May 17, 2017

Today’s digest includes a few studies of the interactions between microbes (and synergy in metabolism and other processes), a filling of human gut microbiology, and interesting insights into probiotics both in animals and humans.  Also, check out my post later in the day reviewing microbiome related talks at BioData World West 2017 (late April)

Events and jobs

Scientist – Microbiomics – ZymoResearch

PhD in microbiology – Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL)

Microbiology Laboratory Technologist – Yukon Hospital Corporation – Whitehorse, YT

General microbiome

Underlying mechanisms for syntrophic metabolism of essential enzyme cofactors in microbial communities – Margaret F Romine – The ISME Journal

Identification of the potentiating mutations and synergistic epistasis that enabled the evolution of inter-species cooperation – Sarah M. Douglas – PLOS ONE

Pregnancy and early life

PrePrint – Gut dysbiosis following C-section instigates higher colonisation of toxigenic Clostridium perfringens in infants – Nagpal R – Benef Microbes

The influence of dietary immunomodulatory factors on development of food allergy in children – Sardecka I – Postepy Dermatol Alergol.

 

Human oral microbiome

The microbiome of site-specific dental plaque of children with different caries status – Richards VP – Infection and Immunity

Human gut microbiome

Healthy gut microbiota can resolve undernutrition – Emmanuel Hermann – HBSN

The Gut Microbiota and Autism Spectrum Disorders – Qinrui Li – Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience

The ecological community of commensal, symbiotic, and pathogenic gastrointestinal microorganisms – an appraisal – Haque SZ – Dovepress

Comparative Effectiveness of Faecal Microbiota Transplant by Route of Administration – Nathan D. Gundacker – The Journal of Hospital Infection

Fecal microbiota transplantation in recurrent Clostridium difficile infection in a patient with concomitant inflammatory bowel disease – Gravito-Soares M – Rev Esp Enferm Dig

Alterations in intestinal microbiota relate to intestinal failure-associated liver disease and central line infections – Panliang Wang – Journal of Pediatric Surgery

* The Gastric Microbiome and Its Influence on Gastric Carcinogenesis: Current Knowledge and Ongoing Research – Chao Zhang – Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America

Insights into the role of the intestinal microbiota in colon cancer – Oke S – Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology

Gut microbiota changes as a risk factor for obesity – Kvit KB – Wiad Lek.

Animal experiments 

Drosophila melanogaster as a High-Throughput Model for Host–Microbiota Interactions – Mark Trinder – Frontiers in Microbiology

Dietary Chitosan Supplementation Increases Microbial Diversity and Attenuates the Severity of Citrobacter rodentium Infection in Mice – Guiping Guan – Mediators of Inflammation

Changes in the intestinal bacterial community, short-chain fatty acid profile, and intestinal development of preweaned Holstein calves. 2. Effects of gastrointestinal site and age – J.J. Castro – Journal of Dairy Science

The microbiome regulates amygdala-dependent fear recall – Hoban AE – Molecular Psychiatry

Animal microbiome

The malleable gut microbiome of juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): Diet-dependent shifts of bacterial community structures – Stéphanie Céline Michl – PLOS ONE

The influence of a probiotic supplementation on memory in quail suggests a role of gut microbiota on cognitive abilities in birds – Severine Parois – Behavioural Brain Research

Gut microbial communities of American pikas (Ochotona princeps): evidence for phylosymbiosis and adaptations to novel diets – Kevin D. Kohl – Journal of Animal Ecology

This Gut Ain’t Big Enough for Both of Us. Or Is It? Helminth-Microbiota Interactions in Veterinary Species – Peachey LE – Trends in Parasitology

Convergence of gut microbiotas in the adaptive radiations of African cichlid fishes – Baldo L – ISME

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Divergent extremes but convergent recovery of bacterial and archaeal soil communities to an ongoing subterranean coal mine fire – Sang-Hoon Lee – The ISME Journal

Prokaryotic Communities at Different Depths between Soils with and without Tomato Bacterial Wilt but Pathogen-Present in a Single Greenhouse – Chol Gyu Lee – Microbes and Environments

Water and extremophile microbiome

Annual community patterns are driven by seasonal switching between closely related marine bacteria – Christopher S Ward – The ISME Journal

A bacterial community-based index to assess the ecological status of estuarine and coastal environments – Eva Aylagas – Marine Pollution Bulletin

