February 14, 2018

The role of saliva in structuring human oral bacterial communities, effects of permafrost thaw on methanogenic communities, and articles on the microbiomes of termites, burying beetles, honey bees, and mosquitoes.

Human oral microbiome

A spatial gradient of bacterial diversity in the human oral cavity shaped by salivary flow – Diana M Proctor – Nature Communications

Human vaginal microbiome

To ‘douche’ or not to ‘douche’: hygiene habits may have detrimental effects on vaginal microbiota – Erdogan Aslan – Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Human gut microbiome

Elevated circulating levels of succinate in human obesity are linked to specific gut microbiota – Carolina Serena – The ISME Journal

Infection and Microbiome: Impact of Tuberculosis on Human Gut Microbiome of Indian Cohort – Utkarsh Sood – Indian Journal of Microbiology

Comparative metaproteomics analysis shows altered fecal microbiota signatures in patients with major depressive disorder – Zhi Chen – NeuroReport

Animal experiments

Protective effect of Group B Streptococcus type-III polysaccharide conjugates against maternal colonization, ascending infection and neonatal transmission in rodent models – Emiliano Chiarot – Scientific Reports

Animal microbiome

Pre-print: Axenic Aedes aegypti develop without live bacteria, but exhibit delayed development and reduced oviposition – Maria A Correa – bioRxiv

Two novel strains of Torulaspora delbrueckii isolated from the honey bee gut microbiome and their use in honey fermentation – Joseph P Barry – bioRxiv

Gut microbiota in the burying beetle, Nicrophorus vespilloides, provide colonization resistance against larval bacterial pathogens – Yin Wang – Ecology and Evolution

Rampant Host Switching Shaped the Termite Gut Microbiome – Thomas Bourguignon – Current Biology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Melanization of mycorrhizal fungal necromass structures microbial decomposer communities – Christopher W Fernandez – Journal of Ecology

Fungal community shifts underpin declining mycelial production and turnover across a Pinus sylvestris chronosequence – Andreas Hagenbo – Journal of Ecology

Mycorrhizal symbioses influence the trophic structure of the Serengeti – Bo Maxwell Stevens – Journal of Ecology

The Populus holobiont: dissecting the effects of plant niches and genotype on the microbiome – M A Cregger – Microbiome

Water and extremophile microbiome

Pre-print: Transgenerational inheritance of shuffled symbiont communities in the coral Montipora digitata – Kate Quigley – bioRxiv

Shifts of methanogenic communities in response to permafrost thaw results in rising methane emissions and soil property changes – Shiping Wei – Extremophiles

Food microbiology

Dynamic correlations between microbiota succession and flavor development involved in the ripening of Kazak artisanal cheese – Xiaoji Zheng – Food Research International

Application of high-throughput pyrosequencing in the analysis of microbiota of food commodities procured from small and large retail outlets in a U.S. metropolitan area – A pilot study – Daleniece Higgins – Food Research International

Phages and viruses

The analysis of the oral DNA virome reveals which viruses are widespread and rare among healthy young adults in Valencia (Spain) – Vicente Pérez-Brocal – PLOS ONE

More microbes

Lactobacillus plantarum lipoteichoic acid inhibits biofilm formation of Streptococcus mutans – Ki Bum Ahn – PLOS ONE

Microbes in the news

In soil-dwelling bacteria, scientists find a new weapon to fight drug-resistant superbugs – Melissa Healy – Los Angeles Times

Interdisciplinary approach yields new insights into human evolution – Liz Entman – Vanderbilt University News

Viruses and Bacteria Travel Along a High-Altitude Superhighway – Dave Roos – Seeker

Science, career, and publishing

Pre-print: The impact on authors and editors of introducing Data Availability Statements at Nature journals – Rebecca Grant – bioRxiv


January 31, 2018

Today, research in prediabetes microbiome, bacteriophages in urinary microbiota, several reviews and a good number of papers focused in animal microbiome.


