February 21, 2018

Events and jobs

BioData World West 2018 – March 13-14 – Hotel Kabuki, San Francisco, CA

General microbiome

[editorial] Systems biology of the human microbiome – BP Bernabé, L Cralle, JA Gilbert – Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 2018

[pre-print] Growth tradeoffs produce complex microbial communities without direct interactions – Michael Manhart – bioRxiv

Exploring the Multifaceted Role of Microbes in Pharmacology – Mitali Mishra – Microbial Biotechnology

Human reproductive or urinary microbiome

Seminal bacterial composition in patients with obstructive and non-obstructive azoospermia – Houyang Chen – Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine

Human respiratory microbiome

Virome and bacteriome characterization of children with pneumonia and asthma in Mexico City during winter seasons 2014 and 2015 – Jose A. Romero-Espinoza – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

[pdf[ Phytochemicals that influence gut microbiota as prophylactics and for the treatment of obesity and inflammatory diseases – Lucrecia Carrera-Quintanar – Hindawi

Dietary Fiber Treatment Corrects the Composition of Gut Microbiota, Promotes SCFA Production, and Suppresses Colon Carcinogenesis – F Bishehsari – Genes

A Cross-Talk Between Microbiota-Derived Short-Chain Fatty Acids and the Host Mucosal Immune System Regulates Intestinal Homeostasis and Inflammatory Bowel Disease – Pedro Gonçalves – Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Animal microbiome

Differential microbial communities of omnivorous and herbivorous cattle in Southern China – Susanna K.P. Lau – Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal

The gills of reef fish support a distinct microbiome influenced by host-specific factors – Zoe A. Pratte – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Metagenomic analysis of orange colored protrusions from the muscle of Queen Conch Lobatus gigas (Linnaeus, 1758) – Jaison H. Cuartas – PeerJ

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Bulk soil and maize rhizosphere resistance genes, mobile genetic elements and microbial communities are differently impacted by organic and inorganic fertilization – Birgit Wolters – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Structural and metabolic diversity of rhizosphere microbial communities of Phragmites karka in a tropical coastal lagoon – Pratiksha Behera – Applied Soil Ecology

Responses of soil microbial communities to a short-term application of seaweed fertilizer revealed by deep amplicon sequencing – Mingpeng Wang – Applied Soil Ecology

[pdf] The Green Roof Microbiome: Improving Plant Survival for Ecosystem Service Delivery – Roberta Fulthorpe – Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution

Microbes and Their Role in Drought Tolerance of Agricultural Food Crops – Rout George Kerry – Microbial Biotechnology

Microscopic and Metagenomic Analyses of Peltigera ponojensis (Peltigerales, Ascomycota) – Linda E. Graham – International Journal of Plant Sciences

Frankia Diversity in Host Plant Root Nodules Is Independent of Abundance or Relative Diversity of Frankia Populations in Corresponding Rhizosphere Soils – Seifeddine Ben Tekaya – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

High frequency cropping of pulses modifies soil nitrogen level and the rhizosphere bacterial microbiome in 4-year rotation systems of the semiarid prairie – Chantal Hamel – Applied Soil Ecology

Bulk soil and maize rhizosphere resistance genes, mobile genetic elements and microbial communities are differently impacted by organic and inorganic fertilization – Birgit Wolters – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Variability in metagenomic samples from the Puget Sound: Relationship to temporal and anthropogenic impacts – James C. Wallace – PLOS One

Linking the effect of antibiotics on partial-nitritation biofilters: performance, microbial communities and microbial activities – Alejandro Gonzalez-Martinez – Frontiers in Microbiology

The effect of epiphytic macroinvertebrates on microbial communities in different types of macrophyte-dominated shallow lakes – Tomasz Mieczan –  Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ecosyst

Watershed-induced limnological and microbial status in two oligotrophic Andean lakes exposed to the same climatic scenario – Alex Echeverría-Vega – Frontiers in Microbiology

** A novel β-glucosidase isolated from the microbial metagenome of Lake Poraquê (Amazon, Brazil) – Danyelle Toyama – Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – Proteins and Proteomics

Variations in culturable bacterial communities and biochemical properties in the foreland of the retreating Tianshan No. 1 glacier – Xiukun Wu – Brazilian Journal of Microbiology

