April 10, 2018

After a brief hiatus, your Digest is back! After screening several hundred papers, progress seems to concentrate on a selected fields, including human gut microbiome and plant/soil microbiome. The WHO advocates for a global atlas of zoonotic viruses, a PDF link to a book volume full of application of microbiome engineering in agriculture, environmental protection and industry, and 16s rDNA primers can cross-react with mitochondrial sequences in eukaryotic cells. Last but not least, what can we all do to help young scientists, including ourselves, cope with immense pressure and distress?

General microbiology

Role of Partially Saturated Canthaxanthin and Ergosterol in the Survival of Aspergillus carbonarius Mutant at Extreme Acidic Condition – A. Kumar et al. – Microbiology

Coupled iron-microbial catalysis for CO2 hydrogenation with multispecies microbial communities – Elise Blanchet et al. – Chemical Engineering Journal

An integrated membrane bioreactor system with iron-dosing and side-stream co-fermentation for enhanced nutrient removal and recovery: System performance and microbial community analysis – Ruo-hong Li et al. – Bioresource Technology

The Microbiome and Population Health: Considerations to Enhance Study Design and Data Analysis in Observational and Interventional Epidemiology – Ryan T Demmer – American Journal of Epidemiology

Robust, linear correlations between growth rates and β-lactam–mediated lysis rates – Anna J. Lee et al. – PNAS USA

Human oral microbiome

Apical periodontitis: preliminary assessment of microbiota by 16S rRNA high throughput amplicon target sequencing – Federico Mussano and Ilario Ferrocino et al. – BMC Oral Health

Human gut microbiome

A feasibility study: association between gut microbiota enterotype and antibody response to seasonal trivalent influenza vaccine in adults – Nick Shortt and Hazel Poyntz et al. – Clinical & Translational Immunology

Gut-dependent microbial translocation induces inflammation and cardiovascular events after ST-elevation myocardial infarction – Xin Zhou, Jing Li and Junli Guo et al. – Microbiome

Book chapter: Influence of the Gut Microbiome on Immune Development During Early Life – Shankar S. Iyer and Richard S. Blumberg – Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract (Sixth Edition)

Book chapter: Gut Barrier: Innate Immunity – Gerco den Hartog et al. – Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract (Sixth Edition)

Review: Molecular Pathophysiology of Epithelial Barrier Dysfunction in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases – Jessica Y. Lee et al. – Proteomes

Impact of tart cherries polyphenols on the human gut microbiota and phenolic metabolites in vitro and in vivo – Alba C. Mayta-Apaza et al. – The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry

Characterization of the duodenal bacterial microbiota in patients with pancreatic head cancer vs. healthy controls – Qi-Xiang Mei et al. – Pancreatology

Human multi-site microbiome

Microbiota potential for the treatment of sexual dysfunction – Hassan Tirandaz et al. – Medical Hypotheses

Animal experiments

Nile tilapia: Effects of Lactogen 13, a New Probiotic Preparation, on Gut Microbiota and Endocrine Signals Controlling Growth and Appetite of Oreochromis niloticus Juveniles – Gioacchini Giorgia et al. – Microbial Ecology

Effects of shenling baizhu powder herbal formula on intestinal microbiota in high-fat diet-induced NAFLD rats – Yupei Zhang et al. – Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy

Gut Microbiota Promotes Tumor Growth in Mice by Modulating Immune Response – Vrishketan Sethi et al. – Gastroenterology

The effects of feeding monensin on rumen microbial communities and methanogenesis in bred heifers fed in a drylot – E.A. Melchior et al. – Livestock Science

Identification, characterization and selection of autochthonous lactic acid bacteria as probiotic for feedlot cattle – Natalia C. Maldonado et al. – Livestock Science

Glyphosate based- herbicide exposure affects gut microbiota, anxiety and depression-like behaviors in mice – Yassine Aitbali et al. – Neurotoxicology and Teratology

Animal microbiome

Characterization of the bacterial community in different parts of the gut of sea cucumber (Apostichopus Japonicus) and its variation during gut regeneration – Luo Wang et al. – Aquaculture Research

Review: The adherence and colonization of microorganisms in fish gastrointestinal tract – Xuemei Li et al. – Reviews in Aquaculture

Effect of Saccharomyces boulardii and Bacillus subtilis B10 on gut microbiota modulation in broiler – Chubin Qin and Li Gong et al. – Animal Nutrition

Metabolomics Study of Immune Responses of New Zealand Greenshell™ Mussels (Perna canaliculus) Infected with Pathogenic Vibrio sp. – Thao V. Nguyen et al. – Marine Biotechnology

Review: Use of antibiotics in broiler production: Global impacts and alternatives – Youcef Mehdi et al. – Animal Nutrition

Food Microbiome

PDF: High-Throughput rRNA Gene Sequencing Reveals High and Complex Bacterial Diversity Associated with Brazilian Coffee Bean Fermentation – Dão Pedro de Carvalho Neto et al. – Food Technology and Biotechnology

The impact of vegan production on the kimchi microbiome – Michelle Zabat et al. – Food Microbiology

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Soil abiotic variables are more important than Salicaceae phylogeny or habitat specialization in determining soil microbial community structure – Sonya Erlandson et al. – Molecular Ecology

RNA-based analyses reveal fungal communities structured by a senescence gradient in the moss Dicranum scoparium and the presence of putative multi-trophic fungi – Ko‐Hsuan Chen et al. – New Phytologist

Microbial diversity changes with rhizosphere and hydrocarbons in contrasting soils – Muhammad Atikul Islam Khan et al. – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Effects of redox potential on soil Cadmium solubility: Insight into microbial community – Delong Meng et al. – Journal of Environmental Sciences

Long-term phosphorus application to a maize monoculture influences the soil microbial community and its feedback effects on maize seedling biomass – Ming Lang et al. – Applied Soil Ecology

Book chapter: Differential Responses of Plants to Biotic Stress and the Role of Metabolites – Maham Saddique et al. – Plant Metabolites and Regulation Under Environmental Stress

