May 12, 2023

Today’s digest features studies on human respiratory tract, mouse models, bovine milk microbiome, and more. See you at #MVIF next week!

Respiratory tract microbiome

Review: Ecology of the respiratory tract microbiome – Ana Elena Pérez-Cobas – Trends in Microbiology

Cervicovaginal microbiome

The cervical microbiota of Hispanics living in Puerto Rico is highly volatile and dominated by Lactobacillus iners regardless of HPV status – Daniela Vargas-Robles – bioRxiv

Gut microbiome

Key determinants of success in fecal microbiota transplantation: From microbiome to clinic – Serena Porcari – Cell Host & Microbes

Profiling the human intestinal environment under physiological conditions – Dari Shalon – Nature

Interaction between gut microbiota and sex hormones and their relation to sexual dimorphism in metabolic diseases – Jose Antonio Santos-Marcos – Biology of Sex Differences

Persistent delay in maturation of the developing gut microbiota in infants with cystic fibrosis – Paige Salerno – bioRxiv

Animal microbiome

Metagenomic analysis of milk microbiota in the bovine subclinical mastitis – Giulia Alessandri – bioRxiv

Animal experiments

MetaPhlAn 4 profiling of unknown species-level genome bins improves the characterization of diet-associated microbiome changes in mice – Paolo Manghi – Cell Reports


ResMiCo: Increasing the quality of metagenome-assembled genomes with deep learning – Olga Mineeva – Plos Computational Biology


Catch me if you can: capturing microbial community transformation by extracellular DNA using Hi-C sequencing – David Calderón-Franco – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Built environment

The microbiome of an outpatient rehabilitation clinic and predictors of contamination: A pilot study – Gabriella Brigando – PlosOne

May 5, 2023

Today’s microbiome digest is a grab bag that includes ten simple rules for working with other people’s code, an article examining Wolbachia infections in native cockroach populations, and an article examining the role in lactic acid in shaping the human microbiome. Also highlighted is an article focused on human viruses residing within our cells and tissues, which demonstrated a unique virome in nine different human organs through targeted-enrichment viral metagenomics and virus specific qPCRs.

Happy reading!

General microbiome

The structure of prevacuolar compartments in Neurospora crassa as observed with super-resolution microscopy – Bowman – PLOS One

Phylogenetic trees of closely related bacterial species and subspecies based on frequencies of short nucleotide sequences – Nakano et al. – PLOS One

***Unmasking the tissue-resident eukaryotic DNA virome in humans – Pyöriä et al. – Nucleic Acids Research

Predicting partner fitness based on spatial structuring in a light-driven microbial community – Sakkos et al. – PLOS Computational Biology

Multi-site human microbiome

Evaluation of alcohol-free mouthwash for studies of the oral microbiome – Yano et al. – PLOS One

A systematically biosynthetic investigation of lactic acid bacteria reveals diverse antagonistic bacteriocins that potentially shape the human microbiome – Zhang et al. – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Positive mood-related gut microbiota in a long-term closed environment: a multiomics study based on the “Lunar Palace 365” experiment – Hao et al. – Microbiome

Animal microbiome

Wolbachia infection in native populations of Blattella germanica and Periplaneta americana – Choubdar et al. – PLOS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Bacterial and fungal community composition and community-level physiological profiles in forest soils – Kunito et al. – PLOS One

Water and extremophile microbiome

Predicting microbial community compositions in wastewater treatment plants using artificial neural networks – Liu et al. – Microbiome

Open ocean and coastal strains of the N2-fixing cyanobacterium UCYN-A have distinct transcriptomes – Muñoz-Marín et al. – PLOS One

Meta-organism gene expression reveals that the impact of nitrate enrichment on coral larvae is mediated by their associated Symbiodiniaceae and prokaryotic assemblages – Tong et al. – Microbiome


Ten simple rules for working with other people’s code – Pilgrim et al. – PLOS Computational Biology

Predicting microbe organisms using data of living micro forms of life and hybrid microbes classifier – Raza et al. – PLOS One

iPHoP: An integrated machine learning framework to maximize host prediction for metagenome-derived viruses of archaea and bacteria – Roux et al. – PLOS Biology

