February 25th, 2023

Bonjour from Paris, France !

In today’s digest you will find a broad range of amazing preprints and published papers! Fontana and collaborator performed a fascinating meta-analysis of publicly datasets obtained from fecal samples of healthy athletes and healthy sedentary adults and revealed the microbiota changes associated with competitive athletes lifestyle.

Today’s non-microbiology pick is an preprint exploring postdoctoral and PhD student’s career self-efficacy in US biological sciences and showed how women and non US citizen have a significant lower level of career self-efficacy compared to their male and US citizen peers. The authors discuss potential causes for these differences and offer recommendations for increasing trainee career self-efficacy.

Have a great Saturday!

Pregnancy and early life

Preprint: Co-localization of antibiotic resistance genes is widespread in the infant gut microbiome and associates with an immature gut microbial composition – Li et al. – BioRXiv

Human gut microbiome

The human gut microbiome of athletes: metagenomic and metabolic insights – Fontana et al. – Microbiome

Review: Gut microbiome-based strategies for host health and disease – Wang et al. – Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

The role of diet in shaping human gut microbiota – Rinninella et al. – Best practive & Research clinical Gastroenterology

Preprint: Community composition and the environment modulate the population dynamics of type VI secretion in human gut bacteria – Robitaille et al. – BioRXiv

Genetic-Phenotype Analysis of Bifidobacterium bifidum and Its Glycoside Hydrolase Gene Distribution at Different Age Groups – Wei et al. – Foods

Animal microbiome

Preprint: Life stage and vaccination shape the gut microbiome of hatchery-reared Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) – Andres et al. – BioRXiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Short- and long-term effects of continuous compost amendment on soil microbiome community – Kraut-Cohen et al. – BioRXiv

Awaking the Dormant Virome in the Rhizosphere – Braga and Schumacher – Molecular ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: A novel order-level lineage of ammonia-oxidizing Thaumarchaeota is widespread in marine and terrestrial environments – Zheng et al. – BioRXiv

Diverse Marine T4-like Cyanophage Communities Are Primarily Comprised of Low-Abundance Species Including Species with Distinct Seasonal, Persistent, Occasional, or Sporadic Dynamics – Dart et al. – Viruses

Food microbiology

Analysis of the core bacterial community associated with consumer-ready Eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) – Hines et al. – Plos One

Phages and viruses

Review: The Role of Temperate Phages in Bacterial Pathogenicity – Gummalla et al. – Microorganisms


Review: Bioinformatic Tools for NGS-Based Metagenomics to Improve the Clinical Diagnosis of Emerging, Re-Emerging and New Viruses – Ibanez-Lligona et al – Viruses

Non microbiology pick

Preprint: Citizenship status and career self-efficacy: An intersectional study of biomedical trainees in the United States – Chatterjee et al. – BioRXiv

January 13, 2023

The very first 2023 digest features HMOs, antimicrobials and the neonatal gut microbiota, cheese community, cow rumen microbiome, SemiBin2, and more. Happy Friday and see you next week at #MVIF!

Food microbiome

*Longitudinal, Multi-Platform Metagenomics Yields a High-Quality Genomic Catalog and Guides an In Vitro Model for Cheese Communities – Christina C. Saak – mSystems

Gut microbiome

*Human milk oligosaccharides, antimicrobial drugs, and the gut microbiota of term neonates: observations from the KOALA birth cohort study – D.J.M Barnett – Gut microbes

The gut microbiota in multiple sclerosis varies with disease activity – Florence Thirion – Genome Medicine

Review: Intestinal gas production by the gut microbiota: A review – Erasme Mutuyemungu – Journal of Functional Foods

Gestational diabetes is driven by microbiota-induced inflammation months before diagnosis – Yishay Pinto – Gut

Review: The gut microbiota is an emerging target for improving brain health during ageing – Marcus Boehme – Gut microbiome

Vaginal microbiome

Commensal Lactobacilli Metabolically Contribute to Cervical Epithelial Homeostasis in a Species-Specific Manner – Nicole R. Jimenez – mSphere

Preterm birth is associated with xenobiotics and predicted by the vaginal metabolome – William F. Kindschuh – Nature Microbiology

Animal experiment

Gut microbiota of the young ameliorates physical fitness of the aged in mice – Kwang H. Kim – Microbiome

