May 3, 2022

General microbiome

Longitudinal multi-omics analyses link gut microbiome dysbiosis with recurrent urinary tract infections in women – Worby et al. Nature Microbiology. 2022

Human gut microbiome

Unfavourable intrauterine environment contributes to abnormal gut microbiome and metabolome in twins – Yang et al. Gut

Dosing a synbiotic of human milk oligosaccharides and B. infantis leads to reversible engraftment in healthy adult microbiomes without antibiotics – Button et al. Cell Host & Microbe

Gut microbial similarity in twins is driven by shared environment and aging – Vilchez-Vargas et al. eBioMedicine

Gut Microbiome Alterations Associated with Diabetes in Mexican Americans in South Texas. Kwan et al. mSystems

Human respiratory & oral microbiome

Metagenomic sequencing reveals time, host, and body compartment-specific viral dynamics after lung transplantation – Widder et al. Microbiome

Polymicrobial Interactions of Oral Microbiota: a Historical Review and Current Perspective – Zhang et al. mBio

Animal experiments

Effects of ‘Healthy’ Fecal Microbiota Transplantation against the Deterioration of Depression in Fawn-Hooded Rats – Hu et al. mSystems

Water/Extremophile microbiome

Metagenome-assembled genomes of phytoplankton microbiomes from the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans – Duncan et al. Microbiome


Compositionally Aware Phylogenetic Beta-Diversity Measures Better Resolve Microbiomes Associated with Phenotype – Martino et al. mSystems

BiomeHorizon: Visualizing Microbiome Time Series Data in R – Fink et al. mSystems

Comparative Analysis and Data Provenance for 1,113 Bacterial Genome Assemblies. Yarmosh et al. mSphere

Non microbiome picks

Ancestry-inclusive dog genomics challenges popular breed stereotypes – Morrill et al. Science. 

Dietary fibre in hypertension and cardiovascular disease management: systematic review and meta-analyses – Reynolds et al. BMC Medicine

March 25, 2022

Human gut microbiome

In Vitro and In Silico Based Approaches to Identify Potential Novel Bacteriocins from the Athlete Gut Microbiome of an Elite Athlete Cohort – Wosinska et al. Microorganisms

Cancer pharmacomicrobiomics: targeting microbiota to optimise cancer therapy outcomes – Ting et al. Gut

Human respiratory microbiome

Inhibition of lung microbiota-derived proapoptotic peptides ameliorates acute exacerbation of pulmonary fibrosis – D’Alessandro-Gabazza et al. Nature Communications


Gut microbiota and fermentation-derived branched chain hydroxy acids mediate health benefits of yogurt consumption in obese mice – Daniel et al. Nature Communications

Animal experiments

Gut microbiota determines the social behavior of mice and induces metabolic and inflammatory changes in their adipose tissue – Agranyoni et al. npj biofilms and microbiomes

The microbiota restrains neurodegenerative microglia in a model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis – Cox et al. Microbiome

Water & Extremophile microbiome

Spatial organization of the kelp microbiome at micron scales – Ramirez-Puebla et al. Microbiome

Metagenomics reveals global-scale contrasts in nitrogen cycling and cyanobacterial light-harvesting mechanisms in glacier cryoconite – Murakami et al. Microbiome.


Phages and their satellites encode hotspots of antiviral systems – Rousset et al. Cell Host & Microbe


Fungal sensing enhances neutrophil metabolic fitness by regulating antifungal Glut1 activity – Li et al. Cell Host & Microbe

The primate gut mycobiome-bacteriome interface is impacted by environmental and subsistence factors – Sharma et al. npj Biofilms and microbiomes


Swapping Metagenomics Preprocessing Pipeline Components Offers Speed and Sensitivity Increases – Armstrong et al. mSystems

February 16, 2022

Happy Wednesday! Today’s digest includes two gut-brain axis papers from Sarkis Mazmanian’s lab at CalTech. The first article, published in Nature, found that 4-ethylphenol (4EPS) produced by gut microbes from dietary tyrosine was capable of entering the brain and changing gene expression, brain cell interactions, and brain functions. In the second study, published in Nature Medicine, oral administration of the adsorbent AB-2004–which can bind and sequester phenolic compounds–led to reduced levels of gut 4EPS and decreased anxiety in human adolescents with autism spectrum disorder.

