June 24, 2022

Today we have a report in Science on bacterium which is 1cm long, a great review of the gut virome in human health, and a meta-analysis of mycobiota signatures in colorectcal cancer among some other great papers.

General microbiology

A centimeter-long bacterium with DNA contained in metabolically active, membrane-bound organelles – Volland et al. – Science


Filamentous bacteriophage delays healing of Pseudomonas-infected wounds – Bach et al. – Cell Reports Medicine

[REVIEW] The gut virome: A new microbiome component in health and disease – Cao et al. – eBioMedicine

Gut Microbiome

Presence of Blastocystis in gut microbiota is associated with cognitive traits and decreased executive function – Mayneris-Perxachs et al. – ISME

Altered mycobiota signatures and enriched pathogenic Aspergillus rambellii are associated with colorectal cancer based on multi-cohort fecal metagenomic analyses – Lin et al. – Gastroenterology

[REVIEW] Small molecules in the big picture of gut microbiome-host cross-talk – Ma et al. – eBioMedicine

Maternal gut microbiome–induced IgG regulates neonatal gut microbiome and immunity – Sanidad et al. – Science Immunology

Non-Microbiome picks

Time for better time-restricted eating trials to lessen the burden of metabolic diseases – Taub and Panda – Cell Reports Medicine

What SARS-CoV-2 does to our brains – Aschman et al. – Immunity

June 10, 2022

Several great microbiome papers out today including a review on rethinking healthy eating in Cell Host & Microbe, a large population study on the development of the infant gut microbiome (n=1900) in Science, and two studies showcasing metabolomics predictive value for recurrent CDI and NAFLD.  

Gut Microbiome

[REVIEW] Rethinking healthy eating in light of the gut microbiome – Armet et al. Cell Host & Microbe.

Gut metabolites predict Clostridioides difficile recurrence – Dawkins et al. Microbiome

Robust variation in infant gut microbiome assembly across a spectrum of lifestyles – Olm et al. Science

Risk assessment with gut microbiome and metabolite markers in NAFLD development. Leung et al. Science Translational Medicine.

Profiling Fusobacterium infection at high taxonomic resolution reveals lineage-specific correlations in colorectal cancer – Bi et al. Nature Communications

Impact of a 7-day homogeneous diet on interpersonal variation in human gut microbiomes and metabolomes – Guthrie et al. Cell Host & Microbe

Animal experiments

Nisin probiotic prevents inflammatory bone loss while promoting reparative proliferation and a healthy microbiome – Gao et al. npj Biofilms & Microbiomes

Donor-dependent fecal microbiota transplantation efficacy against necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm pigs – Hui et al. npj Biofilms & Microbiomes


A catalog of 48,425 nonredundant viruses from oral metagenomes expands the horizon of the human oral virome – Li et al. iScience


Phylogeny-guided microbiome OTU-specific association test (POST) – Huang et al. Microbiome

March 23, 2022

General microbiome

Microbial communities form rich extracellular metabolomes that foster metabolic interactions and promote drug tolerance – Yu et al. – Nature Microbiology

Human skin microbiome

Skin microbiota diversity among genetically unrelated individuals of Indian origin – Pothbhare et al. – PeerJ

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Gut microbiota and allergic diseases in children – Akagawa & Kaneko – Allergology International

[REVIEW]Gut microbiome: New biomarkers in early screening of colorectal cancer – Zhou et al. – Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis

Can gut microbiota throughout the first 10 years of life predict executive functioning in childhood? – Eckermann et al. – Developmental Psychobiology

[PREPRINT]Meta-analysis of the autism gut microbiome identifies factors influencing study discrepancies and machine learning classification – Chavira, Wang & Mills – bioRxiv

Changes of Intestinal Microflora in Colorectal Cancer Patients after Surgical Resection and Chemotherapy – Huang et al. – Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine

Animal microbiome

Captivity and Animal Microbiomes: Potential Roles of Microbiota for Influencing Animal Conservation – Dallas & Warne – Microbial Ecology

Changes in gut microbiota composition with age and correlations with gut inflammation in rats – Meng et al. – PLOS One

[REVIEW]Translational multi-omics microbiome research for strategies to improve cattle production and health – Wang & Guan – Emerging Topics in Lefe Sciences

Multi-omics reveals host metabolism associated with the gut microbiota composition in mice with dietary ε-polylysine – Zhang et al. – Food & Function

Soil causes gut microbiota to flourish and total serum IgE levels to decrease in mice – Zhou et al. – Environmental Microbiology

