August 15th, 2022

God morgon!

Good morning from Sweden. Today’s digest is a bag full of articles, mostly preprints, from various fields. A newly published article reports that non-antibiotics, carbamazepine, ibuprofen, naproxen and propranolol, affect the horiontal gene transfer (HGT) and promote sharing of plasmids that encode antibiotic resistance genes. This is an important conclusion as so far we were bothered only about antibiotics but now there is evidence that even non-antibiotics can promote antimicrobial resistance.

Staying with antibiotics, a new preprint reports Ruthenium complexes as potent antibacterial compounds against clinical strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The group was able to demonstrate the mode of action of these compounds and also find mutations that might promote supressor phenotype. These compounds also show synergism with Rifampicin, a known antibiotic. Another preprint about P. aeruginosa reports that the bacterium carries multitude of phage resistance mechanisms to fend of bacteriophages. These mechanisms determine the host specificity of phages as individual resistance mechanism only provide resistance against specific phages. This can be a vital information for planning phage therapies.

Elsewhere in the digest are reports on correlation between the presence of certain microbial species with the presence of Legionella in selected EU cities, importance of gut microbiota on glucose metabolism in offspring, and how the climate change induced influx of Atlantic waters in Arctic affects the microbial diversity.

In the end, there is a special report on how certain dietary compounds can alter the micrbes in our food and result in changes to our food. The scientists have proposed a new field of research – nutrifermentics. They report how Benzoic acid, a common food additive, can induce epigenetic changes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae that alter the characteristic of wine. This has important implications in strain developement where deliberate genetic modifications may be avoided by inducing epigenetic changes using such additives.

I hope you will enjoy reading today’s digest. Have a great week!

Water microbiome

Preprint: Genome-resolved community structure and function of freshwater bacteria at a continental scale – Rebecca E. Garner, et al.

Preprint: Bacterial communities of premise plumbing systems in four European cities, and their association with culturable Legionella – Maria Scaturro, et al.

Preprint: Variations in Atlantic water influx and sea-ice cover drive taxonomic and functional shifts in Arctic marine bacterial communities – Taylor Priest, et al.

Bacteria Hysteria

Non-antibiotic pharmaceuticals promote conjugative plasmid transfer at a community-wide level – Yue Wang, et al. Microbiome

Preprint: Screening Avian Pathogens in Eggs from Commercial Hatcheries in Nepal – an Effective Poultry Disease Surveillance Tool – Shreeya Sharma

Preprint: Negative interactions and virulence differences drive the dynamics in multispecies bacterial infections – Désirée A. Schmitz, Richard C. Allen, and Rolf Kümmerli

Preprint: Growth arrest of Staphylococcus aureus induces daptomycin tolerance via cell wall remodelling – Elizabeth V. K. Ledger and Andrew M. Edwards

Preprint: Polynuclear ruthenium complexes are effective antibiotics against Pseudomonas aeruginosa – Brent S. Weber, et al.

Preprint: Cryo-EM structure of the Type IV pilus extension ATPase from enteropathogenic Escherichia coli – Ashok R. Nayak, et al.

Preprint: Accumulation of defense systems drives panphage resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa – Ana Rita Costa, et al.

Preprint: Neisseria gonorrhoeae diagnostic escape from a gyrA-based test for ciprofloxacin susceptibility can lead to increased zoliflodacin resistance – Daniel H. F. Rubin, Tatum D. Mortimer, and Yonatan H. Grad

Preprint: A contractile injection system mediates developmentally regulated intra-strain cell death in Streptomyces coelicolor – Maria Vladimirov, et al.

Gut microbiome

Vertical transmission of the gut microbiota influences glucose metabolism in offspring of mice with hyperglycaemia in pregnancy – Cunxi Xue, et al. Microbiome

Phages and viruses

Preprint: Genetic differences between 129S substrains affect antiretroviral immune responses – Robert Z. Zhang, et al.

Preprint: The dissemination of Rift Valley fever virus to the eye and sensory neurons of zebrafish larvae is stat1 dependent – S. ter Horst, et al.

Preprint: HIV-1 latent infection triggers broader epigenomic and transcriptional changes in protein-coding and long non-coding RNAs than active infection of SupT1 cells – Gabrielle Lê-Bury, et al.

Preprint: Pelagibacter phage Skadi – An abundant polar specialist that exemplifies ecotypic niche specificity among the most abundant viruses on Earth – Holger H Buchholz, et al.

