July 31, 2017

Short digest today, with many articles from Applied and Environmental Microbiology (AEM)!

General microbiome
Review: Bacterial infection increases risk of carcinogenesis by targeting mitochondria – Jesper A.B. Strickertsson – Seminars in Cancer Biology

Pregnancy and early life
Iron in Micronutrient Powder Promotes an Unfavorable Gut Microbiota in Kenyan Infants – Minghua Tang – Nutrients

Multi-site human microbiome
Review: Role of uremic toxin indoxyl sulfate in the progression of cardiovascular disease – Huichang Gao – Life Sciences

Human gut microbiome
The sortase-dependent fimbriome of the genus Bifidobacterium: extracellular structures with potential to modulate microbe-host dialogue – Christian Milani – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Repression of Salmonella host cell invasion by aromatic small molecules from the human fecal metabolome – Rafael J.M. Peixoto – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Animal experiments
Antibiotic-Induced Microbiota Dysbiosis Impairs Neuromuscular Function in Juvenile Mice – Valentina Caputi – British Journal of Pharmacology

10-oxo-12(Z)-octadecenoic acid, a linoleic acid metabolite produced by gut lactic acid bacteria, enhances energy metabolism by activation of TRPV1 – Minji Kim – FASEB

Water and extremophile microbiome
Dissimilatory Nitrate Reduction to Ammonium in the Yellow River Estuary: Rates, Abundance, and Community Diversity – Cuina Bu – Scientific Reports

Built environment
Phage-host associations in a full-scale activated sludge plant during sludge bulking – Ruyin Liu – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Phages and viruses
Metagenomic Analysis of Dairy Bacteriophages: Extraction Method and Pilot Study on Whey Samples Derived from Using Undefined and Defined Mesophilic Starter Cultures – Veronica Barragan – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Microbes in the news
Flesh-Eating Vibrio Can Come From Cleaning Fish…As Well As Swimming – Judy Stone – Forbes

Burp! Singapore scientists hope for probiotic beer hit – Reuters – Deccan Chronicle

Bacteria Hysteria
Blowing out birthday candles increases bacteria on cake’s icing – study –
Daily Mail

Deadly mix: Brewing faecal bacteria in your coffee cup? – Jagruti Verma – Deccan Chronicle

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July 16, 2017

Events and jobs
Postdoctoral Fellow – Astrobiology – University of Florida

Microbiology Laboratory Manager – Cranleigh Scientific, Northamptonshire, England

Human respiratory microbiome
Review: Microbiome in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – Eduard Monso – Annals of Translational Medicine

Monitoring clinical and microbiological evolution of a cystic fibrosis patient over 26 years: experience of a Brazilian CF Centre – Cassiana da Costa Ferreira Leite – BMC Pulmonary Medicine

Distal airway microbiome is associated with immunoregulatory myeloid cell responses in lung transplant recipients – Nirmal S. Sharma – The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation

Human oral microbiome
Diabetes Enhances IL-17 Expression and Alters the Oral Microbiome to Increase Its Pathogenicity – E. Xiao – Cell Host and Microbe

Microbiome of peri-implantitis affected and healthy dental sites in patients with a history of chronic periodontitis – Danae Apatzidou – Archives of Oral Biology

Human gut microbiome
Review: Gut–CNS-Axis as Possibility to Modulate Inflammatory Disease Activity—Implications for Multiple Sclerosis – Ann-Katrin Fleck – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Determination of certain bacterial groups in gut microbiota and endotoxin levels in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis – Ceren Özkul – The Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology

Animal experiments
Meat and bone meal as partial replacement of fishmeal in diets for gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) juveniles: Diets digestibility, digestive function, and microbiota modulation – Sara Moutinho – Aquaculture

Arachidonic acid sex-dependently affects obesity through linking gut microbiota-driven inflammation to hypothalamus-adipose-liver axis – Pan Zhuang – Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – Molecular Basis of Disease

