August 22, 2019

Today’s Digest includes several papers on antimicrobial resistance, which is what we should be thinking about all the time. Other highlights include nanoparticle delivered medicine for colitis, and how ants compartmentalize microbiomes. Enjoy reading!


Call for papers: Microbiome in human physiological function – Microbial Cell Factories

General microbiology

Species matter for predicting the functioning of evolving microbial communities – An eco-evolutionary model – Timothy G. Barraclough – PLoS One

Antimicrobial resistance

The impact and mechanism of quaternary ammonium compounds on the transmission of antibiotic resistance genes – Yue Han et al. – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Characterizing the soil microbiome and quantifying antibiotic resistance gene dynamics in agricultural soil following swine CAFO manure application – Edward Lopatto et al. – PLoS One

Antibiotic resistant bacteria and commensal fungi are common and conserved in the mosquito microbiome – Josephine Hyde et al. – PLoS One

Advanced neonatal medicine in China: Is newborn ward capacity associated with inpatient antibiotic usage? – Yi Ge et al. – PLoS One

Preprint: Resident microbial communities inhibit growth and antibiotic resistance evolution of Escherichia coli in human gut microbiome samples – Michael Baumgartner et al. – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

** Hyaluronic acid–bilirubin nanomedicine for targeted modulation of dysregulated intestinal barrier, microbiome and immune responses in colitis – Yonghyun Lee et al. – Nature Materials

Press: Nanoparticle relieved symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease in mice –

Genetic risk for autoimmunity is associated with distinct changes in the human gut microbiome – Jordan T. Russell et al. – Nature Communications

Preprint: In vitro modeling: Evidence for a multi-level trophic organization of the human gut microbiome – Tong Wang et al. – bioRxiv

Animal microbiome

Relationships between feeding and microbial faeces indices in dairy cows at different milk yield levels – Stephanie Meyer et al. – PLoS One

** Azteca ants maintain unique microbiomes across functionally distinct nest chambers – Jane M. Lucas et al. – Proceedings of the Royal Society B

Press: For at Least One Species, Ant Nurseries Are Cleaner Than Human Ones – Matt Shipman – NC State University

Unveiled feather microcosm: feather microbiota of passerine birds is closely associated with host species identity and bacteriocin-producing bacteria – Veronika Gvoždíková Javůrková et al. – The ISME Journal

Variability in snake skin microbial assemblages across spatial scales and disease states – Donald M. Walker et al. – The ISME Journal

Food microbiome

Faecalibacterium diversity in dairy cow milk – Keith W. Savin et al. – PLoS One

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Microbial succession on decomposing root litter in a drought-prone Scots pine forest – Claude Herzog et al. – The ISME Journal

Water and extremophile microbiome

Active subseafloor microbial communities from Mariana back-arc venting fluids share metabolic strategies across different thermal niches and taxa – Elizabeth Trembath-Reichert, David A. Butterfield & Julie A. Huber – The ISME Journal

Phages and viruses

Cryptic inoviruses revealed as pervasive in bacteria and archaea across Earth’s biomes – Simon Roux et al. – Nature Microbiology

Sources of Airborne Norovirus in Hospital Outbreaks – Malin Alsved et al. – Clinical Infectious Diseases

Viral taxonomy derived from evolutionary genome relationships – Tyler J. Dougan & Stephen R. Quake – PLoS One

Microbes in the news

Type 1 diabetes: Genetic risk reflected in gut microbiome – Ana Sandoiu – Medical News Today

10 Things Viome’s Gut Test Can Reveal About Your Gut Microbiome – Yahoo! Finance

Stanford Team Uses Imputation Approach to Uncover Thousands of New Microbiome Proteins – Neil Versel – Genome Web

Broccoli Is Dying. Corn Is Toxic. Long Live Microbiomes! – Louise Elizabeth Maher-Johnson & Ayana Elizabeth Johnson – Scientific American

A mother’s microbes may be a signifier of her child’s future health, researchers say – Michael Eisenstein – Medical Xpress

Pharmacomicrobiomic Study Shows Significant Gut Bacteria Role in Drug Metabolism and Exposure – Kristiana A. Avad & Kirk E. Hevener – Contagion Live

3 Reasons Eliminating Grains May Be Harmful For Gut Health – Jason Wachob – Mind Body Green

Levofloxacin Prophylaxis Least Disruptive to Gut Microbiome in Patients With Hematologic Malignancy – Sweta Gupta – Infectious Disease Advisor


August 8, 2019

Today’s Digest brings you plenty of articles and news pieces, and highlights include mouse experiments with humanized microbiota, with “wilding” microbiota, and a collection of rumen metagenomes. Enjoy reading!


