October 5, 2019

This weekend, read about how cooking food modifies the microbiome, how bacteria ‘strip off’ to evade antibiotics, and more. Check out an interesting pilot study looking at potential inclusion and exclusion criteria of donors for safe vaginal microbiota transplant. Enjoy!

Events

Bioinformatics for the Microbiome Symposium 2019, Stanford University, Monday October 28.
Some tickets are still available!

General microbiome

Mobile phones as fomites for potential pathogens in hospitals: microbiome analysis reveals hidden contaminants – Rebecca Simmonds – Journal of Hospital Infection

Review: Microbiomes as sources of emergent host phenotypes – J. B. Lynch and E. Y. Hsiao – Science

Vaginal microbiome

*Conceptual Design of a Universal Donor Screening Approach for Vaginal Microbiota Transplant – Kevin DeLong – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Highly diverse anaerobe-predominant vaginal microbiota among HIV-infected pregnant women in Zambia – Joan T. Price – PlosOne

Urinary microbiome

*Possible role of L-form switching in recurrent urinary tract infection – Katarzyna M. Mickiewicz – Nature Communications

Aerococcus urinae and Globicatella sanguinis Persist in Polymicrobial Urethral Catheter Biofilms Examined in Longitudinal Profiles at the Proteomic Level – Yanbao Yu – Biochemistry Insights

Gut microbiome

*Cooking shapes the structure and function of the gut microbiome – Rachel N. Carmody – Nature Microbiology

Integrated paired-end enhancer profiling and whole-genome sequencing reveals recurrent CCNE1 and IGF2 enhancer hijacking in primary gastric adenocarcinoma – Wen Fong Ooi – Gut

Effects of Low-FODMAP Diet on Symptoms, Fecal Microbiome, and Markers of Inflammation in Patients With Quiescent Inflammatory Bowel Disease in a Randomized Trial – Selina R.Cox – Gastroenterology

Water microbiome

Trophic networks improve the performance of microbial anodes treating wastewater – Christin Koch – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Application of a novel molecular technique to characterise the effect of settling on microbial community composition of activated sludge – Luong N.Nguyen – Journal of Environmental Management

Bacterial diversity in Icelandic cold spring sources and in relation to the groundwater amphipod Crangonyx islandicus – Ragnhildur Guðmundsdóttir – PlosOne

Animal microbiome

Looking like the locals – gut microbiome changes post-release in an endangered species – Rowena Chong – Animal microbiome

Animal experiment

Letrozole treatment of pubertal female mice results in activational effects on reproduction, metabolism and the gut microbiome – Pablo Arroyo – PlosOne

Microbiota of MR1 deficient mice confer resistance against Clostridium difficile infection – Ashley D. Smith – PlosOne

Exploring the microbiota of upper respiratory tract during the development of pneumonia in a mouse model – Yoshitomo Morinaga – PlosOne

Plant microbiome

Microbiome profiling of the onion thrips, Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) – Suresh J. Gawande – PlosOne

Food

Comparison of the microbial composition of African fermented foods using amplicon sequencing – Maria Diaz – Scientific Reports

The impact of grape processing and carbonic maceration on the microbiota of early stages of winemaking – Raffaele Guzzon – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Fungi

Phyllosphere Fungal Communities of Plum and Antifungal Activity of Indigenous Phenazine-Producing Pseudomonas synxantha Against Monilinia laxa – Tamara Janakiev – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbial communities associated with the black morel Morchella sextelata cultivated in greenhouses – Gian Maria Niccolò Benucci – PeerJ

Viruses

The gut virome in inflammatory bowel disease pathogenesis: From metagenomics to novel therapeutic approaches – Federica Ungaro – United European Gastroenterology Journal

Association of the Eukaryotic Vaginal Virome with Prophylactic Antibiotic Exposure and Reproductive Outcomes in a Subfertile Population Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization: A Prospective Exploratory Study – Ashley M. Eskew – Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Bioinformatics

ProphET, prophage estimation tool: A stand-alone prophage sequence prediction tool with self-updating reference database – João L. Reis-Cunha – PlosOne

September 23, 2019

This Monday, check out the largest ever study of neonatal microbiomes, the study where researchers alter mouse gut microbiomes by feeding good bacteria their preferred fibers, and the study about the significant effect of antibiotics, antivirals and cofactors on the gut microbiome. Happy reading!

