January 23, 2019

Today’s digest is about the distinct microbial networks within disturbed gut microbiome, multifaceted roles of Staphylococcus epidermidis in skin physiology, and high-throughput cultivation techniques. Happy reading!

Urinary microbiome

Review: The Microbiome and Genitourinary Cancer: A Collaborative Review – Mark C. Markowski – European Urology

Gut microbiome

*Microbial network disturbances in relapsing refractory Crohn’s disease – Bahtiyar Yilmaz – Nature Medicine

Alteration in gut microbiota associated with hepatitis B and non-hepatitis virus related hepatocellular carcinoma – Qisha Liu – Gut Pathogens

Human gut microbes are susceptible to antimicrobial food additives in vitro – Lucia Hrncirova – Folia Microbiologica

Taxonomic and functional composition of the small intestinal microbiome in neonatal calves provide a framework for understanding early life gut health – Nilusha Malmuthuge – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Skin microbiome

*Microbial guardians of skin health – Apollo Stacy and Yasmine Belkaid – Science

Water microbiome

Comparison of microbial communities in the sediments and water columns of frozen cryoconite holes in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica – Pacifica Sommers – Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant/root/soil microbiome

Invasive plant species identity affects soil microbial communities in a mesocosm experiment – Anna M. Stefanowicz – Applied Soil Ecology

Techniques

*High throughput cultivation-based screening on porous aluminum oxide chips allows targeted isolation of antibiotic resistant human gut bacteria – Dennis Versluis – PlosOne

*Cultivation-success of rare soil bacteria is not influenced by incubation time and growth medium – Viola Kurm – PlosOne

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January 15, 2019

Highlights today include the organisms in the healthy infant intestinal microbiome that protect against food allergy, an algorithm to predict aging based on the gut microbiome, and how bacteria adapt to life on the International Space Station. Enjoy!

Pregnancy and early life
Healthy infants harbor intestinal bacteria that protect against food allergy – Taylor Feehley – Nature Medicine

Human gut microbiome
Preprint: Human microbiome aging clocks based on deep learning and tandem of permutation feature importance and accumulated local effects – Fedor Galkin – bioRxiv
(Covered in popular press as Your Gut Microbiome Could Actually Reveal Your Age, Study Shows)

Preprint: The virome in adult monozygotic twins with concordant or discordant gut microbiomes – J. Leonardo Moreno-Gallego – bioRxiv

Human nearly-sterile sites
Review: Microbiome–metabolome reveals the contribution of gut–kidney axis on kidney disease – Yuan-Yuan Chen – Journal of Translational Medicine

Animal experiments
Lactobacillus sakei Alleviates High-fat Diet-induced Obesity and Anxiety in Mice by Inducing AMPK Activation and SIRT1 Expression and Inhibiting Gut Microbiota-mediated NF-κB Activation – Hyo-Min Jang – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Aqueous raw and ripe Pu-erh tea extracts alleviate obesity and alter cecal microbiota composition and function in diet-induced obese rats – Yun Xia – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Impact of intramammary inoculation of inactivated Lactobacillus rhamnosus and antibiotics on the milk microbiota of water buffalo with subclinical mastitis – Carlotta Catozzi – PLOS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome
Superior dispersal ability can lead to persistent ecological dominance throughout succession – Primrose J. Boynton – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium Pseudomonas PS01 induces salt tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana – Thanh Nguyen Chu – BMC Research Notes

Diversity analysis of the rhizospheric and endophytic bacterial communities of Senecio vulgaris L. (Asteraceae) in an invasive range – Dandan Cheng – PeerJ\

Antifungal potential of bacterial rhizosphere isolates associated with three ethno-medicinal plants (poppy, chamomile, and nettle) – Marija Mojicevic – International Microbiology

Analysis of uranium removal capacity of anaerobic granular sludge bacterial communities under different initial pH conditions – Taotao Zeng – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Water and extremophile microbiomes
An interspecies malate–pyruvate shuttle reconciles redox imbalance in an anaerobic microbial community – Po-Hsiang Wang – The ISME Journal

