December 4, 2018

A short and sweet Digest today. Many preprints, so take them with a grain of salt. Interesting highlights include skin odor and microbiome, plant derived alternative to antibiotics for growth promotion, and host specialization for bee gut symbionts.

General microbiology

Preprint: The genome of the fungal pathogen Verticillium dahliae reveals extensive bacterial to fungal gene transfer – Xiaoqian Shi et al. – bioRxiv

Antibiotic resistance

Preprint: Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Among Gram Negative Bacterial Isolates from Patients in Khartoum State Hospitals – Hana Salaheldin Elbadawi et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Linking the Resistome and Plasmidome to the Microbiome – Thibault Stalder et al. – bioRxiv

Human skin microbiome

** Understanding the microbial basis of body odor in pre-pubescent children and teenagers – Tze Hau Lam et al. – Microbiome

Animal experiments

** The chicken gut metagenome and the modulatory effects of plant-derived benzylisoquinoline alkaloids – Peng Huang, Yan Zhang, Kangpeng Xiao & Fan Jiang et al. – Microbiome

Animal microbiome

** Preprint: Genomic changes underlying host specialization in the bee gut symbiont Lactobacillus Firm5 – Kirsten M Ellegaard et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Host diet and evolutionary history explain different aspects of gut microbiome diversity among vertebrate clades – Nicholas D Youngblut et al. – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: Insights from Bacillus anthracis strains isolated from permafrost in the tundra zone of Russia – Vitalii Timofeev et al. – bioRxiv

Phages and viruses

Preprint: Dengue and Chikungunya among Febrile Outpatients in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo: a cross-sectional study – Sam Proesmans et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Multidimensional analysis of Gammaherpesvirus RNA expression reveals unexpected heterogeneity of gene expression – Lauren M. Oko et al. – bioRxiv

Scientific communication

Preprint: Cross-Lagged Panel Model in Medical Research: A Cautionary Note – Satoshi Usami et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Which author is which? Gender Authorship Position in Aquaculture Literature – Morgan Chow et al. – bioRxiv

Advertisements

December 1, 2018

Today’s microbiome digest will have more on gut microbiome, animal experiments along with one method DiTaxa for host phenotype and biomarker detection. Enjoy reading.

 General microbiome

Pre-transplant recovery of microbiome diversity without recovery of the original microbiome – Armin Rashidi – Bone Marrow Transplantation

Review: Importance of gut microbiota in obesity – Isabel Cornejo-Pareja – European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Gut Microbiome and Plasma Microbiome-Related Metabolites in Patients With Decompensated and Compensated Heart Failure – Tomohiro Hayashi – Circulation Journal

Review: The lung and gut microbiome: what has to be taken into consideration for cystic fibrosis? – Geneviève Héry-Arnaud – Journal of Cystic Fibrosis

Gut microbiome

Impacts of dietary silver nanoparticles and probiotic administration on the microbiota of an in-vitro gut model – Cristina Cattò – Environmental Pollution

The Gut Microbiome: A Difficult Target for Translational Studies of Clostridium Difficile Colonization – Richard Kellermayer – Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

Altered gut microbiota after traumatic splenectomy is associated with endotoxemia – Hua Zhu – Emerging Microbes & Infections

Gut Microbiota Modulates Interactions Between Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Bile Acid Homeostasis – Sunny Lihua Cheng – Toxicological Sciences

The intestinal microbiome and its relevance for functionality in older persons – Andrea Ticinesi – Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care

Gut Microbiota Disruption in Septic Shock Patients: A Pilot Study – You-Dong Wan – Medical Science Monitor

Microbial Biomarkers of Intestinal Barrier Maturation in Preterm Infants – Bing Ma – Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Microbial impact on cholesterol and bile acid metabolism: current status and future prospects – Aicha Kriaa – Journal of Lipid Research

Respiratory microbiome

Characterising the respiratory microbiome – Rebecca L. Watson – European Respiratory Journal

Vaginal microbiome

Characterization of vaginal microbiota in Thai women – Auttawit Sirichoat – PeerJ

Normal vaginal microbiome in women with primary Sjögren’s syndrome-associated vaginal dryness – van der Meulen TA – Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases

Animal experiments

On the role of corticosterone in behavioral disorders, microbiota composition alteration and neuroimmune response in adult male mice subjected to maternal separation stress – HosseinAmini-Khoei – International Immunopharmacology

Insights into a Possible Mechanism Underlying the Connection of Carbendazim-Induced Lipid Metabolism Disorder and Gut Microbiota Dysbiosis in Mice – Cuiyuan Jin – Toxicological Sciences

General Anesthesia Alters the Diversity and Composition of the Intestinal Microbiota in Mice – Mara A. Serbanescu – Anesthesia & Analgesia

Lactobacillus helveticus KLDS1.8701 alleviates D-galactose-induced aging by regulating Nrf-2 and gut microbiota in mice – Bailiang Li – Food and Function

The Host Microbiota Contributes to Early Protection Against Lung Colonization by Mycobacterium tuberculosisAlexia Dumas – Frontiers in Immunology

Cesarean Section Induces Microbiota-Regulated Immune Disturbances in C57BL/6 Mice – Line Fisker Zachariassen – The Journal of Immunology

Bioinformatics

DiTaxa: Nucleotide-pair encoding of 16S rRNA for host phenotype and biomarker detection – Ehsaneddin Asgari – Bioinformatics

November 29, 2018

Today’s digest covers updates on human milk oligosaccharides, microbial life in cemetry, intestinal resistome, and benefits of intermittent fasting in human cohort and the gut microbiota in mice.

General microbiome
Next steps in studying the human microbiome and health in prospective studies, Bethesda, MD, May 16–17, 2017 – Rashmi Sinha – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Human milk oligosaccharides, milk microbiome and infant gut microbiome modulate neonatal rotavirus infection – Sasirekha Ramani – Nature Communications

Interpersonal Variations in Gut Microbiota Profiles Supersedes the Effects of Differing Fecal Storage Conditions – Caspar Bundgaard-Nielsen – Scientific Reports

In-and-Out Molecular Changes Linked to the Type 2 Diabetes Remission after Bariatric Surgery: An Influence of Gut Microbes on Mitochondria Metabolism – Paulina Samczuk – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Characterization of fungal dysbiosis in Japanese patients with inflammatory bowel disease – Takayuki Imai – Journal of Gastroenterology

Gut microbiota features of the geographically diverse Indian population – Sudarshan A. Shetty – BioRxiv

Animal experiments

Intermittent administration of a fasting-mimicking diet intervenes in diabetes progression, restores β cells and reconstructs gut microbiota in mice Siying Wei – Nutrition and Metabolism

Skin and gut microbiomes of a wild mammal respond to different environmental cues – Anton Lavrinienko – Microbiome

Mouse intestinal microbiota reduction favors local intestinal immunity triggered by antigens displayed in Bacillus subtilis biofilm – Cédric M. Vogt – Microbial Cell Factories

The murine vaginal microbiota and its perturbation by the human pathogen group B Streptococcus – Alison Vrbanac – BMC Microbiology

Use of next generation sequencing to investigate the microbiota of experimentally induced wounds and the effect of bandaging in horses – Louis J. Kamus – PlosOne

Soil microbiome

Expansive microbial metabolic versatility and biodiversity in dynamic Guaymas Basin hydrothermal sediments – Nina Dombrowski – Nature Communications

Built Environment

Microbial life beyond the grave: 16S rRNA gene-based metagenomic analysis of bacteria diversity and their functional profiles in cemetery environments – Akebe Luther King Abia – Science of the Total Environment

Techniques

Prediction of the intestinal resistome by a three-dimensional structure-based method – Etienne Ruppé – Nature Microbiology

Quantitative PCR provides a simple and accessible method for quantitative microbiome profiling – Ching Jian – BioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Poo found on every McDonald’s touchscreen tested – Metro

Non-microbiology picks

Effects of intermittent and continuous calorie restriction on body weight and metabolism over 50 wk: a randomized controlled trial – Ruth Schübel – The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

 

November 24, 2018

In today’s microbiome digest there are various papers on human, animal and plant microbiome specifically the microbiome of coral, Honey Bee, Welsh Mountain ponies, root and rhizosphere. Enjoy reading.

Events and jobs

Senior Bioinformatics Scientist, Microbiome

General microbiome

Essay: Microbiome dynamics in obesity – Christoph A. Thaiss – Science

Human microbiome diversity: implications in health, disease, and applications – Kathryn J. Pflughoeft – Annual Reviews

Gut microbiome

Review: Gut microbiota and aging – Francesca Mangiola – European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences

Review: Microbial community reshaped in gastric cancer – L.-L. Wang – European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences

Differential clustering of faecal and mucosa‐associated microbiota in healthy individuals – Adam Carstens – Journal of Digestive Diseases

The prevalence and transcriptional activity of the mucosal microbiota of ulcerative colitis patients – Aina E. Fossum Moen – Scientific Reports

Skin microbiome

The Influence of Habitat and Phylogeny on the Skin Microbiome of Amphibians in Guatemala and Mexico – Silas Ellison – Microbial Ecology

Respiratory microbiome

Inhaled nanomaterials and the respiratory microbiome: clinical, immunological and toxicological perspectives – Tuang Yeow Poh – Particle and Fibre Toxicology

Animal experiments

An intermittent hypercaloric diet alters gut microbiota, prefrontal cortical gene expression and social behaviours in rats – Reichelt AC – Nutritional Neuroscience

Animal microbiome

Coral-associated bacteria demonstrate phylosymbiosis and cophylogeny – F. Joseph Pollock – Nature Communications

Gut and Whole-Body Microbiota of the Honey Bee Separate Thriving and Non-thriving Hives – Céline Ribière – Microbial Ecology

Gut microbiome composition is associated with spatial structuring and social interactions in semi-feral Welsh Mountain ponies – Rachael E. Antwis – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The structure and function of the global citrus rhizosphere microbiome – Jin Xu – Nature Communications

Root microbiome response to treated wastewater irrigation – AvihaiZolti – Science of The Total Environment

Water and extremophile microbiome

New archaeal viruses discovered by metagenomic analysis of viral communities in enrichment cultures – Ying Liu – Environmental Microbiology

Probiotics / prebiotics

Review: Probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics for weight loss and metabolic syndrome in the microbiome era – R. Ferrarese – European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences

November 20, 2018

Here’s your Digest before the US Thanksgiving holiday with a burst of human gut microbiome/animal experiment papers. Science publishes a special edition on diet and health, how do human gut microbes fare against mouse gut commensals, and watch out for the water used in your microbiome studies!

Jobs

Open Rank Tenure Track Faculty Position – Baylor College of Medicine

General microbiology

Preprint: Natural strain diversity reveals novel biofilm regulation in squid-colonizing Vibrio fischeri – Ella R. Rotman et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Genotyping of Salmonella spp. on the basis of CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) – Calvin Jiksing et al. – bioRxiv

Pregnancy and early life

Iron-containing micronutrient powders modify the effect of oral antibiotics on the infant gut microbiome and increase post-antibiotic diarrhoea risk: a controlled study in Kenya – Daniela Paganini et al. – Gut

Human skin microbiome

Review: The epithelial immune microenvironment (EIME) in atopic dermatitis and psoriasis – Teruki Dainichi et al. – Nature Immunology

Human oral microbiome

The Effect of Influenza Virus on the Human Oropharyngeal Microbiome – Elisa Ramos-Sevillano et al. – Clinical Infectious Diseases

Human vaginal microbiome

Review: Ecological dynamics of the vaginal microbiome in relation to health and disease – Shirley Greenbaum et al. – American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: Acquired interbacterial defense systems protect against interspecies antagonism in the human gut microbiome – Benjamin D. Ross et al. – bioRxiv

Review: Calorie restriction and its impact on gut microbial composition and global metabolism – Xiaojiao Zheng et al. – Frontiers of Medicine

Fecal microbiota transplantation with frozen capsules for a patient with refractory acute gut graft-versus-host disease – Satoshi Kaito et al. – Blood Advances

Review: Salts and energy balance: A special role for dietary salts in metabolic syndrome
Christopher W.Brey et al. – Clinical Nutrition

IL23R-protective coding variant promotes beneficial bacteria and diversity in the ileal microbiome in healthy individuals without inflammatory bowel disease – Martha Zakrzewski et al. – Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis

In vitro: A four-strain probiotic exerts positive immunomodulatory effects by enhancing colonic butyrate production in vitro – Frédéric Moens et al. – International Journal of Pharmaceutics

Review: Obesity and Cancer Risk: Emerging biological mechanisms and perspectives – Konstantinos I. Avgerinos et al. – Metabolism

Review: Endocrine regulation of gut function – a role for glucagon-like peptide-1 in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome – Dervla O’Malley – Experimental Physiology

The Human Metabolism of Nuts Proanthocyanidins Does not Reveal Urinary Metabolites Consistent with Distinctive Gut Microbiota Metabotypes – Adrián Cortés‐Martín et al. – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

Review: The role of dietary factors in inflammatory bowel diseases: new perspectives – Yi Quan Zhou et al. – Journal of Digestive Diseases

Review: Interaction of gut microbiota with dysregulation of bile acids in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and potential therapeutic implications of probiotics – Jiezhong Chen et al. – Journal of Cellular Biochemistry

Review: Cross-Talk Between Gluten, Intestinal Microbiota and Intestinal Mucosa in Celiac Disease: Recent Advances and Basis of Autoimmunity – Atul Munish Chander et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Control and dysregulation of redox signalling in the gastrointestinal tract – Eric L. Campbell & Sean P. Colgan – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

** Review: The gut microbiota at the intersection of diet and human health – Christopher L. Gentile & Tiffany L. Weir – Science

Review: Gut Microbiota and Their Neuroinflammatory Implications in Alzheimer’s Disease – Vo Van Giau et al. – Nutrients

Review: Gut microbiota in diabetes and HIV: Inflammation is the link – Vicente Estrada & Noemi Gonzalez – EBioMedicine

Human gut-microbiome-brain axis

Can the gut be the missing piece in uncovering PD pathogenesis? – Guillaume Chapelet et al. – Parkinsonism & Related Disorders

Human multi-site microbiome

Characterization of human breast tissue microbiota from core needle biopsies through the analysis of multi hypervariable 16S-rRNA gene regions – Lara Costantini et al. – Scientific Reports

Review: Estimating the postmortem interval using microbes: Knowledge gaps and a path to technology adoption – Jessica L.Metcalf – Forensic Science International: Genetics

Boston Type I Keratoprosthesis: Antibacterial Resistance and Microbiota Evaluation of Soft Contact Lenses – Emilio A.Torres-Netto et al. – American Journal of Ophthalmology

Food microbiome

Combined effects of thymol, carvacrol and packaging on the shelf-life of marinated chicken – Layal Karam et al. – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Effect of post-harvest interventions on surficial carrot bacterial community dynamics, pathogen survival, and antibiotic resistance – Vaishali Dharmarha et al. – International Journal of Food Microbiology

The potential use of probiotic and beneficial bacteria in the Brazilian dairy industry – Monique Colombo et al. – Journal of Dairy Research

Animal experiments

In vitro: Environmental pollutant-mediated disruption of gut microbial metabolism of the prebiotic inulin – Jessie Hoffman et al. – Anaerobe

Assessment of the adverse impacts of aflatoxin B1 on gut-microbiota dependent metabolism in F344 rats – Jun Zhou et al. – Chemosphere

Dietary Tomato Powder Inhibits High-Fat Diet-Promoted Hepatocellular Carcinoma with Alteration of Gut Microbiota in Mice Lacking Carotenoid Cleavage Enzymes – Hui Xia et al. – Cancer Prevention Research

Chronic intermittent hypoxia disrupts cardiorespiratory homeostasis and gut microbiota composition in adult male guinea-pigs – Eric F.Lucking et al. – EBioMedicine

Microbiota-Derived Lactate Activates Production of Reactive Oxygen Species by the Intestinal NADPH Oxidase Nox and Shortens Drosophila Lifespan – Igor Iatsenko et al. – Immunity

A polysaccharide extracted from Astragalus membranaceus residue improves cognitive dysfunction by altering gut microbiota in diabetic mice – Yameng Liu et al. – Carbohydrate Polymers

Mouse: Role of Bile Acids and GLP-1 in Mediating the Metabolic Improvements of Bariatric Surgery – Vance L. Albaugh et al. – Gastroenterology

Evaluation of Sialyllactose Supplementation of a Prebiotic-Containing Formula on Growth, Intestinal Development, and Bacterial Colonization in the Neonatal Piglet – Marcia H Monaco et al. – Current Developments in Nutrition

Mouse: The Probiotic Effectiveness in Preventing Experimental Colitis Is Correlated With Host Gut Microbiota – Sharmila Suwal et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Soy-Induced Fecal Metabolome Changes in Ovariectomized and Intact Female Rats: Relationship with Cardiometabolic Health – Victoria J. Vieira-Potter et al. – Scientific Reports

** Selective colonization ability of human fecal microbes in different mouse gut environments – Wei Zhou et al. – The ISME Journal

Rat: Potential Involvement of Peripheral Leptin/STAT3 Signaling in the Effects of Resveratrol and Its Metabolites on Reducing Body Fat Accumulation – Andrea Ardid-Ruiz et al. – Nutrients

Bacteria engineered to produce IL-22 in intestine induce expression of REG3G to reduce ethanol-induced liver disease in mice – Tim Hendrikx et al. – Gut

Effects of polystyrene microplastics on the composition of the microbiome and metabolism in larval zebrafish – Zhiqin Wan et al. – Chemosphere

Animal microbiome

The microbiome of Escherichia coli and culture-negative nonsevere clinical mastitis: Characterization and associations with linear score and milk production – A.K. Vasquez et al. – Journal of Dairy Science

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Community diversity and potential functions of rhizosphere-associated bacteria of nickel hyperaccumulators found in Albania – Séverine Lopez et al. – Science of The Total Environment

Allorhizocola rhizosphaerae gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of Micromonosporaceae isolated from rhizosphere soil of the plant Calligonum mongolicum – Ye Sun et al. – International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Linking bacterial community composition to soil salinity along environmental gradients – Kristin M. Rath et al. – The ISME Journal

Soil microbial community composition closely associates with specific enzyme activities and soil carbon chemistry in a long-term nitrogen fertilized grassland – Yue Li et al. – Science of The Total Environment

Water and extremophile microbiome

Periodic and spatial spreading of alkanes and Alcanivorax bacteria in deep waters of the Mariana Trench – Wen-Li Li et al. – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Distinct bacterial and archaeal diversities and spatial distributions in surface sediments of the Arctic Ocean – Yuguang Wang et al. – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Microbial subnetworks related to short-term diel O2 fluxes within geochemically distinct freshwater wetlands – Dean J Horton et al. – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Adaptive shifts of bacterioplankton communities in response to nitrogen enrichment in a highly polluted river – Yuzhan Yang et al. – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Pressure and temperature effects on deep-sea hydrocarbon-degrading microbial communities in subarctic sediments – Luis J. Perez Calderon et al. – MicrobiologyOpen

Phages and viruses

Preprint: Complete genome of a Measles virus from Roraima state, Brazil – Catia Meneses et al. – bioRxiv

Safety Studies of Pneumococcal Endolysins Cpl-1 and Pal – Marek Harhala et al. – Viruses

Technology

Preprint: Controlling complex microbial communities: a network-based approach – Marco Tulio Angulo et al. – bioRxiv

** H2Oh No! The importance of reporting your water source in your in vivo microbiome studies – Jacqueline A. Barnett & Deanna L. Gibson – Gut Microbes

Bioinformatics

Taxonomic classification for microbiome analysis, which correlates well with the metabolite milieu of the gut – Yoshihisa Wakita et al. – BMC Microbiology

Non-microbiology picks

Preprint: Benchmarking university medical centres for responsible metrics. A cross sectional study on timely results dissemination across 36 German centres – Susanne Wieschowski et al. – bioRxiv

November 18, 2018

Do your eyes have microbiomes? How does heavy rain influence the Atacama desert microbiome?  Welcome to the microbiome digest. This weekends articles also include the latest research on space-station microbes, the influence of protists on the rhizosphere, techniques in metabolome/microbiome research and more! Enjoy!

General microbiome

Identifying and Predicting Novelty in Microbiome Studies – Xiaoquan Su – mBio

Pregnancy and early life

Impacts of diet and exercise on maternal gut microbiota are transferred to offspring – Shyam Prakaash Bhagavata Srinivasan – Frontiers in Endocrinology

Multi-site human microbiome

Biogeography of the human ocular microbiota – JeromeOzkan – The Ocular Surface

Review: The Human Microbiota and Asthma – Aaron Ver Heul – Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology

Human gut microbiome

Gastroduodenal “Dysbiosis”: a New Clinical Entity – Ayesha Shah – Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology

Animal experiments

Preprint: Colonization of the tsetse fly midgut with commensal Enterobacter inhibits trypanosome infection establishment – Brian L Weiss – bioRiv

Animal microbiome

Association of bovine major histocompatibility complex (BoLA) gene polymorphism with colostrum and milk microbiota of dairy cows during the first week of lactation – Hooman Derakhshani – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Protists: Puppet Masters of the Rhizosphere Microbiome – ZhileiGao – Trends in Plant Science

Characterization of microbes and denitrifiers attached to two species of floating plants in the wetlands of Lake Taihu – Bing Han – PLOS ONE