Microbiome-metabolomics deciphers the effects of Cistanche deserticola polysaccharides on agedconstipated rats – Liu et al. – Food & Function

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

[PREPRINT]Plant Virus Database: a resource for exploring the diversity of plant viruses and their interactions with hosts – Wu et al. – bioRxiv

Waste microbiome

[PREPRINT]Identification of Microbial Flora and Isolation of Functional Strains Related to the Degradation of Domestic Waste – Huang, Liu & Zong – bioRxiv

Food microbiology

Comprehensive characterization of the bacterial community structure and metabolite composition of food waste fermentation products via microbiome and metabolome analyses – Li et al. – PLOS One


MetaPop: a pipeline for macro- and microdiversity analyses and visualization of microbial and viral metagenome-derived populations – Gregory et al. – Microbiome

HAM-ART: An optimised culture-free Hi-C metagenomics pipeline for tracking antimicrobial resistance genes in complex microbial communities – Kalmar et al. – PLOS Genetics


[PREPRINT]Vaginal microbiome-host interactions modeled in a human vagina-on-a-chip – Mahajan et al. – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news (popular press, EurekAlert, ScienceDaily, Youtube, NPR, etc)

Florence tomb by Michelangelo restored with aid of bacteria – The Guardian

February 21, 2022

Today’s digest features two excellent metagenome – metabolome association studies in Nature Medicine and a great article in Genome Biology showing that the sustained software development is what you should look for in a bioinformatic software, not what journal it was published in.

Human gut microbiome

Metabolomic and microbiome profiling reveals personalized risk factors for coronary artery disease – Talmor-Barkan et al. Nature Medicine. 

Microbiome and metabolome features of the cardiometabolic disease spectrum – Fromentin et al. Nature Medicine

Gut metagenome associations with extensive digital health data in a volunteer-based Estonian microbiome cohort – Aasmets et al. Nature Communications

Animal Microbiome

Drivers of gut microbiome variation within and between groups of a wild Malagasy primate – Rudolph et al. Microbiome

Integrated meta-omics reveals new ruminal microbial features associated with feed efficiency in dairy cattle – Xue et al. Microbiome

The gut microbiome and antibiotic resistome of chronic diarrhea rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) and its similarity to the human gut microbiome – Yang et al Microbiome


Independent host- and bacterium-based determinants protect a model symbiosis from phage predation – Lynch et al. Cell Reports

Virome characterization of game animals in China reveals a spectrum of emerging pathogens – He et al. Cell

Water and extremophile microbiome

Microeukaryotic gut parasites in wastewater treatment plants: diversity, activity, and removal – Freudenthal et al. Microbiome


METABOLIC: high-throughput profiling of microbial genomes for functional traits, metabolism, biogeochemistry, and community-scale functional networks – Zhou et al. Microbiome

Sustained software development, not number of citations or journal choice, is indicative of accurate bioinformatic software – Gardner et al. Genome Biology

Non-Microbiome picks

If you’ve listened to The Dropout podcast you might like this editorial.  

The post-Theranos world – Nature Biotechnology. 

February 2, 2022

General microbiome

Genomic structure predicts metabolite dynamics in microbial communities – Gowda et al. – Cell 

Inhalable antibiotic resistomes emitted from hospitals: metagenomic insights into bacterial hosts, clinical relevance, and environmental risks – Wu et al. – Microbiome

Long-read metagenomic sequencing reveals shifts in associations of antibiotic resistance genes with mobile genetic elements from sewage to activated sludge – Dai et al. – Microbiome

Understanding microbiome alterations in autism – Nature Medicine

Human gut microbiome

3β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase expressed by gut microbes degrades testosterone and is linked to depression in males – Li et al. – Cell Host & Microbe

Pregnancy and early life

Early-life viral infections are associated with disadvantageous immune and microbiota profiles and recurrent respiratory infections – Piters et al. – Nature Microbiology

Meconium Microbiome of Very Preterm Infants across Germany – Klopp et al. – mSphere

Water and extremophile microbiome

Comparative metabolomic analysis reveals shared and unique chemical interactions in sponge holobionts – Zhang et al. – Microbiome

A multi-omics approach unravels metagenomic and metabolic alterations of a probiotic and synbiotic additive in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) – Rasmussen et al. – Microbiome


MUON: multimodal omics analysis framework – Bredikhin et al. – Genome Biology

Non Microbiome Picks

A Toast to All the Rejects – The Atlantic. An insightful article on celebrating your rejections in academia. 

January 10, 2022

Today’s digest features studies on glycosaminoglycans degradation by urinary microbiome, social network of honeybees, improved DNA extraction for low biomass samples, the LotuS2 tool for amplicon sequencing analysis, and more. Happy Monday!

