February 8, 2023

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiota of Parkinson’s disease in an appendectomy cohort: a preliminary study – Nakahara et al. – Scientific Reports

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Microbiota-derived acetate enhances host antiviral response via NLRP3 – Niu et al. – Nature Communications

Gut microbiota remodeling improves natural aging-related disorders through Akkermansia muciniphila and its derived acetic acid – Ma et al. – Pharmacological Research

Gut microbiota-derived metabolites mediate the neuroprotective effect of melatonin in cognitive impairment induced by sleep deprivation – Wang et al. – Microbiome

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

[PREPRINT]Impacts of Age on the Gut Microbiota in Captive Giant Pandas – Li, Lui & Zhang – bioRxiv


[PREPRINT]Strain Tracking with Uncertainty Quantification – Kim et al. – bioRxiv

Efficient computation of contributional diversity metrics from microbiome data with FuncDiv – Douglas et al. – Bioinformatics

January 25, 2023

Human oral microbiome

Microbiological profile of peri-implantitis: Analyses of microbiome within dental implants – Kensara et al. – Journal of Prosthodontics

Human gut microbiome

Integrated Multi-Cohort Analysis of the Parkinson’s Disease Gut Metagenome – Boktor et al. – Movement Disorders

Gut microbiota and microbiota-derived metabolites promotes endometriosis – Chadchan et al. – Cell Death Discovery

Immune communication between the intestinal microbiota and the cardiovascular system – Ren et al. – Immunology Letters

Animal microbiome

The structure and diversity of microbial communities in Paederus fuscipes (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae): from ecological paradigm to pathobiome – Chamanakar et al. – Microbiome

The gastrointestinal microbiome in dairy cattle is constrained by the deterministic driver of the region and the modified effect of diet – Lin et al. – Microbiome

Fecal Microbiota Was Reshaped in UCP1 Knock-In Pigs via the Adipose-Liver-Gut Axis and Contributed to Less Fat Deposition – Pan et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

Gut microbiota of skywalker hoolock gibbons (Hoolock tianxing) from different habitats and in captivity: Implications for gibbon health – Lan et al. – American Journal of Primatology

Housing temperature plays a critical role in determining gut microbiome composition in research mice: Implications for experimental reproducibility – Hylander et al. – Biochimie

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

The biogeography and co-occurrence network patterns of bacteria and microeukaryotes in the estuarine and coastal waters – Wu et al. – Marine Environmental Research


[PREPRINT]Capturing the dynamics of microbiomes using individual-specific networks – Yousefi et al. – bioRxiv

PhaTYP: predicting the lifestyle for bacteriophages using BERT – Shang, Tang & Sun – Briefings in Bioinformatics

January 13, 2023

The very first 2023 digest features HMOs, antimicrobials and the neonatal gut microbiota, cheese community, cow rumen microbiome, SemiBin2, and more. Happy Friday and see you next week at #MVIF!

Food microbiome

*Longitudinal, Multi-Platform Metagenomics Yields a High-Quality Genomic Catalog and Guides an In Vitro Model for Cheese Communities – Christina C. Saak – mSystems

Gut microbiome

*Human milk oligosaccharides, antimicrobial drugs, and the gut microbiota of term neonates: observations from the KOALA birth cohort study – D.J.M Barnett – Gut microbes

The gut microbiota in multiple sclerosis varies with disease activity – Florence Thirion – Genome Medicine

Review: Intestinal gas production by the gut microbiota: A review – Erasme Mutuyemungu – Journal of Functional Foods

Gestational diabetes is driven by microbiota-induced inflammation months before diagnosis – Yishay Pinto – Gut

Review: The gut microbiota is an emerging target for improving brain health during ageing – Marcus Boehme – Gut microbiome

Vaginal microbiome

Commensal Lactobacilli Metabolically Contribute to Cervical Epithelial Homeostasis in a Species-Specific Manner – Nicole R. Jimenez – mSphere

Preterm birth is associated with xenobiotics and predicted by the vaginal metabolome – William F. Kindschuh – Nature Microbiology

