January 21, 2018

A light reading for Sunday!
Events and jobs

Professor (Chairperson), Department of Microbiology and Immunology (MIC) – The Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences – Bethesda, Maryland

Postdoc in Intestinal Microbiology and Ecology – The National Food Institute (DTU Food) – Denmark

SCIENCE INQUIRY LECTURE: “FLYING” BACTERIA AS POTENTIAL RAINMAKERS – APRIL 18, 2018; 7:00PM – 8:30PM – HAGER AUDITORIUM, Montana 

General microbiome

Review: Bacterial RNA Biology on a Genome Scale – Jens Hör  – Molecular Cell

Multi-site human microbiome

Epigenetics, microbiota, and intraocular inflammation: New paradigms of immune regulation in the eye – Xiaofeng Wen – Progress in Retinal and Eye Research

Human skin microbiome

The role of fatty acids and their endocannabinoid-like derivatives in the molecular regulation of appetite – Renger F. Witkamp – Molecular Aspects of Medicine

Non-classical Immunity Controls Microbiota Impact on Skin Immunity and Tissue Repair – Jonathan L. Linehan – Cell

Propionibacterium acnes Strains Differentially Regulate the Fate of Th17 Responses in the Skin – Emmanuel Contassot – Journal of Investigative Dermatology

Human gut microbiome

P038 FECAL MICROBIOTA TRANSPLANT (FMT) FOR IMMUNO-CHECKPOINT INHIBITOR-INDUCED COLITIS (ICI-C) IN A 50 YEAR OLD FEMALE WITH BLADDER CANCER – Yinghong Wang – Gastroenterology

P110 STEROID-RESISTANCE AND STEROID-DEPENDENCE IN INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE CAN BE LINKED WITH GUT MICROBIOTA COMPOSITION CHANGES – Natalia Danilova – Gastroenterology

P069 LOW FAT DIET IMPROVES QUALITY OF LIFE AND CHANGES THE MICROBIOME IN A CATERED, CROSS-OVER DESIGN INTERVENTION OF UC PATIENTS WITH QUIESCENT DISEASE: RESULTS OF A PILOT STUDY – Matthew C. Phillips  – Gastroenterology

Animal experiments 

The family Coriobacteriaceae is a potential contributor to the beneficial effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on type 2 diabetes – Haijun Liu – Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases

P039 FECAL MIRNAS SHAPE THE INTESTINAL MICROBIOTA – Emilie Viennois – Gastroenterology

P125 TLR4 ACTIVATION UPREGULATES EXPRESSION OF OXIDATIVE ENZYMES: IMPLICATIONS FOR INTESTINAL TUMORIGENESIS AND LUMINAL MICROBIOTA – Juan F. Burgueno – Gastroenterology

Effect of live yeast supplementation on gastric ecosystem in horses fed a high-starch diet – Samy Julliand – Livestock Science

The symbiont Lactobacillus plantarum causes intestinal pathogenesis in adult Drosophila. – David Fast – bioRxiv

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Distinct responses of soil bacterial and fungal communities to changes in fertilization regime and crop rotation – Chao Ai – Geoderma

Microbial degradation of poly(ε-caprolactone) in a coastal environment – Miwa Suzuki – Polymer Degradation and Stability

Shifts in prokaryotic communities under forest and grassland within a tropical mosaic landscape – Sergio E. Morales – Applied Soil Ecology

Food microbiology

Polyphasic identification of Penicillia and Aspergilli isolated from Italian grana cheese – Simone Decontardi – Food Microbiology

Phages and viruses

Bacteriophages as modulator for the human gut microbiota: Release from dairy food systems and survival in a dynamic human gastrointestinal model – Meike Samtlebe – LWT

Techniques

Metagenomic analysis uncovers strong relationship between periodontal pathogens and vascular dysfunction in American Indian population – Prathik K Vijay Kumar – bioRxiv

P168 WHERE WILL FECAL MICROBIOTA TRANSPLANTATION FIT IN THE TREATMENT ALGORITHMS FOR CROHN’S DISEASE AND ULCERATIVE COLITIS: A SYNTHESIS OF COMPLETED, ONGOING AND FUTURE TRIALS – Yiran Song – Gastroenterology

Microbes in the news

The Prehistoric Bacteria That Helped Create Our Cells Billions of Years Ago – Mental Floss

IIT Delhi develops a novel platform to test drug sensitivity in bacteria – The Hindu

Scientists Unlock Key Information About the World’s Soil Microbes – Yale Environment 360

Advertisements

January 18, 2018

Today’s digest has quite a few reviews in “Human Gut Microbiome” section and quite interesting news: what killed Aztecs, the womb might not be sterile, while surfers might be spreading antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Check as well an interesting blog post on “How can academia kick its addiction to the impact factor?” and news about “Dimensions” – new science search engine. Dimensions not only indexes papers and their citations, but also – uniquely among scholarly databases – connects publications to their related grants, funding agencies, patents and clinical trials.

