May 23, 2018

Today’s digest is packed full of awesome gut microbiome studies, a bunch of plant/soil studies, new features to QIIME and other bioinformatics, as well as a good serving of interesting pre-prints, editorials, and doctoral theses. Enjoy!

General microbiome

Microbial micropatches within microbial hotspots – Lisa M. Dann – PLOS ONE

Pregnancy and early life

The matter of the reproductive microbiome – Sam Schoenmakers – Obstetric Medicine

Gestational diabetes is associated with change in the gut microbiota composition in third trimester of pregnancy and postpartum – Mie Korslund Wiinblad Crusell – Microbiome

The importance of appropriate initial bacterial colonization of the intestine in newborn, child, and adult health – W Allan Walker – Pediatric Research

Human oral microbiome

Oral health status in historic population: Macroscopic and metagenomic evidence – Claire Willmann – PLOS ONE

The Subgingival Microbiome of Periodontal Pockets With Different Probing Depths in Chronic and Aggressive Periodontitis: A Pilot Study – Meng Shi – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

[Pre-print] Gut microbiota markers in obese adolescent and adult patients: age-dependent differential patterns – Federica Del Chierico – Frontiers in Microbiology

Clinical applications of gut microbiota in cancer biology – Sunny H. Wong – Seminars in Cancer Biology

* Microbiome-Mediated Effects of the Mediterranean Diet on Inflammation – Melisa A Bailey – Advances in Nutrition

** Characterizing the gut microbiome in trauma: significant changes in microbial diversity occur early after severe injury – Benjamin M Howard – Trauma Surgery & Acute Care Open

Hypoxia induces senescence of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells via altered gut microbiota – Junyue Xing – Nature Communications

Animal experiments

The bacterial and archaeal community structures and methanogenic potential of the cecal microbiota of goats fed with hay and high-grain diets – Wei Jin – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Effects of whole-grain rice and wheat on composition of gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acids in rats – Fei Han – Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry

Animal microbiome

Diet breadth and exploitation of exotic plants shift the core microbiome of Cephaloleia, a group of tropical herbivorous beetles – Chelsea L. Blankenchip – PeerJ

Altered gut microbiota associated with intestinal disease in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) – Ngoc Tuan Tran – World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

The gut microbiome is associated with behavioural task in honey bees – J. C. Jones – Insectes Sociaux

The role of the gut microbiome in health and disease of adult honey bee workers – Kasie Raymann – Current Opinion in Insect Science

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Microbial communities in soil profile are more responsive to legacy effects of wheat-cover crop rotations than tillage systems – Anil Somenahally – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

New insights into the effects of support matrix on the removal of organic micro-pollutants and the microbial community in constructed wetlands – Liang Zhang – Environmental Pollution

[Doctoral thesis] Imprint of management on microbial communities in arable soil – Putz, Martina

Study of microbial diversity in plant–microbe interaction system with oil sludge contamination – Dhote, Monika – International Journal of Phytoremediation

Effect of different potassium levels on nitrogen metabolism, nitrogen bacteria and nitrogen archaea bacteria communities in rhizosphere of tobacco plant – WENG Zebin – Acta Tabacaria Sinica

Canola Root–Associated Microbiomes in the Canadian Prairies – Chih-Ying Lay – Frontiers in Microbiology

Leaf-associated bacterial microbiota of coffee and its correlation with manganese and calcium levels on leaves – Leandro Pio de Sousa – Genetics and Molecular Biology

[Review] Organic Amendments, Beneficial Microbes, and Soil Microbiota: Toward a Unified Framework for Disease Suppression – Giuliano Bonanomi – Annual Review of Phytopathology

[Pre-print] Metagenomic sequencing provides insights into the location of microbial detoxification in the gut of a small mammalian herbivore – Kevin D. Kohl – bioRxiv

[Pre-print] Archaeal, bacterial, and eukaryal microbial community structure of sediment and seawater in a coastal region near Puerto Nuevo, Baja California – Sabah Ul-Hasan – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Deterministic mechanisms define the long-term anaerobic digestion microbiome and its functionality regardless of the initial microbial community – M.Peces – Water Research

Built environment

[Editorial] Microbiome Yarns: microbiome of the built environment, paranormal microbiology, and the power of single cell genomics – Kenneth Timmis – microbial biotechnology

New Techniques for the Generation and Analysis of Tailored Microbial Systems on Surfaces – Ariel L. Furst – Biochemistry

* [Pre-print] Strain­level overlap between infant and hospital fungal microbiomes revealed through de novo assembly of eukaryotic genomes from metagenomes – Matthew R. Olm – bioRxiv

Probiotics / prebiotics

The effects of probiotics supplementation on metabolic health in pregnant women: An evidence based meta-analysis – Jia Zheng – PLOS ONE

Bioinformatics

[Pre-print / doctoral thesis] Recovering 2,032 Baltic Sea microbial genomes by optimized metagenomic binning – Alneberg, Johannes – DiVA

** Optimizing taxonomic classification of marker-gene amplicon sequences with QIIME 2’s q2-feature-classifier plugin – Nicholas A. Bokulich – Microbiome

Techniques

Functional Genomics Approaches to Studying Symbioses between Legumes and Nitrogen-Fixing Rhizobia – Martina Lardi – High-Throughput

VSITA, an Improved Approach of Target Amplification in the Identification of Viral Pathogens – Yi Zhang – Europe PMC

Making and Sequencing Heavily Multiplexed, High-Throughput 16S Ribosomal RNA Gene Amplicon Libraries Using a Flexible, Two-Stage PCR Protocol – Ankur Naqib – Gene Expression Analysis

Ed’s non-microbiology picks 

The Environmental Protection Agency in the Early Trump Administration: Prelude to Regulatory Capture

Perspectives on the Great Amazon Reef: Extension, Biodiversity, and Threats

Fasting boosts stem cells’ regenerative capacity

Eggs not linked to cardiovascular risk, despite conflicting advice

Noninvasive spinal stimulation method enables paralyzed people to regain use of hands, study finds

Cannabidiol significantly reduces seizures in patients with severe form of epilepsy

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April 19, 2018

Today we have a few day’s worth of microbiome science to chew on… some interesting skin microbiome studies, bioinformatics publications, and our typical servings of gut /plant-root-soil/animal/water-extremophiles/general microbiome studies.  Dig in!

