling the Differences between Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Probiotics in Modulating Protective Immunity to Enteric Infections – Sukumar Kandasamy – Frontiers in Immunology

Bioinformatics

* RTK: efficient rarefaction analysis of large datasets – Paul Saary – Bioinformatics

A geographically-diverse collection of 418 human gut microbiome pathway genome databases – Aria S Hahn – Scientific Data

Metabolomics

Indolepropionic acid and novel lipid metabolites are associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes in the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study – Vanessa D de Mello – Scientific Reports

More microbes

Influences of dissolved oxygen concentration on biocathodic microbial communities in microbial fuel cells – Laura Rago – Bioelectrochemistry

Microbes in the news

Waste-munching bacteria could make nuclear stores safer – Sam Wong – New Scientist

‘Young poo’ makes aged fish live longer – Ewen Callaway – Nature

Microbiology: Gut microbes augment neurodegeneration – Daniel Erny – Nature

* This Artist Turns Sweat and Bacteria Into Art – Annie Tittiger – Wired

Science, publishing, and career

Why do scientists fabricate and falsify data? A matched-control analysis of papers containing problematic image duplications – Daniele Fanelli – bioRxiv

Amy’s non-microbiology picks

Human knockouts and phenotypic analysis in a cohort with a high rate of consanguinity – Danish Saleheen – Nature

April 9, 2017

Today’s digest features interesting research on how keystone microbial taxa regulate invasion of pathogens in agricultural systems. Also, interesting pre-print on how the gut microbiome influences the lifespan of fish.

Human gut microbiome

De novo assembly of microbial genomes from human gut metagenomes using barcoded short read sequences. Moss. E. Biorxiv

Review: Updating on Gut Microbiota and its Relationship with the Occurrence of Necrotizing Enterocolitis (Review). Hosny, M. Human Microbiome Journal

Supplementation of Diet with Galacto-oligosaccharides Increases Bifidobacteria, but not Insulin Sensitivity, in Obese Prediabetic Individuals. Canfora, E. Gastroenterology

Independence of Gut Bacterial Content and Neonatal Necrotizing Enterocolitis Severity Barron, LK. Journal of Pediatric Surgery

Evaluation of the impact of gut microbiota on uremic solute accumulation by a CE-TOFMS–based metabolomics approach. Mishima, E.Kidney International

Human skin microbiome

Semi-automated quantitative analysis of the human skin microbiome diversity  Kumagai, C. Journal of Dermatological Science

Human Skin Is the Largest Epithelial Surface for Interaction with Microbes. Gallo, R. Journal of Investigative Dermatology

Human milk microbiome

Human milk microbiome in urban and rural populations of India Yati, H. Meta Gene

Molecular Insight into Evolution of Symbiosis between Breast-Fed Infants and a Member of the Human Gut Microbiome Bifidobacterium longum.Yamada, C. Cell Chemical Biology

Food  microbiome

Microbial metabolites derived from colonic fermentation of non-digestible compounds. Tabernero, M. Current Opinion in Food Science

High relative humidity pre-harvest reduces post-harvest proliferation of Salmonella in tomatoes . Devleesschauwer, B. Food Microbiology

Plant and soil microbiome

Keystone microbial taxa regulate the invasion of a fungal pathogen in agro-ecosystems. Trivedi, P. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 

In-depth analysis of core methanogenic communities from high elevation permafrost-affected wetlands. Yang, S. Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Strigolactones in Plant Interactions with Beneficial and Detrimental Organisms: The Yin and Yang. López-Ráez, JA. Trends in Plant Science

Animal microbiome

Regulation of Life Span by the Gut Microbiota in The Short-Lived African Turquoise Killifish. Smith, P. Biorxiv

Factors influencing ruminal bacterial community diversity and composition and microbial fibrolytic enzyme abundance in lactating dairy cows with a focus on the role of active dry yeast. AlZahal, O. Journal of Dairy Science

Organochloride pesticides modulated gut microbiota and influenced bile acid metabolism in mice. Liu, Q. Environmental Pollution

Growth performance of the very small rotifer Proales similis is more dependent on proliferating bacterial community than the bigger rotifer Brachionus rotundiformis. Le, DVB.  Aquaculture

Evidence of Campylobacter jejuni reduction in broilers with early synbiotic administration Baffoni, L. International Journal of Food Microbiology

Raspberry pomace alters cecal microbial activity and reduces secondary bile acids in rats fed a high-fat diet. Fotschki, B.The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry

Rumen microbial and fermentation characteristics are affected differently by acarbose addition during two nutritional types of simulated severe subacute ruminal acidosis in vitro. Wang, Y. Anaerobe.

