May 6, 2018

Brassicaceae plants-fungi associations, a feature on PCR bias during microbiome analysis, a thesis about viruses; preprints about Mobile-CRISPRi system on bacteria, what may happen to the intestinal microbiota when Lactobacillus reuteri intervenes; few non-microbio picks covering mental health, conservation policy, stem cell policy; and a lot more for our digest from Sunday.

General microbiome

Preprint: Mobile-CRISPRi: Enabling Genetic Analysis of Diverse Bacteria – JM Peters – bioRxiv

Preprint: Effect of Lactobacillus reuteri on intestinal microflora and immune parameters: involvement of sex differences – J He – biorXiv

Review: The Interplay Between the Microbiome and Cardiovascular Risk – BA Minnifield – Current Genetic Medicine Reports

Klebsiella pneumoniae as a key trafficker of drug resistance genes from environmental to clinically important bacteria – KL Wyres – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Proteomic studies on lactic acid bacteria: A review – KS Vinusha – Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports

Multi-site human microbiome

Distinct shifts in the oral microbiota are associated with the progression and aggravation of mucositis during radiotherapy – J Hou – Radiotherapy and Oncology

Human skin microbiome

Skin microbiome changes in patients with interdigital tinea pedis – R  Wang – British Journal of Dermatology

Human vaginal microbiome

The Vaginal Eukaryotic DNA Virome and Preterm Birth  – KM Wylie – American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Systematic Review: The vaginal microbiota and its association with Human Papillomavirus, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhea and Mycoplasma genitalium infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis – J Tamarelle – Clinical Microbiology and Infection

Human gut microbiome

Review: Methods for studying gut microbiota: A primer for physicians – AN Sarangi – Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology

Review: Effects of the Gut microbiota on Amygdalin and its use as an anti-cancer therapy: Substantial review on the key components involved in altering dose efficacy and toxicity – V Jaiswal – Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports

The ability of human intestinal anaerobes to metabolize different oligosaccharides: Novel means for microbiota modulation? – R Ose – Anaerobe

Clostridium difficile cure with fecal microbiota transplantation in a child with Pompe disease: a case report – DE Dow – Journal of Medical Case Reports

Association Between Bacteremia from Specific Microbes and Subsequent Diagnosis of Colorectal Cancer  – TNY Kwong – Gastroenterology

Animal experiments 

Tributyltin exposure induces gut microbiome dysbiosis with increased body weight gain and dyslipidemia in mice – H Guo – Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology

Inhibition Effect of Glycyrrhiza Polysaccharide (GCP) on Tumor Growth through Regulation of the Gut Microbiota Composition – X Zhang – Journal of Pharmacological Sciences

Ketogenic diet enhances neurovascular function with altered gut microbiome in young healthy mice – D Ma – Scientific Reports

Preprint: Efficacy of fecal sampling as a gut proxy in the study of chicken gut microbiota – W Yan – bioRxiv

Acute exposure to PBDEs at an environmentally realistic concentration causes abrupt changes in the gut microbiota and host health of zebrafish – L Chen – Environmental Pollution

Animal microbiome 

Integrated metatranscriptomics and metaproteomics for the characterization of bacterial microbiota in unfed Ixodes ricinus – A Hernández-Jarguín – Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases

Metatranscriptome analysis of the intestinal microorganisms in Pardosa pseudoannulata in response to cadmium stress – H Yang – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Beneficial associations between Brassicaceae plants and fungal endophytes under nutrient-limiting conditions: evolutionary origins and host–symbiont molecular mechanisms – K Hiruma – Current Opinion in Plant Biology

Cross-kingdom lipid transfer in arbuscular mycorrhiza symbiosis and beyond – A Keymer – Current Opinion in Plant Biology

Isolation of local Bacillus spp. from Afghanistan soils and their potential in suppressing the root-knot nematodes on tomato – AS Jamily – J-Stage

Effect of community-based soil and water conservation practices on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi types, spore densities, root colonization, and soil nutrients in the northern highlands of Ethiopia – M Welemariam – Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture

Biocontrol mechanisms of Bacillus sp., isolated from tomato rhizosphere, against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici – M Jangir – Biological Control

Root Exudates Dominate the Colonization of Pathogen and Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria – J Yuan – Root Biology

Unfolding the Role of Rhizomicrobiome Toward Sustainable Agriculture – S Kaul – Root Biology

Litter breakdown as a tool for assessment of the efficiency of afforestation and ash-aided phytostabilization on metal-contaminated soils functioning in Northern France – J Leclercq-Dransart – Environmental Science and Pollution Research 

Sugars en route to the roots. Transport, metabolism and storage within plant roots and towards microorganisms of the rhizosphere – N Hennion – Physiologia Plantarum

Salt marsh sediment bacterial communities maintain original population structure after transplantation across a latitudinal gradient – A Angermeyer – PeerJ

Impact of slope exposure on chemical and microbiological properties of Norway spruce deadwood and underlying soil during early stages of decomposition in the Italian Alps – T Bardelli – CATENA

Built environment 

A comparative study of eubacterial communities by PCR-DGGE fingerprints in anoxic and aerobic biotrickling filters used for biogas desulfurization – A Valle – Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

Food microbiology

Microbial community dynamics of Dan’er barley grain during the industrial malting process – X Li – Food Microbiology

