January 7, 2022

Today’s digest covers a range of topics including a duplex qPCR assay to detect lung infections, an investigation into sand fly symbionts, and a characterization of a fermented soybean food (Pe poke). If you want to end the week on a good note, I’d suggest reading the two articles I’ve highlighted below. One demonstrates that flooding and ecological restoration of former cranberry farmland also restores wetland microbial communities and soil function. The second provides a new barcoding strategy for the phenotypic screening of mosquitos that can be applied towards malaria research.

Happy reading!

General microbiome

Controlled spatial organization of bacterial growth reveals key role of cell filamentation preceding Xylella fastidiosa biofilm formation – Anbumani et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Bacteria can be selected to help beneficial plasmids spread – Dimitriu et al. – PLOS Biology

Genome-wide gene expression noise in Escherichia coli is condition-dependent and determined by propagation of noise through the regulatory network – Urchueguía et al. – PLOS Biology

Human respiratory microbiome

Detection of Pneumocystis jirovecii and Toxoplasma gondii in patients with lung infections by a duplex qPCR assay – Wu et al. – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Animal experiments

***Barcoded Asaia bacteria enable mosquito in vivo screens and identify novel systemic insecticides and inhibitors of malaria transmission – Sturm et al. – PLOS Biology

Molecular phylogeny of heritable symbionts and microbiota diversity analysis in phlebotominae sand flies and Culex nigripalpus from Colombia – Vivero-Gomez – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Shotgun sequence-based metataxonomic and predictive functional profiles of Pe poke, a naturally fermented soybean food of Myanmar – Tamang et al. – PLOS One

***Flooding and ecological restoration promote wetland microbial communities and soil functions on former cranberry farmland – Rubin et al. – PLOS One

Water and extremophile microbiome

Coral reef biofilm bacterial diversity and successional trajectories are structured by reef benthic organisms and shift under chronic nutrient enrichment – Remple et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

November 15, 2021

Today’s digest contains an article about the effect of shale flowback fluid on the polluted soil microbiome. It also includes multiple preprints on topics such as long-read sequencing on the Oxford Nanopore, arctic marine protists, rapid antibiotic susceptibility testing for mixed infections, and more.

Happy reading!

General microbiome

Preprint: Rapid antibiotic susceptibility testing and species identification for mixed infections – Kandavalli et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Bacterial quorum sensing allows graded and bimodal cellular responses to variations in population density – Rattray et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint – Phage-encoded sigma factors alter bacterial dormancy – Schwartz et al. – bioRxiv

Human respiratory microbiome

Preprint: Aspergillus fumigatus drives tissue damage via iterative assaults upon mucosal integrity and immune homeostasis – Okaa et al. – bioRxiv

Human skin microbiome

Preprint: Cobamide sharing drives skin microbiome dynamics – Swaney et al. – bioRxiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Toxic effects of shale gas fracturing flowback fluid on microbial communities in polluted soil – Zudong Mei et al. – Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: Colonial choanoflagellate isolated from Mono Lake harbors a microbiome – Hake et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Linking extreme seasonality and gene expression in arctic marine protists – Wutkowska et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Biosorption potential and molecular characterization of metal resistant autochthonous microbes from tannery solid waste – Younas et al. – bioRxiv

Techniques

Preprint: Oxford Nanopore R10.4 long-read sequencing enables near-perfect bacterial genomes from pure cultures and metagenomes without short-read or reference polishing – Sereika et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Going through phages: A Computational approach to Revealing the role of prophage in Staphylococcus aureus – Sweet et al. – bioRxiv

October 27, 2021

COVID19

Severe dysbiosis and specific Haemophilus and Neisseria signatures as hallmarks of the oropharyngeal microbiome in critically ill COVID-19 patients – de Castilhos et al – Clinical Infectious Diseases

General microbiome

The Role of Microbiota in Infant Health: From Early Life to Adulthood – Yao et al. – Front. Immunol.

The microbiome impacts host hybridization and speciation – Miller et al. – PLOS Biology

Pregnancy and early life

Gut Dysbiosis, Bacterial Colonization and Translocation, and Neonatal Sepsis in Very-Low-Birth-Weight Preterm Infants – Lee et al. – Front. Microbiol.

