October 20, 2021

General microbiome

[REVIEW]Controlled Complexity: Optimized Systems to Study the Role of the Gut Microbiome in Host Physiology – Glowacki, Engelhart & Ahern – Frontiers in Microbiology

[REVIEW]Microbiota-brain interactions: Moving toward mechanisms in model organisms – Nagpal & Cryan – Neuron

Functional attractors in microbial community assembly – Estrela et al. – Cell Systems

Bloodstream infections’ origins following fecal microbiota transplantation: a strain- level analysis – Eshel et al. – Blood Advances

Probiotic consumption influences universal adaptive mutations in indigenous human and mouse gut microbiota – Ma et al. – Communications Biology

Multi-site human microbiome

[PREPRINT]Obesity influences composition of salivary and fecal microbiota and impacts the interactions between bacterial taxa – Bombin et al. – bioRxiv

Human vaginal microbiome

Does probiotics work for bacterial vaginosis and vulvovaginal candidiasis – Han & Ren – Current Opinion in Pharmacology

Human gut microbiome

A meta-analysis study of the robustness and universality of gut microbiome-metabolome associations – Muller, Algavi & Borenstein – Microbiome

Specific gut microbiome signatures and the associated pro-inflamatory functions are linked to pediatric allergy and acquisition of immune tolerance – de Filippis et al. – Nature Communications

Drinking Water Source and Intake Are Associated with Distinct Gut Microbiota Signatures in US and UK Populations – Vanhaecke et al. – The Journal of Nutrition

The Gut Microbiota during a Behavioral Weight Loss Intervention – Stanislawski et al. – Nutrients

Effect of chewing betel nut on the gut microbiota of Hainanese – Ying et al. – PLOS One

[PREPRINT]Codiversification of gut microbiota with humans – Suzuki et al. – bioRxiv

Response to PD-1-Based Immunotherapy for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Altered by Gut Microbiota – He et al. – Oncology and Therapy

Human metabolome

Changes in serum and urinary metabolomic profile after a dietary intervention in patients with irritable bowel syndrome – Nybacka et al. – PLOS One

The influence of the gut microbiome on BCG-induced trained immunity – Strazar et al. – Genome Biology

Animal microbiome

Weaning age and its effect on the development of the swine gut microbiome and resistome – Holman et at. – bioRxiv

Sandalwood seed oil improves insulin sensitivity in high-fat/high-sucrose diet-fed rats associated with altered intestinal microbiota and its metabolites – Gao et al. – Food & Function

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Active virus-host interactions at sub-freezing temperatures in Arctic peat soil – Trubl et al. – Microbiome

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

PREPRINT[]Bacterial, phytoplankton, and viral dynamics of meromictic Lake Cadagno offer insights into the Proterozoic ocean microbial loop – Saini et al. – bioRxiv

Metagenomic analysis provides functional insights into seasonal change of a non-cyanobacterial prokaryotic community in temperate coastal waters – Matsumoto et al. – PLOS One

[PREPRINT]Survival of hatchery grown native oysters is associated with specific gut-associated bacteria at various locations within the Puget Sound – Kunselmann et al. – bioRxiv

Built environment (subways, indoor surfaces)

Microbial colonization and resistome dynamics in food processing environments of a newly opened pork cutting industry during 1.5 years of activity – Cobo-Diaz et al. – Microbiome

Food microbiology

Effects of ultrasound treatments on wine microorganisms – Munoz et al. – Ultrasonics Sonochemistry

Effect of roasting conditions on cocoa bioactivity and gut microbiota modulation – Maldonado-Mateus et al. – Food & Function


[PREPRINT]Development of a metatranscriptomic analysis method for multiple intestinal sites and its application to the common marmoset intestine – Uehara et al. – bioRxiv

Recovery of strain-resolved genomes from human microbiome through an integration framework of single-cell genomics and metagenomics – Arikawa et al. – Microbiome

[PREPRINT]Metagenome assembly of high-fidelity long reads with hifiasm-meta – Feng et al. – arXiv.org

Fast and Accurate Distance-based Phylogenetic Placement using Divide and Conquer – Balaban et al. – Molecular Ecology Resources

Microbes in the news (popular press, EurekAlert, ScienceDaily, Youtube, NPR, etc)

Should You Get a Microbiome Test? – Anahad O’Connor – New York Times

October 16, 2021


Parallelism of intestinal secretory IgA shapes functional microbial fitness – Tim Rollenske – Nature → By using recombinant IgAs, researchers showed that IgA may shape the metabolism of intestinal bacteria, and in some cases IgA molecules against a same target have a different effect on the activity.

