May 30, 2019

How the cheese rind microbiome diversity affects function, development of “metabolic overlap” as a metric to assess different microbial communities using genomic information, a variety of research articles, commentaries, press releases, and news stories covering the NIH Human Microbiome Project at the completion of its second phase.

General microbiome

Homepage for “Human Microbiome Project, part 2” special section in Nature including:

Human vaginal microbiome

The vaginal microbiome and preterm birth – Jennifer M Fettweis – Nature Medicine

Racioethnic diversity in the dynamics of the vaginal microbiome during pregnancy – Myrna G Serrano – Nature Medicine

Human gut microbiome

Multi-omics of the gut microbial ecosystem in inflammatory bowel diseases – Jason Lloyd-Price – Nature

Pre-print: Antioxidants maintain Butyrate production by Human Gut Clostridia in the presence of Oxygen – Matthieu Million – bioRxiv

A microbiota-generated bile salt induces biofilm formation in Clostridium difficile – Thomas Dubois – NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Pre-print: Bacterial and fungal communities are differentially modified by melatonin in agricultural soils under abiotic stress – Andrew P Madigan – bioRxiv

Food microbiology

Pre-print: Strain-level diversity impacts cheese rind microbiome assembly and function – Brittany A Niccum – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

Pre-print: Metabolic overlap in environmentally diverse microbial communities – Eric R Hester – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

The Human Microbiome Project expands the toolbox for studying host and microbiome interactions – National Institutes of Health

A wave of NIH-backed microbiome research examines the gut’s link to diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, and more – Kate Sheridan – STAT

Human Microbiome Project reveals how microbiome is disrupted during inflammatory bowel disease – Christopher Sweeney – Broad Institute

Scientists Find Bacteria Thriving In Earth Environment That’s Just Like Young Mars – Aristos Georgiou – Newsweek

May 29, 2019

Changes to the pig gut microbiome based on age, gut bacteria community composition in aquatic invertebrates, fungal diversity on limestone cathedral walls, chalk-talk vs PowerPoint in large microbiology lectures.

Human oral microbiome

Applications of the oral microbiome in personalized dentistry – Georgios N Belibasakis – Archives of Oral Biology

Human vaginal microbiome

Detection of Methanobrevibacter smithii in vaginal samples collected from women diagnosed with bacterial vaginosis – Ghiles Grine – European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases

Human gut microbiome

Gut Microbial Dataset of a foraging tribe from rural West Bengal – insights into unadulterated and transitional microbial abundance – Sayak Ganguli – Data in Brief

Gut microbiome of pre-adolescent children of two ethnicities residing in three distant cities – Wei Wei Thwe Khine – Scientific Reports

The eradication of Helicobacter pylori restores rather than disturbs the gastrointestinal microbiota in asymptomatic young adults – Cong He – Helicobacter

Pre-print: Cytometric fingerprints of gut microbiota predict Crohn’s disease state – Peter Rubbens – bioRxiv

Animal experiments

Rapamycin modulates tissue aging and lifespan independently of the gut microbiota in Drosophila – Joseph M Schinaman – Scientific Reports

Age-based dynamic changes of phylogenetic composition and interaction networks of health pig gut microbiome feeding in a uniformed condition – Shanlin Ke – BMC Veterinary Research

Pre-print: Effects of Five Products on Gut Microbiota and Short-Chain Fatty Acids of Obese Rats – Simin Tan – bioRxiv

Animal microbiome

Effect of different forage-to-concentrate ratios on ruminal bacterial structure and real-time methane production in sheep – Runhang Li – PLOS ONE

Pre-print: Microbiomes from feces vs. gut in aquatic vertebrates: distinct community compositions between substrates and preservation methods – Sten Anslan – bioRxiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Glycoside Hydrolase Genes Are Required for Virulence of Agrobacterium tumefaciens on Bryophyllum daigremontiana and Tomato – Stephanie L Mathews – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Effect of water-driven changes in rice rhizosphere on Cd lability in three soils with different pH – Jinjin Wang – Journal of Environmental Sciences

Impact of AMF Claroideoglomus etunicatum on the structure of fungal communities in the tomato rhizosphere – Agnieszka Jamiołkowska – Acta Mycologica

