December 13, 2017

Many interesting articles today: Probiotics can inhibit human colonic smooth muscle contraction in vitro in a dose dependent manner, arsenic exposure early in life alters the gut microbiome and can increase E.coli resistance genes, oral administration of two probiotics in mice has specific effects on gene expression in the small intestine, a detailed investigation of the impacts of Tcongolense infection in the tsetse fly, and multiple articles on plant and rhizosphere microbiome volatiles.

Events and jobs

Visiting Professor (Part Time) Microbiology  – Chamberlain College of Nursing, Jacksonville, FL Campus

Seminar: The “Bedside to Bench and Back Again” Paradigm in Gut Microbiome Research – Gary D. Wu – University of Chicago


General microbiome

Review: Hygiene Hypothesis in Asthma Development: Is Hygiene to Blame? – Erik van Tilburg Bernardes – Archives of Medical Research

Human respiratory microbiome

Composition and variation of respiratory microbiota in healthy military personnel – Jun Hang – PLOS One

Human oral microbiome

Periodontitis is associated with significant hepatic fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease – William Alazawi – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

Hypoxia and inactivity related physiological changes precede or take place in absence of significant rearrangements in bacterial community structure: The PlanHab randomized trial pilot study – Robert Šket – PLOS One

*Arsenic exposure and intestinal microbiota in children from Sirajdikhan, Bangladesh – Xiaoxi Dong – PLOS One

Editorial overview: Gastrointestinal: New frontiers in therapeutics for GI diseases and disorders — from microRNAs to novel pharmaceutics, to low FODMAP diets and microbiome – Fievos L Christofi – Current Opinion in Pharmacology

*Inhibition effect of Bifidobacterium longum, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Streptococcus thermophilus and Enterococcus faecalis and their related products on human colonic smooth muscle in vitro – Jing Gong – PLOS One


Animal experiments

*The distinct effects of orally administered Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis C59 on gene expression in the murine small intestine – Chise Suzuki – PLOS One

Diversity of intestinal bacterial lactase gene in antibiotics-induced diarrhea mice treated with Chinese herbs compound Qi Wei Bai Zhu San – Lu He – 3 Biotech

The Impact of Long-Term Intake of Phenolic Compounds-Rich Grape Pomace on Rat Gut Microbiota – Stéphanie Chacar – Journal of Food Science

Preprint: High-dimensional microbiome interactions shape host fitness – Alison L Gould – bioRxiv

Animal microbiome

Comparison of the intestinal mucosal microbiota in dogs siagnosed with idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease and dogs with food-responsive diarrhea before and after treatment – K. Kalenyak – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

*Molecular characterization of tsetse’s proboscis and its response to Trypanosoma congolense infection – Erick O. Awuoche – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Preprint: Who is the host of the host-associated microbiome? Colony-level dynamics overshadow individual-level characteristics in the fur microbiome of a social mammal, the Egyptian fruit-bat – oren kolodny – BioRxiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Pontibacter brevis sp. nov., isolated from rhizosphere soil of Tamarix ramosissima – Ghenijan Osman – International Journal of Systemic and Evolutionary Microbiology

*Volatiles in the Rhizosphere: Bioprospecting for Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security – Shyamalina Haldar – In: Volatiles and Food Security. Springer

*Characterization of Bacterial Volatiles and Their Impact on Plant Health Under Abiotic Stress – Anukool Vaishnav – In: Volatiles and Food Security. Springer

Dissertation: Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) mediate interactions between abiotic and biotic stresses in cool- and warm-season grasses – Richard Coy – Auburn University

Endophytic Microorganisms: Promising Candidate as Biofertilizer – Manish Kumar – In: Microorganisms for Green Revolution. Microorganisms for Sustainability, vol 6. Springer

*Bacterial Volatiles in Promotion of Plant Under Biotic Stress – Shekhar Jain – In: Volatiles and Food Security. Springer

*Microbial Volatiles in Defense – Monika – In: Volatiles and Food Security. Springer

*Microbial Volatiles and Plant Defense – Kalaivani K. Nadarajah – In: Volatiles and Food Security. Springer

Wonders of Microbes in Agriculture for Productivity and Sustainability – Rajababu V. Vyas – In: Microorganisms for Green Revolution. Microorganisms for Sustainability, vol 6. Springer

Water and extremophile microbiome

Review: Marine microbiology: Illuminating the importance of nitrite oxidation – Ursual Hofer – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Microbial Ecology

Robustness of a model microbial community emerges from population structure among single cells of a clonal population – Anne W. Thompson – Environmental Microbiology

Resource availability modulates biodiversity-invasion relationships by altering competitive interactions – Tianjie Yang – Environmental Microbiology


Action mechanism of naphthofuranquinones against fluconazole-resistant Candida tropicalis strains evidenced by proteomic analysis: The role of increased endogenous ROS – João Batista de Andrade Neto – Microbial Pathogenesis

