November 29, 2018

Today’s digest covers updates on human milk oligosaccharides, microbial life in cemetry, intestinal resistome, and benefits of intermittent fasting in human cohort and the gut microbiota in mice.

General microbiome
Next steps in studying the human microbiome and health in prospective studies, Bethesda, MD, May 16–17, 2017 – Rashmi Sinha – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Human milk oligosaccharides, milk microbiome and infant gut microbiome modulate neonatal rotavirus infection – Sasirekha Ramani – Nature Communications

Interpersonal Variations in Gut Microbiota Profiles Supersedes the Effects of Differing Fecal Storage Conditions – Caspar Bundgaard-Nielsen – Scientific Reports

In-and-Out Molecular Changes Linked to the Type 2 Diabetes Remission after Bariatric Surgery: An Influence of Gut Microbes on Mitochondria Metabolism – Paulina Samczuk – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Characterization of fungal dysbiosis in Japanese patients with inflammatory bowel disease – Takayuki Imai – Journal of Gastroenterology

Gut microbiota features of the geographically diverse Indian population – Sudarshan A. Shetty – BioRxiv

Animal experiments

Intermittent administration of a fasting-mimicking diet intervenes in diabetes progression, restores β cells and reconstructs gut microbiota in mice Siying Wei – Nutrition and Metabolism

Skin and gut microbiomes of a wild mammal respond to different environmental cues – Anton Lavrinienko – Microbiome

Mouse intestinal microbiota reduction favors local intestinal immunity triggered by antigens displayed in Bacillus subtilis biofilm – Cédric M. Vogt – Microbial Cell Factories

The murine vaginal microbiota and its perturbation by the human pathogen group B Streptococcus – Alison Vrbanac – BMC Microbiology

Use of next generation sequencing to investigate the microbiota of experimentally induced wounds and the effect of bandaging in horses – Louis J. Kamus – PlosOne

Soil microbiome

Expansive microbial metabolic versatility and biodiversity in dynamic Guaymas Basin hydrothermal sediments – Nina Dombrowski – Nature Communications

Built Environment

Microbial life beyond the grave: 16S rRNA gene-based metagenomic analysis of bacteria diversity and their functional profiles in cemetery environments – Akebe Luther King Abia – Science of the Total Environment

Techniques

Prediction of the intestinal resistome by a three-dimensional structure-based method – Etienne Ruppé – Nature Microbiology

Quantitative PCR provides a simple and accessible method for quantitative microbiome profiling – Ching Jian – BioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Poo found on every McDonald’s touchscreen tested – Metro

Non-microbiology picks

Effects of intermittent and continuous calorie restriction on body weight and metabolism over 50 wk: a randomized controlled trial – Ruth Schübel – The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

 

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