January 16, 2020

Good morning/night everyone!

What I love about writing for MD is the huge diversity of topics we’re meeting along the process of making the daily digest. Even though I’m mostly working on plant and root microbiome, it’s amazing to see how diverse is the world of microbiome and how much more there is to accomplish. Check out today’s digest- and don’t forget the News section as well! it is highly interesting!

General Microbiology

Detection of phylogenetic core groups in diverse microbial ecosystems, Marcos Parras Molto, bioRxiv

Isolation of an archaeon at the prokaryote–eukaryote interface, Hiroyuki Imachi, Nature

Ferrosomes are iron storage organelles formed by broadly conserved gene clusters in bacteria and archaea, Carly R. Grant , bioRxiv

Human microbiome

Distribution of microbial communities and core microbiome in successive wound grades of diabetic foot ulcer individuals, Apoorva Jnana, AEM

Animal microbiome

Parasites modulate the gut-microbiome in insects: A proof-of-concept study, Brian Fredensborg, PlosONE

The effect of diet on the gastrointestinal microbiome of juvenile rehabilitating green turtles (Chelonia mydas), Jennifer Bloodgood ,PlosONE

Rotten-skin disease significantly changed giant spiny frog(Paa spinosa) gut microbiota, Tuoyu He, bioRxiv

Bacterial Biogeography of the Colon in Dogs With Chronic Inflammatory Enteropathy, Paula Giaretta, Veterniary Pathology

Plant and environmental microbiome

Biostimulants applied to maize seeds modulate the enzymatic activity and metaproteome of the rhizosphere, Monica Mattarozzi, Applied Soil Ecology

Biological inhibition of soil nitrification by forest tree species affects Nitrobacter populations, Amandine Laffite, Environmental Microbiology

Extremophile microalgae: An overview, Veronica Malavasi , Journal of Phycology

Methods in microbiome

**Taxonomic classification method for metagenomics based on
core protein families with Core-Kaiju
, Anna Tovo, bioRxiv

**Metagenomic sequencing with spiked primer enrichment for viral diagnostics and genomic surveillance, Xianding Deng , Nature Microbiology

Quantitative PCR provides a simple and accessible method for quantitative microbiota profiling, Ching Jian, PlosONE

The effect of storage conditions on microbial communities in stool, Kristien Nel Van Zyl, PlosONE

Beyond mass spectrometry, the next step in proteomics, Winston and Gregory Timp, Science Advances

Microbiome in the news

Illumina Announces New Sequencing System, Partnership with Roche and Software Suite to Accelerate Adoption of Genomics

Integrating microbiomes into clinical trials – the importance of time

Bayer and Azitra partnership looks to develop skin microbiome products for eczema

**Please read! our mental health is the MOST important thing in our life! Researchers facing ‘shocking’ levels of stress, survey reveals

December 18, 2019

Good morning/afternoon all microbiome lovers!

Coming back from 4th Thunen Sumposium on Soil Metagenomics (11-13.12, Germany), the first section of today’s digest will highlight some work emphasized during the conference. Pay special attention to Amy Willis work (UoW) dealing with amplification bias in 16S analyses, among else. You are more than welcome to check the conference and the bioinformatic workshops schedule, as you’ll find interesting, inspiring and useful studies and tools that are relevant even if you’re not working on soil-associated habitats.

Have a great day!

Soil Metagenomics insights

Rigorous Statistical Methods for Rigorous Microbiome Science, Amy Willis, mSystems. I highly recommended to be familiar with the Willis lab works and tools, for all of us working with amplicon-sequencing and metagenomics. Amy was kind enough to upload her conference materials to github, using this link.

Additionally, They just started a bio-statistics blog, so check this as well.

Consistent and correctable bias in metagenomic sequencing experiments, Michael R. McLaren, bioRxiv

Understanding and interpreting community sequencing measurements of the vaginal microbiome, HL Berman, BJOG

These two papers are from Benjamin Callahan group (NCSW). Even though he wasn’t at the conference, his work (et al.) were mentioned several times by other speakers, so I decided to emphasize these two papers.