Effect of land use and carbonates on organic matter stabilization and microbial communities in Mediterranean soils – Mireia Martí-Roura – Geoderma

Pre-print: Close-Range Interactions Favor Growth in Random-Paired Extracted Soil Bacteria – Manupriyam Dubey – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

New microbial lineages capable of carbon fixation and nutrient cycling in deep-sea sediments of the northern South China Sea – Jiao-Mei Huang – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Pre-print: Spatial variations of microbial communities in abyssal and hadal sediments across the Challenger Deep – Guojie Cui – PeerJ

Taxonomic structure and potential nitrogen metabolism of microbial assemblage in a large hypereutrophic steppe lake – Xiaodong Qu – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Built environment

Fungal diversity and distribution across distinct biodeterioration phenomena in limestone walls of the old cathedral of Coimbra, UNESCO World Heritage Site – João Trovão – International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation

Probiotics/prebiotics

Dietary probiotics have different effects on the composition of fecal microbiota in farmed raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) and silver fox (Vulpes vulpes fulva) – Yongjia Peng – BMC Microbiology

Microbes in the news

Microbiome therapies could be the next frontier in medicine. But how exactly do you make them? – Kate Sheridan – STAT

Possible link between infant gut microbiome and development of allergies – Bob Yirka – Medical Xpress

Science, career, and publishing

Pre-print: Rock the Chalk: A five-year comparative analysis of a large microbiology lecture course reveals improved outcomes of chalk-talk compared to PowerPoint – Christopher M Waters – bioRxiv

May 23, 2019

Composition of the human mucosa-associated microbiota, changes in gut microbial diversity with social rank in cichlid fish, microbes supporting sustainable rice production, the effects of tweeting on article engagement in medical education.

General microbiome

Global change microbiology — big questions about small life for our future – Antje Boetius – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Human oral microbiome

Review: The Structure of Dental Plaque Microbial Communities in the Transition from Health to Dental Caries and Periodontal Disease – Alex M Valm – Journal of Molecular Biology

Human gut microbiome

Within-host evolution of Helicobacter pylori shaped by niche-specific adaptation, intragastric migrations and selective sweeps – Florent Ailloud – Nature Communications

Pre-print: Complete genome assembly of clinical multidrug resistant Bacteroides fragilis isolates enables comprehensive identification of antimicrobial resistance genes and plasmids – Thomas V Syndenham – bioRxiv

Composition of the mucosa-associated microbiota along the entire gastrointestinal tract of human individuals – FER Vuik – United European Gastroenterology Journal

Animal experiments

Loss of function dysbiosis associated with antibiotics and high fat, high sugar diet – Aaron W Miller – The ISME Journal

Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM I-745 changes lipidemic profile and gut microbiota in a hamster hypercholesterolemic model – F Briand – Beneficial Microbes

Animal microbiome

Gut microbial diversity increases with social rank in the African cichlid fish, Astatotilapia burtoni – Avehi Singh – Animal Behaviour

Amphibian Host and Skin Microbiota Response to a Common Agricultural Antimicrobial and Internal Parasite – Obed Hernández-Gómez – Microbial Ecology

Pre-print: Space, time, and captivity: quantifying the factors influencing the fecal microbiome of an alpine ungulate – Sarah E Haworth – bioRxiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Interaction between root hairs and soil phosphorus on rhizosphere priming of soil organic matter – Gabriel Boilard – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Green manures of Indian mustard and wild rocket enhance cucumber resistance to Fusarium wilt through modulating rhizosphere bacterial community composition – Xue Jin – Plant and Soil

Ozone dose-response relationships for soil microbial dynamics of winter wheat in North China – Enzhu Hu – Atmospheric Environment

Water and extremophile microbiome

Filamentous calcareous alga provides substrate for coral-competitive macroalgae in the degraded lagoon of Dongsha Atoll, Taiwan – Carolin Nieder – PLOS ONE

Food microbiology

Roles of microbes in supporting sustainable rice production using the system of rice intensification – Febri Doni – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Microbes in the news

Airway microbiome appears altered in severe asthma linked to neutrophils – EurekAlert

Coffee Consumption Alters Microbiome and Improves Gut Motility – Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News

Researchers receive $1.94 million to study connection between autism, microbiome – EurekAlert

Novel Autonomous Biosampler Will Foster In Situ Aquatic Microbiome Monitoring – Eunice Sousa – Science Trends

Meta-study suggests anxiety can be reduced by altering gut bacteria, but not with probiotics – Rich Haridy – New Atlas

Science, career, and publishing

Pre-print: To Tweet or Not to Tweet, That is the Question: A Randomized Trial of Twitter Effects on Article Engagement in Medical Education – Lauren A Maggio – bioRxiv

December 15, 2018

Colonizing FMT patients with donor bacteriophages, the microbial communities of tigers, fruit bats, hemlocks, and rainbow trout, a review on the advances in urinary microbiome research.

