June 3, 2022

Happy Friday!

Today’s digest has articles on COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy, a new R package to extract network backbones, and a class of novel antibiotics that targets a Mycobacterium tuberculosis PE-PGRS protein. There also preprints on biofilm winkling in Bacillus subtilis, the dental calculus microbiome, and the relationship between eukaryotic genomes and ocean plankton in a global metagenomic dataset.


Next week is ASM Microbe! I’ll be there, wearing a KN-95 and clutching a box of rapid tests. Feel free to comment or reach out if you’re also attending.


Oro-facial mucocutaneous manifestations of Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19): A systematic review – Fakhruddin et al. – PLOS ONE

Preprint: The salivary and nasopharyngeal microbiomes are associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection and disease severity – Kim et al. – bioRxiv

Determinants of the COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy spectrum – Piltch-Loeb et al. – PLOS ONE

General microbiome

Preprint: Fatty acid synthesis knockdown promotes biofilm wrinkling and inhibits sporulation in Bacillus subtilis – Arjes et al. – bioRxiv

Association of Strongyloides stercoralis infection and type 2 diabetes mellitus in northeastern Thailand: Impact on diabetic complication-related renal biochemical parameters – Yingklang et al. – PLOS ONE

Analysis of secondary metabolite gene clusters and chitin biosynthesis pathways of Monascus purpureus with high production of pigment and citrinin based on whole-genome sequencing – Zhang et al. – PLOS ONE

Human respiratory microbiome

A novel class of antimicrobial drugs selectively targets a Mycobacterium tuberculosis PE-PGRS protein – Seo et al. – PLOS Biology

Human oral microbiome

Preprint: Assessing the influence of the Mediterranean diet on dental calculus microbiome composition: a pilot study – Innocenti et al. – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

Lactobacillus plantarum improves LPS-induced Caco2 cell line intestinal barrier damage via cyclic AMP-PKA signaling – Wei et al. – PLOS ONE

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Preprint: Eukaryotic genomes from a global metagenomic dataset illuminate trophic modes and biogeography of ocean plankton – Alexander et al. – bioRxiv


backbone: An R package to extract network backbones – Neal – PLOS ONE

May 21, 2022

Human and General Microbiome

Citizen-science reveals changes in the oral microbiome in Spain through age and lifestyle factors – Jesse R Willis – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Gut Microbiome Was Highly Related to the Regulation of Metabolism in Lung Adenocarcinoma Patients – Sheng Wang – Frontiers in Oncology

Host-Population Microbial Diversity Scaling of Chinese Gut Microbiomes in Gout Patients – Jieshang Zhou – Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online

Combined Microbiome and Metabolome Analysis Reveals a Novel Interplay Between Intestinal Flora and Serum Metabolites in Lung Cancer – Sai Chen – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Decreased Diversity of Gut Microbiota Is Associated with Decreased Muscle Mass and Function in Older Adults Residing in a Nursing Home – Y Ishida – The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

The role of the mucin-glycan foraging Ruminococcus gnavus in the communication between the gut and the brain – Erika Coletto – Gut Microbes

A compilation of fecal microbiome shotgun metagenomics from hematopoietic cell transplantation patients – Jinyuan Yan – Scientific Data

The gut microbiota: stable bioreactor of variable composition? – Gilles Mithieux – Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism

Characterizing the mucin-degrading capacity of the human gut microbiota – Janiece S Glover – Scientific Reports

Mapping microbiome-redox spectrum and evaluating Microbial-Redox Index in chronic gastritis – Manas Kumar Panigrahi – Scientific Reports

Endometrial microbiome: sampling, assessment, and possible impact on embryo implantation – Marco Reschini – Scientific Reports

Temporal relationship among adiposity, gut microbiota, and insulin resistance in a longitudinal human cohort – Kui Deng – BMC Medicine

The respiratory microbiome associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease comorbidity in non-small cell lung cancer – Masamitsu Shimizu – Thoracic Cancer