Physicochemical, microbiological and sensory acceptance alterations of strawberries caused by gamma radiation and storage time – M de Jesus Filho – Scientia Horticulturae

Evaluation of critical points of mould growth and mycotoxin production in the stored barley ecosystem with a hazardous initial microbiological state of grain – J Wawrzyniak – Journal of Stored Products Research

Viruses and phages

Thesis: Virology By The Numbers: A Quantitative Exploration of Viral Energetics, Genomics, and Ecology – G Mahmoudabadi – Caltech THESIS



Microbiology: making the best of PCR bias – M  Eisenstein – Nature

Anton Chekhov and Robert Koch Cheek to Cheek: A Proteomic Study – A D’Amato – Proteomics

Microbes in the news

Future of Microbiome Drugs Market including key players Pfizer, Second Genome, Seres Therapeutics – Technical Progress News

Pattern hair loss could be due to gut bacteria – Science Nordic

Legionella bacteria has been detected at the problem-plagued Perth Children’s Hospital. – SBS News

Connections Between Art And Science Explored – The Enterprise

Non-microbiology picks

Arctic ice carries heavy freight of plastic – Nature

Brazil’s lawmakers renew push to weaken environmental rules – Nature

Feeling overwhelmed by academia? You are not alone – Nature

Real-world illness requires medical multitasking – Nature

Announcement: stem-cell policy – Nature

May 5, 2018


For the Saturday digest the theses on making pipelines of microbial communities available and microbes of butterflies; plus the whole section of animal microbiome would be my choice for reading.

General microbiome

Thesis: Making Pipelines and Large Processing Microbial Community Studies Available to Any User, Any Time, Any Place – JAN Molina – ProQuest

Multi-site human microbiome

Social networks, cooperative breeding, and the human milk microbiome – CL Meehan  – American Journal of Human Biology


Human gut microbiome

Fecal Microbiota Composition Drives Immune Activation in HIV-infected Individuals – CP Neff – EBioMedicine

Animal microbiome 

Thesis: Evolution of Microbial Communities and Chemosensory Genes in Passion-Vine Butterflies – B van Schooten – ProQuest

Microbial community and diversity in the feces of Sichuan takin (Budorcas taxicolor tibetana) as revealed by Illumina Miseq sequencing and quantitative real-time PCR – H Zhu – AMB Express

Comparison of the fecal microbiota of domestic commercial meat, laboratory, companion, and shelter rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculi) – J Kylie – BMC Veterinary Research

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Diversity of Bacillus-like bacterial community in the rhizospheric and non-rhizospheric soil of halophytes (Salsola stocksii and Atriplex amnicola) and characterization of osmoregulatory genes in halophilic Bacilli – S Mukhtar – Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Contrasting beneficial and pathogenic microbial communities across consecutive cropping fields of greenhouse strawberry – Y Huang – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Reanalysis of microbiomes in soils affected by apple replant disease (ARD): Old foes and novel suspects lead to the proposal of extended model of disease development – L Nicola – Applied Soil Ecology

Root–Microbe Interactions: Understanding and Exploitation of Microbiome – A Sharma – Root Biology

Biodegradation of pyraclostrobin by two microbial communities from Hawaiian soils and metabolic mechanism – X Chen – Journal of Hazardous Materials

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Prokaryotic and eukaryotic community structure affected by the presence of an acid mine drainage from an abandoned gold mine – JO Bonilla – Extremophiles



Neutral models of short-term microbiome dynamics with host subpopulation structure and migration limitation – Q Zeng – Microbiome

DNA microarray-based assessment of virulence potential of Shiga toxin gene-carrying Escherichia coli O104:H7 isolated from feedlot cattle feces – PB Shridhar – PLoS One

Taxonomic profiles in metagenomic analyses of free-living microbial communities in the Ofunato Bay – MS Reza – Gene



April 30, 2018


Articles from the section ‘Techniques’ are my suggested reads for today’s short digest!

General microbiome

Microbial interactions trigger the production of antibiotics – T Netzker – Current Opinion in Microbiology


Human nearly-sterile sites (blood, organs, brain)

Preprint: Transcriptome analysis in whole blood reveals increased microbial diversity in schizophrenia – LMO Loohuis – bioRxiv


Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Effectiveness of bacterial inoculation in alleviation of salinity on water status, mineral content, gas exchange and photosynthetic parameters of Viburnum tinus L. plants – MJ Gómez-Bellot – Scientia Horticulturae

Review: Where are we going with genomics in plant pathogenic bacteria? – J Xu – Genomics

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Preprint: Illuminating microbial metabolic activities in the dark deep ocean with metaproteomics – Z-X Xie – bioRxiv


Phages and viruses

Comparison of Staphylococcus Phage K with Close Phage Relatives Commonly Employed in Phage Therapeutics – J Ajuebor – Antibiotics


Preprint: DivNet: Estimating diversity in networked communities – AD Willis – bioRxiv

A synthetic bacterial information transfer system functions in the mammalian gut – S Kim – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

A population that pollutes itself into extinction – NY Times

Why veterinarians say you shouldn’t feed your dog raw meat – Western Mass News

Soil protists: a fertile frontier in biology research – OUP Blog

China Industrial Microbiology market Research Report Released with growth, latest trends & forecasts till 2022 – bitzArena

Global Microbiome Therapeutics Market 2018 | Major Companies, Industry Dynamics and Growth Factors 2025 – The Expert Consulting

April 29, 2018


Today’s digest has some interesting stuffs on vaginal microbiota, MRSA, AMF, microbes inside a library and lots more to get you through the weekend!

