November 11, 2019

Monday’s morning digest is all about interesting updates in microbiome field – real time sampling of international travelers to study antibiotic resistant bacteria, new techniques on using rectal swabs instead of fecal samples to study infant microbiota, 16srRNA gene sequencing for strain level identification and if neutraceutical consumption helps in multiple sclerosis! Finally some interesting review articles on microbial ecology in wine making and a Movember month featured article on association of gut microbiome with men’s sexual health. Enjoy reading!

General microbiome

From the vineyard to the winery: how microbial ecology drives regional distinctiveness of wine – Di Liu – Frontiers in Microbiology

The Gut Microbiome and Men’s Sexual Health – Mohamad M. Osman – Current Sexual Heath Reports

Antibacterial Soaps and Other Cleaners May Actually Be Aiding in the Development of Super Bacteria – Shimon Shatzmiller – Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Dietary lipids, gut microbiota and lipid metabolism – Marc Schoeler – Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders

Human microbiome

Functional characterisation of gut microbiota and metabolism in Type 2 diabetes indicates that Clostridiales and Enterococcus could play a key role in the disease – Marina Mora-Ortiz – BioRxiv

Real-time sampling of travelers shows intestinal colonization by multidrug-resistant bacteria to be a dynamic process with multiple transient acquisitions – A. Kantele – BioRxiv

A multi-omic cohort as a reference point for promoting a healthy human gut microbiome – Zhuye Jie – BioRxiv

Antimicrobial resistance gene prevalence in a population of patients with advanced dementia is related to specific pathobionts – Aislinn D. Rowan-Nash – BioRxiv

Genomic characterization of the non-O1/non-O139 Vibrio cholerae strain that caused a gastroenteritis outbreak in Santiago, Chile, 2018 – Mónica Arteaga – BioRxiv

Molecular Reconstruction of the Diet in Human Stool Samples – Frank Maixner – mSystems

Infant microbiome

Impacts of Delivery Mode on Very Low Birth Weight Infants’ Oral Microbiome – Hongping Li – Pediatrics and Neonatology

Biomarker Research in ADHD: the Impact of Nutrition (BRAIN) – study protocol of an open-label trial to investigate the mechanisms underlying the effects of a few-foods diet on ADHD symptoms in children – Tim Stobernack – BMJ Open

Immunometabolic approaches to prevent, detect, and treat neonatal sepsis – Maria Giulia Conti – Pediatric Research

Rectal swabs are a reliable proxy for faecal samples in infant gut microbiota research based on 16S-rRNA sequencing – Marta Reyman – Scientific Reports

Gut microbiome of treatment-naïve MS patients of different ethnicities early in disease course – R. E. Ventura – Scientific Reports

Animal experiments

Vasoactive intestinal peptide deficiency is associated with altered gut microbiota communities in male and female C57BL/6 mice – Manpreet Bains – Frontiers in Microbiology

Metabolic analysis of regionally distinct gut microbial communities using an in vitro platform – Jenni Firrman – Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry

Effect of Diet on the Enteric Microbiome of the Wood-Eating Catfish Panaque nigrolineatus – Harold J. Schreier – Frontiers in Microbiology

A high-fat/high-protein, Atkins-type diet exacerbates Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile infection in mice, whereas a high-carbohydrate diet protects – Chrisabelle C. Mefferd – BioRxiv

Plant, soil, root microbiome

Effects of repeated applications of urea with DMPP on ammonia oxidizers, denitrifiers, and non-targeted microbial communities of an agricultural soil in Queensland, Australia – Aineah Obed Luchibia – Applied Soil Ecology

Covariation of diet and gut microbiome in African megafauna – Tyler R. Kartzinel – PNAS

Fungal communities resist recovery in sand mine restoration – Miranda Hart – Frontiers in Forest and Global Change

Microbial community structure and ecology in sediments of a pristine mangrove forest – C.O.Santana – BioRxiv

Bridging the gap between single-strain and community-level plant-microbe chemical interactions – Bridget O’Banion – Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions

A brief from the leaf: latest research to inform our understanding of the phyllosphere microbiome – Johan HJ Leveau – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Water microbiome

Metabolic and biogeochemical consequences of viral infection in aquatic ecosystems Amy E. Zimmerman – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Down to the bone: the role of overlooked endolithic microbiomes in reef coral health – Mathieu Pernice – ISME Journal

Differential responses of stream water and bed sediment microbial communities to watershed degradation – Hehuan Liao – Environment International

B12 production by marine microbial communities and Dinoroseobacter shibae continuous cultures under different growth and respiration rates – Josue Villegas-Mendoza – Aquatic Microbial Ecology

Quantifying the contribution of microbial immigration in engineered water systems – Ran Mei – Microbiome

Microbial community rearrangements in power-to-biomethane reactors employing mesophilic biogas digestate – Norbert Ács – Frontiers in Energy Research

Techniques

Evaluation of 16S rRNA gene sequencing for species and strain-level microbiome analysis – Jethro S. Johnson – Nature Communications

AMR – An R Package for Working with Antimicrobial Resistance Data – Matthijs S. Berends – BioRxiv

Probiotics Prebiotics

The effect of emerging nutraceutical interventions for clinical and biological outcomes in multiple sclerosis: A systematic review – Wolfgang Marx – Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders

Resveratrol treatment improves the altered metabolism and related dysbiosis of gut programed by prenatal high-fat diet and postnatal high-fat diet exposure – Yi-Chuan Huang – The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry

The effects of inulin on gut microbial composition: a systematic review of evidence from human studies – Quentin Le Bastard – European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases

November 8, 2019

Today’s week-end digest is about new bioinformatic tools (MGnify, PIME, MDiNE) for microbiota analysis, how chemical and built environment of home affects human microbiota and  guidelines for the gut microbiome studies in hypertension.

General microbiome

Adaptation of the Gut Microbiota to Modern Dietary Sugars and Sweeteners – Sara C. Di Rienzi – Advances in Nutrition

Bacteriophages in gastroenterology—from biology to clinical applications – João Sabino – Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Boosting natural history research via metagenomic clean-up of crowdsourced feces – Amrita Srivathsan – Plos Biology

Human microbiome

Lower gut microbiome diversity and higher abundance of proinflammatory genus Collinsella are associated with biopsy-proven nonalcoholic steatohepatitis – Stuart Astbury – Gut Microbes

Guidelines for Transparency on Gut Microbiome Studies in Essential and Experimental Hypertension – Francine Z. Marques – Hypertension

The association between dietary fibre deficiency and high-income lifestyle-associated diseases: Burkitt’s hypothesis revisited – Stephen J. O’Keefe – The Lancet Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Animal experiments

Bacterial Swarming as a Protective Response to Intestinal Stress – Weijie Chen – BioRxiv

Flaxseed oil supplementation improves intestinal function and immunity, associated with altered intestinal microbiome and fatty acid profile in pigs with intrauterine growth retardation – Lianqiang Che – Food and Function

Gamma-aminobutyric acid-producing lactobacilli positively affect metabolism and depressive-like behaviour in a mouse model of metabolic syndrome – E. Patterson – Scientific Reports

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Short term effects of different green manure amendments on the composition of main microbial groups and microbial activity of a submerged rice cropping system – Muhammad Israr Khan – Applied Soil Ecology

Cost-effective in-situ remediation technologies for complete mineralization of dyes contaminated soils – Vipul R. Patel – Chemosphere

Distinct Microbial Community of Phyllosphere Associated with Five Tropical Plants on Yongxing Island, South China Sea – Lijun Bao – Microorganisms

Tracing the evolutionary routes of plant–microbiota interactions – Carmen Escudero-Martinez – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Water microbiome

Diet shapes cold‐water corals bacterial communities – Pierre E. Galand – Environmental Microbiology

Built Environment

Home chemical and microbial transitions across urbanization – Laura-Isobel McCall – Nature Microbiology

