May 8th, 2021

Hyvää Päivää from Helsinki, Finland ! Today’s digest contains a variety of interesting papers, in particular in bioinformatics! I recommend anyone interesting in metagenomic read classification to take a look at the benchmark study by Arizmendi Cardenas and collaborators. They compared read-based taxonomic classification tools on their capacity to handle ancient DNA sequences, characterized by a higher mutation rate and shorter sequences.

This digest also contains a very good review on the current state of the art network analysis methods for exploring interaction in complex microbial communities.

Finally, today’s non-microbiology pick is a piece exploring the current challenges and limitations for the annotation of microbiome dataset with high-quality metadata.

Have a great Weekend!


Human gut microbiome

Systematic Review: The Gut Microbiome and Its Potential Clinical Application in Inflammatory Bowel Disease – Aldars-Garcia et al. – Microorganisms


Animal experiments

Millet-based supplement restored gut microbial diversity of acute malnourished pigs – Li et al. – PLOS One

A mixture of quebracho and chestnut tannins drives butyrate-producing bacteria populations shift in the gut microbiota of weaned piglets – Miragoli et al. – PLOS One

Animal microbiome

Dynamic changes occur in the DNA gut virome of female cynomolgus macaques during aging – Tan et al. – Microbiology Open

Virome Diversity among Mosquito Populations in a Sub-Urban Region of Marseille, France – Nebbak et al. – Viruses

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Mapping the microbial diversity and natural resistome of north Antarctica soils – Marcoleta et al. – BioRXiv

Community dynamics in rhizosphere microorganisms at different development stages of wheat growing in confined isolation environments – Ma et al. – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Book chapter: Bioprospecting Extreme Ecosystems Before They Vanish: The (Poorly Studied) Microbiology of Tropical Glaciers – Yarzabal – Extreme environment (CRC press)

Investigating variability in microbial community composition in replicate environmental DNA samples down lake sediment cores – Pearman et al. – PLOS One


Bioinformatics

Preprint: Benchmarking metagenomics classifiers on ancient viral DNA: a simulation study – Arizmendi Cardenas et al. – BioRXiv

Review: Network analysis methods for studying microbial communities: A mini review – Matchado et al. – Computational and sctructural Biotechnology Journal

Improving metagenomic binning results with overlapped bins using assembly graphs – Mallawaarachchi et al. – Algorithms for molecular biology


My non-microbiology picks

Preprint: Current challenges in microbiome metadata collection – Rosenfeld et al. – BioRXiv

May 05, 2021

Special Issue on Interplay of Gene Expression Regulation and Microbiome

Cells has a call for papers for a special issue about the ‘Interplay of Gene Expression Regulation and Microbiome‘. This Special Issue should serve as a platform to bring together recent advances in the understanding of the dynamic interplay between gene regulation and host-microbiome interaction.

Human oral microbiome

Anna Karenina and the subgingival microbiome associated with periodontitis – Altabtaei et al. – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]The Association Between Intestinal Bacteria and Allergic Diseases—Cause or Consequence? – Han et al. – Front. Cell. Infect. Microbiol.

[Review]Exploring the Modulatory Effects of Gut Microbiota in Anti-Cancer Therapy – Li, Deng & Chen – Front. Oncol.

[REVIEW]The interplay between Helicobacter pylori and gastrointestinal microbiota – Chen et al. Gut Microbes

Do Antibiotics Cause Obesity Through Long-term Alterations in the Gut Microbiome? A Review of Current Evidence – Vallianou et al. – Metabploism

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Gut microbiota contributes to the development of hypertension in a genetic mouse model of systemic lupus erythematosus – de la Visitación et al. – British Journal of Pharmacology

Infant gut microbiota modulation by human milk disaccharides in humanized microbiome mice – Rubio-Del-Campo – Gut Microbes

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Description and comparison of the skin and ear canal microbiota of non-allergic and allergic German shepherd dogs using next generation sequencing – Apostolopoulos et al. PLOS One

Bioinformatics

Integrating taxonomic, functional, and strain-level profiling of diverse microbial communities with bioBakery 3 – Beghini et al. – eLife

Techniques

Validation and standardization of DNA extraction and library construction methods for metagenomics-based human fecal microbiome measurements – Tourlousse et al. – Microbiome

May 4, 2021

In today’s post – host-microbe marker for inflammatory bowel disease, evolution of soil bacterium along the climate gradient, how C. difficile exploits host metabolite under inflammatory conditions induced by its own toxins and differential response of commensals to alter C. difficle virulence.

