July 31, 2020

Today’s digest features studies on hospital-associated bacterial communities on window components, the effect of urbanization on the vaginal microbiota of Amerindians, nitrate as a potential prebiotic for oral health, and the latest news in bioinformatics. Happy reading!

General microbiome

Microbial species interactions determine community diversity in fluctuating environments – Shota Shibasaki – bioRxiv

Review: The host-associated archaeome – Guillaume Borrel – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Oral microbiome

*Nitrate as a potential prebiotic for the oral microbiome – Bob T. Rosier – Scientific Reports

Skin microbiome

Deep skin dysbiosis in vitiligo patients: link with mitochondrial and immune changes – Hanene Bzioueche – medRxiv

Gut microbiome

Review: The microbiome: An emerging key player in aging and longevity– Minhoo Kim and Bérénice A. Benayoun – Translational Medicine of Aging

Immunoglobulin recognition of fecal bacteria in stunted and non-stunted children: findings from the Afribiota study – Kelsey E. Huus – Microbiome

Vaginal microbiome

*Changes in the vaginal microbiota across a gradient of urbanization – Daniela Vargas-Robles – Scientific Reports

Comparison between a novel molecular tool and conventional methods for diagnostic classification of bacterial vaginosis: is integration of the two approaches necessary for a better evaluation? – Margherita Scapaticci – New Microbiologica

Genome-wide mutagenesis identifies factors involved in Enterococcus faecalis vaginal adherence and persistence – Norhan Alhajjar – bioRxiv

Association between Vaginal Bacterial Microbiota and Vaginal Yeast Colonization – McKenna C Eastment – The Journal of Infectious Diseases

Urinary microbiome

Review: The microbiome in urological diseases – Kwang Woo Lee – Investigive and Clinical Urology

Review: FimH and Anti-Adhesive Therapeutics: A Disarming Strategy Against Uropathogens – Meysam Sarshar – Antibiotics

Characterization of urinary microbiome in patients with bladder cancer: Results from a single-institution, feasibility study – Juan Chipollini – Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations

Animal microbiome

Resistance to change: AMR gene dynamics on a commercial pig farm with high antimicrobial usage – Jolinda Pollock – Scientific Reports

Vaginal Microbiota Changes During Estrous Cycle in Dairy Heifers – Juan J. Quereda – Frontiers in Veterinary Science

Animal experiment

The gut microbiome switches mutant p53 from tumour-suppressive to oncogenic – Eliran Kadosh – Nature

An Enteric Pathogen Subverts Colonization Resistance by Evading Competition for Amino Acids in the Gut – Gustavo Caballero-Flores – Cell Host & Microbe

Consumption of a Western-Style Diet Modulates the Response of the Murine Gut Microbiome to Ciprofloxacin – Damien J. Cabral – mSystems

Water and extremophile microbiome

Determining the primary sources of fecal pollution using microbial source tracking assays combined with land-use information in the Edwards Aquifer – Jessica Hinojosa – Water Research

Diverse Microorganisms in Sediment and Groundwater Are Implicated in Extracellular Redox Processes Based on Genomic Analysis of Bioanode Communities – Tyler J. Arbour – Frontiers in Microbiology

Food microbiome

Discovering microbiota and volatile compounds of surströmming, the traditional Swedish sour herring – Luca Belleggia – Food Microbiology

Built environment

*Viable bacterial communities on hospital window components in patient rooms – Patrick F. Horve – PeerJ

Microbiome and Metagenome Analyses of a Closed Habitat during Human Occupation – Ganesh Babu Malli Mohan – mSystems

Phages and viruses

Viral Metagenomic Content Reflects Seawater Ecological Quality in the Coastal Zone – Anastasia Tsiola – Viruses

Bioinformatics

Evaluating metagenomics tools for genome binning with real metagenomic datasets and CAMI datasets – Yi Yue – BMC Bioinformatics

Untangling Species-Level Composition of Complex Bacterial Communities through a Novel Metagenomic Approach – Christian Milani – mSystems

Automated prediction and annotation of small proteins in microbial genomes– Matthew G Durrant and Ami S Bhatt – bioRxiv

Accurate and sensitive detection of microbial eukaryotes from metagenomic shotgun sequencing data – Abigail L. Lind – bioRxiv

