September 23, 2019

This Monday, check out the largest ever study of neonatal microbiomes, the study where researchers alter mouse gut microbiomes by feeding good bacteria their preferred fibers, and the study about the significant effect of antibiotics, antivirals and cofactors on the gut microbiome. Happy reading!

Pregnancy and early life

*Stunted microbiota and opportunistic pathogen colonization in caesarean-section birth – Yan Shao – Nature

Gut microbiome

*Interspecies Competition Impacts Targeted Manipulation of Human Gut Bacteria by Fiber-Derived Glycans – Michael Patnode – Cell

*Distinct impact of antibiotics on the gut microbiome and resistome: a longitudinal multicenter cohort study – Matthias Willmann – BMC Biology

Identification of gut microbiome markers for schizophrenia delineates a potential role of Streptococcus – Feng Zhu – bioRxiv

Fecal Microbiotas of Indonesian and New Zealand Children Differ in Complexity and Bifidobacterial Taxa during the First Year of Life – Blair Lawley – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Light-entrained and brain-tuned circadian circuits regulate ILC3s and gut homeostasis – Cristina Godinho-Silva – Nature

Baseline human gut microbiota profile in healthy people and standard reporting template – Charles H. King – PlosOne

Oral microbiome

Taste perception and oral microbiota are associated with obesity in children and adolescents – Chiara Mameli – PlosOne

Urinary microbiome

The urobiome of continent adult women: a cross-sectional study – Travis Price – Obstetrics & Gynaecology

The Urinary Microbiota in Relation to the Reproductive Tract Microbiota – Fei Li – bioRxiv

Respiratory microbiome

The effects of e-cigarette vapor exposure on the transcriptome and virulence of Streptococcus pneumoniae – Kamal Bagale – bioRxiv

Water microbiome

Diversity patterns of marine heterotrophic culturable bacteria along vertical and latitudinal gradients – Isabel Sanz-Sáez – bioRxiv

Laundry wastewater and domestic sewage pilot-scale anaerobic treatment: Microbial community resilience regarding sulfide production – A.G.L. Moura – Journal of Environmental Management

Distinct responses from bacterial, archaeal and fungal streambed communities to severe hydrological disturbances – G. Gionchetta – Scientific reports

Metagenome of a polluted river reveals a reservoir of metabolic and antibiotic resistance genes – Parul Mittal – Environmental Microbiome

Plant/root/soil microbiome

Host-Associated Quantitative Abundance Profiling Reveals the Microbial Load Variation of Root Microbiome – Xiaoxuan Guo – Plant Communications

Metatranscriptomics reveals climate change effects on the rhizosphere microbiomes in European grassland – Qicheng Bei – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Phages and viruses

Beyond cells – The virome in the human holobiont – Rodrigo García-López – Microbial cells

ViraMiner: Deep learning on raw DNA sequences for identifying viral genomes in human samples – Ardi Tampu – PlosOne

Bioinformatics

Review: The signal and the noise – characteristics of antisense RNA in complex microbial communities – Thomas Yssing Michaelsen – bioRxiv

SuRF: a New Method for Sparse Variable Selection, with Application in Microbiome Data Analysis – Lihui Liu – arXiv

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September 13, 2019

In today’s edition, you’ll find a whole new textbook about microbes affecting ecosystem sustainability, reviews about phages and plant viruses, New York Times coverage of clinical trials of FMT for obesity, how to banish “manels” from scientific meetings, and microbiota-related metabolites as biomarkers of aging. Enjoy!

General microbiome
Review: Microbial invasions in terrestrial ecosystems – Madhav P. Thakur – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Preprint: Therapeutically exploring persister metabolism in bacteria – Sayed G. Mohiuddin – bioRxiv

Preprint: Delayed antibiotic exposure induces population collapse in enterococcal communities with drug-resistant subpopulations – Kelsey M Hallinen – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome
Review: Pairing phages with their hosts in the human gut – Ursula Hofer – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Book chapter: Gut Microbiota and Microbiota-Related Metabolites as Possible Biomarkers of Cognitive Aging – Andrea Ticinesi – Reviews on Biomarker Studies in Aging and Anti-Aging Research