Metabolomics 

Targeting aggression in severe mental illness: The predictive role of genetic, epigenetic, and metabolomic markers   Manchia, M. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry

Prebiotics/Probiotics 

A three-stage continuous culture approach to study the impact of probiotics, prebiotics and fat intake on faecal microbiota relevant to an over 60 s population. Liu. Y.Journal of Functional Foods

 

March 24, 2017

Complex glycan degradation in the gut; role of LPS-binding protein in NAFLD; contribution of environmental factors to arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi community composition and structure; and ResistoMap, a new web-based bioinformatic tool for visualizing the human gut resistome.

 

Events and jobs
Visiting Professor (Part Time) Microbiology – Chamberlain College of Nursing – Arlington, VA

Scientific Officer (Full Time) Microbiology – Australian Clinical Labs – Sydney, AU

Human respiratory microbiome
Understanding the Lung Abscess Microbiome: Outcomes of Percutaneous Lung Parenchymal Abscess Drainage with Microbiologic Correlation – Christopher Duncan – Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology

Human oral microbiome
Subgingival microbiota dysbiosis in systemic lupus erythematosus: association with periodontal status – Joice Dias Correa – Microbiome

Candida albicans alters the bacterial microbiome of early in vitro oral biofilms – M. M. Janus – Journal of Oral Microbiology

Human skin microbiome
Injections through skin colonized with Staphylococcus aureus biofilm introduce contamination despite standard antimicrobial preparation procedures – Yi Wang – Scientific Reports

Compartmentalized Control of Skin Immunity by Resident Commensals – Shruti Naik – Science

Human gut microbiome
Complex pectin metabolism by gut bacteria reveals novel catalytic functions – Didier Ndeh – Nature

Protective Factors in the Intestinal Microbiome Against Clostridium difficile infection in Recipients of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation – Yeon Joo Lee – The Journal of Infectious Diseases

Dysbiosis and compositional alterations with aging in the gut microbiota of patients with heart failure – Takehiro Kamo – PLoS One

Alterations in Gastric Microbiota After H. Pylori Eradication and in Different Histological Stages of Gastric Carcinogenesis – Tung Hiu Li – Scientific Reports

Dietary emulsifiers directly alter human microbiota composition and gene expression ex vivo potentiating intestinal inflammation – Benoit Chassaing – Gut

Review: Gut microbiota: Neonatal gut microbiota induces lung immunity against pneumonia – Sabrina Tamburini & Jose C. Clemente – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Proteobacteria explain significant functional variability in the human gut microbiome – Patrick S. Bradley & Katherine S. Pollard – Microbiome

Antigen-Presenting Human γδ T Cells Promote Intestinal CD4+ T Cell Expression of IL-22 and Mucosal Release of Calprotectin – Christopher J. Tyler – Journal of Immunology

Odd Chain Fatty Acids; New Insights of the Relationship Between the Gut Microbiota, Dietary Intake, Biosynthesis and Glucose Intolerance – Benjamin J. Jenkins – Scientific Reports

Review: The gut microbiome in human neurological disease: A review – Helen Tremlett – Annals of Neurology

Animal experiments
Loss of lipopolysaccharide-binding protein attenuates the development of diet-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in mice – Cheng Jun Jin – Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Animal microbiome
Transcriptional characterization of Vibrio fischeri during colonization of juvenile Euprymna scolopes – Luke R. Thompson – Environmental Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome
The influence of environmental factors on communities of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Chenopodium ambrosioides revealed by MiSeq sequencing investigation – Xihui Xu – Scientific Reports