Pregnancy and early life

*Stunted microbiota and opportunistic pathogen colonization in caesarean-section birth – Yan Shao – Nature

Gut microbiome

*Interspecies Competition Impacts Targeted Manipulation of Human Gut Bacteria by Fiber-Derived Glycans – Michael Patnode – Cell

*Distinct impact of antibiotics on the gut microbiome and resistome: a longitudinal multicenter cohort study – Matthias Willmann – BMC Biology

Identification of gut microbiome markers for schizophrenia delineates a potential role of Streptococcus – Feng Zhu – bioRxiv

Fecal Microbiotas of Indonesian and New Zealand Children Differ in Complexity and Bifidobacterial Taxa during the First Year of Life – Blair Lawley – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Light-entrained and brain-tuned circadian circuits regulate ILC3s and gut homeostasis – Cristina Godinho-Silva – Nature

Baseline human gut microbiota profile in healthy people and standard reporting template – Charles H. King – PlosOne

Oral microbiome

Taste perception and oral microbiota are associated with obesity in children and adolescents – Chiara Mameli – PlosOne

Urinary microbiome

The urobiome of continent adult women: a cross-sectional study – Travis Price – Obstetrics & Gynaecology

The Urinary Microbiota in Relation to the Reproductive Tract Microbiota – Fei Li – bioRxiv

Respiratory microbiome

The effects of e-cigarette vapor exposure on the transcriptome and virulence of Streptococcus pneumoniae – Kamal Bagale – bioRxiv

Water microbiome

Diversity patterns of marine heterotrophic culturable bacteria along vertical and latitudinal gradients – Isabel Sanz-Sáez – bioRxiv

Laundry wastewater and domestic sewage pilot-scale anaerobic treatment: Microbial community resilience regarding sulfide production – A.G.L. Moura – Journal of Environmental Management

Distinct responses from bacterial, archaeal and fungal streambed communities to severe hydrological disturbances – G. Gionchetta – Scientific reports

Metagenome of a polluted river reveals a reservoir of metabolic and antibiotic resistance genes – Parul Mittal – Environmental Microbiome

Plant/root/soil microbiome

Host-Associated Quantitative Abundance Profiling Reveals the Microbial Load Variation of Root Microbiome – Xiaoxuan Guo – Plant Communications

Metatranscriptomics reveals climate change effects on the rhizosphere microbiomes in European grassland – Qicheng Bei – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Phages and viruses

Beyond cells – The virome in the human holobiont – Rodrigo García-López – Microbial cells

ViraMiner: Deep learning on raw DNA sequences for identifying viral genomes in human samples – Ardi Tampu – PlosOne

Bioinformatics

Review: The signal and the noise – characteristics of antisense RNA in complex microbial communities – Thomas Yssing Michaelsen – bioRxiv

SuRF: a New Method for Sparse Variable Selection, with Application in Microbiome Data Analysis – Lihui Liu – arXiv

September 20, 2019

Have a nice day! In this digest, an interesting study about the relationship between peripheral serotonin synthesis and host glucose homeostasis, as well as another study showing the long-term maintained high levels of Proteobacteria in Crohn’s disease. And, of course, more papers!

 

Human and General Microbiome

Are we Ready for a “Microbiome-Guided Behaviour” Approach? – Andrea Lavazza – Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics

The gut microbiome regulates host glucose homeostasis via peripheral serotonin – Alyce M. Martin – PNAS

Increased abundance of proteobacteria in aggressive Crohn’s disease seven years after diagnosis – M. K. Vester-Andersen – Scientific Reports

The Gut Microbiome and Pediatric Cancer: Current Research and Gaps in Knowledge – Roma Bhuta – JNCI Monographs

Time to test antibacterial therapy in Alzheimer’s disease – Francesco Panza – Brain

Discrepant gut microbiota markers for the classification of obesity-related metabolic abnormalities – Qiang Zeng – Scientific Reports

Altered Fecal Small RNA Profiles in Colorectal Cancer Reflect Gut Microbiome Composition in Stool Samples – Sonia Tarallo – mSystems