The Expert Is In: Magnetic bacteria pumping iron! – National Museum of Natural History – August 9, 11am-1pm EDT

Antimicrobial resistance

Random peptide mixtures entrapped within a copper-cuprite matrix: new antimicrobial agent against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus – Tal Stern Bauer et al. – Scientific Reports

ABC Transporter Genes Show Upregulated Expression in Drug-Resistant Clinical Isolates of Candida auris: A Genome-Wide Characterization of ATP-Binding Cassette (ABC) Transporter Genes – Mohd Wasi, Nitesh Kumar Khandelwal & Alexander J. Moorhouse et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Preprint: Global Genetic Cartography of Urban Metagenomes and Anti-Microbial Resistance – David C. Danko et al. – bioRxiv

Antimicrobial use in an Indonesian community cohort 0-18 months of age – Jarir At Thobari et al. – PLoS One

Erythromycin-resistant lactic acid bacteria in the healthy gut of vegans, ovo-lacto vegetarians and omnivores – Vesna Milanović et al. – PLoS One

Pregnancy and early life

Predictive value of cervical cytokine, antimicrobial and microflora levels for pre-term birth in high-risk women – Rashmi Manning et al. – Scientific Reports

Human multi-site microbiome

A new issue of the Gastroenterology Clinics of North America

Human oral microbiome

Review: Oral microbial biofilms: an update – Seyed Ali Mosaddad et al. – European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases

Amplicon-based microbiome study highlights the loss of diversity and the establishment of a set of species in patients with dentin caries – Diana Wolff et al. – PLoS One

Microbiome in maintained periodontitis and its shift over a single maintenance interval of three months – Hongye Lu et al. – Journal of Clinical Periodontology

Human gut microbiome

Review: Role of microbes, metabolites and effector compounds in host–microbiota interaction: a pharmacological outlook – Bharat Bhushan et al. – Environmental Chemistry Letters

Age-Associated Changes in Gut Microbiota and Dietary Components Related with the Immune System in Adulthood and Old Age: A Cross-Sectional Study – Nuria Salazar et al. – Nutrients

Review: Establishing What Constitutes a Healthy Human Gut Microbiome: State of the Science, Regulatory Considerations, and Future Directions – Michael I McBurney et al. – The Journal of Nutrition

Review: Gut Dysbiosis and the Intestinal Microbiome: Streptococcus thermophilus a Key Probiotic for Reducing Uremia – Luis Vitetta et al. – Microorganisms

Animal experiments

** Baseline microbiota composition modulates antibiotic-mediated effects on the gut microbiota and host – Aonghus Lavelle et al. – Microbiome

Microbiota of newborn calves and their mothers reveals possible transfer routes for newborn calves’ gastrointestinal microbiota – Daniela Klein-Jöbstl et al. – PLos One

Isoorientin attenuates benzo[a]pyrene-induced colonic injury and gut microbiota disorders in mice – Shenyuan He et al. – Food Research International

** Laboratory mice born to wild mice have natural microbiota and model human immune responses – Stephan P. Rosshart et al. – Science

Antibiotic-Induced Perturbations Are Manifested in the Dominant Intestinal Bacterial Phyla of Atlantic Salmon – Shruti Gupta et al. – Microorganisms

Whole Body Vibration-Induced Omental Macrophage Polarization and Fecal Microbiome Modification in a Murine Model – Jack C. Yu et al. – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Press: Whole body vibration shakes up microbiome, reduces inflammation in diabetes – EurekAlert

