June 12, 2021

Have a nice weekend! Today, in this Digest we have several studies covering different aspects of respiratory tract microbiome, in addition with reproductive tract microbiota. We have also a set of papers covering connections between microbiome, food and diet, as well as some articles about beneficial microbes (a.k.a. probiotics). Take a look also to the papers related with Techniques, Animal and Plant microbiome topics.    

General and Human Microbiome

Review: Ankylosing Spondylitis: An Autoimmune Or Autoinflammatory Disease? – Daniele Mauro – Nature Reviews. Rheumatology

Review: Updated Treatment For Acne: Targeted Therapy Based On Pathogenesis – Ichiro Kurokawa – Dermatology And Therapy

Review: Impact Of Intrapartum Antibiotic Prophylaxis For Group B Streptococcus On The Term Infant Gut Microbiome: A State of the Science Review – Vanessa R Garcia – Journal Of Midwifery & Women’s Health

Review: Cellular And Molecular Mediators Of Lymphangiogenesis In Inflammatory Bowel Disease – Dickson Kofi Wiredu Ocansey – Journal Of Translational Medicine

News in BriefMicrobiome Test Spots Oral Cancers Nature Biotechnology

Disruption Of The Pro-inflammatory, Anti-inflammatory Cytokines And Tight Junction proteins expression, associated with changes of the composition of the gut  microbiota in patients with irritable bowel syndrome – V Ivashkin – PloS One

The Effect Of The Combined Use Of Silver Diamine Fluoride And Potassium Iodide In disrupting the plaque biofilm microbiome and alleviating tooth discoloration: A  systematic review – Anahita Haiat – PloS One

SARS-CoV-2 Detection Status Associates With Bacterial Community Composition In patients and the hospital environment – Clarisse Marotz – Microbiome

Assessing The Involvement Of The Placental Microbiome And Virome In Preeclampsia using non coding RNA sequencing – Liron Yoffe – Journal Of Perinatal Medicine

An Emerging Role Of Prevotella Histicola On Estrogen Deficiency-induced Bone Loss through the gut microbiota-bone axis in postmenopausal women and in ovariectomized mice – Zhongxiang Wang – The American Journal Of Clinical Nutrition

Supplier-origin Mouse Microbiomes Significantly Influence Locomotor And anxiety-related behavior, body morphology, and metabolism – Aaron C Ericsson – Communications Biology

Microbial Interaction: Prevotella Spp. Reduce P. Aeruginosa Induced Inflammation In cystic fibrosis bronchial epithelial cells –  Anne Bertelsen- Journal Of Cystic Fibrosis

Extra-skeletal Effects Of Dietary Calcium: Impact On The Cardiovascular System, obesity, and cancer – Denise K Daley – Advances In Food And Nutrition Research

The Association Between Bacteria Colonizing The Upper Respiratory Tract And Lower respiratory tract infection in young children: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Shantelle Claassen-Weitz – Clinical Microbiology And Infection

Exploring The Microbiota-Alzheimer’s Disease Linkage Using Short-term Antibiotic treatment followed by fecal microbiota transplantation – Min Wang – Brain, Behavior, And Immunity

Dispersal Strategies Shape Persistence And Evolution Of Human Gut Bacteria – Falk Hildebrand – Cell Host & Microbe

Review: The Impact Of The Female Genital Tract Microbiome In Women Health And Reproduction: a review – Paula Punzón-Jiménez – Journal Of Assisted Reproduction And Genetics

Dysosmobacter Welbionis Is A Newly Isolated Human Commensal Bacterium Preventing diet-induced obesity and metabolic disorders in mice – Tiphaine Le Roy – Gut (BMJ)

Citizen-science Based Study Of The Oral Microbiome In Cystic Fibrosis And Matched controls reveals major differences in diversity and abundance of bacterial and  fungal species – Jesse R Willis – Journal Of Oral Microbiology

Microbiome, Food and Diet

Legume Consumption And Gut Microbiome In Elderly Chinese Men And Women – Cong Wang – The Journal Of Nutrition

Gut Health Function Of Instant Dehydrated Rice Sticks Substituted With Resistant Starch Types 2 and 4 – Nisa Alfilasari – Current Microbiology

Microalgae As Feed Ingredients: Recent Developments On Their Role In immunomodulation and gut microbiota of aquaculture species – Uma Shankar Sagaram – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Plant-Based Diet Index And Metabolic Risk In Men: Exploring The Role Of The Gut Microbiome – Yanping Li – The Journal Of Nutrition

