January 14, 2022

Human and General Microbiome

Intestinal commensal microbiota and cytokines regulate Fut2(+) Paneth cells for gut defense – Mariko Kamioka – PNAS

Gut microbiota promotes cholesterol gallstone formation by modulating bile acid composition and biliary cholesterol secretion – Hai Hu – Nature Communications

Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzaeMoraxella catarrhalis vaccine for the prevention of exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled, observer-blinded, proof-of-concept, phase 2b trial – Stefan Andreas – The Lancet. Respiratory Medicine

PET microplastics affect human gut microbiota communities during simulated gastrointestinal digestion, first evidence of plausible polymer biodegradation during human digestion – Alba Tamargo – Scientific Reports

Ear microbiota and middle ear disease: a longitudinal pilot study of Aboriginal children in a remote south Australian setting – Steven L Taylor – BMC Microbiology

Comparative analysis of DNA extraction and PCR product purification methods for cervicovaginal microbiome analysis using cpn60 microbial profiling – Elinor Shvartsman – PloS ONE

Microbial hydrogen economy alleviates colitis by reprogramming colonocyte metabolism and reinforcing intestinal barrier – Li Ge – Gut Microbes

Single-gene long-read sequencing illuminates Escherichia coli strain dynamics in the human intestinal microbiome – Dalong Hu – Cell Reports

Draft Genome Sequence of Bifidobacterium adolescentis 4-2, Isolated from Healthy Human Feces – Hend Altaib – Microbiology Resource Announcements

Preview: Diet, microbe, and autism: Cause or consequence? – Guanjian Li – Cell Host & Microbe

Human and General Microbiome – Reviews

Systematic review: Gut microbiota in patients with Alzheimer’s disease spectrum: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Chun-Che Hung – Aging

Systematic review: Characteristics of the gut microbiome in women with gestational diabetes mellitus: A systematic review – Louise Søndergaard Rold – PloS ONE

Systematic review: Respiratory tract infections and gut microbiome modifications: A systematic review – Claire A Woodall – PloS ONE

Systematic review: Repercussions of intermittent fasting on the intestinal microbiota community and body composition: a systematic review – Flaydson C S Pinto – Nutrition Reviews

Review: Skin Deep: The Role of the Microbiota in Cutaneous Autoimmunity – Márcia S Pereira – The Journal of Investigative Dermatology

Review: Current advances in the anti-inflammatory effects and mechanisms of natural polysaccharides – Dan Yuan – Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

Animal Microbiome

The gut microbiota of environmentally enriched mice regulates visual cortical plasticity – Leonardo Lupori – Cell Reports

Characterization of the juvenile koala gut microbiome across wild populations – Michaela D J Blyton – Environmental Microbiology

Specific gut bacterial responses to natural diets of tropical birds – Kasun H Bodawatta – Scientific Reports

Effect of dietary supplementation of lauric acid on growth performance, antioxidative capacity, intestinal development and gut microbiota on black sea bream (Acanthopagrus schlegelii) – Sami Ullah – PloS ONE

Establishment and resilience of transplanted gut microbiota in aged mice – Ying Wang – iScience

Identification of Gut Bacteria such as Lactobacillus johnsonii that Disseminate to Systemic Tissues of Wild Type and MyD88-/- Mice – Sreeram Udayan – Gut Microbes

Responsive changes of rumen microbiome and metabolome in dairy cows with different susceptibility to subacute ruminal acidosis – Tao Zhang – Animal Nutrition

Torula yeast in the diet of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and the impact on growth performance and gut microbiome – Alexandra Leeper – Scientific Reports

Distinct gut microbiomes in two polar bear subpopulations inhabiting different sea ice ecoregions – Megan Franz – Scientific Reports

Microbiome Resilience despite a Profound Loss of Minority Microbiota following Clindamycin Challenge in Humanized Gnotobiotic Mice – Lin Liu – Microbiology Spectrum

Review: Bovine respiratory microbiota of feedlot cattle and its association with disease – Jianmin Chai – Veterinary Research

Plant Microbiome

Plant neighborhood shapes diversity and reduces interspecific variation of the phyllosphere microbiome – Kyle M Meyer – The ISME Journal