Multi-site human microbiome

Oral, nasal, and gut microbiota in Parkinson’s disease – Li et al. – Neuroscience

Human respiratory microbiome

[REVIEW]Emerging cellular and molecular interactions between the lung microbiota and lung diseases – Xiang & Meng – Critical Reviews in Microbiology

Human gut microbiome/mycobiome

[REVIEW]Drugs and Bugs: The Gut-Brain Axis and Substance Use Disorders – Simpson et al. – Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology

Metagenomic analysis reveals the signature of gut microbiota associated with human chronotypes – Carasso et al. – The FASEB Journal

Intestinal mycobiota composition and changes in children with thalassemia who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation – Yalcin et al. – Pediatric Blodd & Cancer

Gut microbiota analyses of Saudi populations for type 2 diabetes-related phenotypes reveals significant association – AlAli et al. – bioRxiv

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Consistent gut bacterial and short-chain fatty acid signatures in hypoabsorptive bariatric surgeries correlate with metabolic benefits in rats – Mukorako et al. – International Journal of Obesity

Microbiota instruct IL-17A-producing innate lymphoid cells to promote skin inflammation in cutaneous leishmaniasis – Singh et al – PLOS Pathogens

Anti-inflammatory effects of purple sweet potato anthocyanin extract in DSS-induced colitis: modulation of commensal bacteria and attenuated bacterial intestinal infection – Mu et al. – Food & Function

Plant, root, and soil microbiome/virome

Active virus-host interactions at sub-freezing temperatures in Arctic peat soil – Trubl et al. – Microbiome

Arabidopsis assemble distinct root-associated microbiomes through the synthesis of an array of defense metabolites – Kudjordjie, Sapkota & Nicolaisen – PLOS One

Microbiome of Pukzing Cave in India shows high antimicrobial activity against plant and animal pathogens – Iquebal et al. – Genomics

[REVIEW]Phyllosphere microbiome: Diversity and functions – Bashir et al. – Microbiological Research

[REVIEW]Rhizospheric microbiome: Bio-based emerging strategies for sustainable agriculture development and future perspectives – Kumawat, Razdan & Saharan – Microbiological Research

Phages and viruses

[REVIEW]The intestinal virome: lessons from animal models – Chaffringeon et al. – Current Opinion in Virology

Bioinformatics

[REVIEW]Application of Deep Learning in Plant–Microbiota Association Analysis – Deng et al. – Frontiers in Genetics

Techniques

Simple solution to preserve plant samples for microbiome analyses – Carvalhais et al. – Molecular Ecology Resources

[REVIEW]Novel methods of microbiome analysis in the food industry – Sabater et al. – nternational Microbiology

October 22, 2021

Happy Friday!

Today’s digest includes an article on the role of age in the human intestinal microbiome, research on the role of a novel Acidobacteriota in seafloor sulfur cycling, work demonstrating the use of machine learning to predict camplyobacter source data, and much more! I also included the link to a page on “The Secret World Inside You”, a science exhibit focused on the human microbiome that is at the Witte Museum in San Antonio, Texas from now until April 10, 2022. If anyone ends up checking it out, I’d love to hear about it!

Events

A microbiome science exhibit, “The Secret World Inside You,” is at The Witte Museum in San Antonio, Texas from October 16, 2021 to April 10, 2022 .

Human gut microbiome

Bile acid-independent protection against Clostridioides difficile infection – Aguirre et al. – PLOS PATHOGENS

The importance of age in compositional and functional profiling of the human intestinal microbiome – Herzog et al. – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The chosen few—variations in common and rare soil bacteria across biomes – Bickel & Or – The ISME Journal

The fungus Kalmusia longispora is able to cause vascular necrosis on Vitis vinifera – Karácsony et al. – PLOS ONE

Water and extremophile microbiome

Novel taxa of Acidobacteriota implicated in seafloor sulfur cycling – Flieder et al. – The ISME Journal

Beach sand oil spills select for generalist microbial populations – Heritier-Robbins et al. – The ISME Journal

Preprint: Influence of DNA extraction kits on the fungal DNA metabarcoding for freshwater environmental DNA – Matsuoka et al. – bioRxiv

Marine signature taxa and core microbial community stability along latitudinal and vertical gradients in sediments of the deepest freshwater lake – Reboul et al. – The ISME Journal

Phages and viruses

Review: Community context matters for bacteria-phage ecology and evolution – Blazanin & Turner – The ISME Journal

Bioinformatics

Machine learning to predict the source of campylobacteriosis using whole genome data – Arning et al. – PLOS GENETICS

October 8, 2021

Today’s digest features a metagenomic meta-study on faecal microbiota transplantation, RibDif for count and compare 16S rRNA genes within a genus, and more. Also, there is a new FEMS Microbiology Letters collection of articles highlighting the evolution of education during the COVID-19 pandemic.