Food microbiology

Microbial diversity and component variation in Xiaguan Tuo Tea during pile fermentation – Haizhou Li – PLOS One

Metagenomic Insights into Environmental Microbiome and Their Application in Food/Pharmaceutical Industry – Ramya Sree Boddu – Microbial Biotechnology

Phages and viruses

[pre-print] THEA: A novel approach to gene identification in phage genomes – Katelyn McNair – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

* [pdf] Microbiome Data Accurately Predicts the Postmortem Interval Using Random Forest Regression Models – Aeriel Belk – Genes

COREMIC: a web-tool to search for a niche associated CORE MICrobiome – Richard R. Rodrigues – PeerJ

Techniques

Isotope fractionation in biogas allows direct microbial community stability monitoring in anaerobic digestion – Jo De Vrieze – Environmental Science & Technology

Statistical assessment of DNA extraction methodology for culture-independent analysis of microbial community associated with diverse environmental samples – Rishi Mahajan – Molecular Biology Reports

Microbes in the news

These Bacteria Eat Toxic Metal, ‘Poop’ Gold Nuggets – Live Science

Ed’s non-microbiology picks (can use your own name of course!) (cool non-microbiology science)

Earthquakes follow wastewater disposal patterns in southern Kansas

Ultra-processed foods ‘linked to cancer’

Promising cancer vaccine would use patient’s own cells to train the immune system

Does GMO corn increase crop yields? 21 years of data confirm it does—and provides substantial health benefits

Poor fitness linked to weaker brain fiber, higher dementia risk

Low cigarette consumption and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke: meta-analysis of 141 cohort studies in 55 study reports

Fewer Infants Died In States That Allowed Affordable Care Act

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January 24, 2018

General microbiome

Meta-analysis generates and prioritizes hypotheses for translational microbiome research – Claire Duvallet – microbial biotechnology

Resistance to Antibiotics: Are we prepared to Handle This Growing Ghost? – Ashima Kushwaha Bhardwaj – Omics Ebook Group

Pregnancy and early life

Neonate gut and respiratory microbiota: coordinated development through time and space – Alex Grier – bioRxiv

Human oral microbiome

Oral Microbiome Studies: Potential Diagnostic and Therapeutic Implications – A. Mira – Advances in Dental Research (SAGE Journals)

Rebalancing the Caries Microbiome Dysbiosis: Targeted Treatment and Sugar Alcohols – L. Zhan – Advances in Dental Research (SAGE Journals)

The Caries Microbiome: Implications for Reversing Dysbiosis – A.C.R. Tanner – Advances in Dental Research (SAGE Journals)

In Sickness and in Health—What Does the Oral Microbiome Mean to Us? An Ecological Perspective – P. D. Marsh – Advances in Dental Research (SAGE Journals)

Getting to Know “The Known Unknowns”: Heterogeneity in the Oral Microbiome – R. A. Burne – Advances in Dental Research (SAGE Journals)

Human gut microbiome

Adaptive Immune Education by Gut Microbiota Antigens – Qing Zhao – Immunology

Microbiota-Regulated Outcomes of Human Cancer Immunotherapy via the PD-1/PD-L1 Axis – Jaymin Patel – Biochemistry

Characterization of the fecal microbiota differs between age groups in Koreans – Sun-Young Kook – Intestinal Research

Diet, microbiota and inflammatory bowel disease: review – Bruna Luísa Radavelli – Nutrition & Food Science

The Human Gastric Microbiome Is Predicated upon Infection with Helicobacter pylori – Ingeborg Klymiuk – Frontiers in Microbiology

Gut Microbial Diversity in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Correlates with Hyperandrogenism – Pedro J Torres – JCEM

Comparison of Small Gut and Whole Gut Microbiota of First-Degree Relatives with Adult Celiac Disease Patients and Controls – Sudarshan A Shetty – bioRxiv

Animal experiments 

Modeling Host-Microbiome Interactions in Caenorhabditis elegans – Teklu K. Gerbaba – Journal of Nematology

The anti-inflammatory IFITM genes ameliorate colitis and partially protect from tumorigenesis by changing immunity and microbiota – Zoya Alteber – Immunology & Cell Biology