The MG-RAST API explorer: an on-ramp for RESTful query composition, Tobias Paczian, BMC Bioinformatics. Folker Meyer, one of the developers of MG-RAST and its head, was actually at the conference with a great talk about both MG-RAST and the importance of pipelines and common workflow language in computational biology. Check this link and the MG-RAST API explorer, making it so much simpler to search, filter and efficiently use MG-RAST.

TerrestrialMetagenomeDB: a public repository of curated and standardized metadata for terrestrial metagenomes, Felipe B Correa, bioRxiv. An amazing tool for searching and filtering soil-associated metagenomes in different databases, plus simple codes for downloading. Take a look at more papers from the de-Rocha group.

Human microbiomoe

**Molecular messages in human microbiota, Matthew T. Henke and Jon Clardy, Science

Resident microbes of lactation rooms and daycares, Diana H. Taft, PeerJ

Female genital tract microbiota affecting the risk of preterm birth: What do we know so far? A Review, O. Tsonis, European J OBG & Reproductive Biology

Differences in Fecal Microbiomes and Metabolomes of People With vs Without Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Bile Acid Malabsorption, Ian B. Jeffery, Gastroenterology

Soil and Plant microbiome

Comparison of Microbial Community of Rhizosphere and Endosphere in Kiwifruit, Min-Jung Kim, Plant Patho J.

Soil microbial communities in diverse agroecosystems exposed to the herbicide glyphosate, Ryan M. Kepler, AEM

Soil exposed to silver nanoparticles reveals significant changes in community structure and altered microbial transcriptional profiles, Matthew J. Meier, Env. Pollution

Animal microbiome

Effects of disease, antibiotic treatment and recovery trajectory on the microbiome of farmed seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax), Danila Rosado, Scientific Reports

Microbiome digest, November 3, 2014

Human oral and vaginal microbiomes, rumen microbiome of impalas, sample handling and sponges, and two remarkable pieces in the New York Times.

Human oral microbiome

The association between the upper digestive tract microbiota by HOMIM and oral health in a population-based study in Linxian, China – Guoqin Yu – BMC Public Health

“Human Oral Microbe Identification Microarrays were used to test for the presence of 272 human oral bacterial species (97 genera) in upper digestive tract (UDT) samples collected from 659 participants. “

Pregnancy and birth microbiome

Poster: Comparison of the Vaginal Microbiomes of Pregnant Women of Four Ethnicities
and Identification of Taxa Associated with Urogenital Disease – Mendz GL – ECCMID Poster

“Principal component analysis suggested differences in the bacterial populations of healthy women and those with genital infections, with clustering of the latter along the Protobacteria axis “

Animal microbiome

Examination of the Rumen Bacteria and Methanogenic Archaea of Wild Impalas (Aepyceros melampus melampus) from Pongola, South Africa – Laura M. Cersosimo – Microbial Ecology

“In the present study, next-generation sequencing and real-time polymerase chain reaction were used to investigate the diversity and density of the bacteria and methanogenic archaea residing in the rumen of five adult male impalas”

Effects of sample handling and cultivation bias on the specificity of bacterial communities in keratose marine sponges – Cristiane C. Hardoim – Frontiers in Microbiology

Bacterial community profiling of the sympatric keratose species Sarcotragus spinosulus and Ircinia variabilis (Dictyoceratida, Irciniidae) was performed by polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and 454-pyrosequecing of 16S rRNA gene fragments. “

Plant microbiome

Soil type-dependent effects of a potential biocontrol inoculant on indigenous bacterial communities in the rhizosphere of field-grown lettuce – Susanne Schreiter – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

“16S rRNA gene fragments amplified from total community DNA were analyzed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and pyrosequencing. “

Are heterotrophic and silica-rich eukaryotic microbes an important part of the lichen symbiosis? – David M Wilkinson – Mycology: An International Journal on Fungal Biology

“In this necessarily speculative paper we highlight areas for future research and how newer technologies may be useful for understanding the full suite of organisms involved in the lichen symbiosis.”

