May 21, 2017

Events and jobs

FULLY FUNDED POSTDOCTORAL FELLOW POSITION TO STUDY MICROBIOME-BEHAVIOR INTERACTIONS: PORTUGAL

General microbiome

Bioinorganic antimicrobial strategies in the resistance era – Regiel-Futyra et al, Coordination Chemistry Reviews

Biofilm microenvironment induces a widespread adaptive amino-acid fermentation pathway conferring strong fitness advantage in Escherichia coli – Letoffe et al, PLoS Genetics

A bloodstream infection by Ruminococcus gnavus in a patient with a gall bladder perforation – Kim et al, Anerobe

Microbial community compositional analysis for membrane bioreactor treating antibiotics containing wastewater – Zhu et al, Chemical Engineering Journal

Thermophilic Moorella thermoautotrophica-immobilized cathode enhanced microbial electrosynthesis of acetate and formate from CO2 – Yu et al, Bioelectrochemistry

Arumberiamorph structure in modern microbial mats: implications for Ediacaran palaeobiology – Kolesnikov et al, Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France

Succession in the petroleum reservoir microbiome through an oil field production lifecycle – Vigneron et al, ISME

Human respiratory microbiome

Population Genomic Analysis of 1,777 Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolates, Houston, Texas: Unexpected Abundance of Clonal Group 307 – Long et al, Mbio

Human oral microbiome

Pro-resolving mediators in the regulation of periodontal disease – Van Dyke, Molecular Aspects of Medicine

A structure-derived snap-trap mechanism of a multispecific serpin from the dysbiotic human oral microbiome – Goulas et al, Journal of Biological Chemistry

Human gut microbiome

Is frozen fecal microbiota transplantation as effective as fresh fecal microbiota transplantation in patients with recurrent or refractory clostridium difficile infection: a meta-analysis? – Tang et al, Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease

Weight-loss interventions and gut microbiota changes in overweight and obese patients: a systematic review – Seganfredo et al, Obesity Reviews

 

Dysbiosis of Gut Microbiome and Its Impact on Epigenetic Regulation – Lee et al, Journal of Clinical Epigenetics

Hypoxia and Inactivity Related Physiological Changes (Constipation, Inflammation) Are Not Reflected at the Level of Gut Metabolites and Butyrate Producing Microbial Community: The PlanHab Study – Sket et al, Frontiers in Physiology

Is there a potential role of fecal microbiota transplantation in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease? – Eun, Intestinal Research

Diet and contaminants: driving the rise to obesity epidemics? – Di Ciaula and Portincasa, Current Medical Chemistry

How to: Establish and run a stool bank – Terveer et al, Clinical Microbiology and Infection

Animal experiments

Transforming growth factor β: a master regulator of the gut microbiota and immune cell interactions – Bauche and Marie, Clinical and Translational Immunology

Aloin, a Component of the Aloe Vera Plant Leaf, Induces Pathological Changes and Modulates the Composition of Microbiota in the Large Intestine of F344/N Male Rats – Boudraeu et al, Toxicology Science

Diabetes-associated microbiota in fa/fa rats is modified by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass – Arora et al, ISME

Absorption and degradation of sulfated polysaccharide from pacific abalone in in vitro and in vivo models – Ai et al, Journal of Functional Foods

Dietary ZnO nanoparticles alters intestinal microbiota and inflammation response in weaned piglets – Xia et al, Oncotarget

Dietary delta-tocotrienol favors abundance and diversity of beneficial microbiomes in obese male mice – Shen et al, FASEB

Bile acid binding resin prevents fat accumulation through intestinal microbiota in high-fat diet-induced obesity in mice – Kusumoto et al, Metabolism

In vitro ability of mastitis causing pathogens to form biofilms – Schonborn et al, Journal of Dairy Research

Dysbiosis of Intestinal Microbiota and Decreased Antimicrobial Peptide Level in Paneth Cells during Hypertriglyceridemia-Related Acute Necrotizing Pancreatitis in Rats – Huang et al, Frontiers in Microbiology

Effects of replacing Leymus chinensis with whole-crop wheat hay on Holstein bull apparent digestibility, plasma parameters, rumen fermentation, and microbiota – Niu et al, Scientific Reports