Techniques

Learning representations of microbe–metabolite interactions – James T. Morton – Nature Methods

MGnify: the microbiome analysis resource in 2020 – Alex L. Mitchell – Nucleic Acids Research

PIME: A package for discovery of novel differences among microbial communities – Luiz Fernando W. Roesch – Molecular Ecology Resources

MDiNE: A model to estimate differential co-occurrence networks in microbiome studies – Kevin McGregor – Bioinformatics

Probiotics

Fermentation of plant-based milk alternatives for improved flavour and nutritional value – Muzi Tangyu – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Modulations of Probiotics on Gut Microbiota in a 5‐Fluorouracil‐Induced Mouse Model of Mucositis – Chun Yan Yeung – Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

The effect of an additive containing three Lactobacillus species on the fermentation pattern and microbiological status of silage – Maja Fijałkowska – Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

Microbes in the news

Gut Microbiome Puts the Brakes on Iron Absorption – Michigan Medicine

The Link Between Sleep and Your Gut Microbiome – Health central

Microbiome in China: Cosmetic trend will ‘heat up’ by the end of 2020, says expert – Cosmetics Design-Asia

Enterome Enters Research Collaboration With Major Cancer Center Focused on New Microbiome-derived Immunotherapies – Yahoo Finance

Non Microbiology Picks

Is running associated with a lower risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality, and is the more the better? A systematic review and meta-analysis – Zeljko Pedisic – British Journal of Sports Medicine

October 28, 2019

Monday morning digest is about microbiome and microbial metabolites in depression, neuronal function and fear extinction, and epilepsy in children; functional foods in lung cancer risk and microbiota based novel marker of colorectal cancer.

General microbiome

Gut microbial metabolites in depression: understanding the biochemical mechanisms – Giorgia Caspani – Microbial Cell

Engineering commensal bacteria to rewire host–microbiome interactions – In Young Hwang – Current Opinion in Biotechnology

Human microbiome

The composition and functional protein subsystems of the human nasal microbiome in granulomatosis with polyangiitis: a pilot study – Josef Wagner – Microbiome

Autoinducer-2 of gut microbiota, a potential novel marker for human colorectal cancer, is associated with the activation of TNFSF9 signaling in macrophages – Qing Li – Oncoimmunology

Distinct Gut Microbiota Composition and Functional Category in Children With Cerebral Palsy and Epilepsy – Congfu Huang – Frontiers in Pediatrics

Drug resistant gut bacteria mimic a host mechanism for anticancer drug clearance – Peter Spanogiannopoulos – BioRxiv

A comprehensive human minimal gut metagenome extends the host’s metabolic potential – Marcos Parras-Molto – BioRxiv

Enriched taxa were found among the gut microbiota of centenarians in East China – Na Wang – PlosOne

Animal experiments

The microbiota regulate neuronal function and fear extinction learning – Coco Chu – Nature

Syntrophic growth of alkaliphilic anaerobes controlled by ferric and ferrous minerals transformation coupled to acetogenesis – Daria G. Zavarzina – ISME Journal

Contribution of fungal microbiome to intestinal physiology, early-life immune development and mucosal inflammation in mice – Erik van Tilburg Bernardes – BioRxiv

Plant, root, soil microbiome

Root-associated microbiomes of wheat under the combined effect of plant development and nitrogen fertilization – Shuaimin Chen – Microbiome

Water microbiome

Deterministic and stochastic processes driving the shift in the prokaryotic community composition in wastewater treatment plants of a coastal Chinese city – Liyuan Hou – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Metabolic specializations within a bacterial community to create living rocks – Samantha C Waterworth – BioRxiv

Probiotics/Prebiotics

Association of Dietary Fiber and Yogurt Consumption With Lung Cancer Risk Jae Jeong Yang – JAMA Oncology

Effect of probiotics on the occurrence of nutrition absorption capacities in healthy children: a randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled pilot study – A. Ballini – European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences

Microbes in the news

Can we predict the future? Bill Gates says yes, in this one area – CNBC

Exposure to Sunlight Boosts Good Gut Microbiome Bacteria, and Vitamin D Levels – Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News

Harnessing the Power of Microbes to Fight Cancer – Medscape

October 26, 2019

Highlights: Bacterial communities in aquaculture, crocodiles, tadpoles, mushrooms, coasts, sports facilities; viruses; standardization issues of human microbiome research; some cool events and news hot off the press!

