December 2, 2018

Highlights: Colonocyte metabolism shapes the gut microbiota, skin and gut microbiome of wild mammals, bacterial diversity in waterholes of Kruger National Park, Yeast diversity of glaciers, Laser MICROSAMPLING of soil community, origin & evolution of global RNA virome, Lymphoma virome dynamics, PUMA-for processing 16S rRNA taxonomy data  for analysis and visualization and many more.

General microbiome

Contamination in Low Microbial Biomass Microbiome Studies: Issues and Recommendations – Raphael Eisenhofer – Trends in Microbiology

Review: Gut microbiota – our new important organ  – Rositsa Sandeva – Albanian Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Human gut microbiome

Altered gut microbiota after traumatic splenectomy is associated with endotoxemia – Hua Zhu – Emerging Microbes & Infections

Review: Colonocyte metabolism shapes the gut microbiota – Yael Litvak – Science

Gut Microbiota Modulates Interactions Between Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Bile Acid Homeostasis – Sunny Lihua Cheng – Toxilogical Sciences

Animal experiments 

An intensive milk replacer feeding program benefits immune response and intestinal microbiota of lambs during weaning – Qian Zhang – BMC Veterinary Research

Animal microbiome 

Bacterial diversity in the waterholes of the Kruger National Park: an eDNA metabarcoding approach – Maxwell J Farrell – Genome

Skin and gut microbiomes of a wild mammal respond to different environmental cues – Anton Lavrinienko – BMC Microbiome

Meta-Omics Tools in the World of Insect-Microorganism Interactions – Antonino Malacrinò – MDPI

Land Use Influences Antibiotic Resistance in the Microbiome of Soil Collembolans Orchesellides sinensis – Dong Zhu – Environmental Science and Technology

The equine gastrointestinal microbiome: Impacts of age and obesity – Philippa K. Morrison – Systems Microbiology

Changes in gut bacterial communities in canaries infected by Macrorhabdus ornithogaster – Patrizia Robino – Journal of Avian Pathology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Laser MICROSAMPLING of soil microbial community – M. V. Gorlenko – Journal of Biological Engineering

Poplar phyllosphere harbors disparate isoprene-degrading bacteria – Andrew T. Crombie – PNAS

Changes in litter quality induced by N deposition alter soil microbial communitiesYingbin Li – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Analysis of Bacterial Communities in White Clover Seeds via High-Throughput Sequencing of 16S rRNA Gene – Wenna Gao – Current Microbiology

Impact of Bactrocera oleae on the fungal microbiota of ripe olive drupes – Ahmed Abdelfattah – PLoS One

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Preprint: Extent of the annual Gulf of Mexico hypoxic zone influences microbial community structure Lauren Gillies Campbell – bioRxiv

Review: Microbiologically influenced corrosion and current mitigation strategies: A state of the art review – Bhavya Kachiprath – Data in Brief

Habitat-specificity and diversity of culturable cold-adapted yeasts of a cold-based glacier in the Tianshan Mountains, northwestern China – Baolong Luo – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Bacterial Communities in Areas of Oil and Methane Seeps in Pelagic of Lake Baikal  – Aleksandra S. Zakharenko – Microbial Ecology

Phages and viruses

Origins and Evolution of the Global RNA Virome – Yuri I. Wolf – mBio

Lymphoma Virome Dynamics Revealed By Cell-Free DNA Sequencing – Joseph G Schroers-Martin – Blood

Techniques

Inner Workings: Mapping the microbiome location helps elucidate its role – Marcus Woo – PNAS

Preprint: FDA-ARGOS: A Public Quality-Controlled Genome Database Resource for Infectious Disease Sequencing Diagnostics and Regulatory Science Research – Heike Sichtig – bioRxiv

Preprint: PUMA: A tool for processing 16S rRNA taxonomy data for analysis and visualization – Keith Mitchell – bioRxiv

EMA-amplicon-based taxonomic characterisation of the viable bacterial community present in untreated and SODIS treated roof-harvested rainwater – André Strauss  -Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology

 

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November 29, 2018

Today’s digest covers updates on human milk oligosaccharides, microbial life in cemetry, intestinal resistome, and benefits of intermittent fasting in human cohort and the gut microbiota in mice.