General microbiome

Marine sponge microbial association: Towards disclosing unique symbiotic interactions – GS Kiran – Marine Environmental Research

Multi-site human microbiome

The majority of MRSA colonized children not given eradication treatment are still colonized one year later. Systemic antibiotics improve the eradication rate – J Jörgensen – Infectious Diseases

Human respiratory microbiome

Biological exacerbation clusters demonstrate asthma and COPD overlap with distinct mediator and microbiome profiles  – MA Ghebre – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human vaginal microbiome

Assessment of microbiota:host interactions at the vaginal mucosa interface – P Pruski – Methods

Human gut microbiome

Review: New concepts on intestinal microbiota and the role of the non-absorbable antibiotics with special reference to rifaximin in digestive diseases – JS Bajaj – Digestive and Liver Disease

Review: Determinants of IBD Heritability: Genes, Bugs, and More – W Turpin – Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Fecal microbiome from patients with ulcerative colitis is potent to induce inflammatory responses – S Wang – International Immunopharmacology

A Prospective Metagenomic and Metabolomic Analysis of the Impact of Exercise and/or Whey Protein Supplementation on the Gut Microbiome of Sedentary Adults – O Cronin – mBio

Animal experiments 

The beneficial effects of Gracilaria lemaneiformis polysaccharides on obesity and the gut microbiota in high fat diet-fed mice – X Sun – Journal of Functional Foods

Modifications in gut microbiota and fermentation metabolites in the hindgut of rats after the consumption of galactooligosaccharide glycated with a fish peptide – W Jin – Food & Function

Pumpkin polysaccharide modifies the gut microbiota during alleviation of type 2 diabetes in rats – G Liu – International Journal of Biological Macromolecules

Prebiotic mannan-oligosaccharides augment the hypoglycemic effects of metformin in correlation with modulating gut microbiota – J Zheng – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Animal microbiome 

Bacterial diversity in the feces of dogs with CPV infection – Y Zheng – Microbial Pathogenesis

Diversity, structure and sources of bacterial communities in earthworm cocoons – M Aira – Scientific Reports

Deleterious interaction between honeybees (Apis mellifera) and its microsporidian intracellular parasite Nosema ceranae was mitigated by administrating either endogenous or allochthonous gut microbiota strains. – SE Khoury – Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution

Differential susceptibility of whitefly-associated bacteria to antibiotic as revealed by metagenomics analysis – Z-H Lv – Infection, Genetics and Evolution

Discovery of antimicrobial lipodepsipeptides produced by a Serratia sp. within mosquito microbiomes – J Ganley – ChemBioChem

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Small-scale soil microbial community heterogeneity linked to landforms on King George Island, maritime Antarctica – Y Zhang – bioRxiv

Not only priming: Soil microbiota may protect tomato from root pathogens – M Chialva – Plant Signaling & Behavior

Natural revegetation of a semiarid habitat alters taxonomic and functional diversity of soil microbial communities – Y Guo – Science of The Total Environment

Response of soil microbes to a reduction in phosphorus fertilizer in rice-wheat rotation paddy soils with varying soil P levels – Y Wang – Soil and Tillage Research

Beneath the canopy: Linking drought-induced forest die off and changes in soil properties –  A Gazol – Forest Ecology and Management

Defoliation intensity and elevated precipitation effects on microbiome and interactome depend on site type in northern mixed-grass prairie – B Ma – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Review: The rhizosphere microbiome: Significance in rhizoremediation of polyaromatic hydrocarbon contaminated soil – R Kotoky – Journal of Environmental Management

Inferring pathogen dynamics from temporal count data: the emergence of Xylella fastidiosa in France is probably not recent – S Soubeyrand – New Phytologist

Taxonomic and functional responses of soil microbial communities to annual removal of aboveground plant biomass – X Guo – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbial communities of polluted sub-surface marine sediments – V Catania – Marine Pollution Bulletin

Contrasting responses of bacterial and fungal communities to aggregate-size fractions and long-term fertilizations in soils of northeastern China – H Liao – Science of The Total Environment

Mycorrhizal Networks Facilitate Tree Communication, Learning, and Memory – SW Simard – Memory and Learning in Plants

Effects of plant neighborhood on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal attributes in afforested zones – X Chen – Forest Ecology and Management

Metagenomic binning reveals versatile nutrient cycling and distinct adaptive features in alphaproteobacterial symbionts of marine sponges –  E Karimi – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Non-Psychrophilic Methanogens Capable of Growth Following Long-Term Extreme Temperature Changes, with Application to Mars – RL Mickol – Microorganisms

Built environment 

Obtaining green energy from dry-thermophilic anaerobic co-digestion of municipal solid waste and biodiesel waste – S Zahedi – Biosystems Engineering

Assessment of Indoor Microbial Quality of Library’s Premise: Case of Central Library of the University of Yaoundé I – KG Landry – Open Journal of Preventive Medicine

Impacts of Glutaraldehyde on Microbial Community Structure and Degradation Potential in Streams Impacted by Hydraulic Fracturing – MF Campa – Environmental Science & Technology

