July 7, 2017

Human Microbiome

Review: Altered molecular signature of intestinal microbiota in irritable bowel syndrome patients compared with healthy controls: A systematic review and meta-analysis – Liu et al. – Digestive and Liver Disease

Non-antibiotic Isotretinoin treatment differentially controls Propionibacterium acnes on skin of acne patients. – Ryan-Kewley et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Longitudinal profiling reveals a persistent intestinal dysbiosis triggered by conventional anti-tuberculosis therapy – Namasivayam et al. – Microbiome (BMC)

Research Highlights: Obesity: Gut microbiome and serum metabolome changes – Claire Greenhill – Nature Reviews Endocrinology

Research Highlights:  Gut microbiota: Link between the gut and adipose tissues – Alan Morris – Nature Reviews Endocrinology

Review: The gut microbiome and liver cancer: mechanisms and clinical translation – Yu & Schwabe – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology and Hepatology

 

Pathogens

Reactive Oxygen Species-Dependent Essential Genes in Salmonella Typhimurium – Karash and Min Kwon – BioRxiv

Whole transcriptome sequencing of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae-infected kiwifruit plants reveals species-specific interaction between long non-coding RNA and coding genes – Wang et al – Scientific Reports (Nature)

Effects of different substrates/growth media on microbial community of saliva-derived biofilm – Li et al – FEMS Microbiology letters

 

Methods (including bioinformatics)

Selective imaging of Gram-negative and Gram-positive microbiotas in the mouse gut – Wang et al. – Biochemistry (ACS)

Methodology: VirFinder: a novel k-mer based tool for identifying viral sequences from assembled metagenomic data – Ren et al. – Microbiome (BMC)

Methodology: A novel ultra high-throughput 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing library preparation method for the Illumina HiSeq platform – de Muinck et al. – Microbiome (BMC)

Completing bacterial genome assemblies with multiplex MinION sequencing – Wick et al. – BioRxiv

Axe: rapid, competitive sequence read demultiplexing using a trie – Murray & Borevitz – BioRxiv

 

Water microbiome

Unraveling the microbial interactions and metabolic potentials in pre- and post-treated sludge from a wastewater treatment plant using metagenomic studies – Sidhu et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Nutrient dynamics and stream order influence microbial community patterns along a 2914 km transect of the Mississippi River – Henson et al. – BioRxiv

 

Extremophiles

Oxidative weathering and microbial diversity of an inactive seafloor hydrothermal sulfide chimney – Li et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Hidden biofilms in a far northern lake and implications for the changing Arctic – Mohit et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

 

Probiotics – Fermented Food

Amplicon sequencing of the slpH locus permits culture-independent strain typing of Lactobacillus helveticus in dairy products – Moser et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Probiotic Enterococcus mundtii Isolate Protects the Model Insect Tribolium castaneum against Bacillus thuringiensis – Grau et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

 

Animal Microbiome

Regulation of gut luminal serotonin by commensal microbiota in mice –  Hata et al. – PLoS ONE

 

News

News: How Gut Bacteria Tell Their Hosts What to Eat – Knvul Sheikh via Scientific American Mind (Nature)

News: Mind over Meal: Does Weight-Loss Surgery Rewire Gut-Brain Connections? – Bret Stetka via Scientific American Mind (Nature)

 

Fellowships

Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, Microbiome and Vaccine Induced Immunity – Seattle, WA, United States

Postdoctoral Fellow (Listeria monocytogenes research) – Dunedin, New Zealand

 

Other

The earth is flat (p > 0.05): significance thresholds and the crisis of unreplicable research – Amrhein et al. – PeerJ

 

June 23, 2017

Human Microbiome

Genome reconstruction and characterisation of extensively drug-resistant bacterial pathogens through direct metagenomic sequencing of human faeces – Mu et al. – BioRxiv

Oropharyngeal and Sputum Microbiomes Are Similar Following Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease – Liu et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Segal’s Law, 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and the perils of foodborne pathogen detection within the American Gut Project – Pettengill & Rand – PeerJ

