March 22, 2023

Human gut microbiome

NEMoE: a nutrition aware regularized mixture of experts model to identify heterogeneous diet-microbiome-host health interactions – Xu et al. – Microbiome

The gut microbiome in social anxiety disorder: evidence of altered composition and function – Butler et al. – Translational Psychiatry

Analysis of the fecal metagenome in long-term survivors of pancreas cancer – Kharofa et al. – Cancer

Multiomic signatures of body mass index identify heterogeneous health phenotypes and responses to a lifestyle intervention – Watanabe et al. – Nature Medicine

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

New insights into the impact of microbiome on horizontal and vertical transmission of a tick-borne pathogen – Du et al. – Microbiome

Periodontitis exacerbates atherosclerosis through Fusobacterium nucleatum-promoted hepatic glycolysis and lipogenesis – Zhou et al. – Cardiovascular Research

Gut microbiota in a mouse model of obesity and peripheral neuropathy associated with plasma and nerve lipidomics and nerve transcriptomics – Guo et al. – Microbiome

Characterization of Gut Microbiome Composition in Patients with Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Treated with Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy – Vernaci et al. – The Oncologist

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Environments and host genetics influence the geographic distribution of plant microbiome structure – Wei & Tan – bioRxiv

Gut feelings: associations of emotions and emotion regulation with the gut microbiome in women – Ke et al. – Psychological Medicine

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Core species and interactions prominent in fish-associated microbiome dynamics – Yamjima et al. – Microbiome

March 20, 2023

Human and General Microbiome

Bacteria require phase separation for fitness in the mammalian gut – Emilia Krypotou – Science

Is there a placental microbiota? A critical review and re-analysis of published placental microbiota datasets – Jonathan J Panzer – BMC Microbiology

Gut-microbiome-expressed 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase degrades estradiol and is linked to depression in premenopausal females – Di Li – Cell Metabolism

Metagenomic association analysis of cognitive impairment in community-dwelling older adults – Jincheng Li – Neurobiology of Disease

Fusobacterium nucleatum promotes esophageal cancer early occurrence through upregulation of IL-32/PRTN3 expression – Jing Lei – Cancer Science

Review: Postbiotics Implication in the Microbiota-Host Intestinal Epithelial Cells Mutualism – Harpreet Kaur – Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins

Review: Microbiota and growth among infants and children in low-income and middle-income settings – James M Njunge – Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care

Review: Cardiometabolic health, diet and the gut microbiome: a meta-omics perspective – Mireia Valles-Colomer – Nature Medicine

Review: Oral polymicrobial communities: Assembly, function, and impact on diseases – George Hajishengallis – Cell Host & Microbe

Review: Gut microbiota: a non-target victim of pesticide-induced toxicity – Tusha Sharma – Gut Microbes

Perspective: Human microbiome research: Growing pains and future promises – Jens Puschhof – PLoS Biology

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

Versatility of bacterial outer membrane vesicles in regulating intestinal homeostasis – Xinyue Wang – Science Advances

Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG cell-free supernatant as a novel anti-cancer adjuvant – Rossella Salemi – Journal of Translational Medicine

Environmental Microbiome

Community dynamics of microbial eukaryotes in intertidal mudflats in the hypertidal Bay of Fundy – Eke I Kalu – ISME Communications

Other Microbes

Biointerface mineralization generates ultraresistant gut microbes as oral biotherapeutics – Zhongmin Geng – Science Advances

Genomic diversity of non-diarrheagenic fecal Escherichia coli from children in sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia and their relatedness to diarrheagenic E. coli – Tracy H Hazen – Nature Communications

Microbiome Analysis: Tools and Techniques

Spatial profiling of microbial communities by sequential FISH with error-robust encoding – Zhaohui Cao – Nature Communications

sBGC-hm: An atlas of secondary metabolite biosynthetic gene clusters from the human gut microbiome – Huixi Zou – Bioinformatics

Protocol: Bioinformatic and Statistical Analysis of Microbiome Data – Youngchul Kim – Methods in Molecular Biology

Protocol: Multi-omics Data Deconvolution and Integration: New Methods, Insights, and Translational Implications – Xuefeng Wang – Methods in Molecular Biology

March 8, 2023

Pregnancy and early life

[PREPRINT]The influence of early life exposures on the infant gut virome – Zhang et al. – bioRxiv

[PREPRINT]Maternal diet and gut microbiome composition modulate early life immune responses – Grant et al. – bioRxiv