Animal microbiome
Habitat disturbance and the organization of bacterial communities in Neotropical hematophagous arthropods – Kelly L. Bennett – PLOS One

Plant, root, soil microbiome
Book chapter: Rhizospheric Microbiome Engineering as a Sustainable Tool in Agriculture: Approaches and Challenges – Shubham Dubey – Microbial Diversity in Ecosystem Sustainability and Biotechnological Applications

Book chapter: Dynamics of Plant Microbiome and Its Effect on the Plant Traits – Shivali Sharma – Microbial Diversity in Ecosystem Sustainability and Biotechnological Applications

Book chapter: Microbial Diversity of the Sundarbans, the World’s Largest Tidal Mangrove Forest, and Its Bioprospects – Kaushik Biswas – Microbial Diversity in Ecosystem Sustainability and Biotechnological Applications

Water and extremophile microbiome
Capability for arsenic mobilization in groundwater is distributed across broad phylogenetic lineages – Robert E. Danczak – PLOS One

Food microbiology
Book chapter: Microbial Diversity on Grapes and Other Fruits: Role and Significance in Fermentation – M. V. Deshpande – Microbial Diversity in Ecosystem Sustainability and Biotechnological Applications

The Dynamics Analysis of Fungal Community Diversity During the Fermentation Process of Chinese Traditional Soybean Paste – Jingping Ge – Waste and Biomass Valorization

Phages and viruses
Review: Evolution and ecology of plant viruses – Pierre Lefeuvre – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Bioinformatics
An Integrated Approach for Efficient Multi-Omics Joint Analysis – Massimiliano S. Tagliamonte – Proceedings of the 10th ACM International Conference on Bioinformatics, Computational Biology and Health Informatics

Techniques
Polysaccharide-based liquid storage and transport media for non-refrigerated preservation of bacterial pathogens – Janine R. Hutchison – PLOS One

Microbes in the news
Seeking an Obesity Cure, Researchers Turn to the Gut Microbiome -Anahad O’Connor – NY Times

Exclusive: Behind the front lines of the Ebola wars – Amy Maxmen – Nature

Science, publishing, and career
How to banish manels and manferences from scientific meetings – Holly Else – Nature

September 3, 2019

Happy Tuesday and best of luck to those headed back to school! In today’s Digest, you’ll find the virome of the mosquito gut, leveraging blood metabolomics to predict gut alpha diversity, and a comparison of bacterial taxa consumed in organic vs. conventional apples.

General microbiome
Changes in microbial community structure during dark fermentative hydrogen production – Guang Yang – International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

Pregnancy and early life
Effect of the vaginal microbiome on the pregnancy rate in women receiving assisted reproductive treatment – Andrea Bernabeu – Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics

Maturation of the infant rhesus macaque gut microbiome and its role in the development of diarrheal disease – Nicholas Rhoades – Genome Biology

Human gut microbiome
Blood metabolome predicts gut microbiome α-diversity in humans – Nature Biotechnology – Tomasz Wilmanski

B cell superantigens in the human intestinal microbiota – Jeffrey J. Bunker – Science Translational Medicine

Long-read metagenomic exploration of extrachromosomal mobile genetic elements in the human gut – Yoshihiko Suzuki – Microbiome

Microbiome of death
Preprint: Manner of death and demographic effects on microbial community composition in organs of the human cadaver – Holly L Lutz – bioRxiv

Animal experiments
Diet-induced remission in chronic enteropathy is associated with altered microbial community structure and synthesis of secondary bile acids – Shuai Wang – Microbiome

Animal microbiome
Testing the relationship between microbiome composition and flux of carbon and nutrients in Caribbean coral reef sponges – Shelby E. Gantt – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome
A new family of uncultivated bacteria involved in methanogenesis from the ubiquitous osmolyte glycine betaine in coastal saltmarsh sediments – Helen J. Jones – Microbiome

Top-down Enrichment Guides in Formation of Synthetic Microbial Consortia for Biomass Degradation – Sean P. Gilmore – ACS Synthetic Biology

Microbial community response to environmental changes in a technosol historically contaminated by the burning of chemical ammunitions – Hugues Thouin – Science of the Total Environment