The impact of wastewater treatment effluent on microbial biomasses and diversities in coastal sediment microcosms of Hangzhou Bay – Yile Tao – Marine Pollution Bulletin

The impact of long-term hydrocarbon exposure on the structure, activity, and biogeochemical functioning of microbial mats – Johanne Aubé – Marine Pollution Bulletin

Changes in microbial community during hydrogen and methane production in two-stage thermophilic anaerobic co-digestion process from biowaste – S. Zahedi – Waste Management

Comparative analysis of microbial diversity in two hot springs of Bakreshwar, West Bengal, India – Chaudhuri B – Genomics Data

Built environment (subways, indoor surfaces)

Characterizing bacterial communities in paper production-troublemakers revealed – Zumsteg A – MicrobiologyOpen

 

Probiotics / prebiotics

Dairy Propionibacteria: Versatile Probiotics – Rabah H – Microorganisms

Contribution of anthocyanin-rich foods in obesity control through gut microbiota interactions – Jamar G – BioFactors

Positive Effect of Probiotics on Constipation in Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Six Randomized Controlled Trials – Huang R – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Mechanisms of Action of Probiotics and the Gastrointestinal Microbiota on Gut Motility and Constipation – Dimidi E – Advances in Nutrition

Bioinformatics

PrePrint – MetaMeta: Integrating Metagenome Analysis Tools To Improve Taxonomic Profiling – Vitor C. Piro – bioRxiv

Using null models to infer microbial co-occurrence networks – Nora Connor – PLOS ONE

Techniques

Characterization of microbial mixtures by mass spectrometry – Sandrin TR – Mass Spectrometry Reviews

Microbes in the news 

Cork scientists link gut bacteria to anxiety disorders

New tick bacteria in Australia being investigated as possible cause of Lyme disease-type illness

Optical nanofiber ‘hears’ bacteria swim, cancer cells move

Microbes on the market 

BiomX raises $24 million to boost bacteria based drugs

 

Ed’s non-microbiology picks

Breakthrough in delirium research ‘solves 2,500-year-old mystery’

Novel tissue-engineered islet transplant achieves insulin independence in type 1 diabetes – Bioengineering of an Intraabdominal Endocrine Pancreas -David A. Baidal – New England Journal of Medicine

High levels of exercise linked to nine years of less aging (at the cellular level)

Migratory birds bumped off schedule as climate change shifts spring

PrePrint – Using Social Network Analysis to Better Understand Compulsive Exercise Behavior among a Sample of Sorority Members –  Megan S. Patterson – Human Kinetics

Edible insects could play key role in cutting harmful emissions – EurkAlert!

May 1, 2017

General microbiome

From Gene Annotation to Function Prediction for Metagenomics – F Sharifi – Protein Function Prediction

*Review: A critical assessment of the “sterile womb” and “in utero colonization” hypotheses: implications for research on the pioneer infant microbiome – ME Perez-Muñoz – Microbiome

Collateral damage during antibiotic treatment of C. difficile infection in the aged host: insights into why recurrent disease happens – JH Shin – Gut Microbes

 

Human oral microbiome

Oral Treponeme Major Surface Protein: Sequence Diversity and Distributions within Periodontal Niches – M You – Molecular Oral Microbiology

 

Human gut microbiome

Reduction in fecal microbiota diversity and short-chain fatty acid producers in Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infected individuals as revealed by PacBio single molecule, real-time sequencing technology – J Zhao – European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases

Gut Check: The evolution of an educational board game – DA Coil – PLoS Biology

From sensing to shaping microbiota: insights into the role of NOD2 in intestinal homeostasis and progression of Crohn’s Disease – I Balasubramanian – Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol.

Functional implications of microbial and viral gut metagenome changes in early stage L-DOPA-naïve Parkinson’s disease patients – JR Bedorf – Genome Medicine

 

Animal microbiome

Progressive response of large intestinal bacterial community and fermentation to the stepwise decrease of dietary crude protein level in growing pigs – Y Peng – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Repeated inoculation of cattle rumen with bison rumen contents alters the rumen microbiome and improves nitrogen digestibility in cattle – GO Ribeiro – Scientific Reports

Impact and consequences of polyphenols and fructooligosaccharide interplay on gut microbiota in rats – CJ Zheng – Food & Function

 