Human oral microbiome

Smoking-induced subgingival dysbiosis precedes clinical signs of periodontal disease – Tamashiro et al. – Scientific Reports

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiota and risk of five common cancers: A univariable and multivariable Mendelian randomization study – Wei et al. – Cancer Medicine

The role of the sex hormone-gut microbiome axis in tumor immunotherapy – Wang et al. – Gut Microbes

[REVIEW]The Influence of the Microbiome on Aggressive Behavior: an Insight into Age Related Aggression – Gulledge, Oyebode & Donaldson – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Gnotobiotic mice housing conditions critically influence the phenotype associated with transfer of faecal microbiota in a context of obesity – Daoust et al. – Gut

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

[REVIEW]The coral microbiome: Towards an understanding of the molecular mechanisms of coral-microbiota interactions – Mohamed et al. – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Comparison of the gut microbiome and resistome in captive African and Asian elephants on the same diet – Feng et al. – Front. Vet. Sci.

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Core and conditionally rare taxa as indicators of agricultural drainage ditch and stream health and function – Shi et al. – BMC Microbiology

Species invasions shift microbial phenology in a two-decade freshwater time series – Rohwer et al. – PNAS


Controlling taxa abundance improves metatranscriptomics differential analysis – Ji & Ma – BMC Microbiology

coda4microbiome: compositional data analysis for microbiome cross-sectional and longitudinal studies – Luz Calle, Pujolassos & Susin – BMC Bioinformatics

[PREPRINT]You can move, but you can’t hide: identification of mobile genetic elements with geNomad – Camargo et al. – bioRxiv

Assembling the perfect bacterial genome using Oxford Nanopore and Illumina sequencing – Wick, Judd & Holt – PLOS Computational Biology

February 25th, 2023

Bonjour from Paris, France !

In today’s digest you will find a broad range of amazing preprints and published papers! Fontana and collaborator performed a fascinating meta-analysis of publicly datasets obtained from fecal samples of healthy athletes and healthy sedentary adults and revealed the microbiota changes associated with competitive athletes lifestyle.

Today’s non-microbiology pick is an preprint exploring postdoctoral and PhD student’s career self-efficacy in US biological sciences and showed how women and non US citizen have a significant lower level of career self-efficacy compared to their male and US citizen peers. The authors discuss potential causes for these differences and offer recommendations for increasing trainee career self-efficacy.

Have a great Saturday!

Pregnancy and early life

Preprint: Co-localization of antibiotic resistance genes is widespread in the infant gut microbiome and associates with an immature gut microbial composition – Li et al. – BioRXiv

Human gut microbiome

The human gut microbiome of athletes: metagenomic and metabolic insights – Fontana et al. – Microbiome

Review: Gut microbiome-based strategies for host health and disease – Wang et al. – Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

The role of diet in shaping human gut microbiota – Rinninella et al. – Best practive & Research clinical Gastroenterology

Preprint: Community composition and the environment modulate the population dynamics of type VI secretion in human gut bacteria – Robitaille et al. – BioRXiv

Genetic-Phenotype Analysis of Bifidobacterium bifidum and Its Glycoside Hydrolase Gene Distribution at Different Age Groups – Wei et al. – Foods

Animal microbiome

Preprint: Life stage and vaccination shape the gut microbiome of hatchery-reared Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) – Andres et al. – BioRXiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Short- and long-term effects of continuous compost amendment on soil microbiome community – Kraut-Cohen et al. – BioRXiv

Awaking the Dormant Virome in the Rhizosphere – Braga and Schumacher – Molecular ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: A novel order-level lineage of ammonia-oxidizing Thaumarchaeota is widespread in marine and terrestrial environments – Zheng et al. – BioRXiv

Diverse Marine T4-like Cyanophage Communities Are Primarily Comprised of Low-Abundance Species Including Species with Distinct Seasonal, Persistent, Occasional, or Sporadic Dynamics – Dart et al. – Viruses

Food microbiology

Analysis of the core bacterial community associated with consumer-ready Eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) – Hines et al. – Plos One

Phages and viruses

Review: The Role of Temperate Phages in Bacterial Pathogenicity – Gummalla et al. – Microorganisms


Review: Bioinformatic Tools for NGS-Based Metagenomics to Improve the Clinical Diagnosis of Emerging, Re-Emerging and New Viruses – Ibanez-Lligona et al – Viruses

Non microbiology pick

Preprint: Citizenship status and career self-efficacy: An intersectional study of biomedical trainees in the United States – Chatterjee et al. – BioRXiv

February 18th, 2023

Bonjour from Paris, France !

