June 21, 2020

Hello from the Sonoran Desert! In today’s digest, you’ll find two very interesting reviews! Stagaman and collaborators come back on years of Zebra-fish gut microbiome research and explore the insights gleaned from this awesome model animal. On the other hand, François and Pybus review our understanding of avian viromes in both wild and domesticated bird populations, highlighting the current limitations and pitfalls in this research area.

But today’s digest also contains very interesting research papers! Gulino and collaborators are exploring viromes in New York city wastewater systems. This paper is particularly interesting as bacteriophages are typically left out from urban environments microbiomes studies, despite their abundance and importance in ecosystems.

Finally, today’s non-microbiology pick is a review that comes back on how information theory, developped by Claude Shannon in the late 40s, have been used in computational biology. This paper is particularly interesting for readers wanting to learn more about the basics of information theory and how it is applied today in bioinformatics.

Have a great Sunday!

Pregnancy and early life

Review: The microbiome in pediatric oncology – Rotz et al. – Cancer

Human respiratory microbiome

Metagenomic analysis of the lung microbiome in pulmonary tuberculosis – a pilot study – Hu et al. – Emerging Microbes & infections

Human vaginal microbiome

Taxonomic and Functional Differences in Cervical Microbiome Associated with Cervical Cancer Development –Nkufi Tange et al. – Scientific reports

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: The gut microbiome regulates memory function – Noble et al. – BioRxiV

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

review: Zebrafish microbiome studies make waves – Stagaman et al. – Lab Animal

Built environment (subways, indoor surfaces)

Revealing antimicrobial resistance in stormwater with MinION – Bialasek et al. – Chemosphere

Phages and viruses

Review: Towards an understanding of the avian virome –François et al. – Journal of general Virology

Initial Mapping of the New York City Wastewater Virome –Gulino et al. – mSystems


Higher order Markov models for metagenomic sequence classification – Burks et al. –Bioinformatics

Preprint: Combinatorial Algorithms for Strain Level Metagenomic Microbial Detection and Quantification –Zhu et al. –BioRxiV

Preprint: Ultra-rapid metagenotyping of the human gut microbiome – Shi et al. – BioRxiV

My non-microbiology pick

Review: Information Theory in Computational Biology: Where We Stand Today – Chanda et al. – Entropy

June 18, 2020

Greetings from Pittsburgh!

Today’s digest is unintentionally themed around change. Included is an article on the metabolic versatility of Salmonella enterica and another on the genetic diversification of Escherichia coli. If you’re more interested in the big picture, there is also an article about the evolution of ecological niches in plant-associated microbes as well as an article about the impacts of global change on soil microbial diversity and functionality.

Here’s to hoping that we are just as resilient as the microbes we study!

Events and jobs

A special plug for the National Summer Undergraduate Research Project (NSURP). NSURP is a community-driven initiative to create rewarding remote summer research opportunities for BIPOC undergraduate students in the microbial sciences. They are actively recruiting mentors and students for this summer, with the hope to match pairs by June 22nd.

General microbiome

Salmonella finds a way: Metabolic versatility of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in diverse host environments – Taylor and Winter – PLOS Pathogens

Phylogenetic background and habitat drive the genetic diversification of Escherichia coli – Touchon et al. – PLOS Genetics

Human skin microbiome

The microbiome of diabetic foot ulcers: a comparison of swab and tissue biopsy wound sampling techniques using 16S rRNA gene sequencing – Travis et al. – BMC Microbiology

Animal experiments

MAPK-dependent hormonal signaling plasticity contributes to overcoming Bacillus thuringiensis toxin action in an insect host – Guo et al. – Nature Communications

Investigation of the effects of probiotic, Bacillus subtilis on stress reactions in laying hens using infrared thermography – Soroko and Zaborski – PLOS ONE

Gut carriage of antimicrobial resistance genes in women exposed to small-scale poultry farms in rural Uganda: A feasibility study – Weil et al. – PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Anti-microbial activity of whole blood and plasma collected from Anna’s Hummingbirds (Calypte anna) against three different microbes – DeRogatis et al. – PLOS ONE

Bacteriophages specific to Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli exist in goat feces and associated environments on an organic produce farm in Northern California, USA – Lennon et al. – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Survival of Escherichia coli O157 in autoclaved and natural sandy soil mesocosms – Baker et al. – PLOS ONE