Evolution of virulence in Enterococcus faecium, a hospital-adapted opportunistic pathogen – Wei Gao – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Surveillance of antibiotic resistance among common Clostridium difficile ribotypes in Hong Kong – Viola C. Y. Chow – Scientific Reports

Food microbiology

Preprint: Copy number variation in fungi and its implications for wine yeast genetic diversity and adaptation – Jacob Steenwyk – bioRxiv

More Microbes

Draft genome sequence of Actinotignum schaalii DSM 15541T: Genetic insights into the lifestyle, cell fitness and virulence – Atteyet F. Yassin – PLOS one

PsrA controls the synthesis of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa quinolone signal via repression of the FadE homolog, PA0506 – Greg Wells – PLOS one


Phages and viruses

Dissertation: Uncovering the Biological Features of Unknown Viruses Using Shotgun Metagenomic Sequence Data – Daniel Joseph Nasko – University of Delaware


MPA Portable: a Stand-alone Software Package for Analyzing Metaproteome Samples on the Go – Thilo Muth – Analytical Chemistry

Dissertation: Revealing Microbial Responses to Environmental Dynamics: Developing Methods for Analysis and Visualization of Complex Sequence Datasets – Matthew Kellom – Arizona State University

Preprint: Rarefaction, alpha diversity, and statistics – Amy Willis – bioRxiv


Review: Electron transport phenomena of electroactive bacteria in microbial fuel cells: a review of Proteus hauseri – I-Son Ng – Bioresources and Bioprocessing

Dissertation: From Biofuels to Natural Products: Microbial Metabolic Engineering for Chemical Production – Nicole E Nozzi -University of California, Davis

Waste and Pollution

Assessment of a novel anti-biofouling microorganism (Bacillus sp. T5) for control of membrane biofouling and its effect on bacterial community structure in membrane bioreactors – Bahar Yavuztürk Gül – Water Science and Technology


Microbes in the news

New Data: 2 Million Puerto Ricans Risk Water Contamination – Mekela Panditharatne – NRDC

Bacteria development marks new era in cellular design –

Feeding Overcrowded Bacteria Increases Antibiotic Susceptibility – Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News

A Bacterial Role In High Blood Pressure – The Microbiome Speaks – Chuck Dinerstein – American Council on Science and Health

New Microbiome Analysis Tool Resolves Individual Species, Strains – Rachel Lutz – MD Magazine

How honey bee gut bacteria help to digest their pollen-rich diet – EurekaAlert

Microbes on the market

Bio-Rad Inks Supply and Distribution Agreement for Microbiome MDx – genomeweb

Dannon, as a part of DanoneWave Public Benefit Corporation, Announces $50K in Grants for Graduate Studies – Markets Insider



November 30, 2017

A wide variety of interesting articles: Antibiotics administrated during labour impact  infant gut microbiome development, altered gut microbiome is related to liver function in individuals with Hep B, specific pathogens can alter social signaling in drosophila, a comphrensive study of the impact of diet on the lemur gut microbiome, a survey of antibiotic resistence genes in the drinking water across multiple continents, the impact of the hospital microbiome on the gut microbiome of preterm infants, the first evidence of a gut archeae impact on the host immune system, and two popular news articles refuting yesterday’s report of possible alien bacteria on the international space station.

Events and jobs

Web Developer, Microbiome Core – Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Account Manager – Microbiology –  South East England


General microbiome

  • Health Economics and Regulations 

Faecal microbiota transplantation: a regulatory hurdle? – Frederick Verbeke – BMC Gastroenterology

Cost-effectiveness analysis of fecal microbiota transplantation for inflammatory bowel disease – Ting Zhang – Oncotarget

Pregnancy and early life

*Intrapartum antibiotics for GBS prophylaxis alter colonization patterns in the early infant gut microbiome of low risk infants – Jennifer C. Stearns – Scientific Reports

Human skin microbiome

Skin Immune Landscape: Inside and Outside the Organism – Florence Abdallah – Mediators of Inflammation

Human gut microbiome
*Gut Microbial Dysbiosis Is Associated with Altered Hepatic Functions and Serum Metabolites in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients – Jing Wang – Frontiers in Microbiology

Faecal bacterial microbiota in patients with cirrhosis and the effect of lactulose administration – Aditya Narayan Sarangi – BMC Gastroenterology

Delivered Fecal Microbiota Transplantation on Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection – Dina Kao – JAMA

Capsules for Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection – Krishna Rao – JAMA

Review: Antibiotic therapy in neonates and impact on gut microbiota and antibiotic resistance development: a systematic review – Jon Widding Fjalstad – Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Long-term proton pump inhibitor therapy leads to small bowel bacterial overgrowth as determined by breath hydrogen and methane excretion – Agnieszka Sieczkowska – Journal of Breath Research

Review: Impact of gut microbiota on drug metabolism: an update for safe and effective use of drugs – Keumhan Noh – Archives of Pharmacal Research