Gut microbiome

Review: The role of the microbiota in the management of intensive care patients – Piotr Szychowiak – Annals of Intensive Care

Review: The Gut Microbiome in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME)/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) – Rahel S. König – Frontiers in Immunology

Review: Opioid Use, Gut Dysbiosis, Inflammation, and the Nervous System – Richa Jalodia – Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology

Urinary microbiome

*A Semi-Quantitative Assay to Measure Glycosaminoglycan Degradation by the Urinary Microbiota – Vivian H. Nguyen – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Vaginal microbiome

Composition and Stability of the Vaginal Microbiota of Pregnant Women With Inflammatory Bowel Disease – Janet E Hill – Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Skin microbiome

*Anatomy promotes neutral coexistence of strains in the human skin microbiome – Arolyn Conwill – Cell Host & Microbe

Water microbiome

Tenets of a Holistic Approach to Drinking Water-Associated Pathogen Research, Management, and Communication – Caitlin Proctor – Water Research

Animal microbiome

Review: Possibilities and limits for using the gut microbiome to improve captive animal health – Jessica Diaz & Aspen T. Reese – Animal Microbiome

The mosquito microbiome includes habitat-specific but rare symbionts – Hans Schrieke – Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal

*The gut microbiota affects the social network of honeybees – Joanito Liberti – bioRxiv

Techniques and methods

Combined assembly of long and short sequencing reads improve the efficiency of exploring the soil metagenome – Guoshun Xu – BMC Genomics

Enrichment of gut microbiome strains for cultivation-free genome sequencing using droplet microfluidics – Anna Pryszlak – Cell Report Methods

When to suspect contamination rather than colonization – lessons from a putative fetal sheep microbiome – Simone Bihl – Gut Microbes

*Microvolume DNA extraction methods for microscale amplicon and metagenomic studies – Anna R. Bramucci – ISME Communications


*LotuS2: An ultrafast and highly accurate tool for amplicon sequencing analysis – Ezgi Özkurt – bioRxiv

Generating lineage-resolved, complete metagenome-assembled genomes from complex microbial communities – Derek M. Bickhart – Nature Biotechnology

December 22, 2021

General microbiome

[PREPRINT]Unconstrained coevolution of bacterial size and the latent period of plastic phage – Bonachela, Choua & Heath – bioRxiv

Not a ‘they’ but a ‘we’: the microbiome helps promote our well-being – Ragsdale – Journal of Biological Chemistry

Microbial metabolite delta-valerobetaine is a diet-dependent obesogen – Liu et al. – Nature Metabolism

[EDITORIAL]15 years of microbial biotechnology: the time has come to think big—and act soon – de Lorenzo – Microbial Biotechnology

Pregnancy and early life

Microbial community networks across body sites are associated with susceptibility to respiratory infections in infants – Reyman et al. – Communications Biology

Human oral microbiome

Profiling the oral microbiomes in patients with Alzheimer’s disease – Guo et al. – Oral Diseases

Human skin microbiome

[REVIEW]Human Skin Microbiota in Health and Disease – Bay & Ring – Journal of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology

Human vaginal microbiome

Human implantation: The complex interplay between endometrial receptivity, inflammation, and the microbiome – Sehring & Jeelani – Placenta

Large-scale characterisation of the pregnancy vaginal microbiome and sialidase activity in a low-risk Chinese population – Ng et al. – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Human gut microbiome

The potential of gut microbiome as a non-invasive predictive biomarker for early detection of pancreatic cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma – Kaźmierczak-Siedlecka – European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences

The effect of antibiotics on the human microbiome: a systematic review – van Zyl et al. – International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

[REVIEW]Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: the interplay between metabolism, microbes and immunity – Tilg et al. – Nature Metabolism

Clinical efficacy of fecal microbial transplantation treatment in adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis – Mashiah et al. – Immunity, Inflammation and Disease

Deviated and early unsustainable stunted development of gut microbiota in children with autism spectrum disorder – Lou et al. – Gut

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Oat Fiber Modulates Hepatic Circadian Clock via Promoting Gut Microbiota-Derived Short Chain Fatty Acids – Han et al. – J. Agric. Food Chem.