Cervicovaginal loads of Gardnerella spp. are increased in immunocompetent women with persistent high-risk human papillomavirus infection – Rafael Belleti – Journal of Medical Microbiology

Review: Dysbiotic relationship between arthritis and the oral-gut microbiome. A critical review – Rubelisa Candido Gomes de Oliveira – Journal of Periodontal Research

Microbiome and COVID19

Intestinal microbiota composition of children with infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) – Cansu Suskun – European Journal of Pediatrics

Super Dominant Pathobiontic Bacteria in the Nasopharyngeal Microbiota Cause Secondary Bacterial Infection in COVID-19 Patients – Tian Qin – Microbiology Spectrum

Increased Abundance of Achromobacter xylosoxidans and Bacillus cereus in Upper Airway Transcriptionally Active Microbiome of COVID-19 Mortality Patients Indicates Role of Co-Infections in Disease Severity and Outcome – Priti Devi – Microbiology Spectrum

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

In vitro anti-tuberculosis effect of probiotic Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus PMC203 isolated from vaginal microbiota – Md Abdur Rahim – Scientific Reports

Commensal bacteria-derived extracellular vesicles suppress ulcerative colitis through regulating the macrophages polarization and remodeling the gut microbiota – Liping Liang – Microbial Cell Factories

More Microbes

Adaptation of the gut pathobiont Enterococcus faecalis to deoxycholate and taurocholate bile acids – F Repoila – Scientific Reports

The OmpA of commensal Escherichia coli of CRC patients affects apoptosis of the HCT116 colon cancer cell line – Mahsa Mirzarazi – BMC Microbiology

Non-Model Animal Microbiome

Bee foraging preferences, microbiota and pathogens revealed by direct shotgun metagenomics of honey – Anastasios Galanis – Molecular Ecology Resources

Time for a change! A spotlight on the many neglected facets of sponge microbial biotechnology – Bruno Francesco Rodrigues de Oliveira – Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Dietary wheat and reduced methane yield are linked to rumen microbiome changes in dairy cows – Keith W Savin – PloS ONE

Review: Role of Insect Gut Microbiota in Pesticide Degradation: A Review – Junaid Ali Siddiqui – Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant Microbiome

The Brassica napus seed microbiota is cultivar-specific and transmitted via paternal breeding lines – Birgit Wassermann – Microbial Biotechnology

Assembly, Core Microbiota, and Function of the Rhizosphere Soil and Bark Microbiota in Eucommia ulmoides – Chunbo Dong – Frontiers in Microbiology

Acquisition of a complex root microbiome reshapes the transcriptomes of rice plants – Christian Santos-Medellín – The New Phytologist

Water deficit affects inter-kingdom microbial connections in plant rhizosphere – Kathryn E Bazany – Environmental Microbiology

Review: Facilitating Reforestation Through the Plant Microbiome: Perspectives from the Phyllosphere – Posy E Busby – Annual Review of Phytopathology

Bioinformatics and Microbiome Analysis

The standardisation of the approach to metagenomic human gut analysis: from sample collection to microbiome profiling – Natalia Szóstak – Scientific Reports

Locality-Sensitive Hashing-Based k-Mer Clustering for Identification of Differential Microbial Markers Related to Host Phenotype – Wontack Han – Journal of Computational Biology

May 20, 2022

General microbiome

[Review]Opportunities and challenges of using metagenomic data to bring uncultured microbes into cultivation – Liu et al. Microbiome

Deep learning of a bacterial and archaeal universal language of life enables transfer learning and illuminates microbial dark matter – Hoarfost et al. – Nature Communications

Covid19 and Metabolome

Sex differences in global metabolomic profiles of COVID-19 patients – Escarcega et al. – Cell Death & Disease

Pregnancy and early life

Does the uterine microbiota affect the reproductive outcomes in women with recurrent implantation failures? – Keburiya et al. – BMC Women’s Health

Impact of antibiotics on off-target infant gut microbiota and resistance genes in cohort studies – Lebeaux et al. – Pediatric Research

Should we modulate the neonatal microbiome and what should be the goal? – van Best – Microbiome