Press: Whole body vibration helps reduce inflammation, thanks to the gut microbiome – Angela Betsaida B. Laguipo – News-Medical

Animal microbiome

Sex-specific linkages between taxonomic and functional profiles of tick gut microbiomes – Dasiel Obregón et al. – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

** Compendium of 4,941 rumen metagenome-assembled genomes for rumen microbiome biology and enzyme discovery – Robert D. Stewart et al. – Nature Biotechnology

Humoral immune responses against gut bacteria in dogs with inflammatory bowel disease – Sirikul Soontararak et al. – PLoS One

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Solarization-based pesticide degradation results in decreased activity and biomass of the soil microbial community – M.Díaz-López et al. – Geoderma

Soil microbial carbon metabolism reveals a disease suppression pattern in continuous ginger mono-cropping fields – Xiaojiao Liu et al. – Applied Soil Ecology

Influence of 2,4-D residues on the soil microbial community and growth of tree species – Luciana Monteiro Aguiar et al. – International Journal of Phytoremediation

A Microbiome Study Reveals Seasonal Variation in Endophytic Bacteria Among different Mulberry Cultivars – Ting Ou et al. – Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal

Biological Soil Crusts from Different Soil Substrates Harbor Distinct Bacterial Groups with the Potential to Produce Exopolysaccharides and Lipopolysaccharides – Barbara Cania et al. – Microbial Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

A snapshot of microbial community structures in 20 different field-scale anaerobic bioreactors treating food waste – Seung Gu Shin et al. – Journal of Environmental Management

Microbial uptake kinetics of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) compound groups from river water and sediments – Francesca L. Brailsford et al. – Scientific Reports

Biological removal of selenate in saline wastewater by activated sludge under alternating anoxic/oxic conditions – Yuanyuan Zhang et al. – Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering

Built environment microbiome

Environmental factors influencing fungal growth on gypsum boards and their structural biodeterioration: A university campus case study – Negin Kazemian et al. – PLoS One

Phages and viruses

Identification of diverse bat alphacoronaviruses and betacoronaviruses in China provides new insights into the evolution and origin of coronavirus-related diseases – Yelin Han et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

The respiratory microbiota: Associations with influenza symptomatology and viral shedding – Kyu Han Lee et al. – Annals of Epidemiology


Review: Simultaneous improving nitrogen removal and decreasing greenhouse gas emission with biofilm carriers addition in ecological floating bed – Shanshan Sun et al. – Bioresource Technology

Comparative evaluation of a novel recombinase polymerase amplification-lateral flow dipstick (RPA-LFD) assay, LAMP, conventional PCR, and leaf-disc baiting methods for detection of Phytophthora sojae – Tingting Dai et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Emerging molecular techniques for studying microbial community composition and function in microbiologically influenced corrosion – Susmitha Purnima Kotu et al. – International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation

Microbes in the news

Phase Genomics’ Platform Links Viruses and Antibiotic Resistance Genes to the Microbiome in Study of a Highly Complex Microbial Community – Phase Genomics – Globe Newswire

Mouse Genetics Shape the Gut Microbiome More than Their Environment – Nicoletta Lanese – The Scientist


NEWSProbiotics brand Life Space celebrates the wonder of the human microbiome – Zoe Wilkinson – Mumbrella

Caveats and clinical implications in the connection between the duodenal microbiome, diet and functional gastrointestinal symptoms – Gut Microbiota for Health

The many modes of microbial magic – Giuliana Viglione – Chemical & Engineering News

The secret lives of microbes – ANNEMIEKE VAN ROEKEL – Euro Scientist

IIT develops state-of-art device to detect bacteria – The Pioneer

The Germiest Places in Your Child’s School – Alex Watt – Red Book

Teresa van Dongen’s Mud Well light uses microorganisms to create electricity – Rima Sabina Aouf – De Zeen

Microbes on the market

Shoreline Biome Announces International Distribution Partnerships – Yahoo Finance

What are the prospects for microbiome skin care in Asia? – Simon Pitman – Cosmetics Design – Europe

Biotech startup joins quest to harness microbiome to untether reliance on antibiotics in women’s health – Natalie Grover – Endpoints News

PanTheryx funding will help intensify growth in animal microbiome-focused products – Joseph Harvey – Informa

July 24, 2019

Welcome back! Today’s all-around Digest features an animal study identifying a single bacterium as therapy against rheumatoid arthritis, a field trial with bacteria colonizing and sterile Asian tiger mosquitoes to combat vector borne diseases, and a non-microbiology pick about the balance between longevity and immunity. Enjoy!


