May 25, 2017

A review on the “vine and wine” microbiomes, a fungus that can infect and kill mosquitos through interaction with the gut microbiota, an introduction to the viruses of coral reefs.

General microbiome

The Role of Microbiota and Immunobiotics in Granulopoiesis of Immunocompromised Hosts – Susana Salva – Frontiers in Immunology

Successive range expansion promotes diversity and accelerates evolution in spatially structured microbial populations – Felix Goldschmidt – The ISME Journal

Human gut microbiome

TGF-β in inflammatory bowel disease: a key regulator of immune cells, epithelium, and the intestinal microbiota – Sozaburo Ihara – Journal of Gastroenterology

Review: Towards an Integrative Understanding of Diet–Host–Gut Microbiome Interactions – Mark N Read – Frontiers in Immunology

Review: Genes, emotions and gut microbiota: The next frontier for the gastroenterologist – Arturo Panduro – World Journal of Gastroenterology

Animal experiments

Modulation of the gut microbiota impacts non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a potential role for bile acids – Aafke WF Janssen – Journal of Lipid Research

Antimicrobial peptides extend lifespan in Drosophila – Gerrit Loch – PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Bacterial diversity of cosmopolitan Culex pipiens and invasive Aedes japonicus from Germany – Sina Zotzmann – Parasitology Research

Comparison of Microbiomes between Red Poultry Mite Populations (Dermanyssus gallinae): Predominance of Bartonella-like Bacteria – Jan Hubert – Microbial Ecology

* Insect pathogenic fungus interacts with the gut microbiota to accelerate mosquito mortality – Ge Wei – PNAS

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Leaf bacterial diversity mediates plant diversity and ecosystem function relationships – Isabelle Laforest-Lapointe – Nature

Alpine soil carbon is vulnerable to rapid microbial decomposition under climate cooling – Linwei Wu – The ISME Journal

Review: From Vineyard Soil to Wine Fermentation: Microbiome Approximations to Explain the “terroir” Concept – Ignacio Belda – Frontiers in Microbiology

Phages and viruses

Differentiation and Structure in Sulfolobus islandicus Rod-Shaped Virus Populations – Maria A Bautista – Viruses

Review: Virus–host interactions and their roles in coral reef health and disease – Rebecca Vega Thurber – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Metabolomics

Inter-individual Recovery of the Microbiota and Metabolome Over Time Following Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Patients with Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection – Anna M Seekatz – bioRxiv

Metabolic profiling by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of energy metabolism in high-fat diet-fed obese mice – Daxesh P Patel – PLOS ONE

Review: Livestock metabolomics and the livestock metabolome: A systematic review – Seyed Ali Goldansaz – PLOS ONE

Techniques

Review: A diverse community to study communities: integration of experiments and mathematical models to study microbial consortia – Antonella Succurro – Journal of Bacteriology

More microbes

Decoding and reprogramming fungal iterative nonribosomal peptide synthetases – Dayu Yu – Nature Communications

Microbes in the news

Companies Pursue Diagnostics that Mine the Microbiome – Andrea Anderson – The Scientist

The fungal microbiome contributes to alcohol-induced liver damage in mice – EurekAlert

May 21, 2017

Events and jobs

FULLY FUNDED POSTDOCTORAL FELLOW POSITION TO STUDY MICROBIOME-BEHAVIOR INTERACTIONS: PORTUGAL

General microbiome

Bioinorganic antimicrobial strategies in the resistance era – Regiel-Futyra et al, Coordination Chemistry Reviews

Biofilm microenvironment induces a widespread adaptive amino-acid fermentation pathway conferring strong fitness advantage in Escherichia coli – Letoffe et al, PLoS Genetics

A bloodstream infection by Ruminococcus gnavus in a patient with a gall bladder perforation – Kim et al, Anerobe

Microbial community compositional analysis for membrane bioreactor treating antibiotics containing wastewater – Zhu et al, Chemical Engineering Journal

Thermophilic Moorella thermoautotrophica-immobilized cathode enhanced microbial electrosynthesis of acetate and formate from CO2 – Yu et al, Bioelectrochemistry

Arumberiamorph structure in modern microbial mats: implications for Ediacaran palaeobiology – Kolesnikov et al, Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France