I have also included an article published by my thesis lab in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology looking at the impact of seasons on the respiratory microbiome and asthma exacerbations in children.

Finally, there is an interesting paper by Baranova et al. in which the authors identify a bacterial species ubiquitous across multiple wild animals that appears to have novel functions for pathogen control or microbiome remodeling. Happy reading!

General Microbiome
Scale-dependent tipping points of bacterial colonization resistance. – Karita, Y. et al., PNAS.

Microbial protection favors parasite tolerance and alters host-parasite coevolutionary dynamics. – Rafaluk-Mohr, C. et al., Current Biology.

Human Respiratory Microbiome
Seasonal Airway Microbiome and Transcriptome Interactions Promote Childhood Asthma Exacerbations. – McCauley, K.E. et al., The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

Human Skin Microbiome
Secreted Toxins From Staphylococcus aureus Strains Isolated From Keratinocyte Skin Cancers Mediate Pro-tumorigenic Inflammatory Responses in the Skin. – Krueger, A. et al., Frontiers in Microbiology.

Aged related human skin microbiome and mycobiome in Korean women. – Kim, H-J. et al., Scientific Reports.

Human Vaginal Microbiome
Extracellular Vesicles Generated by Gram-Positive Bacteria Protect Human Tissues Ex Vivo From HIV-1 Infection. – Costantini, P.E. et al., Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology.

Gut-Brain Axis
A gut-derived metabolite alters brain activity and anxiety behavior in mice. – Needham, B.D. et al., Nature.

Safety and target engagement of an oral small-molecule sequestrant in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder: an open-label phase 1b/2a trial. – Campbell, A.S., Needham, B.D., Meyers, C.R. et al., Nature Medicine.

Animal Experiments
Tryptophan-derived microbial metabolites activate the aryl hydrocarbon receptor in tumor-associated macrophages to suppress anti-tumor immunity. – Hezaveh, K. et al., Immunity.

Stochastic microbiome assembly depends on context. – Jones, E.W. et al., PNAS.

IBD-Associated Atg16L1T300A Polymorphism Regulates Commensal Microbiota of the Intestine. – Liu, H. et al., Frontiers in Immunology.

A homeostatic interferon-lambda response to bacterial microbiota stimulates preemptive antiviral defense within discrete pockets of intestinal epithelium. – Van Winkle, J.A. et al. eLife.

Enteric nervous system modulation of luminal pH modifies the microbial environment to promote intestinal health. – Hamilton, M.K. et al., PLoS Pathogens.

Animal Microbiome
Characterization of the Gut Microbiome and Resistomes of Wild and Zoo-Captive Macaques. – Jia, T. et al., Frontiers in Veterinary Science.

Deep Functional Profiling of Wild Animal Microbiomes Reveals Probiotic Bacillus pumilus Strains with a Common Biosynthetic Fingerprint. – Baranova, M.N. et al., International Journal of Molecular Sciences.

Plant, Root, and Soil Microbiome
Plant immunity suppression via PHR1-RALF-FERONIA shapes the root microbiome to alleviate phosphate starvation. – Tang, J. et al., The EMBO Journal.

Extracts from Environmental Strains of Pseudomonas spp. Effectively Control Fungal Plant Diseases. – Librizzi, V. et al., Plants.

Mega-fire in Redwood Tanoak Forest Reduces Bacterial and Fungal Richness and Selects for Pyrophilous Taxa that are Phylogenetically Conserved. – Enright, D.J. et al., Molecular Ecology.

Water and Extremophile Microbiome
Analysis of antibiotic resistance genes reveals its important role in influencing the community structure of ocean microbiome. – Yang, P. et al., The Science of the Total Environment.

Seaweeds influence oyster microbiota and disease susceptibility. – Dugeny, E. et al., The Journal of Animal Ecology.

Air Microbiome
Vertical stratification of the air microbiome in the lower troposphere. – Drautz-Moses, D.I. et al., PNAS.

Evaluating supervised and unsupervised background noise correction in human gut microbiome data. – Briscoe, L. et al., PLoS Computational Biology.

December 20, 2021

Today’s digest is a grab bag that includes research articles on the vaginal microbiota, the gut microbiota of dairy calves, microbial loads in medical waste, and more! I’ve also highlighted a non-microbiology article that found that pet dog owners were significantly less depressed than non-pet owners during the pandemic. So if you’re looking for more reasons to adopt a new furry friend, you can add this one to the list!

