June 28, 2017

Human vaginal microbiome

Vaginal seeding or vaginal microbial transfer from the mother to the cesarean born neonate: a commentary regarding clinical management – Thor Haahr – BJOG

Human gut microbiome

*Review: The resilience of the intestinal microbiota influences health and disease – Felix Sommer – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Other human microbiome

Urinary catheter-associated microbiota change in accordance with treatment and infection status – Laetitia Bossa – PLOS ONE

Dynamics of the Oral Microbiota as a Tool to Estimate Time Since Death – Joe Adserias Garriga – Molecular Oral Microbiology

Animal experiments

Tuftsin-Phosphorylcholine maintains normal gut microbiota in collagen induced arthritic mice – Hila Ben-Amram – Frontiers in Microbiology

Animal microbiome

The Diet and Gut Microbial Communities of Two Closely Related Combtooth Blennies, Chasmodes saburrae and Scartella cristata – Peter J. Hundt – Copeia

Variation in the microbiome of the urogenital tract of koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) with and without “wet bottom” – Alistair R. Legione – bioRxiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Dominant Groups of Potentially Active Bacteria Shared by Barley Seeds become Less Abundant in Root Associated Microbiome – Luhua Yang – Frontiers in Plant Science

Understanding the variation of microbial community in heavy metals contaminated soil using high throughput sequencing – Honghong Guo – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Root Hair Mutations Displace the Barley Rhizosphere Microbiota – Senga Robertson-Albertyn – Frontiers in Plant Science

*Review: Below-ground connections underlying above-ground food production: a framework for optimising ecological connections in the rhizosphere – Franciska T. de Vries – Journal of Ecology

Rhizosphere microorganisms affected by soil solarization and cover cropping in Capsicum annuum and Phaseolus lunatus agroecosystems – Nancy Kokalis-Burelle – Applied Soil Ecology

Bacterial community dynamics in the rhizosphere of a long-lived, leguminous shrub across a 40-year age sequence – Xiaofan Na – Journal of Soils and Sediments

Microbial populations of stony meteorites: Substrate controls on first colonisers – Alastair W. Tait – Frontiers in Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Microbial Diversity and Community Assembly across Environmental Gradients in Acid Mine Drainage – Wenkai Teng – Minerals

Abundance and Distribution of Microbial Cells and Viruses in an Alluvial Aquifer – Donald Pan – Frontiers in Microbiology

Metagenomics reveals niche partitioning within the phototrophic zone of a microbial mat – Jackson Z Lee – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

Mixed Effect Dirichlet-Tree Multinomial for Longitudinal Microbiome Data and Weight Prediction – Yunfan Tang – arXiv

Segal’s Law, 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and the perils of foodborne pathogen detection within the American Gut Project – James B. Pettengill – PeerJ

Techniques

Assembly and Tracking of Microbial Community Development within a Microwell Array Platform – Andrea C. Timm – JOVE

June 27, 2017

Water microbiome focus today: The effects of terrestrially derived dissolved organic matter on the arctic microbiome, a characterization of deep terrestrial biosphere biofilms, and the microbiome of glaciers and ice sheets.

  • General microbiome

Review: Perspectives and Challenges in Microbial Communities Metabolic Modeling – Emanuele Bosi – Frontiers in Genetics

  • Human respiratory microbiome

Ecological networking of cystic fibrosis lung infections – Robert A Quinn – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

  • Human oral microbiome

Multi-omics Analysis of Periodontal Pocket Microbial Communities Pre- and Posttreatment – Katy Califf – mSystems

Educational strategies and ART effect on salivary characteristics: a controlled clinical trial – Camila Nobre de Freitas – Oral Diseases

Linkages between oral commensal bacteria and atherosclerotic plaques in coronary artery disease patients – Jyoti Chhibber-Goel – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Next generation sequencing of oral microbiota in Type 2 diabetes mellitus prior to and after neem stick usage and correlation with serum monocyte chemoattractant-1 – Rubini Anbalagan – Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice

Pyrosequencing Analysis of Cryogenically Ground Samples from Primary and Secondary/Persistent Endodontic Infections – Cangül Keskin – Journal of Endodontics

  • Human gut microbiome

Heat-stabilised rice bran consumption by colorectal cancer survivors modulates stool metabolite profiles and metabolic networks: a randomised controlled trial – Dustin Brown – British Journal of Nutrition

Two rheumatoid arthritis-specific autoantigens correlate microbial immunity with autoimmune responses in joints – Annalisa Pianta – The Journal of Clinical Investigation

Distinct patterns in the gut microbiota after surgical or medical therapy in obese patients – Daniel Medina – PeerJ

Immune-modulating effects in mouse dendritic cells of lactobacilli and bifidobacteria isolated from individuals following omnivorous, vegetarian and vegan diets – Diomira Luongo – Cytokine

  • Animal microbiome

Using high-throughput sequencing of ITS2 to describe Symbiodinium metacommunities in St. John, US Virgin Islands – Ross Cunning – PeerJ

Microbial bioenergetics of coral-algal interactions – Ty Roach – Peer J

Gut symbiont enhances insecticide resistance in a significant pest, the oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis – Daifeng Cheng – Microbiome

  • Plant, root, and soil microbiome</b

Temporal dynamics of the compositions and activities of soil microbial communities post-application of the insecticide chlorantraniliprole in paddy soils – Meng Wu – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Disease Suppressive Soils: New Insights from the Soil Microbiome – Daniel Schlatter – Phytopathology

Bacillus subtilis biofilm development in the presence of soil clay minerals and iron oxides – Wenting Ma – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

  • Water and extremophile microbiome

Review: Constraint-based metabolic modelling of marine microbes and communities – Marco Fondi – Marine Genomics

* Potential for hydrogen-oxidizing chemolithoautotrophic and diazotrophic populations to initiate biofilm formation in oligotrophic, deep terrestrial subsurface waters – Xiaofen Wu – Microbiome

* The microbiome of glaciers and ice sheets – Alexandre M. Anesio – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

* Microbial Community Response to Terrestrially Derived Dissolved Organic Matter in the Coastal Arctic – Rachel Sipler – Frontiers in Microbiology

  • Built environment

New insights into the spatial variability of biofilm communities and potentially negative bacterial groups in hydraulic concrete structures – Wei Cai – Water Research

Architecture, component, and microbiome of biofilm involved in the fouling of membrane bioreactors – Tomohiro Inaba – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiome

  • Techniques

Orthogonal Comparison of GC-MS and 1H NMR Spectroscopy for Short Chain Fatty Acid Quantitation – Jingwei Cai – Anal Chem

June 25, 2017

Lots of interesting pre-prints in this post that might be worth following! Also a blog post on some cool science art with kombucha, as well as a lot of articles on rhizosphere-microbe interactions.

Events and jobs

Research Opportunities in Molecular Microbiology – Washington University in St. Louis

PhD scholarship in Metagenomics analysis and systems biology – Danmarks Tekniske Universitet

General microbiome

Microbiome yarns: microbial forensics for auditing provenance in global food chains – Timmis et al. – Microbial Biotechnology

Adjuncts and alternatives in the time of antibiotic resistance and in-feed antibiotic bans – Brüssow – Microbial Biotechnology

Human gut microbiome

Bacteria facilitate viral co-infection of mammalian cells and promote genetic recombination – Erickson et al. – bioRXiv

Chemical transformation of xenobiotics by the human gut microbiota – Koppel et al. – Science

Distinct gut microbiome patterns associate with consensus molecular subtypes of colorectal cancer – Purcell et al. – bioRXiv

Animal microbiome

Whole genome sequencing-based detection of antimicrobial resistance and virulence in non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica isolated from wildlife – Thomas et al. – bioRXiv

 

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Antagonism between two root-associated beneficial Pseudomonas strains does not affect plant growth promotion and induced resistance against a leaf-chewing herbivore – Pangesti et al. – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Bioelectrochemical approach for control of methane emission from wetlands – Liu et al. – Bioresource Technology