Physiological responses of insects to microbial fermentation products: insights from the interactions between Drosophila and acetic acid – Kim et al, Journal of Insect Physiology

Animal microbiome

Molecular detection by analysis of the 16S rRNA gene of fecal coliform bacteria from the two Korean Apodemus species (Apodemus agrarius and A. peninsulae) – Rahman et al, Genetics and Molecular Research

Detection and genetic characterization of Pasteurella multocida from alpaca (Vicugna pacos) pneumonia cases – Rimac et al, Tropical Animal Health and Production

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Soil depth and crop determinants of bacterial communities under ten biofuel cropping systems – Zhang et al, Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Ground cover and slope exposure effects on micro- and mesobiota in forest soils – Gomez-Brandon et al, Ecological Indicators

Root chemical traits and their roles in belowground biotic interactions – Tsunoda and van Dam, Pedobiologia

Proteomics analysis of Fusarium proliferatum under various initial pH during fumonisin production – Li et al, Journal of Proteomics

Culturable bacterial diversity from the chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) phyllosphere and antagonism against the fungi causing the chestnut blight and ink diseases – Valverde et al, AIMS Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

The removal of nitrogen compounds from farming wastewater – The effect of different carbon substrates and different microbial activators – Mankiewicz-Boczek et al, Ecological Engineering

How do physicochemical properties influence the toxicity of silver nanoparticles on freshwater decomposers of plant litter in streams? – Batista et al, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

The heterogeneity of composition and assembly processes of the microbial community between different nutrient loading lake zones in Taihu Lake – Zhao et al, Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Towards a sustainable biobased industry – Highlighting the impact of extremophiles – Kruger et al, New Biotechnology

Distribution and genetic diversity of microbial populations in the pilot-scale biofilter for simultaneous removal of ammonia, iron and manganese from real groundwater – Cheng et al, Chemosphere

Pilot plant demonstration of stable and efficient high rate biological nutrient removal with low dissolved oxygen conditions – Keene et al, Water Research

Study on The Removal of Hexavalent Chromium from Contaminated Groundwater using Emulsified Vegetable Oil – Wen et al, Process Safety and Environmental Protection

A Novel Roseosiphophage Isolated from the Oligotrophic South China Sea – Yang et al, Viruses

Oxidative Stickland reactions in an obligate aerobic organism — amino acid catabolism in the Crenarchaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus – Stark et al, FEBS

Microbial Diversity in Extreme Marine Habitats and Their Biomolecules – Poli et al, Microorganisms

Methanogenic community was stable in two contrasting freshwater marshes exposed to elevated atmospheric CO2 – Lin et al, Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant-microbial interactions in agriculture and the use of farming systems to improve diversity and productivity – Ishaq, AIMS Microbiology

Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on survival and growth of micropropagated Comanthera mucugensis spp. mucugensis (Eriocaulaceae) – Pereira et al, African Journal of Agricultural Research

Native communities of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Capsicum annuum L. respond to soil properties and agronomic management under field conditions – Carballar-Hernandez et al, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment

Food microbiology

Microbial cell-free extracts affect the biochemical characteristics and sensorial quality of sourdough bread – Cavallo et al, Food Chemistry

Analysis of the microbiota of refrigerated chopped parsley after treatments with a coating containing enterocin AS-48 or by high-hydrostatic pressure – Burgos et al, Food Research International

Microorganisms Found in MPR and Packaged Produce and Their Detection Methods – Acar and Soyer, Minimally Processed Refridgerated Fruits and Vegetables, Food Engineering Series

Applications of Kluyveromyces marxianus in Biotechnology – Varela et al, Yeast Diversity in Human Welfare

Mucin- and carbohydrate-stimulated adhesion and subproteome changes of the probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM – Celebioglu et al, Journal of Proteomics

Techniques

Metaproteomics-guided selection of targeted enzymes for bioprospecting of mixed microbial communities – Speda et al, Biotechnology Biofuels

