June 11, 2019

Today’s digest is about microbiome and Alzheimer’s disease association, global survey of arsenic related genes in soil microbiome,  Bifidobacterium bifidus in infant gut and a preprint on selection in host microbiome evolution.

General microbiome

Understanding the Role of the Gut Microbiome and Microbial Metabolites in Obesity and Obesity-Associated Metabolic Disorders: Current Evidence and Perspectives – Natalia Vallianou – Current Obesity Reports

Alzheimer’s disease and symbiotic microbiota: an evolutionary medicine perspective – Molly Fox – Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Biogeography of the Oral Microbiome: The Site-Specialist Hypothesis – Jessica L. Mark Welch – Annual Review of Microbiology

Human microbiome

Colonic mucosal and exfoliome transcriptomic profiling and fecal microbiome response to a flaxseed lignan extract intervention in humans – Johanna W. Lampe – American journal of Clinical Nutrition

Analysis of Transcriptionally Active Bacteria Throughout the Gastrointestinal Tract of Healthy Individuals – Riccardo Vasapolli – Gastroenterology

Identification of Salivary Microbiota and its Association with Host Inflammatory Mediators in Periodontitis – Anna Lundmark – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Effect of the Degree of Polymerization of Fructans on Ex Vivo Fermented Human Gut Microbiome – Erola Astó – Nutrients

Inflammatory skin is associated with changes in the skin microbiota composition on the back of severe acne patients – Marie-Ange Dagnelie – Experimental Dermatology

Gut microbiota development of preterm infants hospitalised in intensive care units – H. Tauchi – Beneficial Microbes

Animal experiments

Antibiotic treatment in feedlot cattle: a longitudinal study of the effect of oxytetracycline and tulathromycin on the fecal and nasopharyngeal microbiota – Devin B. Holman – Microbiome

Sequential changes in the host gut microbiota during infection with the intestinal parasitic nematode Strongyloides venezuelensis – Tanzila Afrin – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Plant, root, soil microbiome

A global survey of arsenic-related genes in soil microbiomes – Taylor K. Dunivin – BMC Biology

Geochemical-Compositional-Functional Changes in Arctic Soil Microbiomes Post Land Submergence Revealed by Metagenomics – Nengfei Wang – Microbes and Environments

Water microbiome and extremophiles

Comparison of the microbiomes of two drinking water distribution systems—with and without residual chloramine disinfection – Michael B. Waak – Microbiome

Probiotics

Probiotics may not prevent the deterioration of necrotizing enterocolitis from stage I to II/III – Zheng-Li Wang – BMC Pediatrics

Bifidobacterium bifidum and the infant gut microbiota: an intriguing case of microbe‐host co‐evolution – Sabrina Duranti – Environmental Microbiology

Techniques

NanoARG: a web service for detecting and contextualizing antimicrobial resistance genes from nanopore-derived metagenomes – G.A.Arango-Argoty – Microbiome

Metabolic route computation in organism communities – Markus Krummenacker – Microbiome

The role of multilevel selection in host microbiome evolution – Simon van Vliet – BioRxiv

Microbes and the market

Human Microbiome Therapeutics Market Analysis 2019: With Top 20 Countries data, Product Types, Segmentation, Market Share Analysis, Influential Trends And Challenges, Forecast To 2023 – Saginaw Daily

Global Human Microbiome Based Drugs and Diagnostics Market Potential Growth 2019 | Second Genome Inc., Enterome Bioscience, Yakult – Business Tech Hub

Human Microbiome Market 2024 Significant Development | Future Trends of Key Players by Size and Share – The Warren Daily

In-Depth Research Report of Global Microbiome Sequencing Services Market (2019 Version), with Types, Application, and Manufactures – the Pueblo Daily

Microbiome Sequencing Services Market Key Players, Industry Overview, Demand & Supply Chain Analysis, Forecast To 2024 – Burbank Observer

Human Microbiome Market Growth, Trend and Forecast 2018-2026 – Business Herald

 

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May 30, 2019

How the cheese rind microbiome diversity affects function, development of “metabolic overlap” as a metric to assess different microbial communities using genomic information, a variety of research articles, commentaries, press releases, and news stories covering the NIH Human Microbiome Project at the completion of its second phase.

