October 17, 2017

The effects of antimicrobials in household products on the maternal and infant microbiome, water quality of an urban stream network, and using adaptive evolution to improve lager yeast hybrids.

Pregnancy and early life

Household triclosan and triclocarban effects on the infant and maternal microbiome – Jessica V Ribado – EMBO Molecular Medicine

Water and extremophile microbiome

Microbial diversity and iron oxidation at Okuoku-hachikurou Onsen, a Japanese hot spring analog of Precambrian iron formations – L M Ward – Geobiology

Microbial communities and organic biomarkers in a Proterozoic-analog sinkhole – T L Hamilton – Geobiology

Built environment

Urban infrastructure influences dissolved organic matter quality and bacterial metabolism in an urban stream network – Clay P Arango – Freshwater Biology

Food microbiology

Pre-print: Enhanced wort fermentation with de novo lager hybrids adapted to high ethanol environments – Kristoffer Krogerus – bioRxiv

More microbes

Pre-print: Phosphate starvation induces replacement of phospholipids with the betaine lipid diacylglycerol-N,N,N-trimethylhomoserine in the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans – Surabhi Naik – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Infections by C.diff bacteria are on the rise and can cause serious problems – Consumer Reports – The Washington Post

Engineered bacteria build microstructures on their own – Michael Torrice – Chemical & Engineering News

Gut fungi might be linked to obesity and inflammatory bowel disorders – Tina Hesman Saey – Science News

Rare bacteria in dead elephant sparks alarm – Siba Mohanty – The New Indian Express

Woman Contracts Rare Bacterial Infection on 12-Hour Flight – Rachael Rettner – Live Science

Microbial Drug Resistant Mutations Found via Novel Genome Screen – Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News

One More Small Piece of the Puzzle on the Role of Gut Micro-organisms in MS – Ana Belo Van Wijk – Multiple Sclerosis News Today

Microbes on the market

New Clinical Data and Microbiome Research from Rebiotix’s Phase 2 Program for RBX2660 Highlighted at the World Congress of Gastroenterology at ACG2017 – PR Newswire


October 14, 2017

The marine sponge microbiome, bacterial communication mediated by hydrogen sulfide, a gnotobiotic pig model to study interactions between a defined gut community and antibiotics, probiotics, and rotavirus.

General microbiome

Evolutionary contribution to coexistence of competitors in microbial food webs – Teppo Hiltunen – Proceedings of the Royal Society Biological Sciences

Pregnancy and early life

Effects of Therapeutic Hypothermia on the Gut Microbiota and Metabolome of Infants suffering Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy at birth – C Watkins – The International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology

Does the maternal vaginal microbiota play a role in seeding the microbiota of neonatal gut and nose? – O Sakwinska – Beneficial Microbes

Ratio of Klebsiella/Bifidobacterium in early life correlates with later development of paediatric allergy – J S Y Low – Beneficial Microbes

Human oral microbiome

Exopolysaccharides regulate calcium flow in cariogenic biofilms – Monika Astasov-Frauenhoffer – PLOS ONE

Human gut microbiome

The Gut Microbiome Feelings of the Brain: A Perspective for Non-Microbiologists – Aaron Lerner – Microorganisms

The composition and metabolism of faecal microbiota is specifically modulated by different dietary polysaccharides and mucin: an isothermal microcalorimetry study – K Adamberg – Beneficial Microbes

Review: Our gut microbiota: a long walk to homeostasis – L M T Dicks – Beneficial Microbes

Animal experiments

Flavanol-Rich Cocoa Powder Interacts with Lactobacillus rhamnossus LGG to Alter the Antibody Response to Infection with the Parasitic Nematode Ascaris suum – Saebyeol Jang – Nutrients

Effect of antibiotic, probiotic, and human rotavirus infection on colonisation dynamics of defined commensal microbiota in a gnotobiotic pig model – H C Huang – Beneficial Microbes

Animal microbiome

Pre-print: An RNA Virome associated to the Golden Orb-weaver Spider Nephila clavipes – Humberto J Debat – bioRxiv

The sponge microbiome project – Lucas Moutinho-Silva – Gigascience

Water and extremophile microbiome

Diversity and Antimicrobial Potential of Predatory Bacteria from the Peruvian Coastline – Luis Linares-Otoya – Marine Drugs