Microbiome Movement – Oncology Response Summit – Boston

General microbiology

Motile curved bacteria are Pareto-optimal – Rudi Schuech et al. – PNAS

Press: ‘Curvy bacteria’ weigh the benefits of different shapes – Science Daily

Antimicrobial resistance

The burden of antimicrobial resistance at tertiary care hospital, southern Ethiopia: a three years’ retrospective study – Tsegaye Alemayehu et al. – BMC Infectious Diseases

Human oral microbiome

Review: Regulation of oral immune tolerance by the microbiome in food allergy – Emmanuel Stephen-Victor & Talal A Chatila – Current Opinion in Immunology

Human respiratory microbiome

Editorial: Changes in lung microbiome do not explain the development of ventilator-associated pneumonia – Lieuwe D. J. Bos & Andre C. Kalil – Intensive Care Medicine

Human gut microbiome

In vitro: Microbial communities in a dynamic in vitro model for the human ileum resemble the human ileal microbiota – Maria Stolaki et al. – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Pouchitis: Clinical, Endoscopic, Histologic, and Microbiota Results from a Pilot Study – Daniel Selvig et al. – Digestive Diseases and Sciences

Dysbiosis of the gut microbiome is associated with CKD5 and correlated with clinical indices of the disease: a case–controlled study – Yang Li et al. – Journal of Translational Medicine

Animal experiments

Supplementation of diet with non-digestible oligosaccharides alters the intestinal microbiota, but not arthritis development, in IL-1 receptor antagonist deficient mice – Rebecca Rogier et al. – PLoS One

Microbial metabolite deoxycholic acid shapes microbiota against Campylobacter jejuni chicken colonization – Bilal Alrubaye et al. – PLoS One

Lamb: A novel animal model for regional microbial dysbiosis of the pioneer microbial community – Nilusha Malmuthuge and Philip J. Griebel – Frontiers in Microbiology

** A single bacterium restores the microbiome dysbiosis to protect bones from destruction in a rat model of rheumatoid arthritis – Hudan Pan, Ruijin Guo, Yanmei Ju, Qi Wang et al. – Microbiome

Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers and Gut Microbiome Modulate Metabolic Syndrome–Related Aqueous Metabolites in Mice – David K. Scoville et al. – Drug Metabolism and Disposition

Animal microbiome

** Incompatible and sterile insect techniques combined eliminate mosquitoes – Xiaoying Zheng et al. – Nature

Commentary: Tiger mosquitoes tackled in a trial – Peter Armbruster – Nature

Host genetics and geography influence microbiome composition in the sponge Ircinia campana – Sarah M. Griffiths et al. – Journal of Animal Ecology

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Non-target Effects of Naphthalene on the Soil Microbial Biomass and Bacterial Communities in the Subalpine Forests of Western China – Liying Lan et al. – Scientific Reports

Drought modulates interactions between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and barley genotype diversity – Agnieszka Sendek et al. – Scientific Reports

Variation in rhizosphere microbiota correlates with edaphic factor in an abandoned antimony tailing dump – Enzong Xiao et al. – Environmental Pollution

Structural changes of soil organic matter and the linkage to rhizosphere bacterial communities with biochar amendment in manure fertilized soils – Ruilin Huang & Zhenyi Zhang et al. – Science of the Total Environment

Review: The Postharvest Microbiome: The Other Half of Sustainability – Michael Wisniewski & Samir Droby – Biological Control

Water and extremophile microbiome

Oil degradation potential of microbial communities in water and sediment of Baltic Sea coastal area – Hanna Miettinen et al. – PLoS One