Animal experiment

Gut microbiota of the young ameliorates physical fitness of the aged in mice – Kwang H. Kim – Microbiome

Catheterization of mice triggers resurgent urinary tract infection seeded by a bladder reservoir of Acinetobacter baumannii – Jennie E. Hazen – Science Translational Medicine

Prebiotic intervention with HAMSAB in untreated essential hypertensive patients assessed in a phase II randomized trial – Hamdi A. Jama – Nature Cardiovascular Research

Akkermansia muciniphila protects mice against an emerging tick-borne viral pathogen – Jinyan Xie – Nature Microbiology

Animal microbiome

Beehives possess their own distinct microbiomes – Lorenzo A. Santorelli – Environmental Microbiome

*Differential carbon utilization enables co-existence of recently speciated Campylobacteraceae in the cow rumen epithelial microbiome – Cameron R. Strachan – Nature Microbiology


Ecological landscapes guide the assembly of optimal microbial communities – Ashish B. George and Kirill S. Korolev – Plos Computational Biology

Over-optimism in unsupervised microbiome analysis: Insights from network learning and clustering – Theresa Ullmann – Plos Computational Biology

Ten simple rules for using public biological data for your research – Vishal H. Oza – Plos Computational Biology

*SemiBin2: self-supervised contrastive learning leads to better MAGs for short- and long-read sequencing – Shaojun Pan – bioRxiv

December 12, 2022

Today’s digest has the kind of articles I like best–they are all focused on the unique relationship between microbial communities and their niche environments. These environments span everything from rice seeds to the Mariana Trench to the gut microbiome and even Appalachian coalbeds. Happy reading!

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiome of helminth-infected indigenous Malaysians is context dependent – Tee et al. – Microbiome

Animal experiments

Taurine metabolism is modulated in Vibrio-infected Penaeus vannamei to shape shrimp antibacterial response and survival – Wang et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Multi-genome metabolic modeling predicts functional inter-dependencies in the Arabidopsis root microbiome – Mataigne et al. – Microbiome

Dynamics of rice microbiomes reveal core vertically transmitted seed endophytes – Zhang et al. – Microbiome

Water and extremophile microbiome

Comparison of prokaryotes between Mount Everest and the Mariana Trench – Liu et al. – Microbiome

Built environment

Predominance of Methanomicrobiales and diverse hydrocarbon-degrading taxa in the Appalachian coalbed biosphere revealed through metagenomics and genome-resolved metabolisms – Ross et al. – Environmental Microbiology

Evaluation of the Microbial Community and Geochemistry in Produced Waters Collected from CO2 EOR in the Niagaran Pinnacle Reef – Stemple et al. – ACS Earth Space Chem

November 30, 2022

Human respiratory microbiome

Airway microecology in rifampicin-resistant and rifampicin-sensitive pulmonary tuberculosis patients – Cai et al. – BMC Microbiology

Human oral microbiome

Oral Bacteriome and Mycobiome across Stages of Oral Carcinogenesis – Heng et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Double-edged sword: impact of fecal microbiome transplants on the gut resistome – Hallowell, Gao & Suez – Current Opinion in Gastroenterology

Targeted suppression of human IBD-associated gut microbiota commensals by phage consortia for treatment of intestinal inflammation – Federici et al. – Cell

Gut microbiome alterations in preclinical Alzheimer’s disease – Jung et al. – PLOS One

[REVIEW]Sex, puberty, and the gut microbiome – Sisk-Hackworth, Kelley & Thackray

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Lactobacillus reuteri tryptophan metabolism promotes host susceptibility to CNS autoimmunity – Montgomery et al. – Microbiome

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Genomic and Environmental Factors Shape the Active Gill Bacterial Community of an Amazonian Teleost Holobiont – Sylvain et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

Lack of host phylogenetic structure in the gut bacterial communities of New Zealand cicadas and their interspecific hybrids – Haji et al. – Scientific Reports

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Unveiling the Wheat Microbiome under Varied Agricultural Field Conditions – Jaiswal et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

