July 23, 2021

Happy Friday!

It’s an exciting day here because I’m packing for fieldwork! In just a few short days I’ll be sampling from a saline aquifer in Illinois. For those of you who aren’t lucky enough to be going into the field, today’s digest is packed with a wide range of articles. Topics covered include the wild spider gut microbiome, the presence of antibiotic resistance genes in an Ohio river, the mosquito virome, the plant rhizosphere, and more.

Happy reading!

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: Phenotypic and genomic diversification in complex carbohydrate degrading human gut bacteria – Pudlo et al. – bioRxiv

Animal experiments

Effect of biochanin A on the rumen microbial community of Holstein steers consuming a high fiber diet and subjected to a subacute acidosis challenge – Harlow et al. – PLOS ONE

Ear wound healing in MRL/MpJ mice is associated with gut microbiome composition and is transferable to non-healer mice via microbiome transplantation – Velasco et al. – PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Preprint: Increased microbial diversity and decreased prevalence of common pathogens in the gut microbiomes of wild turkeys compared to domestic turkeys – Craft et al. – bioRxiv

Interspecific variation and functional traits of the gut microbiome in spiders from the wild: The largest effort so far – Tyagi et al. – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Tillage intensity and plant rhizosphere selection shape bacterial-archaeal assemblage diversity and nitrogen cycling genes – Cloutier et al. – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: An Ohio State Scenic River Shows Elevated Antibiotic Resistance Genes, Including Acinetobacter Tetracycline and Macrolide Resistance, Downstream of Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluent – Murphy – bioRxiv

Biogeochemistry of the Antrim Shale Natural Gas Reservoir – Stemple et al. – ACS Earth and Space Chemistry

Built environment

Preprint: Novel municipal sewage-associated bacterial genomes and their potential in source tracking – Linder et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Structure of bacterial communities in Japanese-style bathrooms: Comparative sequencing of bacteria in shower water and showerhead biofilms using a portable nanopore sequencer – Fujiyoshi et al. – bioRxiv

Phages and viruses

Preprint: Dynamic surveillance of mosquitoes and their viromes in Wuhan during 2020 – Ren et al. – bioRxiv

Techniques

Simple mapping-based quantification of a mock microbial community using total RNA-seq data – Moriya – PLOS ONE

Preprint: Evaluation of DNA extraction protocols from liquid-based cytology specimens for studying cervical microbiota – Shibata et al. – bioRxiv

July 16, 2021

Today’s digest features studies on environmental contamination of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in China (spoiler: extensive contamination, but has negligible impact on patient colonisation), the dynamic change and correlation of microbiome from different body sites to the treatment response as well as immune-related adverse events of immunotherapy in lung cancer patients, and more.

Also, check out a regularly-updated collection of FREE, ONLINE microbiome events. Happy Friday!

Human microbiome

*Prospective correlation between the patient microbiome with response to and development of immune-mediated adverse effects to immunotherapy in lung cancer – Justin Chau – BMC Cancer

Gut microbiome

Probiotics impact the antibiotic resistance gene reservoir along the human GI tract in a person-specific and antibiotic-dependent manner – Emmanuel Montassier – Nature Microbiology

Identification and engraftment of new bacterial strains by shotgun metagenomic sequence analysis in patients with recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection before and after fecal microbiota transplantation and in healthy human subjects – Sandeep Verma – PlosOne

Differences in the individual curative effect of acupuncture for obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome based on metagenomic analysis: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial – Huaying Fan – Trials

Comparative Analysis of 16S rRNA Gene and Metagenome Sequencing in Pediatric Gut Microbiomes – Danielle Peterson – Frontiers in Microbiology

Resistome

*Spread of Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in an Intensive Care Unit: A Whole-Genome Sequence-Based Prospective Observational Study – Li Wei – Microbiology Spectrum

*Linezolid- and multidrug-resistant enterococci in raw commercial dog food, Europe, 2019–2020 – Ana R. Freitas – Emerging Infectious Diseases

Identification of pathogen(s) in infectious diseases using shotgun metagenomic sequencing and conventional culture: a comparative study – Huan Chen – PeerJ

Predicting antibiotic resistance gene abundance in activated sludge using shotgun metagenomics and machine learning – Yuepeng Sun – Water Research

Animal microbiome

Assessing the relationship between the rumen microbiota and feed efficiency in Nellore steers – Déborah Romaskevis Gomes Lopes – Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology

Animal experiment

An osmotic laxative renders mice susceptible to prolonged Clostridioides difficile colonization and hinders clearance – Sarah Tomkovich – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