Evaluating the effect of Clostridium difficile conditioned medium on fecal microbiota community structure – Sabina Horvat – Scientific Reports


Animal experiments

Preprint: The Vibrio cholerae Type VI Secretion System Can Modulate Host Intestinal Mechanics to Displace Commensal Gut Bacteria – Savannah L Logan – bioRxiv

Genes and Gut Bacteria Involved in Luminal Butyrate Reduction Caused by Diet and Loperamide – Nakwon Hwang – Genes

Simultaneous delivery of antibiotics neomycin and ampicillin in drinking water inhibits fermentation of resistant starch in rats – Diana G. Carvajal-Aldaz – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Animal microbiome

*Pathogenic bacteria enhance dispersal through alteration of Drosophila social communication – Ian W. Keesey – Nature Communications

*Feeding strategy shapes gut metagenomic enrichment and functional specialization in captive lemurs – E. A. McKenney – Gut Microbes

Impact of Dietary Galacto-Oligosaccharide (GOS) on Chicken’s Gut Microbiota, Mucosal Gene Expression, and Salmonella Colonization – Rebecca-Ayme Hughes – Frontiers in Veterinary Science

Dietary energy drives the dynamic response of bovine rumen viral communities – Christopher L. Anderson – Microbiome

Effect of microalgae on intestinal inflammation triggered by soybean meal and bacterial infection in zebrafish – Karina Bravo-Tello – PLOS ONE

In vivo effects of Allium cepa L. on the selected gut microflora and intestinal histomorphology in broiler – Sajidur Rahman – Acta Histochemica

Enteric Pathogens and Their Toxin-Induced Disruption of the Intestinal Barrier through Alteration of Tight Junctions in Chickens – Wageha A. Awad – Toxins

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The Ecological Role of Volatile and Soluble Secondary Metabolites Produced by Soil Bacteria – Olaf Tyc – Trends in Microbiology

Impact of peat mining, and restoration on methane turnover potentials and methane-cycling microorganisms in a northern bog – Max Reumer – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Burkholderia humptydooensis sp. nov., a New Species Related to Burkholderia thailandensis and the Fifth Member of the Burkholderia pseudomallei Complex – Apichai Tuanyok – Applied and Environment Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome
Functional Characterization of Probiotic Potential of Novel Pigmented Bacterial Strains for Aquaculture Applications – Sekar Jinendiran – Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins


Preprint: Increased usage of antiseptics is associated with reduced susceptibility in clinical isolates of S. aureus – Katherine Hardy – bioRxiv

*Catalogue of antibiotic resistome and host-tracking in drinking water deciphered by a large scale survey – Liping Ma – Microbiome

Review: Assessing the Risk of Antibiotic Resistance Transmission from the Environment to Humans: Non-Direct Proportionality between Abundance and Risk – Célia M. Manaia – Trends in Microbiology

Built environment

*Strain-resolved analysis of hospital rooms and infants reveals overlap between the human and room microbiome – Brandon Brooks – Nature Communications

Predominance and Metabolic Potential of Halanaerobium spp. in Produced Water from Hydraulically Fractured Marcellus Shale Wells – Daniel Lipus – Applied and Environment Microbiology


Microbial Ecology

Effect of Antimicrobial and Physical Treatments on Growth of Multispecies Staphylococcal Biofilms – Elizabeth J. Stewart – Applied and Environment Microbiology

More Microbes

  • Archaea

*Associated Archaeon Methanosphaera stadtmanae Is Recognized through Its RNA and Induces – Tim Vierbuchen – Frontiers in Immunology

  • Synthetic Microbes

Analysis and Implementation of a Multicellular Feedback Control Strategy in a Synthetic Bacterial Consortium – Gianfranco Fiore – ACS Synthetic Biology


Diazotroph community characterization via a high-throughput nifH amplicon sequencing and analysis pipeline – John Christian Gaby – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Direct PCR Offers a Fast and Reliable Alternative to Conventional DNA Isolation Methods for Gut Microbiomes – Elin Videvall – mSystems

Generation of bacteriophage-insensitive mutants of Streptococcus thermophilus using an antisense RNA CRISPR-Cas silencing approach – Brian McDonnell – Applied and Environmental Microbiology


Microbes in the news

*Bacteria on Space Station Likely From Germy Humans, Not Aliens – Elaina Zachos – National Geographic

*We are basically positive that the Russians did not find alien bacteria in space – Mary Beth Griggs – Popular Science

Custom Bacteria Make New Molecules On Demand – Sam Lemonick – Forbes

Toilet art sheds light on gut health – Newshub

November 29, 2017

Short digest today with many popular news articles, including an article on the bacteria found on the international space station!