 

Events and jobs

2019 Genome Center Halloween Symposium – 31/10/2019 – UCD, USA

MB Seminar: Marine Host-Microbiome Interactions: Challenges and Opportunities (Dr. Jonathan Eisen, UC Davis) – 22/11/2019 – UCSD, USA

General microbiome 

Metabolic specializations within a bacterial community to create living rocks – Samantha C Waterworth – bioRxiv

Analysis of bacterial microbiome associated with nylon and copper nets in an aquaculture context – Paula Canada – Aquaculture

The gut-eye-lacrimal gland-microbiome axis in Sjögren Syndrome – Claudia M. Trujillo-Vargas – The Ocular Surface

Multi-site human microbiome

DNA extraction for human microbiome studies: the issue of standardization  – K. Leigh Greathouse Genome Biology

Storage media and not extraction method has the biggest impact on recovery of bacteria from the oral microbiome – Xiaoyan Zhou – Nature

Factors contributing to interindividual variation in retronasal odor perception from aroma glycosides: the role of odorant sensory detection threshold, oral microbiota and hydrolysis in saliva – Mango Parker – ACS

Animal experiments 

Contribution of fungal microbiome to intestinal physiology, early-life immune development and mucosal inflammation in mice – Erik van Tilburg Bernardes – bioRxiv

Animal microbiome 

Gut microbiota structure differs between honey bees in winter and summer – Lucie Kešnerová – bioRxiv

Characterisation of the intestinal microbiota of commercially farmed saltwater crocodiles, Crocodylus porosus – Nicky-Lee Willson – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Changes in intestinal microbial community of Rana chensinensis tadpoles during metamorphosis – Hongyu Yang – Aquaculture

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Impact of agro-farming activities on microbial diversity of acidic red soils in a Camellia Oleifera Forest – Jun Li – Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

A horizon scan of priorities for coastal marine microbiome research – Stacey M. Trevathan-Tackett – Nature

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Effects of disinfection efficiency on microbial communities and corrosion processes in drinking water distribution systems simulated with actual running conditions – Ying Zhu – Journal of Environmental Sciences

Built environment 

Microbial diversity of bioaerosol inside sports facilities and antibiotic resistance of isolated Staphylococcus spp. – Marta Małecka-Adamowicz – Aerobiologia

Food microbiology

Comparing approaches for capturing bacterial assemblages 2 associated with symptomatic (bacterial blotch) and asymptomatic 3 mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) caps – Samuel J. Martins – APS

Comprehensive Understanding of the Bacterial Populations and Metabolites Profile of Fermented Feed by 16S rRNA Gene Sequencing and Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry – Wei Jin – MDPI Metabolites

Phages and viruses

Viruses RIG up intestinal immunity – Sanghyun Lee – Nature Immunology

Gut DNA Virome Diversity and Its Association with Host Bacteria Regulate Inflammatory Phenotype and Neuronal Immunotoxicity in Experimental Gulf War Illness – Ratanesh K Seth – MDPI Viruses

Viral quasispecies – Esteban Domingo – PLoS Genetics

Techniques

Effective application of machine learning to microbiome-based classification problems – Begüm D. Topçuoğlu – bioRxiv

LEMMI: A continuous benchmarking platform for metagenomics classifiers – Mathieu Seppey – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Even the Fetus Has Gut Bacteria, Study Shows – News Wise

Tropical Air Microbiome Analysis Reveals Daily Cycle, Environmental Drivers – genomeweb

Global Microbiome Sequencing Market – Yahoo

How our day-to-day food intake shapes our gut microbiota – Gut microbiota for health

Tracking down the functions of the microbiome – phys.org

Unhealthy gut microbiome reduces brain synaptic pruning, impairs learning – News Medical

Harnessing the Power of Microbes to Fight Cancer – Medscape.com

October 5, 2019

This weekend, read about how cooking food modifies the microbiome, how bacteria ‘strip off’ to evade antibiotics, and more. Check out an interesting pilot study looking at potential inclusion and exclusion criteria of donors for safe vaginal microbiota transplant. Enjoy!