Disparity in the nasopharyngeal microbiota between healthy cattle on feed, at entry processing and with respiratory disease – Mohamed Zeineldin – Veterinary Microbiology

Animal microbiome
Effects of chromium(III) on enzyme activities and bacterial communities during swine manure composting – Yanan Yin – Bioresource Technology

Antimicrobial Activity of Actinobacteria Isolated From the Guts of Subterranean Termites – R. A. Arango – Environmental Entomology

Oral Disease and Microbiota in Free-roaming cats – Ana Whyte – Topics in Companion Animal Medicine

Plant, root, and soil microbiome
Investigating the durable effect of the hot water treatment used in nurseries on pathogenic fungi inhabiting grapevine wood and involved in Grapevine Trunk Diseases – Emilie Bruez – Crop Protection

Understanding the mycobiota of maize from the highlands of Guatemala, and implications for maize quality and safety – José Rodrigo Mendoza – Crop Protection

The uniqueness and biogeochemical cycling of plant root microbial communities in a floating treatment wetland – Hidetoshi Urakawa – Ecological Engineering

Water and extremophile microbiome
The Other Microeukaryotes of the Coral Reef Microbiome – T.D. Ainsworth – Trends in Microbiology

Taxonomic and functional diversity of a coastal planktonic bacterial community in a river-influenced marine area – Stefan Thiele – Marine Genomics

Built environment
Stimulation effect of electric current density (ECD) on microbial community of a three dimensional particle electrode coupled with biological aerated filter reactor (TDE-BAF) – Yan Feng – BioResource Technology

Food microbiology
Review: Bacteriocin-Antimicrobial Synergy: A Medical and Food Perspective – Harsh Mathur – Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Low FODMAP Diet in the Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis – Dania Schumann – Nutrition

Macrophages treated with non-digestible polysaccharides reveal a transcriptionally unique phenotype – Yongfu Tang – Journal of Functional Foods

Microbial Ecology
Interplay between antibiotic efficacy and drug-induced lysis underlie enhanced biofilm formation at subinhibitory drug concentrations – Wen Yu – bioRxiv

A phylogenetic and evolutionary analysis of antimycin biosynthesis – Rebecca Joynt – bioRxiv

Probiotics / prebiotics
Review: Prenatal and postnatal administration of prebiotics and probiotics – Kristin Sohn – Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine

Techniques
Phototrophic microorganisms in the symbiotic communities of Baikal sponges: Diversity of psbA gene (encoding D1 protein of photosystem II) sequences – OV Kaluzhnaya – Mol Biol (Mosk)
Unfortunately, this article is in Russian and I cannot access the original. The abstract was interesting though, the goal of the study is to determine whether psbA sequences can be used as a marker for phototrophic organisms.

New sequences
Noncontiguous finished genome sequences and description of Bacillus massiliglaciei, Bacillus mediterraneensis, Bacillus massilinigeriensis, Bacillus phocaeensis and Bacillus tuaregi, five new species identified by culturomics – F. Cadoret – New Microbes and New Infections

Whole-Genome Sequences of Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 Virus Isolates from Kerala, India – Sara Jones – Genome Announcements

Phoenicibacter massiliensis‘ gen. nov., sp. nov., a new bacterium isolated from the human gut of a pygmy woman – M. Bilen – New Microbes and New Infections

Phenotypic and genomic comparison of Mycobacterium aurum and surrogate model species to Mycobacterium tuberculosis: implications for drug discovery – Amine Namouchi – BMC Genomics

Microbes in the news 
** Mini-Metagenomics Leads to Microbial Discovery – Abby Olena – The Scientist
Refers to Microfluidic-based mini-metagenomics enables discovery of novel microbial lineages from complex environmental samples – Feiqiao Brian Yu – ELife **

APC Microbiome Institute appoints Spinning Clock to Mind Your Microbes brief – Andy Black – The Drum
An app for kids to learn about the microbiome!