Preprint: Intra-genus metabolic diversity facilitates co-occurrence of multiple Ferrovum species at an acid mine drainage site – Christen L Grettenberger – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome
Exploring the effects of operational mode and microbial interactions on bacterial community assembly in a one-stage partial-nitritation anammox reactor using integrated multi-omics – Yulin Wang – Microbiome

Fungi in salterns – Dawoon Chung – Journal of Microbiology

Distinct temporal dynamics of planktonic archaeal and bacterial assemblages in the bays of the Yellow Sea – Jong-Geol Kim – Plos One

Food microbiology
An Apple a Day: Which Bacteria Do We Eat With Organic and Conventional Apples? – Birgit Wassermann – Frontiers in Microbiology

Preprint: Molecular characterization of bacterial communities in sheep cheese through 16S rRNA gene sequencing – Creciana Maria Endres – bioRxiv

Phages and viruses
Stable distinct core eukaryotic viromes in different mosquito species from Guadeloupe, using single mosquito viral metagenomics – Chenyan Shi – Microbiome

The virome of cerebrospinal fluid: viruses where we once thought there were none – Chandrabali Ghose – Frontiers in Microbiology

Detecting viral sequences in NGS data – Paul G. Cantalupo – Current Opinion in Virology

Bioinformatics
Identification of discriminatory antibiotic resistance genes among environmental resistomes using extremely randomized tree algorithm – Suraj Gupta – Microbiome

August 15, 2019

Have a nice Thursday! Today we have a set of papers showing randomized trials related to antibiotic use and alimentary interventions, metabolic networks associated with C. difficile infection, and analysis of E. coli isolates from human stool. Today, we also include a couple of protocol papers about the use of stable isotope probing in plant microbiome research.

 

Human and General Microbiome

Gut microbiome alteration in MORDOR I: a community-randomized trial of mass azithromycin distribution – T. Doan – Nature Medicine 

Fecal microbiome and metabolome of infants fed bovine MFGM supplemented formula or standard formula with breast-fed infants as reference: a randomized controlled trial – Xuan He – Scientific Reports

Antibiotic Resistance, Virulence Factors, Phenotyping, and Genotyping of E. coli Isolated from the Feces of Healthy Subjects – Stefano Raimondi – Microorganisms

Metabolomic networks connect host-microbiome processes to human Clostridioides difficile infections – John I. Robinson – The Journal of Clinical Investigation

Antibiotic exposure and ‘response failure’ for subsequent respiratory tract infections: an observational cohort study of UK preschool children in primary care – Oliver van Hecke – British Journal of General Practice 

Abnormal vaginal microbiome associated with vaginal mesh complications – Nikolaus Veit‐Rubin – Neurology and Urodynamics

Acceptability, Tolerability and Safety of Faecal Microbiota Transplantation in patients with active Ulcerative Colitis (AT&S Study) – Ajit Sood – Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

The bacteriome of otitis media with effusion: Does it originate from the adenoid? – Oguz Ari – International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 

An Exploratory Analysis of Fecal Immunochemical Test Performance for Colorectal Cancer Screening in Nigeria – Gregory C. Knapp – World Journal of Surgery

Isolates from colonic spirochaetosis in humans show high genomic divergence and potential pathogenic features but are not detected using standard primers for the human microbiota – Kaisa Thorell – Journal of Bacteriology

Microbiota-derived Trimethylamine N-oxide Predicts Cardiovascular Risk After STEMI – Yasushi Matsuzawa – Scientific Reports

Review: Targeting Microbiota: What Do We Know about It at Present? – Aleksejs Derovs – Medicina

Tech News: Reproducibility: the search for microbiome standards – Joseph Martin – BioTechniques

 

Animal Microbiome

Intestinal microbial products from alcohol-fed mice contribute to intestinal permeability and peripheral immune activation – Derrick R. Samuelson – Alcoholism

Comparative metagenomic sequencing analysis of cecum microbiotal diversity and function in broilers and layers – Zhao Qi – 3 Biotech

Oligosaccharides Modulate Rotavirus-Associated Dysbiosis and TLR Gene Expression in Neonatal Rats – Ignasi Azagra-Boronat – Cells

Role of coprophagy in the cecal microbiome development of an herbivorous bird Japanese rock ptarmigan – Atsushi Kobayashi – Journal of Veterinary Medical Science