General microbiome

Homepage for “Human Microbiome Project, part 2” special section in Nature including:

Human vaginal microbiome

The vaginal microbiome and preterm birth – Jennifer M Fettweis – Nature Medicine

Racioethnic diversity in the dynamics of the vaginal microbiome during pregnancy – Myrna G Serrano – Nature Medicine

Human gut microbiome

Multi-omics of the gut microbial ecosystem in inflammatory bowel diseases – Jason Lloyd-Price – Nature

Pre-print: Antioxidants maintain Butyrate production by Human Gut Clostridia in the presence of Oxygen – Matthieu Million – bioRxiv

A microbiota-generated bile salt induces biofilm formation in Clostridium difficile – Thomas Dubois – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Pre-print: Bacterial and fungal communities are differentially modified by melatonin in agricultural soils under abiotic stress – Andrew P Madigan – bioRxiv

Food microbiology

Pre-print: Strain-level diversity impacts cheese rind microbiome assembly and function – Brittany A Niccum – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

Pre-print: Metabolic overlap in environmentally diverse microbial communities – Eric R Hester – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

The Human Microbiome Project expands the toolbox for studying host and microbiome interactions – National Institutes of Health

A wave of NIH-backed microbiome research examines the gut’s link to diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, and more – Kate Sheridan – STAT

Human Microbiome Project reveals how microbiome is disrupted during inflammatory bowel disease – Christopher Sweeney – Broad Institute

Scientists Find Bacteria Thriving In Earth Environment That’s Just Like Young Mars – Aristos Georgiou – Newsweek

May 28, 2019

Today’s digest is about metaproteomics in microbial communities, infant and child microbiome and association with diseases, coral ecosphere, microbial biospherics and updates on new techniques to analyze microbiome sequencing data.

General microbiome

Metaproteomics: Much More than Measuring Gene Expression in Microbial Communities – Manuel Kleiner – mSystems

Associational effects in the microbial neighborhood – Anja Worrich – ISME Journal

Uncovering complex molecular networks in host–pathogen interactions using systems biology – Joshua M. Peters – Emerging Topics in Life Sciences

Human microbiome

The skin microbiome of vertebrates – Ashley A. Ross – Microbiome

Patterns in the longitudinal oropharyngeal microbiome evolution related to ventilator-associated pneumonia – Rami Sommerstein – Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control

Microbial composition of the human nasopharynx varies according to influenza virus type and vaccination status – Tao Ding -BioRxiv

Cytometric fingerprints of gut microbiota predict Crohn’s disease state – Peter Rubbens – BioRxiv

Dynamic colonization of microbes and their functions after fecal microbiota transplantation for inflammatory bowel disease – Nathaniel D. Chu – BioRxiv

Pregnancy and infant microbiome

Paediatrician’s perspective of infant gut microbiome research: current status and challenges – Paul MacDaragh Ryan – Archives of Disease in Childhood

The Salivary Microbiome Is Altered in Children With Eosinophilic Esophagitis and Correlates With Disease Activity – Hiremath Girish – Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology

Influence of own mother’s milk and different proportions of formula on intestinal microbiota of very preterm newborns – Adriana Zanella – PlosOne

Influence of a Serratia marcescens outbreak on the gut microbiota establishment process in low-weight preterm neonates – Esperanza Escribano – PlosOne

Reviewing the evidence on breast milk composition and immunological outcomes – Alba Boix-Amorós – Nutrition Reviews

Characterization of Stool Virome in Children Newly Diagnosed With Moderate to Severe Ulcerative Colitis – Rafal Tokarz – Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Animal experiments

Effect of intestinal tapeworms on the gut microbiota of the common carp, Cyprinus carpio – Pei P. Fu – Parasites and Vectors

Comparison of Bacterial Populations in the Ceca of Swine at Two Different Stages and their Functional Annotations – Himanshu Kumar – Genes

Toll‐like receptor 2 and toll‐like receptor 4 responses regulate neutrophil infiltration into the junctional epithelium and significantly contribute to the composition of the oral microbiota – Ana M. Chang – Journal of Periodontology

