June 17, 2016

Gastric bypass induces persistent gut microbiome changes, omnivorous lizards going vegetarian, new Borrelia species in Australian ticks, a free-living Bradyrhizobium, plant responses to phyllosphere commensals, and chemotrophic microbial populations in Yellowstone hot springs.

Events

HT: Jonathan Eisen: June 20-21 Meeting #2 for NAS Microbiomes of the Built Environment Study. Click here to register for the webcast (free!).

Human respiratory microbiome

Two sampling methods yield distinct microbial signatures in the nasopharynges of asthmatic children – Marcos Pérez-Losada – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Antibiotic-induced gut microbiota disruption during human endotoxemia: a randomised controlled study – Jacqueline M Lankelma – Gut
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery of morbidly obese patients induces swift and persistent changes of the individual gut microbiota – Albert Palleja – Genome Medicine

Review: Metabolomics of autism spectrum disorders: early insights regarding mammalian-microbial cometabolites – Michele Mussap – Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics

Review: How the microbiota shapes rheumatic diseases – Tom Van de Wiele – Nature Reviews Rheumatology

Animal and other experiments

Physiological and microbial adjustments to diet quality permit facultative herbivory in an omnivorous lizard – Kevin D. Kohl – Journal of Experimental Biology

Press: How does a lizard go vegetarian? By growing its gut – Patrick Monahan – Science Magazine

Nasal commensal Staphylococcus epidermidis counteracts influenza virus – Hui-Wen Chen – Scientific Reports

Animal microbiome

Diversity, structure and convergent evolution of the global sponge microbiome – Torsten Thomas – Nature Communications

Does canine inflammatory bowel disease influence gut microbial profile and host metabolism? – Jia Xu – BMC Veterinary Research

Novel Borrelia species detected in echidna ticks, Bothriocroton concolor, in Australia – Siew-May Loh – Parasites & Vectors

Press: New bacteria discovered in Australian ticks – MedicalXpress

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Novel European free-living, non-diazotrophic Bradyrhizobium isolates from contrasting soils that lack nodulation and nitrogen fixation genes – a genome comparison – Frances Patricia Jones – Scientific Reports

Press: Study unlocks surprising behaviour of soil bacteria – Mark Kinver – BBC

The Arabidopsis leaf transcriptome reveals distinct but also overlapping responses to colonization by phyllosphere commensals and pathogen infection with impact on plant health – Christine Vogel – New Phytologist

DNA from dust: comparative genomics of vaccine-break virus in the field – Utsav Pandey – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

Ecological differentiation in planktonic and sediment-associated chemotrophic microbial populations in Yellowstone hot springs – Daniel R. Colman – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Large shifts among eukaryotes, bacteria, and archaea define the vertical organization of a lake sediment – Christian Wurzbacher – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Featuring an All Male Panel: That Gut Feeling: Part One. Dan Saladino discovers the world of the gut microbiota, the vast array of microbes within us all – BBC Radio

Bik’s Picks

Klinefelter’s syndrome (47,XXY) is in excess among men with Sjögren’s syndrome
Valerie M. Harris – Clinical Immunology

Press: Does X mark the spot? A new clue why autoimmune diseases target women – Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation

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