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Not just browsing: an animal that grazes phyllosphere microbes facilitates community heterogeneity – R O′ Rorke – ISME

Environmental Metabarcoding Reveals Contrasting Belowground and Aboveground Fungal Communities from Poplar at a Hg Phytomanagement Site –  A Durand – Microbial Ecology

Understory Dwarf Bamboo Affects Microbial Community Structures and Soil Properties in a Betula ermanii Forest in Northern Japan – B Kong – Microbes & Environments

Effects of root exudates on denitrifier gene abundance, community structure and activity in a micro-polluted constructed wetland – H Wu – Sci. Total Environ

Contribution of native phosphorous-solubilizing bacteria of acid soils on phosphorous acquisition in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) – M Pradhan – Protoplasma

 

Probiotics

Aggregation and Adhesion Activity of Lactobacilli Isolated from Fermented Products In Vitro and In Vivo: a Potential Probiotic Strain – S Grigoryan – Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins

 

Built environment microbiology

Three-stage anaerobic co-digestion of food waste and horse manure – J Zhang – Scientific Reports

 

Microbes in news

Undeveloped microbiomes make infants more prone to illness – R Saxena – ARS Technica

Being a guinea pig for science can be a long, slow slog – B Jefferson – SCPR

Pharma pollution fuels resistance to antibiotics, bacteria turns super bug – TNN – The Times of India

Cleaning up Iowa’s beaches – E Jordan – The Gazette

Augusta hospital adopts test to help find treatment for some patients quicker – S Turner – Aiken Standard

Only a superweapon can kill superbacteria, and humanity finally found it – W Nicol – Digital Trends

‘Lab in a cell’ helps crack code on chlamydia – R Shore –  Edmonton Journal

 

 

April 29, 2017

Events and jobs

Bioinformatics Scientist, Microbiome – Human Longevity Inc.

General microbiome

The hologenome across environments and the implications of a host-associated microbial repertoire – Tyler J. Carrier – Frontiers in Microbiology

Teleosts as Model Organisms to Understand Host-Microbe Interactions – Emily A. Lescak – Journal of Bacteriology

*Review: The Shifting Microbiome in Surgical Stress – Panna A. Codner – Current Surgery Reports

A passive mutualistic interaction promotes the evolution of spatial structure within microbial populations – Marie Marchal – BMC Evolutionary Biology

Human gut microbiome

Fecal metagenomic profiles in subgroups of patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome – Dorottya Nagy-Szakal – Microbiome

Study protocol on the role of intestinal microbiota in colorectal cancer treatment: a pathway to personalized medicine 2.0 – R. Aarnoutse – International Journal of Colorectal Disease

Animal experiments

Differences in microbiota membership along the gastrointestinal tract of piglets and their differential alterations following an early-life antibiotic intervention – Chunlong Mu – Frontiers in Microbiology

Animal microbiome

Biogeographic comparison of Lophelia-associated bacterial communities in the western Atlantic reveals conserved core microbiome – Christina A. Kellogg – Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Response of methanogenic microbial communities to desiccation stress in flooded and rain-fed paddy soil from Thailand – Andreas Reim – Frontiers in Microbiology

Metagenomics of Microbial Communities Associated with the Rhizosphere of the Saudi Desert Medicinal Plants – Mohammed N Baeshen – EC Microbiology

Rhizospheric soil enzyme activities and phytominimg potential of Aeluropus lagopoides and Cyperus conglomeratus growing in contaminated soils at the banks of artificial lake of reclaimed wastewater – Zahid Khorshid Abbas – International Journal of Phytoremediation

*Review: The unseen rhizosphere root-soil-microbe interactions for crop production – Ruifu Zhang – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Microbial Community Response to Simulated Petroleum Seepage in Caspian Sea Sediments – Marion H. Stagars – Frontiers in Microbiology

Novel large sulfur bacteria in the metagenomes of groundwater-fed chemosynthetic microbial mats in the Lake Huron basin – Allison M. Sharrar – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbial population dynamics and ecosystem functions of anoxic/aerobic granular sludge in sequencing batch reactors operated at different organic loading rates – Enikö Szabó – Frontiers in Microbiology

Characteristics of bacterial community in cloud water at Mt Tai: similarity and disparity under polluted and non-polluted cloud episodes – Min Wei – Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

Built environment

Density assessment and mapping of microorganisms around a biocomposting plant in Sanandaj, Iran – Sanaz Rashidi – Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