Microbial community composition and methanogens’ biodiversity during a temperature shift in a methane fermentation chamber – A Banach – Environmental Technology

Food microbiology

Unravelling the contribution of lactic acid bacteria and acetic acid bacteria to cocoa fermentation using inoculated organisms – VTT Ho – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Bacterial community of industrial raw sausage packaged in modified atmosphere throughout the shelf life – S Raimondi – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Purple lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) attenuates metabolic disorders in diet induced obesity – Y Han – Journal of Functional Foods

Effects of carbon dioxide on metabolite production and bacterial communities during kimchi fermentation – DH Park – Microbiology & Fermentation Technology



Metabolomics assisted metabolic network modeling and network wide analysis of metabolites in microbiology – J Wang – Critical Reviews in Biotechnology

Multi-omics approach identifies novel pathogen-derived prognostic biomarkers in patients with Pseudomonas aeruginosa bloodstream infection – M Willmann – bioRxiv

Review: Modelling upper respiratory tract diseases: getting grips on host-microbe interactions in chronic rhinosinusitis using in vitro technologies – CD Rudder –  Microbiome

5 – Analysis of Microbial Diversity: Regarding the (Paradoxical) Difficulty of Seeing Big in Metagenomics – C Vigliotti – Biodiversity and Evolution

Microbes in the news

You should probably clean your car’s interior NOW – Most germ-riddled areas REVEALED – Sunday Express

Drinking fermented probiotic beverage may lower blood pressure: Study – Deccan Chronicle

Investigation: Is the ‘five-second rule’ legitimate? – Philly Voice

Science, bacteria and recycled clothes at the Institute for Advanced Learning and Research – GoDanRiver

Beachful of bacteria – tgi

March 5, 2018


General microbiome

Characterization of microbiota in male infertility cases uncovers differences in seminal hyperviscosity and oligoasthenoteratozoospermia possibly correlated with increased prevalence of infectious bacteria – C Monteiro – American Journal of Reproductive Immunology

Taxa-function robustness in microbial communities – A Eng – BMC Microbiome


Human vaginal microbiome

Impact of contraceptive initiation on vaginal microbiota  – SL Achilles – American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Human gut microbiome

Review: The gut microbiome and elevated cardiovascular risk in obesity and autoimmunity – LJ Kasselman – Atherosclerosis

Alteration of the fecal microbiota in Chinese patients with Parkinson’s disease – Y Qian – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Comparison of reduced metagenome and 16S rRNA gene sequencing for determination of genetic diversity and mother-child overlap of the gut associated microbiota – A Ravi – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Alterations in Gut Microbial Function Following Liver Transplant – JS Bajaj – Liver Transplantation

Animal microbiome 

Tick microbial communities within enriched extracts of Amblyomma maculatum – AS Varela-Stokes – Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases

Bacterial microbiota of Aedes aegypti mosquito larvae is altered by intoxication with Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis – G Tetreau – BMC Parasites & Vectors

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Enhanced phytoremdiation of Robinia pseudoacacia in heavy metal-contaminated soils with rhizobia and the associated bacterial community structure and function – M Fan – Chemosphere

Endophytic and Epiphytic Phyllosphere Fungal Communities Are Shaped by Different Environmental Factors in a Mediterranean Ecosystem – T Gomes – Microbial Ecology

Plant-associated bacteria mitigate drought stress in soybean – SJ Martins – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Whole genome analysis of six organophosphate-degrading rhizobacteria reveals putative agrochemical degradation enzymes with broad substrate specificity – R Iyer – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Co-inoculation of Lolium perenne with Funneliformis mosseae and the dark septate endophyte Cadophora sp. in a trace element-polluted soil – C Berthelot – Mycorrhiza

Impact of wastewater effluent containing aged nanoparticles and other components on biological activities of the soil microbiome, Arabidopsis plants, and earthworms – J Liu – Environmental Research

Built environment 

Redundancy of anaerobic digestion microbiomes during disturbances by the antibiotic monensin – CM Spirito – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Food microbiology

The potential use of Debaryomyces hansenii for the biological control of pathogenic fungi in food – N Medina-Córdova – Biological Control

Selection of starter cultures for the production of sour cassava starch in a pilot-scale fermentation process – FCL Penido – Brazilian Journal of Microbiology

Probiotics / prebiotics

The functionality of prebiotics as immunostimulant: Evidences from trials on terrestrial and aquatic animals – A Nawaz – Fish & Shellfish Immunology

Review: Polyphenol-based prebiotics and synbiotics: Potential for cancer chemoprevention – WPDW Thilakarathna – Current Opinion in Food Science


Microbes in the news

Mobile nanotweezers can pick, drop live bacteria – The Hindu

Is Your Diet Destroying Beneficial Gut Bacteria? – Care2

Eureka moment to battle drug resistance: Bacteria in University of Hyderabad lake can power antibiotic – Time of India

March 2, 2018

Events and jobs

Enter our ‘scientist at work’ photo contest – Nature

General microbiome

Review: To respond or not to respond — a personal perspective of intestinal tolerance – AM Mowat – Nature Reviews

“Candidatus Paraporphyromonas polyenzymogenes” encodes multi-modular cellulases linked to the type IX secretion system – AE Naas – BMC Microbiome