Environmental Microbiome

Sulfate-dependant microbially induced corrosion of mild steel in the deep sea: a 10-year microbiome study – Pauliina Rajala – Microbiome

Microbial community composition and glyphosate degraders of two soils under the influence of temperature, total organic carbon and pH – Angelica M Muskus – Environmental Pollution

Increased Tea Saponin Content Influences the Diversity and Function of Plantation Soil Microbiomes – Shouke Zhang – Microbiology Spectrum


Identifying temporal and spatial patterns of variation from multimodal data using MEFISTO – Britta Velten – Nature Methods

Review: Inferring microbiota functions from taxonomic genes: a review – Christophe Djemiel – GigaScience

January 7, 2022

Today’s digest covers a range of topics including a duplex qPCR assay to detect lung infections, an investigation into sand fly symbionts, and a characterization of a fermented soybean food (Pe poke). If you want to end the week on a good note, I’d suggest reading the two articles I’ve highlighted below. One demonstrates that flooding and ecological restoration of former cranberry farmland also restores wetland microbial communities and soil function. The second provides a new barcoding strategy for the phenotypic screening of mosquitos that can be applied towards malaria research.

Happy reading!

General microbiome

Controlled spatial organization of bacterial growth reveals key role of cell filamentation preceding Xylella fastidiosa biofilm formation – Anbumani et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Bacteria can be selected to help beneficial plasmids spread – Dimitriu et al. – PLOS Biology

Genome-wide gene expression noise in Escherichia coli is condition-dependent and determined by propagation of noise through the regulatory network – Urchueguía et al. – PLOS Biology

Human respiratory microbiome

Detection of Pneumocystis jirovecii and Toxoplasma gondii in patients with lung infections by a duplex qPCR assay – Wu et al. – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Animal experiments

***Barcoded Asaia bacteria enable mosquito in vivo screens and identify novel systemic insecticides and inhibitors of malaria transmission – Sturm et al. – PLOS Biology

Molecular phylogeny of heritable symbionts and microbiota diversity analysis in phlebotominae sand flies and Culex nigripalpus from Colombia – Vivero-Gomez – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Shotgun sequence-based metataxonomic and predictive functional profiles of Pe poke, a naturally fermented soybean food of Myanmar – Tamang et al. – PLOS One

***Flooding and ecological restoration promote wetland microbial communities and soil functions on former cranberry farmland – Rubin et al. – PLOS One

Water and extremophile microbiome

Coral reef biofilm bacterial diversity and successional trajectories are structured by reef benthic organisms and shift under chronic nutrient enrichment – Remple et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

December 22, 2021

General microbiome

[PREPRINT]Unconstrained coevolution of bacterial size and the latent period of plastic phage – Bonachela, Choua & Heath – bioRxiv

Not a ‘they’ but a ‘we’: the microbiome helps promote our well-being – Ragsdale – Journal of Biological Chemistry

Microbial metabolite delta-valerobetaine is a diet-dependent obesogen – Liu et al. – Nature Metabolism

[EDITORIAL]15 years of microbial biotechnology: the time has come to think big—and act soon – de Lorenzo – Microbial Biotechnology

Pregnancy and early life

Microbial community networks across body sites are associated with susceptibility to respiratory infections in infants – Reyman et al. – Communications Biology

Human oral microbiome

Profiling the oral microbiomes in patients with Alzheimer’s disease – Guo et al. – Oral Diseases

Human skin microbiome

[REVIEW]Human Skin Microbiota in Health and Disease – Bay & Ring – Journal of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology

Human vaginal microbiome

Human implantation: The complex interplay between endometrial receptivity, inflammation, and the microbiome – Sehring & Jeelani – Placenta

Large-scale characterisation of the pregnancy vaginal microbiome and sialidase activity in a low-risk Chinese population – Ng et al. – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Human gut microbiome

The potential of gut microbiome as a non-invasive predictive biomarker for early detection of pancreatic cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma – Kaźmierczak-Siedlecka – European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences

The effect of antibiotics on the human microbiome: a systematic review – van Zyl et al. – International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

[REVIEW]Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: the interplay between metabolism, microbes and immunity – Tilg et al. – Nature Metabolism

Clinical efficacy of fecal microbial transplantation treatment in adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis – Mashiah et al. – Immunity, Inflammation and Disease

Deviated and early unsustainable stunted development of gut microbiota in children with autism spectrum disorder – Lou et al. – Gut

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Oat Fiber Modulates Hepatic Circadian Clock via Promoting Gut Microbiota-Derived Short Chain Fatty Acids – Han et al. – J. Agric. Food Chem.

