December 26, 2018

Holidays, Happiness and some updates on the microbiome!
Today’s short digest covers functions of different Lactobacillus strains; how weaning stress affects the gut microbiome and association of bacterial metabolite TMAO with Alzheimer’s disease.

General microbiome

Review: Antibiotics and the nervous system: More than just the microbes? – Kevin Champagne-Jorgensen – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Human gut microbiome

The gut microbiota-derived metabolite trimethylamine N-oxide is elevated in Alzheimer’s disease – Nicholas M. Vogt – Alzheimer’s Research & Therapy

A novel probiotic, Lactobacillus johnsonii 456, resists acid and can persist in the human gut beyond the initial ingestion period – Michael J. Davoren – Gut Microbes

Metabolomics and 16S rRNA sequencing of human colorectal cancers and adjacent mucosa – Mun Fai Loke – PlosOne

Human oral/respiratory microbiome

The Salivary Microbiome: Analysis of by Pyrosequencing and the Relationship with Helicobacter pylori Infection – Yingjie Ji – bioRxiv

Differences in the lower airway microbiota of infants with and without cystic fibrosis – Katherine B. Frayman – Journal of Cystic Fibrosis

Animal experiments

A Diet-Sensitive Commensal Lactobacillus Strain Mediates TLR7-Dependent Systemic Autoimmunity – Daniel F. Zegarra-Ruiz – Cell Host and Microbe

The gut microbiome is required for full protection against acute arsenic toxicity in mouse models – Michael Coryell – Nature Communications

Weaning Stress Perturbs Gut Microbiome and Its Metabolic Profile in Piglets – Yuan Li – Scientific Reports

Plant root soil microbiome

The effect of rhizosphere microbes outweighs host plant genetics in reducing insect herbivory – Charley J. Hubbard – Molecular Ecology

Enrichment of Verrucomicrobia, Actinobacteria and Burkholderiales drives selection of bacterial community from soil by maize roots in a traditional milpa agroecosystem – Eneas Aguirre-von-Wobeser – PlosOne

Non-microbiology picks

Friend and foe: β-cell Ca2+ signaling and the development of diabetes – Paul V. Sabatini – Molecular Metabolism

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December 20, 2018

In the wait of Christmas weekend and holidays, some quick reading for updates in microbiome field. Today’s digest include articles on improving metagenomic data analysis and integrating different -omics datasets; review article on potential of microbiome to address antimicrobial resistance and meta-analysis on benefits of probiotic supplements in kidney disease.

General microbiome

Microbiome as a tool and a target in the effort to address antimicrobial resistance – David A. Relman – PNAS

Gut microbiota and health: connecting actors across the metabolic system – F. Fava – Proceedings of the Nutrition Society

Dietary sugar silences a colonization factor in a mammalian gut symbiont – Guy E. Townsend II – PNAS

Human gut microbiome

Genomic variation and strain-specific functional adaptation in the human gut microbiome during early life – Tommi Vatanen – Nature Microbiology

Phylogenetic barriers to horizontal transfer of antimicrobial peptide resistance genes in the human gut microbiota – Bálint Kintses – Nature Microbiology

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for the Critically Ill Patient – Berkeley N. Limketkai – Nutrition in Clinical Practice

Effects of probiotic supplements on the progression of chronic kidney disease: a meta‐analysis – Sibei Tao – Nephrology

Signatures within the esophageal microbiome are associated with host genetics, age, and disease – Nandan P. Deshpande – Microbiome

Human oral microbiome

Oral microbiomes in children with asthma and dental caries – Sergey V. Cherkasov – Oral Diseases

Animal experiments

Microbial fermentation of flaxseed fibers modulates the transcriptome of GPR41-expressing enteroendocrine cells and protects mice against diet-induced obesity – Tulika Arora – Americal Journal of Physiology Endocrinology and Metabolism

Transcriptome-wide reprogramming of N6-methyladenosine modification by the mouse microbiome – Xiaoyun Wang – Cell Research

Antidepressant treatment modulates the gut microbiome and metabolome during pregnancy and lactation in rats with a depressive-like phenotype – Anouschka S. Ramsteijn – BioRxiv

Association of gut microbiota composition and function with a senescence-accelerated mouse model of Alzheimer’s Disease using 16S rRNA gene and metagenomic sequencing analysis – Weijun Peng – Aging

Prebiotics and synbiotics – in ovo delivery for improved lifespan condition in chicken – M. Siwek – BMC Veterinary Research

The response of colonic mucosa-associated microbiota composition, mucosal immune homeostasis, and barrier function to early-life galactooligosaccharides intervention in suckling piglets – Jue Wang – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Techniques