Identification of 76 novel B1 metallo-β-lactamases through large-scale screening of genomic and metagenomic data – Fanny Berglund – Microbiome

More microbes

Pre-print: Two SecA/SecY Systems with Distinct Roles in the Ecological Adaptations of Bacteria – Xiaowei Jiang – bioRxiv

Pre-print: H2S mediates interbacterial communication through the air reverting intrinsic antibiotic resistance – Daniel Thomas-Lopez – bioRxiv

Pre-print: Interplay between antibiotic efficacy and drug-induced lysis underlies enhanced biofilm formation at subinhibitory drug concentrations – Wen Yu – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

How switches work in bacteria – EurekAlert

Opinion: Microbiology Needs More Math – Mikhail Tikhonov – The Scientist

Fluctuating environments can help cooperating bacteria – Science Daily

How to study the inside of a humpback whale’s blowhole? Drones, of course – Teresa Welsh – The Sacramento Bee

Scientists Generate 3D Map of Gut Microbiome – Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News

Microbes on the market

Research Foundation Calls for Canadian Proposals to Study Dietary Interactions with Microbiota – PR Newswire

October 3, 2017

Review on bioinformatics software for virus sequence analysis, the wild baboon microbiome, potential health risks of spontaneous food fermentation.

Human oral microbiome

Pre-print: Novel genes required for the fitness of Streptococcus pyogenes in human saliva – Luchang Zhu – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

Antibiotic use and new-onset inflammatory bowel disease in Olmsted County, Minnesota: a population-based case-control study – Satimai Aniwan – Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis

The Gut Microbiota of Healthy Aged Chinese Is Similar to That of the Healthy Young – Gaorui Bian – mSphere

Animal experiments

Young Pigs Consuming Lysozyme Transgenic Goat Milk Are Protected from Clinical Symptoms of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Infection – Lydia C Garas – The Journal of Nutrition

Whole-Grain Starch and Fiber Composition Modifies Ileal Flow of Nutrients and Nutrient Availability in the Hindgut, Shifting Fecal Microbial Profiles in Pigs – Janelle M Fouhse – The Journal of Nutrition

Lotus Seed Resistant Starch Regulates Gut Microbiota and Increases SCFAs Production and Mineral Absorption in Mice – Hongliang Zeng – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Animal microbiome

Microbiota Diversity Within and Between the Tissues of Two Wild Interbreeding Species – Emmanuel Guivier – Microbial Ecology

Group Living and Male Dispersal Predict the Core Gut Microbiome in Wild Baboons – Laura E Grieneisen – Integrative and Comparative Biology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Pre-print: Rice paddy Nitrospirae encode and express genes related to sulfate respiration: proposal of the new genus Candidatus Sulfobium – Sarah Zecchin – bioRxiv

Effects of Grazing and Fire Frequency on Floristic Quality and its Relationship to Indicators of Soil Quality in Tallgrass Prairie – George C Manning – Environmental Management

Pre-print: Hunters or gardeners? Linking community structure and function of trap-associated microbes to the nutrient acquisition strategy of a carnivorous plant – Dagmara Sirová – bioRxiv

Multitrophic interactions in the rhizosphere of a temperate forest tree affect plant carbon flow into the belowground food web – H R Maboreke – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Water and extremophile microbiome

Rhabdanaerobium thermarum gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel anaerobic bacterium isolated from a hot spring – Lan Liu – International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Food microbiology

Review: Spontaneous Food Fermentations and Potential Risks for Human Health – Vittorio Capozzi – Fermentation

Phages and viruses

Review: Software Dedicated to Virus Sequence Analysis “Bioinformatics Goes Viral” – Martin Hölzer – Advances in Virus Research


Nephele: A cloud platform for simplified, standardized, and reproducible microbiome data analysis – Nick Weber – Bioinformatics

More microbes

Pre-print: A LaeA- and BrlA-dependent cellular network governs tissue-specific secondary metabolism in the human pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus – Abigail L Lind – bioRxiv

Pre-print: Dual RNAseq shows the human mucosal immunity protein, MUC13, is a hallmark of Plasmodium exoerythrocytic infection – Gregory M LaMonte – bioRxiv

September 21, 2017

Additional data and new analyses from the NIH Human Microbiome Project, understanding lambda phage integration in its effects on the host, a yeast fermentation method for use in wine making.