In today’s digest you will find a broad range of amazing preprints and published papers! An amazing read is a fresh preprint from Fritz and collaborator describing an exciting method of sampling in difficult to reach environments. The authors used army ants of the genus Dorylus which are foragers to survey the viral diversity of plants, vertebrate and invertebrates of the tropical forest!

Today’s non-microbiology pick is an opinion piece on the current state and limitation of viral taxonomy. In this piece, Simmonds and collaborators, provide concrete recommendations to guide the development of a coherent and comprehensive virus taxonomy.

Have a great Saturday!

Pregnancy and early life

The investigation of the association of pregnancy weight gain on maternal and neonatal gut microbiota composition and abundance using 16sRNA sequencing – Song and Liu – BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

Human gut microbiome

The diet rapidly and differentially affects the gut microbiota and host lipid mediators in a healthy population – Bourdeau-Julien et al. – Microbiome

Review: Conversations in the Gut: The Role of Quorum Sensing in Normobiosis – Markus et al. – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Review: Gut Microbiome and Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Link Yet to Be Disclosed – Illiodromiti et al. – Microorganisms

Natural Green Spaces, Sensitization to Allergens, and the Role of Gut Microbiota during Infancy – Buchholz et al. – mSystems

Animal experiments

Mimicking seasonal changes in light-dark cycle and ambient temperature modulates gut microbiome in mice under the same dietary regimen – Matsumoto et al – Plos One

Animal microbiome

Preprint: Taurine as a key intermediate for host-symbiont interaction in the tropical sponge Ianthella basta – Moeller et al. – BioRxiV

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Transmission of synthetic seed bacterial communities to radish seedlings: impact on microbiota assembly and plant phenotype – Simonin et al. – BioRxiV

Preprint: Viral but not bacterial community succession is characterized by extreme turnover shortly after rewetting dry soils – Santos-Medellin et al. – BioRxiV

Ecological drivers and potential functions of viral communities in flooded arsenic-contaminated paddy soils – Gao et al. – Science of the total environment

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: Redefinition of archetypal phytoplankton-associated bacteria taxa based on globally distributed dinoflagellates and diatoms – Yang et al. – BioRxiV

Preprint: Plastic Leachate Exposure Drives Antibiotic Resistance and Virulence in Marine Bacterial Communities – Vlaanderen et al. – BioRxiV

Phages and viruses

Preprint: African army ants at the forefront of virome surveillance in a remote tropical forest – Fritz et al. – BioRxiV


Preprint: Dancing the Nanopore limbo – Nanopore metagenomics from small DNA quantities for bacterial genome reconstruction – Simon et al. – BioRxiV

Preprint: The long and short of it: Benchmarking viromics using Illumina, Nanopore and PacBio sequencing technologies – Cook et al. – BioRxiV

Non microbiology pick

Opinion: Four principles to establish a universal virus taxonomy – Simmonds et al. – PLoS Biology

February 13, 2023

Today’s reading recommendation is a microbiota review collection edited by Lindsay Hall and Melanie Schirmer.

Happy Monday and see you at #MVIF!

Vaginal microbiome

Gardnerella Diversity and Ecology in Pregnancy and Preterm Birth – Hanna L. Berman – bioRxiv

Heterogeneity of the group B streptococcal type VII secretion system and influence on colonization of the female genital tract – Brady L. Spencer – bioRxiv

Urinary microbiome

Comparative Genomic Study of Streptococcus anginosus Reveals Distinct Group of Urinary Strains – Ananya Prasad – mSphere

Human gut

Gut microbes predominantly act as symbiotic partners rather than raw nutrients – Nuno Felipe da Silva Soares – bioRxiv

Antibiotic resistance in the commensal human gut microbiota – Lisa E Lamberte, Willem van Schaik – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Identifying glycan consumers in human gut microbiota samples using metabolic labeling coupled with fluorescence-activated cell sorting – Lharbi Dridi – Nature Communications

Animal experiments

Over supplementation with vitamin B12 alters microbe-host interactions in the gut leading to accelerated Citrobacter rodentium colonization and pathogenesis in mice – Andrew J. Forgie – Microbiome

Disturbance of lipid metabolism in germ-free mice transplanted with gut microbiota of DSS-induced colitis mice – Chungho Lee – Plos One