Events

Bioinformatics for the Microbiome Symposium 2019, Stanford University, Monday October 28.
Some tickets are still available!

General microbiome

Mobile phones as fomites for potential pathogens in hospitals: microbiome analysis reveals hidden contaminants – Rebecca Simmonds – Journal of Hospital Infection

Review: Microbiomes as sources of emergent host phenotypes – J. B. Lynch and E. Y. Hsiao – Science

Vaginal microbiome

*Conceptual Design of a Universal Donor Screening Approach for Vaginal Microbiota Transplant – Kevin DeLong – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Highly diverse anaerobe-predominant vaginal microbiota among HIV-infected pregnant women in Zambia – Joan T. Price – PlosOne

Urinary microbiome

*Possible role of L-form switching in recurrent urinary tract infection – Katarzyna M. Mickiewicz – Nature Communications

Aerococcus urinae and Globicatella sanguinis Persist in Polymicrobial Urethral Catheter Biofilms Examined in Longitudinal Profiles at the Proteomic Level – Yanbao Yu – Biochemistry Insights

Gut microbiome

*Cooking shapes the structure and function of the gut microbiome – Rachel N. Carmody – Nature Microbiology

Integrated paired-end enhancer profiling and whole-genome sequencing reveals recurrent CCNE1 and IGF2 enhancer hijacking in primary gastric adenocarcinoma – Wen Fong Ooi – Gut

Effects of Low-FODMAP Diet on Symptoms, Fecal Microbiome, and Markers of Inflammation in Patients With Quiescent Inflammatory Bowel Disease in a Randomized Trial – Selina R.Cox – Gastroenterology

Water microbiome

Trophic networks improve the performance of microbial anodes treating wastewater – Christin Koch – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Application of a novel molecular technique to characterise the effect of settling on microbial community composition of activated sludge – Luong N.Nguyen – Journal of Environmental Management

Bacterial diversity in Icelandic cold spring sources and in relation to the groundwater amphipod Crangonyx islandicus – Ragnhildur Guðmundsdóttir – PlosOne

Animal microbiome

Looking like the locals – gut microbiome changes post-release in an endangered species – Rowena Chong – Animal microbiome

Animal experiment

Letrozole treatment of pubertal female mice results in activational effects on reproduction, metabolism and the gut microbiome – Pablo Arroyo – PlosOne

Microbiota of MR1 deficient mice confer resistance against Clostridium difficile infection – Ashley D. Smith – PlosOne

Exploring the microbiota of upper respiratory tract during the development of pneumonia in a mouse model – Yoshitomo Morinaga – PlosOne

Plant microbiome

Microbiome profiling of the onion thrips, Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) – Suresh J. Gawande – PlosOne

Food

Comparison of the microbial composition of African fermented foods using amplicon sequencing – Maria Diaz – Scientific Reports

The impact of grape processing and carbonic maceration on the microbiota of early stages of winemaking – Raffaele Guzzon – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Fungi

Phyllosphere Fungal Communities of Plum and Antifungal Activity of Indigenous Phenazine-Producing Pseudomonas synxantha Against Monilinia laxa – Tamara Janakiev – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbial communities associated with the black morel Morchella sextelata cultivated in greenhouses – Gian Maria Niccolò Benucci – PeerJ

Viruses

The gut virome in inflammatory bowel disease pathogenesis: From metagenomics to novel therapeutic approaches – Federica Ungaro – United European Gastroenterology Journal

