Just a quick post, meant to be fun, not to insult anyone. Because we can all use a little laugh in times of stress.
Today’s Digest is heavy, so you might want to pace yourself. It’s hard to pick the highlights, but I’m biased towards fungal research, so first about a wake-up call to look at the fungi seriously. The insects might provide for remedy against antibiotic resistance and is the dust settled on the sparse fetal intestinal microbiota? Stay healthy and keep reading.
Call for papers – Global Outbreaks and Responses – BMC Medicine
** Viewpoints: Fungal diseases as neglected pathogens: A wake-up call to public health officials – Marcio L. Rodrigues & Joshua D. Nosanchuk – PLoS NTD
Inducible cell-to-cell signaling for tunable dynamics in microbial communities – Arianna Miano et al. – Nature Communications
** The insect antimicrobial peptide cecropin A disrupts uropathogenic Escherichia coli biofilms – Miriam Kalsy et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes
Using comparative genomics to understand molecular features of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii from South Korea causing invasive infections and their clinical implications – Min Hyung Kim – PLoS One
Factors associated with sufficient knowledge of antibiotics and antimicrobial resistance in the Japanese general population – Shinya Tsuzuki et al. – Scientific Reports
Faeces and vaccines could be the key to tackling antimicrobial resistance – Elisabeth Mahase – BMJ
A survey of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in urban wetlands in southwestern Nigeria as a step towards generating prevalence maps of antimicrobial resistance – Olawale Olufemi Adelowo et al. – PLoS One
Pregnancy and early life
** Viable bacterial colonization is highly limited in the human intestine in utero – E. Rackaityte et al. – Nature Medicine
Human skin microbiome
Human oral microbiome
Review: Single-Cell Genomics and the Oral Microbiome – M. Balachandran et al. – Journal of Dental Research
Insights Obtained by Culturing Saccharibacteria With Their Bacterial Hosts – B. Bor et al. – Journal of Dental Research
Electronic Cigarette Aerosol Modulates the Oral Microbiome and Increases Risk of Infection – Smruti Pushalkar et al. – iScience
Press: Oral Microbiome Changes Implicated in Gum Inflammation in E-Cigarette Users – GenomeWeb
In vitro: A salivary metabolite signature that reflects gingival host-microbe interactions: instability predicts gingivitis susceptibility – Marcela M. Fernandez-Gutierrez et al. – Scientific Reports
Human respiratory microbiome
Review: The Role of Lung and Gut Microbiota in the Pathology of Asthma – Weronika Barcik et al. – Immunity
Cancer and microbiome
Endogenous murine microbiota member Faecalibaculum rodentium and its human homologue protect from intestinal tumour growth – Elena Zagato et al. – Nature Microbiology
Escherichia coli adhesion portion FimH functions as an adjuvant for cancer immunotherapy – Wei Zhang et al. – Nature Communications
Review: Interplay between Dietary Polyphenols and Oral and Gut Microbiota in the Development of Colorectal Cancer – Carolina Cueva & Mariana Silva – Nutrients
Human gut microbiome
In vitro: Short-term supplementation of celecoxib-shifted butyrate production on a simulated model of the gut microbial ecosystem and ameliorated in vitro inflammation – Emma Hernandez-Sanabria et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes
Review: Crosstalk Between Gut Microbiota and Innate Immunity and Its Implication in Autoimmune Diseases – Yuhao Jiao et al. – Frontiers in Immunology
An empirically derived method for measuring human gut microbiome alpha diversity: Demonstrated utility in predicting health-related outcomes among a human clinical sample – Sarah L. Hagerty et al. – PLoS One
Proof-of-concept study of the efficacy of a microbiota-directed complementary food formulation (MDCF) for treating moderate acute malnutrition – Ishita Mostafa et al. – BMC Public Health
Microbiota as Predictor of Mortality in Allogeneic Hematopoietic-Cell Transplantation – Jonathan U. Peled et al. – New England Journal of Medicine
Human multi-site microbiome
Response of the human gut and saliva microbiome to urbanization in Cameroon – Ana Lokmer et al. – Scientific Reports
The gut-microbiota-brain axis
Therapeutic Effects of the In Vitro Cultured Human Gut Microbiota as Transplants on Altering Gut Microbiota and Improving Symptoms Associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder – Kainan Chen et al. – Microbial Ecology
