July 3rd, 2020

General microbiome

Microbiome definition re-visited: old concepts and new challenges – Berg et al. Microbiome

Large-scale metabolic interaction network of the mouse and human gut microbiota. – Lim et al. Scientific Data

Early life microbiome

Very early-life exposure to microbiota-induced TNF drives the maturation of neonatal pre-cDC1 – Kohler et al. Gut.

Human gut microbiome

Arrhythmic Gut Microbiome Signatures Predict Risk of Type 2 Diabetes – Reitmeier et al. Cell Host & Microbe

Ranking microbiome variance in inflammatory bowel disease: a large longitudinal intercontinental study – Clooney et al. Gut

Cholesterol Metabolism by Uncultured Human Gut Bacteria Influences Host Cholesterol Level – Kenny et al. Cell Host & Microbe

Amending microbiota by targeting intestinal inflammation with TNF blockade attenuates development of colorectal cancer – Yang et al. Nature Cancer

Animal microbiome

A Systematic Analysis of Mosquito-Microbiome Biosynthetic Gene Clusters Reveals Antimalarial Siderophores that Reduce Mosquito Reproduction Capacity – Ganley et al. Cell Chemical Biology

Extremophile microbiome

Microbial succession during the transition from active to inactive stages of deep-sea hydrothermal vent sulfide chimneys – Hou et al. BMC Microbiome

Phages and viruses

Phase-variable capsular polysaccharides and lipoproteins modify bacteriophage susceptibility in Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron – Porter et al. Nature Microbiology


ATLAS: a Snakemake workflow for assembly, annotation, and genomic binning of metagenome sequence data – Kieser et al. BMC Bioinformatics


High-Throughput Stool Metaproteomics: Method and Application to Human Specimens – Gonzalez et al. mSystems

Interindividual Variation in Dietary Carbohydrate Metabolism by Gut Bacteria Revealed with Droplet Microfluidic Culture – Villa et al. mSystems

June 23, 2020

Human gut microbiome

US nativity and dietary acculturation impact the gut microbiome in a diverse US population – Peters et al. – The ISME Journal

GlycA, a novel marker for low grade inflammation, reflects gut microbiome diversity and is more accurate than high sensitive CRP in reflecting metabolomic profile – Mokkala et al. – Metabolomics

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Black tea benefits short‐chain fatty acid producers but inhibits genus Lactobacillus in the gut of healthy Sprague–Dawley rats – Gao et al. – Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

A role for gut microbiota in host niche differentiation – Greene et al. – The ISME Journal

Host-microbiota interaction helps to explain the bottom-up effects of climate change on a small rodent species – Li – The ISME Journal

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Recovery of fen peatland microbiomes and predicted functional profiles after rewetting – Emsens – The IMSE Journal
Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Genomic and transcriptomic insights into methanogenesis potential of novel methanogens from mangrove sediments – Zhang et. al – Microbiome

Antibiotic resistance

Chlorine disinfection promotes the exchange of antibiotic resistance genes across bacterial genera by natural transformation – Jin et al. – The ISME Journal

Phages and viruses

Narnaviruses: novel players in fungal–bacterial symbioses – Espino-Vazquez – The ISME Journal

June 21, 2020

Hello from the Sonoran Desert! In today’s digest, you’ll find two very interesting reviews! Stagaman and collaborators come back on years of Zebra-fish gut microbiome research and explore the insights gleaned from this awesome model animal. On the other hand, François and Pybus review our understanding of avian viromes in both wild and domesticated bird populations, highlighting the current limitations and pitfalls in this research area.

But today’s digest also contains very interesting research papers! Gulino and collaborators are exploring viromes in New York city wastewater systems. This paper is particularly interesting as bacteriophages are typically left out from urban environments microbiomes studies, despite their abundance and importance in ecosystems.

Finally, today’s non-microbiology pick is a review that comes back on how information theory, developped by Claude Shannon in the late 40s, have been used in computational biology. This paper is particularly interesting for readers wanting to learn more about the basics of information theory and how it is applied today in bioinformatics.

Have a great Sunday!

