May 25, 2017

A review on the “vine and wine” microbiomes, a fungus that can infect and kill mosquitos through interaction with the gut microbiota, an introduction to the viruses of coral reefs.

General microbiome

The Role of Microbiota and Immunobiotics in Granulopoiesis of Immunocompromised Hosts – Susana Salva – Frontiers in Immunology

Successive range expansion promotes diversity and accelerates evolution in spatially structured microbial populations – Felix Goldschmidt – The ISME Journal

Human gut microbiome

TGF-β in inflammatory bowel disease: a key regulator of immune cells, epithelium, and the intestinal microbiota – Sozaburo Ihara – Journal of Gastroenterology

Review: Towards an Integrative Understanding of Diet–Host–Gut Microbiome Interactions – Mark N Read – Frontiers in Immunology

Review: Genes, emotions and gut microbiota: The next frontier for the gastroenterologist – Arturo Panduro – World Journal of Gastroenterology

Animal experiments

Modulation of the gut microbiota impacts non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a potential role for bile acids – Aafke WF Janssen – Journal of Lipid Research

Antimicrobial peptides extend lifespan in Drosophila – Gerrit Loch – PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Bacterial diversity of cosmopolitan Culex pipiens and invasive Aedes japonicus from Germany – Sina Zotzmann – Parasitology Research

Comparison of Microbiomes between Red Poultry Mite Populations (Dermanyssus gallinae): Predominance of Bartonella-like Bacteria – Jan Hubert – Microbial Ecology

* Insect pathogenic fungus interacts with the gut microbiota to accelerate mosquito mortality – Ge Wei – PNAS

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Leaf bacterial diversity mediates plant diversity and ecosystem function relationships – Isabelle Laforest-Lapointe – Nature

Alpine soil carbon is vulnerable to rapid microbial decomposition under climate cooling – Linwei Wu – The ISME Journal

Review: From Vineyard Soil to Wine Fermentation: Microbiome Approximations to Explain the “terroir” Concept – Ignacio Belda – Frontiers in Microbiology

Phages and viruses

Differentiation and Structure in Sulfolobus islandicus Rod-Shaped Virus Populations – Maria A Bautista – Viruses

Review: Virus–host interactions and their roles in coral reef health and disease – Rebecca Vega Thurber – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Metabolomics

Inter-individual Recovery of the Microbiota and Metabolome Over Time Following Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Patients with Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection – Anna M Seekatz – bioRxiv

Metabolic profiling by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of energy metabolism in high-fat diet-fed obese mice – Daxesh P Patel – PLOS ONE

Review: Livestock metabolomics and the livestock metabolome: A systematic review – Seyed Ali Goldansaz – PLOS ONE

Techniques

Review: A diverse community to study communities: integration of experiments and mathematical models to study microbial consortia – Antonella Succurro – Journal of Bacteriology

More microbes

Decoding and reprogramming fungal iterative nonribosomal peptide synthetases – Dayu Yu – Nature Communications

Microbes in the news

Companies Pursue Diagnostics that Mine the Microbiome – Andrea Anderson – The Scientist

The fungal microbiome contributes to alcohol-induced liver damage in mice – EurekAlert

May 24, 2017

Human Microbiome

Non-pylori Helicobacters (NHPHs) induce shifts in gastric microbiota in Helicobacter pylori-infected patients – Peng et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Association between body mass index and Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio in an adult Ukrainian population – Koliada et al. – BMC Microbiology

The effect of heritability and host genetics on the gut microbiota and metabolic syndrome – Young Lim et al. – Gut (BMJ)

Fungal microbiota dysbiosis in IBD – Sokol et al. – Gut (BMJ)

A tale of two risks: smoking, diabetes and the subgingival microbiome – Ganesan et al. – The ISME Journal

Animal Microbiome

The Structural and Functional Capacity of Ruminal and Cecal Microbiota in Growing Cattle Was Unaffected by Dietary Supplementation of Linseed Oil and Nitrate  – Popova et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Probiotics – Prebiotics