Catheterization of mice triggers resurgent urinary tract infection seeded by a bladder reservoir of Acinetobacter baumannii – Jennie E. Hazen – Science Translational Medicine

Prebiotic intervention with HAMSAB in untreated essential hypertensive patients assessed in a phase II randomized trial – Hamdi A. Jama – Nature Cardiovascular Research

Akkermansia muciniphila protects mice against an emerging tick-borne viral pathogen – Jinyan Xie – Nature Microbiology

Animal microbiome

Beehives possess their own distinct microbiomes – Lorenzo A. Santorelli – Environmental Microbiome

*Differential carbon utilization enables co-existence of recently speciated Campylobacteraceae in the cow rumen epithelial microbiome – Cameron R. Strachan – Nature Microbiology


Ecological landscapes guide the assembly of optimal microbial communities – Ashish B. George and Kirill S. Korolev – Plos Computational Biology

Over-optimism in unsupervised microbiome analysis: Insights from network learning and clustering – Theresa Ullmann – Plos Computational Biology

Ten simple rules for using public biological data for your research – Vishal H. Oza – Plos Computational Biology

*SemiBin2: self-supervised contrastive learning leads to better MAGs for short- and long-read sequencing – Shaojun Pan – bioRxiv

October 26, 2022

General microbiome

[BOOK]Human Microbiome in Health and Disease – Part B – Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science

Pregnancy and early life

Relationships of the very low birth weight infant microbiome with neurodevelopment at 2 and 4 years of age – Sarkar et al. – Developmental Psychobiology

Human respiratory microbiome

The lower airways microbiota and antimicrobial peptides indicate dysbiosis in sarcoidosis – Knudsen et al. – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Profiling the fungal microbiome after FMT for graft-versus-host disease: insights from a phase 1 interventional study – van Lier et al. – Transplantation and Cellular Therapy

Colorectal cancer, Vitamin D and microbiota: A double-blind Phase II randomized trial (ColoViD) in colorectal cancer patients – Bellerba et al. – Neoplasia

Natural and after colon washing fecal samples: the two sides of the coin for investigating the human gut microbiome – Piancone et al. – Scientific Reports

Animal microbiome

[DATA]Effects of heat stress on 16S rDNA, metagenome and metabolome in Holstein cows at different growth stages – Feng et al. – Scientific data

Tick transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi to the murine host is not influenced by environmentally acquired midgut microbiota – Narasimhan et al. – Microbiome

Mining the microbiota to identify gut commensals modulating neuroinflammation in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis – Bianchimano et al. – Microbiome

Microbiomes associated with avian malaria survival differ between susceptible Hawaiian honeycreepers and sympatric malaria-resistant introduced birds – Navine et al. – Molecular Ecology

Impact of Germinated Brown Rice and Brown Rice on Metabolism, Inflammation, and Gut Microbiome in High Fat Diet-Induced Insulin Resistant Mice – Zhao et al. – J. Agric. Food Chem.

Dietary Lactobacillus reuteri prevent from inflammation mediated apoptosis of liver via improving intestinal microbiota and bile acid metabolism – Lin et al. – Food Chemistry

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Specific metabolites drive the deterministic assembly of diseased rhizosphere microbiome through weakening microbial degradation of autotoxin – Wen et al. – Microbiome

Low-abundance populations distinguish microbiome performance in plant cell wall deconstruction – Tom et al. – Microbiome

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Community assembly patterns and processes of microbiome responses to habitats and Mytilopsis sallei invasion in the tidal zones of the Pearl River Estuary – Guo et al. – Science of The Total Environment


LotuS2: an ultrafast and highly accurate tool for amplicon sequencing analysis – Özkurt et al. – Microbiome


[PREPRINT]Double emulsions as a high-throughput enrichment and isolation platform for slower-growing microbes – McCully et al. – bioRxiv

A novel metagenome-derived viral RNA polymerase and its application in a cell-free expression system for metagenome screening – Han et al. – Scientif Reports

October 05, 2022

Pregnancy and early life

Multi-omic factors associated with future wheezing in infants – Beheshti et al. – Pediatric Research

Multi-site human microbiome

Race is a key determinant of the human intratumor microbiome – Lua et al. – Cancer Cell

