July 1, 2019

Today’s Monday digest is about microbiome changes in diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, schizophrenia, colorectal cancer and inflammatory bowel disease; review on importance of pig microbiota and impact of fecal storage protocols on microbial diversity and composition.

General microbiome

The pig microbiota and the potential for harnessing the power of the microbiome to improve growth and health – Nirosh D Aluthge – Journal of Animal Science

Microbial genes and pathways in inflammatory bowel disease – Melanie Schirmer – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Human microbiome

Changes in Gut Microbiome after Bariatric Surgery Versus Medical Weight Loss in a Pilot Randomized Trial – Clare J. Lee – Obesity Surgery

Microbiome Signatures Associated with Steatohepatitis and Moderate to Severe Fibrosis in Children With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease – Jeffrey B. Schwimmer – Gastroenterology

Altered gut microbiota and mucosal immunity in patients with schizophrenia – Ruihuan Xu – Brain Behavior and Immunity

Patients Eligible for Trials of Microbe-based Therapeutics do not Represent the Population With Recurrent Clostridioides difficile Infection – Colleen R. Kelly – Clinical Gastoenterology and Hepatology

A role for the mammalian female reproductive tract microbiome in pregnancy outcomes – Babiche A. Heil – Physiological Genomics

Altered intestinal microbiota associated with colorectal cancer – Hong Zhang – Frontiers of Medicine

Gut microbiota is associated with adiposity markers and probiotics may impact specific genera – Aline Corado Gomes – European Journal of Nutrition

Consistent alterations in faecal microbiomes of patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis independent of associated colitis – Malte Ruhlemann – Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Altered gut microbiota and inflammatory cytokine responses in patients with Parkinson’s disease – Chin-Hsien Lin – Journal of Neuroinflammation

Animal experiments

Hypergravity disrupts murine intestinal microbiota – Corentine Alauzet – Scientific Reports

Dietary fructose-induced gut dysbiosis promotes mouse hippocampal neuroinflammation: a benefit of short-chain fatty acids – Jian-Mei Li – Microbiome

Gut microbiota depletion from early adolescence alters adult immunological and neurobehavioral responses in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis – Maryam Zeraati – Neuropharmacology

Enrichment of intestinal Lactobacillus by enhanced secretory IgA coating alters glucose homeostasis in P2rx7−/− mice – Lisa Perruzza – Scientific Reports

Plant, root, soil microbiome

Higher stochasticity of microbiota composition in seedlings of domesticated wheat compared to wild wheat – Ezgi Özkurt – BioRxiv

Emphasis on the deep or shallow parts of the tree provides a new characterization of phylogenetic distances – Julia Fukuyama – Genome Biology

Techniques

Assessment of the impact of different fecal storage protocols on the microbiota diversity and composition: a pilot study – Shirin Moossavi – BMC Mirobiology

Microbes and the market

Microbiome Sequencing Market players include: Biolog Inc., CosmosID Inc., Illumina Inc., Metabiomics and Oxford Nanopore Technologies Ltd – News Exterior

Global Microbiome Drugs Market NEWS 2019 By Types Probiotics, Prebiotics, Small Molecules, Biological Drugs – Market Reports

 

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June 11, 2019

Today’s digest is about microbiome and Alzheimer’s disease association, global survey of arsenic related genes in soil microbiome,  Bifidobacterium bifidus in infant gut and a preprint on selection in host microbiome evolution.

General microbiome

Understanding the Role of the Gut Microbiome and Microbial Metabolites in Obesity and Obesity-Associated Metabolic Disorders: Current Evidence and Perspectives – Natalia Vallianou – Current Obesity Reports

Alzheimer’s disease and symbiotic microbiota: an evolutionary medicine perspective – Molly Fox – Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Biogeography of the Oral Microbiome: The Site-Specialist Hypothesis – Jessica L. Mark Welch – Annual Review of Microbiology

Human microbiome

Colonic mucosal and exfoliome transcriptomic profiling and fecal microbiome response to a flaxseed lignan extract intervention in humans – Johanna W. Lampe – American journal of Clinical Nutrition

Analysis of Transcriptionally Active Bacteria Throughout the Gastrointestinal Tract of Healthy Individuals – Riccardo Vasapolli – Gastroenterology

Identification of Salivary Microbiota and its Association with Host Inflammatory Mediators in Periodontitis – Anna Lundmark – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Effect of the Degree of Polymerization of Fructans on Ex Vivo Fermented Human Gut Microbiome – Erola Astó – Nutrients