The biocontrol agent Pseudomonas chlororaphis PA23 primes Brassica napus defenses through distinct gene networks – Duke et al. – BMC Genomics

Delftia rhizosphaerae sp. nov. isolated from the rhizosphere of Cistus ladanifer – Carro et al. – International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Synthesis and Secretion of Isoflavones by Field-Grown Soybean – Sugiyama et al. – Plant Cell Physiology

The Variation in the Rhizosphere Microbiome of Cotton with Soil Type, Genotype and Developmental Stage – Qiao et al. – Scientific Reports

Complete Genome Sequence of Bacillus paralicheniformis MDJK30, a Plant Growth -Promoting Rhizobacterium with Antifungal Activity – Wang et al. – Genome Anouncements

Extensive Overlap of Tropical Rainforest Bacterial Endophytes between Soil, Plant Parts, and Plant Species – Haruna et al. – Microbial Ecology

Phytoavailability of Cr in Silene vulgaris: The role of soil, plant genotype and bacterial rhizobiome – García-Gonzalez et al. – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Water and extremophile microbiome

Sulfolobus islandicus meta-populations in Yellowstone National Park hot springs – Campbell et al. – Environmental Microbiology

Bottled aqua incognita: Microbiota assembly and dissolved organic matter diversity in natural mineral waters – Lesaulnier et al. – bioRXiv

Techniques

Rapid whole genome amplification and sequencing of low cell numbers in a bacteraemia model – Anscombe et al. – bioRXiv

Microbes in the news

Do Probiotics Really Work? – Ferris Jabr – Scientific American

Fungi and bacteria team up in dental plaque – Evans – LabRoots

Scientists spy on the secret inner life of bacteria – Saey – Science News

Biofilms: The eradication has begun – McGill University Health Centre – Science Daily

Bacteria and Mental Health: Gut Bacteria Linked to Bipolar Disorder – Villamil – Medical News Bulletin

The Kombucha Craze Steps into Art and the Science of the Microbiome – Fernández – Labiotech

Microbes on the market

Global Microbiome Drugs Industry Market Research Report 2017 – Medgadget

June 24, 2017

An early life focus today: Interesting papers on the effects of a pre-term cesarian birth on the gut microbiome,  the impact of the infant gut microbiome on food allergies, and the bacterial mediated digestion of breast milk oligosaccharides. Also highlighted, the relationship between the gut microbiome and social stress vulnerability in mice, the role of the gut microbiome in mosquito development, and evidence of a permanent transfer of prokaryotic virus sequences to the mammalian brain.

  • Pregnancy and early life

Review: Perinatal Group B Streptococcal Infections: Virulence Factors, Immunity, and Prevention Strategies – Jay Vornhagen – Trends in Microbiology

* Cesarean or Vaginal Birth Does Not Impact the Longitudinal Development of the Gut Microbiome in a Cohort of Exclusively Preterm Infants – Christopher Stewart – Frontiers in Microbiology

* A prospective microbiome-wide association study of food sensitization and food allergy in early childhood – Jessica Savage – Allergy

* Identification of Oligosaccharides in Feces of Breast-fed Infants and Their Correlation with the Gut Microbial Community – Jasmine Davis – Molecular and Cellular Proteomics

  • Human respiratory microbiome

Psl Produced by Mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa Contributes to the Establishment of Biofilms and Immune Evasion – Christopher Jones – mBio

  • Human skin microbiome

Isotretinoin and lymecycline treatments modify the skin microbiota in acne – Hanna-Lenna Kelhala – Experimental Dermatology

  • Human oral microbiome

Potassium is a key signal in host-microbiome dysbiosis in periodontitis – Susan Yost – PLOS Pathogens

  • Human gut microbiome

The TMAO-Producing Enzyme Flavin-Containing Monooxygenase 3 Regulates Obesity and the Beiging of White Adipose Tissue – Rebecca Schugar – Cell Reports
In vitro modulation of gut microbiota by whey protein to preserve intestinal health – Sanchez-Moya – Food and Function