Events and jobs

Manager, QC Microbiology – Celgene – Phoenix, AZ

Pathology and Microbiology & IPID Graduate Student Research Seminar – UNMC

General microbiome

Cost-benefit analysis of introducing next-generation sequencing (metagenomic) pathogen testing in the setting of pyrexia of unknown origin – Jia Hui Chai – PLOS ONE

* [pre-print] Phylogenetically novel uncultured microbial cells dominate Earth microbiomes – Karen G. Lloyd – bioRxiv

Hologenomics: Systems-Level Host Biology – Kevin R. Theis – mSystems

Antibiotics as Instigators of Microbial Dysbiosis: Implications for Asthma and Allergy – Tomasz P. Wypych – Trends in Immunology

[perspective] Function and functional redundancy in microbial systems – Stilianos Louca – Nature Ecology & Evolution

Human oral microbiome

Comparison of the oral microbiome in mouthwash and whole saliva samples – Xiaozhou Fan – PLOS ONE

Oral Dysbiotic Communities and Their Implications in Systemic Diseases – Preethi Sudhakara – Dentistry Journal

Human skin microbiome

[pre-print] Umbilical Microbiome and Laparoscopic Surgery: A Descriptive Clinical Study – Aiolfi Alberto – Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques

The skin microbiome of wound scars and unaffected skin in patients with moderate to severe burns in the subacute phase – Su‐Hsun Liu – Wound Repair and Regeneration

Human gut microbiome

Microbiome-Mediated Bile Acid Modification: Role in Intestinal Drug Absorption and Metabolism – Elaine F. Enright – Pharmacological Research

Non-microbicidal small molecule inhibition of polysaccharide metabolism in human gut microbes: a potential therapeutic avenue – Anthony D. Santilli – ACS Chemical Biology

The Use of Antimicrobials as Adjuvant Therapy for the Treatment of Obesity and Insulin Resistance: Effects and Associated Mechanisms – Sandra Aparecida dos Reis – Diabetes / Metabolism Research and Reviews

Human Gut Microbiota Predicts Susceptibility to Vibrio cholerae Infection – Firas S Midani – The Journal of Infectious Disease

Interactions of Dihydromyricetin, a Flavonoid from Vine Tea (Ampelopsis grossedentata) with Gut Microbiota – Li Fan – Journal of Food Science

Characteristics of the gut microbiota in adult patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes based on the analysis of a fragment of 16S rRNA gene using next-generation sequencing – Dominika Salamon – Polish Archives of Internal Medicine

The Intestinal Microbiota in Colorectal Cancer -Herbert Tilg – Cancer Cell

The Endotoxemia Marker Lipopolysaccharide‐Binding Protein is Reduced in Overweight‐Obese Subjects Consuming Pomegranate Extract by Modulating the Gut Microbiota: A Randomized Clinical Trial – Antonio González‐Sarrías – Molecular Nutrition

Hepatocellular Carcinoma is Associated with Gut Microbiota Profile and Inflammation in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease – Francesca Romana Ponziani – Hepatology

Antibiotic‐Associated Disruption of Microbiota Composition and Function in Cirrhosis is Restored by Fecal Transplant – Jasmohan S Bajaj – Hepatology

Does the gastrointestinal microbiome contribute to the “obesity paradox” in melanoma survival? – E A Langan – British Journal of Dermatology

Animal experiments

Obese Mice Losing Weight Due to trans-10,cis-12 Conjugated Linoleic Acid Supplementation or Food Restriction Harbor Distinct Gut Microbiota – Laura J den Hartigh – JN The Journal of Nutrition

Tuna oil alleviate D-galactose induced aging in mice accompanied by modulating gut microbiota and brain protein expression – Dijun Zhang – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Dietary Mannan Oligosaccharides Modulate Gut Microbiota, Increase Fecal Bile Acid Excretion, and Decrease Plasma Cholesterol and Atherosclerosis Development – Lisa R. Hoving – Molecular Nutrition

[Review] The Role of the Gut Microbiota in the Metabolism of Polyphenols as Characterized by Gnotobiotic Mice – Pasinetti, Giulio Mari – Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease

Animal microbiome 

Shared larval rearing environment, sex, female size and genetic diversity shape Ae. albopictus bacterial microbiota – Guillaume Minard – PLOS ONE

Metatranscriptome analysis of the microbial fermentation of dietary milk proteins in the murine gut – Floor Hugenholtz – PLOS ONE

Water system is a controlling variable modulating bacterial diversity of gastrointestinal tract and performance in rainbow trout – Omolola C. Betiku – PLOS ONE

* Bacterial communities associated with honeybee food stores are correlated with land use – Philip Donkersley – Ecology and Evolution

Evaluating the microbiome of two sampling locations in the nasal cavity of cattle with bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC) – Tara G McDaneld – Journal of Animal Science

Controlling ticks and tick-borne diseases…looking forward – José de la Fuente – Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases

The inside tract: The appendicular, cecal, and colonic microbiome of captive aye‐ayes – Lydia K. Greene – American Journal of Physical Anthropology

Water system is a controlling variable modulating bacterial diversity of gastrointestinal tract and performance in rainbow trout – Omolola C. Betiku – PLOS ONE

Comparative Analysis of the Microbiota Between Sheep Rumen and Rabbit Cecum Provides New Insight Into Their Differential Methane Production – Lan Mi – Frontiers in Microbiology

Tracing of the fecal microbiota of commercial pigs at five growth stages from birth to shipment – Geon Goo Han – Nature Scientific Reports

Development of the tonsillar microbiome in pigs from newborn through weaning – Luis Carlos Pena Cortes – BMC Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Antimicrobial peptide expression in a wild tobacco plant reveals the limits of host-microbe-manipulations in the field – Arne Weinhold – eLife

Identification of Major Rhizobacterial Taxa Affected by a Glyphosate-Tolerant Soybean Line via Shotgun Metagenomic Approach – Gui-Hua Lu – Genes

Culture‐independent analysis of hydrocarbonoclastic bacterial communities in environmental samples during oil‐bioremediation – Narjes Dashti – MicrobiologyOpen

Embracing Community Ecology in Plant Microbiome Research – Francisco Dini-Andreote – Trends in Plant Science