 

 

General microbiome

Conserved collateral susceptibility networks in diverse clinical strains of Escherichia coli – Nicole L Podnecky – bioRxiv

Interactions between species introduce spurious associations in microbiome studies – Rajita Menon – PLOS Computational Biology

Antimicrobial resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae carriage and infection in specialized geriatric care wards linked to acquisition in the referring hospital – Claire L Gorrie – Clinical Infectious Diseases

Microbiological and molecular characterization of thermophilic Streptomycesvariabilis with antimicrobial activity – Ramy Fikry – Journal of Basic and Environmental Sciences

Population level evidence for seasonality of the human microbiome – Christina Korownyk – Chronobiology International

Metagenomic analysis of microbial communities yields insight into impacts of nanoparticle design –  Jacob W. Metch – Nature Nanotechnology

Microbial Competition of Rhodotorula mucilaginosa UANL-001L and E. coli increase biosynthesis of Non-Toxic Exopolysaccharide with Applications as a Wide-Spectrum Antimicrobial – Augusto Vazquez-Rodriguez – Scientific Reports

Pregnancy and early life

Perturbations of the gut microbiome genes in infants with atopic dermatitis according to feeding type – Min-Jung Lee – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Overweight and obesity status in pregnant women are related to intestinal microbiota and serum metabolic and inflammatory profiles – Noora Houttu – Clinical Nutrition

Human respiratory microbiome

Give me a sample of air and I will tell which species are found from your region – molecular identification of fungi from airborne spore samples – Nerea Abrego – Molecular Ecology Resources

Fungi stabilize connectivity in the lung and skin microbial ecosystems – Laura Tipton – BMC Microbiome

Oral microbiome

Microbiome associated with denture malodour – S Yitzhaki – Journal of Breath Research

High-resolution microbiome profiling uncovers Fusobacterium nucleatum, Lactobacillus gasseri/johnsonii, and Lactobacillus vaginalis associated to oral and oropharyngeal cancer in saliva from HPV positive and HPV negative patients treated with surgery and chemo-radiation – Rafael Guerrero-Preston – Oncotarget

Location-Specific Oral Microbiome Possesses Features Associated With CKD – Jianzhong Hu – Kidney International Reports

Oral microbiota reduce wound healing capacity of epithelial monolayers, irrespective of the presence of 5-fluorouracil – Eline Vanlancker – Experimental Biology and Medicine

An experimental study for rapid detection and quantification of endodontic microbiota following photo-activated disinfection via new multiplex real-time PCR assay – Maryam Pourhajibagher – Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy

Review: Genome analysis and clinical implications of the bacterial communities in early biofilm formation on dental implants restored with titanium or zirconia abutments –  Flávia Correa Raffaini – Biofueling

Human skin microbiome

Association of Disease Severity With Skin Microbiome and Filaggrin Gene Mutations in Adult Atopic Dermatitis – Maja-Lisa Clausen – JAMA Dermatology

Human nearly-sterile sites

The Microbiome and Neurologic Disease: Past and Future of a 2-Way Interaction – Javier Ochoa-Repáraz – Neurotherapeutics

Human gut microbiome

Mini Review: Beneficial actions of microbiota-derived tryptophan metabolites – J. J. Galligan – Neurogastroenterology & Motility

Review: Gut microbiome influences on anastomotic leak and recurrence rates following colorectal cancer surgery – S. Gaines – BJS

Review: Microbiota Signaling Pathways that Influence Neurologic Disease – Laura M. Cox – Neurotherapeutics

Review: How mass spectrometric approaches applied to bacterial identification have revolutionized the study of human gut microbiota – Grégory Dubourg – Expert Review of Proteomics

Concise Review: Gut microbiota and probiotics: novel immune system modulators in myasthenia gravis? – Elena Rinaldi – Annals of the New York Academy of Science

