May 14, 2021

Today’s digest features Emu for microbial community profiling with expectation-maximization algorithm to generate taxonomic abundance profiles from full-length 16S rRNA reads, glycobiology of UTI, profiling canine fecal microbiome by long-read metagenomics with Nanopore sequencing, spatial-temporal assessment of drinking water microbiome in Puerto Rico, ancient microbial genomes from paleofeces (with 61 previously undescribed species), and more.

Check out a list of awesome webinars, courses and podcasts. Happy Friday!

Today is the last day for #NSURP2021 applications:

The National Summer Undergraduate Research Project – A community-driven initiative to create rewarding remote summer research opportunities for BIPOC and Latinx undergraduate students in the microbial sciences.

Share your experience as an early career researcher with your academic mentor and take part in this important survey on mentorship!

Gut microbiome

Reconstruction of ancient microbial genomes from the human gut – Marsha C. Wibowo – Nature

Human and preclinical studies of the host–gut microbiome co-metabolite hippurate as a marker and mediator of metabolic health – François Brial – Gut Microbiota

Oral microbiome

*Mechanical biofilm disruption causes microbial and immunological shifts in periodontitis patients – William Johnston – Scientific Reports

Vaginal microbiome

Review: The Complex Link between the Female Genital Microbiota, Genital Infections, and Inflammation – Smritee Dabee – Infection and Immunity

Urinary microbiome

*Review: The glycobiology of uropathogenic E. coli infection: the sweet and bitter role of sugars in urinary tract immunity – Federico Lupo – Immunology

The Good and the Bad: Ecological Interaction Measurements Between the Urinary Microbiota and Uropathogens – Laurens E. Zandbergen – Frontiers in Microbiology

Urinary prostaglandin E2 as a biomarker for recurrent UTI in postmenopausal women – Tahmineh Ebrahimzadeh – Life Science Alliance

Impact of Vaginal Estrogen on the Urobiome in Postmenopausal Women With Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection – Carrie E. Jung – Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery

Animal microbiome

*Long-read metagenomics retrieves complete single-contig bacterial genomes from canine feces – Anna Cuscó – BMC Genomics

Perinatal exposure to tetracycline contributes to lasting developmental effects on offspring – Elizabeth M. Hill – Animal Microbiome

Drinking water microbiome

*Spatial-temporal targeted and non-targeted surveys to assess microbiological composition of drinking water in Puerto Rico following Hurricane Maria – Maria Catalina Sevillano – bioRxiv


Predicting the presence and abundance of bacterial taxa in environmental communities through flow cytometric fingerprinting – Jasmine Heyse – bioRixv

Sample preservation

Critical evaluation of faecal microbiome preservation using metagenomic analysis – Alena L. Pribyl – ISME Communications


*Emu: Species-Level Microbial Community Profiling for Full-Length Nanopore 16S Reads – Kristen D. Curry – bioRxiv

Microbiome differential abundance methods produce disturbingly different results across 38 datasets – Jacob T Nearing – bioRxiv

Improving metagenomic binning results with overlapped bins using assembly graphs – Vijini G. Mallawaarachchi – Algorithms for Molecular Biology

A method for achieving complete microbial genomes and improving bins from metagenomics data – Lauren M. Lui – Plos Computational Biology

Taxonomic annotation of 16S rRNA sequences of pig intestinal samples using MG-RAST and QIIME2 generated different microbiota compositions – J. Lima – Journal of Microbiological Methods


EMBARK Spring Webinars – Heike Schmitt “International efforts for One Health surveillance of AMR (WHO Tricycle)” and Etienne Ruppé “On the use of Tricycle in EMBARK” – EMBARK project – May 19
Registration here
More info here

BISMiS Live – GCM 2.0: WDCM 10K Sequencing Project for Type Strains by Juncai Ma – Bergey’s Intl. Society for Microbial Systematics – May 15
Registration here
More info here

Women in Data Science 2021 – Perspectives in Industry and Academia – Bayer AG and de.NBI, Elixir Germany Event – 18 June

PPGSND thesis seminar: The dark side os science: misconduct in biomedical research – Elisabeth Bik – 20 May

mSystems Thinking Series – ASM


Riffomonas Project – R tutorials and more – PatricK Schloss

Machine learning in Python with scikit-learn – Inria

Introduction to Computer Science and Programming in Python – MIT

Using MOFA for integration of omics data – Ricard Argelaguet – May 25

Data Visualization: Use R, ggplot2, and the principles of graphic design to create beautiful and truthful visualizations of data – Andrew Heiss