Geometry and evolution of the ecological niche in plant-associated microbes – Chaloner et al. – Nature Communications

Meta-analysis of the impacts of global change factors on soil microbial diversity and functionality – Zhou et al. – Nature Communications

Food microbiology

Neighboring plants divergently modulate effects of loss-of-function in maize mycorrhizal phosphate uptake on host physiology and root fungal microbiota – Fabiańska et al. – PLOS ONE

Phages and viruses

Comparative analysis of viruses in four bee species collected from agricultural, urban, and natural landscapes – Olgun et al. – PLOS ONE


bigPint: A Bioconductor visualization package that makes big data pint-sized – Rutter and Cook – PLOS Computational Biology


Subduing the influence of PCR inhibitors on amplifying aged, degraded, and low copy number DNA: PCR enhancer cocktail-p and rescue PCR – Kemp et al. – PLOS ONE

Click-to-Capture: A method for enriching viable Staphylococcus aureus using bio-orthogonal labeling of surface proteins – Shalizi et al. – PLOS ONE

June 6, 2020

Short digest for today, but I’d like to draw attention to two studies on creative techniques to reduce contamination by host DNA sequences: one using PCR blocking primers to improve 16S rDNA sequencing, and the other on using CRISPR-Cas systems to assist with 18S rDNA sequencing. Happy reading!

Human gut microbiome

Review: Gut Microbial Metabolites and Blood Pressure Regulation: Focus on SCFAs and TMAO – Poll et al. – Physiology

Review: Trial Watch: the gut microbiota as a tool to boost the clinical efficacy of anticancer immunotherapy – Daillerè et al. – OncoImmunology

Human oral microbiome

Well‐maintained patients with a history of periodontitis still harbor a more disbiotic microbiome than health – Lu et al. – Periodontology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Contrasting soil microbial abundance and diversity on and between pasture drill rows in the third growing season after sowing – Hayes et al. – Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems

A novel PCR clamping assay reducing plant host DNA amplification significantly improves prokaryotic endo-microbiome community characterization – Lefèvre et al. – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Diverse viruses have restricted biogeography in deep-sea hydrothermal vent fluids – Thomas et al. – bioRxiv

Mercury methylation by metabolically versatile and cosmopolitan marine bacteria – Lin et al. – bioRxiv

Phages and viruses

A tissue level atlas of the healthy human virome – Kumata et al. – BMC Biology

Review: Deep Roots and Splendid Boughs of the Global Plant Virome – Dolja et al. – Annual Review of Phytopathology


An empirical Bayes approach to normalization and differential abundance testing for microbiome data – Liu et al. – BMC Bioinformatics


The use of CRISPR-Cas Selective Amplicon Sequencing (CCSAS) to reveal the eukaryotic microbiome of metazoans – Zhong et al. – bioRxiv

June 5, 2020

Today’s digest features a review on genetic variability within species in microbiomes, a study on Lactobacilli in the human nose, a new episode of Microbiology Lab Pod with the latest science news on functional metagenomics, a novel resistance gene called GAR, and more. Happy reading/listening!

General microbiome

*Diversity within species: interpreting strains in microbiomes – Thea Van Rossum – Nature Reviews

Earth microbial co-occurrence network reveals interconnection pattern across microbiomes – Bin Ma – Microbiome

Oral and nasal microbiome

Local oral and nasal microbiome diversity in age-related macular degeneration – Jacob Rullo – Scientific Reports

*Lactobacilli Have a Niche in the Human Nose – Ilke De Boeck – Cell Reports

Gut microbiome

Resistant maltodextrin intake reduces virulent metabolites in the gut environment: randomized control study in a Japanese cohort – Yuichiro Nishimoto – MedRxiv

Pregnancy and early life

One year cross-sectional study in adult and neonatal intensive care units reveals the bacterial and antimicrobial resistance genes profiles in patients and hospital surfaces – Ana Paula Christoff – PlosOne

Animal microbiome

Cecal microbiome composition and metabolic function in probiotic treated broilers – Denise R. Rodrigues – PlosOne

Characterization of native Escherichia coli populations from bovine vagina of healthy heifers and cows with postpartum uterine disease – Candelaria Gonzalez Moreno – PlosOne