Pregnancy and early life

Review: The microbiome in pediatric oncology – Rotz et al. – Cancer

Human respiratory microbiome

Metagenomic analysis of the lung microbiome in pulmonary tuberculosis – a pilot study – Hu et al. – Emerging Microbes & infections

Human vaginal microbiome

Taxonomic and Functional Differences in Cervical Microbiome Associated with Cervical Cancer Development –Nkufi Tange et al. – Scientific reports

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: The gut microbiome regulates memory function – Noble et al. – BioRxiV

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

review: Zebrafish microbiome studies make waves – Stagaman et al. – Lab Animal

Built environment (subways, indoor surfaces)

Revealing antimicrobial resistance in stormwater with MinION – Bialasek et al. – Chemosphere

Phages and viruses

Review: Towards an understanding of the avian virome –François et al. – Journal of general Virology

Initial Mapping of the New York City Wastewater Virome –Gulino et al. – mSystems


Higher order Markov models for metagenomic sequence classification – Burks et al. –Bioinformatics

Preprint: Combinatorial Algorithms for Strain Level Metagenomic Microbial Detection and Quantification –Zhu et al. –BioRxiV

Preprint: Ultra-rapid metagenotyping of the human gut microbiome – Shi et al. – BioRxiV

My non-microbiology pick

Review: Information Theory in Computational Biology: Where We Stand Today – Chanda et al. – Entropy

June 20th, 2020

Glad midsommar!

Happy midsummer to everyone from Sweden. Today’s digest is heavy on the preprints with a couple of thought-provoking editorials from the journal Nature. You will notice a lot of articles related to COVID-19. There is an interesting study that proposes the use of dogs and their sensory powers to detect CoV infections. More importantly, a preprint discusses the use of a tyrosine kinase as a potential drug and another preprint discusses the results of a massive FDA-approved drug repurposing screen for COVID. Also in the digest is an article where the researchers have shown that the gut microbiome produces neurotransmitters and another article that explains how Streptomyces spores hitchhike. Another article, although not related to our general theme, is super interesting as well. A group of scientists have proposed that the first egg of the dinosaurs was probably soft-shelled and not like the hard eggs we imagined all this time!

I am sorry for doing a lousy job today at providing a proper context and some informative introduction to today’s digest as it is the most awaited Midsommar holiday and the barbecue is calling! I hope everyone is enjoying the summer. Make sure to follow social distancing guidelines!


Preprint: Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib as a potential drug for COVID-19 – Nirmitee Sanjay Mulgaonkar, et al.

Preprint: Variant analysis of SARS-CoV-2 strains in Middle Eastern countries – Khalid M Bindayna and Shane Crinion

Preprint: Polymorphism and selection pressure of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine and diagnostic antigens: implications for immune evasion and serologic diagnostic performance – Eric Dumonteil and Claudia Herrera

Preprint: Disruption of Adaptive Immunity Enhances Disease in SARS-CoV-2 Infected Syrian Hamsters – Rebecca Brocato, et al.

Preprint: High-density amplicon sequencing identifies community spread and ongoing evolution of SARS-CoV-2 in the Southern United States – Ryan P McNamara, et al.

Preprint: Proteotyping SARS-CoV-2 virus from nasopharyngeal swabs: a proof-of-concept focused on a 3 min mass spectrometry window – Duarte Gouveia, et al.

Preprint: A single dose of recombinant VSV-∆G-spike vaccine provides protection against SARS-CoV-2 challenge – Yfat Yahalom-Ronen, et al.

Preprint: Antiviral treatment of SARS-CoV-2-infected hamsters reveals a weak effect of favipiravir and a complete lack of effect for hydroxychloroquine – Suzanne JF Kaptein, et al.

Preprint: Drug repurposing screens reveal FDA approved drugs active against SARS-Cov-2 – Mark Dittmar, et al.

Preprint: Dog Savior: Immediate Scent-Detection of SARS-COV-2 by Trained Dogs – Omar Vesga, et al.

Preprint: Evaluation of the performance of SARS-CoV-2 serological tools and their positioning in COVID-19 diagnostic strategies. – Aurélie Velay, et al.

General Microbiome

Preprint: Exploring the Stony Coral Tissue Loss Disease Bacterial Pathobiome – Deborah Iwanowicz, et al.