Human respiratory microbiome

Alterations in the respiratory tract microbiome in COVID-19: current observations and potential significance – Merenstein, Bushman & Collman – Microbiome

Human milk microbiome

Maternal weight status and the composition of the human milk microbiome: A scoping review – Daiy et al. – PLOS One

Human oral microbiome

Functional changes in the oral microbiome after use of fluoride and arginine containing dentifrices: a metagenomic and metatranscriptomic study – Carda-Dieguez, Mazzez & Mira – Microbiome

Remembering St. Louis individual—structural violence and acute bacterial infections in a historical anatomical collection – Austin et al. – Communications Biology

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]SARS-CoV-2-associated gut microbiome alteration; A new contributor to colorectal cancer pathogenesis – Mozaffari et al. – Pathology – Research and Practice

Population structure discovery in meta-analyzed microbial communities and inflammatory bowel disease using MMUPHin – Ma et al. – Genome Biology

Microbiota imbalance induced by dietary sugar disrupts immune-mediated protection from metabolic syndrome – Kawano et al. – Cell

Rural environment reduces allergic inflammation by modulating the gut microbiota – Yang et al. – Gut Microbes

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Six types of tea extracts attenuated high-fat diet-induced metabolic syndrome via modulating gut microbiota in rats – Zhou et al. – Food Research International

Adaptation of the gut holobiont to malnutrition during mouse pregnancy depends on the type of nutritional adversity – Connor et al. – The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

A global phylogenomic and metabolic reconstruction of the large intestine bacterial community of domesticated cattle – Teseo et al. – Microbiome

Comparative multiomics study of the effects of Ellagic acid on the gut environment in young and adult mice – Duan et al. – Food Research International

[REVIEW]Crosstalk between the microbiota and insect postembryonic development – Girard et al. – Trends in Microbiology

Culturomic, metagenomic, and transcriptomic-based characterization of commensal lactic acid bacteria isolated from domestic dogs using Caenorhabditis elegans as a model for aging – Kang et al. – Journal of Animal Science

Plant, root, sponge and soil microbiome

Recruitment of specific microbes through exudates affects cadmium activation and accumulation in Brassica napus – Wu et al. – Journal of Hazardous Materials

Novel trends of genome evolution in highly complex tropical sponge microbiomes – Kelly et al. – Microbiome

[Petroleum pollution affects soil chemistry and reshapes the diversity and networks of microbial communities](Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety) – Li et al. –

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Marine DNA methylation patterns are associated with microbial community composition and inform virus-host dynamics – Seong et al. – Microbiome

Untangling microbial diversity and assembly patterns in rare earth element mine drainage in South China – Chen et al. – Water Research


Benchmarking Community-Wide Estimates of Growth Potential from Metagenomes Using Codon Usage Statistics – Weissman et al. – mSystems

[SOFTWARE]PhyloDM is a high-performance library that converts a phylogenetic tree into a pairwise distance matrix. – Aaron Mussig – github

September 22, 2022

Happy almost Friday! Today’s digest includes a time series tracking changes after fecal transplant, biofilm-formation analysis from isolations from swine slaughterhouses as well as techniques to improve computational notebooks, rapid genotyping, and more.


Human gut microbiome

Time series strain tracking analysis post fecal transplantation identifies individual specific patterns of fecal dominant donor, recipient, and unrelated microbial strains – Koo & Morrow – PLOS One

Animal experiments

Microbiome complexity shapes metabolism – Litichevskiy & Thaiss – PLOS Biology

Minimal overall divergence of the gut microbiome in an adaptive radiation of Cyprinodon pupfishes despite potential adaptive enrichment for scale-eating – Heras & Martin – PLOS One

Molecular characterization and biofilm-formation analysis of Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella spp., and Escherichia coli isolated from Brazilian swine slaughterhouses – Santos et al. – PLOS One

Animal microbiome

Ecology and distribution of Leptospira spp., reservoir hosts and environmental interaction in Sri Lanka, with identification of a new strain – Sluydts et al. – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases


A simple kit to use computational notebooks for more openness, reproducibility, and productivity in research – Figueiredo et al. – PLOS Computational Biology

Bacterial concentration and Campylobacter spp. quantification differ when fresh or ultra-frozen samples are analysed over time using molecular biology and culture-based methods – Khattak et al. – Plos One