Plant, root, soil microbiome

Mediterranean grassland soil C–N compound turnover is dependent on rainfall and depth, and is mediated by genomically divergent microorganisms – Spencer Diamond – Nature Microbiology

Rhizosphere microbiomes diverge among Populus trichocarpa plant-host genotypes and chemotypes, but it depends on soil origin – Allison M. Veach – Microbiome

Microbial community drivers of PK/NRP gene diversity in selected global soils – Chiara Borsetto – Microbiome

Decreased temporary turnover of bacterial communities along soil depth gradient during a 35-year grazing exclusion period in a semiarid grassland – Chao Zhang – Geoderma

Soil bacterial community dynamics following surfactant addition and bioaugmentation in pyrene-contaminated soils – D.C.Wolf – Chemosphere

Structural and Functional Responses of Soil Microbial Communities to Biodegradable Plastic Film Mulching in Two Agroecosystems – Sreejata Bandopadhyay – BioRxiv

Ecological and genomic attributes of novel bacterial taxa that thrive in subsurface soil horizons – Tess E. Brewer – BioRxiv

Water microbiome and extremophiles

The coral ecosphere: A unique coral reef habitat that fosters coral–microbial interactions – Laura Weber – Limnology and Oceanography

Tide driven microbial dynamics through virus-host interactions in the estuarine ecosystem – Xiaowei Chen – Water Research

Microbial biofilm formation and community structure on low-density polyethylene microparticles in lake water microcosms – Mengting Gong – Environmental Pollution

Diversity and relative abundance of ammonia- and nitrite-oxidizing microorganisms in the offshore Namibian hypoxic zone – Evan Lau – PlosOne

Consistent metagenome-derived metrics verify and define bacterial species boundaries – Matthew R. Olm – BioRxiv

Techniques

Competitive interaction with keystone taxa induced negative priming under biochar amendments – Lijun Chen – Microbiome

Strengthening Insights in Microbial Ecological Networks from Theory to Applications – Xiaofei Lv – mSystems

Microbial biospherics: The experimental study of ecosystem function and evolution Matthias C. Rillig – PNAS

NUFEB: A Massively Parallel Simulator for Individual-based Modelling of Microbial Communities – Bowen Li – BioRxiv

Detecting interaction networks in the human microbiome with conditional Granger causality – Kumar Mainali – Plos Computational Biology

M1CR0B1AL1Z3R—a user-friendly web server for the analysis of large-scale microbial genomics data – Oren Avram – Nucleic Acids Research

End-to-end assessment of fecal bacteriome analysis: from sample processing to DNA sequencing and bioinformatics results – Ana Paula Christoff – BioRxiv

Microbiome in news

Antibiotics may help curb Alzheimer’s symptoms – Medical News Today

SANISCALP®, to preserve the Microbiome for a soothed and healthy scalp! – Cosmetics desgin.com – Mamamia

Mother Dirt Expands Biome-Friendly Skincare Range With New Body Care Line – Mid Daily News

Microbes and the market

Global Microbiome Drugs Market Forecast 2019-2025: MaaT Pharma, Pfizer, Second Genome, Seres Therapeutics – Technology Market

Microbiome Therapeutics Market 2019 – By Future Growth, Trends Plans, Top Key Players, Business Opportunities, Region, Pricing Analysis, Opportunities and Forecast to 2024 – Norwalk Daily

Global Human Microbiome Modulators Market Report 2019: Trends and Opportunities for the Business Prediction over 2024 – Current News Magazine

Microbiome Sequencing Services Market 2019 Report Shows the Competitive Situation Among the Top Manufacturers, With Sales, Revenue and Share – Augusta Observer

 

May 22, 2019

Today’s Digest is full of new perspectives on appropriate models and techniques, including the future of gnotobiotics and using unbiased metagenomics to find RNA viruses. There are also several plant, root, and soil papers, particularly examining the interplay between bacterial and fungal communities. Finally, enjoy a preprint about the cartography of antibiotic resistance genes in a hospital, a study examining the microbiota in larval mosquito vectors of malaria, and a paper about the microeukaryotes associated with coral reefs.