Human Microbiome

Review: Influence of functional food components on gut health – Murphy L.Y. Wan – Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

Review: Gut Microbiota and the Neuroendocrine System – Aitak Farzi – Neurotherapeutics

Laxative effect of repeated Daiokanzoto is attributable to decrease in aquaporin-3 expression in the colon – Risako Kon – Journal of Natural Medicines

Aberrant intestinal microbiota in individuals with prediabetes – Kristine H. Allin – Diabetologia

Perspective: The Potential for Topical Probiotic Treatment of Chronic Rhinosinusitis, a Personal Perspective – Anders U. Cervin – Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology

The third tier in treatment: Attending to the growing connection between gut health and emotional well-being – Joseph Verdino – Health psychology open

Bifidobacteria and lactobacilli in the gut microbiome of children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: which strains act as health players? – Valerio Nobili – Archives of medical science

Kynurenic Acid: The Janus-Faced Role of an Immunomodulatory Tryptophan Metabolite and Its Link to Pathological Conditions – Elisa Wirthgen – Frontiers in immunology

Adaptation of commensal proliferating Escherichia coli to the intestinal tract of young children with cystic fibrosis – Susana Matamouros – Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Review: Gut as an emerging organ for the treatment of diabetes – Martin Haluzik – The Journal of endocrinology

Bacteriophages Of The Urinary Microbiome – Taylor Miller-Ensminger – Journal of bacteriology

Commensal microbiota modulate gene expression in the skin – Jacquelyn S. Meisel – Microbiome

Host genetic variation and its microbiome interactions within the Human Microbiome Project – Raivo Kolde – Genome medicine


Animal Microbiome

Comparison of Microbial Communities in Swine Manure at Various Temperatures and storage times – Joung-Soo Lim – Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences

Effects of different dietary ratio of metabolizable glucose and metabolizable protein on growth performance, rumen fermentation, blood biochemical indices and ruminal microbiota of 8 to 10-month-old heifers – Jie Sun – Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences

Effects of dietary fiber levels on cecal microbiota composition in geese – Yanpin Li – Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences

Annotation of gut bacterial taxonomic and functional diversity in Spodoptera litura and Spilosoma obliqua – Kiran G. Bapatla – Journal of Basic Microbiology

Variations in diet cause alterations in microbiota and metabolites that follow changes in disease severity in a multiple sclerosis model – J.E. Libbey – Beneficial Microbes

Impact of beneficial bacteria supplementation on the gut microbiota, colony development and productivity of Apis mellifera L. – D. Alberoni – Beneficial Microbes

Gut microbiota modulates type I interferon and antibody-mediated immune responses in chickens infected with influenza virus subtype H9N2 – A. Yitbarek – Beneficial Microbes

Appropriate dose of Lactobacillus buchneri supplement improves intestinal microbiota and prevents diarrhoea in weaning Rex rabbits – Y. Zhou – Beneficial Microbes

The Inner Workings of the Outer Surface: Skin and Gill Microbiota as Indicators of Changing Gut Health in Yellowtail Kingfish – Thibault P. R. A. Legrand – Frontiers in microbiology


Plant/Soil Microbiome

Integrated multi-omic analysis of host-microbiota interactions in acute oak decline – Martin Broberg – Microbiome

Antibiotics Disturb the Microbiome and Increase the Incidence of Resistance Genes in the Gut of a Common Soil Collembolan – Dong Zhu – Environmental science & technology


Environmental Microbiome

Coordinated gene expression between Trichodesmium and its microbiome over day–night cycles in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre – Kyle R Frischkorn – The ISME Journal


General Microbiome

Cross-regulatory circuit between AHR and microbiota – Jian Ji – Current Drug Metabolism

‘Massilimalia timonensis’ sp. nov., a new bacterium species isolated from human faeces after decontamination with alcohol – P. Afouda – New microbes and new infections

Taxonomy of anaerobic digestion microbiome reveals biases associated with the applied high throughput sequencing strategies – Stefano Campanaro – Scientific Reports

January 25, 2018

Female sexual and reproductive microbiome: A Bayesian network of the relationship between the vaginal microbiome, habits, demographics and infection risk in reproductive age women, a new mouse model of HIV co-infection demonstrates increased viral shedding in the vagina after gonorrhoeae bacterial infection, and the impacts of diet-induced obesity during pregnancy on the maternal metabolome and gene expression in the placenta in mice.

