September 7, 2018

Happy Friday everyone! Today’s digest covers microbiota dysbiosis in bowel obstruction, the soil microbial communities in apple orchards, and the bacterial and diatom composition of killer whale skin. Enjoy!

Human oral microbiome

Human defects in STAT3 promote oral mucosal fungal and bacterial dysbiosis – Abusleme – JCI Insight

High-resolution ISR amplicon sequencing reveals personalized oral microbiome – Mukherjee – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Review: Inflammasomes in the gastrointestinal tract: infection, cancer and gut microbiota homeostasis – Man – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Review: Norovirus interactions with the commensal microbiota – Sullender – PLoS Pathogens

Microbiota dysbiosis and its pathophysiological significance in bowel obstruction – Hegde – Scientific Reports

Microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids promote Th1 cell IL-10 production to maintain intestinal homeostasis – Sun – Nature Communications

Animal experiments

Irreversible effects of trichloroethylene on the gut microbial community and gut-associated immune responses in autoimmune-prone mice – Khare – Journal of Applied Toxicology

Animal microbiome

Preprint: Efficacy of fecal sampling as a gut proxy in the study of chicken gut microbiota – Yan – BioRxiv

Preprint: Diet influences early microbiota development in dairy calves without long-term impacts on milk production – Dill-McFarland – BioRxiv

Host-derived population genomics data provides insights into bacterial and diatom composition of the killer whale skin – Hooper – Molecular Ecology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Diverse Bacteria Utilize Alginate Within the Microbiome of the Giant Kelp Macrocystis pyrifera – Lin – Frontiers in Microbiology

Spatial structuring of soil microbial communities in commercial apple orchards – Deakin – Applied Soil Ecology

Isolation and characterization of antagonistic bacteria with the potential for biocontrol of soil-borne wheat diseases – Wang – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Science, publishing, and career

Experimental technique isn’t my strong suit, but I can still be a scientist – Anderson – Science Careers

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August 17, 2018

Happy Friday! Today’s digest includes the tongue microbiome of elderly adults, electroactive biofilms, and the transmission of bacteria from hand washing sink traps. Also featured is a Nature commentary on Unpaywall and open-access research articles.

Pregnancy and early life

Changes in the gut microbiota composition during pregnancy in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) – Ilario Ferrocino – Scientific Reports

Human oral microbiome

Tongue Microbiota and Oral Health Status in Community-Dwelling Elderly Adults – Mikari Asakawa – mSphere

Human respiratory microbiome

Early Airway Microbial Metagenomic and Metabolomic Signatures are Associated with Development of Severe Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia – Charitharth Vivek Lal – American Journal of Physiology-Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology

Human vaginal microbiome

Characterization of pelvic and cervical microbiotas from patients with pelvic inflammatory disease – Yue Wang – Journal of Medical Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Review: Unhealthy gut, unhealthy brain: The role of the intestinal microbiota in neurodegenerative diseases – Lindsay Joy Spielman – Neurochemistry International

Potential of fructooligosaccharides and xylooligosaccharides as substrates to counteract the undesirable effects of several antibiotics on elder faecal microbiota: a first in vitro approach – Beatriz Miguez – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Lack of short-chain fatty acids and overgrowth of opportunistic pathogens define dysbiosis of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders: A Chinese pilot study – Junli Gong – Multiple Sclerosis

Animal experiments

Effects of Oat Bran on Nutrient Digestibility, Intestinal Microbiota, and Inflammatory Responses in the Hindgut of Growing Pigs – Beibei He – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Animal microbiome

Preprint: Bacterial cohesion predicts spatial distribution in the larval zebrafish intestine – Brandon H. Schlomann – bioRxiv

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Effects of lily/maize intercropping on rhizosphere microbial community and yield of Lilium davidii var. unicolor – Lijing Zhou – Journal of Basic Microbiology

Comparative Metagenomic Analysis of Rhizosphere Microbial Community Composition and Functional Potentials under Rehmannia glutinosa Consecutive Monoculture – Linkun Wu – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Water and extremophile microbiome

Preprint: Shear stress mediates metabolism and growth in electroactive biofilms – Akhenaton-Andrew D Jones – bioRxiv

Characteristics of Rhizosphere Bacterial Community across Different Cultivation Years in Saline-alkaline Paddy Soils of Songnen Plain of China – Jun-Tao CUI – Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Built environment

Preprint: Droplet rather than Aerosol Mediated Dispersion is the Primary Mechanism of Bacterial transmission from Contaminated Hand Washing Sink Traps – Shireen M Kotay – bioRxiv

Probiotics / prebiotics

Review: Prebiotic and probiotic treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Brett R Loman – Nutrition Reviews

Science, publishing, and career

Stepping up to the podium: Wrestling with impostor syndrome as a teacher – Jeffrey Maloy – Science Careers

How Unpaywall is transforming open science – Holly Else – Nature News & Comment

August 3, 2018

Happy Friday! Today’s digest includes the axolotl microbiome, carbon processing in thawing permafrost, and esterases discovered in hot spring microbial mats. In addition, there’s a Nature career column discussing why it’s not a ‘failure’ to leave academia. Enjoy!

