April 26, 2021

Greetings from Pittsburgh! Today’s digest is preprint heavy. Topics include an optimized protocol for cyanobacterial 16S rRNA analysis, a panel of Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates, and more! Happy reading!

Events and jobs

The National Summer Undergraduate Research Project is looking for microbiology or computational immunology grad trainees, postdocs, staff scientists, and group leaders to serve as mentors for their summer program. Sign up here!


General microbiome

Preprint: A panel of diverse Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates for research and development – Lebreton et al. – bioRxiv

Pregnancy and early life

Preprint: Diet potentially drives the differentiation of eating behaviours via alterations to the gut microbiome in infants – Yan et al. – bioRxiv

Multi-site human microbiome

An atlas of the tissue and blood metagenome in cancer reveals novel links between bacteria, viruses and cancer – Borchmann – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Transcription of macromolecular N degrading genes provides a window into organic nitrogen decomposition in soil – Sieradzki et al. – bioRxiv

Built environment

Preprint: Microbial biomass, composition, and functions are responsible for the differential removal of trace organic chemicals in biofiltration systems – Cao et al. – bioRxiv
Microbes in space

Food microbiology

Preprint: Fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli originating on dairy farms are an infrequent cause of bacteriuria in humans living in the same geographical region – Mounsey et al. – bioRxiv

Techniques

Preprint: Optimized protocol for Cyanobacterial 16S rRNA analysis in Danube Delta lakes – Moza & Postolache – bioRxiv

April 1, 2021

General microbiome

Viral genomic, metagenomic and human transcriptomic characterization and prediction of the clinical forms of COVID-19 – Rodrigez et al. – PLOS Pathogens

A multiomics approach to identify host-microbe alterations associated with infection severity in diabetic foot infections: a pilot study – Radzieta – et al. – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Pregnancy and early life

Interactions between gut microbiota and metabolites modulate cytokine network imbalances in women with unexplained miscarriage – Liu et al. – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Developmental trajectory of the healthy human gut microbiota during the first 5 years of life – Roswall et al. – Cell Host & Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Compositional change of gut microbiome and osteocalcin expressing endothelial progenitor cells in patients with coronary artery disease – Toya et al. – PLOS One

Stool metabolome-microbiota evaluation among children and adolescents with obesity, overweight, and normal-weight using 1H NMR and 16S rRNA gene profiling – Jaimes et al. – PLOS One

Gut dysbiosis and mortality in hemodialysis patients – Lin et al. – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

[REVIEW]The Interplay between Diet, Gut Microbes, and Host Epigenetics in Health and Disease – Shock et al. – The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry

[REVIEW]Circadian rhythms and the gut microbiome synchronize the host’s metabolic response to diet – Lopez et al. – Cell Metabolism

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Meta-analysis identifies the effect of dietary multi-enzyme supplementation on gut health of pigs – Ramani et al. – Scientific Reports

Silicon-containing water intake confers antioxidant effect, gastrointestinal protection, and gut microbiota modulation in the rodents – Wu et al. – PLOS One

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

[PREPRINT]16S rRNA Amplicon Sequencing of Bagworm Metisa plana Walker (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) – Ting et al. – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Metagenomic analysis exploring taxonomic and functional diversity of bacterial communities of a Himalayan urban fresh water lake – Ahmad et al. – PLOS One

Geochemical and metagenomics study of a metal-rich, green-turquoise-coloured stream in the southern Swiss Alps – Buetti-Dinh – PLOS One

Phages and viruses

[REVIEW]The human virome: assembly, composition and host interactions – Liang & Bushman – Nature Reviews Microbiology

[PREPRINT]Diverse viruses carrying genes for microbial extremotolerance in the Atacama Desert hyperarid soil – Hwang et al. – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

MCPdb: The bacterial microcompartment database – Ochoa et al. – PLOS One
[Twitter]97% identity cutoff applied on humans and related species – Matthew Hahn

Techniques

Single strain control of microbial consortia – Fedorec et al. – Nature Communications

Microbes and Art

A Cultural Triumph: Microbiology Student Makes A Petri Dish Masterpiece – McCammon – npr

March 12, 2021

Today’s digest is HUGE.

Read about the healthy urogenital microbiome profiling by culturomics, gutSMASH (Specialized Primary Metabolite Analysis From Anaerobic Bacteria), (sub)strains evolution in mice, and AMPSphere (a comprehensive catalog of antimicrobial peptides).