Cultivated bacterial diversity associated with the carnivorous plant Utricularia breviscapa (Lentibulariaceae) from floodplains in Brazil – Felipe Rezende Lima – Brazilian Journal of Microbiology

Soil microbial communities and glyphosate decay in soils with different herbicide application history – Keren Hernández Guijarro – Science of the Total Environment

Shining a light on the dark world of plant root-microbe interactions – Philip Poole – PNAS

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Microbial diversity and biomarker analysis of modern freshwater microbialites from Laguna Bacalar, Mexico – D. B. Johnson – gebiology

Effect of salinity on diazotrophic activity and microbial composition of phototrophic communities from Bitter-1 soda lake (Kulunda Steppe, Russia) – Zorigto Namsarae – Extremophiles

The ecology and diversity of microbial eukaryotes in geothermal springs – Angela M. Oliverio – The ISME Journal

Built environment

Deposition of Bacteria and Bacterial Spores by Bathroom Hot Air Hand Dryers – Luz del Carmen Huesca-Espitia – American Society for Microbiology

Food microbiology

Bacterial Communities in Serpa Cheese by Culture Dependent Techniques, 16S rRNA Gene Sequencing and High-throughput Sequencing Analysis – Maria Teresa P. Gonçalves – Journal of Food Science

Revealing the microbiota of marketed edible insects through PCR-DGGE, metagenomic sequencing and real-time PCR – Andrea Osimani – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Bioinformatics

Computer-guided design of optimal microbial consortia for immune system modulation – Richard R Stein – eLife

[uncorrected proof] Using pseudoalignment and base quality to accurately quantify microbial community composition – Mark Reppell – PLOS Computational Biology

Fast Metagenomic Binning via Hashing and Bayesian Clustering – Popic Victoria – Journal of Computational Biology

* Nonpareil 3: Fast Estimation of Metagenomic Coverage and Sequence Diversity – Luis M. Rodriguez-R – mSystems

Algorithms and strategies in short‐read shotgun metagenomic reconstruction of plant communities – Robert S. Harbert – Applications in Plant Science

Microbes in the news

Scientists Accidentally Make Plastic-Eating Bacteria Even More Efficient

New York City Mice: Here Are The Bacteria And Viruses That They Carry

Fecal microbiota transplant improves brain function in hepatic encephalopathy

Microbes on the market

Seres Therapeutics (MCRB) Presents New Preclinical Data Supporting the Development of Microbiome Therapeutics for Immuno-Oncology at AACR

Science, publishing, and career

Personal microbiome analysis improves student engagement and interest in Immunology, Molecular Biology, and Genomics undergraduate courses – K. Scott Weber – PLOS ONE

Ed’s non-microbiology picks

News articles below have actual study links inside.

Since 2016, Half of All Coral in the Great Barrier Reef Has Died

Marijuana’s effects on young brains diminish 72 hours after use, research says

Cannabinoids are easier on the brain than booze, study finds

Stem cell treatment drastically reduces drinking in alcoholic rats

The Ecology Of Disadvantage: Obesity Is Not Randomly Distributed Across The U.S., According To New Study

How your next meal could help fight depression, stress

Study: People with less political knowledge think they know a lot about politics

March 21, 2018

A long digest today – lots of science on the gut, environment, and some interesting editorials on techniques, bioinformatics, and methodologies applied to microbiome studies.

General microbiome

[pre print] Oscillating bacterial expression states generate herd immunity to viral infection – Christopher J. R. Turkington – bioRxiv

Retraction: Microbiome restoration diet improves digestion, cognition and physical and emotional wellbeing – The PLOS ONE Editors – PLOS ONE

DNA metabarcoding uncovers fungal diversity of mixed airborne samples in Italy – Elisa Banchi – PLOS ONE

Mobile Technologies for the Discovery, Analysis, and Engineering of the Global Microbiome – Zachary S. Ballard – ACS Nano

Unraveling Interactions between the Microbiome and the Host Immune System To Decipher Mechanisms of Disease – Catherine A. Lozupone – mSystems

Making Millennial Medicine More Meta – Peter J. Turnbaugh – mSystems

Pregnancy and early life

Neonatal intestinal dysbiosis in necrotizing enterocolitis – Naomi-Liza Denning – Molecular Medicine

Prenatal and postnatal antibiotic exposure influences the gut microbiota of preterm infants in neonatal intensive care units – Zhi-Hui Zou – Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials

* The Effect of Early Limited Formula on Breastfeeding, Readmission, and Intestinal Microbiota: A Randomized Clinical Trial – Valerie J. Flaherman – The Journal of Pediatrics

Multi-site human microbiome

The Complex Interplay between Chronic Inflammation, the Microbiome, and Cancer: Understanding Disease Progression and What We Can Do to Prevent It – Heather Armstrong – Cancers

Human oral microbiome

Salivary microbial profiles in relation to age, periodontal, and systemic diseases – Ronaldo Lira-Junior – PLOS ONE

Human respiratory microbiome

Translating Lung Microbiome Profiles into the Next-Generation Diagnostic Gold Standard for Pneumonia: a Clinical Investigator’s Perspective – Georgios D. Kitsios – mSystems

Host-Microbe Interactions in Airway Disease: toward Disease Mechanisms and Novel Therapeutic Strategies – Emily K. Cope – mSystems

Human gut microbiome

The role of inflammation in temporal shifts in the inflammatory bowel disease mucosal microbiome – Christopher John Kiely – Gut Microbes

Species Level Description of the Human Ileal Bacterial Microbiota – Heidi Cecilie Villmones – Nature

* Systematic Bias Introduced by Genomic DNA Template Dilution in 16S rRNA Gene-Targeted Microbiota Profiling in Human Stool Homogenates – Francesco Multinu – mSphere

* Extensive impact of non-antibiotic drugs on human gut bacteria – Lisa Maier – Nature

In this issue: Effect of gut microbiome on mucosal immunity and enteric diseases – Kumar, Himanshu – International Reviews of Immunology

Characterization of intestinal microbiota in alcoholic patients with and without alcoholic hepatitis or chronic alcoholic pancreatitis – Dragos Ciocan – Nature

Clostridium difficile Exposures, Colonization, and the Microbiome: Implications for Prevention – Sara L. Revolinski – Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology

Of Microbes and Minds: A Narrative Review on the Second Brain Aging – Riccardo Calvani – Frontiers in Medicine

Microbiome: Viral hormones activate human insulin signalling – Ashley York – Nature

Modulation of Gut Microbiota: A Novel Paradigm of Enhancing the Efficacy of Programmed Death-1 and Programmed Death Ligand-1 Blockade Therapy – Yiming Wang – Frontiers in Immunology

Assessing the Influence of Vegan, Vegetarian and Omnivore Oriented Westernized Dietary Styles on Human Gut Microbiota: A Cross Sectional Study – Carmen Losasso – Frontiers in Microbiology

Nutritional preferences of human gut bacteria reveal their metabolic idiosyncrasies – Melanie Tramontano – Nature

Animal experiments

Characterization of shifts of koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) intestinal microbial communities associated with antibiotic treatment – Katherine E. Dahlhausen – PeerJ

Low dose brain estrogen prevents menopausal syndrome while maintaining the diversity of the gut microbiomes in estrogen-deficient rats – Sunmin Park – American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism

Oral supplementation of Bifidobacterium longum strain BR-108 alters cecal microbiota by stimulating gut immune system in mice irrespectively of viability – Yuko Makioka – Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry

Animal microbiome

Mapping the virome in wild-caught Aedes aegypti from Cairns and Bangkok – Martha Zakrzewski – Nature

Changes in Larval Mosquito Microbiota Reveal Non-target Effects of Insecticide Treatments in Hurricane-Created Habitats – Joseph P. Receveur – Microbial Ecology

Dissecting cause and effect in host-microbiome interactions using the combined worm-bug model system – Marina Ezcurra – Biogerontology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

[pre print] Diversity analysis and function prediction of rhizo- and endophytic bacterial communities of Senecio vulgaris L. (Asteraceae) in an invasive range – Dandan Cheng – PeerJ pre prints

Changes in the Metagenome of Prokaryotic Community as an Indicator of Fertility of Arable Soddy-Podzolic Soils upon Fertilizer Application – A. N. Naliukhin – Eurasian Soil Science

Assessing soil bacterial community and dynamics by integrated high-throughput absolute abundance quantification – Jun Lou – PeerJ

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria associated with avocado display antagonistic activity against Phytophthora cinnamomi through volatile emissions – Alfonso Méndez-Bravo – PLOS ONE

Composition and diversity of rhizosphere fungal community in Coptis chinensis Franch. continuous cropping fields – Xuhong Song – PLOS ONE

Genomic insights into the broad antifungal activity, plant-probiotic properties, and their regulation, in Pseudomonas donghuensis strain SVBP6 – Betina Cecilia Agaras – PLOS ONE

Water and extremophile microbiome

Microbial communities underpinning mesophilic anaerobic digesters treating food wastewater or sewage sludge: a full-scale study – Joonyeob Lee – Bioresource Technology

Bacteria from Antarctic environments: diversity and detection of antimicrobial, antiproliferative, and antiparasitic activities – Tiago R. Silva – Polar Biology

Responses of Salt Marsh Plant Rhizosphere Diazotroph Assemblages to Drought – Debra A. Davis – Microorganisms

Diversity and assembly patterns of activated sludge microbial communities: A review – Yu Xia – Biotechnology Advances

Temperature-induced changes in a microbial community under autotrophic denitrification with sulfide – Michal Sposob – Process Biochemistry

Metagenomic Exploration of Microbial Signatures on Periyar River Sediments from the Periyar Tiger Reserve in the Western Ghats – Aparna Chakkamadathil Rajeev – Genome Announcements

Occurrence and seasonal dynamics of RNA viral genotypes in three contrasting temperate lakes – Ian Hewson – PLOS One

Shifts in dissolved organic matter and microbial community composition are associated with enhanced removal of fecal pollutants in urban stormwater wetlands – Xiao Huang – Water Research

Effect of semi-permeable cover system on the bacterial diversity during sewage sludge composting – Tatiana Robledo-Mahón – Journal of Environmental Management

* Life at extreme elevations on Atacama volcanoes: the closest thing to Mars on Earth? – S. K. Schmidt – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Rapid alterations to marine microbiota communities following an oil spill – Brad J. Gemmell – Ecotoxicology

Microbial communities and their potential for degradation of dissolved organic carbon in cryoconite hole environments of Himalaya and Antarctica – Aritri Sanyal – Microbiological Research

Built environment

Microbiome Profiles of Commercial Broilers Through Evisceration and Immersion Chilling During Poultry Slaughter and the Identification of Potential Indicator Microorganisms – John A. Handley – Frontiers in Microbiology

Food microbiology

Characterization of Bacteria in Nigerian Yogurt as Promising Alternative to Antibiotics in Gastrointestinal Infections – Anthony Opeyemi Ayeni – Journal of Dietary Supplements

Probiotics / prebiotics

Polyphenols’ Gut Microbiota Metabolites: Bioactives or Biomarkers? -Francisco A. Tomas-Barberan – Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry

A Multi-strain Probiotic Reduces the Fatty Liver Index, Cytokines and Aminotransferase levels in NAFLD Patients: Evidence from a Randomized Clinical Trial – Nazarii Kobyliak – Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases

Bioinformatics

Species classifier choice is a key consideration when analysing low-complexity food microbiome data – Aaron M. Walsh – Microbiome

Data and Statistical Methods To Analyze the Human Microbiome – Levi Waldron – mSystems

* Discovery of enzymes for toluene synthesis from anoxic microbial communities – Beller HR – Nature

Techniques

Community Assembly Processes of the Microbial Rare Biosphere – Xiu Jia – Trends in Microbiology

Metabolomics: A High-Throughput Platform for Metabolite Profile Exploration – Jing Cheng – Computational Systems Biology

[Patent] Spectrometric Analysis of Microbes – Zoltan Takats

* Development and evaluation of a culture-free microbiota profiling platform (MYcrobiota) for clinical diagnostics – Stefan A. Boers – European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases

Comparative analysis of four commercial on-farm culture methods to identify bacteria associated with clinical mastitis in dairy cattle – Jair C. Ferreira – PLOS One

Beyond Structure: Defining the Function of the Gut Using Omic Approaches for Rational Design of Personalized Therapeutics – Casey M. Theriot – mSystems