Microbes in the news

Probiotics are popular, but some questions remain – Reading Eagle

Microbiome at BioData World West 2017

Last month, from April 26th to April 27th, I attended the BioData World West conference representing GENEWIZ, where I am a Bioinformatics Analyst (developer) working primarily on metagenomics.  The focus of the conference were three major areas: Genomics & Health, Precision Medicine, and Artificial Intelligence.  The conference, in San Francisco, hosted a variety of forward thinking and interdisciplinary organizations ranging from the top academic institutions to big industry players from abroad (Google, Merck, Illumina, etc.) to start ups in AI/tech/biotech/pharma.  The talks and conversations I had there were exciting and educational and the networking opportunities were amazing – I believe a number of collaborations were born there.   You can see details about the conference through this link: BioData World West 2017

My highlighted talks were by Atul Butte (UCSF), Jeff Dean (Google), Ronald Pryzgodski (MVP), Steve Miller (USCF, developed SURPI), Ali Torkamani (Scripps), and Sylvain Costes (NASA).  However, every talk was fascinating in its own way and I’d highly recommend this conference to anyone in this space – I could write 10 posts about what I learned but I’ll focus on the microbiome below.  It seemed everyone loved to talk and learn from each other about microbiome-related science, even the people focused mainly on AI.

In regards to the microbiome, many if not most talks incorporated, mentioned, or focused on the importance of this area of research.  Here are some of my high level notes related to the microbiome:

  • Phenotyping is a big area that we need to develop and are establishing right now.  The microbiome is an aspect of our phenotype and should be considered a distinct biomarker.
  • Mobile / site of study lab and metagenomic techniques are important to develop
  • We need to work together to share our genomic data, including metagenomic data
  • AI can be used to find new information where we never thought to look – this, in my opinion, will have implications in studying the massive network of interactions between microbes but also in discovery of new microbes among other things
  • Steve Miller’s (SURPI) talk was fascinating.  Without going into too many details he is moving forward clinically with using metagenomics for pathogen detection and diagnoses – something I believe will be the future of infectious disease diagnostics (or at least could be used to establish accurate SNP-based panels).  I’d highly recommend following his publications and well as Dr. Chiu.  I believe exciting things are coming from his lab in the next year or so http://profiles.ucsf.edu/steve.miller
  • Cannabis microbiome studies are paramount because microbes are the only risk for cannabis – and pesticides typically cannot be used in production

I hope this post was interesting – the conference surely was – I can’t wait to see the advances we’ve made presented there next year!

Edward Messick

May 17, 2017

Today’s digest includes a few studies of the interactions between microbes (and synergy in metabolism and other processes), a filling of human gut microbiology, and interesting insights into probiotics both in animals and humans.  Also, check out my post later in the day reviewing microbiome related talks at BioData World West 2017 (late April)

Events and jobs

Scientist – Microbiomics – ZymoResearch

PhD in microbiology – Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL)

Microbiology Laboratory Technologist – Yukon Hospital Corporation – Whitehorse, YT

General microbiome

Underlying mechanisms for syntrophic metabolism of essential enzyme cofactors in microbial communities – Margaret F Romine – The ISME Journal

Identification of the potentiating mutations and synergistic epistasis that enabled the evolution of inter-species cooperation – Sarah M. Douglas – PLOS ONE

Pregnancy and early life

PrePrint – Gut dysbiosis following C-section instigates higher colonisation of toxigenic Clostridium perfringens in infants – Nagpal R – Benef Microbes

The influence of dietary immunomodulatory factors on development of food allergy in children – Sardecka I – Postepy Dermatol Alergol.

 

Human oral microbiome

The microbiome of site-specific dental plaque of children with different caries status – Richards VP – Infection and Immunity

Human gut microbiome

Healthy gut microbiota can resolve undernutrition – Emmanuel Hermann – HBSN

The Gut Microbiota and Autism Spectrum Disorders – Qinrui Li – Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience

The ecological community of commensal, symbiotic, and pathogenic gastrointestinal microorganisms – an appraisal – Haque SZ – Dovepress

Comparative Effectiveness of Faecal Microbiota Transplant by Route of Administration – Nathan D. Gundacker – The Journal of Hospital Infection

Fecal microbiota transplantation in recurrent Clostridium difficile infection in a patient with concomitant inflammatory bowel disease – Gravito-Soares M – Rev Esp Enferm Dig

Alterations in intestinal microbiota relate to intestinal failure-associated liver disease and central line infections – Panliang Wang – Journal of Pediatric Surgery

* The Gastric Microbiome and Its Influence on Gastric Carcinogenesis: Current Knowledge and Ongoing Research – Chao Zhang – Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America

Insights into the role of the intestinal microbiota in colon cancer – Oke S – Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology

Gut microbiota changes as a risk factor for obesity – Kvit KB – Wiad Lek.