Human vaginal microbiome

Fractional CO2 laser for genitourinary syndrome of menopause in breast cancer survivors: clinical, immunological, and microbiological aspects – A Becorpi – Lasers in Medical Science

Human gut microbiome

Environment dominates over host genetics in shaping human gut microbiota – D Rothschild – Nature

The gut microbiota and immune checkpoint inhibitors – A Humphries – Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics

Probiotic supplementation increases obesity with no detectable effects on liver fat or gut microbiota in obese Hispanic adolescents: a 16-week, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. – RB Jones – Pediatric Obesity

Adaptation of adherent-invasive E. coli to gut environment: Impact on flagellum expression and bacterial colonization ability. – G Sevrin – Gut Microbes

Editorial: Gut microbiomes and their metabolites shape human and animal health – W Park –  Journal of Microbiology

Review: Current understanding of microbiota- and dietary-therapies for treating inflammatory bowel disease – T Eom – Journal of Microbiology

Review: Targeting friend and foe: Emerging therapeutics in the age of gut microbiome and disease – JA Cho – Journal of Microbiology

Review: Mind-altering with the gut: Modulation of the gut-brain axis with probiotics – N Kim – Journal of Microbiology

Gut microbial composition in patients with psoriasis – FM Codoñer – Scientific Reports

Clostridium scindens is present in the gut microbiota during Clostridium difficile infection. A metagenomic and culturomic analysis. – S Amrane – Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Letter to Editor: Microbiome and Esophageal Adenocarcinoma—Letter – NO Kaakoush – Cancer Research

Animal experiments 

Altered gut microbiome promotes proteinuria in mice induced by Adriamycin – Q Jiang – AMB Express

Functional Anthocyanin-Rich Sausages Diminish Colorectal Cancer in an Animal Model and Reduce Pro-Inflammatory Bacteria in the Intestinal Microbiota. – G Fernández – Genes (Basel)

Animal microbiome 

Assembly of 913 microbial genomes from metagenomic sequencing of the cow rumen – RD Stewart – Nature Communications

The Ruminococci: key symbionts of the gut ecosystem – AJL Reau – Journal of Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Concepts & Synthesis: Toward more robust plant-soil feedback research – MJ Rinella – Ecology

Draft genome sequences of bacteria isolated from the Deschampsia antarctica phyllosphere. – FP Cid – Extremophiles

Competition–colonization tradeoffs structure fungal diversity – GR Smith – The ISME Journal

Water microbiome and extremophile 

Environmental factors driving fungal distribution in freshwater lake sediments across the Headwater Region of the Yellow River, China – J Tian – Scientific Reports

Community assembly processes underlying phytoplankton and bacterioplankton across a hydrologic change in a human-impacted river. – A Isabwe – The Science of the Total Environment

Modulation of microbial consortia enriched from different polluted environments during petroleum biodegradation – R Omrani – Biodegradation

Built environment 

‘Cyclical Bias’ in Microbiome Research Revealed by A Portable Germ-Free Housing System Using Nested Isolation – A Rodriguez-Palacios – Scientific Reports

Phages and viruses

Host-Associated Bacteriophage Isolation and Preparation for Viral Metagenomics – JA Grasis – Viral Metagenomics

Tailed giant Tupanvirus possesses the most complete translational apparatus of the known virosphere – J Abrahão – Nature Communications

Complete genomic sequences of Propionibacterium freudenreichii phages from Swiss cheese reveal greater diversity than Cutibacterium (formerly Propionibacterium) acnes phages – L Cheng – BMC Microbiology


Highly sensitive detection and quantification of the secreted bacterial benevolence factor RoxP using a capacitive biosensor: A possible early detection system for oxidative skin diseases. – G Ertürk – PLoS One

Review: Emerging Technologies for Molecular Diagnosis of Sepsis – M Sinha – Clinical Microbiology Reviews

Microbes in the news

Biofilm Replaces Plastic Packaging in this Dutch Supermarket Aisle – Futurism

For the Microbiome, the Nature vs. Nurture Debate Comes into Focus – GEN

With $36M series B, Finch goes full speed ahead in microbiome therapy – Fierce Biotech

Genetics or lifestyle: What is it that shapes our microbiome? – Science Daily

More than soap scum: Learning about biofilms – Silive

7 Startups Treating Disease Using the Microbiome – Nanalyze

ATM keypads, restaurant menus full of bacteria – News3Channel

Non-microbiology picks

Intellectual Synthesis in Mentorship Determines Success in Academic Careers – JF Lienard – bioRxiv


February 9, 2018

Transcriptomics in wildlife, skin microbiota, phages and a lot more for today’s digest!