Water microbiome: How urbanization impact coastal microbiomes, as well as novel organisms from Baltic Sea sediment, and deep-sea hydrothermal vents.

Events and jobs

Clinical Lab Technical Asst Sr – Scripps Health – San Diego CA

Postdoctoral Associate in Soil Health and Water Quality – Stroud Water Research Center – Southeast Pennsylvania


Human oral microbiome

Review: Salivary biomarkers for oral cancer and pre-cancer screening: a review – J Kaur – Clinical Oral Investigations

Review: In Sickness and in Health—What Does the Oral Microbiome Mean to Us? An Ecological Perspective – P.D. Marsh – Advanced in Dental Research

Therapeutic Strategies Targeting Cariogenic Biofilm Microenvironment – Y. Liu – Advanced in Dental Reserach

Human vaginal microbiome

Review: Probiotics in the Prevention and Treatment of Postmenopausal Vaginal Infections: Review Article – Jun-Mo Kim – Journal of Menopausal Medicine

*Associations between sexual habits, menstrual hygiene practices, demographics and the vaginal microbiome as revealed by Bayesian network analysis – Noelle Noyes – PLOSone

Human gut microbiome

Review: Microbiota-Regulated Outcomes of Human Cancer Immunotherapy via the PD-1/PD-L1 Axis – Jaymin Patel – Biochemistry

Review: Microbiome: Gut microbiota sways response to cancer immunotherapy – Ashley York – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Review: Bacterial Signaling at the Intestinal Epithelial Interface in Inflammation and Cancer – Olivia I. Coleman

Characterization of Fusobacterium varium Fv113-g1 isolated from a patient with ulcerative colitis based on complete genome sequence and transcriptome analysis – Tsuyoshi Sekizuka – PLOSone


Animal experiments

*Diet-induced obesity alters the maternal metabolome and early placenta transcriptome and decreases placenta vascularity in the mouse – Tami J Stuart – Biology of Reproduction

Gastrointestinal Tract Pathology in a BALB/c Niemann–Pick Disease Type C1 Null Mouse Model – Antony Cougnoux – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

Probiotic/prebiotic correction for adverse effects of iron fortification on intestinal resistance to Salmonella infection in weaning mice  – Feifei Lin – Food and Function

Beneficial effects of consumption of acerola, cashew or guava processing by-products on intestinal health and lipid metabolism in dyslipidaemic female Wistar rats – Kamila Sabino Batista – British Journal of Nutrition

*Neisseria gonorrhoeae co-infection exacerbates vaginal HIV shedding without affecting systemic viral loads in human CD34+ engrafted mice – Stacey X. Xu – PLOSone

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Interspecific plant interactions reflected in soil bacterial community structure and nitrogen cycling in primary succession – Joseph E. Knelman – Frontiers in Microbiology

Analysis of the succession of structure of the bacteria community in soil from long-term continuous cotton cropping in Xinjiang using high-throughput sequencing – Zhang Wei – Archives of Microbiology

Rhizosphere competence and biocontrol effect of Pseudomonas sp. RU47 independent from plant species and soil type at the field scale – Susanne Schreiter – Frontiers in Microbiology

Estimation of throughfall and stemflow bacterial flux in a subtropical oak-cedar forest – Thais B. Bittar – Geophysical Research Letters

NGS of virus-derived small RNAs as a diagnostic method used to determine viromes of Hungarian vineyards – Nikoletta Czotter – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbial Remediation of Heavy Metals and Arsenic-Contaminated Environments in the Arid Zone of Northwest China – Xiangliang Pan – In: Luo Y., Tu C. (eds) Twenty Years of Research and Development on Soil Pollution and Remediation in China. Springer, Singapore

Review: Induction of abiotic stress tolerance in plants by endophytic microbes – Rusi Lata – Letters in Applied Microbiology

