October 5, 2019

This weekend, read about how cooking food modifies the microbiome, how bacteria ‘strip off’ to evade antibiotics, and more. Check out an interesting pilot study looking at potential inclusion and exclusion criteria of donors for safe vaginal microbiota transplant. Enjoy!

Events

Bioinformatics for the Microbiome Symposium 2019, Stanford University, Monday October 28.
Some tickets are still available!

General microbiome

Mobile phones as fomites for potential pathogens in hospitals: microbiome analysis reveals hidden contaminants – Rebecca Simmonds – Journal of Hospital Infection

Review: Microbiomes as sources of emergent host phenotypes – J. B. Lynch and E. Y. Hsiao – Science

Vaginal microbiome

*Conceptual Design of a Universal Donor Screening Approach for Vaginal Microbiota Transplant – Kevin DeLong – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Highly diverse anaerobe-predominant vaginal microbiota among HIV-infected pregnant women in Zambia – Joan T. Price – PlosOne

Urinary microbiome

*Possible role of L-form switching in recurrent urinary tract infection – Katarzyna M. Mickiewicz – Nature Communications

Aerococcus urinae and Globicatella sanguinis Persist in Polymicrobial Urethral Catheter Biofilms Examined in Longitudinal Profiles at the Proteomic Level – Yanbao Yu – Biochemistry Insights

Gut microbiome

*Cooking shapes the structure and function of the gut microbiome – Rachel N. Carmody – Nature Microbiology

Integrated paired-end enhancer profiling and whole-genome sequencing reveals recurrent CCNE1 and IGF2 enhancer hijacking in primary gastric adenocarcinoma – Wen Fong Ooi – Gut

Effects of Low-FODMAP Diet on Symptoms, Fecal Microbiome, and Markers of Inflammation in Patients With Quiescent Inflammatory Bowel Disease in a Randomized Trial – Selina R.Cox – Gastroenterology

Water microbiome

Trophic networks improve the performance of microbial anodes treating wastewater – Christin Koch – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Application of a novel molecular technique to characterise the effect of settling on microbial community composition of activated sludge – Luong N.Nguyen – Journal of Environmental Management

Bacterial diversity in Icelandic cold spring sources and in relation to the groundwater amphipod Crangonyx islandicus – Ragnhildur Guðmundsdóttir – PlosOne

Animal microbiome

Looking like the locals – gut microbiome changes post-release in an endangered species – Rowena Chong – Animal microbiome

Animal experiment

Letrozole treatment of pubertal female mice results in activational effects on reproduction, metabolism and the gut microbiome – Pablo Arroyo – PlosOne

Microbiota of MR1 deficient mice confer resistance against Clostridium difficile infection – Ashley D. Smith – PlosOne

Exploring the microbiota of upper respiratory tract during the development of pneumonia in a mouse model – Yoshitomo Morinaga – PlosOne

Plant microbiome

Microbiome profiling of the onion thrips, Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) – Suresh J. Gawande – PlosOne

Food

Comparison of the microbial composition of African fermented foods using amplicon sequencing – Maria Diaz – Scientific Reports

The impact of grape processing and carbonic maceration on the microbiota of early stages of winemaking – Raffaele Guzzon – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Fungi

Phyllosphere Fungal Communities of Plum and Antifungal Activity of Indigenous Phenazine-Producing Pseudomonas synxantha Against Monilinia laxa – Tamara Janakiev – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbial communities associated with the black morel Morchella sextelata cultivated in greenhouses – Gian Maria Niccolò Benucci – PeerJ

Viruses

The gut virome in inflammatory bowel disease pathogenesis: From metagenomics to novel therapeutic approaches – Federica Ungaro – United European Gastroenterology Journal

Association of the Eukaryotic Vaginal Virome with Prophylactic Antibiotic Exposure and Reproductive Outcomes in a Subfertile Population Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization: A Prospective Exploratory Study – Ashley M. Eskew – Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Bioinformatics

ProphET, prophage estimation tool: A stand-alone prophage sequence prediction tool with self-updating reference database – João L. Reis-Cunha – PlosOne

September 30, 2019

Monday morning digest covers exciting updates in microbiome with – meta analysis on role of probiotics in human depression , stool banking guidelines for fecal microbiota transplant, expert view on translation of gut microbiome to clinics and a historical peek into use of ceramic baby milk bottles in prehistoric times. Enjoy reading!

