August 10, 2022

General microbiome

Microbiome-associated human genetic variants impact phenome-wide disease risk – Markowitz et al. – PNAS

Microbial risk score for capturing microbial characteristics, integrating multi-omics data, and predicting disease risk – Wang et al. – Microbiome

[REVIEW]A framework for testing the impact of co-infections on host gut microbiomes – Schmid et al. – Animal Microbiome

Human vaginal microbiome

Vaginal microbiota and personal risk factors associated with HPV status conversion—A new approach to reduce the risk of cervical cancer? – Yang et al. – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]The role of the gut microbiota in multiple sclerosis – Correale, Hohlfeld & Baranzini

Specific gut microbiota alterations in essential tremor and its difference from Parkinson’s disease – Zhang et al. – NPJ Parkinson’s Disease

Identification of clinical and ecological determinants of strain engraftment after fecal microbiota transplantation using metagenomics – Podlesny et al. – Cell Reports Medicine

Alterations in gut microbiota of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients – Cheung et al. – Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Targeted suppression of human IBD-associated gut microbiota commensals by phage consortia for treatment of intestinal inflammation – Federici et al. – Cell

Animal microbiome

Camel milk microbiota: A culture-independent assessment – Rahmeh et al. – Food Research International

Effect of processing on the anti-inflammatory efficacy of cocoa in a high fat diet-induced mouse model of obesity – Weikart et al. – The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry

The impacts of viral infection and subsequent antimicrobials on the microbiome-resistome of growing pigs – Gaire et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Soil microbial community structures are shaped by agricultural systems revealing little temporal variation – Fox, Widmer & Lüscher – Environmental Research

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

The streamwater microbiome encodes hydrologic data across scales – URycki et al. – Science of The Total Environment

Bioinformatics / Data

[PREPRINT]Lake iTag measurements over nineteen years, introducing the limony dataset – Rohwer & McMahon – bioRxiv

August 1st, 2022

God morgon!

Good morning from Sweden.

Today’s digest has studies from diverse topics but the one that caught my attention is a preprint that addresses the controversial question of presence of a ‘normal blood microbiota’ in humans. The authors of this preprint analysed about 10,000 humans samples and provide evidence that there is no core blood microbiota.

A new preprint describes a unique Taleocin (a bacteriocin) from Pseudomonas syringae which defies the convention that bacteriocins have a narrow spectrum. The bacteriocin has a broad range killing activity against agriculturally important pathogens like Erwinia amylovora and Xanthomonas perforans as well as against the clinical human pathogen Salmonella choleraesuis.

Another preprint reports metabolic interactions responsible for unusually high Iron and lipid content in Geobacter sulfurreducens, a bacterium known iron reducing bacterium in the soil. Another environmental study found that human pathogens are the major carriers of antibiotic resistance genes in the Yangtze river – one of the longest in the world. This is in contrast to prevalent belief that conventional supercarriers are Enterococcus spp. and other fecal indicator bacteria.

Elsewhere in the digest is a preprint from my previous lab where my old colleagues have reported a small RNA and metal dependent mechanism that regulates the survival of Acinetobacter baumannii under oxidative stress.

As a bonus, there is a super intriguing preprint where the authors have actually provided evidence that coming up with creative and funny titles for your papers can help them gain more visibility and citations! So, all of you writing an article or planning to write one soon, this is a great tip!

I hope you will enjoy reading today’s digest and have a great week ahead!

Human gut

Microbiota responses to different prebiotics are conserved within individuals and associated with habitual fiber intake – Zachary C. Holmes, et al., Microbiome

Near-sterile sites

Preprint: No evidence for a common blood microbiome based on a population study of 9,770 healthy humans – Cedric C.S. Tan, et al.

Water microbiome

Supercarriers of antibiotic resistome in a world’s large river – Jiawen Wang, et al., Microbiome

Oceanospirillales containing the DMSP lyase DddD are key utilisers of carbon from DMSP in coastal seawater – Jingli Liu, et al., Microbiome

Community structure of coral microbiomes is dependent on host morphology – Kathleen M. Morrow, et al., Microbiome

Preprint: The impact of primary colonizers on the community composition of river biofilm – Roshan Angoshtari, et al.

Soil microbiome

Long-term nitrogen deposition enhances microbial capacities in soil carbon stabilization but reduces network complexity – Xingyu Ma, et al., Microbiome

Animal microbiome

Host-microbiota interaction-mediated resistance to inflammatory bowel disease in pigs – Xuan Zhao, et al., Microbiome

Preprint: The differing roles of flavins and quinones in extracellular electron transfer in Lactiplantibacillus plantarum – Joe Gregory Tolar, et al.