Linking dissolved organic matter composition and bacterioplankton communities in an Amazon floodplain system – Michaela L. de Melo et al. – Limnology and Oceanography

Pollution shapes the bacterial community of a river: a case study – N. Yadav & S. Sharma – International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

A pollution gradient contributes to the taxonomic, functional, and resistome diversity of microbial communities in marine sediments – Jiarui Chen & Shelby E. McIlroy et al. – Microbiome

Phages and viruses

Review: Human Virome and Disease: High-Throughput Sequencing for Virus Discovery, Identification of Phage-Bacteria Dysbiosis and Development of Therapeutic Approaches with Emphasis on the Human Gut – Tasha M. Santiago-Rodriguez & Emily B. Hollister – Viruses


Targeting 16S rDNA for Stable Recombinant Gene Expression in Pseudomonas – Maike Otto et al. – ACS Synthetic Biology

Microbes in the news

Gut microbes may help malnourished children – Elizabeth Pennisi – Science

The microbiota–gut–brain axis – Natasha Bray – Nature

Nam June Paik Art Center looks at ecosystems, up close – Shim Woo-hyun – The Korea Herald

DuPont Opens State-of-the-Art Probiotics Fermentation Unit – WholeFoods Magazine

The Art Of Solving Antibiotic Overuse in America – ArtIHolics


NIH grant to fund research on microbiome’s role in cancer – Healio

PET TALK: Balanced GI tract plays large role in dog’s overall well-being – Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences

Mathematics helps us understand the complexity of our microbiome – Tim Sandle – Digital Journal

Good bacteria, bad products – Gali Weinreb – Globes

Gut Microbiome May Alter ALS Progression in Mice – Julianna LeMieux – GenEngNews

Xin’s non-microbiology pick

** The longevity-promoting factor, TCER-1, widely represses stress resistance and innate immunity – Francis R. G. Amrit et al. – Nature Communications

July 3, 2019

Today’s Digest is short with a few articles from Scientific Reports and bioRxiv, spanning six areas, with two highlights added. Enjoy!

General microbiology

Preprint: Single Nanoparticle Tracking Reveals Efficient Long-Distance Undercurrent Transport above Swarming Bacteria – Jingjing Feng et al. – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

Preprint (correlation not causation): Parkinson’s disease-associated alterations of the gut microbiome can invoke disease-relevant metabolic changes – Federico Baldini et al. – bioRxiv

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Effect of Straw and Straw Biochar on the Community Structure and Diversity of Ammonia-oxidizing Bacteria and Archaea in Rice-wheat Rotation Ecosystems – Hanlin Zhang et al. – Scientific Reports

Water and extremophile microbiome

Diversity and extracellular enzyme activities of heterotrophic bacteria from sediments of the Central Indian Ocean Basin – Vijayshree S. Gawas et al. – Scientific Reports

Preprint: Energetic and Environmental Constraints on the Community Structure of Benthic Microbial Mats in Lake Fryxell, Antarctica – Megan Dillon et al. – bioRxiv

** Isolation and characterization of a thermophilic sulfur- and iron-reducing thaumarchaeote from a terrestrial acidic hot spring – Shingo Kato et al. – The ISME Journal

Phages and viruses

** Review: Phage Therapy in the Twenty-First Century: Facing the Decline of The Antibiotic Era; Is it Finally Time for The Age of the Phage? – Shayla Hesse and Sankar Adhya – Annual Review of Microbiology


Preprint: Developing critical thinking in STEM education through inquiry-based writing in the laboratory classroom – Ah Jung Jeon et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Genetic research at the intersection of gender identity, sexual orientation, and mental health: community attitudes and recommendations for researchers – Taylor R Thomas et al. – bioRxiv

June 20, 2019

After a week, our Microbiome Digest is back online with a rich collection of articles in all fields microbiome. Highlights include a review on colonization resistance to bacterial pathogens in the gut, a report on daily sampling of the individual microbiome response to similar diets, and, have you heard of the FAIR principles for scientific data? Happy reading!