Critical Assessment of Metagenome Interpretation – the second round of challenges – F. Meyer – bioRxiv

Disentangling environmental effects in microbial association networks – Maria Deutschmann – bioRxiv

Webinars &c

Microbiome Virtual International Conference #MVIF – September 14

July 14, 2021

General microbiome

Bacteriophage-Bacteria Interactions in the Gut: From Invertebrates to Mammals – Kirsch et al. – Annual Review of Virology

Helicobacter pylori infection has a detrimental impact on the efficacy of cancer immunotherapies – Oster et al. – Gut

Pregnancy and early life

Cervicovaginal microbiota and metabolome predict preterm birth risk in an ethnically diverse cohort – Flaviani et al. – JCI Insight

[REVIEW][Early-life gut microbiota and its connection to metabolic health in children: Perspective on ecological drivers and need for quantitative approach – Jian et al. – EBBioMedicine

Associations of air pollution and greenness with the nasal microbiota of healthy infants: A longitudinal study – Gisler et al. – Environmental Research

Human respiratory microbiome

Multi-omics profiling predicts allograft function after lung transplantation – Watzenböck et al. – European Respiratory Journal

Metagenomic Analysis Reveals A Possible Association Between Respiratory Infection and Periodontitis – Liu et al. – Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Human skin microbiome

[REVIEW]Novel mechanisms of microbial crosstalk with skin innate immunity – Chinnappan & Harris-Tyron – Experimental Dermatology

Shifts in the skin bacterial and fungal communities of healthy children transitioning through puberty – Park et al. – Journal of Investigative Dermatology

Human gut microbiome

Gut-microbiota-targeted diets modulate human immune status – Wastyk et al. – Cell

[REVIEW]Silent hypoxia in COVID-19: a gut microbiota connection – Gopal et al. – Current Opinion in Physiology

[REVIEW]The Athlete and Gut Microbiome: Short-chain Fatty Acids as Potential Ergogenic Aids for Exercise and Training – Bongiovanni, Yin & Heaney

Identification and engraftment of new bacterial strains by shotgun metagenomic sequence analysis in patients with recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection before and after fecal microbiota transplantation and in healthy human subjects – Verma et al. – PLOS One

Kefir Ameliorates Specific Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis Impairments in a Mouse Model Relevant to Autism Spectrum Disorder – van de Wouw et al. – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Animal microbiome

Comparative analysis of oral-gut microbiota between captive and wild long-tailed macaque in Thailand – Sawaswong et al. – Scientific Reports

Impact of the dietary inclusion of dried food residues on the apparent nutrient digestibility and the intestinal microbiota of dogs – Paßlack et al. – Archives of Animal Nutrition

Triphenyltin exposure causes changes in health-associated gut microbiome and metabolites in marine medaka – He et al. – Environmental Pollution

The microbial metabolite p-Cresol induces autistic-like behaviors in mice by remodeling the gut microbiota – Bermudez-Martin et al. – Microbiome

Microbes in space

Seven years of Progress in Determining Fungal Diversity and Characterization of Fungi Isolated from the Japanese Experiment Module KIBO, International Space Station – Satoh et al. – Microbiology and Immunology

Food microbiology

[REVIEW]Virome studies of food production systems: time for ‘farm to fork’ analyses – Mahony & van Sinderen – Current Opinion in Biotechnology

Bioinformatics

D-MANOVA: fast distance-based multivariate analysis of variance for large-scale microbiome association studies – Chen & Zhang – Bioinformatics

Umibato: estimation of time-varying microbial interaction using continuous-time regression hidden Markov model – Hosoda, Fukunaga & Hamada – Bioinformatics

[PREPRINT]Stool Studies Don’t Pass the Sniff Test: A Systematic Review of Human Gut Microbiome Research Suggests Widespread Misuse of Machine Learning – Quinn – arXiv

Techniques

Characterizing Microbiomes via Sequencing of Marker Loci: Techniques To Improve Throughput, Account for Cross-Contamination, and Reduce Cost – Harrison, Randolph & Buerkle – mSystems

Two-Target Quantitative PCR To Predict Library Composition for Shallow Shotgun Sequencing – Cho et al. – mSystems

Statistical approaches for differential expression analysis in metatranscriptomics – Zhang et al. – Bioinformatics

Benchmark of 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing using Japanese gut microbiome data from the V1–V2 and V3–V4 primer sets – Kameoka et al. – BMC Genomics