Bacteria Hysteria

Preprint: Interspecies Killing Activity of Pseudomonas syringae Tailocins – Savannah L Weaver, et al.

Preprint: Enhanced production of natural shiga toxin by overexpressing A subunit of Stx2e in Stx2e-producing Escherichia coli isolated in South Korea – Jin Hur, et al.

Preprint: Geobacter sulfurreducens′ unique metabolism results in cells with a high iron and lipid content – Ethan T Howley, et al.

Preprint: Cloning, heterologous expression and characterization of o-phthalyl-CoA decarboxylase from phthalate degrading denitrifying bacterium – Madan Junghare

Preprint: Acinetobacter baumannii defends against oxidative stress through a Mn2+-dependent small RNA-mediated suppression of type VI secretion system – Somok Bhowmik, et al.

Techniques

Preprint: Programmable acetylation modification of bacterial proteins by a Cas12a-guided acetyltransferase – Liu yanqiang, et al.

Fun

Preprint: If this title is funny, will you cite me? Citation impacts of humour and other features of article titles in ecology and evolution – Stephen B Heard, et al.

July 28, 2022

Today’s digest includes research on the gut microbiome of infants, ruminants, and sand flies! There is also a preprint about sewage microbiomes as well as a research article about photosynthetic bacterial communities in crop fields.

Happy reading!

Human skin microbiome

Lichen Planopilaris: The first biopsy layer microbiota inspection – Pinto et al. – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

Adaptation of the infant gut microbiome during the complementary feeding transition – McKeen et al. – PLOS One

Animal microbiome

Metagenomic insights into the microbe-mediated B and K2 vitamin biosynthesis in the gastrointestinal microbiome of ruminants – Jiang et al. – Microbiome

Comparative analysis of the gut microbiota of sand fly vectors of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (ZVL) in Iran; host-environment interplay shapes diversity – Karimian et al. – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Metagenomic analysis of the dynamical conversion of photosynthetic bacterial communities in different crop fields over different growth periods – Cheng et al. – PLOS One

Built environment

Preprint: A metagenomic investigation of spatial and temporal changes in sewage microbiomes across a university campus – Fierer et al. – bioRxiv

July 26, 2022

Highlights!

Microbial determinants of effective donors in faecal microbiota transplantation for UC – Craig Haifer – Gut → Metagenomic and metabolomic data analysis showed that donor microbiota stability and increased species evenness were identified novel markers associated with donor sample therapeutic efficacy in Ulcerative Colitis.

A gut microbial peptide and molecular mimicry in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes – Khyati Girdhar – PNAS → A peptide sequence from Parabacteroides distasonis mimics an important insulin epitope, making it susceptible to generating type I diabetes in a mouse model. 

Human and General Microbiome

Gut microbiome changes in anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis patients – Jingya Wei – BMC Neurology

Effect of a bacteriocin-producing Streptococcus salivarius on the pathogen Fusobacterium nucleatum in a model of the human distal colon – Garreth W Lawrence – Gut Microbes

Identification of Gut Microbiome Metabolites via Network Pharmacology Analysis in Treating Alcoholic Liver Disease – Ki-Kwang Oh – Current Issues in Molecular Biology

Review: The Gut Microbiota: A Double Edge Sword in Endometriosis – Chandni Talwar – Biology of Reproduction

Non-Model Animal Microbiome

Hair Microbiome Diversity within and across Primate Species – Catherine Kitrinos – mSystems

Seasonal variations in the composition and diversity of gut microbiota in white-lipped deer (Cervus albirostris) – Zhangqiang You – PeerJ

Plant Microbiome

Effects of Domestication on Plant-Microbiome Interactions – Andres Gutierrez – Plant & Cell Physiology

Evaluation of protein extraction methods for metaproteomic analyses of root-associated microbes – Fernanda Salvato – Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions

Environmental Microbiome

Absence of stress-promoted facilitation coupled with a competition decrease in the microbiome of ephemeral saline lakes – Mateu Menéndez-Serra – Ecology

Insights into the Antimicrobial Activities and Metabolomes of Aquimarina (Flavobacteriaceae, Bacteroidetes) Species from the Rare Marine Biosphere – Sandra Godinho Silva – Marine Drugs

More microbes

Correspondence: International travel, the gut microbiome, and ESBL-E coli carriage – Ye Peng – The Lancet. Microbe

An Engineered λ Phage Enables Enhanced and Strain-Specific Killing of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli – Menglu Jin – Microbiology Spectrum