Events and jobs

QC Supervisor, Microbiology – Organogenesis, Canton MA, USA

Assistant/Associate Professor of Microbiology – Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, NYC, New York, USA


  • Microbe physiology and metabolism

Metagenomics-guided analysis of microbial chemolithoautotrophic phosphite oxidation yields evidence of a seventh natural CO2 fixation pathway – Isreal Figueroa – PNAS

Preprint: RodZ promotes MreB polymer formation and curvature localization to determine the cylindrical uniformity of E. coli shape – Randy Morgenstein – bioRxiv

  • Human respiratory microbiome

Preprint: Modelling the effects of bacterial cell state and spatial location on tuberculosis treatment: Insights from a hybrid multiscale cellular automaton model – Ruth Bowness -bioRxiv

  • Human gut microbiome

The triune of intestinal microbiome, genetics and inflammatory status and its impact on lower gastrointestinal anastomosis healing – Jou Lee – The FEBS Journal

Review: Interindividual variability in gut microbiota and host response to dietary interventions – Genelle Healey – Nutrition Reviews

Quercetin metabolism by fecal microbiota from healthy elderly human subjects – Motoi Tamura – PLoS One


  • Animal experiments

Preservation of three-dimensional spatial structure in the gut microbiome – Yuko Hasegawa – PLoS One

  • Animal microbiome

Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) within a pig herd – Anna Irene Vedel Sorensen – PLoS One


  • Microbes in the news

Bacteria found on International Space Station may be alien in origin, says cosmonaut – Andrew Griffin – Independent

Treatment of abnormal vaginal microbiota prior to embryo transfer may improve reproductive outcomes –  Medical Life Sciences News

Changes in microbiome due to antibiotic exposure may increase risk for inflammatory bowel disease – Medical Life Sciences News

Around 30 jobs created at University of Southampton for £26 million biofilm research project – Aaron Shaw – Daily Echo

Connection between Microbiome and Tissue Contractions Critical for Healthy Bowel Functions – Anamika P – The Global Health News

Scientists Use CRISPR to Turn E.Coli Bacteria into a Microscopic Tape Recorder – Kyree Leary – Futurism

Deep ocean bacteria discovered to play large role in carbon capture – Science Daily

A patient’s legacy: Researchers work to make phage therapy less of a long shot – Eric Boodman – STAT

  • Microbes on the market

Microbiome therapeutics market insights shared in detailed report By focusing on Top Companies like LLC; Seres Therapeutics; ENTEROME Bioscience; MaaT Pharma; Rebiotix, Inc.; Ritter Pharmaceuticals; Second Genome, Inc.; and OpenBiome – medGadget

Biomillenia Leverages QIAGEN Bioinformatics in Microbiome-on-a-Chip Discovery of Unculturable Microbes – Business Wire


October 22, 2017

A wide range of interesting articles today on the mouth, respiratory and gut microbiomes: Airway microbiota and obstruction in asthma, the tongue microbiome and pneumonia in the elderly, gut microbiome interactions with host G-protein coupled receptors, the effects of prebiotics and milk oligosaccharides on the mouse gut metabolome and stressor induced immune alterations, the impact of social stress on the gut microbiome and the host gut transcriptome, the impact of a Bacteroides integrase in a mouse model of colitis, and evidence that oral bacteria can colonize the gut in genetically and dysbiotic susceptible mice, leading to increased gut inflammation. 

  • Events and jobs

Postdoctoral Researcher in Microbiome Bioinformatics – Karolinska Institutet


  • Human respiratory microbiome

Different Functional Genes of Upper Airway Microbiome Associated with Natural Course of Childhood Asthma – Bong-Soo Kim – European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

*Atopic asthmatic immune phenotypes associated with airway microbiota and airway obstruction – Benjamin A. Turturice – PLOSone

  • Human oral microbiome

*Relationships of variations in the tongue microbiota and pneumonia mortality in nursing home residents – Shinya Kageyama – Journal of Gerontology

  • Human gut microbiome

Review: Host-Microbe Interactions: Aiming at GPCRs – Mirella Bucci – Nature Chemical Biology

Development of severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia is associated with alterations in fecal volatile organic compounds – Daniel J C Berkhout – Pediatric Research

Gut Fermentation of Dietary Fibres: Physico-Chemistry of Plant Cell Walls and Implications for Health – Barbara A. Williams – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Review: Food allergy: The influence of breast-feeding and gut microbiota – S. Hazebrouck – Revue Française d’Allergologie

Review: Whole cereal grains and potential health effects: Involvement of the gut microbiota – Lingxiao Gong – Food Research International

Review: Probiotic strains and mechanistic insights for the treatment of type 2 diabetes – Christiane S. Hampe – Endocrine

Review: Early-Life Gut Dysbiosis: A Driver of Later-Life Fibrosis? – Karen J. Ho – Journal of Investigative Dermatology

Review: Nutritional programming by glucocorticoids in breast milk: targets, mechanisms and possible implications – Jonneke J. Hollanders – Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

Review: Less Invasive Screening for Colorectal Cancer by Microbiota Analysis: Is it a Reality or an Illusion? – Hisashi Onodera – EBioMedicine