General Microbiome
Review: Antibiotics versus biofilm: an emerging battleground in microbial communities – Divakar Sharma – Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control

Review: Gnotobiotics: Past, present and future – Marijana Basic – Laboratory Animals

Review: The use of non-rodent model species in microbiota studies – Aaron C. Ericsson – Laboratory Animals

Pregnancy and Early Life
Influence of a Serratia marcescens outbreak on the gut microbiota establishment process in low-weight preterm neonates – Esperanza Escribano – PLoS One

Human Vaginal Microbiome
Vaginal microbiota and mucosal pharmacokinetics of tenofovir in healthy women using tenofovir and tenofovir/levonorgestrel vaginal rings – Andrea Ries Thurman – PLoS One

Human Oral Microbiome
Aerodigestive sampling reveals altered microbial exchange between lung, oropharyngeal, and gastric microbiomes in children with impaired swallow function – Claire Duvallet – PLoS One

Animal Microbiome
Color morphology of Diaphorina citri influences interactions with its bacterial endosymbionts and ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ – Saeed Hosseinzadeh – PLoS One

Conspecific coprophagy stimulates normal development in a germ-free model invertebrate – Benjamin C. Jahnes – PeerJ

Malaria vector species in Amazonian Peru co-occur in larval habitats but have distinct larval microbial communities – Catharine Prussing – PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Animal Experiments
Gut and immune effects of bioactive milk factors in preterm pigs exposed to prenatal inflammation – Shuqiang Ren – American Journal of Physiology-Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

Effects of oregano essential oil on the ruminal pH and microbial population of sheep – Rui Zhou – PLoS One

Plant, Root, and Soil Microbiome
Characterizing the intra-vineyard variation of soil bacterial and fungal communities – Hebin Liang – Frontiers in Microbiology

The role of fungi in heterogeneous sediment microbial networks – Jenny Marie Booth – Scientific Reports

Altering N2O emissions by manipulating wheat root bacterial community – Alla Usyskin-Tonne – Scientific Reports

Sphingomonas sp. Cra20 Increases Plant Growth Rate and Alters Rhizosphere Microbial Community Structure of Arabidopsis Thaliana Under Drought Stress – Yang Luo – Frontiers in Microbiology

Enrichment of soil rare bacteria in root by an invasive plant Ageratina adenophora – Lin Chen – Science of the Total Environment

Effect of rhizospheric and endophytic bacteria with multiple plant growth promoting traits on wheat growth – Somayeh Emami – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Water and Extremophile Microbiome
A comparison of microeukaryote communities inhabiting sponges and seawater in a Taiwanese coral reef system – Daniel Francis Richard Cleary – Annals of Microbiology

An integrated insight into the response of bacterial communities to anthropogenic contaminants in a river: A case study of the Wonderfonteinspruit catchment area, South Africa – K. Jordaan – PLoS One

Built Environment
Preprint: Cartography of opportunistic pathogens and antibiotic resistance genes in a tertiary hospital environment – Kern Rei Chng – bioRxiv

Fungal community composition analysis of 24 different urban parks in Shanghai, China – Jing Zhang – Urban Ecosystems

Techniques
Expanding the RNA Virosphere by Unbiased Metagenomics – Yong-Zhen Zhang – Annual Review of Virology

Preprint: Next-generation sequencing of double stranded RNA is greatly improved by treatment with the inexpensive denaturing reagent DMSO – Alexander H. Wilcox – bioRxiv

Development of an autonomous biosampler to capture in situ aquatic microbiomes – Hugo Ribeiro – PLoS One

May 10, 2019

Have a good Friday! Today was published a very interesting article about a longitudinal study using several tools (including microbiome analysis), finding several clinically actionable health discoveries and identified multiple molecular pathways associated with metabolic, cardiovascular and oncologic pathophysiology, in patients with type II diabetes. This article could represent an interesting contribution to precision medicine development.