Association of the Eukaryotic Vaginal Virome with Prophylactic Antibiotic Exposure and Reproductive Outcomes in a Subfertile Population Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization: A Prospective Exploratory Study – Ashley M. Eskew – Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Bioinformatics

ProphET, prophage estimation tool: A stand-alone prophage sequence prediction tool with self-updating reference database – João L. Reis-Cunha – PlosOne

September 30, 2019

Monday morning digest covers exciting updates in microbiome with – meta analysis on role of probiotics in human depression , stool banking guidelines for fecal microbiota transplant, expert view on translation of gut microbiome to clinics and a historical peek into use of ceramic baby milk bottles in prehistoric times. Enjoy reading!

General microbiome

Translating the gut microbiome: ready for the clinic? – Susan V. Lynch – Nature Reviews Gatroenterology and Hepatology

Uterine immunity and microbiota: A shifting paradigm – Chiara Agostinis – Frontiers in Immunology

Human microbiome

Cigarette smoking and oral microbiota in low-income and African-American populations – Yaohua Yang – Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

International consensus conference on stool banking for faecal microbiota transplantation in clinical practice – Giovanni Cammarota – Gut

Animal experiments

The intestinal microbiota programs diurnal rhythms in host metabolism through histone deacetylase 3 – Zheng Kuang – Science

Transfusional iron overload and intravenous iron infusions modify the mouse gut microbiota similarly to dietary iron – Francesca La Carpia – Biofilms and Microbiomes

Proteome modifications of gut microbiota in mice with activity-based anorexia and starvation: Role in ATP production – Jonathan Breton – Nutrition

Molecular ecology of the yet uncultured bacterial Ct85-cluster in the mammalian gut – Ulla Hynönen – Anaerobe

Intestinal inflammation increases convulsant activity and reduces antiepileptic drug efficacy in a mouse model of epilepsy – Carmen De Caro – Scientific Reports

The fecal resistome of dairy cattle is associated with diet during nursing – Jinxin Liu – Nature Communications

Neohesperidin Prevents Colorectal Tumorigenesis by Altering the Gut Microbiota – Yanling Gong – Pharmacological Research

Changes of serum lipopolysaccharide, inflammatory factors, and cecal microbiota in obese rats with type 2 diabetes induced by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass – Jiao Wu – Nutrition

Plant, root, soil microbiome

A bioinformatics guide to plant microbiome analysis – Rares Lucaciu – Frontiers in Plant Science

Beyond pathogens: microbiota interactions with the plant immune system – Paulo José PL Teixeira – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Water microbiome

Microbial communities of the Mediterranean rocky shore: ecology and biotechnological potential of the sea‐land transition – Esther Molina-Menor – Microbial Biotechnology

Probiotics

Bacillus coagulans R11 maintained intestinal villus health and decreased intestinal injury in lead-exposed mice by regulating the intestinal microbiota and influenced the function of faecal microRNAs – Si-Cheng Xing – Environmental Pollution

Effect of probiotics on depressive symptoms: A meta-analysis of human studies – Kah Kheng Goh – Psychiatry Research

Non Microbiology Picks

Milk of ruminants in ceramic baby bottles from prehistoric child graves – J. Dunne – Nature

 

September 20, 2019

Have a nice day! In this digest, an interesting study about the relationship between peripheral serotonin synthesis and host glucose homeostasis, as well as another study showing the long-term maintained high levels of Proteobacteria in Crohn’s disease. And, of course, more papers!