Unexplored diversity and strain-level structure of the skin microbiome associated with psoriasis – Tett et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Rosacea and its association with enteral microbiota in Korean females – Nam et al. – Experimental Dermatology

Review: The role of microbiota, and probiotics and prebiotics in skin health – Maguire & Maguire – Archives of Dermatological Research

Human age and skin physiology shape diversity and abundance of Archaea on skin – Moissl-Eichinger et al. – Scientific Reports

Microbial Signatures Associated with Oropharyngeal and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinomas – Banerjee et al. – Scientific Reports

 

Animal Microbiome

Gut Dysbiosis and Adaptive Immune Response in Diet-induced Obesity vs. Systemic Inflammation – Pindjakova et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Characterization of the Microbiome along the Gastrointestinal Tract of Growing Turkeys Wilkinson et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Diet-induced reconstruction of mucosal microbiota associated with alterations of epithelium lectin expression and regulation in the maintenance of rumen homeostasis – Shen et al. – Scientific Reports

Fatty acid composition and phospholipid types used in infant formulas modifies the establishment of human gut bacteria in germ-free mice –  Guldhammer Nejrup et al. – Scientific Reports

Microbiota-derived butyrate suppresses group 3 innate lymphoid cells in terminal ileal Peyer’s patches – Kim et al. – Scientific Reports

Early-life gut microbial colonization shapes Th1/Th2 balance in asthma model in BALB/c mice – Qin et al. – BMC Microbiology

The development of lower respiratory tract microbiome in mice – Singh et al. – Microbiome (BMC)

 

Pathogen research

Genetic indicators of drug resistance in the highly repetitive genome of Trichomonas vaginalis – Bradic et al. – Genome Biology and Evolution

Metabolic and fitness determinants for in vitro growth and intestinal colonization of the bacterial pathogen Campylobacter jejuni – Gao et al. – PLoS Biology

Review: Periodontal diseases – Kinane et al. – Nature Reviews Disease Primer

 

Soil and Water Microbiome

Culture-Independent Analyses Reveal Novel Anaerolineaceae as Abundant Primary Fermenters in Anaerobic Digesters Treating Waste Activated Sludge – McIlroy et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Nitrogen enrichment impacts on boreal litter decomposition are driven by changes in soil microbiota rather than litter quality – Maaroufi et al. – Scientific Reports

 

Bioinformatics

CD-HIT-OTU-MiSeq, an Improved Approach for Clustering and Analyzing Paired End MiSeq 16S rRNA Sequences – Li et al. – BioRxiv

Divide and Conquer (DC) BLAST: fast and easy BLAST execution within HPC environments – Yim​ & Cushman – PeerJ

BGDMdocker: a Docker workflow for data mining and visualization of bacterial pan-genomes and biosynthetic gene clusters – Cheng et al. – PeerJ Preprints

 

Evolution

Phylogenetic Tracings of Proteome Size Support the Gradual Accretion of Protein Structural Domains and the Early Origin of Viruses from Primordial Cells – Nasir et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Pan-genome and phylogeny of Bacillus cereus sensu lato – Bazinet – BioRxiv

TreeTime: maximum likelihood phylodynamic analysis – Sagulenko et al. – BioRxiv

 

Other

Review: Fungal and Bacterial Pigments: Secondary Metabolites with Wide Applications –  Morris et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

A Highly Efficient CRISPR-Cas9-Mediated Large Genomic Deletion in Bacillus subtilis – So et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

May 24, 2017

Human Microbiome

Non-pylori Helicobacters (NHPHs) induce shifts in gastric microbiota in Helicobacter pylori-infected patients – Peng et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Association between body mass index and Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio in an adult Ukrainian population – Koliada et al. – BMC Microbiology

The effect of heritability and host genetics on the gut microbiota and metabolic syndrome – Young Lim et al. – Gut (BMJ)

Fungal microbiota dysbiosis in IBD – Sokol et al. – Gut (BMJ)

A tale of two risks: smoking, diabetes and the subgingival microbiome – Ganesan et al. – The ISME Journal