  • Fecal Transplants

The taxonomic composition of the donor intestinal microbiota is a major factor influencing the efficacy of faecal microbiota transplantation in therapy refractory ulcerative colitis – P. Kump – Alimentary Pharamacology and Therapeutics


  • Animal experiments

* Ectopic colonization of oral bacteria in the intestine drives TH1 cell induction and inflammation – Koji Atarashi – Science

*Stressor-induced immunomodulation is attenuated by prebiotics and milk oligosaccharides: Role of the colonic metabolome – M. Bailey – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

*The colonic epithelial transcriptome and intestinal microbiome are significantly changed by social stressor exposure – A.R. Mackos – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

*A Gut Microbial Mimic that Hijacks Diabetogenic Autoreactivity to Suppress Colitis – Roopa Hebbandi Nanjundappa – Cell

Metformin Alters Upper Small Intestinal Microbiota that Impact a Glucose-SGLT1-Sensing Glucoregulatory Pathway – Paige V. Bauer – Cell Metabolism

Distribution of species and antimicrobial resistance among enterococci isolated from the fecal microbiota – Andréa de Andrade Rangel de Freitas – Science of The Total Environment

Effect of Intestinal Flora on Protein Expression of Drug-Metabolizing Enzymes and Transporters in the Liver and Kidney of Germ-Free and Antibiotics-Treated Mice – Takuya Kuno – Molecular Pharmaceutics

Consequences of organ choice in describing bacterial pathogen assemblages in a rodent population – P. Villette – Epidemiology & Infection

High-Quality Whole-Genome Sequences of the Oligo-Mouse-Microbiota Bacterial Community – Debora Garzetti – Genome Announcements

  • Animal microbiome

Wild Mouse Gut Microbiota Promotes Host Fitness and Improves Disease Resistance – Stephan P. Rosshart – Cell

Impact of Low and High Doses of Marbofloxacin on the Selection of Resistant Enterobacteriaceae in the Commensal Gut Flora of Young Cattle: Discussion of Data from 2 Study Populations – Lhermie Guillaume – Foodborne Pathogens and Disease

  • Forensic Microbiome

Successive bacterial colonisation of pork and its implications for forensic investigations – Jessica Handke – Forensic Science International

Targeted sequencing of clade-specific markers from skin microbiomes for forensic human identification – Sarah E. Schmedes – Forensic Science International: Genetics

  • Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Characterization of fungal communities of developmental stages in table grape grown in the northern region of South Africa – P.C. Carmichael – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Mycorrhizae, invasions, and the temporal dynamics of mutualism disruption – Sara Grove – Journal of Ecology

Soil bacterial community mediates the effect of plant material on methanogenic decomposition of soil organic matter – Quan YuanSoil Biology and Biochemistry

Analysis of bacterial communities and characterization of antimicrobial strains from cave microbiota – Muhammad Yasir – Brazilian Journal of Microbiology

  • Waste and Pollution 

Bioaugmentation of thiabendazole-contaminated soils from a wastewater disposal site: Factors driving the efficacy of this strategy and the diversity of the indigenous soil bacterial community – Evangelia S. Papadopoulou – Environmental Pollution

  • Built environment

Human health risks for Legionella and Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) from potable and non-potable uses of roof-harvested rainwater – Kerry A.Hamilton – Water Research

  • Techniques

Optimization of GC/TOF MS analysis conditions for assessing host-gut microbiota metabolic interactions: Chinese rhubarb alters fecal aromatic Amino acids and phenol metabolism – Shan Yin – Analytica Chimica Acta


  • Microbes in the news

Stress may harm gut health as much as junk food – Honor Whiteman – Medical News Today

Different Microbial Communities Live Along Female Reproductive Tract – GenomeWeb

Gut Health May Begin in the Mouth – Lydialyle Gibson – Havard

October 21, 2017

Plant and soil microbiome focus today: Rhizospheric microbial communities of the frankincense producing Boswellia sacra tree, Coffea arabica, and the damask rose, as well as plant species in the Puerto Rico tropical forest, the Mediterranean mountains, and extreme Arctic and Alpine climates. 