Gut Bacteria Missing in Severe Acute Malnutrition, Can We Identify Potential Probiotics by Culturomics? – Tidjani Alou et al – Frontiers in Microbiology

Detection and Physicochemical Characterization of Membrane Vesicles (MVs) of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 –  Grande et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Resistant Starch Regulates Gut Microbiota: Structure, Biochemistry and Cell Signalling – Yang et al. – Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry

Food Microbiology

A Functional Metagenomic Analysis of Tetracycline Resistance in Cheese Bacteria – Flórez et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Extensive Horizontal Gene Transfer in Cheese-Associated Bacteria – Bonham et al. – BioRxiv

Food Safety in the Age of Next Generation Sequencing, Bioinformatics, and Open Data Access – Taboada et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

In vitro assessment of Pediococcus acidilactici Kp10 for its potential use in the food industry – Abbasiliasi et al. – BMC Microbiology

Pathogen Research

In-depth Profiling of MvfR-Regulated Small Molecules in Pseudomonas aeruginosa after Quorum Sensing Inhibitor Treatment – Allegretta et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Metabolic anticipation in Mycobacterium tuberculosis – Eoh et al. – Nature Microbiology

Predicting Drug Resistance Evolution: Antimicrobial Peptides Vs. Antibiotics – Yi et al. – BioRxiv

Environmental Microbiology

Undocumented Potential For Primary Productivity In A Globally-Distributed Bacterial Photoautotroph – Graham et al. – BioRxiv

Epibionts dominate metabolic functional potential of Trichodesmium colonies from the oligotrophic ocean – Frischkorn et al. – The ISME Journal

Bioinformatics

BSocial: Deciphering Social Behaviors within Mixed Microbial Populations – Purswani et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

A Phylogenetic Method To Perform Genome-Wide Association Studies In Microbes That Accounts For Population Structure And Recombination – Collins and Didelot – BioRxiv

Association Mapping From Sequencing Reads Using K-mers – Rahman et al. – BioRxiv

MATAM: Reconstruction Of Phylogenetic Marker Genes From Short Sequencing Reads In Metagenomes – Pericard et al. – BioRxiv

Other

Perspective: Our path to better science in less time using open data science tools – Stewart Lowndes et al. – Nature Ecology & Evolution

Teaching genetics prior to teaching evolution improves evolution understanding but not acceptance –  Mead et al. – PLoS Biology

Review: Adaptations of archaeal and bacterial membranes to variations in temperature, pH and pressure – Siliakus et al. – Extremophiles

May 19, 2017

Microbiome research

Exploring a possible link between the intestinal microbiota and feed efficiency in pigs

Ursula M. McCormack et al., Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Modulation of the Gut Microbiota by Krill Oil in Mice Fed a High-Sugar High-Fat Diet

Chenyang Lu et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Opinion: Gut microbiome as a clinical tool in gastrointestinal disease management: are we there yet?

Eamonn M. M. Quigley, Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology (Online since March 30, 2017; however this has not been pointed out here before)

 

Pathogen microbiology

Mini review: The Role of Ribonucleases and sRNAs in the Virulence of Foodborne Pathogens

Rute G. Matos et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Pathogenic Characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus Endovascular Infection Isolates from Different Clonal Complexes

Dafne Pérez-Montarelo et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Pseudomonas aeruginosa Exolysin promotes bacterial growth in lungs, alveolar damage and bacterial dissemination

Stéphanie Bouillot et al., Scientific Reports (Nature)

Intrinsic Toxin-Derived Peptides Destabilize and Inactivate Clostridium difficile TcdB

Jason L. Larabee et al., mBio

 

Probiotics – Prebiotics

Vaginal Lactobacillus Inhibits HIV-1 Replication in Human Tissues Ex Vivo

Rogers A. Ñahui Palomino et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Assessing the Risk of Probiotic Dietary Supplements in the Context of Antibiotic Resistance

