February 17, 2021

General microbiome

Microbial diversity in homes and the risk of allergic rhinitis and inhalant atopy in two European birth cohorts – Hyytiäinen et al. – Environmental Research

Pregnancy and early life

Can we modulate the breastfed infant gut microbiota through maternal diet? – Sindi et al. – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Human respiratory microbiome

The nasal microbiome, nasal transcriptome, and pet sensitization – Chun et al. – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human gut microbiome

The Effects of Genetic Relatedness on the Preterm Infant Gut Microbiota – Lim et al. – Microorganisms

[REVIEW]Inflammatory bowel disease: tri-directional relationship between microbiota, immune system and intestinal epithelium – Ahlawat et al. – Critical Reviews in Microbiology

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation Is a Promising Method to Restore Gut Microbiota Dysbiosis and Relieve Neurological Deficits after Traumatic Brain Injury – Du et al. – Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity

The baseline gut microbiota directs dieting-induced weight loss trajectories – Jie et al. – Gastroenterology

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Bacterial microbiota similarity between predators and prey in a blue tit trophic network – Dion-Phenix et al. The ISME Journal

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Landscape Setting Drives the Microbial Eukaryotic Community Structure in Four Swedish Mountain Lakes over the Holocene – Capo et al. – Microorganisms

Profiling of Microbial Communities in the Sediments of Jinsha River Watershed Exposed to Different Levels of Impacts by the Vanadium Industry, Panzhihua, China – He et al. – Environmental Microbiology

Bioinformatics

HMD-ARG: hierarchical multi-task deep learning for annotating antibiotic resistance genes – Li et al. – Microbiome

ASaiM-MT: a validated and optimized ASaiM workflow for metatranscriptomics analysis within Galaxy framework – Mehta et al. – f1000

February 12, 2021

Today’s quite diverse digest features: the role of gut commensal fungi mycobiota in shaping the human protective IgG antibody repertoire, Mouse Microbial Genome Collection, gut microbiome – lymphocytes – diet link, competition between Gardnerella species, microbiota-derived bile acids pool as a mediator of host–microbiota interactions, multiscale variation in genome graphs, and a list of awesome webinars, courses and podcasts. Check out two cool science and art projects, Bacterial Alphabet and Microbe Crayon. Happy Friday!

Gut microbiome

*Human gut mycobiota tune immunity via CARD9-dependent induction of anti-fungal IgG antibodies – Itai Doron – Cell

*Functional and taxonomic comparison of mouse and human gut microbiotas using extensive culturing and metagenomics – Benjamin S. Beresford-Jones – bioRxiv

*High intake of vegetables is linked to lower white blood cell profile and the effect is mediated by the gut microbiome – Cristina Menni – BMC Medicine

The Reactobiome Unravels a New Paradigm in Human Gut Microbiome Metabolism – Gholamreza Bidkhori – bioRxiv

Spatial analysis of gut microbiome reveals a distinct ecological niche associated with the mucus layer – Kellyanne Duncan – Gut Microbes

Review: Diversity and dynamism of IgA−microbiota interactions – Kelsey E. Huus – Nature Reviews Immunology

Antibiotic-associated dysbiosis affects the ability of the gut microbiota to control intestinal inflammation upon fecal microbiota transplantation in experimental colitis models – Francesco Strati – Microbiome

Adherent-invasive E. coli metabolism of propanediol in Crohn’s disease regulates phagocytes to drive intestinal inflammation – Monica Viladomiu – Cell Host & Microbe

Adults with Prader–Willi syndrome exhibit a unique microbiota profile – Wendy J. Dahl – BMC Research Notes

Vaginal microbiome

*Population density affects the outcome of competition in co-cultures of Gardnerella species isolated from the human vaginal microbiome – Salahuddin Khan and Janet E. Hill – bioRxiv

Review: Lactic acid-containing products for bacterial vaginosis and their impact on the vaginal microbiota: A systematic review – Erica L. Plummer – PlosOne