Inflammatory skin is associated with changes in the skin microbiota composition on the back of severe acne patients – Marie-Ange Dagnelie – Experimental Dermatology

Gut microbiota development of preterm infants hospitalised in intensive care units – H. Tauchi – Beneficial Microbes

Animal experiments

Antibiotic treatment in feedlot cattle: a longitudinal study of the effect of oxytetracycline and tulathromycin on the fecal and nasopharyngeal microbiota – Devin B. Holman – Microbiome

Sequential changes in the host gut microbiota during infection with the intestinal parasitic nematode Strongyloides venezuelensis – Tanzila Afrin – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Plant, root, soil microbiome

A global survey of arsenic-related genes in soil microbiomes – Taylor K. Dunivin – BMC Biology

Geochemical-Compositional-Functional Changes in Arctic Soil Microbiomes Post Land Submergence Revealed by Metagenomics – Nengfei Wang – Microbes and Environments

Water microbiome and extremophiles

Comparison of the microbiomes of two drinking water distribution systems—with and without residual chloramine disinfection – Michael B. Waak – Microbiome

Probiotics

Probiotics may not prevent the deterioration of necrotizing enterocolitis from stage I to II/III – Zheng-Li Wang – BMC Pediatrics

Bifidobacterium bifidum and the infant gut microbiota: an intriguing case of microbe‐host co‐evolution – Sabrina Duranti – Environmental Microbiology

Techniques

NanoARG: a web service for detecting and contextualizing antimicrobial resistance genes from nanopore-derived metagenomes – G.A.Arango-Argoty – Microbiome

Metabolic route computation in organism communities – Markus Krummenacker – Microbiome

The role of multilevel selection in host microbiome evolution – Simon van Vliet – BioRxiv

Microbes and the market

Human Microbiome Therapeutics Market Analysis 2019: With Top 20 Countries data, Product Types, Segmentation, Market Share Analysis, Influential Trends And Challenges, Forecast To 2023 – Saginaw Daily

Global Human Microbiome Based Drugs and Diagnostics Market Potential Growth 2019 | Second Genome Inc., Enterome Bioscience, Yakult – Business Tech Hub

Human Microbiome Market 2024 Significant Development | Future Trends of Key Players by Size and Share – The Warren Daily

In-Depth Research Report of Global Microbiome Sequencing Services Market (2019 Version), with Types, Application, and Manufactures – the Pueblo Daily

Microbiome Sequencing Services Market Key Players, Industry Overview, Demand & Supply Chain Analysis, Forecast To 2024 – Burbank Observer

Human Microbiome Market Growth, Trend and Forecast 2018-2026 – Business Herald

 

May 28, 2019

Today’s digest is about metaproteomics in microbial communities, infant and child microbiome and association with diseases, coral ecosphere, microbial biospherics and updates on new techniques to analyze microbiome sequencing data.

General microbiome

Metaproteomics: Much More than Measuring Gene Expression in Microbial Communities – Manuel Kleiner – mSystems

Associational effects in the microbial neighborhood – Anja Worrich – ISME Journal

Uncovering complex molecular networks in host–pathogen interactions using systems biology – Joshua M. Peters – Emerging Topics in Life Sciences

Human microbiome

The skin microbiome of vertebrates – Ashley A. Ross – Microbiome

Patterns in the longitudinal oropharyngeal microbiome evolution related to ventilator-associated pneumonia – Rami Sommerstein – Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control

Microbial composition of the human nasopharynx varies according to influenza virus type and vaccination status – Tao Ding -BioRxiv

Cytometric fingerprints of gut microbiota predict Crohn’s disease state – Peter Rubbens – BioRxiv

Dynamic colonization of microbes and their functions after fecal microbiota transplantation for inflammatory bowel disease – Nathaniel D. Chu – BioRxiv

Pregnancy and infant microbiome

Paediatrician’s perspective of infant gut microbiome research: current status and challenges – Paul MacDaragh Ryan – Archives of Disease in Childhood

The Salivary Microbiome Is Altered in Children With Eosinophilic Esophagitis and Correlates With Disease Activity – Hiremath Girish – Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology

Influence of own mother’s milk and different proportions of formula on intestinal microbiota of very preterm newborns – Adriana Zanella – PlosOne

