July 16, 2017

Events and jobs
Postdoctoral Fellow – Astrobiology – University of Florida

Microbiology Laboratory Manager – Cranleigh Scientific, Northamptonshire, England

Human respiratory microbiome
Review: Microbiome in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – Eduard Monso – Annals of Translational Medicine

Monitoring clinical and microbiological evolution of a cystic fibrosis patient over 26 years: experience of a Brazilian CF Centre – Cassiana da Costa Ferreira Leite – BMC Pulmonary Medicine

Distal airway microbiome is associated with immunoregulatory myeloid cell responses in lung transplant recipients – Nirmal S. Sharma – The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation

Human oral microbiome
Diabetes Enhances IL-17 Expression and Alters the Oral Microbiome to Increase Its Pathogenicity – E. Xiao – Cell Host and Microbe

Microbiome of peri-implantitis affected and healthy dental sites in patients with a history of chronic periodontitis – Danae Apatzidou – Archives of Oral Biology

Human gut microbiome
Review: Gut–CNS-Axis as Possibility to Modulate Inflammatory Disease Activity—Implications for Multiple Sclerosis – Ann-Katrin Fleck – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Determination of certain bacterial groups in gut microbiota and endotoxin levels in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis – Ceren Özkul – The Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology

Animal experiments
Meat and bone meal as partial replacement of fishmeal in diets for gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) juveniles: Diets digestibility, digestive function, and microbiota modulation – Sara Moutinho – Aquaculture

Arachidonic acid sex-dependently affects obesity through linking gut microbiota-driven inflammation to hypothalamus-adipose-liver axis – Pan Zhuang – Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – Molecular Basis of Disease

Disparity in the nasopharyngeal microbiota between healthy cattle on feed, at entry processing and with respiratory disease – Mohamed Zeineldin – Veterinary Microbiology

Animal microbiome
Effects of chromium(III) on enzyme activities and bacterial communities during swine manure composting – Yanan Yin – Bioresource Technology

Antimicrobial Activity of Actinobacteria Isolated From the Guts of Subterranean Termites – R. A. Arango – Environmental Entomology

Oral Disease and Microbiota in Free-roaming cats – Ana Whyte – Topics in Companion Animal Medicine

Plant, root, and soil microbiome
Investigating the durable effect of the hot water treatment used in nurseries on pathogenic fungi inhabiting grapevine wood and involved in Grapevine Trunk Diseases – Emilie Bruez – Crop Protection

Understanding the mycobiota of maize from the highlands of Guatemala, and implications for maize quality and safety – José Rodrigo Mendoza – Crop Protection

The uniqueness and biogeochemical cycling of plant root microbial communities in a floating treatment wetland – Hidetoshi Urakawa – Ecological Engineering

Water and extremophile microbiome
The Other Microeukaryotes of the Coral Reef Microbiome – T.D. Ainsworth – Trends in Microbiology

Taxonomic and functional diversity of a coastal planktonic bacterial community in a river-influenced marine area – Stefan Thiele – Marine Genomics

Built environment
Stimulation effect of electric current density (ECD) on microbial community of a three dimensional particle electrode coupled with biological aerated filter reactor (TDE-BAF) – Yan Feng – BioResource Technology

Food microbiology
Review: Bacteriocin-Antimicrobial Synergy: A Medical and Food Perspective – Harsh Mathur – Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Low FODMAP Diet in the Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis – Dania Schumann – Nutrition

Macrophages treated with non-digestible polysaccharides reveal a transcriptionally unique phenotype – Yongfu Tang – Journal of Functional Foods

Microbial Ecology
Interplay between antibiotic efficacy and drug-induced lysis underlie enhanced biofilm formation at subinhibitory drug concentrations – Wen Yu – bioRxiv

A phylogenetic and evolutionary analysis of antimycin biosynthesis – Rebecca Joynt – bioRxiv

Probiotics / prebiotics
Review: Prenatal and postnatal administration of prebiotics and probiotics – Kristin Sohn – Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine

Phototrophic microorganisms in the symbiotic communities of Baikal sponges: Diversity of psbA gene (encoding D1 protein of photosystem II) sequences – OV Kaluzhnaya – Mol Biol (Mosk)
Unfortunately, this article is in Russian and I cannot access the original. The abstract was interesting though, the goal of the study is to determine whether psbA sequences can be used as a marker for phototrophic organisms.