Animal experiments 

Drosophila melanogaster as a High-Throughput Model for Host–Microbiota Interactions – Mark Trinder – Frontiers in Microbiology

Dietary Chitosan Supplementation Increases Microbial Diversity and Attenuates the Severity of Citrobacter rodentium Infection in Mice – Guiping Guan – Mediators of Inflammation

Changes in the intestinal bacterial community, short-chain fatty acid profile, and intestinal development of preweaned Holstein calves. 2. Effects of gastrointestinal site and age – J.J. Castro – Journal of Dairy Science

The microbiome regulates amygdala-dependent fear recall – Hoban AE – Molecular Psychiatry

Animal microbiome

The malleable gut microbiome of juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): Diet-dependent shifts of bacterial community structures – Stéphanie Céline Michl – PLOS ONE

The influence of a probiotic supplementation on memory in quail suggests a role of gut microbiota on cognitive abilities in birds – Severine Parois – Behavioural Brain Research

Gut microbial communities of American pikas (Ochotona princeps): evidence for phylosymbiosis and adaptations to novel diets – Kevin D. Kohl – Journal of Animal Ecology

This Gut Ain’t Big Enough for Both of Us. Or Is It? Helminth-Microbiota Interactions in Veterinary Species – Peachey LE – Trends in Parasitology

Convergence of gut microbiotas in the adaptive radiations of African cichlid fishes – Baldo L – ISME

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Divergent extremes but convergent recovery of bacterial and archaeal soil communities to an ongoing subterranean coal mine fire – Sang-Hoon Lee – The ISME Journal

Prokaryotic Communities at Different Depths between Soils with and without Tomato Bacterial Wilt but Pathogen-Present in a Single Greenhouse – Chol Gyu Lee – Microbes and Environments

Water and extremophile microbiome

Annual community patterns are driven by seasonal switching between closely related marine bacteria – Christopher S Ward – The ISME Journal

A bacterial community-based index to assess the ecological status of estuarine and coastal environments – Eva Aylagas – Marine Pollution Bulletin

The impact of wastewater treatment effluent on microbial biomasses and diversities in coastal sediment microcosms of Hangzhou Bay – Yile Tao – Marine Pollution Bulletin

The impact of long-term hydrocarbon exposure on the structure, activity, and biogeochemical functioning of microbial mats – Johanne Aubé – Marine Pollution Bulletin

Changes in microbial community during hydrogen and methane production in two-stage thermophilic anaerobic co-digestion process from biowaste – S. Zahedi – Waste Management

Comparative analysis of microbial diversity in two hot springs of Bakreshwar, West Bengal, India – Chaudhuri B – Genomics Data

Built environment (subways, indoor surfaces)

Characterizing bacterial communities in paper production-troublemakers revealed – Zumsteg A – MicrobiologyOpen

 

Probiotics / prebiotics

Dairy Propionibacteria: Versatile Probiotics – Rabah H – Microorganisms

Contribution of anthocyanin-rich foods in obesity control through gut microbiota interactions – Jamar G – BioFactors

Positive Effect of Probiotics on Constipation in Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Six Randomized Controlled Trials – Huang R – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Mechanisms of Action of Probiotics and the Gastrointestinal Microbiota on Gut Motility and Constipation – Dimidi E – Advances in Nutrition

Bioinformatics

PrePrint – MetaMeta: Integrating Metagenome Analysis Tools To Improve Taxonomic Profiling – Vitor C. Piro – bioRxiv

Using null models to infer microbial co-occurrence networks – Nora Connor – PLOS ONE

Techniques

Characterization of microbial mixtures by mass spectrometry – Sandrin TR – Mass Spectrometry Reviews

Microbes in the news 

Cork scientists link gut bacteria to anxiety disorders

New tick bacteria in Australia being investigated as possible cause of Lyme disease-type illness