General microbiome

Genomic comparison and phenotypic profiling of small colony variants of Burkholderia pseudomallei – Zulkefli et al. – PLOS One

Human vaginal microbiome

Vaginal microbiota of American Indian women and associations with measures of psychosocial stress – Borgogna et al. – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiota features associated with Clostridioides difficile colonization in dairy calves – Redding et al. – PLOS One

Animal microbiome

Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) as potential vectors for Leishmania martiniquensis and Trypanosoma sp. in northern Thailand – Sunantaraporn et al. – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Migratory wild birds carrying multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli as potential transmitters of antimicrobial resistance in China – Yuan et al. – PLOS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Characterization of soils conducive and non-conducive to Prunus replant disease – Khan et al. – Plos One

Built environment

Disposal habits and microbial load of solid medical waste in sub-district healthcare facilities and households in Yilo-Krobo municipality, Ghana – Egbenyah et al. – PLOS One

Phages and viruses

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the potential non-human animal reservoirs and arthropod vectors of the Mayaro virus – Celone et al. – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases


Genomic prediction using low-coverage portable Nanopore sequencing – Lamb et al. – PLOS One

Development of an efficient Sanger sequencing-based assay for detecting SARS-CoV-2 spike mutations – Lim et al. – PLOS One

Kara’s non-microbiology pick

***Depression, anxiety, and happiness in dog owners and potential dog owners during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States – Martin et al. – PLOS One

May 3, 2021

Water microbiome

Insights into the microbial diversity and structure in a full-scale municipal wastewater treatment plant with particular regard to Archaea – Płaza et al. – PLoS ONE

From the Andes to the desert: 16S rRNA metabarcoding characterization of aquatic bacterial communities in the Rimac river, the main source of water for Lima, Peru – Romero et al. – PLoS ONE

Distribution and diversity of eukaryotic microalgae in Kuwait waters assessed using 18S rRNA gene sequencing – Kumar et al. – PLoS ONE

Plant microbiome

Toward understanding microbiota homeostasis in the plant kingdom – Paasch & He – PLoS Pathogens

Animal microbiome

Seasonal dynamics of diet–gut microbiota interaction in adaptation of yaks to life at high altitude – Guo et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Low biomass microbiome

Experimental parameters defining ultra-low biomass bioaerosol analysis – Luhung et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Human gut microbiome

A rich meconium metabolome in human infants is associated with early-life gut microbiota composition and reduced allergic sensitization – Petersen et al. – Cell Reports Medicine

March 18, 2021

Greetings from Pittsburgh!

Today’s digest has a lot of food and agriculture associated articles. Several articles focus on the effects of various pathogens on dairy cows, beef steers, and poultry breeds! For those of us who are more interested in plants, there is an article on biogas production from tomato waste and a preprint on how the microbial community of food waste changes during the composting process. Finally, I included a research article about social media during the pandemic since I’m sure I’m not the only one who has relied on it a little too heavily over the last year…

Happy reading!

General microbiome

Preprint: Toward quantifying the adaptive role of bacterial pangenomes during environmental perturbations – Conrad et al. – bioRxiv

BlueFeather, the singleton that wasn’t: Shared gene content analysis supports expansion of Arthrobacter phage Cluster FE – Demo et al. – PLOS ONE

Review: The gut microbiota–brain axis in behaviour and brain disorders – Morais et al. – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Preprint: Cross-species evolutionary rewiring in the enteric bacterium Campylobacter – Taylor et al. – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiota profiles in diarrheic patients with co-occurrence of Clostridioides difficile and Blastocystis – Vega et al. – PLOS ONE

Animal experiments

Preprint: Low pathogenic avian influenza virus infection retards colon microbiome diversification in two different chicken lines – Chrzastek et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Borrelia infection in rodent host has dramatic effects on the microbiome of ticks – Hamilton et al. – bioRxiv

Animal microbiome

Preprint: The discovery, distribution and diversity of DNA viruses associated with Drosophila melanogaster in Europe – Wallace et al. – bioRxiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Effects of precipitation change and nitrogen addition on the composition, diversity, and molecular ecological network of soil bacterial communities in a desert steppe – Jia et al. – PLOS ONE

