January 16, 2020

Good morning/night everyone!

What I love about writing for MD is the huge diversity of topics we’re meeting along the process of making the daily digest. Even though I’m mostly working on plant and root microbiome, it’s amazing to see how diverse is the world of microbiome and how much more there is to accomplish. Check out today’s digest- and don’t forget the News section as well! it is highly interesting!

General Microbiology

Detection of phylogenetic core groups in diverse microbial ecosystems, Marcos Parras Molto, bioRxiv

Isolation of an archaeon at the prokaryote–eukaryote interface, Hiroyuki Imachi, Nature

Ferrosomes are iron storage organelles formed by broadly conserved gene clusters in bacteria and archaea, Carly R. Grant , bioRxiv

Human microbiome

Distribution of microbial communities and core microbiome in successive wound grades of diabetic foot ulcer individuals, Apoorva Jnana, AEM

Animal microbiome

Parasites modulate the gut-microbiome in insects: A proof-of-concept study, Brian Fredensborg, PlosONE

The effect of diet on the gastrointestinal microbiome of juvenile rehabilitating green turtles (Chelonia mydas), Jennifer Bloodgood ,PlosONE

Rotten-skin disease significantly changed giant spiny frog(Paa spinosa) gut microbiota, Tuoyu He, bioRxiv

Bacterial Biogeography of the Colon in Dogs With Chronic Inflammatory Enteropathy, Paula Giaretta, Veterniary Pathology

Plant and environmental microbiome

Biostimulants applied to maize seeds modulate the enzymatic activity and metaproteome of the rhizosphere, Monica Mattarozzi, Applied Soil Ecology

Biological inhibition of soil nitrification by forest tree species affects Nitrobacter populations, Amandine Laffite, Environmental Microbiology

Extremophile microalgae: An overview, Veronica Malavasi , Journal of Phycology

Methods in microbiome

**Taxonomic classification method for metagenomics based on
core protein families with Core-Kaiju
, Anna Tovo, bioRxiv

**Metagenomic sequencing with spiked primer enrichment for viral diagnostics and genomic surveillance, Xianding Deng , Nature Microbiology

Quantitative PCR provides a simple and accessible method for quantitative microbiota profiling, Ching Jian, PlosONE

The effect of storage conditions on microbial communities in stool, Kristien Nel Van Zyl, PlosONE

Beyond mass spectrometry, the next step in proteomics, Winston and Gregory Timp, Science Advances

Microbiome in the news

Illumina Announces New Sequencing System, Partnership with Roche and Software Suite to Accelerate Adoption of Genomics

Integrating microbiomes into clinical trials – the importance of time

Bayer and Azitra partnership looks to develop skin microbiome products for eczema

**Please read! our mental health is the MOST important thing in our life! Researchers facing ‘shocking’ levels of stress, survey reveals

January 10, 2020

In today’s weekend post- maternal antibodies targeting microbiota protect mice from neonatal infection, exercise improves gestational diabetes in rodent models, bacterial signature in NAFLD and TMAO as negative predictor of human embryo quality. Happy reading and a nice weekend!

General microbiome

Adolescence and aging: impact of adolescence inflammatory stress and microbiota alterations on brain development, aging and neurodegeneration – Nour Yahfoufi – The Journal of Geronotology

Preclinical and clinical relevance of probiotics and synbiotics in colorectal carcinogenesis: a systematic review – Bruna C.S. Cruz – Nutrition Reviews

Gut microbiota: a new piece in understanding hepatocarcinogenesis – An Zhou – Cancer Letters

Gut Microbiota, Diet, and Chronic Diseases: The Role Played by Oxidative Stress – Elisardo C. Vasquez – Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity

New insights on the colonization of the human gut by health-promoting bacteria – Sinead T. Morrin – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Human microbiome

Salivary microbiota and inflammation‐related proteins in patients with psoriasis – Daniel Belstrøm – Oral Diseases

Oral butyrate does not affect innate immunity and islet autoimmunity in individuals with longstanding type 1 diabetes: a randomised controlled trial – Pieter F. de Groot – Diabetologia

Fusobacterium nucleatum in the colorectum, and its association with cancer risk and survival: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Christian Gethings-Behncke – Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention

Potential impact of removing metronidazole from treatment armamentarium of mild acute Clostridioides difficile infection – Shani Zilberman-Itskovich – Future Medicine

Intrahepatic bacterial metataxonomic signature in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease Silvia Sookoian – Gut