Bioinformatics and Microbiome Analysis Techniques

MOCHI, a comprehensive cross-platform tool for amplicon-based microbiota analysis – Jun-Jie Zheng – Bioinformatics

July 18th, 2020

God morgon! Good morning from Sweden. Today’s digest features only three articles but I am sure everyone will enjoy reading it, especially a super interesting article highlighting the importance of older siblings on development of an individual’s airway and gut microbiota. The study asserts that having a closely aged older sibling has more impact on one’s microbiota as compared to having more than one older sibling. Another featured article demonstrates how gut microbiota can improve the quality of chicken by preventing intestinal inflammation. From animal farming we go over to plant farming. Another article in today’s digest shows how monocropping (growing the same crop over and over) negatively impacts the diversity of soil bacteria which eventually shows up as poor yield. This makes it imperative to consider the soil microbiota while taking decisions on crop cycle. I hope you will enjoy reading today’s digest and have a great week!

Human microbiome

The developing airway and gut microbiota in early life is influenced by age of older siblings – Emil Dalgaard Christensen, et al., Microbiome

Animal microbiome

Chicken jejunal microbiota improves growth performance by mitigating intestinal inflammation – Xiaolong Zhang, et al., Microbiome

Plant root and soil microbiome

Reduced chemodiversity suppresses rhizosphere microbiome functioning in the mono-cropped agroecosystems – Pengfa Li, et al., Microbiome

July 14, 2022

Today’s digest has multiple articles on statistical and bioinformatic techniques! Also included is a job ad from my research team, so check it out if you’re interested in gaining geomicrobiology research experience at a national laboratory.

Events and jobs

Our geomicrobiology research group at the National Energy Technology Lab – Pittsburgh is looking for a technician/researcher. Exact responsibilities are somewhat flexible depending on interest and education-level; we are accepting applications from current students at all levels as well as postdocs.

General microbiome

Mycobacteriophages: From Petri dish to patient – Hatfull – PLOS Pathogens

Animal microbiome

Reconstructing the ecosystem context of a species: Honey-borne DNA reveals the roles of the honeybee – Wirta et al. – PLOS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Patterns of microbial communities were shaped by bioavailable P along the elevation gradient of Shergyla Mountain, as determined by analysis of phospholipid fatty acids – Ba et al. – PLOS One

Preprint: Soil chemistry and soil history significantly structure oomycete communities in Brassicaceae crop rotations – Blakney et al. – bioRxiv

Community succession and straw degradation characteristics using a microbial decomposer at low temperature – Zhang et al. – PLOS One

Built Environment

Indoor air microbial load, antibiotic susceptibility profiles of bacteria, and associated factors in different wards of Arba Minch General Hospital, southern Ethiopia – Kayta et al. – PLOS One

Techniques

moreThanANOVA: A user-friendly Shiny/R application for exploring and comparing data with interactive visualization – Jiang et al. – PLOS One

Preparation of biological monolayers for producing high-resolution scanning electron micrographs – Mentor et al. – PLOS One

The accuracy of absolute differential abundance analysis from relative count data – Roche & Mukherjee – PLOS Computational Biology

AC-PCoA: Adjustment for confounding factors using principal coordinate analysis – Wang et al. – PLOS Computational Biology

Microbes in the news

The Art of Science: Students Participate in University’s First-Ever Bio-Art Class – Bernardi – Syracuse University News

July 13, 2022

Today’s digest features studies on the leaf-microbiome of 🍅 and 🍓 plants (+ bumblebees and mites), human gut and wastewater resistome, and more. Happy reading!

Reproductive tract

Female reproductive tract microbiota and recurrent pregnancy loss: a nested case-control study – Pirkko Peuranpää – Reproductive BioMedicine Online

Gut microbiome

Dynamic metabolic interactions and trophic roles of human gut microbes identified using a minimal microbiome exhibiting ecological properties – Sudarshan A. Shetty – Journal of the International Society for Microbial Ecology

*Within-patient evolution of plasmid-mediated antimicrobial resistance – Javier DelaFuente – bioRxiv

An expanded reference map of the human gut microbiome reveals hundreds of previously unknown species – Sigal Leviatan – Nature Communications

Animal microbiome

Carpenter Bees (Xylocopa) Harbor a Distinctive Gut Microbiome Related to That of Honey Bees and Bumble Bees – Jo-anne C. Holley – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Animal experiments

Gardnerella Exposures Alter Bladder Gene Expression and Augment Uropathogenic Escherichia coli Urinary Tract Infection in Mice – Nicole M. Gilbert – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Plant microbiome

*The Greenhouse Phyllosphere Microbiome and Associations with Introduced Bumblebees and Predatory Mites – Marie Legein – Microbiology Spectrum