Research Highlights: Gut microbiota: Targeting of specific microbial species mitigates colitis – Hugh Thomas – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Research Highlights: Gut microbiota: Filling up on fibre for a healthy gut – Katrina Ray – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Stachyose Improves Inflammation Through Modulating Gut Microbiota of High-Fat Diet / Streptozotocin Induced Type 2 Diabetes in Rats – Guimei Liu – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

Analysis of fecal microbiota in patients with functional constipation undergoing treatment with synbiotics – Lin Sheng Huang – European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases

The microbiota metabolite indole inhibits Salmonella virulence: Involvement of the PhoPQ two-component system – Nandita Kohli – PLOS

Metatranscriptome of human faecal microbial communities in a cohort of adult men – Galeb S. Abu-Ali – Nature Microbiology

Early-life gut microbial colonization shapes Th1/Th2 balance in asthma model in BALB/c mice – Li-Juan Qian –

Animal experiments

Impact of Trans-Fats on Heat-Shock Protein Expression and the Gut Microbiota Profile of Mice – Gessika Cristina Borges Castro Carvalho – Journal of Food Science

Animal microbiome 

The impact of depuration on mussel hepatopancreas bacteriome composition and predicted metagenome – J. A. Rubiolo – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

The Sarda Sheep Host Fecal Proteome – Antonio Palomba – Proteomics

Interactions Between Parasites and the Bacterial Microbiota of Chickens – Rüdiger Hauck – Avian Diseases

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Cropping practices manipulate abundance patterns of root and soil microbiome members paving the way to smart farming – Kyle Hartman – BMS Microbiome

Saving seed microbiomes – Gabriele Berg – The ISME

Rice Crop Growth and Rhizospheric Microbial Dynamics in Heavy Metals Contaminated Inceptisol – Manoj Shrivastava – Water Quality Management

Cropping practices manipulate abundance patterns of root and soil microbiome members paving the way to smart farming – Kyle Hartman – BMC Microbiome

Water and extremophile microbiome

Diverse spatial organization of photosynthetic membranes among purple nonsulfur bacteria – Breah LaSarre – bioRxiv

Homologous recombination and transposon propagation shapes the population structure of an organism from the deep subsurface with minimal metabolism – Alexander J Probst – bioRxiv

Cultivation and genomics of the first freshwater SAR11 (LD12) isolate – Michael Winslow Henson -bioRxiv

Data Descriptor: The reconstruction of 2,631 draft metagenome-assembled genomes from the global oceans – Benjamin J. Tully – Scientific Data

Survey of sulfur-oxidizing bacterial community in the Pearl River water using soxB, sqr, and dsrA as molecular biomarkers – Jianfei Luo – 3 Biotech

Cultivable fungi present in Antarctic soils: taxonomy, phylogeny, diversity, and bioprospecting of antiparasitic and herbicidal metabolites – Eldon C. Q. Gomes – Extremophiles

Taxonomical Resolution and Distribution of Bacterioplankton Along the Vertical Gradient Reveals Pronounced Spatiotemporal Patterns in Contrasted Temperate Freshwater Lakes – J. Keshri – Microbial Ecology

Coral physiology and microbiome dynamics under combined warming and ocean acidification – Andréa G. Grottoli – PLOS

Crenothrix are major methane consumers in stratified lakes – Kirsten Oswald – The ISME

 

Food microbiology

Review: Modern perspectives on the health benefits of kefir in next generation sequencing era: improvement of the host gut microbiota – Dong-Hyeon Kim –  Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

Probiotics / prebiotics

Lactobacillus acidophilus Improves Intestinal Inflammation in an Acute Colitis Mouse Model by Regulation of Th17 and Treg Cell Balance and Fibrosis Development – Park Jin-Sil – Journal of Medicinal Food

Phages and viruses

Interferons: Reprogramming the Metabolic Network against Viral Infection – Kavita Raniga  – Viruses

Bioinformatics

FastViromeExplorer: a pipeline for virus and phage identification and abundance profiling in metagenomics data – Saima Sultana Tithi – PeerJ

VirFinder: a novel k-mer based tool for identifying viral sequences from assembled metagenomic data – Jie Ren – BMC Microbiome

Techniques

In-depth resistome analysis by targeted metagenomics – Val F. Lanza – BMC Microbiome

Microbes in the news

500 years later, scientists discover what probably killed the Aztecs

Could baby’s first bacteria take root before birth?