General microbiome
Next steps in studying the human microbiome and health in prospective studies, Bethesda, MD, May 16–17, 2017 – Rashmi Sinha – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Human milk oligosaccharides, milk microbiome and infant gut microbiome modulate neonatal rotavirus infection – Sasirekha Ramani – Nature Communications

Interpersonal Variations in Gut Microbiota Profiles Supersedes the Effects of Differing Fecal Storage Conditions – Caspar Bundgaard-Nielsen – Scientific Reports

In-and-Out Molecular Changes Linked to the Type 2 Diabetes Remission after Bariatric Surgery: An Influence of Gut Microbes on Mitochondria Metabolism – Paulina Samczuk – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Characterization of fungal dysbiosis in Japanese patients with inflammatory bowel disease – Takayuki Imai – Journal of Gastroenterology

Gut microbiota features of the geographically diverse Indian population – Sudarshan A. Shetty – BioRxiv

Animal experiments

Intermittent administration of a fasting-mimicking diet intervenes in diabetes progression, restores β cells and reconstructs gut microbiota in mice Siying Wei – Nutrition and Metabolism

Skin and gut microbiomes of a wild mammal respond to different environmental cues – Anton Lavrinienko – Microbiome

Mouse intestinal microbiota reduction favors local intestinal immunity triggered by antigens displayed in Bacillus subtilis biofilm – Cédric M. Vogt – Microbial Cell Factories

The murine vaginal microbiota and its perturbation by the human pathogen group B Streptococcus – Alison Vrbanac – BMC Microbiology

Use of next generation sequencing to investigate the microbiota of experimentally induced wounds and the effect of bandaging in horses – Louis J. Kamus – PlosOne

Soil microbiome

Expansive microbial metabolic versatility and biodiversity in dynamic Guaymas Basin hydrothermal sediments – Nina Dombrowski – Nature Communications

Built Environment

Microbial life beyond the grave: 16S rRNA gene-based metagenomic analysis of bacteria diversity and their functional profiles in cemetery environments – Akebe Luther King Abia – Science of the Total Environment

Techniques

Prediction of the intestinal resistome by a three-dimensional structure-based method – Etienne Ruppé – Nature Microbiology

Quantitative PCR provides a simple and accessible method for quantitative microbiome profiling – Ching Jian – BioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Poo found on every McDonald’s touchscreen tested – Metro

Non-microbiology picks

Effects of intermittent and continuous calorie restriction on body weight and metabolism over 50 wk: a randomized controlled trial – Ruth Schübel – The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

 

November 13, 2018

Today’s Digest features several soil and environmental microbiome papers, including the effect of fire on soil ecosystems, insights into the freshwater microbiome associated with the world’s largest mining disaster, applications of soils in forensics, and chemical leaching from LCD screens due to synergistic bacteria. Plus, check out some animal work in marine invertebrates (Sea stars and Ascidians) as well as minks, flying squirrels, and bees!

Pregnancy and early life
The profile of human milk metabolome, cytokines and antibodies in inflammatory bowel diseases versus healthy mothers and potential impact on the newborn – Xuanyi Meng -Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis

Human multi-site microbiome
Shared gut, but distinct oral microbiota composition in primary Sjögren’s syndrome and systemic lupus erythematosus – Taco A. van der Meulen – Journal of Autoimmunity

Urine Bacteria-Derived Extracellular Vesicles and Allergic Airway Diseases in Children – Mona Samra – International Archives of Allergy and Immunology

Review: Repertoire of bacterial species cultured from the human oral cavity and respiratory tract – Maxime DM Fonkou – Future Microbiology

Gut-brain axis
Schizophrenia and gut-flora related epigenetic factors – Chuanjun Zhuo – Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry

The structure of resilience in irritable bowel syndrome and its improvement through hypnotherapy: Cross-sectional and prospective longitudinal data – Johannes Peter – PLOS One

Fermented foods, the gut and mental health: a mechanistic overview with implications for depression and anxiety – Hajara Aslam – Nutritional Neuroscience

Chronic alcohol exposure induced gut microbiota dysbiosis and its correlations with neuropsychic behaviors and brain BDNF/Gabra1 changes in mice – Zheng Xu – Biofactors

Microbial treatment: the potential application for Parkinson’s disease – Xin Fang – Neurological Sciences

Multiple Sclerosis-Associated Changes in the Composition and Immune Functions of Spore-Forming Bacteria. – Egle Cekanaviciute – mSystems