Pregnancy and early life

Pre-print: Genetic diversity and mother-child overlap of the gut associated microbiota determined by reduced genome sequencing – Anuradha Ravi – bioRxiv

Multi-site human microbiome

Strains, functions and dynamics in the expanded Human Microbiome Project – Jason Lloyd-Price – Nature

Phages and viruses

Combining Comprehensive Analysis of Off-Site Lambda Phage Integration with a CRISPR-Based Means of Characterizing Downstream Physiology – Yu Tanouchi – mBio


The 16S rRNA gene-based PCR method used for the detection of segmented filamentous bacteria in the intestinal microbiota generates false-positive results – Forough L Nowrouzian – Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica

Pre-print: Wine yeast phenomics: a standardized fermentation method for assessing quantitative traits of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains in enological conditions – Emilien Peltier – bioRxiv

More microbes

Pre-print: Comprehensive analysis of central carbon metabolism reveals multiple connections between nutrients, biosynthetic capacity, and cell morphology in Escherichia coli – Corey S Westfall – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

What’s the latest on gut microbiota? Concordia microbiology undergrads publish their findings – Phys.Org

Microbes on the market

Ixcela Launches Over-the-Counter Gut Health Test and Sophisticated Internal Wellness Program – Business Wire

Avadim Technologies Inc. Announces Partnership With Cardinal Health, Inc. – Market Wired

August 24, 2017

Bacterial paleontology of iron formations, gene expression from bacteria and archaea in the Amazon River, indoles promote a “youthful” gene expression profile in their host.

Events and jobs

Podcast: Branding Bacteria – Carla Brown

General microbiome

Preprint: Metabolic Model-Based Analysis of the Emergence of Bacterial Cross-Feeding through Extensive Gene Loss – Colin P McNally – bioRxiv

Pregnancy and early life

Breast Milk Transforming Growth Factor β Is Associated With Neonatal Gut Microbial Composition – Alexandra R Sitarik – Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

Human gut microbiome

Increased Tryptophan Metabolism is Associated With Activity of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases – Susanna Nikolaus – Gastroenterology

Animal experiments

Indoles from commensal bacteria extend healthspan – Robert Sonowal – PNAS

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Soil C and N statuses determine the effect of maize inoculation by plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria on nitrifying and denitrifying communities – Alessandro Florio – Scientific Reports

Changes in Soil Microbial Community and Its Effect on Carbon Sequestration Following Afforestation on the Loess Plateau, China – Yun Xiang – International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Rapid peat accumulation favours the occurrence of both fen and bog microbial communities within a Mediterranean, free-floating peat island – Giuseppe Concheri – Scientific Reports

Influence of film mulching on soil microbial community in a rainfed region of northeastern China – Wenyi Dong – Scientific Reports

Secondary compound hypothesis revisited: Selected plant secondary metabolites promote bacterial degradation of cis-1,2-dichloroethylene (cDCE) – Serena Fraraccio – Scientific Reports

Adaptive evolution of rhizobial symbiotic compatibility mediated by co-evolved insertion sequences – Ran Zhao – The ISME Journal

Micropredator niche differentiation between bulk soil and rhizosphere of an agricultural soil depends on bacterial prey – Lu Zhang – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Predicting blooms of toxic cyanobacteria in eutrophic lakes with diverse cyanobacterial communities – Aleksandra Bukowski – Scientific Reports

Patterns of Bacterial and Archaeal Gene Expression through the Lower Amazon River – Brandon M Satinsky – Frontiers in Marine Science


Protocol for a randomised, placebo-controlled pilot study for assessing feasibility and efficacy of faecal microbiota transplantation in a paediatric ulcerative colitis population: PediFETCh trial – Nikhil Pai – Gastroenterology and Hepatology

More microbes

Bacterial paleontology of the Neoarchean banded iron formations of Karelia and the Kola Peninsula – M M Astafieva – Paleontological Journal

Microbes in the news

Cyborg bacteria covered in solar panels can beat plants at photosynthesis – Angela Chen – The Verge

Gut bacteria influence the brain indirectly, study shows – Maria Cohut – Medical News Today

Scientists uncover two-layer identification among soil bacteria – Amy Wallace – UPI.com

We May Have Just Found The Hormone That Lets Gut Bacteria Talk to The Brain – Peter Duckbill – Science Alert

August 3, 2017

The impact of root hairs on rhizosphere soil structure, gut virome dynamics in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, an art installation made from bacteria found in a 300-year-old copy of Ovid’s Metamorphoses.