A metagenomics approach to the intestinal microbiome structure and function in high fat diet-induced obesity mice fed with oolong tea polyphenols – Mei Cheng – Food & Function

Animal microbiome

Characterization of the Skin Microbiota of the Cane Toad Rhinella cf. marina in Puerto Rico and Costa Rica – Juan G. Abarca – Frontiers in Microbiology

Functional Characteristics of the Flying Squirrel’s Cecal Microbiota under a Leaf-Based Diet, Based on Multiple Meta-Omic Profiling – Hsiao-Pei Lu – Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Microbial Communities and Diversities in Mudflat Sediments Analyzed Using a Modified Metatranscriptomic Method – Yong-Wei Yan – Frontiers in Microbiology

Out of sight, but no longer out of mind – towards an increased recognition of the role of soil microbes in plant speciation – József Geml – New Phytologist

Clearcutting alters decomposition processes and initiates complex restructuring of fungal communities in soil and tree roots – Petr Kohout – The ISME Journal

Assembly and ecological function of the root microbiome across angiosperm plant species – Connor R. Fitzpatrick – PNAS

A Community-Based Culture Collection for Targeting Novel Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria from the Sugarcane Microbiome – Jaderson Silveira Leite Armanhi – Frontiers in Plant Science

Temporal and Spatial Impact of Human Cadaver Decomposition on Soil Bacterial and Arthropod Community Structure and Function – Baneshwar Singh – Frontiers in Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Coastal urbanisation affects microbial communities on a dominant marine holobiont – Ezequiel M. Marzinelli – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Succession of microbial communities and changes of incremental oil in a post-polymer flooded reservoir with nutrient stimulation – Peike Gao – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Evidence for Coupling of the Carbon and Phosphorus Biogeochemical Cycles in Freshwater Microbial Communities – O Roger Anderson – Frontier in Marine Science

Metagenomic Signatures of Microbial Communities in Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Sediments of Azores Vent Fields – Teresa Cerqueira – Environmental Microbiology

Bioinformatics

Predictive functional profiles using metagenomic 16S rRNA data: a novel approach to understanding the microbial ecology of aquaculture systems – Ángel Martín Ortiz-Estrada – Reviews in Agriculture

[MSc Thesis] Optimizing the Reconstruction of Microbial Population Genomes from Metagenomes – Bhavya Nalagampalli Papudeshi – San Diego State University, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing

Advantages of meta-total RNA sequencing (MeTRS) over shotgun metagenomics and amplicon-based sequencing in the profiling of complex microbial communities – Fabien Cottier – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Extension of the viral ecology in humans using viral profile hidden Markov models – Zurab Bzhalava – PLOS One

Metataxonomic approach to decipher the polymicrobial burden in diabetic foot ulcer and its biofilm mode of infection – Karthika Suryaletha – International Wound Journal

A strategy for association study on intestinal microbiome and brain metabolome across lifespan of rats – Tianlu Chen – Analytical Chemistry

Techniques

The effect of DNA extraction methods on observed microbial communities from fibrous and liquid rumen fractions of dairy cows – Jueeli D. Vaidya – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbes in the news

Hyperandrogenism may alter gut microbiome in PCOS

Ed’s non-microbiology picks 

Using Fungi to Fix Bridges

Cooperating with machines – Jacob W. Crandall – Nature Communications

An investigation into the nutritional composition and cost of gluten-free versus regular food products in the UK – L. Fry – Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics

Prevalence and Trends in Prepregnancy Normal Weight — 48 States, New York City, and District of Columbia, 2011–2015 – CDC / Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

Exposed subsurface ice sheets in the Martian mid-latitudes – Colin M. Dundas – Science

Shorter sleep duration and longer sleep onset latency are related to difficulty disengaging attention from negative emotional images in individuals with elevated transdiagnostic repetitive negative thinking – Jacob A. Nota – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

December 20, 2017

A long but great digest today, with lots of diversity – a few studies of poultry gut microbiome and the effects food/probiotics have, a solid showing for human gut microbiome studies – covering its implications on a range of disorders, some news about biotech companies, studies on plants and from environmental sources, a promising analysis of techniques used for sampling for human gut studies, and my normal dosage of non-microbiology science.  Happy Holidays!