There are interesting results of a new metaanalysis of the neonatal microbiome, maternal strain inheritance, and persistence into adolescence, evaluation of the effect of long-term freezing storage temperature on fecal samples, and estimation of the bioinformatic carbon footprint using the freely available Green Algorithms calculator. Find out more about statistics & challenges in molecular microbiology (with a reproducible research appendix!).

NEWS: The Transbiome project is a community driven research program using crowdfunding and co-creation to discover the diversity of the neo-vaginal microbiome. You can support the project here.

Check out a list of awesome webinars, courses and podcasts. Happy Friday!

Gut microbiome

*A systematic analysis of metabolic pathways in the human gut microbiota – Victòria Pascal Andreu – bioRxiv

*Strain inheritance and neonatal gut microbiota development: A meta-analysis – Daniel Podlesny and W. Florian Fricke – International Journal of Medical Microbiology

Adaptive ecological processes and metabolic independence drive microbial colonization and resilience in the human gut – Andrea R. Watson – bioRixv

Effect of fecal microbiota transplantation on neurological restoration in a spinal cord injury mouse model: involvement of brain-gut axis – Yingli Jing – Microbiome

Review: Association between antibiotics and gut microbiome dysbiosis in children: systematic review and meta-analysis – Lucy McDonnell – Gut Microbes

Review: Salmonella versus the Microbiome – Andrew W. L. Rogers – Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews

Respiratory microbiome

Strain-Resolved Dynamics of the Lung Microbiome in Patients with Cystic Fibrosis – Marija Dmitrijeva – mBio

Oral microbiome

Review: Resilience of the oral microbiome – William G. Wade – Periodontology 2000

Skin microbiome

Skin microbiota and clinical associations in Netherton sindrome – Veera Sillanpää – JID Innovations

Urogenital microbiome

*Long-term stability of the urogenital microbiota of asymptomatic European women – Magdalena Ksiezarek – BMC Microbiology

Limosilactobacillus urinaemulieris sp. nov. and Limosilactobacillus portuensis sp. nov. isolated from urine of healthy women – Magdalena Ksiezarek – International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Vaginal microbiome

The structure and diversity of strain-level variation in vaginal bacteria – Brett A. Tortelli – Microbial Genomics

Obesity is associated with lower bacterial vaginosis prevalence in menopausal but not pre-menopausal women in a retrospective analysis of the Women’s Interagency HIV Study – Elizabeth Daubert – PlosOne

Bacterial biofilm formation on vaginal ring pessaries used for pelvic organ prolapse – Felicity G. Gould – International Urogynecology Journal

Animal microbiome

*Long-term storage of feces at −80 °C versus −20 °C is negligible for 16S rRNA amplicon profiling of the equine bacterial microbiome – Stefan Gavriliuc – PeerJ

Differences in the gut microbiomes of dogs and wolves: roles of antibiotics and starch – Yuting Liu – BMC Veterinary Research

An Expanded Gene Catalog of Mouse Gut Metagenomes – Jiahui Zhu – mSphere

Animal experiments

*Long-term evolution and short-term adaptation of microbiota strains and sub-strains in mice – Bahtiyar Yilmaz – Cell Host & Microbe

The gut mycobiome of healthy mice is shaped by the environment and correlates with metabolic outcomes in response to diet – Tahliyah S. Mims – Communications Biology

Functional genetics of human gut commensal Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron reveals metabolic requirements for growth across environments – Hualan Liu – Cell Reports

Tea polyphenols regulate gut microbiota dysbiosis induced by antibiotic in mice – Jie Li – Food Research International

Plant microbiome

Designing a home for beneficial plant microbiomes – Chunxu Song – Current Opinion in Plant Biology

Food

Review: Polymicrobial interaction between Lactobacillus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae: coexistence-relevant mechanisms – Zhenbo Xu – Critical Reviews in Microbiology

Viruses and phages

Viromes outperform total metagenomes in revealing the spatiotemporal patterns of agricultural soil viral communities – Christian Santos-Medellin – The ISME Journal

Review: Biases in Viral Metagenomics-Based Detection, Cataloguing and Quantification of Bacteriophage Genomes in Human Faeces, a Review – Julie Callanan – Microorganisms

Techniques

High molecular weight DNA extraction strategies for long-read sequencing of complex metagenomes – Florian Trigodet – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

*AMPSphere: the worldwide survey of prokaryotic antimicrobial peptides – Célio Dias Santos-Júnior – Zenodo