Reducing Viability Bias in Analysis of Gut Microbiota in Preterm Infants at Risk of NEC and Sepsis – Gregory Young – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

NOD2 genetic variants predispose one of two familial adenomatous polyposis siblings to pouchitis through microbiome dysbiosis – Kathleen Schieffer – Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis

The Bacteroides fragilis pathogenicity island links virulence and strain competition – Benjamin Casterline – Gut Microbes

Diversity analysis of gut microbiota in osteoporosis and osteopenia patients – Jihan Wang – PeerJ

Gut microbiota of liver transplantation recipients – Li-Ying Sun – Scientific Reports

Review: Microbiome: A Potential Component in the Origin of Mental Disorders – George Stefano – Medical Science Monitor

Review: Impact of mycotoxins on the intestine: are mucus and microbiota new targets? – Herve Robert – Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health

Review: Microbiota, Inflammation and Colorectal Cancer – Cecily Lucas – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Review: The Enteric Network: Interactions between the Immune and Nervous Systems of the Gut – Bryan Yoo – Immunity

  • Cadaver microbiome

Function of bacterial community dynamics in the formation of cadaveric semiochemicals during in situ carcass decomposition – Javier Pascual – Environmental Microbiology

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  • Animal experiments

* Implications of the gut microbiota in vulnerability to the social avoidance effects of chronic social defeat in male mice – Joanna Kasia Szyszkowicz – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Intestinal microbial dysbiosis aggravates the progression of Alzheimer’s disease in Drosophila – Shih-Cheng Wu – Nature Communications

Fructo-oligosaccharides and intestinal barrier function in a methionine-choline-deficient mouse model of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis – Kotaro Matsumoto – PLOS One

Spirulina Protects against Hepatic Inflammation in Aging: An Effect Related to the Modulation of the Gut Microbiota? – Audrey Neyrinck – Nutrients

Antrodia cinnamomea reduces obesity and modulates the gut microbiota in high-fat diet-fed mice – C.J Chang – International Journal of Obesity

Topical antimicrobial treatments can elicit shifts to resident skin bacterial communities and reduce colonization by Staphylococcus aureus competitors – Adam SanMiguel – Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

Temporal microbiota changes of high-protein diet intake in a rat model – Chunlong Mu – Anaerobe

  • Animal microbiome

Microbiome dynamics in early life stages of the scleractinian coral Acropora gemmifera in response to elevated pCO2 – Guowei Zhou – Environmental Microbiology

Effects of dietary supplementation of red pepper (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi) essential oil on performance, small intestinal morphology and microbial counts of weanling pigs – Pedro Leon Gomes Cairo – Science of Food and Agriculture

Identification of Bufadienolides from the Boreal Toad, Anaxyrus boreas, Active Against a Fungal Pathogen – Kelly Barnhart – Microbial Ecology

* Bacteria-mediated hypoxia functions as a signal for mosquito development – Kerri Coon – PNAS

  • Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The Microbiome of Eucalyptus Roots under Different Management Conditions and Its Potential for Biological Nitrogen Fixation – Eduardo de Siva Fonseca – Microbial Ecology

  • Water and extremophile microbiome

The Dark Side of the Mushroom Spring Microbial Mat: Life in the Shadow of Chlorophototrophs. II. Metabolic Functions of Abundant Community Members Predicted from Metagenomic Analyses – Vera Thiel – Frontiers in Microbiology

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  • Phages and viruses

* A prokaryotic viral sequence is expressed and conserved in mammalian brain – Yang-Hui Yeh – PNAS

  • Techniques

Solid Sampling with a Diode Laser for Portable Ambient Mass Spectrometry – Yeni Yung – Analytical Chemistry

June 23, 2017

Human Microbiome

Genome reconstruction and characterisation of extensively drug-resistant bacterial pathogens through direct metagenomic sequencing of human faeces – Mu et al. – BioRxiv

Oropharyngeal and Sputum Microbiomes Are Similar Following Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease – Liu et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Segal’s Law, 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and the perils of foodborne pathogen detection within the American Gut Project – Pettengill & Rand – PeerJ