Min Zheng et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Lactic Acid Bacteria and Bifidobacteria with Potential to Design Natural Biofunctional Health-Promoting Dairy Foods

Daniel M. Linares et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

In silico Prediction, in vitro Antibacterial Spectrum, and Physicochemical Properties of a Putative Bacteriocin Produced by Lactobacillus rhamnosus Strain L156.4

Letícia de C. Oliveira et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Health benefit of vegetable/fruit juice-based diet: Role of microbiome

Susanne M. Henning et al., Scientific Reports (Nature)

Characterization of bile salt hydrolase from Lactobacillus gasseri FR4 and demonstration of its substrate specificity and inhibitory mechanism using molecular docking analysis

Rizwana Parveen Rani et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Lactobacillus johnsonii ameliorates intestinal, extra-intestinal and systemic pro-inflammatory immune responses following murine Campylobacter jejuni infection

Stefan Bereswill et al., Scientific Reports (Nature)

News and Views: Paediatrics: Are human milk oligosaccharides the magic bullet for necrotizing enterocolitis?

Michael S. Caplan, Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Assessing the Challenges in the Application of Potential Probiotic Lactic Acid Bacteria in the Large-Scale Fermentation of Spanish-Style Table Olives

Francisco Rodríguez-Gómez et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

 

Antimicrobials

A broad-spectrum bactericidal lipopeptide with anti-biofilm properties

Ohad Meir et al., Scientific Reports (Nature)

The anticancer peptide TAT-RasGAP317-326 exerts broad antimicrobial activity

Mathieu Heulot et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

 

Genomics

Revealing genome-scale transcriptional regulatory landscape of OmpR highlights its expanded regulatory roles under osmotic stress in Escherichia coli K-12 MG1655

Sang Woo Seo et al., Scientific Reports (Nature)

High-Definition Electronic Genome Maps From Single Molecule Data

John S. Oliver et al., BioRxiv

Local genes for local bacteria: evidence of allopatry in the genomes of transatlantic Campylobacter populations

Ben Pascoe et al., PeerJ (not peer reviewed)

Feature: Mining microbes: Creating genomic tools to fight disease

Amber Dance, Science

 

Microbiology – Other

Variation in soil microbial community structure associated with different legume species is greater than that associated with different grass species

Yang Zhou et al.,  Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbial Community Dynamics in Soil Depth Profiles Over 120,000 Years of Ecosystem Development

Stephanie Turner et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Autotrophic and heterotrophic acquisition of carbon and nitrogen by a mixotrophic chrysophyte established through stable isotope analysis

Ramon Terrado et al., The ISME Journal

Hypothesis & Theory: The hyperarid core of the Atacama Desert, an extremely dry and carbon deprived habitat of potential interest for the field of carbon science

Armando Azua-Bustos et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

 

non-Microbiology picks

Divergent prebiotic synthesis of pyrimidine and 8-oxo-purine ribonucleotides

Shaun Stairs et al., Nature Communications

Virus origin could relate to the act of prey among primitive life forms

Eslam Abbas, PeerJ (not peer reviewed)

Beyond the protein-only hypothesis: A novel mineral-lipid hypothesis in prion and protein-misfolding disease

Kavitha Reddy, PeerJ (not peer reviewed)

Feature: Introducing ORCID

John Bohannon and Kirk Doran, Science

 

May 17, 2017

Today’s digest includes a few studies of the interactions between microbes (and synergy in metabolism and other processes), a filling of human gut microbiology, and interesting insights into probiotics both in animals and humans.  Also, check out my post later in the day reviewing microbiome related talks at BioData World West 2017 (late April)

Events and jobs

Scientist – Microbiomics – ZymoResearch

PhD in microbiology – Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL)

Microbiology Laboratory Technologist – Yukon Hospital Corporation – Whitehorse, YT

General microbiome

Underlying mechanisms for syntrophic metabolism of essential enzyme cofactors in microbial communities – Margaret F Romine – The ISME Journal

Identification of the potentiating mutations and synergistic epistasis that enabled the evolution of inter-species cooperation – Sarah M. Douglas – PLOS ONE

Pregnancy and early life

PrePrint – Gut dysbiosis following C-section instigates higher colonisation of toxigenic Clostridium perfringens in infants – Nagpal R – Benef Microbes

The influence of dietary immunomodulatory factors on development of food allergy in children – Sardecka I – Postepy Dermatol Alergol.