In vitro models of gut digestion across childhood: current developments, challenges and future trends – Fournier et al. – Biotechnology Advances

July 07, 2021

General microbiome

Cross-Scale Analyses of Animal and Human Gut Microbiome Assemblies from Metacommunity to Global Landscape – Ma – mSystems

Multi-site human microbiome

Microbiota long-term dynamics and prediction of acute graft-versus-host disease in pediatric allogeneic stem cell transplantation – Ingham et al. – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Early melanoma invasivity correlates with gut fungal and bacterial profiles – Vitali et al. – British Journal of Dermatology

The Interplay between fasting, gut microbiota, and lipid profile – Mohammadzadeh et al. – IJCP

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Effect of Differences in the Microbiome of Cyp17a1-Deficient Mice on Atherosclerotic Background – Künstner et al. – Cells

Telmisartan induces a specific gut microbiota signature which may mediate its antiobesity effect – Beckmann et al. – Pharmacological Research

Novel insights into the genetically obese (ob/ob) and diabetic (db/db) mice: two sides of the same coin – Suriano et al. – Microbiome

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Shades of grey: host phenotype dependent effect of urbanization on the bacterial microbiome of a wild mammal – Stothart & Newman – Animal Microbiome

Untargeted fecal metabolome analysis in obese dogs after weight loss achieved by feeding a high-fiber-high-protein diet – Bermudez Sanches et al. – Metabolomics

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Holocene life and microbiome profiling in ancient tropical Lake Chalco, Mexico – Moguel et al. – Scientific Reports

Bioinformatics

ORFograph: search for novel insecticidal protein genes in genomic and metagenomic assembly graphs – Dvorkina et al. – Microbiome

Techniques

Measuring and mitigating PCR bias in microbiota datasets – Silverman et al. PLOS Computational Biology

July 6, 2021

Several great papers today including a very interesting Cell paper on how Bifidobacterium interacts with the immune system and an mBio article on how different types of dietary fibre shape the gut microbiota.

To our Australian readers I’d like to wish a happy NAIDOC week, which is a time to celebrate the history, culture and achievements of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.

General microbiome

Microbiota regulate social behaviour via stress response neurons in the brain – Wu et al. Nature. 

Defining the resilience of the human salivary microbiota by a 520-day longitudinal study in a confined environment: the Mars500 mission – Bacci et al. Microbiome

A MicroRNA Gene Panel Predicts the Vaginal Microbiota Composition. Cheng et al. mSystems

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiota mediate the FGF21 adaptive stress response to chronic dietary protein-restriction in mice – Martin et al. Nature Communications. 

Gut microbes impact stroke severity via the trimethylamine N-oxide pathway – Zhu et al. Cell Host & Microbe

Dietary Fiber Hierarchical Specificity: the Missing Link for Predictable and Strong Shifts in Gut Bacterial Communities – Centu-Jungles et al. mBio

Pregnancy and Early-Life

Bifidobacteria-mediated immune system imprinting early in life – Henrick et al. Cell

Animal microbiome

Temporal patterns in Ixodes ricinus microbial communities: an insight into tick-borne microbe interactions – Lejal et al. Microbiome

Water Microbiome

Microbiome diversity and host immune functions influence survivorship of sponge holobionts under future ocean conditions – Posadas et al. ISME

Soil microbiome

A Community Effort: Combining Functional Amplicon Sequencing and Metagenomics Reveals Potential Biosynthetic Gene Clusters Associated with Protective Phenotypes in Rhizosphere Microbiomes – Winter. mSystems.

Bioinformatics

METAnnotatorX2: a Comprehensive Tool for Deep and Shallow Metagenomic Data Set Analyses – Milani et al. mSystems

July 2nd, 2021

Hyvää Päivää from Helsinki, Finland ! Today’s digest contains a selection of interesting gut microbiome papers and preprints. In particular, Beller et al. looked at the succession of microbial communities in the infant gut from birth to 1 year of age. This digest also contains some very interesting works on environmental microbiome, as an example, Wasmund et al. investigated bacterial taxa able to degrade extracellular DNA in marine sediments.

For those interesting in bioinformatic tools and methods, this digest also contains the description of novel data ressources and tools. In particular, Pellow et al. present a new tool, SCAPP, allowing for a better assembly of plasmids from metagenomes.

Finally, today’s non-microbiology pick is a paper looking critically at the open source citation advantage effect (the hypothesis that articles made available open access may benefit from an increased number of citation) by conducting a meta-analysis of previous studies.

Have a great Weekend!