 

Beneficial compounds and microbes

Review: The role of gut microbiota for the activity of medicinal plants traditionally used in the European Union for gastrointestinal disorders – Timo A. Thumann – Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Commentary: Microbiome, probiotics and dermatology – J.A. Cardenas‐de la Garza – British Journal of Dermatology

Cooked Red Lentils Dose-Dependently Modulate the Colonic Microenvironment in Healthy C57Bl/6 Male Mice – Daniela Graf – Nutrients

Health Benefits of Lactobacillus gasseri CP2305 Tablets in Young Adults Exposed to Chronic Stress: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study – Kensei Nishida – Nutrients 

Effect of coffee on the compositional shift of oral indigenous microbiota cultured in vitro – 

 

Food Microbiome

Microbial Transformations of Organically Fermented Foods – Ruma Raghuvanshi – Metabolites

 

Plant Microbiome

Protocol: Stable Isotope Probing of Microbiota Structure and Function in the Plant Rhizosphere – Wafa Achouak – Stable Isotope Probing (Methods in Molecular Biology)

Protocol: Targeted Metatranscriptomics of Soil Microbial Communities with Stable Isotope Probing – Ang Hu – Stable Isotope Probing (Methods in Molecular Biology)

Environmental pollution effects on plant microbiota: the case study of poplar bacterial-fungal response to silver nanoparticles – Francesco Vitali – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

May 4, 2019

Have a good weekend! Today, in this MB, we have interesting papers about different aspects of the microbiome. For example, we have a review overviewing the relationship between epigenetic changes, microbiome and metabolic diseases, as well as a paper focused in the use of a microbial metabolite in the prognosis of coronary issues. We have also the publication of an interesting study authored by the MB founder Elisabeth Bik.

There are also some papers about coral microbiome and an study about the homogenization of the microbiome between both US Air Force cadets and their built environment.

 

Human and General Microbiome

Review: Epigenetic Markers and Microbiota/Metabolite-Induced Epigenetic Modifications in the Pathogenesis of Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome, Type 2 Diabetes, and Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease – Daniela Stols-Gonçalves – Current Diabetes Reports

A novel sequencing-based vaginal health assay combining self-sampling, HPV detection and genotyping, STI detection, and vaginal microbiome analysis – Elisabeth Bik – PLoS ONE

Trimethyllysine, a trimethylamine N-oxide precursor, provides near- and long-term prognostic value in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes – Xinmin S Li – European Heart Journal

Review: The interaction between Entamoeba histolytica and enterobacteria shed light on an ancient antibacterial response – Nancy Guillén – Cellular Microbiology

PCR Characterization of Microbiota on Contracted and Non-Contracted Breast Capsules – Yara Bachour – Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

Decreased Cephalosporin Susceptibility of Oropharyngeal Neisseria Species in Antibiotic-Using Men-who-have-sex-with-men of Hanoi, Vietnam– Huan V Dong – Clinical Infectious Diseases

Review: Smoking and periodontal microorganisms – Takashi Hanioka – Japanese Dental Science Review

The influence of the vaginal microbiota on preterm birth: A systematic review and recommendations for a minimum dataset for future research – Myrthe JCS. Peelen – Placenta

Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease: Emerging Diagnostic Opportunities – Aonghus Lavelle – Gastroenterology Clinics of North America

Laryngotracheal Microbiota in Adult Laryngotracheal Stenosis – Alexander T. Hillel – mSphere

Antibiotic Resistance Gene Diversity and Virulence Gene Diversity Are Correlated in Human Gut and Environmental Microbiomes – Pedro Escudeiro –  mSphere

 

Beneficial Microbes

Review: Changing our microbiome: Probiotics in dermatology – Y. Yu – British Journal of Dermatology

Amelioration of obesity-related biomarkers by Lactobacillus sakei CJLS03 in a high-fat diet-induced obese murine model – Josep Ji – Scientific Reports

 

Animal Models / Animal Microbiome

Age-related analysis of the gut microbiome in a purebred dog colony – Keijiro Mizukami – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Addition of plant dietary fibre to a raw red meat high protein, high fat diet, alters the faecal bacteriome and organic acid profiles of the domestic cat (Felis catus) – Christina F. Butowski – PLoS ONE