 

Human oral microbiome

The microbiome of site-specific dental plaque of children with different caries status – Richards VP – Infection and Immunity

Human gut microbiome

Healthy gut microbiota can resolve undernutrition – Emmanuel Hermann – HBSN

The Gut Microbiota and Autism Spectrum Disorders – Qinrui Li – Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience

The ecological community of commensal, symbiotic, and pathogenic gastrointestinal microorganisms – an appraisal – Haque SZ – Dovepress

Comparative Effectiveness of Faecal Microbiota Transplant by Route of Administration – Nathan D. Gundacker – The Journal of Hospital Infection

Fecal microbiota transplantation in recurrent Clostridium difficile infection in a patient with concomitant inflammatory bowel disease – Gravito-Soares M – Rev Esp Enferm Dig

Alterations in intestinal microbiota relate to intestinal failure-associated liver disease and central line infections – Panliang Wang – Journal of Pediatric Surgery

* The Gastric Microbiome and Its Influence on Gastric Carcinogenesis: Current Knowledge and Ongoing Research – Chao Zhang – Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America

Insights into the role of the intestinal microbiota in colon cancer – Oke S – Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology

Gut microbiota changes as a risk factor for obesity – Kvit KB – Wiad Lek.

Animal experiments 

Drosophila melanogaster as a High-Throughput Model for Host–Microbiota Interactions – Mark Trinder – Frontiers in Microbiology

Dietary Chitosan Supplementation Increases Microbial Diversity and Attenuates the Severity of Citrobacter rodentium Infection in Mice – Guiping Guan – Mediators of Inflammation

Changes in the intestinal bacterial community, short-chain fatty acid profile, and intestinal development of preweaned Holstein calves. 2. Effects of gastrointestinal site and age – J.J. Castro – Journal of Dairy Science

The microbiome regulates amygdala-dependent fear recall – Hoban AE – Molecular Psychiatry

Animal microbiome

The malleable gut microbiome of juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): Diet-dependent shifts of bacterial community structures – Stéphanie Céline Michl – PLOS ONE

The influence of a probiotic supplementation on memory in quail suggests a role of gut microbiota on cognitive abilities in birds – Severine Parois – Behavioural Brain Research

Gut microbial communities of American pikas (Ochotona princeps): evidence for phylosymbiosis and adaptations to novel diets – Kevin D. Kohl – Journal of Animal Ecology

This Gut Ain’t Big Enough for Both of Us. Or Is It? Helminth-Microbiota Interactions in Veterinary Species – Peachey LE – Trends in Parasitology

Convergence of gut microbiotas in the adaptive radiations of African cichlid fishes – Baldo L – ISME

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Divergent extremes but convergent recovery of bacterial and archaeal soil communities to an ongoing subterranean coal mine fire – Sang-Hoon Lee – The ISME Journal

Prokaryotic Communities at Different Depths between Soils with and without Tomato Bacterial Wilt but Pathogen-Present in a Single Greenhouse – Chol Gyu Lee – Microbes and Environments

Water and extremophile microbiome

Annual community patterns are driven by seasonal switching between closely related marine bacteria – Christopher S Ward – The ISME Journal

A bacterial community-based index to assess the ecological status of estuarine and coastal environments – Eva Aylagas – Marine Pollution Bulletin

The impact of wastewater treatment effluent on microbial biomasses and diversities in coastal sediment microcosms of Hangzhou Bay – Yile Tao – Marine Pollution Bulletin

