April 11, 2017

In today’s Microbiome Digest the first interesting study comes not from bacteria but from virus domain. Examining the genomes within a sample from a wastewater treatment plant in Austria, Schulz et al. assembled a previously undiscovered giant virus genome with more genes encoding components of the protein translation machinery than in other giant viruses. The second highlighted  study introduces new oleaginous microalga as a new potential source of compounds for biotechnological applications.

Events and jobs

QC Microbiology Analyst – Dublin, Ireland

Assistant Lecturer in Microbiology – Sligo, Ireland

General microbiome

The genetics of human longevity: an intricacy of genes, environment, culture and microbiome – Serena Dato – Mechanisms of Ageing and Development

Pregnancy and early life

Correlation between early-life regulation of the immune system by microbiota and allergy development – Thomas Gensollen – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Microbial Community Assembly And Metabolite Profile Of The Gut Microbiome In Extremely Low Birthweight Infants – Stephen Wandro – bioRxiv

Molecular Insight into Evolution of Symbiosis between Breast-Fed Infants and a Member of the Human Gut Microbiome Bifidobacterium longum – Chihaya Yamada – Cell Chemical Biology

A Comparative Study of Oral Microbiota in Infants with Complete Cleft Lip and Palate or Cleft Soft Palate – Agnieszka Machorowska-Pieniążek – BioMed Research International

Effect of probiotics on digestibility and immunity in infants: A study protocol for a randomized controlled trial – Lingli Xiao – Medicine

Human respiratory microbiome

Airway microbial dysbiosis in asthmatic patients: A target for prevention and treatment? – Kian Fan Chung – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Oral microbiome

Measuring nitrate reductase activity from human and rodent tongues – Khandaker Ahtesham Ahmed – Nitric Oxide

Streptococcal adhesin SspA/B analogue peptide inhibits adherence and impacts biofilm formation of Streptococcus mutans – Tatsuro Ito – PLOSOne

Characterization of growth inhibition of oral bacteria by sophorolipid using a microplate-format assay – Daniel K.Y. Solaiman – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Salivary microbiome of an urban Indian cohort and patterns linked to subclinical inflammation  – Aneesha Acharya – Oral Diseases

Second Era of OMICS in Caries Research: Moving Past the Phase of Disillusionment – M.M. Nascimento – Journal of Dental Research

Human skin microbiome

Bacterial communities on facial skin of teenage and elderly Thai females – Naraporn Somboonna – Archives of Microbiology

Skin microbiome and mast cells – Satomi Igawa – Translational Research

Human vaginal microbiome
Microbial profiling of cpn60 universal target sequences in artificial mixtures of vaginal bacteria sampled by nylon swabs or self-sampling devices under different storage conditions – John J. Schellenberg – Journal of Microbiological Methods

‘Anaerococcus mediterraneensis’ sp. nov., a new species isolated from human female genital tract – K. Diop – New Microbes and New Infections

Human gut microbiome

Functional relevance of microbiome signatures: The correlation era requires tools for consolidation – Ludovica F. Buttó – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Physiochemical Tuning of Potent Escherichia coli Anti-Adhesives by Microencapsulation and Methylene Homologation – Dimitri Alvarez Dorta – ChemMedChem

Gut microbiota functions: metabolism of nutrients and other food components –  Ian Rowland – European Journal of Nutrition

Evaluation of the impact of gut microbiota on uremic solute accumulation by a CE-TOFMS–based metabolomics approach – Eikan Mishima – Kidney International

Animal experiments

Starch-enriched diet modulates the glucidic profile in the rat colonic mucosa – Maria Gabriella Gabrielli – European Journal of Nutrition

The influence of diet on the grass carp intestinal microbiota and bile acids – Jing Zhang – Aquaculture Research

Characterization of the Fecal Bacterial Microbiota of Healthy and Diarrheic Dairy Calves – D.E. Gomez – Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine

Gut Microbiota Modulation Attenuated the Hypolipidemic Effect of Simvastatin in High-Fat/Cholesterol-Diet Fed Mice – Xuyun He – Journal of Proteome Research

 

Animal microbiome

Host Genotype and Microbiota Contribute Asymmetrically to Transcriptional Variation in the Threespine Stickleback Gut – Clayton M. Small – Genome Biology and Evolution

The structured diversity of specialized gut symbionts of the New World army ants – Piotr Łukasik – Molecular Ecology

Microbial composition of spiny ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Polyrhachis) across their geographic range – Manuela Oliveira Ramalho – BMC Evolutionary Biology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Isolation, identification, and environmental adaptability of heavy-metal-resistant bacteria from ramie rhizosphere soil around mine refinery – Jie Jiang – Biotech

Autogenic succession and deterministic recovery following disturbance in soil bacterial communities – Stephanie D. Jurburg – Scientific Reports

Microbial community response to hydration-desiccation cycles in desert soil – Adam Šťovíček – Scientific Reports

Water and extremophile microbiome

Development of an economical, autonomous pHstat system for culturing phytoplankton under steady state or dynamic conditions – Rachel L. Golda – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Microbial Diversity of Browning Peninsula, Eastern Antarctica Revealed Using Molecular and Cultivation Methods – Sarita Pudasaini – Frontiers in Microbiology

Subduction zone forearc serpentinites as incubators for deep microbial life – Oliver Plümper – PNAS

Ferrous iron- and ammonium-rich diffuse vents support habitat-specific communities in a shallow hydrothermal field off the Basiluzzo Islet (Aeolian Volcanic Archipelago) – G. Bortoluzzi – Geobiology

Microbial biotechnology

Characterization of a Chlorophyta microalga isolated from a microbial mat in Salar de Atacama (northern Chile) as a potential source of compounds for biotechnological applications – Gladys Hayashida – Phycological Research

Real-time iTRAQ-based proteome profiling revealed the central metabolism involved in nitrogen starvation induced lipid accumulation in microalgae – Vineeta Rai – Scientific Reports

Food microbiology

Microbial communities associated with the anthropogenic, highly alkaline environment of a saline soda lime, Poland – Agnieszka Kalwasińska – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Probiotics / prebiotics

Genome Sequences of Potential Probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus Isolates from Human Infants – Jason W. Arnold – Genome Announcements

Phages and viruses

Review: Phage injection establishes CRISPR immunity – Shimona Starling – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Giant viruses with an expanded complement of translation system components – Frederik Schulz – Science

Bioinformatics

The JBEI quantitative metabolic modeling library (jQMM): a python library for modeling microbial metabolism – Garrett W. Birkel – BMC Bioinformatics

Techniques

Identification of microorganisms grown on chromogenic media by MALDI-TOF MS – Petra Lüthje – Journal of Microbiological Methods

The impact of fecal sample processing on prevalence estimates for antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli – Sylvia Omulo – Journal of Microbiological Methods

Chapter in the book: New Generation DNA Sequencing (NGS): Mining for Genes and the Potential of Extremophiles – Bhagwan Rekadwad – Microbial Applications Vol.1

Novel micelle PCR-based method for accurate, sensitive and quantitative microbiota profiling – Stefan A. Boers – Scientific Reports
Microbes in the news 

Bacteria to the Future – Mizzou News (University of Missouri)

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