Preprint: Changes and composition of microbial community during aerobic composting of household food waste – Jin et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: What’s under the Christmas tree? Soil acidification alters fir tree rhizosphere bacterial and eukaryotic communities, their interactions, and functional traits – Steven et al. – bioRxiv

A comparative analysis of biogas production from tomato bio-waste in mesophilic batch and continuous anaerobic digestion systems – Szilágyi et al. – PLOS ONE

Food microbiology

Red seaweed (Asparagopsis taxiformis) supplementation reduces enteric methane by over 80 percent in beef steers – Roque et al. – PLOS ONE

Prevalence and distribution of multilocus sequence types of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from bulk tank milk and cows with mastitis in Pennsylvania – Thomas et al. – PLOS ONE

Multidrug-resistant enterobacteria in newborn dairy calves in Germany – Waade et al. – PLOS ONE

Phages and viruses

Review: Viral and host heterogeneity and their effects on the viral life cycle – Jones et al. – Nature Review Microbiology


Dcmd: Distance-based classification using mixture distributions on microbiome data – Shestopaloff et al. – PLOS Computational Biology

Kara’s non-microbiology pick

Don’t put all social network sites in one basket: Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, TikTok, and their relations with well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic – Masciantonio et al. – PLOS ONE

December 7, 2020

Today we have some excellent review articles in Science, and Gut as well as several interesting research articles.


Comparative host-coronavirus protein interaction networks reveal pan-viral disease mechanisms – Gordon et al. Science

Robust neutralizing antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 infection persist for months – Wajnberg et al. Science

General Microbiome

[REVIEW] The role of the microbiota in human genetic adaptation – Suzuki and Ley – Science 

Gut microbiome

Investigating the Role of Diet and Exercise in Gut Microbe-Host Cometabolism – Penney et al. mSystems

[REVIEW] Gut microbiota-derived metabolites as central regulators in metabolic disorders – Agus et al. Gut

Human respiratory microbiome

[REVIEW]  Ecological Succession of Polymicrobial Communities in the Cystic Fibrosis Airways. Khanolkar et al. mSystems

Animal microbiome

Metagenomic analysis reveals a dynamic microbiome with diversified adaptive functions to utilize high lignocellulosic forages in the cattle rumen – Gharechahi et al. ISME

Altitude influences microbial diversity and herbage fermentation in the rumen of yaks – Fan et al. BMC Microbiology


[REVIEW]  Analysis of microbial compositions: a review of normalization and differential abundance analysis – Lin and Peddada. Npj Biofilms and Microbiomes. 

Non-microbiome pick 

A comparative genomics multitool for scientific discovery and conservation – Zoonomia Consortium. Nature

November 27, 2020

Hello from Luebeck!

Today’s digest covers the connection between human diseases and gut microbiome, the gut feeling, secrets about plant growth and vertical stratification in urban spaces. Happy reading and happy black Friday!

General microbiome

Human microbiome and allergy – Montecchiani & Fanos – Pediatric Allergy and Immunology

Early life and childhood

Early Gut Fungal and Bacterial Microbiota and Childhood Growth – Schei et al. – Frontiers in Pediatrics

Oral human microbiome

Characterization of Lactobacilli isolated from carious dentin after selective caries removal and cavity sealing – Damé-Teixeira et al. – Archives of Oral Biology

Human gut microbiome

A Pilot Study: Changes of Intestinal Microbiota of Patients With Non-small Cell Lung Cancer in Response to Osimertinib Therapy – Cong et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

What connection is there between intestinal microbiota and heart disease? – Poli – European Heart Journal Supplements

The Student-Centered Classroom: The New Gut Feeling – Lyles & Oli – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Animal microbiome

Comparison of the fecal microbiota composition between the blue Sheep (Pseudois nayaur) fed with Lolium perenne and Sorghum sudanense – Wu, Yuan & Pan – Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

[REVIEW]The plant microbiome: The dark and dirty secrets of plant growth – Tkacz & Poole – Pants People Plant

Water and extremophile microbiome

[PREPRINT]Rapid shift in microbial community structure in a neutral hydrothermal hot spring from Costa Rica – Rojas-Gätjens et al. – bioRxiv


Vertical Stratification in Urban Green Space Aerobiomes – Robinson et al. – Environmental Health Perspectives


Power calculations for detecting differences in efficacy of fecal microbiota donors – Olesen – Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications

November 14, 2020

Hello from the Sonoran Desert! In today’s digest, you’ll find great papers, in particular in soil and water microbiology but also in bioinformatics! As an example, Mara and collaborators are exploring the viruses found in the oxygen-deficient water column of the Cariaco basin. Interestingly, a large diversity of viral Auxilliary Metabolic Genes (AMGs) were found and give new insights in how phages may interact with their bacterial hosts in this understudied ecosystem.