1st Young AMICI Symposium – Austrian Microbiome Initiative – May 25-26

Microbes, Social Equity, and Rural Health – The Microbes and Social Equity working group and The University of Maine Institute of Medicine – June 14–18


Differential gene expression and DESeq2 with Michael Love – The Bioinformatics Chat – Roman Cheplyaka and Jacob Schreiber

The Fake Science Detectives with David Sanders and Elisabeth Bik – Follow the Science – Faye Flam

Research, networking and public perception of science with Linda J Kenney – Microbes and Us – Joseph Shuttleworth

The microbiome: Delicious food and solutions to the climate crisis with Lene Lange – Science Stories – Jens Degett

May 12, 2021

Good morning all! Today’s digest includes two articles discussing the role of the local tissue microbiome in cancer. In the first, Zhu et al. explore the relationship between the intratumor microbiome, immune cell infiltration, and patient survival in the context of melanoma. The second study by Wilkie et al. examines how lipopolysaccharide produced by the commensal breast microbiota impacts cancer growth.

Additionally, there is a paper by Radojević et al. in which the authors found an association between the fecal microbiota and immunogenicity of peripheral blood monocyte-derived dendritic cells in healthy donors; a study by Kim et al. showing that diet and microbiome derived amino acids impact gut enterocyte communication with the brain in Drosophila; and a paper by Tandon et al. investigating the impact of the reciprocal transplantation of water from the surface and bottom of lakes with different trophic states on microbial community composition and function.

Pregnancy and Early-Life
Metagenomic analysis of mother-infant gut microbiome reveals global distinct and shared microbial signatures. – Wang, S. et al., Gut Microbes.

Human Nearly-Sterile Sites
Intratumour microbiome associated with the infiltration of cytotoxic CD8+ T cells and patient survival in cutaneous melanoma. – Zhu, G. et al., European Journal of Cancer Research.

Lipopolysaccharide from the commensal microbiota of the breast enhances cancer growth: role of S100A7 and TLR4. – Wilkie, T. et al., Molecular Oncology.

Human Gut Microbiome
Intestinal microbiota influences clinical outcome and side effects of early breast cancer treatment. – Terrisse, S. et al., Cell Death & Differentiation.

Fecal microbiota composition associates with the capacity of human peripheral blood monocytes to differentiate into immunogenic dendritic cells in vitro. – Radojević, D. et al., Gut Microbes.

Substrate‐driven differences in tryptophan catabolism by gut microbiota and Aryl hydrocarbon Receptor activation. – Huang, Z. et al., Molecular Nutrition & Food Research.

Human Oral Microbiome
The evolution and changing ecology of the African hominid oral microbiome. – Fellows Yates, J.A. et al., PNAS.

Animal Experiments
Response of the microbiome-gut-brain axis in Drosophila to amino acid deficit. – Kim, B. et al., Nature.

Coadaptation between host genome and microbiome under long-term xenobiotic-induced selection. – Wang, G-H. et al., Science Advances.

Predicted Metabolic Function of the Gut Microbiota of Drosophila melanogaster. – Ankrah, N.Y.D. et al., mSystems.

Animal Microbiome
The microbiome of deep-sea fish reveals new microbial species and a sparsity of antibiotic resistance genes. – Collins, F.W.J. et al., Gut Microbes.

Insect Microbiome
Compartmentalization of bacterial and fungal microbiomes in the gut of adult honeybees. – Callegari, M. et al., npj Biofilms Microbiomes.

Seasonal Dynamics of the Honey Bee Gut Microbiota in Colonies Under Subtropical Climate. – Castelli, L. et al., Microbial Ecology.

Plant, Root, and Soil Microbiome
Impact of cropping systems on the functional diversity of rhizosphere microbial communities associated with maize plant: a shotgun approach. – Fadiji, A.E. et al., Archive of Microbiology.

Water and Extremophile Microbiome
Meta-transcriptomic profiling of functional variation of freshwater microbial communities induced by an antidepressant sertraline hydrochloride. – Cui, H. et al., Science of the Total Environment.

Aquatic microbial community is partially functionally redundant: Insights from an in situ reciprocal transplant experiment. – Tandon, K. et al., Science of the Total Environment.

