May 12, 2018

Today’s highlights in our Microbiology picks: Antibacterial activity of nested concentric patterns, relationship between the microbiota epitopes and antigenic epitopes, a book chapter on N-Acetyl transferase microbes, core microbiota for de novo IBD, soil microbes and disease suppression, fungi of office dust, microbes of potable  water from the Himalayan region, articles from ‘Techniques’ section.

Today’s highlights in our non-microbes picks: Epidemiology is important, recent on-goings on harassment, mental health awareness in academia, mimicking the prebiotic chemistry using flow chemistry, step taken by Wellcome Trust against misconduct in academia including harassment, Horizon 2020 budget for 2021-27.


Events and jobs

Laboratory Manager : New York, NY, United States – Albert Einstein College of Medicine – Deadline: 18 May 2018

General microbiome

Supramolecular Kandinsky circles with high antibacterial activity – H Wang – Nature Communications

Microbiota epitope similarity either dampens or enhances the immunogenicity of disease-associated antigenic epitopes – SC Pro – PLoS One

Genomic evolution of Staphylococcus aureus isolates colonizing the nares and progressing to bacteremia – JB Benoit – PLoS One

Book chapter: N-Acetyltransferases Microorganisms – S Boukouvala – Arylamine N-acetyltransferases in Health and Disease:From Pharmacogenetics to Drug Discovery and Diagnostics


Human vaginal microbiome

Preprint: Metatranscriptome analysis of the vaginal microbiota reveals potential mechanisms for protection against metronidazole in bacterial vaginosis – Z-L Deng – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

Preprint: Variability of core microbiota in newly diagnosed treatment-naïve paediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease patients – TGJ de Meij – bioRxiv

Compositional and Functional Differences in the Human Gut Microbiome Correlate with Clinical Outcome following Infection with Wild-Type Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhi – Y Zhang – mBio

Animal experiments 

Preprint: Bottlenecks in the transmission of Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV1) to naïve pigs and quasi-species variation during infection in partially immune pigs – M Cortey – bioRxiv

Lactobacillus gasseri PA-3 utilizes the purines GMP and guanosine and decreases their absorption in rats – N Yamada – Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids

An exclusive metabolic niche enables strain engraftment in the gut microbiota – ES Sheperd – Nature

Interleukin 1α-Deficient Mice Have an Altered Gut Microbiota Leading to Protection from Dextran Sodium Sulfate-Induced Colitis – M Nunberg – mSystems

Animal microbiome 

Low bacterial community diversity in two introduced aphid pests revealed with 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing – F Zepeda-Paulo – PeerJ

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Effect of land use and soil organic matter quality on the structure and function of microbial communities in pastoral soils: Implications for disease suppression – BEA Dignam – PLoS One

Relations between bacterial communities and enzyme functions of two paddy soils – X Luo – European Journal of Soil Science

Nematophagus fungi increasing phosphorus uptake and promoting plant growth – TSA Monteiro – Biological Control

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Effect of elevated pressure on ferric iron reduction coupled to sulfur oxidation by biomining microorganisms – R Zhang – Hydrometallurgy

Halophilic & halotolerant prokaryotes in humans – EH Seck – Future Medicine

Preprint: Structural variability and functional association in the epiphytic bacteria assemblies of freshwater macrophytes (Myriophyllum spicatum) – L Xian – bioRxiv

Investigation of nutrients and faecal coliforms removal in wastewater using a hydroponic system – SF Ndulini – Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C

Built environment 

Characterization of fungi in office dust: comparing results of microbial secondary metabolites, fungal ITS region sequencing, viable culture, and other microbial indices – J-H Park – Indoor Air


Phages and viruses

Preprint: First report on Bacterial Diversity of Potable Spring water of Indian Himalayan Region – AK Singh – bioRxiv

Preprint: “In plaque-mass spectrometry imaging” reveals a major metabolic shift towards odd-chain fatty acid lipids induced by host-virus interactions – G Schleyer – bioRxiv

Preprint: Adventitious viruses persistently infect three commonly used mosquito cell lines – J Weger-Lucarelli – bioRxiv


Preprint: High-resolution ISR amplicon sequencing reveals personalized oral microbiome – C Mukherjee – bioRxiv

Preprint: Transcriptome Analysis of Neisseria gonorrhoeae During Natural Infection Reveals Differential Expression of Antibiotic Resistance Determinants Between Men and Women – K Nudel – bioRxiv

Designer cells programming quorum-sensing interference with microbes – F Sedlmeyer – Nature Communications

A comprehensive model for assessment of liver stage therapies targeting Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum – A Roth – Nature Communications

Preprint: Detection and quantification of the heterogeneity of S. aureus bacterial populations to identify antibiotic-induced persistence – MH Hasan – bioRxiv

Rapid isolation of fast-growing methanotrophs from environmental samples using continuous cultivation with gradually increased dilution rates – J Kim – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Microbes in the news

Stanley Falkow, Who Saw How Bacteria Cause Disease, Dies at 84 – NY Times

How the Bugs In Your Gut Could Affect Your Blood Vessels – Live Science

Faeces transplant: The best cure for severe diarrhoea may be more faeces – Times Live

Cancer-killing viruses show promise — and draw billion-dollar investment – Nature