New sequences
Noncontiguous finished genome sequences and description of Bacillus massiliglaciei, Bacillus mediterraneensis, Bacillus massilinigeriensis, Bacillus phocaeensis and Bacillus tuaregi, five new species identified by culturomics – F. Cadoret – New Microbes and New Infections

Whole-Genome Sequences of Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 Virus Isolates from Kerala, India – Sara Jones – Genome Announcements

Phoenicibacter massiliensis‘ gen. nov., sp. nov., a new bacterium isolated from the human gut of a pygmy woman – M. Bilen – New Microbes and New Infections

Phenotypic and genomic comparison of Mycobacterium aurum and surrogate model species to Mycobacterium tuberculosis: implications for drug discovery – Amine Namouchi – BMC Genomics

Microbes in the news 
** Mini-Metagenomics Leads to Microbial Discovery – Abby Olena – The Scientist
Refers to Microfluidic-based mini-metagenomics enables discovery of novel microbial lineages from complex environmental samples – Feiqiao Brian Yu – ELife **

APC Microbiome Institute appoints Spinning Clock to Mind Your Microbes brief – Andy Black – The Drum
An app for kids to learn about the microbiome!

Microbial diversity: ‘key benchmark in the coming Third Wave cosmetic revolution’ – Lucy Whitehouse – Cosmetics Design

Novel bacterial physiology identified in the creation of biofilms – Science Daily

Physicists Just Found a Way to Spin Teeny Tiny Robot Motors With Bacteria – Gemma Conroy – Science Alert

New bacteria being developed for cheese may save industry $10m a year, researchers say – Melanie Vujkovic – ABC

Bacteria-infected mosquitoes are coming to Fresno – but it’s a good thing! – Bryant-Jon Anteola – Fresno Bee

BYU student overcomes flesh-eating bacteria to compete on ‘American Ninja Warrior’ – Braley Dodson – Daily Herald

Bacteria Actively Drive Development of Colorectal Cancer – Newswise
Looking at Streptococcus gallolyticus and its ability to promote colorectal cancer in cell culture, animal models, and human tissue.

Bacteria Hysteria
How surgeons can stop the spread of germs by operating NAKED instead of wearing surgical gowns – Colin Fernandez – Daily Mail

May 24, 2017

Human Microbiome

Non-pylori Helicobacters (NHPHs) induce shifts in gastric microbiota in Helicobacter pylori-infected patients – Peng et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Association between body mass index and Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio in an adult Ukrainian population – Koliada et al. – BMC Microbiology

The effect of heritability and host genetics on the gut microbiota and metabolic syndrome – Young Lim et al. – Gut (BMJ)

Fungal microbiota dysbiosis in IBD – Sokol et al. – Gut (BMJ)

A tale of two risks: smoking, diabetes and the subgingival microbiome – Ganesan et al. – The ISME Journal

Animal Microbiome

The Structural and Functional Capacity of Ruminal and Cecal Microbiota in Growing Cattle Was Unaffected by Dietary Supplementation of Linseed Oil and Nitrate  – Popova et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Probiotics – Prebiotics

Gut Bacteria Missing in Severe Acute Malnutrition, Can We Identify Potential Probiotics by Culturomics? – Tidjani Alou et al – Frontiers in Microbiology

Detection and Physicochemical Characterization of Membrane Vesicles (MVs) of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 –  Grande et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Resistant Starch Regulates Gut Microbiota: Structure, Biochemistry and Cell Signalling – Yang et al. – Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry

Food Microbiology

A Functional Metagenomic Analysis of Tetracycline Resistance in Cheese Bacteria – Flórez et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Extensive Horizontal Gene Transfer in Cheese-Associated Bacteria – Bonham et al. – BioRxiv

Food Safety in the Age of Next Generation Sequencing, Bioinformatics, and Open Data Access – Taboada et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

In vitro assessment of Pediococcus acidilactici Kp10 for its potential use in the food industry – Abbasiliasi et al. – BMC Microbiology

Pathogen Research

In-depth Profiling of MvfR-Regulated Small Molecules in Pseudomonas aeruginosa after Quorum Sensing Inhibitor Treatment – Allegretta et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Metabolic anticipation in Mycobacterium tuberculosis – Eoh et al. – Nature Microbiology

Predicting Drug Resistance Evolution: Antimicrobial Peptides Vs. Antibiotics – Yi et al. – BioRxiv