Amendment of Agricultural Soil with Metal Nanoparticles: Effects on Soil Enzyme Activity and Microbial Community Composition – Bahareh Asadishad – Environmental Science and Technology

Water and extremophile microbiome

*Labilibaculum manganireducens gen. nov., sp. nov. and Labilibaculum filiforme sp. nov., Novel Bacteroidetes Isolated from Subsurface Sediments of the Baltic Sea – Verona Vandieken – Frontiers in Microbiology

*Coastal urbanisation affects microbial communities on a dominant marine holobiont – Ezequiel M. Marzinelli – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Microbial Communities and Diversities in Mudflat Sediments Analyzed Using a Modified Metatranscriptomic Method – Yong-Wei Yan – Frontiers in Microbiology

*Novel hydrogenases from deep-sea hydrothermal vent metagenomes identified by a recently developed activity-based screen – Nicole Adam – The ISME Journal

The molecular ecology of Microcystis sp. blooms in the San Francisco Estuary – Timothy G. Otten – Environmental Microbiology

Built environment

Dissertation: Developing Quantitative Abundance Metrics for Microbial Communities – Gabriel Goodney – San Diego State University


Antibiotic resistance mutations induced in growing cells of Bacillus-related thermophiles – Hirokazu Suzuki – The Journal of Antibiotics

Food microbiology

A metabolomics study reveals enhanced inhibition and metabolic dysregulation in E. coli induced by Lactobacillus acidophilus fermented black tea extract – Kundi Yang – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

More Microbes

Environmental Sequencing Fills the Gap Between Parasitic Haplosporidians and Free-living Giant Amoebae – Georgia M. Ward – Eukaryotic Microbiology


Phages and viruses

Rolling-circle replication initiation protein of haloarchaeal sphaerolipovirus SNJ1 is homologous to bacterial transposases of the IS91 family insertion sequences – Yuchen Wang – Journal of General Virology

Preprint: Comparative transcriptomics reveals a conserved Bacterial Adaptive Phage Response (BAPR) to viral predation – Bob G. Blasdel – BioRxiv


Phylogeny-Based Kernels with Application to Microbiome Association Studies – Jian Xiao – New Advances in Statistics and Data Science


Advantages of meta-total RNA sequencing (MeTRS) over shotgun metagenomics and amplicon-based sequencing in the profiling of complex microbial communities – Fabien Cottier – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Ecological Stability Properties of Microbial Communities Assessed by Flow Cytometry – Zishu Liu – mSphere

Deconvolution models for a better understanding of natural microbial communities enumerated by flow-cytometry – Gianluca Corno – Cytometry


Microbes in the news

Bacteria could cause women to give birth prematurely, study finds – Sabrina Barr – Independent

PCOS may reduce gut bacteria diversity – EurekAlert!

Root microbiome valuable key to plants surviving drought – Elaine Smith – Phys.org

Studies in Mice Suggest How Dietary Fiber Reduces Harmful Effects of High-Fat Diet – Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News

Helicobacter pylori infection permanently changes gastric environment – Medical Press

Dietary Fiber Intake Protects against Diet-Induced Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome – SCI News

The Microbiome of an Oil Reservoir – UC San Diego

Mucin Cross-Feeding Shapes The Metabolic Environment In The Infant Gut – Vera Bunesova – Science Trends

An obesity-associated gut microbiome reprograms the intestinal epigenome and leads to altered colonic gene expression – Yufeng Qin – Genome Biology


January 19, 2018

Today’s digest features a review on gut microbial glycerol metabolism as a source of Acrolein, and an interesting article on the impact of climate cooling on ecosystem community structure and function in alpine soils. Happy reading!


