March 13, 2020

Good moring y’all!

Today’s digest is relatively short, but rather diverse- from the potential characteristics of scientific tweets readers, through cancer microbiome and horses fecal transplants, as well as endophytes microbiomes in different biomes and plants. Also, if you’re still unfaimilar with the ‘Talking about Biotech’ podcast (by Kevin Folta), I highly recommend to add it to your list. The latest episode talks, of course, about the Corona outbreak, and if you’ll go a bit earlier you will find plenty interesring and insightful episodes.

And lastly- pls stay safe! in Israel, as in other parts of the world, conferences are being cancelled, group meetings are rescheduled and we were highly encouraged to work from home (go bioinformatics!). Remember- there is not a single experiment that is more important than your and your love ones health.

General microbiology

Quantifying and contextualizing the impact of bioRxiv preprints through social media audience segmentation, Jedidiah Carlson , bioRxiv

An optimised saliva collection method to produce high-yield, high-quality RNA for translational research, Roisin Sullivan, PLOS ONE

The Vibrio cholerae Type VI Secretion System: Toxins, Regulators and Consequences, Cristian V. Crisan, Env. Micro.

Human microbiome

Microbiome analyses of blood and tissues suggest cancer diagnostic approach, Gregory D. Poore , Nature

Changes in key vaginal bacteria among postpartum African women initiating intramuscular depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate, Bridget M. Whitney ,PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

The fecal microbiota of healthy donor horses and geriatric recipients undergoing fecal microbial transplantation for the treatment of diarrhea, Caroline A. McKinney , PLOS ONE

Low mutational load and high mutation rate variation in gut commensal bacteria, Ricardo S. Ramiro, PLOS Biology

Marine microbiome

Diel, daily, and spatial variation of coral reef seawater microbial communities, Laura Weber , PLOS ONE

Short‐term changes in polysaccharide utilization mechanisms of marine bacterioplankton during a spring phytoplankton bloom, Greta Reintjes, Env. Micro.

Plant and Soil microbiome

The diversity and distribution of endophytes across biomes, plant phylogeny, and host tissues—how far have we come and where do we go from here?, Joshua G. Garrison, Env. Micro.

Tissue age, orchard location and disease management influence the composition of fungal and bacterial communities present on the bark of apple trees, Elena Arrigoni , Env. Micro.

Salmonella persistence in soil depends on reciprocal interactions with indigenous microorganisms, Jasper Schierstaedt , Env. Micro.

Bioinformatics

Random sampling in metagenomic sequencing leads to overestimated spatial scaling of microbial diversity, Qichao Tu , Env. Micro.

February 28, 2020

Good morning/afternoon y’all! today’s digest features some interesting-to-read genral biotech and ecology papers, as weel as the first gene catalouge of the vaginal microbiome, American pets microbiome revealed, cool microbiome engineering for biocontrol purpose in agriculture, a bunch of salt- and sweet-water microbiome studies and more!

Have a great weekend! put the guilt aside and enjoy some time with your spouse, family, pets, hobbies and anything else that you enjoy!

General Science

is is a very cool paper, beuatifuly presenting the connection and applicatino of two very ‘hot’ topics in today biotechnology world- AI and drug discovery:A Deep Learning Approach to Antibiotic Discovery- A Deep Learning Approach to Antibiotic Discovery, Jonathan M. Stokes, Cell

** Novel Outlook in Microbial Ecology: Nonmutualistic Interspecies Electron Transfer, Roman Moscoviz, Trends in Microbiology

A solution to minimum sample size for regressions, David J. Jenkins , PLOS One

The relationship between the host genome, microbiome, and host phenotype, Harald Brussow, Env. Micro.

Human microbiome

** A comprehensive non-redundant gene catalog reveals extensive within-community intraspecies diversity in the human vagina, Bing Ma, Nature Communications

Gut microbiota plasticity is correlated with sustained weight loss on a low-carb or low-fat dietary intervention, Jessica A. Grembi, Sci. Rep.