Events and jobs

ON-DEMAND WEBINAR How to Harness the Microbiome: Considerations and Implications of the Microbiome in Preclinical Research with Reproducible Results

Senior Biomedical Scientist (Microbiology) – Matchtech – Essex, England

Staff Research Associate 3, UCLA Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics

Assistant (10782) – Clinical chemistry, microbiology and immunology – Ghent University

Pregnancy and early life

Early-Life Human Microbiota Associated With Childhood Allergy Promotes the T Helper 17 Axis in Mice – Dagbjort H. Petursdottir – Frontiers in Immunology

[Accepted Manuscript] – The neonatal window of opportunity – early priming for life – Harald Renz -Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human oral microbiome

The Microbiome of Potentially Malignant Oral Leukoplakia Exhibits Enrichment for Fusobacterium, Leptotrichia, Campylobacter, and Rothia Species – Abdrazak Amer – Frontiers in Microbiology

Exploring the Association between Alzheimer’s Disease, Oral Health, Microbial Endocrinology and Nutrition – Alice Harding – Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience

Admission to the Intensive Care Unit is Associated With Changes in the Oral Mycobiome – Richard R. Watkins – Journal of Intensive Care Medicine

Human nearly-sterile sites

Metagenomics in pooled plasma, with identification of potential emerging infectious pathogens – Min Xu – Transfusion

Human gut microbiome

** High-resolution profiling of the gut microbiome reveals the extent of Clostridium difficile burden – Ninalynn Daquigan – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Unravelling the specificity and mechanism of sialic acid recognition by the gut symbiont Ruminococcus gnavus – C. David Owen – Nature Communication

[Editorial] Is gut microbiome a predictive marker to response to immune checkpoint inhibitors? – Khalil Saleh – Immunotherapy

Microbiota Modulate Anxiety-Like Behavior and Endocrine Abnormalities in Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis – Ran Huo – Front. Cell. Infect. Microbiology

Possible role of the gut microbiota–brain axis in the antidepressant effects of (R)-ketamine in a social defeat stress model – Chun Yang – Translational Psychiatry

Microbial antigen encounter during a preweaning interval is critical for tolerance to gut bacteria – Kathryn A. Knoop – Science Immunology

Stool Donor Body Mass Index Does Not Affect Recipient Weight After a Single Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for C. difficile Infection – Monika Fischer – Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

The role of microbiota in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia and major depressive disorder and the possibility of targeting microbiota as a treatment option – Fengli Lv – Oncotarget

Characterization of the urinary microbiota of elderly women and the effects of type 2 diabetes and urinary tract infections on the microbiota – Fengping Liu – Oncotarget

Animal experiments 

Food-grade cationic antimicrobial ε-polylysine transiently alters the gut microbial community and predicted metagenome function in CD-1 mice – Xiaomeng You – npj Science of Food

Significant improvement of intestinal microbiota of gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) after traditional Chinese medicine feeding – Zhenbing Wu – Journal of Applied Microbiology

* The gastrointestinal microbiome and its association with the control of pathogens in broiler chicken production: A review – Viviana Clavijo – Poultry Science

Influence of dietary avilamycin on ileal and cecal microbiota in broiler chickens – J-H Choi – Poultry Science

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

* Geometagenomics illuminates the impact of agriculture on the distribution and prevalence of plant viruses at the ecosystem scale – Pauline Bernardo – The ISME Journal

Dispersal alters bacterial diversity and composition in a natural community – Michaeline B N Albright – The ISME Journal

** Genomic features of bacterial adaptation to plants – Asaf Levy – Nature Genetics

Soil Bacterial Community Structure and Co-occurrence Pattern during Vegetation Restoration in Karst Rocky Desertification Area – Liang Xue – Frontiers in Microbiology

First insight into microbial community composition in a phosphogypsum waste heap soil – Sylwia Zielińska – ABP

Harnessing the microbiomes of Brassica vegetables for health issues – Birgit Wassermann – Scientific Reports

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Microdiversification in genome-streamlined ubiquitous freshwater Actinobacteria – Stefan M Neuenschwander – The ISME Journal