Techniques

High throughput and quantitative measurement of microbial metabolome by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry using automated alkyl chloroformate derivatization – Linjing Zhao – Analytical Chemistry

Functional Association Prediction by Community Profiling – Dazhi Jiao – Methods

*Book: Modern Tools and Techniques to Understand Microbes – Ajit Varma

Microbes on the market

Microbiome market competitive landscape technology in 2017 pipeline review published by leading research firm – WhaTech

Science, publishing, and career

Review of 3rd annual Translation Microbiome Conference – James Vitale – Taconic

April 22, 2017

General microbiome

The Microbiome – The Biochemist (full issue)

Human vaginal microbiome

*Review: What fertility specialists should know about the vaginal microbiome: a review – Juan Antonio García-Velascoa – Reproductive BioMedicine Online

Animal experiments

Microbiota-Induced Antibodies Are Essential for Host Inflammatory Responsiveness to Sterile and Infectious Stimuli – Daniel Cisalpino – Journal of Immunology

Host-Microbe Co-metabolism Dictates Cancer Drug Efficacy in C. elegans – Timothy A. Scott – Cell

Bacterial Metabolism Affects the C. elegans Response to Cancer Chemotherapeutics – Aurian P. García-González – Cell

Examining the role of the microbiome in the effectiveness of colorectal cancer treatment – Jim Fessenden – UMass Medical School Communications

Neonatal acquisition of Clostridia species protects against colonization by bacterial pathogens – Yun-Gi Kim – Science

Infant mice lack microbes that help fight intestinal infection – EurekAlert!

Effects of different oligosaccharides at various dosages on the composition of gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acids in mice with constipation – Linlin Wang –  Food & Function

Short Term High Fat Diet Induces Obesity-Enhancing Changes in Mouse Gut Microbiota That are Partially Reversed by Cessation of the High Fat Diet – Yue Shang – Lipids

Animal microbiome

Resilience of the prokaryotic microbial community of Acropora digitifera to elevated temperature – Andrian P. Gajigan – Microbiology Open

Characterization of the gut microbiota in the golden takin (Budorcas taxicolor bedfordi) – Jun Chen – AMB Express

*Opinion: Mammary microbiota of dairy ruminants: fact or fiction? – Pascal Rainard – Veterinary Research

Determination of the microbial community features of Haemaphysalis flava in different developmental stages by high-throughput sequencing – Deyong Duan – Journal of Basic Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

A signature of tree health? Shifts in the microbiome and the ecological drivers of horse chestnut bleeding canker disease – Britt Koskella – New Phytologist

Soil aggregates as massively concurrent evolutionary incubators – Matthias C Rillig – ISME

Responses of soil nitrous oxide production and abundances and composition of associated microbial communities to nitrogen and water amendment – Qing Wang – Biology and Fertility of Soils

*Editorial: Signalling in the phytomicrobiome: Understanding and harnessing the plant holobiont – Donald L. Smith – Frontiers in Plant Science

Warming enhances old organic carbon decomposition through altering functional microbial communities – Lei Cheng – ISME

Effects of Short-Term Warming and Altered Precipitation on Soil Microbial Communities in Alpine Grassland of the Tibetan Plateau – Kaoping Zhang – Frontiers in Microbiology

Long-term straw returning affects Nitrospira-like nitrite oxidizing bacterial community in a rapeseed-rice rotation soil – Xuesong Luo – Journal of Basic Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Attenuation and modification of the ballast water microbial community during voyages into the Canadian Arctic – Mattias L. Johansson – Diversity and Distributions

Prokaryote species richness is positively correlated with eukaryote abundance in wastewater treatment biofilms – Inga Leena Angell – Letters in Applied Microbiology

*Review: The life sulfuric: Microbial ecology of sulfur cycling in marine sediments – Kenneth Wasmund – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Microbial community function in the bleaching disease of the marine macroalgae Delisea pulchra – Enrique Zozaya-Valdés – Environmental Microbiology

Poorly known microbial taxa dominate the microbiome of permafrost thaw ponds – Christian Wurzbacher – ISME

Built environment

Diversity changes of microbial communities into hospital surface environments – Rika Yano – Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy

Bioinformatics

A Robust Symmetric Nonnegative Matrix Factorization Framework for Clustering Multiple Heterogeneous Microbiome Data – Yuanyuan Ma – Preprints