Events and jobs

Assistant/Associate Professor of Soil Microbiomes – Colorado State University

Research Lab Tech Intermediate – University of Michigan Center for Microbial Systems Molecular Biology Laboratory

Content, Lead bioRxiv – Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

General microbiome

Perspective: The evolution of the host microbiome as an ecosystem on a leash – Kevin R Foster – Nature

Animal experiments

Gut Microbiota Modifies Olfactory-Guided Microbial Preferences and Foraging Decisions in Drosophila – Adam Chun-Nin Wong – Current Biology

Cxcr2 signaling and the microbiome suppress inflammation, bile duct injury, and the phenotype of experimental biliary atresia – Junbae Jee – PLOS ONE

Commensal microbiota-induced microRNA modulates intestinal epithelial permeability through a small GTPase ARF4 – Kazuaki Nakata – Journal of Biological Chemistry

Early life antibiotic exposure causes intestinal dysbiosis and exacerbates skin and lung pathology in experimental systemic sclerosis – Heena Mehta – Journal of Investigative Dermatology

16S rRNA genes Illumina sequencing revealed differential cecal microbiome in specific pathogen free chickens infected with different subgroup of avian leukosis viruses – Xinxin Ma – Veterinary Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

High-resolution synchrotron imaging shows that root hairs influence rhizosphere soil structure formation – Nicolai Koebernick – New Phytologist

Genome-Wide Sensitivity Analysis of the Microsymbiont Sinorhizobium meliloti to Symbiotically Important, Defensin-Like Host Peptides – Markus F F Arnold – mBio

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: Metabolic roles of uncultivated bacterioplankton lineages in the northern Gulf of Mexico “Dead Zone” – J Cameron Thrash – bioRxiv

Food microbiology

Fate of Listeria innocua during production and ripening of smeared hard cheese made from raw milk – P Hammer – Journal of Dairy Science


Review: Systematic review: probiotics for functional constipation in children – Katarzyna Wojtyniak – European Journal of Pediatrics

Phages and viruses

The eukaryotic gut virome in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: new clues in enteric graft-versus-host disease – Jérôme Legoff – Nature Medicine


The Opportunities of Metabolomics in Drug Safety Evaluation – Pengcheng Wang – Current Pharmacology Reports

More microbes

SnapShot: Electrochemical Communication in Biofilms – Dong-yeon D Lee – Cell

Microbes in the news

Microbiome: Does it really matter to our health? – Jo Seed – Imperial College London

Lovers Share Colonies of Skin Microbes, Study Finds – Aneri Pattani – New York Times

Scientists map the distribution of antimicrobial resistance across Chinese major cities – EurekAlert

Bacteria could be key to freeing South Pacific of mosquitoes – Emma Maris – Nature

Microbiology: The case of the mysterious messenger – Kaitlin Johnson – Nature

Microbes on the market

World’s First DNA and Microbiome Platform Enters the UK Market – Business Wire

IDbyDNA and ARUP Laboratories Announce Partnership to Develop and Commercialize Novel Infectious Disease Testing Using Metagenomics – PR Newswire

Bacteria art

Bacteria from 300-year-old Ovid poetry volume inspires ‘bio-artist’ – Maev Kennedy – The Guardian

Science, career, and publishing

Preprint: The reproducibility of research and the misinterpretation of P values – David Colquhoun – bioRxiv

Preprint: The GSS is an unreliable indicator of biological sciences postdoc population trends – Christopher L Pickett – bioRxiv

The Plan to End Science’s Sexist #manel Problem – Sarah Scoles – WIRED

  • Featuring Elisabeth Bik!

Non-microbiology picks

Proteins evolve on the edge of supramolecular self-assembly – Hector Garcia-Seisdedos – Nature

July 6, 2017

The microbiota of spotted hyenas, a review of potential interactions between olfactory sensation and the microbiome-gut-brain axis, phylogenetic analysis of host-microbe symbioses to examine the evolution of dependence over time.