Human gut microbiome
The effect of drinking water pH on the human gut microbiota and glucose regulation: results of a randomized controlled cross-over intervention – Tue H. Hansen – Scientific Reports

Composition of gut microbiota and its association with body mass index and lifestyle factors in a cohort of 7–18 years old children from the American Gut Project – Jinbing Bai – Pediatric Obesity

Long-term impact of oral vancomycin, ciprofloxacin and metronidazole on the gut microbiota in healthy humans. – Bastiaan W Haak – Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Helicobacter pylori Infection: New Facts in Clinical Management. – Peter Malfertheiner – Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology

Animal experiments
The protective effects of fecal microbiota transplantation in an experimental model of necrotizing enterocolitis – Christian Prado – Journal of Pediatric Surgery

Intestinal Snakeskin Limits Microbial Dysbiosis during Aging and Promotes Longevity – Anna M. Salazar – iScience

Animal microbiome
Microbiome shifts with onset and progression of Sea Star Wasting Disease revealed through time course sampling – Melanie M. Lloyd – Scientific Reports

Core and Dynamic Microbial Communities of Two Invasive Ascidians: Can Host–Symbiont Dynamics Plasticity Affect Invasion Capacity?– Hila Dror – Microbial Ecology

Fecal bacterial microbiota of Canadian commercial mink (Neovison vison): Yearly, life stage, and seasonal comparisons – Nicole R. Compo – PLOS One

Variations in Gut Microbiota of Siberian Flying Squirrels Correspond to Seasonal Phenological Changes in Their Hokkaido Subarctic Forest Ecosystem – Po-Yu Liu – Microbial Ecology

Influence of Feeding Type and Nosema ceranae Infection on the Gut Microbiota of Apis cerana Workers – Shao K. Huang – mSystems

Host selectively contributes to shaping intestinal microbiota of carnivorous and omnivorous fish – Kristian Daly – The Journal of General and Applied Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome
Fire modulates ecosystem functioning through the phylogenetic structure of soil bacterial communities – Eduardo Pérez-Valera – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Assessment of soil microbial communities involved in cellulose utilization at two contrasting Alpine forest sites – José A. Siles – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Experimental Testing of Dispersal Limitation in Soil Bacterial Communities with a Propagule Addition Approach – Fen-Guo Zhang – Microbial Ecology

Influence of different biological control agents and compost on total and nitrification driven microbial communities at rhizosphere and soil level in a lettuce – Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lactucae pathosystem – Maria Alexandra Cucu – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Assessment of 16S rRNA gene primers for studying bacterial community structure and function of aging flue-cured tobaccos. – Fan Wang – AMB Express

Changes in bacterial diversity and catabolic gene abundance during the removal of dimethylphenol isomers in laboratory-scale constructed wetlands. – Mónica A. Vásquez Piñeros – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Abiotic factors determine functional outcomes of microbial inoculation of soils from a metal contaminated brownfield – Jay Prakash Singh – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Applying microbial biogeography in soil forensics – Habteab Habtom – Forensic Science International: Genetics

eDNA metabarcoding supporting community assessment of environmental stressor in a field-based sediment microcosm study – Jianghua Yang – Environmental Science and Technology

Water and extremophile microbiome
Analysis of the diversity of aerobic, thermophilic endospore-forming bacteria in two Algerian hot springs using cultural and non-cultural methods – Mohamed Amine Gomri – Annals of Microbiology

Anaerobic biological treatment of industrial saline wastewater: Fixed bed Reactor performance and analysis of the microbial community structure and abundance – Mariem Jeddi – Environmental Technology

Microbiome triggered transformations of trace organic chemicals in the presence of effluent organic matter in managed aquifer recharge (MAR) systems – Karin Hellauer – Environmental Science and Technology

Insights on the freshwater microbiomes metabolic changes associated with the world’s largest mining disaster – Marcelle C. Cordeiro – Science of the Total Environment

Microbial Functional Responses to Cholesterol Catabolism in Denitrifying Sludge – Sean Ting-Shyang Wei – mSystems

Built environment
Leaching of indium from end-of-life LCD panels via catalysis by synergistic microbial communities – Yaling Xie – Science of the Total Environment

Probiotics/Prebiotics
Probiotic and synbiotic therapy in the critically ill: State of the art – James M. Davison – Nutrition

Butyrate Producers as Potential Next-Generation Probiotics: Safety Assessment of the Administration of Butyricicoccus pullicaecorum to Healthy Volunteers. – Leen Boesmans – mSystems

