July 3, 2017

 

Pregnancy and early life
Maternal inheritance of bifidobacterial communities and bifidophages in infants through vertical transmission – Sabrina Duranti –  Microbiome

 
Mini Review: The microbiome and disorders of the central nervous system – Valeria D. Felice – Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior

 
Human respiratory microbiome

 
Short Report: The metabolic footprint of the airway bacterial community in cystic fibrosis – Vaishnavi Narayanamurthy – Microbiome

 
Human gut microbiome

 
Gut microbial transformation of the dietary imidazoquinoxaline mutagen MeIQx reduces its cytotoxic and mutagenic potency – Jianbo Zhang –  Toxicological Science

 
Review: Practical considerations for large-scale gut microbiome studies – Doris Vandeputte – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

 
Association of altered gut microbiota composition with chronic urticaria – Edris Nabizadeh – Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology

 
Animal microbiome 

 
A genomic investigation of ecological differentiation between free-living and Drosophila-associated bacteria – Nathan J. Winans –  Molecular Ecology

 
The Gut Bacterial Community Composition of Wild Cervus albirostris (White-Lipped Deer) Detected by the 16S Ribosomal RNA Gene Sequencing – Jun-gang Li –  Current Microbiology

 
Microbial influence on Drosophila biology – ME Martino – Current Opinion in Microbiology

 
Plant, root, and soil microbiome

 
Organic carbon and nitrogen availability determine bacterial community composition in paddy fields of the Indo-Gangetic plain – Arvind Kumar –  Biotech

 

Water and extremophile microbiome

 
Spatiotemporal Dynamics of the Bacterial Microbiota on Lacustrine Cladophora glomerata (Chlorophyta) – Michael J. Braus –  bioRxiv

 
Quantity and quality of particulate organic matter controls bacterial production in the Columbia River estuary – Byron C. Crump – Limnology and Oceanography

 
Relating genomic characteristics to environmental preferences and ubiquity in different microbial taxa – Marta Cobo-Simón –  BMC Genomics

 
Comparison of four DNA extraction methods for comprehensive assessment of 16S rRNA bacterial diversity in marine biofilms using high-throughput sequencing – Natàlia Corcoll – FEMS Microbiology Letters

 
Food microbiology

 

Cleaning and disinfection of biofilms composed of Listeria monocytogenes and background microbiota from meat processing surfaces – Annette Fagerlund – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

 

Probiotics / prebiotics

 
A human gut commensal ferments cranberry carbohydrates to produce formate – Ezgi Özcan – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

 
Review: Lifestyles in transition: evolution and natural history of the genus Lactobacillus – Rebbeca M. Duar – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

 
Phages and viruses

 
Synergistic elimination of bacteria by phage and the innate immune system – Chung Yin (Joey) Leung – Journal of Theoretical Biology

 
Biotechnology

 
Effect of zinc oxide nanoparticles on nitrogen removal, microbial activity and microbial community of CANON process in a membrane bioreactor – Xiaojing Zhang – Bioresource Technology

 
Microbes in the news

 
A new approach to tackling drug-resistant bacteria

New technology to cool the body: make the clothes made of microorganisms

 
Microbes on the market (news about biotech companies)

 
New Belgian Biotech will use Microorganisms to Replace Pesticides and Fertilizers

June 21, 201

Today’s Microbiome Digest has quite a few articles from water environment. Both articles I would like to highlight are with cyanobacteria as stars. The first one from Anne D. Jungblut reports on Antarctic cynobacteria diversity, while the second one reveals the new freshwater cyanobacterial genome. One more thing to highlight come from news. Exxon Mobil Corps and Sintetic Genomics Inc have announced a new breakthrough with genetically modified algae which was able to convert 40% of CO2 to lipids, up from the previous 15%. Algae are still far away from being able to run the process at commercial scale and replace fossil fuels, but we love algae! Enjoy this summer reading.