Animal Microbiome

The Structural and Functional Capacity of Ruminal and Cecal Microbiota in Growing Cattle Was Unaffected by Dietary Supplementation of Linseed Oil and Nitrate  – Popova et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Probiotics – Prebiotics

Gut Bacteria Missing in Severe Acute Malnutrition, Can We Identify Potential Probiotics by Culturomics? – Tidjani Alou et al – Frontiers in Microbiology

Detection and Physicochemical Characterization of Membrane Vesicles (MVs) of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 –  Grande et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Resistant Starch Regulates Gut Microbiota: Structure, Biochemistry and Cell Signalling – Yang et al. – Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry

Food Microbiology

A Functional Metagenomic Analysis of Tetracycline Resistance in Cheese Bacteria – Flórez et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Extensive Horizontal Gene Transfer in Cheese-Associated Bacteria – Bonham et al. – BioRxiv

Food Safety in the Age of Next Generation Sequencing, Bioinformatics, and Open Data Access – Taboada et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

In vitro assessment of Pediococcus acidilactici Kp10 for its potential use in the food industry – Abbasiliasi et al. – BMC Microbiology

Pathogen Research

In-depth Profiling of MvfR-Regulated Small Molecules in Pseudomonas aeruginosa after Quorum Sensing Inhibitor Treatment – Allegretta et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Metabolic anticipation in Mycobacterium tuberculosis – Eoh et al. – Nature Microbiology

Predicting Drug Resistance Evolution: Antimicrobial Peptides Vs. Antibiotics – Yi et al. – BioRxiv

Environmental Microbiology

Undocumented Potential For Primary Productivity In A Globally-Distributed Bacterial Photoautotroph – Graham et al. – BioRxiv

Epibionts dominate metabolic functional potential of Trichodesmium colonies from the oligotrophic ocean – Frischkorn et al. – The ISME Journal

Bioinformatics

BSocial: Deciphering Social Behaviors within Mixed Microbial Populations – Purswani et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

A Phylogenetic Method To Perform Genome-Wide Association Studies In Microbes That Accounts For Population Structure And Recombination – Collins and Didelot – BioRxiv

Association Mapping From Sequencing Reads Using K-mers – Rahman et al. – BioRxiv

MATAM: Reconstruction Of Phylogenetic Marker Genes From Short Sequencing Reads In Metagenomes – Pericard et al. – BioRxiv

Other

Perspective: Our path to better science in less time using open data science tools – Stewart Lowndes et al. – Nature Ecology & Evolution

Teaching genetics prior to teaching evolution improves evolution understanding but not acceptance –  Mead et al. – PLoS Biology

Review: Adaptations of archaeal and bacterial membranes to variations in temperature, pH and pressure – Siliakus et al. – Extremophiles

May 19, 2017

Microbiome research

Exploring a possible link between the intestinal microbiota and feed efficiency in pigs

Ursula M. McCormack et al., Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Modulation of the Gut Microbiota by Krill Oil in Mice Fed a High-Sugar High-Fat Diet

Chenyang Lu et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Opinion: Gut microbiome as a clinical tool in gastrointestinal disease management: are we there yet?

Eamonn M. M. Quigley, Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology (Online since March 30, 2017; however this has not been pointed out here before)

 

Pathogen microbiology

Mini review: The Role of Ribonucleases and sRNAs in the Virulence of Foodborne Pathogens

Rute G. Matos et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Pathogenic Characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus Endovascular Infection Isolates from Different Clonal Complexes

Dafne Pérez-Montarelo et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Pseudomonas aeruginosa Exolysin promotes bacterial growth in lungs, alveolar damage and bacterial dissemination

Stéphanie Bouillot et al., Scientific Reports (Nature)

Intrinsic Toxin-Derived Peptides Destabilize and Inactivate Clostridium difficile TcdB

Jason L. Larabee et al., mBio

 

