October 12th, 2021

Bonjour from Paris, France ! Today’s digest contains a selection of really interesting preprints and published studies. In their review, Heilbronner and collaborators explore the role of bacteriocins, small antibacterial molecules produced by many commensal bacteria in human-associated microbiomes. The role of the bacteriocins in the human microbiome is of particular importance since they could be leveraged to specifically target colonizing pathogens while sparing mutualistic patners.

If you are interested in exploring new bioinformatic methods, I recommend taking a look at the study from Cheng and collaborators, who applied a novel iterative random forest approach to explore marine microbiome during algal blooms. They show how this model allow to identify conditions that are important causal factors of algal bloom dynamics.

Today’s non-microbiology pick is an opinion piece reflecting on the possible methods to develop the field of computational biology, ensure proper training and career development in this discipline and allow a greater collaboration between domain biologist and data scientists in multidisciplinary teams.

Have a great Tuesday!


Events and jobs

Virtual conference: Harnessing the plant microbiome – October 22-24, 2021
University of California, Davis, USA

Virtual conference: Reshaping the Microbiome through nutrition – November 17-19, 2021


General microbiome

Review: The microbiome-shaping roles of bacteriocins – Heilbronner et al. – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: Gut Bacterial Dysbiosis and Instability is Associated with the Onset of Complications and Mortality in COVID-19 – Schult et al. – BioRXiv

Review: Nurturing the Early Life Gut Microbiome and Immune Maturation for Long Term Health – Dogra et al. – microorganisms


Animal experiments

Preprint: Mice with a humanized immune system are resilient to transplantation of human microbiota – Zhou et al. – BioRXiv

Animal microbiome

Preprint: Inter-species microbiota transplantation recapitulates microbial acquisition and persistence in mosquitoes – Coon et al. – BioRXiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

A novel random forest approach to revealing interactions and controls on chlorophyll concentration and bacterial communities during coastal phytoplankton blooms – Cheng et al. – Scientific reports

Built environment

Successional dynamics and alternative stable states in a saline activated sludge microbial community over 9 years – Wang et al. – Microbiome


Phages and viruses

Preprint: A Snapshot of the Global Drinking Water Virome: Diversity and Metabolic Potential Vary with Residual Disinfectant Use – Hegarty et al. – BioRXiv

Bioinformatics

Preprint: SynTracker: a synteny based tool for tracking microbial strains – Enav and Ley – BioRXiv


My non-microbiology pick

A field guide to cultivating computational biology – Way et al – PLOS biology

September 30, 2021

Today’s digest includes a quantification of bacterial strains after fecal microbiota transplantation, a network analysis of the strawberry greenhouse soil microbiome after soil amendments, and an article about enhanced copper-resistance genes in Alteromonas macleodii. Also included are multiple preprints on topics such as denitrification pathways present in tunda soil metagenomes as well as the response of Endozoicomonas, a core coral bacterial group, to heat stress and host lysates.

General microbiome

Genomic population structure associated with repeated escape of Salmonella enterica ATCC14028s from the laboratory into nature – Achtman et al. – PLOS Genetics

Preprint: Role of the mobilome in the global dissemination of the carbapenem resistance gene blaNDM – Acman et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Existence of log-phase Escherichia coli persisters and lasting memory of a starvation pulse – Svenningsen et al. – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

Precise quantification of bacterial strains after fecal microbiota transplantation delineates long-term engraftment and explains outcomes – Aggarwala et al. – Nature Microbiology

Animal microbiome

A role for arthropods as vectors of multidrug-resistant Enterobacterales in surgical site infections from South Asia – Hassan et al. – Nature Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Response of soil microbiome structure and its network profiles to four soil amendments in monocropping strawberry greenhouse – Liu et al. – PLOS One

Preprint: Truncated denitrifiers dominate the denitrification pathway in tundra soil metagenomes – Pessi et al. – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: Response of Endozoicomonas montiporae to heat stress and coral host lysates – Chan et al. – bioRxiv