Recurrent patterns of microdiversity in a temperate coastal marine environment – Meghan Chafee – The ISME Journal

Microcystin-LR does not induce alterations to transcriptomic or metabolomic profiles of a model heterotrophic bacterium – Robbie M. Martin – PLOS One

Pre-treatment and inoculum affect the microbial community structure and enhance the biogas reactor performance in a pilot-scale biodigestion of municipal solid waste – Valeria Ventorino – Waste Management

Food microbiology

* Inner Workings: Companies seek food safety using a microbiome approach – Carolyn Beans – PNAS

Phages and viruses

* Temporal dynamics of uncultured viruses: a new dimension in viral diversity – Ksenia Arkhipova – The ISME Journal

Bioinformatics

A confidence interval analysis of sampling effort, sequencing depth, and taxonomic resolution of fungal community ecology in the era of high-throughput sequencing – Ryoko Oono – PLOS One

Techniques

Performance of DNA metabarcoding, standard barcoding, and morphological approach in the identification of host–parasitoid interactions – Martin Šigut – PLOS One

** Successful collection of stool samples for microbiome analyses from a large community-based population of elderly men – Melanie Abrahamson – Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications

Microbes on the market 

BiomX Acquires RondinX to Boost Microbiome Discovery and Development Capabilities

Vanterra Capital Backs BIOHM Health, A Total Microbiome Company

Second Genome Advances Lead, Oral Small Molecule SGM-1019, Toward Clinical Investigation in NASH After Demonstrating Safety and Tolerability in Phase 1 Study

Ed’s non-microbiology picks 

Cannabidiol (CBD) as an Adjunctive Therapy in Schizophrenia: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial – Philip McGuire – The American Journal of Psychiatry

Effects of Legal Access to Cannabis on Scheduled II–V Drug Prescriptions – Sarah S. Stith – JAMDA

Ticks parasitised feathered dinosaurs as revealed by Cretaceous amber assemblages – Enrique Peñalver – Nature Communications

Induced and controlled dietary ketosis as a regulator of obesity and metabolic syndrome pathologies – Madeline K. Gibas – Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews

The effect of vitamin D supplement on the score and quality of sleep in 20-50 year-old people with sleep disorders compared with control group – Mohammad Shahi Majid – Nutritional Neuroscience

Engineers create plants that glow – MIT

November 16, 2017

Today we have a very nice serving to digest, with some impactful gut microbiome studies for human health/therapeutics, a whitepaper on the challenges of clinical microbiome research.  We also have clusters of related studies on the environment, drinking water, and antibiotic resistance.  There are even a few studies on the microbiota found in caves!  Give these all a read, there is a lot of amazing research today.  Don’t forget to have yourself a few extra side servings of my own non-microbial picks, in honor of the upcoming Thanksgiving US holiday.

Human oral microbiome

Ectopic colonization of oral bacteria in the intestine drives TH1 cell induction and inflammation – Koji Atarashi – Science

Human respiratory microbiome

The microbiota protects against respiratory infection via GM-CSF signaling – Rebecca L. Brown – Nature

Human gut microbiome

Microbiota: A high-pressure situation for bacteria – David A. Relman – Nature

Quantitative microbiome profiling links gut community variation to microbial load – Doris Vandeputte – Nature

Salt-responsive gut commensal modulates TH17 axis and disease – Nicola Wilck – Nature

A role for bacterial urease in gut dysbiosis and Crohn’s disease – Josephine Ni – Science Translational Medicine

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

New evidence showing that the destruction of gut bacteria by antibiotic treatment could increase the honey bee’s vulnerability to Nosema infection – Jiang Hong Li – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

[Doctoral Thesis] Plant biomass-degrading microbial consortia: Ecology, lignocellulolytic machinery and biotechnological potential – Jiménez Avella – University of Groningen

Direct evidence for the enhanced acquisition of phosphorus in the rhizosphere of aquatic plants: A case study on Vallisneria natans – Xigang Xing – Science of the Total Environment

Effect of Phosphate Solubilization Microorganisms and Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria on Yield and Yield Components of Corn – Amin Fathi – Scientia Agriculturae