Events and jobs

Microbiome Research Scientist (BS or MS or PhD) – St. John of God Foundation for Research and Teaching, Barcelona, Spain

Quality Associate Specialist – Merck, Durham, NC, US

Microbiology Manager OR Microbiology Laboratory Manager Opening, Madison, WI, US
General microbiome

A null model for microbial diversification – Timothy J. Straub – PNAS

Pregnancy and early life

Association between breast milk bacterial communities and establishment and development of the infant gut microbiome – JAMA Pediatrics
Human skin microbiome

Topical antimicrobial treatments can elicit shifts to resident skin bacterial communities and reduce colonization by competitors – Adam J. SanMiguel – Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Human gut microbiome

Liver transplant modulates gut microbial dysbiosis and cognitive function in cirrhosis – Jasmohan S. Bajaj – Liver Transplatation

How members of the human gut microbiota overcome the sulfation problem posed by glycosaminoglycans – Alan Cartmell – PNAS

Microbiome restoration diet improves digestion, cognition and physical and emotional wellbeing – Kate Lawrence – PLOS
Animal microbiome 

The role of adaptive immunity as an ecological filter on the gut microbiota in zebrafish – Keaton Stagaman – The ISME Journal
Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Biofilm formation enables free-living nitrogen-fixing rhizobacteria to fix nitrogen under aerobic conditions – Di Wang – The ISME Journal

Novel antibiotic resistance determinants from agricultural soil exposed to antibiotics widely used in human medicine and animal farming – Calvin Ho-Fung Lau – Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Water and extremophile microbiome 

Animal-like prostaglandins in marine microalgae – Valeria Di Dato – The ISME Journal

Niche partitioning of diverse sulfur-oxidizing bacteria at hydrothermal vents – Dimitri V Meier – The ISME Journal

Identification of dimethylamine monooxygenase in marine bacteria reveals a metabolic bottleneck in the methylated amine degradation pathway – Ian Lidbury – The ISME Journal

DNA extraction replicates improve diversity and compositional dissimilarity in metabarcoding of eukaryotes in marine sediments – Anders Lanzén – PLOS

Ecological dynamics and co-occurrence among marine phytoplankton, bacteria and myoviruses shows microdiversity matters – David M Needham – The ISME Journal

Integrated metabolism in sponge–microbe symbiosis revealed by genome-centered metatranscriptomics – Lucas Moitinho-Silva – The ISME Journal

Spontaneous mutations of a model heterotrophic marine bacterium – Ying Sun – The ISME Journal

Plastid thylakoid architecture optimizes photosynthesis in diatoms – Serena Flori –  Nature Communications

Evolutionary radiation of lanthipeptides in marine cyanobacteria – Andres Cubillos-Ruiz –  PNAS

Using Captain Scott’s Discovery specimens to unlock the past: has Antarctic cyanobacterial diversity changed over the last 100 years? Anne D. Jungblut – Proceedings of the Royal Society B

Novel Synechococcus Genomes Reconstructed from Freshwater Reservoirs – Pedro J. Cabello-Yeves – Frontiers in Microbiology

Functional Gene Diversity and Metabolic Potential of the Microbial Community in an Estuary-Shelf Environment – Yu Wang – Frontiers in Microbiology

Atribacteria from the Subseafloor Sedimentary Biosphere Disperse to the Hydrosphere through Submarine Mud Volcanoes – Tatsuhiko Hoshino – Frontiers in Microbiology
Phages and viruses

Effect of acute predation with bacteriophage on intermicrobial aggression by Pseudomonas aeruginosa – Patrick R. Secor
Bioinformatics

The proBAM and proBed standard formats: enabling a seamless integration of genomics and proteomics data – Gerben Menschaert –

Microbes in the news 

Zombie bacteria and viruses in melting permafrost are waking up  

ExxonMobil and Synthetic Genomics Report Breakthrough in Algae Biofuel Research

Gut microbiome changes linked to numerous biomarkers of type 2 diabetes 

Funky tasting beer? Biofilms may be to blame, MSU researchers say

Bacteria in Your Coughs And Sneezes Can Stay Alive in The Air For Up to 45 Minutes

Microbes on the market

This Company Uses the Human Microbiome to Discover New Disease Mechanisms

May 31, 2017

 

Quite short Microbiome Digest today with plastic degrading microbes in news, while highlighted paper is about engineered bacteria. Enjoy your reading!