Careers and Events

Research Fellow – National University of Singapore

Postdoctoral Fellow – Boston Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School

Scientific Officer/Senior Scientific Officer – The Cancer Research UK Beatson Institute

Staff Clinician – National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Heart, Blood and Lung Institute (NHLBI)

Human respiratory microbiome

Initial acquisition and succession of the cystic fibrosis lung microbiome is associated with disease progression in infants and preschool children – Marianne S. Muhlebach – Plos Pathogens

Human skin microbiome

Association of Disease Severity With Skin Microbiome and Filaggrin Gene Mutations in Adult Atopic Dermatitis – Maja-Lisa Clausen – JAMA Dermatology

Human gut microbiome

Review : Genetic and microbiome influence on lipid metabolism and dyslipidemia – Maria Matey Hernandez – Physiological Genomics

Review : Bile acids in glucose metabolism in health and disease – Hagit Shapiro – Journal of Experimental Microbiology

*Review: Gut Microbial Glycerol Metabolism as an Endogenous Acrolein Source – Jianbo Zhang – mBio

Review: How does ‘metabolic surgery’ work its magic? New evidence for gut microbiota – Peck Bailey C.E – Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity

Multi-omics differentially classify disease state and treatment outcome in pediatric Crohn’s disease – Gavin M. Douglas – Microbiome

Genetic risk, dysbiosis, and treatment stratification using host genome and gut microbiome in inflammatory bowel disease – Ahmed Moustafa – Clinical and translational gastroenterology

Animal experiments

Flaxseed-enriched diets change milk concentration of the antimicrobial danofloxacin in sheep – Jon Andoni Otero – BMC Veterinary Research

Colonization of the cervicovaginal space with Gardnerella vaginalis leads to local inflammation and cervical remodeling in pregnant mice – Luz-Jeannette Sierra – Plos One

Kudingcha and Fuzhuan Brick Tea Prevent Obesity and Modulate Gut Microbiota in High-Fat Diet Fed Mice – Guijie Chen – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

*Alpine soil carbon is vulnerable to rapid microbial decomposition under climate cooling – Linwei Wu – ISME Journal

Cultivable fungi present in Antarctic soils: taxonomy, phylogeny, diversity, and bioprospecting of antiparasitic and herbicidal metabolites – Eldon C. Q. Gomes – Extremophiles

Clearcutting alters decomposition processes and initiates complex restructuring of fungal communities in soil and tree roots – Petr Kohout – The ISME Journal

A large-scale field study of bacterial communities in cereal aphid populations across Morocco – Samir Fakhour – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Microbial Mitigation-Exacerbation Continuum: A novel framework for microbiome effects on hosts in the face of stress – Aaron S. David – Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Brief Report: Effects of grazing, phosphorus and light on the growth rates of major bacterioplankton taxa in the coastal NW Mediterranean – Olga Sánchez – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Development of a mediated whole cell-based electrochemical biosensor for joint toxicity assessment of multi-pollutants using a mixed microbial consortium – Guanyue Gao – Analytica Chimica Acta

The acute effects of erythromycin and oxytetracycline on enhanced biological phosphorus removal system: shift in bacterial community structure – Zhetai Hu – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Probiotics / prebiotics

Valorization of Brewer’s spent grain to prebiotic oligosaccharide: production, xylanase catalyzed hydrolysis, in-vitro evaluation with probiotic strains and in a batch human fecal fermentation model – Mursalin Sajib – Journal of Biotechnology

In vitro fermentation of gum acacia – impact on the faecal microbiota – Sehad Alarifi -International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

A bioluminescent test system reveals valuable antioxidant properties of lactobacillus strains from human microbiota – Maria Marsova – World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Yeasts / Fungi

Review: Sequence-based classification and identification of Fungi – David Hibbett – Mycologia

Phages and viruses

Detection of bovine Deltapapillomavirus DNA in peripheral blood of healthy sheep (Ovis aries) – S. Roperto – Transboundary and Emerging Diseases


In-depth resistome analysis by targeted metagenomics – Val F. Lanza – Microbiome


Qualitative metabolomics profiling of serum and bile from dogs with gallbladder mucocele formation – Jody L. Gookin – Plos One


A distance-based approach for testing the mediation effect of the human microbiome -Jie Zhang – Bioinformatics

Anitha’s non-microbiology picks

NASA test proves pulsars can function as a celestial GPS

The dark side of light: how artificial lighting is harming the natural world

Ultrathin 2-D metals get their own periodic table

January 7, 2018

Today’s digest is brief but full of fun and exciting news about microbes, including self-portraits of microbes on your skin and how AI (artificial intellegence) is used to identify bacteria.

