January 11, 2020

Science doesn’t rest! Today’s Digest brings you several seminal papers and many news pieces. Highlights include a mouse study probing the mechanism behind maternally provisioned immunity for infants, a major effect to characterize mouse gut microbiota, a study on the diversity of the uncultured viruses of bacteria and archaea, and last but not least, a DIY method to deplete ribosomal RNA from your total RNA!

General microbiology

Preprint: Detection of phylogenetic core groups in diverse microbial ecosystems – Marcos Parras-Moltó & Daniel Aguirre de Cárcer – bioRxiv

Antimicrobial resistance

Preprint: Investigating the impact of combination phage and antibiotic therapy: a modeling study – Selenne Banuelos et al. – bioRxiv

Human liver microbiome

Intrahepatic bacterial metataxonomic signature in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease – Silvia Sookoian et al. – Gut

Cancer microbiome

Review: Roles of microbiota in response to cancer immunotherapy – Kentaro Inamura – Seminars in Cancer Biology

Animal experiments

Butyrate attenuated fat gain through gut microbiota modulation in db/db mice following dapagliflozin treatment – Tae Jung Oh et al. – Scientific Reports

Microvesicles from Lactobacillus reuteri (DSM-17938) completely reproduce modulation of gut motility by bacteria in mice – Christine L. West et al. – PLoS One

** Mouse: Microbiota-targeted maternal antibodies protect neonates from enteric infection – Wen Zheng et al. – Nature

Press: Maternal Microbiome Protects Newborns from Deadly Diarrheal Infections – Genengnews

Animal microbiome

** The Mouse Gut Microbial Biobank expands the coverage of cultured bacteria – Chang Liu et al. – Nature Communications

Energy conservation involving 2 respiratory circuits – Marie Charlotte Schoelmerich et al. – PNAS

Press: New metabolic pathway discovered in rumen microbiome – EurekAlert

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Soil bacterial diversity mediated by microscale aqueous-phase processes across biomes – Samuel Bickel & Dani Or – Nature Communications

Fungal community assembly in drought-stressed sorghum shows stochasticity, selection, and universal ecological dynamics – Cheng Gao et al. – Nature Communications

Phages and viruses

** Charting the diversity of uncultured viruses of Archaea and Bacteria – F. H. Coutinho, R. A. Edwards & F. Rodríguez-Valera – BMC Biology

Technology

** Preprint: A simple, cost-effective, and robust method for rRNA depletion in RNA-sequencing studies – Peter H. Culviner et al. – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Gut Microbiomes Are Linked To Diet And Evolution—Except In Flying Animals – Linh Anh Cat – Forbes

7 Effects of Greasy Food on Your Body – Elise Mandl – Healthline

Gut microbes may improve stroke recovery – University of Kentucky – EurekAlert

Surprising Ways A Virus Can Be A Man’s Best Friend – Mishal Shaheen et al. – The Health Mania

Twin Studies Examine Cohabiting Affect on Gut Microbiome – Technology Networks

Microbes on the market

Shoreline Biome expands presence in Asia to include Japan – Yahoo! Finance

Synthetic Biologics Receives FDA Guidance at Type C Meeting for SYN-004 (ribaxamase) Phase 1b/2a Clinical Trial in Allogeneic HCT Recipients – Synthetic Biologics – PR Newswire

Johnson & Johnson To Collaborate With Microbiome Biotech On Childhood Allergies – Taylor Carmichael – The Motley Fool

Kaleido Bio teams up with J&J to identify microbiome metabolic candidates – Douglas W. House – Seeking Alpha

Finch Therapeutics Completes Enrollment in Potentially Pivotal Trial of CP101, an Investigational Oral Full-Spectrum Microbiota® Therapy for the Prevention of Recurrent C. difficile Infection – The Tullahoma News

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