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

The Effects Of Limosilactobacillus Reuteri LR-99 Supplementation On Body Mass Index, Social Communication, Fine Motor Function, and Gut Microbiome Composition in  Individuals with Prader-Willi Syndrome: a Randomized Double-Blinded  Placebo-Controlled Trial – Xue-Jun Kong – Probiotics And Antimicrobial Proteins

Lactobacillus Paracasei Modulates The Gut Microbiota And Improves Inflammation In type 2 diabetic rats – Zhu Zeng – Food & Function

Mixture Of Probiotics Reduces Inflammatory Biomarkers And Improves The oxidative/nitrosative profile in people with rheumatoid arthritis – Ligia Aparecida Trintin Cannarella – Nutrition

Xiao-Chai-Hu-Tang Ameliorates Tumor Growth In Cancer Comorbid Depressive Symptoms via modulating gut microbiota-mediated TLR4/MyD88/NF-kB signaling pathway – Shiyun Shao- Phytomedicine

Lactobacillus Rhamnosus GG Orchestrates An Anti-tumor Immune Response – Joshua A Owens – Cellular And Molecular Gastroenterology And Hepatology

Lactobacillus Strains Derived From Human Gut Ameliorate Metabolic Disorders Via modulation of gut microbiota composition and short-chain fatty acids metabolism – G Wang – Beneficial Microbes

Animal Microbiome

Review: The Specification And Function Of Enteroendocrine Cells In Drosophila And Mammals: A Comparative – Xingting Guo – The FEBS Journal

Enterocins As Novel Feed Additives In Rabbit Diet: Enterocin Ent M And Durancin Ent ED26E/7, Their Combination, and Effects on Microbiota, Caecal Fermentation, and  Enzymatic Activity – M. Pogány Simonová – Probiotics And Antimicrobial Proteins

The Effect Of Lipid Metabolism Regulator Anthocyanins From Aronia Melanocarpa On 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and C57BL/6 mice via activating AMPK signaling and gut microbiota – Chunping Chen – Food & Function

A Probiotic Has Differential Effects On Allergic Airway Inflammation In A/J And C57BL/6 mice and is correlated with the gut microbiome – Mateus B Casaro – Microbiome

16S RRNA Gene Amplicon Sequencing Of Gut Microbiota From Naked Carp (Gymnocypris przewalskii) in Qinghai Lake, China – Fayan Wang – Microbiology Resource Announcements

Sulfated Modification Enhances The Modulatory Effect Of Yam Polysaccharide On Gut microbiota in cyclophosphamide-treated mice –  Rong Huang – Food Research International 

Diversity And Interactions Among Triatomine Bugs, Their Blood Feeding Sources, Gut microbiota and Trypanosoma cruzi in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in Colombia – Claribel Murillo-Solano – Scientific Reports

Rumen Microbiota Of Tibetan Sheep (Ovis Aries) Adaptation To Extremely Cold Season on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau – Qingshan Fan – Frontiers In Veterinary Science

Plant Microbiome

Phytohormones Selectively Affect Plant Parasitic Nematodes Associated With Arabidopsis roots.-  Md Maniruzzaman Sikder- The New Phytologist

Bacterial Community Structure And The Dominant Species In Imported Pollens For Artificial Pollination –  Su-Hyeon Kim – The Plant Pathology Journal

Structure And Variation Of Root-associated Bacterial Communities Of Cyperus Rotundus L. in the contaminated soils around Pb/Zn mine sites – Pin Gao – Environmental Science And Pollution Research International

Antibiotic Resistance Gene-Carrying Plasmid Spreads Into The Plant Endophytic Bacteria using Soil Bacteria as Carriers – Han Xu – Environmental Science & Technology

Flavonoids And Saponins In Plant Rhizospheres: Roles, Dynamics, And The Potential for agriculture – Akifumi Sugiyama – Bioscience, Biotechnology, And Biochemistry

Host Specific Endophytic Microbiome Diversity And Associated Functions In Three varieties of scented black rice are dependent on growth stage – K Malabika Singha- Scientific Reports

Microbiome: Bioinformatics and Techniques

Constraining PERMANOVA And LDM To Within-set Comparisons By Projection Improves The efficiency of analyses of matched sets of microbiome data – Zhengyi Zhu – Microbiome

Interrogating The Bovine Reproductive Tract Metagenomes Using Culture-independent approaches: a systematic review – Chian Teng Ong – Animal Microbiome

Laboratory Aspects Of Donor Screening For Fecal Microbiota Transplantation At A Korean Fecal Microbiota Bank –  Hyun Soo Seo – Annals Of Laboratory Medicine