Environmental Microbiology

Undocumented Potential For Primary Productivity In A Globally-Distributed Bacterial Photoautotroph – Graham et al. – BioRxiv

Epibionts dominate metabolic functional potential of Trichodesmium colonies from the oligotrophic ocean – Frischkorn et al. – The ISME Journal


BSocial: Deciphering Social Behaviors within Mixed Microbial Populations – Purswani et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

A Phylogenetic Method To Perform Genome-Wide Association Studies In Microbes That Accounts For Population Structure And Recombination – Collins and Didelot – BioRxiv

Association Mapping From Sequencing Reads Using K-mers – Rahman et al. – BioRxiv

MATAM: Reconstruction Of Phylogenetic Marker Genes From Short Sequencing Reads In Metagenomes – Pericard et al. – BioRxiv


Perspective: Our path to better science in less time using open data science tools – Stewart Lowndes et al. – Nature Ecology & Evolution

Teaching genetics prior to teaching evolution improves evolution understanding but not acceptance –  Mead et al. – PLoS Biology

Review: Adaptations of archaeal and bacterial membranes to variations in temperature, pH and pressure – Siliakus et al. – Extremophiles

May 7, 2017

A short digest for Sunday morning. Few interesting gut microbiome articles and Time magazine cover story about the next pandemic and novel detection technologies.

General microbiome

Antibiotics in a general population: Relations with gender, body mass index (BMI) and age and their human health risks – Sisi Liu -Science of the Total Environment

Human gut microbiome

A Clostridium difficile-Specific, Gel-Forming Protein Required for Optimal Spore Germination – ML Donnelly – MBio

The intestinal microbiome and paediatric liver disease – Daniel H Leung, MD – The Lancet

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Review: Communication in the Phytobiome – Jan E. Leach – Cell

Food microbiology

The impact of nutrition on intestinal bacterial communities – Harry J Flint – Current opinion in Microbiology

Large-scale targeted metagenomics analysis of bacterial ecological changes in 88 kimchi samples during fermentation – Moeun Lee – Food microbiology

Probiotics / prebiotics

Designer probiotics for the prevention and treatment of human diseases – Koon Jiew Chua – Current opinion in chemical biology

Microbes in the news

Time magazine: The world is not ready for the next pandemic

Researchers find link between gut microbiome, osteoarthritis pain

February 27, 2017

The ‘horseshoe effect’ in analyzing microbial niches; fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) in immunocompromised individuals; effects of long-term ceftriaxone sodium administration on gut microbiota diversity; DNA extraction bias in soil microbial community analysis; and a multistrain probiotic clinical trial in NAFLD.

Events and jobs

Postdoctoral Fellow in Microbiology – University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN

QC Microbiology Analyst – Leidos – Frederick, MD

General microbiome
Uncovering the Horseshoe Effect in Microbial Analyses – James T. Morton – mSystems

Pregnancy and early life
Microbiome, autoimmunity, allergy, and helminth infection: The importance of the pregnancy period – Xian Chen – American Journal of Reproductive Immunology

Implications of intrapartum azithromycin on neonatal microbiota – Jenny Mei – The Lancet Infectious Diseases

Human respiratory microbiome
Restoring CFTR Function Reduces Airway Bacteria and Inflammation in People With Cystic Fibrosis and Chronic Lung Infections – Katherine B. Hisert – American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Microbiome of the Lung in Patient with Idiopathic Pneumonia Syndrome (IPS) after HCT – Sachiko Seo – Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation

Oral and nasal microbiota in Parkinson’s disease – Pedro A.B. Pereira – Parkinsonism & Related Disorders

Human skin microbiome
N-acetylcysteine inhibits growth, adhesion and biofilm formation of Gram-positive skin pathogens – Daria Eroshenko – Microbial Pathogenesis

Human vaginal microbiome
Olegusella massiliensis gen. nov., sp. nov., strain KHD7T, a new bacterial genus isolated from the female genital tract of a patient with bacterial vaginosis – Khoudia Diop – Anaerobe

Bacterial species colonizing the vagina of healthy women are not associated with race – May A. Beamer – Anaerobe

The influence of sexual activity on the vaginal microbiota and Gardnerella vaginalis clade diversity in young women – Vodstrcil LA – PLoS One

Human gut microbiome
Long-term taxonomic and functional divergence from donor bacterial strains following fecal microbiota transplantation in immunocompromised patients – Eli Moss – bioRxiv