Unexplored diversity and strain-level structure of the skin microbiome associated with psoriasis – Tett et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Rosacea and its association with enteral microbiota in Korean females – Nam et al. – Experimental Dermatology

Review: The role of microbiota, and probiotics and prebiotics in skin health – Maguire & Maguire – Archives of Dermatological Research

Human age and skin physiology shape diversity and abundance of Archaea on skin – Moissl-Eichinger et al. – Scientific Reports

Microbial Signatures Associated with Oropharyngeal and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinomas – Banerjee et al. – Scientific Reports

 

Animal Microbiome

Gut Dysbiosis and Adaptive Immune Response in Diet-induced Obesity vs. Systemic Inflammation – Pindjakova et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Characterization of the Microbiome along the Gastrointestinal Tract of Growing Turkeys Wilkinson et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Diet-induced reconstruction of mucosal microbiota associated with alterations of epithelium lectin expression and regulation in the maintenance of rumen homeostasis – Shen et al. – Scientific Reports

Fatty acid composition and phospholipid types used in infant formulas modifies the establishment of human gut bacteria in germ-free mice –  Guldhammer Nejrup et al. – Scientific Reports

Microbiota-derived butyrate suppresses group 3 innate lymphoid cells in terminal ileal Peyer’s patches – Kim et al. – Scientific Reports

Early-life gut microbial colonization shapes Th1/Th2 balance in asthma model in BALB/c mice – Qin et al. – BMC Microbiology

The development of lower respiratory tract microbiome in mice – Singh et al. – Microbiome (BMC)

 

Pathogen research

Genetic indicators of drug resistance in the highly repetitive genome of Trichomonas vaginalis – Bradic et al. – Genome Biology and Evolution

Metabolic and fitness determinants for in vitro growth and intestinal colonization of the bacterial pathogen Campylobacter jejuni – Gao et al. – PLoS Biology

Review: Periodontal diseases – Kinane et al. – Nature Reviews Disease Primer

 

Soil and Water Microbiome

Culture-Independent Analyses Reveal Novel Anaerolineaceae as Abundant Primary Fermenters in Anaerobic Digesters Treating Waste Activated Sludge – McIlroy et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Nitrogen enrichment impacts on boreal litter decomposition are driven by changes in soil microbiota rather than litter quality – Maaroufi et al. – Scientific Reports

 

Bioinformatics

CD-HIT-OTU-MiSeq, an Improved Approach for Clustering and Analyzing Paired End MiSeq 16S rRNA Sequences – Li et al. – BioRxiv

Divide and Conquer (DC) BLAST: fast and easy BLAST execution within HPC environments – Yim​ & Cushman – PeerJ

BGDMdocker: a Docker workflow for data mining and visualization of bacterial pan-genomes and biosynthetic gene clusters – Cheng et al. – PeerJ Preprints

 

Evolution

Phylogenetic Tracings of Proteome Size Support the Gradual Accretion of Protein Structural Domains and the Early Origin of Viruses from Primordial Cells – Nasir et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Pan-genome and phylogeny of Bacillus cereus sensu lato – Bazinet – BioRxiv

TreeTime: maximum likelihood phylodynamic analysis – Sagulenko et al. – BioRxiv

 

Other

Review: Fungal and Bacterial Pigments: Secondary Metabolites with Wide Applications –  Morris et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

A Highly Efficient CRISPR-Cas9-Mediated Large Genomic Deletion in Bacillus subtilis – So et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

June 22, 2017

Effects of weight loss treatment on gut microbiota and serum metabolites, mouse gut microbiota can alter visceral sensitivity, a review discussing the microbiota’s ability to shape the maternal immune system.