April 19, 2023

Pregnancy and early life

[REVIEW]The maternal gut microbiome during pregnancy and its role in maternal and infant health – Sinha et al. – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Human oral microbiome

Independent Effects of HIV and Antiretroviral Therapy on the Oral Microbiome Identified by Multivariate Analyses – Beall et al. – mBio

[REVIEW]Oral microbial changes and oral disease management before and after the treatment of hematological malignancies: a narrative review – Lin et al. – Clinical Oral Investigations

Human vaginal microbiome

[REVIEW]Gardnerella Revisited: Species Heterogeneity, Virulence Factors, Mucosal Immune Responses, and Contributions to Bacterial Vaginosis – Shvartsman et al. – Infection and Immunity

Human gut microbiome/virome

[REVIEW]Intrahost evolution of the gut microbiota – Barreta & Gordo – Nature Reviews Microbiology

The gut microbiota contributes to the pathogenesis of anorexia nervosa in humans and mice – Fan et al. – Nature Microbiology

Altered human gut virome in patients undergoing antibiotics therapy for Helicobacter pylori – Wang et al. – Nature Communications

Antibiotic treatment using amoxicillin-clavulanic acid impairs gut mycobiota development through modification of the bacterial ecosystem – Spatz et al. – Microbiome

Metabolic independence drives gut microbial colonization and resilience in health and disease – Watson et al. – Microbiome

Development of the gut microbiota in the first 14 years of life and its relations to internalizing and externalizing difficulties and social anxiety during puberty – Ou et al. – European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

Reconstructing the landscape of gut microbial species across 29,000 diverse individuals – Segota et al. – NAR

Microbiomic profiles of bile in patients with benign and malignant pancreaticobiliary disease – Poudel et al. – PLOS One

Seasonal variations in gut microbiota and disease course in patients with inflammatory bowel disease – Tani et al. – PLOS One

The convergent application of metabolites from Avena sativa and gut microbiota to ameliorate non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a network pharmacology study – Oh et al. – Journal of Translational Medicine volume

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Effects of Extended Cage Component Sanitation Interval on the Microenvironment, Health, and Gastrointestinal Microbiome of Rats (Rattus norvegicus) – Taylor et al. – Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science

Music-based interventions in the feeding environment on the gut microbiota of mice – Niu et al. – Scientific Reports

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Characterisation of the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) pouch microbiota in a captive population reveals a dysbiotic compositional profile associated with neonatal mortality – Maidment et al. – Microbiome

[PREPRINT]Microbiome variability of mosquito lines is consistent over time and across environments – Accoti et al. – bioRxiv

Differences in the luminal and mucosal gut microbiomes and metabolomes of oriental rat snake (Ptyas mucosus) – Wei et al. – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology


Improved eukaryotic detection compatible with large-scale automated analysis of metagenomes – Bazant et al. – Microbiome


Functional gene-guided enrichment plus in situ microsphere cultivation enables isolation of new crucial ureolytic bacteria from the rumen of cattle – Liu et al. – Microbiome

April 14, 2023

Today’s reading recommendation includes microbiome from sites with low anthropogenic impact, drinking water microbiome, and more.

If you have only a minute for reading then your must read is this amazing summary thread on how you should be careful with making assumptions ⬇️

See you at #MVIF next week!

Global resistome

Global trends in antimicrobial resistance on organic and conventional farms – Eldon Ager – bioRxiv

*Microbiome diversity: A barrier to the environmental spread of antimicrobial resistance? – Uli Klümper – bioRxiv

Mother-to-infant microbiome

Mother-to-infant microbiota transmission and infant microbiota development across multiple body sites – Debby Bogaert – Cell Host & Microbe

Human gut microbiome

The Local Tumor Microbiome Is Associated with Survival in Late-Stage Colorectal Cancer Patients – Justine W. Debelius – Microbiology Spectrum

Exploring Bifidobacterium species community and functional variations with human gut microbiome structure and health beyond infancy – Ruben Ladeira, Julien Tap, Muriel Derrien – Microbiome Research Reports

Water microbiome

The microbial dark matter and “wanted list” in worldwide wastewater treatment plants – Yulin Zhang – Microbiome