Animal experiments

Structural and Functional Changes of Gut Microbiota in Ovariectomized Rats and Their Correlations With Altered Bone Mass – Sicong Ma – Aging

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Dissecting the effect of continuous cropping of potato on soil bacterial communities as revealed by high-throughput sequencing – Jing Zhao – Plos One

Water microbiome

Increasing flow rate reduces biofouling and colonization by filamentous bacteria in drippers fed with reclaimed wastewater – Kevin Lequette – bioRxiv

Phages and viruses

Integration of phage and yeast display platforms: A reliable and cost effective approach for binning of peptides as displayed on-phage – Priyanka Pandya – PlosOne

Freshwater viral metagenome reveals novel and functional phage-borne antibiotic resistance genes – Kira Moon – Microbiome


Estimating Microbial Interaction Network: Zero-inflated Latent Ising Model Based Approach– Jie Zhou – bioRxiv

Assessment of statistical methods from single cell, bulk RNA-seq and metagenomics applied to microbiome data – Matteo Calgaro – bioRxiv


Updated ATLAS of Biochemistry with New Metabolites and Improved Enzyme Prediction Power– Jasmin Hafner – Synthetic Biology

Inferring Active Metabolic Pathways from Proteomics and Essentiality Data – Ariadna Montero-Blay – Cell Reports


*May 2020 Pod: Discovering novel resistance genes and how bacteria become virulent – Bengtsson-Palme Lab and Marlies Böhm – Microbiology Lab Pod

May 20, 2020

Greetings from Pittsburgh, PA!

Television and movies are a welcome distraction from the current global pandemic. For this digest, I’d like to highlight two articles. The article by Sajjad et al. investigates the possibility of resurrection of ancient microbes present in the natural frozen world and is a perfect pair for the monster-of-the-week X-Files episode “Ice.” The second highlighted article focuses on the microbiome present on two ancient Slavonic parchment codices and how this data can be used to provide additional historical context. Maybe Harrison Ford can team up with Piñar et al. to create a fourth movie in the Indiana Jones Franchise based on their work?

Happy reading, everyone!

General microbiome

Effect of a novel synbiotic on Streptococcus mutans – Bijle et al. – Nature Scientific Reports

Culturomics‐based genomics sheds light on the ecology of the new haloarchaeal genus Halosegnis – Durán‐Viseras et al. – Environmental Microbiology

Review: Ecological features of the persistence of Vibrio cholerae: retrospective analysis and actual state of the problem – Menshikova et al. – Jounral of microbiology, epidemiology, and immunobiology

Metagenome-assembled genomes reveal unique metabolic adaptations of a basal marine Thaumarchaeota lineage – Reji and Francis – ISME Journal

Homoplastic single nucleotide polymorphisms contributed to phenotypic diversity in Mycobacterium tuberculosis – Tantivitayakul et al. – Nature Scientific Reports

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Impacts of forest conversion to plantations on the soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics, and microbial communities – Wang et al. – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Water and extremophile microbiome

Novel yeast taxa from the cold: description of Cryolevonia giraudoae sp. nov. and Camptobasidium gelus sp. nov. – de Garcia et al. – International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Remote sensing reveals Antarctic green snow algae as important terrestrial carbon sink – Gray et al. – Nature Communications

Review: Resurrection of inactive microbes and resistome present in the natural frozen world: Reality or myth? – Sajjad et al. – Science of the Total Environment

Built environment

Decoding the biological information contained in two ancient Slavonic parchment codices: an added historical value – Piñar et al. – Environmental Microbiology


Preprint: Efficiently processing amplicon sequencing data for microbial ecology with dadasnake, a DADA2 implementation in Snakemake – Weißbecker et al. – bioRxiv


Editorial: Visualizing the invisible: class excursions to ignite children’s enthusiasm for microbes – McGenity et al. – Microbial Biotechnology

Discovery of thermophilic Bacillales using reduced-representation genotyping for identification – Talamantes-Becerra et al. – BMC Microbiology

May 19, 2020

Good afternoon from sunny South Wales!