General microbiome

Translating the gut microbiome: ready for the clinic? – Susan V. Lynch – Nature Reviews Gatroenterology and Hepatology

Uterine immunity and microbiota: A shifting paradigm – Chiara Agostinis – Frontiers in Immunology

Human microbiome

Cigarette smoking and oral microbiota in low-income and African-American populations – Yaohua Yang – Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

International consensus conference on stool banking for faecal microbiota transplantation in clinical practice – Giovanni Cammarota – Gut

Animal experiments

The intestinal microbiota programs diurnal rhythms in host metabolism through histone deacetylase 3 – Zheng Kuang – Science

Transfusional iron overload and intravenous iron infusions modify the mouse gut microbiota similarly to dietary iron – Francesca La Carpia – Biofilms and Microbiomes

Proteome modifications of gut microbiota in mice with activity-based anorexia and starvation: Role in ATP production – Jonathan Breton – Nutrition

Molecular ecology of the yet uncultured bacterial Ct85-cluster in the mammalian gut – Ulla Hynönen – Anaerobe

Intestinal inflammation increases convulsant activity and reduces antiepileptic drug efficacy in a mouse model of epilepsy – Carmen De Caro – Scientific Reports

The fecal resistome of dairy cattle is associated with diet during nursing – Jinxin Liu – Nature Communications

Neohesperidin Prevents Colorectal Tumorigenesis by Altering the Gut Microbiota – Yanling Gong – Pharmacological Research

Changes of serum lipopolysaccharide, inflammatory factors, and cecal microbiota in obese rats with type 2 diabetes induced by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass – Jiao Wu – Nutrition

Plant, root, soil microbiome

A bioinformatics guide to plant microbiome analysis – Rares Lucaciu – Frontiers in Plant Science

Beyond pathogens: microbiota interactions with the plant immune system – Paulo José PL Teixeira – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Water microbiome

Microbial communities of the Mediterranean rocky shore: ecology and biotechnological potential of the sea‐land transition – Esther Molina-Menor – Microbial Biotechnology

Probiotics

Bacillus coagulans R11 maintained intestinal villus health and decreased intestinal injury in lead-exposed mice by regulating the intestinal microbiota and influenced the function of faecal microRNAs – Si-Cheng Xing – Environmental Pollution

Effect of probiotics on depressive symptoms: A meta-analysis of human studies – Kah Kheng Goh – Psychiatry Research

Non Microbiology Picks

Milk of ruminants in ceramic baby bottles from prehistoric child graves – J. Dunne – Nature

 

September 26, 2019

Have a nice day! Today, in this digest we have a good number of papers, including those associated with beneficial microbes, compounds, and interventions. Some highlights: host-microbiome evolution, microbiome and urinary tract infections, the first reported bloodstream infection caused by gut-habiting Prevotella species, microbiome activity in halitosis, and more! Enjoy.   

 

General or Human Microbiome

The role of multilevel selection in host microbiome evolution – Simon van Vliet – PNAS

Review: Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infection in the Neuropathic Bladder: Changing the Paradigm to Include the Microbiome – Catherine S. Forster – Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation 

Review: A critical review on diet-induced microbiota changes and cardiovascular diseases – Muthukumaran Jayachandran – Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 

Review: Microbiota: a novel regulator of pain – Manon Defaye – Journal of Neural Transmission

Relationship of tongue coating microbiome on volatile sulfur compounds in healthy and halitosis adults – Wei Ye – Journal of Breath Research

An Infectious Diseases Perspective on Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Clostridioides difficile Infection in Children – Jillian M Cotter – Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society

First bloodstream infection caused by Prevotella copri in a heart failure elderly patient with Prevotella-dominated gut microbiota: a case report – Patrizia Posteraro – Gut Pathogens

Pain regulation by gut microbiota: molecular mechanisms and therapeutic potential – Ran Guo – British Journal of Anaesthesia

The Dysbiosis and Inter-Kingdom Synergy Model in Oropharyngeal Candidiasis, a New Perspective in Pathogenesis – Martinna Bertolini – Journal of Fungi

Microbiome Influence in the Pathogenesis of Prion and Alzheimer’s Diseases – Valeria D’Argenio – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Protein Intake at Twice the RDA in Older Men Increases Circulatory Concentrations of the Microbiome Metabolite Trimethylamine-N-Oxide (TMAO) – Sarah M. Mitchell – Nutrients

Potential Strategies in the Prevention of Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs-Associated Adverse Effects in the Lower Gastrointestinal Tract – Chuan-Guo Guo – Gut and Liver