Preprint: A comprehensive single cell data analysis of in lymphoblastoid cells reveals the role of Super-enhancers in maintaining EBV latency – Bingyu Yan, et al.

Preprint: Identification of β2 microglobulin, the product of B2M gene, as a Host Factor for Vaccinia Virus Infection by Genome-Wide CRISPR genetic screens – Alejandro Matía, et al.

Preprint: Generation of Recombinant Rotaviruses Expressing Human Norovirus Capsid Proteins – Asha A. Philip and John T. Patton

Preprit: Distantly related hepaciviruses share common entry factor, Claudin-1 – Kamilla Toon, et al.

Preprint: Organisation of the orthobunyavirus tripodal spike and the structural changes induced by low pH and K+ during entry – Samantha Hover, et al.

General microbiome

Preprint: Effects of Cr stress on bacterial community structure and diversity in rhizosphere soils of Iris pseudacorus – Zhao Wei, et al.

Preprint: Lack of specificity in Geobacter periplasmic electron transfer – Sol Choi, Chi Ho Chan, and Daniel R. Bond

Preprint: Lipidomic analysis reveals differences in Bacteroides species driven largely by plasmalogens, glycerophosphoinositols and certain sphingolipids – Eileen Ryan, et al.

Preprint: Turnover of the extracellular polymeric matrix in an EBPR microbial community – Sergio Tomás-Martínez, et al.

Preprint: An Optimal Regulation of Fluxes Dictates Microbial Growth In and Out of Steady-State – Griffin Chure and Jonas Cremer

Preprint: Cryo-ET of infected cells reveals that a succession of two lattices drives vaccinia virus assembly – Miguel Hernandez-Gonzalez, et al.

Preprint: Soil protists can actively redistribute beneficial bacteria along Medicago truncatula roots – Christopher J. Hawxhurst, et al.

Developing whole cell standards for the microbiome field – Chrysi Sergaki, et al. Microbiome

Fungi

Preprint: The capacity to configure the hymenophore is not confined to the pore field in Oak mazegill (Daedalea quercina, Polyporales) – Bjarke Jensen

Preprint: Epigenetic Changes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Alters the Aromatic Profile in Alcoholic Fermentation – Yanzhuo Kong, et al.

August 13, 2022

Human and General Microbiome

Integrated metagenomic and metabolomic analysis reveals distinct gut-microbiome-derived phenotypes in early-onset colorectal cancer – Cheng Kong – Gut

A decrease in functional microbiomes represented as Faecalibacterium affects immune homeostasis in long-term stable liver transplant patients – Soon Kyu Lee – Gut Microbes

Longitudinal study of the vaginal microbiome in pregnancies involving preterm labor – Yoshiko Sakabe – Fujita Medical Journal

Oral microbiome and serological analyses on association of Alzheimer’s disease and periodontitis – Kuan-Lun Fu – Oral Diseases

Review: Ultra-processed foods and human health: from epidemiological evidence to mechanistic insights – Bernard Srour – The Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Beneficial Microbes, Compounds and Interventions

Dietary Fiber Modulates the Release of Gut Bacterial Products Preventing Cognitive Decline in an Alzheimer’s Mouse Model – Daniel Cuervo-Zanatta – Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology

Functional and safety characterization of beneficial vaginal lactic acid bacteria for the design of vaginal hygiene products – Jessica Alejandra Silva – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Butyrate-producing Eubacterium rectale suppresses lymphomagenesis by alleviating the TNF-induced TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB axis – Haiyang Lu – Cell host & Microbe

Review: The double-edged sword of probiotic supplementation on gut microbiota structure in Helicobacter pylori management – Ali Nabavi-Rad – Gut Microbes

Non-Model Animal Microbiome

Functional Redundancy in Bat Microbial Assemblage in the Presence of the White Nose Pathogen – Matthew Grisnik – Microbial Ecology

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs caused an outbreak of inflammation and oxidative stress with changes in the gut microbiota in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) – N Hodkovicova – The Science of the Total Environment

Bees under interactive stressors: The novel insecticides flupyradifurone and sulfoxaflor along with the fungicide azoxystrobin disrupt the gut microbiota of honey bees and increase opportunistic bacterial pathogens – Yahya Al Naggar – The Science of the Total Environment

Plant Microbiome

Host genotype controls ecological change in the leaf fungal microbiome – Acer VanWallendael – PLoS Biology