Profiling System Of Oral Microbiota Utilizing Polymerase Chain Reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis – Hiroto Sano – Journal Of Oral Biosciences

Review: Organoids And Organs-on-chips: Insights Into Human Gut-microbe Interactions – Jens Puschhof – Cell Host & Microbe

Development Of A Time-series Shotgun Metagenomics Database For Monitoring Microbial communities at the Pacific coast of Japan –  Kazutoshi Yoshitake – Scientific Reports


Silicon Dioxide Nanoparticles Induced Neurobehavioral Impairments By Disrupting microbiota-gut-brain axis – Jun Diao – Journal Of Nanobiotechnology

Decay Of Infectious SARS-CoV-2 And Surrogates In Aquatic Environments – Laura Sala-Comorera –  Water Research

The Efficacy And Effect On Gut Microbiota Of An Aflatoxin Binder And A Fumonisin esterase using an in vitro simulator of the human intestinal microbial ecosystem  (SHIME®) – Kaat Neckermann – Food Research International

June 8, 2021

Human gut microbiome

Long-term dietary patterns are associated with pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory features of the gut microbiome – Bolte et al. Gut

Ginseng polysaccharides alter the gut microbiota and kynurenine/tryptophan ratio, potentiating the antitumour effect of antiprogrammed cell death 1/programmed cell death ligand 1 (anti-PD-1/PD-L1) immunotherapy – Huang et al. Gut

Human skin microbiome

Diurnal variation in the human skin microbiome affects accuracy of forensic microbiome matching – Wilkins et al. Microbiome.

Animal microbiome

Host Species and Geography Differentiate Honeybee Gut Bacterial Communities by Changing the Relative Contribution of Community Assembly Processes – Ge et al. mBio

Animal experiments

Dysbiosis exacerbates colitis by promoting ubiquitination and accumulation of the innate immune adaptor STING in myeloid cells – Shmuel-Galia et al. Immunity

Water Microbiome

Low shifts in salinity determined assembly processes and network stability of microeukaryotic plankton communities in a subtropical urban reservoir – Mo et al. Microbiome

Phages and viruses

A catalog of tens of thousands of viruses from human metagenomes reveals hidden associations with chronic diseases – Tisza and Buck. PNAS. 


A Critique of Differential Abundance Analysis, and Advocacy for an Alternative – Quinn et al. arXiv preprint. 

June 6th, 2021

Hyvää Päivää from Helsinki, Finland ! Today’s digest contains a variety of interesting papers,in particular for people interested in viromes. The digest contains a really interesting preprint on the diversity of four new Antarctic sea ice bacteriophages, demonstrating their uniqueness and novelty compared to previoulsy characterized phages.

For people interested in bacterial microbiome, this digest contains a lot of very interesting pieces, in particular a very interesting review on the hopes and current limitation of Fecal Microbial Transplants in clinical settings.

Finally, today’s non-microbiology pick is a piece exploring the social impacts of naming diseases using strong-held but flawed names like German measles,

Have a great Weekend!

Human gut microbiome

Impact of the Gut Microbiota Balance on the Health–DiseaseRelationship: The Importance of Consuming Probioticsand Prebiotics – Olvera-Rosales et al. – Foods

Review: Fecal microbiota transplantationin human metabolic diseases:From a murky past to a bright future? – Hanssen et al. – Cell

Animal experiments

Short- and long-term effects of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid or doxycycline on the gastrointestinal microbiome of growing cats – Stavroulaki et al. – BioRxiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Deep-rooted plant species recruit distinct bacterial communities in 3 m deep subsoil – Bak et al. – BioRxiV

Preprint: Single seed microbiota: assembly and transmission from parent plant to seedling Chesneau et al. – BioRxiV

Built environment

Reconstruction of metagenome-assembled genomes from aquaria – Ettinger et al. – BiorXiV

Phages and viruses

Viruses roam the wheat phyllosphere – Forero-Junco et al. – BioRxiV

Characteristics of genetically diverse Antarctic sea ice bacteriophages allow adaptation to changing environmental conditions – Demina et al. – BioRxiv


Preprint: PGfinder, a novel analysis pipeline for the consistent, reproducible and high-resolution structural analysis of bacterial peptidoglycans – Patel et al. – BioRxiV

Perspective: Computational Viromics: Applications of the Computational Biology in Viromics Studies – Lu and Peng – Virologica Sinica

Preprint: Detecting the hosts of bacteriophages using GCN-Based semi-supervised learning – Shang and Sun – ArxiV

My non-microbiology picks

Preprint: Naming of human diseases on the wrong side of history – Hu – BioRxiV

June 4, 2021

Greetings from Pittsburgh!