MicrobeAnnotator: a user-friendly, comprehensive microbial genome annotation pipeline – Carlos A. Ruiz-Perez – bioRxiv

Topological and kernel-based microbial phenotype prediction from MALDI-TOF mass spectra – Caroline Weis – Bioinformatics

NetCoMi: Network Construction and Comparison for Microbiome Data in R – Stefanie Peschel – bioRxiv

Review: Metagenomic approaches in microbial ecology: an update on whole-genome and marker gene sequencing analyses – Ana Elena Pérez-Cobas – Microbial Genomics

Podcast

Machine learning for drug development with Marinka Zitnik – Jacob Schreiber – The Bioinformatics Chat

July 19, 2020

Hello from the Sonoran Desert! In today’s digest, you’ll find find a lot of very interesting papers! For those interested in host-phages interactions, there is an amazing work from Ping and collaborators looking at phage infections dynamics in migrating bacterial populations. Interestingly, the authors suggests that phages may be able to “hitchhike” with moving bacteria.

To continue with our viral readings, you’ll also find an interesting perspective paper from Kuprovic and collaborators. In this piece, the authors attempt to reconstruct the virome associated to LUCA (Last Universal Cellular Ancestor). Amazingly, their reconstruction shows that a remarkably complex virome would have been associated to LUCA, suggesting an extensive viral evolution antedating LUCA!

Finally, today’s non-microbiology pick is a book, looking at the fascinating Cuatro Ciénegas Basin, located in México, a site that is often described as a real outdoor laboratory for astrobiology. Indeed, the Basin site contains gypsum-rich soil analogous to the Gale Crater in Mars, and the ponds contains extremely oligotrophic waters, which can be used to model ancient oceans chemistry. You’ll explore along the chapters the history, ecology, microbiology and evolution of this amazing site, to unravel the mysteries of this site absolutely unique on the planet.

Have a great Sunday!


Human respiratory microbiome

Review: Insights gained into respiratory infection pathogenesis using lung tissue metabolomics –  Bernatchez and McCall –  PLOS Pathogens

Human gut microbiome

Description and determinants of the faecal resistome and microbiome of farmers and slaughterhouse workers: A metagenome-wide cross-sectional study –  Van Gompel et al. –  Environment International

Review: The influence of the gut microbiome on obesity –  Blanco – Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners


Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Comparative analysis of the gut microbiota of Apis cerana in Yunnan using high-throughput sequencing. –  Luo et al. –  Archives of Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Higher tree diversity increases soil microbial resistance to drought. –  Gillespie et al. –  Communications Biology

Effect of land uses on soil microbial community structures among different soil depths in northeastern China. –  Ji et al. –  European Journal of soil Biology

Structural variability and niche differentiation of the rhizosphere and endosphere fungal microbiome of Casuarina equisetifolia at different ages. –  Huang et al. –  Environmental Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Substrate regulation leads to differential responses of microbial ammonia-oxidizing communities to ocean warming. –  Zheng et al. –  Nature communications

Diversity and dynamics of relevant nanoplanktonic diatoms in the Western English Channel. –  Arsenieff et al.  –  The ISME Journal

Lake characteristics influence how methanogens in littoral sediments respond to terrestrial litter inputs. –  Yakimovich et al. –  The ISME Journal

Built environment (subways, indoor surfaces)

Heavy metal concentrations in Brazilian port areas and their relationships with microorganisms: can pollution in these areas change the microbial community? –  Del Busso Zampieri et al. –  Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

Food microbiology

Material conversion, microbial community composition and metabolic functional succession during green soybean hull composting. –  Zhang et al. –  Bioresource Technology


Phages and viruses

Hitchhiking, collapse, and contingency in phage infections of migrating bacterial populations. –  Ping et al. – The ISME Journal

Review: The LUCA and its complex virome. –  Krupovic et al. –  Nature Review Microbiology

Insights into the dynamics between viruses and their hosts in a hot spring microbial mat. –  Jarett et al. –  ISME Journal

Bioinformatics

IDMIL: an alignment-free Interpretable Deep Multiple Instance Learning (MIL) for predicting disease from whole-metagenomic data. –  Rahman and Rangwala –  Bioinformatics


My non-microbiology pick

Book: Astrobiology and Cuatro Ciénegas Basin as an Analog of Early Earth. –  Medina-Chávez et al. –  Cuatro Ciénegas Basin: An Endangered Hyperdiverse Oasis. Springer

July 17, 2020

Human microbiome

Covid-19: disinfectants and sanitisers are changing microbiomes. Ajit Singh.
BMJ.