In addition, this digest also contains papers about: the role of sphingolipids in symbiosis and gut health, the role of fecal microbiota transplantation in IBS relief, the stability of a probiotic strain in infants, and more…

 

Human/General Microbiome

A longitudinal big data approach for precision health – Sophia Miryam Schüssler-Fiorenza Rose – Nature Medicine

Turning points: Making the microbiome personal – Ami S. Bhatt – Nature Medicine

Bacteroides-Derived Sphingolipids Are Critical for Maintaining Intestinal Homeostasis and Symbiosis – Eric M. Brown – Cell Host & Microbe

Relief of irritable bowel syndrome by fecal microbiota transplantation is associated with changes in diversity and composition of the gut microbiota – Hong Li Huang – Journal of Digestive Diseases

Perspective: Do Interactions Between Environmental Chemicals and the Human Microbiome Need to Be Considered in Risk Assessments? – Joseph Rodricks – Risk Analysis

Association of the oral microbiome with the progression of impaired fasting glucose in a Chinese elderly population – Rui-Rui Wang – Journal of Oral Microbiology

Stroke Dysbiosis Index (SDI) in Gut Microbiome Are Associated With Brain Injury and Prognosis of Stroke – Geng-Hong Xia – Frontiers in Neurology

Review: Alpha-Synuclein Pathology and the Role of the Microbiota in Parkinson’s Disease – Emily Fitzgerald – Frontiers in Neuroscience

Mucosal-associated invariant T cells and oral microbiome in persistent apical periodontitis – Haleh Davanian – International Journal of Oral Science

Obesity, Xenobiotic Intake and Antimicrobial-Resistance Genes in the Human Gastrointestinal Tract: A Comparative Study of Eutrophic, Overweight and Obese Individuals – Marjorie Raquel Anariba Sarmiento – Genes

Effects of Intestinal Microbial⁻Elaborated Butyrate on Oncogenic Signaling Pathways – Jiezhong Chen – Nutrients

Composite Analysis of the Virome and Bacteriome of HIV/HPV Co-Infected Women Reveals Proxies for Immunodeficiency – Juliana D. Siqueira – Viruses

 

Animal Microbiome and Animal Model Experiments

Review: Veterinary ocular microbiome: Lessons learned beyond the culture – Kayla C. Banks – Veterinary Ophthalmology  

Antibiotic-Induced Disruption of Gut Microbiota Alters Local Metabolomes and Immune Responses – Lin Sun – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Cloacal microbiomes and ecology of individual barn swallows – Roberto Ambrosini – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Exposure to microplastics lowers arsenic accumulation and alters gut bacterial communities of earthworm Metaphire californica – Hong-Tao Wang – Environmental Pollution

Fermented carrot juice attenuates type 2 diabetes by mediating gut microbiota in rats – Rongkang Hu – Food and Function

Positive effects of a Clostridium butyricum-based compound probiotic on growth performance, immune responses, intestinal morphology, hypothalamic neurotransmitters, and colonic microbiota in weaned piglets – Guangtian Cao – Food and Function

Ripened Pu-erh tea extract protects mice from obesity by modulating gut microbiota composition – Xiaojie Lu – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Microbiota alter metabolism and mediate neurodevelopmental toxicity of 17β-estradiol – Tara R. Catron – Scientific Reports

 

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

Vitamin C and B3 as New Biomaterials to Alter Intestinal Stem Cells – Yijun Qi – Journal of Biomedical Material Research

Bile salt hydrolase can improve Lactobacillus plantarum survival in gastrointestinal tract by enhancing their adhesion ability – Yanrong Liu – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Administration of the Probiotic Escherichia coli Strain A0 34/86 Resulted in a Stable Colonization of the Human Intestine During the First Year of Life – Lenka Micenková – Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins

Minireview: Structures and Metabolic Properties of Bovine Milk Oligosaccharides and Their Potential in the Development of Novel Therapeutics – Randall C. Robinson – Frontiers in Nutrition

 

Bioinformatics and Analysis

An Adaptive Multivariate Two-Sample Test With Application to Microbiome Differential Abundance Analysis – Kalins Banerjee – Frontiers in Genetics

Identifying Gut Microbiota Associated With Colorectal Cancer Using a Zero-Inflated Lognormal Model – Dongmei Ai – Frontiers in Microbiology

 

May 4, 2019

Have a good weekend! Today, in this MB, we have interesting papers about different aspects of the microbiome. For example, we have a review overviewing the relationship between epigenetic changes, microbiome and metabolic diseases, as well as a paper focused in the use of a microbial metabolite in the prognosis of coronary issues. We have also the publication of an interesting study authored by the MB founder Elisabeth Bik.