*Microbiome, resistome and mobilome of chlorine-free drinking water treatment systems – David Calderón-Franco – Water Research

Animal experiment

Probiotics of Lacticaseibacillus paracasei SD1 and Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus SD11 attenuate inflammation and β-cell death in streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetic mice – Jongdee Nopparat – PlosOne

Antibiotic treatment using amoxicillin-clavulanic acid impairs gut mycobiota development through modification of the bacterial ecosystem – Madeleine Spatz – Microbiome

*Experimental Factors Influence Diversity Metrics of the Gut Microbiome in Laboratory Mice – Rikeish R. Muralitharan – bioRxiv

Virome & phages

Expanding known viral diversity in the healthy infant gut – Shiraz A. Shah – Nature Microbiology

Large-scale phage cultivation for commensal human gut bacteria – Juntao Shen – Cell Host & Microbe


Reducing bias in microbiome research: Comparing methods from sample collection to sequencing – Jolanda Kool – Frontiers in Microbiology

In Vitro Modelling of Oral Microbial Invasion in the Human Colon – Lucie Etienne-Mesmin – Microbiology Spectrum


Improved eukaryotic detection compatible with large-scale automated analysis of metagenomes – Wojtek Bazant – Microbiome

March 22, 2023

Human gut microbiome

NEMoE: a nutrition aware regularized mixture of experts model to identify heterogeneous diet-microbiome-host health interactions – Xu et al. – Microbiome

The gut microbiome in social anxiety disorder: evidence of altered composition and function – Butler et al. – Translational Psychiatry

Analysis of the fecal metagenome in long-term survivors of pancreas cancer – Kharofa et al. – Cancer

Multiomic signatures of body mass index identify heterogeneous health phenotypes and responses to a lifestyle intervention – Watanabe et al. – Nature Medicine

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

New insights into the impact of microbiome on horizontal and vertical transmission of a tick-borne pathogen – Du et al. – Microbiome

Periodontitis exacerbates atherosclerosis through Fusobacterium nucleatum-promoted hepatic glycolysis and lipogenesis – Zhou et al. – Cardiovascular Research

Gut microbiota in a mouse model of obesity and peripheral neuropathy associated with plasma and nerve lipidomics and nerve transcriptomics – Guo et al. – Microbiome

Characterization of Gut Microbiome Composition in Patients with Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Treated with Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy – Vernaci et al. – The Oncologist

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Environments and host genetics influence the geographic distribution of plant microbiome structure – Wei & Tan – bioRxiv

Gut feelings: associations of emotions and emotion regulation with the gut microbiome in women – Ke et al. – Psychological Medicine

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Core species and interactions prominent in fish-associated microbiome dynamics – Yamjima et al. – Microbiome

March 8, 2023

Pregnancy and early life

[PREPRINT]The influence of early life exposures on the infant gut virome – Zhang et al. – bioRxiv

[PREPRINT]Maternal diet and gut microbiome composition modulate early life immune responses – Grant et al. – bioRxiv

Human oral microbiome

Smoking-induced subgingival dysbiosis precedes clinical signs of periodontal disease – Tamashiro et al. – Scientific Reports

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiota and risk of five common cancers: A univariable and multivariable Mendelian randomization study – Wei et al. – Cancer Medicine

The role of the sex hormone-gut microbiome axis in tumor immunotherapy – Wang et al. – Gut Microbes

[REVIEW]The Influence of the Microbiome on Aggressive Behavior: an Insight into Age Related Aggression – Gulledge, Oyebode & Donaldson – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Gnotobiotic mice housing conditions critically influence the phenotype associated with transfer of faecal microbiota in a context of obesity – Daoust et al. – Gut

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

[REVIEW]The coral microbiome: Towards an understanding of the molecular mechanisms of coral-microbiota interactions – Mohamed et al. – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Comparison of the gut microbiome and resistome in captive African and Asian elephants on the same diet – Feng et al. – Front. Vet. Sci.