Multi-site human microbiome

Optimizing body fluid recognition from microbial taxonomic profiles – Eirik Nataas Hanssen – Forensic Science International

Human oral microbiome

Dysbiosis of the buccal mucosa microbiome in primary Sjögren’s syndrome patients – Taco A van der Meulen – Rheumatology

Human respiratory microbiome

Comparison of the upper and lower airway microbiota in children with chronic lung diseases – Bushra Ahmed – PLoS One

Human vaginal microbiome

Review: Case for a role of the microbiome in gynecologic cancers: Clinician’s perspective – Ismail Mert – Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research

Human gut microbiome

Enhanced preservation of the human intestinal microbiota by ridinilazole, a novel Clostridium difficile-targeting antibacterial, compared to vancomycin – Cheleste M. Thorpe – PLoS One

Animal experiments

Euphorbia kansui fry-baked with vinegar modulates gut microbiota and reduces intestinal toxicity in rats – DongjingJiang – Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Animal microbiome

Experimentally induced metamorphosis in highly regenerative axolotl (ambystoma mexicanum) under constant diet restructures microbiota – Turan Demircan – Scientific Reports

Response of host–bacterial colonization in shrimp to developmental stage, environment and disease – Jinbo Xiong – Molecular Ecology

Wild Bee Pollen Usage and Microbial Communities Co-vary Across Landscapes – Quinn S. McFrederick – Microbial Ecology

Microbiomes of gall-inducing copepod crustaceans from the corals Stylophora pistillata (Scleractinia) and Gorgonia ventalina (Alcyonacea) – Pavel V. Shelyakin – Scientific Reports

Effect of dietary fat to starch content on fecal microbiota composition and activity in dogs – Sofia Schauf – Journal of Animal Science

Primer: The importance of being persistent: The first true resident gut symbiont in Drosophila – Dali Ma – PLoS Biology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Genome-centric view of carbon processing in thawing permafrost – Ben J. Woodcroft – Nature

Review: Uptake of bacteria into living plant cells, the unifying and distinct feature of the nitrogen-fixing root nodule symbiosis – Martin Parniske – Current Opinion in Plant Biology

Pre-print: Unlocking a high bacterial diversity in the coralloid root microbiome from the cycad genus Dioon – Pablo de Jesus Suarez-Moo – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

Discovery of a diverse set of esterases from hot spring microbial mat and sea sediment metagenomes – RaviRanjan – International Journal of Biological Macromolecules

Built environment

Microbial communities and functional genes of nitrogen cycling in an electrolysis augmented constructed wetland treating wastewater treatment plant effluent – Pengfei Zhang – Chemosphere

Science, publishing, and career

Why it is not a ‘failure’ to leave academia – Philipp Kruger – Nature

July 20, 2018

Happy Friday! Today’s digest includes the bacterial diversity of bat guano, cyanobacterial blooms in oil-contaminated sediments, and the shrimp gut microbiome. Also, an NPR interview with astrophysicist Adam Frank about how to be a savvy consumer of science news.

Pregnancy and early life

Maternal peripartum antibiotic exposure and the risk of postpartum depression – Jordan R. Murphy – Research in Nursing and Health

Review: Breast milk, formula, the microbiome and overweight – Elisabetta Mueller – Nature Reviews Endocrinology

Human vaginal microbiome

Evaluating the potential of residual Pap test fluid as a resource for the metaproteomic analysis of the cervical-vaginal microbiome – Somaieh Afiuni-Zadeh – Scientific Reports

Human gut microbiome

Review: The Gut Microbiota and Healthy Aging: A Mini-Review – Sangkyu Kim – Gerontology

Animal experiments

Western diet feeding influences gut microbiota profiles in apoE knockout mice – Baoning Liu – Lipids in Health and Disease

Animal microbiome

Bacterial diversity of bat guano from Cabalyorisa Cave, Mabini, Pangasinan, Philippines: A first report on the metagenome of Philippine bat guano – Marian P. De Leon – PLoS One

Disease outbreak accompanies the dispersive structure of shrimp gut bacterial community with a simple core microbiota – Zhiyuan Yao – AMB Express