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Effects of sublethal azadirachtin on the immune response and midgut microbiome of Apis cerana cerana (Hymenoptera: Apidae) – Zhao et al. – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Analysis of the microbial diversity in the fecal material of the critically endangered African wild dog, Lycaon pictus – Sanches et al. – Archives of Microbiology

Divergence together with microbes: A comparative study of the associated microbiomes in the closely related Littorina species – Maltseva et al. – PLOS One

Gut microbiome composition, not alpha diversity, is associated with survival in a natural vertebrate population – Worsley et al. – Animal Microbiome

Clinical health issues, reproductive hormones, and metabolic hormones associated with gut microbiome structure in African and Asian elephants – Keady et al. – Animal Microbiome

Early life skin microbial trajectory as a function of vertical and environmental transmission in Bornean foam-nesting frogs – McGrath-Blaser et al. – Animal Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

[PRERPINT]Disentangling the genetic basis of rhizosphere microbiome assembly in tomato – Oyserman et al. – bioRxiv

[PREPRINT]Amino acid availability determines plant immune homeostasis in the rhizosphere microbiome – Liu et al. – bioRxiv


Ancient Metagenomic Studies: Considerations for the Wider Scientific Community – der Sarkissian et al. – mSystems

Assessing the impact of storage time on the stability of stool microbiota richness, diversity, and composition – Holzhausen et al. – Gut Pathogens

December 20, 2021

Today’s digest is a grab bag that includes research articles on the vaginal microbiota, the gut microbiota of dairy calves, microbial loads in medical waste, and more! I’ve also highlighted a non-microbiology article that found that pet dog owners were significantly less depressed than non-pet owners during the pandemic. So if you’re looking for more reasons to adopt a new furry friend, you can add this one to the list!

General microbiome

Genomic comparison and phenotypic profiling of small colony variants of Burkholderia pseudomallei – Zulkefli et al. – PLOS One

Human vaginal microbiome

Vaginal microbiota of American Indian women and associations with measures of psychosocial stress – Borgogna et al. – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiota features associated with Clostridioides difficile colonization in dairy calves – Redding et al. – PLOS One

Animal microbiome

Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) as potential vectors for Leishmania martiniquensis and Trypanosoma sp. in northern Thailand – Sunantaraporn et al. – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Migratory wild birds carrying multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli as potential transmitters of antimicrobial resistance in China – Yuan et al. – PLOS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Characterization of soils conducive and non-conducive to Prunus replant disease – Khan et al. – Plos One

Built environment

Disposal habits and microbial load of solid medical waste in sub-district healthcare facilities and households in Yilo-Krobo municipality, Ghana – Egbenyah et al. – PLOS One

Phages and viruses

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the potential non-human animal reservoirs and arthropod vectors of the Mayaro virus – Celone et al. – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases


Genomic prediction using low-coverage portable Nanopore sequencing – Lamb et al. – PLOS One

Development of an efficient Sanger sequencing-based assay for detecting SARS-CoV-2 spike mutations – Lim et al. – PLOS One

Kara’s non-microbiology pick

***Depression, anxiety, and happiness in dog owners and potential dog owners during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States – Martin et al. – PLOS One

December 16, 2021

Today’s digest features the Global Microbial Gene Catalog, studies on group B Streptococcus vaginal colonization in a murine model and Patescibacteria in oxic and anoxic groundwater, and more. Happy holidays!