Effects of diet on gut microbiota of soil collembolans – Qian Xiang – Science of The Total Environment

Multiple stressors interact primarily through antagonism to drive changes in the coral microbiome – Rebecca L. Maher – Scientific Reports

Structure and stability of the coral microbiome in space and time – Courtney M. Dunphy – Scientific Reports

The effect of dissolved nickel and copper on the adult coral Acropora muricata and its microbiome – Francesca Gissi – Environmental Pollution

 

Food Microbiome

Microbiota and Chemical Compounds in Fermented Pinelliae Rhizoma (Banxiaqu) from Different Areas in the Sichuan Province, China – Bo Shu – Polish Journal of Microbiology

 

Built Environment

Longitudinal homogenization of the microbiome between both occupants and the built environment in a cohort of United States Air Force Cadets –  Anukriti Sharma – Microbiome

 

Environmental Microbiome

The Influence of Temperature and Nitrogen Source on Cellulolytic Potential of Microbiota Isolated from Natural Environment –  Agnieszka Wita  – Polish Journal of Microbiology

 

Techniques

The potential of nanoflow liquid chromatography-nano electrospray ionisation-mass spectrometry for global profiling the faecal metabolome – Andrew J. Chetwynd – Journal of Chromatography A

8 April, 2019

General Microbiome

Coevolutionary dynamics shape the structure of bacteria-phage infection networks. Fortuna MA.Evolution.

High proportions of bacteria are culturable across major biomes. Martiny AC. ISME Journal

The complexity of an optimal vaginal biome. Eschenbach DA. BJOG

The lung microbiome, vitamin D, and the tuberculous granuloma: A balance triangle. Balcells ME. Microbial Pathogenesis

Gut Microbiome

The parasitic worm product ES-62 normalises the gut microbiota bone marrow axis in inflammatory arthritis. Doonan J. Nature Communications

Culture-enriched human gut microbiomes reveal core and accessory resistance genes. Raymond F.Microbiome.

Plant, Soil, Water, and Air Microbiome

Temperature and soil moisture control microbial community composition in an arctic-alpine ecosystem along elevational and micro-topographic gradients.Frindte K. ISME Journal

Root traits and belowground herbivores relate to plant-soil feedback variation among congeners.Wilschut RA. Nature Communications

A Polyphasic Approach for Assessing Eco-System Connectivity Demonstrates that Perturbation Remodels Network Architecture in Soil Microcosms.Stamou GP. Microbial Ecology

Effect of stock density on the microbial community in biofloc water and Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) gut microbiota.Deng Y. Applied Microbiology Biotechnology

Rapid and stable microbial community assembly in the headwaters of third-order stream. Teachey ME. Applied Environmental Microbiology

Comparative Metagenomics Reveals Enhanced Nutrient Cycling Potential After Two Years of Biochar Amendment in a Tropical Oxisol. Yu J. Applied Environmental Microbiology

Animal Experiments and Microbiome

Effect of a low protein diet on chicken ceca microbiome and productive performances. De Cesare A. Poultry Science

Impact of a probiotic-based cleaning product on the microbiological profile of broiler litters and chicken caeca microbiota.De Cesare P. Poultry Science

Metagenomic Analysis of the Whole Gut Microbiota in Brazilian Termitidae Termites Cornitermes cumulans, Cyrilliotermes strictinasus, Syntermes dirus, Nasutitermes jaraguae, Nasutitermes aquilinus, Grigiotermes bequaerti, and Orthognathotermes mirim. Grieco MB. Current Microbiology.

The hemolymph microbiome of insects. Blow F. Journal Of Insect Physiology

Musa basjoo regulates the gut microbiota in mice by rebalancing the abundance of probiotic and pathogen. Wei T. Microbial Pathogenesis

Investigating the influence of organic acid marinades, storage temperature and time on the survival/inactivation interface of Salmonella on chicken breast fillets.

Lytou AE. International Journal of Food Microbiology.

March 17, 2019

Have a good sunday! Today, we have a quite long digest, containing a variety of articles and studies: reviews about the microbiome and breastfeeding and Parkinson’s disease; microbiota alterations in pulmonary fibrosis, association with stress in pregnant women, and relationships between oral microbiome and pancreatic cancer. And so much more!