Suaeda salsa Root-Associated Microorganisms Could Effectively Improve Maize Growth and Resistance under Salt Stress – Yongdong Wang – Microbiology Spectrum

Review: Regulation of immune complex formation and signalling by FERONIA, a busy goddess in plant-microbe interactions – Zhikun Duan – Molecular Plant Pathology

Food Microbiome

A systematic, complexity-reduction approach to dissect the kombucha tea microbiome – Xiaoning Huang – eLife

Bioinformatic Tools and Microbiome Analysis Techniques

ProbeTools: designing hybridization probes for targeted genomic sequencing of diverse and hypervariable viral taxa – Kevin S Kuchinski – BMC Genomics

A machine learning framework for discovery and enrichment of metagenomics metadata from open access publications – Maaly Nassar – GigaScience

MetaProClust-MS1: an MS1 Profiling Approach for Large-Scale Microbiome Screening – Caitlin M A Simopoulos – mSystems

August 10, 2022

General microbiome

Microbiome-associated human genetic variants impact phenome-wide disease risk – Markowitz et al. – PNAS

Microbial risk score for capturing microbial characteristics, integrating multi-omics data, and predicting disease risk – Wang et al. – Microbiome

[REVIEW]A framework for testing the impact of co-infections on host gut microbiomes – Schmid et al. – Animal Microbiome

Human vaginal microbiome

Vaginal microbiota and personal risk factors associated with HPV status conversion—A new approach to reduce the risk of cervical cancer? – Yang et al. – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]The role of the gut microbiota in multiple sclerosis – Correale, Hohlfeld & Baranzini

Specific gut microbiota alterations in essential tremor and its difference from Parkinson’s disease – Zhang et al. – NPJ Parkinson’s Disease

Identification of clinical and ecological determinants of strain engraftment after fecal microbiota transplantation using metagenomics – Podlesny et al. – Cell Reports Medicine

Alterations in gut microbiota of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients – Cheung et al. – Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Targeted suppression of human IBD-associated gut microbiota commensals by phage consortia for treatment of intestinal inflammation – Federici et al. – Cell

Animal microbiome

Camel milk microbiota: A culture-independent assessment – Rahmeh et al. – Food Research International

Effect of processing on the anti-inflammatory efficacy of cocoa in a high fat diet-induced mouse model of obesity – Weikart et al. – The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry

The impacts of viral infection and subsequent antimicrobials on the microbiome-resistome of growing pigs – Gaire et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Soil microbial community structures are shaped by agricultural systems revealing little temporal variation – Fox, Widmer & Lüscher – Environmental Research

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

The streamwater microbiome encodes hydrologic data across scales – URycki et al. – Science of The Total Environment

Bioinformatics / Data

[PREPRINT]Lake iTag measurements over nineteen years, introducing the limony dataset – Rohwer & McMahon – bioRxiv

August 6, 2022

Human and General Microbiome

The oral microbiome and lung cancer risk: An analysis of 3 prospective cohort studies – Emily Vogtmann – Journal of the National Cancer Institute

Antibiotic resistance genes in the gut microbiota of mothers and linked neonates with or without sepsis from low- and middle-income countries – M J Carvalho – Nature Microbiology

Crosstalk between mucosal microbiota, host gene expression, and sociomedical factors in the progression of colorectal cancer – Namjoo Kim – Scientific Reports

Using Culture-Enriched Phenotypic Metagenomics for Targeted High-Throughput Monitoring of the Clinically Important Fraction of the β-Lactam Resistome – Zhiguo Zhang – Environmental Science & Technology

Review: Porphyromonas gingivalis and dental stem cells crosstalk amplify inflammation and bone loss in the periodontitis niche – Devaraj Ezhilarasan – Journal of Cellular Physiology

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

On the effect of flavonoids and dietary fibre in lingonberries on atherosclerotic plaques, lipid profiles and gut microbiota composition in Apoe(-/-) mice – Jiyun Liu – International Journal of food Sciences and Nutrition

The Gut-Brain-Microbiome Connection: Can Probiotics Decrease Anxiety and Depression? – Jennifer Maybee – Issues in Mental Health Nursing

The effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus B10 on alcoholic liver injury and intestinal microbiota in alcohol-induced mice model – Xia Li – Journal of Food Biochemistry

Model Animal Microbiome

The effect of young blood plasma administration on gut microbiota in middle-aged rats – Taha Ceylani – Archives of Microbiology