Probiotics and COVID-19: one size does not fit all. Joyce WY Mak. The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology.

Probiotics and COVID-19. Eric Giannoni. The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology.

Animal microbiome
The Intestinal Microbiome Restricts Alphavirus Infection and Dissemination through a Bile Acid-Type I IFN Signaling Axis. Emma S. Winkler.Cell

Built-in environment
Bed bugs shape the indoor microbial community composition of infested homes. Madhavi L.Kakumanua. Science of the Total Environment.

Pre-print
Metagenomic analysis of the cow, sheep, reindeer and red deer rumen. Laura Glendinning. bioRxiv.

Microbial Diversity of Co-occurring Heterotrophs in Cultures of Marine Picocyanobacteria. Sean Michael Kearney. bioRxiv

Microbes in the news
The human microbiome: Everything you need to know about the 39 trillion microbes that call our bodies home. Mun-Keat Looi. ScienceFocus

July 15, 2020

There are several notable entries in today’s digest. Registration is open for the European Learning Laboratory for the Life Sciences’ “Introducing Your Microbiome” virtual training course. The course is for European secondary school science teachers and is 5 weeks long. The 3rd Microbiome Movement will also be held this year, both virtually and in-person. Links are in the Events section.  

Today I’ve highlighted a bioinformatics paper on variant calling for cpn60 barcode sequencing and an early life paper on pre-term infant stem cell proliferation upregulated by microbial metabolites. While putting this digest together, I learned algae turns snow different colors! This is so cool to me that I’ve highlighted that paper as well. Finally, the News section includes an article for Smithsonian Magazine by Rob Dunn on quarantine’s effects on our microbial passengers.  

Happy reading!

Events

3rd Microbiome Movement – Animal Health & Nutrition Summit, taking place in North Carolina as well as digitally October 19-21, 2020.

European Learning Laboratory for the Life Sciences’ “Introducing Your Microbiome” November 2-December 7, 2020. Applications are due October 15 and the course is free.

Pregnancy and early life

Gut microbiota maturation during early human life induces enterocyte proliferation via microbial metabolites – Michael W. Dougherty – BMC Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Perspective: Gut microbiome, big data and machine learning to promote precision medicine for cancer – Giovanni Cammarota – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Microbiome of death

Characterizing the postmortem human bone microbiome from surface-decomposed remains – Alexandra L. Emmons – PloS One

Animal experiments

Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation products (SCFP) stabilize the ruminal microbiota of lactating dairy cows during periods of a depressed rumen pH – Hein M. Tun – BMC Veterinary Research

Animal microbiome

A Shift Pattern of Bacterial Communities Across the Life Stages of the Citrus Red Mite, Panonychus citri – Zhen-yu Zhang – Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Nitrogen enrichment stimulates wetland plant responses whereas salt amendments alter sediment microbial communities and biogeochemical responses – Mary Donato – PloS One

Bioavailable metal (loid) s and physicochemical features co-mediating microbial communities at combined metal (loid) pollution sites – Jiawen Wang – Chemosphere

Assessing the effects of tylosin fermentation dregs as soil amendment on macrolide antibiotic resistance genes and microbial communities: Incubation study – Bo Zhang – Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B

Book: Phytobiomes: Current Insights and Future Vistas – Manoj Kumar Solanki – Springer

Early changes in bacterial communities in wound tissues of Pinus massoniana after inoculation with Bursaphelenchus xylophilus – Jinyan Liu – Nematology

Preprint: Unexpected diversity of CPR bacteria and nanoarchaea in the rare biosphere of rhizosphere-associated grassland soil – Alexa M. Nicolas – bioRxiv

Preprint: A Meta-analysis of the known Global Distribution and Host Range of the Ralstonia Species Complex – Tiffany Lowe-Power – bioRxiv

Water, air, and extremophile microbiome

Lipid Biomarker Record of the Serpentinite-Hosted Ecosystem of the Samail Ophiolite, Oman and Implications for the Search for Biosignatures on Mars – Sharon A Newman – Astrobiology

Metabolic acclimation of anammox consortia to decreased temperature – Tangran Huo – Environment International