Today’s digest includes a review about the digestibility of adult dog diets, several articles about the human gut microbiome, an article about the spinach phyllosphere, and research about the effect of fertilizer and continuous garlic cultivation on the soil microbiome. It also includes topics such as microorganisms in ancient Siberian permafrost, the use of a probiotic consortium as an alternative to chemical remediation of oil spills, and much more!

If you want a lighter read, I’ve also included a fun Smithsonian Magazine article about the use of bacteria in art restoration.

Happy Friday!

General microbiome

Review: An evolving view on biogeochemical cycling of iron – Kappler et al. – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Review: Beyond horizontal gene transfer: the role of plasmids in bacterial evolution – Rodríguez-Beltrán et al. – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Review: Cells within cells: Rickettsiales and the obligate intracellular bacterial lifestyle – Salje – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Reviews: Microbial volatile organic compounds in intra-kingdom and inter-kingdom interactions – Weisskopf et al. – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Human skin microbiome

Apple cider vinegar soaks do not alter the skin bacterial microbiome in atopic dermatitis – Luu et al. – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

Metabolomic profiling identifies complex lipid species and amino acid analogues associated with response to weight loss interventions – Bihlmeyer et al. – PLOS One

Gut microbiome differences among Mexican Americans with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus – Kitten et al. – PLOS One

Enlightening the taxonomy darkness of human gut microbiomes with a cultured biobank – Liu et al. – Microbiome

Gut microbiota profiles of young South Indian children: Child sex-specific relations with growth – Shivakumar et al. – PLOS One

Animal experiments

Review: Soybean meal and poultry offal meal effects on digestibility of adult dogs diets – Vanelli et al. – PLOS One

Animal microbiome

A survey of mosquito-borne and insect-specific viruses in hospitals and livestock markets in western Kenya – Chiuya et al. – PLOS One

Microbiomes of clownfish and their symbiotic host anemone converge before their first physical contact – Émie et al. – Microbiome

Characterization of oral and cloacal microbial communities in cold-stunned Kemp’s ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) during the time course of rehabilitation – McNally et al. – PLOS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Influence of seasonal changes and salinity on spinach phyllosphere bacterial functional assemblage – Ibekwe et al. – PLOS One

Comparison of bacterial and archaeal communities in two fertilizer doses and soil compartments under continuous cultivation system of garlic – Zhou et al. – PLOS One

Water and extremophile microbiome

Meanders as a scaling motif for understanding of floodplain soil microbiome and biogeochemical potential at the watershed scale – Carnevali et al. – Microbiome

Urban wastewater bacterial communities assemble into seasonal steady states – LaMartina et al. – Microbiome

Genomic reconstruction of fossil and living microorganisms in ancient Siberian permafrost – Liang et al. – Microbiome

Genomic and immunogenic changes of Piscine novirhabdovirus (Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia Virus) over its evolutionary history in the Laurentian Great Lakes – Niner et al. – PLOS One

Built environment

Multi-domain probiotic consortium as an alternative to chemical remediation of oil spills at coral reefs and adjacent sites – Silva et al. – Microbiome

Microbes in the news

Italian Art Restorers Used Bacteria to Clean Michelangelo Masterpieces – Davis-Marks – Smithsonian Magazine

May 29, 2021

General microbiome

Biogeochemical dynamics and microbial community development under sulfate- and iron-reducing conditions based on electron shuttle amendment – TM Flynn et al. – PLOS ONE

Human skin microbiome

Composition of cutaneous bacterial microbiome in seborrheic dermatitis patients: A cross-sectional study – MGH Sanders et al. – PLOS ONE

Human gut microbiome

Host specificity of the gut microbiome – EK Mallot & KR Amato – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Animal experiments

Influence of genetic background and dietary oleic acid on gut microbiota composition in Duroc and Iberian pigs – A López-Garcí et al. – PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Compartmentalization of bacterial and fungal microbiomes in the gut of adult honeybees – M Callegari et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Saprotrophic fungal diversity predicts ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity along the timberline in the framework of island biogeography theory – T Yang et al. – ISME Communications

Soil microbial community responses to short-term nitrogen addition in China’s Horqin Sandy Land – N Yayi et al. – PLOS ONE

Specificity of assemblage, not fungal partner species, explains mycorrhizal partnerships of mycoheterotrophic Burmannia plants – Z Zhao et al. – The ISME Journal

Water and extremophile microbiome

Abundant and rare bacterial taxa structuring differently in sediment and water in thermokarst lakes in the Yellow River Source area, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau – Z Ren et al. – bioRxiv