 

Human/General Microbiome

Review: Microbiome programming of brain development: implications for neurodevelopmental disorders – Hans Forssberg – Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

Review: Microbiome, Parkinson’s Disease and Molecular Mimicry – Fabiana Miraglia – Cells

Review: The Use of Defined Microbial Communities To Model Host-Microbe Interactions in the Human Gut – Janneke Elzinga – Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews

Review: Indoles: metabolites produced by intestinal bacteria capable of controlling liver disease manifestation – T. Hendrikx – Journal of Internal Medicine

Review: Shaping the Gut Microbiota by Breastfeeding: The Gateway to Allergy Prevention? – Lieke W. J. van den Elsen – Frontiers in Pediatrics

Minireview: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and the gut microbiome: Are bacteria responsible for fatty liver? – Tien S Dong – Experimental Biology and Medicine

Perspectives: Is the fountain of youth in the gut microbiome?John F. Cryan – The Journal of Physiology

Bugs to debug? The exploration of gut microbiome in human health and diseases – Yen-Hsuan Ni – Journal of the Formosan Medical Association

Impact of a bathing tradition on shared gut microbe among Japanese families – Toshitaka Odamaki – Scientific Reports

Metagenomic analysis of microbe-mediated vitamin metabolism in the human gut microbiome – Promi Das – BMC Genomics

Fecal and blood microbiota profiles and presence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in obese versus lean subjects – Yeojun Yun – PLoS One

H. pylori eradication with antibiotic treatment causes changes in glucose homeostasis related to modifications in the gut microbiota – Gracia Mª Martín-Núñez – PLoS One

Oral microbial dysbiosis in patients with Kostmann syndrome – Nursen Topcuoglu – Journal of Medical Microbiology

Alterations in the gut microbiota of patients with silica-induced pulmonary fibrosis – Yao Zhou – Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology

Association between Psychosocial Stress and Fecal Microbiota in Pregnant Women – C. Hechler – Scientific Reports

Differential composition of gut microbiota among healthy volunteers, morbidly obese patients and post-bariatric surgery patients – Fu‑Gang Wang – Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine

Role of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Maintenance of Remission in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis: A Pilot Study – Ajit Sood – Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis

Differential effects of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate administration on vaginal microbiome in Hispanic White and Black women – Liying Yang – Emerging Microbes & Infections

Spatial and Temporal Analysis of the Stomach and Small-Intestinal Microbiota in Fasted Healthy Humans – Anna M. Seekatz – mSphere

Persistence of Candida albicans in the Oral Mucosa Induces a Curbed Inflammatory Host Response That Is Independent of Immunosuppression – Florian R. Kirchner – Frontiers in Immunology

Enrichment of oral microbiota in early cystic precursors to invasive pancreatic cancer – Rogier Aäron Gaiser – Gut

Disordered intestinal microbes are associated with the activity of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus – Yao Li – Clinical Science

Long-Term Azithromycin Reduces Haemophilus influenzae and Increases Antibiotic Resistance in Severe Asthma – Steven L Taylor – American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Dietary Nutrients Involved in One-Carbon Metabolism and Colonic Mucosa-Associated Gut Microbiome in Individuals with an Endoscopically Normal Colon – Shawn Gurwara – Nutrients

Analysis of the Effects of Dietary Pattern on the Oral Microbiome of Elite Endurance Athletes – Nida Murtaza – Nutrients

 

Animal Microbiome / Animal Experiments

TLR4 May Be Involved in the Regulation of Colonic Mucosal Microbiota by Vitamin A – Lu Xiao – Frontiers in Microbiology

Tunicate-associated bacteria show a great potential for the discovery of antimicrobial compounds – Diah Ayuningrum – PLoS One

Effects of Arsenic on Gut Microbiota and Its Biotransformation Genes in Earthworm Metaphire sieboldi – Hong-Tao Wang – Environmental Science and Technology

A metagenomics investigation of carbohydrate-active enzymes along the goat and camel intestinal tract – Saad Al-Masaudi – International Microbiology

Species identity dominates over environment in shaping the microbiota of small mammals – S. C. L. Knowles – Ecology Letters