Water and extremophile microbiome

Diverse Marinimicrobia bacteria may mediate coupled biogeochemical cycles along eco-thermodynamic gradients – Alyse K. Hawley – Nature

Comparison of bacterial and archaeal communities from different habitats of the hypogenic Molnár János Cave of the Buda Thermal Karst System (Hungary) – Dóra Anda – Journal of Cave and Karst Studies

Comparisons of Soil Properties, Enzyme Activities and Microbial Communities in Heavy Metal Contaminated Bulk and Rhizosphere Soils of Robinia pseudoacacia L. in the Northern Foot of Qinling Mountain – Yurong Yang – Forests

Biofilm biodiversity in French and Swiss show caves using the metabarcoding approach: First data – Stéphane Pfendler – Science of the Total Environment

Amoxicillin effects on functional microbial community and spread of antibiotic resistance genes in amoxicillin manufacture wastewater treatment system – Lingwei Meng – Journal of Environmental Sciences

Field assessment of bacterial communities and total trihalomethanes: Implications for drinking water networks – Carolina Montoya-Pachongo – Science of the Total Environment

Persistence of antibiotic resistance genes and bacterial community changes in drinking water treatment system: From drinking water source to tap water – Hao-Chang Su –  Science of the Total Environment

Bioinformatics

Phylogenic inference using alignment-free methods for applications in microbial community surveys using 16s rRNA gene – Yifei Zhang – PLOS ONE

Microbes in the news

Probiotics: Health boost or waste of cash?

Microbes on the market

* uBiome Launches HPV, STD, Vaginal Microbiome Test for Self-Collected Samples – genomeweb

* [Whitepaper] The Microbiome in Clinical Trials: Opportunities and Challenges – Brian Murphy – MedPace

Bacteria Hysteria

Fort Mitchell woman attacked by flesh-eating bacteria back home after 45 days in hospital

Fecal Bacteria Discovered In Public Well Serving Seymour, Oxford

Ed’s non-microbiology picks

Epistemic rationality: Skepticism toward unfounded beliefs requires sufficient cognitive ability and motivation to be rational – Tomas Ståhl – Personality and Individual Differences

Structure-guided chemical modification of guide RNA enables potent non-viral in vivo genome editing – Hao Yin – Nature

Increased food production and reduced water use through optimized crop distribution – Kyle Frankel Davis – Nature Geoscience

* Fructan, Rather Than Gluten, Induces Symptoms in Patients With Self-reported Non-celiac Gluten Sensitivity – Gry I. Skodje – Gastroenterology

* Does Money Matter in the Long Run? Effects of School Spending on Educational Attainment – Joshua Hyman – American Economy Journal: Economic Policy

* Hippocampal GABA enables inhibitory control over unwanted thoughts – Taylor W. Schmitz – Nature

Daytime variation of perioperative myocardial injury in cardiac surgery and its prevention by Rev-Erbα antagonism: a single-centre propensity-matched cohort study and a randomised study – David Montaigne – The Lancet Cardiac Surgery

The reminiscence bump: why America’s greatest year was probably when you were young

Study: Americans are retiring later, dying sooner and sicker in-between

October 26, 2017

In today’s digest we have some interesting discussion about lab/bioinformatics techniques, a few editorials on the microbiome job market, and even a little bit of philosophy learned from our tiny microbial friends.

Events and jobs

BioData World West 2018 – 13-14 March 2018 – San Francisco, CA

General microbiome

Cooperation and cheating as innovation: insights from cellular societies – Athena Aktipis – Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society B

[Pre-Print] Metabolic Interactions Between Dynamic Bacterial Subpopulations – Adam Z Rosenthal – bioRxiv

Pregnancy and early life

Preterm Birth Affects the Risk of Developing Immune-Mediated Diseases – Sybelle Goedicke-Fritz – Frontiers in Immunology

Human oral microbiome

Metagenomic Analysis of Gingival Sulcus Microbiota and Pathogenesis of Periodontitis Associated with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus – E. A. Babaev – Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine

Human urinary tract microbiome

Re: Evaluation of the Urinary Microbiota of Women with Uncomplicated Stress Urinary Incontinence – Alan J. Wein – The Journal of Urology

