July 04, 2018

Today’s Digest is about association of the microbiome at various mucosal sites with different diseases in humans, germ-free chicken and microbial community in anoxic inter-tidal zone of Earth to study Lacustrine system of Mars. You can also read about BacStalk- software to analyze bacterial images, Chinese baby project and how air pollution is contributing to incidence of diabetes.

General microbiome

Review: Gut associated bacteria are critical to metabolism, inflammation and health – Philip Newsholme – Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care

Review: The Microbiome and Acute Kidney Injury – H Rabb – Nephron

Multi-site human microbiome

Review: Cariogenic microbiome and microbiota of the early primary dentition: a contemporary overview – Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin – Oral Diseases

Dysbiosis of oral microbiota and its association with salivary immunological biomarkers in autoimmune liver disease – Kazumichi Abe – PlosOne

Human respiratory microbiome

Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea is Associated with Alterations in the Nasal Microbiome and Increase in Inflammation – Benjamin G Wu – American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Microbiota Composition and the Integration of Exogenous and Endogenous Signals in Reactive Nasal Inflammation – Francesco Antonio Salzano – Journal of Immunology Research

Human skin microbiome

Inflammatory cytokines and biofilm production sustain Staphylococcus aureus outgrowth and persistence: a pivotal interplay in the pathogenesis of Atopic Dermatitis – E.G.Di Domenico – Scientific reports

Human vaginal microbiome

Complex ecological interactions of Staphylococcus aureus in tampons during menstruation – Isaline Jacquemond – Scientific Reports

Human gut microbiome

Altered Intestinal Microbiota with Increased Abundance of Prevotella Is Associated with High Risk of Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome – Tingting Su – Gastroenterology Research and Practice

The presence of genetic risk variants within PTPN2 and PTPN22 is associated with intestinal microbiota alterations in Swiss IBD cohort patients – Bahtiyar Yilmaz – PlosOne

Animal experiments 

Gut Microbial succession during conventionalization of germfree chicken – Thomas Milton – bioRxiv

Early-life antibiotics attenuate regulatory T cell generation and increase the severity of murine house dust mite-induced asthma – Alexander J. Adami – Pediatric Research

Changes in intestinal gene expression and microbiota composition during late pregnancy are mouse strain dependent – Marlies Elderman – Scientific Reports

Critical Roles for Microbiota-Mediated Regulation of the Immune System in a Prenatal Immune Activation Model of Autism – Catherine R. Lammert – The Journal of Immunology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Cascading effects of elevated ozone on wheat rhizosphere microbial communities depend on temperature and cultivar sensitivity – F. Changey – Environmental Pollution

Litter quality drives the differentiation of microbial communities in the litter horizon across an alpine treeline ecotone in the eastern Tibetan Plateau – Haifeng Zheng – Scientific Reports

Identification of a Novel Feruloyl Esterase by Functional Screening of a Soil Metagenomic Library – Xuanxuan Li – Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Quorum sensing and iron regulate a two-for-one siderophore gene cluster in Vibrio harveyi – Darcy L. McRose – PNAS

Identifying labile DOM components in a coastal ocean through depleted bacterial transcripts and chemical signals – Alexey Vorobev – Environmental Microbiology

Metabolic potential of microbial communities from ferruginous sediments – Aurele Vuillemin – Environmental Microbiology

Microbes in space

The Microbial Community of a Terrestrial Anoxic Inter-Tidal Zone: A Model for Laboratory-Based Studies of Potentially Habitable Ancient Lacustrine Systems on Mars – Elliot Curtis-Harper – Microorganisms

Phages and viruses

Development of a high-throughput assay to detect antibody inhibition of low pH induced conformational changes of influenza virus hemagglutinin – Jessica F. Trost – PlosOne

Techniques

Review: Errors during Gene Expression: Single-Cell Heterogeneity, Stress Resistance, and Microbe-Host Interactions – Christpher R. Evans – mBio

BacStalk: a comprehensive and interactive image analysis software tool for bacterial cell biology – Raimo Hartmann – bioRxiv

Assessing the Mouse Intestinal Microbiota in Settings of Type-2 Immune Responses – Mei San Tang – Type 2 Immunity

Microbes in the news

Bacteria can ‘divide and conquer’ to vanquish their enemies – Science Daily

Gigantic study of Chinese babies yields slew of health data – Nature News

Non-microbiology picks

The 2016 global and national burden of diabetes mellitus attributable to PM2·5 air pollution – Benjamin Bowe – The Lancet Planetary Health

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