Divergent short-chain fatty acid production and succession of colonic microbiota arise in fermentation of variously-sized wheat bran fractions – Yunus E. Tuncil – Scientific Reports

Bioinformatics
Machine Learning Reveals Missing Edges and Putative Interaction Mechanisms in Microbial Ecosystem Networks – Demetrius DiMucci – mSystems

Techniques
A tridecaptin-based fluorescent probe for differential staining of Gram-negative bacteria. – Wei Wang – Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

High-Throughput Miniaturized 16S rRNA Amplicon Library Preparation Reduces Costs while Preserving Microbiome Integrity – Jeremiah J. Minich – mSystems

Book Chapter: Activity-Based Protein Profiling—Enabling Multimodal Functional Studies of Microbial Communities – Christopher Whidbey – Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology

November 7, 2018

There’s lots of new work to catch up on! Some highlights include the skin virome in patients with immune deficiency, a mechanism for host-microbe mutualism in zebrafish, ecological pressures in soil that lead to smaller genomes, and a book chapter about the future of microbial forensics.

General Microbiome
Genotype to phenotype: Diet-by-mitochondrial DNA haplotype interactions drive metabolic flexibility and organismal fitness – Wen C. Aw – PLOS Genetics

Antifungal immune responses: emerging host–pathogen interactions and translational implications – Vinod Kumar – Genome Medicine

Pregnancy and early life
Childhood Adversity Impact on Gut Microbiota and Inflammatory Response to Stress During Pregnancy. – Liisa Hantsoo – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Enabling precision medicine in neonatology, an integrated repository for preterm birth research – Marina Sirota – Scientific Data

Associations of birth mode with cord blood cytokines, white blood cells, and newborn intestinal bifidobacteria – Isabel Cristina Ribas Werlang – PLOS One

HPV infection and bacterial microbiota in breast milk and infant oral mucosa – Heidi Tuominen – PLOS One

Human skin microbiome
Expanded skin virome in DOCK8-deficient patients – Osnat Tirosh – Nature Medicine

Microbiological Profile of Sarecycline: A Novel Targeted Spectrum Tetracycline for the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris – George Zhanel – Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

Human vaginal microbiome
Preprint: Glycan cross-feeding drives mutualism between Fusobacterium and the vaginal microbiota – Kavita Agarwal – bioRxiv

Human multi-site microbiome
The altered human serum metabolome induced by a marathon – Zinandré Stander – Metabolomics

The unsolved problem of otitis media in indigenous populations: a systematic review of upper respiratory and middle ear microbiology in indigenous children with otitis media
Andrea Coleman
Microbiome

Human gut microbiome
An exploration of Prevotella-rich microbiomes in HIV and men who have sex with men – Abigail J. S. Armstrong – Microbiome

Safety and preliminary efficacy of orally administered lyophilized fecal microbiota product compared with frozen product given by enema for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection: A randomized clinical trial – Zhi-Dong Jiang – PLOS One

The long term effect of metabolic profile and microbiota status in early gastric cancer patients after subtotal gastrectomy – Xi-Hsuan Lin – PLOS One

Animal experiments
A bacterial immunomodulatory protein with lipocalin-like domains facilitates host–bacteria mutualism in larval zebrafish – Annah S Rolig – eLife

Gut microbiota and intestinal FXR mediate the clinical benefits of metformin – Lulu Sun – Nature Medicine

Interactions between Roseburia intestinalis and diet modulate atherogenesis in a murine model – Kazuyuki Kasahara – Nature Microbiology

Enteric infection coupled with chronic Notch pathway inhibition alters colonic mucus composition leading to dysbiosis, barrier disruption and colitis – Ishfaq Ahmed – PLOS One

Toxoplasma gondii infection triggers chronic cachexia and sustained commensal dysbiosis in mice – Jessica A. Hatter – PLOS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome
Ecological selection for small microbial genomes along a temperate-to-thermal soil gradient – Jackson W. Sorensen – Nature Microbiology

Decomposition responses to climate depend on microbial community composition -Sydney I. Glassman – PNAS

The nanotechnology among US: are metal and metal oxides nanoparticles a nano or mega risk for soil microbial communities? – J. Parada – Critical Reviews in Biotechnology