Human respiratory microbiome

The respiratory microbiome associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease comorbidity in non-small cell lung cancer – Shimizu et al. – Thoacic Cancer

Human skin microbiome

SKIOME Project: a curated collection of skin microbiome datasets enriched with study-related metadata – Agostinetto et al. – Databases

Human gut microbiome

Dynamic microbiome and metabolome analyses reveal the interaction between gut microbiota and anti-PD-1 based immunotherapy in hepatocellular carcinoma – Wu et al. – International Journal of Cancer

[Review]Exploring the multifactorial aspects of Gut Microbiome in Parkinson’s Disease – Pavan et al. – Folia Microbiologica

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

[Preprint]Gut microbiota of homing pigeons shows summer-winter variation under constant diet indicating a substantial effect of temperature – Dietz et al. – bioRxiv

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

[Review]Bumblebees with the socially transmitted microbiome: A novel model organism for gut microbiota research – Zhang & Zheng – Insect Science

Adaptation of gut microbiome and host metabolic systems to lignocellulosic degradation in bamboo rats – Xiao et al. – The ISME Journal

Comparative Analysis of Gut Microbiota Between Healthy and Diarrheic Horses – Li et al. – Front. Vet. Sci.

Large Comparative Analyses of Primate Body Site Microbiomes Indicate that the Oral Microbiome Is Unique among All Body Sites and Conserved among Nonhuman Primates – Microbiology Spectrum

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Novel Chloroflexi genomes from the deepest ocean reveal metabolic strategies for the adaptation to deep-sea habitats – Liu et al. – Microbiome


CBEA: Competitive balances for taxonomic enrichment analysis – Nguyen, Hoen & Frost – PLOS Computational Biology

Clustering compositional data using Dirichlet mixture model – Pal & Heumann – PLOS One


Generation and application of pseudo–long reads for metagenome assembly – Sim et al. – Giga Science

[Preprint]A comparison of six DNA extraction protocols for 16S, ITS, and shotgun metagenomic sequencing of microbial communities – Shaffer et al. – bioRxiv

[Preprint]Estimating Microbial Population Data from Optical Density – Mira, Yeh & Hall – bioRxiv

May 14, 2022

Human and General Microbiome

Gut Microbiome

Noninvasive assessment of gut function using transcriptional recording sentinel cells – Florian Schmidt – Science

Perspective about this paper: Recording bacterial responses to changes in the gut environment – Liron Zahavi – Science

Contribution of the Microbiome to Western Diet-Induced Gene Expression Changes in the Intestine and Vasculature – Alyssa N Cavalier – FASEB Journal

The Gut Microbiota Metabolite Succinate promotes Adipose Tissue Browning in Crohn’s Disease – D Monfort-Ferré – Journal of Crohn’s & Colitis

Changes in Gut Microbiome Composition with Healthy Aging in Humans: Links to Vascular Endothelial Function – Nathan Greenberg – FASEB Journal

The Gut Microbiota Modulates Gene Expression in the Kidney – Brittni Moore – FASEB Journal

Rapid evolution and strain turnover in the infant gut microbiome – Daisy W Chen – Genome Research

Review: The role of short-chain fatty acids in Clostridioides difficile infection: A review – Zi-Rou Ouyang – Anaerobe

Respiratory Microbiome

Lung microbiome composition and bronchial epithelial gene expression in patients with COPD versus healthy individuals: a bacterial 16S rRNA gene sequencing and host transcriptomic analysis – Mohammadali Yavari Ramsheh – The Lancet. Microbe

Therapeutic Targeting of the Respiratory Microbiome – Sanjay H Chotirmall – American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Temporal Dynamics of the Nasopharyngeal Microbiome and its Relationship with Childhood Asthma Exacerbation – Jinpao Hou – Microbiology Spectrum

Oral Microbiome

Role of Oral Microbiota Biofilms in Recurrent Tonsillitis and Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Children – Thibault Allain – FASEB Journal