Microbial imbalance in inflammatory bowel disease patients at different taxonomic levels – Mohammad Tauqeer Alam – Gut Pathogens

Early life microbiota

Antibiotic Resistance Genes in the Gut Microbiota of Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder as Possible Predictors of the Disease – Alexey S. Kovtun – Microbial Drug Resistance

Trimethylamine-N-oxide is present in human follicular fluid and is a negative predictor of embryo quality – R.A.Nagy – Human Reproduction

Animal experiments

Microbiota-targeted maternal antibodies protect neonates from enteric infection – Wen Zheng – Nature

Characterization of metabolic and inflammatory profiles of transition dairy cows fed an energy-restricted diet – Giulia Esposito – Journal of Animal Science

Microbiota dependent production of butyrate is required for the bone anabolic activity of PTH – Jau-Yi Li – Journal of Clinical Investigation

Betaine addition as a potent ruminal fermentation modulator under hyperthermal and hyperosmotic conditions in vitro – Mubarik Mahmood – Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

Investigating temporal microbial dynamics in the rumen of beef calves raised on two farms during early life – Eóin O’Hara – FEMS Microbial Ecology

Dietary Xanthan Gum Alters Antibiotic Efficacy against the Murine Gut Microbiota and Attenuates Clostridioides difficile Colonization – Matthew K. Schnizlein – mSphere

Post‐natal co‐development of the microbiota and gut barrier function follows different paths in the small and large intestine in piglets – Alexis Pierre Arnaud – Faseb Journal

Phellinus linteus polysaccharide extract improves insulin resistance by regulating gut microbiota composition – Yangyang Liu – Faseb Journal

Exercise improves metabolic function and alters the microbiome in rats with gestational diabetes – Dayana Mahizir – Faseb Journal

Microbial reconstitution reverses early female puberty induced by maternal high-fat diet during lactation – Mengjie Wang – Endocrinology

Fecal microbiota as a noninvasive biomarker to predict the tissue iron accumulation in intestine epithelial cells and liver – Bingdong Liu – Faseb Journal

Techniques

Systematic Analysis of Impact of Sampling Regions and Storage Methods on Fecal Gut Microbiome and Metabolome Profiles – Yali Liang – mSphere

December 27, 2019

Today’s Digest brings you a report linking gut microbiota and metabolites, a study on dishwasher rubber as a bacterial reservoir, a news piece for your guide to probiotics, and many more. If we don’t see you again in 2019, Happy New Year! May 2020 bring much success and happiness!

General microbiology

Preprint: The Microbe Directory v2.0: An Expanded Database of Ecological and Phenotypical Features of Microbes – Maria A. Sierra et al. – bioRxiv

A novel graph theoretical approach for modeling microbiomes and inferring microbial ecological relationships – Suyeon Kim et al. – BMC Genomics

Antimicrobial resistance

Preprint: Longitudinal linked read sequencing reveals ecological and evolutionary responses of a human gut microbiome during antibiotic treatment – Morteza Roodgar et al. – bioRxiv

Human oral microbiome

Re-initiation of Oral Food Intake Following Enteral Nutrition Alters Oral and Gut Microbiota Communities – Sayaka Katagiri et al. – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Human respiratory microbiome

Microbiome in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Role of Natural Products Against Microbial Pathogens – Alessia Santoro et al. – Current Medicinal Chemistry

Human gut microbiome

Comparison of Japanese and Indian intestinal microbiota shows diet-dependent interaction between bacteria and fungi – Siddhika Pareek et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Review: The influence of dietary patterns on gut microbiome and its consequences for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease – Qing-Song Zhang et al. – Trends in Food Science and Technology

** Relationship between gut microbiota and circulating metabolites in population-based cohorts – Dina Vojinovic et al. – Nature Communications

Human gut microbiota is associated with HIV-reactive immunoglobulin at baseline and following HIV vaccination – Jacob A. Cram et al. – PLoS One

Preprint: The interplay between host genetics and the gut microbiome reveals common and distinct microbiome features for human complex diseases – Fengzhe Xu & Yuanqing Fu et al. – bioRxiv

Effect of Helicobacter pylori on gastrointestinal microbiota: a population-based study in Linqu, a high-risk area of gastric cancer – Yang Guo et al. – Gut

Human gut-microbiome-brain axis

The relationship between the gut microbiome and mild cognitive impairment in patients without dementia: a cross-sectional study conducted in Japan – Naoki Saji et al. – Scientific Reports