General microbiology

Bacillus cereus infection in neonates and the absence of evidence for the role of banked human milk: Case reports and literature review – Antoine Lewin et al. – Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology

Comment: Multiple levels of the unknown in microbiome research – Andrew Maltez Thomas & Nicola Segata – BMC Biology

Comparative genome analysis reveals niche-specific genome expansion in Acinetobacter baumannii strains – Harshita Yakkala & Devyani Samantarrai et al. – PLoS One

Antimicrobial resistance

Definitions and guidelines for research on antibiotic persistence – Nathalie Q. Balaban et al. – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Review: Genomic and metagenomic approaches for predictive surveillance of emerging pathogens and antibiotic resistance – Kimberley V. Sukhum et al. – Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics

Review: Antimicrobial Tolerance and Metabolic Adaptations in Microbial Biofilms – Aurélie Crabbé et al. – Trends in Microbiology

Human oral microbiome

Dysbiotic salivary microbiota in dry mouth and primary Sjögren’s syndrome patients – S. Rusthen et al. – PLoS One

Human gut microbiome

** Review: Gut Microbiota and Colonization Resistance against Bacterial Enteric Infection – Q. R. Ducarmon et al. – Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews

Review: Gastrointestinal Microbiota in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review – SeonYoon Chung et al. – Advances in Nutrition

Gut Microbial Associations to Plasma Metabolites Linked to Cardiovascular Phenotypes and Risk – Alexander Kurilshikov et al. – Circulation Research

Commentary: The Microbiome, Plasma Metabolites, Dietary Habits, and Cardiovascular Risk Unravelling Their Interplay – Dariush Mozaffarian – Circulation Research

Review: Macronutrient metabolism by the human gut microbiome: major fermentation by-products and their impact on host health – Kaitlyn Oliphant & Emma Allen-Vercoe – Microbiome

Review: Lactose digestion in humans: intestinal lactase appears to be constitutive whereas the colonic microbiome is adaptable – Richard A Forsgård – The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

** Daily Sampling Reveals Personalized Diet-Microbiome Associations in Humans – Abigail J. Johnson et al – Cell Host & Microbe

Review: HIV, Cancer, and the Microbiota: Common Pathways Influencing Different Diseases – Sergio Serrano-Villar et al. – Frontiers in Immunology

IDDF2019-ABS-0157 Fecal microbiota transplantations reconstitute gut fungal and viral microbiota in graft-versus-host disease – Fen Zhang et al. – Gut

Exploring the impact of Helicobacter pylori on gut microbiome composition – Nihar Ranjan Dash et al. – PLoS One


Review: Translational Metabolomics: Current Challenges and Future Opportunities – Farhana R. Pinu et al. – Metabolites

Animal experiments

Consumption of post-fermented Jing-Wei Fuzhuan brick tea alleviates liver dysfunction and intestinal microbiota dysbiosis in high fructose diet-fed mice – Xiangnan Zhang et al. – RSC Advance

Mouse: B vitamin sharing promotes stability of gut microbial communities – Vandana Sharma et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Variability of the ability of complex microbial communities to exclude microbes carrying antibiotic resistance genes in rabbits – caroline s. achard et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Effects of BARLEYmax and high-β-glucan barley line on short-chain fatty acids production and microbiota from the cecum to the distal colon in rats – Seiichiro Aoe et al. – PLoS One

Animal microbiome

The “wildness” of the giant panda gut microbiome and its relevance to effective translocation – Ran Yao & Liangliang Xu et al. – Global Ecology and Conservation

Host genetics influence the rumen microbiota and heritable rumen microbial features associate with feed efficiency in cattle – Fuyong Li et al – Microbiome

Mosquito: Host species and site of collection shape the microbiota of Rift Valley fever vectors in Kenya – David P. Tchouassi et al – PLoS NTD

Longitudinal microbiome profiling reveals impermanence of probiotic bacteria in domestic pigeons – Kirsten Grond, Julie M. Perreau & Wesley T. Loo et al. – PLoS One

Food microbiome

Ground beef microbiome changes with antimicrobial decontamination interventions and product storage – Margaret D. Weinroth et al. – PLoS One