Long-term use of ceftriaxone sodium induced changes in gut microbiota and immune system – Yanjie Guo – Scientific Reports

Two dynamic regimes in the human gut microbiome – Sean M. Gibbons – PLoS Computational Biology

Review: The gut microbiome in human neurological disease: A review – Helen Tremlett – Annals of Neurology

The Effects of Moderate Whole Grain Consumption on Fasting Glucose and Lipids, Gastrointestinal Symptoms, and Microbiota – Danielle N. Cooper – Nutrients

Gut microbial profile is altered in primary biliary cholangitis and partially restored after UDCA therapy – Ruqi Tang – Gut

Randomised clinical trial: faecal microbiota transplantation for recurrent Clostridum difficile infection – fresh, or frozen, or lyophilised microbiota from a small pool of healthy donors delivered by colonoscopy – Z. D. Jiang – Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Gut microbiota and systemic inflammation changes after bread consumption: The ingredients and the processing influence – Maykel Arias – Journal of Functional Foods

Review: Gut microbiome-based medical methodologies for early-stage disease prevention – Jing-Zhang Wong – Microbial Pathogenesis

The dual role of short fatty acid chains in the pathogenesis of autoimmune disease models – Mizuno M – PLoS One

Giardia duodenalis induces dysbiosis of human intestinal microbiota biofilms – Jennifer K. Beatty – International Journal for Parasitology

Animal experiments
Apple Polysaccharide inhibits microbial dysbiosis and chronic inflammation and modulates gut permeability in HFD-fed rats – Sheng Wang – International Journal of Biological Macromolecules

Animal microbiome
Metatranscriptomic profiling reveals linkages between the active rumen microbiome and feed efficiency in beef cattle – Fuyong Li – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome
Review: Genomic dissection of host–microbe and microbe–microbe interactions for advanced plant breeding – Samuel Kroll – Current Opinion in Plant Biology

Differential sharing and distinct co-occurrence networks among spatially close bacterial microbiota of bark, mosses and lichens‬‬ – Ines Aline Aschenbrenner – Molecular Ecology

The choice of the DNA extraction method may influence the outcome of the soil microbial community structure analysis – Sylwia Zielińska – Microbiology Open

High-resolution sequencing reveals unexplored archaeal diversity in freshwater wetland soils – Adrienne B. Narrowe – Environmental Microbiology

A comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of copper transporting P1B ATPases from bacteria of the Rhizobiales order uncovers multiplicity, diversity and novel taxonomic subtypes – Ciro Cubillas – Microbiology Open

Host-parasite-bacteria triangle: the microbiome of the parasitic weed Phelipanche aegyptiaca and tomato-Solanum lycopersicum (Mill.) as a host – Lilach Iasur Kruh – Frontiers in Plant Science

Diversity of root-associated fungi of Vaccinium mandarinorum along a human disturbance gradient in subtropical forests, China – Yanhua Zhang – Journal of Plant Ecology

Loss of soil microbial diversity may increase insecticide uptake by crop – Min Zhang – Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment

The presence of aggressive ants is associated with insect visits to coffee flowers and floral microbe communities – Rachel L. Vannette – Basic and Applied Ecology

Metagenomic assessment of methane production-oxidation and nitrogen metabolism of long term manured systems in lowland rice paddy – P. Bhattacharyya – Science of the Total Environment

The Introduction of Woody Plants For Freshwater Wetland Restoration Alters The Archaeal Community Structure in Soil – Xiao-Yan Liu – Land Degradation & Development

A distinctive root-inhabiting denitrifying community with high N2O/(N2O+N2) product ratio – Chao Ai – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Plant cultivars imprint the rhizosphere bacterial community composition and association networks – Yuji Jiang – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Structural variability and niche differentiation in the rhizosphere and endosphere bacterial microbiome of field-grown poplar trees – Bram Beckers – Microbiome

Water and extremophile microbiome
Development of a prototype 16S rRNA gene-based microarray for monitoring planktonic actinobacteria in shrimp ponds – Jingjing Wang – International Aquatic Research

Serpentinization-influenced groundwater harbors extremely low diversity microbial communities adapted to high pH – Katrina I. Twing – Frontiers in Microbiology

Cold adaptation of the Antarctic haloarchaea Halohasta litchfieldiae and Halorubrum lacusprofundi – Timothy J. Williams – Environmental Microbiology