Events and jobs

Post-doctoral Fellowship in Microbial Genomics – Brigham & Women’s Hospital – The Massachusetts Host-Microbiome Center

Microbiology Sales Executive – Ireland

Microbiology Lab Technician – Catalent – Brussels, Belgium


  • General microbiome

Special Meeting Sections for the ASM Conference on Mechanisms of Interbacterial Cooperation and Competition – George A. O’Toole – Journal of Bacteriology

  • Human oral microbiome

Nutrigenomics in periodontics – An overview – Singh Soundanya –
International Journal of Oral Health Dentistry

  • Human gut microbiome

Review: Health and environmental applications of gut microbiome: a review – Soumya Chatterjee – The Journal of Society of Ecological Chemistry and Engineering

The Influence of Proton Pump Inhibitors on the Fecal Microbiome of Infants with Gastroesophageal Reflux—A Prospective Longitudinal Interventional Study – Christoph Castellani – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Review: Host–Microbiota Mutualism in Metabolic Diseases – Salvatore Fabbiano – Frontiers in Endocrinology

Review: Interactions between Bacteria and Bile Salts in the Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Tracts – Verónica Urdaneta – Frontiers in Medicine

Review: Prebiotic–Probiotic Relationship: The Genetic Fundamentals of Polysaccharides Conversion by Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus Genera – Penka Petrova – Food Bioconversion

Impact of Dietary Resistant Starch on the Human Gut Microbiome, Metaproteome, and Metabolome – Tanja V. Maier – mBio

Review: Can the gastrointestinal microbiota be modulated by dietary fibre to treat obesity? – H. C. Davis – Irish Journal of Medical Science

Diet, Environments, and Gut Microbiota. A Preliminary Investigation in Children Living in Rural and Urban Burkina Faso and Italy – Carlotta De Filippo – Frontiers in Microbiology


  • Animal experiments

Study on alterations of physiological functions in aged constipation rats with fluid-deficiency based on metabonomic and microbiology analysis – Deliang Liu – Royal Society of Chemistry

  • Animal microbiome

The Low-Diversity Fecal Microbiota of the Critically Endangered Kākāpō Is Robust to Anthropogenic Dietary and Geographic Influences – Elena K. Perry – Frontiers and Microbiology

Alternative growth promoters modulate broiler gut microbiome and enhance body weight gain – Serajus Salaheen – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbial Communities in North American Ixodid Ticks of Veterinary and Medical Importance – Andrea S. Varela-Stokes – Frontiers in Veterinary Science

Assessing the impact of rumen microbial communities on methane emissions and production traits in Holstein cows in a tropical climate – Camila S. Cunha – Systematic and Applied Microbiology

  • Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Root and rhizosphere bacterial phosphatase activity varies with tree species and soil phosphorus availability in Puerto Rico tropical forest – Kristine Grace Cabugao – Frontiers in Plant Science

Insights into Microalga and Bacteria Interactions of Selected Phycosphere Biofilms Using Metagenomic, Transcriptomic, and Proteomic Approaches – Ines Krohn-Molt – Frontiers in Microbiology

Inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi alleviates harmful effects of drought stress on damask rose – EslamAbdel-Salam – Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences

Strong Regionality and Dominance of Anaerobic Bacterial Taxa Characterize Diazotrophic Bacterial Communities of the Arcto-Alpine Plant Species Oxyria digyna and Saxifraga oppositifolia – Manoj Kumar – Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria in amelioration of salinity stress: a systems biology perspective – Gayathri Ilangumaran – Frontiers in Plant Science

Review: Mycorrhizosphere Interactions to Improve a Sustainable Production of Legumes – José-Miguel Barea – Microbes for Legume Improvement

Taxonomic and Functional Diversity of a Quercus pyrenaica Willd. Rhizospheric Microbiome in the Mediterranean Mountains – José F. Cobo-Díaz – Forests

Review: Response and interaction of Bradyrhizobium japonicum and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the soybean rhizosphere – Ram Swaroop Meena – Plant Growth Regulation

Review: Feed Your Friends: Do Plant Exudates Shape the Root Microbiome? – Joelle Sasse – Trends in Plant Science

Microbial indicators for soil quality – Michael Schloter – Biology and Fertility of Soils

Interactions of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria and soil factors in two leguminous plants – Xiao Xiao – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Soil water content during and after plant growth influence nutrient availability and microbial biomass – Ran Xue – Journal of soil science and plant nutrition

Isolation, screening and biochemical characterization of Phosphate-solubilizing rhizobacteria associated with Coffea arabica L – Befekadu Teshome – Advanced Journal of Biodiversity

Temporal variations of soil microbial community under compost addition in black soil of Northeast China – Wei Yang – Applied Soil Ecology

Differential seasonal effects of water addition and nitrogen fertilization on microbial biomass and diversity in a temperate desert – Gang Huang – Catena

Assessment of microbial diversity in the rhizosphere of Pinus roxburghii (Sarg.) and bio-inoculant potential of selected pine bacterial isolates for wheat varieties based on culture independent and culture dependent techniques – I. Naz – Plant Biology

Rhizospheric microbial communities associated with wild and cultivated frankincense producing Boswellia sacra tree – Abdul Latif Khan – PLOSone

Taxonomic structure and functional association of foxtail millet root microbiome – Tao Jin – GigaScience

  • Biotechnology

Evaluation of gastrointestinal bacterial population for the production of holocellulose enzymes for biomass deconstruction – Dhaneshwaree Asem – PLOSone

Impact of treated wastewater for irrigation on soil microbial communities – A.M. Ibekwe – Science of the Total Environment