Food microbiome

Longitudinal, multi-platform metagenomics yields a high-quality genomic catalog and guides an in vitro model for cheese communities – Christina C. Saak – bioRxiv

New insights of bacterial communities in fermented vegetables from shotgun metagenomics and identification of antibiotic resistance genes and probiotic bacteria – Muhammad Yasir – Food Research International

Water microbiome

*High-resolution characterisation of short-term temporal variability in the taxonomic and resistome composition of wastewater influent – Kevin Kaibond Chau – bioRxiv

Pilot investigation on biostability of drinking water distribution systems under water source switching – Kejia Zhang – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Bioinformatics

*BinaRena: a dedicated interactive platform for human-guided exploration and binning of metagenomes – Michael J. Pavia – bioRxiv

getSequenceInfo: a suite of tools allowing to get genome sequence information from public repositories – Vincent Moco – BMC Bioinformatics

baseLess: Lightweight detection of sequences in raw MinION data – Ben Noordijk – bioRxiv

July 5, 2022

Highlights!

A volatile from the skin microbiota of flavivirus-infected hosts promotes mosquito attractiveness – Hong Zhang – Cell → The production of acetophenone, a potent attractant for mosquitoes, is induced by Flavivirus by a microbiota-based mechanism. This finding shows an interesting example of the interplay between certain viral agents and the microbiota to influence host susceptibility to interact with other species. 

Human and General Microbiome

Dynamic Alterations in the Respiratory Tract Microbiota of Patients with COVID-19 and its Association with Microbiota in the Gut – Yifei Shen – Advanced Science

Interaction of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids with host CD36 genetic variant for gut microbiome and blood lipids in human cohorts – Zelei Miao – Clinical Nutrition 

A weight-loss model based on baseline microbiota and genetic scores for selection of dietary treatments in overweight and obese population – Amanda Cuevas-Sierra – Clinical Nutrition

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

Restoration of cefixime-induced gut microbiota changes by a prebiotic blend in a mouse model – Jingyi Yuan – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

A synbiotics, long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, and milk fat globule membranes supplemented formula modulates microbiota maturation and neurodevelopment – Tomás Cerdó – Clinical Nutrition

Animal Model Microbiome

Multi-omics data reveals the disturbance of glycerophospholipid metabolism caused by disordered gut microbiota in depressed mice – Tian Tian – Journal of Advanced Research

C-section increases cecal abundance of the archetypal bile acid and glucocorticoid modifying Lachnoclostridium [clostridium] scindens in mice – Sean H Adams – Physiological Reports

A single respiratory tract infection early in life reroutes healthy microbiome development and affects adult metabolism in a preclinical animal model – Soner Yildiz – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Non-Model Animal Microbiome

Microbiota mediated plasticity promotes thermal adaptation in the sea anemone Nematostella vectensis – Laura Baldassarre – Nature Communications

Dysbiosis and Predicted Functions of the Dental Biofilm of Dairy Goats with Periodontitis – Ana Carolina Borsanelli – Microbial Ecology

Houseflies harbor less diverse microbiota under laboratory conditions but maintain a consistent set of host-associated bacteria – Anna Voulgari-Kokota – Scientific Reports

Plant and Soil Microbiome

Salinity Influences Endophytic Bacterial Communities in Rice Roots from the Indian Sundarban Area – Gargi Das – Current Microbiology

Routes and rates of bacterial dispersal impact surface soil microbiome composition and functioning – Kendra E Walters – The ISME Journal

Leaf bacterial microbiota response to flooding is controlled by plant phenology in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) – Davide Francioli – Scientific Reports

Bioinformatics and Microbiome Analysis

MB-SupCon: Microbiome-based predictive models via Supervised Contrastive Learning – Sen Yang – Journal of Molecular Biology

July 2, 2022

Have a nice weekend!

Highlights!

Priority effects shape the structure of infant-type Bifidobacterium communities on human milk oligosaccharides – Miriam N. Ojima – The ISME Journalthis paper contributes to the understanding of the configuration of different bifidobacteria in response to human milk oligosaccharides. 

Genomes of six viruses that infect Asgard archaea from deep-sea sediments – Ian M. Rambo – Nature MicrobiologyBy using metagenomics, authors describe six relatively large viral genomes, capable to infect members of the Asgard superphylum. The paper remarks on the strange features found in those viral genomes.

TLR4 regulates RORγt+ regulatory T-cell responses and susceptibility to colon inflammation through interaction with Akkermansia muciniphila – Yaojiang Liu – MicrobiomeThis article demonstrates the existence of “a novel protective role of TLR4 against intestinal inflammation, wherein it can modulate A. muciniphila-associated immune responses”. 