Job Posting

Microbiome Scientific Researcher, Computational (Cancer Immunology) – Genentech South San Francisco, California

General Microbiome

Endothelium–gut communication: IGF‐1Rs crosstalk with microbiota – Zhen Bouman Chen – EMBO reports

Recent advances in marine algae oligosaccharides: structure, analysis, and potential prebiotic activities – Xu-Ting Xie – Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

Human Microbiome

Interplay between diet and gut microbiome, and circulating concentrations of trimethylamine N-oxide: findings from a longitudinal cohort of US men – Jun Li – Gut

Gut Dysbiosis Associated with Antibiotics and Disease Severity and Its Relation to Mortality in Critically Ill Patients – Masahiro Ojima – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

Effects of Totum-63 on glucose homeostasis and post-prandial glycemia: a translational study – Vivien Chavanelle – American Journal of Physiology Endocrinology and Metabolism

Impact of a fermented soy beverage supplemented with acerola by-product on the gut microbiota from lean and obese subjects using an in vitro model of the human colon – Antonio Diogo Silva Vieira – Environmental biotechnology

Decoding the matrix: multiomics reveals host-microbe biomarker for inflammatory bowel disease – Monica Viladomiu – The Journal of Clinical Investigation

Animal Microbiome

C. difficile exploits a host metabolite produced during toxin-mediated disease – Kali M. Pruss – Nature

In vivo commensal control of Clostridioides difficile virulence – Brintha P. Girinathan – BioRxiv

Description and comparison of the skin and ear canal microbiota of non-allergic and allergic German shepherd dogs using next generation sequencing – Neoklis Apostolopoulos – PlosOne

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Adaptive differentiation and rapid evolution of a soil bacterium along a climate gradient – Alexander B. Chase – PNAS

Soils and sediments host novel archaea with divergent monooxygenases implicated in ammonia oxidation – Spencer Diamond – BioRxiv

Water microbiome

Metabolic flexibility allows bacterial habitat generalists to become dominant in a frequently disturbed ecosystem – Ya-Jou Chen – ISME Journal

Techniques

Comprehensive single‐PCR 16S and 18S rRNA community analysis validated with mock communities, and estimation of sequencing bias against 18S – Yi‐Chun Yeh – Environmental Microbiology

Bacteria

Completion of the gut microbial epi-bile acid pathway – Heidi L. Doden – Gut Microbes

Possible effects of Porphyromonas gingivalis on the blood-brain barrier in Alzheimer’s disease – Ingar Olsen – Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy

Population genomics provides insights into the evolution and adaptation to humans of the waterborne pathogen Mycobacterium kansasii – Tao Luo – Nature Communications

April 28, 2021

General microbiome

Microbiota regulate innate immune signaling and protective immunity against cancer – Xing et al. – Cell Host & Microbe

Pregnancy and early life

[PREPRINT]Diet Potentially Drives the Differentiation of Eating Behaviours via Alterations to the Gut Microbiome in Infants – Yan et al. – bioRxiv

[REVIEW]Impact of Maternal Nutritional Supplementation during Pregnancy and Lactation on the Infant Gut or Breastmilk Microbiota: A Systematic Review – Zaidi, Moore & Okala – Nutrients

Infant Gut Microbiome Is Enriched with Bifidobacteria longumssp. infantisin Old Order Mennoniteswith Traditional Farming Lifestyle – Seppo et al. – Allergy

Human skin microbiome

Can antibiotic‐induced changes in the composition of the hair follicle microbiome regulate human hair growth? – Lousada et al. – Experimental Dermatology

Human gut microbiome

Multi-omics study reveals that statin therapy is associated with restoration of gut microbiota homeostasis and improvement in outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome – Hu et al. – Theranostics

Alteration of gut microbial profile in patients with diabetic nephropathy – Du et al. – Endocrine