Water and extremophile microbiome
Diversity and Coding Potential of the Microbiota in the Photic and Aphotic Zones of Tropical Man-Made Lake with Intensive Aquaculture Activities: a Case Study on Temengor Lake, Malaysia. – Nyok-Sean Lau – Microbial Ecology

Quantifying the changes in genetic diversity within sequence-discrete bacterial populations across a spatial and temporal riverine gradient – Alexandra Meziti – The ISME Journal

Probiotics
Anti-diabetic effects of Lactobacillus casei fermented-yogurt through re-shaping gut microbiota structure in type 2 diabetic rats – Ling Qu – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Probiotics-fermented Massa Medicata Fermentata ameliorates weaning stress in piglets related to improving intestinal homeostasis – Yanbo Wang – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Techniques
Impact of DNA extraction method and targeted 16S-rRNA hypervariable region on oral microbiota profiling – Fei Teng – Scientific Reports

Science career/training and publishing
Preprint: The CURE for Culturing Fastidious Microbes – Arundhati Bakshi – bioRxiv

Meeting Report: Current progress and future opportunities in applications of bioinformatics for biodefense and pathogen detection: report from the Winter Mid-Atlantic Microbiome Meet-up, College Park, MD, January 10, 2018. – Jacquelyn S. Meisel -Microbiome

In win for open access, two major funders won’t cover publishing in hybrid journals

Microbial Forensics
Book Chapter: Unique Individualistic Microflora: The Future of DNA Fingerprinting Technique – Pankaj Shrivastava – DNA Fingerprinting: Advancements and Future Endeavors

Alyson’s non-microbiology picks
Science candidates prevail in US midterm elections

November 3, 2018

Human Microbiome

Defining Dysbiosis in Disorders of Movement and Motivation – Christopher T. Fields – The Journal of Neuroscience

The Microbiotic Highway to Health-New Perspective on Food Structure, Gut Microbiota, and Host Inflammation – Nina Wærling Hansen – Nutrients

Compounding to Prevent and Treat Dysbiosis of the Human Vaginal Microbiome – Riepl Mike – International Journal Of Pharmaceutical Compounding

Multiple sessions of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy associated with surgical periodontal treatment in patients with chronic periodontitis – Uislen B. Cadore – Journal of Periodontology

Gastrointestinal microbiota disruption and risk of colonization with carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in ICU patients – Melinda M Pettigrew – Clinical Infectious Diseases

Efficacy of Probiotics Supplementation On Chronic Kidney Disease: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis – L. Jia – Kidney and Blood Pressure Research

Antibiotic resistance genes distribution in microbiomes from the soil-plant-fruit continuum in commercial Lycopersicon esculentum fields under different agricultural practices – Francisco Cerqueira – Science of The Total Environment

Repeated rectal application of a hyperosmolar lubricant is associated with microbiota shifts but does not affect PrEP drug concentrations: results from a randomized trial in men who have sex with men – Richard E Haaland – Journal of The International AIDS Society

Modulation of gut microbiome in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: pro-, pre-, syn-, and antibiotics – Min Seok Cho – Journal of Microbiology

Does Modification of the Large Intestinal Microbiome Contribute to the Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Fermentable Fiber? – Shiu-Ming Kuo – Current Developments in Nutrition

 

Animal Microbiome

Pubertal exposure to the endocrine disruptor mono-2-ethylhexyl ester at body burden level caused cholesterol imbalance in mice – Cui Wang – Environmental Pollution

Effects of hexavalent chromium on intestinal histology and microbiota in Bufo gargarizans tadpoles – Qiong Yao – Chemosphere

Dietary shifts influenced by livestock grazing shape the gut microbiota composition and co-occurrence networks in a local rodent species – Guoliang Li – Journal of Animal Ecology

The Impact of Fructo-Oligosaccharides on Gut Permeability and Inflammatory Responses in the Cecal Mucosa Quite Differs between Rats Fed Semi-Purified and Non-Purified Diets – Tomomi Genda – Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology

Temperature-mediated inhibition of a bumblebee parasite by an intestinal symbiont – Evan C. Palmer-Young – Proceedings of The Royal Society B

Combined Consumption of Beef-Based Cooked Mince and Sucrose Stimulates Oxidative Stress, Cardiac Hypertrophy, and Colonic Outgrowth of Desulfovibrionaceae in Rats – Thomas Van Hecke – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Host diet mediates a negative relationship between abundance and diversity of Drosophila gut microbiota – Berra Erkosar – Ecology and Evolution