*A Statistical Perspective on the Challenges in Molecular Microbial Biology – Pratheepa Jeganathan and Susan P. Holmes – arXiv

*The carbon footprint of bioinformatics – Jason Grealey – bioRxiv

*Make Interactive Complex Heatmaps in R – Zuguang Gu and Daniel Huebschmann – bioRxiv

Machine learning applications in microbial ecology, human microbiome studies, and environmental monitoring – Ryan B.Ghannam and Stephen M.Techtmann – Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal

Tutorial: assessing metagenomics software with the CAMI benchmarking toolkit – Fernando Meyer – Nature Protocols

STATegra: Multi-Omics Data Integration – A Conceptual Scheme With a Bioinformatics Pipeline – Nuria Planell – Frontiers in Genetics

Exploring bacterial diversity via a curated and searchable snapshot of archived DNA sequences – Grace A. Blackwell – bioRxiv

clinker & clustermap.js: automatic generation of gene cluster comparison figures – Cameron L M Gilchrist & Yit-Heng Chooi – Bioinformatics

gapseq: informed prediction of bacterial metabolic pathways and reconstruction of accurate metabolic models – Johannes Zimmermann – Genome Biology

Webinars

mSystems Thinking Series: Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Microbiology – ASM – March 26

The Microbiome Centers Consortium Seminar Series – weekly seminars featuring early career researchers – Thursdays

Americas Webinar: Mother’s Milk & Baby’s Bacteria: Discoveries from the CHILD Cohort Study – Meghan Azad – April 14

Courses & Workshops

Get R Done: R Tutorials video series – Chad C. Williams

Machine Learning in Genomics: Tools, Resources, Clinical Applications and Ethics – the NHGRI Genomic Data Science Working Group of the National Advisory Council for Human Genome Research – April 13-14

Podcast

February 2021 Pod: Global Chang‪e‬ – Bengtsson-Palme Lab – Microbiology Lab Pod

Enhancers with Molly Gasperini – Jacob Schreiber – The Bioinformatics Chat

Matthew Schechter: Metagenomics History Part 1 and 2 – Leo Elworth – The Bioinformatics and Beyond Podcast

Ep. 33 Oyster Microbiome with Dr. Rachel Diner – Julie Laurin – Planet B612

Art

UMich Microbial Masterpieces – Community for microbe enthusiasts and artists – Erica Gardner, Anna Urso, Bruna Iunes Sanches
*Check out their giant Winogradsky Panel in the Duderstadt Center gallery

March 4, 2021

Happy Thursday from San Francisco! Today’s Microbiome Digest includes: a paper by Marbouty et al. in which a large number of phages and their interacting bacteria were identified in the healthy human gut; a thorough examination by Zhu et al. of the composition and metabolic potential of cave-dwelling bacteria, including sequencing of 14 new bacterial species; and a study by Mu et al. which found that the maternally-derived microbe Lactobacillus reuteri promotes immunoglobulin A production in the neonatal gut.

There is also a study by Serrano-Villar et al. which examined the use of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMTs) in HIV patients. The authors observed that FMT led to engraftment of two bacterial families–Lachnospiraceae and Ruminococcaceae–typically depleted in HIV-infected subjects and decreased levels of a plasma biomarker of intestinal permeability. While the findings are interesting, I remain skeptical of the appropriateness of FMTs in this context. Instead of an FMT–which requires donors and screening of their stool to ensure quality and safety–why not use a probiotic cocktail of Lachnospiraceae and Ruminococcaceae family members and perhaps include prebiotic factors to try to promote engraftment?

Additionally, there is a great article by Ras et al. discussing the results of a pilot study that successfully implemented microbiome-related bioinformatics courses across 11 African countries.

Pregnancy and Early Life
Distinct Changes Occur in the Human Breast Milk Microbiome Between Early and Established Lactation in Breastfeeding Guatemalan Mothers. – Gonzales, E. et al., Frontiers in Microbiology.

Human Skin Microbiome
Spermidine-induced recovery of human dermal structure and barrier function by skin microbiome. – Kim, G. et al. Communications Biology.

Human Vaginal Microbiome
Influence of dapivirine vaginal ring use on cervicovaginal immunity and functional microbiome in adolescent girls. – Farr Zuend, C. et al., AIDS.

Mapping the entire functionally active endometrial microbiota. – Sola-Leyva, A. et al., Human Reproduction.