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Biocontrol of Root Diseases and Growth Promotion of the Tuberous Plant Aconitum carmichaelii Induced by Actinomycetes Are Related to Shifts in the Rhizosphere Microbiota – Yulong Li et al. – Microbial Ecology

Microbial communities from different soil types respond differently to organic waste input – Sophie Sadet-Bourgeteau et al. – Applied Soil Ecology

Plant-based oil-sorbents harbor native microbial communities effective in spilled oil-bioremediation under nitrogen starvation and heavy metal-stresses – N. Dashti et al. – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Effects of agricultural management on rhizosphere microbial structure and function in processing tomato – Jennifer E. Schmidt et al. – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Microbial diversity in bulk and rhizosphere soil of Ranunculus glacialis along a high-alpine altitudinal gradient – Nadine Praeg et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Tripartite Interactions Between Endophytic Fungi, Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, and Leymus chinensis – Hui Liu et al. – Microbial Ecology

Review: Plant host-associated mechanisms for microbial selection – Piet Jones et al. – Frontiers in Plant Science

Soil Microbial Biomass and Fungi Reduced with Canola Introduced into Long-Term Monoculture Wheat Rotations – Jeremy C. Hansen et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Pearls: Microbiota-mediated disease resistance in plants – Nathan Vannier et al. – PLoS Pathogens

Effects of maize rotation on the physicochemical properties and microbial communities of American ginseng cultivated soil – Xiao-Lin Jiao et al. – Scientific Reports

Linking the response of soil microbial community structure in soils to long-term wastewater irrigation and soil depth – Qiuling Dang et al. – Science of the Total Environment

One-time nitrogen fertilization shifts switchgrass soil microbiomes within a context of larger spatial and temporal variation – Huaihai Chen et al. – PLoS One

Water and extremophile microbiome

Comparison of bacterial community structure and potential functions in hypoxic and non-hypoxic zones of the Changjiang Estuary – Dong-Mei Wu & Qiu-Ping Dai et al. – PLoS One

Review: Progress and promise of omics for predicting the impacts of climate change on harmful algal blooms – Gwenn M.M.Hennon & Sonya T.Dyhrman – Harmful Algae

Position-specific metabolic probing and metagenomics of microbial communities reveal conserved central carbon metabolic network activities at high temperatures – Scott C. Thomas et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Chemical composition of extracellular polymeric substances and evolution of microbial community in activated sludge exposed to ibuprofen – Guangqing Zhou et al. – Journal of Environmental Management

Enhancement of facultative anaerobic denitrifying communities by oxygen release from roots of the macrophyte in constructed wetlands – Haishu Sun et al. – Journal of Environmental Management

How does environmental inter-annual variability shape aquatic microbial communities? A 40-year annual record of sedimentary DNA from a boreal lake (Nylandssjön, Sweden) – Eric Capo et al. – Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution

Phages and viruses

Review: Virome and bacteriome: two sides of the same coin – Jonathan Stern et al. – Current Opinion in Virology


Gut microbiome analysis by post: Evaluation of the optimal method to collect stool samples from infants within a national cohort study – Georgina M. Williams et al. – PLoS One

Microbiota data from low biomass milk samples is markedly affected by laboratory and reagent contamination – Josef Dahlberg et al. – PLoS One


GRASP2: fast and memory-efficient gene-centric assembly and homolog search for metagenomic sequencing data – Cuncong Zhong et al. – BMC Bioinformatics

Proficiency testing of virus diagnostics based on bioinformatics analysis of simulated in silico high-throughput sequencing datasets – Annika Brinkmann et al. – Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Microbes in the news

FDA recalls certain tattoo inks for bacterial contamination – Fox 13 News

Viruses found to use intricate ‘treadmill’ to move cargo across bacterial cells – ScienceDaily

USDA issues reminder about how to safely meal prep – Erica Chayes Wida – Today

Highlights and key takeaways from the 2019 Boston Bacterial Meeting (BBM) – Dr. Tomislav Meštrović, MD, Ph.D. – News Medical

Non-microbiology picks

** The State of Open Data Report 2018

Network analysis to evaluate the impact of research funding on research community consolidation – Daniel J. Hicks et al. – PLoS One

June 5, 2019

Today’s short Digest features many preprints, including an attempt to explain the emergence of a multi-drug resistant fungal pathogen, and another piece of evidence for the placenta microbiome?