Important NEWS from the Microbiome Virtual International Forum:
The recordings of the MVIF #4 with Jonathan Eisen and other speakers are available here.
The registration for the MVIF #5 with Eran Elinav is open.
The abstract submission for the MVIF #6 with Susan Holmes is open.

Global microbiome

*Towards the biogeography of prokaryotic genes – Luis Pedro Coelho – Nature

Review: Human microbiota research in Africa: a systematic review reveals gaps and priorities for future research – Imane Allali – Microbiome

Human milk microbiome

Factors influencing the microbial composition of human milk – Anastasia Mantziaria and Samuli Rautavab – Seminars in Perinatology

Animal experiments

*Group B Streptococcus CAMP Factor Does Not Contribute to Interactions with the Vaginal Epithelium and Is Dispensable for Vaginal Colonization in Mice – Mallory B. Ballard – Microbiology Spectrum

Ageing and rejuvenation models reveal changes in key microbial communities associated with healthy ageing – Jongoh Shin – Microbiome

Water microbiome

*The economical lifestyle of CPR bacteria in groundwater allows little preference for environmental drivers – Narendrakumar M. Chaudhari – Environmental Microbiome


EXPERT: Transfer Learning-enabled context-aware microbial source tracking – Hui Chong – bioRxiv

NEWS from NCBI taxonomy

December 2, 2021

Happy December from Pittsburgh!

Today’s digest includes original research on the impacts of fungal entomopathogens on Wolbacia infections and the influence of nutrient status on the response of a diatom to oil and dispersant. I have also included a study protocol for oral microbiome transplant for the treatment of dental caries and periodontal disease as well as preprints on a variety of topics. Finally, I want to highlight two articles I included that are little different from my usual content: the first is on predictors of willingness to receive the COVID-19 vaccination and the second is focused on transparency in peer review.



***To vaccinate or not to vaccinate!? Predictors of willingness to receive Covid-19 vaccination in Europe, the U.S., and China – Brailovskaia et al. – PLOS One

General microbiome

Preprint: Copper nanoparticles as modulator of active bacterial population and their physiology in ecosphere – Alboloushi et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Metabolite Damage and Damage-Control in a Minimal Genome – Haas et al. – bioRxiv

Development and characterization of an oral microbiome transplant among Australians for the treatment of dental caries and periodontal disease: A study protocol – Nath et al. – PLOS One

Preprint: Heat activation and inactivation of bacterial spores. Is there an overlap? – Wen et al. – bioRxiv

Animal experiments

Inferring Mycobacterium bovis transmission between cattle and badgers using isolates from the Randomised Badger Culling Trial – van Tonder et al. – PLOS Pathogens

Animal microbiome

Impacts of fungal entomopathogens on survival and immune responses of Aedes albopictus and Culex pipiens mosquitoes in the context of native Wolbachia infections – Ramirez et al. – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Water and extremophile microbiome

Influence of nutrient status on the response of the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum to oil and dispersant – Kamalanathan et al. – PLOS One

Preprint: Community-wide epigenetics provides novel perspectives on the ecology and evolution of marine microbiome – Seong et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Microbial cysteine degradation is a source of hydrogen sulfide in oxic freshwater lakes – Tran et al. – bioRxiv


When and why direct transmission models can be used for environmentally persistent pathogens – Benson – PLOS Computational Biology


Preprint: The processing of staphylococcal biofilm images from Fluorescence and Confocal Microscopy to assess in vitro efficacy of antiseptic molecules – Krasowski et al. – bioRxiv

Science, publishing, and career

***Transparency in peer review: Exploring the content and tone of reviewers’ confidential comments to editors – O’Brien et al. – PLOS One

November 12, 2021

Today’s digest features the study on the Amazon River microbiome, Spanish gut microbiome, review on nanopore sequencing, 16S rRNA metabarcoding study to characterize the responses of the active gut microbiome of fathead minnows to exposure with a model contaminant (benzo[a]pyrene), and more. Happy Friday!