Today’s digest has a lot of great papers, with something for just about everyone. We’ll start off with a bang, and highlight a great paper in which Rajasekaran and collegaues challenge the current dogma that human intervertebral discs are sterile using a 16S rRNA sequencing approach.

We then have an interesting, or perhaps concerning paper looking at the prevalence of underreported parasites in laboratory zebrafish populations. A must read for anybody using zebrafish models. We also have plenty of papers concerning plant and water microbiomes, including a rather huge report on ocean systems.

Finally, with the current health climate, what better paper peruse than the contribution of Qureshi et al. who have demonstrated that gender neutral bathrooms are more rapidly colonised than single gender bathrooms. If recent anecdotal news articles are to be believed (although they seldom are) it’s usually the men letting the side down. You’ve got to wash those hands!

I hope everyone is staying safe, and enjoys today’s post!


Preprint: Identification of five antiviral compounds from the Pandemic Response Box targeting SARS-CoV-2 – Holwerda et al.

General microbiome

Longitudinal Study of Oral Microbiome Variation in Twins – Freire et al.Sci Rep

Human nearly-sterile sites

Human intervertebral discs harbour a unique microbiome and dysbiosis determines health and disease – Rajasekaran et al.European Spine Journal

Human gut microbiome

Early signs of gut microbiome aging: biomarkers of inflammation, metabolism, and macromolecular damage in young adulthood – Gaydosh et al. The Journals of Gerontology

Animal experiments

Behavioural effects of the common brain-infecting parasite Pseudoloma neurophilia in laboratory zebrafish (Danio rerio) – Midttun et al.Sci Rep

Lactobacillus plantarum FRT10 alleviated high-fat diet–induced obesity in mice through regulating the PPARα signal pathway and gut microbiota – Cai et al.Applied Microbial and Cell Physiology

Animal microbiome

Factors affecting the microbiome of Ixodes scapularis and Amblyomma americanum – Brinkerhoff et al.PLoS ONE

Preprint: Distinct Microbial Assemblages Associated with Genetic Selection for High- and Low- Muscle Yield in Rainbow Trout – Walker et al.

Whole-genome sequences of an abortive Bacillus safensis strain isolated from a mare’s uterus – Little, Hillhouse and Lawhorn – Genome Sequences

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: A fungal member of the microbial phyllosphere antagonizes infection of Arabidopsis thaliana by the oomycete pathogen Albugo laibachii via a putative secreted hydrolase – Eitzen et al.

Preprint: Diazotrophic bacteria from maize exhibit multifaceted plant growth promotion traits in multiple hosts – Higdon et al.

Fungal communities and their association with nitrogen-fixing bacteria affect early decomposition of Norway spruce deadwood – Gómez-Brandón et al. – Sci Rep

Fruitbody chemistry underlies the structure of endofungal bacterial communities across fungal guilds and phylogenetic groups – Pent, Bahram and Põldmaa – ISME J

Endophytic fungal community in grape is correlated to foliar age and domestication – Fan et al.Annals of Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Microbial genomics of the global ocean system – Joye and Kostka – Coloqium Report

How do microbiota associated with an invasive seaweed vary across scales? – Bonthond et al.Molecular Ecology

Preprint: Differences in the microbiota of native and non-indigenous gelatinous zooplankton organisms in a low saline environment – Jaspers et al.

Built environment

Gender‐neutral bathroom surfaces recolonized by microbes more quickly than single gender bathrooms – Qureshi, Kedo and Berthrong – Letters in Applied Microbiology

Food microbiology

Dynamic distribution of gut microbiota in meat rabbits at different growth stages and relationship with average daily gain (ADG) – Fang et al.BMC Microbiology


Preprint: Evaluation of Methods to Optimise Shotgun Metagenomic Sequencing-Based Analysis of the Microbiome of Milk – Feehily et al.