 

Events and jobs

Bioinformatics Research Associate, JDRF bioinformatics center, Harvard
General microbiome

Effect of meteorological factors and geographic location on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant enterococci colonization in the US – Natalia Blanco – PLOS One

Surface-attached molecules control Staphylococcus aureus quorum sensing and biofilm development – Minyoung Kevin Kim – Nature Microbiology
Human respiratory microbiome

A pilot study using metagenomic sequencing of the sputum microbiome suggests potential bacterial biomarkers for lung cancer – Simon J. S. Cameron – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

Review: Screening and treating Helicobacter pylori infection for gastric cancer prevention on the population level – Yi-Chia Lee – Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Impact of maintenance immunosuppressive therapy on the fecal microbiome of renal transplant recipients: Comparison between an everolimus- and a standard tacrolimus-based regimen – Gianluigi Zaza – PLOS One
Animal microbiome

The microbiota of diapause: how host-microbe associations are formed after dormancy in an aquatic crustacean – Alexandra A. Mushegian – Animal Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome 
The Variable Influence of Dispersant on Degradation of Oil Hydrocarbons in Subarctic Deep-Sea Sediments at Low Temperatures (0–5°C) – Robert M. W. Ferguson – Scientific Reports

Metatranscriptomic analysis of prokaryotic communities active in sulfur and arsenic cycling in Mono Lake, California, USA – Christian F Edwardson – ISME Journal
Microbial biotechnology

Engineered bacteria can function in the mammalian gut long-term as live diagnostics of inflammation – David T Riglar – Nature Biotechnology

Microbes in space

Traces of Barents Sea plankton, bacteria from Madagascar found on ISS surface
Techniques

ToNER: A tool for identifying nucleotide enrichment signals in feature-enriched RNA-seq data – Yuttachon Promworn – PLOS One

ANNOgesic: A Pipeline To Translate Bacterial/Archaeal RNA-Seq Data Into High-Resolution Genome Annotations – Sung-Huan Yu – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news 

Super-Charged Antibiotic Could Stop Resistant Bacteria For Years

Newly-Evolved Microbes Could Be Eating 90% of Ocean Plastic

Dirt has a microbiome, and it may double as an antidepressant

Microbes in art

Artists Use Bacteria To ‘Grow’ Masterpieces

May 18, 2017

Today’s Microbiome Digest brings quite a few jobs and a lot of news about bacteria. Other then that there is an interesting review about human gut microbiome from E. Thursby and a study from M.J. MacAnulty  about the  conversion of methane directly into electricity.

Jobs

Research Specialist – Department of Microbiology, Champaign, IL

Research Technician – School of Medicine, Microbiology, Boston, MA

Microbiology Technologist Position at Top Hosptial, Raleigh, NC

Postdoctoral Research Associate – Microbiology, Lake Forest Park, WA

Microbiology Team Leader-Reference Laboratory, Kansas City Missouri

Summer job in RNA sequencing of cyanobacteria, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

General microbiome

Experimental evolution and the dynamics of adaptation and genome evolution in microbial populations – Richard E Lensk – The ISME Journal

Pregnancy and early life

Colonization and Succession within the Human Gut Microbiome by Archaea, Bacteria, and Microeukaryotes during the First Year of Life – Linda Wampach – Frontiers in Microbiology

Human oral microbiome

A structure-derived snap-trap mechanism of a multispecific serpin from the dysbiotic human oral microbiome – Theodoros Goulas – Journal of Biological Chemistry
Human gut microbiome

A gut microbiome signature for advanced fibrosis diagnosis in NAFLD – Hugh Thomas – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Microbiota regulate intestinal epithelial gene expression by suppressing the transcription factor Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha – James M. Davison – Genome Research

Review: Introduction to the human gut microbiota – Elizabeth Thursby- Biochemical journal

Edible Plants and Their Influence on the Gut Microbiome and Acne – Ashley K. Clark – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

In vivo fermentation of a Pleurotus eryngii polysaccharide and its effects on fecal microbiota composition and immune response – Gaoxing Ma – Food & Function

Fecal microbiota transplantation outcomes in immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients: A single-center experience – Sally Alrabaa – Transpant Infectious Disease