Genomic relatedness and clinical significance of Streptococcus mitis strains isolated from the urogenital tract of sexual partners. – Mores, C.R. et al., Microbial Genomics.

Human Gut Microbiome
Identification of an N-acetylneuraminic acid-presenting bacteria isolated from a human microbiome. – Han, Z. et al., Scientific Reports.

Fecal microbiota transplantation in HIV: A pilot placebo-controlled study. – Serrano-Villar, S. et al., Nature Communications.

Gastrointestinal microbiota composition predicts peripheral inflammatory state during treatment of human tuberculosis. – Wipperman, M.F. et al., Nature Communications.

Animal Experiments
Regulation of neonatal IgA production by the maternal microbiota. – Mu, Q. et al., PNAS.

Lysates of Methylococcus capsulatus Bath induce a lean-like microbiota, intestinal FoxP3+RORγt+IL-17+ Tregs and improve metabolism. – Jensen, B.A.H., et al., Nature Communications.

Sex-dependent modulation of immune development by secretory IgA–coated Lactobacillus reuteri isolated from breast milk. – Qi, C. et al., Journal of Dairy Science.

Oral berberine improves brain dopa/dopamine levels to ameliorate Parkinson’s disease by regulating gut microbiota. – Wang, Y. et al., Signal Transduction and Targeted Therapy.

Animal Microbiome
Lactobacillus reuteri-derived extracellular vesicles maintain intestinal immune homeostasis against lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory responses in broilers. – Hu, R. et al., Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology.

Plant, Root, and Soil Microbiome
Dicer-like proteins influence Arabidopsis root microbiota independent of RNA-directed DNA methylation. – Kaushal, R. et al., Microbiome.

Succession of the Resident Soil Microbial Community in Response to Periodic Inoculations. – Wang, Z. et al., Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

Climate change alters temporal dynamics of alpine soil microbial functioning and biogeochemical cycling via earlier snowmelt. – Broadbent, A.A.D. et al., ISME Journal.

Water and Extremophile Microbiome
Microbial Community Structure Driven by a Volcanic Gradient in Glaciers of the Antarctic Archipelago South Shetland. – García-Lopez, E. et al., Microorganisms.

Effect of polymer type on the colonization of plastic pellets by marine bacteria. – Hansen, J. et al., FEMS Microbiology Letters.

Lifestyle of sponge symbiont phages by host prediction and correlative microscopy. – Jahn, M.T. et al., ISME Journal.

Bacteria and Metabolic Potential in Karst Caves Revealed by Intensive Bacterial Cultivation and Genome Assembly. – Zhue, H-Z et al., Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

Phages and Viruses
MetaHiC phage-bacteria infection network reveals active cycling phages of the healthy human gut. – Marbouty, M. et al., Elife.

Bioinformatics
On the evolutionary origins of host–microbe associations. – Sieber, M. et al., PNAS.

Ecology-guided prediction of cross-feeding interactions in the human gut microbiome. – Goyal, A. et al., Nature Communications.

Using a multiple-delivery-mode training approach to develop local capacity and infrastructure for advanced bioinformatics in Africa. – Ras, V. et al., PLoS Computational Biology.

Techniques
Amplicon-based skin microbiome profiles collected by tape stripping with different adhesive film dressings: a comparative study. – Ogai, K. et al., BMC Microbiology.

High-Resolution Differentiation of Enteric Bacteria in Premature Infant Fecal Microbiomes Using a Novel rRNA Amplicon. – Graf, J. et al., mBio.

February 19, 2021

Good morning from New Jersey! There’s an amazing batch of microbiome papers to share with you today, including studies that use skin microbes to fight cancer, gut microbes to fight rotavirus, and evidence that the bird microbiome may harbor a mechanism that protects them from malaria. There’s also a fun story about dogs training a computer to detect prostate cancer.