Built environment microbiome
A preliminary study on the potential of Nanopore MinION and Illumina MiSeq 16S rRNA gene sequencing to characterize building-dust microbiomes – Anders B. Nygaard et al. – Scientific Reports
Spatial metabolomics of in situ host–microbe interactions at the micrometre scale – Benedikt Geier et al. – Nature Microbiology
Global chemical effects of the microbiome include new bile-acid conjugations – Robert A. Quinn et al. – Nature
PM2.5 exposure perturbs lung microbiome and its metabolic profile in mice – Jingli Li et al. – Science of the Total Environment
Growth hormone deficiency and excess alter the gut microbiome in adult male mice – Elizabeth A Jensen et al. – Endocrinology
Dissociation of Adaptive Thermogenesis from Glucose Homeostasis in Microbiome-Deficient Mice – Tibor L. Krisko et al. – Cell Metabolism
Fecal IgA Levels Are Determined by Strain-Level Differences in Bacteroides ovatus and Are Modifiable by Gut Microbiota Manipulation – Chao Yang et al. – Cell Host & Microbe
Can rumen bacteria communicate to each other? – Mi-Young Won et al. – Microbiome
Entomopathogenic nematode-associated microbiota: from monoxenic paradigm to pathobiome – Jean-Claude Ogier et al. – Microbiome
The canine oral microbiome: variation in bacterial populations across different niches – Avika Ruparell et al. – BMC Microbiology
Evolutionary analysis of Mycobacterium bovis genotypes across Africa suggests co-evolution with livestock and humans – Osvaldo Frederico Inlamea et al. – PLoS NTD
Nanopore sequencing of microbial communities reveals the potential role of sea lice as a reservoir for fish pathogens – Ana Teresa Gonçalves et al. – Scientific Reports
Plant, root and soil microbiome
Insights on aquatic microbiome of the Indian Sundarbans mangrove areas – Paltu Kumar Dhal et al. – PLoS One
Ganoderma lucidum cultivation affect microbial community structure of soil, wood segments and tree roots – Fei Ren et al. – Scientific Reports
Effect of long-term destocking on soil fungal functional groups and interactions with plants – Jie Wang et al. – Plant and Soil
Comparative Analysis of Root Microbiomes of Rice Cultivars with High and Low Methane Emissions Reveals Differences in Abundance of Methanogenic Archaea and Putative Upstream Fermenters – Zachary Liechty et al. – mSystems
Fungal diversity and community composition of wheat rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils from three different agricultural production regions of South Africa – Magalane Pheladi Gqozo et al. – Applied Soil Ecology
Microbial and volatile profiling of soils suppressive to Fusarium culmorum of wheat – Adam Ossowicki & Vittorio Tracanna et al. – Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Industrial development as a key factor explaining variances in soil and grass phyllosphere microbiomes in urban green spaces – Zhen-Zhen Yan et al. – Environmental Pollution
Plant communities mediate the interactive effects of invasion and drought on soil microbial communities – Catherine Fahey et al. – The ISME Journal
Water and extremophile microbiome
Methyl t-butyl ether-degrading bacteria for bioremediation and biocontrol purposes – Giada d’Errico et al. – PLoS One
Uncovering microbial responses to sharp geochemical gradients in a terrace contaminated by acid mine drainage – Rui Xu et al. – Environmental Pollution
Snapshot: Microbial Extremophiles – Amy K. Schmid et al. – Cell
Denitrification performance and microbial communities of solid-phase denitrifying reactors using poly (butylene succinate)/bamboo powder composite – Wanhe Qi et al. – Bioresource Technology
Meta-omics Provides Insights into the Impact of Hydrocarbon Contamination on Microbial Mat Functioning – Johanne Aubé et al. – Microbial Ecology
Role of microbial diversity for sustainable pyrite oxidation control in acid and metalliferous drainage prevention – Omy T. Ogbughalu et al. – Journal of Hazardous Materials
Phages and viruses
** Coronavirus research highlights – BMC
Fecal Viral Community Responses to High-Fat Diet in Mice – Anjelique Schulfer et al. – mSphere
Rapid MinION profiling of preterm microbiota and antimicrobial-resistant pathogens – Richard M. Leggett et al. – Nature Microbiology
Assembly-free single-molecule sequencing recovers complete virus genomes from natural microbial communities – John Beaulaurier et al. – Genome Research