Gut Microbiome

REVIEW: Gut as a target for cadmium toxicity. Tinkov, AA. Environmental Pollution

Plant, Soil, and Water Microbiome

Effects of short-term fallow managements on soil microbial properties: A case study in China. Li, G. Applied Soil Ecology

Animal Experiments and Microbiome

Environmental concentrations of antibiotics impair zebrafish gut health. Zhou, L. Environmental Pollution

Polystyrene microplastics induce microbiota dysbiosis and inflammation in the gut of adult zebrafish. Jin, Y. Environmental Pollution

Food Microbiome

REVIEW: Seafood spoilage microbiota and associated volatile organic compounds at different storage temperatures and packaging. Odeyemi, OA. International Journal of Food Microbiology.

Microbes in the NEWS

The Swab Test: Amount Of Bacteria On Touchscreens May Surprise You

-CBS Philly

Artificial intelligence used to identify bacteria

-Digital Journal

Physicists Solve the Biodiversity Arms-Race Paradox: “Kill the Winner”


A Self-Portrait of the Microbes that Live on our Skin

-Labiotech.eu (blog)

Microbiology Jobs

Part-Time Lab Technician II, Biology/Microbiology

-Inside Higher Ed Careers

January 3, 2018

Today we have a nice event /training in social science techniques organized by NERC in Manchester, Bristol and Edinburgh (UK), few microbiology jobs, an interesting review from Arun T. Nair in “Gut Microbiome”, quite a few papers about Synechococcus in “Water and extremophile microbiome”. Check as well “Microbes on market” where you can read about Google and Microsoft investing in medicine startup DNAnexus.


Social science techniques for natural scientists training funded by NERC, UK


Microbiologist – Kent, UK

Scientist/Sr.Scientist – Strain Development, CJM Talent Solutions, San Francisco, US

Associate/Assistant Professor : Miami, Florida, FL, US

General microbiome

Comparison of genomes and proteomes of four whole genome-sequenced Campylobacter jejuni from different phylogenetic backgrounds – Clifford G. Clark – PLOS

Phylogenetic inference of Coxiella burnetii by 16S rRNA gene sequencing – Heather P. McLaughlin -PLOS

The photosynthetic bacteria Rhodobacter capsulatus and Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 as new hosts for cyclic plant triterpene biosynthesis – Anita Loeschcke -PLOS

Pregnancy and early life

Effect of innate antiviral glycoproteins in breast milk on seroconversion to rotavirus vaccine (Rotarix) in children in Lusaka, Zambia – Katayi Mwila-Kazimbaya – PLOS

Oral microbiome

Frequency and levels of candidate endodontic pathogens in acute apical abscesses as compared to asymptomatic apical periodontitis – Isabela N. Rôças – PLOS

Human vaginal microbiome

Combined oral and topical antimicrobial therapy for male partners of women with bacterial vaginosis: Acceptability, tolerability and impact on the genital microbiota of couples – A pilot study – Erica L. Plummer – PLOS

Candida albicans-derived mannoproteins activate NF-κB in reporter cells expressing TLR4, MD2 and CD14 – Traci Ness – PLOS

Replication-dependent size reduction precedes differentiation in Chlamydia trachomatis – Jennifer K. Lee – Nature Communications

Human gut microbiome

T6SS: The bacterial “fight club” in the host gut – Thibault G. Sana – PLOS Pathogens

Review: Gut Microbiota Dysfunction as Reliable Non-invasive Early Diagnostic Biomarkers in the Pathophysiology of Parkinson’s Disease: A Critical Review – Arun T Nair – Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility

Animal experiments

Effect of dietary xylooligosaccharides on intestinal characteristics, gut microbiota, cecal short-chain fatty acids, and plasma immune parameters of laying hens – X M Ding – Poultry Science