Changes of the microbial community in kiwifruit during storage after postharvest application of Wickerhamomyces anomalus – Zhao et al. – Food Chemistry

Food microbiology

[PREPRINT]A dark matter in sake brewing: Origin of microbes producing a Kimoto-style fermentation starter – Ito et al. – bioRxiv

November 23, 2022

General microbiome

[PREPRINT]Patterns and determinants of the global herbivorous mycobiome – Meili et al. – bioRxiv

[EDITORIAL]Helicobacter pylori: Have potential benefits been overlooked? – Schubert et al. – JGH Open

Pregnancy and early life

Mechanisms affecting the gut of preterm infants in enteral feeding trials: a nested cohort within a randomised controlled trial of lactoferrin – Young et al. – Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed

Human oral microbiome

Ancient oral microbiomes support gradual Neolithic dietary shifts towards agriculture – Quagliariello et al. – Nature Communications

Human vaginal microbiome

[PREPRINT]Longitudinal dynamics of the human vaginal ecosystem across the reproductive cycle – Costello et al. – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Maternal obesity and resistance to breast cancer treatments among offspring: Link to gut dysbiosis – Andrade, Verma & Hilakivi-Clark

Atypical enteropathogenic E. coli are associated with disease activity in ulcerative colitis – Baumgartner et al. – Gut Microbes

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Impact of antibiotic perturbation on fecal viral communities in mice – Anderson et al. – G3

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Assessing Fungal Diversity and Abundance in the Black Soldier Fly and its Environment – Vitenberg & Opatovsky – Journal of Insect Science

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Bacterial communities vary across populations and tissue type in red mangroves (Rhizophora mangle, Rhizophoraceae) along an expanding front – Scherer, Mason & Rast – FEMS Microbiology Ecology


proGenomes3: approaching one million accurately and consistently annotated high-quality prokaryotic genomes – Fullam et al. – NAR

[PREPRINT]Sparsification of Large Ultrametric Matrices: Insights into the Microbial Tree of Life – Gorman & Lladser


[PREPRINT]Soil metatranscriptomics: An improved RNA extraction method toward functional analysis using nanopore direct RNA sequencing – Poursalavati et al. – bioRxix

November 21, 2022


The cancer chemotherapeutic 5-fluorouracil is a potent Fusobacterium nucleatum inhibitor and its activity is modified by intratumoral microbiota – Kaitlyn D LaCourse – Cell Reports

Enterococci enhance Clostridioides difficile pathogenesis – Alexander B Smith – Nature

Host biology, ecology and the environment influence microbial biomass and diversity in 101 marine fish species – Jeremiah J Minich – Nature Communications

Genomic ancestry, diet and microbiomes of Upper Palaeolithic hunter-gatherers from San Teodoro cave – Gabriele Scorrano – Communications Biology

Human and General Microbiome

Gut microbiota analysis for prediction of clinical relapse in Crohn’s disease – Sylvie Buffet-Bataillon – Scientific Reports

Implications of oral streptococcal bacteriophages in autism spectrum disorder – Zhan Tong – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Reproducible changes in the anorexia nervosa gut microbiota following inpatient therapy remain distinct from non-eating disorder controls – Farnaz Fouladi – Gut Microbes

Nasal microbiome disruption and recovery after mupirocin treatment in Staphylococcus aureus carriers and noncarriers – Valérie O Baede – Scientific Reports

BlpC-mediated selfish program leads to rapid loss of Streptococcus pneumoniae clonal diversity during infection – Surya D Aggarwal – Cell host & Microbe

Treasures from trash in cancer research – Fabiano Cordeiro Moreira – Oncotarget

Human Gut Metagenomes Encode Diverse GH156 Sialidases – Evan Mann – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Species-Specific Patterns of Gut Metabolic Modules in Dutch Individuals with Different Dietary Habits – Sudarshan A Shetty – mSphere

Effect of the intratumoral microbiota on spatial and cellular heterogeneity in cancer – Jorge Luis Galeano Niño – Nature