Optical nanofiber ‘hears’ bacteria swim, cancer cells move

Microbes on the market 

BiomX raises $24 million to boost bacteria based drugs

 

Ed’s non-microbiology picks

Breakthrough in delirium research ‘solves 2,500-year-old mystery’

Novel tissue-engineered islet transplant achieves insulin independence in type 1 diabetes – Bioengineering of an Intraabdominal Endocrine Pancreas -David A. Baidal – New England Journal of Medicine

High levels of exercise linked to nine years of less aging (at the cellular level)

Migratory birds bumped off schedule as climate change shifts spring

PrePrint – Using Social Network Analysis to Better Understand Compulsive Exercise Behavior among a Sample of Sorority Members –  Megan S. Patterson – Human Kinetics

Edible insects could play key role in cutting harmful emissions – EurkAlert!

May 13, 2017

Events and jobs

Microbiology/Molecular Biology/Wildlife Disease Technician: Wisconsin – USGS – National Wildlife Health Center

Sr. Associate, Quality Control Microbiology – Moderna

Staff Research Associate, Anaerobic Microbiology – UC Berkeley

General microbiome

Perspective: The Microbiome-Mitochondrion Connection: Common Ancestries, Common Mechanisms, Common Goals – Alfredo Franco-Obregón – mSystems

Human gut microbiome

Systemic sclerosis is associated with specific alterations in gastrointestinal microbiota in two independent cohorts – Elizabeth R Volkmann – BMJ Open Gastroenterology

Review: Microbiota: Clostridia protect from gut infections in early life – Irene Vacca – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Animal microbiome

The malleable gut microbiome of juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): Diet-dependent shifts of bacterial community structures – Stéphanie Céline Michl – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Bacterial root microbiome of plants growing in oil sands reclamation covers – Eduardo Kovalski Mitter – Frontiers in Microbiology

Effect of Trichoderma harzianum on maize rhizosphere microbiome and biocontrol of Fusarium Stalk rot – Kandasamy Saravanakumar – Scientific Reports

Water and extremophile microbiome

Characterisation of Arctic Bacterial Communities in the Air above Svalbard – Lewis Cuthbertson – Biology

Diversity of bacteria and archaea from two shallow marine hydrothermal vents from Vulcano Island – Garabed Antranikian – Extremophiles

Unique and highly variable bacterial communities inhabiting the surface microlayer of an oligotrophic lake – Mylène Hugoni – Aquatic Microbial Ecology

Distribution and activity of benthic bacteria in four lakes in the Bory Tucholskie National Park (Poland) – Łukasz Kubera – Aquatic Microbial Ecology

Role of EPS, Dispersant and Nutrients on the Microbial Response and MOS Formation in the Subarctic Northeast Atlantic – Laura Duran Suja – Frontiers in Microbiology

Food microbiology

Impact of a Microbial Cocktail Used as a Starter Culture on Cocoa Fermentation and Chocolate Flavor – Igor Magalhães da Veiga Moreir – Molecules

Techniques

Harnessing the power of digital droplet PCR to conduct real-world microbial competitions – Helen A. Murphy – Molecular Ecology Resources

Microbes in the news

Lung microbiome – Sally Robertson – News-Medical.Net

Resistant Starch from Potatoes Offers Benefits to Gut Microbiome? – Michael Crane – Nutritional Outlook

Visualizing the Microbiome through Handmade Embroidery – Clara Rodríguez Fernández – labiotech

Microbes on the market

‘Imagine being able to edit the microbiome’ – TechAccel talks animal nutrition targeted innovation – Aerin Einstein-Curtis – Feed Navigator

Science, publishing, and career

Weill Cornell Aims For ‘Precision Metagenomics’ With Quantitative Computing – Neil Versel – GenomeWeb

May 12, 2017

Highlighted articles today bring some interesting news about bacteria. in the first one study of Lebreton et al. shed light on the evolutionary history of pathogens, which evolved nearly indestructible properties and have become leading causes of modern antibiotic-resistant infections in hospitals. In the second highlighted article Schnettger et al. discover a natural mechanism by which our cells kill the bacterium responsible for tuberculosis (TB)  – without the use of antibiotics, meaning that even antibiotic-resistant
strains could be eliminated.