 

Composition of gut microbiota of children and adolescents with perinatal HIV infection taking antiretroviral therapy in Zimbabwe – Trym T Flygel – The Journal of Infectious Diseases

Gut Microbiome in Psoriasis is Perturbed Differently During Secukinumab and Ustekinumab Therapy and Associated with Response to Treatment – Nai-Lun Yeh – Clinical Drug Investigation

The association between gut microbiota development and maturation of intestinal bile acid metabolism in the first 3 y of healthy Japanese infants – Masaru Tanaka – Gut Microbes

 

Animal Microbiome

Food Preservatives Induce Proteobacteria Dysbiosis in Human-Microbiota Associated Nod2-Deficient Mice – Lucia Hrncirova – Microorganisms

Maternal Dietary Protein Intake Influences Milk and Offspring Gut Microbial Diversity in a Rat (Rattus norvegicus) Model –  Matthew F. Warren – Nutrients

Microbiota, Gut Health and Chicken Productivity: What Is the Connection? – Juan M. Diaz Carrasco – Microorganisms

Microbiota Composition and Functional Profiling Throughout the Gastrointestinal Tract of Commercial Weaning Piglets – Raphaële Gresse – Microorganisms 

Microbiota fingerprints within the oral cavity of cetaceans as indicators for population biomonitoring – Pedro Soares-Castro – Scientific Reports

Core gut microbial communities are maintained by beneficial interactions and strain variability in fish – Fotini Kokou – Nature Microbiology

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

Role of Dietary Flavonoid Compounds in Driving Patterns of Microbial Community Assembly – Kerry L. Ivey – mBio

Oral Administration of β-Glucan and Lactobacillus plantarum Alleviates Atopic Dermatitis-like Symptoms – In Sung Kim – Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Protective Effect of Probiotic Bacteria and Estrogen in Preventing HIV-1-Mediated Impairment of Epithelial Barrier Integrity in Female Genital Tract – Sara Dizzell – Cells (MPDI)

Fish Oil, but Not Olive Oil, Ameliorates Depressive-Like Behavior and Gut Microbiota Dysbiosis in Rats under Chronic Mild Stress – Te-Hsuan Tung – Biomolecules

The Potential Impact of Probiotics on the Gut Microbiome of Athletes – Laura Wosinska – Nutrients

Royal Jelly and Its Components Promote Healthy Aging and Longevity: From Animal Models to Humans – Hiroshi Kunugi – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Postbiotics and Their Potential Applications in Early Life Nutrition and Beyond – Carrie A. M. Wegh – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Antifungal and Antivirulence Activity of Vaginal Lactobacillus Spp. Products against Candida Vaginal Isolates – Camilla Itapary dos Santos – Pathogens

Metabolic and Vascular Effect of the Mediterranean Diet – Antonino Tuttolomondo – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

 

Environmental Microbiome

Unveiling resistome profiles in the sediments of an Antarctic volcanic island – V.B. Centurion – Environmental Pollution

Functional metagenomic analysis of dust-associated microbiomes above the Red Sea – Nojood A. Aalismail – Scientific Reports

 

Bioinformatics

The EFI Web Resource for Genomic Enzymology Web Tools: Leveraging Protein, Genome, and Metagenome Databases to Discover Novel Enzymes and Metabolic Pathways – Rémi Zallot – Biochemistry

Pavian: Interactive analysis of metagenomics data for microbiome studies and pathogen identification – Florian P Breitwieser – Biochemistry

 

Methods

Review: Common principles and best practices for engineering microbiomes – Christopher E. Lawson – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Sample Preservation and Storage Significantly Impact Taxonomic and Functional Profiles in Metaproteomics Studies of the Human Gut Microbiome – Oskar Hickl – Microorganisms

Optimizing bacterial DNA extraction in urine – Matthew M. Munch – PLoS One

 

September 24, 2019

Today’s digest is about diet-microbiota interactions in personalized  nutrition, interesting story on single bacterium association with fatty liver disease and how the gut microbiota adapt to red meat consumption.