Enhanced copper-resistance gene repertoire in Alteromonas macleodii strains isolated from copper-treated marine coatings – Cusick et al. – PLOS One

Bacterial community structure of early-stage biofilms is dictated by temporal succession rather than substrate types in the southern coastal seawater of India – Sushmitha et al. – PLOS One

Preprint: Ecological stochasticity and phage induction diversify bacterioplankton communities at the microscale – Szabo et al. – bioRxiv

September 10, 2021

In today’s digest read about a discovery of new Bordetella bronchiseptica-specific temperate and highly abundant siphoviruses that lead to the creation of a new genus Vojvodinavirus, biases in public human microbiome data, infant gut strain persistence, and more. Also, check out a list of upcoming microbiome events. Happy Friday!

Global microbiome

*Public human microbiome data dominated by highly developed countries – Richard J. Abdill – bioRxiv

Gut microbiome

Chinese gut microbiota and its associations with staple food type, ethnicity, and urbanization – Jing Lu – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Gut microbiota alterations in response to sleep length among African-origin adults – Na Fei – PlosOne

Bioaccumulation of therapeutic drugs by human gut bacteria – Martina Klünemann – Nature

*Infant gut strain persistence is associated with maternal origin, phylogeny, and traits including surface adhesion and iron acquisition – Yue Clare Lou – Cell Reports Medicine

Skin microbiome

Cotton and Surgical Face Masks in Community Settings: Bacterial Contamination and Face Mask Hygiene – Lize Delanghe – Frontiers in Medicine

Animal microbiome

The fall and rise of group B Streptococcus in dairy cattle: reintroduction due to human-to-cattle host jumps? – Chiara Crestani – Microbial Genomics

Viruses and phages

*Are Bordetella bronchiseptica Siphoviruses (Genus Vojvodinavirus) Appropriate for Phage Therapy—Bacterial Allies or Foes? – Aleksandra Petrovic Fabijan – Viruses

Water microbiome

Functional Redundancy in Ocean Microbiomes Controls Trait Stability – Taylor M. Royalty and Andrew D. Steen – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

SHOOT: phylogenetic gene search and ortholog inference – David Emms and Steven Kelly – bioRxiv

Ultra-resolution Metagenomics: When Enough Is Not Enough – Falk Hildebrand – mSystems

Computational challenges and opportunities in spatially resolved transcriptomic data analysis – Lyla Atta & Jean Fan – Nature Communications

*BEEM-Static: Accurate inference of ecological interactions from cross-sectional microbiome data – Chenhao Li – Plos Computational Biology

Webinars &c

Conference: Microbiome Virtual International Conference #MVIF – September 14/16 (Atlantic/Pacific)

Course + Symposium: 2021 ISB Virtual Microbiome Series – October 13-15

Webinar: EMBARK Fall Webinars – a webinar series where invited speakers will be presenting their AMR research and be contrasted to EMBARK members presenting the work performed in the project.

For more, check out a collection of microbiome events HERE!

August 25, 2021

General microbiome

[REVIEW]The longitudinal and cross-sectional heterogeneity of the intestinal microbiota – Miller et al. – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Pregnancy and early life

Early life gut microbiota is associated with rapid infant growth in Hispanics from Southern California – Alderete et al. – Gut Microbes

Human respiratory microbiome

Characterization of the Human Oropharyngeal Microbiomes in SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Recovery Patients – Gao et al. – Advanced Science

Human gut microbiome

Metagenome-wide association study revealed disease-specific landscape of the gut microbiome of systemic lupus erythematosus in Japanese – Tomofuji et al. – Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases

Gut microbes participate in food preference alterations during obesity – d’Oplinter et al. – Gut Microbes

Altered gut microbiome compositions are associated with the severity of asthma – Wang et al. – Journal of Thoracic Disease

Evolution in a Community Context: towards Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Adaptive Evolution in the Human Gut Microbiota over Short Time Scales – Scanlan – mSystems