Analysis of gut microbiome, nutrition and immune status in autism spectrum disorder: a case-control study in Ecuador – María Fernanda Zurita – Gut Microbes 

Association of the Eukaryotic Vaginal Virome with Prophylactic Antibiotic Exposure and Reproductive Outcomes in a Subfertile Population Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization: A Prospective Exploratory Study – Ashley M. Eskew – BJOG

Development of an Index Score for Intestinal Inflammation-Associated Dysbiosis Using Real-World Stool Test Results – Lihong Chen – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

Benchmarking urine storage and collection conditions for evaluating the female urinary microbiome – Carrie E. Jung – Scientific Reports

Dysbiotic microbiota in autistic children and their mothers: persistence of fungal and bacterial wall-deficient L-form variants in blood – N. Markova – Scientific Reports

Features of Fecal and Colon Microbiomes Associate With Responses to Biologic Therapies for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: a Systematic Review – Maria Manuela Estevinho – Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Loss of microbial diversity and pathogen domination of the gut microbiota in critically ill patients – Anuradha Ravi – Microbial Genomics

Complex interactions between the microbiome and cancer immune therapy – Drew J. Schwartz – Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences

Disentangling the effect of host genetics and gut microbiota on resistance to an intestinal parasite – Bruno Faivre – International Journal for Parasitology

Small talk: microbial metabolites involved in the signaling from microbiota to brain – Giorgia Caspani – Current Opinion in Pharmacology

Sputum microbiota and inflammation at stable state and during exacerbations in a cohort of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients – Solveig Tangedal – PLoS One

 

Animal Microbiome / Animal Experiments

Microbiome composition shapes rapid genomic adaptation of Drosophila melanogaster – Seth M. Rudman – PNAS

Abnormal composition of gut microbiota is associated with resilience versus susceptibility to inescapable electric stress – Kai Zhang – Translational Psychiatry

Adenovirus infection is associated with altered gut microbial communities in a non-human primate – Wasimuddin – Scientific Reports

 

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

Honey Polyphenols Ameliorate DSS-induced Ulcerative Colitis Via Modulating Gut Microbiota in Rats – Haoan Zhao – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

ω-3 PUFAs Alleviate High-fat Diet Induced Circadian Intestinal Microbes Dysbiosis – Lifeng Gui – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Additional Candida albicans administration enhances the severity of dextran sulfate solution induced colitis mouse model through leaky gut-enhanced systemic inflammation and gut-dysbiosis but attenuated by Lactobacillus rhamnosus L34 – Wimonrat Panpetch – Gut Microbes

Equol: A Bacterial Metabolite from The Daidzein Isoflavone and Its Presumed Beneficial Health Effects –  Baltasar Mayo – Nutrients

Dietary cranberry suppressed colonic inflammation and alleviated gut microbiota dysbiosis in dextran sodium sulfate-treated mice – Xiaokun Cai – Food and Function

 

Food Microbiome

Deciphering the microbiome shift during fermentation of medicinal plants – Martina Köberl – Scientific Reports

 

Plant Microbiome

The aeroponic rhizosphere microbiome: community dynamics in early succession suggest strong selectional forces – Jennifer W. Edmonds – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

 

Extremophiles

A shared core microbiome in soda lakes separated by large distances – Jackie K. Zorz – Nature Communications

 

Methods

Phylogenetic microbiota profiling in fecal samples depends on combination of sequencing depth and choice of NGS analysis method – Sukithar K. Rajan – PLoS One

Gut microbiome comparability of fresh-frozen versus stabilized-frozen samples from hospitalized patients using 16S rRNA gene and shotgun metagenomic sequencing – Emma E. Ilett – Scientific Reports

 

August 24, 2019

This weekend, read about the microbial index of skin health for children with eczema, gut microbiome of koalas, and interactions between the gut bacterial microbiome and virome of rhesus monkey. Happy reading!