Emergence of microbial diversity due to cross-feeding interactions in a spatial model of gut microbial metabolis – Milan J. A. van Hoek – BMC Systems Biology
Animal microbiome

Microbiome patterns across the gastrointestinal tract of the rabbitfish Siganus fuscescens – Shaun Nielsen – PeerJ

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Host Plant Compatibility Shapes the Proteogenome of Frankia coriariae – Amir Ktari – Frontiers in Microbiology

Tomato root microbiota and Phytophthora parasitica-associated disease – Marie Larousse – Microbiome

Insights into the Mechanism of Proliferation on the Special Microbes Mediated by Phenolic Acids in the Radix pseudostellariae Rhizosphere under Continuous Monoculture Regimes – Hongmiao Wu – Frontiers in Plant Science

Water and extremophile microbiome

Microbial contributions to the persistence of coral reefs – Nicole S Webster – The ISME Journal

Environmental pollution

Niche Partitioning In Sympatric Populations Of Aquatic Stenotrophomonas Uncovered By Evolutionary Species Delimitation – Luz Edith Ochoa-Sanchez – bioRxiv

Efficient degradation of chlorimuron-ethyl by a bacterial consortium and shifts in the aboriginal microorganism community during the bioremediation of contaminated-soil – Chunyan Li – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Food microbiology

Applications of cold plasma technology for microbiological safety in meat industry – N.N. Misra – Trends in Food Science & Technology
Probiotics / prebiotics

Deleterious Metabolic Effects of High Fructose Intake: The Preventive Effect of Lactobacillus kefiri Administration – María Guillermina Zubiría – Nutrients

 

Biotechnology

Electricity from methane by reversing methanogenesis – Michael J. McAnulty – Nature Communications

Hydrogen Isotope Composition Of Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum Lipids: Comparing Wild Type To A nfn- Transhydrogenase Mutant – bioRxiv

Biotechnologies for Marine Oil Spill Cleanup: Indissoluble Ties with Microorganisms – Francesca Mapelli – Trends in Biotechnology

Techniques
Improved Bacterial 16S rRNA Gene (V4 and V4-5) and Fungal Internal Transcribed Spacer Marker Gene Primers for Microbial Community Surveys – William Walters – mSystems
Microbes in the news 

Super-sensitive nanofiber can hear individual cells and detect swimming bacteria

Gym Equipment May Contain More Bacteria Than You Thought

Are Vitamin Supplements Killing Our Gut Bacteria?

Ignore your gut reaction: scientists say microbes can help conquer fear

NASA Names Microbe Found In Space After APJ Abdul Kalam

Growing antimicrobial resistance a major health issue for NZ
Bacteria Hysteria 

TB bacteria evolve at alarming rate

Science, publishing, and career 

Modeling Science Trustworthiness Under Publish Or Perish Pressure – David Robert Grimes – bioRxiv

 

May 12, 2017

Highlighted articles today bring some interesting news about bacteria. in the first one study of Lebreton et al. shed light on the evolutionary history of pathogens, which evolved nearly indestructible properties and have become leading causes of modern antibiotic-resistant infections in hospitals. In the second highlighted article Schnettger et al. discover a natural mechanism by which our cells kill the bacterium responsible for tuberculosis (TB)  – without the use of antibiotics, meaning that even antibiotic-resistant
strains could be eliminated.

Events and jobs

Postdoctoral researcher – nitrogen-fixing bacteria and cereals

Postdoctoral Research Fellowship in Marine Phycology

General microbiome

Global Phylogenetic Analysis Of Escherichia coli And Plasmids Carrying The mcr-1 Gene Indicates Bacterial Diversity But Plasmid Restriction – Sebastien Matamoros – bioRxiv

Predictive compound accumulation rules yield a broad-spectrum antibiotic – Michelle F. Richter – Nature

Tracing the Enterococci from Paleozoic Origins to the Hospital – François Lebreton – Cell

The Threat of Antimicrobial Resistance on the Human Microbiome – Lauren Brinkac- Microbial Ecology

Evolutionary Biology Needs Wild Microbiomes – Sarah M. Hird – Frontiers in Microbiology