There is still time to join in the second 🌎 Microbiome Virtual International Forum 🌏. Recordings from previous MVIF can be found here.

And, the #Microber2021 just started! Check out this microbe edition of #Inktober drawing challenge – during October, every day a new scientific art on microbiology topic.


Global microbiome

Cultivating Healthy Connections: Exploring and Engineering the Microbial Flow That Shapes Microbiomes – Travis J. Wiles – mSystems

Neonatal microbiome

Presence of distinctive microbiome in the first-pass meconium of newborn infants – Jenni Turunen – Scientific Reports

Respiratory microbiome

Divergence of bacterial communities in the lower airways of CF patients in early childhood – John B. O’Connor – PlosOne

Gut microbiome

Drivers and Determinants of Strain Dynamics Following Faecal Microbiota Transplantation – Thomas Schmidt – bioRxiv

Western and non-western gut microbiomes reveal new roles of Prevotella in carbohydrate metabolism and mouth–gut axis – Vishnu Prasoodanan P. K. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Animal microbiome

Phylogenetic systematics of Butyrivibrio and Pseudobutyrivibrio genomes illustrate vast taxonomic diversity, open genomes and an abundance of carbohydrate-active enzyme family isoforms – Sara E. Pidcock – Microbial Genomics

Animal experiment

Metabolic modulation of tumours with engineered bacteria for immunotherapy – Fernando P. Canale – Nature

Citrobacter amalonaticus Inhibits the Growth of Citrobacter rodentium in the Gut Lumen – Caroline Mullineaux-Sanders – mBio

Regulation of blood–brain barrier integrity by microbiome-associated methylamines and cognition by trimethylamine N-oxide – Lesley Hoyles – bioRxiv

Effects of prebiotic oligofructose-enriched inulin on gut-derived uremic toxins and disease progression in rats with adenine-induced chronic kidney disease – Ebru Melekoglu – PlosOne

Plant microbiome

Prevalence and Specificity of Chemoreceptor Profiles in Plant-Associated Bacteria – Claudia Sanchis-López – mSystems

Food

Bacteriocinogenic lactic acid bacteria in the traditional cereal-based beverage Boza: a genomic and functional approach – Luciano Lopes Queiroz – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

metaGEM: reconstruction of genome scale metabolic models directly from metagenomes – Francisco Zorrilla – Nucleic Acids Research

RibDif: can individual species be differentiated by 16S sequencing? – Mikael Lenz Strube – Bioinformatics Advances

eggNOG-mapper v2: Functional Annotation, Orthology Assignments, and Domain Prediction at the Metagenomic Scale – Carlos P Cantalapiedra – Molecular Biology and Evolution

Sequencing DNA with nanopores: Troubles and biases – Clara Delahaye and Jacques Nicolas – PlosOne

Webinars &c

Conference: Microbiome Virtual International Conference #MVIF – October 14 (Pacific Live)/15 (Atlantic Reply)

Webinar: EMBARK Fall Webinars – a webinar series focused on AMR research

Microscopy Live! – Geology – an hour of live electron microscopy, guided by the audience – Plymouth Electron Microscopy Centre (October 29)

For more, check out a collection of microbiome events HERE!


Happy #Microber2021, sci-art October!

September 30, 2021

Today’s digest includes a quantification of bacterial strains after fecal microbiota transplantation, a network analysis of the strawberry greenhouse soil microbiome after soil amendments, and an article about enhanced copper-resistance genes in Alteromonas macleodii. Also included are multiple preprints on topics such as denitrification pathways present in tunda soil metagenomes as well as the response of Endozoicomonas, a core coral bacterial group, to heat stress and host lysates.

General microbiome

Genomic population structure associated with repeated escape of Salmonella enterica ATCC14028s from the laboratory into nature – Achtman et al. – PLOS Genetics

Preprint: Role of the mobilome in the global dissemination of the carbapenem resistance gene blaNDM – Acman et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Existence of log-phase Escherichia coli persisters and lasting memory of a starvation pulse – Svenningsen et al. – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

Precise quantification of bacterial strains after fecal microbiota transplantation delineates long-term engraftment and explains outcomes – Aggarwala et al. – Nature Microbiology

Animal microbiome

A role for arthropods as vectors of multidrug-resistant Enterobacterales in surgical site infections from South Asia – Hassan et al. – Nature Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Response of soil microbiome structure and its network profiles to four soil amendments in monocropping strawberry greenhouse – Liu et al. – PLOS One