Assessing the Impact of Assemblers on Virus Detection in a De Novo Metagenomic Analysis Pipeline – Daniel J. White – Journal of Computational Biology

Techniques

Engineered Regulatory Systems Modulate Gene Expression of Human Commensals in the Gut – Bentley Lim – Cell

‘Genetic scalpel’ can manipulate the microbiome, Yale study shows – Bill Hathaway – Yale News

What is broad-range 16S rDNA PCR? – Amani Patel – Microbiology and Infectious Disease

Microbes in the news

Microbiome: The Body’s Great Conductor –  Conan Milner – Epoch Times

Our Gut Microbes Have Circadian Rhythms, Too — And They Might Own Us – Jesslyn Shields – HowStuffWorks

The Bacteria That Can Help Find Land Mines – Daniel Akst – The Wall Street Journal

Science, publishing, and career

Grant Addresses Computational Challenges in Microbiome Research – Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Science

April 18, 2017

Today’s digest hosts a number of rhizosphere-related publications as well as a good amount of interesting microbiome-host-health science.  Coming up next week is BioData World West 2017, a conference focused on Genomics/Precision Medicine/AI that I will be attending – I’ll keep an eye out for anything microbiome-related!

Events and jobs

2017 Metagenomics Workshop – Edwards Lab Event (Bioinformatics)

BioData World West 2017 – Precision Medicine, AI, Genomics Conference

General microbiome

Biological Determinants of Health: Genes, Microbes, and Metabolism Exemplars of Nursing Science – Erin P. Ferranti – Nursing Outlook

* Microbiotal-Host Interactions and Hypertension – Sarah Galla – Physiology

Multi-site human microbiome

The Landscape Ecology and Microbiota of the Human Nose, Mouth, and Throat – Diana M. Proctor – Cell Host & Microbe

Human respiratory microbiome

* The microbiome in respiratory medicine: current challenges and future perspectives – Rosa Faner – European Respiratory Journal

Human skin microbiome

Living in Peace: Host-Microbiota Mutualism in the Skin – Daniel J. Campbell – Cell Host & Microbe

Human gut microbiome

The Gut Microbiome: Connecting Spatial Organization to Function – Carolina Tropini – Cell Host & Microbe

Lactobacillus casei DG and its postbiotic reduce the inflammatory mucosal response: an ex-vivo organ culture model of post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome – Compare D – BMC Gastroenterology

Animal experiments

Age-Associated Microbial Dysbiosis Promotes Intestinal Permeability, Systemic Inflammation, and Macrophage Dysfunction – Netusha Thevaranjan – Cell Host & Microbe

Animal microbiome

PrePrint – Succession of embryonic and intestinal bacterial communities of Atlantic salmon – Jep Lokesh – bioRxiv

The Role of Rumen Microbiome on Feed Efficiency of Grazing Cattle [page 138] – Leluo Guan – 28th Annual Florida Ruminant Nutrition Symposium

Structure and dynamics of the gut bacterial microbiota of the bark beetle, Dendroctonus rhizophagus (Curculionidae: Scolytinae) across their life stages – Carlos Iván Briones-Roblero – PLOS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The role of soil chemistry and plant neighbourhoods in structuring fungal communities in three Panamanian rainforests – Tyler Schappe – Journal of Ecology

Host plant compatibility shapes the proteogenome of Frankia coriariae – Amir Ktari – Frontiers in Microbiology

Managing and manipulating the rhizosphere microbiome for plant health: A systems approach – Matthew D. Wallenstein – Rhizosphere

In vitro and In vivo biofilm formation by Azotobacter isolates and its relevance to rhizosphere colonization – Mohd. Musheer Altaf – Rhizosphere

Metabolism of pyrene through phthalic acid pathway by enriched bacterial consortium composed of Pseudomonas, Burkholderia, and Rhodococcus (PBR) – Sagar Vaidya – 3 Biotech

Effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on soil microbial communities and wheat biomass – Janine Moll – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

The effect of simulated warming on root dynamics and soil microbial community in an alpine meadow of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau – Changting Wang – Applied Soil Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Impacts of sea-level rise on sediment microbial community structure and function in two New England salt marshes, USA – Matt R. Simon – Journals of Soils and Sediments