Complete Genome Sequences of Two Marine Biofilm Isolates, Leisingera sp. nov. Strains 201A and 204H, Novel Representatives of the Roseobacter Group – Giselle S. Cavalcanti – Microbiology Resource Announcements

Microbial interspecific interaction and nitrogen metabolism pathway for the treatment of municipal wastewater by iron carbon based constructed wetland – Xiao Huang – Bioresource Technology

Biogeographical distribution of dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium (DNRA) bacteria in wetland ecosystems around the world – Huawei Pan – Journal of Soils and Sediments

Molecular diversity of the microbial community in coloured snow from the Fildes Peninsula (King George Island, Maritime Antarctica) – Wei Luo – Polar Biology

Novel arsenic hyper-resistant bacteria from an extreme environment, Crven Dol mine, Allchar, North Macedonia – Vladimir Bermanec – Journal of Hazardous Materials

Built environment

Ozone treatment in a wind tunnel for the reduction of airborne viruses in swine buildings – Jonathan M. Vyskocil – Aerosol Science and Technology

Food microbiology

Correlation between microbial communities and key flavors during post-fermentation of Pixian broad bean paste – Ping Liu – Food Research International

Additives affect the distribution of metabolic profile, microbial communities and antibiotic resistance genes in high-moisture sweet corn kernel silage – Zhe Wu – Bioresource Technology

Shifts in autochthonous microbial diversity and volatile metabolites during the fermentation of chili pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.) – Xinxing Xu – Food Chemistry

Proteomic characterization of extracellular vesicles produced by several wine yeast species – Ana Mencher – Microbioal Biotechnology

Book Chapter: Role of Microbes for Attaining Enhanced Food Crop Production – Pankaj Sharma – Microbial Biotechnology: Basic Research and Applications

Bioinformatics

Evaluation of variant calling for cpn60 barcode sequence-based microbiome profiling – Sarah J. Vancuren – PloS One

Techniques

Preprint: Visualization of giant virus particles using BONCAT labeling and STED microscopy – Monica Berjon-Otero – bioRxiv

Microbes in the News

Human Microbiome: 39 trillion microbes and bacteria that call us home – Mun-Keat Looi – Science Focus

What Quarantine is Doing to Your Body’s Wondrous World of Bacteria – Rob Dunn – Smithsonian Magazine

July 13, 2020

Greetings from Pittsburgh, PA!

Included is a wide range of microbial ecology articles focused on everything from the human microbiome to soil microbial fuel cells. I want to give a special highlight to the article about how the indoor microbial community changes in response to bed bug infestations. This study incorporates a few of my favorite disciplines including entomology, public health, the built environment, as well as microbiology. If you’re interested in learning more about bed bugs, I’ll also recommend one my favorite reads from a few years ago: Infested: How the bed bug infiltrated our bedrooms and took over the world by Brooke Borel.

Events and jobs

In my last microbiome digest, I gave a special plug for the National Summer Undergraduate Research Project (NSURP). NSURP is a community-driven initiative to create rewarding remote summer research opportunities for BIPOC undergraduate students in the microbial sciences. They have already paired over 140 students with summer research opportunities, but they still need mentors for remaining student applicants. Please apply and share widely!

General microbiome

The beta-diversity of Siganus fuscescens-associated microbial communities from different habitats increases with body weight – Wu et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Metagenome-wide association analysis identifies microbial determinants of post-antibiotic ecological recovery in the gut – Chng et al. – Nature Ecology & Evolution

The gut microbiome during acute lifestyle transition – Devkota – Nature Medicine

Review: Challenges and emerging systems biology approaches to discover how the human gut microbiome impact host physiology – Wian and Ho – Biophysical Reviews

Animal experiments

The gut and feed residue microbiota changing during the rearing of Hermetia illucens larvae – Cifuentes et al. – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Animal microbiome

Effect of introduced parasites on the survival and microbiota of nestling cactus finches (Geospiza scandens) in the Galápagos Islands – Addesso et al. – Journal of Ornithology

Direct comparison of fecal and gut microbiota in the Blue Mussel (Mytilus edulis) discourages fecal sampling as a proxy for resident gut community – Griffin et al. – Microbial Ecology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Variable microbial communities in the non-hydrothermal sediments of the Mid-Okinawa trough – Cao et al. – Geomicrobiology Journal