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Sargassum fusiforme fucoidan modifies gut microbiota and intestinal metabolites during alleviation of hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetic mice – Wu et al. – Food & Function

Bidirectional interaction of nobiletin and gut microbiota in mice fed with a high-fat diet – Zhang et al. – Food & Function

Reshaping of the gastrointestinal microbiome alters atherosclerotic plaque inflammation resolution in mice – Garshick et al. – Scientif Reports

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Gut bacterial communities across 12 Ensifera (Orthoptera) at different feeding habits and its prediction for the insect with contrasting feeding habits – Zheng et al. – PLOS One

Impacts of radiation exposure on the bacterial and fungal microbiome of small mammals in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone – Antwis et al. – Journal of Animal Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

[PREPRINT]A Scenic River in Rural Ohio Shows Elevated Antibiotic Resistance Genes, Including Acinetobacter Tetracycline and Macrolide Resistance, Downstream of Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluent – Murphy et al. – bioRxiv

[PREPRINT]Diversity of free-living prokaryotes on terrestrial and marine Antarctic habitats – Bendia et al. – bioRxiv

The microbiome of the Black Sea water column analyzed by shotgun and genome centric metagenomics – Cabello-Yeves – Environmental Microbiome

Techniques

Obtaining deeper insights into microbiome diversity using a simple method to block host and non‐targets in amplicon sequencing – Mayer et al. – Molecular Ecology Resources

April 24th, 2021

Hyvää Päivää from Helsinki, Finland ! Today’s digest contains a wide range of topics to explore! I particularly recommend taking the time to read at the fascinating review listed below exploring horizontal gene transfer in environmental microbial communities. They describe how advances in the computational analysis of metagenomic data has allowed us to dive deeper in understanding these processes in microbiomes.

Among the list of very interesting research papers in this digest, you’ll find a fascinating study exploring the symbiotic microbial communities associated with deeper corals. Although extensive litterature has been published on coral microbiomes from shallow waters, this papers is the first to examine microbial communities associated with the deep photosymbiotic corals, living at more than 150 m of depth!

Today’s non-microbiology pick is a really interesting paper from Faldelmola and collaborators reporting on the development by the Pan-African H3Africa Bioinformatics Network of two data portals for African genomic medicine and African microbiomes datasets. The paper explore how they lead a very successful 6-days hackathon allowing to efficiently develop these two important scientific ressources, but also how they build a collaborative community of African researchers and experts.

Have a great Weekend!


General microbiome

Review: Examining horizontal gene transfer in microbial communities – Brito – Nature reviews microbiology

Preprint: Evidence for a billion-years arms race between viruses, virophages and eukaryotes – Barreat and Katzourakis – BioRxiV

Unifying community detection across scales from genomes to landscapes – Hudon et al. – Oikos

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: Adaptive ecological processes and metabolic independence drive microbial colonization and resilience in the human gut – Watson et al. – BioRxiV


Animal experiments

Diversity and characteristics of raw milk microbiota from Korean dairy farms using metagenomic and culturomic analysis – Ryu et al. – Food control

Animal microbiome

Preprint: Reclassification of seven honey bee symbiont strains as Bombella apis – Smith et al. – BioRxiV

Symbiotic associations of the deepest recorded photosynthetic scleractinian coral (172 m depth) – Rouzé et al. – ISME Journal

Metagenomic shotgun sequencing reveals host species as an important driver of virome composition in mosquitoes – Thongsripong et al. – Scientific reports

Water and extremophile microbiome

Aerobic and anaerobic iron oxidizers together drive denitrification and carbon cycling at marine iron-rich hydrothermal vents – McAllister et al. – ISME Journal

Microbial niche differentiation explains nitrite oxidation in marine oxygen minimum zones – Sun et al. – ISME Journal

Morphological complexity affects the diversity of marine microbiomes – Lemay et al. – ISME Journal

Preprint: Abundance and Microbial Diversity from Surface to Deep Water Layers Over the Rio Grande Rise, South Atlantic – Ferreira et al. – BioRxiV


Bioinformatics

Supervised extraction of near-complete genomes from metagenomic samples: A new service in PATRIC – Parrello et al. – Plos One

A roadmap for metagenomic enzyme discovery – Robinson et al. – Natural Product Reports

Techniques

Preprint: Synergistic effect of short- and long-read sequencing on functional meta-omics – Galata et al. – BioRxiV


My non-microbiology picks

H3ABioNet genomic medicine and microbiome data portals hackathon proceedings – Fadlelmola et al. – Database

April 23, 2021

Good morning from New Jersey! Lots of papers to share today, particularly regarding animal microbiota and new bioinformatics tools.

