August 15, 2018

A nice crop of plant/root/soil microbiome studies, some interesting analyses of early life/pregnancy and vaginal microbiota, a belly-load of gut microbiome science, a herd of animal studies, and a few really bad puns… Enjoy!

Events and jobs

A summary of the third annual HIV microbiome workshop – Dr. Brett Williams – AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses

Pregnancy and early life

Early childhood antibiotics use and autism spectrum disorders: a population-based cohort study – Amani F Hamad – International Journal of Epidemiology

The effects of gut microbiota on metabolic outcomes in pregnant women and their offspring – You Lv – Food & Function

Human vaginal microbiome

Cervicovaginal microbiota, women’s health, and reproductive outcomes – Samuel J. Kroon – Fertility and Sterility

Relevance of assessing the uterine microbiota in infertility – Inmaculada Moreno – Fertility and Sterility

Cervicovaginal microbiota, women’s health, and reproductive outcomes – Samuel J. Kroon – Fertility and Sterility

Human nearly-sterile sites

Ursodeoxycholic acid improves liver function via phenylalanine/tyrosine pathway and microbiome remodelling in patients with liver dysfunction – Da Jung Kim – Scientific Reports

Human gut microbiome

Assessing antibiotic resistance gene load in vegan, vegetarian and omnivore human gut microbiota – Losasso Carmen – International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

Immunomodulatory tetracyclines ameliorate DNBS-colitis: Impact on microRNA expression and microbiota composition – J. Garrido-Mesa – Biochemical Pharmacology

Effects of anthocyanins from the fruit of Lycium ruthenicum Murray on intestinal microbiota – Yamei Yan – Journal of Functional Foods

Disparate Effects of Antibiotics on Hypertension – Sarah Galla – Physiological Genomics

Variability of core microbiota in newly diagnosed treatment-naïve paediatric inflammatory bowel disease patients – T. G. J. de Meij – PLOS One

Dietary soybean protein ameliorates high-fat diet-induced obesity by modifying the gut microbiota-dependent biotransformation of bile acids – Keita Watanabe – PLOS One

Gut microbiota alterations in moderate to severe acne vulgaris patients – Hui‐Min Yan – The Journal of Dermatology

Implication of gut microbiota metabolites in cardiovascular and metabolic diseases – Francois Brial – Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

Making Sense of… the Microbiome in Psychiatry – Thomaz F S Bastiaanssen – International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology

The Microbiome in Cirrhosis and its Complications – Chathur Acharya – Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG induced protective effect on allergic airway inflammation is associated with gut microbiota – Juan Zhang – Cellular Immunology

The gut microbiome as a driver of individual variation in cognition and functional behaviour – Gabrielle L. Davidson – Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B

Animal experiments

The impact of Clostridium butyricum MIYAIRI 588 on the murine gut microbiome and colonic tissue – Mao Hagihara – Anaerobe

Monitoring and evaluation of the interaction between deoxynivalenol and gut microbiota in Wistar rats by mass spectrometry-based metabolomics and next-generation sequencing – Eugènia Miró-Abella – Food and Chemical Toxicology

Lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus) Diet Affects the Gut Microbiome and Obesity Markers in Rat – Niroshan Siva – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Gut bacterial composition in a mouse model of Parkinson’s disease – P. Perez-Pardo – Beneficial Microbes

Gut Microbiome in BALB/c and C57BL/6J Mice Undergoing Experimental Thyroid Autoimmunity Associate with Differences in Immunological Responses and Thyroid Function – Sajad Moshkelgosha – Hormone and Metabolic Research

Ultraviolet Irradiation of Skin Alters the Faecal Microbiome Independently of Vitamin D in Mice – Simon Ghaly – Nutrients

Impact of lincosamides antibiotics on the composition of the rat gut microbiota and the metabolite profile of plasma and feces – C. Behr – Toxicology Letters

Animal microbiome

Understanding bacterial communities for informed biosecurity and improved larval survival in Pacific oysters – Olivier Laroche – Aquaculture

A meta-analysis reveals the environmental and host factors shaping the structure and function of the shrimp microbiota – Fernanda Cornejo-Granados​ – PeerJ

Do the microorganisms from laboratory culture spent growth medium affect house dust mite fitness and microbiome composition? – Vit Molva – Insect Science

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Microbial diversity associated to the intestinal tract of soil invertebrates – Dayana da Silva Correia – Applied Soil Ecology