General microbiome

Diet–microbiota interactions and personalized nutrition – Aleksandra A. Kolodziejczyk – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Citrobacter rodentium–host–microbiota interactions: immunity, bioenergetics and metabolism – Caroline Mullineaux-Sanders – Nature Reviews Microbiology

The interaction between the gut Microbiota and herbal medicines – Xuedong An – Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy

Gut microbiota: what is its place in pharmacology? – Aleksandra Tarasiuk – Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology

Human microbiome

Fatty Liver Disease Caused by High-Alcohol-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae – Jing Yuan – Cell Metabolism

Association of Alterations in Intestinal Microbiota With Impaired Psychological Function in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Diseases in Remission – Fabienne Humbel – Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Butyrate‐Producing Gut Bacteria and Viral Infections in Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Pilot Study – John R. Lee – Transplant Infectious Disease

Metabolomics and Microbial Composition Increase Insight into the Impact of Dietary Differences in Cirrhosis – I. Jane Cox – Liver International

Animal experiments

Gut bacteria responding to dietary change encode sialidases that exhibit preference for red meat-associated carbohydrates – Livia S. Zaramela – Nature Microbiology

A processive endoglucanase with multi-substrate specificity is characterized from porcine gut microbiota – Weijun Wang – Scientific Reports

Comparative analysis of the fecal microbiota from different species of domesticated and wild suids – Florencia Correa-Fiz – Scientific Reports

Escherichia coli clonobiome: assessing the strains diversity in feces and urine by deep amplicon sequencing – Sofiya G. Shevchenko- Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Saponins from Clematis mandshurica Rupr. regulates gut microbiota and its metabolites during alleviation of collagen-induced arthritis in rats – Lin-Xiu Guo – Pharamacological Research

MHC Class II Antigen Presentation by the Intestinal Epithelium Initiates Graft-versus-Host Disease and Is Influenced by the Microbiota – Motoko Koyama – Immunity

Metformin Alters the Duodenal Microbiome and Decreases the Incidence of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Promoted by Diet-induced Obesity – Tien S Dong – American Journal of Physiology

Effects from diet-induced gut microbiota dysbiosis and obesity can be ameliorated by fecal microbiota transplantation: A multiomics approach – Maria Guirro – PlosOne

Short-chain fatty acids and microbiota metabolites attenuate ghrelin receptor signaling – Cristina Torres-Fuentes – Faseb Journal

Effects of berberine and metformin on intestinal inflammation and gut microbiome composition in db/db mice – Wang Zhang – Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy

Plant, root, soil microbiome

Water-soluble mercury induced by organic amendments affected microbial community assemblage in mercury-polluted paddy soil – Hualing Hu – Chemosphere

Phyllosphere colonisation by a soil Streptomyces sp. promotes plant defense responses against fungal infection – Sophie Vergnes – Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions

Water microbiome 

Heat‐induced shift in coral microbiome reveals several members of the Rhodobacteraceae family as indicator species for thermal stress in Porites lutea – Wirulda Pootakham – Microbiology Open

Probiotics
Metabolomic profiling of oxalate-degrading probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus gasseri – Casey A. Chamberlain – PlosOne

Probiotic Bifidobacterium bifidum G9‐1 ameliorates phytohemagglutinin‐induced diarrhea caused by intestinal dysbiosis -Yutaka Makizaki – Microbiology and Immunology

September 13, 2019

In today’s edition, you’ll find a whole new textbook about microbes affecting ecosystem sustainability, reviews about phages and plant viruses, New York Times coverage of clinical trials of FMT for obesity, how to banish “manels” from scientific meetings, and microbiota-related metabolites as biomarkers of aging. Enjoy!

General microbiome
Review: Microbial invasions in terrestrial ecosystems – Madhav P. Thakur – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Preprint: Therapeutically exploring persister metabolism in bacteria – Sayed G. Mohiuddin – bioRxiv

Preprint: Delayed antibiotic exposure induces population collapse in enterococcal communities with drug-resistant subpopulations – Kelsey M Hallinen – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome
Review: Pairing phages with their hosts in the human gut – Ursula Hofer – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Book chapter: Gut Microbiota and Microbiota-Related Metabolites as Possible Biomarkers of Cognitive Aging – Andrea Ticinesi – Reviews on Biomarker Studies in Aging and Anti-Aging Research

Animal microbiome
Habitat disturbance and the organization of bacterial communities in Neotropical hematophagous arthropods – Kelly L. Bennett – PLOS One

Plant, root, soil microbiome
Book chapter: Rhizospheric Microbiome Engineering as a Sustainable Tool in Agriculture: Approaches and Challenges – Shubham Dubey – Microbial Diversity in Ecosystem Sustainability and Biotechnological Applications