Synergy among Microbiota and Their Hosts: Leveraging the Hawaiian Archipelago and Local Collaborative Networks To Address Pressing Questions in Microbiome Research – Nicole A. Hynson – mSystems

Microbiomes In Natura: Importance of Invertebrates in Understanding the Natural Variety of Animal-Microbe Interactions – Jillian M. Petersen – mSystems

Microbial Eukaryotes: a Missing Link in Gut Microbiome Studies – Isabelle Laforest-Lapointe – mSystems

Microbes on the market 

DuPont Expands Microbiome Research Program, Adds Second Partnership with Fermentation Specialist

Science, publishing, and career

Biocodex Microbiota Foundation Awards Grants to Two Innovative Researchers in the Microbiome Field

Early-Career Systems Microbiology Scientists – Jack A. Gilbert – mSystems

Ed’s non-microbiology picks (can use your own name of course!) (cool non-microbiology science)

Self-employed people happier and more engaged at work, study finds

Health Care Spending in the United States and Other High-Income Countries

Ancient DNA Is Rewriting Human (and Neanderthal) History

Sturdy Insulator Made of Wood

How exercise in old age prevents the immune system from declining

February 21, 2018

Events and jobs

BioData World West 2018 – March 13-14 – Hotel Kabuki, San Francisco, CA

General microbiome

[editorial] Systems biology of the human microbiome – BP Bernabé, L Cralle, JA Gilbert – Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 2018

[pre-print] Growth tradeoffs produce complex microbial communities without direct interactions – Michael Manhart – bioRxiv

Exploring the Multifaceted Role of Microbes in Pharmacology – Mitali Mishra – Microbial Biotechnology

Human reproductive or urinary microbiome

Seminal bacterial composition in patients with obstructive and non-obstructive azoospermia – Houyang Chen – Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine

Human respiratory microbiome

Virome and bacteriome characterization of children with pneumonia and asthma in Mexico City during winter seasons 2014 and 2015 – Jose A. Romero-Espinoza – PLOS One

Human gut microbiome

[pdf[ Phytochemicals that influence gut microbiota as prophylactics and for the treatment of obesity and inflammatory diseases – Lucrecia Carrera-Quintanar – Hindawi

Dietary Fiber Treatment Corrects the Composition of Gut Microbiota, Promotes SCFA Production, and Suppresses Colon Carcinogenesis – F Bishehsari – Genes

A Cross-Talk Between Microbiota-Derived Short-Chain Fatty Acids and the Host Mucosal Immune System Regulates Intestinal Homeostasis and Inflammatory Bowel Disease – Pedro Gonçalves – Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Animal microbiome

Differential microbial communities of omnivorous and herbivorous cattle in Southern China – Susanna K.P. Lau – Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal

The gills of reef fish support a distinct microbiome influenced by host-specific factors – Zoe A. Pratte – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Metagenomic analysis of orange colored protrusions from the muscle of Queen Conch Lobatus gigas (Linnaeus, 1758) – Jaison H. Cuartas – PeerJ

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Bulk soil and maize rhizosphere resistance genes, mobile genetic elements and microbial communities are differently impacted by organic and inorganic fertilization – Birgit Wolters – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Structural and metabolic diversity of rhizosphere microbial communities of Phragmites karka in a tropical coastal lagoon – Pratiksha Behera – Applied Soil Ecology

Responses of soil microbial communities to a short-term application of seaweed fertilizer revealed by deep amplicon sequencing – Mingpeng Wang – Applied Soil Ecology

[pdf] The Green Roof Microbiome: Improving Plant Survival for Ecosystem Service Delivery – Roberta Fulthorpe – Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution

Microbes and Their Role in Drought Tolerance of Agricultural Food Crops – Rout George Kerry – Microbial Biotechnology

Microscopic and Metagenomic Analyses of Peltigera ponojensis (Peltigerales, Ascomycota) – Linda E. Graham – International Journal of Plant Sciences

Frankia Diversity in Host Plant Root Nodules Is Independent of Abundance or Relative Diversity of Frankia Populations in Corresponding Rhizosphere Soils – Seifeddine Ben Tekaya – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

High frequency cropping of pulses modifies soil nitrogen level and the rhizosphere bacterial microbiome in 4-year rotation systems of the semiarid prairie – Chantal Hamel – Applied Soil Ecology

Bulk soil and maize rhizosphere resistance genes, mobile genetic elements and microbial communities are differently impacted by organic and inorganic fertilization – Birgit Wolters – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Variability in metagenomic samples from the Puget Sound: Relationship to temporal and anthropogenic impacts – James C. Wallace – PLOS One

Linking the effect of antibiotics on partial-nitritation biofilters: performance, microbial communities and microbial activities – Alejandro Gonzalez-Martinez – Frontiers in Microbiology

The effect of epiphytic macroinvertebrates on microbial communities in different types of macrophyte-dominated shallow lakes – Tomasz Mieczan –  Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ecosyst

Watershed-induced limnological and microbial status in two oligotrophic Andean lakes exposed to the same climatic scenario – Alex Echeverría-Vega – Frontiers in Microbiology

** A novel β-glucosidase isolated from the microbial metagenome of Lake Poraquê (Amazon, Brazil) – Danyelle Toyama – Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – Proteins and Proteomics

Variations in culturable bacterial communities and biochemical properties in the foreland of the retreating Tianshan No. 1 glacier – Xiukun Wu – Brazilian Journal of Microbiology

Food microbiology

Microbial diversity and component variation in Xiaguan Tuo Tea during pile fermentation – Haizhou Li – PLOS One

Metagenomic Insights into Environmental Microbiome and Their Application in Food/Pharmaceutical Industry – Ramya Sree Boddu – Microbial Biotechnology

Phages and viruses

[pre-print] THEA: A novel approach to gene identification in phage genomes – Katelyn McNair – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics

* [pdf] Microbiome Data Accurately Predicts the Postmortem Interval Using Random Forest Regression Models – Aeriel Belk – Genes

COREMIC: a web-tool to search for a niche associated CORE MICrobiome – Richard R. Rodrigues – PeerJ

Techniques

Isotope fractionation in biogas allows direct microbial community stability monitoring in anaerobic digestion – Jo De Vrieze – Environmental Science & Technology