Phages and viruses

Diversity, taxonomy and evolution of archaeal viruses of the class Caudoviricetes – Y Liu et al. – bioRxiv

Integrating Viral Metagenomics into an Ecological Framework – P Sommers et al. – Annual Review of Virology


Spatial profiling of microbial communities by sequential FISH with error-robust encoding – Z Cao et al. – bioRxiv

May 28, 2021

Good morning from New Jersey! A broad selection of papers to share with you today—highlights include several new bioinformatics papers and an examination of the effect of storage method on the composition of microbiome samples:

General microbiome

A global metagenomic map of urban microbiomes and antimicrobial resistance, David Danko et al., Cell

Ecology and molecular targets of hypermutation in the global microbiome, Simon Roux et al., Nature Communications

Human oral microbiome

A cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) extract impairs the growth, virulence properties, and inflammatory potential of Fusobacterium nucleatum and improves oral epithelial barrier function, Amel Ben Lagha et al., PLOS ONE

Human skin microbiome

Composition of cutaneous bacterial microbiome in seborrheic dermatitis patients: A cross-sectional study, Martijn G.H. Sanders et al., PLOS ONE

Human gut microbiome

Gene-level metagenomic architectures across diseases yield high-resolution microbiome diagnostic indicators, Braden T. Tierney et al., Nature Communications

Altered faecal microbiome and metabolome in IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis, Qiaoyan Liu et al., Gut

Animal experiments

Gut microbiome variation modulates the effects of dietary fiber on host metabolism, Sofia M. Murga-Garrido et al., Microbiome

Real-time monitoring of ruminal microbiota reveals their roles in dairy goats during subacute ruminal acidosis, Xiaodong Chen et al., npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Animal microbiome

The microbiome and mosquito vectorial capacity: rich potential for discovery and translation, Cintia Cansado-Utrilla et al., Microbiome


Preprint: A metabolomics pipeline enables mechanistic interrogation of the gut microbiome, Shuo Han et al., bioRxiv

Comparison study of differential abundance testing methods using two large Parkinson disease gut microbiome datasets derived from 16S amplicon sequencing, Zachary D. Wallen, BMC Bioinformatics

Reads Binning Improves the Assembly of Viral Genome Sequences From Metagenomic Samples, Kai Song, Frontiers in Microbiology


Preprint: Standard Sample Storage Conditions Impact on Inferred Microbiome Composition and Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns, Casper Sahl Poulsen et al., bioRxiv

May 22, 2021

Have a good weekend! Today in this Digest, we have several papers, including reviews about microbiome and obesity or cancer, microbiome restoration, new research with new Akkermansia isolates, and a meta-analysis showing the effect of synbiotics on ulcerative colitis. We have as well several studies in different animal models (from primates to C. elegans). We also highlight some papers on different technical aspects of microbiome analysis, including a multi-center study assessing the impact of bioinformatic procedures in microbiome analysis.   

Human and General Microbiome

Review: The Influence of Gut Microbiota on the Cardiovascular System Under Conditions of Obesity and Chronic Stress – Piotr Dubinski – Current Hypertension Reports 

Review: Restoration of dysbiotic human gut microbiome for homeostasis – Kunal Dixit – Life Sciences 

Review: The role of microbiome in colorectal carcinogenesis and its clinical potential as a target for cancer treatment –  Sang Hoon Kim – Intestinal Research 

Meta-analysis: Synbiotics improve clinical indicators of ulcerative colitis: systematic review with meta-analysis– Marcos Natal Rufino – Nutrition reviews 

Metformin Affects Gut Microbiome Composition and Function and Circulating Short-Chain Fatty Acids: A Randomized Trial – Noel T Mueller – Diabetes Care 

Genotypic and Phenotypic Diversity among Human Isolates of Akkermansia muciniphila – Bradford Becken – mBio 

Association of Gut Microbiota during Early Pregnancy with Risk of Incident Gestational Diabetes Mellitus – Ping Hu – The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism 

Maternal precarity and HPA axis functioning shape infant gut microbiota and HPA axis development in humans – Johanna R Jahnke – PLoS ONE

Profiling of tumour-associated microbiota in human hepatocellular carcinoma – Seiga Komiyama – Scientific Reports 

Perceived Stress and Molecular-BV in the NIH Longitudinal Study of Vaginal Flora – Rodman Turpin- American Journal of Epidemiology 

Genetically Programmable Microbial Assembly – Mark T Kozlowski – ACS Synthetic Biology 

Regulatory role of the intestinal microbiota in the immune response against Giardia – B Maertens – Scientific Reports 