The impact of long-term hydrocarbon exposure on the structure, activity, and biogeochemical functioning of microbial mats – Johanne Aubé – Marine Pollution Bulletin

Changes in microbial community during hydrogen and methane production in two-stage thermophilic anaerobic co-digestion process from biowaste – S. Zahedi – Waste Management

Comparative analysis of microbial diversity in two hot springs of Bakreshwar, West Bengal, India – Chaudhuri B – Genomics Data

Built environment (subways, indoor surfaces)

Characterizing bacterial communities in paper production-troublemakers revealed – Zumsteg A – MicrobiologyOpen

 

Probiotics / prebiotics

Dairy Propionibacteria: Versatile Probiotics – Rabah H – Microorganisms

Contribution of anthocyanin-rich foods in obesity control through gut microbiota interactions – Jamar G – BioFactors

Positive Effect of Probiotics on Constipation in Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Six Randomized Controlled Trials – Huang R – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Mechanisms of Action of Probiotics and the Gastrointestinal Microbiota on Gut Motility and Constipation – Dimidi E – Advances in Nutrition

Bioinformatics

PrePrint – MetaMeta: Integrating Metagenome Analysis Tools To Improve Taxonomic Profiling – Vitor C. Piro – bioRxiv

Using null models to infer microbial co-occurrence networks – Nora Connor – PLOS ONE

Techniques

Characterization of microbial mixtures by mass spectrometry – Sandrin TR – Mass Spectrometry Reviews

Microbes in the news 

Cork scientists link gut bacteria to anxiety disorders

New tick bacteria in Australia being investigated as possible cause of Lyme disease-type illness

Optical nanofiber ‘hears’ bacteria swim, cancer cells move

Microbes on the market 

BiomX raises $24 million to boost bacteria based drugs

 

Ed’s non-microbiology picks

Breakthrough in delirium research ‘solves 2,500-year-old mystery’

Novel tissue-engineered islet transplant achieves insulin independence in type 1 diabetes – Bioengineering of an Intraabdominal Endocrine Pancreas -David A. Baidal – New England Journal of Medicine

High levels of exercise linked to nine years of less aging (at the cellular level)

Migratory birds bumped off schedule as climate change shifts spring

PrePrint – Using Social Network Analysis to Better Understand Compulsive Exercise Behavior among a Sample of Sorority Members –  Megan S. Patterson – Human Kinetics

Edible insects could play key role in cutting harmful emissions – EurkAlert!

May 15, 2017

General microbiome

Plastics in the North Atlantic garbage patch: A boat-microbe for hitchhikers and plastic degraders – D Didier – Science of the Total Environment

Biodegradation and metabolic fate of levofloxacin via a freshwater green alga, Scenedesmus obliquus in synthetic saline wastewater – JQ Xiong – Algal Research

Ionic liquid-based reagents improve the stability of midterm fecal sample storage – L Hao – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Aerobic vaginitis: no longer a stranger – GGG Donders – Research in Microbiology –

The antibiotic resistome: gene flow in environments, animals and human beings – Y Hu – Frontiers of Medicine

 

Human respiratory microbiome

Neutrophil Extracellular Traps are associated with disease severity and microbiota diversity in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease – AJ Dicker – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Airway Microbial Diversity is Inversely Associated with Mite-Sensitized Rhinitis and Asthma in Early Childhood – CY Chiu – Scientific Reports

Determination of nasal and oropharyngeal microbiomes in a multicenter population-based study – findings from Pretest 1 of the German National Cohort – MK Akmatov – Scientific Reports

Compositionally and functionally distinct sinus microbiota in chronic rhinosinusitis patients have immunological and clinically divergent consequences – EK Cope – Microbiome

 

Animal microbiome

Response of turkeys fed wheat-barley-rye based diets to xylanase supplementation – G González Ortis – Animal Feed Science and Technology