Succession in the petroleum reservoir microbiome through an oil field production lifecycle – Vigneron et al, ISME

Human respiratory microbiome

Population Genomic Analysis of 1,777 Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolates, Houston, Texas: Unexpected Abundance of Clonal Group 307 – Long et al, Mbio

Human oral microbiome

Pro-resolving mediators in the regulation of periodontal disease – Van Dyke, Molecular Aspects of Medicine

A structure-derived snap-trap mechanism of a multispecific serpin from the dysbiotic human oral microbiome – Goulas et al, Journal of Biological Chemistry

Human gut microbiome

Is frozen fecal microbiota transplantation as effective as fresh fecal microbiota transplantation in patients with recurrent or refractory clostridium difficile infection: a meta-analysis? – Tang et al, Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease

Weight-loss interventions and gut microbiota changes in overweight and obese patients: a systematic review – Seganfredo et al, Obesity Reviews

 

Dysbiosis of Gut Microbiome and Its Impact on Epigenetic Regulation – Lee et al, Journal of Clinical Epigenetics

Hypoxia and Inactivity Related Physiological Changes (Constipation, Inflammation) Are Not Reflected at the Level of Gut Metabolites and Butyrate Producing Microbial Community: The PlanHab Study – Sket et al, Frontiers in Physiology

Is there a potential role of fecal microbiota transplantation in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease? – Eun, Intestinal Research

Diet and contaminants: driving the rise to obesity epidemics? – Di Ciaula and Portincasa, Current Medical Chemistry

How to: Establish and run a stool bank – Terveer et al, Clinical Microbiology and Infection

Animal experiments

Transforming growth factor β: a master regulator of the gut microbiota and immune cell interactions – Bauche and Marie, Clinical and Translational Immunology

Aloin, a Component of the Aloe Vera Plant Leaf, Induces Pathological Changes and Modulates the Composition of Microbiota in the Large Intestine of F344/N Male Rats – Boudraeu et al, Toxicology Science

Diabetes-associated microbiota in fa/fa rats is modified by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass – Arora et al, ISME

Absorption and degradation of sulfated polysaccharide from pacific abalone in in vitro and in vivo models – Ai et al, Journal of Functional Foods

Dietary ZnO nanoparticles alters intestinal microbiota and inflammation response in weaned piglets – Xia et al, Oncotarget

Dietary delta-tocotrienol favors abundance and diversity of beneficial microbiomes in obese male mice – Shen et al, FASEB

Bile acid binding resin prevents fat accumulation through intestinal microbiota in high-fat diet-induced obesity in mice – Kusumoto et al, Metabolism

In vitro ability of mastitis causing pathogens to form biofilms – Schonborn et al, Journal of Dairy Research

Dysbiosis of Intestinal Microbiota and Decreased Antimicrobial Peptide Level in Paneth Cells during Hypertriglyceridemia-Related Acute Necrotizing Pancreatitis in Rats – Huang et al, Frontiers in Microbiology

Effects of replacing Leymus chinensis with whole-crop wheat hay on Holstein bull apparent digestibility, plasma parameters, rumen fermentation, and microbiota – Niu et al, Scientific Reports

Physiological responses of insects to microbial fermentation products: insights from the interactions between Drosophila and acetic acid – Kim et al, Journal of Insect Physiology

Animal microbiome

Molecular detection by analysis of the 16S rRNA gene of fecal coliform bacteria from the two Korean Apodemus species (Apodemus agrarius and A. peninsulae) – Rahman et al, Genetics and Molecular Research

Detection and genetic characterization of Pasteurella multocida from alpaca (Vicugna pacos) pneumonia cases – Rimac et al, Tropical Animal Health and Production

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Soil depth and crop determinants of bacterial communities under ten biofuel cropping systems – Zhang et al, Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Ground cover and slope exposure effects on micro- and mesobiota in forest soils – Gomez-Brandon et al, Ecological Indicators

Root chemical traits and their roles in belowground biotic interactions – Tsunoda and van Dam, Pedobiologia

Proteomics analysis of Fusarium proliferatum under various initial pH during fumonisin production – Li et al, Journal of Proteomics

Culturable bacterial diversity from the chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) phyllosphere and antagonism against the fungi causing the chestnut blight and ink diseases – Valverde et al, AIMS Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