Urinary microbiome

Functional and Taxonomic Dysbiosis of the Gut, Urine, and Semen Microbiomes in Male Infertility – Scott D. Lundy – European Urology

Review: The microbiome and host mucosal interactions in urinary tract diseases – Bernadette Jones-Freeman – Mucosal Immunology

Epidemiology of urinary tract infections in children: Causative bacteria and antimicrobial therapy – Yuhei Tanaka – Paediatrics International

Human milk microbiome

Repeatability and reproducibility assessment in a large-scale population-based microbiota study: case study on human milk microbiota – Shirin Moossavi – Microbiome

Respiratory microbiome

Review: Respiratory microbiome in mechanically ventilated patients: a narrative review – Mélanie Fromentin – Intensive Care Medicine

Animal microbiome

Genomic and functional analyses of fungal and bacterial consortia that enable lignocellulose breakdown in goat gut microbiomes – Xuefeng Peng – Nature Microbiology

Metagenomics of antimicrobial and heavy metal resistance in the cecal microbiome of fattening pigs raised without antibiotics – Paiboon Tunsagool – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Unravelling the Role of Rumen Microbial Communities, Genes, and Activities on Milk Fatty Acid Profile Using a Combination of Omics Approaches – Sokratis Stergiadis – Frontiers in Microbiology

Evaluation of the ocular surface mycobiota in clinically normal horses – Mary L. Walsh – PlosOne

Animal experiments

Colonization at birth with human CST IV cervicovaginal microbiota alters development and increases neonatal mortality in mice – Eldin Jašarević – bioRxiv

Novel gut pathobionts confound results in a widely used mouse model of human inflammatory disease – Samuel C Forster – bioRxiv

Low-dose exposure of glyphosate-based herbicides disrupt the urine metabolome and its interaction with gut microbiota – Jianzhong Hu – Scientific Reports

Microbiota control of maternal behavior regulates early postnatal growth of offspring – Yujung Michelle Lee – Science Advances

Probiotics

Minireview: Lactic acid bacteria as probiotics for the nose? – Ilke De Boeck – Microbial Biotechnology

*Lactobacillus bile salt hydrolase substrate specificity governs bacterial fitness and host colonization – Matthew H. Foley – PNAS

Probiotic nasal spray development by spray drying – Katarina Jokicevic – European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics

Water microbiome

Microbiota analysis of rural and urban surface waters and sediments in Bangladesh identifies human waste as driver of antibiotic resistance – Ross S. McInnes – bioRxiv

Depth-discrete metagenomics reveals the roles of microbes in biogeochemical cycling in the tropical freshwater Lake Tanganyika – Patricia Q. Tran – The ISME Journal

Soil microbiome

Trace gas oxidizers are widespread and active members of soil microbial communities – Sean K. Bay – Nature Microbiology

Bacterial communities regulate temporal variations of the antibiotic resistome in soil following manure amendment – Jianhua Cheng – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Techniques

Quantifying Variation in Bacterial Reproductive Fitness: a High-Throughput Method – Pascal M. Frey – mSystems

Bioinformatics

*Enabling multiscale variation analysis with genome graphs – Brice Letcher – bioRxiv

HMD-ARG: hierarchical multi-task deep learning for annotating antibiotic resistance genes – Yu Li – Microbiome

BAGET 2.0: an updated web tool for the effortless retrieval of prokaryotic gene context and sequence – Benjamin Hepp – Bioinformatics

Metagenomics workflow for hybrid assembly, differential coverage binning, metatranscriptomics and pathway analysis (MUFFIN) – Renaud Van Damme – Plos Computational Biology

PATO: Pangenome Analysis Toolkit – Miguel D. Fernández-de-Bobadilla – bioRxiv

Struo2: efficient metagenome profiling database construction for ever-expanding microbial genome datasets – Nicholas D. Youngblut and Ruth E. Ley – bioRxiv

Webinars

UCC Science Society STEMinar: The Gut Microbiome, Health & Disease. You truly are what you eat – Paul O’Toole – 15 February

SGBUG (Singapore Bacterial Ultra Group) seminar: Human Gut Bacteria, Bile Acids, and Host Physiology – Sloan Devlin – 18 February

MicroSeminars 2021 – Free Web-based Microbiology Seminar Series

Biofilm Baithak – An India-specific Meetup – India Biofilms Society- 20-27 February 2021.