Influence of a diet enriched with virgin olive oil or butter on mouse gut microbiota and its correlation to physiological and biochemical parameters related to metabolic syndrome – Isabel Prieto – PLOS

Modulation of the diet and gastrointestinal microbiota normalizes systemic inflammation and β-cell chemokine expression associated with autoimmune diabetes susceptibility – Angela M. Henschel – PLOS

Dietary Lactobacillus acidophilus positively influences growth performance, gut morphology, and gut microbiology in rurally reared chickens  – C Forte – Poultry Science

Animal microbiome

Oral Disease and Microbiota in Free-Roaming Cats – Ana Whyte – Topics in Companion Animal Medicine

Review: Effect of Enterococcus Faecium Strain SF68 on Gastrointestinal Signs and Fecal Microbiome in Cats Administered Amoxicillin-Clavulanate – C. Torres-Henderson – Topics in Companion Animal Medicine

Water and extremophile microbiome

Clade and strain specific contributions of Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus to carbon export in the Sargasso Sea – Francesca De Martini – Limnology and Oceanography

Microbial proteins for organic material degradation in the deep ocean – David L. Kirchman – PNAS

Photosynthetic functions of Synechococcus in the ocean microbiomes of diverse salinity and seasons – Yihwan Kim – PLOS

Potential impact of global climate change on benthic deep-sea microbes – Roberto Danovaro – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Variability in the production of organic ligands, by Synechococcus PCC 7002, under different iron scenarios – Guillermo Samperio-Ramos – Journal of Oceanography

Effect of light on N2 fixation and net nitrogen release of Trichodesmium in a field study – Yangyang Lu – Biogeosciences

Microbial diversity of saline environments: searching for cytotoxic activities – Carolina Díaz-Cárdenas – AMB Express

Aerobic proteobacterial methylotrophs in Movile Cave: genomic and metagenomic analyses – Deepak Kumaresan – BMC Microbiome

Probiotics / prebiotics

Bifidobacteria or Fiber Protects against Diet-Induced Microbiota-Mediated Colonic Mucus Deterioration – Bjoern O. Schroeder – Cell Host and Microbe

Modifying progression of aging and reducing the risk of neurodegenerative diseases by probiotics and synbiotics – Huey Shi Lye – Frontiers In Bioscience

Phages and viruses

Isolation and characterization of a N4-like lytic bacteriophage infecting Vibrio splendidus, a pathogen of fish and bivalves – Pantelis Katharios – PLOS

High human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence in South African adolescents and young women encourages expanded HPV vaccination campaigns – Zizipho Z. A. Mbulawa – PLOS

Zika virus infection modulates the bacterial diversity associated with Aedes aegypti as revealed by metagenomic analysis – Luis E. M. Villegas – PLOS

Localized Recombination Drives Diversification of Killing Spectra for Phage Derived Syringacins – David Baltrus – bioRxiv


Assessment of the cPAS-based BGISEQ-500 platform for metagenomic sequencing – Chao Fang – Giga Science



Imaging bacteria inside their host by cryo-focused ion beam milling and electron cryotomography – João M Medeiros – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Microbes in the news

Tech company’s lights being used to kill germs in ambulances

Astronauts Identify Mystery Microbes in Space for the 1st Time

Microbes on the market

Seres Therapeutics Inc (MCRB) Holdings Increased by State Street Corp

Microsoft, Google invest in precision medicine startup DNAnexus

Tina’s non-microbiology picks

Synthetic Biology in the Driving Seat of the Bioeconomy – Yensi Flores Bueso – Trends in Biotechnology

Expect exoplanet atmospheres, organs with new functions and fewer traffic jams in 2018

December 19, 2017

Changes to the oral microbiota are associated with risk factors for oral cancer, the benefits of endophytic bacteria on plants, analysis of biofilms from a worldwide sampling of shower hoses.