Diversity of crude oil-degrading bacteria and alkane hydroxylase (alkB) genes from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau – Haozhi Long – Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

Ubiquitous and persistent Proteobacteria and other Gram-negative bacteria in drinking water – Ivone Vaz-Moreira – Science of the Total Environment

Acidicapsa ferrireducens sp. nov., Acidicapsa acidiphila sp. nov., and Granulicella acidiphila sp. nov.: novel acidobacteria isolated from metal-rich acidic waters – Carmen Falagán – Extremophiles

Synthetic extreme environments: overlooked sources of potential biotechnologically relevant microorganisms – Timothy Sibanda – Microbial Biotechnology

Acinetobacter halotolerans sp. nov., a novel halotolerant, alkalitolerant, and hydrocarbon degrading bacterium, isolated from soil – Ram Hari Dahal – Arhives of Microbiology

Physiological and comparative genomic analysis of Acidithiobacillus ferrivorans PQ33 provides psychrotolerant fitness evidence for oxidation at low temperature – Robert Ccorahua-Santo – Research in Microbiology

Genome-resolved metagenomics of a bioremediation system for degradation of thiocyanate in mine water containing suspended solid tailings – Sumayah F. Rahman – Microbiology Open

Food microbiology
Nondairy beverage produced by controlled fermentation with potential probiotic starter cultures of lactic acid bacteria and yeast – Ana Luiza Freire – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Probiotics / prebiotics
Targeting the Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis: Prebiotics Have Anxiolytic and Antidepressant-like Effects and Reverse the Impact of Chronic Stress in Mice – Aurelijus Burokas – Biological Psychiatry

Review: Clinical effects of probiotics in cystic fibrosis patients: A systematic review – Stephanie Van Biervliet – Clinical Nutrition ESPEN

Effects of Multistrain Probiotic Supplementation on Glycemic and Inflammatory Indices in Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Double-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial – Abbaszadeh Sepideh – Journal of the American College of Nutrition

Microbes in the news
Glass Microbiology at the At-Bristol Science Centre – Culture Calling

Bacteria And Babies: A Scientific Debate – Part One – American Council on Science and Health

Reference: Delivery mode shapes the acquisition and structure of the initial microbiota across multiple body habitats in newborns – Maria G. Dominguez-Bello – PNAS

December 10, 2016

Airway microbiota of infants with cystic fibrosis, an X-linked IBD risk gene in mice, Colorado flood impact, and metabolic profiling of men eating pasta and bread.

General microbiome

Review: Arguments Reinforcing the Three-Domain View of Diversified Cellular LifeArguments Reinforcing the Three-Domain View of Diversified Cellular Life – Arshan Nasir – Archaea

Opinion: Koch’s Postulates to Metagenome and NextGeneration Sequencing, But what is Next? – Santanu Chattopadhyay – Journal of Gastrointestinal Disorders and Liver Function

Human oral microbiome

Review: Gram-Positive Anaerobes in Periodontal Pathogenesis: New Kids on the Block? – A Mini Review – Journal of Bacteriology & Mycology:

Human respiratory microbiome

Airway Microbiota in Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid from Clinically Well Infants with Cystic Fibrosis – Theresa A. Laguna – PLOS ONE

The Microbiome and the Pathophysiology of Asthma – Ashley Sullivan – Respiratory Research

Human gut microbiome

Review: Intestinal Immunity and Gut Microbiota in Atherogenesis – Tomoya Yamashita – Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis

Review: Microbiome, Growth Retardation, and Metabolism: Are they related? – Daniel J. Hoffman – Annals of Human Biology

Animal experiments

Cosmc is an X-linked inflammatory bowel disease risk gene that spatially regulates gut microbiota and contributes to sex-specific risk – Matthew R. Kudelka – PNAS

Depletion of Gut Microbiota Protects against Renal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury – Diba Emal – Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

Probiotic Roles of Lactobacillus spp. in Swine: Insights from Gut Microbiota – Valerie Diane V. Valeriano – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Gut microbiota from metabolic disease-resistant, macrophage-specific RIP140 knockdown mice improves metabolic phenotype and gastrointestinal integrity – Yi-Wei Lin – Scientific Reports

Antimicrobial growth promoters modulate host responses in mice with a defined intestinal microbiota – Kirsty Brown – Scientific Reports