Does where we live affect our skin microbiome? – Medical News Bulletin

Non-Microbiology Picks

Editorial: Epidemiology is a science of high importance – Nature Communications

Mimicking the surface and prebiotic chemistry of early Earth using flow chemistry – DJ Ritson – Nature Communications

I’d whisper to my student self: you are not alone – D Reay – Nature

Harassment should count as scientific misconduct – E Marín-Spiotta – Nature

€100-billion budget proposed for Europe’s next big research programme – I Vesper – Nature

Editorial: The #MeToo campaign is gaining ground in China – Nature

Editorial: What to do to improve postgraduate mental health – Nature

Report harassment or risk losing funding, says top UK science funder – H Else – Nature

78,000-year-old record of Middle and Later stone age innovation in an East African tropical forest – C Shipton – Nature Communications

KACST Impact – Nature Communications


May 6, 2018

Brassicaceae plants-fungi associations, a feature on PCR bias during microbiome analysis, a thesis about viruses; preprints about Mobile-CRISPRi system on bacteria, what may happen to the intestinal microbiota when Lactobacillus reuteri intervenes; few non-microbio picks covering mental health, conservation policy, stem cell policy; and a lot more for our digest from Sunday.

General microbiome

Preprint: Mobile-CRISPRi: Enabling Genetic Analysis of Diverse Bacteria – JM Peters – bioRxiv

Preprint: Effect of Lactobacillus reuteri on intestinal microflora and immune parameters: involvement of sex differences – J He – biorXiv

Review: The Interplay Between the Microbiome and Cardiovascular Risk – BA Minnifield – Current Genetic Medicine Reports

Klebsiella pneumoniae as a key trafficker of drug resistance genes from environmental to clinically important bacteria – KL Wyres – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Proteomic studies on lactic acid bacteria: A review – KS Vinusha – Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports

Multi-site human microbiome

Distinct shifts in the oral microbiota are associated with the progression and aggravation of mucositis during radiotherapy – J Hou – Radiotherapy and Oncology

Human skin microbiome

Skin microbiome changes in patients with interdigital tinea pedis – R  Wang – British Journal of Dermatology

Human vaginal microbiome

The Vaginal Eukaryotic DNA Virome and Preterm Birth  – KM Wylie – American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Systematic Review: The vaginal microbiota and its association with Human Papillomavirus, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhea and Mycoplasma genitalium infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis – J Tamarelle – Clinical Microbiology and Infection

Human gut microbiome

Review: Methods for studying gut microbiota: A primer for physicians – AN Sarangi – Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology

Review: Effects of the Gut microbiota on Amygdalin and its use as an anti-cancer therapy: Substantial review on the key components involved in altering dose efficacy and toxicity – V Jaiswal – Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports

The ability of human intestinal anaerobes to metabolize different oligosaccharides: Novel means for microbiota modulation? – R Ose – Anaerobe

Clostridium difficile cure with fecal microbiota transplantation in a child with Pompe disease: a case report – DE Dow – Journal of Medical Case Reports

Association Between Bacteremia from Specific Microbes and Subsequent Diagnosis of Colorectal Cancer  – TNY Kwong – Gastroenterology

Animal experiments 

Tributyltin exposure induces gut microbiome dysbiosis with increased body weight gain and dyslipidemia in mice – H Guo – Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology

Inhibition Effect of Glycyrrhiza Polysaccharide (GCP) on Tumor Growth through Regulation of the Gut Microbiota Composition – X Zhang – Journal of Pharmacological Sciences

Ketogenic diet enhances neurovascular function with altered gut microbiome in young healthy mice – D Ma – Scientific Reports

Preprint: Efficacy of fecal sampling as a gut proxy in the study of chicken gut microbiota – W Yan – bioRxiv

Acute exposure to PBDEs at an environmentally realistic concentration causes abrupt changes in the gut microbiota and host health of zebrafish – L Chen – Environmental Pollution

Animal microbiome 

Integrated metatranscriptomics and metaproteomics for the characterization of bacterial microbiota in unfed Ixodes ricinus – A Hernández-Jarguín – Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases

Metatranscriptome analysis of the intestinal microorganisms in Pardosa pseudoannulata in response to cadmium stress – H Yang – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Beneficial associations between Brassicaceae plants and fungal endophytes under nutrient-limiting conditions: evolutionary origins and host–symbiont molecular mechanisms – K Hiruma – Current Opinion in Plant Biology

Cross-kingdom lipid transfer in arbuscular mycorrhiza symbiosis and beyond – A Keymer – Current Opinion in Plant Biology

Isolation of local Bacillus spp. from Afghanistan soils and their potential in suppressing the root-knot nematodes on tomato – AS Jamily – J-Stage

Effect of community-based soil and water conservation practices on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi types, spore densities, root colonization, and soil nutrients in the northern highlands of Ethiopia – M Welemariam – Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture

Biocontrol mechanisms of Bacillus sp., isolated from tomato rhizosphere, against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici – M Jangir – Biological Control

Root Exudates Dominate the Colonization of Pathogen and Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria – J Yuan – Root Biology

Unfolding the Role of Rhizomicrobiome Toward Sustainable Agriculture – S Kaul – Root Biology