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Propamocarb exposure has the potential to accelerate the formation of atherosclerosis in both WT and ApoE−/− mice accompanied by gut microbiota dysbiosis – Jin et al. – Science of The Total Environment

Inflammation-relevant microbiome signature of the stroke brain, gut, spleen, and thymus and the impact of exercise – Kingsbury et al. – Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Comparative Analysis of Skin Bacterial Diversity and Its Potential Antifungal Function Between Desert and Pine Forest Populations of Boreal Toads Anaxyrus boreas – Basanta et al. – Host Microbe Interactions

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Herbivory shapes the rhizosphere bacterial microbiota in potato plants – Malacrino et al. – Environmental Microbiology Reports

[PREPRINT]Teasing apart the host-related, nutrient-related and temperature-related effects shaping the phenology and microbiome of the tropical seagrass Halophila stipulacea – Szitenberg et al. – bioRxiv

Techniques/Bioinformatics

The Effect of Common Viral Inactivation Techniques on 16S rRNA Amplicon-Based Analysis of the Gut Microbiota – McAdams et al. – Cells

Comprehensive Wet-Bench and Bioinformatics Workflow for Complex Microbiota Using Oxford Nanopore Technologies – Ammer-Herrmenau et al. – mSystems

August 22nd, 2021

Hyvää Päivää from Helsinki, Finland ! Today’s digest contains a selection of really interesting preprints and published studies. If you are interested in soil microbiology, take a look at the preprint by Nelson and collaborators, who characterized the soil microbiome across a wildfire burn severity gradients in coniferous forests and made their dataset available in the Fire Responding Ecogenomic database (FiRE-db).

Looking at a large variety of ecosystems, Rodriguez-Gijon and collaborators used a vast collection of Metagenomes Assembled Genomes (MAGs), to investigate the genomes size of prokaryotes in these ecosystems. They show that, while the environment of origin can be linked to genome size, it seems like evolutionary phylogenetic history is in many cases a stronger predictor.

Finally, today’s non-microbiology pick is a great “10 simples rules” paper reviewing best practices on organizing bioinformatics workshops in low and middle-income countries.

Have a great Weekend!


General microbiome

Preprint: A genomic perspective across Earth’s microbiomes reveals that genome size in Archaea and Bacteria is linked to ecosystem type and trophic strategy – Rodriguez-Gijon et al. – BioRXiV

Multi-site human microbiome

Review : Host-Microbe Metagenomics: a Lens To Refocus Our Perspective
on Infectious and Inflammatory Diseases – Kalantar and Langelier – mSystems

Human gut microbiome

Rectal bacteriome and virome signatures and clinical outcomes in community-acquired pneumonia: An exploratory study – Kullberg et al. – EClinicalMedicine

Review: The important role of fungi in inflammatory bowel diseases – Wang et al. – Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology


Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Preprint: A bacterial genome and culture collection of gut microbial in weanling piglet – Dong et al. – BioRXiV

Characterization of the fecal microbiota of sows and their offspring from German commercial pig farms – Lührmann et al. – Plos One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Does plant diversity determine the diversity of the rhizosphere microbial community? – Zverev et al. – BioRXiV

Preprint: Playing with FiRE: A genome resolved view of the soil microbiome responses to high severity forest wildfire – Nelson et al. – BioRXiV

Peatland microbial community responses to plant functional group and drought are depth-dependent – Lamit et al. – Molecular ecology

Soil pH determines bacterial distribution and assembly processes in natural mountain forests of eastern China – Ni et al. – Global ecology and Biogeography

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: The OceanDNA MAG catalog contains over 50,000 prokaryotic genomes originated from various marine environments – Nishimura et al. – BioRXiV

Food microbiology

Preprint: Mixed culture metagenomics of the microbes making sour beer – Piraine et al. – BioRXiV

Preprint: Insights into the nutritional properties and microbiome diversity in sweet and sour yogurt manufactured in Bangladesh – Tanzina et al. – BioRXiV

Preprint: Microbial communities in retail draft beers and the biofilms they produce – Bose et al. – BioRXiV