Multi-site human microbiome

Review: The human microbiome and COVID-19: A systematic review – Yamamoto et al. – Plos One

Human gut microbiome

The gut microbiome and type 2 diabetes status in the Multiethnic Cohort – Maskarinec et al. – Plos One

Preprint: Niche partitioning facilitates coexistence of closely related gut bacteria – Brochet et al. – BiorXiV

Preprint: Successional Stages in Infant Gut Microbiota Maturation – Beller et al. – BiorXiV

Fetal meconium does not have a detectable microbiota before birth – Kennedy et al. – Nature Microbiology


Animal experiments

Developmental intestinal microbiome alterations in canine fading puppy syndrome: a prospective observational study – Tal et al. – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Gut microbiome alterations in high-fat-diet-fed mice are associated with antibiotic tolerance – Liu et al. – Nature Microbiology

Animal microbiome

Preprint: Enteric viruses nucleic acids distribution along the digestive tract of rhesus macaques with idiopathic chronic diarrhea – Delwart et al. – BiorXiV

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Microbiomes of commercially-available pine nuts and sesame seeds – Fay et al. – Plos One

Spatial patterns in phage-Rhizobium coevolutionary interactions across regions of common bean domestication – Van Cauwenberghe et al. – ISME Journal

Water and extremophile microbiome

Genomic insights into diverse bacterial taxa that degrade extracellular DNA in marine sediments – Wasmund et al. – Nature Microbiology


Phages and viruses

Preprint: High viral abundance and low diversity are associated with increased CRISPR-Cas prevalence across microbial ecosystems – Meaden et al. – BioRxiV

Metagenomic compendium of 189,680 DNA viruses from the human gut microbiome – Nayfach et al. – Nature Microbiology

Bioinformatics

SCAPP: an algorithm for improved plasmid assembly in metagenomes – Pellow et al. – Microbiome

A standardized archaeal taxonomy for the Genome Taxonomy Database – Rinke et al. – Nature Microbiology


My non-microbiology picks

Is the open access citation advantage real? A systematic review of the citation of open access and subscription-based articles – Langham-Putrow et al. – Plos One

June 25, 2021

This week, the microbial sciences community worldwide (virtually) united at the World Microbe Forum – meeting highlights you can find here #WorldMicrobeForum.

Today’s digest features studies on group B Streptococcus pathogenesis, dental microbiota and aGVHD Risk, a book about writing and publishing papers, and more. Also, check out a collection of FREE, ONLINE microbiome events. Happy Friday!


Read about the experiences of 338 early career researchers from 36 countries with their mentors in Mentorship in life sciences: voices of mentees by A. Murat Eren (Meren)!


General microbiome

Behind the paper: Describing and naming bacteria in the 21st century – Thomas Hitch – Nature blog

Hierarchical control of microbial community assembly – Sammy Pontrelli – bioRxiv

Resistome

*L-form switching confers antibiotic, phage and stress tolerance in pathogenic Escherichia coli – Aleksandra Petrovic Fabijan – bioRxiv

Gut microbiome

A newly identified protein from Akkermansia muciniphila stimulates GLP-1 secretion – Patrice D. Cani and Claude Knauf – Cell Metabolism

Enrichment of gut microbiome strains for cultivation-free genome sequencing using droplet microfluidics – Anna Pryszlak – arXiv

Dispersal strategies shape persistence and evolution of human gut bacteria – Falk Hildebrand – Cell Host & Microbe

Urinary microbiome

Review: Urinary Microbiome: Yin and Yang of the Urinary Tract – Virginia Perez-Carrasco – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Vaginal microbiome

Cysteine dependence in Lactobacillus iners constitutes a novel therapeutic target to modify the vaginal microbiota – Seth M. Bloom – bioRxiv

*A type VII secretion system in Group B Streptococcus mediates cytotoxicity and virulence – Brady L Spencer – bioRxiv

Life History Recorded in the Vagino-cervical Microbiome Along with Multi-omics – Zhuye Jie – Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Predictive functional analysis reveals inferred features unique to cervicovaginal microbiota of African women with bacterial vaginosis and high-risk human papillomavirus infection – Harris Onywera – PlosOne

Effect of metronidazole on vaginal microbiota associated with asymptomatic bacterial vaginosis – Daniel Ruiz-Perez – Access Microbiology

Oral microbiome

*Dental Biofilm Microbiota Dysbiosis Is Associated With the Risk of Acute Graft-Versus-Host Disease After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation – Vitor Heidrich – Frontiers in Immunology