Klebsiella Virtual Seminar Series 2021 #KlebClub2021 – Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan

Courses

Bioinformatics for Biologists: An Introduction to Linux, Bash Scripting, and R – The Wellcome Genome Campus

Next Generation Sequencing Bioinformatics course – Wellcome Genome Campus Advanced Courses & Scientific Conferences – H3Abionet

Biobanking – Institut Pasteur

Podcasts

Season 2, Ep. 2: Building Biomes with Jack Gilbert – Ruairi Robertson – Biomes

Reverse mentoring with Martin Dougherty – Alice Matimba – Your Digital Mentor

Episode 17: Post-docs Part 2: Hiring – Stephanie Hicks and John Muschelli – The Corresponding Author

Episode 235: Green algae and fatty acids – Vincent Racaniello, Elio Schaechter, Michele Swanson, and Michael Schmidt – This week in microbiology podcast

Dr. Heer Mehta: Antibiotic Resistance and Experimental Evolution – Leo Elworth – The Bioinformatics and Beyond Podcast

Science and Art

Microbe Crayon Project – Anne A. Madden

Drawing the #BacterialAlphabet – Noémie Matthey

January 24, 2021

Hyvää Päivää from Helsinki, Finland ! Today’s digest contains quite a lot of different topics. If you are interested in  early-life microbiome, I recommend taking a look at the paper from Mortensen and collaborators. To understand the role of the maternal vaginal microbiome’s in seeding their child and the importance of the delivery mode in early-life microbiome acquisition, they studied 665 mother–child dyads and modeled the transfer of the vaginal microbiota from mother to infants.

In today’s digest, you’ll also find a really interesting preprint from Abiriga and collaborators, looking at the microbiome of a groundwater aquifer contaminated by a municipal landfill while undergoing intrinsic bioremediation. This preprint is particularly notable because studies looking at the microbiome of contaminated aquifers are particularly rare, despite groundwater contaminations from landfills being a very common issue.

Today’s non-microbiology pick takes a look at the difficulty of detecting scientificly fraudulent images produced by Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs). They demonstrate that this deep-learning method can generate realistic western blot images that are indistinguishable from real western blots. In conclusion, the authors argues that additional information should be required to ensure that the western blots published in scientific publication are not generated images. 

Have a great Sunday!


Human respiratory microbiome

Functional lower airways genomic profiling of the microbiome to capture active microbial metabolism – Sulaiman et al. – European respiratory journal

Human skin microbiome

Preprint: Comparative investigation of the Diabetic foot ulcer microbiome – Saeb et al. – BioRxiv

Human vaginal microbiome

Preprint: Vaginal bacterial load in the second trimester is associated with early preterm birth recurrence: a nested case-control – Goodfellow et al. – MedRxiv

Modeling transfer of vaginal microbiota from mother to infant in early life – Mortensen et al. – eLife

Human gut microbiome

Review: Linking Gut Microbiome and Lipid Metabolism: Moving beyond Associations – Lamichhane et al. – Metabolites


Animal microbiome

Individual fate and gut microbiome composition in the European wild rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) – Funosas et al. – Scientific reports

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Microbiome structure and functional potential in permafrost soils of the Western Canadian Arctic – Varsadiya et al. – FEMS Microbial ecology

Book chapter: Microbial Diversity of Phyllosphere – Dhankhar et al. – Phytomicrobiome Interactions and Sustainable Agriculture

Review: Novel and Emerging Capabilities that Can Provide a Holistic Understanding of the Plant Root Microbiome – Singer et al. – Phytomes journal

Water and extremophile microbiome

Book chapter: Potential of Extremophiles for Bioremediation – Kaushik et al. – Microbial Rejuvenation of Polluted Environment. Microorganisms for Sustainability, vol 25. Springer, Singapore.