Preprint: Hi-C deconvolution of a textile-dye degrader microbiome reveals novel taxonomic landscapes and link phenotypic potential to individual genomes – Ayixon Sanchez-Reyes, et al.

A metabolic pathway for bile acid dehydroxylation by the gut microbiome – Masanori Funabashi, et al. – Nature

A neurotransmitter produced by gut bacteria modulates host sensory behaviour – Michael P. O’Donnell, et al. – Nature


Preprint: Novel functional insights from the Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite-specific proteome by probabilistic integration of 26 studies – Lisette Meerstein-Kessel, et al.


Preprint: Conjugal DNA transfer in the maternally inherited symbiont of tsetse flies Sodalis glossinidius – Christopher G Kendra, et al.

Preprint: Systematic analysis of REBASE identifies numerous Type I restriction-modification systems that contain duplicated, variable hsdS specificity genes that randomly switch methyltransferase specificity by recombination. – John M. Atack, et al.

Preprint: The role of LmeA, a mycobacterial periplasmic protein, in stabilizing the mannosyltransferase MptA and its product lipomannan under stress – Kathryn C Rahlwes, et al.

Preprint: Microbial piggy-back: how Streptomyces spores are transported by motile soil bacteria – Alise R. Muok, et al.


Preprint: Herbivore-induced activation of viral phosphatase disarms plant antiviral immunities for pathogen transmission – Pingzhi Zhao, et al.

Preprint: Quantifying the acquisition and retention of lumpy skin disease virus by haematophagus insects and the implications for transmission and control – Beatriz Sanz-Bernardo, et al.

Preprint: Identification of a critical horseshoe-shaped region in the nsp5 (Mpro, 3CLpro) protease interdomain loop (IDL) of coronavirus mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) – Benjamin C. Nick, et al.

Preprint: A sweep of earth’s virome reveals host-guided viral protein structural mimicry; with implications for human disease – Gorka Lasso, et al.


The first dinosaur egg was soft – Mark A. Norell, et al. – Nature

Junior researchers hit by coronavirus-triggered hiring freezes – Chris Woolston – Nature

Peer review should be an honest, but collegial, conversation Nature

June 18, 2020

Greetings from Pittsburgh!

Today’s digest is unintentionally themed around change. Included is an article on the metabolic versatility of Salmonella enterica and another on the genetic diversification of Escherichia coli. If you’re more interested in the big picture, there is also an article about the evolution of ecological niches in plant-associated microbes as well as an article about the impacts of global change on soil microbial diversity and functionality.

Here’s to hoping that we are just as resilient as the microbes we study!

Events and jobs

A special plug for the National Summer Undergraduate Research Project (NSURP). NSURP is a community-driven initiative to create rewarding remote summer research opportunities for BIPOC undergraduate students in the microbial sciences. They are actively recruiting mentors and students for this summer, with the hope to match pairs by June 22nd.

General microbiome

Salmonella finds a way: Metabolic versatility of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in diverse host environments – Taylor and Winter – PLOS Pathogens

Phylogenetic background and habitat drive the genetic diversification of Escherichia coli – Touchon et al. – PLOS Genetics

Human skin microbiome

The microbiome of diabetic foot ulcers: a comparison of swab and tissue biopsy wound sampling techniques using 16S rRNA gene sequencing – Travis et al. – BMC Microbiology

Animal experiments

MAPK-dependent hormonal signaling plasticity contributes to overcoming Bacillus thuringiensis toxin action in an insect host – Guo et al. – Nature Communications

Investigation of the effects of probiotic, Bacillus subtilis on stress reactions in laying hens using infrared thermography – Soroko and Zaborski – PLOS ONE

Gut carriage of antimicrobial resistance genes in women exposed to small-scale poultry farms in rural Uganda: A feasibility study – Weil et al. – PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Anti-microbial activity of whole blood and plasma collected from Anna’s Hummingbirds (Calypte anna) against three different microbes – DeRogatis et al. – PLOS ONE

Bacteriophages specific to Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli exist in goat feces and associated environments on an organic produce farm in Northern California, USA – Lennon et al. – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Survival of Escherichia coli O157 in autoclaved and natural sandy soil mesocosms – Baker et al. – PLOS ONE