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Core and conditionally rare taxa as indicators of agricultural drainage ditch and stream health and function – Shi et al. – BMC Microbiology

Species invasions shift microbial phenology in a two-decade freshwater time series – Rohwer et al. – PNAS


Controlling taxa abundance improves metatranscriptomics differential analysis – Ji & Ma – BMC Microbiology

coda4microbiome: compositional data analysis for microbiome cross-sectional and longitudinal studies – Luz Calle, Pujolassos & Susin – BMC Bioinformatics

[PREPRINT]You can move, but you can’t hide: identification of mobile genetic elements with geNomad – Camargo et al. – bioRxiv

Assembling the perfect bacterial genome using Oxford Nanopore and Illumina sequencing – Wick, Judd & Holt – PLOS Computational Biology

February 24, 2023

Human and General Microbiome

Review: Gut microbiome lipid metabolism and its impact on host physiology – Brown et al. Cell Host & Microbe

Review: Modelling human immune responses using microbial exposures in rodents – Li and Baldridge. Nature Microbiology

Gut commensal Parabacteroides distasonis alleviates inflammatory arthritis – Sun et al. Gut

An open label, non-randomized study assessing a prebiotic fiber intervention in a small cohort of Parkinson’s disease participants – Hall et al. Nature Communications

Antibiotic use and inflammatory bowel disease: number needed to harm? – Ludvigsson. Gut

Oral & Respiratory Microbiome

Oral mucosal breaks trigger anti-citrullinated bacterial and human protein antibody responses in rheumatoid arthritis – Brewer et al. Science Translational Medicine

Sputum bacterial load and bacterial composition correlate with lung function and are altered by long-term azithromycin treatment in children with HIV-associated chronic lung disease – Abotsi et al. Microbiome

Animal experiments

Genetic mapping of microbial and host traits reveals production of immunomodulatory lipids by Akkermansia muciniphila in the murine gut – Zhang et al. Nature Microbiology

Microbe-mediated intestinal NOD2 stimulation improves linear growth of undernourished infant mice – Schwarzer et al. Science

Gamma-delta T cells modulate the microbiota and fecal micro-RNAs to maintain mucosal tolerance – Rezende et al. Microbiome

Phages and viruses

Review: Bacteriophage discovery to advance biotechnology and biotherapeutics – Mu and Lawley Nature Reviews Microbiology


Impact of microbial genome completeness on metagenomic functional inference – Eisenhofer et al. ISME

Pharokka: a fast scalable bacteriophage annotation tool – Bouras et al. Bioinformatics

Non Microbiome Picks

A systems immunology study comparing innate and adaptive immune responses in adults to COVID-19 mRNA and adenovirus vectored vaccines – Ryan et al. Cell Reports Medicine

Influenza-trained mucosal-resident alveolar macrophages confer long-term antitumor immunity in the lungs – Wang et al. Nature Immunology

February 18th, 2023

Bonjour from Paris, France !

In today’s digest you will find a broad range of amazing preprints and published papers! An amazing read is a fresh preprint from Fritz and collaborator describing an exciting method of sampling in difficult to reach environments. The authors used army ants of the genus Dorylus which are foragers to survey the viral diversity of plants, vertebrate and invertebrates of the tropical forest!

Today’s non-microbiology pick is an opinion piece on the current state and limitation of viral taxonomy. In this piece, Simmonds and collaborators, provide concrete recommendations to guide the development of a coherent and comprehensive virus taxonomy.

Have a great Saturday!

Pregnancy and early life

The investigation of the association of pregnancy weight gain on maternal and neonatal gut microbiota composition and abundance using 16sRNA sequencing – Song and Liu – BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

Human gut microbiome

The diet rapidly and differentially affects the gut microbiota and host lipid mediators in a healthy population – Bourdeau-Julien et al. – Microbiome

Review: Conversations in the Gut: The Role of Quorum Sensing in Normobiosis – Markus et al. – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Review: Gut Microbiome and Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Link Yet to Be Disclosed – Illiodromiti et al. – Microorganisms

Natural Green Spaces, Sensitization to Allergens, and the Role of Gut Microbiota during Infancy – Buchholz et al. – mSystems

Animal experiments

Mimicking seasonal changes in light-dark cycle and ambient temperature modulates gut microbiome in mice under the same dietary regimen – Matsumoto et al – Plos One

Animal microbiome

Preprint: Taurine as a key intermediate for host-symbiont interaction in the tropical sponge Ianthella basta – Moeller et al. – BioRxiV