A critical assessment of the microorganisms proposed to be important to enhanced biological phosphorus removal in full-scale wastewater treatment systems – Mikkel Stokholm-Bjerregaard – Frontiers in Microbiology

Applicability of cryoconite consortia of microorganisms and glacier-dwelling animals in astrobiological studies – Krzysztof Zawierucha – Contemporary Trends in Geoscience

Built environment

Review – Microbiological diagnosis of device-related biofilm infections – Yijuan Xu – APMIS

Patent Application – MONITORING AND MANAGING A FACILITY MICROBIOME – Dillon, Harrison – Free Patents Online

Microbes in space

Origins of Life on Mars: NASA’s Rovers Were Never Sterilized – Rhawn Gabriel Joseph – Cosmology.com

Phages and viruses

Mini Review Article – Phages in the Human Body – Ferran Navarro – Frontiers in Microbiology

Bioinformatics

* A Concurrent Subtractive Assembly Approach for Identification of Disease Associated Sub-metagenomes – Wontack Han – Research in Computational Molecular Biology. RECOMB 2017.

Techniques

Effect of environmental variation on estimating the bacterial species richness – Jongjian Chen – Frontiers in Microbiology

Thesis – USE OF MOLECULAR METHODS IN BIOTHREAT PREPAREDNESS – Katja Koskela – National Defense University: Research Publications No. 13

Microbes in the news

Pets During Pregnancy Trigger Gut Bacteria Changes for Infants That May Cut Obesity Risk, Study Finds

Gut microbiome dysregulation implicated in OCD

Microbes on the market

Innovative Microbiome-based IBD Therapeutics to Be Developed Under New Partnership

Microbiome drug candidate prevents recurrence of C. difficile infection

Ed’s non-microbiology picks

Climate change causes glacial river in Yukon to change direction

Self-taught artificial intelligence beats doctors at predicting heart attacks

Stroke rates appear to be rising steadily in young adults

Costs of Selective Attention: When Children Notice What Adults Miss – Daniel J. Plebanek – APS

California Dryness and Recovery Challenge Multi-Century Odds

April 15, 2017

Few interesting articles for your Saturday morning digest:   Urbanization alters the physicochemical environment: A new study suggests that urban soil archaeal and bacterial communities are not vulnerable to biodiversity loss, whereas global diversity loss of ectomycorrhizal fungi was observed.  Researchers believe they have found a method of hunting for buried landmines and explosive devices using a combination of engineered bacteria and lasers.    And another reason to be engaged in sports activities: a study highlights differences of microbiota and secondary metabolites in elite athletes.

General microbiome

Remote detection of buried landmines using a bacterial sensor – Shimshon Belkin – Nature Biotech

Next-generation approaches to understand and combat the antibiotic resistome – Terence S. Crofts – Nature Reviews

Human Oral Microbiome

Microbiomes of the normal middle ear and ears with chronic otitis media – Shujiro B. Minami – Laryngoscope

Human gut microbiome

The microbiome of professional athletes differs from that of more sedentary subjects in composition and particularly at the functional metabolic level– Wiley Barton – Gut

The MS-Associated Gut Microbiome – Sergio E Baranzini – Multiple Sclerosis Journal

Mental Health

Oral treatment with Lactobacillus rhamnosus attenuates behavioral deficits and immune changes in chronic social stress – Aadil Bharwani – BMC Medicine

Animal microbiome

Complete Genome Sequence of Akkermansia glycaniphila Strain PytT, a Mucin-Degrading Specialist of the Reticulated Python Gut – Janneke P. Ouwerkerk – Genome Announcements

Water and extremophile microbiome

Spatial variation in bacterial community in natural wetland-river-sea ecosystems
Hongxia Zhang – J. of Basic Microbiology

Built environment

Urbanization erodes ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity and may cause microbial communities to converge – Dietrich JE Schmidt -Nature Ecology & Evolution

Prebiotics

Prebiotic evaluation of red seaweed (Kappaphycus alvarezii) using in vitro colon model – DM Bajury – International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

April 13, 2017

Profiles of ulcerative colitis patients’ microbiota after fecal microbiota transplantation, a bioinformatics software package for rarefaction analysis, an artist who uses sweat and bacteria to create scents and sculptures.