Hallstatt miners consumed blue cheese and beer during the Iron Age and retained a non-Westernized gut microbiome until the Baroque period – Frank Maixner – Current Biology → From the analysis of paleofeces, researchers suggest that people from the Austrian zone of Hallstatt could retain a non-westernized diet for centuries; in some cases, a high consumption of blue cheese and beer is suggested by the detection of Penicillium roqueforti and Saccharomyces cerevisiae DNA in the samples.  

In vitro study of the effect of quinoa and quinoa polysaccharides on human gut microbiota – Hitache Zeyneb – Food Science & Nutrition → quinoa, a very nutritious Andean cereal,  contains polysaccharides with potential prebiotic (health-promoting) properties.

Metagenomic analysis of gut microbiome reveals a dynamic change in Alistipes onderdonkii in the preclinical model of pancreatic cancer, suppressing its  proliferation – Kihak Lee – Applied Genetics and Molecular Biotechnology → RNA-seq analysis in a preclinical model revealed that the A. onderdonkii medium induced unique transcriptomic alterations in the pancreatic cancer cells, suggesting an special role in this disease.

Human and General Microbiome

Review: Biomarkers of geroprotection and cardiovascular health: An overview of omics studies and established clinical biomarkers in the context of diet – Riccardo Secci – Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

Unravelling the collateral damage of antibiotics on gut bacteria – Lisa Maier – Nature

Direct on-swab metabolic profiling of vaginal microbiome host interactions during pregnancy and preterm birth – Pamela Pruski – Nature Communications

Brain development in premature infants: A bug in the programming system? – Gerard Clarke – Cell Host & Microbe

A colon cancer prequel – John T Wren – Cell Host & Microbe

Metagenomic Analysis of Saliva Reveals Disease-Associated Microbiotas in Patients With Periodontitis and Crohn’s Disease-Associated Periodontitis – Boyang Sun – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Antibiotic use but not gastrointestinal infection frequently precedes first diagnosis of functional gastrointestinal disorders – Michael P Jones – United European Gastroenterology Journal

Impact of Helicobacter pylori eradication on the gastric microbiome – Li-Qi Mao – Gut Pathogens

Baseline co-medications may alter the anti-tumoural effect of checkpoint inhibitors as well as the risk of immune-related adverse events – Marie Kostine – European Journal of Cancer

Cultivation of common bacterial species and strains from human skin, oral, and gut microbiota – Elizabeth Fleming – BMC Microbiology

Effect of chewing betel nut on the gut microbiota of Hainanese – Li Ying – PloS ONE

Animal Models

Transplantation of fecal microbiota from patients with inflammatory bowel disease and depression alters immune response and behavior in recipient mice – Hyo-Min Jang – Scientific Reports

Temporal relationship between alterations in the gut microbiome and the development of polycystic ovary syndrome-like phenotypes in prenatally androgenized female mice – Akari Kusamoto – The FASEB Journal

Gut microbiota dysbiosis of type 2 diabetic mice impairs the intestinal daily rhythms of GLP-1 sensitivity – Estelle Grasset – Acta Diabetologica

Non-Model Animal Microbiome

Diurnal oscillations in gut bacterial load and composition eclipse seasonal and lifetime dynamics in wild meerkats – Alice Risely – Nature Communications

Diet diversity and environment determine the intestinal microbiome and bacterial pathogen load of fire salamanders – Yu Wang – Scientific Reports

The structure of the cereal leaf beetle (Oulema melanopus) microbiome depends on the insect’s developmental stage, host plant, and origin – Beata Wielkopolan – Scientific Reports