Preprint: Truncated denitrifiers dominate the denitrification pathway in tundra soil metagenomes – Pessi et al. – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: Response of Endozoicomonas montiporae to heat stress and coral host lysates – Chan et al. – bioRxiv

Enhanced copper-resistance gene repertoire in Alteromonas macleodii strains isolated from copper-treated marine coatings – Cusick et al. – PLOS One

Bacterial community structure of early-stage biofilms is dictated by temporal succession rather than substrate types in the southern coastal seawater of India – Sushmitha et al. – PLOS One

Preprint: Ecological stochasticity and phage induction diversify bacterioplankton communities at the microscale – Szabo et al. – bioRxiv

August 22nd, 2021

Hyvää Päivää from Helsinki, Finland ! Today’s digest contains a selection of really interesting preprints and published studies. If you are interested in soil microbiology, take a look at the preprint by Nelson and collaborators, who characterized the soil microbiome across a wildfire burn severity gradients in coniferous forests and made their dataset available in the Fire Responding Ecogenomic database (FiRE-db).

Looking at a large variety of ecosystems, Rodriguez-Gijon and collaborators used a vast collection of Metagenomes Assembled Genomes (MAGs), to investigate the genomes size of prokaryotes in these ecosystems. They show that, while the environment of origin can be linked to genome size, it seems like evolutionary phylogenetic history is in many cases a stronger predictor.

Finally, today’s non-microbiology pick is a great “10 simples rules” paper reviewing best practices on organizing bioinformatics workshops in low and middle-income countries.

Have a great Weekend!


General microbiome

Preprint: A genomic perspective across Earth’s microbiomes reveals that genome size in Archaea and Bacteria is linked to ecosystem type and trophic strategy – Rodriguez-Gijon et al. – BioRXiV

Multi-site human microbiome

Review : Host-Microbe Metagenomics: a Lens To Refocus Our Perspective
on Infectious and Inflammatory Diseases – Kalantar and Langelier – mSystems

Human gut microbiome

Rectal bacteriome and virome signatures and clinical outcomes in community-acquired pneumonia: An exploratory study – Kullberg et al. – EClinicalMedicine

Review: The important role of fungi in inflammatory bowel diseases – Wang et al. – Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology


Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Preprint: A bacterial genome and culture collection of gut microbial in weanling piglet – Dong et al. – BioRXiV

Characterization of the fecal microbiota of sows and their offspring from German commercial pig farms – Lührmann et al. – Plos One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Does plant diversity determine the diversity of the rhizosphere microbial community? – Zverev et al. – BioRXiV

Preprint: Playing with FiRE: A genome resolved view of the soil microbiome responses to high severity forest wildfire – Nelson et al. – BioRXiV

Peatland microbial community responses to plant functional group and drought are depth-dependent – Lamit et al. – Molecular ecology

Soil pH determines bacterial distribution and assembly processes in natural mountain forests of eastern China – Ni et al. – Global ecology and Biogeography

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: The OceanDNA MAG catalog contains over 50,000 prokaryotic genomes originated from various marine environments – Nishimura et al. – BioRXiV

Food microbiology

Preprint: Mixed culture metagenomics of the microbes making sour beer – Piraine et al. – BioRXiV

Preprint: Insights into the nutritional properties and microbiome diversity in sweet and sour yogurt manufactured in Bangladesh – Tanzina et al. – BioRXiV

Preprint: Microbial communities in retail draft beers and the biofilms they produce – Bose et al. – BioRXiV


Bioinformatics

Book chapter: Bioinformatics Tools and Software – Gupta et al. – Advances in Bioinformatics, Springer, Singapore

MiDSystem: A comprehensive online system for de novo assembly and analysis of microbial genomes – Lee et al. – New biotechnology


My non-microbiology picks

Ten simple rules for organizing a bioinformatics training course in low and middle-income countries – Moore et al. – PLOS computational biology

August 17, 2021

Today’s digest covers a variety of topics including an interesting preprint on how the maternal immune system shapes offspring immunity in a microbiota dependent fashion and a large human study of the Rotavirus vaccine and gut microbiota. Non microbiology picks cover some recent COVID-19 advances and a very interesting article in Science investigating energy expenditure through the human life course.