Bifidobacterium CECT 7765 modulates early stress-induced immune, neuroendocrine and behavioral alterations in mice – A Moya Pérez – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

 

Water and extremophile

UV-Resistant Actinobacteria from High-Altitude Andean Lakes: Isolation, Characterization and Antagonistic Activities – MC Rasuk – Photochemistry and Photobiology

 

Techniques

A Tunable Protein Oscillator Controls Directional Movements In Myxococcus xanthus – M Guzzo – bioRxiv

Uncovering The Drivers Of Animal-Host Microbiotas With Joint Distribution Modeling – JR Bjork – bioRxiv

 

Microbes in news

Hospital superbugs – The Hans India

Market pressures and inadequate production are hampering access to essential antibiotics – EurekAlert

Learning the rules of antibiotics to make old drugs work on new bugs –  D Gitig – ARS Technica

Does Cooking Kill Probiotics? – KDA Traegner – Care2

Research team hopes to reduce size of tsunami using bacteria – The Mainichi

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria predate dinosaurs study reports – J Scalise – Science Recorder

Vexed childhood likely to cause irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) – NewsGram

Study suggests link between imbalanced gut microbiome and systemic sclerosis – UCLA Health

Microbiome leader Professor Borody joins researchers at the China Microbiota Transplantation Conference – MENAFN

How doctors could use viruses to kill drug-resistant bacteria – CTV News

Microbiologists find bugs, bacteria – and poo – lurking inside the UK’s cars – J Watkiss – Cambridge News

#Flint: As Mich. Gov. Snyder Signs $100,000,000 in Aid Into Law, Residents Warned Water Filters Harbor Bacteria – M Judge – The Root

Rutgers Researchers See Paper as a Defense Against Bacteria – J Murtha – Tap Into

Bacteria find clarified – S Silaitoga – The Fiji Times Online

The Filthiest, Most Bacteria Infested Places In Your Kitchen – Sky Valley Chronicle

May 13, 2017

Events and jobs

Microbiology/Molecular Biology/Wildlife Disease Technician: Wisconsin – USGS – National Wildlife Health Center

Sr. Associate, Quality Control Microbiology – Moderna

Staff Research Associate, Anaerobic Microbiology – UC Berkeley

General microbiome

Perspective: The Microbiome-Mitochondrion Connection: Common Ancestries, Common Mechanisms, Common Goals – Alfredo Franco-Obregón – mSystems

Human gut microbiome

Systemic sclerosis is associated with specific alterations in gastrointestinal microbiota in two independent cohorts – Elizabeth R Volkmann – BMJ Open Gastroenterology

Review: Microbiota: Clostridia protect from gut infections in early life – Irene Vacca – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Animal microbiome

The malleable gut microbiome of juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): Diet-dependent shifts of bacterial community structures – Stéphanie Céline Michl – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Bacterial root microbiome of plants growing in oil sands reclamation covers – Eduardo Kovalski Mitter – Frontiers in Microbiology

Effect of Trichoderma harzianum on maize rhizosphere microbiome and biocontrol of Fusarium Stalk rot – Kandasamy Saravanakumar – Scientific Reports

Water and extremophile microbiome

Characterisation of Arctic Bacterial Communities in the Air above Svalbard – Lewis Cuthbertson – Biology

Diversity of bacteria and archaea from two shallow marine hydrothermal vents from Vulcano Island – Garabed Antranikian – Extremophiles

Unique and highly variable bacterial communities inhabiting the surface microlayer of an oligotrophic lake – Mylène Hugoni – Aquatic Microbial Ecology

Distribution and activity of benthic bacteria in four lakes in the Bory Tucholskie National Park (Poland) – Łukasz Kubera – Aquatic Microbial Ecology

Role of EPS, Dispersant and Nutrients on the Microbial Response and MOS Formation in the Subarctic Northeast Atlantic – Laura Duran Suja – Frontiers in Microbiology