Bacterial community assembly in a typical estuarine marsh with multiple environmental gradients – Zhiyuan Yao – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Effects of salinity on microbialite-associated production in Great Salt Lake, Utah – Melody R. Lindsay – Ecology

Preprint: Capturing the Diversity of Subsurface Microbiota – Choice of Carbon Source for Microcosm Enrichment and Isolation of Groundwater Bacteria – Xiaoqin Wu – bioRxiv

Genetic Evidence for Two Carbon Fixation Pathways (the Calvin-Benson-Bassham Cycle and the Reverse Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle) in Symbiotic and Free-Living Bacteria – Maxim Rubin-Blum – mSphere

Techniques
Generation of 13C-labeled MUC5AC mucin oligosaccharides for stable isotope probing of host-associated microbial communities – Clayton Evert – ACS Infectious Diseases

Transomics data-driven, ensemble kinetic modeling for system-level understanding and engineering of the cyanobacteria central metabolism – Hiroki Nishiguchi – Metabolic Engineering

Built environment/Microbes in Space
Pangenomic Approach To Understanding Microbial Adaptations within a Model Built Environment, the International Space Station, Relative to Human Hosts and Soil – Ryan A. Blaustein – mSystems
(Covered in the popular press as Good news: space bacteria (probably) aren’t evolving to destroy us)

Science, publishing, and career
Preprint: Tracking the popularity and outcomes of all bioRxiv preprints – Richard J. Abdill – bioRxiv

January 14, 2019

Human/General Microbiome

Establishment of vaginal microbiota composition in early pregnancy and its association with subsequent preterm prelabor rupture of the fetal membranes – Richard G. Brown – Translational Research

Sex differences in the gut microbiota as potential determinants of gender predisposition to disease – Jose A. Santos‐Marcos – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

AllergoOncology: microbiota in allergy and cancer – an EAACI position paper – E Untersmayr – Allergy

Comment: Gut microbiota and hypertension – Jun-ichi Oyama – Hypertension Research

Comment: Host-microbiota interactions: from holobiont theory to analysis – Jean-Christophe Simon – Microbiome

Longitudinal Analyses of Gut-Associated Bacterial Microbiota in Ulcerative Colitis Patients – Luma Al-Bayati – Archives of Iranian Medicine

What is the Healthy Gut Microbiota Composition? A Changing Ecosystem across Age, Environment, Diet, and Diseases – Emanuele Rinninella – Microorganisms

A Prospective Study In Severely Injured Patients Reveals An Altered Gut Microbiome Is Associated With Transfusion Volume – Susannah E. Nicholson – Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery

Review: Integration of microbiology, molecular pathology, and epidemiology: a new paradigm to explore the pathogenesis of microbiome-driven neoplasms – Tsuyoshi Hamada – The Journal of Pathology

Review: Targeting gut microbiota with dietary components on cancer: Effects and potential mechanisms of action – Jun Tao – Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

Disorganized Gut Microbiome Contributed to Liver Cirrhosis Progression: A Meta-Omics-Based Study – Li Shao – Frontiers in Microbiology

Review: Leveraging Multilayered “Omics” Data for Atopic Dermatitis: A Road Map to Precision Medicine – Debajyoti Ghosh – Frontiers in Immunology

Systemic instruction of cell-mediated immunity by the intestinal microbiome – John Grainger – F1000Research

Fecal microbiota transplantation in refractory ulcerative colitis – a case report – B. D. Moutinho – Journal of International Medical Research

Current Opinion: Acne, the Skin Microbiome, and Antibiotic Treatment – Haoxiang Xu – American Journal of Clinical Dermatology

Fusobacterium nucleatum promotes chemoresistance to 5-fluorouracil by upregulation of BIRC3 expression in colorectal cancer – Sheng Zhang – Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research

Enteric dysbiosis and fecal calprotectin expression in premature infants – Thao T. B. Ho – Pediatric Research

 

Animal Models

Obesity Aggravates Acute Pancreatitis via Damaging Intestinal Mucosal Barrier and Changing Microbiota Composition in Rats – Cheng Ye – Scientific Reports