Influence of a Serratia marcescens outbreak on the gut microbiota establishment process in low-weight preterm neonates – Esperanza Escribano – PlosOne

Reviewing the evidence on breast milk composition and immunological outcomes – Alba Boix-Amorós – Nutrition Reviews

Characterization of Stool Virome in Children Newly Diagnosed With Moderate to Severe Ulcerative Colitis – Rafal Tokarz – Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Animal experiments

Effect of intestinal tapeworms on the gut microbiota of the common carp, Cyprinus carpio – Pei P. Fu – Parasites and Vectors

Comparison of Bacterial Populations in the Ceca of Swine at Two Different Stages and their Functional Annotations – Himanshu Kumar – Genes

Toll‐like receptor 2 and toll‐like receptor 4 responses regulate neutrophil infiltration into the junctional epithelium and significantly contribute to the composition of the oral microbiota – Ana M. Chang – Journal of Periodontology

Plant, root, soil microbiome

Mediterranean grassland soil C–N compound turnover is dependent on rainfall and depth, and is mediated by genomically divergent microorganisms – Spencer Diamond – Nature Microbiology

Rhizosphere microbiomes diverge among Populus trichocarpa plant-host genotypes and chemotypes, but it depends on soil origin – Allison M. Veach – Microbiome

Microbial community drivers of PK/NRP gene diversity in selected global soils – Chiara Borsetto – Microbiome

Decreased temporary turnover of bacterial communities along soil depth gradient during a 35-year grazing exclusion period in a semiarid grassland – Chao Zhang – Geoderma

Soil bacterial community dynamics following surfactant addition and bioaugmentation in pyrene-contaminated soils – D.C.Wolf – Chemosphere

Structural and Functional Responses of Soil Microbial Communities to Biodegradable Plastic Film Mulching in Two Agroecosystems – Sreejata Bandopadhyay – BioRxiv

Ecological and genomic attributes of novel bacterial taxa that thrive in subsurface soil horizons – Tess E. Brewer – BioRxiv

Water microbiome and extremophiles

The coral ecosphere: A unique coral reef habitat that fosters coral–microbial interactions – Laura Weber – Limnology and Oceanography

Tide driven microbial dynamics through virus-host interactions in the estuarine ecosystem – Xiaowei Chen – Water Research

Microbial biofilm formation and community structure on low-density polyethylene microparticles in lake water microcosms – Mengting Gong – Environmental Pollution

Diversity and relative abundance of ammonia- and nitrite-oxidizing microorganisms in the offshore Namibian hypoxic zone – Evan Lau – PlosOne

Consistent metagenome-derived metrics verify and define bacterial species boundaries – Matthew R. Olm – BioRxiv

Techniques

Competitive interaction with keystone taxa induced negative priming under biochar amendments – Lijun Chen – Microbiome

Strengthening Insights in Microbial Ecological Networks from Theory to Applications – Xiaofei Lv – mSystems

Microbial biospherics: The experimental study of ecosystem function and evolution Matthias C. Rillig – PNAS

NUFEB: A Massively Parallel Simulator for Individual-based Modelling of Microbial Communities – Bowen Li – BioRxiv

Detecting interaction networks in the human microbiome with conditional Granger causality – Kumar Mainali – Plos Computational Biology

M1CR0B1AL1Z3R—a user-friendly web server for the analysis of large-scale microbial genomics data – Oren Avram – Nucleic Acids Research

End-to-end assessment of fecal bacteriome analysis: from sample processing to DNA sequencing and bioinformatics results – Ana Paula Christoff – BioRxiv

Microbiome in news

Antibiotics may help curb Alzheimer’s symptoms – Medical News Today

SANISCALP®, to preserve the Microbiome for a soothed and healthy scalp! – Cosmetics desgin.com – Mamamia

Mother Dirt Expands Biome-Friendly Skincare Range With New Body Care Line – Mid Daily News

Microbes and the market

Global Microbiome Drugs Market Forecast 2019-2025: MaaT Pharma, Pfizer, Second Genome, Seres Therapeutics – Technology Market

Microbiome Therapeutics Market 2019 – By Future Growth, Trends Plans, Top Key Players, Business Opportunities, Region, Pricing Analysis, Opportunities and Forecast to 2024 – Norwalk Daily

Global Human Microbiome Modulators Market Report 2019: Trends and Opportunities for the Business Prediction over 2024 – Current News Magazine

Microbiome Sequencing Services Market 2019 Report Shows the Competitive Situation Among the Top Manufacturers, With Sales, Revenue and Share – Augusta Observer

 

April 29, 2019

Today’s Monday morning digest is about correlations of human gut microbiome with circulating metabolites, coronary artery disease severity; microbial communities in biogas plants, and proteomic profiling of gut microbiota-associated bile salt hydrolase activity.