 

Human and General Microbiome

Are we Ready for a “Microbiome-Guided Behaviour” Approach? – Andrea Lavazza – Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics

The gut microbiome regulates host glucose homeostasis via peripheral serotonin – Alyce M. Martin – PNAS

Increased abundance of proteobacteria in aggressive Crohn’s disease seven years after diagnosis – M. K. Vester-Andersen – Scientific Reports

The Gut Microbiome and Pediatric Cancer: Current Research and Gaps in Knowledge – Roma Bhuta – JNCI Monographs

Time to test antibacterial therapy in Alzheimer’s disease – Francesco Panza – Brain

Discrepant gut microbiota markers for the classification of obesity-related metabolic abnormalities – Qiang Zeng – Scientific Reports

Altered Fecal Small RNA Profiles in Colorectal Cancer Reflect Gut Microbiome Composition in Stool Samples – Sonia Tarallo – mSystems

Analysis of gut microbiome, nutrition and immune status in autism spectrum disorder: a case-control study in Ecuador – María Fernanda Zurita – Gut Microbes 

Association of the Eukaryotic Vaginal Virome with Prophylactic Antibiotic Exposure and Reproductive Outcomes in a Subfertile Population Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization: A Prospective Exploratory Study – Ashley M. Eskew – BJOG

Development of an Index Score for Intestinal Inflammation-Associated Dysbiosis Using Real-World Stool Test Results – Lihong Chen – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

Benchmarking urine storage and collection conditions for evaluating the female urinary microbiome – Carrie E. Jung – Scientific Reports

Dysbiotic microbiota in autistic children and their mothers: persistence of fungal and bacterial wall-deficient L-form variants in blood – N. Markova – Scientific Reports

Features of Fecal and Colon Microbiomes Associate With Responses to Biologic Therapies for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: a Systematic Review – Maria Manuela Estevinho – Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Loss of microbial diversity and pathogen domination of the gut microbiota in critically ill patients – Anuradha Ravi – Microbial Genomics

Complex interactions between the microbiome and cancer immune therapy – Drew J. Schwartz – Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences

Disentangling the effect of host genetics and gut microbiota on resistance to an intestinal parasite – Bruno Faivre – International Journal for Parasitology

Small talk: microbial metabolites involved in the signaling from microbiota to brain – Giorgia Caspani – Current Opinion in Pharmacology

Sputum microbiota and inflammation at stable state and during exacerbations in a cohort of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients – Solveig Tangedal – PLoS One

 

Animal Microbiome / Animal Experiments

Microbiome composition shapes rapid genomic adaptation of Drosophila melanogaster – Seth M. Rudman – PNAS

Abnormal composition of gut microbiota is associated with resilience versus susceptibility to inescapable electric stress – Kai Zhang – Translational Psychiatry

Adenovirus infection is associated with altered gut microbial communities in a non-human primate – Wasimuddin – Scientific Reports

 

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

Honey Polyphenols Ameliorate DSS-induced Ulcerative Colitis Via Modulating Gut Microbiota in Rats – Haoan Zhao – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

ω-3 PUFAs Alleviate High-fat Diet Induced Circadian Intestinal Microbes Dysbiosis – Lifeng Gui – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Additional Candida albicans administration enhances the severity of dextran sulfate solution induced colitis mouse model through leaky gut-enhanced systemic inflammation and gut-dysbiosis but attenuated by Lactobacillus rhamnosus L34 – Wimonrat Panpetch – Gut Microbes

Equol: A Bacterial Metabolite from The Daidzein Isoflavone and Its Presumed Beneficial Health Effects –  Baltasar Mayo – Nutrients

Dietary cranberry suppressed colonic inflammation and alleviated gut microbiota dysbiosis in dextran sodium sulfate-treated mice – Xiaokun Cai – Food and Function

 

Food Microbiome

Deciphering the microbiome shift during fermentation of medicinal plants – Martina Köberl – Scientific Reports

 

Plant Microbiome

The aeroponic rhizosphere microbiome: community dynamics in early succession suggest strong selectional forces – Jennifer W. Edmonds – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

 

Extremophiles

A shared core microbiome in soda lakes separated by large distances – Jackie K. Zorz – Nature Communications

 

Methods

Phylogenetic microbiota profiling in fecal samples depends on combination of sequencing depth and choice of NGS analysis method – Sukithar K. Rajan – PLoS One

Gut microbiome comparability of fresh-frozen versus stabilized-frozen samples from hospitalized patients using 16S rRNA gene and shotgun metagenomic sequencing – Emma E. Ilett – Scientific Reports