June 16, 2016

ASM Microbe 2016 meeting Tweet-up, two exciting papers on infant gut colonization, Lactobacillus reuteri restores autism-like behavior in a mouse model, rumen microbiomes in high-altitude mammals, an undergraduate lab in food spoilage, the archaeal origins of eukaryotes, and the discovery of CRISPRs.


ASM Microbe 2016 Tweet-up is Friday, June 17, 11:45-12:30 in the Peer-to-Peer Exchange Zone (in the Exhibition Hall)

Pregnancy and birth

Natural history of the infant gut microbiome and impact of antibiotic treatment on bacterial strain diversity and stability – Moran Yassour – Science Translational Medicine

Antibiotics, birth mode, and diet shape microbiome maturation during early life – Nicholas A. Bokulic – Science Translational Medicine

Press: Antibiotics given to babies change their gut microbes for years – Anna Vlasits – STAT
Don’t Stress About Your Baby’s Microbiome Just Yet. Antibiotics and C-sections might change a baby’s microbes, but it’s not clear that those changes are bad, lasting, or that they matter at all. – Ed Yong- the Atlantic

Research Highlight: Growing up together — gut microbiota assembly and IgA – Hugh Thomas – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Opinion: Why Don’t All Infants Have Bifidobacteria in Their Stool? – Gerald W. Tannock – Frontiers in Microbiology

Human oral microbiome
A preliminary study of the oral microbiota in Chinese patients with Sjögren’s Syndrome – Miaoran Li – Archives of Oral Biology

Detection of Novel Integrons in the Metagenome of Human Saliva – Supathep Tansirichaiya – PLOS ONE

Human respiratory microbiome

Severe Achromobacter xylosoxidans infection and loss of sputum bacterial diversity in an adult patient with cystic fibrosis – Nick P. Talbot – Paediatric Respiratory Reviews

Human gut microbiome

Occurrence of human sapoviruses in wastewater and stool samples in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil – Julia Monassa Fioretti – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Review: Intestinal Crosstalk between Bile Acids and Microbiota and Its Impact on Host Metabolism – Annika Wahlström – Cell Metabolism

Review: Repertoire of human gut microbes – Perrine Hugon – Microbial Pathogenesis

Review: The intestinal microbiome and surgical disease – Monika A. Krezalek – Current Problems in Surgery

Animal experiments

Microbial Reconstitution Reverses Maternal Diet-Induced Social and Synaptic Deficits in Offspring – Shelly A. Buffington – Cell

Press: A single species of gut bacteria can reverse autism-related social behavior in mice – MedicalXpress
Single Bacterial Species Improves Autism-Like Behavior in Mice – Ruth Williams – The Scientist

Absence of gut microbiota influences lipopolysaccharide-induced behavioral changes in mice – Alline C. Campos – Behavioural Brain Research

Altered Microbiota Contributes to Reduced Diet-Induced Obesity upon Cold Exposure
Marika Ziętak – Cell Metabolism

Revealing the combined effects of lactulose and probiotic enterococci on the swine faecal microbiota using 454 pyrosequencing – Jong Pyo Chae – Microbial Biotechnology

Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG modulates innate signaling pathway and cytokine responses to rotavirus vaccine in intestinal mononuclear cells of gnotobiotic pigs transplanted with human gut microbiota – Haifeng Wang – BMC Microbiology

Effect of postnatal low-dose exposure to environmental chemicals on the gut microbiome in a rodent model – Jianzhong Hu – Microbiome

Animal microbiome

Multiyear Survey of Coccidia, Cryptosporidia, Microsporidia, Histomona, and Hematozoa in Wild Quail in the Rolling Plains Ecoregion of Texas and Oklahoma, USA – Lixin Xiang – The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology

Convergent Evolution of Rumen Microbiomes in High-Altitude Mammals – Zhigang Zhang – Current Biology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Biogeographical patterns in fungal communities from soils cultivated with sugarcane – Thiago Gumiere – Journal of Biogeography

Specific impacts of beech and Norway spruce on the structure and diversity of the rhizosphere and soil microbial communities – S. Uroz – Scientific Reports

Inoculant of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (Rhizophagus clarus) Increase Yield of Soybean and Cotton under Field Conditions – Martha V. T. Cely – Frontiers in Microbiology

Patterns and drivers of soil microbial communities in Tibetan alpine and global terrestrial ecosystems – Yong-Liang Chen – Journal of Biogeography

Water and extremophile microbiome

Microbial Inventory of Deeply Buried Oceanic Crust from a Young Ridge Flank – Steffen L. Jørgensen – Frontiers in Microbiology

Resilience of Freshwater Communities of Small Microbial Eukaryotes Undergoing Severe Drought Events – Marianne Simon – Frontiers in Microbiology

Food microbiology

Undergraduate Laboratory Exercises Specific to Food Spoilage Microbiology – Abigail B. Snyder – Journal of Food Science Education

Waste and pollution microbiology

Comparison of microbial taxonomic and functional shift pattern along contamination gradient – Youhua Ren – BMC Microbiology

More microbiology

On the Archaeal Origins of Eukaryotes and the Challenges of Inferring Phenotype from Genotype: A Hunt for the Archaeal Ancestor of Eukaryotes – Gautam Dey – Trends in Cell Biology

Press: Life as we know it most likely arose via ‘long, slow dance’ – EurekAlert

Mentions our Mycobacterium paper from 1991! The discovery of CRISPR in archaea and bacteria – Francisco J. M. Mojica – The FEBS Journal

Microbes in the news

Antibiotics increase availability of nutrients in the gut, enabling growth of pathogens, with Franziska Faber – UC Davis – Science Daily

Whole Foods Must Clean Up Its Act, FDA Says. Agency warns of ‘serious violations’ at food-preparation plant – Jesse Newman and Heather Haddon – Wall Street Journal

The Parasite Underground – A shadow network of patients are trying to treat their own debilitating diseases — by infecting themselves with gastrointestinal worms – Moises Velasquez-Manoff – The New York Times Magazine

uBiome Doubles Research Grant to Award Two Microbiome Researchers up to $100,000 Each – PR Web

About MetaFast: Personalized medicine will employ computer algorithms – Science Daily

University Seeks to Capitalize on Push to Harness Helpful Microbes – In more recent years, microbes have proved their worth through things like polymerase chain reaction – Terry Devitt – University of Wisconsin-Madison

TGen test shows promise for diagnosing Lyme – Emery Cowan – AZ Daily Sun

Important opinion piece: We are not viruses: Don’t limit gay men from donating blood – Benjamin Mazer – STAT news

Satire: New Mountain Dew Vows To Kill 99.9% Of Stomach Bacteria – The Onion

Science, publishing, and career

A peek at peer review helps young scientists – Jeffrey Mervis – Science

The age of the Twitter conference – Stephanie Avery-Gomm – Science

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