Probiotics – Prebiotics

Vaginal Lactobacillus Inhibits HIV-1 Replication in Human Tissues Ex Vivo

Rogers A. Ñahui Palomino et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Assessing the Risk of Probiotic Dietary Supplements in the Context of Antibiotic Resistance

Min Zheng et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Lactic Acid Bacteria and Bifidobacteria with Potential to Design Natural Biofunctional Health-Promoting Dairy Foods

Daniel M. Linares et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

In silico Prediction, in vitro Antibacterial Spectrum, and Physicochemical Properties of a Putative Bacteriocin Produced by Lactobacillus rhamnosus Strain L156.4

Letícia de C. Oliveira et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Health benefit of vegetable/fruit juice-based diet: Role of microbiome

Susanne M. Henning et al., Scientific Reports (Nature)

Characterization of bile salt hydrolase from Lactobacillus gasseri FR4 and demonstration of its substrate specificity and inhibitory mechanism using molecular docking analysis

Rizwana Parveen Rani et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Lactobacillus johnsonii ameliorates intestinal, extra-intestinal and systemic pro-inflammatory immune responses following murine Campylobacter jejuni infection

Stefan Bereswill et al., Scientific Reports (Nature)

News and Views: Paediatrics: Are human milk oligosaccharides the magic bullet for necrotizing enterocolitis?

Michael S. Caplan, Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Assessing the Challenges in the Application of Potential Probiotic Lactic Acid Bacteria in the Large-Scale Fermentation of Spanish-Style Table Olives

Francisco Rodríguez-Gómez et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

 

Antimicrobials

A broad-spectrum bactericidal lipopeptide with anti-biofilm properties

Ohad Meir et al., Scientific Reports (Nature)

The anticancer peptide TAT-RasGAP317-326 exerts broad antimicrobial activity

Mathieu Heulot et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

 

Genomics

Revealing genome-scale transcriptional regulatory landscape of OmpR highlights its expanded regulatory roles under osmotic stress in Escherichia coli K-12 MG1655

Sang Woo Seo et al., Scientific Reports (Nature)

High-Definition Electronic Genome Maps From Single Molecule Data

John S. Oliver et al., BioRxiv

Local genes for local bacteria: evidence of allopatry in the genomes of transatlantic Campylobacter populations

Ben Pascoe et al., PeerJ (not peer reviewed)

Feature: Mining microbes: Creating genomic tools to fight disease

Amber Dance, Science

 

Microbiology – Other

Variation in soil microbial community structure associated with different legume species is greater than that associated with different grass species

Yang Zhou et al.,  Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbial Community Dynamics in Soil Depth Profiles Over 120,000 Years of Ecosystem Development

Stephanie Turner et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Autotrophic and heterotrophic acquisition of carbon and nitrogen by a mixotrophic chrysophyte established through stable isotope analysis

Ramon Terrado et al., The ISME Journal

Hypothesis & Theory: The hyperarid core of the Atacama Desert, an extremely dry and carbon deprived habitat of potential interest for the field of carbon science

Armando Azua-Bustos et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

 

non-Microbiology picks

Divergent prebiotic synthesis of pyrimidine and 8-oxo-purine ribonucleotides

Shaun Stairs et al., Nature Communications

Virus origin could relate to the act of prey among primitive life forms

Eslam Abbas, PeerJ (not peer reviewed)

Beyond the protein-only hypothesis: A novel mineral-lipid hypothesis in prion and protein-misfolding disease

Kavitha Reddy, PeerJ (not peer reviewed)

Feature: Introducing ORCID

John Bohannon and Kirk Doran, Science

 

April 24, 2017

General Microbiome

Review: Ecology of the Oral Microbiome: Beyond Bacteria – Jonathon L. Baker – Trends in Microbiology

Dietary High Zinc Oxide Modulates the Microbiome of Ileum and Colon in Weaned Piglets – Ting Yu – Frontiers in Microbiology

Clostridium difficile colonizes alternative nutrient niches during infection across distinct murine gut environments –  Matthew L Jenior – BioRxiv