Robust inference of population size histories from genomic sequencing data – Upadhya & Steinrücken – PLOS Computational Biology

Rapid genotyping of targeted viral samples using Illumina short-read sequencing data – Váradi et al. – PLOS One

Improved assessments of bulk milk microbiota composition via sample preparation and DNA extraction methods – Xue & Marco – PLOS ONE

September 21, 2022

Human respiratory microbiome

The Microbiota of Human Lung of Pulmonary Tuberculosis and the Alteration Caused by Anti-tuberculosis Drugs – Zhang et al. – Current Microbiology

Human urinary microbiome

Mechanisms of the intestinal and urinary microbiome in kidney stone disease – Miller et al. – Nature Reviews Urology

Human oral microbiome

Comparison of tumor-associated and nontumor-associated esophageal mucosa microbiota in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma – Zhang et al. – Medicine

Human gut microbiome

Differential co-expression networks of the gut microbiota are associated with depression and anxiety treatment resistance among psychiatric inpatients – Thompson et al. – Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry

Early fecal microbiome transfer after donor defecation determines response in patients with moderate to severe ulcerative colitis – Singh et al. – Indian Journal of Gastroenterology

[REVIEW]Modulatory role of gut microbiota in cholesterol and glucose metabolism: Potential implications for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease Atherosclerosis – Roessler et al. – Atherosclerosis

Landscape of the gut archaeome in association with geography, ethnicity, urbanization, and diet in the Chinese population – Bai et al. – Microbiome

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Metabolic reconstitution of germ-free mice by a gnotobiotic microbiota varies over the circadian cycle – Hoces et al. – PLOS Biology

Inhibitory effects of antibiotic-induced gut microbiota depletion on acute itch behavior in mice – Zhang et al. – Brain Research Bulletin

RhoB affects colitis through modulating cell signaling and intestinal microbiome – Yang et al. – Microbiome

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Community and shotgun metagenomic analysis of Alligator mississippiensis oral cavity and GI tracts reveal complex ecosystems and potential reservoirs of antibiotic resistance – Perez-Marron et al. – Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology

Microbiome composition is shaped by geography and population structure in the parasitic wasp Asobara japonica, but not in the presence of the endosymbiont Wolbachia – Brinker et al. – Molecular Ecology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Mangrove microbial community recovery and their role in early stages of forest recolonization within shrimp ponds – Loiola et al. – Science of The Total Environment

[REVIEW]Current understanding of plant-microbe interaction through the lenses of multi-omics approaches and their benefits in sustainable agriculture – Diwan, Rashid & Vaishnav – Microbiological Research

Mitigating abiotic stress: microbiome engineering for improving agricultural production and environmental sustainability – Phour & Sindhu – Planta

[OPINION]Plant microbiota dysbiosis and the Anna Karenina Principle – Arnault, Money & Vandenkoornhuyse

Food microbiology

Anthocyanin Addition to Kefir: Metagenomic Analysis of Microbial Community Structure – Aydin et al. – Current Microbiology

Metabolic framework of spontaneous and synthetic sourdough metacommunities to reveal microbial players responsible for resilience and performance – Calabrese et al. – Microbiome

September 8, 2022

Today’s microbiome digest includes ten rules for teaching yourself R, food safety profiles of ready-to-eat raw minced meat, teaching that addresses eco-anxiety, as well as both pathogenic and entomopathogenic fungi!

Human gut microbiome

Meals, Microbiota and Mental Health in Children and Adolescents (MMM-Study): A protocol for an observational longitudinal case-control study – Asbjornsdottir et al. – PLOS One

Strongyloides stercoralis infection induces gut dysbiosis in chronic kidney disease patients – Hai et al. – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Mycoparasitism capability and growth inhibition activity of Clonostachys rosea isolates against fungal pathogens of grapevine trunk diseases suggest potential for biocontrol – Geiger et al. – PLOS One

Impact of endophytic colonization by entomopathogenic fungi on the behavior and life history of the tobacco peach aphid Myzus persicae var. nicotianae – Wilberts et al. – PLOS One

Food microbiology

Bacteriological quality and antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of isolates of ready-to-eat raw minced meat from hotels and restaurants in Arba Minch, Ethiopia – Tonjo et al. – PLOS One


Ten simple rules for teaching yourself R – Lawlor et al. – PLOS Computational Biology