General microbiome

Synthetic Microbial Ecology: Engineering Habitats for Modular Consortia – Sami Ben Said – Frontiers in Microbiology

The evolution of host-symbiont dependence – Roberta M Fisher – Nature Communications

Review: The microbiota revolution: Excitement and caution – Maria Rescigno – European Journal of Immunology

Review: The Microbiome and Blood Pressure: Can Microbes Regulate Our Blood Pressure? – Souhaila Al Khodor – Frontiers in Pediatrics

Human oral microbiome

Suppression of αvβ6 Integrin Expression by Polymicrobial Oral Biofilms in Gingival Epithelial Cells – Jiarui Bi – Scientific Reports

Proteomic shifts in multi-species oral biofilms caused by Anaeroglobus geminatus – Kai Bao – Scientific Reports

Human vaginal microbiome

Quantifying the human vaginal community state types (CSTs) with the species specificity index – Zhanshan Ma – PeerJ

Animal experiments

Effects of iron supplementation on growth, gut microbiota, metabolomics and cognitive development of rat pups – Erica E Alexeev – PLOS ONE

Review: Disruptive physiology: olfaction and the microbiome-gut-brain axis – John Bienenstock – Biological Reviews Cambridge Philosophical Society

Effects of melanin from Sepiella Maindroni ink (MSMI) on the intestinal Microbiome of mice – Hui Dong – BMC Microbiology

Animal microbiome

The Intestinal Eukaryotic and Bacterial Biome of Spotted Hyenas: The Impact of Social Status and Age on Diversity and Composition – Emanuel Heitlinger – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Perspective: The deep, hot biosphere: Twenty-five years of retrospection – Daniel R Colman – PNAS

Draft Genome Sequence of Pseudomonas koreensis CI12, a Bacillus cereus “Hitchhiker” from the Soybean Rhizosphere – Gabriel L Lozano – Genome Announcements

Warmer winters increase the rhizosphere carbon flow to mycorrhizal fungi more than to other microorganisms in a temperate grassland – Johanna Birgander – Global Change Biology

Negative plant-phyllosphere feedbacks in native Asteraceae hosts – a novel extension of the plant-soil feedback framework – Briana K Whitaker – Ecology Letters

Water and extremophile microbiome

Size and composition of subseafloor microbial community in the Benguela upwelling area examined from intact membrane lipid and DNA analysis – Thomas W Evans – Organic Geochemistry

FurukawaMarine microbes as a valuable resource for brand new industrial biocatalysts – Azadeh Beygmoradi – Biocatalysts and Agricultural Biotechnology

Antagonistic Interactions and Biofilm Forming Capabilities Among Bacterial Strains Isolated from the Egg Surfaces of Lake Sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) – M Fujimoto – Microbial Ecology


Effects of the probiotic Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis on the non-surgical treatment of periodontitis. A histomorphometric, microtomographic and immunohistochemical study in rats – Milla S T Ricoldi – PLOS ONE

Phages and viruses

Virus-host relationships of marine single-celled eukaryotes resolved from metatranscriptomics – Mohammad Moniruzzaman – Nature Communications

Occurrence of Bacillus thuringensis Bacteriophages in the Egyptian Arid Soil – Amel S M Abo-Senna – International Journal of Virology and Molecular Biology


A conceptual framework for quality assessment and management of biodiversity data – Allan Koch Veiga – PLOS ONE


SParticle, an algorithm for the analysis of filamentous microorganisms in submerged cultures – Joost Willemse – bioRxiv

Mapping-based all-RNA-information sequencing analysis (ARIseq) pipeline simultaneously revealed taxonomic composition, gene expression, and their correlation in an acidic stream ecosystem – Arisa Tsuboi – bioRxiv

More microbes

Review: Metabolic engineering pathways for rare sugars biosynthesis, physiological functionalities, and applications – A review – Muhammad Bilal – Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

Microbes in the news

Microbes aren’t the enemy, they’re a big part of who we are – Amy Loughman – Medical Xpress

What Cheese Can Tell Us About Antibiotic Resistance – Jason Tetro – Huffington Post Canada

Cases of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection are soaring – Medical Xpress

Helium ions reveal how viruses attack bacteria – ScienceDaily