February 16th, 2021

Good afternoon from sunny Adelaide, Australia. Today’s digest highlights a range of interesting microbiome research, an article in Science modelling the future of SARS-CoV2, and a commentary in Cell on data sharing.

COVID-19

Immunological characteristics govern the transition of COVID-19 to endemicity – Lavine et al. Science.

Human gut microbiome

Can we modulate the breastfed infant gut microbiota through maternal diet? – Sindi et al. FEMS Microbiology Reviews. 

Impact of synbiotics on gut microbiota during early life: a randomized, double-blind study – Phavichitr et al. Scientific Reports

Adaptation of the small intestine to microbial enteropathogens in Zambian children with stunting – Amadi et al. Nature Microbiology

Genomic aberrations after short-term exposure to colibactin-producing E. coli transform primary colon epithelial cells – Iftekhar et al. Nature Communications

Animal experiments 

Human Milk-Fed Piglets Have a Distinct Small Intestine and Circulatory Metabolome Profile Relative to That of Milk Formula-Fed Piglets –  Rosa et al. – mSystems

Human oral microbiome

Impact of the repurposed drug thonzonium bromide on host oral-gut microbiomes – Simon-Soro et al. npj biofilms and microbiomes

Marine  microbiome 

Deciphering a Marine Bone-Degrading Microbiome Reveals a Complex Community Effort – Borchest et al. – mSystems

Phages and viruses

Balance between promiscuity and specificity in phage λ host range – Andrews and Fields – ISME

Bioinformatics

Resolving cryptic species complexes in marine protists: phylogenetic haplotype networks meet global DNA metabarcoding datasets – Luca et al – ISME

A “data sharing trust” model for rapid, collaborative science – Chan et al. –  Cell

A 16S rRNA Gene and Draft Genome Database for the Murine Oral Bacterial Community – Joseph et al. – mSystems 

February 15th, 2021

God morgon!

Good morning from ice-cold Sweden.

Today’s digest carries interesting preprints on microbiology. I really liked reading the report on a bacteriophage cocktail that kills Listeria without affecting the commensal microbiota and a novel rifampin derivative that is active against doxycycline resistant Francisella. Some preprints highlight the basic biology of bacteria. There is a study on genomic evolution in one of the most important bacterial species – Streptomyces, report on endopeptidases in E. coli, and more reports on methods for studying and annotating antibiotic resistance genes.

Elsewhere in the digest are prediction models for drug interaction iin Tuberculosis, interkingdom biofilms by Candida and Lactobacillus, and microbiome studies on human milk, metazoan-microbe interactions, and some marine microbes.

Finally, there is an interview with Pae-Ji soo, the CEO of Genome and Company who talks about the importance of microbiome in modulating the immunotherapy.

Happy reading!

Bacteria hysteria

Preprint: A bacteriophage cocktail significantly reduces Listeria monocytogenes without deleterious impact on the commensal gut microbiota under simulated gastro-intestinal conditions – Rasmus Riemer Jakobsen, et al.

Preprint: TPR1, a novel rifampin derivative demonstrates efficacy alone and in combination with doxycycline against the NIAID Category A Priority Pathogen F. tularensis – Jason E. Cummings, et al.

Preprint: A nadA mutation confers nicotinic acid auxotrophy in pro-carcinogenic intestinal Escherichia coli NC101 – Lacey R Lopez, et al.

Preprint: A non-adaptive demographic mechanism for genome expansion in Streptomyces – Mallory J Choudoir, et al.

Preprint: Role of endopeptidases in peptidoglycan synthesis mediated by alternative cross-linking enzymes in Escherichia coli – Henri Voedts, et al.

Viruses

Preprint: In vivo generation of BK and JC polyomavirus defective viral genomes in human urine samples associated with higher viral loads – Amin Addetia, et al.

Preprint: Methane-derived carbon flow through host-virus trophic networks in soil – Sungeun Lee, et al.

Preprint: Genome sequencing of the bacteriophage CL31 and interaction with the host strain Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032 – Max Hünnefeld, et al.

General microbiome

Preprint: Chlorine inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in fresh produce wash process: effectiveness and modeling – Mohammadreza Dehghan Abnavi, et al.

Subcellular view of host–microbiome nutrient exchange in sponges: insights into the ecological success of an early metazoan–microbe symbiosis – Meggie Hudspith, et al., Microbiome

Functional metagenomics reveals differential chitin degradation and utilization features across free-living and host-associated marine microbiomes – I. Raimundo, et al., Microbiome

Repeatability and reproducibility assessment in a large-scale population-based microbiota study: case study on human milk microbiota – Shirin Moossavi, et al., Microbiome

Preprint: Do size and shape matter? Exploring the interactions and the metabolome of the soil isolate Hylemonella gracilis – Olaf Tyc, et al.