COVID-19 

No evidence of human genome integration of SARS-CoV-2 found by long-read DNA sequencing – Smits et al. Cell Reports

Ultrapotent antibodies against diverse and highly transmissible SARS-CoV-2 variants. Wang et al. Science 

Long-term perturbation of the peripheral immune system months after SARS-CoV-2 infection -Ryan et al. MedRxiv

General microbiome

Bacterial colonization dynamics and antibiotic resistance gene dissemination in the hospital environment after first patient occupancy: a longitudinal metagenetic study – Klassert et al. Microbiome

Acute SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with an increased abundance of bacterial pathogens, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the nose – Rhoades et al. Cell Reports 

Meta-analysis of Clinical Microbiome Studies in Urolithiasis Reveal Age, Stone Composition, and Study Location as the Predominant Factors in Urolithiasis-Associated Microbiome Composition – mBio. Kachroo et al. 

Human gut microbiome

The fecal microbiome and rotavirus vaccine immunogenicity in rural Zimbabwean infants – Robertson et al. Vaccine

Gut microbiome ADP-ribosyltransferases are widespread phage-encoded fitness factors – Brown et al. Cell Host & Microbe

Pregnancy and Early-Life

Maternal γδ T Cells Shape Offspring Pulmonary Type-2 Immunity In A Microbiota-Dependent Manner – Papotto et al. BioRxiv

Food Microbiology

Functional strain redundancy and persistent phage infection in Swiss hard cheese starter cultures – Somerville et al. ISME

Water Microbiome

Ecogenomics and Adaptation Strategies of Southern Ocean Viral Communities – Alarcón-Schumacher et al. mSystems

Soil microbiome

Bog ecosystems as a playground for plant–microbe coevolution: bryophytes and vascular plants harbour functionally adapted bacteria – Wicaksono et al. Microbiome

Bioinformatics

HoPhage: an ab initio tool for identifying hosts of phage fragments from metaviromes. Tan et al. Bioinformatics

Sparse least trimmed squares regression with compositional covariates for high dimensional data. Monti and Filzmoser. Bioinformatics. 

Ribovore: ribosomal RNA sequence analysis for GenBank submissions and database curation. Schaffer et al. BMC Bioinformatics.

Non-microbiome picks

Daily energy expenditure through the human life course – Pontzer et al. Science

Analysis of scientific society honors reveals disparities – Le et al. Cell Systems

July 16, 2021

Today’s digest features studies on environmental contamination of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in China (spoiler: extensive contamination, but has negligible impact on patient colonisation), the dynamic change and correlation of microbiome from different body sites to the treatment response as well as immune-related adverse events of immunotherapy in lung cancer patients, and more.

Also, check out a regularly-updated collection of FREE, ONLINE microbiome events. Happy Friday!

Human microbiome

*Prospective correlation between the patient microbiome with response to and development of immune-mediated adverse effects to immunotherapy in lung cancer – Justin Chau – BMC Cancer

Gut microbiome

Probiotics impact the antibiotic resistance gene reservoir along the human GI tract in a person-specific and antibiotic-dependent manner – Emmanuel Montassier – Nature Microbiology

Identification and engraftment of new bacterial strains by shotgun metagenomic sequence analysis in patients with recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection before and after fecal microbiota transplantation and in healthy human subjects – Sandeep Verma – PlosOne

Differences in the individual curative effect of acupuncture for obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome based on metagenomic analysis: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial – Huaying Fan – Trials

Comparative Analysis of 16S rRNA Gene and Metagenome Sequencing in Pediatric Gut Microbiomes – Danielle Peterson – Frontiers in Microbiology

Resistome

*Spread of Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in an Intensive Care Unit: A Whole-Genome Sequence-Based Prospective Observational Study – Li Wei – Microbiology Spectrum

*Linezolid- and multidrug-resistant enterococci in raw commercial dog food, Europe, 2019–2020 – Ana R. Freitas – Emerging Infectious Diseases

Identification of pathogen(s) in infectious diseases using shotgun metagenomic sequencing and conventional culture: a comparative study – Huan Chen – PeerJ

Predicting antibiotic resistance gene abundance in activated sludge using shotgun metagenomics and machine learning – Yuepeng Sun – Water Research

Animal microbiome

Assessing the relationship between the rumen microbiota and feed efficiency in Nellore steers – Déborah Romaskevis Gomes Lopes – Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology

Animal experiment

An osmotic laxative renders mice susceptible to prolonged Clostridioides difficile colonization and hinders clearance – Sarah Tomkovich – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

Critical Assessment of Metagenome Interpretation – the second round of challenges – F. Meyer – bioRxiv