Human gut microbiome

Correlation of Gut Microbiome Between ASD Children and Mothers and Potential Biomarkers for Risk Assessment – Ning Li – Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Neonatal Vitamin A Supplementation and Vitamin A Status Are Associated with Gut Microbiome Composition in Bangladeshi Infants in Early Infancy and at 2 Years of Age – M Nazmul Huda – Journal of Nutrition

Diversification and evolution of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium during intestinal domination – Krista A. Dubin – Infection and Immunity

Microbiota as a cornerstone in the development of primary sclerosing cholangitis: paving the path for translational diagnostic and therapeutic approaches – Catherine Mooser – Gut

Alterations in the gut microbiome and metabolism with coronary artery disease severity – Honghong Liu – Microbiome

Deciphering the complex interplay between microbiota, HPV, inflammation and cancer through cervicovaginal metabolic profiling – Zehra Esra Ilhan – EBio Medicine

Relationship between gut microbiota and circulating metabolites in population-based cohorts – Dina Vojinovic – BioRxiv

Animal experiments

Antibiotics-induced perturbations in gut microbial diversity influence metabolic phenotypes in a murine model of high-fat diet-induced obesity – Dongmin Liu – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Composition, diversity and function of gastrointestinal microbiota in wild red-billed choughs (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax) – Wen Wang – International Microbiology

Plant, root, soil microbiome

Antioxidant activity changes of exopolysaccharides with different carbon sources from Lactobacillus plantarum LPC-1 and its metabolomic analysis – Xin Cheng – World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Effects of grassland afforestation on structure and function of soil bacterial and fungal communities – Kaibo Wang – Science of the Total Environment

Water microbiome and extremophiles

Effect of applied voltage and temperature on methane production and microbial community in microbial electrochemical anaerobic digestion systems treating swine manure – Jaecheul Yu – Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology

Metaproteome analysis reveals that syntrophy, competition, and phage-host interaction shape microbial communities in biogas plants – R. Heyer – Microbiome

Techniques

Improving Assignment of Microbial Genetic Polymorphisms Assignments in Complex Samples by Bayesian Estimation – Jiarui Li – Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Accounting for Biological Variation With Linear Mixed-effects Modelling Improves the Quality of Clinical Metabolomics Data – Kwanjeera Wanichthanarak – Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal

Chemoproteomic Profiling of Gut Microbiota-Associated Bile Salt Hydrolase Activity – Bibudha Parasar – ACS Central Science

Microbiome in news

Human Microbiome Therapeutics Market Research Methodology- Prominent Players Enterome Bioscience, Yakult Honsha Co. Ltd., DuPont – The Market Bureau

The Week That Wasn’t: See-Through Skulls, Fecal Soup, Microbiome Pill – Medscape

Non-Microbiology Picks

The incretin system in healthy humans: the role of GIP and GLP-1 – Jens Juul Holst – Metabolism

April 15, 2019

Today’s Monday morning digest covers reviews on different aspects of human microbiome, interesting articles about effects of early life treatments in rodents and news updates on market prediction of microbiome sequencing and therapeutics.

General microbiome

Current understanding of the human microbiome – Jack A Gilbert – Nature Communications

The Importance of the Microbiome in Bariatric Surgery: a Systematic Review – Josianne C. H. B. M. Luijten – Obesity surgery

A potential role for the gut microbiome in substance use disorders – Katherine R. Meckel – Psychopharmacology

The power of small changes: Comprehensive analyses of microbial dysbiosis in breast cancer – Sheetal Parida -Biochimica et Biophysica Acta

The lung microbiome and transplantation –  Alicia B. Mitchell – Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation

Human gut microbiome

Encrustations on ureteral stents from patients without urinary tract infection reveal distinct urotypes and a low bacterial load – Matthias T. Buhmann – Microbiome

Overuse of anti‐anaerobic drug is associated with poor post‐chemotherapy prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma – Noriho Lida – International Journal of Cancer