Eukaryotes

Preprint: Modelling the impact of the macroalgae Asparagopsis taxiformis on rumen microbial fermentation and methane production – Rafael Muñoz-Tamayo, et al.

Preprint: Transcriptome signature of cell viability predicts drug response and drug interaction for Tuberculosis – Vivek Srinivas, et al.

Preprint: Chemical ecology of a tripartite symbiosis – Nicholas C Mucci, et al.

Preprint: Mapping global shifts in Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene expression across asynchronous time trajectories with diffusion maps – Taylor Reiter, et al.

Preprint: Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidiasis; a dynamic interkingdom biofilm disease of Candida and Lactobacillus
Emily McKloud, et al.

Methods

Preprint: Genie: An interactive real-time simulation for teaching genetic drift – Andreina I Castillo, et al.

Preprint: Direct-from-specimen microbial growth inhibition spectrums under antibiotic exposure and comparison to conventional antimicrobial susceptibility testing – Jade Chen, et al.

HMD-ARG: hierarchical multi-task deep learning for annotating antibiotic resistance genes – Yu Li,et al., Microbiome

Others

Microbiome to be game changer in immunotherapy‘ : The Korean Times

February 12, 2021

Today’s quite diverse digest features: the role of gut commensal fungi mycobiota in shaping the human protective IgG antibody repertoire, Mouse Microbial Genome Collection, gut microbiome – lymphocytes – diet link, competition between Gardnerella species, microbiota-derived bile acids pool as a mediator of host–microbiota interactions, multiscale variation in genome graphs, and a list of awesome webinars, courses and podcasts. Check out two cool science and art projects, Bacterial Alphabet and Microbe Crayon. Happy Friday!

Gut microbiome

*Human gut mycobiota tune immunity via CARD9-dependent induction of anti-fungal IgG antibodies – Itai Doron – Cell

*Functional and taxonomic comparison of mouse and human gut microbiotas using extensive culturing and metagenomics – Benjamin S. Beresford-Jones – bioRxiv

*High intake of vegetables is linked to lower white blood cell profile and the effect is mediated by the gut microbiome – Cristina Menni – BMC Medicine

The Reactobiome Unravels a New Paradigm in Human Gut Microbiome Metabolism – Gholamreza Bidkhori – bioRxiv

Spatial analysis of gut microbiome reveals a distinct ecological niche associated with the mucus layer – Kellyanne Duncan – Gut Microbes

Review: Diversity and dynamism of IgA−microbiota interactions – Kelsey E. Huus – Nature Reviews Immunology

Antibiotic-associated dysbiosis affects the ability of the gut microbiota to control intestinal inflammation upon fecal microbiota transplantation in experimental colitis models – Francesco Strati – Microbiome

Adherent-invasive E. coli metabolism of propanediol in Crohn’s disease regulates phagocytes to drive intestinal inflammation – Monica Viladomiu – Cell Host & Microbe

Adults with Prader–Willi syndrome exhibit a unique microbiota profile – Wendy J. Dahl – BMC Research Notes

Vaginal microbiome

*Population density affects the outcome of competition in co-cultures of Gardnerella species isolated from the human vaginal microbiome – Salahuddin Khan and Janet E. Hill – bioRxiv

Review: Lactic acid-containing products for bacterial vaginosis and their impact on the vaginal microbiota: A systematic review – Erica L. Plummer – PlosOne

Urinary microbiome

Functional and Taxonomic Dysbiosis of the Gut, Urine, and Semen Microbiomes in Male Infertility – Scott D. Lundy – European Urology

Review: The microbiome and host mucosal interactions in urinary tract diseases – Bernadette Jones-Freeman – Mucosal Immunology

Epidemiology of urinary tract infections in children: Causative bacteria and antimicrobial therapy – Yuhei Tanaka – Paediatrics International

Human milk microbiome

Repeatability and reproducibility assessment in a large-scale population-based microbiota study: case study on human milk microbiota – Shirin Moossavi – Microbiome

Respiratory microbiome

Review: Respiratory microbiome in mechanically ventilated patients: a narrative review – Mélanie Fromentin – Intensive Care Medicine

Animal microbiome

Genomic and functional analyses of fungal and bacterial consortia that enable lignocellulose breakdown in goat gut microbiomes – Xuefeng Peng – Nature Microbiology