General microbiome

Feasibility of integrating canine olfaction with chemical and microbial profiling of urine to detect lethal prostate cancer, Guest, Harris and Sfanos et al., PLOS ONE

Human skin microbiome

Preprint: Eliciting a potent antitumor immune response by expressing tumor antigens in a skin commensal, Yiyin Erin Chen et al., bioRxiv

Human nearly-sterile sites

Preprint: Fetal gut colonization: meconium does not have a detectable microbiota before birth, Katherine M. Kennedy et al., bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

The gut microbiome modulates the protective association between a Mediterranean diet and cardiometabolic disease risk, Dong D. Wang et al., Nature Medicine

Gut microbiome pattern reflects healthy ageing and predicts survival in humans, Tomasz Wilmanski et al., Nature Metabolism

The composition of the gut microbiome differs among community dwelling older people with good and poor appetite, Cox and Bowyer et al., Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle

Animal microbiome

The uropygial gland microbiome of house sparrows with malaria infection, Elin Videvall et al., Journal of Avian Biology

The amphibian microbiome exhibits poor resilience following pathogen-induced disturbance, Andrea J. Jani et al., The ISME Journal

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Carbon Fluxes and Microbial Activities from Boreal Peatlands Experiencing Permafrost Thaw, M.P. Waldrop et al., JGR Biogeosciences

Probiotics/prebiotics

Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 administered as a dextranomar microsphere biofilm enhances immune responses against human rotavirus in a neonatal malnourished pig model colonized with human infant fecal microbiota, Husheem Michael et al., PLOS ONE

Impact of Probiotic B. infantis EVC001 Feeding in Premature Infants on the Gut Microbiome, Nosocomially Acquired Antibiotic Resistance, and Enteric Inflammation, Marielle Nguyen et al., Frontiers in Pediatrics

February 17, 2021

General microbiome

Microbial diversity in homes and the risk of allergic rhinitis and inhalant atopy in two European birth cohorts – Hyytiäinen et al. – Environmental Research

Pregnancy and early life

Can we modulate the breastfed infant gut microbiota through maternal diet? – Sindi et al. – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Human respiratory microbiome

The nasal microbiome, nasal transcriptome, and pet sensitization – Chun et al. – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human gut microbiome

The Effects of Genetic Relatedness on the Preterm Infant Gut Microbiota – Lim et al. – Microorganisms

[REVIEW]Inflammatory bowel disease: tri-directional relationship between microbiota, immune system and intestinal epithelium – Ahlawat et al. – Critical Reviews in Microbiology

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation Is a Promising Method to Restore Gut Microbiota Dysbiosis and Relieve Neurological Deficits after Traumatic Brain Injury – Du et al. – Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity

The baseline gut microbiota directs dieting-induced weight loss trajectories – Jie et al. – Gastroenterology

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Bacterial microbiota similarity between predators and prey in a blue tit trophic network – Dion-Phenix et al. The ISME Journal

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Landscape Setting Drives the Microbial Eukaryotic Community Structure in Four Swedish Mountain Lakes over the Holocene – Capo et al. – Microorganisms

Profiling of Microbial Communities in the Sediments of Jinsha River Watershed Exposed to Different Levels of Impacts by the Vanadium Industry, Panzhihua, China – He et al. – Environmental Microbiology

Bioinformatics

HMD-ARG: hierarchical multi-task deep learning for annotating antibiotic resistance genes – Li et al. – Microbiome

ASaiM-MT: a validated and optimized ASaiM workflow for metatranscriptomics analysis within Galaxy framework – Mehta et al. – f1000

February 12, 2021

Today’s quite diverse digest features: the role of gut commensal fungi mycobiota in shaping the human protective IgG antibody repertoire, Mouse Microbial Genome Collection, gut microbiome – lymphocytes – diet link, competition between Gardnerella species, microbiota-derived bile acids pool as a mediator of host–microbiota interactions, multiscale variation in genome graphs, and a list of awesome webinars, courses and podcasts. Check out two cool science and art projects, Bacterial Alphabet and Microbe Crayon. Happy Friday!

Gut microbiome

*Human gut mycobiota tune immunity via CARD9-dependent induction of anti-fungal IgG antibodies – Itai Doron – Cell

*Functional and taxonomic comparison of mouse and human gut microbiotas using extensive culturing and metagenomics – Benjamin S. Beresford-Jones – bioRxiv

*High intake of vegetables is linked to lower white blood cell profile and the effect is mediated by the gut microbiome – Cristina Menni – BMC Medicine

The Reactobiome Unravels a New Paradigm in Human Gut Microbiome Metabolism – Gholamreza Bidkhori – bioRxiv

Spatial analysis of gut microbiome reveals a distinct ecological niche associated with the mucus layer – Kellyanne Duncan – Gut Microbes

Review: Diversity and dynamism of IgA−microbiota interactions – Kelsey E. Huus – Nature Reviews Immunology

Antibiotic-associated dysbiosis affects the ability of the gut microbiota to control intestinal inflammation upon fecal microbiota transplantation in experimental colitis models – Francesco Strati – Microbiome