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

Review: Does probiotics work for bacterial vaginosis and vulvovaginal candidiasis – Yue Han – Current Opinion in Pharmacology

Characterization of a new bacteriocin-like inhibitory peptide produced by Lactobacillus sakei B-RKM 0559 – Gulyaim K Abitayeva – Biotechnology Letters

Probiotic Interventions Alleviate Food Allergy Symptoms Correlated With Cesarean Section: A Murine Model – Bi-Ying Jin – Frontiers in Immunology

Selenium-enriched Bifidobacterium longum DD98 attenuates irinotecan-induced intestinal and hepatic toxicity in vitro and in vivo – Hui Zhu – Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy


Novel lytic bacteriophage vB_GEC_EfS_9 against Enterococcus faecium – S Rigvava – Virus Research

Environmental Microbiome

Charting the complexity of the activated sludge microbiome through a hybrid sequencing strategy – Lei Liu – Microbiome


PBK model-based prediction of intestinal microbial and host metabolism of zearalenone and consequences for its estrogenicity – Diana M Mendez-Catala – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

October 12th, 2021

Bonjour from Paris, France ! Today’s digest contains a selection of really interesting preprints and published studies. In their review, Heilbronner and collaborators explore the role of bacteriocins, small antibacterial molecules produced by many commensal bacteria in human-associated microbiomes. The role of the bacteriocins in the human microbiome is of particular importance since they could be leveraged to specifically target colonizing pathogens while sparing mutualistic patners.

If you are interested in exploring new bioinformatic methods, I recommend taking a look at the study from Cheng and collaborators, who applied a novel iterative random forest approach to explore marine microbiome during algal blooms. They show how this model allow to identify conditions that are important causal factors of algal bloom dynamics.

Today’s non-microbiology pick is an opinion piece reflecting on the possible methods to develop the field of computational biology, ensure proper training and career development in this discipline and allow a greater collaboration between domain biologist and data scientists in multidisciplinary teams.

Have a great Tuesday!

Events and jobs

Virtual conference: Harnessing the plant microbiome – October 22-24, 2021
University of California, Davis, USA

Virtual conference: Reshaping the Microbiome through nutrition – November 17-19, 2021

General microbiome

Review: The microbiome-shaping roles of bacteriocins – Heilbronner et al. – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: Gut Bacterial Dysbiosis and Instability is Associated with the Onset of Complications and Mortality in COVID-19 – Schult et al. – BioRXiv

Review: Nurturing the Early Life Gut Microbiome and Immune Maturation for Long Term Health – Dogra et al. – microorganisms

Animal experiments

Preprint: Mice with a humanized immune system are resilient to transplantation of human microbiota – Zhou et al. – BioRXiv

Animal microbiome

Preprint: Inter-species microbiota transplantation recapitulates microbial acquisition and persistence in mosquitoes – Coon et al. – BioRXiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

A novel random forest approach to revealing interactions and controls on chlorophyll concentration and bacterial communities during coastal phytoplankton blooms – Cheng et al. – Scientific reports

Built environment

Successional dynamics and alternative stable states in a saline activated sludge microbial community over 9 years – Wang et al. – Microbiome

Phages and viruses

Preprint: A Snapshot of the Global Drinking Water Virome: Diversity and Metabolic Potential Vary with Residual Disinfectant Use – Hegarty et al. – BioRXiv


Preprint: SynTracker: a synteny based tool for tracking microbial strains – Enav and Ley – BioRXiv

My non-microbiology pick

A field guide to cultivating computational biology – Way et al – PLOS biology

October 9, 2021


Commensal microbiota divergently affect myeloid subsets in the mammalian central nervous system during homeostasis and disease – Roman Sankowski – The EMBO Journal → This study shows how perturbations in the microbiota drive changes in gene expression profiles in the CNS-associated macrophages, with concomitant effects on the  CNS myeloid cells, including Alzheimer-associated repercussions in a specialized murine model.