Geometry and evolution of the ecological niche in plant-associated microbes – Chaloner et al. – Nature Communications

Meta-analysis of the impacts of global change factors on soil microbial diversity and functionality – Zhou et al. – Nature Communications

Food microbiology

Neighboring plants divergently modulate effects of loss-of-function in maize mycorrhizal phosphate uptake on host physiology and root fungal microbiota – Fabiańska et al. – PLOS ONE

Phages and viruses

Comparative analysis of viruses in four bee species collected from agricultural, urban, and natural landscapes – Olgun et al. – PLOS ONE


bigPint: A Bioconductor visualization package that makes big data pint-sized – Rutter and Cook – PLOS Computational Biology


Subduing the influence of PCR inhibitors on amplifying aged, degraded, and low copy number DNA: PCR enhancer cocktail-p and rescue PCR – Kemp et al. – PLOS ONE

Click-to-Capture: A method for enriching viable Staphylococcus aureus using bio-orthogonal labeling of surface proteins – Shalizi et al. – PLOS ONE

June 17, 2020

Hello and welcome to Wednesday’s Digest! Today’s selection includes two separate but complementary papers from Cell Host & Microbe. The first, from Brett Finlay’s lab, investigates what drives the loss of Immunoglobulin A recognition by beneficial bacteria in the gut of undernourished children. The second, from Jeffrey Gordon’s lab, examines the impact of prebiotic and microbial interventions on oral vaccination responses in a mouse model of childhood undernutrition. These papers both highlight the important relationship between nutrition, the microbiota, and host mucosal immunity.

There are also a few fungi-focused papers today as well as some interesting animal microbiome research. Tan et al. compare the microbiome of pigs and their farmers and Andrade-Oliveira et al. found that antimicrobial resistance genes from a feline oral commensal can be transferred to a human-associated staphylococci. I also want to call attention to the techniques section, especially a paper by Song and Xie in which they used CRISPR/Cas9 to deplete host contamination in 16S rRNA gene amplicon samples.

Happy reading, y’all!

Pregnancy and Early-life
Analysis of Immune, Microbiota and Metabolome Maturation in Infants in a Clinical Trial of Lactobacillus Paracasei CBA L74-fermented Formula. Roggero, P. et al. Nature Communications.

Ecological Succession in the Vaginal Microbiota During Pregnancy and Birth. Rasmussen, M.A. et al. The ISME Journal.

Neonatal Diet Alters Fecal Microbiota and Metabolome Profiles at Different Ages in Infants Fed Breast Milk or Formula. Brink, L.R. et al. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Human Milk Fungi: Environmental Determinants and Inter-Kingdom Associations With Milk Bacteria in the CHILD Cohort Study. Moossavi, S. et al. BMC Microbiology.

Profiles of Human Milk Oligosaccharides and Their Relations to the Milk Microbiota of Breastfeeding Mothers in Dubai. Ayoub, C. et al. Nutrients.

Human Milk Microbiota Development During Lactation and Its Relation to Maternal Geographic Location and Gestational Hypertensive Status. Wan, Y. et al. Gut Microbes.

Skin Microbiome
Skin Microbiota Analysis-Inspired Development of Novel Anti-Infectives. Liu, Y. et al. Microbiome.

Review: Skin Microbiome Analysis for Forensic Human Identification: What Do We Know So Far? Tozzo, P. et al. Microorganisms.

Review: Protecting the Outside: Biological Tools to Manipulate the Skin Microbiota. O’Sullivan, J.N. et al. FEMS Microbiology and Ecology.

Vaginal Microbiome
Recovery of Vaginal Microbiota After Standard Treatment for Bacterial Vaginosis Infection: An Observational Study. Lehtoranta, L. et al. Microorganisms.

Alterations in Vaginal Microbiota and Associated Metabolome in Women With Recurrent Implantation Failure. Fu, M. et al. mBio.

Gut Microbiome
Alterations of the Gut Microbiota in Patients With COVID-19 or H1N1 Influenza. Gu, S. et al. Clinical Infectious Diseases.

Alterations in the Gut Microbiome and Suppression of Histone Deacetylases by Resveratrol Are Associated with Attenuation of Colonic Inflammation and Protection Against Colorectal Cancer. Alrafas, H.R. et al. Journal of Clinical Medicine.