Broad-spectrum antibiotics associated gut microbiome disturbance impairs T cell immunity and promotes lung cancer metastasis: a retrospective study – Ke Xu – BMC Cancer

Diet-induced modifications to human microbiome reshape colonic homeostasis in irritable bowel syndrome – Hadar Bootz-Maoz – Cell Reports

Review: The dynamic lung microbiome in health and disease – Jake G Natalini – Nature Reviews. Microbiology

Non-model Animal Microbiome 

Modulation of gut microbiota, blood metabolites, and disease resistance by dietary β-glucan in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) – Simon Menanteau-Ledouble – Animal Microbiome

Living in honey: bacterial and fungal communities in honey of sympatric populations of Apis mellifera and the stingless bee Melipona beecheii, in Yucatan, Mexico – Diana Fátima Jacinto-Castillo – Archives of Microbiology

Plant Microbiome

Review: The involvement of organic acids in soil fertility, plant health and environment sustainability – Satyavir S Sindhu – Archives of Microbiology

Bioinformatics and Microbiome Analysis

Investigating the impact of database choice on the accuracy of metagenomic read classification for the rumen microbiome – Rebecca H Smith – Animal Microbiome

dbCAN-seq update: CAZyme gene clusters and substrates in microbiomes – Jinfang Zheng – Nucleic Acids Research

Gene co-expression network analysis of the human gut commensal bacterium Faecalibacterium prausnitzii in R-Shiny – Sandrine Auger – PloS One

November 16, 2022

General microbiome

Enhancing nutritional niche and host defenses by modifying the gut microbiome – Sun et al. – Molecular Systems Biology

Evolution of immune genes is associated with the Black Death – Klunk et al. – Nature

Pregnancy and early life

Cross-generational bacterial strain transfer to an infant after fecal microbiota transplantation to a pregnant patient: a case report – Wei et al. – Microbiome

Multi-site human microbiome

Age-Related Changes, Influencing Factors, and Crosstalk Between Vaginal and Gut Microbiota: A Cross-Sectional Comparative Study of Pre- and Postmenopausal Women – Yoshikata et al. – Journal of Women’s Health

Human oral microbiome

Characterization of oral microbiota in HPV and non-HPV head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and its association with patient outcomes – Chan et al. – Oral Oncology

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Making gut microbiomes from scratch – Tiang & Bisanz – Cell Host &Microbe

Impairments of intestinal arginine and NO metabolisms trigger aging-associated intestinal barrier dysfunction and ‘inflammaging’ – Brandt et al. – Redox Biology

Dietary fiber ameliorates sleep disturbance connected to the gut–brain axis – Tang et al. – Food & Function

Meta-analysis of 16S rRNA microbial data identified alterations of the gut microbiota in COVID-19 patients during the acute and recovery phases – Cheng et al. – BMC Microbiology

Relationships between dietary diversity and gut microbial diversity in the elderly – Amamoto et al. – Beneficial Microbes

Alteration of the faecal microbiota composition in patients with constipation: evidence of American Gut Project – Xu et al. – Beneficial Microbes

Gut microbiome, cognitive function and brain structure: a multi-omics integration analysis – Liang et al. – Translational Neurodegeneration

Microbiome insights into pediatric familial adenomatous polyposis – Attard et al. – Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases

[REVIEW]The crosstalk between intestinal bacterial microbiota and immune cells in colorectal cancer progression – Wen et al. – Clinical and Translational Oncology

[REVIEW]Epigenetic regulation by metabolites from the gut microbiome – Marin-Tello et al. – Benefical Microbes

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

A tetrapeptide from maize combined with probiotics exerted strong anti-inflammatory effects and modulated gut microbiota in DSS-induced colitis mice – Li et al. – Food & Function

IGF1R is a mediator of sex-specific metabolism in mice: Effects of age and high-fat diet – Perez-Matute et al. – Front. Endocrinol.