Events and jobs


Assistant Professor in Metagenomics and Bioinformatics, tenure-track position – Kansas State University – Manhattan, USA

General microbiome

Review: Linking the Gut Microbiota to Bone Health in Anorexia Nervosa – NC Aurigemma – Current Osteoporosis Reports

Research Agenda for Microbiome Based Research for Multidrug-resistant Organism Prevention in the Veterans Health Administration System – AE Kates – Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology

Tumour-associated and non-tumour-associated microbiota: Addendum – B Flemer – Gut Microbes

Preprint: An Escherichia coli nitrogen starvation response is important for mutualistic coexistence with Rhodopseudomonas palustris – AL McCully – bioRxiv


Human skin microbiome

Nature-oriented daycare diversifies skin microbiota in children – no robust association with allergies. – J Lehtimäki – Pediatric Allergy and Immunology

Epidermal lipid composition, barrier integrity and eczematous inflammation are associated with skin microbiome configuration – H Baurecht – The Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology


Human gut microbiome

Review: Pathophysiology of Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders: A Holistic Overview – G Holtmann – Karger

Preprint:  Stronger connectivity of the resident gut microbiome lends resistance to invading bacteria – CM Herren – bioRxiv

Animal experiments 

Enteric Immunity : Happy Gut, Healthy Animal – CCL Chase – Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice

Influence of changes in the intestinal microflora on the immune function in mice – S Kishida – Journal of Veterinary Medical Science

In Vivo Assessment of Resistant Starch Degradation by the Caecal Microbiota of Mice Using RNA-Based Stable Isotope Probing—A Proof-of-Principle Study – E Herrmann – Nutrients

Animal microbiome 

A novel approach to wildlife transcriptomics provides evidence of disease-mediated differential expression and changes to the microbiome of amphibian populations – LJ Campbell – Molecular Ecology

The bacterial community associated with the sheep gastrointestinal nematode parasite Haemonchus contortus – G Sinnathamby – PLoS One

Mucus glycosylation and immunity, and bacterial microbiota associated to the skin of experimentally ulcered gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata). – ST Tapia-Paniagua – Fish & Shellfish Immunology

Modulation of gut microbiota by dietary supplementation with tuna oil and algae oil alleviates the effects of D-galactose-induced ageing – H Zhang – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Probiotic treatment during neonatal age provides optimal protection against experimental asthma through the modulation of microbiota and T cells: Neonatal exposure to probiotics prevents asthma – CFCG Nunes – International Immunology

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Activating biochar by manipulating the bacterial and fungal microbiome through pre-conditioning. – AK Jaiswal – New Phytologist


Food microbiology

Growth potential of Listeria monocytogenes in twelve different types of RTE salads: impact of food matrix, storage temperature and shelf life – M Ziegler – bioRxiv

Phages and viruses

Lysogeny is prevalent and widely distributed in the murine gut microbiota – M-S Kim – The ISME Journal

Preprint: A T7 phage factor required for managing RpoS in Escherichia coli  – A Tabib-Salazar – bioRxiv

Preprint: Genotypic and phenotypic diversity within the neonatal HSV-2 population – LN Akhtar – bioRxiv


Distribution of triclosan-resistant genes in major pathogenic microorganisms revealed by metagenome and genome-wide analysis – R Khan – PLoS One

Microbes in the news

Reality check: Are hand dryers in public bathrooms full of bacteria and fungi? – Global News

Consider skipping orange juice in the morning  – Channel NewsAsia

‘Dozens of bacteria:’ After 2 days, snow is no longer safe to eat, study reveals  – Fox6 Now

Termites’ unique gut ‘factory’ key to global domination –

Bacteria persist as stowaways – Innovations Report

Genomic Analysis Finds Hospital Plumbing Harbors Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria – Genome Web

Skin microbiome announces agenda –



February 6, 2018


General microbiome

Preprint: Selection of appropriate metagenome taxonomic classifiers for ancient microbiome research – IM Velsko – bioRxiv

Advances in metabolic engineering in the microbial production of fuels and chemicals from C1 gas – CM Humphreys – Current Opinion in Biotechnology


Human skin microbiome

Individual and household attributes influence the dynamics of the personal skin microbiota and its association network – MHY Leung – Microbiome


Human gut microbiome

The intestinal protist Blastocystis is not a common member of the healthy infant gut microbiota in a Westernized country (Ireland) – PD Scanlan – Parasitology

Preprint: When metabolism meets physiology: Harvey and Harvetta – I Thiele – bioRxiv

Connection between BMI related plasma metabolite profile and gut microbiota – F Ottosson – The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

Animal experiments 

Review: Gut microbiome and depression: what we know and what we need to know – G Winter – Reviews in the Neurosciences

Potential of Lactobacillus plantarum ZDY2013 and Bifidobacterium bifidum WBIN03 in relieving colitis by gut microbiota, immune and anti-oxidative stress – Y Wang – Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Air-Dried Brown Seaweed, Ascophyllum nodosum, Alters the Rumen Microbiome in a Manner That Changes Rumen Fermentation Profiles and Lowers the Prevalence of Foodborne Pathogens – M Zhou – mSphere

Animal microbiome 

Antimicrobial resistance in companion animals – DI Rendle – Equine Veterinary Journal

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Drought neutralises plant–soil feedback of two mesic grassland forbs – EL Fry – Oecologica

Effects of different fertilizers on methane emissions and methanogenic community structures in paddy rhizosphere soil – J Yuan – Science of The Total Environment

Halotolerant microbial consortia able to degrade highly recalcitrant plant biomass substrate. – L Cortes-Tolalpa – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Microbial Diversity and Community Structure in Agricultural Soils Suffering from 4-year Pb Contamination – A Fengqiu – Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Evidence for species-specific plant responses to soil microbial communities from remnant and degraded land provides promise for restoration – ME Smith – Austral Ecology

Long term effects of Lespedeza bicolor revegetation on soil bacterial communities in Dexing copper mine tailings in Jiangxi Province, China – Z Wu – Applied Soil Ecology