Litter breakdown as a tool for assessment of the efficiency of afforestation and ash-aided phytostabilization on metal-contaminated soils functioning in Northern France – J Leclercq-Dransart – Environmental Science and Pollution Research 

Sugars en route to the roots. Transport, metabolism and storage within plant roots and towards microorganisms of the rhizosphere – N Hennion – Physiologia Plantarum

Salt marsh sediment bacterial communities maintain original population structure after transplantation across a latitudinal gradient – A Angermeyer – PeerJ

Impact of slope exposure on chemical and microbiological properties of Norway spruce deadwood and underlying soil during early stages of decomposition in the Italian Alps – T Bardelli – CATENA

Built environment 

A comparative study of eubacterial communities by PCR-DGGE fingerprints in anoxic and aerobic biotrickling filters used for biogas desulfurization – A Valle – Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

Food microbiology

Microbial community dynamics of Dan’er barley grain during the industrial malting process – X Li – Food Microbiology

Physicochemical, microbiological and sensory acceptance alterations of strawberries caused by gamma radiation and storage time – M de Jesus Filho – Scientia Horticulturae

Evaluation of critical points of mould growth and mycotoxin production in the stored barley ecosystem with a hazardous initial microbiological state of grain – J Wawrzyniak – Journal of Stored Products Research

Viruses and phages

Thesis: Virology By The Numbers: A Quantitative Exploration of Viral Energetics, Genomics, and Ecology – G Mahmoudabadi – Caltech THESIS



Microbiology: making the best of PCR bias – M  Eisenstein – Nature

Anton Chekhov and Robert Koch Cheek to Cheek: A Proteomic Study – A D’Amato – Proteomics

Microbes in the news

Future of Microbiome Drugs Market including key players Pfizer, Second Genome, Seres Therapeutics – Technical Progress News

Pattern hair loss could be due to gut bacteria – Science Nordic

Legionella bacteria has been detected at the problem-plagued Perth Children’s Hospital. – SBS News

Connections Between Art And Science Explored – The Enterprise

Non-microbiology picks

Arctic ice carries heavy freight of plastic – Nature

Brazil’s lawmakers renew push to weaken environmental rules – Nature

Feeling overwhelmed by academia? You are not alone – Nature

Real-world illness requires medical multitasking – Nature

Announcement: stem-cell policy – Nature

May 5, 2018


For the Saturday digest the theses on making pipelines of microbial communities available and microbes of butterflies; plus the whole section of animal microbiome would be my choice for reading.

General microbiome

Thesis: Making Pipelines and Large Processing Microbial Community Studies Available to Any User, Any Time, Any Place – JAN Molina – ProQuest

Multi-site human microbiome

Social networks, cooperative breeding, and the human milk microbiome – CL Meehan  – American Journal of Human Biology


Human gut microbiome

Fecal Microbiota Composition Drives Immune Activation in HIV-infected Individuals – CP Neff – EBioMedicine

Animal microbiome 

Thesis: Evolution of Microbial Communities and Chemosensory Genes in Passion-Vine Butterflies – B van Schooten – ProQuest

Microbial community and diversity in the feces of Sichuan takin (Budorcas taxicolor tibetana) as revealed by Illumina Miseq sequencing and quantitative real-time PCR – H Zhu – AMB Express

Comparison of the fecal microbiota of domestic commercial meat, laboratory, companion, and shelter rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculi) – J Kylie – BMC Veterinary Research

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Diversity of Bacillus-like bacterial community in the rhizospheric and non-rhizospheric soil of halophytes (Salsola stocksii and Atriplex amnicola) and characterization of osmoregulatory genes in halophilic Bacilli – S Mukhtar – Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Contrasting beneficial and pathogenic microbial communities across consecutive cropping fields of greenhouse strawberry – Y Huang – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Reanalysis of microbiomes in soils affected by apple replant disease (ARD): Old foes and novel suspects lead to the proposal of extended model of disease development – L Nicola – Applied Soil Ecology

Root–Microbe Interactions: Understanding and Exploitation of Microbiome – A Sharma – Root Biology

Biodegradation of pyraclostrobin by two microbial communities from Hawaiian soils and metabolic mechanism – X Chen – Journal of Hazardous Materials

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Prokaryotic and eukaryotic community structure affected by the presence of an acid mine drainage from an abandoned gold mine – JO Bonilla – Extremophiles



Neutral models of short-term microbiome dynamics with host subpopulation structure and migration limitation – Q Zeng – Microbiome

DNA microarray-based assessment of virulence potential of Shiga toxin gene-carrying Escherichia coli O104:H7 isolated from feedlot cattle feces – PB Shridhar – PLoS One

Taxonomic profiles in metagenomic analyses of free-living microbial communities in the Ofunato Bay – MS Reza – Gene



April 30, 2018


Articles from the section ‘Techniques’ are my suggested reads for today’s short digest!