Role of microbiota-gut-brain axis dysfunctions induced by infections in the onset of anorexia nervosa– Marie Galmiche – Nutrition Reviews 

Blood microbiota and metabolomic signature of major depression before and after antidepressant treatment: a prospective case-control study – Dragos Ciocan – Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience

Combined analysis of metagenomic data revealed consistent changes of gut microbiome structure and function in inflammatory bowel disease – Yangliu Xia – Journal of Applied Microbiology 

Stability of the human gut virome and effect of gluten-free diet – Sanzhima Garmaeva – Cell Reports 

Animal Microbiome

Early-Life Immune System Maturation in Chickens Using a Synthetic Community of Cultured Gut Bacteria – Christian Zenner – mSystems 

Extinction of anciently associated gut bacterial symbionts in a clade of stingless bees – Alan Emanuel Silva Cerqueira –  The ISME Journal 

Utilizing the Microbiota and Machine Learning Algorithms to Assess Risk of Salmonella Contamination in Poultry Rinsate – Hannah Bolinger – Journal of Food Protection 

Influence of genetic background and dietary oleic acid on gut microbiota composition in Duroc and Iberian pigs – Adrián López-García – PLoS ONE

Predictable and host-species specific humanization of the gut microbiota in captive primates – Jennifer L Houtz  – Molecular Ecology 

The symbiotic relationship between Caenorhabditis elegans and members of its microbiome contributes to worm fitness and lifespan extension – Orçun Haçariz – BMC Genomics 

Unraveling the predictive role of temperature in the gut microbiota of the sea urchin Echinometra sp. EZ across spatial and temporal gradients – Remi N Ketchum – Molecular Ecology 

Live and ultrasound-inactivated Lacticaseibacillus casei modulate the intestinal microbiota and improve biochemical and cardiovascular parameters in male rats fed a high-fat diet – Larissa Ramalho Brandão – Food & Function 

Glycan-based shaping of the microbiota during primate evolution – Sumnima Singh – eLife 

Regulatory effect of non-starch polysaccharides from purple sweet potato on intestinal microbiota of mice with antibiotic-associated diarrhea – Nana Bie – Food & Function 

Regulatory effect of volatile compounds in fermented alcoholic beverages on gut microbiota and serum metabolism in a mouse model – Mei Ji – Food & Function 

Plant Microbiome

Targeted 16S rRNA gene and ITS2 amplicon sequencing of leaf and spike tissues of Piper longum identifies new candidates for bioprospecting of bioactive compounds – Sushma Mishra – Archives of Microbiology 

Absence of Nanoparticle-Induced Drought Tolerance in Nutrient Sufficient Wheat Seedlings – Matthew Potter – Environmental Science & Technology 


Diverse Viruses Carrying Genes for Microbial Extremotolerance in the Atacama Desert Hyperarid Soil – Yunha Hwang – mSystems 


Review: Identifying biases and their potential solutions in human microbiome studies – Jacob T Nearing – Microbiome 

Commentary: Application of Machine Learning in Translational Medicine: Current Status and Future Opportunities – Nadia Terranova – The AAPS Journal 

An inter-laboratory study to investigate the impact of the bioinformatics component on microbiome analysis using mock communities – Denise M O’Sullivan – Scientific Reports 

A semiparametric model for between-subject attributes: Applications to beta-diversity of microbiome data – J Liu – Biometrics 


The potential and effects of saline-alkali alfalfa microbiota under salt stress on the fermentation quality and microbial – Duo Wen Sa – BMC Microbiology 

May 18, 2021

Review articles on exciting microbiome topics dominate today’s post. My personal favorite review is by Berthoud et al. on gut-brain communication with focus on understanding functions of the vagus nerve. Others include – rumen microbiome, gut microbiota in neuronal feeding circuits, gut-brain axis in gastrointestinal cancer and a beautiful snapshot illustrating summary of microbiota effects on host physiology. Happy reading!

General Microbiome

Gut microbiota as a transducer of dietary cues to regulate host circadian rhythms and metabolism – Hyoann Choi – Nature Reviews Gatsroenterology and Hepatology

SnapShot: Microbiota effects on host physiology – Jennifer H.Hill – Cell

Roles for the gut microbiota in regulating neuronal feeding circuits – Kristie B. Yu – Journal of Clinical Investigation

Gut-brain communication and obesity: understanding functions of the vagus nerve – Hans-Rudolf Berthoud – Journal of Clinical Investigation

Exploiting unique features of the gut-brain interface to combat gastrointestinal cancer – Alyssa Schledwitz – Journal of Clinical Investigation