Analysis of healthy reference ranges for clinically relevant gut microbial indicators: A large web-based cohort study in Japan, Satoshi Watanabe , bioRxiv

Short chain fatty acids produced by colonizing intestinal commensal bacterial interaction with expressed breast milk are anti-inflammatory in human immature enterocytes, Nan Zheng, PLOS One

Animal microbiome

Characterization of gut microbiomes of household pets in the United States using a direct-to-consumer approach, Aashish R. Jha, PLOS One

Repeated sleep disruption in mice leads to persistent shifts in the fecal microbiome and metabolome, Samuel J. Bowers, PLOS One

Insect microbiome

**Engineering bacterial symbionts of nematodes improves biocontrol potential of the western corn rootworm, Ricardo A. R. Machado, Nature Biotechnology

Plant and soil microbiome

Genome wide association study reveals plant loci controlling heritability of the rhizosphere microbiome, Siwen Deng , bioRxiv

Differentiation strategies of soil rare and abundant microbial taxa in response to changing climatic regimes, Yuting Liang , Env. Micro.

Network analysis infers the wilt pathogen invasion associated with non-detrimental bacteria, Qiolong Hu , npj biofims and microbiomes

Marine microbiome

Exploring the resistome, virulome and microbiome of drinking water in environmental and clinical settings, Marcela Franca Dias, Water Research

Niche partitioning of methane-oxidizing bacteria along the oxygen–methane counter gradient of stratified lakes, Magdalena J. Mayr, ISME

A metagenomic assessment of microbial eukaryotic diversity in the global ocean, Aleix Obiol, Mol. Eco. Res.

Ocean acidification affects microbial community and invertebrate settlement on biofilms, Katie S. Nelson, Sci. Rep.

Understanding and creating biocementing beachrocks via biostimulation of indigenous microbial communities, Asha A. Ramachandran , Env. Biotech.

January 16, 2020

Good morning/night everyone!

What I love about writing for MD is the huge diversity of topics we’re meeting along the process of making the daily digest. Even though I’m mostly working on plant and root microbiome, it’s amazing to see how diverse is the world of microbiome and how much more there is to accomplish. Check out today’s digest- and don’t forget the News section as well! it is highly interesting!

General Microbiology

Detection of phylogenetic core groups in diverse microbial ecosystems, Marcos Parras Molto, bioRxiv

Isolation of an archaeon at the prokaryote–eukaryote interface, Hiroyuki Imachi, Nature

Ferrosomes are iron storage organelles formed by broadly conserved gene clusters in bacteria and archaea, Carly R. Grant , bioRxiv

Human microbiome

Distribution of microbial communities and core microbiome in successive wound grades of diabetic foot ulcer individuals, Apoorva Jnana, AEM

Animal microbiome

Parasites modulate the gut-microbiome in insects: A proof-of-concept study, Brian Fredensborg, PlosONE

The effect of diet on the gastrointestinal microbiome of juvenile rehabilitating green turtles (Chelonia mydas), Jennifer Bloodgood ,PlosONE

Rotten-skin disease significantly changed giant spiny frog(Paa spinosa) gut microbiota, Tuoyu He, bioRxiv

Bacterial Biogeography of the Colon in Dogs With Chronic Inflammatory Enteropathy, Paula Giaretta, Veterniary Pathology

Plant and environmental microbiome

Biostimulants applied to maize seeds modulate the enzymatic activity and metaproteome of the rhizosphere, Monica Mattarozzi, Applied Soil Ecology

Biological inhibition of soil nitrification by forest tree species affects Nitrobacter populations, Amandine Laffite, Environmental Microbiology

Extremophile microalgae: An overview, Veronica Malavasi , Journal of Phycology

Methods in microbiome

**Taxonomic classification method for metagenomics based on
core protein families with Core-Kaiju
, Anna Tovo, bioRxiv

**Metagenomic sequencing with spiked primer enrichment for viral diagnostics and genomic surveillance, Xianding Deng , Nature Microbiology

Quantitative PCR provides a simple and accessible method for quantitative microbiota profiling, Ching Jian, PlosONE

The effect of storage conditions on microbial communities in stool, Kristien Nel Van Zyl, PlosONE

Beyond mass spectrometry, the next step in proteomics, Winston and Gregory Timp, Science Advances

Microbiome in the news

Illumina Announces New Sequencing System, Partnership with Roche and Software Suite to Accelerate Adoption of Genomics

Integrating microbiomes into clinical trials – the importance of time

Bayer and Azitra partnership looks to develop skin microbiome products for eczema

**Please read! our mental health is the MOST important thing in our life! Researchers facing ‘shocking’ levels of stress, survey reveals

December 18, 2019

Good morning/afternoon all microbiome lovers!

Coming back from 4th Thunen Sumposium on Soil Metagenomics (11-13.12, Germany), the first section of today’s digest will highlight some work emphasized during the conference. Pay special attention to Amy Willis work (UoW) dealing with amplification bias in 16S analyses, among else. You are more than welcome to check the conference and the bioinformatic workshops schedule, as you’ll find interesting, inspiring and useful studies and tools that are relevant even if you’re not working on soil-associated habitats.

Have a great day!

Soil Metagenomics insights

Rigorous Statistical Methods for Rigorous Microbiome Science, Amy Willis, mSystems. I highly recommended to be familiar with the Willis lab works and tools, for all of us working with amplicon-sequencing and metagenomics. Amy was kind enough to upload her conference materials to github, using this link.

Additionally, They just started a bio-statistics blog, so check this as well.

Consistent and correctable bias in metagenomic sequencing experiments, Michael R. McLaren, bioRxiv

Understanding and interpreting community sequencing measurements of the vaginal microbiome, HL Berman, BJOG

These two papers are from Benjamin Callahan group (NCSW). Even though he wasn’t at the conference, his work (et al.) were mentioned several times by other speakers, so I decided to emphasize these two papers.

The MG-RAST API explorer: an on-ramp for RESTful query composition, Tobias Paczian, BMC Bioinformatics. Folker Meyer, one of the developers of MG-RAST and its head, was actually at the conference with a great talk about both MG-RAST and the importance of pipelines and common workflow language in computational biology. Check this link and the MG-RAST API explorer, making it so much simpler to search, filter and efficiently use MG-RAST.

TerrestrialMetagenomeDB: a public repository of curated and standardized metadata for terrestrial metagenomes, Felipe B Correa, bioRxiv. An amazing tool for searching and filtering soil-associated metagenomes in different databases, plus simple codes for downloading. Take a look at more papers from the de-Rocha group.

Human microbiomoe

**Molecular messages in human microbiota, Matthew T. Henke and Jon Clardy, Science

Resident microbes of lactation rooms and daycares, Diana H. Taft, PeerJ

Female genital tract microbiota affecting the risk of preterm birth: What do we know so far? A Review, O. Tsonis, European J OBG & Reproductive Biology

Differences in Fecal Microbiomes and Metabolomes of People With vs Without Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Bile Acid Malabsorption, Ian B. Jeffery, Gastroenterology

Soil and Plant microbiome

Comparison of Microbial Community of Rhizosphere and Endosphere in Kiwifruit, Min-Jung Kim, Plant Patho J.

Soil microbial communities in diverse agroecosystems exposed to the herbicide glyphosate, Ryan M. Kepler, AEM

Soil exposed to silver nanoparticles reveals significant changes in community structure and altered microbial transcriptional profiles, Matthew J. Meier, Env. Pollution

Animal microbiome

Effects of disease, antibiotic treatment and recovery trajectory on the microbiome of farmed seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax), Danila Rosado, Scientific Reports

November 2, 2019

Good Weekend morning for all!

Today’s digest is highly rich with plant and soil microbiome papers (notice a great Science paper regarding soil suppressiveness phenomena), as well as bacterial metabolism papers and more. Have a great and peaceful weekend!

Human and animal microbiome

Studying the gut virome in the metagenomic era: challenges and perspectives, Sanzhima Garmaeva, BMC Biology

Cortisol-induced signatures of stress in the fish microbiome, Tamsyn M Uren Webster, bioRxiv

Influence of pig gut microbiota on Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae susceptibility, Meera Surendran Nair, Veterinary Research

Natural variation in the contribution of microbial density to inducible immune dynamics, Derrick Jent, Molecular Ecology

Metabolism

The ecology and evolution of microbial metabolic strategies, Djordje Bajic & Alvaro Sanchez, Curr. Opin. In. Biotechnology

Is the enzymatic hydrolysis of soil organic phosphorus compounds limited by enzyme or substrate availability?, K.A. Jarosch ,SBB

Plant and Soil microbiome

Pathogen-induced activation of disease-suppressive functions in the endophytic root microbiome, Victor J. Carrio, Science

Drivers of the composition of active rhizosphere bacterial communities in temperate grasslands, Selma Vieira, ISME

Analysis of soil bacterial communities associated with genetically modified drought-tolerant corn, Jose G. Ibaraa ,Applid Soil Ecology

Phyllosphere of Submerged Plants in Bathing Lakes as a Reservoir of Fungi Potential Human Pathogens, Anna Biedunkiewicz, Microbial Ecology

Bacterial microbiome associated with the rhizosphere and root interior of crops in Saskatchewan, Canada, Jorge Cordero, Can. J. of Microbiology

Comparative metagenomics of two distinct biological soil crusts in the Tengger Desert, China, Jin-Yu Li , SBB

In planta bacterial multi-omics analysis illuminates regulatory principles underlying plant-pathogen interactions, Tatsuyas Nobori, bioRxiv

Air microbiome

Microbial communities in the tropical air ecosystem follow a precise diel cycle, Elena S. Gusareva, PNAS

Bioinformatics

Evaluating Bioinformatic Pipeline Performance for Forensic Microbiome Analysis, Kierra F. Kaszubinski, J. o. Forensic Sci.

October 11, 2019

Good morning everyone!

Today’s digest is full of great reviews paper, among else- from the gut microbiome to bacterial metabolic modelling. Also featured is a lovely paper regarding vaginal microbiome transplantation (with interesting translational meaning!) and a food-for-thought paper about microbiology past, present and furture (1st in the list down).

Have a great weekend and happy Jewish New year!

Food for Thought

Shift in the paradigm towards next-generation microbiology, Blaz Sterz & Luka Kronegger, FEMS Microbiology Letters

Human microbiome

** Re‐assessing microbiomes in the low‐biomass reproductive niche, Jessica L. O’Callaghan, BJOG

** Incorporating functional trade-offs into studies of the gut microbiota, Aspen T Reese, Curr. Opi. Microbiology

** Gut microbial metabolites in depression: understanding the biochemical mechanisms, Giorigia Caspani, microbial cell

** Vaginal microbiome transplantation in women with intractable bacterial vaginosis, Ahinoam Lev-Sagie, Nature Medicine

Gut microbiome diversity is associated with sleep physiology in humans, Robert P. Smith, PLOS One

Microbial Interactions in Oral Communities Mediate Emergent Biofilm Properties, P.I. Diaz, J. Dental Research

Animal microbiome

A wild microbiome improves mouse modeling of the human immune response, Sara E. Hamiltion, Lab Animal

Gut Microbiota of Migrating Wild Rabbit Fish (Siganus guttatus) Larvae Have Low Spatial and Temporal Variability, Duy Le, Microbial Ecology

Environmental microbiome

** Implications of indoor microbial ecology and evolution on antibiotic resistance, Sarah Ben Maamar, J. Exp. science & Env. Epid.

A microcosm approach highlights the response of soil mineral weathering bacterial communities to an increase of K and Mg availability, O. Nicolitch, Scientific Reports

Preceding crop and tillage system affect winter survival of wheat and the fungal communities on young wheat roots and in soil, Hanna Friberg, FEMS Microbiology Letters

Viral microbiome

A review on viral metagenomics in extreme environments, Sonia Davila-Ramos, Frontiers in Microbiology

Methods in microbiology

Multi-faceted approaches to discovering and predicting microbial nutritional interactions, Sebastian Gude, Curr. Opi. Biotechnology

Artificial neural network-assisted Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy for differentiation of Salmonella serogroups and its application on epidemiological tracing of Salmonella Bovismorbificans outbreak isolates from fresh sprouts, Helene Obereuter, FEMS Microbioogy Letters