General microbiome

Microbial interactions trigger the production of antibiotics – T Netzker – Current Opinion in Microbiology


Human nearly-sterile sites (blood, organs, brain)

Preprint: Transcriptome analysis in whole blood reveals increased microbial diversity in schizophrenia – LMO Loohuis – bioRxiv


Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Effectiveness of bacterial inoculation in alleviation of salinity on water status, mineral content, gas exchange and photosynthetic parameters of Viburnum tinus L. plants – MJ Gómez-Bellot – Scientia Horticulturae

Review: Where are we going with genomics in plant pathogenic bacteria? – J Xu – Genomics

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Preprint: Illuminating microbial metabolic activities in the dark deep ocean with metaproteomics – Z-X Xie – bioRxiv


Phages and viruses

Comparison of Staphylococcus Phage K with Close Phage Relatives Commonly Employed in Phage Therapeutics – J Ajuebor – Antibiotics


Preprint: DivNet: Estimating diversity in networked communities – AD Willis – bioRxiv

A synthetic bacterial information transfer system functions in the mammalian gut – S Kim – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

A population that pollutes itself into extinction – NY Times

Why veterinarians say you shouldn’t feed your dog raw meat – Western Mass News

Soil protists: a fertile frontier in biology research – OUP Blog

China Industrial Microbiology market Research Report Released with growth, latest trends & forecasts till 2022 – bitzArena

Global Microbiome Therapeutics Market 2018 | Major Companies, Industry Dynamics and Growth Factors 2025 – The Expert Consulting

April 29, 2018


Today’s digest has some interesting stuffs on vaginal microbiota, MRSA, AMF, microbes inside a library and lots more to get you through the weekend!

General microbiome

Marine sponge microbial association: Towards disclosing unique symbiotic interactions – GS Kiran – Marine Environmental Research

Multi-site human microbiome

The majority of MRSA colonized children not given eradication treatment are still colonized one year later. Systemic antibiotics improve the eradication rate – J Jörgensen – Infectious Diseases

Human respiratory microbiome

Biological exacerbation clusters demonstrate asthma and COPD overlap with distinct mediator and microbiome profiles  – MA Ghebre – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Human vaginal microbiome

Assessment of microbiota:host interactions at the vaginal mucosa interface – P Pruski – Methods

Human gut microbiome

Review: New concepts on intestinal microbiota and the role of the non-absorbable antibiotics with special reference to rifaximin in digestive diseases – JS Bajaj – Digestive and Liver Disease

Review: Determinants of IBD Heritability: Genes, Bugs, and More – W Turpin – Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Fecal microbiome from patients with ulcerative colitis is potent to induce inflammatory responses – S Wang – International Immunopharmacology

A Prospective Metagenomic and Metabolomic Analysis of the Impact of Exercise and/or Whey Protein Supplementation on the Gut Microbiome of Sedentary Adults – O Cronin – mBio

Animal experiments 

The beneficial effects of Gracilaria lemaneiformis polysaccharides on obesity and the gut microbiota in high fat diet-fed mice – X Sun – Journal of Functional Foods

Modifications in gut microbiota and fermentation metabolites in the hindgut of rats after the consumption of galactooligosaccharide glycated with a fish peptide – W Jin – Food & Function

Pumpkin polysaccharide modifies the gut microbiota during alleviation of type 2 diabetes in rats – G Liu – International Journal of Biological Macromolecules

Prebiotic mannan-oligosaccharides augment the hypoglycemic effects of metformin in correlation with modulating gut microbiota – J Zheng – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Animal microbiome 

Bacterial diversity in the feces of dogs with CPV infection – Y Zheng – Microbial Pathogenesis

Diversity, structure and sources of bacterial communities in earthworm cocoons – M Aira – Scientific Reports

Deleterious interaction between honeybees (Apis mellifera) and its microsporidian intracellular parasite Nosema ceranae was mitigated by administrating either endogenous or allochthonous gut microbiota strains. – SE Khoury – Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution

Differential susceptibility of whitefly-associated bacteria to antibiotic as revealed by metagenomics analysis – Z-H Lv – Infection, Genetics and Evolution

Discovery of antimicrobial lipodepsipeptides produced by a Serratia sp. within mosquito microbiomes – J Ganley – ChemBioChem

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Preprint: Small-scale soil microbial community heterogeneity linked to landforms on King George Island, maritime Antarctica – Y Zhang – bioRxiv

Not only priming: Soil microbiota may protect tomato from root pathogens – M Chialva – Plant Signaling & Behavior

Natural revegetation of a semiarid habitat alters taxonomic and functional diversity of soil microbial communities – Y Guo – Science of The Total Environment

Response of soil microbes to a reduction in phosphorus fertilizer in rice-wheat rotation paddy soils with varying soil P levels – Y Wang – Soil and Tillage Research

Beneath the canopy: Linking drought-induced forest die off and changes in soil properties –  A Gazol – Forest Ecology and Management

Defoliation intensity and elevated precipitation effects on microbiome and interactome depend on site type in northern mixed-grass prairie – B Ma – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Review: The rhizosphere microbiome: Significance in rhizoremediation of polyaromatic hydrocarbon contaminated soil – R Kotoky – Journal of Environmental Management

Inferring pathogen dynamics from temporal count data: the emergence of Xylella fastidiosa in France is probably not recent – S Soubeyrand – New Phytologist

Taxonomic and functional responses of soil microbial communities to annual removal of aboveground plant biomass – X Guo – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbial communities of polluted sub-surface marine sediments – V Catania – Marine Pollution Bulletin