High Fibre Diet and Acetate Supplementation Change the Gut Microbiota and Prevent the Development of Hypertension and Heart Failure in DOCA-Salt Hypertensive Mice
Francine Z. Marques – Circulation

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Microbial remediation of aromatics-contaminated soil – Ying Xu – Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering

Plant pathogens but not antagonists change in soil fungal communities across a land abandonment gradient in a Mediterranean landscape – L. Bosso – Acta Oecologica

High taxonomic variability despite stable functional structure across microbial communities – Stilianos Louca – Nature Ecology & Evolution

Repeated glyphosate exposure induces shifts in nitrifying communities and metabolism of phenylpropanoids – Marco Allegrini – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Water microbiology

Regional variations in the diversity and predicted metabolic potential of benthic prokaryotes in coastal northern Zhejiang, East China Sea – Kai Wang – Scientific Reports

Influence of the Po River runoff on the bacterioplankton community along trophic and salinity gradients in the Northern Adriatic Sea – Ilaria Pizzetti – Marine Ecology

Dynamic metabolic exchange governs a marine algal-bacterial interaction – Einat Segev – eLIFE
Research highlight: When a relationship turns ugly – Andrea Du Toit – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Food microbiology and functional foods

Cultivable microbiome of fresh white button mushrooms – Werner Rossouw

A MeSH-based text mining method for identifying novel prebiotics – Shan, Guangy – Medicine

Waste and pollution microbiology

Effect of structural carbohydrates and lignin content on the anaerobic digestion of paper and paper board materials by anaerobic granular sludge – Jorge Gonzalez-Estrella – Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Metagenomic profiling of historic Colorado Front Range flood impact on distribution of riverine antibiotic resistance genes – Emily Garner – Scientific Reports

Sequential bioleaching of copper from brake pads residues using encapsulated bacteria – François Vermeulen – Minerals Engineering

Feed it some of your old protein gelsIsolation and Characterization of Acrylamidase from Arthrobacter sp. DBV1 and Its Ability to Biodegrade Acrylamide – Dattatray K. Bedade – Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Copper exposure to soil under single and repeated application: Selection for the microbial community tolerance and effects on the dissipation of antibiotics – Bei Liu – Journal of Hazardous Materials


A diverse intrinsic antibiotic resistome from a cave bacterium – Andrew C. Pawlowski – Nature Communications

Million-Year-Old ‘Hero Bug’ Emerges From Cave – Michaeleen Doucleff – NPR


Metabolic Profiling Reveals Differences in Plasma Concentrations of Arabinose and Xylose after Consumption of Fiber-Rich Pasta and Wheat Bread with Differential Rates of Systemic Appearance of Exogenous Glucose in Healthy Men – Andre J Pantophlet – The Journal of Nutrition

Bifidobacterium breve UCC2003 metabolises the human milk oligosaccharides lacto-N-tetraose and lacto-N-neo-tetraose through overlapping, yet distinct pathways – Kieran James – Scientific Reports

Viruses and phages

Towards quantitative viromics for both double-stranded and single-stranded DNA viruses – Simon Roux – PeerJ

Microbial ecology

Paradoxes in Leaky Microbial Trade – Yoav Kallus – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Video: Living together: the symbiosis of host-microbial interactionsVideo: Living together: the symbiosis of host-microbial interactions – Margaret McFall-Ngai – iBiology

Scientist Studies the Infant Resistome to Combat Superbugs – Infection Control Today

Diet, the gut microbiome, and colorectal cancer: are they linked? – EurekAlert


Microbes on the market

Medical Game-Changers Beckon. On #1 of the Top 10: Using the Microbiome to Prevent, Diagnose, and Treat Disease –  Casey McDonald

VC-backed Enterome hires Patel as chief medical officer and adds Garceau to board – PE Hub

Second Genome Announces Appointments in Human Resources, Finance to Support Corporate Growth – Yahoo.com

As school gardens spread, so do the teaching moments – Adrian Higgins – Washington Post

Twitter as a Tool for Teaching and Communicating Microbiology: The #microMOOCSEM Initiative – EHU

New evidence shows how bacterium in undercooked chicken causes GBS – EurekAlert

Science, publishing, and career

The Microbiology Effect: A Call for Education Research – Samantha L. Elliott – J. Microbiol. Biol. Educ.
The Necessity of Prerequisite Undergraduate Microbiology Courses for Pre-Allied Health Professionals – Andrea M. Rediske – J. Microbiol. Biol. Educ.
Supporting Microbiology in the Nursing Curriculum – Bethany Adamec – ASM

On the origin of nonequivalent states: how we can talk about preprints – Cameron Neylon – bioRxiv

Why a First Amendment win is good for science – Adam Marcus and Ivan Oransky – STATNews

December 3, 2016

Metagenomic tracking of stool transplant success, circadian oscillations in host transcription, microbial fermentation and chocolate flavors, and a future vision of medicine and microbiome analysis.