Long-term Dietary Intervention Reveals Resilience of the Gut Microbiota Despite Changes in Diet and Weight. Fragiadakis, G.K. et al. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Oral Microbiome
Intraoral Microbial Metabolism and Association With Host Taste Perception. Gardner, A. et al. Journal of Dental Research.

Animal Experiments
Combined Prebiotic and Microbial Intervention Improves Oral Cholera Vaccination Responses in a Mouse Model of Childhood Undernutrition. Di Luccia, B. et al. Cell Host & Microbe.

Commensal Bacteria Modulate Immunoglobulin A Binding in Response to Host Nutrition. Huus, K.E. et al. Cell Host & Microbe.

The interplay between the gut microbiota and NLRP3 activation affects the severity of acute pancreatitis in mice. Xueyang, L. et al. Gut Microbes.

Structural and functional changes of gut microbiota in ovariectomized rats and their correlations with altered bone mass. Ma, S. et al. Aging (Albany NY).

Animal Microbiome
Comparative assessment of faecal microbial composition and metabonome of swine, farmers and human control. Tan, S.C. et al. Scientific Reports.

Staphylococcus nepalensis, a Commensal of the Oral Microbiota of Domestic Cats, Is a Reservoir of Transferrable Antimicrobial Resistance. Andrade-Oliveira, A.L. et al. Microbiology.

Increasing the Hindgut Carbohydrate/Protein Ratio by Cecal Infusion of Corn Starch or Casein Hydrolysate Drives Gut Microbiota-Related Bile Acid Metabolism To Stimulate Colonic Barrier Function. Pi, Y. mSystems.

The Microbial Biogeography of the Gastrointestinal Tract of Preterm and Term Lambs. Chong, C.Y.L. et al. Scientific Reports.

Microbial Ecology of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar) Hatcheries: Impacts of the Built Environment on Fish Mucosal Microbiota. Minich, J.J. et al. Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

Dysbiosis in the Gut Microbiota of Soil Fauna Explains the Toxicity of Tire Tread Particles. Ding, J. et al. Environmental Science and Technology.

Insect Microbiome
Dietary Adaptation of Microbiota in Drosophila Requires NF-κB-Dependent Control of the Translational Regulator 4E-BP. Vandehoef, C. et al. Cell Reports.

Responses of soil and earthworm gut bacterial communities to heavy metal contamination. Liu, P. et al. Environmental Pollution.

Effect of Life Stage and Pesticide Exposure on the Gut Microbiota of Aedes Albopictus and Culex Pipiens L. Juma, E.O. et al. Scientific Reports.

Caterpillar Gut and Host Plant Phylloplane Mycobiomes Differ: A New Perspective on Fungal Involvement in Insect Guts. Višňovská, D. et al. FEMS Microbiology Ecology.

Plant, Root, and Soil Microbiome
The Response of Soil and Phyllosphere Microbial Communities to Repeated Application of the Fungicide Iprodione: Accelerated Biodegradation or Toxicity? Katsoula, A. et al. FEMS Microbiology Ecology.

Host Genotype Explains Rhizospheric Microbial Community Composition: The Case of Wild Cotton Metapopulations (Gossypium Hirsutum L.) in Mexico. Hernández-Terán, A. et al. FEMS Microbiology Ecology.

Review: Microbiome Approaches Provide the Key to Biologically Control Postharvest Pathogens and Storability of Fruits and Vegetables. Kusstatscher, P. et al FEMS Microbiology and Ecology.

Review: The Plant Microbiome: From Ecology to Reductionism and Beyond. Fitzpatrick, C.R. et al. Annual Review of Microbiology.

Water Microbiome
Persistence of Wastewater Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria and Their Genes in Human Fecal Material. Scaccia, N. et al. FEMS Microbiolgy Ecology.

Review: Microorganisms Populating the Water-Related Indoor Biome. Babič, M.N. et al. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Introducing Lu-1, a Novel Lactobacillus Jensenii Phage Abundant in the Urogenital Tract. Miller-Ensminger, T. et al. PLoS ONE.

Review: Bacteriophage-mediated Manipulation of the Gut Microbiome – Promises and Presents Limitations. Rasmussen, T.S. et al. FEMS Microbiology Reviews.

gutMEGA: A Database of the Human Gut MEtaGenome Atlas. Zhang, Q. et al. Briefings in Bioinformatics.

Engineering CRISPR/Cas9 to mitigate abundant host contamination for 16S rRNA gene-based amplicon sequencing. Song, L. and Xie, K. Microbiome.

Optimization and Standardization of the Culturomics Technique for Human Microbiome Exploration. Diakite, A. et al. Scientific Reports

Direct detection of mRNA expression in microbial cells by fluorescence in situ hybridization using RNase H-assisted rolling circle amplification. Takahashi, H. et al. Scientific Reports.

June 13, 2020

Somewhat of a brief digest for today, but to make up for that, the long-awaited results of the PREDICT I study were published in Nature Medicine!

Human gut microbiome

Human postprandial responses to food and potential for precision nutrition – Berry et al. – Nature Medicine

Insect microbiome

Shotgun sequencing of honey DNA can describe honey bee derived environmental signatures and the honey bee hologenome complexity – Bovo et al. – Scientific Reports

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Low Turnover of Soil Bacterial rRNA at Low Temperatures – Schostag et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: Diatom Modulation of Microbial Consortia Through Use of Two Unique Secondary Metabolites – Shibl et al. – bioRxiv

Complementary sampling methods for coral histology, metabolomics, and microbiome – Greene et al. – Methods in Ecology and Evolution

Phages and viruses

Preprint: Phage infection mediates inhibition of bystander bacteria – Chatterjee et al. – bioRxiv

Depth-related variability in viral communities in highly stratified sulfidic mine tailings – Gao et al. – Microbiome


GAD: A Python Script for Dividing Genome Annotation Files into Feature-Based Files – Yasser et al. – Interdisciplinary Sciences: Computational Life Sciences

June 6, 2020

Short digest for today, but I’d like to draw attention to two studies on creative techniques to reduce contamination by host DNA sequences: one using PCR blocking primers to improve 16S rDNA sequencing, and the other on using CRISPR-Cas systems to assist with 18S rDNA sequencing. Happy reading!

Human gut microbiome

Review: Gut Microbial Metabolites and Blood Pressure Regulation: Focus on SCFAs and TMAO – Poll et al. – Physiology

Review: Trial Watch: the gut microbiota as a tool to boost the clinical efficacy of anticancer immunotherapy – Daillerè et al. – OncoImmunology

Human oral microbiome

Well‐maintained patients with a history of periodontitis still harbor a more disbiotic microbiome than health – Lu et al. – Periodontology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Contrasting soil microbial abundance and diversity on and between pasture drill rows in the third growing season after sowing – Hayes et al. – Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems

A novel PCR clamping assay reducing plant host DNA amplification significantly improves prokaryotic endo-microbiome community characterization – Lefèvre et al. – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Diverse viruses have restricted biogeography in deep-sea hydrothermal vent fluids – Thomas et al. – bioRxiv

Mercury methylation by metabolically versatile and cosmopolitan marine bacteria – Lin et al. – bioRxiv

Phages and viruses

A tissue level atlas of the healthy human virome – Kumata et al. – BMC Biology

Review: Deep Roots and Splendid Boughs of the Global Plant Virome – Dolja et al. – Annual Review of Phytopathology


An empirical Bayes approach to normalization and differential abundance testing for microbiome data – Liu et al. – BMC Bioinformatics


The use of CRISPR-Cas Selective Amplicon Sequencing (CCSAS) to reveal the eukaryotic microbiome of metazoans – Zhong et al. – bioRxiv

June 5, 2020

Today’s digest features a review on genetic variability within species in microbiomes, a study on Lactobacilli in the human nose, a new episode of Microbiology Lab Pod with the latest science news on functional metagenomics, a novel resistance gene called GAR, and more. Happy reading/listening!

General microbiome

*Diversity within species: interpreting strains in microbiomes – Thea Van Rossum – Nature Reviews

Earth microbial co-occurrence network reveals interconnection pattern across microbiomes – Bin Ma – Microbiome

Oral and nasal microbiome

Local oral and nasal microbiome diversity in age-related macular degeneration – Jacob Rullo – Scientific Reports

*Lactobacilli Have a Niche in the Human Nose – Ilke De Boeck – Cell Reports

Gut microbiome

Resistant maltodextrin intake reduces virulent metabolites in the gut environment: randomized control study in a Japanese cohort – Yuichiro Nishimoto – MedRxiv

Pregnancy and early life

One year cross-sectional study in adult and neonatal intensive care units reveals the bacterial and antimicrobial resistance genes profiles in patients and hospital surfaces – Ana Paula Christoff – PlosOne

Animal microbiome

Cecal microbiome composition and metabolic function in probiotic treated broilers – Denise R. Rodrigues – PlosOne

Characterization of native Escherichia coli populations from bovine vagina of healthy heifers and cows with postpartum uterine disease – Candelaria Gonzalez Moreno – PlosOne

Animal experiments

Structural and Functional Changes of Gut Microbiota in Ovariectomized Rats and Their Correlations With Altered Bone Mass – Sicong Ma – Aging

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Dissecting the effect of continuous cropping of potato on soil bacterial communities as revealed by high-throughput sequencing – Jing Zhao – Plos One

Water microbiome

Increasing flow rate reduces biofouling and colonization by filamentous bacteria in drippers fed with reclaimed wastewater – Kevin Lequette – bioRxiv

Phages and viruses

Integration of phage and yeast display platforms: A reliable and cost effective approach for binning of peptides as displayed on-phage – Priyanka Pandya – PlosOne

Freshwater viral metagenome reveals novel and functional phage-borne antibiotic resistance genes – Kira Moon – Microbiome


Estimating Microbial Interaction Network: Zero-inflated Latent Ising Model Based Approach– Jie Zhou – bioRxiv

Assessment of statistical methods from single cell, bulk RNA-seq and metagenomics applied to microbiome data – Matteo Calgaro – bioRxiv


Updated ATLAS of Biochemistry with New Metabolites and Improved Enzyme Prediction Power– Jasmin Hafner – Synthetic Biology

Inferring Active Metabolic Pathways from Proteomics and Essentiality Data – Ariadna Montero-Blay – Cell Reports


*May 2020 Pod: Discovering novel resistance genes and how bacteria become virulent – Bengtsson-Palme Lab and Marlies Böhm – Microbiology Lab Pod

June 4, 2020

General microbiome

Cultivation-independent and cultivation-dependent metagenomes reveal genetic and enzymatic potential of microbial community involved in the degradation of a complex microbial polymer – Costa et al. – Microbiome

Human microbiome

Review – Host–microbiota interactions in immune-mediated diseases. Ruff et al. – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbial diversity, inflammation, and oxidative stress are associated with tacrolimus dosing requirements early after heart transplantation – Jennings et al. PLOS One

Review – Interaction between drugs and the gut microbiome – Weersma et al. – Gut

Mucosal Microbiota and Metabolome along the Intestinal Tract Reveal a Location-Specific Relationship – Yuan et al. mSystems

Animal microbiome

The Gut Microbiota Communities of Wild Arboreal and Ground-Feeding Tropical Primates Are Affected Differently by Habitat Disturbance – Barelli et al. mSystems.

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Diversity of isoprene-degrading bacteria in phyllosphere and soil communities from a high isoprene-emitting environment: a Malaysian oil palm plantation – Carrion et al. Microbiome


Probiotics for the prevention of antibiotic-associated adverse events in children—A scoping review to inform development of a core outcome set – Lukasik et al. –  PLOS One

Phages and viruses

Predicting host taxonomic information from viral genomes: A comparison of feature representations – Young et al. PLOS Comp Biology. 

Freshwater viral metagenome reveals novel and functional phage-borne antibiotic resistance genes – Moon et al. Microbiome.


The hidden layers of microbial community structure: extracting the concealed diversity dimensions from our sequencing data – Fasolo et al. – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Compositional Lotka-Volterra describes microbial dynamics in the simplex – Joseph et al. PLOS Computational Biology.


Prokaryotic single-cell RNA sequencing by in situ combinatorial indexing – Blattman et al. – Nature Microbiology.