Built environment

Microbial Diversity Analysis of Sediment from Yeosu New Harbor of South Korea Using 16S rRNA Gene Amplicon Sequencing – Lee et al. – Microbiology ressource announcements

Preprint: Characterisation of the bacterial microbiota of a landfill-contaminated confined aquifer undergoing intrinsic remediation – Abiriga et al. – BioRxiv


Phages and viruses

Reduced metagenomic sequencing (RMS) approach to determine the gut-associated phageome in mother-child – Manohar et al. – Human Microbiome Journal

Review: Enteric Viruses and Inflammatory Bowel Disease – Tarris et al. – Viruses

Bioinformatics

book chapter: Advances in Omics and Bioinformatics Tools for Phyllosphere Studies – Bansal – Phytomicrobiome Interactions and Sustainable Agriculture

MegaR: an interactive R package for rapid sample classification and phenotype prediction using metagenome profiles and machine learning – Dhungel et al. – BMC Bioinformatics


My non-microbiology picks

Preprint: Emerging Concern of Scientific Fraud: Deep Learning and Image Manipulation – Qi et al. – BioRxiv

January 21, 2021

Today’s post include review article on gut-liver axis, research articles on diet-microbiota interaction in Chinese adults, association between microbiome and type1 diabetes, and new metagenomic profiling method using phylogenetic markers.

General microbiome

Bacterial and eukaryotic extracellular vesicles and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: new players in the gut-liver axis? – Alexandre Villard – American Joural of Physiology Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

Potential Contribution of the Intestinal Microbiome to Phenethylamine-Induced Hyperthermia – Aburahma A. – Brain, Behavior and Evolution

Human microbiome

Long-term diet quality is associated with gut microbiome diversity and composition among urban Chinese adults – Danxia Yu – American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Long-term dietary intake from infancy to late adolescence is associated with gut microbiota composition in young adulthood – Kolade Oluwagbemigun – American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

The gut microbiota metabolite propionate ameliorates intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction-mediated Parkinson’s disease via the AKT signaling pathway – Tingting Huang – Neuroreport

Fecal and mucosal microbiota profiling in pediatric inflammatory bowel diseases – Lorenza Putignani – European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Associations between diet, the gut microbiome and short chain fatty acids in youth with islet autoimmunity and type 1 diabetes – Jessica E. Harbison – Pediatric Diabetes

Reproducing the scalp microbiota community: co‐colonization of a 3D reconstructed human epidermis with C. acnes and M. restricta – Marisa Melon – International Journal of Cosmetic Science

Hepatic steatosis relates to gastrointestinal microbiota changes in obese girls with polycystic ovary syndrome – Beza Jobira – PlosOne

Animal microbiome

Infection trains the host for microbiota-enhanced resistance to pathogens – Apollo Stacy – Cell

Changes of Gut Microbiota and Its Correlation With Short Chain Fatty Acids and Bioamine in Piglets at the Early Growth Stage – Renli Qi – Frontiers in Veterinary Science

Functional Foods

Prospecting Human Milk Oligosaccharides as a Defense Against Viral Infections – Rebecca E Moore- ACS Infectious Diseases

Techniques

TIPP2: metagenomic taxonomic profiling using phylogenetic markers – Nidhi Shah – Bioinformatics

Precision long-read metagenomics sequencing for food safety by detection and assembly of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in irrigation water – Meghan Maguire – PlosOne

Microbes in news

Your Microbiome Isn’t Shaped Just By What You Feed It – Discover

Taurine Enhances the Microbiome’s Resistance to Future Pathogens – Genetic Engineering and Biotech News

December 31, 2020

General microbiome

Review: Brain-gut axis: From the conditioned reflex to the microbiota-gut-brain communication system – Klara Gyires – Integrative Physiology