Robotic baby helps researchers understand how biological dust develops immunity in crawling babies

Surfers May Be Spreading Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria From Swallowing Poop-Laced Water

Microbes and Art

Artist Hunter Cole Presents Exhibit Featuring Photos of Bacteria That Create Their Own Light

Science, publishing, and career 

Science search engine links papers to grants and patents

How can academia kick its addiction to the impact factor?

 

January 17, 2018

In today’s digest, a review of the skin microbiome and a brilliant article on role of microbes in plant speciation. Lastly, the microbiome of the ever impressive water bear.

General Microbiome

Editorial: Special Issue on ‘Microbe-host interactions’.Hammerschmidt S. FEBS Letters.

Review: The stress concept in gastroenterology: from Selye to today.Elsenbruch S. F1000 Research

Review:Role of human microbiome and selected bacterial infections in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. Roszyk E. Reumatologia

Gut Microbiome

Review: Non-digestible carbohydrates in infant formula as substitution for human milk oligosaccharide functions: Effects on microbiota and gut maturation.Akkerman R. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

Review: Diet, Gut Microbiota, and Colorectal Cancer Prevention: A Review of Potential Mechanisms and Promising Targets for Future Research.Song M. Current Colorectal Cancer Reports

Skin Microbiome

Review: The human skin microbiome. Byrd AL. Nature Reviews Microbiology

Anal Microbiome

Is there a link between aging and microbiome diversity in exceptional mammalian longevity? Hughes GM. PeerJ

Plant, Soil, and Water Microbiome

Out of sight, but no longer out of mind – towards an increased recognition of the role of soil microbes in plant speciation.Geml J. New Phytologist.

Investigating the Microbial Degradation Potential in Oil Sands Fluid Fine Tailings Using Gamma Irradiation: A Metagenomic Perspective.VanMensel D. Microbial Ecology

Animan Experiments and Microbiome

The Microbial Community of Tardigrades: Environmental Influence and Species Specificity of Microbiome Structure and Composition.Vecchi M, Newton ILG, Cesari M. Microbial Ecology

Peracetic acid disinfection kinetics for combined sewer overflows: indicator organisms, antibiotic resistance genes, and microbial community.Eramo A. Environmental Science: Water Research and Technology

Protocol

Oral Microbiome Characterization in Murine Models. Abusleme L. Bio-protocol

Microbes in the NEWS

Can Probiotics Improve the Gut Flora and Reduce Complications after Surgery?

-Medical News Bulletin

 

January 15, 2018

Today’s digest is full of great papers, including new methods of detection and quantificaion of HGT in anoxic conditions, and a brilliant paper on root-rhizosphere interactome.

General Microbiome

Impact of the start-up process on the microbial communities in biocathodes for electrosynthesis. Mateos, R. Bioelectrochemistry.

Gut Microbiome

Dietary Factors Modulate Colonic Tumorigenesis Through the Interaction of Gut Microbiota and Host Chloride Channels. Zhang Y. Molecular Nutrition Food Research

Metagenomic and metabolomic analyses unveil dysbiosis of gut microbiota in chronic heart failure patients. Cui, X. Scientific Reports

Nasal Microbiome

An insight into intestinal mucosal microbiota disruption after stroke.Stanley,D. Scientific Reports

Influence of pig farming on the human’s nasal microbiota: The key role of the airborne microbial communities. Kraemer, JG. Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Fecal Microbiome

Letters to Editor: Sucrase-isomaltase 15Phe IBS risk variant in relation to dietary carbohydrates and faecal microbiota composition. Thingholm L. Gut

Plant, Soil, and Water Microbiome

Soil contamination alters the willow root and rhizosphere metatranscriptome and the root-rhizosphere interactome. Yergeau, E. The ISME Journal

Indoor Microbiome

Microbiomes in Dishwashers: Analysis of the microbial diversity and putative opportunistic pathogens in dishwasher biofilm communities.Raghupathi, PK. Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Resitome

Characteristics of ARG-carrying plasmidome in the cultivable microbial community from wastewater treatment system under high oxytetracycline concentration. Shi, Y. Applied Microbioloby and Biotechnology

Animan Experiments and Microbiome

Characterizing the bacterial microbiota in different gastrointestinal tract segments of the Bactrian camel. He, J. Scientific Reports