Intercropping maize and common bean enhances microbial carbon and nitrogen availability in low phosphorus soil under Mediterranean conditions – Mourad Latati – European Journal of Soil Biology

The effects of plant nutritional strategy on soil microbial denitrification activity through rhizosphere primary metabolites – Julien P. Guyonnet – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome
Geographic distribution of cadmium and its interaction with the microbial community in the Longjiang River: risk evaluation after a shocking pollution accident – Ming Jiang Zhang – Scientific Reports

Beneficial Microorganisms for Corals (BMC): Proposed Mechanisms for Coral Health and Resilience – Raquel S. Peixoto – Frontiers in Microbiology

Small Molecules Belowground: The Role of Specialized Metabolites in the Rhizosphere – Massalha H – The Plant Journal

Food microbiology
Rice- or pork-based diets with similar calorie and content result in different rat gut microbiota – Xiaozhe Qi – International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

Bioinformatics
ResistoMap – online visualization of human gut microbiota antibiotic resistome – Konstantin Yarygin – bioRxiv

March 10, 2017

Ancient microbial DNA in Neanderthal dental calculus; the role of fungus in inflammatory bowel disease; symbiotic bacteria in the Hawaiian bobtail squid reproductive system; and a colorimetric/electrochemical device for detection of food and waterborne bacteria.

Events and jobs
Microbiology/Immunology Faculty – West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine – Lewisburg, West Virginia

Pregnancy and early life
Association of Maternal Gestational Weight Gain With the Infant Fecal Microbiota – Alyssa Robinson – Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

Review: Intestinal dysbiosis in preterm infants preceding necrotizing enterocolitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Mohan Pammi – Microbiome

Human oral microbiome
New approach for studying mobile genes using metagenomic analysis – K. Ishihara – Oral Diseases

Neanderthal behaviour, diet, and disease inferred from ancient DNA in dental calculus – Laura S. Weyrich – Nature

In the News: Prehistoric ‘Aspirin’ Found in Sick Neanderthal’s Teeth – National Geographic

Human skin microbiome
Using Shotgun Metagenomics to Examine the Use of Hand Microbiome as a Forensic Tool – Ning Chin – ProQuest Dissertations Publishing

Human vaginal microbiome
Review: The role of the vaginal microbiome in gynecological cancer: a review – Champer M. – BJOG

Human gut microbiome
A translational investigation into the role of dietary fatty acids in modulating endotoxemia and associated inflammation – Joshua Mark Lyte – ProQuest Dissertations Publishing

Orai1-Mediated Antimicrobial Secretion from Pancreatic Acini Shapes the Gut Microbiome and Regulates Gut Innate Immunity – Malini Ahuja – Cell Metabolism

Beyond Digestion: The Pancreas Shapes Intestinal Microbiota and Immunity – Herbert Tilg – Cell Metabolism

Low-dose penicillin exposure in early life decreases Th17 and the susceptibility to DSS colitis in mice through gut microbiota modification – Shuang Jin – Scientific Reports

Gut microbiota modulation of chemotherapy efficacy and toxicity – James. L. Alexander – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

CD40-signalling abrogates induction of RORγt+ Treg cells by intestinal CD103+ DCs and causes fatal colitis – Christian Barthels – Nature Communications

Faecal microbiota transplantation in clinical practice – E M Terveer – Gut

Distinct Microbiome-Neuroimmune Signatures Correlate With Functional Abdominal Pain in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder – Ruth Ann Luna – Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Animal experiments
A gut reaction: The combined influence of exercise and diet on gastrointestinal microbiota in rats – Romeo Batacan – Journal of Applied Microbiology

A member of the gut mycobiota modulates host purine metabolism exacerbating colitis in mice – Chiaro TR – Science Translational Medicine

Animal microbiome
Diurnal dynamics of gaseous and dissolved metabolites and microbiota composition in the bovine rumen – Henk J. Van Lingen – Frontiers in Microbiology

Symbiotic bacteria associated with a bobtail squid reproductive system are detectable in the environment, and stable in the host and developing eggs – Allison H. Kerwin – Environmental Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome
Arsenic Transport in Rice and Biological Solutions to Reduce Arsenic Risk from Rice – Yanshan Chen – Frontiers in Plant Science