Statistical assessment of DNA extraction methodology for culture-independent analysis of microbial community associated with diverse environmental samples – Rishi Mahajan – Molecular Biology Reports

Microbes in the news

These Bacteria Eat Toxic Metal, ‘Poop’ Gold Nuggets – Live Science

Ed’s non-microbiology picks (can use your own name of course!) (cool non-microbiology science)

Earthquakes follow wastewater disposal patterns in southern Kansas

Ultra-processed foods ‘linked to cancer’

Promising cancer vaccine would use patient’s own cells to train the immune system

Does GMO corn increase crop yields? 21 years of data confirm it does—and provides substantial health benefits

Poor fitness linked to weaker brain fiber, higher dementia risk

Low cigarette consumption and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke: meta-analysis of 141 cohort studies in 55 study reports

Fewer Infants Died In States That Allowed Affordable Care Act

January 24, 2018

General microbiome

Meta-analysis generates and prioritizes hypotheses for translational microbiome research – Claire Duvallet – microbial biotechnology

Resistance to Antibiotics: Are we prepared to Handle This Growing Ghost? – Ashima Kushwaha Bhardwaj – Omics Ebook Group

Pregnancy and early life

Neonate gut and respiratory microbiota: coordinated development through time and space – Alex Grier – bioRxiv

Human oral microbiome

Oral Microbiome Studies: Potential Diagnostic and Therapeutic Implications – A. Mira – Advances in Dental Research (SAGE Journals)

Rebalancing the Caries Microbiome Dysbiosis: Targeted Treatment and Sugar Alcohols – L. Zhan – Advances in Dental Research (SAGE Journals)

The Caries Microbiome: Implications for Reversing Dysbiosis – A.C.R. Tanner – Advances in Dental Research (SAGE Journals)

In Sickness and in Health—What Does the Oral Microbiome Mean to Us? An Ecological Perspective – P. D. Marsh – Advances in Dental Research (SAGE Journals)

Getting to Know “The Known Unknowns”: Heterogeneity in the Oral Microbiome – R. A. Burne – Advances in Dental Research (SAGE Journals)

Human gut microbiome

Adaptive Immune Education by Gut Microbiota Antigens – Qing Zhao – Immunology

Microbiota-Regulated Outcomes of Human Cancer Immunotherapy via the PD-1/PD-L1 Axis – Jaymin Patel – Biochemistry

Characterization of the fecal microbiota differs between age groups in Koreans – Sun-Young Kook – Intestinal Research

Diet, microbiota and inflammatory bowel disease: review – Bruna Luísa Radavelli – Nutrition & Food Science

The Human Gastric Microbiome Is Predicated upon Infection with Helicobacter pylori – Ingeborg Klymiuk – Frontiers in Microbiology

Gut Microbial Diversity in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Correlates with Hyperandrogenism – Pedro J Torres – JCEM

Comparison of Small Gut and Whole Gut Microbiota of First-Degree Relatives with Adult Celiac Disease Patients and Controls – Sudarshan A Shetty – bioRxiv

Animal experiments 

Modeling Host-Microbiome Interactions in Caenorhabditis elegans – Teklu K. Gerbaba – Journal of Nematology

The anti-inflammatory IFITM genes ameliorate colitis and partially protect from tumorigenesis by changing immunity and microbiota – Zoya Alteber – Immunology & Cell Biology

A metagenomics approach to the intestinal microbiome structure and function in high fat diet-induced obesity mice fed with oolong tea polyphenols – Mei Cheng – Food & Function

Animal microbiome

Characterization of the Skin Microbiota of the Cane Toad Rhinella cf. marina in Puerto Rico and Costa Rica – Juan G. Abarca – Frontiers in Microbiology

Functional Characteristics of the Flying Squirrel’s Cecal Microbiota under a Leaf-Based Diet, Based on Multiple Meta-Omic Profiling – Hsiao-Pei Lu – Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Microbial Communities and Diversities in Mudflat Sediments Analyzed Using a Modified Metatranscriptomic Method – Yong-Wei Yan – Frontiers in Microbiology

Out of sight, but no longer out of mind – towards an increased recognition of the role of soil microbes in plant speciation – József Geml – New Phytologist

Clearcutting alters decomposition processes and initiates complex restructuring of fungal communities in soil and tree roots – Petr Kohout – The ISME Journal

Assembly and ecological function of the root microbiome across angiosperm plant species – Connor R. Fitzpatrick – PNAS

A Community-Based Culture Collection for Targeting Novel Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria from the Sugarcane Microbiome – Jaderson Silveira Leite Armanhi – Frontiers in Plant Science

Temporal and Spatial Impact of Human Cadaver Decomposition on Soil Bacterial and Arthropod Community Structure and Function – Baneshwar Singh – Frontiers in Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Coastal urbanisation affects microbial communities on a dominant marine holobiont – Ezequiel M. Marzinelli – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Succession of microbial communities and changes of incremental oil in a post-polymer flooded reservoir with nutrient stimulation – Peike Gao – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Evidence for Coupling of the Carbon and Phosphorus Biogeochemical Cycles in Freshwater Microbial Communities – O Roger Anderson – Frontier in Marine Science

Metagenomic Signatures of Microbial Communities in Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Sediments of Azores Vent Fields – Teresa Cerqueira – Environmental Microbiology

Bioinformatics

Predictive functional profiles using metagenomic 16S rRNA data: a novel approach to understanding the microbial ecology of aquaculture systems – Ángel Martín Ortiz-Estrada – Reviews in Agriculture

[MSc Thesis] Optimizing the Reconstruction of Microbial Population Genomes from Metagenomes – Bhavya Nalagampalli Papudeshi – San Diego State University, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing

Advantages of meta-total RNA sequencing (MeTRS) over shotgun metagenomics and amplicon-based sequencing in the profiling of complex microbial communities – Fabien Cottier – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Extension of the viral ecology in humans using viral profile hidden Markov models – Zurab Bzhalava – PLOS One

Metataxonomic approach to decipher the polymicrobial burden in diabetic foot ulcer and its biofilm mode of infection – Karthika Suryaletha – International Wound Journal

A strategy for association study on intestinal microbiome and brain metabolome across lifespan of rats – Tianlu Chen – Analytical Chemistry

