December 27, 2019

Today’s Digest brings you a report linking gut microbiota and metabolites, a study on dishwasher rubber as a bacterial reservoir, a news piece for your guide to probiotics, and many more. If we don’t see you again in 2019, Happy New Year! May 2020 bring much success and happiness!

General microbiology

Preprint: The Microbe Directory v2.0: An Expanded Database of Ecological and Phenotypical Features of Microbes – Maria A. Sierra et al. – bioRxiv

A novel graph theoretical approach for modeling microbiomes and inferring microbial ecological relationships – Suyeon Kim et al. – BMC Genomics

Antimicrobial resistance

Preprint: Longitudinal linked read sequencing reveals ecological and evolutionary responses of a human gut microbiome during antibiotic treatment – Morteza Roodgar et al. – bioRxiv

Human oral microbiome

Re-initiation of Oral Food Intake Following Enteral Nutrition Alters Oral and Gut Microbiota Communities – Sayaka Katagiri et al. – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Human respiratory microbiome

Microbiome in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Role of Natural Products Against Microbial Pathogens – Alessia Santoro et al. – Current Medicinal Chemistry

Human gut microbiome

Comparison of Japanese and Indian intestinal microbiota shows diet-dependent interaction between bacteria and fungi – Siddhika Pareek et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Review: The influence of dietary patterns on gut microbiome and its consequences for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease – Qing-Song Zhang et al. – Trends in Food Science and Technology

** Relationship between gut microbiota and circulating metabolites in population-based cohorts – Dina Vojinovic et al. – Nature Communications

Human gut microbiota is associated with HIV-reactive immunoglobulin at baseline and following HIV vaccination – Jacob A. Cram et al. – PLoS One

Preprint: The interplay between host genetics and the gut microbiome reveals common and distinct microbiome features for human complex diseases – Fengzhe Xu & Yuanqing Fu et al. – bioRxiv

Effect of Helicobacter pylori on gastrointestinal microbiota: a population-based study in Linqu, a high-risk area of gastric cancer – Yang Guo et al. – Gut

Human gut-microbiome-brain axis

The relationship between the gut microbiome and mild cognitive impairment in patients without dementia: a cross-sectional study conducted in Japan – Naoki Saji et al. – Scientific Reports

Synergistic effects of APOE and sex on the gut microbiome of young EFAD transgenic mice – Juan Maldonado Weng et al. – Molecular Neurodegeneration

Metabolomics

Tech Note: Boost that metabolomic confidence – Vivien Marx – Nature Methods

The total microbiome functions in bacteria and fungi – Robert Starke et al. – Journal of Proteomics

Animal experiments

Allergic inflammation alters the lung microbiome and hinders synergistic co-infection with H1N1 influenza virus and Streptococcus pneumoniae in C57BL/6 mice – Kim S. LeMessurier et al. – Scientific Reports

Jatrorrhizine Balances the Gut Microbiota and Reverses Learning and Memory Deficits in APP/PS1 transgenic mice – Sheng Wang et al. – Scientific Reports

The impact of gut microbiota manipulation with antibiotics on colon tumorigenesis in a murine model – Jae Gon Lee et al. – PLoS One

Maternal milk and fecal microbes guide the spatiotemporal development of mucosa-associated microbiota and barrier function in the porcine neonatal gut – Hongbin Liu et al. – BMC Biology

Built environment microbiome

** The dishwasher rubber seal acts as a reservoir of bacteria in the home environment – Jerneja Zupančič et al. – BMC Microbiology

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Development of microbial communities in organochlorine pesticide contaminated soil: A post-reclamation perspective – Helga E.Balázs et al. – Applied Soil Ecology

Towards simple tools to assess functional effects of contaminants on natural microbial and invertebrate sediment communities – Stéphane Pesce et al. – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Core rhizosphere microbiomes of dryland wheat are influenced by location and land-use history – Daniel C Schlatter et al. – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Single molecule sequencing reveals response of manganese-oxidizing microbiome to different biofilter media in drinking water systems – Xin Zhao et al. – Water Research

Prokaryotic Population Dynamics and Viral Predation in a Marine Succession Experiment Using Metagenomics – Jose M. Haro-Moreno et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Phages and viruses

News & Views: Phages build anti-defence barriers – Eugene V. Koonin & Mart Krupovic – Nature Microbiology