Multi-site human microbiome

Review: The role of the microbiota in infectious diseases – Josie Libertucci – Nature Microbiology

Human skin microbiome

Ultraviolet radiation, both UVA and UVB, influences the composition of the skin microbiome – Erin M Burns – Experimental Dermatology

Human urinary microbiome

Review: Urobiome updates: advances in urinary microbiome research – Alan J Wolfe – nature Reviews Urology

Human gut microbiome

Pre-print: Gut microbiome response to a modern Paleolithic diet in a Western lifestyle context – Monica Barone – bioRxiv

Difference in Pathomechanism Between Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis Revealed by Colon Transcriptome – Lili Yang – Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

GABA-modulating bacteria of the human gut microbiota – Philip Strandwitz – Nature Microbiology

Impact of Individual Traits, Saturated Fat, and Protein Source on the Gut Microbiome – Jennifer M Lang – mBio

Animal experiments

Microbiome interactions shape host fitness – Alison L Gould – PNAS

Gut microbiota dysbiosis worsens the severity of acute pancreatitis in patients and mice – Yin Zhu – Journal of Gastroenterology

Microbiota-Derived Lactate Accelerates Intestinal Stem-Cell-Mediated Epithelial Development – Yong-Soo Lee – Cell Host & Microbe

A Microbiota-Derived Bacteriocin Targets the Host to Confer Diarrhea Resistance in Early-Weaned Piglets – Jun Hu – Cell Host & Microbe

Animal microbiome

Exploring variation in phyllosphere microbial communities across four hemlock species – Timothy J Rogers – Ecosphere

Analysis of the gut and gill microbiome of resistant and susceptible lines of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) – Ryan M Brown – Fish & Shellfish Immunology

Metagenomic analysis of captive Amur tiger faecal microbiome – Fengping He – BMC Veterinary Research

Coordinated change at the colony level in fruit bat fur microbiomes through time – Oren Kolodny – Nature Ecology & Evolution

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Remediation of deterioration in microbial structure in continuous Pinellia ternata cropping soil by crop rotation – Zhigui He – Candadian Journal of Microbiology

Plant compartment and genetic variation drive microbiome composition in switchgrass roots – Esther Singer – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Desert plant bacteria reveal host influence and beneficial plant growth properties – Abdul Aziz Eida – PLOS ONE

Water and extremophile microbiome

Marine probiotics: increasing coral resistance to bleaching through microbiome manipulation – Phillipe M Rosado – The ISME Journal

Microbes in space

International Space Station conditions alter genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics in Aspergillus nidulans – Jillian Romsdahl – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Phages and viruses

Long-term colonisation with donor bacteriophages following successful faecal microbial transplantation – L A Draper – Microbiome

Metatranscriptomic Analysis and In Silico Approach Identified Mycoviruses in the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Rhizophagus spp. – Achal Neupane – Viruses

The intestinal virome of malabsorption syndrome-affected and unaffected broilers through shotgun metagenomics – Diane A Lima – Virus Research

Techniques

Detection of Bacteriophages: Sequence-Based Systems – Siân V Owen – Bacteriophages

More microbes

Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum-sensing metabolite induces host immune cell death through cell surface lipid domain dissolution – Dingka Song – Nature Microbiology

December 14, 2018

The microbiota of chigger mites and praying mantids, the prevalence of thermophiles in domestic water heaters, the bacteria that colonize and degrade centuries-old art.