Oral Microbiota of Amazonian Kichwa Infants From Equador During the First Six Months of Life – Diana Maldonado Lino – FASEB Journal

Child saliva microbiota and caries: a randomized controlled maternal education trial in rural Uganda – Grace K M Muhoozi – Scientific Reports

Microbiome and Cancer

Review: Gut microbiota: Role and Association with Tumorigenesis in Different Malignancies – Altamas Ali – Molecular Biology Reports

Fusobacterium nucleatum as a Marker for Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition in Colorectal Cancer – Angela Huang – FASEB Journal

L-norvaline affects the proliferation of breast cancer cells based on the microbiome and metabolome analysis – Qin Zhu – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Microbiome across Age

Integrative multiomics analysis reveals host-microbe-metabolite interplays associated with the aging process in Singaporeans – Liwei Chen – Gut Microbes

Association of antibiotics exposure within the first 2 years after birth with subsequent childhood type 1 diabetes – Dahye Lee – Endocrine

Review: The resistance within: Antibiotic disruption of the gut microbiome and resistome dynamics in infancy – Robert Thänert – Cell Host & Microbe

Review: The developing infant gut microbiome: A strain-level view – Hagay Enav – Cell Host & Microbe

Multi-site Microbiome

The healthy female microbiome across body sites: effect of hormonal contraceptives and the menstrual cycle – Maria Christine Krog – Human Reproduction

Multi-scale study of the oral and gut environments in children with high and low threshold peanut allergy – Lingdi Zhang – The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

Supplementation with a probiotic mixture accelerates gut microbiome maturation and reduces intestinal inflammation in extremely preterm infants – Jumana Samara – Cell host & Microbe

Review: Effective Regulation of Gut Microbiota With Probiotics and Prebiotics May Prevent or Alleviate COVID-19 Through the Gut-Lung Axis – Lei Xu – Frontiers in Pharmacology

Review: A Reciprocal Link Between Gut Microbiota, Inflammation and Depression: A Place for Probiotics? – Ahmed Eltokhi – Frontiers in Neuroscience

Animal Model Microbiome

Reduced housing density improves statistical power of murine gut microbiota studies – Amber Russell – Cell Reports

Investigation of Effects of Hyperglycaemia on the Lung Microbiome in Diabetic Mice – Stanislavs Vasiljevs – FASEB Journal

Dietary Impacts on Changes in Diversity and Abundance of the Murine Microbiome During Progression and Treatment of Cancer – Holly Paden – FASEB Journal

Impact of Gut R. torques on Type 2 Diabetes in Selenium-deficient Mice – Ying-Chen Huang – FASEB Journal

Interaction between gut microbiota dysbiosis and lung infection as gut-lung axis caused by Streptococcus suis in mouse model – Wenjie Yang – Microbiological Research

The influence of maternal unhealthy diet on maturation of offspring gut microbiota in rat – Kyoko Hasebe – Animal Microbiome

Lactoferrin modulates gut microbiota and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in mice with dysbiosis induced by antibiotics – Andrea Bellés – Food & Function

Non-Model Animal Microbiome

Serotonin modulates insect gut bacterial community homeostasis – Tian Zeng – BMC Biology

Plant and Soil Microbiome

Natural variation in root exudation of GABA and DIMBOA impacts the maize root endosphere and rhizosphere microbiomes – Peng Wang – Journal of Experimental Botany

Beyond the snapshot: identification of the timeless, enduring indicator microbiome informing soil fertility and crop production in alkaline soils – Jianwei Zhang – Environmental Microbiome

Environmental Microbiome

The role of microbiome in carbon sequestration and environment security during wastewater treatment – Xuefeng Zhu – The Science of the Total Environment

Bioinformatics and Microbiome Analysis

Variational Approximation-Based Model Selection for Microbial Network Inference – Shibu Yooseph – Journal of Computational Biology

Review: Opportunities and challenges of using metagenomic data to bring uncultured microbes into cultivation – Sijia Liu – Microbiome

May 3, 2022

General microbiome

Longitudinal multi-omics analyses link gut microbiome dysbiosis with recurrent urinary tract infections in women – Worby et al. Nature Microbiology. 2022