Human skin microbiome

Microbiological profile of diabetic foot ulcers in Kuwait – Asma Alhubail – PLOS ONE

Human respiratory microbiome

The airways microbiome of individuals with asthma treated with high and low doses of inhaled corticosteroids – Matthew J Martin – PLOS ONE

Human gut microbiome

The beneficial or detrimental fluoride to gut microbiota depends on its dosages – Guijie Chen – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Review: Synthetic Gut Microbiome: Advances and Challenges – Humphrey A. Mabwi – Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal

Review: Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis as a Regulator of Reward Process – Rubén García-Cabrerizo – Journal of Neurochemistry

Review: Modulatory effects of gut microbiome in cancer immunotherapy: A novel paradigm for blockade of immune checkpoint inhibitors – Sama Rezasoltani – Cancer Medicine

Animal experiments

Effects of heat-killed Enterococcus faecalis T-110 supplementation on gut immunity, gut flora, and intestinal infection in naturally aged hamsters – Takio Inatomi – PLOS ONE

Nasal Tissue Extraction Is Essential for Characterization of the Murine Upper Respiratory Tract Microbiota – L Patrick Schenck – mSphere

Animal microbiome

Review: Gut microbiota of animals living in polluted environments are a potential resource of anticancer molecules – Morhanavallee Soopramanien – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Metabarcoding on both environmental DNA and RNA highlights differences between fungal communities sampled in different habitats  – Martino Adamo – PLOS ONE

Changes in microbial communities at different soil depths through the first rainy season following severe wildfire in North China artificial Pinus tabulaeformis forest – Qianqian Qin – Journal of Environment Management

Shifts in a Phenanthrene-Degrading Microbial Community are Driven by Carbohydrate Metabolism Selection in a Ryegrass Rhizosphere – Longfei Jiang – ACS

Forest gaps mediate the structure and function of the soil microbial community in a Castanopsis kawakamii forest – Xuelin Wang – Ecological Indicators

Review: Herbicide bioremediation: from strains to bacterial communities – Marcos Pileggi – Heliyon

Spatial scale structure soil bacterial communities across an Arctic landscape – Lucie A Malard – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Metagenomic Analysis of Rhizosphere Bacteria in Desert Plant Calotropis procera – Ahmed M Ramadan

Water and extremophile microbiome

Archaeal communities of low and high microbial abundance sponges inhabiting the remote western Indian Ocean island of Mayotte – Ana Rita Moura Polónia – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Preprint: Novel integrative elements and genomic plasticity in ocean ecosystems – Thomas Hackl – bioRxiv

Food microbiology

The diversity of microbial communities in Chinese milk fan and their effects on volatile organic compound profiles – Chen Chen – Journal of Dairy Science

Characterizing Relationship of Microbial Community in Xiaoqu and Volatiles of Light-aroma-type Xiaoqu Baijiu – Zhe Wang – Food Science and Technology Research

Virus and phages

Acquisition, prevalence and clearance of type-specific human papillomavirus infections in young sexually active Indian women: A community-based multicentric cohort study – Richard Muwonge – PLOS ONE

Techniques

Informed sequential pooling approach to detect SARS-CoV-2 infection – Renato Millioni – PLOS ONE

Thesis: Statistical Methods for Longitudinal Data Analysis and Reproducible Feature Selection in – Lingjing Jiang – UC San Diego Electronic Theses and Dissertations

MicroGMT: A Mutation Tracker for SARS-CoV-2 and Other Microbial Genome Sequences – Yue Xing – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbes and evolution

Long-term experimental evolution of HIV-1 reveals effects of environment and mutational history – Eva Brons – PLOS BIOLOGY

The role of Ulva fasciata in the evolution of the microbial community and antibiotic resistance genes in maricultural sediments – Yuqin Luo – Marine Pollution Bulletin

Preprint: The Diversity and Evolution of Microbial Dissimilatory Phosphite Oxidation – Sophia D Ewens – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Synthetic Biologics Inc. (SYN) Soars 5.43% on December 25 – equities.com