Contrasting responses of bacterial and fungal communities to aggregate-size fractions and long-term fertilizations in soils of northeastern China – H Liao – Science of The Total Environment

Mycorrhizal Networks Facilitate Tree Communication, Learning, and Memory – SW Simard – Memory and Learning in Plants

Effects of plant neighborhood on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal attributes in afforested zones – X Chen – Forest Ecology and Management

Metagenomic binning reveals versatile nutrient cycling and distinct adaptive features in alphaproteobacterial symbionts of marine sponges –  E Karimi – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Non-Psychrophilic Methanogens Capable of Growth Following Long-Term Extreme Temperature Changes, with Application to Mars – RL Mickol – Microorganisms

Built environment 

Obtaining green energy from dry-thermophilic anaerobic co-digestion of municipal solid waste and biodiesel waste – S Zahedi – Biosystems Engineering

Assessment of Indoor Microbial Quality of Library’s Premise: Case of Central Library of the University of Yaoundé I – KG Landry – Open Journal of Preventive Medicine

Impacts of Glutaraldehyde on Microbial Community Structure and Degradation Potential in Streams Impacted by Hydraulic Fracturing – MF Campa – Environmental Science & Technology

Microbial community composition and methanogens’ biodiversity during a temperature shift in a methane fermentation chamber – A Banach – Environmental Technology

Food microbiology

Unravelling the contribution of lactic acid bacteria and acetic acid bacteria to cocoa fermentation using inoculated organisms – VTT Ho – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Bacterial community of industrial raw sausage packaged in modified atmosphere throughout the shelf life – S Raimondi – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Purple lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) attenuates metabolic disorders in diet induced obesity – Y Han – Journal of Functional Foods

Effects of carbon dioxide on metabolite production and bacterial communities during kimchi fermentation – DH Park – Microbiology & Fermentation Technology



Metabolomics assisted metabolic network modeling and network wide analysis of metabolites in microbiology – J Wang – Critical Reviews in Biotechnology

Multi-omics approach identifies novel pathogen-derived prognostic biomarkers in patients with Pseudomonas aeruginosa bloodstream infection – M Willmann – bioRxiv

Review: Modelling upper respiratory tract diseases: getting grips on host-microbe interactions in chronic rhinosinusitis using in vitro technologies – CD Rudder –  Microbiome

5 – Analysis of Microbial Diversity: Regarding the (Paradoxical) Difficulty of Seeing Big in Metagenomics – C Vigliotti – Biodiversity and Evolution

Microbes in the news

You should probably clean your car’s interior NOW – Most germ-riddled areas REVEALED – Sunday Express

Drinking fermented probiotic beverage may lower blood pressure: Study – Deccan Chronicle

Investigation: Is the ‘five-second rule’ legitimate? – Philly Voice

Science, bacteria and recycled clothes at the Institute for Advanced Learning and Research – GoDanRiver

Beachful of bacteria – tgi

March 5, 2018


General microbiome

Characterization of microbiota in male infertility cases uncovers differences in seminal hyperviscosity and oligoasthenoteratozoospermia possibly correlated with increased prevalence of infectious bacteria – C Monteiro – American Journal of Reproductive Immunology

Taxa-function robustness in microbial communities – A Eng – BMC Microbiome


Human vaginal microbiome

Impact of contraceptive initiation on vaginal microbiota  – SL Achilles – American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Human gut microbiome

Review: The gut microbiome and elevated cardiovascular risk in obesity and autoimmunity – LJ Kasselman – Atherosclerosis

Alteration of the fecal microbiota in Chinese patients with Parkinson’s disease – Y Qian – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Comparison of reduced metagenome and 16S rRNA gene sequencing for determination of genetic diversity and mother-child overlap of the gut associated microbiota – A Ravi – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Alterations in Gut Microbial Function Following Liver Transplant – JS Bajaj – Liver Transplantation

Animal microbiome 

Tick microbial communities within enriched extracts of Amblyomma maculatum – AS Varela-Stokes – Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases

Bacterial microbiota of Aedes aegypti mosquito larvae is altered by intoxication with Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis – G Tetreau – BMC Parasites & Vectors

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Enhanced phytoremdiation of Robinia pseudoacacia in heavy metal-contaminated soils with rhizobia and the associated bacterial community structure and function – M Fan – Chemosphere

Endophytic and Epiphytic Phyllosphere Fungal Communities Are Shaped by Different Environmental Factors in a Mediterranean Ecosystem – T Gomes – Microbial Ecology

Plant-associated bacteria mitigate drought stress in soybean – SJ Martins – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Whole genome analysis of six organophosphate-degrading rhizobacteria reveals putative agrochemical degradation enzymes with broad substrate specificity – R Iyer – Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Co-inoculation of Lolium perenne with Funneliformis mosseae and the dark septate endophyte Cadophora sp. in a trace element-polluted soil – C Berthelot – Mycorrhiza

Impact of wastewater effluent containing aged nanoparticles and other components on biological activities of the soil microbiome, Arabidopsis plants, and earthworms – J Liu – Environmental Research

Built environment 

Redundancy of anaerobic digestion microbiomes during disturbances by the antibiotic monensin – CM Spirito – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Food microbiology

The potential use of Debaryomyces hansenii for the biological control of pathogenic fungi in food – N Medina-Córdova – Biological Control