Events and jobs

Postdoctoral researcher – nitrogen-fixing bacteria and cereals

Postdoctoral Research Fellowship in Marine Phycology

General microbiome

Global Phylogenetic Analysis Of Escherichia coli And Plasmids Carrying The mcr-1 Gene Indicates Bacterial Diversity But Plasmid Restriction – Sebastien Matamoros – bioRxiv

Predictive compound accumulation rules yield a broad-spectrum antibiotic – Michelle F. Richter – Nature

Tracing the Enterococci from Paleozoic Origins to the Hospital – François Lebreton – Cell

The Threat of Antimicrobial Resistance on the Human Microbiome – Lauren Brinkac- Microbial Ecology

Evolutionary Biology Needs Wild Microbiomes – Sarah M. Hird – Frontiers in Microbiology

Pregnancy and early life

Association Between Breast Milk Bacterial Communities and Establishment and Development of the Infant Gut Microbiome – Pia S. Pannaraj – JAMA Pediatr

Oral microbiome

The Antibacterial Effect of Additional Photodynamic Therapy in Failed Endodontically Treated Teeth: A Pilot Study – Mohammad Asnaashari – Journal of Lasers in Medical Science

Microbiota Analysis of Biofilms on Experimental Abutments Mimicking Dental Implants: An in Vivo Model – Berta Cortés-Acha – Journal of Periodontology

Human vaginal microbiome

Comparison of the vaginal environment in rhesus and cynomolgus macaques pre- and post-lactobacillus colonization – Gregory J. Daggett Jr – Journal of Medical Primatology

Human nearly-sterile sites (blood, organs, brain)

Active Trachoma Cases In The Solomon Islands Have Varied Polymicrobial Community Structures But Do Not Associate With Individual Non-Chlamydial Pathogens Of The Eye – Robert Butcher – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

Gut Microbiome Function Predicts Response to Anti-integrin Biologic Therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases – Ashwin N. Ananthakrishnan – Cell Host & Microbiome

Current challenges in the treatment of severe Clostridium difficile infection: early treatment potential of fecal microbiota transplantation – Yvette H. van Beurden –
Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology

Review: Food additives, contaminants and other minor components: effects on human gut microbiota—a review – Paula Roca-Saavedra – Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry

Emulating Host-Microbiome Ecosystem of Human Gastrointestinal Tract in Vitro – Gun-Seok Park – Stem Cell Reviews and Reports

Animal experiments 

A Rab20-Dependent Membrane Trafficking Pathway Controls M. tuberculosis Replication by Regulating Phagosome Spaciousness and Integrity – Laura Schnettger – Cell host & Microbiome

Cooperating Commensals Restore Colonization Resistance to Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus faecium – Silvia Caballero – Cell Host & Microbe

Animal microbiome

Characterization of the juvenile green turtle (Chelonia mydas) microbiome throughout an ontogenetic shift from pelagic to neritic habitats – James T. Price – PLoS ONE

A Meta-Transcriptomics Survey Reveals Changes in the Microbiota of the Chinese Mitten Crab Eriocheir sinensis Infected with Hepatopancreatic Necrosis Disease – Huaishun Shen – Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Modifying And Reacting To The Environmental pH Drives Bacterial Interactions – Christoph Ratzke – bioRxiv

Differential responses of soil bacteria, fungi, archaea and protists to plant species richness and plant functional group identity – Sigrid Dassen – Molecular Ecology

Analysis of the bacterial strains using Biolog plates in the contaminated soil from Riyadh community – Fahad Abdullah M. Al-Dhabaan – Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences

Biosurfactant-producing microorganism Pseudomonas sp. SB assists the phytoremediation of DDT-contaminated soil by two grass species – Beibei Wang – Chemosphere

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Molecular Diversity of Sea Spray Aerosol Particles: Impact of Ocean Biology on Particle Composition and Hygroscopicity – Richard E. Cochran – Chem, Cell Press