Towards enhancing coral heat tolerance: a “microbiome transplantation” treatment using inoculations of homogenized coral tissues. – Doering, T. et al., Microbiome.

Built Environment
The Bacterial Community Diversity of Bathroom Hot Tap Water Was Significantly Lower Than That of Cold Tap and Shower Water. – Zhang, C. et al., Frontiers in Microbiology.

A Protocol for Teaching Basic Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) Analysis Skills to Undergraduate Students Using Bash and R. – Fondi, M. & Bacci, G., Bacterial Pangenomics.

Microdroplet-based system for culturing of environmental microorganisms using FNAP-sort. – Saito, K. et al., Scientific Reports.

May 8th, 2021

Hyvää Päivää from Helsinki, Finland ! Today’s digest contains a variety of interesting papers, in particular in bioinformatics! I recommend anyone interesting in metagenomic read classification to take a look at the benchmark study by Arizmendi Cardenas and collaborators. They compared read-based taxonomic classification tools on their capacity to handle ancient DNA sequences, characterized by a higher mutation rate and shorter sequences.

This digest also contains a very good review on the current state of the art network analysis methods for exploring interaction in complex microbial communities.

Finally, today’s non-microbiology pick is a piece exploring the current challenges and limitations for the annotation of microbiome dataset with high-quality metadata.

Have a great Weekend!

Human gut microbiome

Systematic Review: The Gut Microbiome and Its Potential Clinical Application in Inflammatory Bowel Disease – Aldars-Garcia et al. – Microorganisms

Animal experiments

Millet-based supplement restored gut microbial diversity of acute malnourished pigs – Li et al. – PLOS One

A mixture of quebracho and chestnut tannins drives butyrate-producing bacteria populations shift in the gut microbiota of weaned piglets – Miragoli et al. – PLOS One

Animal microbiome

Dynamic changes occur in the DNA gut virome of female cynomolgus macaques during aging – Tan et al. – Microbiology Open

Virome Diversity among Mosquito Populations in a Sub-Urban Region of Marseille, France – Nebbak et al. – Viruses

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Mapping the microbial diversity and natural resistome of north Antarctica soils – Marcoleta et al. – BioRXiv

Community dynamics in rhizosphere microorganisms at different development stages of wheat growing in confined isolation environments – Ma et al. – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Book chapter: Bioprospecting Extreme Ecosystems Before They Vanish: The (Poorly Studied) Microbiology of Tropical Glaciers – Yarzabal – Extreme environment (CRC press)

Investigating variability in microbial community composition in replicate environmental DNA samples down lake sediment cores – Pearman et al. – PLOS One


Preprint: Benchmarking metagenomics classifiers on ancient viral DNA: a simulation study – Arizmendi Cardenas et al. – BioRXiv

Review: Network analysis methods for studying microbial communities: A mini review – Matchado et al. – Computational and sctructural Biotechnology Journal

Improving metagenomic binning results with overlapped bins using assembly graphs – Mallawaarachchi et al. – Algorithms for molecular biology

My non-microbiology picks

Preprint: Current challenges in microbiome metadata collection – Rosenfeld et al. – BioRXiv

April 26, 2021

Greetings from Pittsburgh! Today’s digest is preprint heavy. Topics include an optimized protocol for cyanobacterial 16S rRNA analysis, a panel of Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates, and more! Happy reading!

Events and jobs

The National Summer Undergraduate Research Project is looking for microbiology or computational immunology grad trainees, postdocs, staff scientists, and group leaders to serve as mentors for their summer program. Sign up here!

General microbiome

Preprint: A panel of diverse Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates for research and development – Lebreton et al. – bioRxiv

Pregnancy and early life

Preprint: Diet potentially drives the differentiation of eating behaviours via alterations to the gut microbiome in infants – Yan et al. – bioRxiv

Multi-site human microbiome

An atlas of the tissue and blood metagenome in cancer reveals novel links between bacteria, viruses and cancer – Borchmann – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Transcription of macromolecular N degrading genes provides a window into organic nitrogen decomposition in soil – Sieradzki et al. – bioRxiv

Built environment

Preprint: Microbial biomass, composition, and functions are responsible for the differential removal of trace organic chemicals in biofiltration systems – Cao et al. – bioRxiv
Microbes in space

Food microbiology

Preprint: Fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli originating on dairy farms are an infrequent cause of bacteriuria in humans living in the same geographical region – Mounsey et al. – bioRxiv


Preprint: Optimized protocol for Cyanobacterial 16S rRNA analysis in Danube Delta lakes – Moza & Postolache – bioRxiv

April 24th, 2021

Hyvää Päivää from Helsinki, Finland ! Today’s digest contains a wide range of topics to explore! I particularly recommend taking the time to read at the fascinating review listed below exploring horizontal gene transfer in environmental microbial communities. They describe how advances in the computational analysis of metagenomic data has allowed us to dive deeper in understanding these processes in microbiomes.