Selection of starter cultures for the production of sour cassava starch in a pilot-scale fermentation process – FCL Penido – Brazilian Journal of Microbiology

Probiotics / prebiotics

The functionality of prebiotics as immunostimulant: Evidences from trials on terrestrial and aquatic animals – A Nawaz – Fish & Shellfish Immunology

Review: Polyphenol-based prebiotics and synbiotics: Potential for cancer chemoprevention – WPDW Thilakarathna – Current Opinion in Food Science


Microbes in the news

Mobile nanotweezers can pick, drop live bacteria – The Hindu

Is Your Diet Destroying Beneficial Gut Bacteria? – Care2

Eureka moment to battle drug resistance: Bacteria in University of Hyderabad lake can power antibiotic – Time of India

March 2, 2018

Events and jobs

Enter our ‘scientist at work’ photo contest – Nature

General microbiome

Review: To respond or not to respond — a personal perspective of intestinal tolerance – AM Mowat – Nature Reviews

“Candidatus Paraporphyromonas polyenzymogenes” encodes multi-modular cellulases linked to the type IX secretion system – AE Naas – BMC Microbiome

Human vaginal microbiome

Fractional CO2 laser for genitourinary syndrome of menopause in breast cancer survivors: clinical, immunological, and microbiological aspects – A Becorpi – Lasers in Medical Science

Human gut microbiome

Environment dominates over host genetics in shaping human gut microbiota – D Rothschild – Nature

The gut microbiota and immune checkpoint inhibitors – A Humphries – Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics

Probiotic supplementation increases obesity with no detectable effects on liver fat or gut microbiota in obese Hispanic adolescents: a 16-week, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. – RB Jones – Pediatric Obesity

Adaptation of adherent-invasive E. coli to gut environment: Impact on flagellum expression and bacterial colonization ability. – G Sevrin – Gut Microbes

Editorial: Gut microbiomes and their metabolites shape human and animal health – W Park –  Journal of Microbiology

Review: Current understanding of microbiota- and dietary-therapies for treating inflammatory bowel disease – T Eom – Journal of Microbiology

Review: Targeting friend and foe: Emerging therapeutics in the age of gut microbiome and disease – JA Cho – Journal of Microbiology

Review: Mind-altering with the gut: Modulation of the gut-brain axis with probiotics – N Kim – Journal of Microbiology

Gut microbial composition in patients with psoriasis – FM Codoñer – Scientific Reports

Clostridium scindens is present in the gut microbiota during Clostridium difficile infection. A metagenomic and culturomic analysis. – S Amrane – Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Letter to Editor: Microbiome and Esophageal Adenocarcinoma—Letter – NO Kaakoush – Cancer Research

Animal experiments 

Altered gut microbiome promotes proteinuria in mice induced by Adriamycin – Q Jiang – AMB Express

Functional Anthocyanin-Rich Sausages Diminish Colorectal Cancer in an Animal Model and Reduce Pro-Inflammatory Bacteria in the Intestinal Microbiota. – G Fernández – Genes (Basel)

Animal microbiome 

Assembly of 913 microbial genomes from metagenomic sequencing of the cow rumen – RD Stewart – Nature Communications

The Ruminococci: key symbionts of the gut ecosystem – AJL Reau – Journal of Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Concepts & Synthesis: Toward more robust plant-soil feedback research – MJ Rinella – Ecology

Draft genome sequences of bacteria isolated from the Deschampsia antarctica phyllosphere. – FP Cid – Extremophiles

Competition–colonization tradeoffs structure fungal diversity – GR Smith – The ISME Journal

Water microbiome and extremophile 

Environmental factors driving fungal distribution in freshwater lake sediments across the Headwater Region of the Yellow River, China – J Tian – Scientific Reports

Community assembly processes underlying phytoplankton and bacterioplankton across a hydrologic change in a human-impacted river. – A Isabwe – The Science of the Total Environment

Modulation of microbial consortia enriched from different polluted environments during petroleum biodegradation – R Omrani – Biodegradation

Built environment 

‘Cyclical Bias’ in Microbiome Research Revealed by A Portable Germ-Free Housing System Using Nested Isolation – A Rodriguez-Palacios – Scientific Reports

Phages and viruses

Host-Associated Bacteriophage Isolation and Preparation for Viral Metagenomics – JA Grasis – Viral Metagenomics

Tailed giant Tupanvirus possesses the most complete translational apparatus of the known virosphere – J Abrahão – Nature Communications

Complete genomic sequences of Propionibacterium freudenreichii phages from Swiss cheese reveal greater diversity than Cutibacterium (formerly Propionibacterium) acnes phages – L Cheng – BMC Microbiology


Highly sensitive detection and quantification of the secreted bacterial benevolence factor RoxP using a capacitive biosensor: A possible early detection system for oxidative skin diseases. – G Ertürk – PLoS One

Review: Emerging Technologies for Molecular Diagnosis of Sepsis – M Sinha – Clinical Microbiology Reviews

Microbes in the news

Biofilm Replaces Plastic Packaging in this Dutch Supermarket Aisle – Futurism

For the Microbiome, the Nature vs. Nurture Debate Comes into Focus – GEN

With $36M series B, Finch goes full speed ahead in microbiome therapy – Fierce Biotech

Genetics or lifestyle: What is it that shapes our microbiome? – Science Daily

More than soap scum: Learning about biofilms – Silive

7 Startups Treating Disease Using the Microbiome – Nanalyze

ATM keypads, restaurant menus full of bacteria – News3Channel

Non-microbiology picks

Intellectual Synthesis in Mentorship Determines Success in Academic Careers – JF Lienard – bioRxiv


February 9, 2018

Transcriptomics in wildlife, skin microbiota, phages and a lot more for today’s digest!