Pregnancy and early life

Association Between Breast Milk Bacterial Communities and Establishment and Development of the Infant Gut Microbiome – Pia S. Pannaraj – JAMA Pediatr

Oral microbiome

The Antibacterial Effect of Additional Photodynamic Therapy in Failed Endodontically Treated Teeth: A Pilot Study – Mohammad Asnaashari – Journal of Lasers in Medical Science

Microbiota Analysis of Biofilms on Experimental Abutments Mimicking Dental Implants: An in Vivo Model – Berta Cortés-Acha – Journal of Periodontology

Human vaginal microbiome

Comparison of the vaginal environment in rhesus and cynomolgus macaques pre- and post-lactobacillus colonization – Gregory J. Daggett Jr – Journal of Medical Primatology

Human nearly-sterile sites (blood, organs, brain)

Active Trachoma Cases In The Solomon Islands Have Varied Polymicrobial Community Structures But Do Not Associate With Individual Non-Chlamydial Pathogens Of The Eye – Robert Butcher – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

Gut Microbiome Function Predicts Response to Anti-integrin Biologic Therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases – Ashwin N. Ananthakrishnan – Cell Host & Microbiome

Current challenges in the treatment of severe Clostridium difficile infection: early treatment potential of fecal microbiota transplantation – Yvette H. van Beurden –
Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology

Review: Food additives, contaminants and other minor components: effects on human gut microbiota—a review – Paula Roca-Saavedra – Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry

Emulating Host-Microbiome Ecosystem of Human Gastrointestinal Tract in Vitro – Gun-Seok Park – Stem Cell Reviews and Reports

Animal experiments 

A Rab20-Dependent Membrane Trafficking Pathway Controls M. tuberculosis Replication by Regulating Phagosome Spaciousness and Integrity – Laura Schnettger – Cell host & Microbiome

Cooperating Commensals Restore Colonization Resistance to Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus faecium – Silvia Caballero – Cell Host & Microbe

Animal microbiome

Characterization of the juvenile green turtle (Chelonia mydas) microbiome throughout an ontogenetic shift from pelagic to neritic habitats – James T. Price – PLoS ONE

A Meta-Transcriptomics Survey Reveals Changes in the Microbiota of the Chinese Mitten Crab Eriocheir sinensis Infected with Hepatopancreatic Necrosis Disease – Huaishun Shen – Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Modifying And Reacting To The Environmental pH Drives Bacterial Interactions – Christoph Ratzke – bioRxiv

Differential responses of soil bacteria, fungi, archaea and protists to plant species richness and plant functional group identity – Sigrid Dassen – Molecular Ecology

Analysis of the bacterial strains using Biolog plates in the contaminated soil from Riyadh community – Fahad Abdullah M. Al-Dhabaan – Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences

Biosurfactant-producing microorganism Pseudomonas sp. SB assists the phytoremediation of DDT-contaminated soil by two grass species – Beibei Wang – Chemosphere

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Molecular Diversity of Sea Spray Aerosol Particles: Impact of Ocean Biology on Particle Composition and Hygroscopicity – Richard E. Cochran – Chem, Cell Press

The novel bacterial phylum Calditrichaeota is diverse, widespread and abundant in marine sediments and has the capacity to degrade detrital proteins – Ian P. G. Marshall – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Single-cell genomics reveals pyrrolysine-encoding potential in members of uncultivated archaeal candidate division MSBL1 – Yue Guan – Environmental Microbiology Reports

The Paradox Of Constant Oceanic Plastic Debris: Evidence For Evolved Microbial Biodegradation? – Ricard Sole – bioRxiv

Copper Pollution Increases the Resistance of Soil Archaeal Community to Changes in Water Regime – Jing LiYu-Rong Liu – Microbial Ecology

Spatiotemporal analysis of microbial community dynamics during seasonal stratification events in a freshwater lake (Grand Lake, OK, USA) – Jessica M. Morrison – PLoS ONE

Nitrotoga is selected over Nitrospira in newly assembled biofilm communities from a tap water source community at increased nitrite loading – Marta Kinnunen – Environmental Microbiology

Unveiling microbial interactions in stratified mat communities from a warm saline shallow pond – Aurélien Saghaï – Environmental Micorbiology