Microbes in the news

The Best Thing That Happened This Week: Dogs Rule Because They Drool – Sandy Hingston – Philadelphia Magazine

** A guide to the best probiotics – Louisa Richards/Katherine Marengo – Medical News Today

Having a Dog as a Child Is Tied to a Lower Risk of Schizophrenia as an Adult – Nicholas Bakalar – New York Times

Expanding virophage diversity – DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Microbes on the market

Carbiotix to partner with Italian university on neuroinflammation project – Nathan Gray – Nutraingredients

Human Microbiome Market is Expected to Touch US$ 1888.9 Mn by 2026 – Sheila Shipman – News Cast Report

The next frontier – Aaron Massecar – Today’s Veterinary Business

December 23, 2019

In today’s digest read about the subway microbiome (from surface and air samples collected at 16 subway stations in Oslo, Norway), role of Staphylococcus epidermidis in healthy maturation of the nasal microbiome, effect of storage and time on urinary microbiome, and more. Happy Holidays!

General microbiome

The emergence of microbiome centres – Jennifer B. H. Martiny – Nature Microbiology

Subway microbiome

*The subway microbiome: seasonal dynamics and direct comparison of air and surface bacterial communities– Jostein Gohli – Microbiome

Gut microbiome

Engineered E. coli Nissle 1917 for the delivery of matrix-tethered therapeutic domains to the gut– Pichet Praveschotinunt – Nature Communications

Urinary microbiome

*The urinary microbiota composition remains stable over time and under various storage conditions – Caspar Bundgaard-Nielsen – bioRxiv

Vaginal microbiome

Review: Genetic Heterogeneity and Taxonomic Diversity among Gardnerella Species – Joana Castro – Trends in Microbiology

Nasal microbiome

*Staphylococcus epidermidis Contributes to Healthy Maturation of the Nasal Microbiome by Stimulating Antimicrobial Peptide Production – Qian Liu – Cell Host & Microbes

Animal microbiome

Characterization of the Pig Gut Microbiome and Antibiotic Resistome in Industrialized Feedlots in China – Chunlai Wang – mSystems

Animal experiments

Altered microbiota composition reflects enhanced communication in 15q11-13 CNV mice– Dian Eurike Septyaningtrias – Neuroscience Research

Plant/root/soil microbiome

Time after Time: Temporal Variation in the Effects of Grass and Forb Species on Soil Bacterial and Fungal Communities – S. Emilia Hannula – mBio

Habitat filtering shapes the differential structure of microbial communities in the Xilingol grassland– Jie Yang – Scientific Reports

Water microbiome

Metagenomic Insights into the Effects of Seasonal Temperature Variation on the Activities of Activated Sludge– Chenbing Ai – Microorganisms

Viruses

Plant virome reconstruction and antiviral RNAi characterization by deep sequencing of small RNAs from dried leaves – Victor Golyaev – Scientific Reports

Bioinformatics

Identifying the causes and consequences of assembly gaps using a multiplatform genome assembly of a bird-of-paradise – Valentina Peona – bioRxiv

Transcriptome assembly from long-read RNA-seq alignments with StringTie2– Sam Kovaka – Genome Biology

Deconvoluting the diversity of within-host pathogen strains in a multi-locus sequence typing framework – Guo Liang Gan – BMC Bioinformatics

The Generalized Matrix Decomposition Biplot and Its Application to Microbiome Data – Yue Wang – mSystems