In the bioinformatics section, I recommend anyone interested in phage metagenomics to take a look at the paper from Ren and collaborators. The authors have developed a reference-free and alignment-free deep learning tool, called DeepVirFinder, allowing the retrieval of viral sequences in metagenomes.

Today’s non-microbiology digest is a paper announcing the last update of the Genome Online Database (GOLD), a manually curated collection of genome projects and their metadata from around the world, which now contains more than a million entries! Great news for bioinformaticians!

Have a great Saturday!

Human gut microbiome

The bacterial association with oral cavity and intra-abdominal abscess after gastrectomy – Nishikawa et al. – PlosOne

Animal microbiome

Loss of symbiont infectivity following thermal stress can be a factor limiting recovery from bleaching in cnidarians – Kishimoto et al. – ISME Journal

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

A cosmopolitan fungal pathogen of dicots adopts an endophytic lifestyle on cereal crops and protects them from major fungal diseases – Tian et al. – ISME Journal

Air microbiome

Spatio-temporal variations in bacterial and fungal community associated with dust aerosol in Kuwait – Al Salameen et al. – PlosOne

Water and extremophile microbiome

Environmental heterogeneity determines the ecological processes that govern bacterial metacommunity assembly in a floodplain river system – Huber et al. – ISME Journal

A large-scale assessment of lakes reveals a pervasive signal of land use on bacterial communities – Kraemer et al. – ISME Journal

Viral elements and their potential influence on microbial processes along the permanently stratified Cariaco Basin redoxcline – Mara et al. – ISME Journal

Phages and Viruses

Metagenomic Analysis of the Enteric RNA Virome ofInfants from the Oukasie Clinic, North West Province,South Africa, Reveals Diverse Eukaryotic Viruses – Mogotsi et al. – Viruses


Identifying viruses from metagenomic data using deep learning – Ren et al. – Quantitative Biology

Review: Reconstructing organisms in silico: genome-scale models and their emerging applications – Fang et al. – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Zero-Inflated gaussian mixed models for analyzing longitudinal microbiome data – Zhang et al. – PlosOne

Evaluating the number of different genomes in a metagenome by means of the compositional spectra approach – Kirzhner et al. – PlosOne

Survey of metaproteomics software tools for functional microbiome analysis – Sajulga et al. – PlosOne


Sample pooling methods for efficient pathogen screening: Practical implications – Furstenau et al. – PlosOne

My non-microbiology picks

Genomes OnLine Database (GOLD) v.8: overview and updates – Mukherjee et al. – Nucleic Acids Research

September 10, 2020

Good morning from smokey, apocalyptic San Francisco! The world outside my window may be in sepia tones, but the articles I’m highlighting here are helping to brighten my day. Today’s digest has some fascinating insect and environmental microbiome research including a paper about the gut microbiota of a beetle that lives in the mixed forest of northeastern Asia and its capacity to efficiently degrade polystyrene. Additionally, there’s a paper characterizing the community structure and metabolic capacity of a biofilm-like microbial community lining the wall of the Yumugi river cave in a remote part of Western New Guinea. I’ve also included a paper examining availability of microbial community sequencing data which found that much of this data is not available and offers suggestions for improving data archiving practices. Finally, there is a very interesting technique paper about an orally ingestible microdevice that can be used to sample the gut microbiota in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Happy reading!