Human gut microbiome

Unfavourable intrauterine environment contributes to abnormal gut microbiome and metabolome in twins – Yang et al. Gut

Dosing a synbiotic of human milk oligosaccharides and B. infantis leads to reversible engraftment in healthy adult microbiomes without antibiotics – Button et al. Cell Host & Microbe

Gut microbial similarity in twins is driven by shared environment and aging – Vilchez-Vargas et al. eBioMedicine

Gut Microbiome Alterations Associated with Diabetes in Mexican Americans in South Texas. Kwan et al. mSystems

Human respiratory & oral microbiome

Metagenomic sequencing reveals time, host, and body compartment-specific viral dynamics after lung transplantation – Widder et al. Microbiome

Polymicrobial Interactions of Oral Microbiota: a Historical Review and Current Perspective – Zhang et al. mBio

Animal experiments

Effects of ‘Healthy’ Fecal Microbiota Transplantation against the Deterioration of Depression in Fawn-Hooded Rats – Hu et al. mSystems

Water/Extremophile microbiome

Metagenome-assembled genomes of phytoplankton microbiomes from the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans – Duncan et al. Microbiome


Compositionally Aware Phylogenetic Beta-Diversity Measures Better Resolve Microbiomes Associated with Phenotype – Martino et al. mSystems

BiomeHorizon: Visualizing Microbiome Time Series Data in R – Fink et al. mSystems

Comparative Analysis and Data Provenance for 1,113 Bacterial Genome Assemblies. Yarmosh et al. mSphere

Non microbiome picks

Ancestry-inclusive dog genomics challenges popular breed stereotypes – Morrill et al. Science. 

Dietary fibre in hypertension and cardiovascular disease management: systematic review and meta-analyses – Reynolds et al. BMC Medicine

April 20, 2022

General microbiome

How the gut talks to the brain – Adamantidis – Science

Pregnancy and early life

Relationship between gut microbiome characteristics and the effect of nutritional therapy on glycemic control in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus – Chen et al. – PLOS One

Dynamics of the infant gut microbiota in the first 18 months of life: the impact of maternal HIV infection and breastfeeding – Grant-Beurmann et al. – Microbiome

Human respiratory microbiome

The diagnostic value of nasal microbiota and clinical parameters in a multi-parametric prediction model to differentiate bacterial versus viral infections in lower respiratory tract infections – Li et al. – PLOS One

Human skin microbiome

The Chronic Wound Phageome: Phage Diversity and Associations with Wounds and Healing Outcomes – Verbanic, Deacon & Chen – Microbiology Spectrum

Human vaginal microbiome

Vaginal microbiota as an unusual cause of spondylodiscitis – Kolakowska et al. – Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

Human gut microbiome

Environmental factors shaping the gut microbiome in a Dutch population – Gacesa et al. – Nature

Predictive Role of Gut Microbiota in Weight Loss Achievement after Bariatric Surgery – Gutierrez-Repiso et al. – Journal of the American College of Surgeons

Intestinal Blautia may protect against neutropenic fever in allogeneic transplant patients by augmenting the intestinal epithelium – Rashidi et al. – Clinical Infectious Diseases

Clinical Observation of the Effects of Oral Opioid on Inflammatory Cytokines and Gut Microbiota in Patients with Moderate to Severe Cancer Pain: A Retrospective Cohort Study – Wang et al. – Pain and Therapy

The human gut microbiota contributes to type-2 diabetes non-resolution 5-years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass – Debedat et al. – Gut Microbes

The gut microbial metabolite formate exacerbates colorectal cancer progression – Ternes et al. – Nature Metabolism

Drinking water chlorination has minor effects on the intestinal flora and resistomes of Bangladeshi children – Nadimpalli et al. – Nature Microbiology

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

The microbiota-gut-brain axis participates in chronic cerebral hypoperfusion by disrupting the metabolism of short-chain fatty acids – Xiao et al. – Microbiome