May 6, 2020

General microbiome

Multi-proxy analyses of a mid-15th century Middle Iron Age Bantu-speaker palaeo-faecal specimen elucidates the configuration of the ‘ancestral’ sub-Saharan African intestinal microbiome – Rifkin et al – Microbiome

The neovaginal microbiome of transgender women post-gender reassignment surgery  – Birse et al – Microbiome

Pregnancy and early life

The stepwise assembly of the neonatal virome is modulated by breastfeeding – Liang et al – Nature

Human gut microbiome

Impact of smoking cessation, coffee and bread consumption on the intestinal microbial composition among Saudis: A cross-sectional study – Harakeh et al – PLOS One

Animal experiments

Altered Immunity of Laboratory Mice in the Natural Environment Is Associated with Fungal Colonization – Yeung et al – Cell Host & Microbe

Infection with the sheep gastrointestinal nematode Teladorsagia circumcincta increases luminal pathobionts – Cortés et al – Microbiome

Vitamin D receptor promotes healthy microbial metabolites and microbiome – Chatterjee et al – Nature Scientific Reports

Phages and viruses

Phages Actively Challenge Niche Communities in Antarctic Soils – Bezuidt et al – mSystems


The Syntrophy hypothesis for the origin of eukaryotes revisited – López-García & Moreira – Nature Microbiology

Microbes in the news

State-of-the-art imaging method provides new insights into how bacteria move and exchange genetic information

May 2nd, 2020

Another month has passed! Hope everyone is staying at home and being well. Today’s highlights include a paper applying NMR to monitor neonatal metabolic adaptations, how oil influence microbial community assembly off the Gulf of Mexico and a preprint for a Bayesian Multi-task method to identify global microbiome associations.

COVID-19 Articles 

Why the Coronavirus Is So Confusing – Ed Yong – The Atlantic

Aerodynamic analysis of SARS-CoV-2 in two Wuhan hospitals – Liu & Ning et al. – Nature

Human microbiome

Fucosidases from the human gut symbiont Ruminococcus gnavus – Wu & Rebello et al– Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

Temporal Dysbiosis of Infant Nasal Microbiota Relative to Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection – Grier et al. – bioRxiv **preprint**

Sex-specific Alterations in the Urinary and Tissue Microbiome in Therapy-naïve Urothelial Bladder Cancer Patients – Pederzoli et al.  – European Urology Oncology

Microbiome and Metabolomics 

Metabolic changes in early neonatal life: NMR analysis of the neonatal metabolic profile to monitor postnatal metabolic adaptations – Georgakopoulou, I., Chasapi, S.A., Bariamis, S.E. et al – Metabolomics

Analyzing the impact of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection on primary human macrophages by combined exploratory and targeted metabolomics – Vrieling & Kostidis et al. – Nature Scientific Reports

Soil microbiome

Structural and microbial evidence for different soil carbon sequestration after four-year successive biochar application in two different paddy soils – Bi & Cai et al. – Chemosphere

Soil pH and C/N ratio determines spatial variations in soil microbial communities and enzymatic activities of the agricultural ecosystems in Northeast China: Jilin Province case – Xu et al. – Applied Soil Ecology

Animal microbiome

Viral metagenomics revealed diverse CRESS-DNA virus genomes in faeces of forest musk deer – Liu & Wang et al. – Virology Journal

Links between the rumen microbiota, methane emissions and feed efficiency of finishing steers offered dietary lipid and nitrate supplementation – Bowen & Cormican et al– PLOS One

Microbiomes of the built environment 

Influence of oil, dispersant, and pressure on microbial communities from the Gulf of Mexico – Noirungsee et al. – Nature Scientific Reports

Passenger-surface microbiome interactions in the subway of Mexico City – Vargas-Robles et al.  – bioRxiv **preprint**


Intra-species signaling between Pseudomonas aeruginosa genotypes increases production of quorum sensing controlled virulence factors – Mould et al. – bioRxiv **preprint**

Statistics and bioinformatics 

A Bayesian Multi-Task Approach for Detecting Global Microbiome Associations – Hatami et al. – bioRxiv (soon to be published in Bioinformatics) **preprint**


Genomic sequencing of Gracilibacillus dipsosauri reveals key properties of a salt-tolerant a-amylase – Deutch & Yang – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Aquatic environments  

Cyanobacteria in inland waters: new monitoring, reporting, modelling and ecological research – Mitrovic et al. – Marine & Freshwater Research **review**

Contrast diversity patterns and processes of microbial community assembly in a river-lake continuum across a catchment scale in northwestern China – Tang et al. – Environmental Microbiome

Microbiome in the News

Coffee plants have a small but consistent core microbiome of fungi and bacteria – American Phytopathological Society – EurekAlert!