Human gut microbiome

* The fecal microbiome of ALS patients – David Brenner – Neurobiology of Aging

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Endosphere microbiome comparison between symptomatic and asymptomatic roots of Brassica napus infected with Plasmodiophora brassicae – Ying Zhao – PLOS ONE

Ureolytic microbial community is modulated by fertilization regimes and particle-size fractions in a Black soil of Northeastern China – Li Wang – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Metatranscriptomic and metagenomic description of the bacterial nitrogen metabolism in waste water wet oxidation effluents – Julien Crovadore – Heliyon

Genomic variation in microbial populations inhabiting the marine subseafloor at deep-sea hydrothermal vents – Rika E. Anderson – Nature

Food microbiology

Sequence Analysis of Changes in Microbial Composition in Different Milk Products During Fermentation and Storage – Barbora Zalewska – Current Microbiology

Probiotics / prebiotics

Pharmabiotics as an Emerging Medication for Metabolic Syndrome and Its Related Diseases – Thi Thanh Binh Nguyen – Molecules

[Review] Recurrent urinary tract infections in women: How promising is the use of probiotics? – Varsha Gupta – Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology

Bioinformatics

Using convolutional neural networks to explore the microbiome – Derek Reiman – Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

Techniques

‘Gracilibacillus phocaeensis’ sp. nov., ‘Sediminibacillus massiliensis’ sp. nov. and ‘Virgibacillus ndiopensis’ sp. nov., three halophilic species isolated from salty human stools by culturomics – B. Senghor – New Microbes and New Infections

Proteomic and metaproteomic approaches to understand host-microbe interactions – Amanda E. Starr – Analytical Chemistry

Impact of Method Variables on Microbiota Sample Disruption – Jaclyn Zecca and David Burden – OPS Diagnostics LLC

Microbes on the market 

Patenting the microbiome: trends, challenges and insights – Anthony D Sabatelli – Future Science

[Editorial] The aquaculture microbiome at the centre of business creation – Karen K. Dittmann – Microbial Biotechnology

Ed’s non-microbiology picks

I put quite a few on here today – enjoy 🙂

More than 75 percent decline over 27 years in total flying insect biomass in protected areas – Caspar A. Hallman – PLOS ONE

Cavitation-Induced Synthesis of Biogenic Molecules on Primordial Earth – Natan-Haim Kalson – ACS Central Science

Games people play: How video games improve probabilistic learning – Sabrina Schenk – Behavioural Brain Research

A process-oriented model linking adolescents’ sleep hygiene and psychological functioning: the moderating role of school start times -Jack S. Peltz – Sleep Health

Decreases in self-reported sleep duration among U.S. adolescents 2009-2015 and links to new media screen time – Jean M. Twenge – Sleep Medicine

Dogs’ recognition of human selfish and generous attitudes requires little but critical experience with people – Fabricio Carballo – PLOS ONE

September 27, 2017

Human oral microbiome

Complex Intratissue Microbiota Forms Biofilms in Periodontal Lesions – Baek K – Journal of Dental Research

Human vaginal microbiome

Lactobacillus iners-dominated vaginal microbiota is associated with increased susceptibility to Chlamydia trachomatis infection in Dutch women: a case–control study – Robin van Houdt – Sexually Transmitted Infections

Human gut microbiome

[Review] Modulation of Type 1 Diabetes Risk by the Intestinal Microbiome – Knip M – Current Diabetes Reports

[Review] The Relationship Between the Human Genome and Microbiome Comes into View – Julia K. Goodrich – Annual Review of Genetics

Animal microbiome

[pre-print] The virome of Drosophila suzukii, an invasive pest of soft fruit – Nathan C. Medd – bioRxiv

Characterisation of North American Brucella isolates from marine mammals – Adrian M. Whatmore – PLOS ONE

Denitrification potential of the eastern oyster microbiome using a 16S rRNA gene based metabolic inference approach – Ann Arfken – PLOS ONE

Effects of Eimeria tenella infection on chicken caecal microbiome diversity, exploring variation associated with severity of pathology – Sarah E. Macdonald – PLOS ONE

Microbial characterization of bee pollen from the Vesuvius area collected by using three different traps – Gianluigi Mauriello – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Multiscale Investigation on Biofilm Distribution and its Impact on Macroscopic Biogeochemical Reaction Rates – Zhifeng Yan – Water Resources Research