Bioinformatics

Book chapter: Bioinformatics Tools and Software – Gupta et al. – Advances in Bioinformatics, Springer, Singapore

MiDSystem: A comprehensive online system for de novo assembly and analysis of microbial genomes – Lee et al. – New biotechnology


My non-microbiology picks

Ten simple rules for organizing a bioinformatics training course in low and middle-income countries – Moore et al. – PLOS computational biology

August 6, 2021

Today’s digest features a detailed temporal profiling of the rhizosphere and endosphere microbiomes of rice plants exposed to different drought durations, a review on microbiome and recurrent urinary tract infections, a new therapeutic strategy for treating pregnancy disorders via modulation of the maternal gut microbiome in mice, and more. Also, check out a collection of microbiome podcasts. Happy Friday!

First, important NEWS:
If you've recently published an Open-Access paper or Green-OA in peer-reviewed journals or a preprint on a publicly available repository, you can SUBMIT it as Open-Access Paper Highlight and present your work to the worldwide audience at the Microbiome Virtual International Forum!
And, today you can join the 2021 NSURP Closing Ceremony or later you can check out the presentations by NSURP students and their summer internship work on microbiology and immunology here!
New studies:

Global microbiome

A Scale-Free, Fully Connected Global Transition Network Underlies Known Microbiome Diversity – Gongchao Jing – mSystems


Gut microbiome

Perspective: Crosstalk between γδ T cells and the microbiota – Pedro H. Papotto – Nature Microbiology

Opinion: Microbiota and sleep: awakening the gut feeling – Paromita Sen – Trends in Molecular Medicine

Structural and quantitative alterations of gut microbiota in experimental small bowel obstruction – Jiali Mo – PlosOne

Host adaptation in gut Firmicutes is associated with sporulation loss and altered transmission cycle – Hilary P. Browne – Genome Biology


Urinary microbiome

*Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections: Unraveling the Complicated Environment of Uncomplicated rUTIs – Jonathan Josephs-Spaulding – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology


Vaginal microbiome

The association between the vaginal microenvironment and fecundability: a register-based cohort study among Chinese women – X Hong – BJOG


Animal experiments

*Maternal microbiota Bifidobacterium promotes placental vascularization, nutrient transport and fetal growth in mice – Jorge Lopez-Tello – bioRxiv

Early invasion of the bladder wall by solitary bacteria protects UPEC from antibiotics and neutrophil swarms in an organoid model – Kunal Sharma – Cell Reports


Root microbiome

*Prolonged drought imparts lasting compositional changes to the rice root microbiome – Christian Santos-Medellín – Nature Plants


Bioinformatics

COPLA, a taxonomic classifier of plasmids – Santiago Redondo‑Salvo – BMC Bioinformatics

Strainberry: automated strain separation in low-complexity metagenomes using long reads – Riccardo Vicedomini – Nature Communications

STRONG: metagenomics strain resolution on assembly graphs – Christopher Quince – Genome Biology

HumGut: a comprehensive human gut prokaryotic genomes collection filtered by metagenome data – Pranvera Hiseni – Microbiome

YouTube Tutorial: How to Critically Evaluate Machine Learning Methods – Thomas P. Quinn


Webinars &c

Conference: Microbiome Virtual International Conference #MVIF – September 14

Hackathon: Petabyte-Scale Sequence Search: Metagenomics Benchmarking Codeathon – Application deadline August 20; Event Dates: Sept. 27-Oct. – The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Data Science Strategy, the National Center for Biotechnology and Information at the National Library of Medicine, and the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Biological and Environmental Research.

Conference: Microbiome Superheroes Connect – September 8 – Australasian Human Microbiome Research Network

Webinar: EMBARK Fall Webinars – a webinar series where invited speakers will be presenting their AMR research and be contrasted to EMBARK members presenting the work performed in the EMBARK project.

For more, check out a collection of microbiome events HERE!

Podcasts

July 23, 2021

Happy Friday!