Non-Model Animal Microbiome

Quantitative microbial population study reveals geographical differences in bacterial symbionts of Ixodes ricinus – Aleksandra I Krawczyk – Microbiome

Host taxonomy determines the composition, structure, and diversity of the earthworm cast microbiome under homogenous feeding conditions – Manuel Aira – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Ruminal Microbiota Determines the High-Fiber Utilization of Ruminants: Evidence from the Ruminal Microbiota Transplant – Xiaodong Chen – Microbiology Spectrum

Bioinformatics and Microbiome Analysis Techniques

Computational approach to modeling microbiome landscapes associated with chronic human disease progression – Lu Li – PLoS Computational Biology

Guideline for the analysis of the microbial communities of the human upper airways – Leonardo Mancabelli – Journal of Oral Microbiology

August 5, 2022

Today’s digest is brief and includes research examining the association between the gut microbiota and Gulf War illness, determining the distribution of psychrophilic microorganisms in a beef slaughterhouse, measuring the quality of DNA sequences via degradation, and more.

Happy Friday!

General microbiome

Measuring quality of DNA sequence data via degradation – Karr et al. – PLOS One

Atypical integrative element with strand-biased circularization activity assists interspecies antimicrobial resistance gene transfer from Vibrio alfacsensis – Nonaka et al. – PLOS One

Human vaginal microbiome

Association of key species of vaginal bacteria of recurrent bacterial vaginosis patients before and after oral metronidazole therapy with short- and long-term clinical outcomes – Mollin et al. – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

Examining the association between the gastrointestinal microbiota and Gulf War illness: A prospective cohort study – Kates et al. – PLOS One

Food microbiology

Distribution of psychrophilic microorganisms in a beef slaughterhouse in Japan after cleaning – Nakamura et al. – PLOS One

Science, publishing, and career

Ten simple rules for leveraging virtual interaction to build higher-level learning into bioinformatics short courses – Bacon et al. – PLOS Computational Biology

August 03, 2022

Pregnancy and early life

The abundance of Ruminococcus bromii is associated with faecal butyrate levels and atopic dermatitis in infancy – Sasaki et al. – Allergy

Human oral microbiome

Smokeless tobacco consumption induces dysbiosis of oral mycobiome: a pilot study – Sajid et al. – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Human gut microbiome

The Proteome of Extracellular Vesicles Produced by the Human Gut Bacteria Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron In Vivo Is Influenced by Environmental and Host-Derived Factors – Stentz et al. – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Improved gut microbiome recovery following drug therapy is linked to abundance and replication of probiotic strains – FitzGerald et al. – Gut Microbes

[REVIEW]Targeting microbiota-host interactions with resveratrol on cancer: Effects and potential mechanisms of action – Wang et al. – Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

Emerging frontiers of antibiotics use and their impacts on the human gut microbiome – Kumari et al. – Microbiological Research

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Microbiota of the Pregnant Mouse: Characterization of the Bacterial Communities in the Oral Cavity, Lung, Intestine, and Vagina through Culture and DNA Sequencing – Greenberg et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

Phages and viruses

Viral biogeography of the mammalian gut and parenchymal organs – Shkoporov – Nature Microbiology

Bioinformatics

Namco: a microbiome explorer – Dietrich et al. – Microbial Genomics

MiCloud: A unified web platform for comprehensive microbiome data analysis – Gu et al. – PLOS One

August 1st, 2022

God morgon!

Good morning from Sweden.

Today’s digest has studies from diverse topics but the one that caught my attention is a preprint that addresses the controversial question of presence of a ‘normal blood microbiota’ in humans. The authors of this preprint analysed about 10,000 humans samples and provide evidence that there is no core blood microbiota.

A new preprint describes a unique Taleocin (a bacteriocin) from Pseudomonas syringae which defies the convention that bacteriocins have a narrow spectrum. The bacteriocin has a broad range killing activity against agriculturally important pathogens like Erwinia amylovora and Xanthomonas perforans as well as against the clinical human pathogen Salmonella choleraesuis.

Another preprint reports metabolic interactions responsible for unusually high Iron and lipid content in Geobacter sulfurreducens, a bacterium known iron reducing bacterium in the soil. Another environmental study found that human pathogens are the major carriers of antibiotic resistance genes in the Yangtze river – one of the longest in the world. This is in contrast to prevalent belief that conventional supercarriers are Enterococcus spp. and other fecal indicator bacteria.