Human and General Microbiome

Review: The microbiome and gut homeostasis – Jee-Yon Lee – Science 

Review: The role of microbiome: a novel insight into urolithiasis – Sen-Yuan Hong – Critical Reviews in Microbiology

Review: Symbiosis: the other cells in development – Tyler J Carrier – Development 

Dysbiosis of the Gut Microbiome Is Associated With Histopathology of Lung Cancer – Xiong Qin – Frontiers in Microbiology

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

Perspective: Leveraging the Gut Microbiota to Predict Personalized Responses to Dietary, Prebiotic, and Probiotic Interventions – Sean M Gibbons – Advances in Nutrition

Akkermansia muciniphila Alters Gut Microbiota and Immune System to Improve Cardiovascular Diseases in Murine Model – Xin He – Frontiers in Microbiology

Impact of probiotics use on clinical outcomes of immune checkpoint inhibitors therapy in cancer patients – Luying Wan – Cancer Medicine

Review: The gut microbiome as possible mediator of the beneficial effects of very low calorie ketogenic diet on type 2 diabetes and obesity: a narrative review – G Defeudis – Eating and Weight Disorders

Animal Microbiome

The coral pathogen Vibrio coralliilyticus kills non-pathogenic holobiont competitors by triggering prophage induction – Weiquan Wang – Nature Ecology & Evolution

Milk microbiomes of three great ape species vary among host species and over time – Sally L Bornbusch – Scientific Reports

Plant Microbiome

Fungal microbiome shifts on avocado fruit associated with a combination of postharvest chemical and physical interventions – Malick Bill – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Environmental Microbiome

Review: Priorities for ocean microbiome research – the Tara Ocean Foundation – Nature Microbiology

Microbiome Analysis Techniques and Tools

Protocol for correlation analysis of the murine gut microbiome and meta-metabolome using 16S rDNA sequencing and UPLC-MS – Xiaoqing Li – STAR Protocols

microbiomeMarker: an R/Bioconductor package for microbiome marker identification and visualization – Yang Cao – Bioinformatics

June 29, 2022

General microbiome

Microbial Tracking-2, a metagenomics analysis of bacteria and fungi onboard the International Space Station – Urbaniak et al. – Microbiome

Engineering the human gut commensal Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron with synthetic biology – Lai, Hayashi & Lu – Current Opinion in Chemical Biology

Factors shaping the abundance and diversity of the gut archaeome across the animal kingdom – Thomas et al. – Nature Communications

Human oral microbiome

Increase in Bifidobacterium is a characteristic of the difference in the salivary microbiota of pregnant and non-pregnant women – Kato et al. – BMC Oral Health

Human urinary microbiome

Concordance of Urinary Microbiota Detected by 16S rRNA Amplicon Sequencing Versus Expanded Quantitative Urine Culture – Vaughan et al. – American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Human gut microbiome

Dietary variety relates to gut microbiota diversity and abundance in humans – Huang et al. – European Journal of Nutrition

The gut microbiota composition in patients with right- and left-sided colorectal cancer and after curative colectomy, as analyzed by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing – Suga et al. – BMC Gastroenterology

Long-Term Dietary Effects on Human Gut Microbiota Composition Employing Shotgun Metagenomics Data Analysis – Troci et al. – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

Functional changes of the gastric bypass microbiota reactivate thermogenic adipose tissue and systemic glucose control via intestinal FXR-TGR5 crosstalk in diet-induced obesity – Münzker et al. – Microbiome

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Perinatal transmission of a probiotic Bifidobacterium strain protects against early life stress-induced mood and gastrointestinal motility disorders – Zhu et al. – Food & Function

Leveraging Existing 16SrRNA Microbial Data to Define a Composite Biomarker for Autism Spectrum Disorder – Xu et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Gut microbiome of century-old snail specimens stable across time in preservation – Chalifour, Elder & Li – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Soil-derived bacteria endow Camellia weevil with more ability to resist plant chemical defense – Zhang et al. – Microbiome

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

A genome and gene catalog of glacier microbiomes – Liu et al. – Nature Biotechnology

Bioinformatics / Data

Large Scale Genome-Centric Metagenomic Data from the Gut Microbiome of Food-Producing Animals and Humans – Lemos et al. – Scientific Data

Research Note: Choice of microbiota database affects data analysis and interpretation in chicken cecal microbiota – Campos et al. – Poultry Science

[PREPRINT]Predicting metabolomic profiles from microbial composition through neural ordinary differential equations – Wang et al. – bioRxiv