Fusobacterium nucleatum metabolically integrates commensals and pathogens in oral biofilms – Akito Sakanaka – bioRxiv

Animal microbiome

*Microbiomes attached to fresh perennial ryegrass are temporally resilient and adapt to changing ecological niches – Sharon A. Huws – Microbiome

Animal experiments

A standardized gnotobiotic mouse model harboring a minimal 15-member mouse gut microbiota recapitulates SOPF/SPF phenotypes – Marion Darnaud – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

GUNC: detection of chimerism and contamination in prokaryotic genomes – Askarbek Orakov – BMC Genome Biology

metaMIC: reference-free Misassembly Identification and Correction of de novo metagenomic assemblies – Senying Lai – bioRxiv

Open challenges for microbial network construction and analysis – Karoline Faust – The ISME Journal 2021

STRipy: a graphical application for enhanced genotyping of pathogenic short tandem repeats in sequencing data – Andreas Halman – bioRxiv

Adapting macroecology to microbiology: using occupancy modelling to assess functional profiles across metagenomes – Angus S Hilts – bioRxiv


Webinars &c

Microbiome Virtual International Conference #MVIF – September 14

The International Conference on Group B Strep (ICGBS) – July 20-22

World Enterococcus Day – July 15 – Registration here

BiATA2021 Bioinformatics: from Algorithms to Applications – July 12–15 


LSfM Lecture Series & Workshops : “The Dark Side of Science: Misconduct in Biomedical Research” Dr. Elisabeth Bik – more info here – June 30

EMBARK Webinars – Kimberly Kline “Pathogenesis and persistence during Enterococcus faecalis biofilm-associated infection” and Sofia Forslund “High-throughput measurement of host and microbiota” – EMBARK project – June 30


Writing

Writing and Publishing Scientific Papers: A Primer for the Non-English Speaker – Gábor Lövei – OpenBook Publishers


Art

From Scientist to SciArtist – Eliza Wolfson


June 23, 2021

Happy Wednesday!

Today’s digest includes a review on the microbial transformations of human bile acids as well as research articles focused on extremophiles including Arthrobacter, Acidithiobacillus, and Atribacteria. Also included are a wide variety of preprints on topics such as CRISPR-Cas, the vaginal microbiome, immunocompetence in pigs, the evaluation of RNAlater for preserving field samples for metaproteomics, and more!

Happy reading!

General microbiome

Preprint: CRISPR-Cas systems are widespread accessory elements across bacterial and archaeal plasmids – Pinilla-Redondo et al. – bioRxiv

Human respiratory microbiome

Indoor bacterial, fungal and viral species and functional genes in urban and rural schools in Shanxi Province, China–association with asthma, rhinitis and rhinoconjunctivitis in high school students – Fu et al. – Microbiome

Human vaginal microbiome

Preprint: Insight into the ecology of vaginal bacteria through integrative analyses of metagenomic and metatranscriptomic data – France et al. – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

Review: Microbial transformations of human bile acids – Guzior & Quinn – Microbiome

Preprint: Targeted high-resolution taxonomic identification of Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis using human milk oligosaccharide metabolizing genes – Tso et al. – bioRxiv

An integrated gene catalog and over 10,000 metagenome-assembled genomes from the gastrointestinal microbiome of ruminants – Xie et al. – Microbiome

Animal experiments

Preprint: Leveraging host-genetics and gut microbiota to determine immunocompetence in pigs – Ramayo-Caldas et al. – bioRxiv

Joint contributions of the gut microbiota and host genetics to feed efficiency in chickens – Wen et al. – Microbiome

Animal microbiome

Holobiont nitrogen control and its potential for eutrophication resistance in an obligate photosymbiotic jellyfish – Röthig et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Microbial metabolism and adaptations in Atribacteria-dominated methane hydrate sediments – Glass et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Seed microbiota revealed by a large-scale meta-analysis including 50 plant species – Simonin et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: The activity and functions of subarctic soil microbial communities vary across vegetation types – Viitamäki et al. – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: Revealing the full biosphere structure and versatile metabolic functions in the deepest ocean sediment of the Challenger Deep – Chen et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Mechanistic insights into the success of xenobiotic degraders resolved from metagenomes of microbial enrichment cultures – Li et al. – bioRxiv

Low shifts in salinity determined assembly processes and network stability of microeukaryotic plankton communities in a subtropical urban reservoir – Mo et al. – Microbiome

Linking genomic and physiological characteristics of psychrophilic Arthrobacter to metagenomic data to explain global environmental distribution – Shen et al. – Microbiome

