November 28, 2018

Influence of bacterial biofilms from vats on cheese characteristics, the fecal virome of wild ducks, variation in fungal diversity associated with olive trees.

Pregnancy and early life

Review: Strategies for the Preservation, Restoration and Modulation of the Human Milk Microbiota. Implications for Human Milk Banks and Neonatal Intensive Care Units – Leónides Fernández – Frontiers in Microbiology

Human vaginal microbiome

Vaginal microbiome in pregnant women according to trimester and its association with preterm birth: critical appraisal of a cross-sectional study – Dimitrios Papoutsis – Obstetrics & Gynecology Science

Human gut microbiome

Microbial-Host Interactions in Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Functional Bowel Disease, Obesity and Obesity-Related Metabolic Disease – Shailja C Shah – Gastroenterology

Animal experiments

Bioactive Food Abates Metabolic and Synaptic Alterations by Modulation of Gut Microbiota in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer’s Disease – Tauqeerunnisa Syeda – Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease

Extract of the Microalga Nitzschia laevis Prevents High-Fat-Diet Induced Obesity in Mice by Modulating the Composition of Gut Microbiota – Bingbing Guo

Effects of Taste Signaling Protein Abolishment on Gut Inflammation in an Inflammatory Bowel Disease Mouse Model – Ya-Wen Du – Journal of Visualized Experiments

Animal microbiome

Use of next generation sequencing to investigate the microbiota of experimentally induced wounds and the effect of bandaging in horses – Louis J Kamus – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The chirality of imazethapyr herbicide selectively affects the bacterial community in soybean field soil – Hao Wu – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Genome‐Wide Association studies on the phyllosphere microbiome: embracing complexity in host‐microbe interactions – Kathleen Beilsmith – The Plant Journal

Invasive plants differentially affect soil biota through litter and rhizosphere pathways: a meta‐analysis – Pei Zhang – Ecology Letters

Analysis of the community composition and bacterial diversity of the rhizosphere microbiome across different plant taxa – Shaonan Lei – MicrobiologyOpen

Spatial and temporal variation of fungal endophytic richness and diversity associated to the phyllosphere of olive cultivars – Patrick Materatski – Fungal Biology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Pre-print: Metagenomic Insights Unveil the Dominance of Undescribed Actinobacteria in Pond Ecosystem of an Indian Shrine – Radhakrishnan Manikkam – bioRxiv

Built environment

A procedure for identifying chemical and biological risks for books in historic libraries based on microclimate analysis – Eva Schito – Journal of Cultural Heritage

Food microbiology

Influence of the early bacterial biofilms developed on vats made with seven wood types on PDO Vastedda della valle del Belìce cheese characteristics – Raimondo Gaglio – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Probiotics/prebiotics

Microbial consortia: promising probiotics as plant biostimulants for sustainable agriculture – Sheridan L Woo – Frontiers in Plant Science

Phages and viruses

Fecal virome composition of migratory wild duck species – Luis Alfonso Ramírez-Martínez – PLOS ONE

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November 27, 2018

Microbial communities of IBS patients after fecal microbiota transplantation, the shipworm gill-associated microbiota, a profile of bioartist Ani Liu in our “bacteria art” section.

Human skin microbiome

The Microbiome in Atopic Dermatitis – Amy S Paller – The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human gut microbiome

Microbiome dynamics in obesity – Christoph A Thaiss – Science

The kinetics of gut microbial community composition in patients with irritable bowel syndrome following fecal microbiota transplantation – Tarek Mazzawi – PLOS ONE

Impact of Amoxicillin-Clavulanate followed by Autologous Fecal Microbiota Transplantation on Fecal Microbiome Structure and Metabolic Potential – Christopher Bulow – mSphere

Comparison of the gut microbiota of obese individuals from different geographic origins – Emmanouil Angelakis – New Microbes and New Infections

Review: Fire in the Forest: Adverse Effects of Antibiotics on the Healthy Human Gut Microbiome – Manosha Perera – International Journal of Medical Reviews

Animal experiments

Proteomic Analysis of Microbial Induced Redox-Dependent Intestinal Signaling – Jason D Matthews – Redox Biology

Population and Culture Age Influence the Microbiome Profiles of House Dust Mites – Jan Hubert – Microbial Ecology

Animal microbiome

Symbiotic microbes affect the expression of male reproductive genes in Glossina m. morsitans – Francesca Scolari – BMC Microbiology