Microbial diversity: ‘key benchmark in the coming Third Wave cosmetic revolution’ – Lucy Whitehouse – Cosmetics Design

Novel bacterial physiology identified in the creation of biofilms – Science Daily

Physicists Just Found a Way to Spin Teeny Tiny Robot Motors With Bacteria – Gemma Conroy – Science Alert

New bacteria being developed for cheese may save industry $10m a year, researchers say – Melanie Vujkovic – ABC

Bacteria-infected mosquitoes are coming to Fresno – but it’s a good thing! – Bryant-Jon Anteola – Fresno Bee

BYU student overcomes flesh-eating bacteria to compete on ‘American Ninja Warrior’ – Braley Dodson – Daily Herald

Bacteria Actively Drive Development of Colorectal Cancer – Newswise
Looking at Streptococcus gallolyticus and its ability to promote colorectal cancer in cell culture, animal models, and human tissue.

Bacteria Hysteria
How surgeons can stop the spread of germs by operating NAKED instead of wearing surgical gowns – Colin Fernandez – Daily Mail

July 2, 2017

Events and jobs

Post-doc in High-Throughput Metagenomics – University of Cambridge

Microbes in the news

Before you head out to the beach this weekend, check bacteria levels – ABC News

Oil-Munching Bacteria Helped Clean Up the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill –  Cynthia Wallentine, Invisiverse

Bacteria Hysteria

Here’s What the Gross Bacteria on Your Expired Makeup Really Looks Like – Erin Reimel, Glamour Magazine

May 6, 2017

Events and jobs

Trainee Microbiology Analyst – Eurofins Lancaster Laboratories

General microbiome

*Review: Optimizing methods and dodging pitfalls in microbiome research – Dorothy Kim – Microbiome

*Book: Dirt Is Good: The Advantage of Germs for Your Child’s Developing Immune System – Jack Gilbert, Rob Knight

Human gut microbiome

*Review: Ménage à trois in the human gut: interactions between host, bacteria and phages – Mohammadali Khan Mirzaei – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Animal microbiome

The functional microbiome of arthropods – Mauro Degli Esposti – PLOS ONE

A comparative study of gut microbiota profiles of earthworms fed in three different substrates – Dianfeng Liu – Symbiosis

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Breaking continuous potato cropping with legumes improves soil microbial communities, enzyme activities and tuber yield – Shuhao Qin – PLOS ONE

Study on the effect of soil beneficial microorganisms on the growth of kiwifruit – Huihe Li – Biomedical Research

Water and extremophile microbiome

Contribution of different bacterial dispersal sources to lakes: Population and community effects in different seasons – Jérôme Comte – Environmental Microbiology

*Review: The life sulfuric: microbial ecology of sulfur cycling in marine sediments – Kenneth Wasmund – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Fine stratification of microbial communities through a metagenomic profile of
the photic zone – Jose M. Haro-Moreno – bioRxiv

Probiotics / prebiotics

Effect of dietary supplementation with Lactobacillus acidophilus D2/CSL (CECT 4529) on caecum microbioma and productive performance in broiler chickens – Alessandra De Cesare – PLOS ONE

Bioinformatics

BusyBee Web: metagenomic data analysis by bootstrapped supervised binning and annotation – CC Laczny – Nucleic Acids Research

Techniques

*Highlight: How to see more: double hybridization to reveal ecological differentiation among close bacterial relatives – Stefan Bertilsson – Environmental Microbiology

Comparative analysis of the sensitivity of metagenomic sequencing and PCR to detect a biowarfare simulant (Bacillus atrophaeus) in soil samples – Delphine Plaire – PLOS ONE

Microbes in the news

The Invisible Secret That Will Change Your Skin Forever – Rachel Krause – Refinery29

Improve your skin microbiome – Cassie Shortsleeve – Furthermore

Dormant bacteria trapped in ice could be released by climate change – Alayna Treene – Axios

Microbes on the market

Commense Licenses UBC’s Microbiome Therapeutic for Preventing Childhood Asthma – Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News

Bacteria Hysteria

Why Bacteria Are More Threatening Than Ever – Alice Park – Time

Science, publishing, and career

Infection and Immunity welcomes the new microbiology – Andreas J. Bäumler – Infection and Immunity

March 29, 2017

Today’s digest is chock-full of human gut studies related to disease, soil/plant and water/environmental studies, quite a lot of research on animal microbiomes and symbiotic microbes, as well as some discussion of techniques to improve various metagenomic applications.