Among the list of very interesting research papers in this digest, you’ll find a fascinating study exploring the symbiotic microbial communities associated with deeper corals. Although extensive litterature has been published on coral microbiomes from shallow waters, this papers is the first to examine microbial communities associated with the deep photosymbiotic corals, living at more than 150 m of depth!

Today’s non-microbiology pick is a really interesting paper from Faldelmola and collaborators reporting on the development by the Pan-African H3Africa Bioinformatics Network of two data portals for African genomic medicine and African microbiomes datasets. The paper explore how they lead a very successful 6-days hackathon allowing to efficiently develop these two important scientific ressources, but also how they build a collaborative community of African researchers and experts.

Have a great Weekend!

General microbiome

Review: Examining horizontal gene transfer in microbial communities – Brito – Nature reviews microbiology

Preprint: Evidence for a billion-years arms race between viruses, virophages and eukaryotes – Barreat and Katzourakis – BioRxiV

Unifying community detection across scales from genomes to landscapes – Hudon et al. – Oikos

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: Adaptive ecological processes and metabolic independence drive microbial colonization and resilience in the human gut – Watson et al. – BioRxiV

Animal experiments

Diversity and characteristics of raw milk microbiota from Korean dairy farms using metagenomic and culturomic analysis – Ryu et al. – Food control

Animal microbiome

Preprint: Reclassification of seven honey bee symbiont strains as Bombella apis – Smith et al. – BioRxiV

Symbiotic associations of the deepest recorded photosynthetic scleractinian coral (172 m depth) – Rouzé et al. – ISME Journal

Metagenomic shotgun sequencing reveals host species as an important driver of virome composition in mosquitoes – Thongsripong et al. – Scientific reports

Water and extremophile microbiome

Aerobic and anaerobic iron oxidizers together drive denitrification and carbon cycling at marine iron-rich hydrothermal vents – McAllister et al. – ISME Journal

Microbial niche differentiation explains nitrite oxidation in marine oxygen minimum zones – Sun et al. – ISME Journal

Morphological complexity affects the diversity of marine microbiomes – Lemay et al. – ISME Journal

Preprint: Abundance and Microbial Diversity from Surface to Deep Water Layers Over the Rio Grande Rise, South Atlantic – Ferreira et al. – BioRxiV


Supervised extraction of near-complete genomes from metagenomic samples: A new service in PATRIC – Parrello et al. – Plos One

A roadmap for metagenomic enzyme discovery – Robinson et al. – Natural Product Reports


Preprint: Synergistic effect of short- and long-read sequencing on functional meta-omics – Galata et al. – BioRxiV

My non-microbiology picks

H3ABioNet genomic medicine and microbiome data portals hackathon proceedings – Fadlelmola et al. – Database

April 23, 2021

Good morning from New Jersey! Lots of papers to share today, particularly regarding animal microbiota and new bioinformatics tools.

General microbiome

Human breast microbiome correlates with prognostic features and immunological signatures in breast cancer, Alice Tzeng et al., Genome Medicine

Pregnancy and early life

The infant gut resistome associates with E. coli, environmental exposures, gut microbiome maturity, and asthma-associated bacterial composition, Xuanji Li et al., Cell Host & Microbe

Multi-site human microbiome

Review: Microbiome-immune interactions in tuberculosis, Giorgia Mori et al., PLOS Pathogens

Human gut microbiome

Dynamic Changes in Microbiome Composition Following Mare’s Milk Intake for Prevention of Collateral Antibiotic Effect, Almagul Kushugulova et al., Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Review: The aging gut microbiome and its impact on host immunity, Bosco and Noti, Genes & Immunity

Animal experiments

Ingestion of Bifidobacterium longum changes miRNA levels in the brains of mice, DeVries and Horstman et al., PLOS ONE