Book chapter: Dynamics of Plant Microbiome and Its Effect on the Plant Traits – Shivali Sharma – Microbial Diversity in Ecosystem Sustainability and Biotechnological Applications

Book chapter: Microbial Diversity of the Sundarbans, the World’s Largest Tidal Mangrove Forest, and Its Bioprospects – Kaushik Biswas – Microbial Diversity in Ecosystem Sustainability and Biotechnological Applications

Water and extremophile microbiome
Capability for arsenic mobilization in groundwater is distributed across broad phylogenetic lineages – Robert E. Danczak – PLOS One

Food microbiology
Book chapter: Microbial Diversity on Grapes and Other Fruits: Role and Significance in Fermentation – M. V. Deshpande – Microbial Diversity in Ecosystem Sustainability and Biotechnological Applications

The Dynamics Analysis of Fungal Community Diversity During the Fermentation Process of Chinese Traditional Soybean Paste – Jingping Ge – Waste and Biomass Valorization

Phages and viruses
Review: Evolution and ecology of plant viruses – Pierre Lefeuvre – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Bioinformatics
An Integrated Approach for Efficient Multi-Omics Joint Analysis – Massimiliano S. Tagliamonte – Proceedings of the 10th ACM International Conference on Bioinformatics, Computational Biology and Health Informatics

Techniques
Polysaccharide-based liquid storage and transport media for non-refrigerated preservation of bacterial pathogens – Janine R. Hutchison – PLOS One

Microbes in the news
Seeking an Obesity Cure, Researchers Turn to the Gut Microbiome -Anahad O’Connor – NY Times

Exclusive: Behind the front lines of the Ebola wars – Amy Maxmen – Nature

Science, publishing, and career
How to banish manels and manferences from scientific meetings – Holly Else – Nature

August 28, 2019

Today’s digest features interesting review articles about different aspects of human gut microbiome,  metaproteomics approach in microbiota, new study to tackle antibiotic resistance and updates on microbiome business.

General Microbiome

The long-term consequences of antibiotic therapy: Role of colonic short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) system and intestinal barrier integrity – Yuliia Holota – Plos One

Factors affecting the composition of the gut microbiota, and its modulation – Nihal Hasan – Peer Journal

The Microbiota and Malnutrition: Impact of Nutritional Status During Early Life – Carlos Gómez-Gallego – Annual review of Nutrition

The necessity to revise Koch’s postulates and its application to infectious and non-infectious diseases: a mini-review – Hasan Hosainzadegan – European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases

Pancreas–Microbiota Cross Talk in Health and Disease – Timon E. Adolph – Annual Review of Nutrition

Does Soil Contribute to the Human Gut Microbiome? – Winfried E.H. Blum – Microorganisms

Impact of the Microbiome on the Human Genome – Thiviya Jeyakumar – Trends in Parasitology

Problems with the concept of gut microbiota dysbiosis – Harald Brüssow – Microbial Biotechnology

Human microbiome

Lactulose Improves Cognition, Quality of Life and Gut Microbiota in Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy: A Multi‐Center, Randomized Controlled Trial – Ji Yao Wang – Journal of Digestive Diseases

Microbial Profiles of Cirrhosis in the Human Small Intestine – Tien S. Dong – Current Gastroenterology Reports

Crosstalk between vaginal microbiome and female health: A review – Shagun Gupta – Microbial Pathogenesis

Animal experiments

Metformin and Dipeptidase Peptidyl-4 Inhibitor Differentially Modulate the Intestinal Microbiota and Plasma Metabolome of Metabolically Dysfunctional Mice – Ryan PM – Canadian Journal of Diabetes

The gut microbiome derived from anorexia nervosa patients impairs weight gain and behavioral performance in female mice – Tomokazu Hata – Endocrinology

Microbiota-derived lantibiotic restores resistance against vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus – Sohn G. Kim – Nature

Probiotics and prebiotics 

Developments in understanding and applying prebiotics in research and practice – an ISAPP conference paper – Karen P Scott – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Techniques

An automated ‘cells-to-peptides’ sample preparation workflow for high-throughput, quantitative proteomic assays of microbes – Yan Chen – Journal of Proteome Research

Comparison of metaproteomics workflows for deciphering the functions of gut microbiota in an animal model of obesity – Maria Guirro – Journal of Proteomics

An expectation-maximization algorithm enables accurate ecological modeling using longitudinal microbiome sequencing data – Chenhao Li – Microbiome