Adherent-invasive E. coli metabolism of propanediol in Crohn’s disease regulates phagocytes to drive intestinal inflammation – Monica Viladomiu – Cell Host & Microbe

Adults with Prader–Willi syndrome exhibit a unique microbiota profile – Wendy J. Dahl – BMC Research Notes

Vaginal microbiome

*Population density affects the outcome of competition in co-cultures of Gardnerella species isolated from the human vaginal microbiome – Salahuddin Khan and Janet E. Hill – bioRxiv

Review: Lactic acid-containing products for bacterial vaginosis and their impact on the vaginal microbiota: A systematic review – Erica L. Plummer – PlosOne

Urinary microbiome

Functional and Taxonomic Dysbiosis of the Gut, Urine, and Semen Microbiomes in Male Infertility – Scott D. Lundy – European Urology

Review: The microbiome and host mucosal interactions in urinary tract diseases – Bernadette Jones-Freeman – Mucosal Immunology

Epidemiology of urinary tract infections in children: Causative bacteria and antimicrobial therapy – Yuhei Tanaka – Paediatrics International

Human milk microbiome

Repeatability and reproducibility assessment in a large-scale population-based microbiota study: case study on human milk microbiota – Shirin Moossavi – Microbiome

Respiratory microbiome

Review: Respiratory microbiome in mechanically ventilated patients: a narrative review – Mélanie Fromentin – Intensive Care Medicine

Animal microbiome

Genomic and functional analyses of fungal and bacterial consortia that enable lignocellulose breakdown in goat gut microbiomes – Xuefeng Peng – Nature Microbiology

Metagenomics of antimicrobial and heavy metal resistance in the cecal microbiome of fattening pigs raised without antibiotics – Paiboon Tunsagool – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Unravelling the Role of Rumen Microbial Communities, Genes, and Activities on Milk Fatty Acid Profile Using a Combination of Omics Approaches – Sokratis Stergiadis – Frontiers in Microbiology

Evaluation of the ocular surface mycobiota in clinically normal horses – Mary L. Walsh – PlosOne

Animal experiments

Colonization at birth with human CST IV cervicovaginal microbiota alters development and increases neonatal mortality in mice – Eldin Jašarević – bioRxiv

Novel gut pathobionts confound results in a widely used mouse model of human inflammatory disease – Samuel C Forster – bioRxiv

Low-dose exposure of glyphosate-based herbicides disrupt the urine metabolome and its interaction with gut microbiota – Jianzhong Hu – Scientific Reports

Microbiota control of maternal behavior regulates early postnatal growth of offspring – Yujung Michelle Lee – Science Advances

Probiotics

Minireview: Lactic acid bacteria as probiotics for the nose? – Ilke De Boeck – Microbial Biotechnology

*Lactobacillus bile salt hydrolase substrate specificity governs bacterial fitness and host colonization – Matthew H. Foley – PNAS

Probiotic nasal spray development by spray drying – Katarina Jokicevic – European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics

Water microbiome

Microbiota analysis of rural and urban surface waters and sediments in Bangladesh identifies human waste as driver of antibiotic resistance – Ross S. McInnes – bioRxiv

Depth-discrete metagenomics reveals the roles of microbes in biogeochemical cycling in the tropical freshwater Lake Tanganyika – Patricia Q. Tran – The ISME Journal

Soil microbiome

Trace gas oxidizers are widespread and active members of soil microbial communities – Sean K. Bay – Nature Microbiology

Bacterial communities regulate temporal variations of the antibiotic resistome in soil following manure amendment – Jianhua Cheng – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Techniques

Quantifying Variation in Bacterial Reproductive Fitness: a High-Throughput Method – Pascal M. Frey – mSystems

Bioinformatics

*Enabling multiscale variation analysis with genome graphs – Brice Letcher – bioRxiv

HMD-ARG: hierarchical multi-task deep learning for annotating antibiotic resistance genes – Yu Li – Microbiome

BAGET 2.0: an updated web tool for the effortless retrieval of prokaryotic gene context and sequence – Benjamin Hepp – Bioinformatics

Metagenomics workflow for hybrid assembly, differential coverage binning, metatranscriptomics and pathway analysis (MUFFIN) – Renaud Van Damme – Plos Computational Biology