Water microbiome and extremophile

Preprint: Spatiotemporal dynamics of river viruses, bacteria and microeukaryotes – TV Rossum – bioRxiv

Life on Phosphite: A Metagenomics Tale – Y Tapia-Torres – Trends in Microbiology

Biodegradation of n-alkanes on oil-seawater interfaces at different temperatures and microbial communities associated with the degradation. – S Lofthus – Biodegradation

Contrasting the genetic patterns of microbial communities in soda lakes with and without cyanobacterial bloom – AP Andreote – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbial communities associated with the co-metabolism of free cyanide and thiocyanate under alkaline conditions – L Mekuto – 3 Biotech

Untapped bacterial diversity and metabolic potential within Unkeshwar hot springs, India – G Mehetre – Archives of Microbiology

Built environment 

Effects of wastewater constituents and operational conditions on the composition and dynamics of anodic microbial communities in bioelectrochemical systems – M Kokko – Bioresource Technology

Free-living bacteria and potential bacterial pathogens in sewage treatment plants – K Huang – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Crawling-induced floor dust resuspension affects the microbiota of the infant breathing zone – H Hyytiäinen – Microbiome



Preprint: Coupling MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry protein and specialized metabolite analyses to rapidly discriminate bacterial function – CM Clark – bioRxiv

Preprint: Kaptive Web: user-friendly capsule and lipopolysaccharide serotype prediction for Klebsiella genomes – RR Wick – bioRxiv

The madness of microbiome: Attempting to find consensus “best practice” for 16S microbiome studies – J Pollock – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Microbes in the news

The possibilities of microorganisms – The Varsity

New insight into the molecular weapons of the plant microbiome – EurekAlert

Ohio State scientists to send ancient bacteria into space to unlock secrets about life on other planets – The Columbus Dispatch

Workbench for virus design –

What does your poo microbiome do? –

The Importance of Infants’ Exposure to Microorganisms – The New York Times

Treatment of nitrogen-polluted sediment using marine anammox bacteria – Science Daily

Microbes and the market

Thermo Fisher Scientific Launches Axiom Microbiome Array for Research – Cision PR Newswire

Worldwide Microbiome Sequencing Services Market Driven by Business Overview, Company Profile, Products, Services and Solutions Prediction To 2022 – Facts Week

Non-Microbiology Picks

Chilly Climates, Balancing Acts, and Shifting Pathways: What Happens to Women in STEM Doctoral Programs – M Cabay – Social Sciences


February 5, 2018

A digest full of news for today.

Animal microbiome 

Coexistence of novel gammaproteobacterial and Arsenophonus symbionts in the scale insect Greenisca brachypodii (Hemiptera, Coccomorpha: Eriococcidae) – A Michalik – Environmental Microbiology

Water microbiome

Shift in the microbial community composition of surface water and sediment along an urban river – L Wang – Science of The Total Environment


Preprint: Thermoelectric Heat Exchange and Growth Regulation in a Continuous Yeast Culture – A Latorre-Perez – bioRxiv

New colony multiplex PCR assays for the detection and discrimination of vancomycin-resistant enterococcal species – T Nomura – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Microbes in the news

Babies’ infection risk higher if pregnant mums take antibiotics, according to new research – ABC

Monique Keiran: It takes guts to look after yourself – Times Colonist

How tumours develop where these gut bacteria thrive – Deccan Chronicle

Bacteria that causes leprosy is mutating into something even more dangerous – Joe

The microbiome has been called the forgotten organ — and it could hold the ‘next paradigm shift in science and medicine’ – Infosurhoy

Superbugs – Our destiny of doom – The Sentinel-Echo

Johnson & Johnson Innovation to Explore the Role of Microbiome in Sleep – Sleep Review

Historic Fort Myers Billy’s Creek has been ‘frighteningly’ polluted for at least 15 years – News-Press

It’s not just planes — airports also crawling with germs, study says – The Seattle Times

January 28, 2018

A preprint on the gut microbiome of few tribal groups in the Himalayan region; association between vaginal microbiota and HIV;   an integrative approach that encompasses  metatranscriptomics & fatty acid profiling to study the rumen microbiome during feeding;   environmental adaptation shapes the gut microbiota of Rhesus macaques;   microbiome of cactus rhizosphere;   news about uBiome; antibiotics;  and many more articles for today’s digest!

General microbiome

Review: Evolving Ecosystems: Inheritance and Selection in the Light of the Microbiome – S Sandoval-Motta – Archives of Medical Research

Multi-site human microbiome

The nasal microbiome mirrors and potentially shapes olfactory function – K Koskinen – Scientific Reports

Alterations of oral microbiota distinguish children with autism spectrum disorders from healthy controls – Y Qiao – Scientific Reports

Human respiratory microbiome

Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilms: Host Response and Clinical Implications in Lung Infections – NM Maurice – American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology

Human skin microbiome

Analysis of the skin mycobiome in adult patients with atopic dermatitis – SH Han – Experimental Dermatology

Human vaginal microbiome

Evaluation of the association between the concentrations of key vaginal bacteria and the increased risk of HIV acquisition in African women from five cohorts: a nested case-control study – RS McClelland – The Lancet

Prevalence of vaginal microorganisms among pregnant women according to trimester and association with preterm birth – K-A Son – Obstetrics & Gynecology Science

