May 22, 2020

We’ve got a decently sized digest today with a lot of environmental microbe papers, including descriptions of novel species. There is also the Cell paper (highlighted) from Peter Turnbaugh’s group on ketogenic diets and the gut microbiome, which has been getting a lot of press. For new bioinformatic and other techniques, we have a new R package to predict functional profiles in Tax4Fun2, an assessment of phylogenetic rooting methods for bacteria, and a description of fiber intervention used in undergraduate classes for active learning.

 Have a great weekend!

Events

Today is the last day of the Virtual Microbiome Summit.

Pregnancy and early life

Women’s multisite microbial modulation during pregnancy – Luiz G. Sparvoli – Microbial Pathogenesis

Multi-site human microbiome

Review: Bi-Directional Interactions Between Microbiota and Ionizing Radiation in Head and Neck and Pelvic Radiotherapy-Clinical Relevance – Nidhya Teresa Joseph – International Journal of Radiation Biology

Human oral microbiome

Defining the oral microbiome by whole-genome sequencing and resistome analysis: the complexity of the healthy picture – Elisabetta Caselli – BMC Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Ketogenic diets alter the gut microbiome resulting in decreased intestinal Th17 cells – Qi Yan Ang – Cell

Preprint: Host genetic and environmental factors shape the human gut resistome – Caroline I. Le Roy – bioRxiv

MinION Sequencing of colorectal cancer tumour microbiomes—A comparison with amplicon-based and RNA-Sequencing – William S. Taylor – PLOS One (Originally posted to the Digest as a pre-print, now published)

Animal experiments

Broilers divergently selected for digestibility differ for their digestive microbial ecosystems – Marion Borey – PLOS One

Dietary Isomalto/Malto‐Polysaccharides Increase Fecal Bulk and Microbial Fermentation in Mice – Rima H. Mistry – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Longitudinal Effects of Dietary Oxidized Lipids on the Gut Microbiome and Mycobiome in Pigs – Folagbayi Arowolo – FASEB Journal

Animal microbiome

Single-cell amplicon sequencing reveals community structures and transmission trends of protist-associated bacteria in a termite host – Michael E. Stephens – PLOS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca and olive produced lipids moderate the switch adhesive versus non-adhesive state and viceversa – Valeria Scala – PLOS One

Mitochondrial genome sequence of Phytophthora sansomeana and comparative analysis of Phytophthora mitochondrial genomes – Guohong Cai – PLOS One

nirS-type denitrifying bacterial communities in relation to soil physicochemical conditions and soil depths of two montane riparian meadows in North China. – Xiaoli Han – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Tissue-Specific Dynamics in the Endophytic Bacterial Communities in Arctic Pioneer Plant Oxyria digyna – Cindy Given – Frontiers in Plant Science

Effects of Cultured Root and Soil Microbial Communities on the Disease of Nicotiana tabacum Caused by Phytophthora nicotianae – Tianbo Liu – Frontiers in Microbiology

Novel putative rhizobial species with different symbiovars nodulate Lotus creticus and their differential preference to distinctive soil properties – M Rejili – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Water, air, and extremophile microbiome

The microbiome of alpine snow algae shows a specific inter-kingdom connectivity and algae-bacteria interactions with supportive capacities – Lisa Krug – ISME Journal

Variation of near surface atmosphere microbial communities at an urban and a suburban site in Philadelphia, PA, USA – JD Stewart – Science of the Total Environment

Pilot-scale petroleum refinery wastewaters treatment systems: performance and microbial communities’ analysis – Fatma Karray – Process Safety and Environmental Protection

Adverse effects of levofloxacin and oxytetracycline on aquatic microbial communities – Zhigao Zhou – Science of the Total Environment

Application of microbial network analysis to discriminate environmental heterogeneity in Fildes Peninsula, Antarctica – Qian Liu – Marine Pollution Bulletin

Tools for successful proliferation: diverse strategies of nutrient acquisition by a benthic cyanobacterium – HS Tee – ISME Journal

Metabolic diversity and co-occurrence of multiple Ferrovum species at an acid mine drainage site – Christen L. Grettenberger – BMC Microbiology

Halocatena pleomorpha gen. nov. sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon of family Halobacteriaceae isolated from saltpan soil – Ashish Verma – IJSEM