Events and jobs


Assistant Professor in Metagenomics and Bioinformatics, tenure-track position – Kansas State University – Manhattan, USA

General microbiome

Review: Linking the Gut Microbiota to Bone Health in Anorexia Nervosa – NC Aurigemma – Current Osteoporosis Reports

Research Agenda for Microbiome Based Research for Multidrug-resistant Organism Prevention in the Veterans Health Administration System – AE Kates – Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology

Tumour-associated and non-tumour-associated microbiota: Addendum – B Flemer – Gut Microbes

Preprint: An Escherichia coli nitrogen starvation response is important for mutualistic coexistence with Rhodopseudomonas palustris – AL McCully – bioRxiv


Human skin microbiome

Nature-oriented daycare diversifies skin microbiota in children – no robust association with allergies. – J Lehtimäki – Pediatric Allergy and Immunology

Epidermal lipid composition, barrier integrity and eczematous inflammation are associated with skin microbiome configuration – H Baurecht – The Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology


Human gut microbiome

Review: Pathophysiology of Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders: A Holistic Overview – G Holtmann – Karger

Preprint:  Stronger connectivity of the resident gut microbiome lends resistance to invading bacteria – CM Herren – bioRxiv

Animal experiments 

Enteric Immunity : Happy Gut, Healthy Animal – CCL Chase – Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice

Influence of changes in the intestinal microflora on the immune function in mice – S Kishida – Journal of Veterinary Medical Science

In Vivo Assessment of Resistant Starch Degradation by the Caecal Microbiota of Mice Using RNA-Based Stable Isotope Probing—A Proof-of-Principle Study – E Herrmann – Nutrients

Animal microbiome 

A novel approach to wildlife transcriptomics provides evidence of disease-mediated differential expression and changes to the microbiome of amphibian populations – LJ Campbell – Molecular Ecology

The bacterial community associated with the sheep gastrointestinal nematode parasite Haemonchus contortus – G Sinnathamby – PLoS One

Mucus glycosylation and immunity, and bacterial microbiota associated to the skin of experimentally ulcered gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata). – ST Tapia-Paniagua – Fish & Shellfish Immunology

Modulation of gut microbiota by dietary supplementation with tuna oil and algae oil alleviates the effects of D-galactose-induced ageing – H Zhang – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Probiotic treatment during neonatal age provides optimal protection against experimental asthma through the modulation of microbiota and T cells: Neonatal exposure to probiotics prevents asthma – CFCG Nunes – International Immunology

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Activating biochar by manipulating the bacterial and fungal microbiome through pre-conditioning. – AK Jaiswal – New Phytologist


Food microbiology

Growth potential of Listeria monocytogenes in twelve different types of RTE salads: impact of food matrix, storage temperature and shelf life – M Ziegler – bioRxiv

Phages and viruses

Lysogeny is prevalent and widely distributed in the murine gut microbiota – M-S Kim – The ISME Journal

Preprint: A T7 phage factor required for managing RpoS in Escherichia coli  – A Tabib-Salazar – bioRxiv

Preprint: Genotypic and phenotypic diversity within the neonatal HSV-2 population – LN Akhtar – bioRxiv


Distribution of triclosan-resistant genes in major pathogenic microorganisms revealed by metagenome and genome-wide analysis – R Khan – PLoS One

Microbes in the news

Reality check: Are hand dryers in public bathrooms full of bacteria and fungi? – Global News

Consider skipping orange juice in the morning  – Channel NewsAsia

‘Dozens of bacteria:’ After 2 days, snow is no longer safe to eat, study reveals  – Fox6 Now

Termites’ unique gut ‘factory’ key to global domination –

Bacteria persist as stowaways – Innovations Report

Genomic Analysis Finds Hospital Plumbing Harbors Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria – Genome Web

Skin microbiome announces agenda –



February 6, 2018


General microbiome

Preprint: Selection of appropriate metagenome taxonomic classifiers for ancient microbiome research – IM Velsko – bioRxiv

Advances in metabolic engineering in the microbial production of fuels and chemicals from C1 gas – CM Humphreys – Current Opinion in Biotechnology


Human skin microbiome

Individual and household attributes influence the dynamics of the personal skin microbiota and its association network – MHY Leung – Microbiome


Human gut microbiome

The intestinal protist Blastocystis is not a common member of the healthy infant gut microbiota in a Westernized country (Ireland) – PD Scanlan – Parasitology

Preprint: When metabolism meets physiology: Harvey and Harvetta – I Thiele – bioRxiv

Connection between BMI related plasma metabolite profile and gut microbiota – F Ottosson – The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

Animal experiments 

Review: Gut microbiome and depression: what we know and what we need to know – G Winter – Reviews in the Neurosciences