General microbiome

Why we need a small data paradigm – Eric B. Hekler – BMC Medicine

Correspondence: The importance of genome sequence quality to microbial comparative genomics – Theo H. M. Smits – BMC Genomics

The applications of Big Data in molecular diagnostics – Yin Kwan Evelyn Wong – Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics

Tiny Hidden Genes within Our Microbiome – Karin Mittelman & David Burstein – Cell

Skin microbiome

*A Microbiome-Based Index for Assessing Skin Health and Treatment Effects for Atopic Dermatitis in Children – Zheng Sun – mSystems

Gut microbiome

Reproducible changes in the gut microbiome suggest a shift in microbial and host metabolism during spaceflight – Peng Jiang – Microbiome

Review: Gut Microbiota, Dietary Phytochemicals, and Benefits to Human Health – Ran Yin – Current Pharmacology Reports

Mild cognitive impairment has similar alterations as Alzheimer’s disease in gut microbiota – Binyin Li – Alzheimer’s & Dementia

Design of synthetic microbial consortia for gut microbiota modulation – Jorge F. Vázquez-Castellanos – Current Opinion in Pharmacology

Intestinal microbiota and colorectal cancer: changes in the intestinal microenvironment and their relation to the disease – Sandra Aparecida dos Reis – Journal of Medical Microbiology

Review: Celiac disease: a comprehensive current review – Giacomo Caio – BMC Medicine

Pregnancy and early life

Maternal IgA protects against the development of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants – Kathyayini P. Gopalakrishna – Nature Medicine

Oral microbiome

Oral Microbiome and Cancer Therapy-Induced Oral Mucositis – Jean-Luc C Mougeot – JNCI Monographs

Respiratory microbiome

Deciphering the Ecology of Cystic Fibrosis Bacterial Communities: Towards Systems-Level Integration – Annamaria Bevivino – Trends in Molecular Medicine

Water and extremophile microbiome

Effects of water recirculation rate on the microbial community and water quality in relation to the growth and survival of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) – Zhao Chen – BMC Microbiology

Pseudomethylobacillus aquaticus gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Methylophilaceae isolated from an artificial reservoir – Ceshing Sheu – International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Bacterial Communities from Extreme Environments: Vulcano Island – Camilla Fagorzi – Diversity

Diversity and biogeography of SAR11 bacteria from the Arctic Ocean – Susanne Kraemer – bioRxiv

Review: Metal and organic pollutants bioremediation by extremophile microorganisms – Patricia Giovanella – Journal of Hazardous Material

Animal microbiome

*Faecal inoculations alter the gastrointestinal microbiome and allow dietary expansion in a wild specialist herbivore, the koala – Michaela D. J. Blyton – Animal microbiome

Impact of pine leaf biochar amendment on bacterial dynamics and correlation of environmental factors during pig manure composting – Jiao Li – Bioresource Technology

Animal experiment

Potential roles of gut microbiome and metabolites in modulating ALS in mice – Eran Blacher – Nature

Plant microbiome

Shared mycorrhizae but distinct communities of other root-associated microbes on co-occurring native and invasive maples – Tonia DeBellis – PeerJ

Non-target Effects of Trichoderma on Plants and Soil Microbial Communities – Monika Jangi – Plant Microbe Interface

Inhibitory and nutrient use phenotypes among co‐existing Fusarium and Streptomyces populations suggest local coevolutionary interactions in soil – Adil Essarioui – Environmental Microbiology

Phages and viruses

*The altered gut virome community in rhesus monkeys is correlated with the gut bacterial microbiome and associated metabolites – Heng Li – Virology Journal

August 15, 2019

Have a nice Thursday! Today we have a set of papers showing randomized trials related to antibiotic use and alimentary interventions, metabolic networks associated with C. difficile infection, and analysis of E. coli isolates from human stool. Today, we also include a couple of protocol papers about the use of stable isotope probing in plant microbiome research.