Comparative metagenomics approaches to characterize the soil fungal communities of western coastal region, Saudi Arabia – Tarek A. A. Moussa – PLOS ONE

Bacterial and diazotrophic diversities of endophytes in Dendrobium catenatum determined through barcoded pyrosequencing – Ou Li – PLOS ONE

A secreted antibacterial neuropeptide shapes the microbiome of Hydra – René Augustin – Nature Communications

Probiotics / prebiotics

Methanobrevibacter attenuation via probiotic intervention reduces flatulence in adult human: A non-randomised paired-design clinical trial of efficacy – Minseok Seo – PLOS ONE

Bioinformatics

Predicting metabolic adaptation from networks of mutational paths – Christos Josephides & Peter S. Swain – Nature Communications

Microbes in the news 

Florida Seawater Bacteria Death Toll Rises – Patch

Researchers Find New Microbial Communities in Human Body

Microbes on the market

Paris-based Eligo Bioscience secures $20 million to bring Precision Medicine to the Microbiome – EU-Startups

Science, publishing, and career

New open-access journal Metabarcoding & Metagenomics joins the lines of publisher Pensoft – EurekAlert!

Ed’s non-microbiology picks

Infants make more attempts to achieve a goal when they see adults persist – Julia A. Leonard – Science

University of Tokyo pair invent loop-based quantum computing technique

Cancer immunotherapy with recombinant poliovirus induces IFN-dominant activation of dendritic cells and tumor antigen–specific CTLs – Michael C. Brown – Science Translational Medicine

Stereodivergent synthesis with a programmable molecular machine – Salma Kassem, – Nature

Trispecific broadly neutralizing HIV antibodies mediate potent SHIV protection in macaques – Ling Xu – Science

August 29, 2017

A short list to digest today toward the end of the month.

Multi-site human microbiome

Microbial Lineages in Sarcoidosis: A Metagenomic Analysis Tailored for Low Microbial Content Samples – Clarke EL – American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Human oral microbiome

Smoking May Lead to Marginal Bone Loss around Non-submerged Implant during Bone Healing by Altering Salivary Microbiome: A Prospective Study – Xiaobo Duan – Journal of Periodontology

Human skin microbiome

The mammalian skin microbiome – Ross, Ashley Anne – UWSpace

Human vaginal microbiome

Association between statin use, the vaginal microbiome, and Gardnerella vaginalis vaginolysin-mediated cytotoxicity – Abdelmaksoud AA – PLoS One

The cervico-vaginale microbiota in chlamydia trachomtais notified women: a case–control study at the sexually transmitted infection outpatient clinic in Amsterdam – Charlotte van der Veer – Virus Evolution

Human gut microbiome

Targeting the gut microbiota by dietary nutrients: a new avenue for human health – Li D – Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

Animal experiments

Moderate Exercise Has Limited but Distinguishable Effects on the Mouse Microbiome – Lamoureux EV – mSystems

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The Effects of Low Concentrations of Silver Nanoparticles on Wheat Growth, Seed Quality, and Soil Microbial Communities – Guangfu Liu – Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

Water and extremophile microbiome (sea, rivers, lakes, glaciers, permafrost, high-salt)

Microbiome Dynamics in a Shrimp Grow-out Pond with Possible Outbreak of Acute Hepatopancreatic Necrosis Disease – Wei-Yu Chen – Nature Scientific Reports 7

Microbes in the news

Science Is Showing How Gut Bacteria Affect The Brain, But Don’t Bother Taking Probiotics Yet – David DiSalvo – Forbes

Over 80% of airborne bacteria identical in Seoul, Beijing: report – Kim Da-sol – The Korea Herald

Ed’s non-microbiology picks 

Spontaneous fine-tuning to environment in many-species chemical reaction networks – Jordan M. Horowitz – PNAS

Bee-derived antibacterial peptide, defensin-1, promotes wound re-epithelialisation in vitro and in vivo – Marcela Bucekova – Nature Scientific Reports 7

Family Planning Funding Cuts and Teen Childbearing – Analisa Packham – Miami University