General microbiome

Human breast microbiome correlates with prognostic features and immunological signatures in breast cancer, Alice Tzeng et al., Genome Medicine

Pregnancy and early life

The infant gut resistome associates with E. coli, environmental exposures, gut microbiome maturity, and asthma-associated bacterial composition, Xuanji Li et al., Cell Host & Microbe

Multi-site human microbiome

Review: Microbiome-immune interactions in tuberculosis, Giorgia Mori et al., PLOS Pathogens

Human gut microbiome

Dynamic Changes in Microbiome Composition Following Mare’s Milk Intake for Prevention of Collateral Antibiotic Effect, Almagul Kushugulova et al., Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Review: The aging gut microbiome and its impact on host immunity, Bosco and Noti, Genes & Immunity

Animal experiments

Ingestion of Bifidobacterium longum changes miRNA levels in the brains of mice, DeVries and Horstman et al., PLOS ONE

Heat-inactivated Lactobacillus plantarum nF1 promotes intestinal health in Loperamide-induced constipation rats, Seon-Ah Park et al., PLOS ONE

The pregnane X receptor drives sexually dimorphic hepatic changes in lipid and xenobiotic metabolism in response to gut microbiota in mice, Sharon Ann Barretto et al., Microbiome

One dog’s waste is another dog’s wealth: A pilot study of fecal microbiota transplantation in dogs with acute hemorrhagic diarrhea syndrome, Arnon Gal et al., PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Diversity and functional landscapes in the microbiota of animals in the wild, Levin, Raab, Pinto, and Rothschild et al., Science

Microbiome reduction and endosymbiont gain from a switch in sea urchin life history, Tyler J. Carrier et al., PNAS

Diet and gut microbiome enterotype are associated at the population level in African buffalo, Claire E. Couch et al., Nature Communications

Coral microbiome changes over the day–night cycle, Alicia M. Caughman et al., Coral Reefs

An investigation of conventional microbial culture for the Naja atra bite wound, and the comparison between culture-based 16S Sanger sequencing and 16S metagenomics of the snake oropharyngeal bacterial microbiota, Mao and Chuang et al., PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Genome-centric analyses of seasonal phyllosphere microbiome activities in perennial crops, Adina Howe et al., bioRxiv

Influence of Plant Host and Organ, Management Strategy, and Spore Traits on Microbiome Composition, Kristi Gdanetz et al., Phytobiomes Journal

Built environment

Categorisation of culturable bioaerosols in a fruit juice manufacturing facility, Shirleen M. Theisinger et al., PLOS ONE

Bioinformatics

Preprint: Deconstructing taxa x taxa x environment interactions in the microbiota: A theoretical examination, Senay Yitbarek et al., bioRxiv

Preprint: Extended taxonomic profiling of diverse environments with mOTUs 2.6, Hans-Joachim Ruscheweyh et al., bioRxiv

Evaluation of the Microba Community Profiler for Taxonomic Profiling of Metagenomic Datasets From the Human Gut Microbiome, Donovan H. Parks et al., Frontiers in Microbiology

Supervised extraction of near-complete genomes from metagenomic samples: A new service in PATRIC, Bruce Parrello et al., PLOS ONE

April 21, 2021

General microbiome

Assessment of the microbiome during bacteriophage therapy in combination with systemic antibiotics to treat a case of staphylococcal device infection – Mu et al. – Microbiome

Pregnancy and early life

A Microbiota-Directed Food Intervention for Undernourished Children – Chen et al. – The New England Journal of Medicine

Bacterial-fungal interactions in the neonatal gut influence asthma outcomes later in life – Boutin et al. – eLife

Human vaginal microbiome

[REVIEW]The effect of different contraceptive methods on the vaginal microbiome – Bastianelli et al. – Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology

Human gut microbiome and virome

The Gut Microbiome in Progressive Multiple Sclerosis – Cox et al. – Annals of Neurology

Temporal landscape of human gut RNA and DNA virome in SARS-CoV-2 infection and severity – Zuo et al. – Microbiome

[REVIEW]The Gut Microbiome: a New Frontier in Musculoskeletal Research – Li et al. – Current Osteoporosis Reports

[REVIEW]Inflammation‐driven brain and gut barrier dysfunction in stress and mood disorders – Doney et al. – European Journal of Neuroscience

The gut microbiota is associated with clinical response to statin treatment in patients with coronary artery disease – Wang et al. – Atherosclerosis

[REVIEW]Dietary restrictions modulate the gut microbiota: Implications for health and disease – Schmidt and Lorentz – Nutrition Research

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Altering the microbiome inhibits tumorigenesis in a mouse model of oviductal high-grade serous carcinoma – Chen et al. – Cancer Research

Screening of probiotic candidates in a simulated piglet small intestine in vitro model – Hansen et al. – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Microbiome reduction and endosymbiont gain from a switch in sea urchin life history – Carrier et al. – PNAS

[PREPRINT]Evidence that faecal carriage of resistant Escherichia coli by 16-week-old dogs in the United Kingdom is associated with raw feeding and that E. coli from these dogs are shared with humans and cause opportunistic infections – Mounsey et al. – bioRxiv

Diversity structure of the microbial communities in the guts of four neotropical termite species – Vikram et al. – PeerJ

Alteration of gut microbiota with a broad‐spectrum antibiotic does not impair maternal care in the European earwig – van Meyel et al. – Journal of Evolutionary Biology

Food microbiology

The effects of vegetable pickling conditions on the dynamics of microbiota and metabolites – Sawada et al. – PeerJ

Techniques

[PREPRINT]Development of Microbiome Biomarkers for IgA: a Joint Modeling Approach – Sengupta et al. – bioRxiv

April 14, 2021

General microbiome

[REVIEW]The microbiome and human cancer – Sepich-Poore et al. – Science

[PERSPECTIVE]A framework for microbiome science in public health – Wilkinson et al. – Nature Medicine

A framework for microbiome science in public health –

Niche and local geography shape the pangenome of wastewater- and livestock-associated Enterobacteriaceae – Shaw et al. – Science Advances

Human gut microbiome

[REVIEW]Immune System, Microbiota, and Microbial Metabolites: The Unresolved Triad in Colorectal Cancer Microenvironment – Hanus et al. – Front. Immunol.

[REVIEW]Microbiome and colorectal cancer: A review of the past, present, and future – Johns & Petrelli – Surgical Oncology

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids modulate microglia and promote Aβ plaque deposition – Colombo et al. – eLife

Intestinal microbiota drives cholestasis-induced specific hepatic gene expression patterns – Juanola et al.

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

When your host shuts down: larval diapause impacts host-microbiome interactions in Nasonia vitripennis – Dittmer & Brucker – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Gut microbiota-derived inosine from dietary barley leaf supplementation attenuates colitis through PPARγ signaling activation – Li et al. – Microbiome

Important ecophysiological roles of non-dominant Actinobacteria in plant residue decomposition, especially in less fertile soils – Bao et al. – Microbiome

Rhizosphere community selection reveals bacteria associated with reduced root disease – Yin et al. – Microbiome

Shotgun metagenomics reveals distinct functional diversity and metabolic capabilities between 12 000-year-old permafrost and active layers on Muot da Barba Peider (Swiss Alps) – Perez-Mon – Microbioal Genomics

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

[PREPRINT]The Polar Night Shift: Annual Dynamics and Drivers of Microbial Community Structure in the Arctic Ocean – Wietz et al. – bioRxiv

Seafloor Incubation Experiment with Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vent Fluid Reveals Effect of Pressure and Lag Time on Autotrophic Microbial Communities – Fortunato et al. – Environmental Microbiology

Plasmids

[PREPRINT]Plasmid fitness costs are caused by specific genetic conflicts – Hall et al. – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

[PREPRINT]Comprehensive benchmarking of tools to identify phages in metagenomic shotgun sequencing data – Ho, Millard & van Schaik – bioRxiv

April 2, 2021

Good morning and happy Friday!