Rapid inference of antibiotic resistance and susceptibility by genomic neighbour typing – Karel Břinda et al. – Nature Microbiology
Microbes in the news
Tough microbe’s DNA could be a lasting archive – Steve Nadis – Science
How Bacteria Can ‘Sculpt The Gut’ – Maya Trabulsi – KPBS
The bee microbiome can fight back against fungi that cause Colony Collapse Disorder – Lauren Sara McKee – Massive Science
Understanding Microbiome Resilience on a Changing Planet – Michigan State University
New Center of Microbiome Science is in the works at Ohio State – Emily Caldwell – Ohio State University News
Common diseases may be communicable through microbiome, says UBC researcher – Stephanie Blain – The Ubyssey
For Your Microbiome, How You Eat Could Be As Important As What You Eat – Technology Networks
Study: Infectious gut bacteria may predict UTI risk – Sue Treiman – Cornell Chronicle
The Best Way to Avoid Getting Sick Is to Wash Your Hands — But You’re Probably Doing It Wrong – Bojana Galic – Live Strong
Microbes on the market
DuPont carries on microbiome momentum with metabolic disease collaboration – Will Chu – Nutraingredients
Invest 5% of research funds in ensuring data are reusable – Barend Mons – Nature
This post has nothing to do with microbiology, but everything with my love for maps. It is about the former Hetch Hetchy Railroad.
Hetch Hetchy reservoir is the main source of drinking water for the city of San Francisco and other parts of the Bay Area. The densely populated SF Bay Area only gets rainfall in the winter months and is dependent on reservoirs in the Sierra Nevada mountains for the collection and storage of rain and melting snow water for the dry summer months.
The Hetch Hetchy area once was a glacier-formed valley of what is now Yosemite National Park, California. It is located in the Northwestern part of the national park, far away from the much more famous Yosemite Valley. Hetch Hetchy Valley was equally beautiful, but it was turned into a reservoir, an artificial lake, in 1923 upon the completion of the O’Shaughnessy Dam.
Here are two photos comparing Hetch Hetchy valley before and after the dam was completed, taken from roughly the same position.
As of today, the Hetch Hetchy Project consists of the reservoir, the dam, hydroelectric plants, and a long aqueduct that carries the water to the SF Bay Area through a long series of tunnels, using only gravity.
The story about the Hetch Hetchy Railroad, built in the 1910s and 1920s to bring the construction crews and materials needed to build the dam, hydroelectric plants, and aqueducts is very interesting if you like history and maps. After completion of the dam in 1923, the HHRR was used to carry tourists and mail to the Northern Yosemite area. However, the steep terrain, sharp curves, and heavy snowfall made it very hard and expensive to operate the railroad. During World War II, HHRR rail materials such as steel and wood were used for war operations, and the railroad was finally completely dismantled in 1949.
Friends of us who live near an area where the railroad used to run told us about the success and decline of the railroad, and pointed us towards some sections where you can still see remnants of how the tracks ran. Even though the rails and wooden cross-ties are now all gone, you can still see the flattened track at some sections. Close to the Hetch Hetchy reservoir, the road to access the lake now runs over the railroad track.
Hearing about the now-gone railroad got me interested in mapping the complete course of the railroad. I first searched online and found a couple of railroad and other sites that mentioned it.
The information I found online was not enough detailed to know how the HHRR exactly ran. Luckily, our friends lent us their copy of the book Yosemite’s Hetch Hetchy Railroad by Ted Wurm. The author was part of a group of railfans who traveled the railroad around 1937 and took lots of photos. This book has a map of the railroad route, and several descriptions that allowed me to start to map the exact position of the tracks.
The Groveland Yosemite Gateway Museum also has a small exhibition on the Hetch Hetchy Railroad. It consists of several photos and a topographical map in which a person called Bill Dagg draw the course of the railroad by hand.
These two maps by Ted Wurm and Bill Dagg were a lot more detailed than what I could find online. I was very excited to see how much work these two men had put into mapping the railroad.