 

Food Microbiome

Monitoring of assertive Lactobacillus sakei and Lactobacillus curvatus strains using an industrial ring trial experiment – Dorothee Janßen – Journal of Applied Microbiology

 

Plant Microbiome

The bacterial volatile dimethyl-hexa-decylamine reveals an antagonistic interaction between jasmonic acid and cytokinin in controlling primary root growth of Arabidopsis seedlings – Ernesto Vázquez-Chimalhua – Protoplasma

Smells from the desert: microbial volatiles that affect plant growth and development of native and non-native plant species – David A. Camarena‐Pozos – Plant, Cell and Environment

 

Bioinformatics, Methodologies and Analysis

Identification and removal of contaminating microbial DNA from PCR reagents: impact on low biomass microbiome analyses – Lisa F Stinson – Letters in Applied Microbiology

A computational framework to integrate high-throughput ‘-omics’ datasets for the identification of potential mechanistic links – Helle Krogh Pedersen – Nature Protocols

 

Other

Studying the microbiome and its complexities: an interview with Alan WalkerBMC Biology

When a physicist wanders into biology…: an interview with KC HuangBMC Biology

From bacterial genomics to clinical epidemiology: an interview with Bill HanageBMC Biology

 

October 28, 2018

Featured today: Social & population health science approaches towards human microbiome; sinus microbiome; gut microbiota-dietary phytoestrogen relationship in captive rhinos; halophytes- soil microbiome link in the river delta; microbial shift in bioreactor during methanogenesis; gut bacterium of fruit fly alters locomotory activity by one of its isomerases.

General microbiome

Review: Feather degradation by keratinolytic bacteria and biofertilizing potential for sustainable agricultural production – K. Tamreihao – Journal of Basic Microbiology

Social and population health science approaches to understand the human microbiome – Pamela Herd – Nature Human Behaviour

Human respiratory microbiome

The effect of maxillary sinus antrostomy size on the sinus microbiome – Alexander S. Kim BSE – International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology

Human oral microbiome

Parvimonas micra stimulates expression of gingipains from Porphyromonas gingivalis in multi-species communities – Jessica Neilands – Anaerobe

Human gut microbiome

Microbiota stability in healthy individuals after single-dose lactulose challenge—A randomized controlled study – Sandra Y. Wotzka – PLoS One

Timing for the second fecal microbiota transplantation to maintain the long-term benefit from the first treatment for Crohn’s disease – Pan Li – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Spatial and Temporal Analysis of the Stomach and Small Intestinal Microbiota in Fasted Healthy Humans – Anna Seekatz – bioRxiv

Prospective Study of Oral Microbiome and Colorectal Cancer Risk in Low‐income and African American Populations – Yaohua Yang – International Journal of Cancer

Distinct mucosal microbial communities in infants with surgical necrotizing enterocolitis correlate with age and antibiotic exposure – Joann Romano-Keeler – PLoS One

Animal experiments 

Effects of water decontamination methods and bedding material on the gut microbiota – Willie A. Bidot – PLoS One

The Oral Microbiota Is Modified by Systemic Diseases – DT Graves – Journal of Dental Research

Gut microbiome disruption altered the biotransformation and liver toxicity of arsenic in mice – Liang Chi – Archives of Toxicology

Salmonella shedding status of the sow affects the microbiota of their piglets at weaning – Guillaume Larrivière‐Gauthier – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Mixture of Two Lactobacillus plantarum Strains Modulates the Gut Microbiota Structure and Regulatory T Cell Response in Diet‐Induced Obese Mice – Jieun Lee – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Animal microbiome 

Habitat-specific variation in gut microbial communities and pathogen prevalence in bumblebee queens (Bombus terrestris) – L Bosmans – PLoS One

Influence of midgut microbiota in Anopheles stephensi on Plasmodium berghei infections – Devaiah Monnanda Kalappa – Malaria Journal

Host blood meal source has a strong impact on gut microbiota of Aedes aegypti – Ephantus J Muturi – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Gut microbiota and phytoestrogen-associated infertility in southern white rhinoceros – Candace L Williams – bioRxiv

Phenotypic characterization and whole genome analysis of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing bacteria isolated from dogs in Germany – Tim Boehmer – PLoS One