The Brain, Gut and Consciousness: Microbiology of Our Mind – Inquiries Journal

Non-microbiology pick

Preprint: National Institutes of Health Institute and Center Award Rates and Funding Disparities – Michael S Lauer – bioRxiv

Communicating risk in human-wildlife interactions: How stories and images move minds – Sarah K Guenther – PLOS ONE

December 23, 2020

Good morning from Northern Germany! It is almost Xmas. Today’s microbiome digest is rather long and comprises some interesting findings about c-section and the gut microbiome in early life, human breast milk, chronic pain, antimicrobial resistance, imbalance of the gut microbiome in relation to Parkinon’s disease and COVID19, diet, honey bees (two pre-prints), roundup, and last but not least some bioinformatic papers. Additionally, we select some interesting reviews. Of specific interest is a study about showing reveals poor correlations in microbial taxonomic abundance between humans and mice after gnotobiotic transfer.

General microbiome

Sequence variant analysis reveals poor correlations in microbial taxonomic abundance between humans and mice after gnotobiotic transfer – Fouladi et al. – The ISME Journal

Application of ecological and evolutionary theory to microbiome community dynamics across systems – McDonald, Marchesi & Koskella – Proceedings of the Royal Society B

[BOOK CHAPTER]Salivary and Urinary Metabolome in Pediatric Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome – Troisi et al. – Obesity and Diabetes

Human early life microbiome

Cesarean delivery is associated with decreased beneficial gut microbes and increased pathobionts and butyrate excretion: a longitudinal study over the first year of life. – Mueller et al – BJOG

Human oral microbiome

[OPINION]Future directions for studying resilience of the oral ecosystem – Zemouri et al. – British Dental Journal

Human milk microbiome

Maternal diet alters human milk oligosaccharide composition with implications for the milk metagenome – Seferovic et al. – Scientific Reports

Mapping the Human Milk Microbiome: Impetus for a Long-Awaited Renaissance in Maternal and Infant Nutrition Research? – McGuire & McGuire – The Journal of Nutrition

[PREVIEW]Breast Milk Modulates Transgenerational Immune Inheritance – Zimmermann & Macpherson – Cell

An Immunologic Mode of Multigenerational Transmission Governs a Gut Treg Setpoint – Ramanan et al. – Cell

Human respiratory/lung microbiome

[REVIEW]The Lung Microbiome and Pneumonia – Pettigrew, Tanner & Harris

[REVIEW]Microbiome: A Supportive or a Leading Actor in Lung Cancer? – Martins, Mendes & Schmitt – Pathobiology

Human skin microbiome

[REVIEW]Skin and Gut Microbiome in Psoriasis: Gaining Insight Into the Pathophysiology of It and Finding Novel Therapeutic Strategies – Chen et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

An association between chronic widespread pain and the gut microbiome – Freidin et al. – Rheumatology

The Gut Microbiome as a Reservoir for Antimicrobial Resistance – Anthony et al. – The Journal of Infectious Diseases

[REVIEW]Dietary modification of gut microbial metabolism protects the kidney – Carney – Nature Reviews Nephrology

Gut Microbiome Imbalance and Neuroinflammation: Impact of COVID‐19 on Parkinson’s Disease – Follmer – Movement Disorders

US nativity and dietary acculturation impact the gut microbiome in a diverse US population – Peters et al. – The ISME Journal

[REVIEW]Gut Microbiota Status in COVID-19: An Unrecognized Player? – Zeppa et al. – Front. Cell. Infect. Microbiol.