Effect of gluten-free diet and antibiotics on murine gut microbiota and immune response to tetanus vaccination – Kihl et al. – PLOS One

Hawk tea prevents high-fat diet-induced obesity in mice by activating the AMPK/ACC/SREBP1c signaling pathways and regulating the gut microbiota – Tao et al. – Food & Function

Changes in gut microbiota, metabolite SCFAs, and GPR43 expression in obese diabetic mice after sleeve gastrectomy – Guo et al. – Journal of Applied Microbiology

The gut microbiome influences host diet selection behavior – Trevelline & Kohl – PNAS

High-fat diet disrupts REG3γ and gut microbial rhythms promoting metabolic dysfunction – Frazier et al. – Cell Host & Microbe

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Intrinsic and extrinsic factors influence on an omnivore’s gut microbiome – Trujillo et al. – PLOS One

Effects of Schyzocotyle acheilognathi (Yamaguti, 1934) infection on the intestinal microbiota, growth and immune reactions of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) – Fu et al. – PLOS One

Virome in the cloaca of wild and breeding birds revealed a diversity of significant viruses – Shan et al. – Microbiome

Interspecies microbiome transplantation recapitulates microbial acquisition in mosquitoes – Coon, Hedge & Hughes

Gut microbiota promote biotransformation and bioaccumulation of arsenic in tilapia – Environmental Pollution

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Linnemannia elongata (Mortierellaceae) stimulates Arabidopsis thaliana aerial growth and responses to auxin, ethylene, and reactive oxygen species – Vandepol et al. – PLOS One

Bacterial and fungal microbiota of total mixed ration silage stored at various temperatures – Wali et al. – Journal of Applied Microbiology


Single cell genome sequencing of laboratory mouse microbiota improves taxonomic and functional resolution of this model microbial community – Lyalina – PLOS One


THOR’s Hammer: the Antibiotic Koreenceine Drives Gene Expression in a Model Microbial Community – Hurley et al. – mBio

Microbes in the news

Bacteria generate electricity from methane

March 25, 2022

Human gut microbiome

In Vitro and In Silico Based Approaches to Identify Potential Novel Bacteriocins from the Athlete Gut Microbiome of an Elite Athlete Cohort – Wosinska et al. Microorganisms

Cancer pharmacomicrobiomics: targeting microbiota to optimise cancer therapy outcomes – Ting et al. Gut

Human respiratory microbiome

Inhibition of lung microbiota-derived proapoptotic peptides ameliorates acute exacerbation of pulmonary fibrosis – D’Alessandro-Gabazza et al. Nature Communications


Gut microbiota and fermentation-derived branched chain hydroxy acids mediate health benefits of yogurt consumption in obese mice – Daniel et al. Nature Communications

Animal experiments

Gut microbiota determines the social behavior of mice and induces metabolic and inflammatory changes in their adipose tissue – Agranyoni et al. npj biofilms and microbiomes

The microbiota restrains neurodegenerative microglia in a model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis – Cox et al. Microbiome

Water & Extremophile microbiome

Spatial organization of the kelp microbiome at micron scales – Ramirez-Puebla et al. Microbiome

Metagenomics reveals global-scale contrasts in nitrogen cycling and cyanobacterial light-harvesting mechanisms in glacier cryoconite – Murakami et al. Microbiome.


Phages and their satellites encode hotspots of antiviral systems – Rousset et al. Cell Host & Microbe


Fungal sensing enhances neutrophil metabolic fitness by regulating antifungal Glut1 activity – Li et al. Cell Host & Microbe

The primate gut mycobiome-bacteriome interface is impacted by environmental and subsistence factors – Sharma et al. npj Biofilms and microbiomes


Swapping Metagenomics Preprocessing Pipeline Components Offers Speed and Sensitivity Increases – Armstrong et al. mSystems

March 09, 2022

General microbiome

Public human microbiome data are dominated by highly developed countries – Abdill, Adamowicz & Blekhman – PLOS Biology