Elsewhere in the digest is a preprint from my previous lab where my old colleagues have reported a small RNA and metal dependent mechanism that regulates the survival of Acinetobacter baumannii under oxidative stress.

As a bonus, there is a super intriguing preprint where the authors have actually provided evidence that coming up with creative and funny titles for your papers can help them gain more visibility and citations! So, all of you writing an article or planning to write one soon, this is a great tip!

I hope you will enjoy reading today’s digest and have a great week ahead!

Human gut

Microbiota responses to different prebiotics are conserved within individuals and associated with habitual fiber intake – Zachary C. Holmes, et al., Microbiome

Near-sterile sites

Preprint: No evidence for a common blood microbiome based on a population study of 9,770 healthy humans – Cedric C.S. Tan, et al.

Water microbiome

Supercarriers of antibiotic resistome in a world’s large river – Jiawen Wang, et al., Microbiome

Oceanospirillales containing the DMSP lyase DddD are key utilisers of carbon from DMSP in coastal seawater – Jingli Liu, et al., Microbiome

Community structure of coral microbiomes is dependent on host morphology – Kathleen M. Morrow, et al., Microbiome

Preprint: The impact of primary colonizers on the community composition of river biofilm – Roshan Angoshtari, et al.

Soil microbiome

Long-term nitrogen deposition enhances microbial capacities in soil carbon stabilization but reduces network complexity – Xingyu Ma, et al., Microbiome

Animal microbiome

Host-microbiota interaction-mediated resistance to inflammatory bowel disease in pigs – Xuan Zhao, et al., Microbiome

Preprint: The differing roles of flavins and quinones in extracellular electron transfer in Lactiplantibacillus plantarum – Joe Gregory Tolar, et al.

Bacteria Hysteria

Preprint: Interspecies Killing Activity of Pseudomonas syringae Tailocins – Savannah L Weaver, et al.

Preprint: Enhanced production of natural shiga toxin by overexpressing A subunit of Stx2e in Stx2e-producing Escherichia coli isolated in South Korea – Jin Hur, et al.

Preprint: Geobacter sulfurreducens′ unique metabolism results in cells with a high iron and lipid content – Ethan T Howley, et al.

Preprint: Cloning, heterologous expression and characterization of o-phthalyl-CoA decarboxylase from phthalate degrading denitrifying bacterium – Madan Junghare

Preprint: Acinetobacter baumannii defends against oxidative stress through a Mn2+-dependent small RNA-mediated suppression of type VI secretion system – Somok Bhowmik, et al.

Techniques

Preprint: Programmable acetylation modification of bacterial proteins by a Cas12a-guided acetyltransferase – Liu yanqiang, et al.

Fun

Preprint: If this title is funny, will you cite me? Citation impacts of humour and other features of article titles in ecology and evolution – Stephen B Heard, et al.

July 30, 2022

Have a nice weekend! Today, the Digest contains several reviews.

Highlights!

Microbiota responses to different prebiotics are conserved within individuals and associated with habitual fiber intake – Zachary C Holmes – Microbiome → A three-way crossover study showed that prebiotic personalization regimens can be beneficial in different manners to different people; this study showed that people with low fiber intake received more effect from those interventions.

Human and General Microbiome

Differential Gut Microbiota Compositions Related With the Severity of Major Depressive Disorder – Qi Zhong – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Phospholipid metabolites of the gut microbiota promote hypoxia-induced intestinal injury via CD1d-dependent γδ T cells – Yuyu Li – Gut Microbes

Gut bacteria interact directly with colonic mast cells in a humanized mouse model of IBS – Chiko Shimbori – Gut Microbes

Asthma and Wheeze Severity and the Oropharyngeal Microbiota in Children and Adolescents – Jonathan Thorsen – Annals of the American Thoracic Society

Minireview: Role of microbial secreted proteins in gut microbiota-host interactionsBoris Vidal-Veuthey – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology 

Review: A Bibliometric Analysis of Research on the Links Between Gut Microbiota and Atherosclerosis – Ya Wang – Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine

Review: Microbiota-derived metabolites as drivers of gut-brain communication – Hany Ahmed – Gut Microbes

Review: Female reproductive dysfunctions and the gut microbiota – Sangappa B Chadchan – Journal of Molecular Endocrinology

Systematic Review: A Bibliometric Review on Gut Microbiome and Alzheimer’s Disease Between 2012 and 2021 – Alejandro I Trejo-Castro – Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience

Systematic Review: Disturbances of Vaginal Microbiome Composition in Human Papillomavirus Infection and Cervical Carcinogenesis: A Qualitative Systematic Review – Ming Wu – Frontiers in Oncology

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

Review: Bacterial-fungal metabolic interactions within the microbiota and their potential relevance in human health and disease: a short review – Alexia Lapiere – Gut Microbes

Animal Model Microbiome

Intestinal Inflammation Reversibly Alters the Microbiota to Drive Susceptibility to Clostridioides difficile Colonization in a Mouse Model of Colitis – Madeline R Barron – mBio

Non-Model Animal Microbiome

Comparative and functional analyses of fecal microbiome in Asian elephants – Guiding Li – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Bioinformatics and Microbiome Analysis Techniques

Tourmaline: A containerized workflow for rapid and iterable amplicon sequence analysis using QIIME 2 and Snakemake – Luke R Thompson – GigaScience

July 28, 2022

Today’s digest includes research on the gut microbiome of infants, ruminants, and sand flies! There is also a preprint about sewage microbiomes as well as a research article about photosynthetic bacterial communities in crop fields.

Happy reading!

Human skin microbiome

Lichen Planopilaris: The first biopsy layer microbiota inspection – Pinto et al. – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

Adaptation of the infant gut microbiome during the complementary feeding transition – McKeen et al. – PLOS One

Animal microbiome

Metagenomic insights into the microbe-mediated B and K2 vitamin biosynthesis in the gastrointestinal microbiome of ruminants – Jiang et al. – Microbiome

Comparative analysis of the gut microbiota of sand fly vectors of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (ZVL) in Iran; host-environment interplay shapes diversity – Karimian et al. – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Metagenomic analysis of the dynamical conversion of photosynthetic bacterial communities in different crop fields over different growth periods – Cheng et al. – PLOS One

Built environment

Preprint: A metagenomic investigation of spatial and temporal changes in sewage microbiomes across a university campus – Fierer et al. – bioRxiv

July 26, 2022

Highlights!

Microbial determinants of effective donors in faecal microbiota transplantation for UC – Craig Haifer – Gut → Metagenomic and metabolomic data analysis showed that donor microbiota stability and increased species evenness were identified novel markers associated with donor sample therapeutic efficacy in Ulcerative Colitis.

A gut microbial peptide and molecular mimicry in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes – Khyati Girdhar – PNAS → A peptide sequence from Parabacteroides distasonis mimics an important insulin epitope, making it susceptible to generating type I diabetes in a mouse model. 

Human and General Microbiome

Gut microbiome changes in anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis patients – Jingya Wei – BMC Neurology

Effect of a bacteriocin-producing Streptococcus salivarius on the pathogen Fusobacterium nucleatum in a model of the human distal colon – Garreth W Lawrence – Gut Microbes

Identification of Gut Microbiome Metabolites via Network Pharmacology Analysis in Treating Alcoholic Liver Disease – Ki-Kwang Oh – Current Issues in Molecular Biology

Review: The Gut Microbiota: A Double Edge Sword in Endometriosis – Chandni Talwar – Biology of Reproduction

Non-Model Animal Microbiome

Hair Microbiome Diversity within and across Primate Species – Catherine Kitrinos – mSystems

Seasonal variations in the composition and diversity of gut microbiota in white-lipped deer (Cervus albirostris) – Zhangqiang You – PeerJ

Plant Microbiome

Effects of Domestication on Plant-Microbiome Interactions – Andres Gutierrez – Plant & Cell Physiology

Evaluation of protein extraction methods for metaproteomic analyses of root-associated microbes – Fernanda Salvato – Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions

Environmental Microbiome

Absence of stress-promoted facilitation coupled with a competition decrease in the microbiome of ephemeral saline lakes – Mateu Menéndez-Serra – Ecology

Insights into the Antimicrobial Activities and Metabolomes of Aquimarina (Flavobacteriaceae, Bacteroidetes) Species from the Rare Marine Biosphere – Sandra Godinho Silva – Marine Drugs

More microbes

Correspondence: International travel, the gut microbiome, and ESBL-E coli carriage – Ye Peng – The Lancet. Microbe

An Engineered λ Phage Enables Enhanced and Strain-Specific Killing of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli – Menglu Jin – Microbiology Spectrum

Bioinformatics and Microbiome Analysis Techniques

MOCHI, a comprehensive cross-platform tool for amplicon-based microbiota analysis – Jun-Jie Zheng – Bioinformatics