April 26, 2020

Greetings from Pittsburgh, PA!

Today’s digest includes several reviews, numerous host-microbiome studies, a wide variety of environmental microbiome studies, and a new book focused on Emerging Technologies in Environmental Bioremediation.

I also wanted to highlight the virtual Fermentation Mini-Seminars offered by the Applied Ecology Department at my alma mater, NC State University. During the first seminar of the series I learned about the Wild Sourdough Project, which is a community-science/citizen-science project where participants can submit observational data about their sourdough culture. If you’re missing the lab, this might be the perfect project for you!

Virtual Events

NCSU Fermentation Mini-Seminars offered every Thursday at 4pm EST from April through August

General microbiome

Special Issue: Stochasticity in microbiology: managing unpredictability to reach the Sustainable Development Goals – De Vrieze et al. – Microbial Biotechnology

Review: Biofilm matrixome: Extracellular components in structured microbial communities – Karygianni et al. – Trends in Microbiology

Review: Microbial symbiosis: A network towards biomethanation – Saha et al. – Trends in Microbiology

Multi-site human microbiome

Microbiota in cerebrovascular disease: A key player and future therapeutic target – Tonomura et al. – Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism

Review: Role of microbiome and antibiotics in autoimmune diseases – Vangoitsenhoven and Cresci – Nutrition in Clinical Practice

Human skin microbiome

Isolation and characterization of diverse microbial representatives from the human skin microbiome – Timm et al. – BMC Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Altered gut microbial profile is associated with abnormal metabolism activity of Autism Spectrum Disorder – Dan et al. – Gut Microbes

Seasonal variation in gut microbiota composition: cross-sectional evidence from Ukrainian population – Koliada et al. – BMC Microbiology

Gut microbiome reveals specific dysbiosis in primary osteoporosis – Xu et al. – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Animal experiments

The clinical drug Ebselen attenuates inflammation and promotes microbiome recovery in mice after antibiotic treatment for CDI – Garland et al. – Cell Reports Medicine

Effect of oxytetracycline treatment on the gastrointestinal microbiome of critically endangered white abalone (Haliotis sorenseni) treated for withering syndrome – Parker-Graham et al. – Aquaculture

Effects of hydrolyzed fish protein and autolyzed yeast as substitutes of fishmeal in the gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) diet, on fish intestinal microbiome – Rimoldi et al. – BMC Veterinary Research

Animal microbiome

(My microbiome) would walk 10,000 miles: Maintenance and turnover of microbial communities in introduced dung beetles – Parker et al. – Invertebrate Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Nocardiopsis deserti sp. nov., isolated from a high altitude Atacama Desert soil – Asem et al. – International Journal of Systemic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Steel slag amendment impacts on soil microbial communities and activities of rice (Oryza sativa L.) – Das et al. – Scientific Reports

Peat properties, dominant vegetation type and microbial community structure in a tropical peatland – Girkin et al. – Wetlands

Integrating transcriptomics and metabolomics to studies key metabolism, pathways and candidate genes associated with drought-tolerance in Carthamus tinctorius L. under drought stress – Wei et al. – Industrial Crops and Products

Dynamics of ammonia oxidizers and denitrifiers in response to compost addition in black soil, Northeast China – Yang et al. – PeerJ

Water and extremophile microbiome

Impacts of an eruption on cold-seep microbial and faunal dynamics at a mud volcano – Girard et al. – Frontiers in Marine Science

Unraveling heterogeneity of coral microbiome assemblages in tropical and subtropical corals in the South China Sea – Gong et al. – Microorganisms

Anode potential-dependent protection of electroactive biofilms against metal ion shock via regulating extracellular polymeric substances – Hou et al. – Water Research

Microbial ecology and biogeochemistry of hypersaline sediments in Orca Basin – Nigro et al. – PLOS One

Near streambed flow shapes microbial guilds within and across trophic levels in fluvial biofilms – Risse-Buhl et al. – Limnology and Oceanography

Heterotrophic sulfide-oxidizing nitrate-reducing bacteria enables the high performance of integrated autotrophic-heterotrophic denitrification (IAHD) process under high sulfide loading – Zhang et al. – Water Research

Built environment (subways, indoor surfaces)

Ecological processes affecting long-term eukaryote and prokaryote biofilm persistence in nitrogen removal from sewage – Angell et al. – Genes

Long-term microbial community dynamics in a pilot-scale gas sparged anaerobic membrane bioreactor treating municipal wastewater under seasonal variations – Kannan et al. – Bioresource Technology

Book: Emerging Technologies in Environmental Bioremediation – Edited by Shah et al.