Since I could not find an electronic version of the railroad’s course online, I decided to make a KML file myself. KML stands for “Keyhole Markup Language“, and is a way to visualize geographic data in – for example – Google Earth. Google Earth is the advanced version of Google Maps and it allows you to add extra layers. An easy way to make a KML file is to draw a line or a polygon on top of the map displayed in Google Earth.
In order to draw the map, I downloaded Google Earth Pro. There is also a Google Earth Web version that runs in Chrome and that can display KML files, but it did not allow me to make one or edit points.
Using Google Earth satellite views and the maps from Ted Wurm’s book and Bill Dagg’s map from the Groveland Museum it was easy to spot some parts of the now-dismantled railroad. In some places, the railroad is now an unpaved or paved road, while in other spots the old foundations are still visible in the landscape.
I was also very excited to find some historical topographical maps on the website of the USGS from around 1947, just before the railroad was removed. These maps are available as KMZ (zipped KML) files, so you can just overlay them in Google Earth. This allowed me to draw the railroad even more precisely.
This was a fun project to do in Google Earth. In some cases, the historic topographical maps were a bit shifted from the current Google map, and in other cases new roads were put over the historic railroad, so I had to make an educated guess where the tracks had been. But in most spots it was easy to see the old tracks from the satellite images.
So here it is, a link to the historic Hetch Hetchy Railroad route (KML file) as drawn by me in Google Earth. If you click on the link it will show you the route in Google Maps.
Or, if you want to edit, download the KMZ file to display in Google Earth. Enjoy!
One thing that struck me as amazing is how beautiful the incline of the trail is over certain areas. Look at this elevation profile that Google Earth draw over the complete 68-mile route. In several places, the tracks go up or down a nearly perfect 4 degrees. What a great piece of 1920s engineering that was!
Good morning everyone!
This post is written from lovely NYC, quite a distance from my hometown in Israel. If you’re working on microbial ecology in the city and care for a cup of coffee (on me!) and a rather interesting chat about science, entreprenurship and agriculture- please contact me via email@example.com or just find me on Linkedin.
Today post will feature highly recommended podcast, a great antimicrobial resistance review paper, Cocaine effect on gut microbiota, some cool bioinformatics tools papers, fascinating animal microbiome studies and more.
Resources and Podcast
I’m a huge fan of the This Week in Microbiology podcast. On their 201 episode the team hosted Prof. Mark Martin (U of Puget Sound) with some great list of papers for 1st year undergrads- but it is a great opportunity to read about general concepts and direction in micrboiology. I truely enjoed both the episode and the recommended papers.
Defining and combating antibiotic resistance from One Health and Global Health perspectives, Sara Hernando-Amado, Nature Microbiology
Analysing complex metagenomic data with MicroWineBar, Franziska Klincke ,bioRxiv
A systematic NGS-based approach for contaminant detection and functional inference, Sung-Joon Park, bioRxiv
Human and Animal microbiome
Cocaine Induces Inflammatory Gut Milieu by Compromising the Mucosal Barrier Integrity and Altering the Gut Microbiota Colonization, Ernest T. Chivero, Scientific Reports
Influence of the microbiota-gut-brain axis on behavior and welfare in farm animals: A review, Narjis Kraimi, Physiology & Behavior
Dissecting the factors shaping fish skin microbiomes in a heterogeneous inland water system, Yaron Krotman, bioRxiv
Non‐random associations of maternally transmitted symbionts in insects: The roles of drift versus biased co‐transmission and selection, Hugo Mathe-Hubert, Molecular Ecology
The microbiome of the Melitaea cinxia butterfly shows marked variation but is only little explained by the traits of the butterfly or its host plant, G. Minard, Environmental Microbiology
Marine-freshwater prokaryotic transitions require extensive changes in the predicted proteome, Pedro J. Cabello-Yeves, Microbiome
Taxonomic and functional characterization of a microbial community from a volcanic englacial ecosystem in Deception Island, Antarctica, Emma Martinez-Alonso, Scientific Reports
Highlights today include the organisms in the healthy infant intestinal microbiome that protect against food allergy, an algorithm to predict aging based on the gut microbiome, and how bacteria adapt to life on the International Space Station. Enjoy!