Asperlin Stimulates Energy Expenditure and Modulates Gut Microbiota in HFD-Fed Mice – Chongming Wu – Marine Drugs

Preventive Effect of Spontaneous Physical Activity on the Gut-Adipose Tissue in a Mouse Model That Mimics Crohn’s Disease Susceptibility – Florie Maillard – Cells

Lactobacillus sakei Alleviates High-fat Diet-induced Obesity and Anxiety in Mice by Inducing AMPK Activation and SIRT1 Expression and Inhibiting Gut Microbiota-mediated NF-κB Activation – Hyo‐Min Jang – Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

The Metabolic Response to a Low Amino Acid Diet is Independent of Diet-Induced Shifts in the Composition of the Gut Microbiome – Heidi H. Pak – Scientific Reports

 

More Animal Microbiomes

Generational conservation of composition and diversity of field-acquired midgut microbiota in Anopheles gambiae (sensu lato) during colonization in the laboratory – Jewelna Akorli – Parasites & Vectors

Potential role of host-derived quorum quenching in modulating bacterial colonization in the moon jellyfish Aurelia aurita – Nancy Weiland-Bräuer – Scientific Reports

 

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

Review: Effect of Food Structure and Processing on (Poly)phenol-Gut Microbiota Interactions and the Effects on Human Health – Francisco A. Tomás-Barberán – Annual Reviews of Food Science and Technology

Dietary Fructooligosaccharide and Glucomannan Alter Gut Microbiota and Improve Bone Metabolism in Senescence-Accelerated Mouse – Kenichi Tanabe – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

 

Plant Microbiome

Characterizing both bacteria and fungi improves understanding of the Arabidopsis root microbiome – Joy Bergelson – Scientific Reports

 

January 9, 2019

Today’s digest is about the CRISPR tools for diverse bacteria, urinary microbiome associated with bladder cancer and OMeta, a data-driven metadata tracking system. Happy reading!

Gut microbiome

*Enabling genetic analysis of diverse bacteria with Mobile-CRISPRi – Jason M. Peters – Nature Microbiology

Urinary microbiome

*Review: The Urinary Microbiome: Implications in Bladder Cancer Pathogenesis and Therapeutics – Petar Bajic – Urology

Animal experiments

High-fat diet causes psychiatric disorders in mice by increasing Proteobacteria population – Mi-Young Jeong – Neuroscience Letters

Animal microbiome

Canine endometrial and vaginal microbiomes reveal distinct and complex ecosystems – Candace C. Lyman – PlosOne

Probiotic characterization of Lactobacillus isolates from canine faeces – Maria Magdalena Coman – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Water microbiome

Deciphering of microbial community and antibiotic resistance genes in activated sludge reactors under high selective pressure of different antibiotics – Renxin Zhao – Water Research

Desiccation events change the microbial response to gradients of wastewater effluent pollution – Ferran Romeroa – Water Research

Characteristics of pipe corrosion scales in untreated water distribution system and effect on water quality in Peshawar, Pakistan – Dilawar Farhan Shams – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Plant/root/soil microbiome

Microbial phyto-power systems – A sustainable integration of phytoremediation and microbial fuel cells – Beenish Saba – Bioelectrochemistry

A Plant‐Growth Promoting Bacterium Alters the Microbial Community of Continuous Cropping Poplar Trees Rhizosphere – Junkang Sui – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Bioinformatics

*OMeta: an ontology-based, data-driven metadata tracking system – Indresh Singh – BMC Bioinformatics

January 4, 2019

Highlights of today’s Digest include: animal microbiomes from snakes to bald eagles to porcupines, studies of bacteria promoting plant growth, and a nice review of ‘omics in fermented foods. Happy reading!