Coordination of root auxin with the fungus Piriformospora indica and bacterium Bacillus cereus enhances rice rhizosheath formation under soil drying – Feiyun Xu – The ISME Journal → In this study, authors report a cooperative effect of an endophytic fungus and a plant growth-promoting bacterium in rhizosheath formation when moderate soil drying, an agricultural technique used to improve water utilization, is performed.

Human and General Microbiome

Review: The role of Akkermansia muciniphila in obesity, diabetes and atherosclerosis – Alka Hasani – Journal of Medical Microbiology

Review: How can probiotic improve irritable bowel syndrome symptoms? – Indira Benjak Horvat – World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

Meta-Analysis of the Composition of Human Intestinal Gases – Andre Modesto – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

Effectiveness of Probiotics and Prebiotics Against Acute Liver Injury: A Meta-Analysis – Sheng Xu – Frontiers in Medicine

The bacterial gut microbiome of probiotic-treated very-preterm infants: changes from admission to discharge – Jacob A F Westaway – Pediatric Research

Discovery of β-N-acetylglucosaminidases from screening metagenomic libraries and their use as thioglycoligase mutants – Gregor Tegl – Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry

Animal Microbiome

Comparing the gut microbiome along the gastrointestinal tract of three sympatric species of wild rodents – Jason L Anders – Scientific Reports

Changes in rumen microbial community composition in yak in response to seasonal variations – Xiaodan Huang – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Faecalicatena faecalis sp. nov., a moderately alkaliphilic bacterial strain isolated from swine faeces – Byeong Seob Oh – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Plant Microbiome

Capacity of soil bacteria to reach the phyllosphere and convergence of floral communities despite soil microbiota variation – Julien Massoni –  PNAS

Distinct Endophytic Bacterial Communities Inhabiting Seagrass Seeds – Flavia Tarquinio – Frontiers in Microbiology

Fungi Microbiome

Widespread bacterial diversity within the bacteriome of fungi – Aaron J Robinson – Communications Biology

Environmental Microbiome

Preprint: Genomic and metabolic adaptations of biofilms to ecological windows of opportunities in glacier-fed streams – Susheel Bhanu Busi – Biorxiv

October 8, 2021

Today’s digest features a metagenomic meta-study on faecal microbiota transplantation, RibDif for count and compare 16S rRNA genes within a genus, and more. Also, there is a new FEMS Microbiology Letters collection of articles highlighting the evolution of education during the COVID-19 pandemic.

There is still time to join in the second 🌎 Microbiome Virtual International Forum 🌏. Recordings from previous MVIF can be found here.

And, the #Microber2021 just started! Check out this microbe edition of #Inktober drawing challenge – during October, every day a new scientific art on microbiology topic.

Global microbiome

Cultivating Healthy Connections: Exploring and Engineering the Microbial Flow That Shapes Microbiomes – Travis J. Wiles – mSystems

Neonatal microbiome

Presence of distinctive microbiome in the first-pass meconium of newborn infants – Jenni Turunen – Scientific Reports

Respiratory microbiome

Divergence of bacterial communities in the lower airways of CF patients in early childhood – John B. O’Connor – PlosOne

Gut microbiome

Drivers and Determinants of Strain Dynamics Following Faecal Microbiota Transplantation – Thomas Schmidt – bioRxiv

Western and non-western gut microbiomes reveal new roles of Prevotella in carbohydrate metabolism and mouth–gut axis – Vishnu Prasoodanan P. K. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Animal microbiome

Phylogenetic systematics of Butyrivibrio and Pseudobutyrivibrio genomes illustrate vast taxonomic diversity, open genomes and an abundance of carbohydrate-active enzyme family isoforms – Sara E. Pidcock – Microbial Genomics

Animal experiment

Metabolic modulation of tumours with engineered bacteria for immunotherapy – Fernando P. Canale – Nature

Citrobacter amalonaticus Inhibits the Growth of Citrobacter rodentium in the Gut Lumen – Caroline Mullineaux-Sanders – mBio

Regulation of blood–brain barrier integrity by microbiome-associated methylamines and cognition by trimethylamine N-oxide – Lesley Hoyles – bioRxiv