Yellow Canopy Syndrome in sugarcane is associated with shifts in the rhizosphere soil metagenome but not with overall soil microbial function – Kelly Hamonts – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Anthropogenic influence shapes the distribution of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) in the sediment of Sundarban estuary in India – Anish Bhattacharyya – Science of the Total Environment

Disentangling effects of temperature on microbial community and copper extraction in column bioleaching of low grade copper sulfide – Yuguang Wang – Bioresource Technology

Long-term Plastic Greenhouse Cultivation Changes Soil Microbial Community Structures: A Case Study – Yang Song – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Flooding and prolonged drought have differential legacy impacts on soil nitrogen cycling, microbial communities and plant productivity – Linh T. T. Nguyen – Plant and Soil

[PhD Dissertation] Microbial Communities and Their Impact on Bioenergy Crops in Dynamic Environments – Brandon Monier, South Dakota State University – Open Prairie

[PDF] Characterization of osmotolerant rhizobacteria for plant growth promoting
activities in vitro and during plant-microbe association under osmotic stress – Bandeppa – Indian Journal of Experimental Biology

Isolation and Analysis of Microbial Communities in Soil, Rhizosphere, and Roots in Perennial Grass Experiments – Morgan R. McPherson – J. Vis. Exp

Water and extremophile microbiome 

[PDF download] Monitoring biofilm communities in operational drinking water distribution systems and the impact on water quality – I. Douterelo – 1st International WDSA

Molecular detection of microbial communities associated with Microcystis vs Synechococcus dominated waters in Tianjin, China – Da Huo – Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

Metagenomic assessment of the microbial community and methanogenic pathways in biosolids from a municipal wastewater treatment plant in Medellín, Colombia – Katherine Bedoya – Science of the Total Environment

Profiling microbial communities in a watershed undergoing intensive anthropogenic activities – Hehuan Liao – Science of the Total Environment

The gut microbiome and aquatic toxicology: An emerging concept for environmental health – Ondrej Adamovsky – PeerJ

Microbial community composition of a hydrocarbon reservoir 40 years after a CO2 enhanced oil recovery flood – Jenna L K Shelton – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Temporal dynamics of activated sludge bacterial communities in two diversity variant full-scale sewage treatment plants – Xiao-Tao Jiang – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

The Nile River Microbiome Reveals a Remarkably Stable Community Between Wet and Dry Seasons, and Sampling Sites, in a Large Urban Metropolis (Cairo, Egypt) – Eraqi WA – OMICS

Probiotics / prebiotics

Influence of monostrain and multistrain probiotics on immunity, intestinal ultrastructure and microbiota in experimental dysbiosis – E. Ermolenko – Beneficial Microbes

Effects of Probiotics on Inflammation and Uremic Toxins Among Patients on Dialysis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis – Charat Thongprayoon – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

Bioinformatics

Biomarker panels for characterizing microbial community biofilm formation as composite molecular process – Magnus Bosse – PLOS One

* Maximal viral information recovery from sequence data using VirMAP – Nadim J Ajami – Nature Communications

Techniques

Using Bioreactors to Study the Effects of Drugs on the Human Microbiota – Mabel Guzman-Rodriguez – Methods

Ed’s non-microbiology picks

Human activities might influence oncogenic processes in wild animal populations – Mathieu Giraudeau – Nature Ecology & Evolution

In apoptosis, cell death spreads through perpetuating waves – James Ferrell – Stanford Medicine

Study finds Tdap vaccination for pregnant women does not increase risk of autism

Boys should be given HPV vaccine, says joint committee

New Study: Omega-3s Can Help Keep Kids Out of Trouble

Mars (probably) has a lake of liquid water

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June 22, 2018

Have a happy weekend! Today in Microbiome Digest: reviews on microbiome immunity and type 1 diabetes,  metatranscriptome analysis of vaginal microbiome, Differences in gut microbiota associated with age, sex, and stool consistency, microbes in the news, and more…

Events and jobs

Scientist – Genomics and Microbiome – Madison, WI

Bioinformatics Scientific Programmer – Quadram Institute Bioscience

General microbiome

Review: Communication Between the Microbiota and Mammalian Immunity – Kyla S. Ost – Annual Review of Microbiology

Host genotype-specific microbiota do not influence the susceptibility of Dmagna to a bacterial pathogen – Marilou P. Sison-Mangus – Scientific Reports