December 20, 2019

This may be our last edition of the Microbiome Digest before the holidays kick in. A rich and dynamic Digest brings you all things microbiome (apologies for the tight formatting). An encouraging report on how we can reduce antimicrobial resistance organically, an amazing recovery of a human genome and an oral microbiome from chewed birch pitch thousands of years ago, and a network analysis reveals four levels of hierarchical trophic interactions in the human gut microbiome. Enjoy Reading and Happy Holidays!
Events
BMC Medicine’s upcoming collection, New Frontiers in Diagnosis, Treatment and Management of Neuromuscular Disorders, is soliciting submissions.
Current Issue of The ISME Journal
The 9th Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit – March 7 and 8 2020 in Madrid, Spain
General microbiology
High-order interactions distort the functional landscape of microbial consortia – Sanchez-Gorostiaga & Bajić et al. – PLoS Biology
Antimicrobial resistance
Human skin microbiome
Human oral microbiome
** A 5700 year-old human genome and oral microbiome from chewed birch pitch – Theis Z. T. Jensen et al. – Nature Communications
Press: Ancient “Chewing Gum” Reveals a 5,700-Year-Old Microbiome – Jim Daley – Scientific American
Human respiratory microbiome
Press: Child asthma flare-ups coincide with microbiome changes – JULIA EVANGELOU STRAIT-WUSTL – Futurity
Human gut microbiome
Human vaginal microbiome
Human gut-microbiota-brain axis
Review: Tryptophan Metabolism: A Link Between the Gut Microbiota and Brain – Kan Gao et al. – Advances in Nutrition
Cancer microbiome
Metabolomics
The total microbiome functions in bacteria and fungi – Robert Starke et al. – Journal of Proteomics
Animal experiments
Animal microbiome
Plant, root and soil microbiome
Root microbiomes as indicators of seagrass health – Belinda C Martin et al. – FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Water and extremophile microbiome
Phages and viruses
Technology
Manipulating rod-shaped bacteria with optical tweezers – Zheng Zhang et al. – Scientific Reports
Bioinformatics
** Evidence for a multi-level trophic organization of the human gut microbiome – Tong Wang et al. – PLoS Computational Biology
Microbes in the news
The microbiome is fundamental to both health and disease – Fabian Brockotter – Poultry World
Low FODMAP Diet Helps IDB Patients – Kenny Walter – MDMAG
Oral Health: Caring for the Other Microbiome – Julia Peterman – Whole Foods Magazine
Non-microbiology pick

 

December 4, 2019

Highlights: Microbiome of human milk, AMON to integrate microbiome and metabolome data, soil microbiomes, skin microbiome based news and many more!

General microbiome

The fight for glycans in reproductive tract microbial ecology – MIH Pishchany – AJOG

Microbiota, a Third Player in the Host–Plasmodium Affair – D Mukherjee – Trends in Parasitology

Pregnancy and early life

Baby’s First Microbes: The Microbiome of Human Milk – MC Collado – How Fermented Foods Feed a Healthy Gut Microbiota

Human respiratory microbiome

Anterior Nares Diversity and Pathobionts Represent Sinus Microbiome in Chronic Rhinosinusitis – ID Boeck – mSphere

Animal microbiome 

Next generation sequencing reveals significant variations in bacterial compositions across the gastrointestinal tracts of the Indian major carps, rohu (Labeo rohita), catla (Catla catla) and mrigal (Cirrhinus cirrhosis) – MJ Foysal – Letters in Applied Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Rewetting of three drained peatlands drives congruent compositional changes in pro- and eukaryotic microbiomes through environmental filtering – M Weil – bioRxiv

The influence of substrate concentration on the culturability of heterotrophic soil microbes isolated by high-throughput dilution-to-extinction cultivation –  R Bartelme – bioRxiv

Rhizosphere: a home for human pathogens – R Sharma – Plant Biotic Interactions

Amplicon sequencing and imputed metagenomic analysis of waste soil and sediment microbiome reveals unique bacterial communities and their functional attributes – SD Mandal – Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

Soil bacterial and fungal communities exhibit distinct long-term responses to disturbance in temperate forests – ED Osburn – Frontiers in Microbiology

Decomposition of mixtures of cover crop residues increases microbial functional diversity – SM Drost – Geoderma

Techniques

AMON: annotation of metabolite origins via networks to integrate microbiome and metabolome data – M Shaffer – BMC Bioinformatics

Identification and quantitation of clinically relevant microbes in patient samples: Comparison of three k-mer based classifiers for speed, accuracy, and sensitivity – GS Watts – PLoS Computational Biology

Extracting the GEMs: Genotype, Environment and Microbiome interactions shaping host phenotypes – BO Oyserman – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Korean beauty makers join the rush towards new skin gold mine of microbiome – Pulse

Mode of Delivery May Alter Microbiome, But Study Finds No Link to Later GI Issues – Gastro Endo News

Smart Skin care – Cosmetics Design Europe

The Dynamic Microbiome – Gen Eng News

microRNA Found in Gut Microbiome May Unlock Future Therapeutic Approach for MS – Multiple Sclerosis News Today

A Matchmaker for Microbiomes – Identifying Relationships of Microbes and Metabolites – Scitech Daily

November 6, 2019

Today’s Digest features a large study on the evolution of diet and microbiota in African animals, a review on how diet can alter gut microbiota to fight infectious diseases, and we might reverse specific antibiotic resistance by removing those antibiotics in the environment. Enjoy!