Microbiome characterization by high-throughput transfer RNA sequencing and modification analysis – Michael H. Schwartz – Nature Communications

Simple statistical identification and removal of contaminant sequences in marker-gene and metagenomics data – Nicole M. Davis – Microbiome

Multiomics modeling of the immunome, transcriptome, microbiome, proteome and metabolome adaptations during human pregnancy – Mohammad Sajjad Ghaemi – Bioinformatics

Introducing THOR, a model microbiome for genetic dissection of community behavior – Gabriel L. Lozano – BioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Prebiotics Benefit the Gut Microbiome of Both Children and Adults – Market watch

Non-microbiology picks

Technologies to address antimicrobial resistance – Stephen J. Baker – PNAS

November 29, 2018

Today’s digest covers updates on human milk oligosaccharides, microbial life in cemetry, intestinal resistome, and benefits of intermittent fasting in human cohort and the gut microbiota in mice.

General microbiome
Next steps in studying the human microbiome and health in prospective studies, Bethesda, MD, May 16–17, 2017 – Rashmi Sinha – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Human milk oligosaccharides, milk microbiome and infant gut microbiome modulate neonatal rotavirus infection – Sasirekha Ramani – Nature Communications

Interpersonal Variations in Gut Microbiota Profiles Supersedes the Effects of Differing Fecal Storage Conditions – Caspar Bundgaard-Nielsen – Scientific Reports

In-and-Out Molecular Changes Linked to the Type 2 Diabetes Remission after Bariatric Surgery: An Influence of Gut Microbes on Mitochondria Metabolism – Paulina Samczuk – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Characterization of fungal dysbiosis in Japanese patients with inflammatory bowel disease – Takayuki Imai – Journal of Gastroenterology

Gut microbiota features of the geographically diverse Indian population – Sudarshan A. Shetty – BioRxiv

Animal experiments

Intermittent administration of a fasting-mimicking diet intervenes in diabetes progression, restores β cells and reconstructs gut microbiota in mice Siying Wei – Nutrition and Metabolism

Skin and gut microbiomes of a wild mammal respond to different environmental cues – Anton Lavrinienko – Microbiome

Mouse intestinal microbiota reduction favors local intestinal immunity triggered by antigens displayed in Bacillus subtilis biofilm – Cédric M. Vogt – Microbial Cell Factories

The murine vaginal microbiota and its perturbation by the human pathogen group B Streptococcus – Alison Vrbanac – BMC Microbiology

Use of next generation sequencing to investigate the microbiota of experimentally induced wounds and the effect of bandaging in horses – Louis J. Kamus – PlosOne

Soil microbiome

Expansive microbial metabolic versatility and biodiversity in dynamic Guaymas Basin hydrothermal sediments – Nina Dombrowski – Nature Communications

Built Environment

Microbial life beyond the grave: 16S rRNA gene-based metagenomic analysis of bacteria diversity and their functional profiles in cemetery environments – Akebe Luther King Abia – Science of the Total Environment

Techniques

Prediction of the intestinal resistome by a three-dimensional structure-based method – Etienne Ruppé – Nature Microbiology

Quantitative PCR provides a simple and accessible method for quantitative microbiome profiling – Ching Jian – BioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Poo found on every McDonald’s touchscreen tested – Metro

Non-microbiology picks

Effects of intermittent and continuous calorie restriction on body weight and metabolism over 50 wk: a randomized controlled trial – Ruth Schübel – The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

 

November 14, 2018

Today’s digest is about how dietary shifts and low gluten diet changes the intestinal microbiome, fecal microbiota transplant in intestinal disorders, characterization of the most abundant bacteriophage family in the human gut, and Raman spectroscopy based method for fast identification of antibiotic resistance bugs.

Human gut microbiome

Fecal microbiota transplantation for refractory immune checkpoint inhibitor-associated colitis – Yinghong Wang – Nature Medicine

A low-gluten diet induces changes in the intestinal microbiome of healthy Danish adults – Lea BS Hansen – Nature Communications

Resilience of human gut microbial communities for the long stay with multiple dietary shifts – Hong Liu – Gut

Microbiome and its relation to gestational diabetes – Ramon V. Cortez – Endocrine

Effect of bifidobacterium breve A-1 on anxiety and depressive symptoms in schizophrenia: A proof-of-concept study – Ryo Okubo – Journal of Affective Disorders

Fecal Akkermansia muciniphila Is Associated with Body Composition and Microbiota Diversity in Overweight and Obese Women with Breast Cancer Participating in a Presurgical Weight Loss Trial – Andrew D Fruge – Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