Metagenomics of antimicrobial and heavy metal resistance in the cecal microbiome of fattening pigs raised without antibiotics – Paiboon Tunsagool – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Unravelling the Role of Rumen Microbial Communities, Genes, and Activities on Milk Fatty Acid Profile Using a Combination of Omics Approaches – Sokratis Stergiadis – Frontiers in Microbiology

Evaluation of the ocular surface mycobiota in clinically normal horses – Mary L. Walsh – PlosOne

Animal experiments

Colonization at birth with human CST IV cervicovaginal microbiota alters development and increases neonatal mortality in mice – Eldin Jašarević – bioRxiv

Novel gut pathobionts confound results in a widely used mouse model of human inflammatory disease – Samuel C Forster – bioRxiv

Low-dose exposure of glyphosate-based herbicides disrupt the urine metabolome and its interaction with gut microbiota – Jianzhong Hu – Scientific Reports

Microbiota control of maternal behavior regulates early postnatal growth of offspring – Yujung Michelle Lee – Science Advances

Probiotics

Minireview: Lactic acid bacteria as probiotics for the nose? – Ilke De Boeck – Microbial Biotechnology

*Lactobacillus bile salt hydrolase substrate specificity governs bacterial fitness and host colonization – Matthew H. Foley – PNAS

Probiotic nasal spray development by spray drying – Katarina Jokicevic – European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics

Water microbiome

Microbiota analysis of rural and urban surface waters and sediments in Bangladesh identifies human waste as driver of antibiotic resistance – Ross S. McInnes – bioRxiv

Depth-discrete metagenomics reveals the roles of microbes in biogeochemical cycling in the tropical freshwater Lake Tanganyika – Patricia Q. Tran – The ISME Journal

Soil microbiome

Trace gas oxidizers are widespread and active members of soil microbial communities – Sean K. Bay – Nature Microbiology

Bacterial communities regulate temporal variations of the antibiotic resistome in soil following manure amendment – Jianhua Cheng – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Techniques

Quantifying Variation in Bacterial Reproductive Fitness: a High-Throughput Method – Pascal M. Frey – mSystems

Bioinformatics

*Enabling multiscale variation analysis with genome graphs – Brice Letcher – bioRxiv

HMD-ARG: hierarchical multi-task deep learning for annotating antibiotic resistance genes – Yu Li – Microbiome

BAGET 2.0: an updated web tool for the effortless retrieval of prokaryotic gene context and sequence – Benjamin Hepp – Bioinformatics

Metagenomics workflow for hybrid assembly, differential coverage binning, metatranscriptomics and pathway analysis (MUFFIN) – Renaud Van Damme – Plos Computational Biology

PATO: Pangenome Analysis Toolkit – Miguel D. Fernández-de-Bobadilla – bioRxiv

Struo2: efficient metagenome profiling database construction for ever-expanding microbial genome datasets – Nicholas D. Youngblut and Ruth E. Ley – bioRxiv

Webinars

UCC Science Society STEMinar: The Gut Microbiome, Health & Disease. You truly are what you eat – Paul O’Toole – 15 February

SGBUG (Singapore Bacterial Ultra Group) seminar: Human Gut Bacteria, Bile Acids, and Host Physiology – Sloan Devlin – 18 February

MicroSeminars 2021 – Free Web-based Microbiology Seminar Series

Biofilm Baithak – An India-specific Meetup – India Biofilms Society- 20-27 February 2021.

Klebsiella Virtual Seminar Series 2021 #KlebClub2021 – Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan

Courses

Bioinformatics for Biologists: An Introduction to Linux, Bash Scripting, and R – The Wellcome Genome Campus

Next Generation Sequencing Bioinformatics course – Wellcome Genome Campus Advanced Courses & Scientific Conferences – H3Abionet

Biobanking – Institut Pasteur

Podcasts

Season 2, Ep. 2: Building Biomes with Jack Gilbert – Ruairi Robertson – Biomes

Reverse mentoring with Martin Dougherty – Alice Matimba – Your Digital Mentor

Episode 17: Post-docs Part 2: Hiring – Stephanie Hicks and John Muschelli – The Corresponding Author

Episode 235: Green algae and fatty acids – Vincent Racaniello, Elio Schaechter, Michele Swanson, and Michael Schmidt – This week in microbiology podcast

Dr. Heer Mehta: Antibiotic Resistance and Experimental Evolution – Leo Elworth – The Bioinformatics and Beyond Podcast

Science and Art

Microbe Crayon Project – Anne A. Madden

Drawing the #BacterialAlphabet – Noémie Matthey

February 10, 2021

Hello from snowy Lübeck,
today we have selected, among others, some papers about soil microbiota, associations of bacteria in healthy humans across different populations (in gut) and a couple of bioinformatic papers. Happy reading!