Techniques

The effect of DNA extraction methods on observed microbial communities from fibrous and liquid rumen fractions of dairy cows – Jueeli D. Vaidya – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbes in the news

Hyperandrogenism may alter gut microbiome in PCOS

Ed’s non-microbiology picks 

Using Fungi to Fix Bridges

Cooperating with machines – Jacob W. Crandall – Nature Communications

An investigation into the nutritional composition and cost of gluten-free versus regular food products in the UK – L. Fry – Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics

Prevalence and Trends in Prepregnancy Normal Weight — 48 States, New York City, and District of Columbia, 2011–2015 – CDC / Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

Exposed subsurface ice sheets in the Martian mid-latitudes – Colin M. Dundas – Science

Shorter sleep duration and longer sleep onset latency are related to difficulty disengaging attention from negative emotional images in individuals with elevated transdiagnostic repetitive negative thinking – Jacob A. Nota – Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

December 20, 2017

A long but great digest today, with lots of diversity – a few studies of poultry gut microbiome and the effects food/probiotics have, a solid showing for human gut microbiome studies – covering its implications on a range of disorders, some news about biotech companies, studies on plants and from environmental sources, a promising analysis of techniques used for sampling for human gut studies, and my normal dosage of non-microbiology science.  Happy Holidays!

Events and jobs

ON-DEMAND WEBINAR How to Harness the Microbiome: Considerations and Implications of the Microbiome in Preclinical Research with Reproducible Results

Senior Biomedical Scientist (Microbiology) – Matchtech – Essex, England

Staff Research Associate 3, UCLA Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics

Assistant (10782) – Clinical chemistry, microbiology and immunology – Ghent University

Pregnancy and early life

Early-Life Human Microbiota Associated With Childhood Allergy Promotes the T Helper 17 Axis in Mice – Dagbjort H. Petursdottir – Frontiers in Immunology

[Accepted Manuscript] – The neonatal window of opportunity – early priming for life – Harald Renz -Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human oral microbiome

The Microbiome of Potentially Malignant Oral Leukoplakia Exhibits Enrichment for Fusobacterium, Leptotrichia, Campylobacter, and Rothia Species – Abdrazak Amer – Frontiers in Microbiology

Exploring the Association between Alzheimer’s Disease, Oral Health, Microbial Endocrinology and Nutrition – Alice Harding – Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience

Admission to the Intensive Care Unit is Associated With Changes in the Oral Mycobiome – Richard R. Watkins – Journal of Intensive Care Medicine

Human nearly-sterile sites

Metagenomics in pooled plasma, with identification of potential emerging infectious pathogens – Min Xu – Transfusion

Human gut microbiome

** High-resolution profiling of the gut microbiome reveals the extent of Clostridium difficile burden – Ninalynn Daquigan – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Unravelling the specificity and mechanism of sialic acid recognition by the gut symbiont Ruminococcus gnavus – C. David Owen – Nature Communication

[Editorial] Is gut microbiome a predictive marker to response to immune checkpoint inhibitors? – Khalil Saleh – Immunotherapy

Microbiota Modulate Anxiety-Like Behavior and Endocrine Abnormalities in Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis – Ran Huo – Front. Cell. Infect. Microbiology

Possible role of the gut microbiota–brain axis in the antidepressant effects of (R)-ketamine in a social defeat stress model – Chun Yang – Translational Psychiatry

Microbial antigen encounter during a preweaning interval is critical for tolerance to gut bacteria – Kathryn A. Knoop – Science Immunology

Stool Donor Body Mass Index Does Not Affect Recipient Weight After a Single Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for C. difficile Infection – Monika Fischer – Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

The role of microbiota in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia and major depressive disorder and the possibility of targeting microbiota as a treatment option – Fengli Lv – Oncotarget

Characterization of the urinary microbiota of elderly women and the effects of type 2 diabetes and urinary tract infections on the microbiota – Fengping Liu – Oncotarget

Animal experiments 

Food-grade cationic antimicrobial ε-polylysine transiently alters the gut microbial community and predicted metagenome function in CD-1 mice – Xiaomeng You – npj Science of Food

Significant improvement of intestinal microbiota of gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) after traditional Chinese medicine feeding – Zhenbing Wu – Journal of Applied Microbiology

* The gastrointestinal microbiome and its association with the control of pathogens in broiler chicken production: A review – Viviana Clavijo – Poultry Science

Influence of dietary avilamycin on ileal and cecal microbiota in broiler chickens – J-H Choi – Poultry Science

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

* Geometagenomics illuminates the impact of agriculture on the distribution and prevalence of plant viruses at the ecosystem scale – Pauline Bernardo – The ISME Journal

Dispersal alters bacterial diversity and composition in a natural community – Michaeline B N Albright – The ISME Journal

** Genomic features of bacterial adaptation to plants – Asaf Levy – Nature Genetics

Soil Bacterial Community Structure and Co-occurrence Pattern during Vegetation Restoration in Karst Rocky Desertification Area – Liang Xue – Frontiers in Microbiology

First insight into microbial community composition in a phosphogypsum waste heap soil – Sylwia Zielińska – ABP

Harnessing the microbiomes of Brassica vegetables for health issues – Birgit Wassermann – Scientific Reports

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Microdiversification in genome-streamlined ubiquitous freshwater Actinobacteria – Stefan M Neuenschwander – The ISME Journal

Recurrent patterns of microdiversity in a temperate coastal marine environment – Meghan Chafee – The ISME Journal

Microcystin-LR does not induce alterations to transcriptomic or metabolomic profiles of a model heterotrophic bacterium – Robbie M. Martin – PLOS One

Pre-treatment and inoculum affect the microbial community structure and enhance the biogas reactor performance in a pilot-scale biodigestion of municipal solid waste – Valeria Ventorino – Waste Management

Food microbiology

* Inner Workings: Companies seek food safety using a microbiome approach – Carolyn Beans – PNAS

Phages and viruses

* Temporal dynamics of uncultured viruses: a new dimension in viral diversity – Ksenia Arkhipova – The ISME Journal

Bioinformatics

A confidence interval analysis of sampling effort, sequencing depth, and taxonomic resolution of fungal community ecology in the era of high-throughput sequencing – Ryoko Oono – PLOS One

Techniques

Performance of DNA metabarcoding, standard barcoding, and morphological approach in the identification of host–parasitoid interactions – Martin Šigut – PLOS One