Antibiotic-induced shifts in fecal microbiota density and composition during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation – Sejal Morjaria – BioRxiv

Surveillance-embedded genomic outbreak resolution of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus in a neonatal intensive care unit – AJH Cremers – BioRxiv

Animal experiments

Antidepressants affect gut microbiota and Ruminococcus flavefaciens is able to abolish their effects on depressive-like behavior – Iva Lukić – Translational Psychiatry

Early life stress induces type 2 diabetes-like features in ageing mice – Hanna Ilchmann-Diounou – Brain, Behavior and Immunity

Early-life vancomycin treatment promotes airway inflammation and impairs microbiome homeostasis – Xin Yang – Aging

Early-life stress, microbiota, and brain development: probiotics reverse the effects of maternal separation on neural circuits underpinning fear expression and extinction in infant rats – Caitlin S.M. Cowan – Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Commensal Escherichia coli aggravates acute necrotizing pancreatitis through targeting intestinal epithelial cells – Junyuan Zheng – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Host-Microbiome Synergistic Control on Sphingolipid Metabolism by Mechanotransduction in Model Arthritis – Xiaoyuan Zhou – Biomolecules

Plant, root, soil microbiome

Bacterial community diversity associated with the severity of bacterial wilt disease in tomato fields in south-east China – Xuefang Zheng – Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Bacterial disease induced changes in fungal communities of olive tree twigs depend on host genotype – Teresa Gomes – Scientific Reports

Co‐inoculation of Bacillus spp. and Pseudomonas putida at different development stages acts as a biostimulant to promote growth, yield and nutrient uptake of tomato – Yanhui He – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Water microbiome and extremophiles

Extant microbial communities in the partially desiccated Rincon de Parangueo maar crater lake in Mexico – Janet Sánchez-Sánchez – Fems Microbiology Ecology

Novosphingobium meiothermophilum sp. nov., isolated from a hot spring – Wen-Dong Xian – International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Built Environment

Impacts of Indoor Surface Finishes on Bacterial Viability – Jinglin Hu – Indoor air

Probiotics

Probiotics: If It Does Not Help It Does Not Do Any Harm. Really? – Aaron Lerner – Microorganisms

Effects of Lactobacillus plantarum PS128 on Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in Taiwan: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial – Yen-Wenn Liu – Nutrients

Microbes in the news

Global Human Microbiome Therapeutics Market Outlook 2019-2024: ENTEROME Bioscience, Rebiotix, Seres Therapeutics – NewsPrimo

Caesarean babies slower to acquire ‘good’ gut bacteria: study – PanArmenian Net

Mode of delivery has substantial impact on infants’ health – Business Standard

Newborn’s ‘Microbiome’ Could Give Clues to Weight Later – Doctors Lounge

Microbiome Sequencing Services Market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 18% during the forecast period of (2018 – 2023) – Redfield Report

Human Microbiome Market boosting the growth Worldwide – Business Herald

March 28, 2019

Today’s digest covers interesting reviews on different aspects of host-microbiome interactions, research articles about how structural variation in gut microbiome affects host health, characterization of a simplified microbial community to study microbial interaction with diet in mice and viral diversity in soil metagenomes. Happy reading!

General microbiome

Review – Microbiome: Our opponents or allies in healthcare and medicine – Horst A von Recum – Experimental Biology and Medicine

Review –  To B12 or not to B12: Five questions on the role of cobalamin in host-microbial interactions – Carol A. Rowley – Plos Pathogens

Review – Can oral bacteria affect the microbiome of the gut? – Ingar Olsen – Journal of Oral Microbiology

Review –  Inter-kingdom signaling between gut microbiota and their host – Qing Li – Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

Human gut microbiome

Structural variation in the gut microbiome associates with host health – David Zeevi – Nature

Effects of fermentable high fiber diet supplementation on gut derived and conventional nitrogenous product in patients on maintenance hemodialysis: a randomized controlled trial – Hamid Tayebi Khosroshahi – Nutrition and Metabolism

Identification of the microbial diversity after fecal microbiota transplantation therapy for chronic intractable constipation using 16s rRNA amplicon sequencing – Tadashi Ohara – PlosOne

The microbiome and tuberculosis: state of the art, potential applications, and defining the clinical research agenda – Charissa C Naidoo – Lancet Respiratory medicine

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation: An Update on Clinical Practice – Kyeong Ok Kim – Clinical Endoscopy