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Effects of sublethal azadirachtin on the immune response and midgut microbiome of Apis cerana cerana (Hymenoptera: Apidae) – Zhao et al. – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Analysis of the microbial diversity in the fecal material of the critically endangered African wild dog, Lycaon pictus – Sanches et al. – Archives of Microbiology

Divergence together with microbes: A comparative study of the associated microbiomes in the closely related Littorina species – Maltseva et al. – PLOS One

Gut microbiome composition, not alpha diversity, is associated with survival in a natural vertebrate population – Worsley et al. – Animal Microbiome

Clinical health issues, reproductive hormones, and metabolic hormones associated with gut microbiome structure in African and Asian elephants – Keady et al. – Animal Microbiome

Early life skin microbial trajectory as a function of vertical and environmental transmission in Bornean foam-nesting frogs – McGrath-Blaser et al. – Animal Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

[PRERPINT]Disentangling the genetic basis of rhizosphere microbiome assembly in tomato – Oyserman et al. – bioRxiv

[PREPRINT]Amino acid availability determines plant immune homeostasis in the rhizosphere microbiome – Liu et al. – bioRxiv


Ancient Metagenomic Studies: Considerations for the Wider Scientific Community – der Sarkissian et al. – mSystems

Assessing the impact of storage time on the stability of stool microbiota richness, diversity, and composition – Holzhausen et al. – Gut Pathogens

December 08, 2021

General microbiome

Clinical medicine journals lag behind science journals with regards to “microbiota sequence” data availability – Pryor et al. – Clinical and Translational Medicine

Role of the Microbiome in Regulating Bone Metabolism and Susceptibility to Osteoporosis – Cronin et al. – Calcified Tissue International

Defining and quantifying the core microbiome: Challenges and prospects – Neu, Allen & Roy – PNAS

Clean room microbiome complexity impacts planetary protection bioburden – Hendrickson et al. – Microbiome

[PREPRINT]Community Composition of Bacteria Isolated from Swiss Banknotes Varies Depending on Collection Environment – Bischofberger & Hall – bioRxiv

Microbiota and stress: a loop that impacts memory – Kraimi et al. – Psychoneuroendocrinology

Species- and site-specific genome editing in complex bacterial communities – Rubin et al. – Nature Microbiology

Human respiratory microbiome

Integrated metabolic and microbial analysis reveals host–microbial interactions in IgE-mediated childhood asthma – Chiu et al. – Scientific Reports

Human oral microbiome

Metagenome-genome-wide association studies reveal human genetic impact on the oral microbiome – Liu et al. – Cell Discovery

Human gut microbiome

Interaction Between Intestinal Microbiota, Immunology Molecular Mimicry, and AID – Pan et al. – Journal of Immunology Research

[REVIEW]The Gut Microbiome and Hepatocellular Carcinoma – Akkiz – Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancel

Anaerostipes hominis sp. nov., a novel butyrate-producing bacteria isolated from faeces of a patient with Crohn’s disease – Lee et al. – International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Gut microbiome is associated with the clinical response to anti-PD-1 based immunotherapy in hepatobiliary cancers – Mao et al. – Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Time-restricted feeding induces Lactobacillus- and Akkermansia-specific functional changes in the rat fecal microbiota – Palomba et al. – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Diet-driven mercury contamination is associated with polar bear gut microbiota – Watson et al. – Scientific Reports

Maternal inheritance of the koala gut microbiome and its compositional and functional maturation during juvenile development – Blyton et al. – Environmental Microbiology

[PREPRINT]Relationships between pond water and tilapia skin microbiomes in aquaculture ponds in Malawi – McMurtie et al. – bioRxiv

Age-Based Variations in the Gut Microbiome of the Shennongjia (Hubei) Golden Snub-Nosed Monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana hubeiensis) – Yao et al. – BioMed Research International

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Looking through the FOG: microbiome characterization and lipolytic bacteria isolation from a fatberg site – Court et al. – Microbiology

The Baltic Sea methane pockmark microbiome: The new insights into the patterns of relative abundance and ANME niche separation – Iasakov et al. – Marine Environmental Research


3MCor: an integrative web server for metabolome-microbiome-metadata correlation analysis – Sun et al. – Bioinformatics


Microbiome Methods in Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis – Daberkow et al. – Current Protocols

[PREPRINT]A wipe-based stool collection and preservation kit for microbiome community profiling – Hua et al. – bioRxiv

December 01, 2021

General microbiome

Searching for New Microbiome-Targeted Therapeutics through a Drug Repurposing Approach – Barone et al. – Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

Current status of intratumour microbiome in cancer and engineered exogenous microbiota as a promising therapeutic strategy – Chen et al. – Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy

Regulation of blood–brain barrier integrity by microbiome-associated methylamines and cognition by trimethylamine N-oxide – Hoyles et al. – Microbiome