Lung microbiome

Review: The composition of lung microbiome in lung cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Sadaf Najafi – BMC Microbiology

Skin microbiome

Charting host-microbe co-metabolism in skin aging and application to metagenomics data – Wynand Alkema – PlosOne

Gut microbiome

*The Spanish gut microbiome reveals links between microorganisms and Mediterranean diet – Adriel Latorre-Pérez – Scientific Reports

Autism-related dietary preferences mediate autism-gut microbiome associations – Chloe X. Yap – Cell

Animal microbiome

*16S rRNA metabarcoding unearths responses of rare gut microbiome of fathead minnows exposed to benzo[a]pyrene – Abigail DeBofsky – Science of The Total Environment

Sampling the fish gill microbiome: a comparison of tissue biopsies and swabs – Morag Clinton – BMC Microbiology

Rabbit microbiota across the whole body revealed by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing – Xiaofen Hu – BMC Microbiology

Animal experiment

The composition of human vaginal microbiota transferred at birth affects offspring health in a mouse model – Eldin Jašarević – Nature Communications

Polyamine metabolism links gut microbiota and testicular dysfunction – Qi Zhao – Microbiome

A fiber-deprived diet causes cognitive impairment and hippocampal microglia-mediated synaptic loss through the gut microbiota and metabolites – Hongli Shi – Microbiome

Water microbiome

*Microbial population genomes from the Amazon River reveal possible modulation of the organic matter degradation process in tropical freshwaters – Célio Dias Santos-Júnior – Molecular Ecology


*Review: Nanopore sequencing technology, bioinformatics and applications – Yunhao Wang – Nature Biotechnology

mBodyMap: a curated database for microbes across human body and their associations with health and diseases – Hanbo Jin – Nucleic Acids Research

Density-based binning of gene clusters to infer function or evolutionary history using GeneGrouper – Alexander G McFarland – Bioinformatics

OptiFit: an improved method for fitting amplicon sequences to existing OTUs – Kelly L Sovacool – bioRxiv

October 29, 2021

Sorry for the delayed post, WordPress was playing some mean tricks on me today and there were no treats! Good morning all and happy spooky season! It’s been a moment since I’ve written a post and I write to you now as a freshly (pepper)minted PhD! I’m feeling gourd and can’t wait to pumpkin spice things up with some fangtastic papers.

Some of the highlights include a paper by McAlpine et al. examining interkingdom relationships between bacteria and fungi. Specifically, they found that the gut commensal species Lactobacillus can produce a small molecule that blocks filamentous growth of the opportunistic pathogen Candida albicans. Another interesting paper comes from Michael Adams lab at the University of Georgia, Athens which showed that members of the gut microbiota have the capacity to assimilate the metal tungsten which, in turn, allows these microbes to oxidize a broad range of aldehydes in the gut. Additionally, a paper by Plummer et al. looked at the vaginal microbiota of women who have recurrent bacterial vaginosis as well as the penile microbiota of their partners, and found that when males also underwent antibiotic treatment it led to a decrease in bacterial vaginosis in their female partners.

Hope you enjoy reading these fa-boo-lous papers and may you eat, drink, and be scary this Halloween!

General Microbiome
A small molecule produced by Lactobacillus species blocks Candida albicans filamentation by inhibiting a DYRK1-family kinase. – MacAlpine, J. et al., Nature Communications.

Pregnancy and Early-Life
Bifidobacterium species associated with breastfeeding produce aromatic lactic acids in the infant gut. – Laursen, M.F. et al., Nature Microbiology.

Bifidobacterium catabolism of human milk oligosaccharides overrides endogenous competitive exclusion driving colonization and protection. – Heiss, B.E. et al., Gut Microbes.

Mother’s Milk Microbiome Shaping Fecal and Skin Microbiota in Infants with Food Allergy and Atopic Dermatitis: A Pilot Analysis. – Gołębiewski. M. et al., Nutrients.

Early-life formula feeding is associated with infant gut microbiota alterations and an increased antibiotic resistance load. – Pärnänen, K.M.M. et al., The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Human Vaginal Microbiome
A Prospective, Open-Label Pilot Study of Concurrent Male Partner Treatment for Bacterial Vaginosis. – Plummer, E.L. et al., mBio.

Human Gut Microbiome
Tungsten enzymes play a role in detoxifying food and antimicrobial aldehydes in the human gut microbiome. – Schut, G.J. et al., PNAS.