Pregnancy and early life

Review: The unique immunological and microbial aspects of pregnancy – Gil Mor – Nature Reviews Immunology

Human oral microbiome

Review: Microbiome and Microbial Biofilm Profiles of Peri-Implantitis: A Systematic Review – Gloria Inés Lafaurie – Journal of Periodontology

Human gut microbiome

Bifidobacterium-Rich Fecal Donor May Be a Positive Predictor for Successful Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome – S Mizuno – Digestion

Microbiota in anorexia nervosa: The triangle between bacterial species, metabolites and psychological tests – Francesca Borgo – PLOS ONE

Animal experiments

Fructo-oligosaccharides and intestinal barrier function in a methionine–choline-deficient mouse model of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis – Kotaro Matsumoto – PLOS ONE

Microbiota regulates visceral pain in the mouse – Pauline Luczynski – eLife

Metagenomic characterization of the effect of feed additives on the gut microbiome and antibiotic resistome of feedlot cattle – Milton Thomas – bioRxiv

Animal microbiome

Combining ‘omics and microscopy to visualize interactions between the Asian citrus psyllid vector and the Huanglongbing pathogen Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus in the insect gut – Angela Kruse – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Application of struvite alters the antibiotic resistome in soil, rhizosphere, and phyllosphere – Qing-Lin Chen – Environmental Science & Technology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Synergistic hydrolysis of xylan using novel xylanases, β-xylosidases, and an α-l-arabinofuranosidase from Geobacillus thermodenitrificans NG80-2 – Di Huang – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Longitudinal variation of microbial communitiesin benthic biofilms and association with hydrological and physicochemical conditions in glacier-fed streams – Ze Ren – Freshwater Science

Control of Sulfide Production in High Salinity Bakken Shale Oil Reservoirs by Halophilic Bacteria Reducing Nitrate to Nitrite – Biwin A An – Frontiers in Microbiology

Phages and viruses

Viral and Bacterial Communities of Colorectal Cancer – Geoffrey D Hannigan – bioRxiv

Plasmids, Viruses, And Other Circular Elements In Rat Gut – Tue Sparholt Jørgensen – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

The metagenomic data life-cycle: standards and best practices – Petra ten Hoopen – GigaScience

PhylOligo: a package to identify contaminant or untargeted organism sequences in genome assemblies – Ludovic Mallet – Bioinformatics

Metabolomics

Gut microbiome and serum metabolome alterations in obesity and after weight-loss intervention – Ruixin Liu – Nature Medicine

Integrating Microbiome and Metabolome Data to Understand Infectious Airway Disease – Robert A Quinn – American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Coupling targeted and untargeted mass spectrometry for metabolome-microbiome-wide association studies of human fecal samples – Alexey V Melnik – Analytical Chemistry

Techniques

Incorporating comparative genomics into the Design-Test-Learn cycle of microbial strain engineering – Maria Sardi – FEMS Yeast Research

Different amplicon targets for sequencing-based studies of fungal diversity – Francesca De Filippis – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Microbes in the news

Modified viruses deliver death to antibiotic-resistant bacteria – Sara Reardon – Nature

Microbes on the market

EnteroBiotix raises £500k in first round of equity funding – Philip Gates – Insider.co.uk

Microbiotica To Present At Microbiome Drug Development Summit – BioSpace

Bacteria art

MIT Researchers Use Light-Illuminated Bacteria to Make ‘Living’ Pictures – Kristin Fawcett – Mental Floss

The world’s art is under attack—by microbes – Kate Baggaley – Popular Science

Science, publishing, and career

Editorial: Don’t let Europe’s open-science dream drift – Nature

June 21, 201

Today’s Microbiome Digest has quite a few articles from water environment. Both articles I would like to highlight are with cyanobacteria as stars. The first one from Anne D. Jungblut reports on Antarctic cynobacteria diversity, while the second one reveals the new freshwater cyanobacterial genome. One more thing to highlight come from news. Exxon Mobil Corps and Sintetic Genomics Inc have announced a new breakthrough with genetically modified algae which was able to convert 40% of CO2 to lipids, up from the previous 15%. Algae are still far away from being able to run the process at commercial scale and replace fossil fuels, but we love algae! Enjoy this summer reading.