Food microbiology

Impact of a Microbial Cocktail Used as a Starter Culture on Cocoa Fermentation and Chocolate Flavor – Igor Magalhães da Veiga Moreir – Molecules

Techniques

Harnessing the power of digital droplet PCR to conduct real-world microbial competitions – Helen A. Murphy – Molecular Ecology Resources

Microbes in the news

Lung microbiome – Sally Robertson – News-Medical.Net

Resistant Starch from Potatoes Offers Benefits to Gut Microbiome? – Michael Crane – Nutritional Outlook

Visualizing the Microbiome through Handmade Embroidery – Clara Rodríguez Fernández – labiotech

Microbes on the market

‘Imagine being able to edit the microbiome’ – TechAccel talks animal nutrition targeted innovation – Aerin Einstein-Curtis – Feed Navigator

Science, publishing, and career

Weill Cornell Aims For ‘Precision Metagenomics’ With Quantitative Computing – Neil Versel – GenomeWeb

May 12, 2017

Highlighted articles today bring some interesting news about bacteria. in the first one study of Lebreton et al. shed light on the evolutionary history of pathogens, which evolved nearly indestructible properties and have become leading causes of modern antibiotic-resistant infections in hospitals. In the second highlighted article Schnettger et al. discover a natural mechanism by which our cells kill the bacterium responsible for tuberculosis (TB)  – without the use of antibiotics, meaning that even antibiotic-resistant
strains could be eliminated.

Events and jobs

Postdoctoral researcher – nitrogen-fixing bacteria and cereals

Postdoctoral Research Fellowship in Marine Phycology

General microbiome

Global Phylogenetic Analysis Of Escherichia coli And Plasmids Carrying The mcr-1 Gene Indicates Bacterial Diversity But Plasmid Restriction – Sebastien Matamoros – bioRxiv

Predictive compound accumulation rules yield a broad-spectrum antibiotic – Michelle F. Richter – Nature

Tracing the Enterococci from Paleozoic Origins to the Hospital – François Lebreton – Cell

The Threat of Antimicrobial Resistance on the Human Microbiome – Lauren Brinkac- Microbial Ecology

Evolutionary Biology Needs Wild Microbiomes – Sarah M. Hird – Frontiers in Microbiology

Pregnancy and early life

Association Between Breast Milk Bacterial Communities and Establishment and Development of the Infant Gut Microbiome – Pia S. Pannaraj – JAMA Pediatr

Oral microbiome

The Antibacterial Effect of Additional Photodynamic Therapy in Failed Endodontically Treated Teeth: A Pilot Study – Mohammad Asnaashari – Journal of Lasers in Medical Science

Microbiota Analysis of Biofilms on Experimental Abutments Mimicking Dental Implants: An in Vivo Model – Berta Cortés-Acha – Journal of Periodontology

Human vaginal microbiome

Comparison of the vaginal environment in rhesus and cynomolgus macaques pre- and post-lactobacillus colonization – Gregory J. Daggett Jr – Journal of Medical Primatology

Human nearly-sterile sites (blood, organs, brain)

Active Trachoma Cases In The Solomon Islands Have Varied Polymicrobial Community Structures But Do Not Associate With Individual Non-Chlamydial Pathogens Of The Eye – Robert Butcher – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

Gut Microbiome Function Predicts Response to Anti-integrin Biologic Therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases – Ashwin N. Ananthakrishnan – Cell Host & Microbiome

Current challenges in the treatment of severe Clostridium difficile infection: early treatment potential of fecal microbiota transplantation – Yvette H. van Beurden –
Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology

Review: Food additives, contaminants and other minor components: effects on human gut microbiota—a review – Paula Roca-Saavedra – Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry

Emulating Host-Microbiome Ecosystem of Human Gastrointestinal Tract in Vitro – Gun-Seok Park – Stem Cell Reviews and Reports

Animal experiments 

A Rab20-Dependent Membrane Trafficking Pathway Controls M. tuberculosis Replication by Regulating Phagosome Spaciousness and Integrity – Laura Schnettger – Cell host & Microbiome