The gill-associated microbiome is the main source of wood plant polysaccharide hydrolases and secondary metabolite gene clusters in the mangrove shipworm Neoteredo reynei – Thais L Brito – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Host-specific signatures of the cell wall changes induced by the plant parasitic nematode, Meloidogyne incognita – Refik Bozbuga – Scientific Reports

The effects of struvite and sewage sludge on plant yield and the microbial community of a semiarid Mediterranean soil – F Bastida – Geoderma

Review: Effects of elevated carbon dioxide on environmental microbes and its mechanisms: A review – Tong Yu – Science of the Total Environment

Water and extremophile microbiome

Combining fish and benthic communities into multiple regimes reveals complex reef dynamics – Mary K Donovan – Scientific Reports

Diversity and predictive metabolic pathways of the prokaryotic microbial community along a groundwater salinity gradient of the Pearl River Delta, China – Shilei Sang – Scientific Reports

Bioinformatics

Pre-print: Naught all zeros in sequence count data are the same – Justin D Silverman – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

A bacterium’s enemy isn’t your friend – Michael S. Gilmore – Nature

Bacteria art

Portrait of the Artist as a Microbial Growth – Kevin Litman-Navarro – The Outline

November 24, 2018

In today’s microbiome digest there are various papers on human, animal and plant microbiome specifically the microbiome of coral, Honey Bee, Welsh Mountain ponies, root and rhizosphere. Enjoy reading.

Events and jobs

Senior Bioinformatics Scientist, Microbiome

General microbiome

Essay: Microbiome dynamics in obesity – Christoph A. Thaiss – Science

Human microbiome diversity: implications in health, disease, and applications – Kathryn J. Pflughoeft – Annual Reviews

Gut microbiome

Review: Gut microbiota and aging – Francesca Mangiola – European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences

Review: Microbial community reshaped in gastric cancer – L.-L. Wang – European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences

Differential clustering of faecal and mucosa‐associated microbiota in healthy individuals – Adam Carstens – Journal of Digestive Diseases

The prevalence and transcriptional activity of the mucosal microbiota of ulcerative colitis patients – Aina E. Fossum Moen – Scientific Reports

Skin microbiome

The Influence of Habitat and Phylogeny on the Skin Microbiome of Amphibians in Guatemala and Mexico – Silas Ellison – Microbial Ecology

Respiratory microbiome

Inhaled nanomaterials and the respiratory microbiome: clinical, immunological and toxicological perspectives – Tuang Yeow Poh – Particle and Fibre Toxicology

Animal experiments

An intermittent hypercaloric diet alters gut microbiota, prefrontal cortical gene expression and social behaviours in rats – Reichelt AC – Nutritional Neuroscience

Animal microbiome

Coral-associated bacteria demonstrate phylosymbiosis and cophylogeny – F. Joseph Pollock – Nature Communications

Gut and Whole-Body Microbiota of the Honey Bee Separate Thriving and Non-thriving Hives – Céline Ribière – Microbial Ecology

Gut microbiome composition is associated with spatial structuring and social interactions in semi-feral Welsh Mountain ponies – Rachael E. Antwis – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The structure and function of the global citrus rhizosphere microbiome – Jin Xu – Nature Communications

Root microbiome response to treated wastewater irrigation – AvihaiZolti – Science of The Total Environment

Water and extremophile microbiome

New archaeal viruses discovered by metagenomic analysis of viral communities in enrichment cultures – Ying Liu – Environmental Microbiology

Probiotics / prebiotics

Review: Probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics for weight loss and metabolic syndrome in the microbiome era – R. Ferrarese – European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences

November 20, 2018

Here’s your Digest before the US Thanksgiving holiday with a burst of human gut microbiome/animal experiment papers. Science publishes a special edition on diet and health, how do human gut microbes fare against mouse gut commensals, and watch out for the water used in your microbiome studies!