 

Human and General Microbiome

Gut microbiome alteration in MORDOR I: a community-randomized trial of mass azithromycin distribution – T. Doan – Nature Medicine 

Fecal microbiome and metabolome of infants fed bovine MFGM supplemented formula or standard formula with breast-fed infants as reference: a randomized controlled trial – Xuan He – Scientific Reports

Antibiotic Resistance, Virulence Factors, Phenotyping, and Genotyping of E. coli Isolated from the Feces of Healthy Subjects – Stefano Raimondi – Microorganisms

Metabolomic networks connect host-microbiome processes to human Clostridioides difficile infections – John I. Robinson – The Journal of Clinical Investigation

Antibiotic exposure and ‘response failure’ for subsequent respiratory tract infections: an observational cohort study of UK preschool children in primary care – Oliver van Hecke – British Journal of General Practice 

Abnormal vaginal microbiome associated with vaginal mesh complications – Nikolaus Veit‐Rubin – Neurology and Urodynamics

Acceptability, Tolerability and Safety of Faecal Microbiota Transplantation in patients with active Ulcerative Colitis (AT&S Study) – Ajit Sood – Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

The bacteriome of otitis media with effusion: Does it originate from the adenoid? – Oguz Ari – International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 

An Exploratory Analysis of Fecal Immunochemical Test Performance for Colorectal Cancer Screening in Nigeria – Gregory C. Knapp – World Journal of Surgery

Isolates from colonic spirochaetosis in humans show high genomic divergence and potential pathogenic features but are not detected using standard primers for the human microbiota – Kaisa Thorell – Journal of Bacteriology

Microbiota-derived Trimethylamine N-oxide Predicts Cardiovascular Risk After STEMI – Yasushi Matsuzawa – Scientific Reports

Review: Targeting Microbiota: What Do We Know about It at Present? – Aleksejs Derovs – Medicina

Tech News: Reproducibility: the search for microbiome standards – Joseph Martin – BioTechniques

 

Animal Microbiome

Intestinal microbial products from alcohol-fed mice contribute to intestinal permeability and peripheral immune activation – Derrick R. Samuelson – Alcoholism

Comparative metagenomic sequencing analysis of cecum microbiotal diversity and function in broilers and layers – Zhao Qi – 3 Biotech

Oligosaccharides Modulate Rotavirus-Associated Dysbiosis and TLR Gene Expression in Neonatal Rats – Ignasi Azagra-Boronat – Cells

Role of coprophagy in the cecal microbiome development of an herbivorous bird Japanese rock ptarmigan – Atsushi Kobayashi – Journal of Veterinary Medical Science

 

Beneficial compounds and microbes

Review: The role of gut microbiota for the activity of medicinal plants traditionally used in the European Union for gastrointestinal disorders – Timo A. Thumann – Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Commentary: Microbiome, probiotics and dermatology – J.A. Cardenas‐de la Garza – British Journal of Dermatology

Cooked Red Lentils Dose-Dependently Modulate the Colonic Microenvironment in Healthy C57Bl/6 Male Mice – Daniela Graf – Nutrients

Health Benefits of Lactobacillus gasseri CP2305 Tablets in Young Adults Exposed to Chronic Stress: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study – Kensei Nishida – Nutrients 

Effect of coffee on the compositional shift of oral indigenous microbiota cultured in vitro – 

 

Food Microbiome

Microbial Transformations of Organically Fermented Foods – Ruma Raghuvanshi – Metabolites

 

Plant Microbiome

Protocol: Stable Isotope Probing of Microbiota Structure and Function in the Plant Rhizosphere – Wafa Achouak – Stable Isotope Probing (Methods in Molecular Biology)

Protocol: Targeted Metatranscriptomics of Soil Microbial Communities with Stable Isotope Probing – Ang Hu – Stable Isotope Probing (Methods in Molecular Biology)

Environmental pollution effects on plant microbiota: the case study of poplar bacterial-fungal response to silver nanoparticles – Francesco Vitali – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

August 3, 2019

Have a happy weekend! Today, in this Digest: an interesting study of the human placenta microbiome, papers showing associations between microbiome and pancreatic or lung cancer, and an update of the pathogenesis of bacterial vaginosis. In addition, a paper showing that the microbiome in primates has a different evolutionary pattern in comparison with the host.  Enjoy!