Human Microbiome

Evaluation of saliva as a source of accurate whole‐genome and microbiome sequencing data – Anthony F. Herzig – Genetic Epidemiology

The effects of nondigestible fermentable carbohydrates on adults with overweight or obesity: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials – Bocheng Xu – Nutrition Reviews

Altered gut microbiota correlates with cognitive impairment in Chinese children with Down’s syndrome – Shimeng Ren – European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

A synthetic consortium of 100 gut commensals modulates the composition and function in a colon model of the microbiome of elderly subjects – Marta Perez – Gut Microbes

Animal Microbiome

The rumen microbiome: balancing food security and environmental impacts – Itzhak Mizrahi – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Components of the Gut Microbiome that Influence Bone Tissue‐Level Strength – Marysol Luna – Journal of Bone and Mineral Research

Characterization of growth phenotypes and gastrointestinal tract microbiota in sheep fed with caragana – Ke Zhang – Journal of Applied Microbiology


‘GutFeel’: an in silico method for predicting gut health status based on the metabolic functional capabilities of the resident microbiome – Swadha Anand – Febs Letters

MiMeNet: Exploring microbiome-metabolome relationships using neural networks – Derek Reiman – Plos Computational Biology


Anatomy promotes neutral coexistence of strains in the human skin microbiome – Arolyn Conwill – BioRxiv

May 17, 2021

Good morning from Pittsburgh.

Today’s digest is preprint-heavy and has quite a few articles focused on soil, plants, and agriculture. If you aren’t interested in those areas of research, we also have articles with topics spanning the 1918 pandemic to multi-donor fecal transplants to carbohydrate utilization by marine fungi.

Happy reading!

General microbiome

Fresh extension of Vibrio cholerae competence type IV pili predisposes them for motor-independent retraction – Chlebek et al. – Appl Environ Microbiol

Preprint: Coordination of gene expression with cell size enables Escherichia coli to efficiently maintain motility across conditions – Honda et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Archival influenza virus genomes from Europe reveal genomic and phenotypic variability during the 1918 pandemic – Patrono et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Fluorescent protein expression as a proxy of bacterial fitness in a high throughput assay – Schlechter et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Nanopore sequencing provides rapid and reliable insight into microbial profiles of Intensive Care Units – Viana de Siqueira et al. – bioRxiv

Human skin microbiome

Preprint: Anatomy promotes neutral coexistence of strains in the human skin microbiome – Conwill et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Gene- and genome-centric dynamics shape the diversity of oral bacterial populations – Utter et al. – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: Two microbiota subtypes identified in Irritable Bowel Syndrome with distinct responses to the low-FODMAP diet – Vervier et al. – bioRxiv

Strain engraftment competition and functional augmentation in a multi-donor fecal microbiota transplantation trial for obesity – Wilson et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Soil origin and plant genotype structure distinct microbiome compartments in the model legume Medicago truncatula – Brown et al. – Microbiome

Preprint: A novel dual enrichment strategy provides soil- and digestate-competent N2O-respiring bacteria for mitigating climate forcing in agriculture – Jonassen et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Temporal dynamics of microbial transcription in wetted hyperarid desert soils – León-Sobrino et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Metagenomic sequencing for rapid identification of Xylella fastidiosa from leaf samples – Roman-reyna et al. – BioRxiv

Preprint: Pseudomonas arenae sp. nov., Pseudomonas glycinis sp. nov. and Pseudomonas harudinis sp. nov., three novel bacterial species and plant endophytes – Seaton et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Phage-resistant bacteria reveal a role for potassium in root colonization – Tzipilevich & Benfey – bioRxiv

Metagenomic analysis reveals the shared and distinct features of the soil resistome across tundra, temperate prairie, and tropical ecosystems – Qian et al. – Microbiome

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Potential and expression of carbohydrate utilization by marine fungi in the global ocean – Baltar et al. – Microbiome

Preprint: Syntrophic H2 production enhances the performance of primarily acetate-supplemented reactors treating sulphate contaminated solutions – Hessler et al. – bioRxiv

May 14, 2021

Today’s digest features Emu for microbial community profiling with expectation-maximization algorithm to generate taxonomic abundance profiles from full-length 16S rRNA reads, glycobiology of UTI, profiling canine fecal microbiome by long-read metagenomics with Nanopore sequencing, spatial-temporal assessment of drinking water microbiome in Puerto Rico, ancient microbial genomes from paleofeces (with 61 previously undescribed species), and more.

Check out a list of awesome webinars, courses and podcasts. Happy Friday!

Today is the last day for #NSURP2021 applications:

The National Summer Undergraduate Research Project – A community-driven initiative to create rewarding remote summer research opportunities for BIPOC and Latinx undergraduate students in the microbial sciences.