Genomic adaptations enabling Acidithiobacillus distribution across wide-ranging hot spring temperatures and pHs – Sriaporn et al. – Microbiome

Built environment

Preprint: Metagenome-based comparisons of decay rates and host-specificity of fecal microbial communities for improved microbial source tracking – Suttner et al. – bioRxiv

Phages and viruses

Preprint: Expanding clinical phage microbiology: Simulating phage inhalation for respiratory tract infections – Porat et al. – bioRxiv

Techniques

Ultra-accurate microbial amplicon sequencing with synthetic long reads – Callahan et al. – Microbiome

Preprint: Evaluation of RNAlater as a field-compatible preservation method for metaproteomic analyses of bacteria-animal symbioses – Jensen et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Predicting microbiome compositions through deep learning – Michel-Mata et al. – bioRxiv

June 8, 2021

Human gut microbiome

Long-term dietary patterns are associated with pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory features of the gut microbiome – Bolte et al. Gut

Ginseng polysaccharides alter the gut microbiota and kynurenine/tryptophan ratio, potentiating the antitumour effect of antiprogrammed cell death 1/programmed cell death ligand 1 (anti-PD-1/PD-L1) immunotherapy – Huang et al. Gut

Human skin microbiome

Diurnal variation in the human skin microbiome affects accuracy of forensic microbiome matching – Wilkins et al. Microbiome.

Animal microbiome

Host Species and Geography Differentiate Honeybee Gut Bacterial Communities by Changing the Relative Contribution of Community Assembly Processes – Ge et al. mBio

Animal experiments

Dysbiosis exacerbates colitis by promoting ubiquitination and accumulation of the innate immune adaptor STING in myeloid cells – Shmuel-Galia et al. Immunity

Water Microbiome

Low shifts in salinity determined assembly processes and network stability of microeukaryotic plankton communities in a subtropical urban reservoir – Mo et al. Microbiome

Phages and viruses

A catalog of tens of thousands of viruses from human metagenomes reveals hidden associations with chronic diseases – Tisza and Buck. PNAS. 

Bioinformatics

A Critique of Differential Abundance Analysis, and Advocacy for an Alternative – Quinn et al. arXiv preprint. 

June 6th, 2021

Hyvää Päivää from Helsinki, Finland ! Today’s digest contains a variety of interesting papers,in particular for people interested in viromes. The digest contains a really interesting preprint on the diversity of four new Antarctic sea ice bacteriophages, demonstrating their uniqueness and novelty compared to previoulsy characterized phages.

For people interested in bacterial microbiome, this digest contains a lot of very interesting pieces, in particular a very interesting review on the hopes and current limitation of Fecal Microbial Transplants in clinical settings.

Finally, today’s non-microbiology pick is a piece exploring the social impacts of naming diseases using strong-held but flawed names like German measles,

Have a great Weekend!


Human gut microbiome

Impact of the Gut Microbiota Balance on the Health–DiseaseRelationship: The Importance of Consuming Probioticsand Prebiotics – Olvera-Rosales et al. – Foods

Review: Fecal microbiota transplantationin human metabolic diseases:From a murky past to a bright future? – Hanssen et al. – Cell


Animal experiments

Short- and long-term effects of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid or doxycycline on the gastrointestinal microbiome of growing cats – Stavroulaki et al. – BioRxiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Deep-rooted plant species recruit distinct bacterial communities in 3 m deep subsoil – Bak et al. – BioRxiV

Preprint: Single seed microbiota: assembly and transmission from parent plant to seedling Chesneau et al. – BioRxiV

Built environment

Reconstruction of metagenome-assembled genomes from aquaria – Ettinger et al. – BiorXiV


Phages and viruses

Viruses roam the wheat phyllosphere – Forero-Junco et al. – BioRxiV

Characteristics of genetically diverse Antarctic sea ice bacteriophages allow adaptation to changing environmental conditions – Demina et al. – BioRxiv

Bioinformatics

Preprint: PGfinder, a novel analysis pipeline for the consistent, reproducible and high-resolution structural analysis of bacterial peptidoglycans – Patel et al. – BioRxiV

Perspective: Computational Viromics: Applications of the Computational Biology in Viromics Studies – Lu and Peng – Virologica Sinica

Preprint: Detecting the hosts of bacteriophages using GCN-Based semi-supervised learning – Shang and Sun – ArxiV


My non-microbiology picks

Preprint: Naming of human diseases on the wrong side of history – Hu – BioRxiV