Heat-inactivated Lactobacillus plantarum nF1 promotes intestinal health in Loperamide-induced constipation rats, Seon-Ah Park et al., PLOS ONE

The pregnane X receptor drives sexually dimorphic hepatic changes in lipid and xenobiotic metabolism in response to gut microbiota in mice, Sharon Ann Barretto et al., Microbiome

One dog’s waste is another dog’s wealth: A pilot study of fecal microbiota transplantation in dogs with acute hemorrhagic diarrhea syndrome, Arnon Gal et al., PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Diversity and functional landscapes in the microbiota of animals in the wild, Levin, Raab, Pinto, and Rothschild et al., Science

Microbiome reduction and endosymbiont gain from a switch in sea urchin life history, Tyler J. Carrier et al., PNAS

Diet and gut microbiome enterotype are associated at the population level in African buffalo, Claire E. Couch et al., Nature Communications

Coral microbiome changes over the day–night cycle, Alicia M. Caughman et al., Coral Reefs

An investigation of conventional microbial culture for the Naja atra bite wound, and the comparison between culture-based 16S Sanger sequencing and 16S metagenomics of the snake oropharyngeal bacterial microbiota, Mao and Chuang et al., PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Genome-centric analyses of seasonal phyllosphere microbiome activities in perennial crops, Adina Howe et al., bioRxiv

Influence of Plant Host and Organ, Management Strategy, and Spore Traits on Microbiome Composition, Kristi Gdanetz et al., Phytobiomes Journal

Built environment

Categorisation of culturable bioaerosols in a fruit juice manufacturing facility, Shirleen M. Theisinger et al., PLOS ONE


Preprint: Deconstructing taxa x taxa x environment interactions in the microbiota: A theoretical examination, Senay Yitbarek et al., bioRxiv

Preprint: Extended taxonomic profiling of diverse environments with mOTUs 2.6, Hans-Joachim Ruscheweyh et al., bioRxiv

Evaluation of the Microba Community Profiler for Taxonomic Profiling of Metagenomic Datasets From the Human Gut Microbiome, Donovan H. Parks et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Supervised extraction of near-complete genomes from metagenomic samples: A new service in PATRIC, Bruce Parrello et al., PLOS ONE

April 16, 2021

In today’s digest read about the presence/absence of ACBP orthologues in human gut metagenomes and how the gut microbiome links nutrition with cardiometabolic health, LEGO-based microscope, SIAMCAT for statistical inference of associations between microbial communities and host phenotypes, bacteriophage plaques size tool, and more. Check out a list of awesome webinars and courses. Happy Friday!

OPEN #NSURP2021 CALL for mentors and mentees: The National Summer Undergraduate Research Project – A community-driven initiative to create rewarding remote summer research opportunities for BIPOC and Latinx undergraduate students in the microbial sciences.

Microbiome in the news

*Microbiome research in general and business newspapers: How many microbiome articles are published and which study designs make the news the most? – Andreu Prados-Bo and Gonzalo Casino – PlosOne


Prokaryotic taxonomy and nomenclature in the age of big sequence data – Philip Hugenholtz – The ISME Journal

The metabolic network of the last bacterial common ancestor – Joana C. Xavier – Communications Biology


*Designing a high-resolution, LEGO-based microscope for an educational setting – Bart Eduard Vos – bioRxiv

Genome-Based Targeted Sequencing as a Reproducible Microbial Community Profiling Assay – Jacquelynn Benjamino – mSphere

Gut microbiome

*Microbial ACBP/DBI-like genes are rare in the human gut microbiome and show no links with obesity – Andrew Maltez Thomas – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

The long-term genetic stability and individual specificity of the human gut microbiome – Lianmin Chen – Cell

Review: Emulating the gut–liver axis: Dissecting the microbiome’s effect on drug metabolism using multiorgan-on-chip models – Mara Lucchetti – Current Opinion in Endocrine and Metabolic Research

Urinary microbiome

The human urobiome – Linda Brubaker – Mammalian Genome

Urinary microbiota of women with recurrent urinary tract infection: collection and culture methods – Baylie R. Hochstedler – International Urogynecology Journal

Vaginal microbiome

Characterization of the first vaginal Lactobacillus crispatus genomes isolated in Brazil – Marcelle Oliveira de Almeida – PeerJ