The novel bacterial phylum Calditrichaeota is diverse, widespread and abundant in marine sediments and has the capacity to degrade detrital proteins – Ian P. G. Marshall – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Single-cell genomics reveals pyrrolysine-encoding potential in members of uncultivated archaeal candidate division MSBL1 – Yue Guan – Environmental Microbiology Reports

The Paradox Of Constant Oceanic Plastic Debris: Evidence For Evolved Microbial Biodegradation? – Ricard Sole – bioRxiv

Copper Pollution Increases the Resistance of Soil Archaeal Community to Changes in Water Regime – Jing LiYu-Rong Liu – Microbial Ecology

Spatiotemporal analysis of microbial community dynamics during seasonal stratification events in a freshwater lake (Grand Lake, OK, USA) – Jessica M. Morrison – PLoS ONE

Nitrotoga is selected over Nitrospira in newly assembled biofilm communities from a tap water source community at increased nitrite loading – Marta Kinnunen – Environmental Microbiology

Unveiling microbial interactions in stratified mat communities from a warm saline shallow pond – Aurélien Saghaï – Environmental Micorbiology

Probiotics / prebiotics

Genotypic and phenotypic diversity of Lactobacillus rhamnosus clinical isolates, their comparison with strain GG and their recognition by complement system – Eija Nissilä – PLoS ONE

Bioinformatics

A Bayesian taxonomic classification method for 16S rRNA gene sequences with improved species-level accuracy – Xiang Gao – BMC Bioinformatics

gCoda: Conditional Dependence Network Inference for Compositional Data – Huaying Fang – Journal of Computational Biology

Effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 and Bifidobacterium longum BB536 on the healthy gut microbiota composition at phyla and species level: A preliminary study – Marco Toscano – World Journal of Gastroenterology

Biotechnology

Review:Cyanobacterial metabolites as a source of sunscreens and moisturizers: a comparison with current synthetic compounds – Peyman Derikvand – European Journal of Phycology

Microbes in the news

Dramatic cooperation between two infectious bacteria revealed – Medicalxpress.com

Study finds bacteria in marine sponge produce toxic flame retardant-like compounds – Phys.org

Scientists Find Molecular ‘Key’ to Killing Hearty Bacteria – Extremetech.com

How our gut bacteria affect cancer risk and response to treatment – Theconversation.com

16S sequencing reveals differences between microbiomes in eyes, throat – Healio.com

Cosmetic Companies Now Develop Skin Care Products That Contain Live Bacteria To Treat Several Skin Problems – Sciencetimes.com

 

May 6, 2017

Events and jobs

Trainee Microbiology Analyst – Eurofins Lancaster Laboratories

General microbiome

*Review: Optimizing methods and dodging pitfalls in microbiome research – Dorothy Kim – Microbiome

*Book: Dirt Is Good: The Advantage of Germs for Your Child’s Developing Immune System – Jack Gilbert, Rob Knight

Human gut microbiome

*Review: Ménage à trois in the human gut: interactions between host, bacteria and phages – Mohammadali Khan Mirzaei – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Animal microbiome

The functional microbiome of arthropods – Mauro Degli Esposti – PLOS ONE

A comparative study of gut microbiota profiles of earthworms fed in three different substrates – Dianfeng Liu – Symbiosis

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Breaking continuous potato cropping with legumes improves soil microbial communities, enzyme activities and tuber yield – Shuhao Qin – PLOS ONE

Study on the effect of soil beneficial microorganisms on the growth of kiwifruit – Huihe Li – Biomedical Research

Water and extremophile microbiome

Contribution of different bacterial dispersal sources to lakes: Population and community effects in different seasons – Jérôme Comte – Environmental Microbiology

*Review: The life sulfuric: microbial ecology of sulfur cycling in marine sediments – Kenneth Wasmund – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Fine stratification of microbial communities through a metagenomic profile of
the photic zone – Jose M. Haro-Moreno – bioRxiv

Probiotics / prebiotics

Effect of dietary supplementation with Lactobacillus acidophilus D2/CSL (CECT 4529) on caecum microbioma and productive performance in broiler chickens – Alessandra De Cesare – PLOS ONE

Bioinformatics

BusyBee Web: metagenomic data analysis by bootstrapped supervised binning and annotation – CC Laczny – Nucleic Acids Research