Events and jobs

Scientist – Microbiology Development – BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company)

Microbiology Technical Manager – UKAS – W.Midlands

Multi-site human microbiome

Integration of microbiome and epigenome to decipher the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases – Beidi Chen – Journal of Autoimmunity

Human respiratory microbiome

Integrating the microbiota of the respiratory tract with the unified airway model – Alissa S. Hanshew – Respiratory Medicine

The role of acute and chronic respiratory colonization and infections in the pathogenesis of COPD – Janice M. Leung – Respirology

Human nearly-sterile sites (blood, organs, brain)

* The blood DNA virome in 8,000 humans – Ahmed Moustafa – PLOS Pathogens

Human gut microbiome

Role of External and Environmental Factors in Drug Resistance Emergence: Gut Microbiota – Daniel Ryan – Drug Resistance in Bacteria, Fungi, Malaria, and Cancer

* Changes in intestinal microbiota composition and metabolism coincide with increased intestinal permeability in young adults under prolonged physiologic stress – J. Philip Karl – American Journal of Physiology-Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

Robust Microbiota-Based Diagnostics for Inflammatory Bowel Disease – A. Eck – Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Tackling the Antibiotic Resistance: The “Gut” Feeling – Richa Misra – Drug Resistance in Bacteria, Fungi, Malaria, and Cancer

Book Chapter – Human Gut Microbiota and Obesity During Development – Tomás Cerdó – Adiposity – Omics and Molecular Understanding

Fecal microbiota transplantation – methods of treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infections and other diseases – Juszczuk K – Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online)

Gut Colonization by Methanogenic Archaea Is Associated with Organic Dairy Consumption in Children – van de Pol JA – Frontiers in Microbiology

Gut Microbiome in Chronic Kidney Disease – R. G. Armani – Current Hypertension Reports

Sex-dependent effects on gut microbiota regulate hepatic carcinogenic outcomes – Guoxiang Xie – Scientific Reports

Gut microbiome analysis of type 2 diabetic patients from the Chinese minority ethnic groups the Uygurs and Kazaks – Ye Wang – PLOS ONE

Animal experiments 

Stressor exposure has prolonged effects on colonic microbial community structure in Citrobacter rodentium-challenged mice – Jeffrey D. Galley – Scientific Reports

Engineered Resistant-Starch (ERS) Diet Shapes Colon Microbiota Profile in Parallel with the Retardation of Tumor Growth in In Vitro and In Vivo Pancreatic Cancer Models – Concetta Panebianco – Nutrients

Alcohol-related changes in the intestinal microbiome influence neutrophil infiltration, inflammation and steatosis in early alcoholic hepatitis in mice – Patrick P. Lowe  – PLOS ONE

Altered gut microbiome in a mouse model of Gulf War Illness causes neuroinflammation and intestinal injury via leaky gut and TLR4 activation – Firas Alhasson – PLOS ONE

Olive oil bioactives protect pigs against experimentally-induced chronic inflammation independently of alterations in gut microbiota – Martin Liehr – PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Mosquito Microbiome Dynamics, a Background for Prevalence and Seasonality of West Nile Virus – Eva Novakova – Frontiers in Microbiology

The nasopharyngeal microbiota of beef cattle before and after transport to a feedlot – Devin B. Holman – BMC Microbiology

Fungal diversity and community structure in gut, mound and surrounding soil of fungus-cultivating termites – Huxley Mae Makonde – African Journal of Microbiology Research

Integrated metabolism in sponge–microbe symbiosis revealed by genome-centered metatranscriptomics – Lucas Moitinho-Silva – The ISME Journal (Microbial Ecology)