Modeling host-associating microbes under selection – Bansept et al. – The ISME Journal

Human oral microbiome

Bacterial variation in the oral microbiota in multiple sclerosis patients – Zangeneh – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Gut microbiota as a transducer of dietary cues to regulate host circadian rhythms and metabolism – Choi, Rao & Chang – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

[REVIEW]Gut microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids and colorectal cancer: Ready for clinical translation? – Hou et al. – Cancer Letters

Analysis of changes in microbiome compositions related to the prognosis of colorectal cancer patients based on tissue-derived 16S rRNA sequences – Coi et al. – Journal of Translational Medicine

The Fecal Microbiome and Metabolome of Pitt Hopkins Syndrome, a Severe Autism Spectrum Disorder – Dilmore et al. – mSystems

Characterization of gut microbial structural variations as determinants of human bile acid metabolism – Wang et al. – Cell Host & Microbe

Animal microbiome

Microbial regulation of hexokinase 2 links mitochondrial metabolism and cell death in colitis – Hinrichsen et al. – Cell Metabolism

Bacterial communities from vagina of dairy healthy heifers and cows with impaired reproductive performance – Moreno et al. – Research in Veterinary Science

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Artificial Selection on Microbiomes To Breed Microbiomes That Confer Salt Tolerance to Plants – Mueller et al. – mSystems

Minnesota peat viromes reveal terrestrial and aquatic niche partitioning for local and global viral populations – ter Horst et al. – Microbiome

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Degradation of biological macromolecules supports uncultured microbial populations in Guaymas Basin hydrothermal sediments – Castro et al. – The ISME Journal

Microbial community structure in hadal sediments: high similarity along trench axes and strong changes along redox gradients – Schauberger et al. – The ISME Journal


Disentangling environmental effects in microbial association networks – Deutschmann et al. – Microbiome

Negative Binomial factor regression with application to microbiome data analysis – Muller, Mishra


Novel clades of soil biphenyl degraders revealed by integrating isotope probing, multi-omics, and single-cell analyses – Chen et al. – The ISME Journal

November 26, 2021

General microbiome

Metabolomics-Microbiome Crosstalk in the Breast Cancer Microenvironment – Al-Ansari – Metabolites

Aspergillus fumigatus pan-genome analysis identifies genetic variants associated with human infection – Barber et al. – Nature Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Human gut bacterial metabolism drives Th17 activation and colitis – Alexander et al. – Cell Host & Microbiome

Integrative Analysis of Metabolome and Microbiome in Patients with Progressive Alcohol-Associated Liver Disease – Gao et al. – Metabolites

Human Fecal Metabolome Reflects Differences in Body Mass Index, Physical Fitness, and Blood Lipoproteins in Healthy Older Adults – Cui et al. – Metabolites

[REVIEW]Gut Microbiota, Microbial Metabolites and Human Physical Performance – Lensu & Pekkala – Metabolites

[Editorial]Next steps after 15 stimulating years of human gut microbiome research – Clavel et al. – Microbial Biotechnology

[REVIEW]The microbiome, Gastrointestinal cancer and immunotherapy – Newsome, Yang & Jobin – Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Mycobiota-induced IgA antibodies regulate fungal commensalism in the gut and are dysregulated in Crohn’s disease – Doron et al. – Nature Microbiology

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Fecal microbiota transplantation protects rotenone-induced Parkinson’s disease mice via suppressing inflammation mediated by the lipopolysaccharide-TLR4 signaling pathway through the microbiota-gut-brain axis – Zhao et al. – Microbiome

Xylan alleviates dietary fiber deprivation-induced dysbiosis by selectively promoting Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum in pigs – Wang et al. Microbiome

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Circadian dynamics of the teleost skin immune-microbiome interface – Ellison, Wilcockson & Cable – Microbiome

Honey bee genetics shape the strain-level structure of gut microbiota in social transmission – Wu et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Evidence for host–microbiome co-evolution in apple – Abdelfattah et al. – New Phytologist

Protective role of the Arabidopsis leaf microbiota against a bacterial pathogen – Vogel et al. – Nature Microbiology

Emergent bacterial community properties induce enhanced drought tolerance in Arabidopsis – Yang et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Cross-regional scale pollution of freshwater biofilms unveiled by antibiotic resistance genes – Yao et al. – Science of The Total Environment

Functional metagenomic analysis of quorum sensing signaling in a nitrifying community – Tan et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes


Multivariable association discovery in population-scale meta-omics studies – Mallick et al. – PLOS Computational Biology


Assessing saliva microbiome collection and processing methods – Armstrong, Parmar & Blaser – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes