January 18, 2022

Today’s digest contains interesting gut-brain axis articles, developments in bioinformatic multi-omic analyses, and some recent developments in long COVID research highlighted under non microbiome picks below. 

General microbiome

Substantial overlap between symptomatic and asymptomatic genitourinary microbiota states – Adu oppong et al. – Microbiome 

Human gut microbiome

Gut Ruminococcaceae levels at baseline correlate with risk of antibiotic-associated diarrhea – Gu et al. – iScience

Home or hospital birth: the neonatal microbiota perspective – Stojanov et al. – The Lancet Microbe

A pilot exploration of multi-omics research of gut microbiome in major depressive disorders – Zhao et al – Translational Psychiatry

Post-ischemic protein restriction induces sustained neuroprotection, neurological recovery, brain remodeling, and gut microbiota rebalancing – de Carvalho et al. – Brain Behavior and Immunity

Bifidobacterium breve CCFM1025 attenuates major depression disorder via regulating gut microbiome and tryptophan metabolism: A randomized clinical trial – Tian et al.  – Brain Behavior and Immunity

Gestational insulin resistance is mediated by the gut microbiome-indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase axis – Priyadarshini et al. – Gastroenterology

A natural polyphenol exerts antitumor activity and circumvents anti-PD-1 resistance through effects on the gut microbiota – Messaoudene et al. – Cancer Discovery


[Research Highlight] Virome holds back a vaccine – York – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Plant & Soil microbiome

Genome-Resolved Metagenomics Reveals Distinct Phosphorus Acquisition Strategies between Soil Microbiomes – Wu et al. – mSystems


M&Ms: a versatile software for building microbial mock communities – García-García et al. – Bioinformatics

GraphOmics: an interactive platform to explore and integrate multi-omics data – Wandy & Daly – BMC Bioinformatics

Aristotle: stratified causal discovery for omics data – Mansouri et al.  – BMC Bioinformatics

Non Microbiome Picks

The last few weeks has seen several big studies of ‘long COVID’ published, as well as a letter in The Guardian, which I wanted to highlight

Immunological dysfunction persists for 8 months following initial mild-to-moderate SARS-CoV-2 infection – Phetsouphanh et al. – Nature Immunology

Long-term perturbation of the peripheral immune system months after SARS-CoV-2 infection – Ryan et al. BMC Medicine

Post-acute neurological consequences of COVID-19: an unequal burden – Nolen et al. – Nature Medicine 

Long COVID in children – Gurdasani et al. – The Lancet Child Adolescent Health
I’m leading a long Covid trial – it’s clear Britain has underestimated its impact – Amitava Banerjee – The Guardian

January 12, 2022

General microbiome

[PERSPECTIVE]It’s the Economy, Stupid: Applying (Micro)economic Principles to Microbiome Science – Kashtan, Bushong and Leveau – mSystems

[PERSPECTIVE]Conceptual Exchanges for Understanding Free-Living and Host-Associated Microbiomes – Pfister et al. – mSystems

Human endometrial microbiome

Endometrial microbiota composition is associated with reproductive outcome in infertile patients – Moreno et al. – Microbiome

Human oral microbiome

[REVIEW]Temporal development of the infant oral microbiome – Blum et al. – Critical Reviews in Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Effect of antibiotic pretreatment on bacterial engraftment after Fecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT) in IBS-D – Singh et al. – Gut Microbes

[REVIEW]The gut microbiota can orchestrate the signaling pathways in colorectal cancer – Bennedsen et al. – Journal of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology

Age-Associated Gut Dysbiosis, Marked by Loss of Butyrogenic Potential, Correlates With Altered Plasma Tryptophan Metabolites in Older People Living With HIV – Ghare et al. – Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Intestinal Microbiota and Host Cooperate for Adaptation as a Hologenome – Zhou et al. – mSystems

The bacterial density of clinical rectal swabs is highly variable, correlates with sequencing contamination, and predicts patient risk of extraintestinal infection – Chanderraj et al. – Microbiome

Animal microbiome

Consistent changes in the intestinal microbiota of Atlantic salmon fed insect meal diets – Li et al. – Animal Microbiome

Maternal regulation of biliary disease in neonates via gut microbial metabolites – Jee et al. – Nature Communications

Reduced calorie diet combined with NNMT inhibition establishes a distinct microbiome in DIO mice – Dimet-Wiley et al. – Scientific Reports

Comparison of Gut Microbiota and Metabolic Status of Sows With Different Litter Sizes During Pregnancy – Chen et al. – Front. Vet. Sci.

Modulation of gut microbiota impacts diet-induced and drug-induced alopecia in mice – Lam et al. – Gut

Sex-specific differences in the gut microbiota and fecal metabolites in an adolescent valproic acid-induced rat autism model – Gu et al. – Frontiers in Bioscience Landmark

Host tp53 mutation induces gut dysbiosis eliciting inflammation through disturbed sialic acid metabolism – Lee et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Whole-Genome Duplication and Host Genotype Affect Rhizosphere Microbial Communities – Ponsford et al. – mSystems


A Goldilocks Principle for the Gut Microbiome: Taxonomic Resolution Matters for Microbiome-Based Classification of Colorectal Cancer – Armour et al. – mBio

Towards a metagenomics machine learning interpretable model for understanding the transition from adenoma to colorectal cancer – Casimiro-Soriguer et al. – Scientifi Reports


[PREPRINT]Library Preparation and Sequencing Platform Introduce Bias in Metagenomic-Based Characterizations of Microbiomes – Poulsen et al. – bioRxiv

January 7, 2022

Today’s digest covers a range of topics including a duplex qPCR assay to detect lung infections, an investigation into sand fly symbionts, and a characterization of a fermented soybean food (Pe poke). If you want to end the week on a good note, I’d suggest reading the two articles I’ve highlighted below. One demonstrates that flooding and ecological restoration of former cranberry farmland also restores wetland microbial communities and soil function. The second provides a new barcoding strategy for the phenotypic screening of mosquitos that can be applied towards malaria research.

Happy reading!

General microbiome

Controlled spatial organization of bacterial growth reveals key role of cell filamentation preceding Xylella fastidiosa biofilm formation – Anbumani et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Bacteria can be selected to help beneficial plasmids spread – Dimitriu et al. – PLOS Biology

Genome-wide gene expression noise in Escherichia coli is condition-dependent and determined by propagation of noise through the regulatory network – Urchueguía et al. – PLOS Biology

Human respiratory microbiome

Detection of Pneumocystis jirovecii and Toxoplasma gondii in patients with lung infections by a duplex qPCR assay – Wu et al. – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Animal experiments

***Barcoded Asaia bacteria enable mosquito in vivo screens and identify novel systemic insecticides and inhibitors of malaria transmission – Sturm et al. – PLOS Biology

Molecular phylogeny of heritable symbionts and microbiota diversity analysis in phlebotominae sand flies and Culex nigripalpus from Colombia – Vivero-Gomez – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Shotgun sequence-based metataxonomic and predictive functional profiles of Pe poke, a naturally fermented soybean food of Myanmar – Tamang et al. – PLOS One

***Flooding and ecological restoration promote wetland microbial communities and soil functions on former cranberry farmland – Rubin et al. – PLOS One

Water and extremophile microbiome

Coral reef biofilm bacterial diversity and successional trajectories are structured by reef benthic organisms and shift under chronic nutrient enrichment – Remple et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

January 6, 2022

Human and General Microbiome

Mendelian randomization analyses support causal relationships between blood metabolites and the gut microbiome – Xiaomin Liu – Nature Genetics

Determine independent gut microbiota-diseases association by eliminating the effects of human lifestyle factors – Congmin Zhu – BMC Microbiology

Comparing Published Gut Microbiome Taxonomic Data Across Multinational Studies – Brianna K Meeks – Nursing Research

A Comprehensive Review on the Role of the Gut Microbiome in Human Neurological Disorders – Shokufeh Ghasemian Sorboni – Clinical Microbiology Reviews

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

Lactobacillus casei Zhang exerts anti-obesity effect to obese glut1 and gut-specific-glut1 knockout mice via gut microbiota modulation mediated different metagenomic pathways – Qiuwen He – European Journal of Nutrition

Administration of Human Derived Upper gut Commensal Prevotella histicola delays the onset of type 1 diabetes in NOD mice – Eric Marietta – BMC Microbiology

Probiotic supplementation in neonates with congenital gastrointestinal surgical conditions: a pilot randomised controlled trial – Shripada Rao – Pediatric Research

Dietary supplementation with low-dose xylooligosaccharide promotes the anti-Salmonella activity of probiotic Lactiplantibacillus plantarum ZS2058 in a murine model – Junsheng Liu – Food Research International 

Review: Recent understanding of human milk oligosaccharides in establishing infant gut microbiome and roles in immune system – Ravindra Pal Singh – Food Research International

Microbiome and Metabolism

Gut Microbiota Diversity and Overweight/Obesity in Infancy: Results from a Nested Case-control Study – Hong Mei – Current Medical Science

Microbiome and Cancer

Microbiome composition indicate dysbiosis and lower richness in tumor breast tissues compared to healthy adjacent paired tissue, within the same women – Maria Valeria Esposito – BMC Cancer

Changes in the gut bacterial communities in colon cancer surgery patients: an observational study – Mohamed Abbas – Gut Pathogens

Urinary and Reproductive Tract Microbiome

Endometrial microbiota composition is associated with reproductive outcome in infertile patients – Inmaculada Moreno – Microbiome

Dysbiosis of vaginal microbiota associated with persistent high-risk human papilloma virus infection – Ling Mei – Journal of Translational Medicine

Urogenital Microbiota:Potentially Important Determinant of PD-L1 Expression in Male Patients with Non-muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer – Chunxiao Chen – BMC Microbiology

Animal Microbiome

Destabilization of the Bacterial Interactome Identifies Nutrient Restriction-Induced Dysbiosis in Insect Guts – Ramona Marasco – Microbiology Spectrum

Specific Strains of Honeybee Gut Lactobacillus Stimulate Host Immune System to Protect against Pathogenic Hafnia alvei – Haoyu Lang – Microbiology Spectrum

Characterization of captive and wild 13-lined ground squirrel cecal microbiotas using Illumina-based sequencing – Edna Chiang – Animal Microbiome

Metagenomic and metatranscriptomic analyses reveal minor-yet-crucial roles of gut microbiome in deep-sea hydrothermal vent snail – Yi Yang – Animal Microbiome

Host, microbiome, and complex space: applying population and landscape genetic approaches to gut microbiome research in wild populations – Claire E Couch – The Journal of Heredity

Antibiotic resistance and potential bacterial pathogens identified in red deer’s faecal DNA – Diana Dias – Transboundary and Emerging Diseases

Review: Gut microbiome-immune system interaction in reptiles – Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Plant and Soil Microbiome

Contrasting Effects of Local Environmental and Biogeographic Factors on the Composition and Structure of Bacterial Communities in Arid Monospecific Mangrove Soils – T Thomson – Microbiology Spectrum

Review: Endophytic Microbiota of Rice and Their Collective Impact on Host Fitness – Santosh Kumar Jana – Current Microbiology

Other Microbes

Spaceflight Virology: What Do We Know about Viral Threats in the Spaceflight Environment? – Bruno Pavletić – Astrobiology

Microbiome Analysis Methods

Cell-Free Paper-Based Analysis of Gut Microbiota and Host Biomarkers – Melissa K Takahashi – Methods in Molecular Biology 


CACONET: a novel classification framework for microbial correlation networks – Yuanwei Xu – Bioinformatics

December 22, 2021

General microbiome

[PREPRINT]Unconstrained coevolution of bacterial size and the latent period of plastic phage – Bonachela, Choua & Heath – bioRxiv

Not a ‘they’ but a ‘we’: the microbiome helps promote our well-being – Ragsdale – Journal of Biological Chemistry

Microbial metabolite delta-valerobetaine is a diet-dependent obesogen – Liu et al. – Nature Metabolism

[EDITORIAL]15 years of microbial biotechnology: the time has come to think big—and act soon – de Lorenzo – Microbial Biotechnology

Pregnancy and early life

Microbial community networks across body sites are associated with susceptibility to respiratory infections in infants – Reyman et al. – Communications Biology

Human oral microbiome

Profiling the oral microbiomes in patients with Alzheimer’s disease – Guo et al. – Oral Diseases

Human skin microbiome

[REVIEW]Human Skin Microbiota in Health and Disease – Bay & Ring – Journal of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology

Human vaginal microbiome

Human implantation: The complex interplay between endometrial receptivity, inflammation, and the microbiome – Sehring & Jeelani – Placenta

Large-scale characterisation of the pregnancy vaginal microbiome and sialidase activity in a low-risk Chinese population – Ng et al. – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Human gut microbiome

The potential of gut microbiome as a non-invasive predictive biomarker for early detection of pancreatic cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma – Kaźmierczak-Siedlecka – European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences

The effect of antibiotics on the human microbiome: a systematic review – van Zyl et al. – International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

[REVIEW]Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: the interplay between metabolism, microbes and immunity – Tilg et al. – Nature Metabolism

Clinical efficacy of fecal microbial transplantation treatment in adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis – Mashiah et al. – Immunity, Inflammation and Disease

Deviated and early unsustainable stunted development of gut microbiota in children with autism spectrum disorder – Lou et al. – Gut

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Oat Fiber Modulates Hepatic Circadian Clock via Promoting Gut Microbiota-Derived Short Chain Fatty Acids – Han et al. – J. Agric. Food Chem.

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Effects of sublethal azadirachtin on the immune response and midgut microbiome of Apis cerana cerana (Hymenoptera: Apidae) – Zhao et al. – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Analysis of the microbial diversity in the fecal material of the critically endangered African wild dog, Lycaon pictus – Sanches et al. – Archives of Microbiology

Divergence together with microbes: A comparative study of the associated microbiomes in the closely related Littorina species – Maltseva et al. – PLOS One

Gut microbiome composition, not alpha diversity, is associated with survival in a natural vertebrate population – Worsley et al. – Animal Microbiome

Clinical health issues, reproductive hormones, and metabolic hormones associated with gut microbiome structure in African and Asian elephants – Keady et al. – Animal Microbiome

Early life skin microbial trajectory as a function of vertical and environmental transmission in Bornean foam-nesting frogs – McGrath-Blaser et al. – Animal Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

[PRERPINT]Disentangling the genetic basis of rhizosphere microbiome assembly in tomato – Oyserman et al. – bioRxiv

[PREPRINT]Amino acid availability determines plant immune homeostasis in the rhizosphere microbiome – Liu et al. – bioRxiv


Ancient Metagenomic Studies: Considerations for the Wider Scientific Community – der Sarkissian et al. – mSystems

Assessing the impact of storage time on the stability of stool microbiota richness, diversity, and composition – Holzhausen et al. – Gut Pathogens

December 20, 2021

Today’s digest is a grab bag that includes research articles on the vaginal microbiota, the gut microbiota of dairy calves, microbial loads in medical waste, and more! I’ve also highlighted a non-microbiology article that found that pet dog owners were significantly less depressed than non-pet owners during the pandemic. So if you’re looking for more reasons to adopt a new furry friend, you can add this one to the list!

General microbiome

Genomic comparison and phenotypic profiling of small colony variants of Burkholderia pseudomallei – Zulkefli et al. – PLOS One

Human vaginal microbiome

Vaginal microbiota of American Indian women and associations with measures of psychosocial stress – Borgogna et al. – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiota features associated with Clostridioides difficile colonization in dairy calves – Redding et al. – PLOS One

Animal microbiome

Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) as potential vectors for Leishmania martiniquensis and Trypanosoma sp. in northern Thailand – Sunantaraporn et al. – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Migratory wild birds carrying multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli as potential transmitters of antimicrobial resistance in China – Yuan et al. – PLOS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Characterization of soils conducive and non-conducive to Prunus replant disease – Khan et al. – Plos One

Built environment

Disposal habits and microbial load of solid medical waste in sub-district healthcare facilities and households in Yilo-Krobo municipality, Ghana – Egbenyah et al. – PLOS One

Phages and viruses

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the potential non-human animal reservoirs and arthropod vectors of the Mayaro virus – Celone et al. – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases


Genomic prediction using low-coverage portable Nanopore sequencing – Lamb et al. – PLOS One

Development of an efficient Sanger sequencing-based assay for detecting SARS-CoV-2 spike mutations – Lim et al. – PLOS One

Kara’s non-microbiology pick

***Depression, anxiety, and happiness in dog owners and potential dog owners during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States – Martin et al. – PLOS One

November 26, 2021

General microbiome

Metabolomics-Microbiome Crosstalk in the Breast Cancer Microenvironment – Al-Ansari – Metabolites

Aspergillus fumigatus pan-genome analysis identifies genetic variants associated with human infection – Barber et al. – Nature Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Human gut bacterial metabolism drives Th17 activation and colitis – Alexander et al. – Cell Host & Microbiome

Integrative Analysis of Metabolome and Microbiome in Patients with Progressive Alcohol-Associated Liver Disease – Gao et al. – Metabolites

Human Fecal Metabolome Reflects Differences in Body Mass Index, Physical Fitness, and Blood Lipoproteins in Healthy Older Adults – Cui et al. – Metabolites

[REVIEW]Gut Microbiota, Microbial Metabolites and Human Physical Performance – Lensu & Pekkala – Metabolites

[Editorial]Next steps after 15 stimulating years of human gut microbiome research – Clavel et al. – Microbial Biotechnology

[REVIEW]The microbiome, Gastrointestinal cancer and immunotherapy – Newsome, Yang & Jobin – Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Mycobiota-induced IgA antibodies regulate fungal commensalism in the gut and are dysregulated in Crohn’s disease – Doron et al. – Nature Microbiology

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Fecal microbiota transplantation protects rotenone-induced Parkinson’s disease mice via suppressing inflammation mediated by the lipopolysaccharide-TLR4 signaling pathway through the microbiota-gut-brain axis – Zhao et al. – Microbiome

Xylan alleviates dietary fiber deprivation-induced dysbiosis by selectively promoting Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum in pigs – Wang et al. Microbiome

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Circadian dynamics of the teleost skin immune-microbiome interface – Ellison, Wilcockson & Cable – Microbiome

Honey bee genetics shape the strain-level structure of gut microbiota in social transmission – Wu et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Evidence for host–microbiome co-evolution in apple – Abdelfattah et al. – New Phytologist

Protective role of the Arabidopsis leaf microbiota against a bacterial pathogen – Vogel et al. – Nature Microbiology

Emergent bacterial community properties induce enhanced drought tolerance in Arabidopsis – Yang et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Cross-regional scale pollution of freshwater biofilms unveiled by antibiotic resistance genes – Yao et al. – Science of The Total Environment

Functional metagenomic analysis of quorum sensing signaling in a nitrifying community – Tan et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes


Multivariable association discovery in population-scale meta-omics studies – Mallick et al. – PLOS Computational Biology


Assessing saliva microbiome collection and processing methods – Armstrong, Parmar & Blaser – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

November 10, 2021

Human urinary tract microbiome

[PREPRINT]Recurrent urinary tract infection and estrogen shape the taxonomic ecology and functional potential of the postmenopausal urobiome – Neugent et al. – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

The Impact of a Mediterranean Diet on the Gut Microbiome in Healthy Human Subjects: A Pilot Study – Rejeski et al. – Digestion

Altered diversity and composition of gut microbiota in patients with allergic rhinitis – Zhou et al. – Microbial Pathogenesis

Fecal Microbiome Transplantation for Recurrent Clostridioides difficile Infection: Treatment Efficacy, Short and Long-term Follow-up Results from Consecutive Case Series – Urbonas et al. – Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases

Donor screening for fecal microbiota transplantation in China: Evaluation of 8,483 candidates – Zhang et al. – Gastroenterology

Faecal microbial biomarkers in early diagnosis of colorectal cancer – Olovo et al. – Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine

Hepatocellular Cancer and Gut Microbiome: Time to Untie Gordian’s Knot – Aygün & Tözün – Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Cinnamic acid suppresses bone loss via induction of osteoblast differentiation with alteration of gut microbiota – Hong et al. – The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry

Gut microbiome affects the metabolism of metronidazole in mice through regulation of hepatic cytochromes P450 expression – Zemanová et al. – PLOS One

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

[PREPRINT]Maternal effects on early-life gut microbiome maturation in a wild nonhuman primate – Baniel et al. – bioRxiv

Evidence of MHC class I and II influencing viral and helminth infection via the microbiome in a non-human primate – Montero et al. – PLOS Pathogens

Gut Microbiome of Wild Baltic Salmon (Salmo salar L.) Parr – Skrodenytė-Arbačiauskienė – Microbial Ecology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Artificial selection of stable rhizosphere microbiota leads to heritable plant phenotype changes – Jacquiod et al. – Ecology Letters

Plastic mulch debris in rhizosphere: Interactions with soil-microbe-plant systems – Liu et al. – Science of The Total Environment

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

[PREPRINT]Urbanization promotes specific bacteria in freshwater microbiomes including potential pathogens – Numberger et al. – bioRxiv


[PREPRINT]specificity : an R package for generalized specificity analysis, with example analyses of Hawaiian foliar endophytic Fungi, human gut microbiome bacteria, and Antarctic glacier bacteria – Darcy et al. – bioRxiv

[PREPRINT]Unifying the known and unknown microbial coding sequence space – Vanni et al. – bioRxiv

Identifying prognostic pairwise relationships among bacterial species in microbiome studies – Devlin, Martin & Ostrovnaya – PLOS Computational Biology

HashSeq: a Simple, Scalable, and Conservative De Novo Variant Caller for 16S rRNA Gene Data Sets – Fouladi, Young & Fodor – mSystems

October 29, 2021

Sorry for the delayed post, WordPress was playing some mean tricks on me today and there were no treats! Good morning all and happy spooky season! It’s been a moment since I’ve written a post and I write to you now as a freshly (pepper)minted PhD! I’m feeling gourd and can’t wait to pumpkin spice things up with some fangtastic papers.

Some of the highlights include a paper by McAlpine et al. examining interkingdom relationships between bacteria and fungi. Specifically, they found that the gut commensal species Lactobacillus can produce a small molecule that blocks filamentous growth of the opportunistic pathogen Candida albicans. Another interesting paper comes from Michael Adams lab at the University of Georgia, Athens which showed that members of the gut microbiota have the capacity to assimilate the metal tungsten which, in turn, allows these microbes to oxidize a broad range of aldehydes in the gut. Additionally, a paper by Plummer et al. looked at the vaginal microbiota of women who have recurrent bacterial vaginosis as well as the penile microbiota of their partners, and found that when males also underwent antibiotic treatment it led to a decrease in bacterial vaginosis in their female partners.

Hope you enjoy reading these fa-boo-lous papers and may you eat, drink, and be scary this Halloween!

General Microbiome
A small molecule produced by Lactobacillus species blocks Candida albicans filamentation by inhibiting a DYRK1-family kinase. – MacAlpine, J. et al., Nature Communications.

Pregnancy and Early-Life
Bifidobacterium species associated with breastfeeding produce aromatic lactic acids in the infant gut. – Laursen, M.F. et al., Nature Microbiology.

Bifidobacterium catabolism of human milk oligosaccharides overrides endogenous competitive exclusion driving colonization and protection. – Heiss, B.E. et al., Gut Microbes.

Mother’s Milk Microbiome Shaping Fecal and Skin Microbiota in Infants with Food Allergy and Atopic Dermatitis: A Pilot Analysis. – Gołębiewski. M. et al., Nutrients.

Early-life formula feeding is associated with infant gut microbiota alterations and an increased antibiotic resistance load. – Pärnänen, K.M.M. et al., The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Human Vaginal Microbiome
A Prospective, Open-Label Pilot Study of Concurrent Male Partner Treatment for Bacterial Vaginosis. – Plummer, E.L. et al., mBio.

Human Gut Microbiome
Tungsten enzymes play a role in detoxifying food and antimicrobial aldehydes in the human gut microbiome. – Schut, G.J. et al., PNAS.

Commensal bacteria promote endocrine resistance in prostate cancer through androgen biosynthesis. – Pernigoni, N. et al., Science.

Vertebrate host phylogeny influences gut archaeal diversity. – Youngblut, N.D. et al., Nature Microbiology.

Gut microbiota dysbiosis contributes to the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. – Li, N. et al., Respiratory Research.

Oral Administration of Latilactobacillus sakei ADM14 Improves Lipid Metabolism and Fecal Microbiota Profile Associated With Metabolic Dysfunction in a High-Fat Diet Mouse Model. – Won, S.-M. et al., Frontiers in Microbiology.

Human Oral Microbiome
Discrimination of Bacterial Community Structures among Healthy, Gingivitis, and Periodontitis Statuses through Integrated Metatranscriptomic and Network Analyses. – Nemoto, T. et al., mSystems.

Animal Experiments
Commensal segmented filamentous bacteria-derived retinoic acid primes host defense to intestinal infection. – Woo, V. et al., Cell Host & Microbe.

Intestinal microbiota shapes gut physiology and regulates enteric neurons and glia. – Vicentini, F.A. et al., Microbiome.

Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG Derived Extracellular Vesicles Modulate Gut Microbiota and Attenuate Inflammatory in DSS-Induced Colitis Mice. – Tong, L. et al., Nutrients.

Animal Microbiome
Phage Treatment Trial to Eradicate LA-MRSA from Healthy Carrier Pigs. – Tuomala, H. et al., Viruses.

Characterization of the Eukaryotic Virome of Mice from Different Sources. – Zhang, C. et al., Microorganisms.

Supplemental L-Arginine Improves the Embryonic Intestine Development and Microbial Succession in a Chick Embryo Model. – Dai, D. et al., Frontiers in Nutrition.

Water and Extremophile Microbiome
Plastic-Degrading Potential across the Global Microbiome Correlates with Recent Pollution Trends. – Zrimec, J. et al., mBio.

Acrylate protects a marine bacterium from grazing by a ciliate predator. – Teng, Z.-J. et al., Nature Microbiology.

Plant, Root, and Soil Microbiome
The fungal root endophyte Serendipita vermifera displays inter-kingdom synergistic beneficial effects with the microbiota in Arabidopsis thaliana and barley. – Mahdi, L.K. et al., ISME Journal.

Spatial Characterization of Microbial Communities on Multi-Species Leafy Greens Grown Simultaneously in the Vegetable Production Systems on the International Space Station. – Hummerick, M.E. et al., Life (Basel).

Relationships between community composition, productivity and invasion resistance in semi-natural bacterial microcosms. – Jones, M.L. et al., Elife.

High-efficiency delivery of CRISPR-Cas9 by engineered probiotics enables precise microbiome editing. – Neil, K. et al., Molecular Systems Biology.

Visualizing transfer of microbial biomolecules by outer membrane vesicles in microbe-host-communication in vivo. – Bittel, M. et al., Journal of Extracellular Vesicles.

October 27, 2021


Severe dysbiosis and specific Haemophilus and Neisseria signatures as hallmarks of the oropharyngeal microbiome in critically ill COVID-19 patients – de Castilhos et al – Clinical Infectious Diseases

General microbiome

The Role of Microbiota in Infant Health: From Early Life to Adulthood – Yao et al. – Front. Immunol.

The microbiome impacts host hybridization and speciation – Miller et al. – PLOS Biology

Pregnancy and early life

Gut Dysbiosis, Bacterial Colonization and Translocation, and Neonatal Sepsis in Very-Low-Birth-Weight Preterm Infants – Lee et al. – Front. Microbiol.

Multi-site human microbiome

Oral, nasal, and gut microbiota in Parkinson’s disease – Li et al. – Neuroscience

Human respiratory microbiome

[REVIEW]Emerging cellular and molecular interactions between the lung microbiota and lung diseases – Xiang & Meng – Critical Reviews in Microbiology

Human gut microbiome/mycobiome

[REVIEW]Drugs and Bugs: The Gut-Brain Axis and Substance Use Disorders – Simpson et al. – Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology

Metagenomic analysis reveals the signature of gut microbiota associated with human chronotypes – Carasso et al. – The FASEB Journal

Intestinal mycobiota composition and changes in children with thalassemia who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation – Yalcin et al. – Pediatric Blodd & Cancer

Gut microbiota analyses of Saudi populations for type 2 diabetes-related phenotypes reveals significant association – AlAli et al. – bioRxiv

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Consistent gut bacterial and short-chain fatty acid signatures in hypoabsorptive bariatric surgeries correlate with metabolic benefits in rats – Mukorako et al. – International Journal of Obesity

Microbiota instruct IL-17A-producing innate lymphoid cells to promote skin inflammation in cutaneous leishmaniasis – Singh et al – PLOS Pathogens

Anti-inflammatory effects of purple sweet potato anthocyanin extract in DSS-induced colitis: modulation of commensal bacteria and attenuated bacterial intestinal infection – Mu et al. – Food & Function

Plant, root, and soil microbiome/virome

Active virus-host interactions at sub-freezing temperatures in Arctic peat soil – Trubl et al. – Microbiome

Arabidopsis assemble distinct root-associated microbiomes through the synthesis of an array of defense metabolites – Kudjordjie, Sapkota & Nicolaisen – PLOS One

Microbiome of Pukzing Cave in India shows high antimicrobial activity against plant and animal pathogens – Iquebal et al. – Genomics

[REVIEW]Phyllosphere microbiome: Diversity and functions – Bashir et al. – Microbiological Research

[REVIEW]Rhizospheric microbiome: Bio-based emerging strategies for sustainable agriculture development and future perspectives – Kumawat, Razdan & Saharan – Microbiological Research

Phages and viruses

[REVIEW]The intestinal virome: lessons from animal models – Chaffringeon et al. – Current Opinion in Virology


[REVIEW]Application of Deep Learning in Plant–Microbiota Association Analysis – Deng et al. – Frontiers in Genetics


Simple solution to preserve plant samples for microbiome analyses – Carvalhais et al. – Molecular Ecology Resources

[REVIEW]Novel methods of microbiome analysis in the food industry – Sabater et al. – nternational Microbiology