Inferring Microbial Interactions in the Gut of the Hong Kong Whipping Frog (Polypedates megacephalus) and a Validation Using Probiotics – Francis C. Weng – Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Mineral Ecology: Surface Specific Colonization and Geochemical Drivers of Biofilm Accumulation, Composition, and Phylogeny – Aaron A. Jones – Frontiers in Microbiology

Defining the core citrus leaf- and root-associated microbiota: Factors associated with community structure and implications for managing Huanglongbing (Citrus greening) disease – Ryan A. Blaustein – American Society for Microbiology

The preservation of microbial DNA in archived soils of various genetic types – Ekaterina A. Ivanova – PLOS ONE

Unknown risks to soil biodiversity from commercial fungal inoculants – Miranda M. Hart – Nature Ecology and Evolution

Genetic and functional diversity of ubiquitous DNA viruses in selected Chinese agricultural soils – Li-Li Han – Scientific Reports

Relationship of microbial communities and suppressiveness of Trichoderma fortified composts for pepper seedlings infected by Phytophthora nicotianae – Margarita Ros – PLOS ONE

Metagenomic analyses of bacterial endophytes associated with the phyllosphere of a Bt maize cultivar and its isogenic parental line from South Africa – Ramadimetja A – World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Water and extremophile microbiome

* Characterization of culturable bacteria isolated from hot springs for plant growth promoting traits and effect on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) seedling – Kinjal Samir Patel – Comptes Rendus Biologies

* Microbial indicators as a diagnostic tool for assessing water quality and climate stress in coral reef ecosystems – Bettina Glasl – Marine Biology

Pre-print – Response Of Microbial Community Function To Fluctuating Geochemical Conditions Within A Legacy Radioactive Waste Trench Environment – Xabier Vázquez-Campos – bioRxiv

* Patterns of variation in diversity of the Mississippi river microbiome over 1,300 kilometers – Jason T. Payne – PLOS ONE

Food microbiology

Monitoring of the bacterial communities of bamboo shoots (Dendrocalamus latiflorus) during pickling process – Xuejuan Xia – International Journal of Food Science + Technology

Bioinformatics

Preprint – MIMIX: a Bayesian Mixed-Effects Model for Microbiome Data from Designed Experiments – Neal S. Grantham – arXiv

Techniques

Integrated Methodology to Characterize Microbial Populations and Functions across Small Spatial Scales in an Oil Production Facility – Christopher R. Marks – Routledge

Next-Generation Sequencing Combined with Specific PCR Assays To Determine the Bacterial 16S rRNA Gene Profiles of Middle Ear Fluid Collected from Children with Acute Otitis Media – Saara Sillanpää – American Society for Microbiology Journals

Random sampling causes the low reproducibility of rare eukaryotic OTUs in Illumina COI metabarcoding – Matthieu Leray – PeerJ

Novel 16S rDNA primers revealed the diversity and habitats-related community structure of sphingomonads in 10 different niches – Yili Huang – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Assessment of REPLI-g Multiple Displacement Whole Genome Amplification (WGA) Techniques for Metagenomic Applications – Ahsanuddin S – Journal of Biomolecular Techniques

Improvement of identification methods for honeybee specific Lactic Acid Bacteria; future approaches – Sepideh Lamei – PLOS ONE

Microbes in the news 

Bacteria, deadwood and climate change—forest floor as carbon sink

Basic microbiology research study unexpectedly uncovers practical findings for growers

Bacteria That Cause Human Diseases Found in Orca Blowholes

Bacteria Hysteria

Keep Your Phone Bacteria Free with PhoneSoap

Science, publishing, and career 

Behar, Finberg and Luzuriaga elected fellows of American Academy of Microbiology

Ed’s non-microbiology picks 

Spinach Leaf Transformed Into Beating Human Heart Tissue

Low Socioeconomic Status Affects Life Expectancy More Than Obesity

Caesarean sections and for-profit status of hospitals: systematic review and meta-analysis – Ilir Hoxha – BMJ Open

Work organization and mental health problems in PhD students – Katia Levecque – Research Policy