** Successful collection of stool samples for microbiome analyses from a large community-based population of elderly men – Melanie Abrahamson – Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications

Microbes on the market 

BiomX Acquires RondinX to Boost Microbiome Discovery and Development Capabilities

Vanterra Capital Backs BIOHM Health, A Total Microbiome Company

Second Genome Advances Lead, Oral Small Molecule SGM-1019, Toward Clinical Investigation in NASH After Demonstrating Safety and Tolerability in Phase 1 Study

Ed’s non-microbiology picks 

Cannabidiol (CBD) as an Adjunctive Therapy in Schizophrenia: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial – Philip McGuire – The American Journal of Psychiatry

Effects of Legal Access to Cannabis on Scheduled II–V Drug Prescriptions – Sarah S. Stith – JAMDA

Ticks parasitised feathered dinosaurs as revealed by Cretaceous amber assemblages – Enrique Peñalver – Nature Communications

Induced and controlled dietary ketosis as a regulator of obesity and metabolic syndrome pathologies – Madeline K. Gibas – Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews

The effect of vitamin D supplement on the score and quality of sleep in 20-50 year-old people with sleep disorders compared with control group – Mohammad Shahi Majid – Nutritional Neuroscience

Engineers create plants that glow – MIT

November 16, 2017

Today we have a very nice serving to digest, with some impactful gut microbiome studies for human health/therapeutics, a whitepaper on the challenges of clinical microbiome research.  We also have clusters of related studies on the environment, drinking water, and antibiotic resistance.  There are even a few studies on the microbiota found in caves!  Give these all a read, there is a lot of amazing research today.  Don’t forget to have yourself a few extra side servings of my own non-microbial picks, in honor of the upcoming Thanksgiving US holiday.

Human oral microbiome

Ectopic colonization of oral bacteria in the intestine drives TH1 cell induction and inflammation – Koji Atarashi – Science

Human respiratory microbiome

The microbiota protects against respiratory infection via GM-CSF signaling – Rebecca L. Brown – Nature

Human gut microbiome

Microbiota: A high-pressure situation for bacteria – David A. Relman – Nature

Quantitative microbiome profiling links gut community variation to microbial load – Doris Vandeputte – Nature

Salt-responsive gut commensal modulates TH17 axis and disease – Nicola Wilck – Nature

A role for bacterial urease in gut dysbiosis and Crohn’s disease – Josephine Ni – Science Translational Medicine

Animal experiments (mouse/rat experiments, chickens/pigs on different diets)

New evidence showing that the destruction of gut bacteria by antibiotic treatment could increase the honey bee’s vulnerability to Nosema infection – Jiang Hong Li – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

[Doctoral Thesis] Plant biomass-degrading microbial consortia: Ecology, lignocellulolytic machinery and biotechnological potential – Jiménez Avella – University of Groningen

Direct evidence for the enhanced acquisition of phosphorus in the rhizosphere of aquatic plants: A case study on Vallisneria natans – Xigang Xing – Science of the Total Environment

Effect of Phosphate Solubilization Microorganisms and Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria on Yield and Yield Components of Corn – Amin Fathi – Scientia Agriculturae

Water and extremophile microbiome

Diverse Marinimicrobia bacteria may mediate coupled biogeochemical cycles along eco-thermodynamic gradients – Alyse K. Hawley – Nature

Comparison of bacterial and archaeal communities from different habitats of the hypogenic Molnár János Cave of the Buda Thermal Karst System (Hungary) – Dóra Anda – Journal of Cave and Karst Studies

Comparisons of Soil Properties, Enzyme Activities and Microbial Communities in Heavy Metal Contaminated Bulk and Rhizosphere Soils of Robinia pseudoacacia L. in the Northern Foot of Qinling Mountain – Yurong Yang – Forests

Biofilm biodiversity in French and Swiss show caves using the metabarcoding approach: First data – Stéphane Pfendler – Science of the Total Environment

Amoxicillin effects on functional microbial community and spread of antibiotic resistance genes in amoxicillin manufacture wastewater treatment system – Lingwei Meng – Journal of Environmental Sciences

Field assessment of bacterial communities and total trihalomethanes: Implications for drinking water networks – Carolina Montoya-Pachongo – Science of the Total Environment

Persistence of antibiotic resistance genes and bacterial community changes in drinking water treatment system: From drinking water source to tap water – Hao-Chang Su –  Science of the Total Environment

Bioinformatics

Phylogenic inference using alignment-free methods for applications in microbial community surveys using 16s rRNA gene – Yifei Zhang – PLOS ONE

Microbes in the news

Probiotics: Health boost or waste of cash?

Microbes on the market

* uBiome Launches HPV, STD, Vaginal Microbiome Test for Self-Collected Samples – genomeweb

* [Whitepaper] The Microbiome in Clinical Trials: Opportunities and Challenges – Brian Murphy – MedPace

Bacteria Hysteria

Fort Mitchell woman attacked by flesh-eating bacteria back home after 45 days in hospital

Fecal Bacteria Discovered In Public Well Serving Seymour, Oxford

Ed’s non-microbiology picks

Epistemic rationality: Skepticism toward unfounded beliefs requires sufficient cognitive ability and motivation to be rational – Tomas Ståhl – Personality and Individual Differences

Structure-guided chemical modification of guide RNA enables potent non-viral in vivo genome editing – Hao Yin – Nature

Increased food production and reduced water use through optimized crop distribution – Kyle Frankel Davis – Nature Geoscience

* Fructan, Rather Than Gluten, Induces Symptoms in Patients With Self-reported Non-celiac Gluten Sensitivity – Gry I. Skodje – Gastroenterology

* Does Money Matter in the Long Run? Effects of School Spending on Educational Attainment – Joshua Hyman – American Economy Journal: Economic Policy

* Hippocampal GABA enables inhibitory control over unwanted thoughts – Taylor W. Schmitz – Nature

Daytime variation of perioperative myocardial injury in cardiac surgery and its prevention by Rev-Erbα antagonism: a single-centre propensity-matched cohort study and a randomised study – David Montaigne – The Lancet Cardiac Surgery

The reminiscence bump: why America’s greatest year was probably when you were young

Study: Americans are retiring later, dying sooner and sicker in-between