Review: Microbial communities from arid environments on a global scale. A systematic review – Vásquez-Dean et al. – Biological Research

Unravelling metabolism and microbial community of a phytobed co-planted with Typha angustifolia and Ipomoea aquatica for biodegradation of doxylamine from wastewater – Xiong et al. – Journal of Hazardous Materials

Built environment

Bed bugs shape the indoor microbial community composition of infested homes – Kakumanu et al. – Science of the Total Environment

Effect of sono-thermal pre-treatment over methane production, specific activities and the microbial community of sludge anaerobic digesters – Neumann et al. – Waste and Biomass Valorization

Effects of anode materials on the performance and anode microbial community of soil microbial fuel cell – Yu et al. – Journal of Hazardous Material

Techniques

Review: Targeted microbiome depletion – Du Toit – Nature Reviews Microbiology

July 1, 2020

Greetings Everyone,
I want to began the month of July on a note that diversity is the basis for life. I can’t think of anything better to teach us about diversity, co-existence, and evolution than the fascinating Microbiome.
The microbiome affects us right from our birth till the end affecting our mental as well as physical health. The microbiome exhibits all sorts of differences in shape, size, color, metabolic functions in order to sustain life.
Much to learn from these tiny beings!!!!
Today’s Digest comprises of some interesting studies about effect of microbiome on chemotherapy and studies on tumor microbiome. It also includes articles exploring genetics of gut microbiome and the role of microbiome in inflammatory bowel disease. Additionally has a news article about taking microbiome therapies to clinical trials.
Hope you enjoy reading today’s digest!!
“Life on earth is such a good story you cannot afford to miss the beginning… Beneath our superficial differences we are all of us walking communities of bacteria. The world shimmers, a pointillist landscape made of tiny living beings”. – Lynn Margulis


General microbiome
Human Microbiota and Effectiveness of Cancer Chemotherapy – Shvets et al – Experimental Oncology

Immunity to commensal skin fungi promotes psoriasiform skin inflammation – Hurabielle et al – PNAS

Human Tumor microbiome
*Perspective: Probing the tumor micro(b)environment – Atreya et al – Science

Human Eye microbiome
Review: Current Knowledge on the Human Eye Microbiome: A Systematic Review of Available Amplicon and Metagenomic Sequencing Data – Delbeke et al – Acta Ophthalmologica

Human nearly-sterile sites (blood, organs, brain)
Blood Bacterial Profiles Associated with HIV Infection and Immune Recovery – Serranno-Villar et al – The Journal of Infectious Diseases

Human gut microbiome
*Genetics of human gut microbiome composition – Kurilshikov et al – bioRxiv

Review: The microbiome in inflammatory bowel diseases: from pathogenesis to therapy – Liu et al – Protein&Cell


Built environment
Vertical Stratification in Urban Green Space Aerobiomes – Robinson et al – bioRxiv

Food microbiology
Food and mood: how do diet and nutrition affect mental wellbeing? – Firth et al – BMJ


Bioinformatics
DRAM for distilling microbial metabolism to automate the curation of microbiome function – Shaffer et al – bioRxiv

Techniques
MetaRibo-Seq measures translation in microbiomes – Fremin et al – Nature Communications


Microbes on the market
Enterome Secures €46M to Take Microbiome Therapies to Clinical Trials – Helen Albert – Labiotech.eu

Human Microbiome Therapeutics Market Research: Global Status & Forecast by Geography, Type & Application (2016-2026)

June 22, 2020

General microbiome
Impact of feeding and stirring regimes on the internal stratification of microbial communities in the fermenter of anaerobic digestion plants – Robert Heyera – Bioresource Technology

Human microbiome
REVIEW: Role of the Microbiome in Allergic Disease Development – Andrea C. Aguilera, – Pediatric Allergy and Immunology

Optimization and standardization of the culturomics technique for human microbiome exploration – Ami Diakite – Scientific Reports

Human skin microbiome
The microbiome of diabetic foot ulcers: a comparison of swab and tissue biopsy wound sampling techniques using 16S rRNA gene sequencing – J. Travis – BMC Microbiology

Human gut microbiome
Interpersonal Gut Microbiome Variation Drives Susceptibility and Resistance to Cholera Infection – Salma Alavi – Cell