Probiotics / prebiotics

Genotypic and phenotypic diversity of Lactobacillus rhamnosus clinical isolates, their comparison with strain GG and their recognition by complement system – Eija Nissilä – PLoS ONE

Bioinformatics

A Bayesian taxonomic classification method for 16S rRNA gene sequences with improved species-level accuracy – Xiang Gao – BMC Bioinformatics

gCoda: Conditional Dependence Network Inference for Compositional Data – Huaying Fang – Journal of Computational Biology

Effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 and Bifidobacterium longum BB536 on the healthy gut microbiota composition at phyla and species level: A preliminary study – Marco Toscano – World Journal of Gastroenterology

Biotechnology

Review:Cyanobacterial metabolites as a source of sunscreens and moisturizers: a comparison with current synthetic compounds – Peyman Derikvand – European Journal of Phycology

Microbes in the news

Dramatic cooperation between two infectious bacteria revealed – Medicalxpress.com

Study finds bacteria in marine sponge produce toxic flame retardant-like compounds – Phys.org

Scientists Find Molecular ‘Key’ to Killing Hearty Bacteria – Extremetech.com

How our gut bacteria affect cancer risk and response to treatment – Theconversation.com

16S sequencing reveals differences between microbiomes in eyes, throat – Healio.com

Cosmetic Companies Now Develop Skin Care Products That Contain Live Bacteria To Treat Several Skin Problems – Sciencetimes.com

 

April 28, 2017

Quite a few interesting articles and news about microbes: are we colonised with bacteria in utero? What is the relevance of cooperative interactions in microbial biotechnological processes? Microbe colonies  in space? Read more in today’s Microbiome Digest..

General microbiome

Variable habitat conditions drive species covariation in the human microbiota – Charles K. Fisher – PLOS

Pregnancy and early life

*Review: The prenatal gut microbiome: are we colonized with bacteria in utero? – R. W. Walker – Pediatric Obesity

Development of the cutaneous microbiome in the preterm infant: A prospective longitudinal study – Mohan Pammi – PLOS
 Human respiratory microbiome

A commensal streptococcus hijacks a Pseudomonas aeruginosa exopolysaccharide to promote biofilm formation – Jessica A. Scoffield – PLOS
Human oral microbiome

A genome-wide association study identifies nucleotide variants at SIGLEC5 and DEFA1A3 as risk loci for periodontitis – Matthias Munz – Human Molecular Genetics

Human nearly-sterile sites 

A case of polymicrobial anaerobic spondylodiscitis due to Parvimonas micra and Fusobacterium nucleatum – Leanne M Cleaver – JMM Case Reports

Human gut microbiome

Small Molecules from Deep within the Gut – Michael Ehrmann – ChemBioChem

Single Delivery of High-Diversity Fecal Microbiota Preparation by Colonoscopy Is Safe and Effective in Increasing Microbial Diversity in Active Ulcerative Colitis – Jacob Vinita – Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Refractory Clostridium difficile Colitis in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients – R. J. Friedman-Moraco – American Journal of Transplantation

Abundance profiling of specific gene groups using precomputed gut metagenomes yields novel biological hypotheses – Konstantin Yarygin – PLOS
Animal experiments

Neonatal mono-colonization of germ-free mice with Lactobacillus casei enhances casein immunogenicity after oral sensitization to cow’s milk – Matieny Aicha Maiga – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

Shifts in the Gut Microbiota Composition Due to Depleted Bone Marrow Beta Adrenergic Signaling Are Associated with Suppressed Inflammatory Transcriptional Networks in the Mouse Colon – Tao Yang – Frontiers in Physiology

Animal microbiome

Viral gut metagenomics of sympatric wild and domestic canids, and monitoring of viruses: Insights from an endangered wolf population – Nádia Conceição-Neto – Ecology and Evolution

The environmental and host-associated bacterial microbiota of Arctic seawater-farmed Atlantic salmon with ulcerative disorders – C Karlsen – Journal of Fish Diseases

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Soil aggregation and associated microbial communities modify the impact of agricultural management on carbon content – Pankaj Trivedi – Environmental Microbiology