Effect of atorvastatin on the gut microbiota of high fat diet-induced hypercholesterolemic rats. Khan, TJ. Scientific Reports

Protocol/Techniques

Fluorescence recovery allows the implementation of a fluorescence reporter gene platform applicable for the detection and quantification of horizontal gene transfer in anoxic environments. Pinilla, R. Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Microbiome Jobs

Part-Time Microbiology Laboratory Technician

-Inside Higher Ed Careers

January 5, 2018

Today’s digest has an interesting commentary on the oral-gut connection and a brilliant piece on microbial diversity. Lastly, a look at how grapevines influence belowground diversity and networks

General Microbiome

A role for the endometrial microbiome in dysfunctional menstrual bleeding. Pelzer ES. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek.

Performance and microbial community variations of anaerobic digesters under increasing tetracycline concentrations. Xiong Y. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

In Nature, There Is Only Diversity. McLaren MR. MBio.

Gut Microbiome

Commentary: Oral-gut connection: one step closer to an integrated view of the gastrointestinal tract? Lira-Junior R. Mucosal Immunology

Bile acids at the cross-roads of gut microbiome-host cardiometabolic interactions. Ryan PM. Diabeticology and Metabolic Syndrome

REVIEW: Diet, Microbiota, and Metabolic Health: Trade-Off Between Saccharolytic and Proteolytic Fermentation. Korpela K. Annual of Food Science and Technology

Nasal and Lung Microbiome

REVIEW: Fungi in Bronchiectasis: A Concise Review. Máiz L. Internatioanal Journal of Molecular Sciences

Alterations in the mucosa-associated fungal microbiota in patients with ulcerative colitis. Qiu X. Oncotarget

The association between anterior nares and nasopharyngeal microbiota in infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis. Luna PN. Microbiome

Fecal Microbiome

Editorial Comment: Fecal microbiota transplantation as a possible treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. Juncadella AC. Annals of Translational Medicine

Plant, Soil, and Water Microbiome

Co-variation between Distribution of Microbial Communities and Biological Metabolization of Organics in Urban Sewer Systems. Jin P. Environmental Science and Technology.

Do invasive plants structure microbial communities to accelerate decomposition in intermountain grasslands? McTee MR. Ecology and Evolution

Grapevine rootstocks shape underground bacterial microbiome and networking but not potential functionality. Marasco R. Microbiome

Biodiversity of the microbial mat of the Garga hot spring. Rozanov AS. BMC Evolutionary Biology

Animal Experiments and Microbiome

Microbiota Reconstitution Does Not Cause Bone Loss in Germ-Free Mice. Quach D. mSphere

Physiological Translocation of Lactic Acid Bacteria during Pregnancy Contributes to the Composition of the Milk Microbiota in Mice. de Andrés J. Nutrients

Extreme sensitivity to ultraviolet light in the fungal pathogen causing white-nose syndrome of bats. Palmer JM. Nature Communication

OCCURRENCE OF PASTEURELLACEAE BACTERIA IN THE ORAL CAVITY OF SELECTED MARSUPIAL SPECIES. Hansen MJ. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine

Marine Microbiome

Agelas Wasting Syndrome Alters Prokaryotic Symbiont Communities of the Caribbean Brown Tube Sponge, Agelas tubulata.Deignan LK. Microbial Ecology

Environmental drivers of heterogeneity in the trophic-functional structure of protozoan communities during an annual cycle in a coastal ecosystem. Xu G. Marine Pollution Bulletin

Antibiotic Resitance

Editorial: Empiric antibiotic use in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation: should we avoid anaerobe coverage? Shono Y. Blood Advances

Characterization of genetic determinants involved in antibiotic resistance in Aeromonas spp. and fecal coliforms isolated from different aquatic environments. Carnelli A. Research in Microbiology

 

 

December 15, 2017

The leaders of ten research universities/institutes pledge to report student and postdoc outcomes in biomedical research as the Coalition for Next Generation Life Science initiative, commensal fungi and their cell-wall mannans can functionally replace benefits of intestinal bacteria, a new cheese starter system with improved bacteriophage resistance and antimicrobial activity.