The removal of nitrogen compounds from farming wastewater – The effect of different carbon substrates and different microbial activators – Mankiewicz-Boczek et al, Ecological Engineering

How do physicochemical properties influence the toxicity of silver nanoparticles on freshwater decomposers of plant litter in streams? – Batista et al, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

The heterogeneity of composition and assembly processes of the microbial community between different nutrient loading lake zones in Taihu Lake – Zhao et al, Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Towards a sustainable biobased industry – Highlighting the impact of extremophiles – Kruger et al, New Biotechnology

Distribution and genetic diversity of microbial populations in the pilot-scale biofilter for simultaneous removal of ammonia, iron and manganese from real groundwater – Cheng et al, Chemosphere

Pilot plant demonstration of stable and efficient high rate biological nutrient removal with low dissolved oxygen conditions – Keene et al, Water Research

Study on The Removal of Hexavalent Chromium from Contaminated Groundwater using Emulsified Vegetable Oil – Wen et al, Process Safety and Environmental Protection

A Novel Roseosiphophage Isolated from the Oligotrophic South China Sea – Yang et al, Viruses

Oxidative Stickland reactions in an obligate aerobic organism — amino acid catabolism in the Crenarchaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus – Stark et al, FEBS

Microbial Diversity in Extreme Marine Habitats and Their Biomolecules – Poli et al, Microorganisms

Methanogenic community was stable in two contrasting freshwater marshes exposed to elevated atmospheric CO2 – Lin et al, Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant-microbial interactions in agriculture and the use of farming systems to improve diversity and productivity – Ishaq, AIMS Microbiology

Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on survival and growth of micropropagated Comanthera mucugensis spp. mucugensis (Eriocaulaceae) – Pereira et al, African Journal of Agricultural Research

Native communities of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Capsicum annuum L. respond to soil properties and agronomic management under field conditions – Carballar-Hernandez et al, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment

Food microbiology

Microbial cell-free extracts affect the biochemical characteristics and sensorial quality of sourdough bread – Cavallo et al, Food Chemistry

Analysis of the microbiota of refrigerated chopped parsley after treatments with a coating containing enterocin AS-48 or by high-hydrostatic pressure – Burgos et al, Food Research International

Microorganisms Found in MPR and Packaged Produce and Their Detection Methods – Acar and Soyer, Minimally Processed Refridgerated Fruits and Vegetables, Food Engineering Series

Applications of Kluyveromyces marxianus in Biotechnology – Varela et al, Yeast Diversity in Human Welfare

Mucin- and carbohydrate-stimulated adhesion and subproteome changes of the probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM – Celebioglu et al, Journal of Proteomics

Techniques

Metaproteomics-guided selection of targeted enzymes for bioprospecting of mixed microbial communities – Speda et al, Biotechnology Biofuels

Microbes in the news

Probiotics are popular, but some questions remain – Reading Eagle

May 6, 2017

Events and jobs

Trainee Microbiology Analyst – Eurofins Lancaster Laboratories

General microbiome

*Review: Optimizing methods and dodging pitfalls in microbiome research – Dorothy Kim – Microbiome

*Book: Dirt Is Good: The Advantage of Germs for Your Child’s Developing Immune System – Jack Gilbert, Rob Knight

Human gut microbiome

*Review: Ménage à trois in the human gut: interactions between host, bacteria and phages – Mohammadali Khan Mirzaei – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Animal microbiome

The functional microbiome of arthropods – Mauro Degli Esposti – PLOS ONE

A comparative study of gut microbiota profiles of earthworms fed in three different substrates – Dianfeng Liu – Symbiosis

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Breaking continuous potato cropping with legumes improves soil microbial communities, enzyme activities and tuber yield – Shuhao Qin – PLOS ONE

Study on the effect of soil beneficial microorganisms on the growth of kiwifruit – Huihe Li – Biomedical Research

Water and extremophile microbiome

Contribution of different bacterial dispersal sources to lakes: Population and community effects in different seasons – Jérôme Comte – Environmental Microbiology

*Review: The life sulfuric: microbial ecology of sulfur cycling in marine sediments – Kenneth Wasmund – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Fine stratification of microbial communities through a metagenomic profile of
the photic zone – Jose M. Haro-Moreno – bioRxiv