Share your experience as an early career researcher with your academic mentor and take part in this important survey on mentorship!

Gut microbiome

Reconstruction of ancient microbial genomes from the human gut – Marsha C. Wibowo – Nature

Human and preclinical studies of the host–gut microbiome co-metabolite hippurate as a marker and mediator of metabolic health – François Brial – Gut Microbiota

Oral microbiome

*Mechanical biofilm disruption causes microbial and immunological shifts in periodontitis patients – William Johnston – Scientific Reports

Vaginal microbiome

Review: The Complex Link between the Female Genital Microbiota, Genital Infections, and Inflammation – Smritee Dabee – Infection and Immunity

Urinary microbiome

*Review: The glycobiology of uropathogenic E. coli infection: the sweet and bitter role of sugars in urinary tract immunity – Federico Lupo – Immunology

The Good and the Bad: Ecological Interaction Measurements Between the Urinary Microbiota and Uropathogens – Laurens E. Zandbergen – Frontiers in Microbiology

Urinary prostaglandin E2 as a biomarker for recurrent UTI in postmenopausal women – Tahmineh Ebrahimzadeh – Life Science Alliance

Impact of Vaginal Estrogen on the Urobiome in Postmenopausal Women With Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection – Carrie E. Jung – Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery

Animal microbiome

*Long-read metagenomics retrieves complete single-contig bacterial genomes from canine feces – Anna Cuscó – BMC Genomics

Perinatal exposure to tetracycline contributes to lasting developmental effects on offspring – Elizabeth M. Hill – Animal Microbiome

Drinking water microbiome

*Spatial-temporal targeted and non-targeted surveys to assess microbiological composition of drinking water in Puerto Rico following Hurricane Maria – Maria Catalina Sevillano – bioRxiv


Predicting the presence and abundance of bacterial taxa in environmental communities through flow cytometric fingerprinting – Jasmine Heyse – bioRixv

Sample preservation

Critical evaluation of faecal microbiome preservation using metagenomic analysis – Alena L. Pribyl – ISME Communications


*Emu: Species-Level Microbial Community Profiling for Full-Length Nanopore 16S Reads – Kristen D. Curry – bioRxiv

Microbiome differential abundance methods produce disturbingly different results across 38 datasets – Jacob T Nearing – bioRxiv

Improving metagenomic binning results with overlapped bins using assembly graphs – Vijini G. Mallawaarachchi – Algorithms for Molecular Biology

A method for achieving complete microbial genomes and improving bins from metagenomics data – Lauren M. Lui – Plos Computational Biology

Taxonomic annotation of 16S rRNA sequences of pig intestinal samples using MG-RAST and QIIME2 generated different microbiota compositions – J. Lima – Journal of Microbiological Methods


EMBARK Spring Webinars – Heike Schmitt “International efforts for One Health surveillance of AMR (WHO Tricycle)” and Etienne Ruppé “On the use of Tricycle in EMBARK” – EMBARK project – May 19
Registration here
More info here

BISMiS Live – GCM 2.0: WDCM 10K Sequencing Project for Type Strains by Juncai Ma – Bergey’s Intl. Society for Microbial Systematics – May 15
Registration here
More info here

Women in Data Science 2021 – Perspectives in Industry and Academia – Bayer AG and de.NBI, Elixir Germany Event – 18 June

PPGSND thesis seminar: The dark side os science: misconduct in biomedical research – Elisabeth Bik – 20 May

mSystems Thinking Series – ASM


Riffomonas Project – R tutorials and more – PatricK Schloss

Machine learning in Python with scikit-learn – Inria

Introduction to Computer Science and Programming in Python – MIT

Using MOFA for integration of omics data – Ricard Argelaguet – May 25

Data Visualization: Use R, ggplot2, and the principles of graphic design to create beautiful and truthful visualizations of data – Andrew Heiss


1st Young AMICI Symposium – Austrian Microbiome Initiative – May 25-26

Microbes, Social Equity, and Rural Health – The Microbes and Social Equity working group and The University of Maine Institute of Medicine – June 14–18


Differential gene expression and DESeq2 with Michael Love – The Bioinformatics Chat – Roman Cheplyaka and Jacob Schreiber

The Fake Science Detectives with David Sanders and Elisabeth Bik – Follow the Science – Faye Flam

Research, networking and public perception of science with Linda J Kenney – Microbes and Us – Joseph Shuttleworth

The microbiome: Delicious food and solutions to the climate crisis with Lene Lange – Science Stories – Jens Degett