Effects of prebiotic oligofructose-enriched inulin on gut-derived uremic toxins and disease progression in rats with adenine-induced chronic kidney disease – Ebru Melekoglu – PlosOne

Plant microbiome

Prevalence and Specificity of Chemoreceptor Profiles in Plant-Associated Bacteria – Claudia Sanchis-López – mSystems


Bacteriocinogenic lactic acid bacteria in the traditional cereal-based beverage Boza: a genomic and functional approach – Luciano Lopes Queiroz – bioRxiv


metaGEM: reconstruction of genome scale metabolic models directly from metagenomes – Francisco Zorrilla – Nucleic Acids Research

RibDif: can individual species be differentiated by 16S sequencing? – Mikael Lenz Strube – Bioinformatics Advances

eggNOG-mapper v2: Functional Annotation, Orthology Assignments, and Domain Prediction at the Metagenomic Scale – Carlos P Cantalapiedra – Molecular Biology and Evolution

Sequencing DNA with nanopores: Troubles and biases – Clara Delahaye and Jacques Nicolas – PlosOne

Webinars &c

Conference: Microbiome Virtual International Conference #MVIF – October 14 (Pacific Live)/15 (Atlantic Reply)

Webinar: EMBARK Fall Webinars – a webinar series focused on AMR research

Microscopy Live! – Geology – an hour of live electron microscopy, guided by the audience – Plymouth Electron Microscopy Centre (October 29)

For more, check out a collection of microbiome events HERE!

Happy #Microber2021, sci-art October!

October 06, 2021

General microbiome

The intestinal 3M (microbiota, metabolism, metabolome) Zeitgeist – from fundamentals to future challenges – Dey et al. – Free Radical Biology and Medicine

Pregnancy and early life

Gut microbiota changes in preeclampsia, abnormal placental growth and healthy pregnant women – Huang et al. – BMC Microbiology

Human respiratory microbiome

Refinement of microbiota analysis of specimens from patients with respiratory infections using next-generation sequencing – Ikegami et al. – Scientific Reports

Human skin microbiome

Experimental Dermatology Special Issue with Focus on ‘Skin microbiome and antimicrobial peptides’

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Gut microbiome in pediatric acute leukemia: from predisposition to cure – Masetti et al. – Blood Advances

Animal microbiome

Effects of moderate exercise on hepatic amino acid and fatty acid composition, liver transcriptome, and intestinal microbiota in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) – Zhang et al. – Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part D: Genomics and Proteomics

Metagenomic Sequencing Reveals that High-Grain Feeding Alters the Composition and Metabolism of Cecal Microbiota and Induces Cecal Mucosal Injury in Sheep – Xie, Wang & Mao – mSystems

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Biodegradable and conventional microplastics exhibit distinct microbiome, functionality, and metabolome changes in soil – Sun et al. – Journal of Hazardous Materials

Soil microbiota and microarthropod communities in oil contaminated sites in the European Subarctic – Melekhina et al. – Scientific Reports

Fast and persistent responses of alpine permafrost microbial communities to in situ warming – Perez-Mon et al. – Science of The Total Environment

Built environment (subways, indoor surfaces)

Environmental dynamics of hospital microbiome upon transfer from a major hospital to a new facility – Ashokan et al. – Journal of Infection


[Commentary]Predicting Microbiome Metabolism and Interactions through Integrating Multidisciplinary Principles – Schmidt, Ghadermazi & Chan – mSystems

Uniform Manifold Approximation and Projection (UMAP) Reveals Composite Patterns and Resolves Visualization Artifacts in Microbiome Data – Armstrong et al. – mSystems

October 5, 2021

Today’s digest includes a description of how probiotics modulate B cells in Peyer’s patches published in Microbiome, a review in ISME on microbial storage in soil and multiple recent Cell Host & Microbe articles covering the plant immune system and colonisation resistance to Salmonella and Klebsiella.