Techniques

*Highlight: How to see more: double hybridization to reveal ecological differentiation among close bacterial relatives – Stefan Bertilsson – Environmental Microbiology

Comparative analysis of the sensitivity of metagenomic sequencing and PCR to detect a biowarfare simulant (Bacillus atrophaeus) in soil samples – Delphine Plaire – PLOS ONE

Microbes in the news

The Invisible Secret That Will Change Your Skin Forever – Rachel Krause – Refinery29

Improve your skin microbiome – Cassie Shortsleeve – Furthermore

Dormant bacteria trapped in ice could be released by climate change – Alayna Treene – Axios

Microbes on the market

Commense Licenses UBC’s Microbiome Therapeutic for Preventing Childhood Asthma – Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News

Bacteria Hysteria

Why Bacteria Are More Threatening Than Ever – Alice Park – Time

Science, publishing, and career

Infection and Immunity welcomes the new microbiology – Andreas J. Bäumler – Infection and Immunity

April 29, 2017

Events and jobs

Bioinformatics Scientist, Microbiome – Human Longevity Inc.

General microbiome

The hologenome across environments and the implications of a host-associated microbial repertoire – Tyler J. Carrier – Frontiers in Microbiology

Teleosts as Model Organisms to Understand Host-Microbe Interactions – Emily A. Lescak – Journal of Bacteriology

*Review: The Shifting Microbiome in Surgical Stress – Panna A. Codner – Current Surgery Reports

A passive mutualistic interaction promotes the evolution of spatial structure within microbial populations – Marie Marchal – BMC Evolutionary Biology

Human gut microbiome

Fecal metagenomic profiles in subgroups of patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome – Dorottya Nagy-Szakal – Microbiome

Study protocol on the role of intestinal microbiota in colorectal cancer treatment: a pathway to personalized medicine 2.0 – R. Aarnoutse – International Journal of Colorectal Disease

Animal experiments

Differences in microbiota membership along the gastrointestinal tract of piglets and their differential alterations following an early-life antibiotic intervention – Chunlong Mu – Frontiers in Microbiology

Animal microbiome

Biogeographic comparison of Lophelia-associated bacterial communities in the western Atlantic reveals conserved core microbiome – Christina A. Kellogg – Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Response of methanogenic microbial communities to desiccation stress in flooded and rain-fed paddy soil from Thailand – Andreas Reim – Frontiers in Microbiology

Metagenomics of Microbial Communities Associated with the Rhizosphere of the Saudi Desert Medicinal Plants – Mohammed N Baeshen – EC Microbiology

Rhizospheric soil enzyme activities and phytominimg potential of Aeluropus lagopoides and Cyperus conglomeratus growing in contaminated soils at the banks of artificial lake of reclaimed wastewater – Zahid Khorshid Abbas – International Journal of Phytoremediation

*Review: The unseen rhizosphere root-soil-microbe interactions for crop production – Ruifu Zhang – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Microbial Community Response to Simulated Petroleum Seepage in Caspian Sea Sediments – Marion H. Stagars – Frontiers in Microbiology

Novel large sulfur bacteria in the metagenomes of groundwater-fed chemosynthetic microbial mats in the Lake Huron basin – Allison M. Sharrar – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbial population dynamics and ecosystem functions of anoxic/aerobic granular sludge in sequencing batch reactors operated at different organic loading rates – Enikö Szabó – Frontiers in Microbiology

Characteristics of bacterial community in cloud water at Mt Tai: similarity and disparity under polluted and non-polluted cloud episodes – Min Wei – Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

Built environment

Density assessment and mapping of microorganisms around a biocomposting plant in Sanandaj, Iran – Sanaz Rashidi – Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

Techniques

High throughput and quantitative measurement of microbial metabolome by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry using automated alkyl chloroformate derivatization – Linjing Zhao – Analytical Chemistry

Functional Association Prediction by Community Profiling – Dazhi Jiao – Methods

*Book: Modern Tools and Techniques to Understand Microbes – Ajit Varma

Microbes on the market

Microbiome market competitive landscape technology in 2017 pipeline review published by leading research firm – WhaTech

Science, publishing, and career

Review of 3rd annual Translation Microbiome Conference – James Vitale – Taconic