PATO: Pangenome Analysis Toolkit – Miguel D. Fernández-de-Bobadilla – bioRxiv

Struo2: efficient metagenome profiling database construction for ever-expanding microbial genome datasets – Nicholas D. Youngblut and Ruth E. Ley – bioRxiv

Webinars

UCC Science Society STEMinar: The Gut Microbiome, Health & Disease. You truly are what you eat – Paul O’Toole – 15 February

SGBUG (Singapore Bacterial Ultra Group) seminar: Human Gut Bacteria, Bile Acids, and Host Physiology – Sloan Devlin – 18 February

MicroSeminars 2021 – Free Web-based Microbiology Seminar Series

Biofilm Baithak – An India-specific Meetup – India Biofilms Society- 20-27 February 2021.

Klebsiella Virtual Seminar Series 2021 #KlebClub2021 – Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan

Courses

Bioinformatics for Biologists: An Introduction to Linux, Bash Scripting, and R – The Wellcome Genome Campus

Next Generation Sequencing Bioinformatics course – Wellcome Genome Campus Advanced Courses & Scientific Conferences – H3Abionet

Biobanking – Institut Pasteur

Podcasts

Season 2, Ep. 2: Building Biomes with Jack Gilbert – Ruairi Robertson – Biomes

Reverse mentoring with Martin Dougherty – Alice Matimba – Your Digital Mentor

Episode 17: Post-docs Part 2: Hiring – Stephanie Hicks and John Muschelli – The Corresponding Author

Episode 235: Green algae and fatty acids – Vincent Racaniello, Elio Schaechter, Michele Swanson, and Michael Schmidt – This week in microbiology podcast

Dr. Heer Mehta: Antibiotic Resistance and Experimental Evolution – Leo Elworth – The Bioinformatics and Beyond Podcast

Science and Art

Microbe Crayon Project – Anne A. Madden

Drawing the #BacterialAlphabet – Noémie Matthey

February 10, 2021

Hello from snowy Lübeck,
today we have selected, among others, some papers about soil microbiota, associations of bacteria in healthy humans across different populations (in gut) and a couple of bioinformatic papers. Happy reading!

General microbiome

[REVIEW]Blautia—a new functional genus with potential probiotic properties? – Liu et al. – Gut Microbes

The sum is greater than the parts: exploiting microbial communities to achieve complex functions – Zaramela et al. – Current Opinion in Biotechnology

Pregnancy and early life

Influence of Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus iners and Gardnerella vaginalis on bacterial vaginal composition in pregnant women – Witkin et al. – Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

Human gut microbiome

The faecal metabolome in COVID-19 patients is altered and associated with clinical features and gut microbes – Lv et al. – Analytica Chimica Acta

Bacterial associations in the healthy human gut microbiome across populations – Loftus, Hassouneh & Yooseph – Scientific Reports

The Pre‐treatment Gut Microbiome is Associated with Lack of Response to Methotrexate in New Onset Rheumatoid Arthritis – Artacho et al. – Arthitis & Rheumatology

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Antibiotic-associated dysbiosis affects the ability of the gut microbiota to control intestinal inflammation upon fecal microbiota transplantation in experimental colitis models – Strati et al. – Microbiome

Black Current Anthocyanins Improve Lipid Metabolism and Modulate Gut Microbiota in High‐Fat Diet‐Induced Obese Mice – Song et al. – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) as a novel model to study the relationship between the avian microbiome and microbial endocrinology-based host-microbe interactions – Lyte et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Impacts of earthworm introduction and cadmium on microbial communities composition and function in soil – Ren et al. – Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology

Tree‐induced alterations to soil properties and rhizoplane‐associated bacteria following 23 years in a common garden – Yates et al. – Plant and Soil

Influence of imidacloprid on bacterial community diversity of mango orchard soil assessed through 16S rRNA sequencing-based metagenomic analysis – Garg et al. – Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

Bioinformatics

[PREPRINT]Multi-Block Sparse Functional Principal Components Analysis for Longitudinal Microbiome Multi-Omics Data – Jiang et al. – arXiv.org

Model-based microbiome data ordination: A variational approximation approach – Zeng, Zhao & Wang – Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics

VirSorter2: a multi-classifier, expert-guided approach to detect diverse DNA and RNA viruses – Guo et al. – Microbiome

February 03, 2021

Job market

Postdoctoral Associate in quantitative microbial dynamics in the Clark lab at Duke University

General microbiome

[COMMENT]Microbiome innovations for a sustainable future – D’Hondt et al. – Nature Microbiology