 

Human and General Microbiome

Human placenta has no microbiome but can contain potential pathogens – Marcus C. de Goffau – Nature

Microbial dysbiosis and polyamine metabolism as predictive markers for early detection of pancreatic cancer – Roberto Mendez – Carcinogenesis

Plasticity in the Human Gut Microbiome Defies Evolutionary Constraints – Andres Gomez – mSphere

Whole genome sequencing revealed microbiome in lung adenocarcinomas presented as ground-glass nodules – Yijiu Ren – Translational Lung Cancer Research

An Updated Conceptual Model on the Pathogenesis of Bacterial Vaginosis – Christina A Muzny – The Journal of Infectious Diseases

Review: Gut microbes and metabolites as modulators of blood-brain barrier integrity and brain health – Aimeé Parker – Gut Microbes

Editorial: The only thing that stops a bad microbiome, is a good microbiome – Jessica R. Galloway-Peña – Haematologica

Review: Consumer Safety Considerations of Skin and Oral Microbiome Perturbation – Andrew J. McBain – Clinical Microbiology Reviews

News: Microbiome therapeutics go small molecule – Megan Cully – Nature Reviews Drug Discovery

Pharmacomicrobiomics informs clinical pharmacogenomics – Theodora Katsila – Future Medicine

Each Additional Day of Antibiotics is Associated with Lower Gut Anaerobes in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Patients – Ashley M Rooney, BSc – Clinical Infectious Diseases

Prevention and treatment of recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection – Jae Shin – Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases

An integrated respiratory microbial gene catalogue to better understand the microbial aetiology of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia – Wenkui Dai – Gigascience

Review: Connection between gut microbiome and the development of obesity – Cuiting Zhi – European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases

Animal Microbiome

Hyperuricemia is associated with impaired intestinal permeability in mice – Daxing Xu – Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

 

Beneficial compounds and Foods

Prevention of Vascular Inflammation by Pterostilbene via Trimethylamine-N-Oxide Reduction and Mechanism of Microbiota Regulation – Yen‐Chun Koh – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Interactions of tea polyphenols with intestinal microbiota and their implication for cellular signal conditioning mechanism – Yongyong Li – Journal of Food Biochemistry

Hass Avocado Inclusion in a Weight-Loss Diet Supported Weight Loss and Altered Gut Microbiota: A 12-Week Randomized, Parallel-Controlled Trial – Susanne M Henning – Current Developments in Nutrition

 

Plant Microbiome

Host plant-dependent effects of microbes and phytochemistry on the insect immune response – Su’ad A. Yoon – Oecologia

Engineering transkingdom signalling in plants to control gene expression in rhizosphere bacteria – Barney A. Geddes – Nature Communications 

July 29, 2019

Good Morning! Highlights of today’s digest include a revisited study that showed a significant alterations in the gut microbiome by the consumption of low/no-calorie sweeteners (LNCS), such as Splenda, and raising safety concerns, another work tells us development of Burkholderia-free host plant model to show how Burkholderia helps plant development, and finally a study finds a mechanistic link between the gut microbiome and early childhood asthma as shown with highthened expression of bacterial genes that make 12,13-diHOME which alters immune response.

Human gut microbiome

***Revisited: Assessing the in vivo data on low/no-calorie sweeteners and the gut microbiota – Susan S. Schiffman et al. – Food and Chemical Toxicology

A structured weight loss program increases gut microbiota phylogenetic diversity and reduces levels of Collinsella in obese type 2 diabetics: A pilot study – Fabian Frost et al. – PLOS ONE

Human respiratory microbiome

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease upper airway microbiome is associated with select clinical characteristics – Alexa A. Pragman et al. – PLOS ONE

Animal experiments

***Elevated faecal 12,13-diHOME concentration in neonates at high risk for asthma is produced by gut bacteria and impedes immune tolerance – Sophia R. Levan et al. – Nature Microbiology

Effect of live yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae supplementation on the performance and cecum microbial profile of suckling piglets – Tadele G. Kiros et al. – PLOS ONE

Low-dose inoculation of Escherichia coli achieves robust vaginal colonization and results in ascending infection accompanied by severe uterine inflammation in mice – Valerie P. O’Brien – PLOS ONE

Probiotic strains improve high-fat diet-induced hypercholesterolemia through modulating gut microbiota in ways different from atorvastatin – Dun Su et al. – bioRxiv

Host Genotype-shaped Gut Microbiome Modulate Atherosclerosis Development in Mice – Kazuyuki Kasahara et al. – Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology

Animal microbiome

Fecal microbiota of different reproductive stages of the central population of the lesser-long nosed bat, Leptonycteris yerbabuenae – Osiris Gaona et al. – PLOS ONE