Environmental and spatial variables determine the taxonomic but not functional structure patterns of microbial communities in alpine grasslands – Xiao-BoWang – Science of The Total Environment

With or without trees: Resistance and resilience of soil microbial communities to drought and heat stress in a Mediterranean agroforestry system – EstherGuillot – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Response of microbial communities and enzyme activities to amendments in saline-alkaline soils – ShaohuaShi – Applied Soil Ecology

The effect of moisture on soil microbial properties and nitrogen cyclers in Mediterranean sweet orange orchards under organic and inorganic fertilization – AliciaMorugán-Coronado – Science of The Total Environment

Water and extremophile microbiome

Succession and persistence of microbial communities and antimicrobial resistance genes associated with International Space Station environmental surfaces – Nitin Kumar Singh – Microbiome

Unprecedented rains decimate surface microbial communities in the hyperarid core of the Atacama Desert – A. Azua-Bustos – Scientific Reports

Exposure to tetracycline perturbs the microbiome of soil oligochaete Enchytraeus crypticus – JunMa – Science of The Total Environment

Preprint: Filamentation of Vibrio cholerae is an adaptation for surface attachment and biofilm architecture – Benjamin R Wucher – bioRxiv

Designing an in situ remediation strategy for polluted surface water bodies through the specific regulation of microbial community – Boran Wu – Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering

Food microbiology

Microbiome of drinking water: A full-scale spatio-temporal study to monitor water quality in the Paris distribution system – YoannPerrin – Water Research

Techniques

Mass Spectrometry-Based Microbial Metabolomics: Techniques, Analysis, and Applications – Edward E. K. Baidoo – Microbial Metabolomics

High-Throughput Solid-Phase Microextraction–Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry for Microbial Untargeted Metabolomics – Fatemeh Mousavi – Microbial Metabolomics

November 16, 2018

Happy Friday! Today’s digest includes the effects of chewing gum on the oral microbiome, the gill microbiome of mangrove shipworms, and the rumen microbiome of dairy cows. Enjoy!

Human oral microbiome

Effects of xylitol-containing chewing gum on the oral microbiota – Takeuchi – Journal of Oral Science

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiome transition across a lifestyle gradient in Himalaya – Jha – PLoS Biology

Fecal chromogranins and secretogranins are linked to the fecal and mucosal intestinal bacterial composition of IBS patients and healthy subjects – Sundin – Scientific Reports

Animal experiments

Specific Members of the Gut Microbiota are Reliable Biomarkers of Irradiation Intensity and Lethality in Large Animal Models of Human Health – Carbonero – Radiation Research

Gut microbiota development in mice is affected by hydrogen peroxide produced from amino acid metabolism during lactation – Shigeno – FASEB Journal

Commensal bacteria contribute to insulin resistance in aging by activating innate B1a cells – Bodogai – Science Translational Medicine

Estrogen-mediated gut microbiome alterations influence sexual dimorphism in metabolic syndrome in mice – Kaliannan – Microbiome

Effects of Intraoperative Vagal Nerve Stimulation on the Gastrointestinal Microbiome in a Mouse Model of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis – Haney – Comparative Medicine

Animal microbiome

Assessing the Microbiota of Black Soldier Fly Larvae (Hermetia illucens) Reared on Organic Waste Streams on Four Different Locations at Laboratory and Large Scale – Wynants – Microbial Ecology

The gill-associated microbiome is the main source of wood plant polysaccharide hydrolases and secondary metabolite gene clusters in the mangrove shipworm Neoteredo reynei – Brito – PLoS One

Illumina sequencing analysis of the ruminal microbiota in high-yield and low-yield lactating dairy cows – Tong – PLoS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Rootstocks shape the rhizobiome: Rhizosphere and endosphere bacterial communities in the grafted tomato system – Poudel – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Aquatic ecotoxicity of an antidepressant, sertraline hydrochloride, on microbial communities – Yang – Science of The Total Environment

Probing the ecological and evolutionary history of a thermophilic cyanobacterial population via statistical properties of its microdiversity – Rosen – PLoS One

Built environment

Activated sludge bacterial communities of typical wastewater treatment plants: distinct genera identification and metabolic potential differential analysis – Zhang – AMB Express

Analysis of bacteria stress responses to contaminants derived from shale energy extraction – Santos – Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts

Probiotics/prebiotics

Gut microbiota of preterm infants supplemented with probiotics: sub-study of the ProPrems trial – Plummer – BMC Microbiology