General microbiology

Letter to the Editor: A conceptual framework for the phylogenetically constrained assembly of microbial communities – Daniel Aguirre de Cárcer – Microbiome

Review: The engineering of spatially linked microbial consortia – potential and perspectives – Sami Ben Said et al. – Current Opinion in Biotechnology

Preprint: Selection of representative genomes for 24,706 bacterial and archaeal species clusters provide a complete genome-based taxonomy – Donovan H. Parks et al. – bioRxiv

Antimicrobial resistance

** Rapid decline of bacterial drug-resistance in an antibiotic-free environment through phenotypic reversion – Anett Dunai et al. – eLife

Human respiratory microbiome

Interplay between host-microbe and microbe-microbe interactions in cystic fibrosis – Catherine R. Armbruster et al. – Journal of Cystic Fibrosis

Human gut microbiome

Review: Gastrointestinal Microbiota and Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: The State of Art – Marilena Durazzo et al. – Journal of Clinical Medicine

Identification of a Shared Microbiomic and Metabolomic Profile in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases – Chiara Bellocchi et al. – Journal of Clinical Medicine

Gut microbiome composition in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos is shaped by geographic relocation, environmental factors, and obesity – Robert C. Kaplan et al. – Genome Biology

Food microbiome

Comparison of microbial communities and physiochemical characteristics of two traditionally fermented vegetables – Qianqian Guan et al. – Food Research International

Animal experiments

** Review: Diet–microbiome–disease: Investigating diet’s influence on infectious disease resistance through alteration of the gut microbiome – Erica V. Harris et al. – PLoS Pathogen

Supplementation of Sesamin Alleviates Stress-Induced Behavioral and Psychological Disorders via Reshaping the Gut Microbiota Structure – Qianxu Wang et al. – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Animal microbiome

** Covariation of diet and gut microbiome in African megafauna – Tyler R. Kartzinel et al. – PNAS

Press: Study of African animals illuminates links between environment, diet and gut microbiome – Brown University – Phys.org

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Interactive Effects of Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria Inoculation and Nitrogen Fertilization on Soybean Yield in Unfavorable Edaphoclimatic Environments – Carlos Felipe dos Santos Cordeiro & Fábio Rafael Echer – Scientific Reports

Impacts of Maize Domestication and Breeding on Rhizosphere Microbial Community Recruitment from a Nutrient Depleted Agricultural Soil – Vanessa L. Brisson et al. – Scientific Reports

Microbial communities and soil chemical features associated with commercial production of the medicinal mushroom Ganoderma lingzhi in soil – Le-Qin Ke et al. – Scientific Reports

Feasibility of bioleaching of heavy metals from sediment with indigenous bacteria using agricultural sulfur soil conditioners – Chuncheng Wu et al. – Science of the Total Environment

Land management and microbial seed load effect on rhizosphere and endosphere bacterial community assembly in wheat – Tim H. Mauchline et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Comparative metagenomic analysis of microbial taxonomic and functional variations in untreated surface and reclaimed waters used in irrigation applications – Jessica Chopyk et al. – Water Research

Strong seasonality in arctic estuarine microbial food webs – Colleen T. Kellogg et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Evaluation of degradation behavior over tetracycline hydrochloride by microbial electrochemical technology: Performance, kinetics, and microbial communities – Xinhong Peng et al. – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Groundwater microbial communities and their connection to hydrochemical environment in Golmud, Northwest China – Liang Guo et al. – Science of the Total Environment

Performance of enhanced anaerobic digestion with different pyrolysis biochars and microbial communities – Ruixia Shen et al. – Bioresource Technology

Technology

Optimizing sequencing protocols for leaderboard metagenomics by combining long and short reads – Jon G. Sanders et al. – Genome Biology

Bioinformatics

Microbiota analysis optimization for human bronchoalveolar lavage fluid – Pierre H. H. Schneeberger et al. – Microbiome

The PATRIC Bioinformatics Resource Center: expanding data and analysis capabilities – James J Davis et al. – Nucleic Acids Research

Microbes in the news

Gut microbiome of premature babies is associated with stunted growth – EurekAlert!