There are also some papers about coral microbiome and an study about the homogenization of the microbiome between both US Air Force cadets and their built environment.

 

Human and General Microbiome

Review: Epigenetic Markers and Microbiota/Metabolite-Induced Epigenetic Modifications in the Pathogenesis of Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome, Type 2 Diabetes, and Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease – Daniela Stols-Gonçalves – Current Diabetes Reports

A novel sequencing-based vaginal health assay combining self-sampling, HPV detection and genotyping, STI detection, and vaginal microbiome analysis – Elisabeth Bik – PLoS ONE

Trimethyllysine, a trimethylamine N-oxide precursor, provides near- and long-term prognostic value in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes – Xinmin S Li – European Heart Journal

Review: The interaction between Entamoeba histolytica and enterobacteria shed light on an ancient antibacterial response – Nancy Guillén – Cellular Microbiology

PCR Characterization of Microbiota on Contracted and Non-Contracted Breast Capsules – Yara Bachour – Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

Decreased Cephalosporin Susceptibility of Oropharyngeal Neisseria Species in Antibiotic-Using Men-who-have-sex-with-men of Hanoi, Vietnam– Huan V Dong – Clinical Infectious Diseases

Review: Smoking and periodontal microorganisms – Takashi Hanioka – Japanese Dental Science Review

The influence of the vaginal microbiota on preterm birth: A systematic review and recommendations for a minimum dataset for future research – Myrthe JCS. Peelen – Placenta

Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease: Emerging Diagnostic Opportunities – Aonghus Lavelle – Gastroenterology Clinics of North America

Laryngotracheal Microbiota in Adult Laryngotracheal Stenosis – Alexander T. Hillel – mSphere

Antibiotic Resistance Gene Diversity and Virulence Gene Diversity Are Correlated in Human Gut and Environmental Microbiomes – Pedro Escudeiro –  mSphere

 

Beneficial Microbes

Review: Changing our microbiome: Probiotics in dermatology – Y. Yu – British Journal of Dermatology

Amelioration of obesity-related biomarkers by Lactobacillus sakei CJLS03 in a high-fat diet-induced obese murine model – Josep Ji – Scientific Reports

 

Animal Models / Animal Microbiome

Age-related analysis of the gut microbiome in a purebred dog colony – Keijiro Mizukami – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Addition of plant dietary fibre to a raw red meat high protein, high fat diet, alters the faecal bacteriome and organic acid profiles of the domestic cat (Felis catus) – Christina F. Butowski – PLoS ONE

Effects of diet on gut microbiota of soil collembolans – Qian Xiang – Science of The Total Environment

Multiple stressors interact primarily through antagonism to drive changes in the coral microbiome – Rebecca L. Maher – Scientific Reports

Structure and stability of the coral microbiome in space and time – Courtney M. Dunphy – Scientific Reports

The effect of dissolved nickel and copper on the adult coral Acropora muricata and its microbiome – Francesca Gissi – Environmental Pollution

 

Food Microbiome

Microbiota and Chemical Compounds in Fermented Pinelliae Rhizoma (Banxiaqu) from Different Areas in the Sichuan Province, China – Bo Shu – Polish Journal of Microbiology

 

Built Environment

Longitudinal homogenization of the microbiome between both occupants and the built environment in a cohort of United States Air Force Cadets –  Anukriti Sharma – Microbiome

 

Environmental Microbiome

The Influence of Temperature and Nitrogen Source on Cellulolytic Potential of Microbiota Isolated from Natural Environment –  Agnieszka Wita  – Polish Journal of Microbiology

 

Techniques

The potential of nanoflow liquid chromatography-nano electrospray ionisation-mass spectrometry for global profiling the faecal metabolome – Andrew J. Chetwynd – Journal of Chromatography A

May 2, 2019

In today’s digest read about variations in milk and infant fecal microbiome (Ethiopia, Gambia, USA, Ghana, Kenya, Peru, Spain, and Sweden), the microbiome, metabolome, and lipidome of obese and non-obese horses (USA), and Bacteroides fragilis adaptive evolution (Western countries and China). Happy reading!