EDITORIAL: Gut microbes effects on host metabolic alterations in health and disease – Suzana D. Savkovic – Gut Microbes

Revealing links between gut microbiome and its fungal community in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Emirati subjects: A pilot study – Mohammad Tahseen Al Bataineh – Scientific Reports

Alterations in the Gut Microbiome in the Progression of Cirrhosis to Hepatocellular Carcinoma – Yelena Lapidot – mSystems

Human respiratory microbiome
Taxonomic diversity of sputum microbiome in lung cancer patients and its relationship with chromosomal aberrations in blood lymphocytes – V. G. Druzhinin – Scientific Reports

Pregnancy and early life
Human milk microbiota development during lactation and its relation to maternal geographic location and gestational hypertensive status – Yi Wan – Gut Microbes

Maternal Microbiota, Cortisol Concentration, and Post-PartumWeight Recovery Are Dependent on Mode of Delivery – Marta Selma-Royo – Nutrients

Human ancient microbiome
Analysis of oral microbiome from fossil human remains revealed the significant differences in virulence factors of modern and ancient Tannerella forsythia – Anna Philips – BMC Genomics

Animal experiments
Zebrafish microbiome studies make waves – Keaton Stagaman – Lab Animal

Animal microbiome
An Insight into Diversity and Functionalities of Gut Microbiota in Insects – Shengchen Wang – Current Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome
Microbial assimilation dynamics differs but total mineralization from added root and shoot residues is similar in agricultural Alfisols – Yingde Xu – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Effects of increasing concentrations of unamended and gypsum modified bauxite residues on soil microbial community functions and structure – A mesocosm study – Camille Fourrier – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Microbiome approaches provide the key to biologically control postharvest pathogens and storability of fruits and vegetables – Peter Kusstatscher – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Variations of rhizospheric soil microbial communities in response to continuous Andrographis paniculata cropping practices – Junren Li – Botanical Studies

Seed Metabolism and Pathogen Resistance Enhancement in Pisum sativum During Colonization of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi: An Integrative Metabolomics-Proteomics Approach – Nima Ranjbar Sistani – Frontiers in Plant Science

Water microbiome
Differential Responses of a Coastal Prokaryotic Community to Phytoplanktonic Organic Matter Derived from Cellular Components and Exudates – Hiroaki Takebe – Microbes and Environments

Built environment
MINI-REVIEW: Microorganisms populating the water-related indoor biome – Monika Novak Babič – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Pre-print
Shotgun metagenomics reveals signicant gut microbiome features in different grades of acute pancreatitis – Shanshan Yu – Research Square

Characteristics of Esophagus Flora in Patients with Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Central China – Shuixiang He – Research Square

Can root-associated fungi mediate the impact of abiotic conditions on the growth of a High Arctic herb? – Magdalena Wutkowska – bioRxiv

Microbes on the market
Finch Therapeutics Announces Positive Topline Results from Randomized Controlled Trial of CP101, an Oral Microbiome Drug, for the Prevention of Recurrent C. difficile Infection – Finch Therapeutics

Microbes in the news
Gut reaction: How the gut microbiome may influence the severity of COVID-19 – Shirin Moossavi – The Conversation

June 21, 2020

Hello from the Sonoran Desert! In today’s digest, you’ll find two very interesting reviews! Stagaman and collaborators come back on years of Zebra-fish gut microbiome research and explore the insights gleaned from this awesome model animal. On the other hand, François and Pybus review our understanding of avian viromes in both wild and domesticated bird populations, highlighting the current limitations and pitfalls in this research area.

But today’s digest also contains very interesting research papers! Gulino and collaborators are exploring viromes in New York city wastewater systems. This paper is particularly interesting as bacteriophages are typically left out from urban environments microbiomes studies, despite their abundance and importance in ecosystems.

Finally, today’s non-microbiology pick is a review that comes back on how information theory, developped by Claude Shannon in the late 40s, have been used in computational biology. This paper is particularly interesting for readers wanting to learn more about the basics of information theory and how it is applied today in bioinformatics.

Have a great Sunday!