General microbiome

Migration alters oscillatory dynamics and promotes survival in connected bacterial populations – Shreyas Gokhale – Nature Communications

Pre-print: A probabilistic model to identify the core microbial community – Thiago Gumiere – bioRxiv

Human oral microbiome

Pre-print: Correlation between the oral microbiome and brain resting state connectivity in smokers – Dongdong Lin – bioRxiv

Animal experiments

Host-targeted niclosamide inhibits C. difficile virulence and prevents disease in mice without disrupting the gut microbiota – John Tam – Nature Communications

Impact of Bacillus spp. spores and gentamicin on the gastrointestinal microbiota of suckling and newly weaned piglets – Ann-Sofie Riis Poulsen – PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Bacterial microbiome of the chigger mite Leptotrombidium imphalum varies by life stage and infection with the scrub typhus pathogen Orientia tsutsugamushi – Loganathan Ponnusamy – PLOS ONE

The hindgut microbiota of praying mantids is highly variable and includes both prey-associated and host-specific microbes – Kara A Tinker – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Belowground fungal community diversity and composition associated with Norway spruce along an altitudinal gradient – Max E. Schön – PLOS ONE

Treating wheat seeds with neonicotinoid insecticides does not harm the rhizosphere microbial community – Yaofa Li – PLOS ONE

Water and extremophile microbiome

Pre-print: An archaeal symbiont-host association from the deep terrestrial subsurface – Katrin Schwank – bioRxiv

Marine-Derived Fungi: Promising Candidates for Enhanced Bioremediation – Anjana K Vala – Approaches in Bioremediation

Built environment

Biogeography of thermophiles and predominance of Thermus scotoductus in domestic water heaters – Regina L Wilpiszeski – Extremophiles

Probiotics/prebiotics

Dopamine production in Enterococcus faecium: A microbial endocrinology-based mechanism for the selection of probiotics based on neurochemical-producing potential – Daniel Villageliú – PLOS ONE

Phages and viruses

A chemical defence against phage infection – Sarah Kronheim – Nature

Bioinformatics

Pre-print: Metagenome-wide measurement of protein synthesis in the human fecal microbiota using MetaRibo-Seq – Brayon J Fremin – bioRxiv

Pre-print: Large-scale analyses of human microbiomes reveal thousands of small, novel genes and their predicted functions – Hila Sberro – bioRxiv

Metabolomics

Rumen and plasma metabolomics profiling by UHPLC-QTOF/MS revealed metabolic alterations associated with a high-corn diet in beef steers – You Yang – PLOS ONE

More microbes

Pre-print: Real-time capture of horizontal gene transfers from gut microbiota by engineered CRISPR-Cas acquisition – Christian Munck – bioRxiv

Bacteria art

A detailed look at the microorganisms that colonize, and degrade, a 400-year-old painting – ScienceDaily

Inside SAIC’s Bio Art Lab, where art is life—literally – Paul Dailing – Chicago Reader

Across China: Medical students paint “Mona Lisa” with bacteria – Xinhua Net

Science, career, and publishing

Pre-print: Non-academic employability of life science PhDs: the importance of training beyond the bench – Sohyoung Her – bioRxiv

November 28, 2018

Influence of bacterial biofilms from vats on cheese characteristics, the fecal virome of wild ducks, variation in fungal diversity associated with olive trees.

Pregnancy and early life

Review: Strategies for the Preservation, Restoration and Modulation of the Human Milk Microbiota. Implications for Human Milk Banks and Neonatal Intensive Care Units – Leónides Fernández – Frontiers in Microbiology

Human vaginal microbiome

Vaginal microbiome in pregnant women according to trimester and its association with preterm birth: critical appraisal of a cross-sectional study – Dimitrios Papoutsis – Obstetrics & Gynecology Science

Human gut microbiome

Microbial-Host Interactions in Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Functional Bowel Disease, Obesity and Obesity-Related Metabolic Disease – Shailja C Shah – Gastroenterology

Animal experiments

Bioactive Food Abates Metabolic and Synaptic Alterations by Modulation of Gut Microbiota in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer’s Disease – Tauqeerunnisa Syeda – Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease

Extract of the Microalga Nitzschia laevis Prevents High-Fat-Diet Induced Obesity in Mice by Modulating the Composition of Gut Microbiota – Bingbing Guo

Effects of Taste Signaling Protein Abolishment on Gut Inflammation in an Inflammatory Bowel Disease Mouse Model – Ya-Wen Du – Journal of Visualized Experiments