Pregnancy and birth

*What’s normal? Microbiomes in human milk and infant feces are related to each other but vary geographically: the INSPIRE study – Kimberly A. Lackey – Frontiers in Nutrition

Progesterone Increases Bifidobacterium Relative Abundance during Late Pregnancy – Meital Nuriel-Ohayon – Cell Reports

Gut microbiome

Neonatal Vitamin A Supplementation and Vitamin A Status Are Associated with Gut Microbiome Composition in Bangladeshi Infants in Early Infancy and at 2 Years of Age – M Nazmul Huda – The Journal of nutrition

Fungi form interkingdom microbial communities in the primordial human gut that develop with gestational age – Kent A. Willis – bioRxiv

*Adaptive Evolution within Gut Microbiomes of Healthy People – Shijie Zhao – Cell Host & Microbe

Small intestinal microbial dysbiosis underlies symptoms associated with functional gastrointestinal disorders – George B. Saffouri – Nature Communications

Oral microbiome

Review: The Role of Exopolysaccharides in Oral Biofilms – C. Cugini – Journal of Dental Research

Human Salivary Amylase Gene Copy Number Impacts Oral and Gut Microbiomes – Angela C. Poole – Cell Host & Microbe

Animal microbiome

*Comparison of the microbiome, metabolome, and lipidome of obese and non-obese horses – Michelle C. Coleman – PlosOne

Utilizing the fecal microbiota to understand foal gut transitions from birth to weaning – Ubaldo De La Torre – PlosOne

Microbiome characterization of poultry products based on the poultry part and production label – Sang In Lee – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Metagenomic analysis of isolation methods of a targeted microbe, Campylobacter jejuni, from chicken feces with high microbial contamination – Junhyung Kim – Microbiome

Invited review: Advances and challenges in application of feedomics to improve dairy cow production and health – H.Z.Sun – Journal of Dairy Science

Characterization of pig saliva as the major natural habitat of Streptococcus suis by analyzing oral, fecal, vaginal, and environmental microbiota – Kazunori Murase – PlosOne

Insight into the microbial world of Bemisia tabaci cryptic species complex and its relationships with its host – Hua-Ling Wang – Scientific Reports

Water and extremophile microbiome

The Plastisphere – Uncovering tightly attached plastic “specific” microorganisms – Inga Vanessa Kirstein – PlosOne

The cooling tower water microbiota: Seasonal dynamics and co-occurrence of bacterial and protist phylotypes – Han-Fei Tsao – Water Research

Modular Assembly of Polysaccharide-Degrading Marine Microbial Communities – Tim N.Enke – Current Biology

Impact of a river flood on marine water quality and planktonic microbial communities – Annamaria Zoppini – Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science

Microbial ecological processes in MBBR biofilms for biological phosphorus removal from wastewater – Knut Rudi – Water Science & Technology

Highly diverse fungal communities in carbon-rich aquifers of two contrasting lakes in Northeast Germany – Anita Perkins – bioRxiv

Plant/root/soil microbiome

The rice leaf microbiome has a conserved community structure controlled by complex host-microbe interactions – Veronica Roman-Reyna – bioRxiv

Spatial vs. temporal controls over soil fungal community similarity at continental and global scales – Colin Averil – The ISME Journal

Metabolomics Reveal that Engineered Nanomaterial Exposure in Soil Alters Both Soil Rhizosphere Metabolite Profiles and Maize Metabolic Pathways – Lijuan Zhao – Environmental Science: Nano

High-throughput sequencing reveals the diversity and community structure of rhizosphere fungi of Ferula Sinkiangensis at different soil depths – Tao Zhang – Scientific Reports

Microplastics can change soil properties and affect plant performance – Anderson Abel de Souza Machado – Environmental Science and Technology