Human oral microbiome
Microcosm biofilms cultured from different oral niches in periodontitis patients – Fabian Cieplik – Journal of Oral Microbiology

Xylitol and sorbitol effects on the microbiome of saliva and plaque – Reisha Rafeek – Journal of Oral Microbiology

Human vaginal microbiome
Vaginal microbiome variances in sample groups categorized by clinical criteria of bacterial vaginosis – Hui-Mei Chen – BMC Genomics

Human gut microbiome
Five years of fecal microbiota transplantation – an update of the Israeli experience – Sharon A Greenberg – World Journal of Gastroenterology

Review: Association between the intestinal microbiota and allergic sensitization, eczema, and asthma: A systematic review – Petra Zimmermann – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Interplay between food and gut microbiota in health and disease – Niels Banhos Danneskiold-Samsøe – Food Research International

Gut microbiome changes in overweight male adults following bowel preparation – Hui-Mei Chen – BMC Genomics

Animal Microbiome
Preprint: Bacterial Diversity in Feces of Wild Bald Eagles, Turkey Vultures and Common Ravens from the Pacific Northwest Coast, U.S.A. – Rocio Crespo – bioRxiv

Next-generation sequencing analysis reveals high bacterial diversity in wild venomous and non-venomous snakes from India – Sajesh Puthenpurackal Krishnankutty – Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases

Understanding the roles of surface proteins in regulation of Lactobacillus pentosus HC-2 to immune response and bacterial diversity in midgut of Litopenaeus vannamei – Yang Du – Fish & Shellfish Immunology

Characterization of novel lignocellulose-degrading enzymes from the porcupine microbiome using synthetic metagenomics – Mackenzie Thornbury – PLOS One

Plant, root, and soil microbiome
Review: Planting the Microbiome – Jennifer K. Spinler – Trends in Microbiology

Arabidopsis thaliana responds to colonisation of Piriformospora indica by secretion of symbiosis-specific proteins – Johannes Thürich – PLOS One

Screening of plant growth promotion ability among bacteria isolated from field-grown sorghum under different managements in Brazilian drylands – Jéssica Fernanda da Silva – World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Streptomyces: implications and interactions in plant growth promotion – Oluwaseyi Samuel Olanrewaju – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Mycorrhizal features and leaf traits covary at the community level during primary succession – J. Rasmus P. Jespersen – Fungal Ecology

Microbial communities controlling methane and nutrient cycling in leach field soils – Cristina P.Fernandez-Baca – Water Research

Gradients of three coastal environments off the South China Sea and their impacts on the dynamics of heterotrophic microbial communities – Xianhua Liu – Science of the Total Environment

New insights into the impact of nZVI on soil microbial biodiversity and functionality – Carmen Fajardo – Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A

Syntrophic effect of indigenous and inoculated microorganisms in the leaching of rare earth elements from Western Australian monazite – Melissa K.Corbett – Research in Microbiology

Removal of veterinary antibiotics in constructed wetland microcosms – Response of bacterial communities – Filipa Santos – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Water and extremophile microbiome
Bacterial diversity in the water column of meromictic Lake Cadagno and evidence for seasonal dynamics – Francesco Danza – PLOS One

Microbial community succession and pollutants removal of a novel carriers enhanced duckweed treatment system for rural wastewater in Dianchi Lake basin – Guoke Chen – Bioresource Technology

Food Microbiology
Omics in traditional vegetable fermented foods and beverages – Jocelin Rizo – Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

Preprint: Construction of synthetic microbiota for reproducible flavor metabolism in Chinese light aroma type liquor produced by solid-state fermentation – Qun Wu – bioRxiv

Bioinformatics
A latent allocation model for the analysis of microbial composition and disease – Ko Abe – BMC Bioinformatics

Techniques
Metatranscriptomic and thermodynamic insights into medium-chain fatty acid production using an anaerobic microbiome – Matthew J. Scarborough – mSystems

December 30, 2018

In the midst of the festive season have a fiesta with the recent articles on Microbiome. Todays MicroBiome Digest covers the Techniques and Treatments, Drugs, Immunostimulatory Diet and Nutrition, Multivariate Count Data Model, Antimicrobials, Pre/Pro-biotcs, Host-Microbe Interactions, Genes, Genomics and Pathways of Microbiota, Infant Microbiome, Animal Models, Animal Microbiome, Microbial Ecology of plant and soil. Happy Reading!!! 