General microbiome

[REVIEW]Blautia—a new functional genus with potential probiotic properties? – Liu et al. – Gut Microbes

The sum is greater than the parts: exploiting microbial communities to achieve complex functions – Zaramela et al. – Current Opinion in Biotechnology

Pregnancy and early life

Influence of Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus iners and Gardnerella vaginalis on bacterial vaginal composition in pregnant women – Witkin et al. – Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

Human gut microbiome

The faecal metabolome in COVID-19 patients is altered and associated with clinical features and gut microbes – Lv et al. – Analytica Chimica Acta

Bacterial associations in the healthy human gut microbiome across populations – Loftus, Hassouneh & Yooseph – Scientific Reports

The Pre‐treatment Gut Microbiome is Associated with Lack of Response to Methotrexate in New Onset Rheumatoid Arthritis – Artacho et al. – Arthitis & Rheumatology

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Antibiotic-associated dysbiosis affects the ability of the gut microbiota to control intestinal inflammation upon fecal microbiota transplantation in experimental colitis models – Strati et al. – Microbiome

Black Current Anthocyanins Improve Lipid Metabolism and Modulate Gut Microbiota in High‐Fat Diet‐Induced Obese Mice – Song et al. – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) as a novel model to study the relationship between the avian microbiome and microbial endocrinology-based host-microbe interactions – Lyte et al. – Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Impacts of earthworm introduction and cadmium on microbial communities composition and function in soil – Ren et al. – Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology

Tree‐induced alterations to soil properties and rhizoplane‐associated bacteria following 23 years in a common garden – Yates et al. – Plant and Soil

Influence of imidacloprid on bacterial community diversity of mango orchard soil assessed through 16S rRNA sequencing-based metagenomic analysis – Garg et al. – Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

Bioinformatics

[PREPRINT]Multi-Block Sparse Functional Principal Components Analysis for Longitudinal Microbiome Multi-Omics Data – Jiang et al. – arXiv.org

Model-based microbiome data ordination: A variational approximation approach – Zeng, Zhao & Wang – Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics

VirSorter2: a multi-classifier, expert-guided approach to detect diverse DNA and RNA viruses – Guo et al. – Microbiome

February 9, 2021

Today’s updates in microbiome – iron homeostasis in host and gut bacteria, flavonol catabolism in gut bacteria, protocol for characterization of pulmonary microbiota, how single bacterial strain prevents GVHD and many more… happy reading!

General microbiome

Iron homeostasis in host and gut bacteria – a complex interrelationship – Yohannes Seyoum – Gut Microbes

α1-3Gal antigen in gut microbiota, a potential new environmental factor in multiple sclerosis – LéoBoussamet – Clinical Immunology

Human microbiome

Alterations in the gut bacterial microbiome in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy – Taraprasad Das – Scientific Reports

Discovery of an ene-reductase for initiating flavone and flavonol catabolism in gut bacteria – Gaohua Yang – Nature Communications

Animal microbiome

A single strain of Bacteroides fragilis protects gut integrity and reduces GVHD – M. Hanief Sofi – JCI Insight

Social behavior of musk deer during the mating season potentially influences the diversity of their gut microbiome – Jianmei Li​ – PeerJ

Low-dose exposure of glyphosate-based herbicides disrupt the urine metabolome and its interaction with gut microbiota – Jianzhong Hu – Scientific Reports

Cross-Feeding of a Toxic Metabolite in a Synthetic Lignocellulose-Degrading Microbial Community – Jessica A. Lee – Microorganisms

Dietary sphinganine is selectively assimilated by members of the mammalian gut microbiome – LeeMin-Ting – Journal of Lipid Research

Functional Foods

Shaping the Future of Probiotics and Prebiotics – Marla Cunningham – Trends in Microbiology

Utilizing the Food–Pathogen Metabolome to Putatively Identify Biomarkers for the Detection of Shiga Toxin-Producing E. coli (STEC) from Spinach – Snehal R. Jadhav – Metabolites

Clinical effects and gut microbiota changes of using probiotics, prebiotics or synbiotics in inflammatory bowel disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Xiao-Feng Zhang – European Journal of Nutrition

Diabetes-induced cardiomyopathy is ameliorated by heat-killed Lactobacillus reuteri GMNL-263 in diabetic rats via the repression of the toll-like receptor 4 pathway – Chung-Jen Chiang – European Journal of Nutrition

Water microbiome

Understanding structure/function relationships in nitrifying microbial communities after cross-transfer between freshwater and seawater – Blanca M. Gonzalez-Silva – Scientific Reports

The microbial dimension of submarine groundwater discharge:current challenges and future directions – Clara Ruiz-González- FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Estrogen induces shift in abundances of specific groups of the coral microbiome – Caren L. S. Vilela – Scientific Reports

Metabolic fingerprinting of the Antarctic cyanolichen Leptogium puberulum–associated bacterial community (Western Shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, Maritime Antarctica) – Jakub Grzesiak – Microbial Ecology

Techniques

Development of a robust protocol for the characterization of the pulmonary microbiota – Nathan Dumont-Leblond – Nature Communications

Microbes in news

Eating fat-rich foods as a child causes long-lasting changes in gut microbiome: Study – First post

Human Microbiome Market Set to Register Healthy CAGR During to 2026 – KSU The Sentinel Newspaper

February 8, 2021

Good morning from Minneapolis!

Today’s microbiome digest includes several interesting research and review articles. Enjoy reading!

General microbiome

Review: The intestinal neuro-immune axis: crosstalk between neurons, immune cells, and microbes – Amanda Jacobson – Mucosal Immunology

Review: The Role of the Gut Microbiome, Immunity, and Neuroinflammation in the Pathophysiology of Eating Disorders – Michael J. Butler – Nutrients

Review: The microbiome and host mucosal interactions in urinary tract diseases – Bernadette Jones-Freeman – Mucosal Immunology

Comparison between 16S rRNA and shotgun sequencing data for the taxonomic characterization of the gut microbiota – Francesco Durazzi – Scientific Reports

Perspective: Modulating gut microbiota to treat cancer – Christopher H. Woelk – Science

Sequence Meets Function—Microbiota And Cardiovascular Disease – Myungsuk Kim – Cardiovascular Research

Human gut microbiome

Fecal microbiota transplant overcomes resistance to anti–PD-1 therapy in melanoma patients – Diwakar Davar – Science

Fecal microbiota transplant promotes response in immunotherapy-refractory melanoma patients – Erez N Baruch – Science

Components of a Neanderthal gut microbiome recovered from fecal sediments from El Salt – Simone Rampelli – Communications Biology

Meta-omics characteristics of intestinal microbiota associated to HBeAg seroconversion induced by oral antiviral therapy – Yu-Li Zeng – Scientific Reports

Anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory effects elicited by short chain fatty acids produced by Escherichia coli isolated from healthy human gut microbiota – Atchareeya Nakkarach – Microbial Cell Factories

Exploiting the Microbiota for the Diagnosis of Anal Precancerous Lesions in Men Who Have Sex With Men – Raquel Ron – Journal of Infectious Disease

Distribution characteristics of intestinal microbiota during pregnancy and postpartum in healthy women – Shengtang Qin – The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine

Co-Occurrence of Symptoms and Gut Microbiota Composition Before Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy for Rectal Cancer: A Proof of Concept – Velda J Gonzalez-Mercado – Biological Research For Nursing

Oral and respiratory microbiome

Development of a robust protocol for the characterization of the pulmonary microbiota – Nathan Dumont-Leblond – Communications Biology

Lung microbiota associations with clinical features of COPD in the SPIROMICS cohort – Kristopher Opron – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Animal microbiome / Animal experiments

Changes in the gut microbial community of the eastern newt (Notophthalmus viridescens) across its three distinct life stages – Samantha S Fontaine – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Altered Gut Microbiota is Involved in the Anti‐Hypertensive Effects of Vitamin C in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat – Ying Li – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Long Term High Protein Diet Feeding Alters the Microbiome and Increases Intestinal Permeability, Systemic Inflammation and Kidney Injury in Mice – Matthew Snelson- Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Low-dose exposure of glyphosate-based herbicides disrupt the urine metabolome and its interaction with gut microbiota – Jianzhong Hu – Scientific Reports

Metagenomics of antimicrobial and heavy metal resistance in the cecal microbiome of fattening pigs raised without antibiotics – Paiboon Tunsagool – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

IL-17 controls central nervous system autoimmunity through the intestinal microbiome – Tommy Regen – Science Immunology

The skin microbiome of Xenopus laevis and the effects of husbandry conditions – Maya Z. Piccinni – Animal Microbiome

Effects of dietary oregano essential oil supplementation on growth performance, intestinal antioxidative capacity, immunity and intestinal microbiota in yellow-feathered chickens – Dong Ruan – Journal of Animal Science

Composition and acquisition of the microbiome in solitary, ground-nesting alkali bees – Karen M. Kapheim – Scientific Reports

The impact of the gut microbiome on memory and sleep in Drosophila – Valeria Silva – Journal of Experimental Biology

Probiotics / prebiotics

Prebiotic dietary fibre intervention improves fecal markers related to inflammation in obese patients: results from the Food4Gut randomized placebo-controlled trial – Audrey M. Neyrinck – European Journal of Nutrition

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Reduced tillage, cover crops and organic amendments affect soil microbiota and improve soil health in Uruguayan vegetable farming systems – Victoria Cerecetto – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Tillage shapes the soil and rhizosphere microbiome of barley – but not its susceptibility towards Blumeria graminis f. sp. Hordei – Nina Bziuk – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

The rhizosphere microbiome plays a role in the resistance to soil-borne pathogens and nutrient uptake of strawberry cultivars under field conditions – Cristina Lazcano – Scientific Reports

16S rRNA gene-based microbiome analysis identifies candidate bacterial strains that increase the storage time of potato tubers – Franziska Buchholz – Scientific Reports

Methods and techniques

Boolean implication analysis unveils candidate universal relationships in microbiome data – Daniella Vo – BMC Bioinformatics

Review: Advances in modelling the human microbiome–gut–brain axis in vitro – Chrysanthi-Maria Moysidou

MB-GAN: Microbiome Simulation via Generative Adversarial Network – Ruichen Rong – GigaScience

February 4, 2021

Greetings from a very snowy Pittsburgh!

If you like getting dirty, today’s digest is for you! It includes a review on bat guano, two research articles about compost, four focused on soil research, and a preprint about fertilization with poultry manure.

Happy reading!

Events and jobs

February 1st to 14th: If you’re on twitter, check out #MicrobeValentinesDay! @AnneAMadden is posting 14 days of pink microbes in honor of Valentine’s Day under this hashtag!

Human skin microbiome

Gut microbiome profile in psoriatic patients treated and untreated with biologic therapy – Valentini et al. – The Journal of Dermatology

Human gut microbiome

Preprint – Impact of a human gut microbe on Vibrio cholerae host colonization through biofilm enhancement – Barrasso et al. – bioRxiv

Review: Gut microbiota-mediated pesticide toxicity in humans: methodological issues and challenges in risk assessment of pesticides – Utembe and Kamng’ona – Chemosphere

Animal experiments

Effects of thallium exposure on intestinal microbial community and organ functions in zebrafish (Danio rerio) – Wang et al. – Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene

Is intestinal bacterial diversity enhanced by trans-species spread in the mixed-species flock of hooded crane (Grus monacha) and bean goose (Anser fabalis) wintering in the lower and middle Yangtze river floodplain? – Yang and Zhou – Animals

Animal microbiome

Review: The microbiome of bat guano: for what is this knowledge important? – Dimkić et al. – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Tick microbiomes in neotropical forest fragments are best explained by tick-associated and environmental factors rather than host blood source – Kueneman et al. – Microbial Ecology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Survival rates of microbial communities from livestock waste to soils: a comparison between compost and digestate – Akari and Uchida – Applied and Environmental Soil Science

Year, location, and variety impact on grape-, soil-, and leaf-associated fungal microbiota of Arkansas-grown table grapes – Cureau et al. – Microbial Ecology

Preprint: Agricultural fertilization with poultry manure results in persistent environmental contamination with the pathogen Clostridioides difficile – Frentrup et al. – bioRxiv

Impacts of invasive Australian Acacias on soil bacterial community composition, microbial enzymatic activities, and nutrient availability in Fynbos soils – Keet et al. – Microbial Ecology

A novel carboxylesterase derived from a compost metagenome exhibiting high stability and activity towards high salinity – Lu and Daniel – Genes

A two-year field study of nickel-agromining using Odontarrhena chalcidica co-cropped with a legume on an ultramafic soil: temporal variation in plant biomass, nickel yields and taxonomic and bacterial functional diversity – Saad et al. – Plant and Soil

Bacterial response to soil property changes caused by wood ash from wildfire in forest soils around mining areas: Relevance of bacterial community composition, carbon and nitrogen cycling – Zhang et al. – Journal of Hazardous Materials

Water and extremophile microbiome

Microcystis blooms aggravate the diurnal alternation of nitrification and nitrate reduction in the water column in Lake Taihu – Chen et al. – Science of the Total Environment

Temperature and microbial interactions drive the deterministic assembly processes in sediments of hot springs – He et al. – Science of the Total Environment

Cadmium sulfide nanoparticle biomineralization and biofilm formation mediate cadmium resistance of the deep‐sea bacterium Pseudoalteromonas sp. MT33b – Ma and Sun – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Recovery of freshwater microbial communities after extreme rain events is mediated by cyclic succession – Shabarova et al. – Nature Microbiology

Built environment

Preprint: Half-life of biodegradable plastics in the marine environment depends on material, habitat, and climate zone – Lott et al. – bioRxiv

Water flushing irremovable biofilms on support material in dynamic membrane bioreactor: formation, composition, and microbial community – Huang et al. – Chemosphere

Phages and viruses

Preprint: Rampant prophage movement among transient competitors drives rapid adaptation during infection – Marshall et al. – bioRxiv

February 03, 2021

Job market

Postdoctoral Associate in quantitative microbial dynamics in the Clark lab at Duke University

General microbiome

[COMMENT]Microbiome innovations for a sustainable future – D’Hondt et al. – Nature Microbiology

Kin selection explains the evolution of cooperation in the gut microbiota – Simonety & McNally – PNAS

[REVIEW]Crossing Kingdoms: How the Mycobiota and Fungal-Bacterial Interactions Impact Host Health and Disease – Santus, Devlin & Behnsen – Infection and Immunity

Pregnancy and early life

Pregnant women who develop preeclampsia have lower abundance of the butyrate-producer Coprococcus in their gut microbiota – Altemani et al. – Pregnancy Hypertension

Human oral microbiome

Toothbrush microbiomes feature a meeting ground for human oral and environmental microbiota – Blaustein et al. – Microbiome

The role of Saccharibacteria (TM7) in the subginival microbiome as a predictor for secondary cardiovascular events – Schulz et al. – International Journal of Cardiology

Human gut microbiome

The seasonal changes of the gut microbiome of the population living in traditional lifestyles are represented by characteristic species-level and functional-level SNP enrichment patterns – Zhu et al. – BMC Genomics

The pleiotropic effects of prebiotic galacto-oligosaccharides on the aging gut – Arnold et al. – Microbiome

[REVIEW]Priming for Life: Early Life Nutrition and the Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis – Ratsika et al. – Nutrients

[REVIEW]Gut Microbial Signatures in Sporadic and Hereditary Colorectal Cancer – Mori & Pasca – Int. J. Mol. Sci.

Animal microbiome (for animals in the wild)

[REVIEW]Mechanisms underlying gut microbiota–host interactions in insects – Schmidt & Engel

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

[REVIEW]Plant microbiome structure and benefits for sustainable agriculture – dos Santos & Olivares – Current Plant Biology

A microbial gene catalog of anaerobic digestion from full-scale biogas plants – Ma et al. – GigaScience

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Microbial intrusion and seasonal dynamics in the groundwater microbiome of a porous basaltic rock aquifer used as municipal water reservoir – Knobloch et al. – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Bacterial Diversity and Community Composition Distribution in Cold-Desert Habitats of Qinghai–Tibet Plateau, China – Zhang et al. – Microorganisms

Food microbiology

Bacterial community dynamics during different stages of processing of smoked bacon using the 16S rRNA gene amplicon analysis – Li et al. – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Bioinformatics

[PREPRINT]PredicTF: a tool to predict bacterial transcription factors in complex microbial communities – Monteiro et al. – bioRxiv

tidyMicro: a pipeline for microbiome data analysis and visualization using the tidyverse in R – Carpenter et al. – BMC Bioinformatics

Techniques

In vitro infection models to study fungal-host interaction – Last et al. – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Microbes in the news (popular press, EurekAlert, ScienceDaily, Youtube, NPR, etc)

Exploring the Relationship Between the Microbiome, Precision Medicine and Cancer – Tom Williams – Technology Networks

January 29, 2021

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiome dysbiosis and correlation with blood biomarkers in active-tuberculosis in endemic setting – Khaliq et al. – PLOS One

Gut microbiota profile of Indonesian stunted children and children with normal nutritional status – Surono et al. – PLOS One

[PREPRINT]Infant gut strain persistence is associated with maternal origin, phylogeny, and functional potential including surface adhesion and iron acquisition – Lou et al. – bioRxiv

Human metabolome

Umbilical cord blood metabolome differs in relation to delivery mode, birth order and sex, maternal diet and possibly future allergy development in rural children – Ross et al. – PLOS One

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

Innate gut microbiota predisposes to high alcohol consumption – Ezquer et al. – Addiction Biology

Animal microbiome

Diet-induced changes in bacterial communities in the jejunum and their associations with bile acids in Angus beef cattle – Liu et al. – Animal Microbiome

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Investigation of the microbiota associated with ungerminated and germinated Norwegian barley cultivars with focus on lactic acid bacteria – Østlie et al. – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

[PREPRINT]Diversity, activity and abundance of benthic microbes in the southeastern Mediterranean Sea: A baseline for monitoring – Rubin-Blum – bioRxiv

[PREPRINT]Deep-sea plastisphere: long-term colonization by plastic-associated bacterial and archaeal communities in the Southwest Atlantic Ocean – Agostini – bioRxiv

Food microbiology

Systematic assessment of oat β-glucan catabolism during in vitro digestion and fermentation – Bai et al. – Food Chemistry

Bioinformatics

One is not enough: On the effects of reference genome for the mapping and subsequent analyses of short-reads – Valiente-Mullor et al. – PLOS Computational Biology

January 28, 2021

Happy almost Friday from the US’s west coast, everybody! I recently finished reading “Braiding Sweetgrass: Indigenous Wisdom, Scientific Knowledge, and the Teachings of Plants” by Robin Wall Kimmerer and plants have been on my mind so today’s Digest is heavy on the plant microbiome research. Two plant papers I found especially fascinating applied different experimental designs to study the same issue: one looks at how the mono-cropping of maize negatively impacts soil microbial communities and the other found that sugarcane/peanut intercropping enriches for beneficial microbes that promote nitrogen and phosphate release from the soil. There are also several papers looking at the relationship between microbes and the host immune system and an eLife paper in which the popular shelter-in-place hobby of making sourdough and our beloved microbiome field collide. Happy reading!

Pregnancy and Early Life
Fecal Microbiota Nutrient Utilization Potential Suggests Mucins as Drivers for Initial Gut Colonization of Mother-Child Shared Bacteria. – Nilsen, M. et al., Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

Metagenomic insights of the infant microbiome community structure and function across multiple sites in the United States. – Casaburi, G. et al., Scientific Reports.

Human Gut Microbiome
Gut bacteria-derived 5-hydroxyindole is a potent stimulant of intestinal motility via its action on L-type calcium channels. – Waclawiková, B. et al., PLoS Biology.

Animal Experiments
Gut CD4+ T cell phenotypes are a continuum molded by microbes, not by TH archetypes. – Kiner, E. et al., Nature Immunology.

Regulation of Gut Microbiota Disrupts the Glucocorticoid Receptor Pathway and Inflammation-related Pathways in the Mouse Hippocampus. – Rao, X. et al., Experimental Neurobiology.

Decreased Ecological Resistance of the Gut Microbiota in Response to Clindamycin Challenge in Mice Colonized with the Fungus Candida albicans. – Markey, L. et al., mSphere.

Gut Commensal Segmented Filamentous Bacteria Fine-Tune T Follicular Regulatory Cells to Modify the Severity of Systemic Autoimmune Arthritis. – Bates, N.A. et al., Journal of Immunology.

Microbial metabolism of L-tyrosine protects against allergic airway inflammation. – Wypych, T.P. et al., Nature Immunology.

Animal Microbiome
Host development overwhelms environmental dispersal in governing the ecological succession of zebrafish gut microbiota. – Xiao, F. et al., npj Biofilms and Microbiomes.

Quantifying fluorescent glycan uptake to elucidate strain-level variability in foraging behaviors of rumen bacteria. – Klassen, L. et al., Microbiome.

Plant, Root, and Soil Microbiome
Complementary Roles of Wood-Inhabiting Fungi and Bacteria Facilitate Deadwood Decomposition. – Tláskal, V. et al., mSystems.

Natural Bacterial Assemblages in Arabidopsis thaliana Tissues Become More Distinguishable and Diverse during Host Development. – Beilsmith, K. et al., mBio.

Colonization of naïve roots from Populus tremula x alba involves successive waves of fungi and bacteria with different trophic abilities. – Fracchia, F. et al., Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

The role of host promiscuity in the invasion process of a seaweed holobiont. – Bonthond, G. et al., The ISME Journal.

Sugarcane/peanut intercropping system improves the soil quality and increases the abundance of beneficial microbes. – Tang, X. et al., Journal of Basic Microbiology.

Variation of rhizosphere microbial community in continuous mono-maize seed production. – Zhao, Y. et al., Scientific Reports.

Food Microbiology
The diversity and function of sourdough starter microbiomes. – Landis, E.A. et al., eLife.

Probiotics
Optimization of probiotic therapeutics using machine learning in an artificial human gastrointestinal tract. – Westfall, S. et al., Scientific Reports.

Metagenomics
How reliably do metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) represent natural populations? Insights from comparing MAGs against isolate genomes derived from the same fecal sample. – Meziti, A. et al., Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

Techniques
Precision modification of the human gut microbiota targeting surface-associated proteins. – Marcos-Fernández, R. et al., Scientific Reports.

High-throughput cultivation and identification of bacteria from the plant root microbiota. – Zhang, J. et al., Nature Protocols.