Synergistic effects of APOE and sex on the gut microbiome of young EFAD transgenic mice – Juan Maldonado Weng et al. – Molecular Neurodegeneration

Metabolomics

Tech Note: Boost that metabolomic confidence – Vivien Marx – Nature Methods

The total microbiome functions in bacteria and fungi – Robert Starke et al. – Journal of Proteomics

Animal experiments

Allergic inflammation alters the lung microbiome and hinders synergistic co-infection with H1N1 influenza virus and Streptococcus pneumoniae in C57BL/6 mice – Kim S. LeMessurier et al. – Scientific Reports

Jatrorrhizine Balances the Gut Microbiota and Reverses Learning and Memory Deficits in APP/PS1 transgenic mice – Sheng Wang et al. – Scientific Reports

The impact of gut microbiota manipulation with antibiotics on colon tumorigenesis in a murine model – Jae Gon Lee et al. – PLoS One

Maternal milk and fecal microbes guide the spatiotemporal development of mucosa-associated microbiota and barrier function in the porcine neonatal gut – Hongbin Liu et al. – BMC Biology

Built environment microbiome

** The dishwasher rubber seal acts as a reservoir of bacteria in the home environment – Jerneja Zupančič et al. – BMC Microbiology

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Development of microbial communities in organochlorine pesticide contaminated soil: A post-reclamation perspective – Helga E.Balázs et al. – Applied Soil Ecology

Towards simple tools to assess functional effects of contaminants on natural microbial and invertebrate sediment communities – Stéphane Pesce et al. – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Core rhizosphere microbiomes of dryland wheat are influenced by location and land-use history – Daniel C Schlatter et al. – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Single molecule sequencing reveals response of manganese-oxidizing microbiome to different biofilter media in drinking water systems – Xin Zhao et al. – Water Research

Prokaryotic Population Dynamics and Viral Predation in a Marine Succession Experiment Using Metagenomics – Jose M. Haro-Moreno et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Phages and viruses

News & Views: Phages build anti-defence barriers – Eugene V. Koonin & Mart Krupovic – Nature Microbiology

Microbes in the news

The Best Thing That Happened This Week: Dogs Rule Because They Drool – Sandy Hingston – Philadelphia Magazine

** A guide to the best probiotics – Louisa Richards/Katherine Marengo – Medical News Today

Having a Dog as a Child Is Tied to a Lower Risk of Schizophrenia as an Adult – Nicholas Bakalar – New York Times

Expanding virophage diversity – DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Microbes on the market

Carbiotix to partner with Italian university on neuroinflammation project – Nathan Gray – Nutraingredients

Human Microbiome Market is Expected to Touch US$ 1888.9 Mn by 2026 – Sheila Shipman – News Cast Report

The next frontier – Aaron Massecar – Today’s Veterinary Business

December 20, 2019

This may be our last edition of the Microbiome Digest before the holidays kick in. A rich and dynamic Digest brings you all things microbiome (apologies for the tight formatting). An encouraging report on how we can reduce antimicrobial resistance organically, an amazing recovery of a human genome and an oral microbiome from chewed birch pitch thousands of years ago, and a network analysis reveals four levels of hierarchical trophic interactions in the human gut microbiome. Enjoy Reading and Happy Holidays!
Events
BMC Medicine’s upcoming collection, New Frontiers in Diagnosis, Treatment and Management of Neuromuscular Disorders, is soliciting submissions.
Current Issue of The ISME Journal
The 9th Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit – March 7 and 8 2020 in Madrid, Spain
General microbiology
High-order interactions distort the functional landscape of microbial consortia – Sanchez-Gorostiaga & Bajić et al. – PLoS Biology
Antimicrobial resistance
Human skin microbiome
Human oral microbiome
** A 5700 year-old human genome and oral microbiome from chewed birch pitch – Theis Z. T. Jensen et al. – Nature Communications
Press: Ancient “Chewing Gum” Reveals a 5,700-Year-Old Microbiome – Jim Daley – Scientific American
Human respiratory microbiome
Press: Child asthma flare-ups coincide with microbiome changes – JULIA EVANGELOU STRAIT-WUSTL – Futurity
Human gut microbiome
Human vaginal microbiome
Human gut-microbiota-brain axis
Review: Tryptophan Metabolism: A Link Between the Gut Microbiota and Brain – Kan Gao et al. – Advances in Nutrition
Cancer microbiome
Metabolomics
The total microbiome functions in bacteria and fungi – Robert Starke et al. – Journal of Proteomics
Animal experiments
Animal microbiome
Plant, root and soil microbiome
Root microbiomes as indicators of seagrass health – Belinda C Martin et al. – FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Water and extremophile microbiome
Phages and viruses
Technology
Manipulating rod-shaped bacteria with optical tweezers – Zheng Zhang et al. – Scientific Reports
Bioinformatics
** Evidence for a multi-level trophic organization of the human gut microbiome – Tong Wang et al. – PLoS Computational Biology
Microbes in the news
The microbiome is fundamental to both health and disease – Fabian Brockotter – Poultry World
Low FODMAP Diet Helps IDB Patients – Kenny Walter – MDMAG
Oral Health: Caring for the Other Microbiome – Julia Peterman – Whole Foods Magazine
Non-microbiology pick