Comparative Genome Analyses of Lactobacillus crispatus Isolates from Different Ecological Niches Reveal an Adaptation of This Species to the Human Vaginal Environment – Leonardo Mancabelli – Applied and Environmental Microbiology


Review: Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus GR-1, a.k.a. Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1: Past and Future Perspectives – Mariya I.Petrova – Trends in Microbiology

Probiotic Lactobacillus sp. Strains Inhibit Growth, Adhesion, Biofilm Formation, and Gene Expression of Bacterial Vaginosis-Inducing Gardnerella vaginalis – Zhixiang Qian – Microorganisms

Oral microbiome

Dental biofilm microbiota dysbiosis is associated with the risk of acute graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation – Vitor Heidrich – medRxiv

Soil microbiome

Shotgun metagenomics reveals distinct functional diversity and metabolic capabilities between 12 000-year-old permafrost and active layers on Muot da Barba Peider (Swiss Alps) – Carla Perez-Mon – Microbial Genomics

Phages and viruses

*Plaque Size Tool: an automated plaque analysis tool for simplifying and standardising bacteriophage plaque morphology measurements – Ellina Trofimova and Paul R Jaschke – bioRxiv

The gut virome of healthy children during the first year of life is diverse and dynamic – Blanca Taboada – PlosOne


Taxonomic analysis of metagenomic data with kASA – Silvio Weging – Nucleic Acids Research

*Microbiome meta-analysis and cross-disease comparison enabled by the SIAMCAT machine learning toolbox – Jakob Wirbel – Genome Biology

Review: Integrating pan-genome with metagenome for microbial community profiling – Chaofang Zhong – Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal

Connecting structure to function with the recovery of over 1000 high-quality metagenome-assembled genomes from activated sludge using long-read sequencing – Caitlin M. Singleton – Nature Communications

Evaluation of the effects of library preparation procedure and sample characteristics on the accuracy of metagenomic profiles – Christopher Gaulke – bioRxiv

Democratising deep learning for microscopy with ZeroCostDL4Mic – Lucas von Chamier – Nature Communications


Offered talks on Plasmids and Mobile Elements for 2021 – Plasmids around the globe – International Society for Plasmid Biology and Other Mobile Genetic Elements

Spring 2021 Microbiome Informatics webinars – OSU Center of Microbiome Science

EMBARK Spring Webinars – AMR focused webinars – EMBARK project

BISMiS Live – Microbial taxonomy: where are we now and where are we going? Iain Sutcliffe – Bergey’s Intl. Society for Microbial Systematics; registration here

Berkeley Lab Live Science – Exploring Earth – Berkeley Lab – April 23


ISAPP 2021 Virtual Annual Meeting – International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics – June 1–2


Open Online R Stream – Wolfgang Viechtbauer

RaukR: Advanced R for Bioinformatics Summer School – NBIS/SciLifeLab – June 14-24

April 14, 2021

General microbiome

[REVIEW]The microbiome and human cancer – Sepich-Poore et al. – Science

[PERSPECTIVE]A framework for microbiome science in public health – Wilkinson et al. – Nature Medicine

A framework for microbiome science in public health –

Niche and local geography shape the pangenome of wastewater- and livestock-associated Enterobacteriaceae – Shaw et al. – Science Advances

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Immune System, Microbiota, and Microbial Metabolites: The Unresolved Triad in Colorectal Cancer Microenvironment – Hanus et al. – Front. Immunol.

[REVIEW]Microbiome and colorectal cancer: A review of the past, present, and future – Johns & Petrelli – Surgical Oncology

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids modulate microglia and promote Aβ plaque deposition – Colombo et al. – eLife

Intestinal microbiota drives cholestasis-induced specific hepatic gene expression patterns – Juanola et al.