It’s an exciting day here because I’m packing for fieldwork! In just a few short days I’ll be sampling from a saline aquifer in Illinois. For those of you who aren’t lucky enough to be going into the field, today’s digest is packed with a wide range of articles. Topics covered include the wild spider gut microbiome, the presence of antibiotic resistance genes in an Ohio river, the mosquito virome, the plant rhizosphere, and more.

Happy reading!

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: Phenotypic and genomic diversification in complex carbohydrate degrading human gut bacteria – Pudlo et al. – bioRxiv

Animal experiments

Effect of biochanin A on the rumen microbial community of Holstein steers consuming a high fiber diet and subjected to a subacute acidosis challenge – Harlow et al. – PLOS ONE

Ear wound healing in MRL/MpJ mice is associated with gut microbiome composition and is transferable to non-healer mice via microbiome transplantation – Velasco et al. – PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Preprint: Increased microbial diversity and decreased prevalence of common pathogens in the gut microbiomes of wild turkeys compared to domestic turkeys – Craft et al. – bioRxiv

Interspecific variation and functional traits of the gut microbiome in spiders from the wild: The largest effort so far – Tyagi et al. – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Tillage intensity and plant rhizosphere selection shape bacterial-archaeal assemblage diversity and nitrogen cycling genes – Cloutier et al. – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: An Ohio State Scenic River Shows Elevated Antibiotic Resistance Genes, Including Acinetobacter Tetracycline and Macrolide Resistance, Downstream of Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluent – Murphy – bioRxiv

Biogeochemistry of the Antrim Shale Natural Gas Reservoir – Stemple et al. – ACS Earth and Space Chemistry

Built environment

Preprint: Novel municipal sewage-associated bacterial genomes and their potential in source tracking – Linder et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Structure of bacterial communities in Japanese-style bathrooms: Comparative sequencing of bacteria in shower water and showerhead biofilms using a portable nanopore sequencer – Fujiyoshi et al. – bioRxiv

Phages and viruses

Preprint: Dynamic surveillance of mosquitoes and their viromes in Wuhan during 2020 – Ren et al. – bioRxiv

Techniques

Simple mapping-based quantification of a mock microbial community using total RNA-seq data – Moriya – PLOS ONE

Preprint: Evaluation of DNA extraction protocols from liquid-based cytology specimens for studying cervical microbiota – Shibata et al. – bioRxiv

July 16, 2021

Today’s digest features studies on environmental contamination of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in China (spoiler: extensive contamination, but has negligible impact on patient colonisation), the dynamic change and correlation of microbiome from different body sites to the treatment response as well as immune-related adverse events of immunotherapy in lung cancer patients, and more.

Also, check out a regularly-updated collection of FREE, ONLINE microbiome events. Happy Friday!

Human microbiome

*Prospective correlation between the patient microbiome with response to and development of immune-mediated adverse effects to immunotherapy in lung cancer – Justin Chau – BMC Cancer

Gut microbiome

Probiotics impact the antibiotic resistance gene reservoir along the human GI tract in a person-specific and antibiotic-dependent manner – Emmanuel Montassier – Nature Microbiology

Identification and engraftment of new bacterial strains by shotgun metagenomic sequence analysis in patients with recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection before and after fecal microbiota transplantation and in healthy human subjects – Sandeep Verma – PlosOne

Differences in the individual curative effect of acupuncture for obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome based on metagenomic analysis: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial – Huaying Fan – Trials

Comparative Analysis of 16S rRNA Gene and Metagenome Sequencing in Pediatric Gut Microbiomes – Danielle Peterson – Frontiers in Microbiology

Resistome

*Spread of Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in an Intensive Care Unit: A Whole-Genome Sequence-Based Prospective Observational Study – Li Wei – Microbiology Spectrum

*Linezolid- and multidrug-resistant enterococci in raw commercial dog food, Europe, 2019–2020 – Ana R. Freitas – Emerging Infectious Diseases

Identification of pathogen(s) in infectious diseases using shotgun metagenomic sequencing and conventional culture: a comparative study – Huan Chen – PeerJ