Commensal bacteria promote endocrine resistance in prostate cancer through androgen biosynthesis. – Pernigoni, N. et al., Science.

Vertebrate host phylogeny influences gut archaeal diversity. – Youngblut, N.D. et al., Nature Microbiology.

Gut microbiota dysbiosis contributes to the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. – Li, N. et al., Respiratory Research.

Oral Administration of Latilactobacillus sakei ADM14 Improves Lipid Metabolism and Fecal Microbiota Profile Associated With Metabolic Dysfunction in a High-Fat Diet Mouse Model. – Won, S.-M. et al., Frontiers in Microbiology.

Human Oral Microbiome
Discrimination of Bacterial Community Structures among Healthy, Gingivitis, and Periodontitis Statuses through Integrated Metatranscriptomic and Network Analyses. – Nemoto, T. et al., mSystems.

Animal Experiments
Commensal segmented filamentous bacteria-derived retinoic acid primes host defense to intestinal infection. – Woo, V. et al., Cell Host & Microbe.

Intestinal microbiota shapes gut physiology and regulates enteric neurons and glia. – Vicentini, F.A. et al., Microbiome.

Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG Derived Extracellular Vesicles Modulate Gut Microbiota and Attenuate Inflammatory in DSS-Induced Colitis Mice. – Tong, L. et al., Nutrients.

Animal Microbiome
Phage Treatment Trial to Eradicate LA-MRSA from Healthy Carrier Pigs. – Tuomala, H. et al., Viruses.

Characterization of the Eukaryotic Virome of Mice from Different Sources. – Zhang, C. et al., Microorganisms.

Supplemental L-Arginine Improves the Embryonic Intestine Development and Microbial Succession in a Chick Embryo Model. – Dai, D. et al., Frontiers in Nutrition.

Water and Extremophile Microbiome
Plastic-Degrading Potential across the Global Microbiome Correlates with Recent Pollution Trends. – Zrimec, J. et al., mBio.

Acrylate protects a marine bacterium from grazing by a ciliate predator. – Teng, Z.-J. et al., Nature Microbiology.

Plant, Root, and Soil Microbiome
The fungal root endophyte Serendipita vermifera displays inter-kingdom synergistic beneficial effects with the microbiota in Arabidopsis thaliana and barley. – Mahdi, L.K. et al., ISME Journal.

Spatial Characterization of Microbial Communities on Multi-Species Leafy Greens Grown Simultaneously in the Vegetable Production Systems on the International Space Station. – Hummerick, M.E. et al., Life (Basel).

Relationships between community composition, productivity and invasion resistance in semi-natural bacterial microcosms. – Jones, M.L. et al., Elife.

High-efficiency delivery of CRISPR-Cas9 by engineered probiotics enables precise microbiome editing. – Neil, K. et al., Molecular Systems Biology.

Visualizing transfer of microbial biomolecules by outer membrane vesicles in microbe-host-communication in vivo. – Bittel, M. et al., Journal of Extracellular Vesicles.

October 27, 2021


Severe dysbiosis and specific Haemophilus and Neisseria signatures as hallmarks of the oropharyngeal microbiome in critically ill COVID-19 patients – de Castilhos et al – Clinical Infectious Diseases

General microbiome

The Role of Microbiota in Infant Health: From Early Life to Adulthood – Yao et al. – Front. Immunol.

The microbiome impacts host hybridization and speciation – Miller et al. – PLOS Biology

Pregnancy and early life

Gut Dysbiosis, Bacterial Colonization and Translocation, and Neonatal Sepsis in Very-Low-Birth-Weight Preterm Infants – Lee et al. – Front. Microbiol.