Beyond the Microbiome: Germ-ganism? An Integrative Idea for Microbial Existence, Organization, Growth, Pathogenicity, and Therapeutics – Kambouris et al. – OMICS

Quantifying and Cataloguing Unknown Sequences within Human Microbiomes – Modha et al. – mSystems

Human respiratory microbiome

Alterations of lung microbiota in patients with non-small cell lung cancer – Zeng et al. – Bioengineered

Human vaginal microbiome

Evaluation of microbiome enrichment and host DNA depletion in human vaginal samples using Oxford Nanopore’s adaptive sequencing – Marquet et al. – Scientific Reports

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Personal diet–microbiota interactions and weight loss – Roager & Christensen

Integrated analysis of gut microbiome and host immune responses in COVID-19 – Xu et al. – Frontiers in Medicine

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Gut microbiome modifications over time when removing in-feed antibiotics from the prophylaxis of post-weaning diarrhea in piglets – Cremonesi et al. – PLOS One

Complete Genome Sequences of Three Staphylococcus haemolyticus Strains Isolated from the Lung of a TGFβ1 Transgenic Mouse with Lung Fibrosis – Abdel-Hamid et al. – Microbiology Resource Announcements

Colitis-associated microbiota drives changes in behaviour in male mice in the absence of inflammation – Vicentini et al. – Brain, Behaviour, and Immunity

Comprehensive mouse microbiota genome catalog reveals major difference to its human counterpart – Kieser, Zdobnov & Trajkovski – PLOS Comp Biol

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The microbiome and resistome of apple fruits alter in the post-harvest period – Wassermann et al. – Environmental Microbiome

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Effects of Ocean Warming on the Underexplored Members of the Coral Microbiome – Maire et al. – Integrative and Comparative Biology


[PREPRINT]A comparison of six DNA extraction protocols for 16S, ITS, and shotgun metagenomic sequencing of microbial communities – Shaffer et al. – bioRxiv

[PREPRINT]A comparison of hard and soft direct methods for DNA extraction from soil – Hill et al. – bioRxiv

February 16, 2022

Happy Wednesday! Today’s digest includes two gut-brain axis papers from Sarkis Mazmanian’s lab at CalTech. The first article, published in Nature, found that 4-ethylphenol (4EPS) produced by gut microbes from dietary tyrosine was capable of entering the brain and changing gene expression, brain cell interactions, and brain functions. In the second study, published in Nature Medicine, oral administration of the adsorbent AB-2004–which can bind and sequester phenolic compounds–led to reduced levels of gut 4EPS and decreased anxiety in human adolescents with autism spectrum disorder.

I have also included an article published by my thesis lab in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology looking at the impact of seasons on the respiratory microbiome and asthma exacerbations in children.

Finally, there is an interesting paper by Baranova et al. in which the authors identify a bacterial species ubiquitous across multiple wild animals that appears to have novel functions for pathogen control or microbiome remodeling. Happy reading!

General Microbiome
Scale-dependent tipping points of bacterial colonization resistance. – Karita, Y. et al., PNAS.

Microbial protection favors parasite tolerance and alters host-parasite coevolutionary dynamics. – Rafaluk-Mohr, C. et al., Current Biology.

Human Respiratory Microbiome
Seasonal Airway Microbiome and Transcriptome Interactions Promote Childhood Asthma Exacerbations. – McCauley, K.E. et al., The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

Human Skin Microbiome
Secreted Toxins From Staphylococcus aureus Strains Isolated From Keratinocyte Skin Cancers Mediate Pro-tumorigenic Inflammatory Responses in the Skin. – Krueger, A. et al., Frontiers in Microbiology.

Aged related human skin microbiome and mycobiome in Korean women. – Kim, H-J. et al., Scientific Reports.

Human Vaginal Microbiome
Extracellular Vesicles Generated by Gram-Positive Bacteria Protect Human Tissues Ex Vivo From HIV-1 Infection. – Costantini, P.E. et al., Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology.

Gut-Brain Axis
A gut-derived metabolite alters brain activity and anxiety behavior in mice. – Needham, B.D. et al., Nature.