 

December 4, 2019

Highlights: Microbiome of human milk, AMON to integrate microbiome and metabolome data, soil microbiomes, skin microbiome based news and many more!

General microbiome

The fight for glycans in reproductive tract microbial ecology – MIH Pishchany – AJOG

Microbiota, a Third Player in the Host–Plasmodium Affair – D Mukherjee – Trends in Parasitology

Pregnancy and early life

Baby’s First Microbes: The Microbiome of Human Milk – MC Collado – How Fermented Foods Feed a Healthy Gut Microbiota

Human respiratory microbiome

Anterior Nares Diversity and Pathobionts Represent Sinus Microbiome in Chronic Rhinosinusitis – ID Boeck – mSphere

Animal microbiome 

Next generation sequencing reveals significant variations in bacterial compositions across the gastrointestinal tracts of the Indian major carps, rohu (Labeo rohita), catla (Catla catla) and mrigal (Cirrhinus cirrhosis) – MJ Foysal – Letters in Applied Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Rewetting of three drained peatlands drives congruent compositional changes in pro- and eukaryotic microbiomes through environmental filtering – M Weil – bioRxiv

The influence of substrate concentration on the culturability of heterotrophic soil microbes isolated by high-throughput dilution-to-extinction cultivation –  R Bartelme – bioRxiv

Rhizosphere: a home for human pathogens – R Sharma – Plant Biotic Interactions

Amplicon sequencing and imputed metagenomic analysis of waste soil and sediment microbiome reveals unique bacterial communities and their functional attributes – SD Mandal – Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

Soil bacterial and fungal communities exhibit distinct long-term responses to disturbance in temperate forests – ED Osburn – Frontiers in Microbiology

Decomposition of mixtures of cover crop residues increases microbial functional diversity – SM Drost – Geoderma

Techniques

AMON: annotation of metabolite origins via networks to integrate microbiome and metabolome data – M Shaffer – BMC Bioinformatics

Identification and quantitation of clinically relevant microbes in patient samples: Comparison of three k-mer based classifiers for speed, accuracy, and sensitivity – GS Watts – PLoS Computational Biology

Extracting the GEMs: Genotype, Environment and Microbiome interactions shaping host phenotypes – BO Oyserman – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Korean beauty makers join the rush towards new skin gold mine of microbiome – Pulse

Mode of Delivery May Alter Microbiome, But Study Finds No Link to Later GI Issues – Gastro Endo News

Smart Skin care – Cosmetics Design Europe

The Dynamic Microbiome – Gen Eng News

microRNA Found in Gut Microbiome May Unlock Future Therapeutic Approach for MS – Multiple Sclerosis News Today

A Matchmaker for Microbiomes – Identifying Relationships of Microbes and Metabolites – Scitech Daily

November 20, 2019

Today’s Digest brings you a comprehensive on microbial recovery after antibiotics, a series of studies in Blood on microbial changes after bone marrow transplant, how global ecological factors can drive soil microbiota evolution, and much more. Enjoy!

General microbiology

Preprint: Horizontal gene transfer drives the evolution of dependencies in bacteria – Akshit Goyal – bioRxiv

Antimicrobial resistance

Cross Journal Series: Health Policy and the Management of Antimicrobial Resistance in LMICs – BMC

** Recovery of the Gut Microbiota after Antibiotics Depends on Host Diet, Community Context, and Environmental Reservoirs – Katharine Michelle Ng et al. – Cell Host & Microbe

Testing sustained soil-to-soil contact as an approach for limiting the abiotic influence of source soils during experimental microbiome transfer – Ryan V Trexler & Terrence H Bell – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Natural products discovery and potential for new antibiotics – Olga Genilloud – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Engineering enzymatic assembly lines to produce new antibiotics – Kenan AJ Bozhüyük et al. – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Antibiotic Exposures and Dietary Intakes Are Associated with Changes in Microbiota Compositions in Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients – Chi L. Nguyen et al. – Blood