Animal microbiome

[PREPRINT]Honeybee gut microbiota modulates host behaviors and neurological processes – Zhang et al. – bioaRxiv

[PREPRINT]Honeybee genetics shape the strain-level structure of gut microbiota in social transmission – Wu et al. – bioRxiv

Description of the microbiota in epidermal mucus and skin of sharks (Ginglymostoma cirratum and Negaprion brevirostris) and one stingray (Hypanus americanus) – Caballero et al. – PeerJ

Roundup causes embryonic development failure and alters metabolic pathways and gut microbiota functionality in non-target species – Microbiome – Suppa et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Influence of vintage, geographic location and cultivar on the structure of microbial communities associated with the grapevine rhizosphere in vineyards of San Juan Province, Argentina – Aguilar et al. – PLOS One

[REVIEW]Restoring degraded microbiome function with self-assembled communities – Gutierrez et al. – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Combining whole-genome shotgun sequencing and rRNA gene amplicon analyses to improve detection of microbe–microbe interaction networks in plant leaves – Regalado et al. – The ISME Journal

Bioinformatics/Data analysis

A joint modeling approach for longitudinal microbiome data improves ability to detect microbiome associations with disease – PLOS Computation Biology – Luna, Mansbach & Shaw

Predicting Nash equilibria for microbial metabolic interactions – Cai, Tan & Chan – Bioinformatics

microeco: An R package for data mining in microbial community ecology – Liu et al. – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

[REVIEW]Multi-omics data integration considerations and study design for biological systems and disease – Graw et al. – Molecular Omics

Techniques

[PREPRINT]Improved microbial community characterization of 16S rRNA via metagenome hybridization capture enrichment – Beaudry et al. – bioRxiv

December 16, 2020

COVID19

Inferring the effectiveness of government interventions against COVID-19 – Brauner et al. – Science

COVID 19 mortality: Probable role of microbiome to explain disparity – Kumar & Chander – Medical Hyptheses

General microbiome

[PREPRINT] Theory of (antimicrobial) relativity: When competitors determine a species’ drug sensitivity. – Reding – bioRxiv

Human respiratory microbiome

Metagenomic Next-Generation Sequencing of Nasopharyngeal Specimens Collected from Confirmed and Suspect COVID-19 Patients – Mostafa et al. – mBio

Human oral microbiome

Variation in oral microbiome is associated with future risk of lung cancer among never-smokers – Hosgood et al. – Lung cancer

Human gut microbiome

Effect of an 8-week Exercise Training on Gut Microbiota in Physically Inactive Older Women – Zhong et al. – Int J Sports Med

Vitamin D metabolites and the gut microbiome in older men – Thomas et al. – Nature Communications

Animal microbiome

[PREPRINT] Longitudinal profiling of the macaque vaginal microbiome reveals similarities to diverse human vaginal communities: implications for use as a pre-clinical model for bacterial vaginosis – Rhoades et al. – bioRxiv

The earthworm microbiome is resilient to exposure to biocidal metal nanoparticles – Swart et al. – Environmental Pollution

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Environmental microbiome mapping as a strategy to improve quality and safety in the food industry – Filippis et al. – Current Opinion in Food Science

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Nitrosophilus alvini gen. nov., sp. nov., a hydrogen-oxidizing chemolithoautotroph isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent in the East Pacific Rise, inferred by a genome-based taxonomy of the phylum “Campylobacterota” – Shiotani et al. – PLOS One

Techniques

A rapid approach to profiling diverse fungal communities using the MinION™ nanopore sequencer – Mafune et al. – BioTechniques

[PREPRINT] Microbe-seq: high-throughput, single-microbe genomics with strain resolution, applied to a human gut microbiome – Zheng et al. – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Oral Microbiome Diversity and Species Abundance Linked to Lung Cancer in Nonsmokers

December 7, 2020

Today we have some excellent review articles in Science, and Gut as well as several interesting research articles.