Unveiling Cultivable and Uncultivable Halophilic Bacteria Inhabiting Marakkanam Saltpan, India and Their Potential for Biotechnological Applications – Jojy John – Geomicrobiology Journal

Flavobacterium profundi sp. nov., isolated from a deep-sea seamount – Qian Wang – IJSEM

Food microbiology

Molecular epidemiology, genetic diversity and antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from chicken and pig carcasses, and carcass handlers – Onyinye J. Okorie-Kanu – PLOS One

Traditional milk transformation schemes in Côte d’Ivoire and their impact on the prevalence of Streptococcus bovis complex bacteria in dairy products – Aimé R Sanhoun – PLOS One

Comparison of Microbial Communities and Amino Acid Metabolites in Different Traditional Fermentation Starters Used during the Fermentation of Hong Qu Glutinous Rice Wine – Zhang-Cheng Liang – Food Research International

Preprint: Monitoring the microbiome for food safety and quality using deep shotgun sequencing – Kristen L. Beck – bioRxiv

Viruses

Are pangolins the intermediate host of the 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2)? – Ping Liu – PLOS Pathogens

Vector competence of Aedes aegypti from New Caledonia for the four recent circulating dengue virus serotypes – Olivia O’Connor – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Bioinformatics

Tax4Fun2: prediction of habitat-specific functional profiles and functional redundancy based on 16S rRNA gene sequences – Franziska Wemheuer – Environmental Microbiome

Techniques

Assessing the accuracy of phylogenetic rooting methods on prokaryotic gene families – Taylor Wade – PLOS One

Science education techniques: Fiber Force: A Fiber Diet Intervention in an Advanced Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experience (CURE) Course – Julia Massimelli Sewall – Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education

Science and art

This photographer creates prints with algae.

Non-microbiology picks:

Herd of fuzzy green “glacier mice” baffles scientists.

April 22, 2020

Welcome to another post from a new volunteer! I’m a Ph.D student studying the infant gut microbiome and I’m excited to be volunteering with Microbiome Digest.

There are several preprints today, including another great study from the CHILD cohort. This one is on maternal consumption of artificially sweetened beverages and the infant gut microbiota. There is also a preprint calling for improvement in scientific conferences. Both are highlighted in green.

Pregnancy and early life

Preprint: Consumption of artificially sweetened beverages during pregnancy impacts infant gut microbiota and body mass index – Isabelle Laforest-Lapointe — bioRxiv

Oral microbiome

Preprint: Genotypic and phenotypic characterization of Streptococcus mutans isolated from dental caries – Mohammad Shahnoor Hossain – bioRxiv

Pyruvate secretion by oral streptococci modulates hydrogen peroxide dependent antagonism – Sylvio Redanz – ISME Journal

Synergism between Corynebacterium and Streptococcus sanguinis reveals new interactions between oral commensals – Puthayalai Treerat – ISME Journal

Animal experiments

The gut microbiota response to helminth infection depends on host sex and genotype – Fei Ling – ISME Journal

Animal microbiome

Lipids and small metabolites provisioned by ambrosia fungi to symbiotic beetles are phylogeny-dependent, not convergent – Yin-Tse Huang – ISME Journal

Comparative genomics: Dominant coral-bacterium Endozoicomonas acroporae metabolizes dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) – Kshitij Tandon – ISME Journal

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Active sulfur cycling in the terrestrial deep subsurface – Emma Bell – ISME Journal

Preprint: An antagonistic driver of the microbial phyllosphere suppresses infection of Arabidopsis thaliana by the oomycete pathogen Albugo laibachii via a secreted hydrolase – Katharina Eitzen – bioRxiv

Preprint: Grapevine pruning time affects natural wound colonization by wood-invading fungi – Maria del Pilar Martinez-Diz – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

Mixotrophy in marine picocyanobacteria: use of organic compounds by Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus – M.C. Muñoz-Marín – ISME Journal

Food microbiology

Preprint: Antibiotic-resistant Salmonella species and Escherichia coli in broiler chickens from farms, abattoirs and open markets in selected districts of Zambia – Nelson Phiri – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Breastfeeding may lead to fewer human viruses in infants
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/04/200415110452.htm

Science, publishing, and career

Preprint: Evaluating features of scientific conferences: A call for improvements – Sarvenaz Sarabipour – bioRxiv