Soil microbiome

Selection on soil microbiomes reveals reproducible impacts on plant function – Kevin Panke-Buisse – ISME Journal

“Analysis of the soil microbial community using 16 S rRNA gene sequencing showed distinct microbiota profiles assembling by flowering time treatment.”

Chemolithotrophy in the continental deep subsurface: Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF), USA – Magdalena R. Osburn – Frontiers in Microbiology

“Geochemical data, energetic modeling, and DNA sequencing were combined with principle component analysis to describe this deep (down to 8100 ft below surface), terrestrial environment.”

Bioinformatic tools

* Seeing the forest for the genes: Using metagenomics to infer the aggregated traits of microbial communities – Noah Fierer – Frontiers in Microbiology

“Microbial ecologists could benefit by borrowing the concept of community-aggregated traits (CATs) from plant ecologists to glean more insight from the ever-increasing amount of metagenomic data being generated.”

Metabolomics

Fructan supplementation of senior cats affects stool metabolite concentrations and fecal microbiota concentrations, but not nitrogen partitioning in excreta – K.A. Barry – Journal of Animal Science

“Fructan supplementation may benefit senior cats as it modulates stool odor-forming compounds and decreases some protein catabolites and pathogenic gut microbiota concentrations without affecting N retention.”

Proteomics

From the Banfield lab: Development of an enhanced metaproteomic approach for deepening the microbiome characterization in the human infant gut – Weili Xiong – Journal of Proteome Research

“….we have designed a novel metaproteomic strategy based on double filtering (DF) the raw samples, a method that fractionates microbial from human cells to enhance microbial protein identification and characterization in complex fecal samples from healthy premature infants. “

More microbiology

Complementarity between targeted real-time specific PCR and conventional broad-range 16S rDNA PCR in the syndrome-driven diagnosis of infectious diseases – A.-S. Morel – European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases

“Herein, we report our experience in the diagnosis of infectious diseases over two years, during which 32,948 clinical samples from 18,056 patients were received from France and abroad.”

Microbes in the news

There Is No ‘Healthy’ Microbiome – Ed Yong – New York Times

“The microbiome is complex, varied, ever changing and context-dependent — qualities that are the enemies of easy categorization.”

Study: Ice Man has traces of bacteria that undermined his health – BetaWired

“…they found evidence of the presence of Treponema denticola, an opportunistic pathogen implicated in the development of periodontal diseases. “

Science, publishing, and career

How Do Small Things Make a Big Difference? Activities to Teach about Human–Microbe Interactions – Chandana Jasti – The American Biology Teacher

“In these guided inquiry activities, students investigate human–microbe interactions as they work together to interpret and analyze authentic data from published articles and develop scientific models.”

2014 Life Sciences Salary Survey – Jyoti Madhusoodanan – The Scientist

“This year’s data reveal notable variation in compensation for life scientists working in different fields, sectors, and regions of the world.”

Academic Science Isn’t Sexist – Wendy M. Williams and Stephen J. Ceci – New York Times

Our analyses show that women can and do prosper in math-based fields of science, if they choose to enter these fields in the first place.”

and two rebuttals:
Academic science is sexist: We do have a problem here – Emily Willingham
The flawed and offensive logic of “Academic Science Isn’t Sexist” in the @nytimes – Jonathan Eisen – The Tree of Life

Bik’s Picks

Standing time and all-cause mortality in a large cohort of Australian adults – Hidde P. van der Ploeg – Preventive Medicine

“Increasing standing may hold promise for alleviating the health risks of prolonged sitting.”

A Face to Remember – Kerry Grens – The Scientist

“Once dominated by correlational studies, face-perception research is moving into the realm of experimentation—and gaining tremendous insight.”

* With a very cute picture: Rovers Disguised as Baby Penguins Can Quietly Infiltrate Penguin Colonies – Rachel Nuwer – Smithsonian

“Pursuing this hunch, they outfitted the rover with a big ball of fluff and a little penguin head and arms. ”

[hr]

Microbiome Digest, October 29, 2014

The genome of Mycoplasma Mnola, helminths in wild rats, fungi in strawberry roots, and the top 100 most cited papers of all time. Can you guess which one is #1?

Human genital microbiome

An Emerging Mycoplasma Associated with Trichomoniasis, Vaginal Infection and Disease – Jennifer M. Fettweis – PLOS ONE

“In this study, the mycoplasma was found almost exclusively in women infected with the sexually transmitted pathogen Trichomonas vaginalis, but rarely observed in women with no diagnosed disease.”

Human gut microbiome

Bacteriology and Changes in Antibiotic Susceptibility in Adults with Community-Acquired Perforated Appendicitis – Hong Gil Jeon – PLOS ONE

“We retrospectively reviewed records of adult patients diagnosed with perforated appendicitis at an 800-bed teaching hospital between January 2000 and December 2011. “

Animal microbiome

Changes in the intestinal bacterial community during the growth of white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei – Zhaobin Huang – Aquaculture Research

“In this study, we documented the changes in the intestinal bacterial community at four stages in Litopenaeus vannamei…, using 454 pyrosequencing techniques. “

Assessment of Helminth Biodiversity in Wild Rats Using 18S rDNA Based Metagenomics – Ryusei Tanaka – PLOS ONE

“In this study, we assessed parasite diversity in wild rats using 18S rDNA-based metagenomics. 18S rDNA PCR products were sequenced using an Illumina MiSeq sequencer and the analysis of the sequences using the QIIME software successfully classified them into several parasite groups.”

Soil microbiome

Linking soil microbial communities to vascular plant abundance along a climate gradient – Luca Bragazza – New Phytologist

“Microbial community structure and function were measured seasonally in four peatlands located along an altitude gradient representing a natural gradient of climate and associated vascular plant abundance.”

* Influence of Soil Type, Cultivar and Verticillium dahliae on the Structure of the Root and Rhizosphere Soil Fungal Microbiome of Strawberry – Srivathsa Nallanchakravarthula – PLOS ONE

“In this study we examined the effects of different soils and cultivars, and the presence of a soil-borne fungal pathogen, Verticillium dahliae, on the fungal microbiome of the rhizosphere soil and roots of strawberry plants, using high-throughput pyrosequencing.”

Metagenomics / Bioinformatics

Evaluation of a Hybrid Approach Using UBLAST and BLASTX for Metagenomic Sequences Annotation of Specific Functional Genes – Ying Yang – PLOS ONE

“A hybrid annotation pipeline proposed previously for taxonomic assignments was evaluated in this study for metagenomic sequences annotation of specific functional genes, such as antibiotic resistance genes, arsenic resistance genes and key genes in nitrogen metabolism. “

Metabolomics

Long-term phenotypic evolution of bacteria – Germán Plata – Nature

“Here we perform a comparative analysis of bacterial growth and gene deletion phenotypes using hundreds of genome-scale metabolic models. “

Phages and viruses

Conditional tolerance of temperate phages via transcription-dependent CRISPR-Cas targeting – Gregory W. Goldberg – Nature

“Here we show that the Staphylococcus epidermidis CRISPR-Cas system can prevent lytic infection but tolerate lysogenization by temperate phages. “

Science, publishing and career

The top 100 papers – Richard Van Noorden – Nature

“To mark the anniversary, Nature asked Thomson Reuters, which now owns the SCI, to list the 100 most highly cited papers of all time.”

Bibliometrics: Is your most cited work your best? – John P. A. Ioannidis – Nature

“John P. A. Ioannidis and colleagues asked the most highly cited biomedical scientists to score their top-ten papers in six ways.”

Recommendations for the Role of Publishers in Access to Data – Jennifer Lin, Carly Strasser – PLOS Biology

“As appeals for public access of research data continue to proliferate, many scholarly publishers—alongside funders, institutions, and libraries—are expanding their role to address this need. “

How to Make More Published Research True – John P. A. Ioannidis – PLOS ONE

“Currently, many published research findings are false or exaggerated, and an estimated 85% of research resources are wasted.”

Prominent Geomicrobiologist Dies – Tracy Vence – The Scientist

“Katrina Edwards, whose research focus was on discovering life beneath the ocean floor, has passed away at age 46.”

Bik’s Picks

The Art of Science: Popsicles Go Viral – The Finch and Pea

“Lick a virus? Probably not a good idea, unless it’s a Dangerous Popsicle, a sweet treat created by artist and designer Wei Li. “

Dozens of genes associated with autism in new research – Science Direct

“Two major genetic studies of autism, involving more than 50 laboratories worldwide, have newly implicated dozens of genes in the disorder. “

Antares Rocket Explosion Destroyed These Kids’ Science Projects – Rheana Murray – ABC News

“Students across the nation watched their science projects go up in flames as the rocket bound for the International Space Station exploded moments after takeoff.”

[hr]

Microbiome Digest, October 20, 2014

Oral core microbiome, symbionts in crabs, sponges, and Drosophila, metabolites in dolphin’s breath, and retraction of a paper favored by Dr. Oz.

Pregnancy and birth

NEC in Twin Pregnancies: Incidence and Outcomes – Sathyaprasad C Burjonrappa, Brian Shea, Diya Goorah – Journal of Neonatal Surgery

“There is a remarkable higher incidence of NEC amongst twins. Abnormal colonization of the gastrointestinal tract appears to be an immediate postpartum event.”

Human oral microbiome

Intraindividual variation in core microbiota in peri-implantitis and periodontitis – Noriko Maruyama – Scientific Reports

“To improve our knowledge of the different communities of complex oral microbiota, we compared the microbial features between peri-implantitis and periodontitis in 20 patients with both diseases. “

Antimicrobial Effect of Lemongrass Oil against Oral Malodor Microorganisms and the Pilot Study of Safety and Efficacy of Lemongrass Mouthrinse on Oral Malodor – Panitta Satthanakul – Journal of Applied Microbiology

“Antimicrobial activity of LG mouthrinse was examined against common odorigenic microorganisms using broth microdilution assay and the disc diffusion method. A randomized double-blind clinical study was performed in 20 healthy volunteers.”

Animal microbiome

Molecular evidence of digestion and absorption of epibiotic bacterial community by deep-sea crab Shinkaia crosnieri – Tomo-o Watsuji – ISME Journal

“A phylogenetic analysis showed that many of the bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequences obtained from the intestine were closely related to the sequences of the epibionts, thus they were probably derived from the epibionts.”

* In vivo function and comparative genomic analyses of the Drosophila gut microbiota identify candidate symbiosis factors – Peter D. Newell – Frontiers in Microbiology

“We compared microbiota isolates with con-specific or closely related bacterial species isolated from non-fly environments. “

* Two distinct microbial communities revealed in the sponge Cinachyrella – Marie L. Cuvelier – Frontiers in Microbiology

“Sponges of the genus Cinachyrella are common in Caribbean and Floridian reefs and their archaeal and bacterial microbiomes were explored here using 16S rDNA tag pyrosequencing.”

* Symbiotic archaea in marine sponges show stability and host specificity in community structure and ammonia oxidation functionality – Fan Zhang – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

“PCR cloning and sequencing of archaeal 16S rRNA and amoA genes showed that the archaeal community composition and structure were different from that in seawater and varied among sponge species. “

Plant microbiome

Reduced dependence of rhizosphere microbiome on plant-derived carbon in 32-year long-term inorganic and organic fertilized soils – Chao Ai – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

“Wheat rhizosphere microbiome was studied by stable isotope probing and pyrosequencing.”

Environmental microbiome

Characterization of bacterial communities associated with seasonal water masses from Tongyoung in South Sea of Korea – Sung-Suk Suh – Ocean Science Journal

“In this study, we adopted a 16S rRNA gene tag-pyrosequencing technique to investigate the bacterial communities associated with two different water masses from Tongyoung in the South Sea of Korea. “

Bacterial community structure of a lab-scale anammox membrane bioreactor – Alejandro Gonzalez-Martinez – Biotechnology Progress

“In this study, next-generation sequencing techniques have been used for the investigation of the bacterial communities of this MBR Anammox for the first time ever. “

Metagenomics & Bioinformatics

GenomePeek: What exactly is that sequencing data? – Katelyn McNair – MicroBEnet

“I wrote the initial version of GenomePeek, and tested it with various data sets using this student’s data. I quickly found that some genes work better than others, and so currently the four genes analyzed are: 16S, recA, rpoB, and groEL.”

Metabolomics

Metabolite Content Profiling of Bottlenose Dolphin Exhaled Breath – Alexander A. Aksenov – Analytical Chemistry

“We have developed a method to reproducibly sample breath from small cetaceans, specifically Atlantic bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). “

Proteomics

Symbiosis, Dysbiosis and Rebiosis – the value of metaproteomics in human microbiome monitoring – Lei Mao and Jacqueline Franke – Proteomics

“After a brief review of the history and state-of-the-art of metaproteomics in the field of environmental health research, focus of this perspective article will be put on the role of cross-species joint efforts in symbiosis, dysbiosis and rebiosis of the human gut during human development, pathogenesis and aging.”

More microbiology

Bridging the gap between viable but non-culturable and antibiotic persistent bacteria – Mesrop Ayrapetyan – Trends in Microbiology

“This discussion is intended to stimulate discourse about these seemingly different but very similar dormant states.”

* Phylogenomic Reconstruction Indicates Mitochondrial Ancestor Was an Energy Parasite
Zhang Wang, Martin Wu – PLOS ONE

“Using a phylogenomic approach and leveraging on the increased taxonomic sampling of alphaproteobacterial and eukaryotic genomes, we reconstructed the metabolisms of both proto-mitochondria and pre-mitochondria.”

Real-time video imaging as a new and rapid tool for antibiotic susceptibility testing by the disk diffusion method: a paradigm for evaluating resistance to imipenem and identifying extended-spectrum β-lactamases – Stéphanie Le Page – International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

“..we present here for the first time video movies of the appearance of the diameter of inhibition by the disk diffusion in real-time. “

Microbes in the news

Can Microbes Help Feed the World? – Amy Mayer – BioScience

“To help meet the challenge for food, scientists are using new technologies to better understand the role that soil microbes might play in bolstering agricultural production. “

Dentists Want To See Studies On Pot-Cavity Link – CBS Local

“Patients are experiencing tooth decay, expensive dentist bills and the pain of dealing with it all. The biggest side effect is dry mouth.”

Bik’s Picks

Brain surgery, by robot, through the cheek – Science Daily

“Engineers have developed a surgical robot designed to perform brain surgery by entering through the cheek instead of the skull that can operate on a patient in an MRI scanner. Additionally, the engineers have designed the system so that much of it can be made using 3-D printing in order to keep the price low.”

* Hilarious cartoons on Imgur: Real Scientists vs. Movie Scientists 

* Authors retract green coffee bean diet paper touted by Dr. Oz – Ivan Oransky – Retraction Watch

“Two authors of a 2012 paper sponsored by a company that made grand claims about green coffee bean extract’s abilities to help people lose weight have retracted it. The study was cited by The Dr. Oz Show, and last month it cost the company a $3.5 million settlement with the Feds.”

[hr]

Non-human microbiome digest, October 14, 2014

Diatoms in aquatic animals, bacteria in agaves and soybeans, and bacteria in artificial soil.

Animal microbiome

Diatoms in cytologic specimens of aquatic animals – Part I, fecal samples – Nicole StacyDiatoms in cytologic specimens of aquatic animals – Part II, dermal, respiratory, and gastric samples – Nicole Stacy – Veterinary Clinical Pathology

“Diatoms are a common finding in cytologic samples of aquatic animals…and it is necessary to differentiate these microbiota from parasite ova or protozoa.”

Impacts of large-bodied crustaceans on the microbial loop – Krystyna Kalinowska – Hydrobiologia

“Three alien crustacean species (Daphnia pulex, Simocephalus vetulus and Macrocyclops albidus) were collected from the regional species pool and added to mesocosms that were filled with water from a eutrophic lake “

Bacterial Community Composition of Three Candidate Insect Vectors of Palm Phytoplasma (Texas Phoenix Palm Decline and Lethal Yellowing) –  Christopher M. Powell – Current Microbiology

“Individuals from each species were subjected to 16S bacterial community sequencing using the Roche 454 platform, providing new information regarding the previously unexplored bacterial communities present in putative vectors.”

Plant microbiome

Diazotrophic potential among bacterial communities associated with wild and cultivated agaves – Damaris Desgarennes – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

“Here, we investigated the bacterial communities associated with two Agave species by 16S rRNA-DGGE fingerprinting and sequencing.”

Spatio temporal influence of isoflavonoids on bacterial diversity in the soybean rhizosphere – Laura J White – Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions

“We silenced the biosynthesis of isoflavonoids, a major component of soybean rhizodeposits, using RNA interference in hairy root composite plants, and examined changes in rhizosphere bacteriome diversity.”

Soil microbiome

Artificial soil studies reveal domain-specific preferences of microorganisms for the colonisation of different soil minerals and particles size fractions – Michael Hemkemeyer – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

“this study demonstrates that the mineral composition and the particle size fractions have specific and different selective effects on the three domains”

Improving soil bacterial taxa–area relationships assessment using DNA meta-barcoding – S Terrat – Heredity

“Our objectives in this study were to compare DNA fingerprinting and meta-barcoding approaches for evaluating soil bacterial TAR and the determinism of soil bacterial community assembly on a broad scale. “

The role of stochasticity differs in the assembly of soil- and root-associated fungal communities – Sarah Beck – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

“The importance of spatial and environmental factors in shaping fungal beta diversity was determined over a 500 km transect.”

[hr]

Animal microbiome digest, September 16, 2014

Microbiomes of baby elephants, baby macaques, cows, mice, honey bees, oysters, Panama forest trees, yoghurt, air, beer, and clothes. We also learn that oregano has no effect on piglet microbiome. Just in case you wondered.

Mammal microbiome

A Comparative Metagenome Survey of the Fecal Microbiota of a Breast- and a Plant-Fed Asian Elephant Reveals an Unexpectedly High Diversity of Glycoside Hydrolase Family Enzymes – Nele Ilmberger – PLOS ONE

“A phylogenetic and metagenomic study of elephant feces samples (derived from a three-weeks-old and a six-years-old Asian elephant) was conducted in order to describe the microbiota inhabiting this large land-living animal.”

Breast-fed and bottle-fed infant rhesus macaques develop distinct gut microbiotas and immune systems – Amir Ardeshir – Science Translational Medicine

“We show that breast-fed and bottle-fed infant rhesus macaques develop markedly different immune systems, which remain different 6 months after weaning when the animals begin receiving identical diets.”

Characterization of the rumen lipidome and microbiome of steers fed a diet supplemented with flax and echium oil – Sharon Ann Huws – Microbial Biotechnology

“Microbiome pyrosequences showed that 50% of the bacterial genera were core to all diets (found at least once under each dietary intervention)”

Metagenome of Mehsani Buffalo Rumen Microbiota: An Assessment of Variation in Feed-Dependent Phylogenetic and Functional Classification – Parmar N.R. – Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology

“Diet composed of varying proportion of green and dry roughages along with grains was given to 8 Mehsani buffaloes, and rumen metagenome was sketched using shotgun semiconductor sequencing.”

Gastrointestinal microbiota of wild and inbred individuals of two house mouse subspecies assessed using high throughput parallel pyrosequencing – Jakub Kreisinger – Molecular Ecology

“Using 454 pyrosequencing, we performed 16S rDNA GTM barcoding for 30 wild house mice (Mus musculus) and wild-derived inbred strain mice belonging to two subspecies (M.m.musculus and M.m. domesticus).”

The Use of Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism and Fluorescence in Situ Hybridization to Investigate Microbiota of Piglets after Feeding Oregano – Katrin Stelter – Food and Nutrition Sciences

“The results showed no significant changes in microbiota in response to oregano. “

Insect microbiome

Buzz off, that’s my bee! – Gemma Langridge – Nature Reviews Microbiology

“These newly sequenced bee gut symbionts have revealed multiple genes that are candidates for determining host specificity. “

Hidden Diversity in Honey Bee Gut Symbionts Detected by Single-Cell Genomics – Philipp Engel – PLOS Genetics

“In both species, the divergence of 16S rRNA loci appears to have been curtailed by frequent recombination within populations, while other genomic regions have continuously diverged. “

Bacterial Communities in the Gut and Reproductive Organs of Bactrocera minax (Diptera: Tephritidae) Based on 454 Pyrosequencing – Ailin Wang – PLOS ONE

“We used a 454 pyrosequencing technology to study in depth the microbial communities associated with gut and reproductive organs of Bactrocera minax.”

Invertebrate microbiome

Hemolymph microbiome of Pacific oysters in response to temperature, temperature stress and infection – Ana Lokmer and Karl Mathias Wegner – ISME Journal

“We monitored oyster survival and repeatedly collected hemolymph of dead and alive animals to determine the microbiome composition by 16s rRNA gene amplicon pyrosequencing. “

Plant microbiome

Relationships between phyllosphere bacterial communities and plant functional traits in a neotropical forest – Steven W. Kembel – PNAS

“In this study we sequenced bacterial communities present on tree leaves in a neotropical forest in Panama, to quantify the poorly understood relationships between bacterial biodiversity on leaves (the phyllosphere) vs. host tree attributes. “

Litter decomposition and soil microbial community composition in three Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis) forests along an altitudinal gradient – Yong Zhou – Plant and Soil

“Single- and mixed-species litter decomposition rates were determined by the litterbag method and soil microbial community composition was characterized by PLFAs.”

Soil microbiome

Pyrosequencing assessment of rhizosphere fungal communities from a soybean field – Akifumi Sugiyama – Canadian Journal of Microbiology

“This study utilized 454 pyrosequencing to analyze rhizosphere fungal communities during soybean growth.”

Water microbiome

Seasonal and interannual variability of the marine bacterioplankton community throughout the water column over ten years – Jacob A Cram – ISME Journal

“Biodiversity appeared to be driven partially by exchange of microbes between depths and was highest when communities were changing slowly over time.”

Long-term effects of the antibacterial agent triclosan on marine periphyton communities – Martin Eriksson – PeerJ PrePrints

“Pollution-Induced Community Tolerance (PICT) was observed for algae and cyanobacteria at 100 nM TCS and higher.”

Review: Master recyclers: features and functions of bacteria associated with phytoplankton blooms – Alison Buchan – Nature Reviews Microbiology

“In this Review, we discuss the central role that these bacteria have in transforming phytoplankton-derived organic matter and thus in biogeochemical nutrient cycling.”

Built environment microbiome

Diversity and dynamics of the indoor air microbiome in an urban subway network – Marcus H. Y. Leung – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

“Targeting the 16S rDNA V4 region, extensive taxonomic diversity was found, with the most common bacterial genera in the subway environment among those seen associated on skin.”

Microbial Odor Profile of Polyester and cotton clothes after a fitness session – Chris Callewaert – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

“A dissimilar bacterial growth was found in cotton versus synthetic clothing textiles. Micrococci were isolated in almost all synthetic shirts and were detected almost solely on synthetic shirts by means of DGGE fingerprinting. “

Food microbiology

Vegetable microbiomes: is there a connection among opportunistic infections, human health and our ‘gut feeling’? – Gabriele Berg – Microbial Biotechnology

“Based on these results, we discuss the question if vegetables can serve as a source of infection for immunocompromised individuals as well as possible solutions to avoid outbreaks. “

Assessment of the bacterial and fungal diversity in home-made yoghurts of Xinjiang of China by pyrosequencing – Haiyan Xu – Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

“The bacterial and fungal community diversity of 22 home-made yoghurt samples from Zhaosu and Tekesi counties of Xinjiang in China were analyzed with pyrosequencing. “

Victory, life-sciences firm team up to detect bacteria that can spoil beer’s taste – Diane Mastrull – Philly.com

“The list is long of the perfect accompaniments to beer: hot dogs, pizza, peanuts, and pretzels, to name just a few. Most definitely not on that list: pediococcus and lactobacillus. Consider them beer buzzkills.”

[hr]