Animal microbiome

Use of next generation sequencing to investigate the microbiota of experimentally induced wounds and the effect of bandaging in horses – Louis J Kamus – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The chirality of imazethapyr herbicide selectively affects the bacterial community in soybean field soil – Hao Wu – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Genome‐Wide Association studies on the phyllosphere microbiome: embracing complexity in host‐microbe interactions – Kathleen Beilsmith – The Plant Journal

Invasive plants differentially affect soil biota through litter and rhizosphere pathways: a meta‐analysis – Pei Zhang – Ecology Letters

Analysis of the community composition and bacterial diversity of the rhizosphere microbiome across different plant taxa – Shaonan Lei – MicrobiologyOpen

Spatial and temporal variation of fungal endophytic richness and diversity associated to the phyllosphere of olive cultivars – Patrick Materatski – Fungal Biology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Pre-print: Metagenomic Insights Unveil the Dominance of Undescribed Actinobacteria in Pond Ecosystem of an Indian Shrine – Radhakrishnan Manikkam – bioRxiv

Built environment

A procedure for identifying chemical and biological risks for books in historic libraries based on microclimate analysis – Eva Schito – Journal of Cultural Heritage

Food microbiology

Influence of the early bacterial biofilms developed on vats made with seven wood types on PDO Vastedda della valle del Belìce cheese characteristics – Raimondo Gaglio – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Probiotics/prebiotics

Microbial consortia: promising probiotics as plant biostimulants for sustainable agriculture – Sheridan L Woo – Frontiers in Plant Science

Phages and viruses

Fecal virome composition of migratory wild duck species – Luis Alfonso Ramírez-Martínez – PLOS ONE

November 27, 2018

Microbial communities of IBS patients after fecal microbiota transplantation, the shipworm gill-associated microbiota, a profile of bioartist Ani Liu in our “bacteria art” section.

Human skin microbiome

The Microbiome in Atopic Dermatitis – Amy S Paller – The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human gut microbiome

Microbiome dynamics in obesity – Christoph A Thaiss – Science

The kinetics of gut microbial community composition in patients with irritable bowel syndrome following fecal microbiota transplantation – Tarek Mazzawi – PLOS ONE

Impact of Amoxicillin-Clavulanate followed by Autologous Fecal Microbiota Transplantation on Fecal Microbiome Structure and Metabolic Potential – Christopher Bulow – mSphere

Comparison of the gut microbiota of obese individuals from different geographic origins – Emmanouil Angelakis – New Microbes and New Infections

Review: Fire in the Forest: Adverse Effects of Antibiotics on the Healthy Human Gut Microbiome – Manosha Perera – International Journal of Medical Reviews

Animal experiments

Proteomic Analysis of Microbial Induced Redox-Dependent Intestinal Signaling – Jason D Matthews – Redox Biology

Population and Culture Age Influence the Microbiome Profiles of House Dust Mites – Jan Hubert – Microbial Ecology

Animal microbiome

Symbiotic microbes affect the expression of male reproductive genes in Glossina m. morsitans – Francesca Scolari – BMC Microbiology

The gill-associated microbiome is the main source of wood plant polysaccharide hydrolases and secondary metabolite gene clusters in the mangrove shipworm Neoteredo reynei – Thais L Brito – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Host-specific signatures of the cell wall changes induced by the plant parasitic nematode, Meloidogyne incognita – Refik Bozbuga – Scientific Reports

The effects of struvite and sewage sludge on plant yield and the microbial community of a semiarid Mediterranean soil – F Bastida – Geoderma

Review: Effects of elevated carbon dioxide on environmental microbes and its mechanisms: A review – Tong Yu – Science of the Total Environment

Water and extremophile microbiome

Combining fish and benthic communities into multiple regimes reveals complex reef dynamics – Mary K Donovan – Scientific Reports

Diversity and predictive metabolic pathways of the prokaryotic microbial community along a groundwater salinity gradient of the Pearl River Delta, China – Shilei Sang – Scientific Reports

Bioinformatics

Pre-print: Naught all zeros in sequence count data are the same – Justin D Silverman – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

A bacterium’s enemy isn’t your friend – Michael S. Gilmore – Nature

Bacteria art

Portrait of the Artist as a Microbial Growth – Kevin Litman-Navarro – The Outline