Probiotics / prebiotics

Effect of dietary supplementation with Lactobacillus acidophilus D2/CSL (CECT 4529) on caecum microbioma and productive performance in broiler chickens – Alessandra De Cesare – PLOS ONE

Bioinformatics

BusyBee Web: metagenomic data analysis by bootstrapped supervised binning and annotation – CC Laczny – Nucleic Acids Research

Techniques

*Highlight: How to see more: double hybridization to reveal ecological differentiation among close bacterial relatives – Stefan Bertilsson – Environmental Microbiology

Comparative analysis of the sensitivity of metagenomic sequencing and PCR to detect a biowarfare simulant (Bacillus atrophaeus) in soil samples – Delphine Plaire – PLOS ONE

Microbes in the news

The Invisible Secret That Will Change Your Skin Forever – Rachel Krause – Refinery29

Improve your skin microbiome – Cassie Shortsleeve – Furthermore

Dormant bacteria trapped in ice could be released by climate change – Alayna Treene – Axios

Microbes on the market

Commense Licenses UBC’s Microbiome Therapeutic for Preventing Childhood Asthma – Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News

Bacteria Hysteria

Why Bacteria Are More Threatening Than Ever – Alice Park – Time

Science, publishing, and career

Infection and Immunity welcomes the new microbiology – Andreas J. Bäumler – Infection and Immunity

April 18, 2017

Today’s digest hosts a number of rhizosphere-related publications as well as a good amount of interesting microbiome-host-health science.  Coming up next week is BioData World West 2017, a conference focused on Genomics/Precision Medicine/AI that I will be attending – I’ll keep an eye out for anything microbiome-related!

Events and jobs

2017 Metagenomics Workshop – Edwards Lab Event (Bioinformatics)

BioData World West 2017 – Precision Medicine, AI, Genomics Conference

General microbiome

Biological Determinants of Health: Genes, Microbes, and Metabolism Exemplars of Nursing Science – Erin P. Ferranti – Nursing Outlook

* Microbiotal-Host Interactions and Hypertension – Sarah Galla – Physiology

Multi-site human microbiome

The Landscape Ecology and Microbiota of the Human Nose, Mouth, and Throat – Diana M. Proctor – Cell Host & Microbe

Human respiratory microbiome

* The microbiome in respiratory medicine: current challenges and future perspectives – Rosa Faner – European Respiratory Journal

Human skin microbiome

Living in Peace: Host-Microbiota Mutualism in the Skin – Daniel J. Campbell – Cell Host & Microbe

Human gut microbiome

The Gut Microbiome: Connecting Spatial Organization to Function – Carolina Tropini – Cell Host & Microbe

Lactobacillus casei DG and its postbiotic reduce the inflammatory mucosal response: an ex-vivo organ culture model of post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome – Compare D – BMC Gastroenterology

Animal experiments

Age-Associated Microbial Dysbiosis Promotes Intestinal Permeability, Systemic Inflammation, and Macrophage Dysfunction – Netusha Thevaranjan – Cell Host & Microbe

Animal microbiome

PrePrint – Succession of embryonic and intestinal bacterial communities of Atlantic salmon – Jep Lokesh – bioRxiv

The Role of Rumen Microbiome on Feed Efficiency of Grazing Cattle [page 138] – Leluo Guan – 28th Annual Florida Ruminant Nutrition Symposium

Structure and dynamics of the gut bacterial microbiota of the bark beetle, Dendroctonus rhizophagus (Curculionidae: Scolytinae) across their life stages – Carlos Iván Briones-Roblero – PLOS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The role of soil chemistry and plant neighbourhoods in structuring fungal communities in three Panamanian rainforests – Tyler Schappe – Journal of Ecology

Host plant compatibility shapes the proteogenome of Frankia coriariae – Amir Ktari – Frontiers in Microbiology

Managing and manipulating the rhizosphere microbiome for plant health: A systems approach – Matthew D. Wallenstein – Rhizosphere

In vitro and In vivo biofilm formation by Azotobacter isolates and its relevance to rhizosphere colonization – Mohd. Musheer Altaf – Rhizosphere

Metabolism of pyrene through phthalic acid pathway by enriched bacterial consortium composed of Pseudomonas, Burkholderia, and Rhodococcus (PBR) – Sagar Vaidya – 3 Biotech

Effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on soil microbial communities and wheat biomass – Janine Moll – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

The effect of simulated warming on root dynamics and soil microbial community in an alpine meadow of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau – Changting Wang – Applied Soil Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Impacts of sea-level rise on sediment microbial community structure and function in two New England salt marshes, USA – Matt R. Simon – Journals of Soils and Sediments

A critical assessment of the microorganisms proposed to be important to enhanced biological phosphorus removal in full-scale wastewater treatment systems – Mikkel Stokholm-Bjerregaard – Frontiers in Microbiology

Applicability of cryoconite consortia of microorganisms and glacier-dwelling animals in astrobiological studies – Krzysztof Zawierucha – Contemporary Trends in Geoscience

Built environment

Review – Microbiological diagnosis of device-related biofilm infections – Yijuan Xu – APMIS

Patent Application – MONITORING AND MANAGING A FACILITY MICROBIOME – Dillon, Harrison – Free Patents Online

Microbes in space

Origins of Life on Mars: NASA’s Rovers Were Never Sterilized – Rhawn Gabriel Joseph – Cosmology.com

Phages and viruses

Mini Review Article – Phages in the Human Body – Ferran Navarro – Frontiers in Microbiology

Bioinformatics

* A Concurrent Subtractive Assembly Approach for Identification of Disease Associated Sub-metagenomes – Wontack Han – Research in Computational Molecular Biology. RECOMB 2017.

Techniques

Effect of environmental variation on estimating the bacterial species richness – Jongjian Chen – Frontiers in Microbiology

Thesis – USE OF MOLECULAR METHODS IN BIOTHREAT PREPAREDNESS – Katja Koskela – National Defense University: Research Publications No. 13

Microbes in the news

Pets During Pregnancy Trigger Gut Bacteria Changes for Infants That May Cut Obesity Risk, Study Finds

Gut microbiome dysregulation implicated in OCD

Microbes on the market

Innovative Microbiome-based IBD Therapeutics to Be Developed Under New Partnership

Microbiome drug candidate prevents recurrence of C. difficile infection

Ed’s non-microbiology picks

Climate change causes glacial river in Yukon to change direction

Self-taught artificial intelligence beats doctors at predicting heart attacks

Stroke rates appear to be rising steadily in young adults

Costs of Selective Attention: When Children Notice What Adults Miss – Daniel J. Plebanek – APS

California Dryness and Recovery Challenge Multi-Century Odds

April 15, 2017

Few interesting articles for your Saturday morning digest:   Urbanization alters the physicochemical environment: A new study suggests that urban soil archaeal and bacterial communities are not vulnerable to biodiversity loss, whereas global diversity loss of ectomycorrhizal fungi was observed.  Researchers believe they have found a method of hunting for buried landmines and explosive devices using a combination of engineered bacteria and lasers.    And another reason to be engaged in sports activities: a study highlights differences of microbiota and secondary metabolites in elite athletes.

General microbiome

Remote detection of buried landmines using a bacterial sensor – Shimshon Belkin – Nature Biotech

Next-generation approaches to understand and combat the antibiotic resistome – Terence S. Crofts – Nature Reviews

Human Oral Microbiome

Microbiomes of the normal middle ear and ears with chronic otitis media – Shujiro B. Minami – Laryngoscope

Human gut microbiome

The microbiome of professional athletes differs from that of more sedentary subjects in composition and particularly at the functional metabolic level– Wiley Barton – Gut

The MS-Associated Gut Microbiome – Sergio E Baranzini – Multiple Sclerosis Journal

Mental Health

Oral treatment with Lactobacillus rhamnosus attenuates behavioral deficits and immune changes in chronic social stress – Aadil Bharwani – BMC Medicine

Animal microbiome

Complete Genome Sequence of Akkermansia glycaniphila Strain PytT, a Mucin-Degrading Specialist of the Reticulated Python Gut – Janneke P. Ouwerkerk – Genome Announcements

Water and extremophile microbiome

Spatial variation in bacterial community in natural wetland-river-sea ecosystems
Hongxia Zhang – J. of Basic Microbiology

Built environment

Urbanization erodes ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity and may cause microbial communities to converge – Dietrich JE Schmidt -Nature Ecology & Evolution

Prebiotics

Prebiotic evaluation of red seaweed (Kappaphycus alvarezii) using in vitro colon model – DM Bajury – International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

April 11, 2017

In today’s Microbiome Digest the first interesting study comes not from bacteria but from virus domain. Examining the genomes within a sample from a wastewater treatment plant in Austria, Schulz et al. assembled a previously undiscovered giant virus genome with more genes encoding components of the protein translation machinery than in other giant viruses. The second highlighted  study introduces new oleaginous microalga as a new potential source of compounds for biotechnological applications.

Events and jobs

QC Microbiology Analyst – Dublin, Ireland

Assistant Lecturer in Microbiology – Sligo, Ireland

General microbiome

The genetics of human longevity: an intricacy of genes, environment, culture and microbiome – Serena Dato – Mechanisms of Ageing and Development

Pregnancy and early life

Correlation between early-life regulation of the immune system by microbiota and allergy development – Thomas Gensollen – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Microbial Community Assembly And Metabolite Profile Of The Gut Microbiome In Extremely Low Birthweight Infants – Stephen Wandro – bioRxiv

Molecular Insight into Evolution of Symbiosis between Breast-Fed Infants and a Member of the Human Gut Microbiome Bifidobacterium longum – Chihaya Yamada – Cell Chemical Biology

A Comparative Study of Oral Microbiota in Infants with Complete Cleft Lip and Palate or Cleft Soft Palate – Agnieszka Machorowska-Pieniążek – BioMed Research International

Effect of probiotics on digestibility and immunity in infants: A study protocol for a randomized controlled trial – Lingli Xiao – Medicine

Human respiratory microbiome

Airway microbial dysbiosis in asthmatic patients: A target for prevention and treatment? – Kian Fan Chung – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Oral microbiome

Measuring nitrate reductase activity from human and rodent tongues – Khandaker Ahtesham Ahmed – Nitric Oxide

Streptococcal adhesin SspA/B analogue peptide inhibits adherence and impacts biofilm formation of Streptococcus mutans – Tatsuro Ito – PLOSOne

Characterization of growth inhibition of oral bacteria by sophorolipid using a microplate-format assay – Daniel K.Y. Solaiman – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Salivary microbiome of an urban Indian cohort and patterns linked to subclinical inflammation  – Aneesha Acharya – Oral Diseases

Second Era of OMICS in Caries Research: Moving Past the Phase of Disillusionment – M.M. Nascimento – Journal of Dental Research

Human skin microbiome

Bacterial communities on facial skin of teenage and elderly Thai females – Naraporn Somboonna – Archives of Microbiology

Skin microbiome and mast cells – Satomi Igawa – Translational Research

Human vaginal microbiome
Microbial profiling of cpn60 universal target sequences in artificial mixtures of vaginal bacteria sampled by nylon swabs or self-sampling devices under different storage conditions – John J. Schellenberg – Journal of Microbiological Methods

‘Anaerococcus mediterraneensis’ sp. nov., a new species isolated from human female genital tract – K. Diop – New Microbes and New Infections

Human gut microbiome

Functional relevance of microbiome signatures: The correlation era requires tools for consolidation – Ludovica F. Buttó – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Physiochemical Tuning of Potent Escherichia coli Anti-Adhesives by Microencapsulation and Methylene Homologation – Dimitri Alvarez Dorta – ChemMedChem

Gut microbiota functions: metabolism of nutrients and other food components –  Ian Rowland – European Journal of Nutrition

Evaluation of the impact of gut microbiota on uremic solute accumulation by a CE-TOFMS–based metabolomics approach – Eikan Mishima – Kidney International

Animal experiments

Starch-enriched diet modulates the glucidic profile in the rat colonic mucosa – Maria Gabriella Gabrielli – European Journal of Nutrition

The influence of diet on the grass carp intestinal microbiota and bile acids – Jing Zhang – Aquaculture Research

Characterization of the Fecal Bacterial Microbiota of Healthy and Diarrheic Dairy Calves – D.E. Gomez – Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine

Gut Microbiota Modulation Attenuated the Hypolipidemic Effect of Simvastatin in High-Fat/Cholesterol-Diet Fed Mice – Xuyun He – Journal of Proteome Research

 

Animal microbiome

Host Genotype and Microbiota Contribute Asymmetrically to Transcriptional Variation in the Threespine Stickleback Gut – Clayton M. Small – Genome Biology and Evolution

The structured diversity of specialized gut symbionts of the New World army ants – Piotr Łukasik – Molecular Ecology

Microbial composition of spiny ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Polyrhachis) across their geographic range – Manuela Oliveira Ramalho – BMC Evolutionary Biology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Isolation, identification, and environmental adaptability of heavy-metal-resistant bacteria from ramie rhizosphere soil around mine refinery – Jie Jiang – Biotech

Autogenic succession and deterministic recovery following disturbance in soil bacterial communities – Stephanie D. Jurburg – Scientific Reports

Microbial community response to hydration-desiccation cycles in desert soil – Adam Šťovíček – Scientific Reports

Water and extremophile microbiome

Development of an economical, autonomous pHstat system for culturing phytoplankton under steady state or dynamic conditions – Rachel L. Golda – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Microbial Diversity of Browning Peninsula, Eastern Antarctica Revealed Using Molecular and Cultivation Methods – Sarita Pudasaini – Frontiers in Microbiology

Subduction zone forearc serpentinites as incubators for deep microbial life – Oliver Plümper – PNAS

Ferrous iron- and ammonium-rich diffuse vents support habitat-specific communities in a shallow hydrothermal field off the Basiluzzo Islet (Aeolian Volcanic Archipelago) – G. Bortoluzzi – Geobiology

Microbial biotechnology

Characterization of a Chlorophyta microalga isolated from a microbial mat in Salar de Atacama (northern Chile) as a potential source of compounds for biotechnological applications – Gladys Hayashida – Phycological Research

Real-time iTRAQ-based proteome profiling revealed the central metabolism involved in nitrogen starvation induced lipid accumulation in microalgae – Vineeta Rai – Scientific Reports

Food microbiology

Microbial communities associated with the anthropogenic, highly alkaline environment of a saline soda lime, Poland – Agnieszka Kalwasińska – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Probiotics / prebiotics

Genome Sequences of Potential Probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus Isolates from Human Infants – Jason W. Arnold – Genome Announcements

Phages and viruses

Review: Phage injection establishes CRISPR immunity – Shimona Starling – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Giant viruses with an expanded complement of translation system components – Frederik Schulz – Science

Bioinformatics

The JBEI quantitative metabolic modeling library (jQMM): a python library for modeling microbial metabolism – Garrett W. Birkel – BMC Bioinformatics

Techniques

Identification of microorganisms grown on chromogenic media by MALDI-TOF MS – Petra Lüthje – Journal of Microbiological Methods

The impact of fecal sample processing on prevalence estimates for antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli – Sylvia Omulo – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Chapter in the book: New Generation DNA Sequencing (NGS): Mining for Genes and the Potential of Extremophiles – Bhagwan Rekadwad – Microbial Applications Vol.1

Novel micelle PCR-based method for accurate, sensitive and quantitative microbiota profiling – Stefan A. Boers – Scientific Reports
Microbes in the news 

Bacteria to the Future – Mizzou News (University of Missouri)

April 8, 2017

General microbiome

Modeling The Consequences Of Heterogeneity In Microbial Population Dynamics – Helena Herrmann – BioRxiv

Human respiratory microbiome

16S rRNA Gene Sequencing Reveals Site-Specific Signatures Of The Upper And Lower Airways Of Cystic Fibrosis Patients – Sarah K. Lucas – BioRxiv

Review: Airway microbial dysbiosis in asthmatic patients: A target for prevention and treatment? – Kian Fan Chung – The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human skin microbiome

Toxification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by commensal bacteria from human skin – Juliane Sowada – Archives of Toxicology

Human gut microbiome

Long-term use of antibiotics and risk of colorectal adenoma – Yin Cao – Gut

Changes in Composition of the Gut Bacterial Microbiome after Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection in a Pediatric Heart Transplant Patient – Kyle L. Flannigan – Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine

Animal experiments

Iron Supplements Modulate Colon Microbiota Composition and Potentiate the Protective Effects of Probiotics in Dextran Sodium Sulfate-induced Colitis – Marco Constante – Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Animal microbiome

Intestinal microbiota of healthy and unhealthy Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. in a recirculating aquaculture system – Chun Wang – Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

Identification and modes of action of endogenous bacteria in taphonomy of embryos and larvae – Justin L. Eagan – Palaios

Microbial community compositions in the gastrointestinal tract of Chinese Mongolian sheep using Illumina MiSeq sequencing revealed high microbial diversity – Yan Zeng – AMB Express

Skin microbiota differs drastically between co-occurring frogs and newts – Molly C. Bletz – The Royal Society Open Science

Amphibian skin microbiota exhibits temporal variation in community structure but stability of predicted Bd-inhibitory function – Molly C Bletz – ISME

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Characterization of a metagenome-derived protease from contaminated agricultural soil microorganisms and its random mutagenesis – Chengjian Jiang – Folia Microbiologica

Metagenomic analysis exploring taxonomic and functional diversity of soil microbial communities in Chilean vineyards and surrounding native forests – Luis E Castañeda – PeerJ

Initial nitrogen enrichment conditions determines variations in nitrogen substrate utilization by heterotrophic bacterial isolates – Suchismita Ghosh – BMC Microbiology

Sequential bioavailability of sedimentary organic matter to heterotrophic bacteria – Nagissa Mahmoudi – Environmental Microbiology

Seasonal and interannual dynamics of soil microbial biomass and available nitrogen in an alpine meadow in the eastern part of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China – Bo Xu – Biogeosciences

Microbial Functional Capacity Is Preserved Within Engineered Soil Formulations Used In Mine Site Restoration – Deepak Kumaresan – Scientific Reports

Keystone microbial taxa regulate the invasion of a fungal pathogen in agro-ecosystems – P. Trivedi – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Water and extremophile microbiome

Assessing biosynthetic potential of agricultural groundwater through metagenomic sequencing: A diverse anammox community dominates nitrate-rich groundwater – William B. Ludington – PLOS ONE

Hidden diversity revealed by genome-resolved metagenomics of iron-oxidizing microbial mats from Lō’ihi Seamount, Hawai’i – Heather Fullerton – ISME

Performance and microbial community analysis in a modified anaerobic inclining-baffled reactor treating recycled paper mill effluent – Haider M. Zwain – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Microbial formation of labile organic carbon in Antarctic glacial environments – H. J. Smith – Nature Geoscience

Review: Cryospheric science: The power of glacial microbes – Elizabeth B. Kujawinski – Nature Geoscience

Taxonomic composition of Lake Baikal bacterioneuston communities – A. D. Galach’yants – Microbiology

Performance and microbial population dynamics during stable operation and reactivation after extended idle conditions in an aerobic granular sequencing batch reactor – Qiulai He – Bioresource Technology

Comparative metagenomics reveals insights into the deep-sea adaptation mechanism of the microorganisms in Iheya hydrothermal fields – Hai-liang Wang – Journal of Marine Systems

Built environment

Filthy lucre: A metagenomic pilot study of microbes found on circulating currency in New York City – Julia M. Maritz – PLOS ONE

Food microbiology

The Dynamic Microbiota Profile During Pepper (Piper nigrum L.) Peeling by Solid-State Fermentation – Qisong Hu – Current Microbiology

Molecular investigation of bacterial communities during the manufacturing and ripening of semi-hard Iranian Liqvan cheese – M. Ramezani – Food Microbiology

Identification of microbial communities, with a focus on foodborne pathogens, during kimchi manufacturing process using culture-independent and -dependent analyses – Hae-Won Lee – LWT – Food Science and Technology

Probiotics / prebiotics

Impact of probiotic Saccharomyces boulardii on the gut microbiome composition in HIV-treated patients: A double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial – Judit Villar-García – PLOS ONE

Phages and viruses

Taxonomic variability and functional stability in microbial communities infected by phages – Stilianos Louca – Environmental Microbiology

Bioinformatics

EzMap: A Simple Pipeline for Reproducible Analysis of the Human Virome – Patrick Czeczko – Bioinformatics

Microbes in the news

You Should Appreciate Germs – Bill Gates

Microbes on the market

The expanding ecosystem of microbiome startups – Juliet Preston – MedCity News