General Microbiome
Influence of Intratumor Microbiome on Clinical Outcome and Immune Processes in Prostate Cancer. – Ma, J. et al., Cancers

Experimental (co)evolution in a multi-species microbial community results in local maladaptation. – Castledine, M. et al., Ecology Letters

Pregnancy and Early Life
Mothers of Preterm Infants Have Individualized Breast Milk Microbiota that Changes Temporally Based on Maternal Characteristics. – Asbury, M.R et al., Cell Host Microbe

The meconium microbiota shares more features with the amniotic fluid microbiota than the maternal fecal and vaginal microbiota. – He, Q. et al., Gut Microbes

Skin microbiome
Stratum Corneum Lipidomics Analysis Reveals Altered Ceramide Profile in Atopic Dermatitis Patients Across Body Sites With Correlated Changes in Skin Microbiome. – Emmert, H. et al., Experimental Dermatology

Vaginal microbiome
Diverse vaginal microbiome was associated with pro-inflammatory vaginal milieu among pregnant women in Uganda. – Bayigga, L. et al. Human Microbiome Journal

Gut microbiome
Diet Diurnally Regulates Small Intestinal Microbiome-Epithelial-Immune Homeostasis and Enteritis. – Tuganbeav, T. et al., Cell

Microbiota-modulated CART + enteric neurons autonomously regulate blood glucose. – Muller, P.A. et al., Science

Succinate Produced by Intestinal Microbes Promotes Specification of Tuft Cells to Suppress Ileal Inflammation. -Banerjee, A. et al., Gastroenterology

Animal Experiments
Gut microbiome improves postoperative cognitive function by decreasing permeability of the blood-brain barrier in aged mice. – Wen, J. et al., Brain Research Bulletin

Indolepropionic Acid, a Metabolite of the Microbiome, Has Cytostatic Properties in Breast Cancer by Activating AHR and PXR Receptors and Inducing Oxidative Stress. – Sári, Z. et al., Cancers

Angiogenin maintains gut microbe homeostasis by balancing α-Proteobacteria and Lachnospiraceae. – Sun, D. et al., Gut

Gut Microbiota-Associated Activation of TLR5 Induces Apolipoprotein A1 Production in the Liver. – Yiu, J.H.C. et al., Circulation Research

Animal and insect microbiome
Cross-generational effects of climate change on the microbiome of a photosynthetic sponge. – Luter, H.M. et al., Environmental Microbiology

Symbionts shape host innate immunity in honeybees. – Horak, R.D. et al., Proceedings Biological Sciences

Parental Microbiota Modulates Offspring Development, Body Mass and Fecundity in a Polyphagous Fruit Fly. – Nguyen, B. et al. Microorganisms

Fast and Facile Biodegradation of Polystyrene by the Gut Microbial Flora of Plesiophthalmus davidis Larvae. – Woo, S. et al., Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Gut microbiota protects honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) against polystyrene microplastics exposure risks. – Wang, K. et al., Journal of Hazardous Materials

Plant, root, and soil microbiome
Characteristics of microbial community of soil subjected to industrial production of antibiotics. – Borčinová, M. et al., Folia Microbiologica

Host selection shapes crop microbiome assembly and network complexity. -Xiong, C. et al., The New Phytologist

Microbiome of root vegetables-a source of gluten-degrading bacteria. – Kõiv, V. et al., Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Water and extremophile microbiome
Environmental stability impacts the differential sensitivity of marine microbiomes to increases in temperature and acidity. – Wang, Z. et al., ISME Journal

Insights into the Vertical Stratification of Microbial Ecological Roles across the Deepest Seawater Column on Earth. – Xue, C-X et al., Microorganisms

The microbial community of a biofilm lining the wall of a pristine cave in Western New Guinea. – Turrini, P. et al., Microbiological Research

Built environment
Airborne bacteria in outdoor air and air of mechanically ventilated buildings at city-scale in Hong Kong across seasons. – Zhou, Y. et al., Environmental Science and Technology

Phages and viruses
Review: Phages and their potential to modulate the microbiome and immunity. Federici, S. et al., Cellular and Molecular Immunology

Generalized estimating equation modeling on correlated microbiome sequencing data with longitudinal measures. – Chen, B. and Xu, W., PLoS Computational Biology

The Nubeam reference-free approach to analyze metagenomic sequencing reads. – Dai, H. and Guan, Y., Genome Research

The archives are half-empty: an assessment of the availability of microbial community sequencing data. – Jurburg, S.D. et al., Communications Biology

An effective culturomics approach to study the gut microbiota of mammals. – Pereira, A.C. and Cunha, M.V., Research in Microbiology

Activity-based cell sorting reveals responses of uncultured archaea and bacteria to substrate amendment. – Reichart, N.J. et al., ISME Journal

An Ingestible Self-Polymerizing System for Targeted Sampling of Gut Microbiota and Biomarkers. – Chen, L. et al., ACS Nano