In-depth characterization of bacterial and archaeal communities present in the abandoned Kettara pyrrhotite mine tailings (Morocco) – Odile Bruneel –  Extremophiles

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Geochemistry and microbial diversity of cave waters in the gypsum karst aquifers of Emilia Romagna region, Italy – Ilenia M. D’Angeli – Science of The Total Environment
Probiotics / prebiotics

Characterization, identification and application of lactic acid bacteria isolated from Leymus chinensis silage – Qing Zhang – Grassland Science
Biotechnology

*Review: Cooperation in microbial communities and their biotechnological applications – Matteo Cavaliere – Environmental Microbiology

Techniques

MicrobiomeAnalyst: a web-based tool for comprehensive statistical, visual and meta-analysis of microbiome data – Achal Dhariwal – Nucleic Acid Research

Microbes in the news

Adaptive Phage Therapeutics – Terminally Ill Patient Successfully Treated With Bacteriophage – BioSpace

Research Links Microbiome Makeup To Remission in Pediatric Crohn’s – Gastroenterology & Endoscopy News

NASA Astronauts Are Close to Identifying Unknown Microbe Colonies That Grow in Space – Sciencealert.com

 

April 11, 2017

In today’s Microbiome Digest the first interesting study comes not from bacteria but from virus domain. Examining the genomes within a sample from a wastewater treatment plant in Austria, Schulz et al. assembled a previously undiscovered giant virus genome with more genes encoding components of the protein translation machinery than in other giant viruses. The second highlighted  study introduces new oleaginous microalga as a new potential source of compounds for biotechnological applications.

Events and jobs

QC Microbiology Analyst – Dublin, Ireland

Assistant Lecturer in Microbiology – Sligo, Ireland

General microbiome

The genetics of human longevity: an intricacy of genes, environment, culture and microbiome – Serena Dato – Mechanisms of Ageing and Development

Pregnancy and early life

Correlation between early-life regulation of the immune system by microbiota and allergy development – Thomas Gensollen – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Microbial Community Assembly And Metabolite Profile Of The Gut Microbiome In Extremely Low Birthweight Infants – Stephen Wandro – bioRxiv

Molecular Insight into Evolution of Symbiosis between Breast-Fed Infants and a Member of the Human Gut Microbiome Bifidobacterium longum – Chihaya Yamada – Cell Chemical Biology

A Comparative Study of Oral Microbiota in Infants with Complete Cleft Lip and Palate or Cleft Soft Palate – Agnieszka Machorowska-Pieniążek – BioMed Research International

Effect of probiotics on digestibility and immunity in infants: A study protocol for a randomized controlled trial – Lingli Xiao – Medicine

Human respiratory microbiome

Airway microbial dysbiosis in asthmatic patients: A target for prevention and treatment? – Kian Fan Chung – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Oral microbiome

Measuring nitrate reductase activity from human and rodent tongues – Khandaker Ahtesham Ahmed – Nitric Oxide

Streptococcal adhesin SspA/B analogue peptide inhibits adherence and impacts biofilm formation of Streptococcus mutans – Tatsuro Ito – PLOSOne

Characterization of growth inhibition of oral bacteria by sophorolipid using a microplate-format assay – Daniel K.Y. Solaiman – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Salivary microbiome of an urban Indian cohort and patterns linked to subclinical inflammation  – Aneesha Acharya – Oral Diseases

Second Era of OMICS in Caries Research: Moving Past the Phase of Disillusionment – M.M. Nascimento – Journal of Dental Research

Human skin microbiome

Bacterial communities on facial skin of teenage and elderly Thai females – Naraporn Somboonna – Archives of Microbiology

Skin microbiome and mast cells – Satomi Igawa – Translational Research

Human vaginal microbiome
Microbial profiling of cpn60 universal target sequences in artificial mixtures of vaginal bacteria sampled by nylon swabs or self-sampling devices under different storage conditions – John J. Schellenberg – Journal of Microbiological Methods

‘Anaerococcus mediterraneensis’ sp. nov., a new species isolated from human female genital tract – K. Diop – New Microbes and New Infections

Human gut microbiome

Functional relevance of microbiome signatures: The correlation era requires tools for consolidation – Ludovica F. Buttó – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Physiochemical Tuning of Potent Escherichia coli Anti-Adhesives by Microencapsulation and Methylene Homologation – Dimitri Alvarez Dorta – ChemMedChem