Human skin microbiome

16S based microbiome analysis from healthy subjects’ skin swabs stored for different storage periods reveal phylum to genus level changes – Ingeborg Klymiuk – Frontiers in Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

High-resolution tracking of microbial colonization in Fecal Microbiota Transplantation experiments via metagenome-assembled genomes – Sonny TM Lee- bioRxiv

Dialister as a Microbial Marker of Disease Activity in Spondyloarthritis – Raul Y. Tito – Arthritis & Rheumatology

Animal models

* Microbiota Diurnal Rhythmicity Programs Host Transcriptome Oscillations – Christoph A. Thaiss – Cell

Circadian rhythms and the microbiome: Disrupting daily routine of gut microbes can be bad news for whole body – Richard G. “Bugs” Stevens – The Conversation

Impact of the gut microbiota on enhancer accessibility in gut intraepithelial lymphocytes – Nicholas P. Semenkovich – PNAS

Luminal contents from the gut of colicky infants induce visceral hypersensitivity in mice – H. Eutamène – Neurogastroenterology & Motility

Supplementation of oligofructose, but not sucralose, decreases high-fat diet induced body weight gain in mice independent of gustducin-mediated gut hormone release – Sandra Steensels – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Soil microbial communities influence seedling growth of a rare conifer independent of plant–soil feedback – Jessica L. Rigg – Ecology

Reduced snow cover alters root-microbe interactions and decreases nitrification rates in a northern hardwood forest – Patrick O. Sorensen – Ecology

Water microbiome

Grazers structure the bacterial and algal diversity of aquatic metacommunities – Julia Birtel – Ecology

Food microbiology

Influence of Cocoa Hybrids on Volatile Compounds of Fermented Beans, Microbial Diversity during Fermentation and Sensory Characteristics and Acceptance of Chocolates – Igor Magalhães da Veiga Moreira – Journal of Food Quality

Evaluation of Bacterial Contamination Sources in Meat Production Line – Farzaneh Bakhtiary- Journal of Food Quality

Pre- and probiotics

* A future vision of medicineCrystal Ball: A routine check-up at the digital medical centre – Kenneth N. Timmis – Microbial Biotechnology

Microbes in the news

Martha Carlin: A Visionary Citizen Scientist Changing Microbiome and Medical Research – Anne Estes – Mostly Microbes

7 ways The BioCollective Will Accelerate Microbiome Research and Change Medicine – Anne Estes – Mostly Microbes

Young Innovators: Bacteria may hold secret to oilsands remediation – Federica Giannelli – The Star Phoenix

This week in microbiology: TWiM 140: Small town, big science – MicrobeTV
Finding Mars on Earth: Chilean Hot Springs Provide New Clues to a Martian Mystery – Jeffrey Marlow – Discover Magazine

Parkinson’s linked to gut bacteria – Robert Ferris – CNBC

The Army’s looking into putting bacteria into its electronics. Army Research Lab scientists are collaborating with biologists – Ars Technica

Bad Body Odor? Try Putting More Bacteria Under Your Pits – Kyle Frischkorn – GQ

Researchers discover way to make surfaces less vulnerable to disease-causing bacteria – Phys.org

Calculating for the Future: Can Breweries Provide More STEM Jobs for Women? – Bryan Roth – Beer Advocate

November 15, 2016

Microbial profiling in the classroom, viral abundance in seawater membrane vesicles, two Akkermansia in vitro studies, the phyllospere of Phoenix’ urban forest, the (im)possibility to reconstruct plasmids, high confidence protein annotations.