Advancing the design and delivery of CRISPR antimicrobials – Jennie R.Fagen – Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering


  • Phages and viruses

Pre-Print: Insights into viral community composition of the cnidarian model metaorganism Aiptasia using RNA-Seq data – Jan D Brüwer – PeerJ

How does parvovirus B19 DNA achieve lifelong persistence in human cells? – Gloria Bua – Future Virology

  • Bioinformatics

Annotation: A Computational Solution for Streamlining Metabolomics Analysis – Xavier Domingo-Almenara – Analytical Chemistry

  • Techniques

Review: Combined imaging and molecular techniques for evaluating microbial function and composition: A review – Christopher G. Weisener – Surface and Interface Analysis


  • Microbes in the news

Simple Bacteria Offer Clues to the Origins of Photosynthesis – Jordana Cepelewicz – Quanta Magazine

Bacteria Found in Women’s Upper Reproductive Tracts – Diana Kwon – The Scientist

New Research Shows Asymmetry in Bacteria Might Help Us Fight Antibiotic Resistance – Karla Lant – Futurism

Metal-eating bacteria could have left their “fingerprints” on Mars, proving it once hosted life – Matt Williams – Universe Today

How gut bacteria saved ‘dirty mice’ from death – Elizabeth Pennisi – Science


October 20, 2017

A wide variety of studies today from the digestive microbiota of carnivorous pitcher plants, to the skin microbiome of dogs, and the impacts of probiotics on male fertility in a mouse model of obesity. 

Events and jobs

Microbiome World Congress – November 7-8, 2017, Capital Hilton, Washington, DC – registration


  • General microbiome

The Pelagic Bacterium Paraphotobacterium marinum Has the Smallest Complete Genome Within the Family Vibrionaceae – Zhaobin Huang – Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Uncultivated microbes in need of their own taxonomy – Konstantinos T Konstantinidis – The ISME Journal

Review: The growing tree of Archaea: new perspectives on their diversity, evolution and ecology – Panagiotis S Adam – The ISME Journal

  • Human respiratory microbiome

Antibiotic exposure and interpersonal variance mask the effect of ivacaftor on respiratory microbiota composition – Anton Y. Peleg – Journal of Cystic Fibrosis

  • Human gut microbiome

Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae colonization (CRE) and subsequent risk of infection and 90-day mortality in critically ill patients, an observational study – Thomas Howe McConville – PLOSone

Review: Antibiotics, gut microbiome, and obesity – Karen S. W. Leong – Clinical Endocrinology

Review: Gut microbiota changes in the extreme decades of human life: a focus on centenarians – Aurelia Santoro – Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

Review: Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium Strategies for Host Adaptation – Christopher J. Anderson – Frontiers in Microbiology


  • Animal Experiments

Lactobacillus rhamnosus PB01 (DSM 14870) supplementation affects markers of sperm kinematic parameters in a diet-induced obesity mice model – Fereshteh Dardmeh – PLOSone

  • Animal microbiome

Metagenomic binning of a marine sponge microbiome reveals unity in defense but metabolic specialization – Beate M Slaby – The ISME Journal

A polyphenol-enriched diet and Ascaris suum infection modulate mucosal immune responses and gut microbiota composition in pigs – Andrew R. Williams – PLOSone

Individual signatures and environmental factors shape skin microbiota in healthy dogs – Anna Cuscó – Microbiome

Review: Metagenomic investigation of gastrointestinal microbiome in cattle – Minseok Kim – AJAS

  • Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Linking the development and functioning of a carnivorous pitcher plant’s microbial digestive community – David W Armitage – The ISME Journal

Biogeography and organic matter removal shape long-term effects of timber harvesting on forest soil microbial communities – Roland C Wilhelm – The ISME Journal

Differences in soil fungal assemblages associated with native and non-native tree species of varying weediness – David R. Toole – Biological Invasions

Nitric Oxide Accumulation: The Evolutionary Trigger for Phytopathogenesis – Margarida M. Santana – Frontiers in Microbiology

  • Water and extremophile microbiome

Genome sequences of lower Great Lakes Microcystis sp. reveal strain-specific genes that are present and expressed in western Lake Erie blooms – Kevin Anthony Meyer – PLOSone

Mixotrophy drives niche expansion of verrucomicrobial methanotrophs – Carlo R Carere – The ISME Journal

High abundance and expression of transposases in bacteria from the Baltic Sea – Theoden Vigil-Stenman – The ISME Journal

Genome sequences of lower Great Lakes Microcystis sp. reveal strain-specific genes that are present and expressed in western Lake Erie blooms – Kevin Anthony Meyer – PLOSone

High-throughput sequencing revealed novel Dehalococcoidia in dechlorinating microbial enrichments from PCB contaminated marine sediments – B. Matturro – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Flooding Duration Affects the Structure of Terrestrial and Aquatic Microbial Eukaryotic Communities – Oliver Röhl – Environmental Microbiology