TECHNIQUES & TREATMENTS:

LEMMI: A Live Evaluation of Computational Methods for Metagenome Investigation – Mathieu Seppey – bioRxiv

Single-cell virus sequencing of influenza infections that trigger innate immunity – Alistair B Russell – bioRxiv

METHODS TO IMPROVE INDUCTION OF IGG AND IGA ANTIBODIES BY VACCINES – Boyaka, Prosper -United States Patent Application 20180360953 -PATENT

Are the Statins promising antifungal agents against invasive candidiasis? – William GustavoLima -Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy

Bayesian variable selection for multivariate zero-inflated models: Application to microbiome count data – Lee KH – Biostatistics

Metatranscriptomic and comparative genomic insights into resuscitation mechanisms during enrichment culturing – Mu DS – Microbiome

Prognostic Impact of Fusobacterium nucleatum Depends on Combined Tumor Location and Microsatellite Instability Status in Stage II/III Colorectal Cancers Treated with Adjuvant Chemotherapy – Oh HJ – J Pathol Transl Med.

Loss of Gut Microbiota Alters Immune System Composition and Cripples Post-Infarction Cardiac Repair – Tang TW – Circulation

DRUG, DIET and NUTRITION:

Review article: implementation of a diet low in FODMAPs for patients with irritable bowel syndrome-directions for future research – Mitchell Hrticle – Aliment Pharmacol Ther.

Compound polysaccharides ameliorate experimental colitis by modulating gut microbiota composition and function – Cai Y – J Gastroenterol Hepatol.

Rifaximin Altered Gut Microbiota Components Associated with Liver/Neuropsychological Functions in Patients with Hepatic Encephalopathy: An Exploratory Data Analysis of a Phase II/III Clinical Trials – Kawaguchi T – Hepatol Res.

Inulin ameliorates alcoholic liver disease via suppressing LPS-TLR4-Mψ axis and modulating gut microbiota in mice – Yang X – Alcohol Clin Exp Res.

Effect of Resistant Starch on the Gut Microbiota and Its Metabolites in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease – Yoshida N – J Atheroscler Thromb.

Late gestation diet supplementation of resin acid-enriched composition increases sow colostrum immunoglobulin G content, piglet colostrum intake and improve sow gut microbiota – Hasan S – Animal

PRE/PRO- BIOTICS and ANTIMICROBIAL:

The human skin microbiota is a rich source of bacteriocin producing staphylococci which kill human pathogens – O’Sullivan JN – FEMS Microbiol Ecol.

Comparative immunostimulatory effect of probiotics and prebiotics in Channa punctatus against Aphanomyces invadans – Devi G – Fish Shellfish Immunol

GENES, GENOMICS & PATHWAYS:

Detection of a novel mutation G511T in the 530 loop in 16S rRNA in multi drugs resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated from Sudanese patients – Yousif Mohammed Alfatih – bioRxiv

Review: Interactions Between Autophagy and the Unfolded Protein Response: Implications for Inflammatory Bowel Disease – Hooper KM – Inflamm Bowel Dis.

In vitro and in vivo characterization of Clostridium scindens bile acid transformations – Marion S- Gut Microbes

Bioinformatic, phylogenetic, and chemical analysis of the UV-absorbing compounds scytonemin and mycosporine-like amino acids from the microbial mat communities of Shark Bay, Australia – D’Agostino PM – Environ Microbiol

Genetic diversity of Escherichia coli in gut microbiota of patients with Crohn’s disease discovered using metagenomic and genomic analyses – Tyakht AV – BMC Genomics

Complete Genome Sequence of a blaKPC-2-Positive Klebsiella pneumoniae Strain Isolated from the Effluent of an Urban Sewage Treatment Plant in Japan Complete Genome Sequence of a blaKPC-2-Positive Klebsiella pneumoniae Strain Isolated from the Effluent of an Urban Sewage Treatment Plant in Japan – Sekizuka T – mSphere

HOST-MICROBE INTERACTION:

Nitrogen- and phosphorus-starved Triticum aestivum show distinct belowground microbiome profiles – Antoine P Pagé -bioRxiv

Bacterial secretion of histamine within the gut influences immune responses within the lung – Barcik W – Allergy

GUT MICROBIOME:

Extensive Transmission of Microbes along the Gastrointestinal Tract – Thomas SB Schmidt – bioRxiv

VAGINAL MICROBIOME:

Human β-defensin-2 as a biochemical indicator of vaginal environment in pregnant women – Hideko Kotani – Hypertension Research In Pregnancy

PREGNANCY AND EARLY LIFE:

Physiology of Stress and Use of Skin-to-Skin Care as a Stress-Reducing Intervention in the NICU – Britt Frisk Pados – Nursing for Women’s Health

Longitudinal analysis of infant stool bacteria communities before and after acute febrile malaria and artemether/lumefantrine treatment – Mandal RK – J Infect Dis.

Haemophilus-dominant nasopharyngeal microbiota is associated with delayed clearance of respiratory syncytial virus in infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis – Mansbach JM – J Infect Dis

ANIMAL MODEL EXPERIMENTS:

Dietary nucleotides can directly stimulate the immunity of zebrafish independent of the intestinal microbiota – Guo X – Fish Shellfish Immunol.

Antimicrobial assessment of phage therapy using a porcine model of biofilm infection – Milho C – Int J Pharm

ANIMAL MICROBIOME:

Effect of different levels of tryptophan on productive performance, egg quality, blood biochemistry, and caecal microbiota of hens housed in enriched colony cages under commercial stocking density – Khattak F -Poult Sci.

Exogenous carbohydrases added to a starter diet reduced markers of systemic immune activation and decreased Lactobacillus in weaned pigs – Li Q – J Anim Sci.

Gut microbiota dynamics and functionality in Reticulitermes grassei after a 7-day dietary shift and ciprofloxacin treatment – Berlanga M – PLoS One

MICROBIAL ECOLOGY:

Culturomics-Based Taxonomic Diversity of Bacterial Communities in the Hot Springs of Saudi Arabia – Yasir M – OMICS

Rhizosphere microorganisms can influence the timing of plant flowering – Lut T – Microbiome

December 21, 2018

Today’s digest is about the shortcomings of the midstream urine test for urinary tract infection, contacts between phages and bacterial hosts, and contamination in marker-gene and metagenomic sequencing. There is a very interesting podcast on “Seeing double” in scientific papers. Happy reading/listening!

Urinary microbiome

Cross-over data supporting long-term antibiotic treatment in patients with painful lower urinary tract symptoms, pyuria and negative urinalysis – Sheela Swamy – International Urogynecology Journal

*Reassessment of routine midstream culture in diagnosis of urinary tract infection – Sanchutha Sathiananthamoorthya – Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Gut microbiome

Drivers of human gut microbial community assembly: Coadaptation, determinism and stochasticity – Kaitlyn Oliphan – BioRxiv

Animal experiments

*Scaffolding bacterial genomes and probing host-virus interactions in gut microbiome by proximity ligation (chromosome capture) assay – Martial Marbouty – Science Advances

Antidepressant treatment modulates the gut microbiome and metabolome during pregnancy and lactation in rats with a depressive-like phenotype – Anouschka S Ramsteijn – BioRxiv

General Anesthesia Alters the Diversity and Composition of the Intestinal Microbiota in Mice – Mara A. Serbanescu – Anesthesia & Analgesia

Water microbiome

Bacterial community activity and dynamics in the biofilm of an experimental hybrid wetland system treating greywater – Marika Truu – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Plant/root/soil microbiome

Introducing THOR, a model microbiome for genetic dissection of community behavior – Gabriel L. Lozano – BioRxiv

Bacterial analogs of plant piperidine alkaloids mediate microbial interactions in a rhizosphere model system – Gabriel L. Lozano – BioRxiv

Bioinformatics

*Simple statistical identification and removal of contaminant sequences in marker-gene and metagenomics data – Nicole M. Davis – Microbiome

Nucleotide Archival Format (NAF) enables efficient lossless reference-free compression of DNA sequences – Kirill Kryukov – BioRxiv

Podcast

*Seeing double [Elisabeth Bik speaks about the problematic images in scientific papers, the state of microbiome research, and making the jump from academia to industry] – Dan Quintana and James Heathers – Everything Hertz.