General microbiome

Microorganisms as Scaffolds of Host Individuality: An Eco-Immunity Account of the Holobiont – Lynn Chiu – PhilSci Archive

Microbial Community-Level Physiological Profiling as an Inquiry Laboratory Exercise – Pamela A. Marshall – The American Biology Teacher

Human oral microbiome

Bacterial communities associated with apical periodontitis and dental implant failure – Simon Dingsdag – Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease

Human respiratory microbiome

Review: Development of the respiratory tract microbiota in cystic fibrosis – Emma M. de Koff –  Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine

Human gut microbiome

Oral application of Escherichia coli bacteriophage: safety tests in healthy and diarrheal children from Bangladesh – Shafiqul Alam Sarker – Environmental Microbiology

The SURMetaGIT study: Design and rationale for a prospective pan-omics examination of the gastrointestinal response to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery – Priscila Sala – Journal of International Medical Research

Review: The Human Microbiome and I-Cubed: A Modern Medical Paradigm – David S. Younger – World Journal of Neuroscience

Animal and in vitro models

In vitro colonisation of the distal colon by Akkermansia muciniphila is largely mucin and pH dependent – F. Van Herreweghen – Beneficial Microbes

Akkermansia muciniphila mediates negative effects of IFNγ on glucose metabolism – Renee L. Greer – Nature Communications

Animal microbiome

Black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) and domestic horse (Equus caballus) hindgut microflora demonstrate similar fermentation responses to grape seed extract supplementation in vitro – N. F. Huntley – Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Sensitive responders among bacterial and fungal microbiome to pyrogenic organic matter (biochar) addition differed greatly between rhizosphere and bulk soils – Zhongmin Dai – Scientific Reports

Thesis: The Phyllosphere of Phoenix’s Urban Forest: Insights from a Publicly-Funded Microbial Environment – Benjamin C. MacNeille – Arizona State University

Diversity of phylloplane microflora in certain tea cultivars of Assam, North-East India – Amarjyoti Tanti – European Journal of Biological Research

Review: Do genetically modified plants affect adversely on soil microbial communities?
– Zheng-jun Guan – Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment

Water and extremophile microbiome

The Microbiota of Recreational Freshwaters and the Implications for Environmental and Public Health – Chang Soo Lee – Frontiers in Microbiology

Functional diversity of microbial communities in pristine aquifers inferred by PLFA – and sequencing – based approaches – Valerie F. Schwab – Biogeosciences

Trade-off between taxon diversity and functional diversity in European lake ecosystems – Lars Grossmann – Molecular Ecology

Glycerol enhances fungal germination at the water-activity limit for life – Andrew Stevenson – Environmental Microbiology

Bacterial and archeal community composition in hot springs from Indo-Burma region, North-east India – Amrita Kumari Panda – AMB Express

Phages and viruses

Next-generation sequencing and norovirus – Matthew Cotten & Marion Koopmans – Future Virology

Membrane vesicles in sea water: heterogeneous DNA content and implications for viral abundance estimates – Steven J Biller – ISME Journal

Metagenomics and bioinformatics

On the (im)possibility to reconstruct plasmids from whole genome short-read sequencing data – Sergio Arredondo-Alonso – bioRxiv

EMDUnifrac: Exact linear time computation of the Unifrac metric and identification of differentially abundant organisms – Jason McClelland – bioRxiv

Optimal prediction of the number of unseen species – Alon Orlitsky – PNAS

Constraint-based stoichiometric modelling from single organisms to microbial communities
– Willi Gottstein – Journal of the Royal Society Interface

Metabolomics, culturomics, proteomics

Critical decisions in metaproteomics: achieving high confidence protein annotations in a sea of unknowns – Emma Timmins-Schiffman – The ISME Journal

Prioritizing Natural Product Diversity in a Collection of 146 Bacterial Strains Based on Growth and Extraction Protocols – Max Crüsemann – Journal of Natural Products


Review: Probiotics and Subclinical Psychological Symptoms in Healthy Participants: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis – Jennifer McKean – The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

Microbes in the news

Good News at Fred Hutch: Evolutionary biologists Drs. Harmit Malik and Jesse Bloom win American Society for Microbiology awards – Fred Hutch

NTU don once downed a dish of live bacteria, for science’s sake – Straits Times

MCR-1 resistance gene could make its way into bacteria and superbugs in Australia – NT News
Biofilm battle is key to antibiotic war – University of Queensland

‘Probiotics’ on salad greens could make them safer, healthier – The University of Queensland

Monique Keiran: Laziness and hubris making us sick – Times Colonist

From the American Heart Association annual meeting: Could C-Section Birth Raise Child’s Risk of Obesity? – Dennis Thompson – Pantagraph