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Nutrient dynamics in coral symbiosis depend on both the relative and absolute abundance of Symbiodiniaceae species – McIlroy et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Function-Based Rhizosphere Assembly along a Gradient of Desiccation in the Former Aral Sea – Wicaksono et al. – mSystems


Metagenomics versus total RNA sequencing: most accurate data-processing tools, microbial identification accuracy and perspectives for ecological assessments – Hempel et al. – NAR

Metagenome-assembled genome extraction and analysis from microbiomes using KBase – Chivian et al. – Nature Protocols

SourceFinder: a Machine-Learning-Based Tool for Identification of Chromosomal, Plasmid, and Bacteriophage Sequences from Assemblies – Aytan-Aktug et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

TaxiBGC: a Taxonomy-Guided Approach for Profiling Experimentally Characterized Microbial Biosynthetic Gene Clusters and Secondary Metabolite Production Potential in Metagenomes – Gupta et al. – mSystems


Optimization of Low-Biomass Sample Collection and Quantitative PCR-Based Titration Impact 16S rRNA Microbiome Resolution – Clokie et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

November 09, 2022

General microbiome

Compartmentalization of the host microbiome: how tumor microbiota shapes checkpoint immunotherapy outcome and offers therapeutic prospects – Boesch et al. – Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer

Human respiratory microbiome

The Upper-Airway Microbiome as a Biomarker of Asthma Exacerbations despite Inhaled Corticosteroid Treatment – Perez-Garcia – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human gut microbiome

Manipulating the microbiome to enhance oral tolerance in food allergy – Gonzalez-Visiedo – Cellular Immunology

Longitudinal transkingdom gut microbial approach towards decompensation in outpatients with cirrhosis – Bajaj et al. – Hepatology

Happy ageing by trusting our gut microbes – Jayaraman & Pettersson – Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Curcumin improves insulin sensitivity in high-fat diet-fed mice through gut microbiota – Zhong et al. – Nutrition & Metabolism

Short-Term Tomato Consumption Alters the Pig Gut Microbiome toward a More Favorable Profile – Goggans et al. – Microbiology Spectrum

[PREPRINT]Lifelong temporal dynamics of the gut microbiome associated with longevity in mice – Takayasu et al. – bioRxiv

[PREPRINT]The gut microbiome has sexually dimorphic effects on bone tissue energy metabolism and multiscale bone quality in C57BL/6J mice – Vahidi et al. – bioRxiv

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Food provisioning results in functional, but not compositional, convergence of the gut microbiomes of two wild Rhinopithecus species: Evidence of functional redundancy in the gut microbiome – Li et al. – Science of The Total Environment

Phages and viruses

Expansion of the global RNA virome reveals diverse clades of bacteriophages – Neri et al. – Cell


C3NA: correlation and consensus-based cross-taxonomy network analysis for compositional microbial data – Song & Zhou – BMC Bioinformatics

November 8, 2022

Greetings from Pittsburgh, PA!

It’s election day here, which means I have low grade nausea and am looking for a distraction. If you’re in the same boat, check out today’s awesome articles on a holobiont deep sea shrimp, plant-microbiome assemblies of poplar trees, and viral community-wide auxiliary metabolic genes. I also included a few interesting preprints, my favorite of which is noted below and uses a microbiome public dataset to compare different normalization and transformation methods.

Animal microbiome

A novel and dual digestive symbiosis scales up the nutrition and immune system of the holobiont Rimicaris exoculata – Aubé et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Plant sex affects plant-microbiome assemblies of dioecious Populus cathayana trees under different soil nitrogen conditions – Guo et al. – Microbiome

Phages and viruses

Viral community-wide auxiliary metabolic genes differ by lifestyles, habitats, and hosts – Luo et al. – Microbiome


*Preprint: Alpha and beta-diversities performance comparison between different normalization methods and centered log-ratio transformation in a microbiome public dataset – Bars-Cortina – bioRxiv

Preprint: Noise reduction strategies in metagenomic chromosome confirmation capture to link antibiotic resistance genes to microbial hosts – McCallum et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Targeted metagenomics using probe capture detects a larger diversity of nitrogen and methane cycling genes in complex microbial communities than traditional metagenomics – Siljanen et al. – bioRxiv