Potential of Lactobacillus plantarum ZDY2013 and Bifidobacterium bifidum WBIN03 in relieving colitis by gut microbiota, immune and anti-oxidative stress – Y Wang – Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Air-Dried Brown Seaweed, Ascophyllum nodosum, Alters the Rumen Microbiome in a Manner That Changes Rumen Fermentation Profiles and Lowers the Prevalence of Foodborne Pathogens – M Zhou – mSphere

Animal microbiome 

Antimicrobial resistance in companion animals – DI Rendle – Equine Veterinary Journal

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Drought neutralises plant–soil feedback of two mesic grassland forbs – EL Fry – Oecologica

Effects of different fertilizers on methane emissions and methanogenic community structures in paddy rhizosphere soil – J Yuan – Science of The Total Environment

Halotolerant microbial consortia able to degrade highly recalcitrant plant biomass substrate. – L Cortes-Tolalpa – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Microbial Diversity and Community Structure in Agricultural Soils Suffering from 4-year Pb Contamination – A Fengqiu – Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Evidence for species-specific plant responses to soil microbial communities from remnant and degraded land provides promise for restoration – ME Smith – Austral Ecology

Long term effects of Lespedeza bicolor revegetation on soil bacterial communities in Dexing copper mine tailings in Jiangxi Province, China – Z Wu – Applied Soil Ecology

Water microbiome and extremophile

Preprint: Spatiotemporal dynamics of river viruses, bacteria and microeukaryotes – TV Rossum – bioRxiv

Life on Phosphite: A Metagenomics Tale – Y Tapia-Torres – Trends in Microbiology

Biodegradation of n-alkanes on oil-seawater interfaces at different temperatures and microbial communities associated with the degradation. – S Lofthus – Biodegradation

Contrasting the genetic patterns of microbial communities in soda lakes with and without cyanobacterial bloom – AP Andreote – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbial communities associated with the co-metabolism of free cyanide and thiocyanate under alkaline conditions – L Mekuto – 3 Biotech

Untapped bacterial diversity and metabolic potential within Unkeshwar hot springs, India – G Mehetre – Archives of Microbiology

Built environment 

Effects of wastewater constituents and operational conditions on the composition and dynamics of anodic microbial communities in bioelectrochemical systems – M Kokko – Bioresource Technology

Free-living bacteria and potential bacterial pathogens in sewage treatment plants – K Huang – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Crawling-induced floor dust resuspension affects the microbiota of the infant breathing zone – H Hyytiäinen – Microbiome



Preprint: Coupling MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry protein and specialized metabolite analyses to rapidly discriminate bacterial function – CM Clark – bioRxiv

Preprint: Kaptive Web: user-friendly capsule and lipopolysaccharide serotype prediction for Klebsiella genomes – RR Wick – bioRxiv

The madness of microbiome: Attempting to find consensus “best practice” for 16S microbiome studies – J Pollock – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Microbes in the news

The possibilities of microorganisms – The Varsity

New insight into the molecular weapons of the plant microbiome – EurekAlert

Ohio State scientists to send ancient bacteria into space to unlock secrets about life on other planets – The Columbus Dispatch

Workbench for virus design –

What does your poo microbiome do? –

The Importance of Infants’ Exposure to Microorganisms – The New York Times

Treatment of nitrogen-polluted sediment using marine anammox bacteria – Science Daily

Microbes and the market

Thermo Fisher Scientific Launches Axiom Microbiome Array for Research – Cision PR Newswire

Worldwide Microbiome Sequencing Services Market Driven by Business Overview, Company Profile, Products, Services and Solutions Prediction To 2022 – Facts Week

Non-Microbiology Picks

Chilly Climates, Balancing Acts, and Shifting Pathways: What Happens to Women in STEM Doctoral Programs – M Cabay – Social Sciences


February 5, 2018

A digest full of news for today.

Animal microbiome 

Coexistence of novel gammaproteobacterial and Arsenophonus symbionts in the scale insect Greenisca brachypodii (Hemiptera, Coccomorpha: Eriococcidae) – A Michalik – Environmental Microbiology

Water microbiome

Shift in the microbial community composition of surface water and sediment along an urban river – L Wang – Science of The Total Environment


Preprint: Thermoelectric Heat Exchange and Growth Regulation in a Continuous Yeast Culture – A Latorre-Perez – bioRxiv

New colony multiplex PCR assays for the detection and discrimination of vancomycin-resistant enterococcal species – T Nomura – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Microbes in the news

Babies’ infection risk higher if pregnant mums take antibiotics, according to new research – ABC

Monique Keiran: It takes guts to look after yourself – Times Colonist

How tumours develop where these gut bacteria thrive – Deccan Chronicle

Bacteria that causes leprosy is mutating into something even more dangerous – Joe

The microbiome has been called the forgotten organ — and it could hold the ‘next paradigm shift in science and medicine’ – Infosurhoy

Superbugs – Our destiny of doom – The Sentinel-Echo

Johnson & Johnson Innovation to Explore the Role of Microbiome in Sleep – Sleep Review

Historic Fort Myers Billy’s Creek has been ‘frighteningly’ polluted for at least 15 years – News-Press

It’s not just planes — airports also crawling with germs, study says – The Seattle Times