General microbiome

Review: Microbial metabolites in nutrition, healthcare and agriculture – Rajendra Singh – 3 Biotech

Review: Modified Mediterranean Diet for Enrichment of Short Chain Fatty Acids: Potential Adjunctive Therapeutic to Target Immune and Metabolic Dysfunction in Schizophrenia? – Jamie Joseph – Frontiers in Neuroscience

Human respiratory microbiome

The Nasopharyngeal Microbiota of Children with Respiratory Infections in Botswana – Matthew S Kelly – Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

Human gut microbiome

* Microbial shifts and signatures of long-term remission in ulcerative colitis after faecal microbiota transplantation – Susana Fuentes – ISME Journal

Intestinal microbiome in children with severe and complicated acute viral gastroenteritis – Shih-Yen Chen – Scientific Reports

Unusual active site location and catalytic apparatus in a glycoside hydrolase family – Jose Munoz-Munoz – PNAS

Animal experiments

Enterococcus faecalis bacteriocin EntV inhibits hyphal morphogenesis, biofilm formation, and virulence of Candida albicans – Carrie E Graham – PNAS

The therapeutic protection of a living and dead Lactobacillus strain against aluminum-induced brain and liver injuries in C57BL/6 mice – Fengwei Tian & Leilei Yu – PLOS One

Microscale spatial analysis provides evidence for adhesive monopolization of dietary nutrients by specific intestinal bacteria – Yusuke Nagara – PLOS One

Review: Caspase recruitment domain 9, microbiota, and tryptophan metabolism: dangerous liaisons in inflammatory bowel diseases – Bruno Lamas – Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care

Individual variation of natural D. melanogaster associated bacterial communities – Yun Wang – bioRxiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

A new polyketide glycoside from the rhizospheric Clonostachys rogersoniana associated with Panax notoginseng – Tian-Peng Yin – Journal of Asian Natural Products Research

Bacterial carbon use plasticity, phylogenetic diversity and the priming of soil organic matter – Ember M Morrissey – ISME Journal

Population and function analysis of cultivable bacteria associated with spores of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora margarita – Liangkun Long – 3 Biotech

Water and extremophile microbiome

Exploring the ecological coherence between the spatial and temporal patterns of bacterioplankton in boreal lakes – Juan P. Niño García – Frontiers in Microbiology

Genomic comparisons of a bacterial lineage that inhabits both marine and terrestrial deep subsurface systems – Sean P Jungbluth – PeerJ

Bacterial community composition and dynamics spanning five years in freshwater bog lakes – Alexandra M Linz – bioRxiv

Occurrence of high-diversity metazoan- to microbial-dominated bioconstructions in a shallow Kimmeridgian carbonate ramp (Jabaloyas, Spain) – G San Miguel – Facies

Expression patterns of elemental cycling genes in the Amazon River Plume – Brandon M Satinsky – ISME Journal

Built environment

Comparison of microbial community shifts in two parallel multi-step drinking water treatment processes – Jiajiong Xu – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Probiotics/prebiotics

Engineered probiotic Escherichia coli can eliminate and prevent Pseudomonas aeruginosa gut infection in animal models – In Young Hwang – Nature Communications

Review: Unraveling the Differences between Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Probiotics in Modulating Protective Immunity to Enteric Infections – Sukumar Kandasamy – Frontiers in Immunology

Bioinformatics

* RTK: efficient rarefaction analysis of large datasets – Paul Saary – Bioinformatics

A geographically-diverse collection of 418 human gut microbiome pathway genome databases – Aria S Hahn – Scientific Data

Metabolomics

Indolepropionic acid and novel lipid metabolites are associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes in the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study – Vanessa D de Mello – Scientific Reports

More microbes

Influences of dissolved oxygen concentration on biocathodic microbial communities in microbial fuel cells – Laura Rago – Bioelectrochemistry

Microbes in the news

Waste-munching bacteria could make nuclear stores safer – Sam Wong – New Scientist

‘Young poo’ makes aged fish live longer – Ewen Callaway – Nature

Microbiology: Gut microbes augment neurodegeneration – Daniel Erny – Nature

* This Artist Turns Sweat and Bacteria Into Art – Annie Tittiger – Wired

Science, publishing, and career

Why do scientists fabricate and falsify data? A matched-control analysis of papers containing problematic image duplications – Daniele Fanelli – bioRxiv

Amy’s non-microbiology picks

Human knockouts and phenotypic analysis in a cohort with a high rate of consanguinity – Danish Saleheen – Nature