Pregnancy and early life

Book chapter: Implantation Failure 1: Intrauterine Circumstances and Embryo–Endometrium Synchrony at Implantation – Keiji Kuroda – Treatment Strategy for Unexplained Infertility and Recurrent Miscarriage

Special Issue: Microbiome in normal and pathological pregnancies: A literature overview – Carla R. Taddei – American Journal of Reproductive Immunology

Multi-site human microbiome

Bacterial invasion of dentinal tubules from the external root surface with and without an intact cemental layer- a confocal laser scanning microscopic study – Jovita D’souza – Advances in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Human respiratory microbiome

Review: Drug Resistance and Gene Transfer Mechanisms in Respiratory/Oral Bacteria – Jiang S – Journal of Dental Research

Ecology and diversity in upper respiratory tract microbial population structures from a cross-sectional community swabbing study –  Abigail L. Coughtrie – Journal of Medical Microbiology

Human skin microbiome

Skin Microbiota in Obese Women at Risk for Surgical Site Infection After Cesarean Delivery – Kara M. Rood – Scientific Reports

Human vaginal microbiome

Review: Pharmacology of Antiretrovirals in the Female Genital Track for HIV Prevention – Melanie R. Nicol – The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

Metatranscriptome Analysis of the Vaginal Microbiota Reveals Potential Mechanisms for Protection against Metronidazole in Bacterial Vaginosis – Zhi-Luo Deng – mSphere 

Human gut microbiome

Review: Gut microbiome in type 1 diabetes: A comprehensive review – Zheng P – Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews

A Small Molecule-Screening Pipeline to Evaluate the Therapeutic Potential of 2-Aminoimidazole Molecules Against Clostridium difficile – Thanissery R – Frontiers in Microbiology

Differences in gut microbiota associated with age, sex, and stool consistency in healthy Japanese subjects – Tomohisa Takagi – Journal of Gastroenterology

Dietary Supplementation with a Magnesium-Rich Marine Mineral Blend Enhances the Diversity of Gastrointestinal Microbiota – Erin K. Crowley – Marine Drugs

The developing premature infant gut microbiome is a major factor shaping the microbiome of neonatal intensive care unit rooms – Brandon Brooks – Microbiome

Review: Potential Role of the Gut Microbiome in ALS: A Systematic Review – Michelle L. Wright – Biological Research for Nursing

Animal experiments

Lack of liver steatosis in germ-free mice following hypercaloric diets – Stephan C. Bischoff – European Journal of Nutrition

 Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Exploring Elicitors of the Beneficial Rhizobacterium Bacillus amyloliquefaciens SQR9 to Induce Plant Systemic Resistance and Their Interactions With Plant Signaling Pathways – Gengwei Wu – Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions

Correlation and Distribution of Xenobiotics Genes and Metabolic Activities with Level of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon in Soil, Sediment and Estuary Water in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria U. O. Edet – Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering

Review: Status and future of disease protection and grape berry quality alteration by microorganisms in viticulture – Misa Otoguro – Letters in Applied Microbiology

Editorial: The contribution of plant microbiota to economy growth – Angela Sessitsch – Microbial Biotechnology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Mini-Review: Future direction in marine bacterial agarases for industrial applications -Saeid Tamadoni Jahromi – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Prokaryotic assemblages in the maritime Antarctic Lake Limnopolar (Byers Peninsula, South Shetland Islands) – M. Papale – Extremophiles

Taxonomy, phylogeny and ecology of cultivable fungi present in seawater gradients across the Northern Antarctica Peninsula – Vívian N. Gonçalves – Extremophiles 

A strong link between marine microbial community composition and function challenges the idea of functional redundancy – Pierre E. Galand – The ISME Journal

Probiotics / prebiotics

Gut Microbiota, Probiotics, and Sport: From Clinical Evidence to Agonistic Performance – Marco Pane – Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology

 Microbes in the news

‘Green’-feed: Industrial microbes could feed cattle, pigs, chicken

SMU researchers hope microbes will lead them to strike oil offshore

Scientists Reveal How Gut Microbes ‘Recover’ After Antibiotic Treatment

Celebrate your gut microbiota on the first World Microbiome day!