In my last blog post I requested reader contributions and many of you reached out! Below are some of the highlights which include a commentary on phylogenetic core groups, a preprint on viral RNA methylation in Wolbachia, a database for the murine oral bacterial community, and a research article on fungal modification in the leaf-cutter ant fungal garden ecosystem.

Events and jobs

Biological Sciences Laboratory Instructor Position at Smith College in Northampton, MA

General microbiome

***Commentary: Phylogenetic Core Groups: a promising concept in search of a consistent methodological framework – Pascual-García – Microbiome

Animal microbiome

***Preprint: Differential viral RNA methylation contributes to pathogen blocking in Wolbachia-colonized arthropod – Bhattacharya et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Isolation and characterization of a novel Wolbachia bacteriophage from Allonemobius socius crickets in Missouri – Fischer et al. – bioRxiv

***From plants to ants: Fungal modification of leaf lipids for nutrition and communication in the leaf-cutter ant fungal garden ecosystem – Khadempour et al. – mSystems

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Experimental evolution-driven identification of Arabidopsis rhizosphere competence genes in Pseudomonas protegens – Zhang et al. – bioRxiv

Built environment

Metagenomic profile of microbial communities in a drinking water storage tank sediment after sequential exposure to monochloramine, free chlorine, and monochloramine – Gomez-Alvarez et al. – ACS EST Water

Bioinformatics

***A 16S rRNA gene and draft genome database for the murine oral bacterial community – Joesph et al. – mSystems

April 1, 2021

General microbiome

Viral genomic, metagenomic and human transcriptomic characterization and prediction of the clinical forms of COVID-19 – Rodrigez et al. – PLOS Pathogens

A multiomics approach to identify host-microbe alterations associated with infection severity in diabetic foot infections: a pilot study – Radzieta – et al. – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Pregnancy and early life

Interactions between gut microbiota and metabolites modulate cytokine network imbalances in women with unexplained miscarriage – Liu et al. – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Developmental trajectory of the healthy human gut microbiota during the first 5 years of life – Roswall et al. – Cell Host & Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Compositional change of gut microbiome and osteocalcin expressing endothelial progenitor cells in patients with coronary artery disease – Toya et al. – PLOS One

Stool metabolome-microbiota evaluation among children and adolescents with obesity, overweight, and normal-weight using 1H NMR and 16S rRNA gene profiling – Jaimes et al. – PLOS One

Gut dysbiosis and mortality in hemodialysis patients – Lin et al. – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

[REVIEW]The Interplay between Diet, Gut Microbes, and Host Epigenetics in Health and Disease – Shock et al. – The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry

[REVIEW]Circadian rhythms and the gut microbiome synchronize the host’s metabolic response to diet – Lopez et al. – Cell Metabolism

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Meta-analysis identifies the effect of dietary multi-enzyme supplementation on gut health of pigs – Ramani et al. – Scientific Reports

Silicon-containing water intake confers antioxidant effect, gastrointestinal protection, and gut microbiota modulation in the rodents – Wu et al. – PLOS One

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

[PREPRINT]16S rRNA Amplicon Sequencing of Bagworm Metisa plana Walker (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) – Ting et al. – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Metagenomic analysis exploring taxonomic and functional diversity of bacterial communities of a Himalayan urban fresh water lake – Ahmad et al. – PLOS One

Geochemical and metagenomics study of a metal-rich, green-turquoise-coloured stream in the southern Swiss Alps – Buetti-Dinh – PLOS One

Phages and viruses

[REVIEW]The human virome: assembly, composition and host interactions – Liang & Bushman – Nature Reviews Microbiology

[PREPRINT]Diverse viruses carrying genes for microbial extremotolerance in the Atacama Desert hyperarid soil – Hwang et al. – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

MCPdb: The bacterial microcompartment database – Ochoa et al. – PLOS One
[Twitter]97% identity cutoff applied on humans and related species – Matthew Hahn

Techniques

Single strain control of microbial consortia – Fedorec et al. – Nature Communications

Microbes and Art

A Cultural Triumph: Microbiology Student Makes A Petri Dish Masterpiece – McCammon – npr