Kin selection explains the evolution of cooperation in the gut microbiota – Simonety & McNally – PNAS

[REVIEW]Crossing Kingdoms: How the Mycobiota and Fungal-Bacterial Interactions Impact Host Health and Disease – Santus, Devlin & Behnsen – Infection and Immunity

Pregnancy and early life

Pregnant women who develop preeclampsia have lower abundance of the butyrate-producer Coprococcus in their gut microbiota – Altemani et al. – Pregnancy Hypertension

Human oral microbiome

Toothbrush microbiomes feature a meeting ground for human oral and environmental microbiota – Blaustein et al. – Microbiome

The role of Saccharibacteria (TM7) in the subginival microbiome as a predictor for secondary cardiovascular events – Schulz et al. – International Journal of Cardiology

Human gut microbiome

The seasonal changes of the gut microbiome of the population living in traditional lifestyles are represented by characteristic species-level and functional-level SNP enrichment patterns – Zhu et al. – BMC Genomics

The pleiotropic effects of prebiotic galacto-oligosaccharides on the aging gut – Arnold et al. – Microbiome

[REVIEW]Priming for Life: Early Life Nutrition and the Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis – Ratsika et al. – Nutrients

[REVIEW]Gut Microbial Signatures in Sporadic and Hereditary Colorectal Cancer – Mori & Pasca – Int. J. Mol. Sci.

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

[REVIEW]Mechanisms underlying gut microbiota–host interactions in insects – Schmidt & Engel

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

[REVIEW]Plant microbiome structure and benefits for sustainable agriculture – dos Santos & Olivares – Current Plant Biology

A microbial gene catalog of anaerobic digestion from full-scale biogas plants – Ma et al. – GigaScience

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Microbial intrusion and seasonal dynamics in the groundwater microbiome of a porous basaltic rock aquifer used as municipal water reservoir – Knobloch et al. – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Bacterial Diversity and Community Composition Distribution in Cold-Desert Habitats of Qinghai–Tibet Plateau, China – Zhang et al. – Microorganisms

Food microbiology

Bacterial community dynamics during different stages of processing of smoked bacon using the 16S rRNA gene amplicon analysis – Li et al. – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Bioinformatics

[PREPRINT]PredicTF: a tool to predict bacterial transcription factors in complex microbial communities – Monteiro et al. – bioRxiv

tidyMicro: a pipeline for microbiome data analysis and visualization using the tidyverse in R – Carpenter et al. – BMC Bioinformatics

Techniques

In vitro infection models to study fungal-host interaction – Last et al. – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Microbes in the news (popular press, EurekAlert, ScienceDaily, Youtube, NPR, etc)

Exploring the Relationship Between the Microbiome, Precision Medicine and Cancer – Tom Williams – Technology Networks

January 29, 2021

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiome dysbiosis and correlation with blood biomarkers in active-tuberculosis in endemic setting – Khaliq et al. – PLOS One

Gut microbiota profile of Indonesian stunted children and children with normal nutritional status – Surono et al. – PLOS One

[PREPRINT]Infant gut strain persistence is associated with maternal origin, phylogeny, and functional potential including surface adhesion and iron acquisition – Lou et al. – bioRxiv

Human metabolome

Umbilical cord blood metabolome differs in relation to delivery mode, birth order and sex, maternal diet and possibly future allergy development in rural children – Ross et al. – PLOS One

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Innate gut microbiota predisposes to high alcohol consumption – Ezquer et al. – Addiction Biology

Animal microbiome

Diet-induced changes in bacterial communities in the jejunum and their associations with bile acids in Angus beef cattle – Liu et al. – Animal Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Investigation of the microbiota associated with ungerminated and germinated Norwegian barley cultivars with focus on lactic acid bacteria – Østlie et al. – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

[PREPRINT]Diversity, activity and abundance of benthic microbes in the southeastern Mediterranean Sea: A baseline for monitoring – Rubin-Blum – bioRxiv

[PREPRINT]Deep-sea plastisphere: long-term colonization by plastic-associated bacterial and archaeal communities in the Southwest Atlantic Ocean – Agostini – bioRxiv

Food microbiology

Systematic assessment of oat β-glucan catabolism during in vitro digestion and fermentation – Bai et al. – Food Chemistry

Bioinformatics

One is not enough: On the effects of reference genome for the mapping and subsequent analyses of short-reads – Valiente-Mullor et al. – PLOS Computational Biology