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: Gut microbiome transition across a lifestyle gradient in Himalaya – AR Jha – bioRxiv

Physical exercise, gut, gut microbiota, and atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases – J Chen – Lipids in Health and Disease

Therapeutic Opportunities in Intestinal Microbiota–Virus Interactions – V Monedero – Trends in Biotechnology

Almond Consumption and Processing Affects the Composition of the Gastrointestinal Microbiota of Healthy Adult Men and Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. – HD Holscher – Nutrients

Effects of Ampicillin on the Gut Microbiome of an Adult Male as Determined by 16S rRNA V4 Metagenomics Sequencing and Greengenes Bioinformatics Suite – K Anukam – Journal of Advances in Microbiology

Determinants of Reduced Genetic Capacity for Butyrate Synthesis by the Gut Microbiome in Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis – EJ Laserna-Mendieta – Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis

The Role of Bacteria, Probiotics and Diet in Irritable Bowel Syndrome – A Harper – Foods

Animal experiments 

Preprint: Inter- and intra-domain functional redundancy in the rumen microbiome during plant biomass degradation – A Soellinger – bioRxiv

Gut microbiome may contribute to insulin resistance and systemic inflammation in obese rodents: a meta-analysis. – N Jiao – Physiological Genomics

Protective effect of rosmarinic acid and carnosic acid against streptozotocin-induced oxidation, glycation, inflammation and microbiota imbalance in diabetic rats. – J Ou -Food & Function

Glucocorticoids Drive Diurnal Oscillations in T Cell Distribution and Responses by Inducing Interleukin-7 Receptor and CXCR4 – A Shimba – Immunity

Review: Overview and systematic review of studies of microbiome in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder – TT Nguyen – Journal of Psychiatric Research

Animal microbiome 

Characterization of the Gut Microbiota in Six Geographical Populations of Chinese Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta), Implying an Adaptation to High-Altitude Environment – J Zhao – Microbial Ecology

Opinion: Mission Accomplished? We Need a Guide to the ‘Post Release’ World of Wolbachia for Aedes-borne Disease Control – SA Ritchie – Cell

Microbial community assembly in wild populations of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster – KL Adair – The ISME Journal

In silico identification, characterization and expression analysis of attacin gene family in response to bacterial and fungal pathogens in Tenebrio molitor – YH Jo – Entomological Research

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Editorial special issue: the soil, the seed, the microbes and the plant – EB Nelson – Plant and Soil

Complete Genome Sequence of Pseudomonas Parafulva PRS09-11288, a Biocontrol Strain Produces the Antibiotic Phenazine-1-carboxylic Acid – Y Zhang – Current Microbiology

The effects of road building on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity in Huangshan Scenic Area – A Yang – World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology

The role of species turnover in structuring bacterial communities in a local scale in the cactus rhizosphere – VN Kavamura – Plant and Soil

p-Coumaric can alter the composition of cucumber rhizosphere microbial communities and induce negative plant-microbial interactions – X Zhou – Biology and Fertility of Soils

Mycobiomes of sympatric Amorphophallus albispathus (Araceae) and Camellia sinensis (Theaceae) – a case study reveals clear tissue preferences and differences in diversity and composition – M Unterseher – Mycological Progress

Identification, synthesis and regulatory function of the N-acylated homoserine lactone signals produced by Pseudomonas chlororaphis HT66 – H Peng – Microbial Cell Factories

Building Bioeconomy in Agriculture: Harnessing Soil Microbes for Sustaining Ecosystem Services – R Rengalakshmi – Towards a Sustainable Bioeconomy: Principles, Challenges and Perspectives

Competitive traits are more important than stress-tolerance traits in a cadmium-contaminated rhizosphere: a role for trait theory in microbial ecology – JL Wood – Frontiers in Microbiology

Draft Genome Sequence of Pantoea ananatis Strain 1.38, a Bacterium Isolated from the Rhizosphere of Oryza sativa var. Puntal That Shows Biotechnological Potential as an Inoculant – E Megías – Genome Announcements

Copper Bioleaching in China: Review and Prospect – S Yin – Minerals

Water microbiome and extremophiles 

Core promoter information content correlates with optimal growth temperature – AA Aptekmann – Scientific Reports

Food microbiology

Genomic and functional characterisation of two Enterococcus strains isolated from Cotija cheese and their potential role in ripening – M Olvera-García – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Phages and viruses

Review: Phage or foe: an insight into the impact of viral predation on microbial communities – L Fernández – The ISME Journal


Artificial Gene Amplification in Escherichia coli Reveals Numerous Determinants for Resistance to Metal Toxicity – KJ Hoegler – Journal of Molecular Evolution

Microbes in the news

uBiome, the Leader in Microbial Genomics, Launches SmartGut and SmartJane Microbiome Test Kits in Canada – Daily Telescope

Niki Bezzant: A gutsful of good health – NZ Herald

How Phenylbutazone, Firocoxib Affect Horses’ Gut Microbiota – the Horse

Botulinum-type toxins jump to a new kind of bacteria – Science Daily

‘Forgotten’ antibiotic offers hope against worst superbugs – Digital Journal

Detect The Level Of Bacteria In Food With This Smartphone-Based System – Wonderful Engineering

When bad bugs jump from farm to bedside – Hutch News