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Transmission of synthetic seed bacterial communities to radish seedlings: impact on microbiota assembly and plant phenotype – Simonin et al. – BioRxiV

Preprint: Viral but not bacterial community succession is characterized by extreme turnover shortly after rewetting dry soils – Santos-Medellin et al. – BioRxiV

Ecological drivers and potential functions of viral communities in flooded arsenic-contaminated paddy soils – Gao et al. – Science of the total environment

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: Redefinition of archetypal phytoplankton-associated bacteria taxa based on globally distributed dinoflagellates and diatoms – Yang et al. – BioRxiV

Preprint: Plastic Leachate Exposure Drives Antibiotic Resistance and Virulence in Marine Bacterial Communities – Vlaanderen et al. – BioRxiV

Phages and viruses

Preprint: African army ants at the forefront of virome surveillance in a remote tropical forest – Fritz et al. – BioRxiV


Preprint: Dancing the Nanopore limbo – Nanopore metagenomics from small DNA quantities for bacterial genome reconstruction – Simon et al. – BioRxiV

Preprint: The long and short of it: Benchmarking viromics using Illumina, Nanopore and PacBio sequencing technologies – Cook et al. – BioRxiV

Non microbiology pick

Opinion: Four principles to establish a universal virus taxonomy – Simmonds et al. – PLoS Biology

February 13, 2023

Today’s reading recommendation is a microbiota review collection edited by Lindsay Hall and Melanie Schirmer.

Happy Monday and see you at #MVIF!

Vaginal microbiome

Gardnerella Diversity and Ecology in Pregnancy and Preterm Birth – Hanna L. Berman – bioRxiv

Heterogeneity of the group B streptococcal type VII secretion system and influence on colonization of the female genital tract – Brady L. Spencer – bioRxiv

Urinary microbiome

Comparative Genomic Study of Streptococcus anginosus Reveals Distinct Group of Urinary Strains – Ananya Prasad – mSphere

Human gut

Gut microbes predominantly act as symbiotic partners rather than raw nutrients – Nuno Felipe da Silva Soares – bioRxiv

Antibiotic resistance in the commensal human gut microbiota – Lisa E Lamberte, Willem van Schaik – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Identifying glycan consumers in human gut microbiota samples using metabolic labeling coupled with fluorescence-activated cell sorting – Lharbi Dridi – Nature Communications

Animal experiments

Over supplementation with vitamin B12 alters microbe-host interactions in the gut leading to accelerated Citrobacter rodentium colonization and pathogenesis in mice – Andrew J. Forgie – Microbiome

Disturbance of lipid metabolism in germ-free mice transplanted with gut microbiota of DSS-induced colitis mice – Chungho Lee – Plos One


Accurate and fast graph-based pangenome annotation and clustering with ggCaller – Samuel T. Horsfield – bioRxiv

Brief report: uBin – a manual refining tool for genomes from metagenomes – Till L V Bornemann – Environmental Microbiology

In-situ metagenomics: A platform for rapid sequencing and analysis of metagenomes in less than one day – Javier Tamames – bioRxiv

The virtual microbiome: A computational framework to evaluate microbiome analyses – Belén Serrano-Antón – Plos One

February 8, 2023

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiota of Parkinson’s disease in an appendectomy cohort: a preliminary study – Nakahara et al. – Scientific Reports

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Microbiota-derived acetate enhances host antiviral response via NLRP3 – Niu et al. – Nature Communications

Gut microbiota remodeling improves natural aging-related disorders through Akkermansia muciniphila and its derived acetic acid – Ma et al. – Pharmacological Research

Gut microbiota-derived metabolites mediate the neuroprotective effect of melatonin in cognitive impairment induced by sleep deprivation – Wang et al. – Microbiome

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

[PREPRINT]Impacts of Age on the Gut Microbiota in Captive Giant Pandas – Li, Lui & Zhang – bioRxiv


[PREPRINT]Strain Tracking with Uncertainty Quantification – Kim et al. – bioRxiv

Efficient computation of contributional diversity metrics from microbiome data with FuncDiv – Douglas et al. – Bioinformatics