Pseudomonas fluorescens Transportome is Linked to Strain-Specific Plant Growth Promotion in Aspen Seedlings Under Nutrient Stress – Shalaka Shinde – Frontiers in Plant Science

Short-term exposure of paddy soil microbial communities to salt stress triggers different transcriptional responses of key taxonomic groups – Jingjing Peng – Frontiers in Microbiology

Fertilization of Phaseolus vulgaris with the Tunisian rock phosphate affects richness and structure of rhizosphere bacterial communities – Darin Trabelsi – Applied Soil Ecology

Bioprospecting plant-associated microbiomes – Christina A. Muller – Journal of Biotechnology

Water and extremophile microbiome
Isolation and identification of indigenous prokaryotic bacteria from arsenic-contaminated water resources and their impact on arsenic transformation – MA Jebelli – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Performance and kinetics of membrane and hybrid moving bed biofilm-membrane bioreactors treating salinity wastewater – Alejandro Rodriguez-Sanchez – AlChE Journal

Metabolomics
Technological development of high-performance MALDI mass spectrometry imaging for the study of metabolic biology – Adam D. Feenstra – ProQuest Dissertations Publishing

Food microbiology
The Biodiversity of the Microbiota Producing Heat-Resistant Enzymes Responsible for Spoilage in Processed Bovine Milk and Dairy Products – Solimar G. Machado – Frontiers in Microbiology

Culturable microorganisms during fermentation of Veltlínske zelené (Grüner Veltliner) ice wine – K. Ženišová – Journal of Food and Nutrition Research

Metabolomics for empirical delineation of the traditional Korean fermented foods and beverages – Digar Singh – Trends in Food Science & Technology

Probiotics/prebiotics
Case Study: Integrate genome-based assessment of safety for probiotic strains: Bacillus coagulans GBI-30, 6086 as a case study – Elisa Salvetti – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Techniques
Colorimetric and Electrochemical Bacteria Detection Using Printed Paper- and Transparency-Based Analytic Devices – Jaclyn A. Adkins – Analytical Chemistry

Microbes in the news
Exciting Microbe Research? Temper That Giddy Feeling in Your Gut – The New York Times

Garrett’s non-microbiology picks
‘Plan bee’ drone artificially pollinates flowers on behalf of bees – Design Boom

March 8th, 2017

Today is the International Women’s Day! This is a day for awareness about the importance of support equality in rights and opportunities for women.

About International Women’s Day

Gender at Nature Ecology & Evolution

Helping women progress in traditionally male dominated fields

Rosalind Franklin: Navigating workplace politics to gain recognition in science

International Women’s Day 2017: pursuing a career in science

BMC Series Blog: International Women’s Day

Events and Webinars

3rd Annual Translational Microbiome Conference, April 12-13, 2017 in Boston, MA

Webinar: Nomadic nanopore sequencing of metagenomes with the MinION

Microbiome research

Salivary Gluten Degradation and Oral Microbial Profiles in Healthy Individuals and Celiac Disease Patients – Na Tian – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Impact of Westernized Diet on Gut Microbiota in Children on Leyte Island – Jiro Nakayama – Frontiers in Microbiology

Comparison of culture-dependent and culture-independent molecular methods for characterization of vaginal microflora – Shirali Pandya – Journal of Medical Microbiology

Effect of predatory bacteria on the gut bacterial microbiota in rats – Kenneth Shatzkes – Scientific Reports

Methods article: Critical Issues in Mycobiota Analysis – Bettina Halwachs – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbiota alteration is associated with the development of stress-induced despair behavior – Ioana A. Marin – Scientific Reports

Review: Beyond Hygiene: Commensal Microbiota and Allergic Diseases – Sung-Wook Hong – Immune Network

Fecal Bacterial Communities in treated HIV infected individuals on two antiretroviral regimens – Sandra Pinto-Cardoso – Scientific Reports

Editorial: How can the gut microbiota affect immune recovery in HIV-infected individuals? – Sergio Serrano-Villar – Future Microbiology