Pregnancy and early life
Healthy infants harbor intestinal bacteria that protect against food allergy – Taylor Feehley – Nature Medicine
Human gut microbiome
Preprint: Human microbiome aging clocks based on deep learning and tandem of permutation feature importance and accumulated local effects – Fedor Galkin – bioRxiv
(Covered in popular press as Your Gut Microbiome Could Actually Reveal Your Age, Study Shows)
Preprint: The virome in adult monozygotic twins with concordant or discordant gut microbiomes – J. Leonardo Moreno-Gallego – bioRxiv
Human nearly-sterile sites
Review: Microbiome–metabolome reveals the contribution of gut–kidney axis on kidney disease – Yuan-Yuan Chen – Journal of Translational Medicine
Lactobacillus sakei Alleviates High-fat Diet-induced Obesity and Anxiety in Mice by Inducing AMPK Activation and SIRT1 Expression and Inhibiting Gut Microbiota-mediated NF-κB Activation – Hyo-Min Jang – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research
Aqueous raw and ripe Pu-erh tea extracts alleviate obesity and alter cecal microbiota composition and function in diet-induced obese rats – Yun Xia – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Plant, root, and soil microbiome
Superior dispersal ability can lead to persistent ecological dominance throughout succession – Primrose J. Boynton – Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium Pseudomonas PS01 induces salt tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana – Thanh Nguyen Chu – BMC Research Notes
Antifungal potential of bacterial rhizosphere isolates associated with three ethno-medicinal plants (poppy, chamomile, and nettle) – Marija Mojicevic – International Microbiology
Analysis of uranium removal capacity of anaerobic granular sludge bacterial communities under different initial pH conditions – Taotao Zeng – Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Water and extremophile microbiomes
An interspecies malate–pyruvate shuttle reconciles redox imbalance in an anaerobic microbial community – Po-Hsiang Wang – The ISME Journal
Bacterial community assembly in a typical estuarine marsh with multiple environmental gradients – Zhiyuan Yao – Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Effects of salinity on microbialite-associated production in Great Salt Lake, Utah – Melody R. Lindsay – Ecology
Generation of 13C-labeled MUC5AC mucin oligosaccharides for stable isotope probing of host-associated microbial communities – Clayton Evert – ACS Infectious Diseases
Transomics data-driven, ensemble kinetic modeling for system-level understanding and engineering of the cyanobacteria central metabolism – Hiroki Nishiguchi – Metabolic Engineering
Built environment/Microbes in Space
Pangenomic Approach To Understanding Microbial Adaptations within a Model Built Environment, the International Space Station, Relative to Human Hosts and Soil – Ryan A. Blaustein – mSystems
(Covered in the popular press as Good news: space bacteria (probably) aren’t evolving to destroy us)
Science, publishing, and career
Preprint: Tracking the popularity and outcomes of all bioRxiv preprints – Richard J. Abdill – bioRxiv
A great-ape view of the gut microbiome.Nishida AH. Nature Reviews Genetics
Relative reduction of biological and phylogenetic diversity of the oral microbiota of diabetes and pre-diabetes patients. Saeb ATM. Microbial Pathogenesis
Dietary modulation of the microbiome as therapy.Bernard NJ. Nature Reviews Rheumatology
Costless metabolic secretions as drivers of interspecies interactions in microbial ecosystems.Pacheco AR. Nature Communications
Low-moisture food matrices as probiotic carriers. Marcial-Coba MS . FEMS Microbiology Letters
REVIEW: Cross-Domain and Viral Interactions in the Microbiome.Rowan-Nash AD. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews
Metagenomic profiles of different types of Italian high-moisture Mozzarella cheese.Marino M. Food Microbiology
Enhancement of the gut barrier integrity by a microbial metabolite through the Nrf2 pathway.Singh R. Nature Communications
Streamlining standard bacteriophage methods for higher throughput.Kauffman KM. MethodsX
Indirect DNA extraction method suitable for acidic soil with high clay content. Högfors-Rönnholm E. MethodsX
DATABASE: The 26th annual Nucleic Acids Research database issue and Molecular Biology Database Collection.Rigden DJ. Nucleic Acid Research
Animal Experiments and Microbiome
Effect of the Nursing Mother on the Gut Microbiome of the Offspring During Early Mouse Development.Treichel NS. Microbial Ecology
Delayed differentiation of vaginal and uterine microbiomes in dairy cows developing postpartum endometritis.Miranda-CasoLuengo R. PLoS One.