In ovo microbial communities: a potential mechanism for the initial acquisition of gut microbiota among oviparous birds and lizards – Brian K. Trevelline – Biology Letters

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Plant diversity and density predict belowground diversity and function in an early successional alpine ecosystem – Dorota L. Porazinska – Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Cyanobacterial blooms in oil-contaminated subtidal sediments revealed by integrated approaches – Cuixiao Xie – Environmental Microbiology Reports

ddPCR applied on archived Continuous Plankton Recorder samples reveals long-term occurrence of class 1 integrons and a sulphonamide resistance gene in marine plankton communities – Andrea Di Cesare – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Structure of Microbial Communities of the Sediments of Alkaline Transbaikalia Lakes with Different Salinity – S. V. Zaitseva – Microbiology

Diversity of Heterotrophic Halophilic Bacteria Isolated from Coastal Solar Salterns, Bulgaria and Their Ability to Synthesize Bioactive Molecules with Biotechnological Impact – I. Boyadzhieva – Microbiology

Diversity of Prokaryotes in Planktonic Communities of Saline Sol-Iletsk lakes (Orenburg Oblast, Russia) – E. A. Selivanova – Microbiology

Pre-Print: Genetic evidence for two carbon fixation pathways in symbiotic and free-living bacteria: The Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle and the reverse tricarboxylic acid cycle – Maxim Rubin Blum – BioRxiv

Science, publishing, and career

Track the fate of postdocs to help the next generation of scientists – Nature

How To Be A Savvy Consumer Of Science News – NPR’s All Things Considered

Non-microbiology picks

Jupiter has 10 more moons we didn’t know about — and they’re weird – Nature

July 6, 2018

Today’s digest includes the spleen microbiome of wild mammals, the microbial phylogenetic diversity of natural clay, and the effects of non-nutritive sweeteners on the mouse gut microbiome. It also includes Nature’s picks for June’s best science images.

Pregnancy and early life

Maternal diet during pregnancy is related with the infant stool microbiome in a delivery mode-dependent manner – Sara N. Lundgren – Microbiome

Human skin microbiome

Skin commensal bacteria S. epidermidis promote survival of melanocytes bearing UVB‐induced DNA damage, while bacteria P. acnes inhibit survival of melanocytes by increasing apoptosis – Zhenping Wang – Photodermatology, Photoimmunology, and Photomedicine

Human gut microbiome

Review: Gut microbiota‐immune‐brain interactions in chemotherapy‐associated behavioral comorbidities – Kelley R. Jordan – Cancer

Involvement of T helper 17 cells in inflammatory arthritis depends on the host intestinal microbiota – Heather Evans‐Marin – Arthritis and Rheumatology

Analysis of the Gut Microbiome of Rural and Urban Healthy Indians Living in Sea Level and High Altitude Areas – Bhabatosh Das – Scientific Reports

Animal experiments

Non-nutritive sweeteners possess a bacteriostatic effect and alter gut microbiota in mice – Qiao-Ping Wang – PLoS One

Effects of naturally-produced lovastatin on feed digestibility, rumen fermentation, microbiota and methane emissions in goats over a 12-week treatment period – Su Chui Len Candyrine – PLoS One

Perinatal short-chain fructooligosaccharides program intestinal microbiota and improve enteroinsular axis function and inflammatory status in high-fat diet-fed adult pigs – Cindy Le Bourgot – FASEB

Bifidobacterium bifidum TMC3115 Can Characteristically Influence Glucose and Lipid Profile and Intestinal Microbiota in the Middle-Aged and Elderly – Ke Wang – Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins

Isoquercetin and inulin synergistically modulate the gut microbiome to prevent development of the metabolic syndrome in mice fed a high fat diet – Si Tan – Scientific Reports

Animal microbiome

The spleen microbiota of small wild mammals reveals distinct patterns with tick-borne bacteria – Yan Ge – PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Drosophila melanogaster establishes a species-specific mutualistic interaction with stable gut-colonizing bacteria – Inês S. Pais – PLoS Biology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Phylogenetic diversity and metabolic potential of microbiome of natural healing clay from Chamliyal (J&K) – Sakshi Sharma – Archives of Microbiology

Bioinformatics

Taxonomic and Functional Compositions Impacted by the Quality of Metatranscriptomic Assemblies – Maggie C. Y. Lau – Frontiers in Microbiology

Techniques

Development of outbred CD1 mouse colonies with distinct standardized gut microbiota profiles for use in complex microbiota targeted studies – Marcia L. Hart – Scientific Reports

Non-microbiology picks

Astronauts, atmospheres and axolotls — June’s best science images – Nature