Safety and target engagement of an oral small-molecule sequestrant in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder: an open-label phase 1b/2a trial. – Campbell, A.S., Needham, B.D., Meyers, C.R. et al., Nature Medicine.

Animal Experiments
Tryptophan-derived microbial metabolites activate the aryl hydrocarbon receptor in tumor-associated macrophages to suppress anti-tumor immunity. – Hezaveh, K. et al., Immunity.

Stochastic microbiome assembly depends on context. – Jones, E.W. et al., PNAS.

IBD-Associated Atg16L1T300A Polymorphism Regulates Commensal Microbiota of the Intestine. – Liu, H. et al., Frontiers in Immunology.

A homeostatic interferon-lambda response to bacterial microbiota stimulates preemptive antiviral defense within discrete pockets of intestinal epithelium. – Van Winkle, J.A. et al. eLife.

Enteric nervous system modulation of luminal pH modifies the microbial environment to promote intestinal health. – Hamilton, M.K. et al., PLoS Pathogens.

Animal Microbiome
Characterization of the Gut Microbiome and Resistomes of Wild and Zoo-Captive Macaques. – Jia, T. et al., Frontiers in Veterinary Science.

Deep Functional Profiling of Wild Animal Microbiomes Reveals Probiotic Bacillus pumilus Strains with a Common Biosynthetic Fingerprint. – Baranova, M.N. et al., International Journal of Molecular Sciences.

Plant, Root, and Soil Microbiome
Plant immunity suppression via PHR1-RALF-FERONIA shapes the root microbiome to alleviate phosphate starvation. – Tang, J. et al., The EMBO Journal.

Extracts from Environmental Strains of Pseudomonas spp. Effectively Control Fungal Plant Diseases. – Librizzi, V. et al., Plants.

Mega-fire in Redwood Tanoak Forest Reduces Bacterial and Fungal Richness and Selects for Pyrophilous Taxa that are Phylogenetically Conserved. – Enright, D.J. et al., Molecular Ecology.

Water and Extremophile Microbiome
Analysis of antibiotic resistance genes reveals its important role in influencing the community structure of ocean microbiome. – Yang, P. et al., The Science of the Total Environment.

Seaweeds influence oyster microbiota and disease susceptibility. – Dugeny, E. et al., The Journal of Animal Ecology.

Air Microbiome
Vertical stratification of the air microbiome in the lower troposphere. – Drautz-Moses, D.I. et al., PNAS.

Evaluating supervised and unsupervised background noise correction in human gut microbiome data. – Briscoe, L. et al., PLoS Computational Biology.

February 2, 2022

General microbiome

Genomic structure predicts metabolite dynamics in microbial communities – Gowda et al. – Cell 

Inhalable antibiotic resistomes emitted from hospitals: metagenomic insights into bacterial hosts, clinical relevance, and environmental risks – Wu et al. – Microbiome

Long-read metagenomic sequencing reveals shifts in associations of antibiotic resistance genes with mobile genetic elements from sewage to activated sludge – Dai et al. – Microbiome

Understanding microbiome alterations in autism – Nature Medicine

Human gut microbiome

3β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase expressed by gut microbes degrades testosterone and is linked to depression in males – Li et al. – Cell Host & Microbe

Pregnancy and early life

Early-life viral infections are associated with disadvantageous immune and microbiota profiles and recurrent respiratory infections – Piters et al. – Nature Microbiology

Meconium Microbiome of Very Preterm Infants across Germany – Klopp et al. – mSphere

Water and extremophile microbiome

Comparative metabolomic analysis reveals shared and unique chemical interactions in sponge holobionts – Zhang et al. – Microbiome

A multi-omics approach unravels metagenomic and metabolic alterations of a probiotic and synbiotic additive in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) – Rasmussen et al. – Microbiome


MUON: multimodal omics analysis framework – Bredikhin et al. – Genome Biology

Non Microbiome Picks

A Toast to All the Rejects – The Atlantic. An insightful article on celebrating your rejections in academia.