Review: Strategies to promote abundance of Akkermansia muciniphila, an emerging probiotics in the gut, evidence from dietary intervention studies – Kequan Zhou – Journal of Functional Foods

Protective effects of milk fermented by Lactobacillus plantarum B7 from Brazilian artisanal cheese on a Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium infection in BALB/c mice – Journal of Functional Foods

 

Pathogens

Molecular Demonstration of a Pneumocystis Outbreak in Stem Cell Transplant Patients: Evidence for Transmission in the Daycare Center – Frontiers in Microbiology

A New Rabbit-skin Model to Evaluate Protective Efficacy of Tuberculosis Vaccines – Xun Liu – Frontiers in Microbiology

Molecular epidemiology and antibiotic resistance profiles of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains in a tertiary hospital in China – Haishen Kong – Frontiers in Microbiology

 

Environmental Microbiology

Microbial community assembly differs by mineral type in the rhizosphere – Thea Whitman – BioRxiv

Interaction between DAPG and HCN producing Pseudomonas brassicacearum LBUM300 and Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis in the rhizosphere of tomato – Applied Environmental Microbiology

Nitrogen-Fixing Populations Of Planctomycetes And Proteobacteria Are Abundant In The Surface Ocean – Tom O. Delmont – BioRxiv

Bacterial communities in boreal forest mushrooms are shaped both by soil parameters and host identity – Mari Pent – Frontiers in Microbiology

 

Genomics

Isoprenoid Pyrophosphate-Dependent Transcriptional Regulation of Carotenogenesis in Corynebacterium glutamicum – Nadja A. Henke – Frontiers in Microbiology

Whole genome sequencing of 7 strains of Staphylococcus lugdunensis allows identification of mobile genetic elements – Xavier Argemi – Genome Biology and Evolution

Pooled CRISPR interference screens enable high-throughput functional genomics study and elucidate new rules for guide RNA library design in Escherichia coli – Tianmin Wang – BioRxiv

 

Evolution

Tunneling through time: Horizontal gene transfer constrains the timing of methanogen evolution –  Joanna M. Wolfe – BioRxiv

 

Bioinformatics

AliTV-interactive visualization of whole genome comparisons – Markus J. Ankenbrand – PeerJ (not peer-reviewed)

TaxaSE: Exploiting evolutionary conservation within 16S rDNA sequences for enhanced taxonomic annotation – Ali Z Ijaz – PeerJ (not peer-reviewed)

 

Other

Preprinting Microbiology – Patrick D Schloss – BioRxiv

 

Non – Microbiology picks

News: Scientists across the world take to the streets to demand freedom from political interference – The Telegraph (via Yahoo News)

Human umbilical cord plasma proteins revitalize hippocampal function in aged mice – Joseph M. Castellano –  Nature

 

April 6, 2017

Jobs

Microbial genomics expert : Basel, Switzerland via Nature Jobs

University Lecturer/University Senior Lecturer in Microbiology : Cambridge, United Kingdom via Nature Jobs

 

Microbiome Research

Review: Gut Microbiota Modulation and Its Relationship with Obesity Using Prebiotic Fibers and Probiotics: A Review  – Dinesh K. Dahiya – Frontiers in Microbiology

Mini-Review: Linking Diet to Colorectal Cancer: The Emerging Role of MicroRNA in the Communication between Plant and Animal Kingdoms – Manuela Del Cornò –  Frontiers in Microbiology

Comparative Analysis of the Gut Microbial Communities in Forest and Alpine Musk Deer Using High-Throughput Sequencing – Xiaolong Hu – Frontiers in Microbiology

Complex pectin metabolism by gut bacteria reveals novel catalytic functions – Didier Ndeh – Nature

State of the Art: The association of the skin microbiota with health, immunity and disease – Markus Egert – Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Human milk oligosaccharide composition predicts risk of necrotising enterocolitis in preterm infants – Chloe A Autran – Gut (BMJ)

Targeting the gut microbiota with inulin-type fructans: preclinical demonstration of a novel approach in the management of endothelial dysfunction  – Emilie Catry – Gut (BMJ)