Pregnancy and early life

Diversity of vaginal microbiota increases by the time of labor onset – Ekaterina Avershina – Scientific Reports

Human oral microbiome

Alterations in oral bacterial communities are associated with risk factors for oral and oropharyngeal cancer – Daniela Börnigen – Scientific Reports

Oral Microbiota: Microbial Biomarkers of Metabolic Syndrome Independent of Host Genetic Factors – Jiyeon Si – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Animal experiments

Pre-print: Antenatal microbial colonisation of mammalian gut – Elisa Borghi – bioRxiv

Metagenome Analysis of Bodily Microbiota in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer Disease Using Bacteria-derived Membrane Vesicles in Blood – Jin-Young Park – Experimental Neurobiology

Animal microbiome

Differential Ecological Specificity of Protist and Bacterial Microbiomes across a Set of Termite Species – Lena Waidele – Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Pre-print: The ecological genetics of Pseudomonas syringae residing on the kiwifruit leaf surface – Christina Straub – bioRxiv

Inner Plant Values: Diversity, Colonization and Benefits from Endophytic Bacteria – Hongwei Liu – Frontiers in Microbiology

Frankia diversity in host-plant root nodules is independent of abundance or relative diversity of Frankia in corresponding rhizosphere soils – Seifeddine Ben Tekaya – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Correlated production and consumption of chloromethane in the Arabidopsis thaliana phyllosphere – Muhammad Farhan Ul Haque – Scientific Reports

Rhizodeposition under drought is controlled by root growth rate and rhizosphere water content – Maire Holz – Plant and Soil

Water and extremophile microbiome

Localized high abundance of Marine group II archaea in the subtropical Pearl River Estuary: implications for their niche adaptation – Wei Xie – Environmental Microbiology

Thermophilic bacterial communities inhabiting the microbial mats of “indifferent” and chalybeate (iron-rich) thermal springs: Diversity and biotechnological analysis – Ramganesh Selvarajan – MicrobiologyOpen

Distribution and phylogeny of anaerobic anammonium-oxidizing (anammox) bacteria in water column of the central Pacific Ocean – Koji Hamasaki – Deap Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography

Built environment

Biofilms in shower hoses – Caitlin R Proctor – Water Research

Phages and viruses

Pre-print: Human Herpes Virus 6 (HHV-6) – Pathogen or Passenger? A pilot study of clinical laboratory data and next generation sequencing – Colin Sharp – bioRxiv

Pre-print: ACI-1 class A beta-lactamase is widespread across human gut microbiomes due to transposons harboured by tailed prophages – Chris M Rands – bioRxiv


Pre-print: How, when, and where relic DNA biases estimates of microbial diversity – J T Lennon – bioRxiv


Plasma microbiome-modulated indole- and phenyl-derived metabolites associate with advanced atherosclerosis and postoperative outcomes – Cori A Cason – Journal of Vascular Surgery

Best-matched internal standard normalization in liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry metabolomics applied to environmental samples – Angela K Boysen – Analytical Chemistry


Microfluidics: A new tool for microbial single cell analyses in human microbiome studies – Yuguang Liu – Biomicrofluidics

Pre-print: CLIQ-BID: A method to quantify bacteria-induced damage to eukaryotic cells by automated live-imaging of bright nuclei – Yann Wallez – bioRxiv

Mapping the ecological networks of microbial communities – Yandong Xiao – Nature Communications

More microbes

Pre-print: Molecular insights into Vibrio cholerae’s intra-amoebal host-pathogen interactions – Charles Van der Henst – bioRxiv

Nature to the natural rescue: Silencing microbial chats – Diby Paul – Chemico-Biological Interactions

Microbes in the news

Tracking effects of a food preservative on the gut microbiome – EurekAlert

Microbiome intervention with niacin aids insulin sensitivity – Medical Xpress

Wound scanner shows bacteria glowing if your body is infected – New Scientist

Engineering new cellular scaffolding for bacteria – Celia Henry Arnaud – Chemical & Engineering News

Viruses can transfer genes across the superkingdoms of life – ScienceDaily

Microbes on the market

British Health Technology Company Expanding Into Ten European Countries – PR Newswire