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

When your host shuts down: larval diapause impacts host-microbiome interactions in Nasonia vitripennis – Dittmer & Brucker – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Gut microbiota-derived inosine from dietary barley leaf supplementation attenuates colitis through PPARγ signaling activation – Li et al. – Microbiome

Important ecophysiological roles of non-dominant Actinobacteria in plant residue decomposition, especially in less fertile soils – Bao et al. – Microbiome

Rhizosphere community selection reveals bacteria associated with reduced root disease – Yin et al. – Microbiome

Shotgun metagenomics reveals distinct functional diversity and metabolic capabilities between 12 000-year-old permafrost and active layers on Muot da Barba Peider (Swiss Alps) – Perez-Mon – Microbioal Genomics

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

[PREPRINT]The Polar Night Shift: Annual Dynamics and Drivers of Microbial Community Structure in the Arctic Ocean – Wietz et al. – bioRxiv

Seafloor Incubation Experiment with Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vent Fluid Reveals Effect of Pressure and Lag Time on Autotrophic Microbial Communities – Fortunato et al. – Environmental Microbiology


[PREPRINT]Plasmid fitness costs are caused by specific genetic conflicts – Hall et al. – bioRxiv


[PREPRINT]Comprehensive benchmarking of tools to identify phages in metagenomic shotgun sequencing data – Ho, Millard & van Schaik – bioRxiv

April 07, 2021

General microbiome

Primate phageomes are structured by superhost phylogeny and environment – Gogarten et al. – PNAS

Fungal‐induced glycolysis in macrophages promotes colon cancer by enhancing innate lymphoid cell secretion of IL‐22 – Zhu et al. – The EMBO Journal

A method for detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in healthy human stool: a validation study – Coryell et al. – The Lancet Microbe

The Ocular Microbiome and Microbiota and their Effects on Ocular Surface Pathophysiology and Disorders – Aragona et al. – Survey of Ophthalmology

Human oral microbiome

Multi-dimensional study of the oral microbiome, metabolite, and immunologic environment in peanut allergy – Ho et al. – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human skin microbiome

Temporal Variation in Staphylococcus aureus Protein A Genotypes from Nose and Skin in Atopic Dermatitis Patients – van Mierlo et al. – Dermatology

Sex‐Based Differences in Fecal Short‐Chain Fatty Acid and Gut Microbiota in Irritable Bowel Syndrome Patients – Sun et al. – Journal of Digestive Diseases

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Ecological and evolutionary responses to antibiotic treatment in the human gut microbiota – Pennycook & Scanlan – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

The Fecal and Serum Metabolomics of Giant Pandas Based on Untargeted Metabolomics – Yang et al. – Zoological Scienc

Microbes in space

Astrobiology of life on Earth – Hallsworth et al. – Environmental Microbiology
Mars’ surface is not universally biocidal – Hallsworth – Environmental Microbiology


Draft Genome Sequences and Antimicrobial Profiles of Three Staphylococcus epidermidis Strains from Neonatal Blood Samples – Afeke et al. – Microbiology Resource Announcements

CoCoNet: An Efficient Deep Learning Tool for Viral Metagenome Binning – Arisdakessian et al. – Bioinformatics


Rank normalization empowers a t-test for microbiome differential abundance analysis while controlling for false discoveries – Davis, Huang & Wang – Briefings in Bioinformatics

Discovering multiple types of DNA methylation from bacteria and microbiome using nanopore sequencing – Tourancheau et al. – Nature Methods

April 2, 2021

Good morning and happy Friday!

In my last blog post I requested reader contributions and many of you reached out! Below are some of the highlights which include a commentary on phylogenetic core groups, a preprint on viral RNA methylation in Wolbachia, a database for the murine oral bacterial community, and a research article on fungal modification in the leaf-cutter ant fungal garden ecosystem.

Events and jobs

Biological Sciences Laboratory Instructor Position at Smith College in Northampton, MA

General microbiome

***Commentary: Phylogenetic Core Groups: a promising concept in search of a consistent methodological framework – Pascual-García – Microbiome

Animal microbiome

***Preprint: Differential viral RNA methylation contributes to pathogen blocking in Wolbachia-colonized arthropod – Bhattacharya et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Isolation and characterization of a novel Wolbachia bacteriophage from Allonemobius socius crickets in Missouri – Fischer et al. – bioRxiv

***From plants to ants: Fungal modification of leaf lipids for nutrition and communication in the leaf-cutter ant fungal garden ecosystem – Khadempour et al. – mSystems

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Experimental evolution-driven identification of Arabidopsis rhizosphere competence genes in Pseudomonas protegens – Zhang et al. – bioRxiv

Built environment

Metagenomic profile of microbial communities in a drinking water storage tank sediment after sequential exposure to monochloramine, free chlorine, and monochloramine – Gomez-Alvarez et al. – ACS EST Water


***A 16S rRNA gene and draft genome database for the murine oral bacterial community – Joesph et al. – mSystems