Antimicrobial resistance

A novel anti Candida albicans drug screening system based on high-throughput microfluidic chips – Le Qiang et al. – Scientific Reports

** Preprint: On the emergence of Candida auris: climate change, azoles, swamps and birds – Arturo Casadevall et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: The Evolution of Fluoroquinolone-Resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is Modulated by the Genetic Background – Rhastin A. D. Castro et al. – bioRxiv

Pregnancy and early life

** Preprint: Placenta microbiome diversity is associated with maternal pre-pregnancy obesity and placenta biogeography – Paula Benny et al. – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: Pneumococcal Colonisation is an Asymptomatic Event in Healthy Adults using an Experimental Human Colonisation Model – Ashleigh Trimble et al. – bioRxiv

Plant, root and soil microbiome

The effects of chemical and organic fertilizer usage on rhizosphere soil in tea orchards – Weiwei Lin et al. – PLoS One

Preprint: Root development is maintained by specific bacteria-bacteria interactions within a complex microbiome – Omri M. Finkel et al. – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: Hyperdiverse archaea near life limits at the polyextreme geothermal Dallol area – Jodie Belilla et al. – bioRxiv

Phages and viruses

Recombinant Strains of Human Parechovirus in Rural Areas in the North of Brazil – Élcio Leal et al. – Viruses

Preprint: Dynamic pneumococcal genetic adaptations support bacterial growth and inflammation during coinfection with influenza – Amanda P Smith et al. – bioRxiv

May 24, 2019

Today we have a short Digest before the Memorial Day weekend in America. Highlights include a comparative metabolomic study on Mycobacterium tuberculosis and a live attenuated strain as a potential vaccine, a report on oral cavity resistome worldwide and last but not least, fossils of early fungi that are about 1 billion years old!

General microbiology

Quorum Sensing Circuits in the Communicating Mechanisms of Bacteria and Its Implication in the Biosynthesis of Bacteriocins by Lactic Acid Bacteria: a Review – Ourdia Kareb & Mohammed Aïder – Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins

** Early fungi from the Proterozoic era in Arctic Canada – Corentin C. Loron et al. – Nature

Antimicrobial resistance

** Preprint: Abundance and diversity of resistomes differ between healthy human oral cavities and gut – Victoria R. Carr et al. – bioRxiv

Human skin microbiome

Skin Microbiome Differences in Atopic Dermatitis and Healthy Controls in Egyptian Children and Adults, and Association with Serum Immunoglobulin E – Mohammed Ramadan et al. – OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology

Review: Microbiome and skin biology – Lunjani, Nonhlanhla et al. – Current opinion in allergy and clinical immunology

Human oral microbiome

Intra‐oral single site comparisons of periodontal and peri‐implant microbiota in health and disease – Xiao‐Lin Yu et al. – Clinical Oral Implants Research

Built environment microbiome

Spatial Gradients of Fungal Abundance and Ecology throughout a Damp Building – Bridget Hegarty et al. – Environmental Science & Technology Letters


** COMPARATIVE METABOLOMICS BETWEEN Mycobacterium tuberculosis AND THE MTBVAC VACCINE CANDIDATE – Caridad Díaz Navarro et al. – ACS Infectious Diseases

Animal microbiome

The Role of Tissue Type, Sampling and Nucleic Acid Purification Methodology on the Inferred Composition of Pacific Oyster (Crassostrea gigas) Microbiome – Erandi Pathirana et al. – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Vertical distribution of microbial communities in chromium-contaminated soil and isolation of Cr(Ⅵ)-Reducing strains – Bang Liu & Guirong Su et al. – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Preprint: Root development is maintained by specific bacteria-bacteria interactions within a complex microbiome – Omri M. Finkel et al. – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Microbiome: Small Organisms Play Big Shots in Plants – Soumya Kumar Sahoo et al. – Biomolecule Reports