Exposure to household furry pets influences the gut microbiota of infant at 3–4 months following various birth scenarios – Hein M. Tun – Microbiome (BMC)

 

Probiotics – Prebiotics

Antimicrobial Compounds Produced by Vaginal Lactobacillus crispatus Are Able to Strongly Inhibit Candida albicans Growth, Hyphal Formation and Regulate Virulence-related Gene Expressions – Shuai Wang – Frontiers in Microbiology

Oral administration of Lactobacillus gasseri SBT2055 is effective in preventing Porphyromonas gingivalis-accelerated periodontal disease – R. Kobayashi  – Scientific Reports

Commentary: Inulin prebiotic: is it all about bifidobacteria? – Sandrine Paule Claus – Gut (BMJ)

 

Extremophiles

Relative importance of chemoautotrophy for primary production in a light exposed marine shallow hydrothermal system – Gonzalo V. Gomez-Saez – Frontiers in Microbiology

The ecology of acidophilic microorganisms in the corroding concrete sewer environment – Xuan Li  – Frontiers in Microbiology

 

Pathogen Research

A geographically widespread outbreak investigation and development of a rapid screening method using whole genome sequences of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O121 – Ken-Ichi Lee – Frontiers in Microbiology

Comprehensive Diagnosis of Bacterial Infection Associated with Acute Cholecystitis using Metagenomic Approach – Manabu Kujiraoka – Frontiers in Microbiology

In vitro transfer of methicillin resistance determinants mecA from methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) to methicillin susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) – Asinamai Athliamai Bitrus – BMC Microbiology

Effects of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Streptococcus mitis mixed infection on TLR4-mediated immune response in acute pneumonia mouse model – Chao Song – BMC Microbiology

Mosquito Microbiome Dynamics, a Background for Prevalence and Seasonality of West Nile Virus – Eva Novakova – Frontiers in Microbiology

Supplemental invasion of Salmonella from the perspective of Salmonella enterica serovars Kentucky and Typhimurium – Kevin Howe – BMC Microbiology

Whole-genome comparative analysis of Salmonella enterica serovar Newport strains reveals lineage-specific divergence – Jie Zheng  – Genome Biology and Evolution

 

Evolution

Comparative genomic analysis of the class Epsilonproteobacteria and proposed reclassification to Epsilonbacteraeota (phyl. nov.) – David W. Waite – Frontiers in Microbiology

Evolutionary dynamics of CRISPR gene drives – Charleston Noble – Science Advances

 

Methods

Novel micelle PCR-based method for accurate, sensitive and quantitative microbiota profiling – Stefan A. Boers – Scientific Reports

A Novel Ultra High-Throughput 16S rRNA Amplicon Sequencing Library Preparation Method On The Illumina HiSeq Platform – Eric J. de Muinck – BioRxiv

Improving ancient DNA genome assembly – Alexander Seitz  – PeerJ (peer-reviewed)

 

Bioinformatic Tools

ATLAS (Automatic Tool for Local Assembly Structures) – a comprehensive infrastructure for assembly, annotation, and genomic binning of metagenomic and metatranscriptomic data – Richard Allen White III – PeerJ Preprints

 

News

Science Article Post: Ph.D. students face significant mental health challenges –  Elisabeth Pain

News: A deep dive into the genomes of penicillin fungi reveals a trove of potential drugs via Cosmos Magazine

 

March 31, 2017

Microbiome research

Potential role of fecal microbiota from patients with slow transit constipation in the regulation of gastrointestinal motility – Xiaolong Ge, Scientific Reports

Opinion: Gut microbiome as a clinical tool in gastrointestinal disease management: are we there yet? – Eamonn M. M. Quigley – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Relevance of secretor status genotype and microbiota composition in susceptibility to rotavirus and norovirus infections in humans  – Jesús Rodríguez-Díaz – Scientific Reports

Milk Fat Globule Membrane Supplementation in Formula Modulates the Neonatal Gut Microbiome and Normalizes Intestinal Development – Ganive Bhinder – Scientific Reports