Influence of Anthropogenic Climate Change on Planetary Wave Resonance and Extreme Weather Events – Michael E. Mann – Scientific Reports

March 18, 2017

Events and jobs

Research Fellow in Omics analysis – King’s College London – Apply by April 12, 2017

Postdoctoral Research Position in Marine Microbial Ecology – University of Southern Mississippi

General microbiome

Microbial Influences in Cardio–Metabolic Diseases – Rachel Petersen – New York Academy of Sciences

*Review: Microbiota: a key orchestrator of cancer therapy – Soumen Roy – Nature Reviews Cancer

*Review: Caenorhabditis elegans as a model for microbiome research – Fan Zhang – Frontiers in Microbiology

Human respiratory microbiome

The relationship between nasopharyngeal CCL5 and microbiota on disease severity among infants with bronchiolitis – Kohei Hasegawa – Allergy

Human gut microbiome

The Food Contaminant Deoxynivalenol Exacerbates the Genotoxicity of Gut Microbiota – Delphine Payros – mBio

Delayed utilization of some fast-fermenting soluble dietary fibers by human gut microbiota when presented in a mixture – Yunus E. Tuncil – Journal of Functional Foods

Animal experiments

Deciphering the combinatorial influence of diet and the microbiota on experimental colitis – Sean R. Llewellyn – bioRxiv

The role of adaptive immunity as an ecological filter on the gut microbiota in zebrafish – Keaton Stagaman – ISME J

Animal microbiome

Comparison of bacterial populations in bedding material, on teat ends, and in milk of cows housed in compost bedded pack barns – R. L. Albino – Animal Production Science

Community analysis of microbial sharing and specialization in a Costa Rican ant–plant–hemipteran symbiosis – Elizabeth G. Pringle – Proceedings of the Royal Society Biological Sciences

Microbial community composition of deep-sea corals from the Red Sea provides insight into functional adaption to a unique environment – Till Röthig – Scientific Reports

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Root microbiota drive direct integration of phosphate stress and immunity – Gabriel Castrillo – Nature

Striking alterations in the soil bacterial community structure and functioning of the biological N cycle induced by Pennisetum setaceum invasion in a semiarid environment – G. Rodríguez-Caballero – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria are more effective under drought: a meta-analysis – Rachel L. Rubin – Plant and Soil

Effect of biodynamic soil amendments on microbial communities in comparison with inorganic fertilization – Sibylle Faust – Applied Soil Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Bacterial diversity in fumarole environments of the Paricutín volcano, Michoacán (Mexico) – Miguel Medrano-Santillana – Extremophiles

Prokaryotic Abundance and Activity in Permafrost of the Northern Victoria Land and Upper Victoria Valley (Antarctica) – Rosabruna La Ferla – Microbial Ecology

Microbial communities of aquatic environments on Heard Island characterized by pyrotag sequencing and environmental data – Michelle A. Allen – Scientific Reports

A Pelagic Microbiome (Viruses to Protists) from a Small Cup of Seawater – Flavia Flaviani – Viruses

Built environment

Microbial dynamics in anaerobic digestion reactors for treating organic urban residues during the start-up process – Rocio J. Alcántara-Hernández – Letters in Applied Microbiology

Variability of airborne bacteria in an urban Mediterranean area (Thessaloniki, Greece) – Savvas Genitsaris – Atmospheric Environment

*Review: A review of microscopy and comparative molecular-based methods to characterize “Plastisphere” communities – Caroline De Tender – Analytical Methods

Techniques

*Review: Emerging Trends for Microbiome Analysis: From Single-Cell Functional Imaging to Microbiome Big Data – Jian Xu – Engineering

*Review: Metaproteomic strategies and applications for gut microbial research – Mingming Xiao – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Microbes in the news

Bacteria-Enriched Lotion Battles Skin Infections – Jenna Flannigan – Live Science

Frozen, Freeze-dried Products for Fecal Microbiota Transplantation as Effective as Fresh? – Pharmacy Times