Accurate and fast graph-based pangenome annotation and clustering with ggCaller – Samuel T. Horsfield – bioRxiv

Brief report: uBin – a manual refining tool for genomes from metagenomes – Till L V Bornemann – Environmental Microbiology

In-situ metagenomics: A platform for rapid sequencing and analysis of metagenomes in less than one day – Javier Tamames – bioRxiv

The virtual microbiome: A computational framework to evaluate microbiome analyses – Belén Serrano-Antón – Plos One

February 8, 2023

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiota of Parkinson’s disease in an appendectomy cohort: a preliminary study – Nakahara et al. – Scientific Reports

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Microbiota-derived acetate enhances host antiviral response via NLRP3 – Niu et al. – Nature Communications

Gut microbiota remodeling improves natural aging-related disorders through Akkermansia muciniphila and its derived acetic acid – Ma et al. – Pharmacological Research

Gut microbiota-derived metabolites mediate the neuroprotective effect of melatonin in cognitive impairment induced by sleep deprivation – Wang et al. – Microbiome

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

[PREPRINT]Impacts of Age on the Gut Microbiota in Captive Giant Pandas – Li, Lui & Zhang – bioRxiv


[PREPRINT]Strain Tracking with Uncertainty Quantification – Kim et al. – bioRxiv

Efficient computation of contributional diversity metrics from microbiome data with FuncDiv – Douglas et al. – Bioinformatics

February 4th, 2023

Bonjour from Paris, France !

In today’s digest you will find a wide variety of interesting preprints and published research papers encompassing very interesting microbiome such as Yak calves rumen, compost, wineyard soil and lichen symbionth microbiota!

If you are interested in virome, I recommend looking at the fascinating preprint from Ha and collaborators investigating the biogeography of giant viruses from the phylum Nucleocytoviricota. They leveraged the bioGEOTRACES metagenomic dataset collected across the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans to recovered novel genomes from these viruses and identified geographical patterns of distribution.

If you are working on human microbiomes, I recommend checking out a really interesting preprint, comparing the biases and strengths of four commercially available DNA extraction kits frequently used for whole genome shotgun analysis of the human microbiome.

Have a great Saturday!

Events and jobs

Event: Cell Symposia: Infection biology in the age of the microbiome. Paris, France June 7-9

Event: 55th Annual Meeting of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. Vienna, Austria 17-20 May

Pregnancy and early life

Insufficient Evidence of a Breastmilk Microbiota at Six-Weeks Postpartum: A Pilot Study – Leech et al. – Nutrients

Effects of Perinatal Antibiotic Exposure and Neonatal Gut Microbiota – Morreale et al. – Antibiotics

Necrotizing Enterocolitis: The Role of Hypoxia, Gut Microbiome, and Microbial Metabolites – Kaplina et al. – International Journal of Molecular sciences

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: Functional assignment of gut-specific archaeal proteins in the human gut microbiome – Novikova et al. – BioRxiv

Animal microbiome

Combining vertebrate mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene sequencing and shotgun metagenomic sequencing to investigate the diet of the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in Korea – Woo et al. – PLOS ONE

The association between gingivitis and oral spirochetes in young cats and dogs – Yamaki et al. – PLOS ONE

Maternal rumen and milk microbiota shapes the establishment of early-life rumen microbiota in grazing yak calves – Guo et al. – Journal of Dairy Science

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Fundamentals of biofilm formation in soil: From functionalized self-assembled monolayers to rewilding – Hendiani et al. – BioRxiv

Local conditions matter: Minimal and variable effects of soil disturbance on microbial communities and functions in European vineyards – Steiner et al. – PLOS ONE

Preprint: Evidence for a core set of microbial lichen symbionts from a global survey of metagenomes – Tagirdzhanova et al. – BioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: Assessing the biogeography of marine giant viruses in four oceanic transects – Ha et al. – BioRxiv

Preprint: Cross-domain interactions induce community stability to benthic biofilms in proglacial streams – Busi et al. – BioRxiv

Opinion: Viral infection in the ocean—A journey across scales – Vincent and Vardi – PLOS biology


Preprint: Identifying and tracking mobile elements in evolving compost communities yields insights into the nanobiome – Van Dijk et al – BioRxiv


Preprint: Comparison of commercial DNA extraction kits for whole metagenome sequencing of human oral, vaginal, and rectal microbiome samples – Wright et al – BioRxiv