Pregnancy and early life

Review: The microbiome in pediatric oncology – Rotz et al. – Cancer

Human respiratory microbiome

Metagenomic analysis of the lung microbiome in pulmonary tuberculosis – a pilot study – Hu et al. – Emerging Microbes & infections

Human vaginal microbiome

Taxonomic and Functional Differences in Cervical Microbiome Associated with Cervical Cancer Development –Nkufi Tange et al. – Scientific reports

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: The gut microbiome regulates memory function – Noble et al. – BioRxiV


Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

review: Zebrafish microbiome studies make waves – Stagaman et al. – Lab Animal

Built environment (subways, indoor surfaces)

Revealing antimicrobial resistance in stormwater with MinION – Bialasek et al. – Chemosphere


Phages and viruses

Review: Towards an understanding of the avian virome –François et al. – Journal of general Virology

Initial Mapping of the New York City Wastewater Virome –Gulino et al. – mSystems

Bioinformatics

Higher order Markov models for metagenomic sequence classification – Burks et al. –Bioinformatics

Preprint: Combinatorial Algorithms for Strain Level Metagenomic Microbial Detection and Quantification –Zhu et al. –BioRxiV

Preprint: Ultra-rapid metagenotyping of the human gut microbiome – Shi et al. – BioRxiV


My non-microbiology pick

Review: Information Theory in Computational Biology: Where We Stand Today – Chanda et al. – Entropy

May 28, 2020

Hello and welcome to today’s microbiome digest! It’s a compact digest, but quite diverse. You will find a study investigating the effect of high-fat diet in Drosophila found a microbiota-dependent activation of stem-cells; electronic cigarettes were found to negatively influence the oral microbiome, and glycan epitopes present on enveloped viruses (as COVID-19) can be targeted and neutralized by human antibodies against these foreign glycan structures.
Finally, a helpful article during Corona-times, when more and more courses and meetings are held online, features the use of FAIR training material: Ten simple rules for making training materials FAIR. Enjoy!


COVID-19

Is social connectedness a risk factor for the spreading of COVID-19 among older adults? The Italian paradox – Giuseppe Liotta – PLOS ONE


General microbiome

Review: Enhancing bacterial survival through phenotypic heterogeneity – Leila M. Reyes Ruiz – PLOS PATHOGENS

Human respiratory microbiome

Adverse effects of electronic cigarettes on the disease-naive oral microbiome – Sukirth M. Ganesan – Science Advances

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: Shotgun Metagenomics of 361 elderly women reveals gut microbiome change in bone mass loss – Qi Wang – BioRxiv

Permissive microbiome characterizes human subjects with a neurovascular disease cavernous angioma – Sean P. Polster – Nature Communications

Persistent Diarrhea in Patients With Crohn’s Disease After Mucosal Healing Is Associated With Lower Diversity of the Intestinal Microbiome and Increased Dysbiosis – Karen Boland – Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Fecal microbiota transplantation in systemic sclerosis: A double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized pilot trial – Havard Fretheim – PLOS ONE


Animal experiments

A high-fat diet induces a microbiota-dependent increase in stem cell activity in the Drosophila intestine – Jakob con Frieling – PLOS GENETICS

The cecal and fecal microbiomes and metabolomes of horses before and after metronidazole administration – Carolyn E. Arnold – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Functional diversity of rhizosphere soil microbial communities in response to different tillage and crop residue retention in a double-cropping rice field – Haiming Tang – PLOS ONE

Water and extremophile microbiome

Microbiome analysis of healthy and diseased sponges Lubomirskia baicalensis by using cell cultures of primmorphs – Lubov Chernogor – PeerJ

Built environment

The use of ozone gas for the inactivation of Bacillus anthracis and Bacillus subtilis spores on building materials – Joseph P. Wood – PLOS ONE


Phages and viruses

* Harnessing the natural anti-glycan immune response to limit the transmission of enveloped viruses such as SARS-CoV-2 – Adrien Breiman – PLOS PATHOGENS

Review: A viral journey to the brain: Current considerations and future developments – Nilda Vanesa Ayala-Nunez – PLOS PATHOGENS

Bioinformatics

Preprint: A global data-driven census of Salmonella small proteins and their potential functions in bacterial virulence – Elisa Venturini – BioRxiv

Techniques

Preprint: Fluorescent secreted bacterial effectors reveal an intravacuolar replication compartment for Listeria monocytogenes – Caroline Peron Cane – BioRxiv


Science, publishing, and career

2 Art Gallery Shows to Explore From Home – The New York Times – Check out the art by Anika Yi


Judith’s non-microbiology picks

* Ten simple rules for making training materials FAIR – Leyla Garcia – PLOS COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY

May 27, 2020

Good morning everybody. It was a bit calm during the last days. Today’s Microbiome Digest tries to give a nice summary of a broad range of latest microbiome related research. Enjoy it!