Role of Phenolic Acids from the Rhizosphere Soils of Panax notoginseng as a Double-Edge Sword in the Occurrence of Root-Rot Disease – Ya-Meng Zhao et al. – Molecules

Forum: From Petri Dishes to Model Ecosystems – Oskar Siemianowski et al. – Trends in Plant Science

An Insight into Catechins Metabolic Pathways of Camellia sinensis Based on Genome and Transcriptome Analysis – Wenzhao Wang et al. – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Seasonal characterization of sugarcane vinasse: Assessing environmental impacts from fertirrigation and the bioenergy recovery potential through biodigestion – Lucas Tadeu Fuess et al. – Science of The Total Environment

Soil microbial biomass: A key soil driver in management of ecosystem functioning – Jay Shankar Singh and Vijay Kumar Gupta – Science of The Total Environment

Phosphorus fertilising potential of fly ash and effects on soil microbiota and crop – Deborah Schönegger et al. – Resources, Conservation and Recycling

Response of the soil microbial community to different fertilizer inputs in a wheat-maize rotation on a calcareous soil – Shuikuan Bei et al. – Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment

Water and extremophile microbiome

Bacterial Diversity and Functional Activity of Microbial Communities in Hot Springs of the Baikal Rift Zone – E. V. Lavrentyeva et al. – Microbiology

Microbial Community Composition and Rates of the Methane Cycle Microbial Processes in the Upper Sediments of the Yamal Sector of the Southwestern Kara Sea – A. S. Savvichev et al. – Microbiology

Nematode-associated microbial taxa do not correlate with host phylogeny, geographic region or feeding morphology in marine sediment habitats – Taruna Schuelke et al. – Molecular Ecology

Discriminating activated sludge flocs from biofilm microbial communities in a novel pilot-scale reciprocation MBR using high-throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing – Ryan De Sotto et al. – Journal of Environmental Management

PDF: Divergent assemblage patterns of abundant and rare microbial sub-communities in response to inorganic carbon stresses in a simultaneous anammox and denitrification (SAD) system – Duntao Shu et al. – Bioresource Technology

Antibiotic resistance in wastewater treatment plants: Tackling the black box – Célia M. Manaia et al. – Environment International

Phages and viruses

** Building a global atlas of zoonotic viruses – Dennis Carroll et al. – Bulletin of WHO

Phages infecting Faecalibacterium prausnitzii belong to novel viral genera that help to decipher intestinal viromes – Jeffrey K. Cornuault et al. – Microbiome

Dual Insect specific virus infection limits Arbovirus replication in Aedes mosquito cells – Michaela J. Schultz et al. – Virology

Technology

** Taxon Disappearance from Microbiome Analysis Reinforces the Value of Mock Communities as a Standard in Every Sequencing Run – Yi-Chun Yeh et al. – mSystems

Hemolymph Microbiomes of Three Aquatic Invertebrates as Revealed by a New Cell Extraction Method – Xinxu Zhang et al. – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Clinical impact of rapid bacterial identification by MALDI-TOF MS combined with the bêta-LACTA™ test on early antibiotic adaptation by an antimicrobial stewardship team in bloodstream infections – A. Mizrahi et al. – Infectious Diseases

Genetic engineering of bee gut microbiome bacteria with a toolkit for modular assembly of broad-host-range plasmids – Sean P. Leonard et al. – ACS Synthetic Biology

** Cross-Reactivity of Prokaryotic 16S rDNA-Specific Primers to Eukaryotic DNA: Mistaken Microbial Community Profiling in Environmental Samples – Shailendra Yadav et al. – Current Microbiology

Detection of Pathogenic Microorganisms by Microfluidics Based Analytical Methods – Dongxue Zhang et al. – Analytical Chemistry

** Book chapter PDF: Microbial, Plant, Environmental and Industrial Technologies – Debmalya Barh and Vasco Azevedo – Microbial Omics: Applications in Biotechnology

Metabolome- and genome-scale model analyses for engineering of Aureobasidium pullulans to enhance polymalic acid and malic acid production from sugarcane molasses – Jun Feng and Jing Yang et al. – Biotechnology for Biofuels

eDNA-based bioassessment of coastal sediments impacted by an oil spill – Yuwei Xie et al. – Environmental Pollution

Using natural biomass microorganisms for drinking water denitrification – Darleila Damasceno Costa et al. – Journal of Environmental Management

Bioinformatics

Cluster and Multiple Correspondence Analyses in Rheumatology: Paths to Uncovering Relationships in a Sea of Data – Lu Han et al. – Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America

Microbes in the news

Faecal transplantation: do not try this at home – Talha Khan Burki – The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Non-microbiology picks

** Editorial: Time to talk about why so many postgrads have poor mental health – Nature

Editorial: Using Preprints for Journal Clubs – Arturo Casadevall and Neil Gow – mBio

 

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April 5, 2018

Of note today: An evaluation of multi-site human microbiome temporal stability over six months; The impacts of 1,000 non-antibiotic drugs on the in vitro gut microbiome; Caspase-1 might modulate the relationship between stress, the gut microbiome, inflammation and depressive-like behaviour in mice; And the impact of warming on the Antarctic soil microbiome

Events and jobs

Community Sequencing Scientists, Indigo, Boston MA

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General microbiome

Review: No effects without causes: the Iron Dysregulation and Dormant Microbes hypothesis for chronic, inflammatory diseases – Douglas B. Kell – Biological Review

Review: Environmental microbiology to the rescue of planet Earth – Víctor de Lorenzo – Environmental Microbiology

Multi-site human microbiome

*Quantification of Human Microbiome Stability over Six Months: Implications for Epidemiologic Studies – Rashmi Sinha – American Journal of Epidemiology

Review: Of genes and microbes: solving the intricacies in host genomes – Jun Wang – Protein & Cell

Human gut microbiome

Review: Serotonin as a Link Between the Gut-Brain-Microbiome Axis in Autism Spectrum Disorders – Narek Israelyan – Pharmacological Research

The Intestinal Microbiome Influences the Response of Cancers to PD-1–Based Immunotherapy: Might Fecal Transplantation Become Part of Cancer Therapy? – Paolo Biancheri – Gastroenterology