Impact of Antibiotics on Gut Microbiota Diversity and the Results of a Prospective Dietary Assessment in Patients with Multiple Myeloma Undergoing Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation – Christopher D’Angelo et al. – Blood

** Impact of Gut Mycobiota Composition on Outcomes after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation – Florent Malard et al. – Blood

Functional microbiome deficits associated with ageing: Chronological age threshold – Susana Ruiz‐Ruiz et al. – Aging Cell

Human gut-microbiome-brain axis

Review: Gut Microbiota: A Perspective for Psychiatrists – Rea K. et al. – Neuropsychobiology

Metabolomics

Review: Metabolomics biotechnology, applications, and future trends: a systematic review – Qiang Yang et al. – RSC Adv

Animal experiments

Hematopoietic Npc1 mutation shifts gut microbiota composition in Ldlr−/− mice on a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet – Tom Houben et al. – Scientific Reports

Animal microbiome

Cross-kingdom analysis of nymphal-stage Ixodes scapularis microbial communities in relation to Borrelia burgdorferi infection and load – William J Landesman et al. – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Abdominal microbial communities in ants depend on colony membership rather than caste and are linked to colony productivity – Francisca H. I. D. Segers et al. – Ecology and Evolution

Plant, root and soil microbiome

The invasive potential of a hybrid species: insights from soil chemical properties and soil microbial communities – Feng Sun et al. – Journal of Plant Ecology

** The role of multiple global change factors in driving soil functions and microbial biodiversity – Matthias C. Rillig et al. – Science

Influence of sulfur fertilization on CuO nanoparticles migration and transformation in soil pore water from the rice (Oryza sativa L.) rhizosphere – Lijuan Sun et al. – Environmental Pollution

Water and extremophile microbiome

Effect of temperature on opportunistic pathogen gene markers and microbial communities in long-term stored roof-harvested rainwater – Xiaodong Zhang et al. – Environmental Research

Metabolic profiling of cold adaptation of a deep-sea psychrotolerant Microbacterium sediminis to prolonged low temperature under high hydrostatic pressure – Jin-Mei Xia et al. – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Groundwater cable bacteria conserve energy by sulfur disproportionation – Hubert Müller et al. – The ISME Journal

Bioinformatics

Impact of quality trimming on the efficiency of reads joining and diversity analysis of Illumina paired-end reads in the context of QIIME1 and QIIME2 microbiome analysis frameworks – Attayeb Mohsen et al. – BMC Bioinformatics

Microbes in the news

New Etiology of Rheumatoid Arthritis Identified in the Gut Microbiome – Frieda Wiley – Rheumatology Network

Gut microbiome diversity associates with sleep quality in healthy adults – Allison Clark – Gut Microbiota For Health

Metagenomics Unlocks Unknowns of Diarrheal Disease Cases in Children – John Toon – GA Tech

Clues for predicting premature birth risk may be found in mother’s immune system, microbiome – Amanda Keener – Genetic Literacy Project

Study offers a bird’s eye view of a bird’s smell – Kaylie Connors – Great Lakes Echo

Microbes on the market

Lancôme brings microbiome hub to Hong Kong with DFS – Elena Dimama – DFNI

November 11, 2019

Monday’s morning digest is all about interesting updates in microbiome field – real time sampling of international travelers to study antibiotic resistant bacteria, new techniques on using rectal swabs instead of fecal samples to study infant microbiota, 16srRNA gene sequencing for strain level identification and if neutraceutical consumption helps in multiple sclerosis! Finally some interesting review articles on microbial ecology in wine making and a Movember month featured article on association of gut microbiome with men’s sexual health. Enjoy reading!