An Open-Labeled Study on Fecal Microbiota Transfer in Irritable Bowel Syndrome Patients Reveals Improvement in Abdominal Pain Associated with the Relative Abundance of Akkermansia Muciniphila – Cruz-Aguliar RM – Digestion

Animal experiments

Berberine alleviates insulin resistance by reducing peripheral branched-chain amino acids – Shi-Jun Yue – American Journal of Physiology Endocrinology and Metabolism

Air microbiome

A long-term survey unveils strong seasonal patterns in the airborne microbiome coupled to general and regional atmospheric circulations – Joan Cáliz – PNAS

Phages and viruses

ΦCrAss001 represents the most abundant bacteriophage family in the human gut and infects Bacteroides intestinalis – Andrey N Shkoporov – Nature Communications

Techniques

Quantifying and comparing bacterial growth dynamics in multiple metagenomic samples – Yuan Gao – Nature Methods

Dynamic linear models guide design and analysis of microbiota studies within artificial human guts – Justin D Silverman – Microbiome

Microbes in the news

Chinese scientists develop novel instrument for rapid profiling of antimicrobial resistance – EurekaAlert

Microbes on the market

Chr. Hansen Receives Joint Innovation Fund Grant to Develop Next Generation Microbial Solutions for Agriculture – Microbiome times

Non-microbiology picks

Remission of Human Type 2 Diabetes Requires Decrease in Liver and Pancreas Fat Content but Is Dependent upon Capacity for β Cell Recovery – Roy Taylor – Cell Metabolism

 

October 25, 2018

Roller coaster of fantastic articles today! Two sister articles from TEDDY cohort about development of the gut microbiota in early childhood and type-1 diabetes. Another article on association of the early gut microbiota with body mass index later in life in a Norwegian cohort. A multi-omics study of the rumen microbiota and insight into how human gut microbiota recovers following antibiotic exposure. And many more, keep reading…

Human gut microbiome

Recovery of gut microbiota of healthy adults following antibiotic exposure – Albert Palleja – Nature Microbiology

The human gut microbiome in early-onset type 1 diabetes from the TEDDY study – Tommi Vatanen – Nature

Temporal development of the gut microbiome in early childhood from the TEDDY study – Christopher J. Stewart – Nature

Gut Microbiota in the First 2 Years of Life and the Association with Body Mass Index at Age 12 in a Norwegian Birth Cohort – Maggie A. Stanislawski – mBio

Human gut microbe co-cultures have greater potential than monocultures for food waste remediation to commodity chemicals – Matthew A. Perisin – Scientific Reports

Animal experiments

Interspecies cross-feeding orchestrates carbon degradation in the rumen ecosystem – Lindsey M. Solden – Nature Microbiology

A gut microbial factor modulates locomotor behaviour in Drosophila – Catherine E. Schretter – Nature

Dietary fibers inhibit obesity in mice, but host responses in the cecum and liver appear unrelated to fiber-specific changes in cecal bacterial taxonomic composition – Janice E. Drew – Scientific Reports

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Existing Climate Change Will Lead to Pronounced Shifts in the Diversity of Soil Prokaryotes – Joshua Ladau – mSystems

Techniques

Intestinal barrier dysfunction orchestrates the onset of inflammatory host–microbiome cross-talk in a human gut inflammation-on-a-chip – Woojung Shin – PNAS

Microbiota profiling with long amplicons using Nanopore sequencing: full-length 16S rRNA gene and whole rrn operon – Anna Cusco – BioRxiv

Microbes in the news

3 million common procedures in England could become ‘life threatening’ without antibiotics – CNN

Antibiotic plus probiotic combination may kill off superbugs – Medical News Today

Microbes on the market

Microbiotica Attracts Equity Investment from Seventure’s Health for Life Capital Fund – Microbiome Times

Rebiotix and Microbiome Insights Collaborate on a Microbiome IBD Tool for Clinical Development – Microbiome Times

APC Microbiome Ireland pool resources to lead maternity probiotic venture – Nutraingredients.com

Non-microbiology picks

How should autonomous vehicles be programmed? – ScienceDaily

October 18, 2018

Today’s digest covers articles on the potential of fecal microbiota transplant in obesity and Crohn’s disease, modeling approach to address interactions in simplified microbial community, news on antibiotic resistance and a gigantic single cell transcriptomics database encompassing twenty mouse organs!

General Microbiome

Integrated culturing, modeling and transcriptomics uncovers complex interactions and emergent behavior in a three-species synthetic gut community – Kevin D’hoe – eLife

The role of the lung microbiota and the gut‐lung axis in respiratory infectious diseases – Alexia Dumas – Cellular Microbiology

Gut microbiota and obesity: An opportunity to alter obesity through Fecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT) – Patrick Lee – Diabetes Obesity and Metabolism

Human gut microbiome

Probiotic supplementation restores normal microbiota composition and function in antibiotic-treated and in caesarean-born infants – Katri Korpela – Microbiome

Diversified gut microbiota in newborns of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus – Minglian Su – PlosOne

Gut dysbiosis with Bacilli dominance and accumulation of fermentation products precedes late-onset sepsis in preterm infants – S Graspeuntner – Clinical Infectious Diseases

The Safety of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Crohn’s Disease: Findings from A Long-Term Study – Honggang Wang – Advances in Therapy

Animal experiments

Effect of dietary Spirulina (Arthrospira) platensis on the growth performance, antioxidant enzyme activity, nutrient digestibility, cecal microflora, excreta noxious gas emission, and breast meat quality of broiler chickens – J H Park – Poultry Science

Water and extremophile microbiome

Differential incorporation of one-carbon substrates among microbial populations identified by stable isotope probing from the estuary to South China Sea – Wenchao Deng – Scientific Reports

Prokaryotic Diversity and Distribution in Different Habitats of an Alpine Rock Glacier-Pond System – I. Mania – Microbial Ecology

Community composition of nitrous oxide reducing bacteria investigated using a functional gene microarray – A. Jayakumar – Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography

Built environment

Microbial and Metabolic Succession on Common Building Materials Under High Humidity Conditions – Simon Lax – BioRxiv

Bioinformatics/Techniques

Designing metabolic division of labor in microbial communities – Meghan Thommes – BioRxiv

Population heterogeneity in microbial bioprocesses: origin, analysis, mechanisms, and future perspectives – Anna-Lena Heins – Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

Hydrogenotrophic methanogens of the mammalian gut: functionally similar, thermodynamically different. A modelling approach – Rafael Munoz-Tamayo – BioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Most burger chains fail on annual antibiotics report card – CNN

Sales of antibiotics for use in food-producing animals drop across the EU – European Medicine Agencies News

Non-microbiology picks

Single-cell transcriptomics of 20 mouse organs creates a Tabula Muris – The Tabula Muris Consortium – Nature

September 26, 2018

Today’s mid-week short digest includes articles on integrating human genetics and the gut microbiome to find potent risk factors in cardiovascular disease; comparison of bariatric surgery techniques on the gut microbiota; transmission of antibiotic resistance genes from mothers to infants and importance of breastfeeding. News updates on growth prediction of human microbiome based diagnostics and first rapid test to determine Bifidobacteria in infant gut!

Human gut microbiome

Individual variations in cardiovascular-disease-related protein levels are driven by genetics and gut microbiome – Daria V. Zhernakova – Nature Genetics

Maternal gut and breast milk microbiota affect infant gut antibiotic resistome and mobile genetic elements – Katariina Pärnänen – Nature Communications

Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria from patients, hospital environment and healthcare workers: a six-month cross-sectional study – Aline Fernanda Rodrigues Sereia – bioRxiv

Microbiota stability in healthy individuals after single-dose lactulose challenge – a randomized controlled study – Sandra Y Wotzkas – bioRxiv

Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass profoundly changes gut microbiota compared to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy: a metagenomic comparative analysis – William Farin – bioRxiv

Subgingival microbiome of rheumatoid arthritis patients in relation to their disease status and periodontal health – Kathrin Beyer – PlosOne

Profiling of microorganism-binding serum antibody specificities in professional athletes – Rajna Minić – PlosOne

Animal experiments

Human Breast-Milk Feeding Enhances the Humoral and Cell-Mediated Immune Response in Neonatal Piglets – John J Miklavcic – The Journal of Nutrition

Glyphosate perturbs the gut microbiota of honey bees – Erick V. S. Motta – PNAS

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Microbiome profiling in extremely acidic soils affected by hydrothermal fluids: the case of Solfatara Crater (Campi Flegrei, southern Italy) – Crognale Simona – Fems Microbiology Ecology

Techniques

The Smallest Intestine (TSI) – a low volume in vitro model of the small intestine with increased throughput – T Cieplak – FEMS microbiology Letters

Microbes in the news

First-Ever Rapid Response Test for Levels of Bifidobacterium in Baby’s Gut Microbiome – Microbiome Times

Human Microbiome Market will Likely to expanding at a CAGR of 9.8% during the forecast period from 2018 to 2026 – Business Analyst

Puppies spread antibiotic-resistant infections to 118 people, CDC reports – CBS News

Non-microbiology picks

The best of intentions: Prenatal breastfeeding intentions and infant health – Kerri M. Raissian – SSM Population Health