*Extensive impact of non-antibiotic drugs on human gut bacteria – Lisa Maier – Nature

Investigating Colonization of the Healthy Adult Gastrointestinal Tract by Fungi – Thomas A. Auchtung – mSphere

Vitamin D administration leads to a shift of the intestinal bacterial composition in Crohn’s Disease patients, but not in healthy controls – Holger Schäffler – Journal of Digestive Diseases

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Animal experiments

*The inflammasome and the microbiota-gut-brain axis – Ma-Li Wong – Neurology, Psychiatry and Brain Research

Exposure to Formaldehyde Perturbs the Mouse Gut Microbiome – Junhui Guo – Genes

Effect of prenatal administration of low dose antibiotics on gut microbiota and body fat composition of newborn mice – Ayumi Yoshimoto – Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition

The Vibrio cholerae type VI secretion system can modulate host intestinal mechanics to displace gut bacterial symbionts – Savannah L. Logan – PNAS

Microbes vs. chemistry in the origin of the anaerobic gut lumen – Elliot S. Friedman – PNAS

Animal microbiome

Gastrointestinal microbial community changes in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) exposed to crude oil – Andrea Bagi – BMC Microbiology

Review: Host-microbe interactions in octocoral holobionts – recent advances and perspectives – Jeroen A. J. M. van de Water – BMC Microbiome

Effect of live yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Actisaf Sc 47) supplementation on the performance and hindgut microbiota composition of weanling pigs – T. G. Kiros – Scientific Reports

Metatranscriptomics profile of the gill microbial community during Bathymodiolus azoricus aquarium acclimatization at atmospheric pressure – Inês Barros – AIMS Microbiology

Metagenomic analysis of bat guano samples revealed the presence of viruses potentially carried by insects, among others by Apis mellifera in Hungary – Zana Brigitta –  Acta Veterinaria Hungarica

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Microbial community responses to modern environmental and past climatic conditions in Omongwa pan, western Kalahari: A paired 16S rRNA gene profiling and lipid biomarker approach – S. Genderjahn – Biogeosciences

Microbial communities inhabiting the fairy ring of Floccularia luteovirens and isolation of potential mycorrhiza helper bacteria – Rui Xing – Journal of Basic Microbiology

*Passive warming effect on soil microbial community and humic substance degradation in maritime Antarctic region – Dockyu Kim – Journal of Basic Microbiology

Effect of temperature on bacterial community in petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated and uncontaminated Antarctic soil – C. W. Chong – Polar Biology

Variations of bacterial community diversity within the rhizosphere of three phylogenetically related perennial shrub plant species across environmental gradients – Xiaofan Na – Frontiers in Microbiology

Agromyces mangrovi sp. nov., a novel actinobacterium isolated from the rhizosphere of a mangrove – Moriyuki Hamada – Archives of Microbiology

Isolation, characterization and comparative analysis of plant-associated bacteria for suppression of soil-borne diseases of field-grown groundnut in Vietnam – C.N. Le – Biological Control

Microbial Decomposer Dynamics: Diversity and Functionality Investigated through a Transplantation Experiment in Boreal Forests – Alessia Bani – Microbial Ecology

Investigation of the core microbiome in main soil types from the East European plain – Elizaveta V. Pershina – Science of The Total Environment

Water and extremophile microbiome

Rare unclassified 16S rRNA operational taxonomic units from the uncharted Engaño Bay (Argentinean Patagonia) – Andrea Y. Calvo – Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Review: Extremophilic yeasts: the toughest yeasts around? – Pietro Buzzini – Yeast

Neptunicoccus sediminis gen. nov., sp. nov., a member of the family Rhodobacteraceae isolated from the Yellow Sea – Yan-Jiao Zhang – International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Responses of stream microbes to multiple anthropogenic stressors in a mesocosm study – Julia K. Nuy – Science of The Total Environment

*Evidence for selective bacterial community structuring on microplastics – Martin Ogonowski – Environmental Microbiology

Microbial Ecology

In vitro co-cultures of human gut bacterial species as predicted from co-occurrence network analysis – Promi Das – PLOSone

Review: What will it take to understand the ecology of symbiotic microorganisms? – Angela E Douglas – Environmental Microbiology

Built environment

Fungi-induced paint deterioration and air contamination in the Assiut University hospital, Egypt – Ismail R. Abdel-Rahim – Indoor and Buility Environment

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Probiotics / prebiotics

Lactobacilli and lactoferrin: Biotherapeutic effects for vaginal health – Lucia Bertuccini – Journal of Functional Foods

The viability of probiotics in water, breast milk, and infant formula – Claire Watkins – European Journal of Pediatrics

Bioinformatics

Constructing Lightweight And Flexible Pipelines Using Plugin-Based Microbiome Analysis (PluMA) – Trevor Cickovski – Bioinformatics

Numerical analyses of intestinal microbiota by data mining – Toshio Kobayashi – Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition

Waste and Pollution

Low-dissolved-oxygen nitrification in tropical sewage: an investigation on potential, performance and functional microbial community – S. W. How – Water Science and Technology

Techniques

Visualization of Microbiota in Tick Guts by Whole-Mount In Situ Hybridization – Caitlin E. Moss – Jove

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Microbes in the news

Phage-host interactions are more complicated than most laboratory studies suggest – Phys.org

 

April 3, 2018

Human Microbiome

Non-Ischemic Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction Is Associated With Altered Intestinal Microbiota – Themistoklis Katsimichas – Circulation Journal

The impact of antibiotics on the Intestinal microbiota needs to be re-defined in order to optimize the antibiotic usage – Bryan Coburn – Clinical Microbiology and Infection

The direct and indirect association of cervical microbiota with the risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia – Chaoting Zhang – Cancer Medicine

Review: The use of probiotics in different phases of diverticular disease – Veronica Ojetti – Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials

Fecal microbiota transplantation and its potential therapeutic uses in gastrointestinal disorders – Ryan D. Heath – Northern clinics of Istanbul

Dysbiosis of the salivary microbiota in pediatric-onset primary sclerosing cholangitis and its potential as a biomarker – Kentaro Iwasawa – Scientific Reports

Microbiota Composition May Predict Anti-Tnf Alpha Response in Spondyloarthritis Patients: an Exploratory Study – Thomas Bazin – Scientific Reports

Research Highlight: Obesity: ANGPTL4 — the link binding obesity and glucose intolerance – Alan Morris – Nature Reviews Endocrinology

Influence of intrauterine administration of Lactobacillus buchneri on reproductive performance and pro-inflammatory endometrial mRNA expression of cows with subclinical endometritis – S. Peter – Scientific Reports

Review: Overview of Current Concepts in Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia and Gastric Cancer – David S. Jencks – Gastroenterology & Hepatology

 

Animal Microbiome

Psychoneuroimmunology and immunopsychiatry of zebrafish – Murilo S.de Abreu – Psychoneuroendocrinology

Regulation of growth, intestinal microbiota, non-specific immune response and disease resistance of sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus (Selenka) in biofloc systems – Jinghua Chen – Fish & Shellfish Immunology

Loss of microRNA-21 Influences the Gut Microbiota Causing Reduced Susceptibility in a Murine Model of Colitis – Daniel G W Johnston – Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis

Influence of Long-Term Feeding Antibiotics on the Gut Health of Zebrafish – Zhou Li – Zebrafish

Effects of Intestinal Microbiota on Brain Development in Humanized Gnotobiotic Mice – Jing Lu – Scientific Reports

Long-term Western diet fed apolipoprotein E-deficient rats exhibit only modest early atherosclerotic characteristics – Ida Rune – Scientific Reports

 

Methods

Guided Protocol for Fecal Microbial Characterization by 16S rRNA-Amplicon Sequencing – Ayelet Di Segni – Journal Of Visualized Experiments (It includes a video)

 

Food Microbes

Tetracycline resistance in lactobacilli isolated from Serbian traditional raw milk cheeses – Tijana Ledina – Journal of Food Science and Technology

 

Pathogens

Case Report: Successful Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in a Patient with Severe Complicated Clostridium difficile Infection after Liver Transplantation – Schneider K.M. – Case Reports in Gastroenterology

Review: Significance of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus Association With Colorectal Cancer – Ewa Pasquereau-Kotula – Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Helicobacter pylori the Latent Human Pathogen or an Ancestral Commensal Organism – Jackie Li –  Frontiers in Microbiology

Fungi-Induced Upper and Lower Respiratory Tract Allergic Diseases: One Entity – Aleksandra Barac – Frontiers in Microbiology

Genetic and Virulent Difference Between Pigmented and Non-pigmented Staphylococcus aureus – Jing Zhang – Frontiers in Microbiology

 

Environmental Microbes

Exploring Biogeochemistry and Microbial Diversity of Extant Microbialites in Mexico and Cuba – Patricia M. Valdespino-Castillo – Frontiers in Microbiology

Direct and Indirect Effects of Penguin Feces on Microbiomes in Antarctic Ornithogenic Soils – Yudong Guo – Frontiers in Microbiology

 

Other

Combination of peracetic acid and ultrasound reduces Salmonella Typhimurium on fresh lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. crispa) – Luiza Oliveira Silveira – Journal of Food Science and Technology

Recent advances in the physiopathology of IgA nephropathy – Renato C. Monteiro – Néphrologie & Thérapeutique

 

April 2, 2018

Have a good monday! Today, in Microbiome Digest: interesting papers about Clostridium difficile, the use of Fecal Microbiota Transplant, studies in mice model, effect of Lactobacillus on Candida, antibiotic-resistant bacteria in sewerage biofilms, and more!

 

Human/General Microbiome

Diet, gut microbiota composition and feeding behavior – Jiyoung S. Kim – Physiology & Behavior

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Inflammatory Bowel Disease- a Primer for the Internists – Gaurav Syal – The American Journal of Medicine

Oral microbiota maturation during the first 7 years of life in relation to allergy development – Majda Dzidic – Allergy

The tangled web of interactions between host, pathogen and microbiota in C. difficile infection – Anna Maria Seekatz – Gastroenterology

Analysis of Treatment Outcomes for Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infections and Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in a Pediatric Hospital – Aileen Aldrich – The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

Role of microbiota in the autism spectrum disorders – Daniela Campion – Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica

From Network Analysis to Functional Metabolic Modeling of the Human Gut Microbiota – Eugen Bauer – mSystems

Developing a Bacteroides System for Function-Based Screening of DNA from the Human Gut Microbiome – Kathy N. Lam – mSystems

Is a Single Fecal Microbiota Transplant a Promising Treatment for Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection? – Susy S Hota – Open Forum Infectious Diseases

Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid microbiota dysbiosis in infants with protracted bacterial bronchitis – Yanmin Bao – Journal of Thoracic Disease

Mother’s Milk: A Purposeful Contribution to the Development of the Infant Microbiota and Immunity – Kirsty Le Doare –  Frontiers in Immunology

Contributory Role of Gut Microbiota and Their Metabolites Toward Cardiovascular Complications in Chronic Kidney Disease – Daniel Y. Li – Seminars in Nephrology

Differential bacterial capture and transport preferences facilitate co-growth on dietary xylan in the human gut – Maria Louise Leth – Nature Microbiology

 

Animal Microbiome / Animal Experiments

Two new gene clusters involved in the degradation of plant cell wall from the fecal microbiota of Tunisian dromedary – Rihab Ameri – PLoS One

Honey Bee Antiviral Immune Barriers as Affected by Multiple Stress Factors: A Novel Paradigm to Interpret Colony Health Decline and Collapse – Francesco Nazzi – Viruses

Influence of Intestinal Microbiota Transplantation and NleH Expression on Citrobacter rodentium Colonization of Mice – Gaochan Wang – Pathogens

Shifts in the Gut Metabolome and Clostridium difficile Transcriptome throughout Colonization and Infection in a Mouse Model – Joshua R. Fletcher – mSystems

Akkermansia muciniphila is permissive to arthritis in the K/BxN mouse model of arthritis – Matthew L Stoll – Genes & Immunity

The Gut Microbiota Regulates Endocrine Vitamin D Metabolism through Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 – Stephanie A. Bora – Frontiers in Immunology

High diversity and variability in the bacterial microbiota of the coffee berry borer (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), with emphasis on Wolbachia – Yobana A Mariño – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Exercise prevents high fat diet-induced bone loss, marrow adiposity and dysbiosis in male mice – Laura R. McCabe – Bone

Protein- and RNA-Enhanced Fermentation by Gut Microbiota of the Earthworm Lumbricus terrestris – Lydia Zeibich – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Canonical Wnt Signaling in CD11c+ APCs Regulates Microbiota-Induced Inflammation and Immune Cell Homeostasis in the Colon – Daniel Swafford – The Journal of Immunology

 

Beneficial Microbes

Culture Supernatants of Lactobacillus gasseri and L. crispatus Inhibit Candida albicans Biofilm Formation and Adhesion to HeLa Cells – Yuko Matsuda – Mycopathologia

 

Environmental and Water Microbiome

Prevalence of antibiotic resistant coliform bacteria, Enterococcus spp. and Staphylococcus spp. in wastewater sewerage biofilm – Kristína Lépesová – Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance

Occurrence of virulence-associated genes among Staphylococcus saprophyticus isolated from different sources – Weslley de Paiva-Santos – Microbial Pathogenesis

 

Other

Digest: Life history evolution in Darwin’s dream ponds – Foteini Spagopoulou – Evolution

Research Highlight: To grow, or not to grow – Ursula Hofer – Nature Reviews Microbiology

 

March 30, 2018

In today’s digest you can read a perspective on the social network of microorganisms by Karsten Zengler, a paper on relationship between HIV-1 infection and chronic periodontitis by Tábata Larissa, a paper on sponges-cyanobacteria associations – a global diversity overview by Despoina Konstantinou and/or for an easier read check the report on bacteria in rubber duckies in our ‘News’ section. Enjoy!

Jobs

PhD position Ecology and Evolution of Microbial Infectious Ecosystems, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands

Research Assistant-Post Doc, Karl Landsteiner University of Health Sciences, Krems, Austria

Post-doctoral opportunity at Weill Cornell in New York City, NY, USA

Post Doc Position for Genetic Engineering to Improve Microbial Soluble Expression, BOKU, Vienna, Austria

General microbiome

Perspective: The social network of microorganisms — how auxotrophies shape complex communities – Karsten Zengler – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Intracellular signaling through the comRS system in Streptococcus mutans genetic competence – Simon A.M. Underhill – bioRxiv

Ecological Insights from the Evolutionary History of Microbial Innovations – Mario E Muscarella – bioRxiv

Probing the metabolism of microorganisms – Stilianos Louca – Science

Human respiratory microbiome

Review: Streptococcus pneumoniae: transmission, colonization and invasion – Jeffrey N. Weiser – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Oral microbiome

Relationship between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection and chronic periodontitis – Tábata Larissa – Expert Review of Clinical Immunology

Alterations in the oral microbiome in HIV-infected participants after ART administration are influenced by immune status –  Rachel M. Presti – AIDS

Human gut microbiome

A feasibility study: association between gut microbiota enterotype and antibody response to seasonal trivalent influenza vaccine in adults – Nick Shortt – Clinical and Translational Immunology

Gut microbiota varies by opioid use, circulating leptin and oxytocin in African American men with diabetes and high burden of chronic disease – Elena Barengolts – PLOS One

Variations in gut microbiota and fecal metabolic phenotype associated with Fenbendazole and Ivermectin Tablets by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and LC/MS-based metabolomics in Amur tiger – Fengping He – Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications

Single Sampling Versus Multiple Testing Strategy to Assess Gut Microbiota Composition: Does It Matter? – T. G. J. de Meij – Current Microbiology

Scaling Safe Access to Fecal Microbiota Transplantation: Past, Present, and Future – Pratik Panchal – Current Gastroenterology Reports

Fecal Microbiome Among Nursing Home Residents with Advanced Dementia and Clostridium difficile – Rafael Araos – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

Intestinal Metagenomes and Metabolomes in Healthy Young Males: Inactivity and Hypoxia Generated Negative Physiological Symptoms Precede Microbial Dysbiosis – Robert Šket – Frontiers in  Physiology

Intestinal Microbiota Influences Non-intestinal Related Autoimmune Diseases – Maria C. Opazo – Frontiers in Microbiology

Third-party fecal microbiota transplantation following allo-HCT reconstitutes microbiome diversity – Zachariah DeFilipp – Blood Advances

Animal experiments 

Ecological Restoration of Antibiotic-Disturbed Gastrointestinal Microbiota in Foregut and Hindgut of Cows – Shoukun Ji – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Effect of live yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Actisaf Sc 47) supplementation on the performance and hindgut microbiota composition of weanling pigs – T. G. Kiros – Scientific Reports

Oral Antibiotic Treatment of Mice Exacerbates the Disease Severity of Multiple Flavivirus Infections – Larissa B. Thackray – Cell Reports

Animal microbiome 

Investigation of the seasonal microbiome of Anopheles coluzzii mosquitoes in Mali – Benjamin J. Krajacich – PLOS One

A Lethal Fungus Infects the Chinese White Wax Scale Insect and Causes Dramatic Changes in the Host Microbiota – Tao Sun – Scientific Reports

Widespread Elevational Occurrence of Antifungal Bacteria in Andean Amphibians Decimated by Disease: A Complex Role for Skin Symbionts in Defense Against Chytridiomycosis – Alessandro Catenazzi – Frontiers in Microbiology

Skin Microbiomes of California Terrestrial Salamanders Are Influenced by Habitat More Than Host Phylogeny – Alicia K. Bird – Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Insights into microbial communities mediating the bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated soil from an Alpine former military site – José A. Siles – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Endophytic bacterial microbiome associated with leaves of genetically modified (AtAREB1) and conventional (BR 16) soybean plants – Katiúscia Kelli Montanari-Coelho – World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Response of Nitrifier and Denitrifier Abundance and Microbial Community Structure to Experimental Warming in an Agricultural Ecosystem – Tatoba R. Waghmode – Frontiers in Microbiology

Bacterial diversity and community structure in the rhizosphere of four Ferula species – Xiuling Wang – Scientific Reports

Water and extremophile microbiome

Sponges-Cyanobacteria associations: Global diversity overview and new data from the Eastern Mediterranean – Despoina Konstantinou – PLOS One

Seasonal variation in the bacterial community composition of a large estuarine reservoir and response to cyanobacterial proliferation – Zheng Xu – Chemosphere

Assessment of Fecal Indicator Bacteria and Potential Pathogen Co-Occurrence at a Shellfish Growing Area – Andrew K. Leight – Frontiers in Microbiology

Diversity and Contributions to Nitrogen Cycling and Carbon Fixation of Soil Salinity Shaped Microbial Communities in Tarim Basin – Min Ren – Frontiers in Microbiology

Carrying Capacity and Colonization Dynamics of Curvibacter in the Hydra Host Habitat – Tanita Wein – Frontiers in Microbiology

Transcriptomic and Ectoine Analysis of Halotolerant Nocardiopsis gilva YIM 90087T Under Salt Stress – Jian Han –  Frontiers in Microbiology

Cultivation and genomics of the first freshwater SAR11 (LD12) isolate – Michael W. Henson – The ISME Journal

Metabolic Adaptation of Methanogens in Anaerobic Digesters Upon Trace Element Limitation – Babett Wintsche – Frontiers in Microbiology

Phages and viruses

Review: Autophagy during viral infection — a double-edged sword – Younho Choi – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Viruses in the environment – presence and diversity of bacteriophage and enteric virus populations in the Umhlangane River, Durban, South Africa – Veronna Marie – Journal of Water and Health

Kinetic Modeling of Virus Growth in Cells – John Yin – Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews

Bioinformatics

EzMap: a simple pipeline for reproducible analysis of the human virome – Patrick Czeczko  – Bioinformatics

Techniques

Reproducibility and repeatability of six high-throughput 16S rDNA sequencing protocols for microbiota profiling – Sajan C.Raju – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Mapping bacteria on filter membranes, an innovative SERS approach – SiyueGao – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Comparison of a newly developed binary typing with ribotyping and multilocus sequence typing methods for Clostridium difficile – Zhirong Li  – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Rapid detection of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Raoultella ornithinolytica and other related bacteria in food by lateral-flow test strip immunoassays – Tatsuya Tominaga –  Journal of Microbiological Methods

Detection of different classes of carbapenemases: Adaptation and assessment of a phenotypic method applied to Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii, and proposal of a new algorithm – Guillaume Gautier – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Rapid detection of carbapenemase-producing Acinetobacter baumannii and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae using a bioluminescence-based phenotypic method – Vincent van Almsick – Journal of Microbiological Methods

A quest to find good primers for gene expression analysis of Candida albicans from clinical samples – Gabriela C.Alonso – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Microbes in the news 

The inside of rubber duckies are full of bacteria. You don’t seem surprised

Strings of electron-carrying proteins may hold the secret to ‘electric bacteria’

Researchers develop model to show how bacteria grow in plumbing systems

Harvard scientists uncover an exploitable Achilles’ heel common to most bacteria

Altering Gut Microbiome May Increase Resistance to C. difficile infection

Our Own Microbiome Might Be Triggering The Autoimmune Disease Lupus

March 29, 2018

Of special note today: gut microbiota species expressing orthologs of human Ro60 might be involved in triggering and sustaining chronic autoimmunity in lupus; The portal vein blood microbiome in patients with liver cirrhosis; A randomized clinical study suggests dietary promotion of short chain fatty acid producing gut microbes as an effective treatment for type 2 diabetes; and the sexual dimorphism of root, flower and leaf microbiomes in the wild strawberry plant

Events and jobs

Clinical Laboratory Technologist IV (SL-1), Microbiology Laboratory – Stony Brook University – NY

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General microbiome

Review: Discovering antibiotics from the global microbiome – Yick Chong Lam – Nature Microbiology

Pregnancy and early life

Review: Milk Glycans and Their Interaction with the Infant-Gut Microbiota – Nina Kirmiz – Annual Review of Food Science and Technology

Multi-site human microbiome

*Commensal orthologs of the human autoantigen Ro60 as triggers of autoimmunity in lupus – Teri M. Greiling – Science Translational Medicine

Human nearly-sterile sites

*Circulating microbiome in blood of different circulatory compartments – Robert Schierwagen – BMJ Blood

Human gut microbiome

*Gut bacteria selectively promoted by dietary fibers alleviate type 2 diabetes – Liping Zhao – Science

Review: Impact of dietary compounds on cancer-related gut microbiota and microRNA – Muhammad Shahid Riaz Rajoka – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Review: Influence of Altered Gut Microbiota Composition on Aging and Aging-Related Diseases – Jeonghyun Choi – Journal of Lifestyle Medicine

Review: Gut microbiome modulates efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors
Ming Yi – Journal of Hematology & Oncology

Protocol: Wisconsin microbiome study, a cross-sectional investigation of dietary fibre, microbiome composition and antibiotic-resistant organisms: rationale and methods  – Shoshannah Eggers – BMJ Journal

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Animal experiments

MicroRNA-146a Deficiency Protects against Listeria monocytogenes Infection by Modulating the Gut Microbiota – Chong-Tao Du – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Loss of microRNA-21 Influences the Gut Microbiota Causing Reduced Susceptibility in a Murine Model of Colitis – Daniel G W Johnston – Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis

Towards an Integrative Understanding of tRNA Aminoacylation–Diet–Host–Gut Microbiome Interactions in Neurodegeneration – Elena L. Paley – Nutrients

Resilience of small intestinal beneficial bacteria to the toxicity of soybean oil fatty acids – Sara C Di Rienzi – eLife

Animal microbiome

Assessment of microbiome changes after rumen transfaunation: implications on improving feed efficiency in beef cattle – Mi Zhou – BMC Microbiology

Seasonal and algal diet-driven patterns of the digestive microbiota of the European abalone Haliotis tuberculata, a generalist marine herbivore – Angélique Gobet – BMC Microbiology

Diverse laboratory colonies of Aedes aegypti harbor the same adult midgut bacterial microbiome – Laura B. Dickson – BMC Parasites & Vectors

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

*The effects of host species and sexual dimorphism differ among root, leaf and flower microbiomes of wild strawberries in situ – Na Wei – Scientific Reports

The potential of plant microbiota in reducing postharvest food loss – Franziska Buchholz – Microbial Biotechnology

Root microbiota shift in rice correlates with resident time in the field and developmental – Jingying Zhang – Science China Life Sciences

Microbial Ecology

Allometry and Ecology of the Bilaterian Gut Microbiome – Scott Sherrill-Mix – mBio

Preprint: Changes in the genetic requirements for microbial interactions with increasing community complexity – Manon Morin – bioRxiv

Built environment

Drinking water microbiome assembly induced by water stagnation – Fangqiong Ling – The ISME Journal

Food microbiology

Constraint-based modeling in microbial food biotechnology – Martin H. Rau – Biochemical Society Transactions

Characterization of microbial community structure and metabolic potential using Illumina MiSeq platform during the black garlic processing – Zhichang Qiu – Food Research International

Guidance on the characterisation of microorganisms used as feed additives or as production organisms – EFSA Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) – EFSA Journal

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Probiotics / prebiotics

Probiotic treatment reduces the autistic-like excitation/inhibition imbalance in juvenile hamsters induced by orally administered propionic acid and clindamycin – Afaf El-Ansary – Metabolic Brain Disease

Review: A review of probiotic supplementation in healthy adults: helpful or hype? – Saman Khalesi – European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Fecal Transplants

Effect of Vegan Fecal Microbiota Transplantation on Carnitine‐ and Choline‐Derived Trimethylamine‐N‐Oxide Production and Vascular Inflammation in Patients With Metabolic Syndrome – Loek P. Smits – Journal of the American Heart Association

Bioinformatics

Review: Exploring Linkages between Taxonomic and Functional Profiles of the Human Microbiome – Morgan G. I. Langille – mSystems

Techniques

Hybridization capture reveals microbial diversity missed using current profiling methods – Cyrielle Gasc – BMC Microbiology

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Microbes in the news

Just passing through: fungi not part of the gut – Fungus species don’t play a role in healthy human microbiomes – Andrew Masterson – Cosmos

Plants, fungi and bacteria work together to clean polluted land – Genetic analysis shows microbial interactions help fast-growing trees break down petrochemical pollutants in soil – Science Daily

Bacteria and Art

Art and biology students participate in creative collaboration – Sierra Guardiola – The Ithacan

 

March 28, 2018

The impact of the microbiota on bone marrow transplantation in mice, differences in phage infection efficiency in nearly identical hosts, bacterial diversity of Brazilian artisanal cheese.

Events and jobs

Research Associate in the Department of Twin Research and Genetic Epidemiology, School of Life Cours – King’s College London

Research Associate in Department of Twin Research_School of Life Course Sciences – King’s College London

General microbiome

Variations in the relative abundance of Wolbachia in the gut of Nasutitermes arborum across life stages and castes – Michel Diouf – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Pregnancy and early life

HIV-exposure, early life feeding practices and delivery mode impacts on faecal bacterial profiles in a South African birth cohort – Shantelle Claassen-Weitz – Scientific Reports

Human respiratory microbiome

Exacerbation induces a microbiota shift in sputa of COPD patients – Eric Jubinville – PLOS ONE

Human oral microbiome

Review: Insights into the human oral microbiome – Digvijay Verma – Archives of Microbiology

Pre-print: Characterization of the salivary microbiome in people with obesity – Yujia Wu – PeerJ

Review: The oral microbiota – a mechanistic role for systemic diseases – G Jia – British Dental Journal

Human gut microbiome

Differences in epidemiological features between ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease: the early life-programmed versus late dysbiosis hypothesis – Laurent Beaugerie – Medical Hypotheses

Analysis of changes in intestinal flora and intravascular inflammation and coronary heart disease in obese patients – Xv Li – Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine

Animal experiments

Nutritional Support from the Intestinal Microbiota Improves Hematopoietic Reconstitution after Bone Marrow Transplantation in Mice – Anna Staffas – Cell Host & Microbe

High salt intake increases plasma trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) concentration and produces gut dysbiosis in rats – Klaudia Bielinska – Nutrition

High salt diet exacerbates colitis in mice by decreasing Lactobacillus levels and butyrate production – Pedro M Miranda – Microbiome

The Pancreatic Cancer Microbiome Promotes Oncogenesis by Induction of Innate and Adaptive Immune Suppression – Smruti Pushalkar – Cancer Discovery

Predominant gut Lactobacillus murinus strain mediates anti-inflammaging effects in calorie-restricted mice – Fengwei Pan – Microbiome

Deletion of choline acetyltransferase in enteric neurons results in postnatal intestinal dysmotility and dysbiosis – Carl D Johnson – The FASEB Journal

At-hatch administration of probiotic to chickens can introduce beneficial changes in gut microbiota – Stephen Baldwin – PLOS ONE

Impact of parenteral antimicrobial administration on the structure and diversity of the fecal microbiota of growing pigs – Mohamed Zeineldin – Microbial Pathogenesis

Pre-print: Metabolic retroconversion of trimethylamine N-oxide and the gut microbiota – Lesley Hoyles – bioRxiv

Pre-print: Isolation of a natural DNA virus of Drosophila melanogaster, and characterisation of host resistance and immune responses – William H Palmer – bioRxiv

Proanthocyanidin‐Rich Grape Seed Extract Modulates Intestinal Microbiota in Ovariectomized Mice – Guangwen Jin – Journal of Food Science

Evaluation of the nutrition and function of cow and goat milk based on intestinal microbiota by metagenomic analysis – Zhaoxia Wang – Food & Function

Animal microbiome

Pre-print: Characterisation of gut microbiota of farmed Chinook salmon using metabarcoding – Milica Ciric – bioRxiv

Variation in the microbiome of the urogenital tract of Chlamydia-free female koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) with and without ‘wet bottom’ – Alistair R Legione – PLOS ONE

Pre-print: Characterization of shifts of koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) intestinal microbial communities associated with antibiotic treatment – Katherine E Dahlhausen – PeerJ

Comparison of gizzard and intestinal microbiota of wild neotropical birds – M Alexandra García-Amado – PLOS ONE

Fecal microbiota in the female prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster) – J Thomas Curtis – PLOS ONE

Disentangling factors that shape the gut microbiota in German Shepherd dogs – Åsa Vilson – PLOS ONE

Yeast culture dietary supplementation modulates gut microbiota, growth and biochemical parameters of grass carp – Han Liu – Microbial Biotechnology

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Gestating Sows and Neonatal Offspring Alters Lifetime Intestinal Microbiota and Growth in Offspring – Ursula M McCormack – mSystems

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Tetracycline resistance genes are more prevalent in wet soils than in dry soils – Yijun Kang – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Functional diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungal communities is reduced by trace element contamination – Álvaro López-García – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Long- and short-term effects of mercury pollution on the soil microbiome – Aline Frossard – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Structure of surface polysaccharides from Aeromonas sp. AMG272, a plant-growth promoting rhizobacterium isolated from rice rhizosphere – Rocío Contreras Sánchez-Matamoros – Carbohydrate Research

Review: Sniffing bacterial volatile compounds for healthier plants – Rouhallah Sharifi – Current Opinion in Plant Biology

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi influence decomposition and the associated soil microbial community under different soil phosphorus availability – Jing Xu – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Water and extremophile microbiome

Habitat filtering of bacterioplankton communities above polymetallic nodule fields and sediments in the Clarion-Clipperton zone of the Pacific Ocean – Markus V Lindh – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Microbial communities in seawater from an Arctic and a temperate Norwegian fjord and their potentials for biodegradation of chemically dispersed oil at low seawater temperatures – Deni Ribicic – Marine Pollution Bulletin

Built environment

Pre-print: Half-lives of PAHs and temporal microbiota changes in commonly used urban landscaping materials – Marja I Roslund – PeerJ

Food microbiology

Interspecies variation in biofilm-forming capacity of psychrotrophic bacterial isolates from Chinese raw milk – Lei Yuan – Food Control

Bacterial diversity of artisanal cheese from the Amazonian region of Brazil during the dry and rainy seasons – Mayra Carla de Freitas Martins – Food Research International

Probiotics/prebiotics

Salecan stabilizes the microstructure and improves the rheological performance of yogurt – Renjie Fu – Food Hydrocolloids

Probiotic Lactobacillus casei Zhang (LCZ) alleviates respiratory, gastrointestinal & RBC abnormality via immuno-modulatory, anti-inflammatory & anti-oxidative actions – Yan-Yan Hor – Journal of Functional Foods

Routine Supplementation of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Risk of Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Very Low Birth Weight Infants – Andrea F Kane – The Journal of Pediatrics

Phages and viruses

Continued Need for Comprehensive Genetic and Phenotypic Characterization of Viruses: Benefits of Complementing Sequence Analyses with Functional Determinations – Aaron C Brault – The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Detection of Hantaviruses and Arenaviruzses in three-toed jerboas from the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China – Zhiqiang Wu – Emerging Microbes & Infections

Enteric Virome Sensing—Its Role in Intestinal Homeostasis and Immunity – Rebecca N Metzger – Viruses

Commentary: Bacteriophage transfer during faecal microbiota transplantation in Clostridium difficile infection is associated with treatment outcome – Blessing O Anonye – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Multiple mechanisms drive phage infection efficiency in nearly identical hosts – Cristina Howard-Verona – The ISME Journal

Early MinION™ nanopore single-molecule sequencing technology enables the characterization of hepatitis B virus genetic complexity in clinical samples – Virginie Sauvage – PLOS ONE

A metagenomic viral discovery approach identifies potential zoonotic and novel mammalian viruses in Neoromicia bats within South Africa – Marike Geldenhuys – PLOS ONE

Pre-print: Ecological and evolutionary consequences of viral plasticity – Melinda Choua – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

Pre-print: Taxonomy annotation errors in 16S rRNA and fungal ITS sequence databases – Robert C Edgar – bioRxiv

Metabolomics

Analysis of paper foxing by newly available omics techniques – Justyna Szulc – International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation

Review: Targeting human urinary metabolome by LC–MS/MS: a review – Jose Rodríguez-Morató – Bioanalysis

GC-MS Based Metabolomics and NMR Spectroscopy Investigation of Food Intake Biomarkers for Milk and Cheese in Serum of Healthy Humans – Alessia Trimigno – Metabolites

Techniques

KatharoSeq Enables High-Throughput Microbiome Analysis from Low-Biomass Samples – Jeremiah J Minich – mSystems

eDNA from roots: a robust tool for determining Phytophthora communities in natural ecosystems – Ihsanul Khaliq – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

A silica sands-based method for faithful analysis of microbial communities and DNA isolation from a wide range of species – Xia Liu – Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology

More microbes

Review: New therapeutics from Nature: The odd case of the bacterial cytotoxic necrotizing factor 1 – Zaira Maroccia – Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy

Pre-print: An attenuated CRISPR-Cas system in Enterococcus faecalis permits DNA acquisition – Karthik Hullahalli – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Here’s Why Antibiotics May Give Viruses a Leg Up – Christopher Wanjek – Live Science

‘Nanobot’ viruses tag and round up bacteria in food and water – Carolyn Wilke – ScienceNews

Your rubber ducky is probably crawling with bacteria, scientists say – STAT

Newly discovered bacteria can break down biomass – Phys.Org

Microbes on the market

Biocodex funds microbiome research on link between diet, colon cancer, IBD – Healio

Rebiotix’s Lee Jones to Receive TRUST 2018 Courageous Women in Health Care Award – PR Newswire