Unexplored Archaeal Diversity in the Great Ape Gut Microbiome – Kasie Raymann – mSphere

Probiotics

Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG supernatant enhance neonatal resistance to systemic Escherichia coli K1 infection by accelerating development of intestinal defense – Xiaolong He – Scientific Reports

Bifidobacterium breve with α-linolenic acid alters the composition, distribution and transcription factor activity associated with metabolism and absorption of fat  – Elaine Patterson – Scientific Reports

Timely use of Probiotics in Hospitalized Adults Prevents Clostridium difficile Infection: a Systematic Review with Meta-Regression Analysis – Nicole T. Shen – Gastroenterology

Metagenomics

Review: Beneficial Microorganisms for Corals (BMC): Proposed Mechanisms for Coral Health and Resilience – Raquel S. Peixoto – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microfluidic-based mini-metagenomics enables discovery of novel microbial lineages from complex environmental samples – Feiqiao Yu – bioRxiv

Untangling Genomes of Novel Planctomycetal and Verrucomicrobial Species from Monterey Bay Kelp Forest Metagenomes by Refined Binning – John Vollmers – Frontiers in Microbiology

Environmental Viral Genomes Shed New Light on Virus-Host Interactions in the Ocean – Yosuke Nishimura – mSphere

Pathogens

Metabolic activity, urease production, antibiotic resistance and virulence in dual species biofilms of Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus – Ilse Vandecandelaere – PLoS ONE

Review: Mollicutes in vaginal microbiology: Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma parvum and Mycoplasma genitalium – David Taylor-Robinson – Research in Microbiology

Case report: Contribution of Ultra Deep Sequencing in the Clinical Diagnosis of a New Fungal Pathogen Species: Basidiobolus meristosporus – Emilie Sitterlé – Frontiers in Microbiology

The Chlamydia suis genome exhibits high levels of diversity, plasticity and mobile antibiotic resistance: comparative genomics of a recent livestock cohort shows influence of treatment regimes – Helena M.B. Seth-Smith – Genome Biology and Evolution

Extremophiles

Reducing salinity by flooding an extremely alkaline and saline soil changes the bacterial community but its effect on the archaeal community is limited – Arit S de León-Lorenzana – Frontiers in Microbiology

Early life

Paleoproterozoic sterol biosynthesis and the rise of oxygen – David A. Gold – Nature

March 6, 2017

Interesting articles on the how the interactions between bacteria and fungi influence N cycling in soils. Also, fecal sample collection methods influence microbial community structure.

General microbiome

The National Biome Initiative: An Allergy Perspective. Furuta GT. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

The Microbiome in Allergic Disease: Current Understanding and Future Opportunities – 2017 PRACTALL Document of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology and the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. Huang YJ. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Oral and nasal microbiome

Community analysis of dental plaque and endotracheal tube biofilms from mechanically ventilated patients.      Marino PJ. Journal of Critical Care

Oral and nasal microbiota in Parkinson’s disease. Pereira PA. Parkinsonism and Related Disorders

Gut microbiome

The effect of omeprazole treatment on the gut microflora and neutrophil function. Kostrzewska M. Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Bacterial interactions and implications for oil biodegradation process in mangrove sediments. Grativol AD. Marine Pollution Bulletin

Quantifying the importance of the rare biosphere for microbial community response to organic pollutants in a freshwater ecosystem. Wang Y. Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Probiotics

Probiotic treatment reduces depressive-like behaviour in rats independently of diet. Abildgaard A. Psychoneuroendocrinology

Techniques

Comparison of fecal collection methods for microbiota studies in Bangladesh. Vogtmann E. Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

How interacting fungal species and mineral nitrogen inputs affect transfer of nitrogen from litter via arbuscular mycorrhizal mycelium. He Y. Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Salmonella Senftenberg adaptation to linalool and its association with antibiotic resistance and environmental persistence. Hollander K. Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Fungal and bacterial contributions to nitrogen cycling in cheatgrass-invaded and uninvaded native sagebrush soils of the western USA.  DeCrappeo NM. Plant and Soil

Native soil organic matter as a decisive factor to determine the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal community structure in contaminated soils. Montiel-Rozas. Biology and Fertility of Soils