January 25, 2023

Human oral microbiome

Microbiological profile of peri-implantitis: Analyses of microbiome within dental implants – Kensara et al. – Journal of Prosthodontics

Human gut microbiome

Integrated Multi-Cohort Analysis of the Parkinson’s Disease Gut Metagenome – Boktor et al. – Movement Disorders

Gut microbiota and microbiota-derived metabolites promotes endometriosis – Chadchan et al. – Cell Death Discovery

Immune communication between the intestinal microbiota and the cardiovascular system – Ren et al. – Immunology Letters

Animal microbiome

The structure and diversity of microbial communities in Paederus fuscipes (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae): from ecological paradigm to pathobiome – Chamanakar et al. – Microbiome

The gastrointestinal microbiome in dairy cattle is constrained by the deterministic driver of the region and the modified effect of diet – Lin et al. – Microbiome

Fecal Microbiota Was Reshaped in UCP1 Knock-In Pigs via the Adipose-Liver-Gut Axis and Contributed to Less Fat Deposition – Pan et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

Gut microbiota of skywalker hoolock gibbons (Hoolock tianxing) from different habitats and in captivity: Implications for gibbon health – Lan et al. – American Journal of Primatology

Housing temperature plays a critical role in determining gut microbiome composition in research mice: Implications for experimental reproducibility – Hylander et al. – Biochimie

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

The biogeography and co-occurrence network patterns of bacteria and microeukaryotes in the estuarine and coastal waters – Wu et al. – Marine Environmental Research


[PREPRINT]Capturing the dynamics of microbiomes using individual-specific networks – Yousefi et al. – bioRxiv

PhaTYP: predicting the lifestyle for bacteriophages using BERT – Shang, Tang & Sun – Briefings in Bioinformatics

January 13, 2023

The very first 2023 digest features HMOs, antimicrobials and the neonatal gut microbiota, cheese community, cow rumen microbiome, SemiBin2, and more. Happy Friday and see you next week at #MVIF!

Food microbiome

*Longitudinal, Multi-Platform Metagenomics Yields a High-Quality Genomic Catalog and Guides an In Vitro Model for Cheese Communities – Christina C. Saak – mSystems

Gut microbiome

*Human milk oligosaccharides, antimicrobial drugs, and the gut microbiota of term neonates: observations from the KOALA birth cohort study – D.J.M Barnett – Gut microbes

The gut microbiota in multiple sclerosis varies with disease activity – Florence Thirion – Genome Medicine

Review: Intestinal gas production by the gut microbiota: A review – Erasme Mutuyemungu – Journal of Functional Foods

Gestational diabetes is driven by microbiota-induced inflammation months before diagnosis – Yishay Pinto – Gut

Review: The gut microbiota is an emerging target for improving brain health during ageing – Marcus Boehme – Gut microbiome

Vaginal microbiome

Commensal Lactobacilli Metabolically Contribute to Cervical Epithelial Homeostasis in a Species-Specific Manner – Nicole R. Jimenez – mSphere

Preterm birth is associated with xenobiotics and predicted by the vaginal metabolome – William F. Kindschuh – Nature Microbiology

Animal experiment

Gut microbiota of the young ameliorates physical fitness of the aged in mice – Kwang H. Kim – Microbiome

Catheterization of mice triggers resurgent urinary tract infection seeded by a bladder reservoir of Acinetobacter baumannii – Jennie E. Hazen – Science Translational Medicine

Prebiotic intervention with HAMSAB in untreated essential hypertensive patients assessed in a phase II randomized trial – Hamdi A. Jama – Nature Cardiovascular Research

Akkermansia muciniphila protects mice against an emerging tick-borne viral pathogen – Jinyan Xie – Nature Microbiology

Animal microbiome

Beehives possess their own distinct microbiomes – Lorenzo A. Santorelli – Environmental Microbiome

*Differential carbon utilization enables co-existence of recently speciated Campylobacteraceae in the cow rumen epithelial microbiome – Cameron R. Strachan – Nature Microbiology


Ecological landscapes guide the assembly of optimal microbial communities – Ashish B. George and Kirill S. Korolev – Plos Computational Biology

Over-optimism in unsupervised microbiome analysis: Insights from network learning and clustering – Theresa Ullmann – Plos Computational Biology

Ten simple rules for using public biological data for your research – Vishal H. Oza – Plos Computational Biology

*SemiBin2: self-supervised contrastive learning leads to better MAGs for short- and long-read sequencing – Shaojun Pan – bioRxiv