COVID-19 

Comparative host-coronavirus protein interaction networks reveal pan-viral disease mechanisms – Gordon et al. Science

Robust neutralizing antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 infection persist for months – Wajnberg et al. Science

General Microbiome

[REVIEW] The role of the microbiota in human genetic adaptation – Suzuki and Ley – Science 

Gut microbiome

Investigating the Role of Diet and Exercise in Gut Microbe-Host Cometabolism – Penney et al. mSystems

[REVIEW] Gut microbiota-derived metabolites as central regulators in metabolic disorders – Agus et al. Gut

Human respiratory microbiome

[REVIEW]  Ecological Succession of Polymicrobial Communities in the Cystic Fibrosis Airways. Khanolkar et al. mSystems

Animal microbiome

Metagenomic analysis reveals a dynamic microbiome with diversified adaptive functions to utilize high lignocellulosic forages in the cattle rumen – Gharechahi et al. ISME

Altitude influences microbial diversity and herbage fermentation in the rumen of yaks – Fan et al. BMC Microbiology

Bioinformatics

[REVIEW]  Analysis of microbial compositions: a review of normalization and differential abundance analysis – Lin and Peddada. Npj Biofilms and Microbiomes. 

Non-microbiome pick 

A comparative genomics multitool for scientific discovery and conservation – Zoonomia Consortium. Nature

December 04, 2020

General microbiome

Highly multiplexed spatial mapping of microbial communities – Shi et al. – Nature

Human respiratory microbiome

Comparison of the human microbiome in adults and children with chronic rhinosinusitis – Park et al. – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome/mycobiome

Gut mycobiomes are altered in people with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetic Retinopathy – Jayasudha et al. – PLOS One

Mucosa-Associated Microbiota in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Comparison of Subtypes – Matsumoto et al. – Digestion

[REVIEW]The Role of the Gut Microbiota and the Immune System in the Development of Autism – Lungba et al. – Cureus Journal of Medical Science

Animal microbiome

A shotgun metagenomic investigation of the microbiota of udder cleft dermatitis in comparison to healthy skin in dairy cows – Ekman et al. – PLOS One

Gut microbiota is associated with protection against Marek’s disease virus infection in chickens – Bavananthasivam – Virology

Stingless bees and microbial interactions – de Paula et al. – Current Opinion in Insect Science

Bioinformatics

CoMA – an intuitive and user-friendly pipeline for amplicon-sequencing data analysis – Hupfauf et al. – PLOS One

November 25, 2020

Human respiratory microbiome

[PREPRINT] Genomic diversity and antimicrobial resistance of Haemophilus colonising the airways of young children with cystic fibrosis – Watts et al. – bioRxiv

Human vaginal microbiome

VALENCIA: a nearest centroid classification method for vaginal microbial communities based on composition – France et al. – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Diet influences the functions of the human intestinal microbiome – De Angelis et al. – Scientific Reports

Dietary probiotic and metabolites improve intestinal homeostasis and prevent colorectal cancer – Peng et al. – Food & Function

Animal microbiome

The synergistic tumor growth-inhibitory effect of probiotic Lactobacillus on transgenic mouse model of pancreatic cancer treated with gemcitabine – Chen et al. – Scientific Reports

16S rRNA sequence data of Bombyx mori gut bacteriome after spermidine supplementation – Rajan et al. – BMC Research Notes

Host plant diet affects growth and induces altered gene expression and microbiome composition in the wood white (Leptidea sinapis) butterfly – Näsvall et al. – Molecular Ecology

Effect of sterilization on the canine vaginal microbiota: a pilot study – Rota et al. – BMC Veterinary Research

Bacterial dispersal and drift drive microbiome diversity patterns within a population of feral hindgut fermenters – Stothart et al. – Molecular Ecology

Changes in the faecal bacterial microbiota during hospitalisation of horses with colic and the effect of different causes of colic – Stewart et al. – Equine Veterinary Journal

Microbiome‐Metabolomic Analyses of the Impacts of Dietary Stachyose on Fecal Microbiota and Metabolites in Infants Intestinal Microbiota‐associated Mice – Xi et al. – Science of Food and Agriculture

Bioinformatics

MetaGeneHunt for protein domain annotation in short-read metagenomes – Berlemont et al. – Scientific Reports

SuRF: A new method for sparse variable selection, with application in microbiome data analysis – Liu – et al. – Statistics in Medicine