Microbes in the news

‘A holistic approach’: EU-backed project taps microbiome to optimise food production – Food navigator.com

Remodeling unhealthful gut microbiomes to fight disease – Science daily

The microbiome and the effect of antimicrobials in food production – New Food

Researchers propose new technique to remodel the gut microbiome – News Atlas

Microbes and the market

Global Human Microbiome Market 2019 Research Analysis of Players:- Merck, DuPont, MicroBiome Therapeutics, Osel – Global Market News 24

Microbiome Sequencing Market Forecast by Biolog Inc., CosmosID Inc., Illumina Inc., Metabiomics and Oxford Nanopore Technologies Ltd to 2024 – SocioHerald

 

August 24, 2019

This weekend, read about the microbial index of skin health for children with eczema, gut microbiome of koalas, and interactions between the gut bacterial microbiome and virome of rhesus monkey. Happy reading!

General microbiome

Why we need a small data paradigm – Eric B. Hekler – BMC Medicine

Correspondence: The importance of genome sequence quality to microbial comparative genomics – Theo H. M. Smits – BMC Genomics

The applications of Big Data in molecular diagnostics – Yin Kwan Evelyn Wong – Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics

Tiny Hidden Genes within Our Microbiome – Karin Mittelman & David Burstein – Cell

Skin microbiome

*A Microbiome-Based Index for Assessing Skin Health and Treatment Effects for Atopic Dermatitis in Children – Zheng Sun – mSystems

Gut microbiome

Reproducible changes in the gut microbiome suggest a shift in microbial and host metabolism during spaceflight – Peng Jiang – Microbiome

Review: Gut Microbiota, Dietary Phytochemicals, and Benefits to Human Health – Ran Yin – Current Pharmacology Reports

Mild cognitive impairment has similar alterations as Alzheimer’s disease in gut microbiota – Binyin Li – Alzheimer’s & Dementia

Design of synthetic microbial consortia for gut microbiota modulation – Jorge F. Vázquez-Castellanos – Current Opinion in Pharmacology

Intestinal microbiota and colorectal cancer: changes in the intestinal microenvironment and their relation to the disease – Sandra Aparecida dos Reis – Journal of Medical Microbiology

Review: Celiac disease: a comprehensive current review – Giacomo Caio – BMC Medicine

Pregnancy and early life

Maternal IgA protects against the development of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants – Kathyayini P. Gopalakrishna – Nature Medicine

Oral microbiome

Oral Microbiome and Cancer Therapy-Induced Oral Mucositis – Jean-Luc C Mougeot – JNCI Monographs

Respiratory microbiome

Deciphering the Ecology of Cystic Fibrosis Bacterial Communities: Towards Systems-Level Integration – Annamaria Bevivino – Trends in Molecular Medicine

Water and extremophile microbiome

Effects of water recirculation rate on the microbial community and water quality in relation to the growth and survival of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) – Zhao Chen – BMC Microbiology

Pseudomethylobacillus aquaticus gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Methylophilaceae isolated from an artificial reservoir – Ceshing Sheu – International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Bacterial Communities from Extreme Environments: Vulcano Island – Camilla Fagorzi – Diversity

Diversity and biogeography of SAR11 bacteria from the Arctic Ocean – Susanne Kraemer – bioRxiv

Review: Metal and organic pollutants bioremediation by extremophile microorganisms – Patricia Giovanella – Journal of Hazardous Material

Animal microbiome

*Faecal inoculations alter the gastrointestinal microbiome and allow dietary expansion in a wild specialist herbivore, the koala – Michaela D. J. Blyton – Animal microbiome

Impact of pine leaf biochar amendment on bacterial dynamics and correlation of environmental factors during pig manure composting – Jiao Li – Bioresource Technology

Animal experiment

Potential roles of gut microbiome and metabolites in modulating ALS in mice – Eran Blacher – Nature

Plant microbiome

Shared mycorrhizae but distinct communities of other root-associated microbes on co-occurring native and invasive maples – Tonia DeBellis – PeerJ

Non-target Effects of Trichoderma on Plants and Soil Microbial Communities – Monika Jangi – Plant Microbe Interface

Inhibitory and nutrient use phenotypes among co‐existing Fusarium and Streptomyces populations suggest local coevolutionary interactions in soil – Adil Essarioui – Environmental Microbiology

Phages and viruses

*The altered gut virome community in rhesus monkeys is correlated with the gut bacterial microbiome and associated metabolites – Heng Li – Virology Journal