Predicting antibiotic resistance gene abundance in activated sludge using shotgun metagenomics and machine learning – Yuepeng Sun – Water Research

Animal microbiome

Assessing the relationship between the rumen microbiota and feed efficiency in Nellore steers – Déborah Romaskevis Gomes Lopes – Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology

Animal experiment

An osmotic laxative renders mice susceptible to prolonged Clostridioides difficile colonization and hinders clearance – Sarah Tomkovich – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

Critical Assessment of Metagenome Interpretation – the second round of challenges – F. Meyer – bioRxiv

Disentangling environmental effects in microbial association networks – Maria Deutschmann – bioRxiv

Webinars &c

Microbiome Virtual International Conference #MVIF – September 14

July 2nd, 2021

Hyvää Päivää from Helsinki, Finland ! Today’s digest contains a selection of interesting gut microbiome papers and preprints. In particular, Beller et al. looked at the succession of microbial communities in the infant gut from birth to 1 year of age. This digest also contains some very interesting works on environmental microbiome, as an example, Wasmund et al. investigated bacterial taxa able to degrade extracellular DNA in marine sediments.

For those interesting in bioinformatic tools and methods, this digest also contains the description of novel data ressources and tools. In particular, Pellow et al. present a new tool, SCAPP, allowing for a better assembly of plasmids from metagenomes.

Finally, today’s non-microbiology pick is a paper looking critically at the open source citation advantage effect (the hypothesis that articles made available open access may benefit from an increased number of citation) by conducting a meta-analysis of previous studies.

Have a great Weekend!


Multi-site human microbiome

Review: The human microbiome and COVID-19: A systematic review – Yamamoto et al. – Plos One

Human gut microbiome

The gut microbiome and type 2 diabetes status in the Multiethnic Cohort – Maskarinec et al. – Plos One

Preprint: Niche partitioning facilitates coexistence of closely related gut bacteria – Brochet et al. – BiorXiV

Preprint: Successional Stages in Infant Gut Microbiota Maturation – Beller et al. – BiorXiV

Fetal meconium does not have a detectable microbiota before birth – Kennedy et al. – Nature Microbiology


Animal experiments

Developmental intestinal microbiome alterations in canine fading puppy syndrome: a prospective observational study – Tal et al. – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Gut microbiome alterations in high-fat-diet-fed mice are associated with antibiotic tolerance – Liu et al. – Nature Microbiology

Animal microbiome

Preprint: Enteric viruses nucleic acids distribution along the digestive tract of rhesus macaques with idiopathic chronic diarrhea – Delwart et al. – BiorXiV

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Microbiomes of commercially-available pine nuts and sesame seeds – Fay et al. – Plos One

Spatial patterns in phage-Rhizobium coevolutionary interactions across regions of common bean domestication – Van Cauwenberghe et al. – ISME Journal

Water and extremophile microbiome

Genomic insights into diverse bacterial taxa that degrade extracellular DNA in marine sediments – Wasmund et al. – Nature Microbiology


Phages and viruses

Preprint: High viral abundance and low diversity are associated with increased CRISPR-Cas prevalence across microbial ecosystems – Meaden et al. – BioRxiV

Metagenomic compendium of 189,680 DNA viruses from the human gut microbiome – Nayfach et al. – Nature Microbiology

Bioinformatics

SCAPP: an algorithm for improved plasmid assembly in metagenomes – Pellow et al. – Microbiome

A standardized archaeal taxonomy for the Genome Taxonomy Database – Rinke et al. – Nature Microbiology


My non-microbiology picks

Is the open access citation advantage real? A systematic review of the citation of open access and subscription-based articles – Langham-Putrow et al. – Plos One

June 25, 2021

This week, the microbial sciences community worldwide (virtually) united at the World Microbe Forum – meeting highlights you can find here #WorldMicrobeForum.

Today’s digest features studies on group B Streptococcus pathogenesis, dental microbiota and aGVHD Risk, a book about writing and publishing papers, and more. Also, check out a collection of FREE, ONLINE microbiome events. Happy Friday!