Sediment microbial taxonomic and functional diversity in a natural salinity gradient challenge Remane’s “species minimum” concept – Christina Pavloudi – PeerJ

The Exometabolome of Two Model Strains of the Roseobacter Group: A Marketplace of Microbial Metabolites – Gerrit Wienhausen – Frontiers in Microbiology

  • Built environment

Indoor microbiota in severely moisture damaged homes and the impact of interventions – Balamuralikrishna Jayaprakash – Microbiome


  • Probiotics / prebiotics

Review: Probiotics in the Prevention of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus – Luisa F. Gomez Arango – Nutrition and Diet in Maternal Diabetes

  • Phages and viruses

Microencapsulation of Clostridium difficile specific bacteriophages using microfluidic glass capillary devices for colon delivery using pH triggered release – Gurinder K. Vinner – PLOSone

Novel chaperonins are prevalent in the virioplankton and demonstrate links to viral biology and ecology – Rachel L Marine – The ISME Journal

  • Techniques

A simpler and more cost-effective peptide biosynthetic method using the truncated GST as carrier for epitope mapping – Wan-Xiang Xu – PLOSone


June 27, 2017

Water microbiome focus today: The effects of terrestrially derived dissolved organic matter on the arctic microbiome, a characterization of deep terrestrial biosphere biofilms, and the microbiome of glaciers and ice sheets.

  • General microbiome

Review: Perspectives and Challenges in Microbial Communities Metabolic Modeling – Emanuele Bosi – Frontiers in Genetics

  • Human respiratory microbiome

Ecological networking of cystic fibrosis lung infections – Robert A Quinn – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

  • Human oral microbiome

Multi-omics Analysis of Periodontal Pocket Microbial Communities Pre- and Posttreatment – Katy Califf – mSystems

Educational strategies and ART effect on salivary characteristics: a controlled clinical trial – Camila Nobre de Freitas – Oral Diseases

Linkages between oral commensal bacteria and atherosclerotic plaques in coronary artery disease patients – Jyoti Chhibber-Goel – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Next generation sequencing of oral microbiota in Type 2 diabetes mellitus prior to and after neem stick usage and correlation with serum monocyte chemoattractant-1 – Rubini Anbalagan – Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice

Pyrosequencing Analysis of Cryogenically Ground Samples from Primary and Secondary/Persistent Endodontic Infections – Cangül Keskin – Journal of Endodontics

  • Human gut microbiome

Heat-stabilised rice bran consumption by colorectal cancer survivors modulates stool metabolite profiles and metabolic networks: a randomised controlled trial – Dustin Brown – British Journal of Nutrition

Two rheumatoid arthritis-specific autoantigens correlate microbial immunity with autoimmune responses in joints – Annalisa Pianta – The Journal of Clinical Investigation

Distinct patterns in the gut microbiota after surgical or medical therapy in obese patients – Daniel Medina – PeerJ

Immune-modulating effects in mouse dendritic cells of lactobacilli and bifidobacteria isolated from individuals following omnivorous, vegetarian and vegan diets – Diomira Luongo – Cytokine

  • Animal microbiome

Using high-throughput sequencing of ITS2 to describe Symbiodinium metacommunities in St. John, US Virgin Islands – Ross Cunning – PeerJ

Microbial bioenergetics of coral-algal interactions – Ty Roach – Peer J

Gut symbiont enhances insecticide resistance in a significant pest, the oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis – Daifeng Cheng – Microbiome

  • Plant, root, and soil microbiome</b

Temporal dynamics of the compositions and activities of soil microbial communities post-application of the insecticide chlorantraniliprole in paddy soils – Meng Wu – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Disease Suppressive Soils: New Insights from the Soil Microbiome – Daniel Schlatter – Phytopathology

Bacillus subtilis biofilm development in the presence of soil clay minerals and iron oxides – Wenting Ma – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

  • Water and extremophile microbiome

Review: Constraint-based metabolic modelling of marine microbes and communities – Marco Fondi – Marine Genomics

* Potential for hydrogen-oxidizing chemolithoautotrophic and diazotrophic populations to initiate biofilm formation in oligotrophic, deep terrestrial subsurface waters – Xiaofen Wu – Microbiome

* The microbiome of glaciers and ice sheets – Alexandre M. Anesio – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

* Microbial Community Response to Terrestrially Derived Dissolved Organic Matter in the Coastal Arctic – Rachel Sipler – Frontiers in Microbiology

  • Built environment

New insights into the spatial variability of biofilm communities and potentially negative bacterial groups in hydraulic concrete structures – Wei Cai – Water Research

Architecture, component, and microbiome of biofilm involved in the fouling of membrane bioreactors – Tomohiro Inaba – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiome

  • Techniques

Orthogonal Comparison of GC-MS and 1H NMR Spectroscopy for Short Chain Fatty Acid Quantitation – Jingwei Cai – Anal Chem