Food microbiology

How processing methods affect the microbial community composition in a cereal-based fermented beverage – Phiri et al. – LWT – Food Science and Technology

High-throughput sequencing and metabolomics reveal differences in bacterial diversity and metabolites between red and white sufu – Tang et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

April 21, 2020

Hello all from another new Microbiome Digest volunteer! This post is coming to you straight from the heart of New York City – being surrounded everywhere by COVID-19 (and related research!), it’s been good to get back into the microbiome world 🙂 I love all things microbiology but am partial to bacteria, especially multidrug-resistant pathogens and communities involved in biological nutrient removal/recovery from waste.

Today’s roundup is heavy on the soil and environmental microbiomes and some interesting preprints, with some unique finds – indigenous yeasts in winemaking, gut microbiomes after dietary interventions in adult dogs, and much more!

Human gut microbiome

Characterization of Gut Microbiota in Hospitalized Patients with Clostridioides difficile Infection – Bahareh Vakili – Current Microbiology

Animal experiments
Genetic and metabolic links between the murine microbiome and memory – Jian-Hua Mao – Microbiome

A human-origin probiotic cocktail ameliorates aging-related leaky gut and inflammation via modulating microbiota-taurine-tight junction axis
Shokouh Ahmadi – JCI Insight

Animal microbiome

Preprint: CoproID predicts the source of coprolites and paleofeces using microbiome composition and host DNA content – Maxime Borry – bioRxiv

Phylogenetic analysis of intestinal microbiota reveals novel Mycoplasma phylotypes in salmonid species – Brenda Mora-Sánchez – Microbial Pathogenesis

Rapid Reconstitution of the Faecal Microbiome after Extended Diet-Induced Changes Indicate a Stable Gut Microbiome in Healthy Adult Dogs – David Allaway – Applied and Environmental Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Review: Harnessing rhizosphere microbiomes for drought-resilient crop production – Franciska T. de Vries – Science

Book Chapter: Endophytic Actinomycetes-Mediated Modulation of Defense and Systemic Resistance Confers Host Plant Fitness Under Biotic Stress Conditions – Waquar Akhter Ansari – Microbial Versatility in Varied Environments

Elevated CO2 mitigates the negative effect of CeO2 and Cr2O3 nanoparticles on soil bacterial communities by alteration of microbial carbon use – Jipeng Luo – Environmental Pollution

Periodic waterlogging consistently shapes agricultural soil microbiomes by promoting specific taxa – Florian Gschwend – Applied Soil Ecology

Food microbiology

Review:Indigenous yeasts: Emerging Trends and Challenges in winemaking – Iliada K. Lappa – Current Opinion in Food

Ecology of lactobacilli present in Italian cheeses produced from raw milk
Christian Milani – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Probiotics / prebiotics
Probiotic supplementation improves cognitive function and mood with changes in gut microbiota in community-dwelling elderly: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial – Chong-Su Kim – The Journals of Gerontology

Phages and viruses
Intestinal microbiome‐macrophage crosstalk contributes to cholestatic liver disease by promoting intestinal permeability – Anna Isaacs-Ten – Hepatology

Preprint: hogwash: Three Methods for Genome-Wide Association Studies in Bacteria – Katie Saund – bioRxiv


Preprint: Mycobiome analysis in fungal Infected formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissues for identification of pathogenic fungi: A pilot study – Taebum Lee – bioRxiv

Host-Pathogen Interactions
Preprint: Human GBP1 differentially targets Salmonella and Toxoplasma to license recognition of microbial ligands and caspase-mediated death – Daniel Fisch – bioRxiv

Preprint: Mechanical competition triggered by innate immune signaling drives the collective extrusion of bacterially-infected epithelial cells – Effie E. Bastounis – bioRxiv

Microbes on the market

Genome & Company receives FDA IND clearance for GEN-001, its first anti-cancer microbiome therapeutic (Press Release, BioSpace)