Events and jobs

Postdoctoral Fellow, Functional Microbiome – Claesen Group, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Cleveland Clinic (also looking for interested graduate students)

Human nearly-sterile sites

Microorganisms in the human placenta are associated with altered CpG methylation of immune and inflammation-related genes – Martha Scott Tomlinson – PLOS ONE

Human gut microbiome

Faecal microbiota transplantation for Clostridium difficile infection using a lyophilized inoculum from non-related donors: A case series involving 19 patients – Vigvári Szabolcs – Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica

Animal experiments

Commensal Fungi Recapitulate the Protective Benefits of Intestinal Bacteria – Tony T Jiang – Cell Host & Microbe

CCL28-Deficient Mice Have Reduced IgA Antibody–Secreting Cells and an Altered Microbiota in the Colon – Kazuhiko Matsuo – The Journal of Immunology

Animal microbiome

Behavior of bacteriome symbionts during transovarial transmission and development of the Asian citrus psyllid – Hiroki Dan – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Root-derived carbon and nitrogen from beech and ash trees differentially fuel soil animal food webs of deciduous forests – Sarah L Zieger – PLOS ONE

Historical and recent land use affects ecosystem functions in subtropical grasslands in Brazil – Jan L G Leidinger – Ecosphere

Mechanisms of arsenic sequestration by Prosopis juliflora during phytostabilization of metalliferous mine tailings – Corin M Hammond

Transfer Mechanism, Uptake Kinetic Process and Bioavailability of P, Cu, Cd, Pb and Zn in Macrophyte Rhizosphere Using DGT – Shengrui Wang – Environmental Science & Technology

Food microbiology

A Multibacteriocin Cheese Starter System, Comprising Nisin and Lacticin 3147 in Lactococcus lactis, in Combination with Plantaricin from Lactobacillus plantarum – S Mills – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Bioinformatics

Colonic Butyrate-Producing Communities in Humans: an Overview Using Omics Data – Marius Vital – mSystems

Discovery of carbamate degrading enzymes by functional metagenomics – Lisa Ufarté – PLOS ONE

Science, career, and publishing

A new data effort to inform career choices in biomedicine – Rebecca Blank – Science

News Feature: The science that’s never been cited – Richard Van Noorden – Nature

November 30, 2017

A wide variety of interesting articles: Antibiotics administrated during labour impact  infant gut microbiome development, altered gut microbiome is related to liver function in individuals with Hep B, specific pathogens can alter social signaling in drosophila, a comphrensive study of the impact of diet on the lemur gut microbiome, a survey of antibiotic resistence genes in the drinking water across multiple continents, the impact of the hospital microbiome on the gut microbiome of preterm infants, the first evidence of a gut archeae impact on the host immune system, and two popular news articles refuting yesterday’s report of possible alien bacteria on the international space station.

Events and jobs

Web Developer, Microbiome Core – Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Account Manager – Microbiology –  South East England

*****************************

General microbiome

  • Health Economics and Regulations 

Faecal microbiota transplantation: a regulatory hurdle? – Frederick Verbeke – BMC Gastroenterology

Cost-effectiveness analysis of fecal microbiota transplantation for inflammatory bowel disease – Ting Zhang – Oncotarget

Pregnancy and early life

*Intrapartum antibiotics for GBS prophylaxis alter colonization patterns in the early infant gut microbiome of low risk infants – Jennifer C. Stearns – Scientific Reports

Human skin microbiome

Skin Immune Landscape: Inside and Outside the Organism – Florence Abdallah – Mediators of Inflammation

Human gut microbiome
*Gut Microbial Dysbiosis Is Associated with Altered Hepatic Functions and Serum Metabolites in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients – Jing Wang – Frontiers in Microbiology

Faecal bacterial microbiota in patients with cirrhosis and the effect of lactulose administration – Aditya Narayan Sarangi – BMC Gastroenterology

Delivered Fecal Microbiota Transplantation on Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection – Dina Kao – JAMA

Capsules for Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection – Krishna Rao – JAMA

Review: Antibiotic therapy in neonates and impact on gut microbiota and antibiotic resistance development: a systematic review – Jon Widding Fjalstad – Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Long-term proton pump inhibitor therapy leads to small bowel bacterial overgrowth as determined by breath hydrogen and methane excretion – Agnieszka Sieczkowska – Journal of Breath Research

Review: Impact of gut microbiota on drug metabolism: an update for safe and effective use of drugs – Keumhan Noh – Archives of Pharmacal Research

Evaluating the effect of Clostridium difficile conditioned medium on fecal microbiota community structure – Sabina Horvat – Scientific Reports