Read about the experiences of 338 early career researchers from 36 countries with their mentors in Mentorship in life sciences: voices of mentees by A. Murat Eren (Meren)!


General microbiome

Behind the paper: Describing and naming bacteria in the 21st century – Thomas Hitch – Nature blog

Hierarchical control of microbial community assembly – Sammy Pontrelli – bioRxiv

Resistome

*L-form switching confers antibiotic, phage and stress tolerance in pathogenic Escherichia coli – Aleksandra Petrovic Fabijan – bioRxiv

Gut microbiome

A newly identified protein from Akkermansia muciniphila stimulates GLP-1 secretion – Patrice D. Cani and Claude Knauf – Cell Metabolism

Enrichment of gut microbiome strains for cultivation-free genome sequencing using droplet microfluidics – Anna Pryszlak – arXiv

Dispersal strategies shape persistence and evolution of human gut bacteria – Falk Hildebrand – Cell Host & Microbe

Urinary microbiome

Review: Urinary Microbiome: Yin and Yang of the Urinary Tract – Virginia Perez-Carrasco – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Vaginal microbiome

Cysteine dependence in Lactobacillus iners constitutes a novel therapeutic target to modify the vaginal microbiota – Seth M. Bloom – bioRxiv

*A type VII secretion system in Group B Streptococcus mediates cytotoxicity and virulence – Brady L Spencer – bioRxiv

Life History Recorded in the Vagino-cervical Microbiome Along with Multi-omics – Zhuye Jie – Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Predictive functional analysis reveals inferred features unique to cervicovaginal microbiota of African women with bacterial vaginosis and high-risk human papillomavirus infection – Harris Onywera – PlosOne

Effect of metronidazole on vaginal microbiota associated with asymptomatic bacterial vaginosis – Daniel Ruiz-Perez – Access Microbiology

Oral microbiome

*Dental Biofilm Microbiota Dysbiosis Is Associated With the Risk of Acute Graft-Versus-Host Disease After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation – Vitor Heidrich – Frontiers in Immunology

Fusobacterium nucleatum metabolically integrates commensals and pathogens in oral biofilms – Akito Sakanaka – bioRxiv

Animal microbiome

*Microbiomes attached to fresh perennial ryegrass are temporally resilient and adapt to changing ecological niches – Sharon A. Huws – Microbiome

Animal experiments

A standardized gnotobiotic mouse model harboring a minimal 15-member mouse gut microbiota recapitulates SOPF/SPF phenotypes – Marion Darnaud – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

GUNC: detection of chimerism and contamination in prokaryotic genomes – Askarbek Orakov – BMC Genome Biology

metaMIC: reference-free Misassembly Identification and Correction of de novo metagenomic assemblies – Senying Lai – bioRxiv

Open challenges for microbial network construction and analysis – Karoline Faust – The ISME Journal 2021

STRipy: a graphical application for enhanced genotyping of pathogenic short tandem repeats in sequencing data – Andreas Halman – bioRxiv

Adapting macroecology to microbiology: using occupancy modelling to assess functional profiles across metagenomes – Angus S Hilts – bioRxiv


Webinars &c

Microbiome Virtual International Conference #MVIF – September 14

The International Conference on Group B Strep (ICGBS) – July 20-22

World Enterococcus Day – July 15 – Registration here

BiATA2021 Bioinformatics: from Algorithms to Applications – July 12–15 


LSfM Lecture Series & Workshops : “The Dark Side of Science: Misconduct in Biomedical Research” Dr. Elisabeth Bik – more info here – June 30

EMBARK Webinars – Kimberly Kline “Pathogenesis and persistence during Enterococcus faecalis biofilm-associated infection” and Sofia Forslund “High-throughput measurement of host and microbiota” – EMBARK project – June 30


Writing

Writing and Publishing Scientific Papers: A Primer for the Non-English Speaker – Gábor Lövei – OpenBook Publishers


Art

From Scientist to SciArtist – Eliza Wolfson