Study by Irish scientists finds porridge to be good for the heart and gut – RTE

Certain Bacteria Within Gut Microbiome May Halt Inflammation Naturally, Study Says – Patricia Inacio – IBD News Today

Antibiotic overuse might be bad for bees – Mary Beth Griggs – Popular Science

Microbiome research Studies aim to help health, environment – David Wahlberg – The Times Record

My cats poop for science – Jonathan M. Giltin – ars Technica

Microbes on the market

Seres doubles down on a microbiome do-over as the FDA clears a make-or-break study – John Carroll – Endpoint News

Bacteria Hysteria

Revealed: Which supermarket’s chicken is most likely to contain food poisoning bacteria? – Tom Belger – Liverpool Echo

February 20, 2017

This Monday we have some quite interesting news about microbes! Microbes found inside giant crystals in caves in Chihuahua, Mexico, may have survived there for tens of thousands of years, while meadows of underwater seagrass plants might lower levels of harmful bacteria in nearby ocean waters making the whole ecosystem — from corals to fish to humans — healthier. Enjoy your reading..

Pregnancy and early life

Adenoid bacterial colonization in a paediatric population – João Subtil – European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology

Human gut microbiome

Review: NLRP6: A Multifaceted Innate Immune Sensor – Maayan Levy – Trends in Immunology

Prebiotic inulin-type fructans induce specific changes in the human gut microbiota – Doris Vandeputte – Gut

Gut microbial profile is altered in primary biliary cholangitis and partially restored after UDCA therapy – Ruqi Tang – Gut

Multidonor intensive faecal microbiota transplantation for active ulcerative colitis: a randomised placebo-controlled trial – Sudarshan Paramsothy – The Lancet

Reinforcement of intestinal epithelial barrier by arabinoxylans in overweight and obese subjects: A randomized controlled trial: Arabinoxylans in gut barrier – Bouke N. Salden – Clinical Nutrition

Diet-induced obesity, gut microbiota and bone, including alveolar bone loss – Sathima Eaimworawuthikul – Archives of Oral Biology

Animal experiments

Dietary Prebiotics and Bioactive Milk Fractions Improve NREM Sleep, Enhance REM Sleep Rebound and Attenuate the Stress-Induced Decrease in Diurnal Temperature and Gut Microbial Alpha Diversity – Robert S. Thompson – Frontiers in  Behavioral Neuroscience

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Plant community and nitrogen deposition as drivers of α- and β-prokaryotic diversity in reconstructed oil-sands soils and natural boreal forest soils – Jacynthe Masse – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Plant-microbial association in petroleum and gas exploration sites in the state of Assam, north-east India—significance for bioremediation – Hemen Sarma – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

The choice of the DNA extraction method may influence the outcome of the soil microbial community structure analysis – Sylwia Zielińska – Microbiology Open

Water and extremophile microbiome

Seagrass ecosystems reduce exposure to bacterial pathogens of humans, fishes, and invertebrates – Joleah B. Lamb – Science

Phages and viruses

Cyanophage-encoded lipid-desaturases: oceanic distribution, diversity and function – Sheila Roitman – bioRxiv

Techniques

Effects of gelling agent and extracellular signaling molecules on the culturability of marine bacteria – Anita Mac Rygaard – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

A tool named Iris for versatile high-throughput phenotyping in microorganisms – George Kritikos – Nature Microbiology

Microbes in the news 

Microbes survived inside giant cave crystals for up to 50,000 years – Science News

Three-way dance between herbivores, plants and microbes unveiled  – Phys.org

Synthetic antibiotic developed by Sask. researchers to combat drug-resistant bacteria – CBC News

Salmonella ‘can kill cancer’: How bacteria that cause food poisoning could be used to attack tumour cells – Colin Fernandez for Daily Mail, UK

Brazilian peppertree packs power to knock out antibiotic-resistant bacteria – Science Daily

Bacteria Hysteria

Drug-resistant deadly bacteria more widespread than previously thought, study finds – News Medical