General microbiome

A microbiological survey of handwashing sinks in the hospital built environment reveals differences in patient room and healthcare personnel sinks – Franco et al – Scientific Reports

Multi-site human microbiome

REVIEW: Interaction between microbiota and immunity in health and disease – Zheng, Liwinski and Elinav – Cell Research

REVIEW: A Comprehensive Review on Natural Bioactive Compounds and Probiotics as Potential Therapeutics in Food Allergy Treatment – Pratap et al. – Front. Immunol.

Editorial: The intestinal microbiota in health and disease – Day, Keenan and Tannock – Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand

Human oral microbiome

Longitudinal Study of Oral Microbiome Variation in Twins – Freire et al. – Scientific Reports

Human skin microbiome

Skin Microbiome in Atopic Dermatitis – Edslev, Agner and Andersen – Acta Dermato-venereologica

Human gut microbiome and virome

Preprint: Gut microbiome diversity is an independent predictor of survival in cervical cancer patients receiving chemoradiation – Sims et al. – medRxiv

The intestinal virome in children with cystic fibrosis differs from healthy controls – Coffey et al. – PLOS One

The human gut microbiota and depression: widely reviewed, yet poorly understood – Simpson, Schwartz and Simmons – Journal of Affective Disorders

The Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes Ratio: A Relevant Marker of Gut Dysbiosis in Obese Patients? – Magne et al. – Nutrients

Book Chapter: Who Inhabits Our Gut? Introducing the Human Gut Microbiota – Flint – Why Gut Microbes Matter

Book Chapter: Variability and Stability of the Human Gut Microbiome – Flint – Why Gut Microbes Matter

Book Chapter: How to Analyse Microbial Communities? – Flint – Why Gut Microbes Matter

Book Chapter: Treating the Gut Microbiome as a System – Flint – Why Gut Microbes Matter

Metabolomics

REVIEW: Application of metabolomics to the study of irritable bowel syndrome – Bennet et al. – Neurogastroenterology & Motility

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Distinct actions of the fermented beverage kefir on host behaviour, immunity and microbiome gut-brain modules in the mouse – van de Wouw et al. – Microbiology

Preprint: Physical activity shapes the intestinal microbiome and immunity of healthy mice but has no protective effects against colitis in MUC2-/- mice – Estaki et al. – bioRxiv

Synergetic responses of intestinal microbiota and epithelium to dietary inulin supplementation in pigs – He et al. – European Journal of Nutrition

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

No correlation between microbiota composition and blood parameters in nesting flatback turtles (Natator depressus) – Scheelings et al. – Scientific Reports

Linking perturbations to temporal changes in diversity, stability, and compositions of neonatal calf gut microbiota: prediction of diarrhea – Ma et al. – The ISME Journal

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The microbiome as a biosensor: functional profiles elucidate hidden stress in hosts – Zolti et al. – Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

16S rRNA Gene Diversity in the Salt Crust of Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, the World’s Largest Salt Flat – Pecher et al. – Microbiol Resour Announc

Built environment (subways, indoor surfaces)

Fungal diversity and its contribution to the biodeterioration of mural paintings in two 1700-year-old tombs of China – Ma et al. – International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation

Characterizing Microbial Signatures on Sculptures and Paintings of Similar Provenance – Torralba et al. – Microbial Ecology

Food microbiology

Proteomic and Metabolomic Correlates of Healthy Dietary Patterns: The Framingham Heart Study – Walker et al. – Nutrients

Bioinformatics/Resources

ARTS 2.0: feature updates and expansion of the Antibiotic Resistant Target Seeker for comparative genome mining – Mungan et al. – Nucleic Acid Research

Draft Genome Sequence of a Novel Species of Halococcus (Strain IIIV-5B), an Endophytic Archaeon Isolated from the Leaf Tissue of Avicennia germinans – Zayas-Rivera et al. – Microbiol Resour Announc

Precise phylogenetic analysis of microbial isolates and genomes from metagenomes using PhyloPhlAn 3.0 – Asnicar et al. – Nature Communications