General microbiome

Single-colony sequencing reveals microbe-by-microbiome phylosymbiosis between the cyanobacterium Microcystis and its associated bacteria – Pérez-Carrascal et al. Microbiome

Molecular basis of a bacterial-amphibian symbiosis revealed by comparative genomics, modeling, and functional testing – Brunetti et al. ISME

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiota involved in leptospiral infections – Xie et al. ISME

Identification of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii strains for gut microbiome-based intervention in Alzheimer’s-type dementia – Ueda et al. Cell Reports Medicine

Fecal microbial transplantation and fiber supplementation in patients with severe obesity and metabolic syndrome: a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial – Mocanu et al. Nature Medicine

Gut bacteria identified in colorectal cancer patients promote tumourigenesis via butyrate secretion – Okumura et al. Nature Communications

E. coli enhance colonization resistance against Salmonella Typhimurium by competing for galactitol, a context-dependent limiting carbon source – Eberl et al. Cell Host & Microbe

Klebsiella oxytoca causes colonization resistance against multidrug-resistant K. pneumoniae in the gut via cooperative carbohydrate competition – Osbelt et al. Cell Host & Microbe

Human Oral Microbiome

Distinct B cell subsets in Peyer’s patches convey probiotic effects by Limosilactobacillus reuteri – Liu et al. Microbiome

Human Oral Microbiome

Metagenomic analysis of ancient dental calculus reveals unexplored diversity of oral archaeal Methanobrevibacter – Granehäll et al. Microbiome

Soil & Plant microbiomes

[REVIEW] Microbial storage and its implications for soil ecology – Mason-Jones et al. ISME

Gammaproteobacteria, a core taxon in the guts of soil fauna, are potential responders to environmental concentrations of soil pollutants – Zhang et al. Microbiome

Plant immune system activation is necessary for efficient root colonization by auxin-secreting beneficial bacteria – Tzipilevich et al. Cell Host & Microbe

October 1, 2021

Multi-site human microbiome

Diagnostic and prognostic potential of the oral and gut microbiome for lung adenocarcinoma – Lim et al. – Clinical and Translational Medicine

Human oral microbiome

Individuals with substance use disorders have a distinct oral microbiome pattern – Kosciolek et al. – Brain, Behavior, & Immunity – Health

Human skin microbiome

[REVIEW]The Dynamics of Skin Microbiota in Shoulder Surgery Infections – Fatima, Bjarnsholt & Bay – Journal of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Mucins, gut microbiota, and postbiotics role in colorectal cancer – Pothuraju et al. – Gut Microbes

Age and the aging process significantly alter the small bowel microbiome – Leite et al. – Cell Reports

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Guidelines for reporting on animal fecal transplantation (GRAFT) studies: recommendations from a systematic review of murine transplantation protocols – Secombe et al. – Gut Microbes

Alpha-synuclein alters the faecal viromes of rats in a gut-initiated model of Parkinson’s disease – Stockdale et al. – Communications Biology

[PREPRINT]First trimester gut microbiome induces Inflammation-dependent gestational diabetes phenotype in mice – Pinto et al. – medRxiv

[PREPRINT]High-resolution genetic mapping of the mucosa-associated gut microbiome in hybrid mice provides novel insight on the impact of host genetics – Doms et al. – bioRxiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Effects of microplastics on soil microbiome: The impacts of polymer type, shape, and concentration – Sun et al. – Science of the total Environment


Long-read metagenomics of multiple displacement amplified DNA of low-biomass human gut phageomes by SACRA preprocessing chimeric reads – Kiguchi et al. – DNA Research

BiG-MAP: an Automated Pipeline To Profile Metabolic Gene Cluster Abundance and Expression in Microbiomes – Andreu et al. – mSystems

Increasing the power of interpretation for soil metaproteomics data – Jouffret – Microbiome

September 30, 2021

Today’s digest includes a quantification of bacterial strains after fecal microbiota transplantation, a network analysis of the strawberry greenhouse soil microbiome after soil amendments, and an article about enhanced copper-resistance genes in Alteromonas macleodii. Also included are multiple preprints on topics such as denitrification pathways present in tunda soil metagenomes as well as the response of Endozoicomonas, a core coral bacterial group, to heat stress and host lysates.

