August 13, 2020

Today’s updates – microbiome connections in various disease cohorts such as gastric cancer, IBD, anorexia nervosa, obesity and diabetes; information on gut bacterial polyphosphates and o-glycanases and their role in host immunity and mucin breakdown; and new sequencing strategies to identify antibiotic-resistant genes. Happy reading!

General microbiome

Gut microbiota and COVID-19: A superfluous diagnostic biomarker or therapeutic target? – Emily Klann – Clinical Infectious Diseases

Engineered Live Biotherapeutics: Progress and Challenges – Yang Tan – Biotechnology Journal

Human microbiome

Gut microbial co-abundance networks show specificity in inflammatory bowel disease and obesity – Lianmin Chen – Nature Communications

Multi-omics data integration in anorexia nervosa patients before and after weight regain: A microbiome-metabolomics investigation – Alessio Maria Monteleone – Clinical Nutrition

Gastric Microbiome Diversities in Gastric Cancer Patients from Europe and Asia Mimic the Human Population Structure and Are Partly Driven by Microbiome Quantitative Trait Loci – Bruno Cavadas – Microorganisms

Faecal microbiota signatures of IBD and their relation to diagnosis, disease phenotype, inflammation, treatment escalation and anti-TNF response in a European Multicentre Study (IBD-Character) – S. Vatn – Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology

A randomized crossover trial on the effect of plant-based compared with animal-based meat on trimethylamine-N-oxide and cardiovascular disease risk factors in generally healthy adults: Study With Appetizing Plantfood—Meat Eating Alternative Trial (SWAP-MEAT) – Anthony Crimarco – Americal Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Whole-blood transcriptome profiling reveals signatures of metformin and its therapeutic response – Monta Ustinova – PlosOne

Microbial Profile During Pericoronitis and Microbiota Shift After Treatment – Xiuling Huang – Frontiers in Microbiology

Animal experiments

Unraveling the camel rumen microbiome through metaculturomics approach for agriculture waste hydrolytic potential – Shweta Srivastava – Archives of Microbiology

Bacterial polyphosphates interfere with the innate host defense to infection – Julian Roewe – Nature Communications

Prominent members of the human gut microbiota express endo-acting O-glycanases to initiate mucin breakdown – Lucy I. Crouch – Nature Communications

Nostoc sphaeroids Kütz polysaccharide and powder enrich a core bacterial community on C57BL/6j mice – Meixia Li – International Journal of Biological Macromolecules

Maternal dietary omega-3 deficiency worsens the deleterious effects of prenatal inflammation on the gut-brain axis in the offspring across lifetime – Q. Leyrolle – Neuropsychopharmacology

Water microbiome

Influence of the polar light cycle on seasonal dynamics of an Antarctic lake microbial community – Pratibha Panwar – Microbiome

Techniques

Light into the darkness: Unifying the known and unknown coding sequence space in microbiome analyses – Chiara Vanni – BioRxiv

Metagenomic next-generation sequencing of rectal swabs for the surveillance of antimicrobial-resistant organisms on the Illumina Miseq and Oxford MinION platforms – Rebecca Yee – European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases

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