Laboratory evaluation of RealStar Yellow Fever Virus RT-PCR kit 1.0 for potential use in the global yellow fever laboratory network – Basile et al. – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Science, publishing, and career )

Insufficient yet improving involvement of the global south in top sustainability science publications – Dangles et al. – PLOS One

Adapt conservation biology teaching to address eco-anxiety in students – São Pedro et al. – PLOS Biology

August 31, 2022

Human skin microbiome

[REVIEW]Staphylococcus epidermidis and its dual lifestyle in skin health and infection – Severn & Horswill – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Human oral microbiome

Effect of chewing gum containing Xylitol and blackberry powder on oral bacteria: A randomized controlled crossover trial – Miller et al. – Archives of Oral Biology

Human gut microbiome

Antimicrobial peptide production in response to gut microbiota imbalance – Cardoso et al. – Peptides


Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Gut-derived metabolites influence neurodevelopmental gene expression and Wnt signaling events in a germ-free zebrafish model – Rea et al. – Microbiome

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Age as a primary driver of the gut microbial composition and function in wild harbor seals – Pacheco-Sandoval et al. – Scientific Reports

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Biogeographical survey of soil microbiomes across sub-Saharan Africa: structure, drivers, and predicted climate-driven changes – Cowan et al. – Microbiome

Soil fungal communities show more specificity than bacteria for plant species composition in a temperate forest in China – Chen et al. – BMC Microbiology

Microbes in space

Machine learning algorithm to characterize antimicrobial resistance associated with the International Space Station surface microbiome – Madrigal et al. – Microbiome

Food microbiology

Extensive diversity and rapid turnover of phage defense repertoires in cheese-associated bacterial communities – Somerville et al. – Microbiome


Crowdsourced benchmarking of taxonomic metagenome profilers: lessons learned from the sbv IMPROVER Microbiomics challenge – Poussin et al. – BMC Genomics

Microbes in the news (popular press, EurekAlert, ScienceDaily, Youtube, NPR, etc)

Newly Renamed Prokaryote Phyla Cause Uproar – Dan Robitzski – The Scientist

August 19, 2022

Today’s digest is short and sweet! We have articles on the gut microbiota in rats, the influence of host genetics on the leaf fungal microbiome, and biofilm fouling in drinking water. There are also two manuscripts which provide tips for pathway enrichment analysis and biomarker discovery.

Happy reading! Also, if you’re in Scotland, consider checking out the enormous E. coli in Edinburgh this weekend!

Animal experiments

Effects of sea salt intake on metabolites, steroid hormones, and gut microbiota in rats – Chanmuang et al. – PLOS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The changing influence of host genetics on the leaf fungal microbiome throughout plant development – Karasov & Lundberg – PLOS Biology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Impacts of temperature and hydraulic regime on discolouration and biofilm fouling in drinking water distribution systems – Fish et al. – PLOS Water


Nine quick tips for pathway enrichment analysis – Chicco & Agapito – PLOS Computational Biology

Ten quick tips for biomarker discovery and validation analyses using machine learning – Diaz-Uriarte et al. – PLOS Computational Biology

August 5, 2022

Today’s digest is brief and includes research examining the association between the gut microbiota and Gulf War illness, determining the distribution of psychrophilic microorganisms in a beef slaughterhouse, measuring the quality of DNA sequences via degradation, and more.

Happy Friday!

General microbiome

Measuring quality of DNA sequence data via degradation – Karr et al. – PLOS One

Atypical integrative element with strand-biased circularization activity assists interspecies antimicrobial resistance gene transfer from Vibrio alfacsensis – Nonaka et al. – PLOS One

Human vaginal microbiome

Association of key species of vaginal bacteria of recurrent bacterial vaginosis patients before and after oral metronidazole therapy with short- and long-term clinical outcomes – Mollin et al. – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

Examining the association between the gastrointestinal microbiota and Gulf War illness: A prospective cohort study – Kates et al. – PLOS One

Food microbiology

Distribution of psychrophilic microorganisms in a beef slaughterhouse in Japan after cleaning – Nakamura et al. – PLOS One

Science, publishing, and career

Ten simple rules for leveraging virtual interaction to build higher-level learning into bioinformatics short courses – Bacon et al. – PLOS Computational Biology