Shark Skin Microbiome Protects Wounds From Infection – SciTechDaily

Fiber-rich diet eases son’s asthma, launches professor’s interdisciplinary microbiome research – Jeff Dodge – Colorado State University

Researchers identify certain gut bacteria that may be involved in causing bowel cancer – University of Bristol

Some gut bacteria may increase bowel cancer risk, research suggests – Nicola Davis – The Guardian

Certain Gut Bacteria May Contribute to Bowel Cancer – Technnology Networks

China Approves Alzheimer’s Treatment that Targets the Microbiome – Kerry Grens – The Scientist

Microbes on the market

Loop Genomics launches long-read Microbiome sequencing service at short-read price – Loop Genomics – PR Newswire

October 26, 2019

Highlights: Bacterial communities in aquaculture, crocodiles, tadpoles, mushrooms, coasts, sports facilities; viruses; standardization issues of human microbiome research; some cool events and news hot off the press!

 

Events and jobs

2019 Genome Center Halloween Symposium – 31/10/2019 – UCD, USA

MB Seminar: Marine Host-Microbiome Interactions: Challenges and Opportunities (Dr. Jonathan Eisen, UC Davis) – 22/11/2019 – UCSD, USA

General microbiome 

Metabolic specializations within a bacterial community to create living rocks – Samantha C Waterworth – bioRxiv

Analysis of bacterial microbiome associated with nylon and copper nets in an aquaculture context – Paula Canada – Aquaculture

The gut-eye-lacrimal gland-microbiome axis in Sjögren Syndrome – Claudia M. Trujillo-Vargas – The Ocular Surface

Multi-site human microbiome

DNA extraction for human microbiome studies: the issue of standardization  – K. Leigh Greathouse Genome Biology

Storage media and not extraction method has the biggest impact on recovery of bacteria from the oral microbiome – Xiaoyan Zhou – Nature

Factors contributing to interindividual variation in retronasal odor perception from aroma glycosides: the role of odorant sensory detection threshold, oral microbiota and hydrolysis in saliva – Mango Parker – ACS

Animal experiments 

Contribution of fungal microbiome to intestinal physiology, early-life immune development and mucosal inflammation in mice – Erik van Tilburg Bernardes – bioRxiv

Animal microbiome 

Gut microbiota structure differs between honey bees in winter and summer – Lucie Kešnerová – bioRxiv

Characterisation of the intestinal microbiota of commercially farmed saltwater crocodiles, Crocodylus porosus – Nicky-Lee Willson – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Changes in intestinal microbial community of Rana chensinensis tadpoles during metamorphosis – Hongyu Yang – Aquaculture

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Impact of agro-farming activities on microbial diversity of acidic red soils in a Camellia Oleifera Forest – Jun Li – Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo

A horizon scan of priorities for coastal marine microbiome research – Stacey M. Trevathan-Tackett – Nature

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Effects of disinfection efficiency on microbial communities and corrosion processes in drinking water distribution systems simulated with actual running conditions – Ying Zhu – Journal of Environmental Sciences

Built environment 

Microbial diversity of bioaerosol inside sports facilities and antibiotic resistance of isolated Staphylococcus spp. – Marta Małecka-Adamowicz – Aerobiologia

Food microbiology

Comparing approaches for capturing bacterial assemblages 2 associated with symptomatic (bacterial blotch) and asymptomatic 3 mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) caps – Samuel J. Martins – APS

Comprehensive Understanding of the Bacterial Populations and Metabolites Profile of Fermented Feed by 16S rRNA Gene Sequencing and Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry – Wei Jin – MDPI Metabolites

Phages and viruses

Viruses RIG up intestinal immunity – Sanghyun Lee – Nature Immunology

Gut DNA Virome Diversity and Its Association with Host Bacteria Regulate Inflammatory Phenotype and Neuronal Immunotoxicity in Experimental Gulf War Illness – Ratanesh K Seth – MDPI Viruses

Viral quasispecies – Esteban Domingo – PLoS Genetics

Techniques

Effective application of machine learning to microbiome-based classification problems – Begüm D. Topçuoğlu – bioRxiv

LEMMI: A continuous benchmarking platform for metagenomics classifiers – Mathieu Seppey – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Even the Fetus Has Gut Bacteria, Study Shows – News Wise

Tropical Air Microbiome Analysis Reveals Daily Cycle, Environmental Drivers – genomeweb

Global Microbiome Sequencing Market – Yahoo

How our day-to-day food intake shapes our gut microbiota – Gut microbiota for health

Tracking down the functions of the microbiome – phys.org

Unhealthy gut microbiome reduces brain synaptic pruning, impairs learning – News Medical

Harnessing the Power of Microbes to Fight Cancer – Medscape.com

October 5, 2019

This weekend, read about how cooking food modifies the microbiome, how bacteria ‘strip off’ to evade antibiotics, and more. Check out an interesting pilot study looking at potential inclusion and exclusion criteria of donors for safe vaginal microbiota transplant. Enjoy!