Gut microbiota functions: metabolism of nutrients and other food components –  Ian Rowland – European Journal of Nutrition

Evaluation of the impact of gut microbiota on uremic solute accumulation by a CE-TOFMS–based metabolomics approach – Eikan Mishima – Kidney International

Animal experiments

Starch-enriched diet modulates the glucidic profile in the rat colonic mucosa – Maria Gabriella Gabrielli – European Journal of Nutrition

The influence of diet on the grass carp intestinal microbiota and bile acids – Jing Zhang – Aquaculture Research

Characterization of the Fecal Bacterial Microbiota of Healthy and Diarrheic Dairy Calves – D.E. Gomez – Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine

Gut Microbiota Modulation Attenuated the Hypolipidemic Effect of Simvastatin in High-Fat/Cholesterol-Diet Fed Mice – Xuyun He – Journal of Proteome Research

 

Animal microbiome

Host Genotype and Microbiota Contribute Asymmetrically to Transcriptional Variation in the Threespine Stickleback Gut – Clayton M. Small – Genome Biology and Evolution

The structured diversity of specialized gut symbionts of the New World army ants – Piotr Łukasik – Molecular Ecology

Microbial composition of spiny ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Polyrhachis) across their geographic range – Manuela Oliveira Ramalho – BMC Evolutionary Biology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Isolation, identification, and environmental adaptability of heavy-metal-resistant bacteria from ramie rhizosphere soil around mine refinery – Jie Jiang – Biotech

Autogenic succession and deterministic recovery following disturbance in soil bacterial communities – Stephanie D. Jurburg – Scientific Reports

Microbial community response to hydration-desiccation cycles in desert soil – Adam Šťovíček – Scientific Reports

Water and extremophile microbiome

Development of an economical, autonomous pHstat system for culturing phytoplankton under steady state or dynamic conditions – Rachel L. Golda – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Microbial Diversity of Browning Peninsula, Eastern Antarctica Revealed Using Molecular and Cultivation Methods – Sarita Pudasaini – Frontiers in Microbiology

Subduction zone forearc serpentinites as incubators for deep microbial life – Oliver Plümper – PNAS

Ferrous iron- and ammonium-rich diffuse vents support habitat-specific communities in a shallow hydrothermal field off the Basiluzzo Islet (Aeolian Volcanic Archipelago) – G. Bortoluzzi – Geobiology

Microbial biotechnology

Characterization of a Chlorophyta microalga isolated from a microbial mat in Salar de Atacama (northern Chile) as a potential source of compounds for biotechnological applications – Gladys Hayashida – Phycological Research

Real-time iTRAQ-based proteome profiling revealed the central metabolism involved in nitrogen starvation induced lipid accumulation in microalgae – Vineeta Rai – Scientific Reports

Food microbiology

Microbial communities associated with the anthropogenic, highly alkaline environment of a saline soda lime, Poland – Agnieszka Kalwasińska – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Probiotics / prebiotics

Genome Sequences of Potential Probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus Isolates from Human Infants – Jason W. Arnold – Genome Announcements

Phages and viruses

Review: Phage injection establishes CRISPR immunity – Shimona Starling – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Giant viruses with an expanded complement of translation system components – Frederik Schulz – Science

Bioinformatics

The JBEI quantitative metabolic modeling library (jQMM): a python library for modeling microbial metabolism – Garrett W. Birkel – BMC Bioinformatics

Techniques

Identification of microorganisms grown on chromogenic media by MALDI-TOF MS – Petra Lüthje – Journal of Microbiological Methods

The impact of fecal sample processing on prevalence estimates for antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli – Sylvia Omulo – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Chapter in the book: New Generation DNA Sequencing (NGS): Mining for Genes and the Potential of Extremophiles – Bhagwan Rekadwad – Microbial Applications Vol.1

Novel micelle PCR-based method for accurate, sensitive and quantitative microbiota profiling – Stefan A. Boers – Scientific Reports
Microbes in the news 

Bacteria to the Future – Mizzou News (University of Missouri)