Three types of gut bacteria collaborating to improve Kui Jie’an enema treat DSS-induced colitis in mice – Wei Yu – Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy

The Skin Commensal Yeast Malassezia Triggers a Type 17 Response that Coordinates Anti-fungal Immunity and Exacerbates Skin Inflammation – Florian Sparber – Cell Host Microbe

Dietary inulin alleviates diverse stages of type 2 diabetes mellitus via anti-inflammation and modulating gut microbiota in db/db mice – Ke Li – Food & Function

Apple consumption is associated with a distinctive microbiota, proteomics and metabolomics profile in the gut of Dawley Sprague rats fed a high-fat diet – Jose F. Garcia-Mazcorro – PLoS One

Sema3A – mediated modulation of NR1D1 expression may be involved in the regulation of axonal guidance signaling by the microbiota – Xunzhong Qia – Life Sciences

Multi-hit early life adversity affects gut microbiota, brain and behavior in a sex-dependent manner – Marion Rincel – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Letrozole treatment of adult female mice results in a similar reproductive phenotype but distinct changes in metabolism and the gut microbiome compared to pubertal mice – Pedro J. Torres – BMC Microbiology

Supplementation of dietary non-digestible oligosaccharides from birth onwards improve social and reduce anxiety-like behaviour in male BALB/c mice – Kirsten Szklany – Nutritional Neuroscience

Potential Functions of the Gastrointestinal Microbiome Inhabiting the Length of the Rat Digest Tract – Dongyao Li – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Alteration of GLP-1/GPR43 expression and gastrointestinal motility in dysbiotic mice treated with vancomycin – Xin Xu – Scientific Reports

Subchronic low-dose 2,4-D exposure changed plasma acylcarnitine levels and induced gut microbiome perturbations in mice – Pengcheng Tu – Scientific Reports

The influence of the host microbiome on 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-induced hyperthermia and vice versa – Emily A. Ridge – Scientific Reports

Effects of Dietary Supplementation With Enterococcus faecium and Clostridium butyricum, Either Alone or in Combination, on Growth and Fecal Microbiota Composition of Post-weaning Pigs at a Commercial Farm – Yoshiaki Sato – Frontiers in Veterinary Science

Saponin-Induced Shifts in the Rumen Microbiome and Metabolome of Young Cattle – Bing Wang – Frontiers in Microbiology

Intestinal dysbiosis augments liver disease progression via NLRP3 in a murine model of primary sclerosing cholangitis – Lijun Liao – Gut

 

Plant Microbiome

Long-Term Organic Farming Manipulated Rhizospheric Microbiome and Bacillus Antagonism Against Pepper Blight (Phytophthora capsici) – Huixiu Li – Frontiers in Microbiology

 

Other Microbes

Preview: Strain-Level Diversity in the Gut: The P. copri Case  – Amira Metwaly – Cell Host Microbe

 

Bioinformatics and ‘-Omics’

Novel insights from uncultivated genomes of the global human gut microbiome – Stephen Nayfach – Nature

Complex Microbiome in Brain Abscess Revealed by Whole-Genome Culture-Independent and Culture-Based Sequencing – Jyun-Hong Lin – Journal of Clinical Medicine

Detection of critical antibiotic resistance genes through routine microbiome surveillance – Zachary M. Burcham – PLoS One

MNEMONIC: MetageNomic Experiment Mining to create an OTU Network of Inhabitant Correlations – Aleksandra I. Perz – BMC Bioinformatics

Rarity of microbial species: In search of reliable associations – Arnaud Cougoul – PLoS One

Stoplight: De novo Assembly Vastly Expands the Known Microbial Universe – Samuel S. Minot – Trends in Microbiology

 

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

Guarana supplementation attenuated obesity, insulin resistance, and adipokines dysregulation induced by a standardized human Western diet via brown adipose tissue activation Rafael Calixto Bortolin – Phytotherapy Research

Prebiotic supplementation in frail older people affects specific gut microbiota taxa but not global diversity – Tam T. T. Tran – Microbiome

 

Water Microbiome

Composition and Dynamics of the Activated Sludge Microbiome during Seasonal Nitrification Failure – Juliet Johnston – Scientific Reports