Seabird and pinniped shape soil bacterial communities of their settlements in Cape Shirreff, Antarctica.Ramírez-Fernández L. PLoS One
Use of 16S rRNA gene sequencing for prediction of new opportunistic pathogens in chicken ileal and cecal microbiota.Kollarcikova M. Poultry Science
Whole rumen metagenome sequencing allows classifying and predicting feed efficiency and intake levels in cattle.Delgado B. Scientific Reports
Marine and Inland Waters
Diversity and Composition of Pelagic Prokaryotic and Protist Communities in a Thin Arctic Sea-Ice Regime.de Sousa AGG. Microbial Ecology
Stratification, nitrogen fixation, and cyanobacterial bloom stage regulate the planktonic food web structure.Loick-Wilde N. Global Change Biology
Analysis of viral and bacterial communities in groundwater associated with contaminated land.Costeira R. Science of the Total Environment
Plant, Soil, and Air Microbiome
The known and the unknown in soil microbial ecology. Baldrian P. FEMS Microbiology Ecology.
Genomic analysis of bacteria in the Acute Oak Decline pathobiome.Doonan J. Microbial Genomics.
Glutathione S-Transferase Enzymes in Plant-Pathogen Interactions.Gullner G. Frontiers in Plant Science
A comparative metagenomic and spectroscopic analysis of soils from an international point of entry between the US and Mexico. Cota-Ruiz K. Environmental International
Temporal Dynamics of Bacterial Communities in Soil and Leachate Water After Swine Manure Application.Rieke EL. Frontiers of Microbiology
In today’s Microbiome Digest, look for rhizobacteria that affect plant size, methanogenesis in salt marsh sediments, a murine model for periodontitis, and an exciting preprint that identifies a microbiome in dinosaur bones! Plus, as bonus non-microbiology topics, we consider authorship norms across different disciplines and how forensics might work on Mars.
(preprint) Life Inside A Dinosaur Bone: A Thriving Microbiome – Evan Thomas Saitta – bioRxiv
Metabolic Interactions of a Chain Elongation Microbiome – Wenhao Han – Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Human Gut Microbiome
Passing the “Acid Test”: Do Proton Pump Inhibitors Affect the Composition of the Microbiome? – Tien Dong – Digestive Diseases and Sciences
The gastric mucosal-associated microbiome in patients with gastric polyposis – Rongrong Ren – Scientific Reports
An experimental murine model to study periodontitis – Julie Marchesan – Nature Protocols
The gut microbiota promotes hepatic fatty acid desaturation and elongation in mice – Alida Kindt – Nature Communications
Global Networks of Symbiodinium-Bacteria Within the Coral Holobiont – Rachele Bernasconi – Microbial Ecology
(preprint) Gut microbial compositions mirror caste-specific diets in a major lineage of eusocial insects – Saria Otani -bioRxiv
Plant, Root, and Soil Microbiome
Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria promote plant size inequality – Alan C. Gange – Scientific Reports
Diversity of active viral infections within the Sphagnum microbiome – Joshua MA Stough – Applied and Environmental Microbiology
The impact of high throughput sequencing on plant health diagnosticsThe impact of high throughput sequencing on plant health diagnostics – Ian Adams -European Journal of Plant Pathology
Water and Extremophile Microbiome
Living at the frontiers of life: extremophiles in Chile and their potential for bioremediation – Roberto Orellana – Frontiers in Microbiology
Spatial structuring of bacterial communities in epilithic biofilms in the Acquarossa river (Italy) – Carolina Chiellini – FEMS Microbial Ecology
A small‐sample kernel association test for correlated data with application to microbiome association studies – Xiang Zhan – Genetic Epidemiology
Science, Publishing, and Career
Thousands of scientists publish a paper every five days – John P. A. Ioannidis – Nature
Alyson’s Non-Microbiology Picks
Sensing with tools extends somatosensory processing beyond the body – Luke E. Miller- Nature
How Will Police Solve Murders on Mars? – Geoff Manaugh – The Atlantic