Cooperating Commensals Restore Colonization Resistance to Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus faecium – Silvia Caballero – Cell Host & Microbe

Animal microbiome

Characterization of the juvenile green turtle (Chelonia mydas) microbiome throughout an ontogenetic shift from pelagic to neritic habitats – James T. Price – PLoS ONE

A Meta-Transcriptomics Survey Reveals Changes in the Microbiota of the Chinese Mitten Crab Eriocheir sinensis Infected with Hepatopancreatic Necrosis Disease – Huaishun Shen – Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Modifying And Reacting To The Environmental pH Drives Bacterial Interactions – Christoph Ratzke – bioRxiv

Differential responses of soil bacteria, fungi, archaea and protists to plant species richness and plant functional group identity – Sigrid Dassen – Molecular Ecology

Analysis of the bacterial strains using Biolog plates in the contaminated soil from Riyadh community – Fahad Abdullah M. Al-Dhabaan – Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences

Biosurfactant-producing microorganism Pseudomonas sp. SB assists the phytoremediation of DDT-contaminated soil by two grass species – Beibei Wang – Chemosphere

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Molecular Diversity of Sea Spray Aerosol Particles: Impact of Ocean Biology on Particle Composition and Hygroscopicity – Richard E. Cochran – Chem, Cell Press

The novel bacterial phylum Calditrichaeota is diverse, widespread and abundant in marine sediments and has the capacity to degrade detrital proteins – Ian P. G. Marshall – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Single-cell genomics reveals pyrrolysine-encoding potential in members of uncultivated archaeal candidate division MSBL1 – Yue Guan – Environmental Microbiology Reports

The Paradox Of Constant Oceanic Plastic Debris: Evidence For Evolved Microbial Biodegradation? – Ricard Sole – bioRxiv

Copper Pollution Increases the Resistance of Soil Archaeal Community to Changes in Water Regime – Jing LiYu-Rong Liu – Microbial Ecology

Spatiotemporal analysis of microbial community dynamics during seasonal stratification events in a freshwater lake (Grand Lake, OK, USA) – Jessica M. Morrison – PLoS ONE

Nitrotoga is selected over Nitrospira in newly assembled biofilm communities from a tap water source community at increased nitrite loading – Marta Kinnunen – Environmental Microbiology

Unveiling microbial interactions in stratified mat communities from a warm saline shallow pond – Aurélien Saghaï – Environmental Micorbiology

Probiotics / prebiotics

Genotypic and phenotypic diversity of Lactobacillus rhamnosus clinical isolates, their comparison with strain GG and their recognition by complement system – Eija Nissilä – PLoS ONE

Bioinformatics

A Bayesian taxonomic classification method for 16S rRNA gene sequences with improved species-level accuracy – Xiang Gao – BMC Bioinformatics

gCoda: Conditional Dependence Network Inference for Compositional Data – Huaying Fang – Journal of Computational Biology

Effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 and Bifidobacterium longum BB536 on the healthy gut microbiota composition at phyla and species level: A preliminary study – Marco Toscano – World Journal of Gastroenterology

Biotechnology

Review:Cyanobacterial metabolites as a source of sunscreens and moisturizers: a comparison with current synthetic compounds – Peyman Derikvand – European Journal of Phycology

Microbes in the news

Dramatic cooperation between two infectious bacteria revealed – Medicalxpress.com

Study finds bacteria in marine sponge produce toxic flame retardant-like compounds – Phys.org

Scientists Find Molecular ‘Key’ to Killing Hearty Bacteria – Extremetech.com

How our gut bacteria affect cancer risk and response to treatment – Theconversation.com

16S sequencing reveals differences between microbiomes in eyes, throat – Healio.com

Cosmetic Companies Now Develop Skin Care Products That Contain Live Bacteria To Treat Several Skin Problems – Sciencetimes.com