General microbiome

From the vineyard to the winery: how microbial ecology drives regional distinctiveness of wine – Di Liu – Frontiers in Microbiology

The Gut Microbiome and Men’s Sexual Health – Mohamad M. Osman – Current Sexual Heath Reports

Antibacterial Soaps and Other Cleaners May Actually Be Aiding in the Development of Super Bacteria – Shimon Shatzmiller – Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Dietary lipids, gut microbiota and lipid metabolism – Marc Schoeler – Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders

Human microbiome

Functional characterisation of gut microbiota and metabolism in Type 2 diabetes indicates that Clostridiales and Enterococcus could play a key role in the disease – Marina Mora-Ortiz – BioRxiv

Real-time sampling of travelers shows intestinal colonization by multidrug-resistant bacteria to be a dynamic process with multiple transient acquisitions – A. Kantele – BioRxiv

A multi-omic cohort as a reference point for promoting a healthy human gut microbiome – Zhuye Jie – BioRxiv

Antimicrobial resistance gene prevalence in a population of patients with advanced dementia is related to specific pathobionts – Aislinn D. Rowan-Nash – BioRxiv

Genomic characterization of the non-O1/non-O139 Vibrio cholerae strain that caused a gastroenteritis outbreak in Santiago, Chile, 2018 – Mónica Arteaga – BioRxiv

Molecular Reconstruction of the Diet in Human Stool Samples – Frank Maixner – mSystems

Infant microbiome

Impacts of Delivery Mode on Very Low Birth Weight Infants’ Oral Microbiome – Hongping Li – Pediatrics and Neonatology

Biomarker Research in ADHD: the Impact of Nutrition (BRAIN) – study protocol of an open-label trial to investigate the mechanisms underlying the effects of a few-foods diet on ADHD symptoms in children – Tim Stobernack – BMJ Open

Immunometabolic approaches to prevent, detect, and treat neonatal sepsis – Maria Giulia Conti – Pediatric Research

Rectal swabs are a reliable proxy for faecal samples in infant gut microbiota research based on 16S-rRNA sequencing – Marta Reyman – Scientific Reports

Gut microbiome of treatment-naïve MS patients of different ethnicities early in disease course – R. E. Ventura – Scientific Reports

Animal experiments

Vasoactive intestinal peptide deficiency is associated with altered gut microbiota communities in male and female C57BL/6 mice – Manpreet Bains – Frontiers in Microbiology

Metabolic analysis of regionally distinct gut microbial communities using an in vitro platform – Jenni Firrman – Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry

Effect of Diet on the Enteric Microbiome of the Wood-Eating Catfish Panaque nigrolineatus – Harold J. Schreier – Frontiers in Microbiology

A high-fat/high-protein, Atkins-type diet exacerbates Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile infection in mice, whereas a high-carbohydrate diet protects – Chrisabelle C. Mefferd – BioRxiv

Plant, soil, root microbiome

Effects of repeated applications of urea with DMPP on ammonia oxidizers, denitrifiers, and non-targeted microbial communities of an agricultural soil in Queensland, Australia – Aineah Obed Luchibia – Applied Soil Ecology

Covariation of diet and gut microbiome in African megafauna – Tyler R. Kartzinel – PNAS

Fungal communities resist recovery in sand mine restoration – Miranda Hart – Frontiers in Forest and Global Change

Microbial community structure and ecology in sediments of a pristine mangrove forest – C.O.Santana – BioRxiv

Bridging the gap between single-strain and community-level plant-microbe chemical interactions – Bridget O’Banion – Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions

A brief from the leaf: latest research to inform our understanding of the phyllosphere microbiome – Johan HJ Leveau – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Water microbiome

Metabolic and biogeochemical consequences of viral infection in aquatic ecosystems Amy E. Zimmerman – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Down to the bone: the role of overlooked endolithic microbiomes in reef coral health – Mathieu Pernice – ISME Journal

Differential responses of stream water and bed sediment microbial communities to watershed degradation – Hehuan Liao – Environment International

B12 production by marine microbial communities and Dinoroseobacter shibae continuous cultures under different growth and respiration rates – Josue Villegas-Mendoza – Aquatic Microbial Ecology

Quantifying the contribution of microbial immigration in engineered water systems – Ran Mei – Microbiome

Microbial community rearrangements in power-to-biomethane reactors employing mesophilic biogas digestate – Norbert Ács – Frontiers in Energy Research

Techniques

Evaluation of 16S rRNA gene sequencing for species and strain-level microbiome analysis – Jethro S. Johnson – Nature Communications

AMR – An R Package for Working with Antimicrobial Resistance Data – Matthijs S. Berends – BioRxiv

Probiotics Prebiotics

The effect of emerging nutraceutical interventions for clinical and biological outcomes in multiple sclerosis: A systematic review – Wolfgang Marx – Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders

Resveratrol treatment improves the altered metabolism and related dysbiosis of gut programed by prenatal high-fat diet and postnatal high-fat diet exposure – Yi-Chuan Huang – The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry

The effects of inulin on gut microbial composition: a systematic review of evidence from human studies – Quentin Le Bastard – European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases