October 24, 2018

General Microbiome

REVIEW:Leaky Gut, Leaky Brain? Obrenovich MEM. Microorganisms.

Oral microbiota dysbiosis and its association with Henoch-Schönlein Purpura in children.Chen B. International Immunopharmacology.

Airway microbiome is associated with respiratory functions and responses to ambient particulate matter exposure.Wang L. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Gut Microbiome

Association of serum bilirubin in newborns affected by jaundice with gut microbiota dysbiosis.Zhou S. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry

Author Correction: Individual variations in cardiovascular-disease-related protein levels are driven by genetics and gut microbiome. Zhernakova DV. Nature Genetics

Competitive lottery-based assembly of selected clades in the human gut microbiome.Verster AJ. Microbiome.

Vaginal Microbiome

Association of cervical microbial community with persistence, clearance and negativity of Human Papillomavirus in Korean women: a longitudinal study.Arokiyaraj S. Scientific Reports

Increased transferrin saturation is associated with subgingival microbiota dysbiosis and severe periodontitis in genetic haemochromatosis.Boyer E. Scientific Reports

Plant, Soil, and Water Microbiome

Regulation of coastal methane sinks by a structured gradient of microbial methane oxidizers.He Z. Environmental Pollution

Comamonadaceae OTU as a Remnant of an Ancient Microbial Community in Sulfidic Waters.Deja-Sikora E. Microbial Ecology

The chemodiversity of paddy soil dissolved organic matter correlates with microbial community at continental scales.Li HY. Microbiome

Potential methane production and molecular characterization of bacterial and archaeal communities in a horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland under cold and warm seasons. López D. The Science of the Total Environments

Biotechnological potential of plant growth-promoting bacteria from the roots and rhizospheres of endemic plants in ironstone vegetation in southeastern Brazil.Felestrino ÉB. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Temporal shifts in endophyte bacterial community composition of sessile oak (<i>Quercus petraea</i>) are linked to foliar nitrogen, stomatal length, and herbivory. Borruso L. Peer

Shifts in community composition and co-occurrence patterns of phyllosphere fungi inhabiting <i>Mussaenda shikokiana</i> along an elevation gradient.Qian X. PeerJ.

Techniques

Protocol for faecal microbiota transplantation in ulcerative colitis (FMTUC): a randomised feasibility study.Jitsumura M. BMJ Open

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September 24, 2018

General microbiology

Frequency- and Amplitude-Dependent Microbial Population Dynamics during Cycles of Feast and Famine – Jason Merritt, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS

Small at Size, Big at Impact: Microorganisms for Sustainable Development – Nasib Singh, Microbial Bioprospecting for Sustainable Development

Population Genomics of Archaea: Signatures of Archaeal Biology from Natural Populations – David J. Krause, Population Genomics

Pregnancy and early life

Sharing of human milk oligosaccharides degradants within bifidobacterial communities in faecal cultures supplemented with Bifidobacterium bifidum – Aina Gotoh, Scientific Reports

Multi-site human microbiome

Gut–Liver Axis: How Do Gut Bacteria Influence the Liver? – Peter Christopher Konturek, Medical Sciences

Subgingival microbiome of rheumatoid arthritis patients in relation to their disease status and periodontal health – Kathrin Beyer, Plos One

Optimal immunosuppressor induces stable gut microbiota after liver transplantation – Jian-Wen Jiang, World Journal of Gastroenterology

Human respiratory microbiome

The Microbiome and Tuberculosis: Early Evidence for Cross Talk – Sivaranjani Namasivayam, mBio

Trans-maternal Helicobacter pylori exposure reduces allergic airway inflammation in offspring through regulatory T-cells – Andreas Kyburz, Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human oral microbiome

Comparison of initial oral microbiomes of young adults with and without cavitated dentin caries lesions using an in situbiofilm model – Stefan Rupf, Scientific Reports

Human gut microbiome

In silico Identification of Metagenomic Signature Describing Neurometabolic Potential of Normal Human Gut Microbiota – A. S. Kovtun, Russian Journal of Genetics

Gut microbiota modulates drug pharmacokinetics – Juanhong Zhang, Drug Metabolism Reviews

Active Site Flexibility Revealed in Crystal Structures of Parabacteroides merdae β‐Glucuronidase from the Human Gut Microbiome – Michael S. Little, Protein Science

Structural and Functional Analysis of the Gut Microbiome for Toxicologists – Robert G. Nichols, Current Protocols in Toxicology

Altered intestinal antibacterial gene expression response profile in irritable bowel syndrome is linked to bacterial composition and immune activation – Sean M. P. Bennet, Neurogastroenterology and Motility

Animal experiments

Response of goose intestinal microflora to the source and level of dietary fiber – Haizhu Zhou, Poultry Science

Microbiota modulation by eating patterns, dietary and macronutrient composition; impact on food intake – Elizabeth A. Klingbeil, American Journal of Physiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Accounting for bacterial overlap between raw water communities and contaminating sources improves the accuracy of signature-based microbial source tracking – Moa Hägglund, Frontiers in Microbiology

Bacterial community structure in a sympagic habitat expanding with global warming: brackish ice brine at 85–90 °N – Beatriz Fernández-Gómez, ISME

Single-cell genomics uncover Pelagibacter as the putative host of the extremely abundant uncultured 37-F6 viral population in the ocean – Francisco Martinez-Hernandez, ISME

Microbial Community Function in Electroactive Biofilm-based Constructed Wetlands – Ramírez Vargas, Biogeosciences

Fungal endophyte‐infected leaf litter alters in‐stream microbial communities and negatively influences aquatic fungal sporulation – Emily R. Wolfe, Synthesising Ecology

Salt marsh denitrification is impacted by oiling intensity six years after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill – Corianne Tatariw, Environmental Pollution

Wastewater used for urban agriculture in West Africa as a reservoir for antibacterial resistance dissemination – Blaise P. Bougnom, Environmental Research

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Phosphate solubilizing bacteria with glucose dehydrogenase gene for phosphorus uptake and beneficial effects on wheat – Muhammad Suleman, Plos One

Multiple ecological processes jointly drive the soil microbial community assembly in subalpine coniferous forests – Pengyu Zhao, PeerJ

Aphid Colonization Affects Potato Root Exudate Composition and the Hatching of a Soil Borne Pathogen – Grace A. Hoysted, Frontiers in Plant Sciences

Root inoculation with Azotobacter chroococcum 76A enhances tomato plants adaptation to salt stress under low N conditions – Michael James Van Oosten, BMC Plant Biology

Variation of bacterial biodiversity from saline soils and estuary sediments present near the Mediterranean Sea coast of Camargue (France) – Jorge R. Osman, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Plant roots alter microbial functional genes supporting root litter decomposition – Shengjing Shi, Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Bacterial community response to a preindustrial‐to‐future CO2 gradient is limited and soil‐specific in Texas Prairie grassland – Swastika Raut, Global Change Biology

Built environment

Houseplants as home health monitors – C. Neal Stewart Jr., SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY

Characterization of Aspergillus niger Isolated from the International Space Station – Jillian Romsdahl, mSystems

Food microbiology

Microbiological Changes during Ripening of Chihuahua Cheese Manufactured with Raw Milk and Its Seasonal Variations – Cristina Sánchez-Gamboa, Foods

Supplementation in mushroom crops and its impact on yield and quality – Jaime Carrasco, AMB Express

Aronia (Aronia melanocarpa) Polyphenols Modulate Microbial Community in Simulator of the Human Intestinal Microbial Ecosystem (SHIME®) and Decrease Secretion of Pro‐Inflammatory Markers in a Caco‐2/endothelial Cell Co‐Culture Model – Ting Wu, Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Techniques

A critical evaluation of the use of gas chromatography- and high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry techniques for the analysis of microbial metabolites in human urine after consumption of orange juice – José Luis Ordóñez, Journal of Chromatography A

Recovering cellular biomass from fluids using chemical flocculation – Paul A. Kenward, Environmental Microbiology Reports

Influence of support media supplementation to reduce the inhibition of anaerobic digestion by phenol and ammonia: Effect on degradation performances and microbial dynamics – Simon Poirier, Data in Brief

A resourceful methodology to profile indolic auxins produced by rhizo-fungi using spectrophotometry and HPTLC – Dhavalkumar Patel, Biotech

Bioinformatics

Computational Tools and Databases of Microbes and Its Bioprospecting for Sustainable Development – Dipannita Hazra, Microbial Bioprospecting for Sustainable Development

Metabolomics

Paradoxes in leaky microbial trade – Yoav Kallus, Nature Communications

Antibiotics

Amycomicin is a potent and specific antibiotic discovered with a targeted interaction screen – Gleb Pishchany, PNAS

Microbes in the news

Subculture show converts Storefront for Art and Architecture into living lab – The Architects Newspaper, Ali Oriaku

August 20, 2018

Happy Monday! Today’s Microbiome Digest is chock-full. You’ll find: a review of approaches towards predictive microbial ecology, insights into function gleaned from rumen metatranscriptomics, diet studies in hunter-gatherers and mice, characterization of the mosquito and termite microbiota, the wild side of plant microbiomes, fermentation for traditional liquors, and much more!

General microbiome
Systems biology approaches towards predictive microbial ecology – Anne E. Otwell – Environmental Microbiology

One Health Relationships Between Human, Animal, and Environmental Microbiomes: A Mini-Review – Pauline Trinh – Frontiers in Public Health

Tuning of human MAIT cell activation by commensal bacteria species and MR1-dependent T-cell presentation – Cihan Tastan – Mucosal Immunology

Holistic Assessment of Rumen Microbiome Dynamics through Quantitative Metatranscriptomics Reveals Multifunctional Redundancy during Key Steps of Anaerobic Feed Degradation – Andrea Söllinger – mSystems

Multi-site human microbiome
A prospective study to examine the association of the urinary and fecal microbiota with prostate cancer diagnosis after transrectal biopsy of the prostate using 16sRNA gene analysis – Shaheen Alanee – Prostate

Streptococcus and Prevotella are associated with the prognosis of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma – Yanfang Liu – Journal of Medical Microbiology

Urinary symptoms are associated with certain urinary microbes in urogynecologic surgical patients – Cynthia S. Fok – International Urogynecology Journal

Human gut microbiome
Links between environment, diet, and the hunter-gatherer microbiome – Gabriela K. Fragiadakis – Gut Microbes

Klebsiella oxytoca expands in cancer cachexia and acts as a gut pathobiont contributing to intestinal dysfunction – Sarah A. Pötgens – Scientific Reports

Co-Administration of Probiotics with Prescribed Antibiotics for Preventing Clostridium difficile Diarrhea – Ahmed S. I. Hamed – Academic Emergency Medicine

Animal experiments
Effect of industrial trans-fatty acids-enriched diet on gut microbiota of C57BL/6 mice – Yueting Ge – European Journal of Nutrition

AIEC infection triggers modification of gut microbiota composition in genetically predisposed mice, contributing to intestinal inflammation – Alexis Bretin – Scientific Reports

Effect of probiotic Bifidobacterium bifidum G9-1 on the relationship between gut microbiota profile and stress sensitivity in maternally separated rats – Hirokazu Fukui – Scientific Reports

Animal microbiome
Comparison of microbiomes of cold-water corals Primnoa pacifica and Primnoa resedaeformis, with possible link between microbiome composition and host genotype – Dawn B. Goldsmith – Scientific Reports

Neonatal gut and immune maturation is determined more by postnatal age than by post-conceptional age in moderately preterm pigs – Shuqiang Ren – American Journal of Physiology-Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

Functional metagenomics reveals abundant polysaccharide-degrading gene clusters and cellobiose utilization pathways within gut microbiota of a wood-feeding higher termite –  Ning Liu – ISME Journal

Mosquito microbiota cluster by host sampling location – Ephantus J. Muturi – Parasites and Vectors

Plant, root, and soil microbiome|
The wild side of plant microbiomes – Juan E. Pérez-Jaramillo – Microbiome

Unraveling the Composition of the Root-Associated Bacterial Microbiota of Phragmites australis and Typha latifolia – Laura Pietrangelo – Frontiers in Microbiology

Vermicompost addition influences symbiotic fungi communities associated with leek cultivated in metal-rich soils – Antoine Pierart – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Plant drought resistance is mediated by soil microbial community structure and soil-plant feedbacks in a savanna tree species – Nianxun Xi – Environmental and Experimental Botany

Metabolic specialization of denitrifiers in permeable sediments controls N2 O emissions – Hannah K. Marchant – Environmental Microbiology

Bacterial Biomarkers of Marcellus Shale Activity in Pennsylvania – Jeremy R. Chen See – Frontiers in Microbiology

Eighteen-Year Farming Management Moderately Shapes the Soil Microbial Community Structure but Promotes Habitat-Specific Taxa – Huaihai Chen – Frontiers in Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome
Bacterial and archaeal profiling of hypersaline microbial mats and endoevaporites, under natural conditions and methanogenic microcosm experiments – José Q. García-Maldonado – Extremophiles

Subsurface landfill leachate contamination affects microbial metabolic potential and their expression in the Banisveld aquifer – Neslihan Taş – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Food microbiology
Robust Domination of Lactobacillus sakei in Microbiota During Traditional Japanese Sake Starter Yamahai-Moto Fermentation and the Accompanying Changes in Metabolites – Atsushi Tsuji – Current Microbiology

DaQu fermentation selects for heat resistant Enterobacteriaceae and bacilli – Zhiying Wang – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Exploitation of autochthonous Tuscan sourdough yeasts as potential starters – Michela Palla – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Techniques
Conventional culture methods with commercially available media unveil the presence of novel culturable bacteria – Tamaki Ito – Gut Microbes

August 18, 2018

The virome of California mosquitoes, effects of climate warming on grassland microbial communities, and a few “bacteria and art” entries including a 92-foot inflatable E. coli sculpture.

General microbiome

Communities of Niche-Optimized Strains: Small-Genome Organism Consortia in Bioproduction – Stephan Noack – Trends in Biotechnology

Growth tradeoffs produce complex microbial communities on a single limiting resource – Michael Manhart – Nature Communications

Human oral microbiome

Oral microbiome development during childhood: an ecological succession influenced by postnatal factors and associated with tooth decay – Majda Dzidic – The ISME Journal

Animal experiments

Loss of HDAC6 alters gut microbiota and worsens obesity – Arnon D Lieber – The FASEB Journal

Animal microbiome

Pre-print: CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene deletion of the ompA gene in an Enterobacter gut symbiont impairs biofilm formation and reduces gut colonization of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes – Shivanand Hegde – bioRxiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Climate warming leads to divergent succession of grassland microbial communities – Xue Guo – Nature Climate Change

Water and extremophile microbiome

Bacterial Diversity in Replicated Hydrogen Sulfide-Rich Streams – Scott Hotaling – Microbial Ecology

Long-term in situ permafrost thaw effects on bacterial communities and potential aerobic respiration – Sylvain Monteux – The ISME Journal

Phages and viruses

Virome of > 12 thousand Culex mosquitoes from throughout California – Mohammadreza Sadeghi – Virology

Comprehensive comparative analysis of methods and software for identifying viral integrations – Xun Chen – Briefings in Bioinformatics

Phage-inducible chromosomal islands are ubiquitous within the bacterial universe – Alfred Fillol-Salom – The ISME Journal

Metabolomics

Metabotypes Related to Meat and Vegetable Intake Reflect Microbial, Lipid and Amino Acid Metabolism in Healthy People – Runmin Wei – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

More microbes

Comparative Genomics of Nitrogen Cycling Pathways in Bacteria and Archaea – Michaeline B N Albright – Microbial Ecology

Bacteria art

Linen and Bacteria: The Hidden History of Microbiology – Clara Rodríguez Fernández – Labiotech.eu

Pomona Arts: Sara Parent Ramos: Jumble, Bunch, Grow – Inland Empire

Oxford Natural History exhibition explores benefits of bacteria – BBC News

23 July, 2018

Today’s digest includes exciting Microbiome events and brilliant papers on animal microbiomes. Lastly, research exploring the war on gluten.

Events

Microbiome X Regulation 1 Panel discussion on navigating the FDA

Introduction to the 4th International Symposium on Gluten-Free Cereal Products and Beverages.

General Microbiome

Antibiotic Scars Left on the Gut Microbiota from the Stringent Response. Yi H. Trends in Microbiology

Genomic inference of the metabolism and evolution of the archaeal phylum Aigarchaeota. Hua ZS. Nature Communications

Genomic Characterization of Sulphite Reducing Bacteria Isolated From the Dairy Production Chain.Doyle CJ. Frontiers in Microbiology.

How Microbial Aggregates Protect against Nanoparticle Toxicity.Tang J. Trends in Biotechnology.

Inhibition of microbial spoilage of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) fillets with a chitosan-based coating during refrigerated storage. Yu D. International Journal of Food Microbiology

Gut Microbiome

The gut microbiome and irritable bowel syndrome. Menees S. F1000Research

Antibiotic-induced microbiome depletion alters metabolic homeostasis by affecting gut signaling and colonic metabolism.Zarrinpar A. Nature Communications

Metaproteomics reveals associations between microbiome and intestinal extracellular vesicle proteins in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease. Zhang X. Nature Communications

Techniques

A rapid PCR-based method to discriminate Macrococcus caseolyticus and Macrococcus canis from closely-related Staphylococcus species based on the ctaC gene sequence. Mazhar S. Journal of Microbiological Methods

MetaVW: Large-Scale Machine Learning for Metagenomics Sequence Classification. Vervier K. Methods in Molecular Biology

Soil, Water, and Air Microbiome

Influence of new agromining cropping systems on soil bacterial diversity and the physico-chemical characteristics of an ultramafic soil. Saad RF. Science of the Total Environment

<i>Pseudomonas chlororaphis</i> produces multiple R-tailocin particles that broaden the killing spectrum and contribute to persistence in rhizosphere communities.Dorosky RJ. Applied and Environmental Microbiology

REVIEW: Microbial diversity and biogeography in Arctic soils.Malard LA. Environmental Microbiology Reports.

Impact of brine and antiscalants on reef-building corals in the Gulf of Aqaba – Potential effects from desalination plants.Petersen KL. Water Research

Mapping the Bacterial Community in Digboi Oil Refinery, India by High-Throughput Sequencing Approach. Dasgupta A.  Current Microbiology.

Chemical-, site-, and taxa-dependent benthic community health in coastal areas of the Bohai Sea and northern Yellow Sea: A sediment quality triad approach. Khim JS. Science of the Total Environment.

Animal Experiments and Microbiome

Microbial Biogeography Along the Gastrointestinal Tract of a Red Panda. Zeng Y. Frontiers in Microbiology

REVIEW:The gut microbiota of wild rodents: Challenges and opportunities. Viney M. Laboratory Animals

Genome-wide association studies of inflammatory bowel disease in German shepherd dogs. Peiravan A. PLoS One.

Effects of Rodent Diet Choice and Fiber Type on Data Interpretation of Gut Microbiome and Metabolic Disease Research.Pellizzon MA. Current Protocols in Toxicology

Non-Microbiology Hot Pick

The war on gluten. Servick K. Science.

 

 

May 31, 2018

Metagenomic analysis of the endangered kakapo fecal microbiota, a role for the microbiota in the social interaction habits of mice, using fecal metabolomics to readout functions of the gut microbiome.

General microbiome

Pre-print: Measuring the archaeome: detection and quantification of archaea signatures in the human body – Manuela R Pausan – bioRxiv

Human skin microbiome

Short‐term direct contact with soil and plant materials leads to an immediate increase in diversity of skin microbiota – Mira Grönroos – Microbiology Open

Human oral microbiome

Preliminary esophageal microbiome studies prompt important scientific questions – Yash Choksi – Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology

Human urinary microbiome

Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis: A Case of Missing Microbes? – Carlos Alfredo Batagello – Journal of Endourology

Animal experiments

Social interaction-induced activation of RNA splicing in the amygdala of microbiome-deficient mice – Roman M Stilling – eLIFE

Differences in cecal microbiome of selected high and low feather-pecking laying hens – P Birkl – Poultry Science

Digestive microbiota is different in pigs receiving antimicrobials or a feed additive during the nursery period – Cassandra Soler – PLOS ONE

Dietary supplementation with yeast hydrolysate in pregnancy influences colostrum yield and gut microbiota of sows and piglets after birth – Shah Hasah – PLOS ONE

Dietary sodium butyrate improves intestinal development and function by modulating the microbial community in broilers – Wei Wu – PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Network-guided genomic and metagenomic analysis of the faecal microbiota of the critically endangered kakapo – David W Waite – Scientific Reports

Bacterial diversity and community structure of the intestinal microbiome of Channel Catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) during ontogenesis – Francisca A Burgos – Systematic and Applied Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Pre-print: Consortia of anti-nematode fungi and bacteria in the rhizosphere of soybean plants attacked by root-knot nematodes – Hirokazu Toju – bioRxiv

The importance of phyllosphere on plant functional ecology: a phyllo trait manifesto – Bruno H P Rosado – New Phytologist

Biocatalytic potential of Streptomyces spp. isolates from rhizosphere of plants and mycorrhizosphere of fungi – Jelena Spasic – Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry

Hosts do not simply outsource pathogen resistance to protective symbionts – Jan Hrček – Evolution

Water and extremophile microbiome

Microbial Diversity in Sediments from the Bottom of the Challenger Deep, the Mariana Trench – Takuro Nunoura – Microbes and Environments

Microbial Community Composition and Putative Biogeochemical Functions in the Sediment and Water of Tropical Granite Quarry Lakes – Amit Kumar – Microbial Ecology

Bloom of a denitrifying methanotroph, “Candidatus Methylomirabilis limnetica”, in a deep stratified lake – Jon S Graf – Environmental Microbiology

Food microbiology

Microbiome dynamics during spontaneous fermentations of sound grapes in comparison with sour rot and Botrytis infected grapes – Jessica Lleixà – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Pre-print: Microbial Community Structure and Diversity of Shrimp Paste at Different Fermentation Stages – Dai Lingying – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

MetaHMM: A webserver for identifying novel genes with specified functions in metagenomic samples – Balázs Szalkai – Genomics

Metabolomics

The fecal metabolome as a functional readout of the gut microbiome – Jonas Zierer – Nature Genetics

More microbes

Pre-print: Aggregation of Vibrio cholerae by cationic polymers enhances quorum sensing but over-rides biofilm dissipation in response to autoinduction – Nicolas Perez-Soto – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Virus genes from city pond rescue bacteria – ScienceDaily

May 26, 2018

We have a big variety of topics covered in today’s posts, from built environment to bat microbiome to biolfilms!

Biofilms

Genomic identification of microbial species adhering to maxillofacial prostheses and susceptibility to different hygiene protocols – Juliana Barchelli, The Journal of Bioadhesion and Biofilm Research

Anti-biofilm effect of a butenolide/polymer coating and metatranscriptomic analyses – Wei Ding, The Journal of Bioadhesion and Biofilm Research

Microbial ecology

Keystone taxa as drivers of microbiome structure and functioning – Samiran Banerjee, Nature Reviews Microbiology

Diversity, Stability, and Reproducibility in Stochastically Assembled Microbial Ecosystems – Akshit Goya, Physical Review Letters

Pregnancy and early life

Iron supplementation has minor effects on gut microbiota composition in overweight and obese women in early pregnancy – Marloes Dekker Nitert, British Journal of Nutrition

Human respiratory microbiome

The concordance between upper and lower respiratory microbiota in children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia – Wenkui Dai, Emerging Microbes & Infections

The lung microbiome in children with HIV-bronchiectasis: a cross-sectional pilot study – Refiloe Masekela, BMC Pulmonary Medicine

Human skin microbiome

Does Lindioil (Indirubin) treatment affect the composition of Malassezia species on psoriatic skin? – Y. K. Lin, British Journal of Dermatology

Shift in skin microbiota of Western European women across aging – Romain Jugé, Journal of Applied Microbiology

Human vaginal microbiome

Understanding mucosal and microbial functionality of the female reproductive tract by metaproteomics: Implications for HIV transmission – Alicia R. Berard, American Journal of Reproductive Immunology

Vaginal microbiome studies in pregnancy must also analyse host factors – S.S. Witkin, BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Vaginal microbiome in early pregnancy and subsequent risk of spontaneous preterm birth: a case‐control study – Negar Tabatabaei, BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Human gut microbiome

Structural Alteration of Gut Microbiota during the Amelioration of Human Type 2 Diabetes with Hyperlipidemia by Metformin and a Traditional Chinese Herbal Formula: a Multicenter, Randomized, Open Label Clinical Trial – Xiaolin Tong, mBio

The role of diet in the aetiopathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease – Hamed Khalili, Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Animal experiments

Ethanolamine enhances intestinal functions by altering gut microbiome and mucosal anti-stress capacity in weaned rats – Jian Zhou, British Journal of Nutrition

Helicobacter pylori-infected C57BL/6 mice with different gastrointestinal microbiota have contrasting gastric pathology, microbial and host immune responses – Zhongming Ge, Scientific Reports

Evaluation of the impact of glyphosate and its residues in feed on animal health – European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), EFSA Journal

Risks for animal health related to the presence of fumonisins, their modified forms and hidden forms in feed – EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM), EFSA Journal

Plateau hypoxia attenuates the metabolic activity of intestinal flora to enhance the bioavailability of nifedipine – Juanhong Zhang, Drug Delivery

Animal microbiome

Fecal Microbiota Composition Changes after a Body Weight Loss Diet in Beagle Dogs – A Salas, Journal of Animal Sciences

The fecal bacterial microbiota of bats; Slovenia – Modest Vengust, PLOS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Fertilization shapes a well-organized community of bacterial decomposers for accelerated paddy straw degradation – Yushan Zhan, Scientific Reports

Paddy-upland rotation for sustainable agriculture with regards to diverse soil microbial community – Ping-Fu Hou, Scientific Reports

Annual post‐market environmental monitoring report on the cultivation of genetically modified maize MON 810 in 2016 – European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), EFSA Journal

Conserved Responses in a War of Small Molecules between a Plant-Pathogenic Bacterium and Fungi – Joseph E. Spraker, mBio

Pseudomonads contribute to regulation of Pratylenchus penetrans (Nematoda) populations on apple – Tristan T. Watson, Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Taxon-specific aerosolization of bacteria and viruses in an experimental ocean-atmosphere mesocosm – Jennifer M. Michaud, Nature Communications

Combined genotyping, microbial diversity and metabolite profiling studies on farmed Mytilus spp. from Kiel Fjord – Caroline Utermann, Scientific Reports

Bathyarchaeota: globally distributed metabolic generalists in anoxic environments – Zhichao Zhou, FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Probiotics / prebiotics

Dietary fibers, prebiotics, and exopolysaccharides produced by lactic acid bacteria: potential health benefits with special regard to cholesterol-lowering effects – E. Korcz, Food and Function

Pharmacomicrobiomics: exploiting the drug-microbiota interactions in anticancer therapies – Concetta Panebianco, Microbiome

Built environment

City-scale distribution and dispersal routes of mycobiome in residences – Xinzhao Tong, Microbiome

Unraveling bacterial fingerprints of city subways from microbiome 16S gene profiles – Alejandro R. Walker, Biology Direct

Bioinformatics

ASaiM: a Galaxy-based framework to analyze microbiota data – Bérénice Batut, GigaScience

Comprehensive benchmarking and ensemble approaches for metagenomic classifiers – Alexa B. R. McIntyre, Genome Biology

Techniques

The Present and Future of Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) and Whole Metagenome Sequencing (WMS) for Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistant Microorganisms and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes across the Food Chain – Elena A. Oniciuc, Genes

A microbial endocrinology-based simulated small intestinal medium for the evaluation of neurochemical production by gut microbiota – Daniel N Villageliú, FEMS Microbiology Ecology