*****************************

Animal experiments

Preprint: The Vibrio cholerae Type VI Secretion System Can Modulate Host Intestinal Mechanics to Displace Commensal Gut Bacteria – Savannah L Logan – bioRxiv

Genes and Gut Bacteria Involved in Luminal Butyrate Reduction Caused by Diet and Loperamide – Nakwon Hwang – Genes

Simultaneous delivery of antibiotics neomycin and ampicillin in drinking water inhibits fermentation of resistant starch in rats – Diana G. Carvajal-Aldaz – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Animal microbiome

*Pathogenic bacteria enhance dispersal through alteration of Drosophila social communication – Ian W. Keesey – Nature Communications

*Feeding strategy shapes gut metagenomic enrichment and functional specialization in captive lemurs – E. A. McKenney – Gut Microbes

Impact of Dietary Galacto-Oligosaccharide (GOS) on Chicken’s Gut Microbiota, Mucosal Gene Expression, and Salmonella Colonization – Rebecca-Ayme Hughes – Frontiers in Veterinary Science

Dietary energy drives the dynamic response of bovine rumen viral communities – Christopher L. Anderson – Microbiome

Effect of microalgae on intestinal inflammation triggered by soybean meal and bacterial infection in zebrafish – Karina Bravo-Tello – PLOS ONE

In vivo effects of Allium cepa L. on the selected gut microflora and intestinal histomorphology in broiler – Sajidur Rahman – Acta Histochemica

Enteric Pathogens and Their Toxin-Induced Disruption of the Intestinal Barrier through Alteration of Tight Junctions in Chickens – Wageha A. Awad – Toxins

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The Ecological Role of Volatile and Soluble Secondary Metabolites Produced by Soil Bacteria – Olaf Tyc – Trends in Microbiology

Impact of peat mining, and restoration on methane turnover potentials and methane-cycling microorganisms in a northern bog – Max Reumer – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Burkholderia humptydooensis sp. nov., a New Species Related to Burkholderia thailandensis and the Fifth Member of the Burkholderia pseudomallei Complex – Apichai Tuanyok – Applied and Environment Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome
Functional Characterization of Probiotic Potential of Novel Pigmented Bacterial Strains for Aquaculture Applications – Sekar Jinendiran – Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins

Resistome

Preprint: Increased usage of antiseptics is associated with reduced susceptibility in clinical isolates of S. aureus – Katherine Hardy – bioRxiv

*Catalogue of antibiotic resistome and host-tracking in drinking water deciphered by a large scale survey – Liping Ma – Microbiome

Review: Assessing the Risk of Antibiotic Resistance Transmission from the Environment to Humans: Non-Direct Proportionality between Abundance and Risk – Célia M. Manaia – Trends in Microbiology

Built environment

*Strain-resolved analysis of hospital rooms and infants reveals overlap between the human and room microbiome – Brandon Brooks – Nature Communications

Predominance and Metabolic Potential of Halanaerobium spp. in Produced Water from Hydraulically Fractured Marcellus Shale Wells – Daniel Lipus – Applied and Environment Microbiology

*****************************

Microbial Ecology

Effect of Antimicrobial and Physical Treatments on Growth of Multispecies Staphylococcal Biofilms – Elizabeth J. Stewart – Applied and Environment Microbiology

More Microbes

  • Archaea

*Associated Archaeon Methanosphaera stadtmanae Is Recognized through Its RNA and Induces – Tim Vierbuchen – Frontiers in Immunology

  • Synthetic Microbes

Analysis and Implementation of a Multicellular Feedback Control Strategy in a Synthetic Bacterial Consortium – Gianfranco Fiore – ACS Synthetic Biology

Techniques

Diazotroph community characterization via a high-throughput nifH amplicon sequencing and analysis pipeline – John Christian Gaby – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Direct PCR Offers a Fast and Reliable Alternative to Conventional DNA Isolation Methods for Gut Microbiomes – Elin Videvall – mSystems

Generation of bacteriophage-insensitive mutants of Streptococcus thermophilus using an antisense RNA CRISPR-Cas silencing approach – Brian McDonnell – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

*****************************

Microbes in the news

*Bacteria on Space Station Likely From Germy Humans, Not Aliens – Elaina Zachos – National Geographic

*We are basically positive that the Russians did not find alien bacteria in space – Mary Beth Griggs – Popular Science

Custom Bacteria Make New Molecules On Demand – Sam Lemonick – Forbes

Toilet art sheds light on gut health – Newshub