Multi-site human microbiome

Oral, nasal, and gut microbiota in Parkinson’s disease – Li et al. – Neuroscience

Human respiratory microbiome

[REVIEW]Emerging cellular and molecular interactions between the lung microbiota and lung diseases – Xiang & Meng – Critical Reviews in Microbiology

Human gut microbiome/mycobiome

[REVIEW]Drugs and Bugs: The Gut-Brain Axis and Substance Use Disorders – Simpson et al. – Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology

Metagenomic analysis reveals the signature of gut microbiota associated with human chronotypes – Carasso et al. – The FASEB Journal

Intestinal mycobiota composition and changes in children with thalassemia who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation – Yalcin et al. – Pediatric Blodd & Cancer

Gut microbiota analyses of Saudi populations for type 2 diabetes-related phenotypes reveals significant association – AlAli et al. – bioRxiv

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Consistent gut bacterial and short-chain fatty acid signatures in hypoabsorptive bariatric surgeries correlate with metabolic benefits in rats – Mukorako et al. – International Journal of Obesity

Microbiota instruct IL-17A-producing innate lymphoid cells to promote skin inflammation in cutaneous leishmaniasis – Singh et al – PLOS Pathogens

Anti-inflammatory effects of purple sweet potato anthocyanin extract in DSS-induced colitis: modulation of commensal bacteria and attenuated bacterial intestinal infection – Mu et al. – Food & Function

Plant, root, and soil microbiome/virome

Active virus-host interactions at sub-freezing temperatures in Arctic peat soil – Trubl et al. – Microbiome

Arabidopsis assemble distinct root-associated microbiomes through the synthesis of an array of defense metabolites – Kudjordjie, Sapkota & Nicolaisen – PLOS One

Microbiome of Pukzing Cave in India shows high antimicrobial activity against plant and animal pathogens – Iquebal et al. – Genomics

[REVIEW]Phyllosphere microbiome: Diversity and functions – Bashir et al. – Microbiological Research

[REVIEW]Rhizospheric microbiome: Bio-based emerging strategies for sustainable agriculture development and future perspectives – Kumawat, Razdan & Saharan – Microbiological Research

Phages and viruses

[REVIEW]The intestinal virome: lessons from animal models – Chaffringeon et al. – Current Opinion in Virology


[REVIEW]Application of Deep Learning in Plant–Microbiota Association Analysis – Deng et al. – Frontiers in Genetics


Simple solution to preserve plant samples for microbiome analyses – Carvalhais et al. – Molecular Ecology Resources

[REVIEW]Novel methods of microbiome analysis in the food industry – Sabater et al. – nternational Microbiology

October 22, 2021

Happy Friday!

Today’s digest includes an article on the role of age in the human intestinal microbiome, research on the role of a novel Acidobacteriota in seafloor sulfur cycling, work demonstrating the use of machine learning to predict camplyobacter source data, and much more! I also included the link to a page on “The Secret World Inside You”, a science exhibit focused on the human microbiome that is at the Witte Museum in San Antonio, Texas from now until April 10, 2022. If anyone ends up checking it out, I’d love to hear about it!


A microbiome science exhibit, “The Secret World Inside You,” is at The Witte Museum in San Antonio, Texas from October 16, 2021 to April 10, 2022 .

Human gut microbiome

Bile acid-independent protection against Clostridioides difficile infection – Aguirre et al. – PLOS PATHOGENS

The importance of age in compositional and functional profiling of the human intestinal microbiome – Herzog et al. – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The chosen few—variations in common and rare soil bacteria across biomes – Bickel & Or – The ISME Journal

The fungus Kalmusia longispora is able to cause vascular necrosis on Vitis vinifera – Karácsony et al. – PLOS ONE

Water and extremophile microbiome

Novel taxa of Acidobacteriota implicated in seafloor sulfur cycling – Flieder et al. – The ISME Journal

Beach sand oil spills select for generalist microbial populations – Heritier-Robbins et al. – The ISME Journal

Preprint: Influence of DNA extraction kits on the fungal DNA metabarcoding for freshwater environmental DNA – Matsuoka et al. – bioRxiv

Marine signature taxa and core microbial community stability along latitudinal and vertical gradients in sediments of the deepest freshwater lake – Reboul et al. – The ISME Journal

Phages and viruses

Review: Community context matters for bacteria-phage ecology and evolution – Blazanin & Turner – The ISME Journal


Machine learning to predict the source of campylobacteriosis using whole genome data – Arning et al. – PLOS GENETICS