Proteome and microbiota analysis reveals alterations of liver-gut axis under different stocking density of Peking ducks – Yuqin Wu – PLoS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Oxygen loss from seagrass roots coincides with colonisation of sulphide-oxidising cable bacteria and reduces sulphide stress – Belinda C. Martin – The ISME Journal

Coastal halophytes alter properties and microbial community structure of the saline soils in the Yellow River Delta, China – Changliang Jing – Applied Soil Ecology

Enumeration, Antagonism and Enzymatic Activities of Microorganisms Isolated from Railway Station Soil – Megha Sharma – bioRxiv

Bacterial survival strategies in an alkaline tailing site and the physiological mechanisms of dominant phylotypes as revealed by metagenomic analyses – Weimen Sun – Environmental Science & Technology

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Assessment of Anthropogenic Influence on Antarctic Mycobiota in Areas of Russian Polar Stations – I. Yu. Kirtsideli – Contemporary Problems of Ecology

Built environment 

Simulation of in situ oil reservoir conditions in a laboratory bioreactor testing for methanogenic conversion of crude oil and analysis of the microbial community – Dan Xu – International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation

Phages and viruses

Bacteriophages shift the focus of the mammalian microbiota – Breck A. Duerkop – PLoS Pathogens

Virome Analysis Reveals No Association of Head and Neck Vascular Anomalies with an Active Viral Infection – Nora Franke – In Vivo

Bacteriophages dynamically modulate the gut microbiota and metabolome – Bryan B. Hsu – bioRxiv

Techniques

Rapid differentiation of Lactobacillus species via metabolic profiling – Kundi Yang – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Modelling the role of microbial p-cresol in colorectal genotoxicity – Eiman Abdulla Al Hinai – Gut Microbes

Microbes in the news

Gut microbes alter the walking activity of fruit flies – Nature

October 25, 2018

Roller coaster of fantastic articles today! Two sister articles from TEDDY cohort about development of the gut microbiota in early childhood and type-1 diabetes. Another article on association of the early gut microbiota with body mass index later in life in a Norwegian cohort. A multi-omics study of the rumen microbiota and insight into how human gut microbiota recovers following antibiotic exposure. And many more, keep reading…

Human gut microbiome

Recovery of gut microbiota of healthy adults following antibiotic exposure – Albert Palleja – Nature Microbiology

The human gut microbiome in early-onset type 1 diabetes from the TEDDY study – Tommi Vatanen – Nature

Temporal development of the gut microbiome in early childhood from the TEDDY study – Christopher J. Stewart – Nature

Gut Microbiota in the First 2 Years of Life and the Association with Body Mass Index at Age 12 in a Norwegian Birth Cohort – Maggie A. Stanislawski – mBio

Human gut microbe co-cultures have greater potential than monocultures for food waste remediation to commodity chemicals – Matthew A. Perisin – Scientific Reports

Animal experiments

Interspecies cross-feeding orchestrates carbon degradation in the rumen ecosystem – Lindsey M. Solden – Nature Microbiology

A gut microbial factor modulates locomotor behaviour in Drosophila – Catherine E. Schretter – Nature

Dietary fibers inhibit obesity in mice, but host responses in the cecum and liver appear unrelated to fiber-specific changes in cecal bacterial taxonomic composition – Janice E. Drew – Scientific Reports

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Existing Climate Change Will Lead to Pronounced Shifts in the Diversity of Soil Prokaryotes – Joshua Ladau – mSystems

Techniques

Intestinal barrier dysfunction orchestrates the onset of inflammatory host–microbiome cross-talk in a human gut inflammation-on-a-chip – Woojung Shin – PNAS

Microbiota profiling with long amplicons using Nanopore sequencing: full-length 16S rRNA gene and whole rrn operon – Anna Cusco – BioRxiv

Microbes in the news

3 million common procedures in England could become ‘life threatening’ without antibiotics – CNN

Antibiotic plus probiotic combination may kill off superbugs – Medical News Today

Microbes on the market

Microbiotica Attracts Equity Investment from Seventure’s Health for Life Capital Fund – Microbiome Times

Rebiotix and Microbiome Insights Collaborate on a Microbiome IBD Tool for Clinical Development – Microbiome Times

APC Microbiome Ireland pool resources to lead maternity probiotic venture – Nutraingredients.com

Non-microbiology picks

How should autonomous vehicles be programmed? – ScienceDaily