Events

Bioinformatics for the Microbiome Symposium 2019, Stanford University, Monday October 28.
Some tickets are still available!

General microbiome

Mobile phones as fomites for potential pathogens in hospitals: microbiome analysis reveals hidden contaminants – Rebecca Simmonds – Journal of Hospital Infection

Review: Microbiomes as sources of emergent host phenotypes – J. B. Lynch and E. Y. Hsiao – Science

Vaginal microbiome

*Conceptual Design of a Universal Donor Screening Approach for Vaginal Microbiota Transplant – Kevin DeLong – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Highly diverse anaerobe-predominant vaginal microbiota among HIV-infected pregnant women in Zambia – Joan T. Price – PlosOne

Urinary microbiome

*Possible role of L-form switching in recurrent urinary tract infection – Katarzyna M. Mickiewicz – Nature Communications

Aerococcus urinae and Globicatella sanguinis Persist in Polymicrobial Urethral Catheter Biofilms Examined in Longitudinal Profiles at the Proteomic Level – Yanbao Yu – Biochemistry Insights

Gut microbiome

*Cooking shapes the structure and function of the gut microbiome – Rachel N. Carmody – Nature Microbiology

Integrated paired-end enhancer profiling and whole-genome sequencing reveals recurrent CCNE1 and IGF2 enhancer hijacking in primary gastric adenocarcinoma – Wen Fong Ooi – Gut

Effects of Low-FODMAP Diet on Symptoms, Fecal Microbiome, and Markers of Inflammation in Patients With Quiescent Inflammatory Bowel Disease in a Randomized Trial – Selina R.Cox – Gastroenterology

Water microbiome

Trophic networks improve the performance of microbial anodes treating wastewater – Christin Koch – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Application of a novel molecular technique to characterise the effect of settling on microbial community composition of activated sludge – Luong N.Nguyen – Journal of Environmental Management

Bacterial diversity in Icelandic cold spring sources and in relation to the groundwater amphipod Crangonyx islandicus – Ragnhildur Guðmundsdóttir – PlosOne

Animal microbiome

Looking like the locals – gut microbiome changes post-release in an endangered species – Rowena Chong – Animal microbiome

Animal experiment

Letrozole treatment of pubertal female mice results in activational effects on reproduction, metabolism and the gut microbiome – Pablo Arroyo – PlosOne

Microbiota of MR1 deficient mice confer resistance against Clostridium difficile infection – Ashley D. Smith – PlosOne

Exploring the microbiota of upper respiratory tract during the development of pneumonia in a mouse model – Yoshitomo Morinaga – PlosOne

Plant microbiome

Microbiome profiling of the onion thrips, Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) – Suresh J. Gawande – PlosOne

Food

Comparison of the microbial composition of African fermented foods using amplicon sequencing – Maria Diaz – Scientific Reports

The impact of grape processing and carbonic maceration on the microbiota of early stages of winemaking – Raffaele Guzzon – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Fungi

Phyllosphere Fungal Communities of Plum and Antifungal Activity of Indigenous Phenazine-Producing Pseudomonas synxantha Against Monilinia laxa – Tamara Janakiev – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbial communities associated with the black morel Morchella sextelata cultivated in greenhouses – Gian Maria Niccolò Benucci – PeerJ

Viruses

The gut virome in inflammatory bowel disease pathogenesis: From metagenomics to novel therapeutic approaches – Federica Ungaro – United European Gastroenterology Journal

Association of the Eukaryotic Vaginal Virome with Prophylactic Antibiotic Exposure and Reproductive Outcomes in a Subfertile Population Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization: A Prospective Exploratory Study – Ashley M. Eskew – Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Bioinformatics

ProphET, prophage estimation tool: A stand-alone prophage sequence prediction tool with self-updating reference database – João L. Reis-Cunha – PlosOne