General microbiome

Genomic population structure associated with repeated escape of Salmonella enterica ATCC14028s from the laboratory into nature – Achtman et al. – PLOS Genetics

Preprint: Role of the mobilome in the global dissemination of the carbapenem resistance gene blaNDM – Acman et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Existence of log-phase Escherichia coli persisters and lasting memory of a starvation pulse – Svenningsen et al. – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

Precise quantification of bacterial strains after fecal microbiota transplantation delineates long-term engraftment and explains outcomes – Aggarwala et al. – Nature Microbiology

Animal microbiome

A role for arthropods as vectors of multidrug-resistant Enterobacterales in surgical site infections from South Asia – Hassan et al. – Nature Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Response of soil microbiome structure and its network profiles to four soil amendments in monocropping strawberry greenhouse – Liu et al. – PLOS One

Preprint: Truncated denitrifiers dominate the denitrification pathway in tundra soil metagenomes – Pessi et al. – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: Response of Endozoicomonas montiporae to heat stress and coral host lysates – Chan et al. – bioRxiv

Enhanced copper-resistance gene repertoire in Alteromonas macleodii strains isolated from copper-treated marine coatings – Cusick et al. – PLOS One

Bacterial community structure of early-stage biofilms is dictated by temporal succession rather than substrate types in the southern coastal seawater of India – Sushmitha et al. – PLOS One

Preprint: Ecological stochasticity and phage induction diversify bacterioplankton communities at the microscale – Szabo et al. – bioRxiv

September 28, 2021

Retraction Note

Retraction Note: IspH inhibitors kill Gram-negative bacteria and mobilize immune clearance – Singh et al. – Nature

Human oral microbiome

Oral Microbiota Profile of Individuals Who Abuse Methamphetamine – Yang et al. – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

The baseline oral microbiota predicts the response of locally advanced oral squamous cell carcinoma patients to induction chemotherapy: A prospective longitudinal study – Rui et al. – Radiotherapy and Oncology

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiome in people living with HIV is associated with impaired thiamine and folate syntheses – Park et al. – Microbial Pathogenesis

[REVIEW]The impact of pelvic radiotherapy on the gut microbiome and its role in radiation-induced diarrhoea: a systematic review – Wang et al. – BMC Radiation Oncology

[REVIEW]Gut Microbiota-Mediated Modulation of Cancer Progression and Therapy Efficacy – Cheng et al. – Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Xylanase impact beyond performance: A microbiome approach in laying hens – van Hoeck et al. – PLOS One

Dysbiosis of the gut microbiome impairs mouse skeletal muscle adaptation to exercise – Valentino et al. – The Journal of Physiology

Lactic Acid Bacteria Strains Differently Modulate Gut Microbiota and Metabolic and Immunological Parameters in High-Fat Diet-Fed Mice – Fabersani et al. – Frontiers in Nutrition

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Alteration of Gut Microbiota of a Food-Storing Hibernator, Siberian Chipmunk Tamias sibiricus – Zhou, Wang & Yi – Microbial Ecology

[PREPRINT]Bacterial community dynamics during embryonic development of the little skate (Leucoraja erinacea) – Mika et al. – bioRxiv

Multi-omics reveals the positive leverage of plant secondary metabolites on the gut microbiota in a non-model mammal – Wang et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Trophic level drives the host microbiome of soil invertebrates at a continental scale – Zhu et al. – Microbiome

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Genomic signatures of Lake Erie bacteria suggest interaction in the Microcystis phycosphere – Hoke et al. – PLOS One

Microbial river-to-sea continuum: gradients in benthic and planktonic diversity, osmoregulation and nutrient cycling – Tee et al. – Microbiome

Response and oil degradation activities of a northeast Atlantic bacterial community to biogenic and synthetic surfactants – Nikolova et al. – Microbiome

Built environment (subways, indoor surfaces)

The short-term effect of residential home energy retrofits on indoor air quality and microbial exposure: A case-control study – Nguyen, Holmes & Angenent – PLOS One