July 3rd, 2020

General microbiome

Microbiome definition re-visited: old concepts and new challenges – Berg et al. Microbiome

Large-scale metabolic interaction network of the mouse and human gut microbiota. – Lim et al. Scientific Data

Early life microbiome

Very early-life exposure to microbiota-induced TNF drives the maturation of neonatal pre-cDC1 – Kohler et al. Gut.

Human gut microbiome

Arrhythmic Gut Microbiome Signatures Predict Risk of Type 2 Diabetes – Reitmeier et al. Cell Host & Microbe

Ranking microbiome variance in inflammatory bowel disease: a large longitudinal intercontinental study – Clooney et al. Gut

Cholesterol Metabolism by Uncultured Human Gut Bacteria Influences Host Cholesterol Level – Kenny et al. Cell Host & Microbe

Amending microbiota by targeting intestinal inflammation with TNF blockade attenuates development of colorectal cancer – Yang et al. Nature Cancer

Animal microbiome

A Systematic Analysis of Mosquito-Microbiome Biosynthetic Gene Clusters Reveals Antimalarial Siderophores that Reduce Mosquito Reproduction Capacity – Ganley et al. Cell Chemical Biology

Extremophile microbiome

Microbial succession during the transition from active to inactive stages of deep-sea hydrothermal vent sulfide chimneys – Hou et al. BMC Microbiome

Phages and viruses

Phase-variable capsular polysaccharides and lipoproteins modify bacteriophage susceptibility in Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron – Porter et al. Nature Microbiology

Bioinformatics

ATLAS: a Snakemake workflow for assembly, annotation, and genomic binning of metagenome sequence data – Kieser et al. BMC Bioinformatics

Techniques

High-Throughput Stool Metaproteomics: Method and Application to Human Specimens – Gonzalez et al. mSystems

Interindividual Variation in Dietary Carbohydrate Metabolism by Gut Bacteria Revealed with Droplet Microfluidic Culture – Villa et al. mSystems

June 4, 2020

General microbiome

Cultivation-independent and cultivation-dependent metagenomes reveal genetic and enzymatic potential of microbial community involved in the degradation of a complex microbial polymer – Costa et al. – Microbiome

Human microbiome

Review – Host–microbiota interactions in immune-mediated diseases. Ruff et al. – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbial diversity, inflammation, and oxidative stress are associated with tacrolimus dosing requirements early after heart transplantation – Jennings et al. PLOS One

Review – Interaction between drugs and the gut microbiome – Weersma et al. – Gut

Mucosal Microbiota and Metabolome along the Intestinal Tract Reveal a Location-Specific Relationship – Yuan et al. mSystems

Animal microbiome

The Gut Microbiota Communities of Wild Arboreal and Ground-Feeding Tropical Primates Are Affected Differently by Habitat Disturbance – Barelli et al. mSystems.

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Diversity of isoprene-degrading bacteria in phyllosphere and soil communities from a high isoprene-emitting environment: a Malaysian oil palm plantation – Carrion et al. Microbiome

Probiotics

Probiotics for the prevention of antibiotic-associated adverse events in children—A scoping review to inform development of a core outcome set – Lukasik et al. –  PLOS One

Phages and viruses

Predicting host taxonomic information from viral genomes: A comparison of feature representations – Young et al. PLOS Comp Biology. 

Freshwater viral metagenome reveals novel and functional phage-borne antibiotic resistance genes – Moon et al. Microbiome.

Bioinformatics

The hidden layers of microbial community structure: extracting the concealed diversity dimensions from our sequencing data – Fasolo et al. – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Compositional Lotka-Volterra describes microbial dynamics in the simplex – Joseph et al. PLOS Computational Biology.

Techniques

Prokaryotic single-cell RNA sequencing by in situ combinatorial indexing – Blattman et al. – Nature Microbiology.

May 6, 2020

General microbiome

Multi-proxy analyses of a mid-15th century Middle Iron Age Bantu-speaker palaeo-faecal specimen elucidates the configuration of the ‘ancestral’ sub-Saharan African intestinal microbiome – Rifkin et al – Microbiome

The neovaginal microbiome of transgender women post-gender reassignment surgery  – Birse et al – Microbiome

Pregnancy and early life

The stepwise assembly of the neonatal virome is modulated by breastfeeding – Liang et al – Nature

Human gut microbiome

Impact of smoking cessation, coffee and bread consumption on the intestinal microbial composition among Saudis: A cross-sectional study – Harakeh et al – PLOS One

Animal experiments

Altered Immunity of Laboratory Mice in the Natural Environment Is Associated with Fungal Colonization – Yeung et al – Cell Host & Microbe

Infection with the sheep gastrointestinal nematode Teladorsagia circumcincta increases luminal pathobionts – Cortés et al – Microbiome

Vitamin D receptor promotes healthy microbial metabolites and microbiome – Chatterjee et al – Nature Scientific Reports

Phages and viruses

Phages Actively Challenge Niche Communities in Antarctic Soils – Bezuidt et al – mSystems

Evolution

The Syntrophy hypothesis for the origin of eukaryotes revisited – López-García & Moreira – Nature Microbiology

Microbes in the news

State-of-the-art imaging method provides new insights into how bacteria move and exchange genetic information

April 2, 2020

Today’s digest starts with a recent study from The Lancet linking antibiotic usage and the gut microbiome with asthma incidence, before moving onto a range of other papers covering multiple human body sites and environmental microbiome studies.

General microbiome
*** Decreasing antibiotic use, the gut microbiota, and asthma incidence in children: evidence from population-based and prospective cohort studies – Patrick et al. – The Lancet

Human respiratory microbiome

Lung function and microbiota diversity in cystic fibrosis – Cuthbertson et al. – BMC Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Colonic microbiota is associated with inflammation and host epigenomic alterations in inflammatory bowel disease – Ryan et al. – Nature Communications

Fecal microbiota transplantation for the improvement of metabolism in obesity: The FMT-TRIM double-blind placebo-controlled pilot trial – Yu et al. – PLOS Medicine

Effects of underfeeding and oral vancomycin on gut microbiome and nutrient absorption in humans – Basolo et al. – Nature Medicine

The Gut Microbial Diversity of Newly Diagnosed Diabetics but Not of Prediabetics Is Significantly Different from That of Healthy Nondiabetics – Gaike et al. – MSystems

Shotgun Metagenomics of Gut Microbiota in Humans with up to Extreme Longevity and the Increasing Role of Xenobiotic Degradation – Rampelli et al. MSystems

Animal experiments

Gut microbiota from persons with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder affects the brain in mice – Tengeler et al. – BMC Microbiome

Unraveling Assemblage, Functions and Stability of the Gut Microbiota of Blattella germanica by Antibiotic Treatment – Domínguez-Santos et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Novel phosphate-solubilizing bacteria enhance soil phosphorus cycling following ecological restoration of land degraded by mining – Liang et al.  – ISME

Water and extremophile microbiome

Genomic and transcriptomic evidence of light-sensing, porphyrin biosynthesis, Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle, and urea production in Bathyarchaeota – Pan et al. BMC Microbiome

Microbial community profiling of ammonia and nitrite oxidizing bacterial enrichments from brackishwater ecosystems for mitigating nitrogen species – Baskaran et al. – Nature Scientific Reports

Probiotics

Lactobacillus reuteri 5454 and Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis 5764 improve colitis while differentially impacting dendritic cells maturation and antimicrobial responses – Hrdý et al. Nature Scientific Reports