Events and jobs

Microbiome Research Scientist (BS or MS or PhD) – St. John of God Foundation for Research and Teaching, Barcelona, Spain

Quality Associate Specialist – Merck, Durham, NC, US

Microbiology Manager OR Microbiology Laboratory Manager Opening, Madison, WI, US
General microbiome

A null model for microbial diversification – Timothy J. Straub – PNAS

Pregnancy and early life

Association between breast milk bacterial communities and establishment and development of the infant gut microbiome – JAMA Pediatrics
Human skin microbiome

Topical antimicrobial treatments can elicit shifts to resident skin bacterial communities and reduce colonization by competitors – Adam J. SanMiguel – Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Human gut microbiome

Liver transplant modulates gut microbial dysbiosis and cognitive function in cirrhosis – Jasmohan S. Bajaj – Liver Transplatation

How members of the human gut microbiota overcome the sulfation problem posed by glycosaminoglycans – Alan Cartmell – PNAS

Microbiome restoration diet improves digestion, cognition and physical and emotional wellbeing – Kate Lawrence – PLOS
Animal microbiome 

The role of adaptive immunity as an ecological filter on the gut microbiota in zebrafish – Keaton Stagaman – The ISME Journal
Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Biofilm formation enables free-living nitrogen-fixing rhizobacteria to fix nitrogen under aerobic conditions – Di Wang – The ISME Journal

Novel antibiotic resistance determinants from agricultural soil exposed to antibiotics widely used in human medicine and animal farming – Calvin Ho-Fung Lau – Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Water and extremophile microbiome 

Animal-like prostaglandins in marine microalgae – Valeria Di Dato – The ISME Journal

Niche partitioning of diverse sulfur-oxidizing bacteria at hydrothermal vents – Dimitri V Meier – The ISME Journal

Identification of dimethylamine monooxygenase in marine bacteria reveals a metabolic bottleneck in the methylated amine degradation pathway – Ian Lidbury – The ISME Journal

DNA extraction replicates improve diversity and compositional dissimilarity in metabarcoding of eukaryotes in marine sediments – Anders Lanzén – PLOS

Ecological dynamics and co-occurrence among marine phytoplankton, bacteria and myoviruses shows microdiversity matters – David M Needham – The ISME Journal

Integrated metabolism in sponge–microbe symbiosis revealed by genome-centered metatranscriptomics – Lucas Moitinho-Silva – The ISME Journal

Spontaneous mutations of a model heterotrophic marine bacterium – Ying Sun – The ISME Journal

Plastid thylakoid architecture optimizes photosynthesis in diatoms – Serena Flori –  Nature Communications

Evolutionary radiation of lanthipeptides in marine cyanobacteria – Andres Cubillos-Ruiz –  PNAS

Using Captain Scott’s Discovery specimens to unlock the past: has Antarctic cyanobacterial diversity changed over the last 100 years? Anne D. Jungblut – Proceedings of the Royal Society B

Novel Synechococcus Genomes Reconstructed from Freshwater Reservoirs – Pedro J. Cabello-Yeves – Frontiers in Microbiology

Functional Gene Diversity and Metabolic Potential of the Microbial Community in an Estuary-Shelf Environment – Yu Wang – Frontiers in Microbiology

Atribacteria from the Subseafloor Sedimentary Biosphere Disperse to the Hydrosphere through Submarine Mud Volcanoes – Tatsuhiko Hoshino – Frontiers in Microbiology
Phages and viruses

Effect of acute predation with bacteriophage on intermicrobial aggression by Pseudomonas aeruginosa – Patrick R. Secor
Bioinformatics

The proBAM and proBed standard formats: enabling a seamless integration of genomics and proteomics data – Gerben Menschaert –

Microbes in the news 

Zombie bacteria and viruses in melting permafrost are waking up  

ExxonMobil and Synthetic Genomics Report Breakthrough in Algae Biofuel Research

Gut microbiome changes linked to numerous biomarkers of type 2 diabetes 

Funky tasting beer? Biofilms may be to blame, MSU researchers say

Bacteria in Your Coughs And Sneezes Can Stay Alive in The Air For Up to 45 Minutes

Microbes on the market

This Company Uses the Human Microbiome to Discover New Disease Mechanisms