Jobs

Open Rank Tenure Track Faculty Position – Baylor College of Medicine

General microbiology

Preprint: Natural strain diversity reveals novel biofilm regulation in squid-colonizing Vibrio fischeri – Ella R. Rotman et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Genotyping of Salmonella spp. on the basis of CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) – Calvin Jiksing et al. – bioRxiv

Pregnancy and early life

Iron-containing micronutrient powders modify the effect of oral antibiotics on the infant gut microbiome and increase post-antibiotic diarrhoea risk: a controlled study in Kenya – Daniela Paganini et al. – Gut

Human skin microbiome

Review: The epithelial immune microenvironment (EIME) in atopic dermatitis and psoriasis – Teruki Dainichi et al. – Nature Immunology

Human oral microbiome

The Effect of Influenza Virus on the Human Oropharyngeal Microbiome – Elisa Ramos-Sevillano et al. – Clinical Infectious Diseases

Human vaginal microbiome

Review: Ecological dynamics of the vaginal microbiome in relation to health and disease – Shirley Greenbaum et al. – American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: Acquired interbacterial defense systems protect against interspecies antagonism in the human gut microbiome – Benjamin D. Ross et al. – bioRxiv

Review: Calorie restriction and its impact on gut microbial composition and global metabolism – Xiaojiao Zheng et al. – Frontiers of Medicine

Fecal microbiota transplantation with frozen capsules for a patient with refractory acute gut graft-versus-host disease – Satoshi Kaito et al. – Blood Advances

Review: Salts and energy balance: A special role for dietary salts in metabolic syndrome
Christopher W.Brey et al. – Clinical Nutrition

IL23R-protective coding variant promotes beneficial bacteria and diversity in the ileal microbiome in healthy individuals without inflammatory bowel disease – Martha Zakrzewski et al. – Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis

In vitro: A four-strain probiotic exerts positive immunomodulatory effects by enhancing colonic butyrate production in vitro – Frédéric Moens et al. – International Journal of Pharmaceutics

Review: Obesity and Cancer Risk: Emerging biological mechanisms and perspectives – Konstantinos I. Avgerinos et al. – Metabolism

Review: Endocrine regulation of gut function – a role for glucagon-like peptide-1 in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome – Dervla O’Malley – Experimental Physiology

The Human Metabolism of Nuts Proanthocyanidins Does not Reveal Urinary Metabolites Consistent with Distinctive Gut Microbiota Metabotypes – Adrián Cortés‐Martín et al. – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

Review: The role of dietary factors in inflammatory bowel diseases: new perspectives – Yi Quan Zhou et al. – Journal of Digestive Diseases

Review: Interaction of gut microbiota with dysregulation of bile acids in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and potential therapeutic implications of probiotics – Jiezhong Chen et al. – Journal of Cellular Biochemistry

Review: Cross-Talk Between Gluten, Intestinal Microbiota and Intestinal Mucosa in Celiac Disease: Recent Advances and Basis of Autoimmunity – Atul Munish Chander et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Control and dysregulation of redox signalling in the gastrointestinal tract – Eric L. Campbell & Sean P. Colgan – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

** Review: The gut microbiota at the intersection of diet and human health – Christopher L. Gentile & Tiffany L. Weir – Science

Review: Gut Microbiota and Their Neuroinflammatory Implications in Alzheimer’s Disease – Vo Van Giau et al. – Nutrients

Review: Gut microbiota in diabetes and HIV: Inflammation is the link – Vicente Estrada & Noemi Gonzalez – EBioMedicine

Human gut-microbiome-brain axis

Can the gut be the missing piece in uncovering PD pathogenesis? – Guillaume Chapelet et al. – Parkinsonism & Related Disorders

Human multi-site microbiome

Characterization of human breast tissue microbiota from core needle biopsies through the analysis of multi hypervariable 16S-rRNA gene regions – Lara Costantini et al. – Scientific Reports

Review: Estimating the postmortem interval using microbes: Knowledge gaps and a path to technology adoption – Jessica L.Metcalf – Forensic Science International: Genetics

Boston Type I Keratoprosthesis: Antibacterial Resistance and Microbiota Evaluation of Soft Contact Lenses – Emilio A.Torres-Netto et al. – American Journal of Ophthalmology

Food microbiome

Combined effects of thymol, carvacrol and packaging on the shelf-life of marinated chicken – Layal Karam et al. – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Effect of post-harvest interventions on surficial carrot bacterial community dynamics, pathogen survival, and antibiotic resistance – Vaishali Dharmarha et al. – International Journal of Food Microbiology

The potential use of probiotic and beneficial bacteria in the Brazilian dairy industry – Monique Colombo et al. – Journal of Dairy Research

Animal experiments

In vitro: Environmental pollutant-mediated disruption of gut microbial metabolism of the prebiotic inulin – Jessie Hoffman et al. – Anaerobe

Assessment of the adverse impacts of aflatoxin B1 on gut-microbiota dependent metabolism in F344 rats – Jun Zhou et al. – Chemosphere

Dietary Tomato Powder Inhibits High-Fat Diet-Promoted Hepatocellular Carcinoma with Alteration of Gut Microbiota in Mice Lacking Carotenoid Cleavage Enzymes – Hui Xia et al. – Cancer Prevention Research

Chronic intermittent hypoxia disrupts cardiorespiratory homeostasis and gut microbiota composition in adult male guinea-pigs – Eric F.Lucking et al. – EBioMedicine

Microbiota-Derived Lactate Activates Production of Reactive Oxygen Species by the Intestinal NADPH Oxidase Nox and Shortens Drosophila Lifespan – Igor Iatsenko et al. – Immunity

A polysaccharide extracted from Astragalus membranaceus residue improves cognitive dysfunction by altering gut microbiota in diabetic mice – Yameng Liu et al. – Carbohydrate Polymers

Mouse: Role of Bile Acids and GLP-1 in Mediating the Metabolic Improvements of Bariatric Surgery – Vance L. Albaugh et al. – Gastroenterology

Evaluation of Sialyllactose Supplementation of a Prebiotic-Containing Formula on Growth, Intestinal Development, and Bacterial Colonization in the Neonatal Piglet – Marcia H Monaco et al. – Current Developments in Nutrition

Mouse: The Probiotic Effectiveness in Preventing Experimental Colitis Is Correlated With Host Gut Microbiota – Sharmila Suwal et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Soy-Induced Fecal Metabolome Changes in Ovariectomized and Intact Female Rats: Relationship with Cardiometabolic Health – Victoria J. Vieira-Potter et al. – Scientific Reports

** Selective colonization ability of human fecal microbes in different mouse gut environments – Wei Zhou et al. – The ISME Journal

Rat: Potential Involvement of Peripheral Leptin/STAT3 Signaling in the Effects of Resveratrol and Its Metabolites on Reducing Body Fat Accumulation – Andrea Ardid-Ruiz et al. – Nutrients

Bacteria engineered to produce IL-22 in intestine induce expression of REG3G to reduce ethanol-induced liver disease in mice – Tim Hendrikx et al. – Gut

Effects of polystyrene microplastics on the composition of the microbiome and metabolism in larval zebrafish – Zhiqin Wan et al. – Chemosphere

Animal microbiome

The microbiome of Escherichia coli and culture-negative nonsevere clinical mastitis: Characterization and associations with linear score and milk production – A.K. Vasquez et al. – Journal of Dairy Science

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Community diversity and potential functions of rhizosphere-associated bacteria of nickel hyperaccumulators found in Albania – Séverine Lopez et al. – Science of The Total Environment

Allorhizocola rhizosphaerae gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of Micromonosporaceae isolated from rhizosphere soil of the plant Calligonum mongolicum – Ye Sun et al. – International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Linking bacterial community composition to soil salinity along environmental gradients – Kristin M. Rath et al. – The ISME Journal

Soil microbial community composition closely associates with specific enzyme activities and soil carbon chemistry in a long-term nitrogen fertilized grassland – Yue Li et al. – Science of The Total Environment

Water and extremophile microbiome

Periodic and spatial spreading of alkanes and Alcanivorax bacteria in deep waters of the Mariana Trench – Wen-Li Li et al. – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Distinct bacterial and archaeal diversities and spatial distributions in surface sediments of the Arctic Ocean – Yuguang Wang et al. – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Microbial subnetworks related to short-term diel O2 fluxes within geochemically distinct freshwater wetlands – Dean J Horton et al. – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Adaptive shifts of bacterioplankton communities in response to nitrogen enrichment in a highly polluted river – Yuzhan Yang et al. – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Pressure and temperature effects on deep-sea hydrocarbon-degrading microbial communities in subarctic sediments – Luis J. Perez Calderon et al. – MicrobiologyOpen

Phages and viruses

Preprint: Complete genome of a Measles virus from Roraima state, Brazil – Catia Meneses et al. – bioRxiv

Safety Studies of Pneumococcal Endolysins Cpl-1 and Pal – Marek Harhala et al. – Viruses

Technology

Preprint: Controlling complex microbial communities: a network-based approach – Marco Tulio Angulo et al. – bioRxiv

** H2Oh No! The importance of reporting your water source in your in vivo microbiome studies – Jacqueline A. Barnett & Deanna L. Gibson – Gut Microbes

Bioinformatics

Taxonomic classification for microbiome analysis, which correlates well with the metabolite milieu of the gut – Yoshihisa Wakita et al. – BMC Microbiology

Non-microbiology picks

Preprint: Benchmarking university medical centres for responsible metrics. A cross sectional study on timely results dissemination across 36 German centres – Susanne Wieschowski et al. – bioRxiv

November 19, 2018

Today’s digest features shallow shotgun sequencing as a useful alternative to 16S sequencing, soil metaproteomics, virus genomes from deep sea sediments, and more. And there’s an important news: the MicroMundo has been launched in Portugal! Happy reading!

Events and jobs

Open Rank Faculty Position in Microbiome or Microbial Systems Research, Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, TX

Physalia courses: 16S/ITS Metabarcoding of microbial communities (Berlin, 1-5 April 2019) Instructors: Anna Sandionigi, Antti Karkman, Bruno Fosso

Physalia courses: Metagenomics (Berlin, 27-31 May 2019) Instructors: Dr. Curtis Huttenhower, Melanie Schirmer, Cesar Arze

Gut microbiome

Metagenomics-Based, Strain-Level Analysis of Escherichia coli From a Time-Series of Microbiome Samples From a Crohn’s Disease Patient – Xin Fang – Front. Microbio.

Preprint: Microbial Dysbiosis and polyamine metabolism as predictive markers for early detection during progression of pancreatic adenocarcinoma in spontaneous mouse model – Roberto Mendez – bioRxiv

Oral microbiome

Preprint: Tobacco exposure associated with oral microbiota oxygen utilization in the New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Study – Francesco Beghini – bioRxiv

Preprint: Sociodemographic patterning in the oral microbiome of a diverse sample of New Yorkers – Audrey Renson – bioRxiv

Soil microbiome

*Review: Using proteins to study how microbes contribute to soil ecosystem services: The current state and future perspectives of soil metaproteomics – Robert Starke – Journal of Proteomics

Phages and viruses

Degenerate PCR Primers to Reveal the Diversity of Giant Viruses in Coastal Waters  – Yanze Li – Viruses

*Preprint: Virus genomes from deep sea sediments expand the ocean megavirome and support independent origins of viral gigantism – Disa Backstrom – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

*Evaluating the Information Content of Shallow Shotgun Metagenomics – Benjamin Hillmann – MySystems

A novel method to accurately calculate statistical significance of local similarity analysis for high-throughput time series – Fang Zhang – Stat Appl Genet Mol Biol.

KrakenUniq: confident and fast metagenomics classification using unique k-mer counts – Breitwieser Florian – Genome Biol.

MetaMap: an atlas of metatranscriptomic reads in human disease-related RNA-seq data –Simon Lucas – Gigascience

Svetlana’s microbiology pick

* Last week was World Antibiotic Awareness Week and the MicroMundo project has been launched in Portugal:
Initially created in the USA (2012) as Small World Initiative, the MicroMundo is an innovative Citizen Science project where professors and researchers from the University of Porto encourage students to pursue career in science while addressing a worldwide health threat – antibiotic resistance.

November 18, 2018

Do your eyes have microbiomes? How does heavy rain influence the Atacama desert microbiome?  Welcome to the microbiome digest. This weekends articles also include the latest research on space-station microbes, the influence of protists on the rhizosphere, techniques in metabolome/microbiome research and more! Enjoy!

General microbiome

Identifying and Predicting Novelty in Microbiome Studies – Xiaoquan Su – mBio

Pregnancy and early life

Impacts of diet and exercise on maternal gut microbiota are transferred to offspring – Shyam Prakaash Bhagavata Srinivasan – Frontiers in Endocrinology

Multi-site human microbiome

Biogeography of the human ocular microbiota – JeromeOzkan – The Ocular Surface

Review: The Human Microbiota and Asthma – Aaron Ver Heul – Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology

Human gut microbiome

Gastroduodenal “Dysbiosis”: a New Clinical Entity – Ayesha Shah – Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology

Animal experiments

Preprint: Colonization of the tsetse fly midgut with commensal Enterobacter inhibits trypanosome infection establishment – Brian L Weiss – bioRiv

Animal microbiome

Association of bovine major histocompatibility complex (BoLA) gene polymorphism with colostrum and milk microbiota of dairy cows during the first week of lactation – Hooman Derakhshani – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Protists: Puppet Masters of the Rhizosphere Microbiome – ZhileiGao – Trends in Plant Science

Characterization of microbes and denitrifiers attached to two species of floating plants in the wetlands of Lake Taihu – Bing Han – PLOS ONE

Environmental and spatial variables determine the taxonomic but not functional structure patterns of microbial communities in alpine grasslands – Xiao-BoWang – Science of The Total Environment

With or without trees: Resistance and resilience of soil microbial communities to drought and heat stress in a Mediterranean agroforestry system – EstherGuillot – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Response of microbial communities and enzyme activities to amendments in saline-alkaline soils – ShaohuaShi – Applied Soil Ecology

The effect of moisture on soil microbial properties and nitrogen cyclers in Mediterranean sweet orange orchards under organic and inorganic fertilization – AliciaMorugán-Coronado – Science of The Total Environment

Water and extremophile microbiome

Succession and persistence of microbial communities and antimicrobial resistance genes associated with International Space Station environmental surfaces – Nitin Kumar Singh – Microbiome

Unprecedented rains decimate surface microbial communities in the hyperarid core of the Atacama Desert – A. Azua-Bustos – Scientific Reports

Exposure to tetracycline perturbs the microbiome of soil oligochaete Enchytraeus crypticus – JunMa – Science of The Total Environment

Preprint: Filamentation of Vibrio cholerae is an adaptation for surface attachment and biofilm architecture – Benjamin R Wucher – bioRxiv

Designing an in situ remediation strategy for polluted surface water bodies through the specific regulation of microbial community – Boran Wu – Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering

Food microbiology

Microbiome of drinking water: A full-scale spatio-temporal study to monitor water quality in the Paris distribution system – YoannPerrin – Water Research

Techniques

Mass Spectrometry-Based Microbial Metabolomics: Techniques, Analysis, and Applications – Edward E. K. Baidoo – Microbial Metabolomics

High-Throughput Solid-Phase Microextraction–Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry for Microbial Untargeted Metabolomics – Fatemeh Mousavi – Microbial Metabolomics

November 16, 2018

Happy Friday! Today’s digest includes the effects of chewing gum on the oral microbiome, the gill microbiome of mangrove shipworms, and the rumen microbiome of dairy cows. Enjoy!

Human oral microbiome

Effects of xylitol-containing chewing gum on the oral microbiota – Takeuchi – Journal of Oral Science

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiome transition across a lifestyle gradient in Himalaya – Jha – PLoS Biology

Fecal chromogranins and secretogranins are linked to the fecal and mucosal intestinal bacterial composition of IBS patients and healthy subjects – Sundin – Scientific Reports

Animal experiments

Specific Members of the Gut Microbiota are Reliable Biomarkers of Irradiation Intensity and Lethality in Large Animal Models of Human Health – Carbonero – Radiation Research

Gut microbiota development in mice is affected by hydrogen peroxide produced from amino acid metabolism during lactation – Shigeno – FASEB Journal

Commensal bacteria contribute to insulin resistance in aging by activating innate B1a cells – Bodogai – Science Translational Medicine

Estrogen-mediated gut microbiome alterations influence sexual dimorphism in metabolic syndrome in mice – Kaliannan – Microbiome

Effects of Intraoperative Vagal Nerve Stimulation on the Gastrointestinal Microbiome in a Mouse Model of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis – Haney – Comparative Medicine

Animal microbiome

Assessing the Microbiota of Black Soldier Fly Larvae (Hermetia illucens) Reared on Organic Waste Streams on Four Different Locations at Laboratory and Large Scale – Wynants – Microbial Ecology

The gill-associated microbiome is the main source of wood plant polysaccharide hydrolases and secondary metabolite gene clusters in the mangrove shipworm Neoteredo reynei – Brito – PLoS One

Illumina sequencing analysis of the ruminal microbiota in high-yield and low-yield lactating dairy cows – Tong – PLoS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Rootstocks shape the rhizobiome: Rhizosphere and endosphere bacterial communities in the grafted tomato system – Poudel – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Aquatic ecotoxicity of an antidepressant, sertraline hydrochloride, on microbial communities – Yang – Science of The Total Environment

Probing the ecological and evolutionary history of a thermophilic cyanobacterial population via statistical properties of its microdiversity – Rosen – PLoS One

Built environment

Activated sludge bacterial communities of typical wastewater treatment plants: distinct genera identification and metabolic potential differential analysis – Zhang – AMB Express

Analysis of bacteria stress responses to contaminants derived from shale energy extraction – Santos – Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts

Probiotics/prebiotics

Gut microbiota of preterm infants supplemented with probiotics: sub-study of the ProPrems trial – Plummer – BMC Microbiology