 Microbes on the market (news about biotech companies)

Human Microbiome Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2018 – 2026

MaaT Pharma and Lutech Sign Licensing Agreement on Microbiome Therapy for Graft-vs-Host Disease

 

Ashok’s non-microbiology picks

The Rheumatoid Arthritis-Associated Citrullinome – Ronak Tilvawala – Cell Chemical Biology

Inflammation-Induced, STING-Dependent Autophagy Restricts Zika Virus Infection in the Drosophila Brain – Yuan Liu – Cell Host & Microbe

Distinct progenitor lineages contribute to the heterogeneity of plasmacytoid dendritic cells – Patrick Fernandes Rodrigues – Nature Immunology

A synaptic threshold mechanism for computing escape decisions – Dominic A. Evans – Nature

September 27, 2017

Human oral microbiome

Complex Intratissue Microbiota Forms Biofilms in Periodontal Lesions – Baek K – Journal of Dental Research

Human vaginal microbiome

Lactobacillus iners-dominated vaginal microbiota is associated with increased susceptibility to Chlamydia trachomatis infection in Dutch women: a case–control study – Robin van Houdt – Sexually Transmitted Infections

Human gut microbiome

[Review] Modulation of Type 1 Diabetes Risk by the Intestinal Microbiome – Knip M – Current Diabetes Reports

[Review] The Relationship Between the Human Genome and Microbiome Comes into View – Julia K. Goodrich – Annual Review of Genetics

Animal microbiome

[pre-print] The virome of Drosophila suzukii, an invasive pest of soft fruit – Nathan C. Medd – bioRxiv

Characterisation of North American Brucella isolates from marine mammals – Adrian M. Whatmore – PLOS ONE

Denitrification potential of the eastern oyster microbiome using a 16S rRNA gene based metabolic inference approach – Ann Arfken – PLOS ONE

Effects of Eimeria tenella infection on chicken caecal microbiome diversity, exploring variation associated with severity of pathology – Sarah E. Macdonald – PLOS ONE

Microbial characterization of bee pollen from the Vesuvius area collected by using three different traps – Gianluigi Mauriello – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Multiscale Investigation on Biofilm Distribution and its Impact on Macroscopic Biogeochemical Reaction Rates – Zhifeng Yan – Water Resources Research

Comparative metagenomics approaches to characterize the soil fungal communities of western coastal region, Saudi Arabia – Tarek A. A. Moussa – PLOS ONE

Bacterial and diazotrophic diversities of endophytes in Dendrobium catenatum determined through barcoded pyrosequencing – Ou Li – PLOS ONE

A secreted antibacterial neuropeptide shapes the microbiome of Hydra – René Augustin – Nature Communications

Probiotics / prebiotics

Methanobrevibacter attenuation via probiotic intervention reduces flatulence in adult human: A non-randomised paired-design clinical trial of efficacy – Minseok Seo – PLOS ONE

Bioinformatics

Predicting metabolic adaptation from networks of mutational paths – Christos Josephides & Peter S. Swain – Nature Communications

Microbes in the news 

Florida Seawater Bacteria Death Toll Rises – Patch

Researchers Find New Microbial Communities in Human Body

Microbes on the market

Paris-based Eligo Bioscience secures $20 million to bring Precision Medicine to the Microbiome – EU-Startups

Science, publishing, and career

New open-access journal Metabarcoding & Metagenomics joins the lines of publisher Pensoft – EurekAlert!

Ed’s non-microbiology picks

Infants make more attempts to achieve a goal when they see adults persist – Julia A. Leonard – Science

University of Tokyo pair invent loop-based quantum computing technique

Cancer immunotherapy with recombinant poliovirus induces IFN-dominant activation of dendritic cells and tumor antigen–specific CTLs – Michael C. Brown – Science Translational Medicine

Stereodivergent synthesis with a programmable molecular machine – Salma Kassem, – Nature

Trispecific broadly neutralizing HIV antibodies mediate potent SHIV protection in macaques – Ling Xu – Science

July 19, 2017

Today’s digest is a long one! There is high diversity of studies, with a high abundance of gut microbiome studies, a few publications on fecal transplant, and some very interesting early life/pregnancy/mother-infant science.  A normal serving of animal studies, of course a nice colony of environmental microbial studies, and a study reporting the presence of bacteria in Alzheimer’s post-mortem brains.

Events and jobs

Postdoctoral research fellow in translational microbiome research – Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology (MTC) at Karolinska Institutet

General microbiome

Commensal bacteria modulate the tumor microenvironment – Theofilos Poutahidis – Cancer Letters

[Review]  The human microbiome – Hubert E. Blum – Advances in Medical Sciences

Microbiome and Metabolome Data Integration Provides Insight Into Health and Disease – Michael Shaffer – Translational Research

Metabolic potential and taxonomic assessment of bacterial community of an environment to chronic industrial discharge – Neelam Devpura – International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation

Impact of the Microbiota on Bacterial Infections during Cancer Treatment – Jessica Galloway-Peña – Trends in Microbiology

Pregnancy and early life

** The Bacterial Ecosystem of Mother’s Milk and Infant’s Mouth and Gut – Elana Biagi – Frontiers in Microbiology | Evolutionary and Genomic Microbiology

* What’s Normal? Immune Profiling of Human Milk from Healthy Women Living in Different Geographical and Socioeconomic Settings – Lorena Ruiz – Frontiers in Immunology | Nutritional Immunology

Microbiome Associated with Severe Caries in Canadian First Nations Children – M. Agnello – Journal of Dental Research

* Bacterial communities found in placental tissues are associated with severe chorioamnionitis and adverse birth outcomes – Ronan M. Doyle – PLoS One

Human oral microbiome

Characterization of Oral Microbiota in Removable Dental Prosthesis Users: Influence of Arterial Hypertension – Leila Maria Marchi-Alves – BioMed Research International

Human vaginal microbiome

The association between ethnicity and vaginal microbiota composition in Amsterdam, the Netherlands – Hanneke Borgdorff – PLoS One

Human nearly-sterile sites

** 16S rRNA Next Generation Sequencing Analysis Shows Bacteria in Alzheimer’s Post-Mortem Brain – David C. Emery – Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience

Human gut microbiome

The Gut Microbiota of Healthy Chilean Subjects Reveals a High Abundance of the Phylum Verrucomicrobia – Sayaka Fujio-Vejar – Frontiers in Microbiology | Microbial Symbioses

*[Review] Significance of Microbiota in Obesity and Metabolic Diseases and the Modulatory Potential by Medicinal Plant and Food Ingredients – Hoda M. Eid – Frontiers in Pharmacology | Ethnopharmacology

MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF FECAL MICROBIOTA OF HEALTHY CHINESE TOBACCO SMOKER SUBJECTS IN SHAANXI PROVINCE, XI’AN CHINA – Ishaq HM – Journal of Ayub Medical College

The Microbiome in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Trauma-Exposed Controls: An Exploratory Study – Hemmings, Sian M.J – Psychosomatic Medicine

The Impact of Gut Microbiota on Gender-Specific Differences in Immunity – Floris Fransen – Frontiers in Immunology | Nutritional Immunology

Involvement of gut microbiota in the association between gastrointestinal motility and 5‑HT expression/M2 macrophage abundance in the gastrointestinal tract – Mo Yang – Molecular Medicine Reports

Correspondence: Fecal Microbiota Transplant from a Rational Stool Donor Improves Hepatic Encephalopathy: A Randomized Clinical Trial – Benjamin H Mullish – Hepatology

Going to the Bank: Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Pediatrics – Elaine Barfield – Clinical Pediatrics

INTERRELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN GUT MICROBIOTA AND HOST: Paradigms, Role in Neurodegenerative Diseases and Future Prospects – Villarraso JC – CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets

Faecal microbiota transplant: a novel biological approach to extensively drug-resistant organism-related non-relapse mortality – Innes AJ – Bone Marrow Transplantation

* Gut microbiota is critical for the induction of chemotherapy-induced pain – Shiqian Shen – Nature Neuroscience

Relationships between Gastrointestinal Microbiota and Blood Group Antigens – Anuhya Gampa – Physiological Genomics

[Masters Thesis] Evaluating the Effectiveness of Select Bacteria Against Clostridium difficile – Choquette, Kelsey Rose – Iowa State University, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing

* Potential and active functions in the gut microbiota of a healthy human cohort – Alessandro Tanca – Microbiome

[Letter to Editor] The necessity of gut microbiome characterization in diseases prevention and therapy – Sama Rezasoltani – Gastroenterology and Hepatology from Bed to Bench

[Review Article] The Intricate Interaction between Enteric Microbiota and Brain: Principles and Clinical Implications – Giovanni Gherardi – Journal of Digestive Diseases and Hepatology

Gut microbiota dysbiosis associated with glucose metabolism disorders and the metabolic syndrome in older adults – K Lippert – Beneficial Microbes

Animal experiments

Western Diet–Induced Dysbiosis in Farnesoid X Receptor Knockout Mice Causes Persistent Hepatic Inflammation after Antibiotic Treatment – Prasant K – The American Journal of Pathology

Grape pomace improves performance, antioxidant status, fecal microbiota and meat quality of piglets – I. Kafantaris – Animal

Animal microbiome

Microorganisms of the Intestinal Microbiota of Oncorhynchus Mykiss Produce Antagonistic Substances Against Bacteria Contaminating Food and Causing Disease in Humans – Lobos O – Italian Journal of Food Safety

Population-Specific Responses to Interspecific Competition in the Gut Microbiota of Two Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) Populations – Xiaoping He – Microbial Ecology

Habitat and indigenous gut microbes contribute to the plasticity of gut microbiome in oriental river prawn during rapid environmental change – Cheng-Yu Chen – PLoS One

Vertically and horizontally transmitted microbial symbionts shape the gut microbiota ontogenesis of a skin-mucus feeding discus fish progeny – François-Étienne Sylvain – Scientific Reports

Microbiome overview in swine lungs – Franciele Maboni Siqueira – PLoS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Integrated metagenomics and molecular ecological network analysis of bacterial community composition during the phytoremediation of cadmium-contaminated soils by bioenergy crops – Zhaojin Chen – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Dynamics of Soil Bacterial Communities Over a Vegetation Season Relate to Both Soil Nutrient Status and Plant Growth Phenology – Davide Francioli – Microbial Ecology

Microbial Populations of Stony Meteorites: Substrate Controls on First Colonizers – Alastair W. Tait – Frontiers in Microbiology | Extreme Microbiology

Microbial functional diversity covaries with permafrost thaw-induced environmental heterogeneity in tundra soil – Mengting M. Yuan – Global Change Biology

[PrePrint] Conditionally rare taxa contribute but do not account for prokaryotic community changes in soils – Rachel Kaminsky – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Performance and bacterial community structure of a 10-years old constructed mangrove wetland – Tingting Tian – Marine Pollution Bulletin

A comparative study revealed first insights into the diversity and metabolisms of the microbial communities in the sediments of Pacmanus and Desmos hydrothermal fields – Hai-liang Wang – PLoS One

Microbial Composition and Diversity Patterns in Deep Hyperthermal Aquifers from the Western Plain of Romania – Cecilia M. Chiriac – Microbiology of Aquatic Systems

Built environment

Pilot study to determine if microbial contamination levels in hospital washrooms are associated with hand drying method – Mark H. Wilcox – Journal of Hospital Infection

Probiotics / prebiotics

Arachidonic acid sex-dependently affects obesity through linking gut microbiota-driven inflammation to hypothalamus-adipose-liver axis – Pan Zhuang – BBA

Functional Characterization of Novel Faecalibacterium prausnitzii Strains Isolated from Healthy Volunteers: A Step Forward in the Use of F. prausnitzii as a Next-Generation Probiotic – Rebeca Martin – Frontiers in Microbiology | Food Microbiology

Bioinformatics

* Abundance estimation and differential testing on strain level in metagenomics data – Martina Fischer – Bioinformatics

Techniques

Development and Use of a Real-Time Quantitative PCR Method for Detecting and Quantifying Equol-Producing Bacteria in Human Faecal Samples and Slurry Cultures – Lucía Vázquez – Frontiers in Microbiology | Food Microbiology

Next-generation Sequencing of the DNA Virome from Fecal Samples – Monaco CL – Bio-protocol

Synthetic multispecies microbial communities reveals shifts in secondary metabolism and facilitates cryptic natural product discovery – Yutong Shi – Environmental Microbiology

Whole-genome sequencing of eukaryotes: From sequencing of DNA fragments to a genome assembly – K. S. Zadesenets – Russian Journal of Genetics

Microbes on the market

Microbiome Sequencing Services Market: trends, analysis, Overview, forecast up to 2021

Ed’s non-microbiology picks

Heavy metal accumulation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells armed with metal binding hexapeptides targeted to the inner face of the plasma membrane – Lavinia Liliana Ruta –Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Fracking can contaminate rivers and lakes with radioactive material, study finds

Subacute normobaric oxygen and hyperbaric oxygen therapy in drowning, reversal of brain volume loss: a case report – Paul G Harch – Medical Gas Research

No Effect of Commercial Cognitive Training on Neural Activity During Decision-Making – Joseph W. Kable – Journal of Neuroscience

Health Insurance Expansion and Incidence of Out‐of‐Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Pilot Study in a US Metropolitan Community – Eric C. Stecker – Journal of the American Heart Association