Taxon appearance from extraction and amplification steps demonstrates the value of multiple controls in tick microbiome analysis – Emilie Lejal et al. – bioRxiv

Characterization of the gastrointestinal bacterial microbiome of farmed juvenile and adult white Cachama (Piaractus brachypomus) – Victor Alfonso et al. – Aquaculture

Biosynthesis and Characterization, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities
of Selenium Nanoparticles from Ethanol Extract of Bee Propolis
– Shubharani R. et al. – Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Plant, root and soil microbiome

The role of inoculum dispersal and plant species identity in the assembly of leaf endophytic fungal communities – Kevin D. Ricks et al. – PLOS ONE

***Is the bacterial leaf nodule symbiosis obligate for Psychotria umbellata? The development of a Burkholderia-free host plant – Arne Sinnesael et al. – PLOS ONE

AOA and AOB communities respond differently to changes of soil pH under long-term fertilization – Rubio Sun et al. – Soil Ecology Letters

***Negative plant-microbiome feedback limits productivity in aquaponics – Jessica A. Day et al. – bioRxiv

Do plant–microbe interactions and aluminum tolerance influence
alpine sedge species’ responses to nitrogen deposition?
– Teal S. Potter et al. – Ecosphere

Plant diversity and fertilizer management shape the belowground microbiome of native grass bioenergy feedstocks – Daniel Revillini et al. – Frontiers in Plant Science

Microbial taxonomical composition in spruce phyllosphere, but not community functional structure, varies by geographical location – Yunshi Li et al. – PeerJ

Responses of plant growth, physiological, gas exchange parameters of super and non-super rice to rhizosphere temperature at the tillering stage – Shuying Li at al. – Nature Scientific Reports

Influence of introduced arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and phosphorus sources on plant traits, soil properties, and rhizosphere microbial communities in organic legume-flax rotation – Yunliang Li et al. – Plant and Soil

Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on inoculated seedling growth and rhizosphere soil aggregates – Zhongfeng Zhang et al. – Soil and Tillage Research

Properties of bacterial community in the rhizosphere soils of Achyranthes bidentata tolerant to consecutive monoculture – Juanying Wang et al. – Plant Growth Regulation

The role of volatile organic compounds and rhizosphere competence in the mode of action of the non-pathogenic Fusarium oxysporum FO12 towards Verticillium wilt – Mulero-Aparicio et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Dynamic changes in soil chemical properties and microbial community structure in response to different nitrogen fertilizers in an acidified celery soil – Yuping Wu et al. – Soil Ecology Letters

Improved rhizoremediation for decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) in E-waste contaminated soils – Jiayin Feng et al. – Soil Ecology Letters

Review: Soil biofilms: microbial interactions, challenges, and advanced techniques for ex-situ characterization – Peng Cai et al. – Soil Ecology Letters

Organic amendment effects on nematode distribution within aggregate fractions in agricultural soils – Xiaoke Zhang et al. – Soil Ecology Letters

Water and extermophile microbiome

Book chapter: New Perspectives on the Distribution and Roles of Thermophilic Fungi – Miriam I. Hutchinson et al. – Fungi in Extreme Environments: Ecological Role and Biotechnological Significance

Diversity and biogeography of eukaryotic microorganism in the deepsea sediment of the Eastern Indian Ocean – Xiaoxia Ma et al. – International Journal of Science

Phages and viruses

Phage composition of a fermented milk and colostrum product assessed by microbiome array; putative role of open reading frames – Stefania Pacini et al. – bioRxiv

Techniques

Modelling approaches for studying the microbiome – Manish Kumar et al. – Nature Microbiology

Guest Editorial: Beyond sequencing: fast and easy microbiome profiling by flow cytometry – Charlotte Esser at al. – Archives of Toxicology

View Point: Opportunities at the Intersection of Synthetic Biology, Machine Learning, and Automation – Pablo Carbonell et al. – ACS Synthetic Biology

Microbes in the News

***Elevated Concentration of Lipid in Neonatal Microbiome Predicts Later Risk for Asthma, Allergy – Allison Inserro – AJMC Newsroom