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor and uremic toxins from gut microbiota in chronic kidney disease patients: Is there a relationship? – Jessyca Brito – Biochemistry

Animal experiments

Bacterial AB5 toxins inhibit the growth of gut bacteria by targeting ganglioside-like glycoconjugates – Robert T. Patry – Nature Communications

Simplified Intestinal Microbiota to Study Microbe-Diet-Host Interactions in a Mouse Model – Petia Kovatcheva-Datchary – Cell Reports

Pomegranate ellagitannin-gut microbial-derived metabolites, urolithins, inhibit neuroinflammation in vitro – Nicholas A. DaSilva – Nutritional Neuroscience

Endogenous Enterobacteriaceae underlie variation in susceptibility to Salmonella infection – Eric M. Velazquez – Nature Microbiology

Plant, root, soil microbiome

Thickness determines microbial community structure and function in nitrifying biofilms via deterministic assembly – Carolina Suarez – Scientific Reports

Untapped viral diversity in global soil metagenomes – Emily B. Graham – BioRxiv

Water microbiome and extremophiles

Fate of antibiotic resistance genes in two Arctic tundra wetlands impacted by municipal wastewater – Jennifer L. Hayward – Science of the Total Environment

Probiotics

Importance of probiotics in the prevention and treatment of colorectal cancer – Majid Eslami – Journal of Cellular Physiology

Non-microbiology picks

Artificial womb technology breaks its four minute mile – Science Daily

March 14, 2019

Today’s digest covers interesting reviews on microbiota for immunotherapies, non-digestible carbohydrates for infant microbiota and contribution of marine microbiota in reactive oxygen species; research articles on how gluten sensitivity is affected by duodenal microbiota and how ginger intake affects mouse microbiota.

General microbiome

Review: Mining the microbiota for microbial and metabolite-based immunotherapies – Ashwin N. Skelly – Nature Reviews Immunology

Pregnancy and early life microbiome

Relationship between vitamin D status and the vaginal microbiome during pregnancy – Kimberly K. Jefferson – Journal of Perinatology

Review: Shaping the Infant Microbiome With Non-Digestible Carbohydrates – Stella A. Verkhnyatskaya – Frontiers in Microbiology

Variations in early gut microbiome are associated with childhood eczema – Yu Zhang – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiota in HIV–pneumonia patients is related to peripheral CD4 counts, lung microbiota, and in vitro macrophage dysfunction – Meera K. Shenoy – Microbiome

Effects of bowel preparation on the human gut microbiome and metabolome – Naoyoshi Nagata – Scientific Reports

Human colon mucosal biofilms from healthy or colon cancer hosts are carcinogenic – Sarah Tomkovich – The Journal of Clinical Investigation

Animal experiments

Host NLRP6 exacerbates graft-versus-host disease independent of gut microbial composition – Tomomi Toubai – Nature Microbiology

Duodenal bacterial proteolytic activity determines sensitivity to dietary antigen through protease-activated receptor-2 – Alberto Caminero – Nature Communications

The dynamics of the antibiotic resistome in the feces of freshly weaned pigs following therapeutic administration of oxytetracycline – Mahdi Ghanbari – Scientific Reports

Beneficial effects of ginger on prevention of obesity through modulation of gut microbiota in mice – Jing Wang – European Journal of Nutrition

Six‐Week High‐Fat Diet Alters the Gut Microbiome and Promotes Cecal Inflammation, Endotoxin Production, and Simple Steatosis without Obesity in Male Rats – Melisa Crawford – Lipids

Gut microbiome structure and adrenocortical activity in dogs with aggressive and phobic behavioral disorders – Elisabetta Mondo – BioRxiv

The gut microbiota regulates mouse biliary regenerative responses – Wenli Liu – BioRxiv

Plant, root, soil microbiome

Consistent bacterial selection by date palm root system across heterogeneous desert oasis agroecosystems – Maria J. Mosqueira – Scientific Reports

Bacterial fermentation and respiration processes are uncoupled in anoxic permeable sediments – Adam J. Kessler – Nature Microbiology

Effects of graphene oxide and graphite on soil bacterial and fungal diversity – Christian Forstner – BioRxiv

Water microbiome and extremophiles

Review: The microbial contribution to reactive oxygen species dynamics in marine ecosystems – Erik R. Zinser – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Non-microbiology picks

Nano-bot can probe inside human cells – Science Daily