Disentangling environmental effects in microbial association networks – Maria Deutschmann – bioRxiv

Webinars &c

Microbiome Virtual International Conference #MVIF – September 14

July 14, 2021

General microbiome

Bacteriophage-Bacteria Interactions in the Gut: From Invertebrates to Mammals – Kirsch et al. – Annual Review of Virology

Helicobacter pylori infection has a detrimental impact on the efficacy of cancer immunotherapies – Oster et al. – Gut

Pregnancy and early life

Cervicovaginal microbiota and metabolome predict preterm birth risk in an ethnically diverse cohort – Flaviani et al. – JCI Insight

[REVIEW][Early-life gut microbiota and its connection to metabolic health in children: Perspective on ecological drivers and need for quantitative approach – Jian et al. – EBBioMedicine

Associations of air pollution and greenness with the nasal microbiota of healthy infants: A longitudinal study – Gisler et al. – Environmental Research

Human respiratory microbiome

Multi-omics profiling predicts allograft function after lung transplantation – Watzenböck et al. – European Respiratory Journal

Metagenomic Analysis Reveals A Possible Association Between Respiratory Infection and Periodontitis – Liu et al. – Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Human skin microbiome

[REVIEW]Novel mechanisms of microbial crosstalk with skin innate immunity – Chinnappan & Harris-Tyron – Experimental Dermatology

Shifts in the skin bacterial and fungal communities of healthy children transitioning through puberty – Park et al. – Journal of Investigative Dermatology

Human gut microbiome

Gut-microbiota-targeted diets modulate human immune status – Wastyk et al. – Cell

[REVIEW]Silent hypoxia in COVID-19: a gut microbiota connection – Gopal et al. – Current Opinion in Physiology

[REVIEW]The Athlete and Gut Microbiome: Short-chain Fatty Acids as Potential Ergogenic Aids for Exercise and Training – Bongiovanni, Yin & Heaney

Identification and engraftment of new bacterial strains by shotgun metagenomic sequence analysis in patients with recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection before and after fecal microbiota transplantation and in healthy human subjects – Verma et al. – PLOS One

Kefir Ameliorates Specific Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis Impairments in a Mouse Model Relevant to Autism Spectrum Disorder – van de Wouw et al. – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Animal microbiome

Comparative analysis of oral-gut microbiota between captive and wild long-tailed macaque in Thailand – Sawaswong et al. – Scientific Reports

Impact of the dietary inclusion of dried food residues on the apparent nutrient digestibility and the intestinal microbiota of dogs – Paßlack et al. – Archives of Animal Nutrition

Triphenyltin exposure causes changes in health-associated gut microbiome and metabolites in marine medaka – He et al. – Environmental Pollution

The microbial metabolite p-Cresol induces autistic-like behaviors in mice by remodeling the gut microbiota – Bermudez-Martin et al. – Microbiome

Microbes in space

Seven years of Progress in Determining Fungal Diversity and Characterization of Fungi Isolated from the Japanese Experiment Module KIBO, International Space Station – Satoh et al. – Microbiology and Immunology

Food microbiology

[REVIEW]Virome studies of food production systems: time for ‘farm to fork’ analyses – Mahony & van Sinderen – Current Opinion in Biotechnology

Bioinformatics

D-MANOVA: fast distance-based multivariate analysis of variance for large-scale microbiome association studies – Chen & Zhang – Bioinformatics

Umibato: estimation of time-varying microbial interaction using continuous-time regression hidden Markov model – Hosoda, Fukunaga & Hamada – Bioinformatics

[PREPRINT]Stool Studies Don’t Pass the Sniff Test: A Systematic Review of Human Gut Microbiome Research Suggests Widespread Misuse of Machine Learning – Quinn – arXiv

Techniques

Characterizing Microbiomes via Sequencing of Marker Loci: Techniques To Improve Throughput, Account for Cross-Contamination, and Reduce Cost – Harrison, Randolph & Buerkle – mSystems

Two-Target Quantitative PCR To Predict Library Composition for Shallow Shotgun Sequencing – Cho et al. – mSystems

Statistical approaches for differential expression analysis in metatranscriptomics – Zhang et al. – Bioinformatics

Benchmark of 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing using Japanese gut microbiome data from the V1–V2 and V3–V4 primer sets – Kameoka et al. – BMC Genomics

In vitro models of gut digestion across childhood: current developments, challenges and future trends – Fournier et al. – Biotechnology Advances