Critical Review: Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis: Modulator of Host Metabolism and Appetite – Marcel van de Wouw – The Journal of Nutrition

Comparison of stool versus rectal swab samples and storage conditions on bacterial community profiles – Christine M. Bassis – BMC Microbiology

Ethnic and diet-related differences in the healthy infant microbiome – Jennifer C. Stearns – Genome Medicine (BMC)

Intestinal Barrier Function and the Gut Microbiome Are Differentially Affected in Mice Fed a Western-Style Diet or Drinking Water Supplemented with Fructose – Valentina Volynets – The Journal of Nutrition

The gut microbiota of insecticide-resistant insects houses insecticide-degrading bacteria: A potential source for biotechnological exploitation – Luis Gustavo de Almeida – PLOS One

Probiotics / Synbiotics

A comparative characterization of different host-sourced Lactobacillus ruminis strains and their adhesive, inhibitory, and immunomodulating functions – Xia Yu – Frontiers in Microbiology

Rice bran and Probiotics Alter the Porcine Large Intestine and Serum Metabolomes for Protection Against Human Rotavirus Diarrhea  – Nora Jean Nealon – Frontiers in Microbiology

Development of a synbiotic beverage enriched with bifidobacteria strains and fortified with whey proteins – Federico Baruzzi – Frontiers in Microbiology

Inferring Microbial Interactions in the Gut of the Hong Kong Whipping Frog (Polypedates megacephalus) and a Validation Using Probiotics – Francis Cheng-Hsuan Weng – Frontiers in Microbiology

The effects of probiotic and synbiotic supplementation on metabolic syndrome indices in adults at risk of type 2 diabetes: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial – Nazila Kassaian – Trials (BMC)

Good Bugs vs Bad Bugs: Evaluation of Inhibitory Effect of Selected Probiotics against Enterococcus faecalis – Aarti A Bohora – The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice (PDF here)

Probiotic bacteria prevent Salmonella – induced suppression of lymphoproliferation in mice by an immunomodulatory mechanism – R. Doug Wagner – BMC Microbiology

Exogenous lactobacilli mitigate microbial changes associated with grain fermentation (corn, oats, and wheat) by equine fecal microflora ex vivo – Brittany E. Harlow – PLOS One

 

Pathogens

Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus emerged long before the introduction of methicillin in to clinical practice – Catriona Harkins – BioRxiv

Azathioprine, Mercaptopurine, and 5-Aminosalicylic Acid Affect the Growth of IBD-Associated Campylobacter Species and Other Enteric Microbes – Fang Liu –  Frontiers in Microbiology

Untargeted metabolomics analysis reveals key pathways responsible for the synergistic killing of colistin and doripenem combination against Acinetobacter baumannii – Mohd Hafidz Mahamad Maifiah – Scientific Reports

 

Other Genomics / Metagenomics

Untangling Genomes of Novel Planctomycetal and Verrucomicrobial Species from Monterey Bay Kelp Forest Metagenomes by Refined Binning – John Vollmers – Frontiers in Microbiology

Genome-Scale Reconstruction of the Metabolic Network in Oenococcus oeni to Assess Wine Malolactic Fermentation – Sebastián N. Mendoza – Frontiers in Microbiology

Comparative genomics of transport proteins in probiotic and pathogenic Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica strains – Jimmy Do – Microbial Pathogenesis (Elsevier)

 

Bioinformatics

STITCHER 2.0: primer design for overlapping PCR applications  – Damien M. O’Halloran – Scientific Reports

 

Evolution

Phylogenomic evolutionary surveys of subtilase superfamily genes in fungi – Juan Li – Scientific Reports

Evolutionary dynamics on any population structure – Benjamin Allen – Nature

On the origins of oxygenic photosynthesis and aerobic respiration in Cyanobacteria – Rochelle M. Soo – Science

A perspective article about the latter paper here: How Cyanobacteria went green by Robert E. Blankenship

Structural reconstruction of protein ancestry – Romain Rouet – PNAS